Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 7, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 7, 1843 Page 2
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NEW YORK HEJIALI). - ?"W York, TMday, MMnfe f? INi. Thk Mission to Chi^a.? The appointment of Mr. Kverct a? Envoy.Extraordinary to China, is minentlv felicitous. Mr. Everett is one ot the must |. .irned men ol tlieday. As alinguiBt, he has no superior in this country, and, perhaps, in the world. Vt the age of twenty years he filled the thair of Pi ;.-ssor of Creek literature at Harvard University, with the highest credit to himself and that resectable institution. He studied during a i onsuierable period in trOltinsren anrl nlt.>rw?ri!s sn ourned for a time in Greece, on whose antiquities, scenery, and literature, he subsequently delivered a scries ol lectures at Boston, which attracted great attention, and contributed not slightly to his reputation as a scholar and man of fine taste. Next to .lohn Quincy Adams, Mr. Everett isfbyfar the fittest man in the country to represent the nation in China. We should suppose that this appointment must he as agreeable to Mr. Everett himself, as it is satisfactory to his countrymen at large. To a man of his feelings and talents, we do not know a more acaeptable field of observation and study than that presented by the Chinese empire. Its antiquities, and the language, customs, religion, habits, and characteristics of its vast population?shut out as they have been forages, lrointhe rest of the world, and retaining all the usages of the remotest antiquity?furnish inexhaustible subjects of most interesting investigation. And as the field is one hitherto, it may be said, almost altogether untrodden?lor the journals of Macartney, and of one or two other European residents in China, have given us very little valuable information relative to the country or its people?Mr. Everett has every opportuuity of identifying hi6 name and talents with a subject which will long continue to occupy a large share of the attention of the civilized world. Mr. Everett's mission to the Celestial Empire, then, will not be one merely of commercial or political importance. The antiquarian?the man of taste? the student of the progress of the human race?the philosopher?all will feel deeply interested in this embassy. Mr. Everett will doubtless experience a good deal of difficulty in enlightening the Celestials with reUllPff If) fht* r#?l?finn?a nf fhia nnnntru with TT But the Chinese will be wonderfully tickled when thevconieto learn how the Yankees thrashed John Bull; anil we recommend Mr. Everett to translate as soon as possible, into the Chinese language, the story of the brilliant exploits ot our revolutionary heroes on sea and land. That would be the readiest possible way of gaining the affections of the Celestials, lor they could not help leeline reverence and love for the nation that had whipped the mighty " children of the sea," against whom they now entertain, so very pardonably, no ordinary grudge. In speaking of this embassage, we cannot help making a passing reference to the evidence of the irresistible advance of civilization, which this very appointment affords. Here we have a vast section of the habitable globe, which has hitherto been completely walled against the entrance of Christianity or civilization,thrown open to their genial influences ; aud immense regions are added to the already widely extended sphere of action for the enlightened enterprise, and educated skill, of that Anglo-Saxon race, by whose superior intelligence and power, the arts, sciences, and religion have been carried to the uttermost parts of the earth. New Packet Ship Montezuma.?Thie truly beautiful packet sli p is now lying at the footof Beekman street,and will sail for Liverpool on the 19th inst. under the command of Captain Lowber. It is really a pleasure to see the improvements constantly making in ship building in this city. In every new ship there is something ubout the model or in th? internal arrangements which is entirely new and original. All those fond of progress in so important a branch of commerce as ship building, ought to visit the Montezuma at once, and gratify themselves. It is needless to make comparisons or enter into a description of such a ship. To do full justice t? her wonld require too much space in a newspaper. In deea, a description Here is quite unnecessary,tor she speaks for herself much better than any person can speak for her. We arc glad to leara that she is filling up with passengers. Over a dozen have already taken state rooms in her magnificent cabin. Theatrical and Musical. ? The victorious Welch terminated his highly prosperous career at the Park last night, and bade a grateful farewell to a crowded house. The horses appeared in excellent health and spirits, and the talented members of the company were, if possible, more graceful and agile than ever. Tney must command success, wherever they go. The Park will re open for the legitimate drama in ten days or a fortnight, with the old stock company, and the Brougham's, who will meet a hearty welcome to these boards. The Chatham is, as usual, prosperous, and a con. nnued series ol attractive novelties are presented. Naegel and Dempster are delighting the people ?f Savannah with their melodies. Naegel is well known as a most accomplished violinist, and Demi>ster sings the Scottish music with great power and skill. Mrs. Sefton has assumed ithe management of the American Theatre, New Orleans. The choristers attached to the late operatic corps at the Chesnut street Theatre, are giving concerts with indifferent success. Field, Mary Ann Lee, and Mr. Chapman, are playing at the St. Charles Theatre, New Otleans. The veteran Sinclair is also fulfilling an engagement there, and had appeared in the opera of Maeaniello. Madamf. Maroncrlm's Concert.?This concert went ofl last night, with the greatest eclat. The Apollo Saloon was crowded by a highly respectable audience. Indeed, before the commencement ol the concert,it was almost impossible to obtain a seat in any part of the spacious room. Madame Maroncelli and Mrs. Horn sang with characteristic power and eflect? Miss Lewis is, we think, improving.? She is-m young lady of much promise. Sig. Martini Hiid Mr. Paige acquitted themselves very respeotably. Mr. Timm and the talented instuniental performers, well merited our praise. The Grand Scottish Concert at the Apou.? ro-NioHT.?Clirehugh gives the first of his musical entertainments at the Apollo this evening The dt' ui ot the Misses Cummings, of whom report Bpeaks so highly, will attract a crowded audience, and Mr. Clirehugh has " troops of friends," who will gladly seize this opporiunity of hearing hia delightful ballads and Scottish melodies. The bill presents great attractions. See programme in another column, and let no this treat escape y?u. Chatham Theatre.?The new play of the " Col legians," was eminently successful last evening. It is an excellent piece, well cast, and will doubtless have a good run. It will be repeated to-night, in connection with several light comedies, in which Mr. Thayer sustains favorite characters. The Virginia Minstrels also appear in their humorous extra VttKillls.OJ', I'ltlHHXUS onwBv...v. u.. uumuuiij livil and entertaining bill, and which must secure the customary crowded house. Movements or Hakky or the West.?Mr. Clay arrived at Natchez, Mias., on the 2?th ult. He was rather unwell. A grand hah was to have been given him at Vjckaburg, on the evening of the 20th ult. Thank- ?We are as usual indebted to Pomeroy it Co. and Fallen fe Copp tor Albany paperr in advance of the mail (r jv (sen or Canada.?Sir Charles Burnt was worse on the 27th ult thau he had been The (trami( bai_, at Tammany Hall Last Night ?The First Entree of thk Feminine Beauty and ^*ACK OF THE " VoUNG DemOCRACIK" into THE Field.?Never did the walls of the ball room at Old Tammany, or of any ball room ia the country, witness such a brilliant display of female loveliness, modesty, and grace, as on the occasion of the grand, patriotic, complimentary, magnificent, ball of last night. The sun of fashionable folly, dissipation, and aflected elegance has assuredly set for ever in this city. The fair representatives of the beauty of the patriotic ranks?and innocence, uncontaminated by the n'moephere of the corrupt nobltut, and re splendent with the dewy loveliness of nature herself, have now gained the sceptre, and long may it he wielded by such incarnate purity and feminine grace. The decorations of the ball room were distinguished by the most correct taste, and were the theme ol universal approbation. The pillars were hung with graceful festoons of bunting and wreaths of flowers. The large banner, with the names of all the Presidents of the United States,was placed at the head of the room; and around the walls, in the recesses,were interspersed the banners of the several States, with the words, " The President of the United States," I inscribed on each in gold letters, being, we believe, the same borne in the fair hands ol the ladies of New York, who in the spirit ol the patriotic mothers and daughters of Rome, in the palmy days ol that republic, avenged the insult given to their beloved country. A great number of portraits ol distinguished American heroes and statesmen adorned the walls, and among the most conspicuous we recognized, hanging side by side in fraternal harmony, the lineaments of the shrewd and sagacious Jefferson, the cast iron-faced Calhoun, and the Roman-nosed John Tyler. Casting our eyes around the walls, we missed the smiling phiz of the "magician of Kinderhook," but afterwards accidentally espied in a somewhat secluded niche, a portrait of that accomplished professor of the rather abstruse science of political backgammon. Among the ladies it were invidious, and indeed beyond our skill, to select the fairest. It was a perfect blaze of loveliness, and our dazzled eyes were able only to mark one with any degree of precision. But she was indeed singularly beautifnl, and we could not avoid remarking in the classic contour of her thoughtful face, a most vivid likeness to the beaming and fiuely chisseled features ol tht Grisi. Every variety of female beauty had its representative, from the full, round form of womanhood, to the elegance and girlish grace of blushing fifteen. The political circles were also fully represented, and their deputies exhibited a most agreeable variety of aspect and external form. It was a living and moving scene, which forcibly reminded us ol the description given of that portentious dream which so disturbed the slumbers of the Egyptian King. There were the "fat kine," sleek and glossy, whose ample rotundity of iormgave most comfortable tokens of the fattening verdure of official pasture fields. And there were, alas! also, the "lean kine," the melancholy aspect of their attenuated figures and lanky cheeks, appearing in woful contrast with the well-fed browsers on the rich domains of public favor. Among the most prominent of the "fat kine" we noticed Alderman Hatfield of the 11th, chairman of the Tammany Hall Committee, and proprietor of those highly valuable public conveyances, the Drv Dock line of stages, and whose jolly, rubicund countenance contrasted strongly with the most conspicuous of the "lean kine," as personified by Ex-Alderman Shaler, of the "bloody and devouring sixth," although athwart the keen and philosophical lineaments of the latter we thought we occasionally traced a flitting smile, which seemed to say? " Hope told a flattering tale, That joy would soon return!" and that ere long, he too, might renew [acquaintance with savory turtle, or lap the pleasant streams of official stations. There pirouetted across the room, with the agile grace of Jack Reeve as Cupid, our whole-souled, generous Register, J. Sherman Brownell; Alderman Purdy, of the 10th, the leader of the locofocos in the Board; the shrewd and wary politician, sagaciously suspected of being a correspondent, mih rosa, of honest John Tyler; Mr. Crohus, like the " last rose of summer" in bashful loveliness, the only representative of the whig branch of the City Council; Alderman Lee of the 17th?a great soul in a small body?the pungency of whose sarcasm has often caused the ears of his opponents to tingle throughout all the limits of their extended longevity; the Assistant Alderman of the 10th, in all his staid sobriety; and the Assistant Alderman ot the 13th, recently elevated by executive mercy to the full fruition of official jurisdiction over Cavendish and Oronoko;? these were the " fathers of our city," who graced the ball room with their presence. The ghost of Aid, Underwood stalked, it is said, to the door-way, but its further progress was suddenly checked by the unseen spirit of virtuous feminine indignation, which hovered around, and the discomfited spirit, it is credibly affirmed, was heard muttering in unearthly tones, as it flitted across the Park:? " Ye might have refuted me your love. But why did ye kick me dowa etaira V Amongst the distinguished political characters was the ex-grand Judge of the posterity of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, ex-editor of the deceased "Evening Star," and the consumptive "Union," the chairman of the Military-Hall-Tyler-Guard-Committee? Mordecai Manasseh Noah. He came early, and made a mysteriously early exit. All departments of the Custom House?the Collector excepted, who is, we heard, at Washington?were represented. Robert C. Wetmore, Esq, represented the navy department, and who could do it better1? George Thompson, Geo. Davis, and Richard Adams Locke, the main-guard?Ned Nesbitt, Dave Broderick, Jim Ramsay, and a host of others, the out-door guardians of the interests of Uncle Sam. General Ward, M. C., from Westchester county, Theron JRudd, Col. Ming, and a host besides, all, or nearly all, of the old democratic school, but now best known as either Tyler or Calhoun men, were also there. As the clock of the City Hall tolled the solemn hour of midnight, the band, whose excellence we are happy to commemorate, struck up the " Presidents' March," and then, as if by the wand of Prospero, the brilliant pageantry of the procession of the 12th of .September, 1842, flitted before our eyes. The Ibanners of the twenty-six States, represented by the patriotic ladies who appeared on that memorable occasion in our streets, floated round the room, each lady being escorted by the gentleman who officiated on that ever-ts-be-remembered day. In the course of the evening, the following ode, written by Mr. Stuart, was sung by the whole company, and the walls of old Tammany re-echoed again and again to the stirring melody of the |>atriotic strain:? Am?Hail, Columbia. When the Pilgrim sought, of ysre, Refuge on this desert shore, And spurned the Despot's galling chain, F.ver constant at his side Woman's faith new strength supplied Htill she cheered the Wanderer on, Till his glorio us task was done ; And the fane of Freedom rose To glad her Hons and awe their foes. Honor then the Patriot Fair > Let our songs their worth declare. May our grateful homage prove. Fit memorial of our love. When our mighty sires of old, Freedom's banner dared unfold, And back the proud Invader drove, Woman's /.eal the brave inspired, Nerved his arm, his tiosom fired ? While she stretched, with melting eve The fostering arm of sympathy Till the welcome Star of peace Bade each fiercer passion cease. Honor then the Patriot Fair I -r iKiim oUr ...... I May our grateful homage prove ' Fit memorial of our love. Hail to the Fair' who proudly came To vindicate Cohimhia'a Fame, And whelm with acorn a craven craw Foremoft in the generous Band Mali on* (rave and Virgin* atand , * Prompt to rite it Virtua*! coll, No foor* their Patriot heart appal: Ever guarding, tor the Free, The Sacred Shrine of Liberty. Honor then the Patriot Fair: Crown with wreatha their (lowing hair; May our grateful offering! prove Fit Memorial! of our love. The entire arrangements ot this magnificent ball reflected the highest credit on the Committee. Every thing was in good ta*e?every thing was in uni ?j? wiin me patriotic origin ot the joyous seen * every thing was as it ought to ha\e been, if we except the unavoidable absence of Major Joe Hopkins, of the democratic Pewter, who was, it may well be said, the creator of the whole affair?and another great event has been added to the chronicles of the reign oj Captain Tyler, and a wreath ot fresh laurels been entwined with the verdant garlands already decorating the " young domocracy" of the Empire State. Lah. and Important from Coney Island ?If the Great Western will not make her appearance, the Long Island steamer Thunderbolt has just arrived, and gives the following intelligence, being a message to the legislature thereof: Coney Island, March 6, lo43. Fellow Citizens Of the Senate and Assembly 1 herewith transmit a writ, issued out of the Supreme Court of the United States, against this State, calling upon it to prove the Constitutionality of the "Paper Mills" recently erected by an enactment of your honorable body. In remarking upon this singular and extraordinary legal document, 1 cannot find language adequate to express my astonishment at the assumed audacity of such proceedings. But if we take into consideration the character of the Court, of its haugh'.y demeanor?averse in its tendency to our democratic institutions?I feel, as I presume you will, somewhat relieved from the weight of indignation which may at first possess us on reading this mandate. It was feartully predicted, at the formation of the Federal Government, that the powers granted, and those that would be assumed in time, would crush, if not, at least humble, the daring spirit of liberty to l_ j u l duuii n ucgirc, umi wc wuuiu nave uui me uaiue iu worship and the shadow to Berve. It is for you to judge whether these predictions were well founded, and vhether time has proved them?Ipso facto. When the States formed the confederacy, it was done with all the caution that possibly could be used at such a critical conjuncture. Doubtless, our forefathers looked into the mirror of ages and felt convinced of the danger and responsibility they were about to undertake. The fate of ancient republics should be as a burning light, to guide us onward in the march of freedom. If the Federal Government attempts to step beyond the bounds set by the founders of it, it then becomes an aggression.'.and dangerous to those liberties our sires achieved and handed to us as a rich inheritance. The idea cannot be entertained for a moment, that our revolutionary sires relinquished those inestimable privileges for which they freely spilt their blood to obtain.and without which,freedom indeed,is but a boast. For my own part, 1 conceive it to De repugnant to the genius of our free institutions, that they who struggled, even to desperation, to throw off the chains of a foreign power, should immediately go about creating a monster which would eventually strangle liberty in its mighty folds. It is not to be supposed that such ever was designed, unless we question the integrity of those, which justice forbids that we should. It might not be improper for me to assert that the powers granted to the Federal Government has been exercised to such an extent of late, that it would be found difficult to define its precise duties, were they not placed in a clear and concise manner be fore the American people. It was never formed to protect the liberties of the States, for it would be very obvious, if the several States, after achieving their freedom,should surrender it to another's keeping, they would tacitly acknowledge their incapability to defend the arms in their hands. I promise obedience to the laws of the Confederacy so far as they keep within the literal meaning of the Constitution, but I shall not, under any circumstance, submit to have that sacred instrument used as a weapon to cut the liberties which bind our happy country together. j. lie uiuireui laAauvii gamcicu uuiu niipuiuiiiuiia has been a prolific source of corruption, which has been principally used to patronise political venality, appointing warm partizans to foreign posts, where there is no manner of use for them. This I do conceive to be too plain to escape the most careless observer. Whether the time hasnow arrived to resist all further encroachment of our rights, is left for you to determine. For my part, I feel resolved to protect our "Paper Mills" to the last gasp, be the consequence what it may. I have therefore issued orders to the several Commanding officers of the Island, to call out, for camp exercise, the divisions under their command. I have also ordered the machinery used to extract clams in deep water, to be worked only five hours a day, so that those citizens employed at the clam beds can be made perfectly acquainted with the use of arms to defend the soil upon which they toil. The "Mill Commissioners" nave employed a sufficient force to guard the premises about the "Mills." A convincing proof of the rectitude of our laws, is in the devotion of the people; five hundred brokers, two hundred bank clerks, and twenty-five presidents have volunteered to prptect the public coffers. I rely upon your co-operation in these important steps that I have taken to sustain the honor and vindicate the justice of our laws. I would recommend you to make immediate ap propriations for* the military which will be called upon to perform camp duty. In respect to the "mandate," I shall, with respect to your honorable body, recommend it to be returned with contempt, to tne source from whence it emanated. Nothing but envy, caused by the prosperity of our TalonrJ nnnlrl r>oiloP Oliph QH linWlirrfllltflhlp Rttflnk. While we are in unparallelled'success, and our sister republics are reaping the fruits of their indiscretion, by endeavoring to sustain two sorts of currency, which reason teaches to be impossible, base jealousy prompts the envious to strike the nlow at our institutions Peter Fi.vmmkry, Acting Governor. John Soatsuds, Secretary of State. City Intelligence. The mrllkr Examination.?This examination was continued yesterday, before Justice Stevens, in the Grand Jury reom. Miss Hannah Weller was examined as a witness. This is the lady at whose house Mrs. Charles F. Miller remained while in this city. She testsfied that Mrs. Miller was on sociable and affectionate terms with her husband while at her house. That while there she received several valuable presents lroni him, and was twice requested to go out shopping with Miss. Weller without the company of her husband, but declined lest she should be seen and her residence discovered. That while there she expressed a desire to leave the city 1 until the trouble was over. That during the whole time she was under no restraint, and might have left had she chosen, and that she exhibited no desire to escape, either by word or act, and appeared cheerful and contented. The court meets again this afternoon at 3 o'clock. The Last of the Shepherds.?It will be seen by the report of the General Sessions, that at a late hour last evening the jury returned a verdict of guilty against this woman, on an indictment for passing counterfeit money. She has two sons and a daughter-in-law in the state prison for the same offence, as well as her husband, the father of the gang. New Counterfeits in Circulation.?A new issue of counterfeit #5 notes of the Tradesmen's Hank f this city, letter D, were put in circulation on Saturday and Sunday night,by the gang of women who conduct that business under the general sujiervision of the leading counterfeiters. A woman named Eliza Campbell, who has been often arrested on charges of passing counterfeit money, entered the apothecary store of Patrick Dickie, corner of Lis penard street and Broadway, and asking for a dose of castor oil, presented a #5 note o! the Tradesmen's Bank, letter D, which afterwards proved to be a counterieit. She was arrested by a city watchman, and fully committed lor trial, but will probably escape on the usual ground, that no trienlrr can be shown to prove that she knew the note was a counterfeit. These women never carry but one note at a time, and when arrested, plead entire ignorance of all knowledge ol the note being worthless. Statk Prison Statistics.?From Officer A. M. C. Smith, we learn that the terms of service of fourteen prisoners expire this month, leaving 774 males and 77 females in confinement, making a total of 851. Fire.?The alarm of fire, about 12 o'clock on Sunday, night proceeded from the burning of the cellar of the four story brick building 186 water St., known as the Commercial Hotel, and ocenpied by Robert Foster. The damage was confined to the cellar. The building belongs to Mr Abner Hlg? gins, and was fully insured. Tin? Kek>ktof the Commissioner or Patents.? We took up this Report, the other day, supposing it related to patents?te the history and present state of new inventions sver the world?to the new discoveries in urts and sciences, and contained recommendations lor their encouragement and develop ment, and lor the reward of the inventive genius of the U. Stales, and pointed out sotne plan whereby the present oppression under which patentees labor, might be removed or alleviated. But what was our surprise, to find, instead of being u report on the subjects so obviously indicated by its title, that it was a bloated and visionary report on agricultural projects entertained by the Commissioner and others, equally as wild as himself, and related te. nmH nriffiitrprt on farma tn nrnirif* Hifrhes and I ploughing? to cotton, tobacco, buck wheat flsur. and to sugar from corn stalks, and laudations of hogs' lard in opposition to whale oil; and indicating a change of employment of sailors from the pursuit of whales to th? pursuit of hogs, regardless of a mercantile or naval maride, and as usual, concludes with the usual quantum of anti-free trade recommendations. The truth is, the commissioner has long been interested in farms and lands in Indiana, the value of which he is very anxious to improve, and hence the patronage of the patent office is so extensively diverted to such objects. The commissioner is a lawyer by early profession, and as it is well known lawyere are well qualified for all offices where the salary is an object of sufficient importance, he of course feels a deep interest in the numerous mechanical, chemical and philosophical inventions of the country. Under his management, the $36,000 paid into the patent office by several thousand poor inventars, has been measurably diverted from a fund to promote useful inventions, to the support of a kind of speculative, experimental, " agricultural bureau." Ity his rei>ort, we find the gross receipts amounted to $86,000, a large portion of which has been directed to agricultural and other purposes, say about fl0,000j leaving still a surplus fund of some $5,000 he legitimate business of recording patents and caveats, including all the pay of officers and other expenses of the office, require but a small portion; eav less than one half the gross recipts. Now, this whole system is wrong and unjust. We all know the Patent Office was founded simply to protect the rights or titles of inventors or patentees, a most important and valuable class of people in all ages nnd in all countries, as the steam engine, the printing press, and the cotton spindle, and thousands of other useful inventions fully attest. The labors of Arkwright, an obscure barber, and of Watt, a humble mechanic, have conferred more power and wealth on G.Britain and the civilized world,than can be told in countless millions. And a Whitney, and a Fulton, of the United States, have conferred a debt of gratitude greater than this country, or mankind at large, or generations yet to come, can ever pay off. By the aid of useful inventions, the power, civilization and wealth of nations have been vastly increased. And it fiequently occurs that the most valuable discoveries originate, in many instances, with persons in poor and in humble life. It is the poor inventor, struggling with indigence and difficulties, that should be encouraged and sustained by his government, and not oppressed by its

absurd laws, or the still more absurd execution of them. It is shown by the Commissioner's Report, that the expenses of the office can be met by less tnan onehalf of its receipts, or by about $15,000. Then let Congress at once reduce the price of patents from $30 to $15. And if an " Agricultural Bureau" is thought necessary, let one be organized distinct from the Patent Office. If a poor inventor merely wishes to record a notice (or caveat) of his invention in the Patent Office, which occupies a clerk about five or ten minutes, he is required to pay an enormous fee ?f $20; while in tyrannical England, the same fee is one guinea, or only $5. It is true, England charges ?100 for recording an inventor's title, and so much the more to her disgrace. In short, the only legitimate function of the Patent Office should be a kind of court, in which inventors may have the privilege of having the titles to their property recorded. Their inventions and discoveries are as much their property as a piece of land in the hands of a farmer. And yet, suppose a farmer, in order to get a notice of his purchase registered by the clerk of a county court, nad to pay $20, and tn (rot hiaonnvoiianoo n* rioor) rornrrlon lio harl 11> pay 330 ; and that, after this exorbitant sum was exacted from him, it shou]d be lavished to support another interest or business of his fellow citizens, foreign to his own pursuits, would not the exaction be considered unjust and oppressive 1 In a civilized government, ws would suppose it might not be deemed unreasonable to encourage inventors, by direct and suitable bounties lor their successful discoveries and improvements. But the poor inventors do not ask this. Thev merely desire the small privilege of having their Titles examined and recorded without being taxed $36,000 per annum to support the extravagant management ef an office, ana for the benefit of another class of their fellow citizens, and t? sustain their visionary projects in agricultural pursuits?to test whether hogs should supplant whales?or corn stalks the sugar cane?or mud houses those of ordinary materials? the best method of raising the value of western prairie lands, in which the Hon. Commissioner is so largely interested. Reform is wanted in this office, and the sooner it is had the better. Hundreds of useful inventions are probablv lost to the country and to mankind, by the exorbitant fees required to enroll a patent at Washington. Many poor inventors spend their last shilling in endeavoring to perfect their inventions or improvements, and have no money left to pay for having their title recorded. And as they are generally extremely timid and jealous of their rights, they are afraid to apply to a capitalist for aid. In the first place, they are apt to be spurned as visionary fools, and in the second place, if their invention is really valuable, they are liable to be cheated out of it. In nnnapnupnpp nf am-h fpnru nnrl hnninff thffir ffWn circumstances may improve so as to place them in means to procure a patent to their own inventions, they very often die, and their discoveries die with them, and are lost to the world. In this way many important inventions have been long delayed, while others have been probably lost forever to mankind. No, if Congress acts wisely, they will open, as wide as possible, the doors of the Patent Office, to this deserving, but now oppressed and unjustly neglected class of their fellow citizens. A Friend to the Rights of Inventors. Steam Ship Great Western.?She is not yet in sight. This is her twenty-fourth day. She is over due, and ought to have been here last SundayStrong westerly winds, however, have prevailed. J. G. Bennett, E?q.:? You will mueh oblige an old subscriber by calling the Street Inspector's attention to the dangerous state of Franklin street, corner oi Broadway, east siae?it is one continuous sheet ot ice for more than fifty yards. W. General Session*. Before Recorder Tallmadge, Judge Lynch and Aldermen Smith and Gednoy. Jamki R. WiiiTmo, Esq., District Atterncy. March 6 This being the first day of the term, the morning was occupied in calling the namet of the Grand and Petit Jurori. The Grand Jury consists of the following named gentlemen David D. Crane, foreman; George Abeel, Caleb Brush, Joseph Chamberlain, Christopher Delano, Jeremiah Dodge, Hiram Forrester, Jamea llalsey, James C. Hallock, Henry Hallenbeck, Cornelius C. Jacobus, James Kelly, William Montross, Lord Nash, Peter P Ramsay, Joseph Rtidd, Abjah Smith, Samuel Waterbury and Jacob A. Westervelt?10. Of the 84 Petit Jurors summoned, hut 34 answered, and a fine of (38 was imposed upon aix Grand and five Petit Jurors, who were absent, and one Petit Juror of the laat term. The calendar for the term consist of the following prison cases: ?Bigamy 1; forgery 1; burglary 13; grand larceny 10; petit larceny 1; false pretences 1; riot 3; rescuing a prisoner 1. Total 39, new cases. Previously indicted 37. Grand Txtrrtny.?A man named John Donovan was tried for grand larceny, in stealing, on the 13th of October, (130, and two pencil cases, from John Hawkins, of 304 Bcammel street. There was no evidence to show that the accused had any of the money in his possession, although Mr. Hawkins alleged that when ne charged prisoner with the thelt he acknowledged it. The accused was defended by Wiixiam Shacks, Esq., who obtained a verdict of not guilty, for his client. Trial of Jahn Tavlnr.?This man. who stands indicted on five different bill*, for burglary in the third degree, in connexion with James C. Burn* and Themai Wray alius Fitzgerald, the latter ol whom was convicted and sontenced in August last, waa tried on the charge of entering tiio harness store of Thomas O. Buck master, 347 Hudson street, on the night ef the ffth of June last, and stealing ten setsof harness,Ac. Theonly evidence brought against him was, that he came into a shop in Houston street, between Cannon and Columbia, while Mr. John Little was there examining the stolen harness, and asked lorastrap. A portion of the property was recovered at the time at the place above stated. There nat being evidence sufficient to convict, the jury acquitted him, and the District Attorney then allowed him to enter his own recognizances in the sum of live handred dollars, and he waa discharged. A great disturbanae was made by some of the officers of the upper police, relative to the escape of Taylor, at the time the burglaries were committed, and on his recent return to this city under the name of George Smith, his arrest was considered at an exploit of great consequence. The result of all this flourish ol trumpets has been that when the time came for trial, evidence sufficient wbs not presented from the upper police to secure his conviction. What perfect nonsense it is thus to trifle with the public in arresting criminals II they can obtain an acquittal by such means ! Petit lArceny.?John Donovan, who was tried this morning for grand larceny, anil acquitted, was then put upon bis trial lor petit larceny, in stealing acloak worth $70, from Mary McKerr, of SHO Cherry street. The jury convicted him, and he was remanded for trial on another charge of petit larceny. * Trial of the Mother of the Counterfeiting Shepherde.Marv Bhepherd. the mother tn-law of thecelebrnted Ho Inora, hh<1 mother of Ch?rl??, and othert ol like n*m<\ who liuvv been convicted ?nd sentenced to the Htete Prison for counterfeiting, WM tried for |>e??inga W counterfeit note of the Exchange Bauk of Salem, Mui? on Charles L. Woollev, of IMRivington street, on Saturday, January 31st. She ottered the Dill in payment for some msat, and on being told it waa a counterfeit, left her basket and said she would oome back in a lew minutes and redeem the note. She was followed by two persons who were in the butcher's shop at the time, until she entered Charles Jerolomsn's, in Rivingten street, near Attorney. She did not return to redeem the basket, or pay for the meat. She was afterwards arrested by one of the city watchmen. Mr. Duff and Sibell watched the house of Jeroloman, and saw some twenty or thirty persons pass in und out,as was supposed by them,with counterfeit money. The jury retired at three o'clock, und being unable to agree, after an absence of half an hour, the court adjouiUea to six o'clock iu the evening, when still being unable to agree, the court took a recess until half-nast ten in the eveni g, at which time the jury rendered a verdict of guilty. Thus endeth the career of the last of the counter foiling Shepherds. Her husband, the father of the Shepherds, isin State prison in Ohio. The case of Charles Pearce, for assault and battery on J Ann Murphy, will be the first tried this morning. I The court adjourned to this morning at 11 o'clock. Arrivals. Howard's Hotel?W P Barkalow, Hamilton, 'O; O T Snowden, Columbia, 8 C; Wm Shear, Augusta, Ga; R N Taylor, Newbern.N C; Hon J Trumbull, and Hon T B Osborne, Connecticut; Hon Mr Champion, Rochester; Hon Silas Wright, Jr. and lady, Nf;HE Day, Hartford, Conn; 8 H Ward, Middletown, Conn; J C Hamlin, Charleston, 8C; P Manly, do; 8 Brolasky, Philadelphia; Joseph B Conover, do; J N Reynolds, Washington, D C; Hon T C Chittenden, Jeflerson county; Jonas Williams, Calais, Me; John Blair, Pittsburg; John O Wbelan, Philadelphia; J Butler, do; ? J Way, do; Oliver Pryor and lady, Wheeling, Va; Mr Allen and two ladies, Washington; A M Lawrence, Philadelphia; L T Douglass, Washington; W K Wharton, do. American Museum.?The array of novelties this week has surpassed expectation. Indeed, there is not a feature of these performances, that is not very well worth the price of admission, from the superb melodion, giving the overtures to Norma, William Tell, etc., to the Banjo melodies of Jenkins, and the antics of the figures of Signor Vivaldi. Especially are the wonderful ellects of sublimity and beauty, in the new dioramas of the Deluge and the Lady of the Lake, worthy of all admiration. We are pleased to hear that an overflowing house, last night rewarded the enterprise, taste and lavish expenditure of the proprietor. The Indian Chiefs still remain during the day, and are among the greatest curiosities of this immense establishment. 0(7- TO THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE Hudson River Railroad of Poughkeepsie? Gentlemen :? In the report of the proceedings of the Common Council of New York, of the 37th ult. as published in the New York Herald of the 38th ult. Alderman Leonard is stated to have said? "That Mr. Vassar had recently told him that they had no intention to construct a Railroad aleng the River, but they had merely resorted to this movement in order to protect their own property along the River, but that the River was enough for them; that there was nothing to be depended upon in the survey as presented of the route on the Hudson, and that the very report itself was calculated to deceive and mislead the public?that nothinir but its 'novelty,' as Mr. Morgan, the surveyor, had said some years smca, could recommend such a plan." Itishaidly necessary lor me to say that the whole of this statement, from beginning to end, is an entire misrepresentation. I have never, on any occasion, had any conversation with Alderman Leonard In which any such statement was made by me to him, nor was any thing said by me of that nature or character, from which any inferences oi the kind could be drawn. I should not feel myself under the least necessity to notice this misrepresentation andslander, to retain the favorable opinion of those with whom I am acquainted, nor yet even of those to whom I am a stranger, had they been put forth by plain Mr. Leonard, but with the imposing prefix of "Alderman," and member of the Common Council, his remarks, from that consideration, are better calculated to deceive the public, and therefore demand a positive contradiction. 1 am at a loss to assign a motive for such wanton perversion of the remarks I made to Ald^Leonard on the occasion referred to, which were briefly as follows?"That the friends of the Hudson River Railroad would probably not have moved in making a survey of a route, had not one been in progress some 20 to 30 miles east, the construction of which would seriously impair the valae of property of the River Towns; nor indeed was a grade for a road deemed practicable on the Eastern margin oi the River till the full of 1841, on account of the Highlands?when a pre liminary survey was made around these promontory, and on being found perfectly feasible, the friends immediately set to work aad made a survey of the entire line, from New York to Albany, and if the same is correct, ami a road is to be built, they believe it will be to the interest of the stockholders to adopt the River route?at all events they only asked (and that at the request of several wealthy citizens of New York) an impartial investigation, by a committee of the Hon. Common Council, of the merits of their road." This is net the only instance, however, that the worthy Alderman has garbled and misrepresented our cause? His gentlemanly conduct, n? one of a Committee of five, in making a report to suit the purposes of the New York and Albany Railroad Company, without consulting the majority of the committee with whom he was associated, in which he quoted a statement made by Engineer Wright in 1830, without any allusions to its date, and representing such statement as tbe result of a recent examination of the River route,is still fresh in the memory of the Poughkeepsic Executive Committee. r A gentleman, and an Alderman too, who has publicly and officially on two ocsasions, exhibited such unnues tionable specimens of fairness and truth, the public will not perhaps consider as entitled to the honor of lurther notice. 1 should have answered the article In the Herald the day following its publication, but was absent from the city. Yours, respectfully, M. VA88AR, Chairman of the Hudson River Railroad Ex. Committee. Pouohkeefsie, March 6th, 1843. The Executive Committee to whom the above commu nication is addressed, would merely state for the consideration ol the citizens of New York, and all others concerned, that we are unable to discover any reason for Alderman Leonard's attack upon the survey of the river route We presume that Mr. Vassar's statement above, is sufficient to show how much weight is to be attached to the Alderman's statement, and how much prudence may be discovered in bis public course. But as he has seen fit to assail the survey of Mr. Morgan, tho same Engineet who surveyed the New York and Albany Railroad, we respectfully submit to your consideration the following letter from Messrs. Veeder, Riddle, Vedder A Co., contractors of known responsibility, written and mailed in the city of Albany some days before Alderman Leonard indulged himself in the remarks alluded to in Mr. Vassar's communication. Albsnv , Feb. 2-2,1843. To the Hudson River Railroad Committee, Poughkeepsie : Gentlemen? In reply to your letter requesting us to make a proposi. tion for building the H. R R. Road, we would reply that we will take a contract for making the road from Harlem River to Greenbush, at the prices stated in Mi. Morgan's report, excepting the estimate of the iron rails, which according to the present duty, will cost $1,500 per mile more than when his renort was made. We would. be willing to enter into contract an.I become responsible for the completion ol the whole work in two yean, provided we could commence operation! by the middle of the coming summer. Yours, be. VEEDER, RIDDLE, VEDDER k CO. Presuming that this will be sufficient to satisfy all of the correctness of the survey in question, and not wishing to have any personal controversy with Alderman Leonard, or any one elsejwe submit to your consideration, with a single remark, that upon the merits of the river route, and its superiority over the eastern, we rely for its preference; and we avail ourselves of this opportunity, as on former occasions, to repel the groundless insinuations got un especially to our prejudice oy some of the employ eea of those concerned in the other route, that we are in sincere and wanting in good laith in our efforts to obtain a charter, and construct the H. R. R. Road. We did not suppose that any gentlemen aftpr what we have heretofore said iu relation to this matter, would again venture to impugn our motives. If, however, any such can he found, they have a very easy mode to test our sincerity by contributing their In fluence, if any they have, to the obtaining of our charter. They will very soon thereafter be satisfied, whether we intend in.good faith to construct the road or not. C. Appleton, Isaac Piatt, Caleb Morgan, Thos. L. Davies, David B. Lent, Charles Bartlett, Charles H. Ruggles, Chas. Crooke. John W. Knevals. E.B.Kelly, John Thompson. Nrw Yo*a, March 0,1849. (O- TO EMIGRANTS?CIRCULAR?The editor of thesun, in his paper of this date, asks " why Sam'l Thomson, of '173 Pearl st, is not found acting with us" in tho annexed letterof the 'Id Inst, requesting the withdrawal of our advertisements from the columns of that paper." The reason is perfectly plain?Mr. Thompson not having then any advertisement in the Sun, of course had none to with draw. He nevertheless perfectly coincidediwith lis in the sentiments contained in said letter, which is as follows :? Nsw Yoaa, March '1,1049. To thk Editob or th? Nsw Yoax Sow : Sia :?Please discontinue our advertisements in your, paper, as we deem it inconsistent with rectitude of principle on your part, that whilst you should take largo sums From us for advertising our business in its columns, you should, to suit some purpose best known to yourself, make this morning a most base and malicious attack on all engaged in the passenger business in this city, and which you cannot prove, as fsr as we are concerned. We are, sirs, yours, [Signed] J McMliRRAY. JOHN HERDMAN. w a. i t tai'sr.nTT ROrTHE.tBROT HERsV CO. 0tt~ MISS SARAH THOMPSON, OF NEW PROSPECT, N J., was given up ni incurable, by her family physician ami her fripnds. She had been laboring under n couch and spitting of blood for two years, which at laat let tied in conaumption. She tried varioua remedies, but without any benefit, till the clergyman ol the place ndriaed her to uae Sherman'a Cough Lozenges. He knew they had cured a? bad cases before, and thought thpy would cura her. She got a box,and the first dose afforded her more relief than all she had ever before taken, and three Inrgr boxes entirely cured her, to the joy and surprise of all her friends. The counterfeit Lozenges ahoul I ne avoided, and care taken to get the genuine Sherman's Lozenges, as they have never yet failed. Warehouse 104 Nassau at. Agents?110, j?:i ?nd l.vi Broadway; 77 E a Broadway, 'i'll Hudson at; LIP Fulton at. Brooklyn, nni 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia. fftT- ABSCONDING BOARDER -If Mr. B. who left his boarding house in Park Place, this morning, does not wish a full axposltion of his " Imposition'' made public through tho Now York, Boston and Philadelphia paparo, he v ill immediately return mid pay his landlady. New fork Mureh I) M4 II , r BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Sales of Stocks at Philadelphia Yesterday. $1900 City Fives, 941; 59 shares farmers' and Mechanics'Bank, ft}. Alter Board?$A00 State Fives, 1870,39}; $400 City Fives, 94}; $6000 Tennessee Fives, 60}; 10 shares Camden and Atnboy Railroad, 61; A shares Farmers'and Mechanics'Bank, 1ft}. LATEST SOUTHERN SHIP NEWS. I'xiLSDr.LrHis., March o-Arr Krynesr Williams, Htubbs, NYork; Ann U, from Delaware Breakwater, in tow of steamer Hudson, in underlie renins. Cla Curieucy, fcharp, Barbadoes; BrilHuit, Rrdinnud, NYork. GIT- TO THE OWN El', S OX HEAL AND LEASEHOLD EaYATES in Iho City of New Yoik : Kkllow Citi*k!*s?Your attention is respectfully asked to the count of the " Sun neicipaptr" in reference to your interests as Landlords, and your rights as men. Your after year are the editorial columns of that paper directed to the depreciation and damage of your property, by assertions the most unfounded; hut on that very ac. count the l>est adapted to enlist the passions and rebutments of the tenant against the landlord. What do we see in those columns daily 1 Your patronage in the shape of house advertising, filling brim full some of these columns, whilst others are filled up with all the efforts of the Editorial departments, to deprt ss and undervalue the very thing advertised. But is this zeal all perfectly disinterested 1 Is self entirely lost sight of 1 Oh no, that were a littlotoo much. When tenants are instructed by that paper not to permit a bill being put on their house?not to be in uny hurry hiring?to wait till nearly the first of May, what is the inevitable consequence f Why, that you and 1 find the more difficulty in letting, and are forced to resort to that same advertising, which filches our pockets, whilst it fills Mr. Beuch's. Must we, then, by our advertising patronage, continue to keep that paper in a position where its disinterestedness in thecause ofthepoor tenant may be more than questionable I Shall wo continue to uphold with our pationage, which is our money, the right of any press to abandon its high prerogatives?its high duties, for the purpose of attacking our private rights, and the just security of those rights 1 1 apprehend not; there is no reason why we should. If the circulation of the Suu bo urged, the answer is, that your patronage has mainly contributed to that circulation ; aud only let us determine that our advertising patronage shall be given else whore : to a friend, or to a neutral, but not to an enemy ; and wo will soon see that the patronage and circulation go together. Why property in houses should be singled out from all other species of property, and in the faco of thu burthens it has to bear, be a target for new paper musketry, I am unable to understand. If the object be no other than to cheapen rents, this mode of warfare banuot accomplish it. Wbatevertends to keep capitalists or others from build. ing houses, cannot go very far towards cheapening those that are built. If it be true in all other things, that the supply and demand control each other, I am at a loss to see how houses can be an exception. , g 3f ULSTER NOTES m. * From the Morning Chronicle. OQ- BRISTOL'S 8ARSAPARILLA.?We have before spoken of the curative properties ot this preparation. It is mild, simple, yet powerfully efficacious. In all diseases which have their origin in (Jje impurity of the blood, and which develope themselves in wasting and painful eruptions, the Barsaparillaof Bristol is a sure and speedy remedy. It acts directly on the life fluid, restoring to it its healthful tone, and imparting strength and activity to the whole system. City Agents lor the sale of Bristol's Sarsaparilla?William Burger, wholesale agent, 50 Courtlandt street, and 198 Greenwich street; and retail at the following places : Milhau's Pharmacy, 1S3 Broadway; Rushtor St Aspinwall, 110 Broadway, 66 William street, and 10 Astor House; Jas. Symo, M D., 63 Bowery, and John Syme, 30 Fulton street, corner of Water; Robert Leggett, M.D., 17 avenue D; B. Quackenbush, 7il9 Greenwich street; A. Hill, 207 Greenwich street; I. G. Reed, 145 Fulton street, and Mrs. llays, 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn.; J. k J. Coddington, corner of Spring and Hudson streets; D. H. Burnett, Third avenue, corner of Eighth street; Philip Merkle, 386 Grand street: Daniel B. Tucker, 360 Grand street; E- H Tripp, 167 Division street, snd 211 Fulton street. Boston?Maynard k Noyes. (K7- PROFESSOR VELPEAU'8 CELEBRATED Pills are guaranteed to cure all cases of gonorrhoea, gleet, or any unpleasant discharge from the urethra in a shorter time, auds fer than any remedy at present known. Sinco their introduction into this country by the New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy more than a thousand boxes have been sold, and the College defies a single instance of failure to be shown. Professor Velpeau, the celebrated discoverer of this spe cific, after an experience ol twenty years in the hospitals of Paris, asserts that these pills are the only remedy that has been known never to fail in effecting a cure. Bold in boxes of one hundred pills at $1, at the Principal otttce and consulting rooms of the College 97 Nassau street, New York. W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent {W- DR. TAYLOR'S BALSAM OF LIVERWORT, 376 BOWERY.?This is the month to be on your guard) if you hare, or are any way predisposed to consumption, resort at once to this meidicne, as it has been well tested, and you cuit depend upon it. 1 can reter you to the numerous certificates given me by those who have been so happily relieved by it, which i constantly publish for tho information of those who might be induced to try these , new things got up for similar complaints upon the reputatation of this medicine, which only wattes your time and money. The Balsam of Liverwort is a valuable prepara' tiqn in every respect The large quantity in a bottle also makvs it the cheapest medicine known, so that a l can use it?The poor, and charitable institutions shall in every way |K>ssible for me, betaken care of. Be careful to see that the spleudiu urv K-nwa, in b?ak note sty lc, is on the bottle. To prevent counterfeits, as well as imitations, be persuaded to try only one bottle. Dr. Leeds, druggist, 1-J7 Maiden lane, sole wholesalo agent; C. P. Jacobs and J. & O. Hill, agents, Detroit. QtJ- GREAT FUN AHEAD! TERRIBLE COMMOTION IN THE FASHIONABLE WORLD! Look out for Saturday!?Tho New World of Saturday, March II, will contain an article of some length, under the title of Evening Parties in Now York; being a description, historical, dramatic, pathetic, humorous, quaint, queer, original, profound, sagacious, satirical,saucv, superb,brilliant, beautiful, characteristic and clever, telling all about fashionable amusements in this goodly city of Gotham? and it will be illustrated and adorned by twenty capital wood cuts, engraved expreasly for this mamenteui occasion. The article ia written in the style and spirit of that on "The Waltz," published in the New World a few weeks ago, and which created so much senaation in fashion able circles. The following are some of the subjects of the illustrations: A nice young gentleman going to a party, two chaining young ladies consulting with their mama about ?;iviug a party; a youth in white cravat; the tether of the amily in tribulation; small children stealing cake; a lovely young lady; two gawky young gentlemen; tho musi elans; meeting with some visiters; standing up i? a quadrille; an old bachelor dancing; wnltzers, a quiet flirtation; the uninteresting young lady; the old young lsdv; the young lady just out; the belle; the supper party; the family physician, getting bis hat;coming out in the morninK Agenti and others wishing an extra supply of this number, will please order immediately. Never was such an agitation in the public mind since the days of Wouter von T wilier, as exists in regard to the next New World. QfJ- THE PRIVATE MEDICINE CHESTS PRERAredby the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, are guaranteed to cure she worst cases of Oonorrhma, Gleet, or any-unpleasant discharge from the urethra,without tainting the breath, or disagseeiDg with the nio-t delicato stomach. T? purchasers of these chests, the College bind themselves to give medicine gratis, if not cursd. Price (3 each. By authority of the College of Medicine ana Fharm cy 07 Nassau street, N. V. W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent. (KJ- 8ARSAPARILLA.?An immense effort has been lately made to introduce various compounds called " Extract of Sarsaparilla," as positive specific cure-aBs. If we were to believe the extravagant assertions of the adventurers who are pushing them, all disease that * flesh is heir to," can be governed and removed by these wonderful " extracts." Now we want no customers lo our articles, but persons of common sense at least; and those who have that, wilt find it impossible to believe these extravagant and ridiculous assertions. Depend upon itthen, if vou get COMSTi CK'8 true extract of the real Sursaparilla, every disease that can be cured by this and various other roots that form the compound, will be cured by it. Such, particularlv, as scrofula, rheumatism, and all diseases of the blood, and particularly disease and suffering from the abuse of mercury. This or the other kinds, if preferred, may be had at 71 Maiden Lane, price SO cents per bottle. QtJ- DO NOT WEAR A WIG.?But use the Balm of Columbia. If you get the genuine Irom Messrs. Comitock and Rosa, 'lb Magazine, it will surely restoro your hair in a very short time. Having had such strong proofs of its goodness come to our observation, daily induces ss to speak of it, and recommend it in the strongest terms to those who are bald, or getting so. It will positively stop the hair from falling otf immediately New Orisons WW The same may he had of Comitock and Co., 71 Maiden lane, thia city ; and Comatock and William*, 0 North Fifth street, Philadelphia. (K7- WE ARE AU l'HOIUSED TO SAY, THAT IF any peraon will use Hays' Liniment (or the Pilea, (from Comatock and Roan, UA Magazine street) without being cured, the money shall be refunded. Theae are the positive terms upon which it is sold ; and we learn out of many thousand bottles sold, not one has been returned. It is also an infallible remedy for ail sorea, pains, bruises, lie. Who will continue to suiter 7 None but those who are prejudiced?Ntw Orleaiu paper. Th* same may he had of ,Camstock and Co., 71 Maiden lane, thia city. (K7- LORD ASH BUR i "N i Ur.ATY.? There is " great cry and little wool' about this treaty, although it was supposed arery thing hnd been s, iled amicably. But politicians can never settle things pleasantly as they should do. Look for a moment at the effects or J. Pease U Son's Clarified Essence of Horchound Candy in removing raids, coughs, hoarseness of the voice, and other consumptive symptoms. Politicians, national or local, can never quarrel nhout the effect* of such a treaty upon the human system. In the words of the poet? No jarring discords here ai ise, it furnish) * health's simple truthLifts up the sickly with surprise, Anil gives new life to youth. The broken frame restored to health, Blesses wha'ever made It whole, And thinks it worth a kingdom's wealth, For life is hut the soul." ?. This celebrated Cough Compound has no rival in ill cure of nil pulmonary diseases that paint towards con sumption. Do not let a cough or cold pass a day longer. Sold by J. PEASE It SON, 46 Division street; 10 Astor House; 110.Broadway, 86 William street; No. 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia, No. 8 State street, Boston una 67 Htata street, Albany.