Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 25, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 25, 1843 Page 2
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lOi . Ei< VLl). I w t in k. Hal iirtll)', liMt'h id#, 1*43 lltraM Liitrai) Piprt. All the new and cheap literary publications of the day r r sale, wholesale and retail, at the Hi: rami Onicr, i orthweat corner of Nassau and Fulton street. The following publications have just been issued rom this oltico?No. d 01 Alison's History of Kurope; i. cedes of i a-til*, or the First Vo> age of Columbus, l>) ooper, in lua volumes, M) cents; Tue Hockv Mountain*, . i Scenes and Adventures in the Far West, by Washing* on Irving, ii cents; The Adventures ol Ferdinand Count Smollett, it cents; the March number of Bl-i kwoodS Magbiine; also, Angela,or Love and Guilt, y F. A. Durivage, l-JJ cents. A New Moveuirnt In Favor of Captain Tyler. The blow nven to the cause of honest Captain Tyler, hv the recent riot and row in the church of the Kev. David Hale, ban actually brought tears into our eyes ever since. fNX limes have we set up the plus for a new party?a Tyler parly?in New York, and six times hasjthe devil come along, like a comet, and nios' wickedly knocked the whole down with a whisk of his tail. Yet, wlule there is lile there is hope. We do not despair. Let us try again?" better luck next time," as Jacob Faithful says. We feel for the Captain?tor Bob?for the guard?and especially for Major Noah, the large grease spot of the party. And we are happy that our eloquent, poetical, and wonderfully competent John Jones, of the Madisonian, also plucks up a bit of courage. Hear his last bit of poetry:? OUR FLAG. In consideration Of the nomination Of John Trier for the Presidency,in 1844, By seven thousand voters Of the city of New York, we throw out To-day the Flag On which our principles are inscribed. And this Consecrated in the cause of Republicanism Of sixty years standing, Shall remain flying at the head of the column Through storm ana sunshine? In the onslaught and to the rescue? In the attack and in the defence, Until the thunders of the battle should have passed Away, And the victory of '45 Shall win the safety and peace of the People, Ami (hp Rpnnhlir. Our principles read, as they appear, And they are nearly identical with those entertained Bv the late Democratic Convention In Virginia: No B mk?a Revenue TariffNo Distribution?no Abolitionism? A strict construction of the Constitution, As bv Jefferson? No Public Debt? An economical administration Of public affairs? And universal suff rage, with universal education. We do not simply profess These principles, They constitute the standard of our action. And with these principles We win lor the People Or perish with the People. Bravo! bravissimo! This is capital. John Jones is a true paladin?and we feel inspired with hope to meet the Saracens again. Now let's to work. What i-hdU be done * The Government natronace in this citvcan Govern at lea>t one hundred votes in every ward?thi8 gives us 1700, which is quite equal to maintain the balance, ot power between the two parties, in a close election. It is very evident that if this power and influence he properly organized, the Tyler parly can control the charter election, including Mayor and both boards. Nothing is to prevent them, if they go to work at once and organize in every ward with spirit and efficiency. Mass conventions are farces ? mere folly. Nothing will bring the whigs or democrats to their senses, but the potter to de/eat or to give them victory tit the polls. The meeting at the Tabernacle was a failure, and Cajaain Tyler must admit the fact. What else could be expected to result from the imbecile efforts of Major Noah and the Military Hall clique? The plan we have proposed is the only true one. Come, let's try?for fun, at least. Cabinet Rttmors.?Letters were received in town yesterday by a number of prominent members ol the democratic party, stating that President Tyler had called General Lewis Cass to the office ot S-cretary of State ; Richard M. Johnson, as Secretary of War: Andrew Stevenson, late minister to Great Britain, as Postmaster General, and Charles A Wickliffe, late Postmaster General, as Minister to France, and lhat they had consented to accept the appointments. Nomination for Ai.dermen.?In noticing the anticipated nominations (or Alderman'by the Democratic party, it wa? stated yesterday thatJAlderman Charles W. Smith had withdrawn from the nomination in the Seventh ward. Such a report was current, but we have since learned that thsrr is no foundation for it, as he is considered a candidate by his friends, and will in all probability receive the nomination. Alderman ^mith is a practical, sound business man, and has represented his constituents with ability in the councils of our city. Concert of the Italian Benevolent Society ? The concert for the benefit of the funds of this charitable institution will take place at Niolo's Saloon, on Monday evening, 27ih inst. We understand, with great satisfaction, that Mr. Niblo has volunteers*! his beautiful saloon gratuitously, which entitles that gentleman to great praise?and that the talent of the many performers who have generously offered to lend their services on this occasion, will given in New York. Among the names of the remarkable singers, we find those of Madame Sutton, Madame Maroncelli, Signors De Begnis, Martini and Milon ; and among the performers, Signor Rapetti, Etienne, Thibault, Brucher, Rakemau, Lobiano, Trojsi, and others. Aid for the Sufferers by the Guadalotjpk Earthquake ?We understand that the suflerings of these unfortunate inhabitants, are of the most distressing character. They are under the most pressing necessity for food and raiment. The suqject of affording relief to them has been presented to individual members of tfie Common Council. But as the Corporation has no authority to make donations of this character, it is not probable that any action will be h id by that body. A movement, to be efficient, should originate with the merchants. If the subject were taken up by the Goodhues, Whitaeys; Livingstons, Boytfs, Grinnells, Howlands, tec., a very handsome subscription might be raised. Will n?t some of the merchants call a public meeting upon the subject ? We appeal to their ruprti du rorpi. Portrait of Andrew (Jackson?An ^admirable engraving by Danforth, of a (>ortrait taken by Mr. J. N. Dodge of this city, has just been published. It is one of the very fieet, if not the best, likeness of the ventraoie nero una statesman which we have ever ren The brave old man is seated in contemplative mood, with an open book before him, and the sword, wnuch he wielded with such vigor, is subtended on a column behind his chair. Themechsnioal eaecution is very creditable to American art; and we have no hesitation in pronouncing it worthy of universal favor. Tk>: Comet?The chief mate of ship Camilla, i-i irrivrd from Amsterdam,reports that they were in 1 ?1. when they first saw the cornet, the head at thai turn- below the horizon. The angle of suhUiimiiii v.,. it tir-t lit) 28, and as it rose above the iioiizonhH.ii moved K YK.towards the star Sirius, at the rate ol 10 degrees in 21 h?>ur?. The width of the tail was 2 40, aud the length of the tongue, which was in the tail, and not the bead, was 1 deg. StiUTzlT of State -An attempt has been made in the Legislature to remove Samuel Young from the office ol Secretary of State?probably lor his re pudiating document. aster at Ai.bant.?Solomon Van Keneer has been removed from the post office nt ... - ny, to make room for James L> Waason. I he Conduct ok ijik Press in Relation to ihe Somkks Case.?There has never been a better exhiluiion of ihe violence, absurdity, ami gross scurrili'V of the party press, than that sflorded by their conduct in relation 10 the case ol Qoinmander McKenz'e. The Courier. in especial, has day alter dny : belched forth columns of the most disgusting vituI peration, and with all the ingrained malevolence 1 which characterizes it, has assailed everyone who dureo to express a doubt re-peeling the propriety ol | Commander's conduct. The whole dei fence o! McKenzic, tu these pa|>era, troin beginning | to end, has consisted of abuse. The relatives of the executed men have been attacked?the government have been attaeked?the Judge Advocate i has been attacked?every one, in fine, that refused j to approve of the entire course pursued by Comman: der McKenzie hus been attacked in the most fero' ciouB manner. This violent and foolish conduct has, ; as a matter of course, done incalculable injury to 1 the cause it was absurdly intended to serve. | Thus the virulent assaults on Mr. Spencer have I awakened bthhI mrliimoti/.r, a .... common sense or feeling would have supposed that this gentleman,at least,would have been secure from attack. Hut he has been the special object ol the most unfeeling and unchristian abuse. And for what? Simply for discovering that he had the feelings of a father, and exercising one of the most precious privileges of citiaenship?the right of enquiring at the lawful tribunals ol hiscountrv whether his son |had been righteously deprived of his life. The calmners and dignified forbearance with which Mr. Sjwncer has acted throughout this sad affair, have been remarkable,and the abuse poured upon him has been as utterly inexcusable as it has been disgraceful,even to the Courier. The man who could assail Mr. Spencer in such circumstances must be as utterly devoid of every parental feeling as he is of every principle of honor. The attacks on the Judge Advocate are equally unjustifiable and detestable. This gentleman has been only discharging his duty with fidelity. And every impartial witness will cheerfully admit that he has done so with great good feeling, propriety and justice. He is besides,a gentleman in every way entitled to respect, and indeed enjoys, amongst all who know him, th it high reputation which an unblemished character and distinguished talent always gain from men of intelligence and honor. Now, who can fail to be disgusted by unmannerly attacks on such a public official,because.he has retained his independence and faithfully discharged the duties of his trust? The conduct of Mr.Norris has had,throughout the entire proceedings, the support and approbation of the Court. If the record should ever see the light, it will be very satisfactorily perceived that the labors of the Judge Advocate have not been unprofitable or unimportant. The charges of collusion between Mr. Norris and Mr. Spencer, are unmitigated fabrications. The truth is, that the whole secret of the assaults on Mr. Norris, consists in the fact that his faithfulness and tact elicited the whole truth about the message sent to Mr. and Mrs. Spencer by their son, just before his execution; and also some other startling facts, which were absolutely wrung from the reluctant witnesses. Had Mr. Norris been more complaisant, and less faithful, he would have been the very pitik of Judge Advocates. We have repeatedly expressed our regret that such a mode of defence should have been adopted by the professed friends of Commander McKenzie, on account of the injury which necessarily resulted to liim. When su-h violent and abusive conduct ' apparently receives his sanction, people naturally begin to suspect the existence of a malicious and tyrannical spirit which is altogether at variance with the character of our lree institutions, and which is sure to meet, in this enlightened community, with crushing rebuke. Forour own part, we have studiously avoided any thing like partizan feeling in this case. We have candidly and honestly stated our own opinion, but we have endeavored to do justice to all parties.? And in fact, in the most important proceedings in the case, Commander McKenzie and his friends were obliged to seek in our columns that inlnrmaI tion which was to he found in no other quarter.? { Had the papers which took up the defence of that gentleman acted in the same spirit of justice, and refrained from the bullying bravado, and absurd and violent conduct which has excited only indignation and disgust, it would have been much better for the cause of Commander McKenzie. Street Clearing.?There are two sides to a contract, two tides to a street, and two sides to every question. Having touched up the Contractors, and street cleaners, on two or three occasions, and reminded them of their duty ; we shall now turn to the other side and touch up the sovereign people themselves ; which we do by calling their attention to the following article of the city ordinances, which is unrepealed, and would be in full force and _a- :r :. 1 j vucci ii 11 were uueyea : ? Corporation Ordinance!? Chapter XXVI. 8rc. 1. 'l'he owner or occupant, or perion having charge of each home or other building, or lot or lota ot ground in the city of New York shall, within the first four hours alter every fall of snow or hail, or rain, which shall freeze on the aide walks, and in the gutters, cause the same to be removed entirely from oil the side walks, and to the breadth of one foo out of the gutter opposite such house,, lot or land, under the penalty of three dollars for every such neglect, to be paid by the said owner, occupant or person having charge, severally and respectively. Where are the Police 7?A disgraceful figlit took place yesterday afternoon in Broadway, near Spring street. It was between the drivers of one of Palmer's and one of Reynold ic Weart's omnibuses. They fought on the step ol their stages, in each of which were several ladies?not caring for the limbs, or the lives, or the nerves ol their passengers, these brutes smashed their stages together, and run their horses on to the sidewalks, thereby endangering the lives of those who were quietly walking by. What ought to be done with such men 7 Where are the police 7 General Murphy, " the Patrick Henry of the West,"our late minister to Central America, shakes hands with his democratic friends at Tammany Hall, this evening at 7 o'clock. He is on his way to Washington. Fire in New Haven.?We learn by Harnden'sex press, that afire broke out yesterday morning, at half past six o'clock, in the store occupied by Nicholson ?St Lewis, grocers. It is impossible to say what their less has been, but probably the whole stock has been badly damaged. Chatham Theatre.?Mr. Clink's Bknkfit.?Tonight is set apart for the benefit of Mr. Cline, a very worthy and |*?pular melo-dratnatic actor, and a rich bill is offered for the occasion. Several favorite performers have volunteered their services, which, united with entire strength of the excellent stock of this establishment, will present a concentration of talent and Rovelty rarely to be met with. A young man only eighteen years of age, called the " Spanish Hercules," makes his first ap|>?arance this evening, and will perform many truly astonishishing feats of strength and dexterity. Go early and secure seats. Thk Fostvski or Hkotos O'Uau.okak.?Wehavefor tub- at our counter, the eleventh number of thil capital work. In the numberi that have already appearod, the author hai lueccoded in aw akening no inconsiderable amount of intercut in the personages thin introduced to our notice. The character! loo, arc Jaihed off with a vigorous hand j the clear headed, yet high-spirited Colonel, the portly kind-hearted Father Dominic, and the hero's f*?ter brother, Mark Antony O'Toole, a broth of a boy for fun ami fighting, are all, we doubt not, drawn from the life. _ ______ {g7- If the crowd at the American Museum, at the benefit ot Mil* Darling, the beautiful enchantress, this alternoon and evening, he in any proportion to the excitement her appearance has created, Barntim will scarcelv find room to hold them in his immense establishment F.nbihitions of msgic are always pleasing, but when they are shown in a style of unequalled splendor, by an ex. trem-dy pretty and clever woman, Ihey are enchantingJ. nkins, Chang Fong.c. I> mi\ lis-Hood, Re., add to the ii lest and variety ol the perioimauces The Aahuahlittil Ion of fori I a. The investigation belore Coroner Archer was continued yesterday afternoon, ai 3 o'clock, in lite Superior Court Room, in the City Hall Long belore the hour selected for the meeting of the jury, the avenue to the court room of th? second story, was completely blocked up by an immense crowd of anxious s|tectatois, eager to obtain en] trance to the court room ; and it was with great I difficulty that either reporters, jurors, or even olli ! eer-of the court, could obtain entrance. The court room was crowded to excess, and the doors were raised between the two apartments, giving the spectators the benefit of the extended hall. Mr. and Mrs. Cotton arrived at an early hour, uttended by their counsel, Charles O'Conner, Esq , who held converse with them during the investigation. The hour of three having arrived, the Cornner took his seat, accompanied by Aldermen Crolius and Carman ; and Deputy Coroner Milliken called the names of the jurors, when it was tound that three were absent Officers were despatched in quest of them, and after considerable delay, two were found among the rrowd, who had been unable to obtain entrance to the court room. Mr. William Hagadorn was still absent, and it now being nearly four o'clock, the Coroner concluded to proceed without htm, there being sixteen present, and the law requiring but twelve. Nothing new was presented during the investigation, that could tend to throw any light on this mysterious murder. James Jenkins, a mulatto waiter, who resided at 26 Vesey street, where Mrs. Colton boarded, stated in his evidence that he tended the hall of the house in the capacity of a servant, and during Monday last, was there from three o'clock in the afternoon until Justice Matsell came in the evening, and that during that time, he did not see Mrs. Colton jmiss in or out oj the house, or eomedoim stairs. That when Juptice Matsell came to the door to enquire for Mrs. Colton, about eight o'clock, he went upstairs to her room and delivered the message to her, she opening the door to receive it. This testimony only tends to make the matter more mysterious, as Mrs. Colton could not have been the person who committed the act, unless she had left and come back to the house between the hours of six and eight o'clock. The first witness called, was * William W. Slviei, who was iwom?I reside at 47 Reade street; I was not acquainted with Charlea Q.Cor. lis, but I knew him by light. 1 am not acquainted with Colton, nor never knew him until he was pointed out in court. 1 had no knowledge of the late difficulty between Mr. Colton and Mr. Corlis; I am not acquainted with Mn. Colton. Q?Have you been informed by any one that Mr. Cor. lis' life was threatened? A?Last Saturday afternoon, while I was at the "Em pire," in vesey street, a nowiing saloon, 1 read a notice in the "Evening Express" that Mrs. Colton had taken laudanum. After reading it, I banded it to Mr. W. W. Monroe, who was sitting by, and pointed out the paragraph to him. Alter he read it, which was hastily, as though he had seen it before, he said, "Yes, 1 should think Corlis would leave the city, or he may get killed yet." That was all he said. 1 then took the paper out of his hand and commenced reading. I was there only a iew minutes, and nothing further transpired between him and me A gentleman was close by, but I hardly think he heard it?be was sitting down. 1 did not know him -I think I left Mr. Monroe there. [Here 'our ladies came into court, who had been subpmnae I as witnesses.] Witwkm continued?I have never heard any threats against the life of Charles G. Corlis. except the one before spoken of. I do not know where Win. W. Monroe lives?he lives somewhere in the city, but 1 do not know where it is. I have known him about one year, and have seen him occasionally. I da not know his business now?he formerly kept a grocery store some wherenpar the Battery, I think. He did not a?sign any reason for making the remark relative to Corlis. I saw Corlis on Sunday forenoon last, for the last time. He was in Broadwav, near his Saloon. I had no conversation with him, nor never had any?1 merely knew him by signt. J ami s Jcnains, a mulatto man, called and sworn?I live at 86 Vesey street. [Here Mr. Hagadorn, the absent juror, came into court and took his seat ] Witbkss continued?I now live with Wm. Wallace, and have been in his employ as a waiter since February last ; 1 lived previously with Mr. Colton, at the same house ; Mr. Colton gave up the house on the 86th of February Mr. Colton lias been in the habit of visitingthat house since he left it?when he left therw he went to live at 9t Vesey street; Mrs. Colton remained at No. 26; she occupied the third story and had two rooms, which were exclusively used bv her ; she never had any company call to see her; when Mr. Colton came there he went up stairs, but I do not know whether he went to see Mrs. Colton or not ; I saw Mr. C.dton there last Monday, about 1 o'clock in theday ; ha then went up stairs ; he was in Mrs. Cotton's room ; he was not in conversation with Mrs Colton, but was removing some furniture ; I assisted him in removing it; there was no other person in the room ; ir: inn i>>/> oujf >iii>"g iu mn, i/uiiun, noi 10 my kiiowledge; I was not there nil the time; I was engage 1 in carrying the furniture down stair* ; while I was going up and down stairs Mr. and Mrs Colton wpre alone together ; while! was in the room with Mr. Coltan MrsColton was seated on th" sofa in the samp room ; she was dressed in white and her hair was worn plain ; the same as she usually wore it; Mr. Colton waa in the room ten or fifteen minutes ; I was not present when he lett the room ; alter leaving her room no left the house ; 1 did not see Mrs. Colton after that until the evening, when Justice Matsellrame and told me that he wished to see her ; 1 went to her door ; to the parlor door, and found it locked; I knocked at the door; she opened it and I delivered the message ; she said " she could not see any person 'hat evening"; I told her that "a gentleman wished to see her;" I then weLt down and toid Justice Matsell that she said she did not wish to tee anyone; he told me to tell her that it was Justice Matsell, and he must see her; I w ent up again and told her what the Justice had said; she opened the door a second time, and answered again " that she could not see any person." I wpnt down and told Justice Matsell; he asked me w here her apartments wi re, and I showed him up to the third story; I remained there with him until the door was broken open; it was some time after dark when Justice Matsell came there; I do not know the timeofthe evening; he knocked at the door, but there was no answer; he then knocked repeatedly at the door, but there was no answer; Justice Matsell was there about ten minutes before the door was broken open; 1 recollect that a person sail he would allow her three minutes to open the door before it was broken; at the expiration of that time it was broken open. Q?Did Mrs. Colton appear as well as usual, when you called her and told her that Justice Matsell wished to see herl A?No, she did not appear as well as usual; she did not telljme shp was not well; I went* into her room eUn rt 1 sr uf?.,e H>n /Iaa* winn KaaUaa a a.? - ?I- ? ? ? ? ? ? Iiv.w, ?>? "IS umi nan uiunrii U|icn ; SUB KHIIIlung on the sofa with her head on a pillow; she did not say anything, although she was spoken to repeatedly. Q?Did you e /?r see her in that condition before? A?No, 1 never did; I attend the front door of the house No. 16 Veiry street. Q?Did Mrs. Colton pass out of that |hall on the afternoou or evening of Monday last? A?No, the did not. Q,?Were you in the hall all day ? A?1 was there from three o'clock in the afternoon until Juatice Matsell came in in the evening. Q?Did any female pass out of the hall that eveuing7 A?None to my knowledge. Q- -Were you in the hall all the time? A?Y??, I was. Q?Was Mrs Colton in the halut of going out of the frant door when she went out? A?Yes, she was. Q_Werc there any females residing in that house on Monday? A?No, none except the servants of the house. (I?How many female servants were there in the house ? A?Not but one?she is colored?her name is Ann Russell. Q?Do you know whether Mrs. Colton carried a night key ? A?She did not, to my knowledge n TV. untl ill ton .t that hall onn.lar.lln no .Inn, ? -.1?1 boy named Simon assist y ou7 A?I tend it most always. <{? Did any other person that afternoon tend that door 7 A?No, ?ir?I wm therein thenfternoon and uvening. Q Were yon thcra conatantly from the afternoon until Juitice MaUcll came in7 A?I wai there from about four o'clock until Justice Mataell came in. Q?Do you mean to sayj that you were conatantly there 7 A-1 do. Q?la there a front basement door to that house 7 A?There is Q ?Who has charge of that door) A?No person; It is generally locked, and not attended by any person in particular; the door is locked on the inside; the front basement i? used as a dining room. ({ Who took dinner there that day 7 A?But one person. ({-Who was that 1 A- Mr. Oilpatrick; Mr. Wallace does not dine there; Mr. Oilpatrick took his dinner about > o'clock: Simon waited on the table; I am not ]>ositive that Mr Uilpa'rick took his dinner there or not; I saw him there about that hour; I saw him come in at the front door, ami saw him in the hall; he remained there all the alternoon. q_ Who let him in? A?He came ia himself. ({?Did he carry a night key f A?Yes, ho did. ({?Did he occupy a room in that house 7 A?Yes, he did. Q~ Where was it) A ? In the third story; there is u back stnlrs to the hoc . ond story, that leads into the basement; this staircase is generally ased by the servants. ({?Were there many persona passing up and down 'hat atnir-caso during the dayf A?There was but one that I saw. Q?Who waa that? A?Ann Russel. ({?is there any egrsss from that lot to the street, except through the hallat A?No, sir. ({--Do you think that a person could paaa np and down the back stair case, without your hearing them? A No, I think not. ({- Does the two stair eases commence from the same platform 1 A \ tit*; tlit reur st.urs run ilowu to the basement. Were \ ou in the habit ul seeing Mi*, ( niton every day I A? No, fir. Q?Ho w many rooms are there in the tourth story of the housi'7 A?Four?two of them were occupied by Mr*. Calton, one by Mr. Qilnatrick, and the other by no person Q How did Mrs. Colton dress when she went out 7 A?Generally a dark Ires*) a velvet hat, dark colore :; I do not recollectthe trimming; 1 do not rememher whether she wore a veil or not; she wore a shawl, not a clonk?she tisnally wore a dark colored shawl; 1 think it is w hut i> commonly called a cardinal; her dress was stenrrally ot silk; 1 saw her dressed about a month ago ; about a week since I saw her wear a dark dress; lier usuai dress is a light one; I lived w ith Mrs- Colton troui the 3 1 of November to the J6h ol February; I did not know Charles G Corlis. By a Ji Roa?Di l you ever know Mr. Colton to have a pistol 7 A?No, sir, I have *een one about the house; It wtas a small pistol, mounted with silver, and a single barrelled one. By a JcRoa?Could not any pcraon pass down the back basement stairs without your knowing it 7 A?They could, but I rtont think any one did. Q?Can any one go down without being seen by a person standing in the hall 7 A?They might, the front deor on the first floor was not locke 1; there is a middle door to the hall, which was generally kept closed; there is also a middledoor In the hall of the basement; a girl who formerly lived there, called at the house on Monday about 3 o'clock; she had on a black hat and a black shawl; she went away soon afterwards; Mr. Wallace's family is not in the house; they have not moved. Simon Bodklt, a colored boy, with a green patch over his left eve, was called and sworn?1 live at 26 Vesey street with Mr. Wallace; I am a waiter, and have lived thare since the 26th of last month; I lived with Mr. Colten previous to Mr. Wallace's coming into the house, I have lived with him since the third of last August; I am a general waiter; 1 market, and wait at table; I sometimes attend the hall, very seldom though; Jenkins is never away after three o'clock. Q?Were you in attendance on the front door on Monday evening last 7 A?No, 1 wa? not. Q?Did vi u let any person out of the house 7 A?No, I did not. 4?Who tended the door while Jenkins went to his tea 7 A?He does not take tea. He takes dinner late, at 3, and stayR at the door till late Q?Did Mr. Oilpstrick dine there on Monday 7 A?Yes, he did?he dined in the basement. Q? Where did he go after dit ner. A?lie went up stairs. Q?Where were yau that afternoon 7 A?I was busy in the hack parlor all tile afternoon ; 1 was in and out of the hack entry during the afternoon a number of times. Q?Did you see any person go up and down the back stair case that afternoon 7 A?I saw no one except Ann Rnttcll, the cook ; both the doors of the parlors were closed. Q?Did you see Mrs. Colton on that day 7 A?I did not; Ihal not seen her for six or seven days ; it has been two or three months since 1 saw her go out; she then went to the theatre with Mr. Colton ; this was the last time 1 saw her(go out. Q.?Which side of the hall does the back stairs run down! A.? On tke right hand side as you come in the front door. O Hntr for is (ho i\cu\r that <1ivi.lna thp hall /mm tha front door? A.?About twenty feet. Q,?Can you see the back stair# when this door is closed? A?No sir. By JunoE?Where is Jenkins generally stationed in the hall? A?At the foot of the stairs, between it and the doorno person could come down the back stairs if I was sitting in the hall, unless 1 could see or hear them; the waiter who is stationed in the hall never leaves it to go into the parlor at night; I did not go of any errands for Mrs. Colton on Monday; I went on the Friday beloreto get some books for her at the San office. John Wallace called and sworn?I live at 215} Grand street; I also occupy the house 26 Vesey street; I nave occupied it since the 27th of February; my family reside in Grand street; I was at 26 Vesevstreet on Monday last,from about half past three o'clock in the afternoon until half past twelve that night; f was in the parlor on the lower floor; I was there constantly; I might have went out once, in the early part of the evening; 1 had company with me; I was not setting at the window any port of the time; I did not see Mrs. Colton during that day; I saw her last either the second or third ol March; I then saw her in the front basement of -26 VeseT street: she had on a dark dress: I have rented the house from Mr. Oolton, who had the privilege of the use of the upper rooms until the first cf May; Mr. Colton left about the 10'h of March,leaving Mrs. ColtoR there; I did not know that Mrs. Colton was there; he went to 24 Vesey street; I never saw him in the houseatterhe left; I have never had any conversation with Mrs. Colton since Mr. Colton left?there were no other femalee about the house except a servant; she was a colored woman; no females were in the habit of coming there that 1 know of. Q?Do you know that Mrs. Colton was kept under any restraint whilein the house? A?No, 1 do not. Q?Have you ever seen Mrs. Colton going out or coming into the house ? A?No, 1 Lave not; I .do not recollect of having seen her in the street; I do not know that Mrs. Colton went of the house on Monday afternoon. By Ji'Roa?A person cannot pass out of the front door if the servant attends to my instructions in tending the door ; I have never made any threats against Corlis ; I knew hire by sight only; I have never seen any fire arms about the house in V-sey RtreetIt now being dusk, the Coroner suggested the propriety of an adjournment until Saturday morning at eleven o'clock, when the Court Koom of the General Sessions could he obtained for the accommodation of the jury and the public. This being acceded to by the jury, theinvestigation was then adjourned to,that hour,at the placemen tiono.i. The Herald of to-morrow, Sunday, will contain all the evidence received to-day .and the weekly of this morning comprises all relative to the mur'er up to last evening at the adjournment of the investigation. City Intelligence. Suicide.?Dr William A. Matthews, well known as one of the bloods of our city, committed suicide last evening, by cutting his throat with a razor, at the house of hit brother No. 65 Murray street. An inquest was held last evening, and a verdict rendered in accordance with [these facts. Inefficiency of the Brooklyn Police.?Thursday night, the residence of Major A. M. Greig, in Atlantic street, was broken into. The thieves effected an entrance by forcing in the side window of the back door in the basement story; every place was ransacked, from the parlors downwards, with the exception of the pantry, containing the plate, the lock of which was nearly cat off. It issupposfd the depredators became alarmed, as a great part of the property was left behind, together with an axe and some keys belonging to themselves. The Major was the first who received a similar visit this time last year, after which every house in Atlantic street was either attempted or robbed ; and in one instance, after securing a large amount of property, among which were two valuable gold watches, <&c. the thieves endeavored to force open with a hatchet the bedroom door where a gentleman (Mr. O'Hem) and his wife slept. For months no attempts were made by the authorities to stop these outrages ?not a single watchman was ever seen in this street, and many of the inhabitants kept watch and wa'ch; but the evil reaching to so great an extent that many of the families gave notice of their intention to uiiit in consequence, a force was put on for a few nights, which was shortly after withdrawn,and again will this neighborhood become the scenes of midnight pillage, owing to the disgraceful neglect on the part of the Brooklyn authorities in not appointing an efficient police. March, 24,1843. James Gordon Bennett, Ksq. :? Sir ? I observed, in your paper of this morning, a para graph in relation to the purchase of a certain collection of mineralogical specimens by Yale College, which chatges the Faculty with reprehensible parsi ninny in tlie ease. it surety cannot be necessary to inform yon that the disposal of the funds of the institution lies in the hands, not of the Faculty, but of the Hoard of Trustees The Faculty are merely salaried instructors, and if all the sacrifices, pecuniary nn.l other, which they have cheerlully made (*r the benefit of the College, were made known, they would he found to tnent not reproaches,but the highest encomiums. In reference to the case in question, if the Trustees have judged it inexpedient to purchase these minerals, the cause is undoubtedly to be found in the |wiverty of the institution, and the necessity of so expending the very small amount offends at their disposal as shall produce the greatest degree of benefit to the students, and, through them, to the cause of science in this country. If the cir cumstance-" are a you represent, and the minerals are really worth more than the Trustees felt them selves authorised to pay. it is to be regretted that the Alumni were not solicited to make Hp the r< quired amount by subscription. Tin y never yet have ref used to come forward, in case of necessity, to the assistance ol tlu-ir beloved Alma Mater I'erliaiw it is not yet too lute Suppose you suggest this course in your paper, and the money, 1 doubt not, can soon be obtained. Yours, respectfully, An Amimnus. United Mate* District Court. Before fudge Bctts. Maui 24 ?There were tv o or three dec islons given in lUnkiuptC) in this Court to-.lay, but a* they touch no new punt of law, they urn only interesting to the parties con. cern?d. Court of Oyer an?l Terminer. Before Judge Kent, and Aldermen Woodhull and Carman. Mtif h -24? fli.ATra, indicted yesterday for arson, was brought into Court and arraigned. He pleaded not guilty, and w as remanded for trial, which is set down tor neat Wednesday. QQ- TO TIIK FRIKNDB OK IRKL AND!?Will he ) unfished at the office ol the Tribune onl Wednesday - tornlng, "A memoir on Ireland, Native anil Savon " By Daniel O'Couuell, M P Price 24 cents. V M. Circuit Court. Before Judge Kent. March 24.?Jamas llmzhty va Richard Km tun ? This in en action for assault and butterv. This uffi ay occurrt <1 at some talk previous to an election. Haughey was candidate for the ollii'e of constable. This wan part ot the electioneering Kitsm the evidence, it upiienred there was a " great deal of ugly talk ?calletl ane another liarn, damned ami iwore, ami all that They abated one onother in the worst style " Mr Varian took Haughey by the nose, and struck him. The bones of his none were fractured. The defendant is u much larger man than the plaintiff. 'I ho Judge told the Jury tint there u an no de ence, and it was purely a question of damages. Verdict ior plaintiff. > 1 Jo dainugt s. T. Tonilinson for plaintitf James 1). Hays, for defendant. C. 4' D. C. Kinntland vs. Jlug. F. Crowman, rials ? This is sn action on two bonds, euch conditioned for the payment of $J000nnd interest. The defence was usury. Verdict for plaintiir for the debt, about $8000. L. B Woodruff and Chas. O'Connor for plaintiff. F. Say re, D. Lord, Jr. and Oeorge Wood, for defendant General Srsslona Before Recorder Tnllmadge, Judge Lynch, and Aldermen Smith and Gedney. T a ut a M Suitu Jr Pdii Ar.liritf AMnmnw ir* the absence of James R Whitiho, F.?|, who lies dangerously ill with inflnmma'ion of the brrin. March 24.?The trial of Timothy .Mount, boiler maker, of 72 Cannon street, for an attempt to poWou his wile Mary (formerly Mr?. Kingston, of Beaver street.) wan continued. A number ot witnesses were called to contradict i testimony given the day previout. The marihge settlement drawn np by Counsellor Pirsson, who was called as a witness, was produced in court. It occupies only nine pages of foolscap paper, and covers all the ground work necessary lor such a document. The testimony was closed, and the case will be submitted to the Jury this morning, under the charge of the Recorder. The Orand Jury came into Court during the morning, and presented a number of bills, and Jamas C. Hallock, the Secretary, who is a member of the Society of Friends, read the following presentment :? "Tiie conduct of Female Prostitutes promenading some of our principal streets in this city, especially in Broadway, is notonly reprehensible, hut is in open violation of public decencv ; the gaudy and immodest manner in which they dress?the vulgar, obscene and profane conversation constantly made use of in a loud and most impudent manner, intended for the hearing of virtuous females passing through the streets?the shameless and I old manner In which their assignations are made in that and other streets, and the personal insults offered by them to our wives, siBters and daughters, call most earnestly for the stroDg arm of the law, and are hereby presented by the Grand Jury as a public nuisance. DAVID D. CRANE, Foreman. James C. Hallock, Secretary. New York, March 24th, 1843. The Recorder, in receiving the presentment, remarked that he should hand it over to the Police Justices of our citv. for their notion, a id we understand that posi tive instruction, will be givun to the officers of police end city watch, to arrest all female prostitutes found in the streets at night, who violate the peace and decency of the city by prefane'nnd lewd conversation. They will then be sent to Blarkwell's Island as vagrants. If the police officers and city watch do their duty, the nuisance complained of will be greatly abated. The Orand Jury having completed their business, were then discharged. Persons oonvicte t, who are out on bail, were ordered to attend, to receive sentence, this morning at II o'clock. M. Vaauar and Itls Veracity again. MK. KaiTon:? 1 observe that the personage whose name heads this communication, is determined to render himself notorious, without much regard to the nature of the distinction he may acquire. He now stands before the public convicted ol untruth, both on facts and the testimony of a disinterested witness. And to escape the unpleasant dilemma in which his prevarication has placed him, he resorts to personal anttso. This seems a very natural vocation with him. 1 welcome him to the character he will establish by it, as it seems his only chance lor distinction. Having, certainly, no intention to imitate him, I shall not, hereafter, notice his billingsgate. To determine with what propriety this veracious personage impugns the credibility of Mr. Eadic,whose communication accompanied my last card, 1 subjoin to this the letter, which lollows below. MOSES O. LEONARD. New York, March 24th, 1343. New York, March 24th, 1643. Dear Sir :? In corroboration of the remarks wade by you in the Board of Aldermen on the 27th tilt., on the subj?ct of the Hudson River route, I beg leave to state, that I have heard Mr- M. Vassarsav, that they, (meaning the Toughkeepsie committee, as I understood him) " did not want any railroad between New York and Albany." Very respectfully, Your obedient servant, JONA. J. CODDINOTON. To Alpkrman Leonard, New York. New York, March 24,1843. Moiti O. Leopard, E?>s.? Dear Sir:? In reply to your letter requesting me to state what passed between Mr. M. Vassar and myself, on the subject of his not being desirous with his friends "for any railroad on the margin of the river, but that the project was resorted to to protect their property, in view of the injury he and they conceived they would iiiatain if the NewYork and Albany Railroad was built on the interior route, and that iu'reality they did not want any railroad, therivtrwHS enough for them,'' I would state that on mere than one occasion I have heard Mr. M.Vassar reiterate the atiove sentiments, and in as strong terms as those quoted by Mr. J. Etdie, Jr. I am authorized by Judge Hammond, o( Brooklyn, to refer to hiro for tho truth of Mr Vns'ar having held similar eon vers itions with him. I would a id that Mr. M Vassar is not The only one of the committee who have ad. mitted to me that "they did not want any railroad; the river v as enough for them." Very respectfully, JOS E. BLOOMF1ELD. 3(?- AMERICAN NOVELIST'S LIBRARY, No. 3? la pries, and will tie published, on Tuesday, March 28th, by Jurgess & Ziober, Philadelphia, an O-iginal Novel, entitled " Fanny Dale; or the First Year after Marriage" By T. 8. Arthur. Esq., author of " Si* Nights with the Waihingtonians," " Insubordination," " Tired of Housekeeping," " Bell Martin," Sec. This novel is a highly in teresting one, pourtraying, a* in title import*, a tale of domestic life, in which are embodied all the wild romance of Scott, with the development of character by Bulwer. This author i* fast gaining a reputation ol which his country may feel a just pride. Whilst there is nothing in his tales that may olf'end the purity ol feeling in the young, or poison the heart of the most susceptible, his works abound with animation and life stirring incident. Public expectation is on the </ui fire for this forthcoming work, which will not disappoinnt the admirers of its au thor. Printed in quarto form on line paper, at the low pries of one shilling per copy, $9 per hundred to agrnts. Newsmen and boys supplied by J. A. Tuttle, Agent, No. 4 Ann street. 07-THR SUNDAY MERCURY OK TO-MORROW will contain a correct portrait of Charles O. Corlis, taken after his daath, by the best pathological artist in this city. It shows the bullet wound, and his appearance after the murder, and it will be accompanied by a full and graphic account of the murder, with some startling facts, and the latest particulars. Also something interesting about Colton and his wile. The Comet, fully described, and illustrated by an original engraving, made expressly for this paper. The latest reports of the ring from Bell's Life in London. A capital storj about College Liic, by Wasp. All sorts of things, by Ladle: an excel, lent discourse, by Dow, Jr.; a humorous poem.tiy Spoons; and the usual variety of editorials on the local and other occurrences of the day, foreign and domestic news, no. lice record of crime and misery, the theatres, Sec., Ac. Offic^lOB Nassau street, near Ann. Price 3 cents a single copy,one dollar for eight months, for which the paper will be mailed to any psrt of the country. 8ARSAPARILLA?The highly concentrated and active preparation ol Sarsaperilla, prepared underthe direction of the College of Medicine and Pliarmacy of the city of New York,lis new universally prescribed by the medical faculty. Dr. Brunde, in the iust edition of his invaluable work on the Materia Medica, speaks in the highest terms of approbation of this ol gant article. He states that in obstinate cutaneous diseases, nnd in the sequelae of syphilis it " possesses virtues not hitherto observed in any article ol tin- Materia Medica." Such a favorable opinion Irom such a justly respected authority iloes not require n yliable ol added recommt ndation. This compound extract of Sarxup irillit, is sold in single bottle at 76 cts. each. In cusea with half adozin bottles $8,60 ; 1 do/en $6. W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal office of the College, 97 Nassau ?t. N. B. A liberal discount allowed to country practitioners and druggists. (JJJ- NEITHER THE " SULTAN OF MUSCAT," not the King of the Cannibal Islands patronize Peters' Vegetable Tills and Medicated Lozenges, nor in it true that the proprietor of those invaluable preparations has in his IKissesiion an nu'ograph order from the Emperor of China lor 3,000,000 Vegetable Tl.lsters. The i-ale of these llSlll. mable specifics is so vast at home that he is content to turn over these"di-tinguished foreigners" to his neighbors? Nevertheless, should they tin I the articles procured elsewhere mere moonshine, no is too much of a philanthropist to refuse to supply them with genuine remedies. His nealthrestoring preparations are open to all, and if even the King of the Cannibal Islands should be annoyed with a cough, ortrouhled .with worms, Peters' Lozenges for those complaints are very much st his service. Be sure Hint purchase Peters' Lozenges, and see that his signature is on each box. All others are spurious, and will do far more harm than good Principal Office 191 Fulton corner of Nassau St. Of?- FIVE MINUTES TO CURE A HEADACHE, sea sickness, or palpitation; a lew hours to cure had colds, coughs, whooping coughs, asthma, worms, lowneas ol spirits, and three minti'es to cure heartburn or aei litv, is all that Dr. Sherman's Loze nges require; therefore those who want to ha cured, ensy, and cheap, must goto 10* Nassau street, and get some ol the true Sherman's Lozenges. We know nothing of any other. The Doctor is undoubtedly the only scientific Medicated Lozenge manufacturer in America, and you might as well take your watch to a blacksmith to get repaired, as to go to the igoornnt pretenders to get your health improved. Agents, 4 ftanwix Hall, Albany, and 8 Ledger Buildings, rK JJr/- A rnOPER SELF ESTEEM, AND RrOA^ fur the opinion* ol oth'D, ought to Induce every pe whose hair is turning giey, tailing ou<>' actually haldheaded, to call upon??,, Magazine street, and procure the BalmioII c 1 . ' reputation of which i* as firmly rstabllshei , i j table as the laws ol gravitv; none but??'i wise to know their own ignorance, hedta e to ap.dy .t , I ??., have been astonish In ply benenciai. nnv? . epiitsMon |i as much ,Unerves a place, upon evrrr toil . ( ibleasaliair brnshorcomlb?[NewOrl s J I The same may be had of Con,stock fcc?,7l M ,n lane, this city. BY . UK SUKTHKU . -i I. *?le< or at Phllait< l|illlu YMtanUjTi ."># ?h?r?? Farmcra nnd Mechanic* Bunk it>i, 1 Jo North A marie an Bank. 3M|; 31 do Wilmington R 11,0; *MHI Lt high Mortgage Loau, 4d|; >8<ioo Cincinnati Water Wark* 6'*, W LATEST SOUTHERN SHIP NEWS PHiLaDKLfHia, Mtreh J4?Irr Benjamin, Treat, Ponce? mcoutrered th? late u?la, in which carried away Ore topsail yard. Oal.TiMoar . M ircli 23?Air ncitoatc. B krr, Sr Murka; Roc, Snr licor. NYork t il Pocakoului, Huxuia, A|>al*chicnl?; F biui, White, Rio and i market. Sid Win Price, Roberta, K <'Him i >Toa, March 21?Arr Aichclaua, Crowrll, Bottou.? Bel 'W, a ?'o:i and briif. I'M Yorhabirc ( Br) Koau r, LiVcri.'l; Alalaut<, (B ) Whitucy. Weil Indie*! 8a?e, Kirby, New Or ieana Air 20lh, Oeurit", Hull, N Yoik. Spokin, Ionia, from New Orl- ana for New York, 17 dayi out, Match 9, JalfMUon 74^0. a e u...u <* ?p?pi {&- BRISTOL'S 8AR9APAR1LLA ANOTHER TROOF OK ITS EFFICACY?By reference to the advertisement* in another column, it will he leen that one of the most remarkable cure* ever performed, ha* just been effected by this invaluable preparation. It i* the caie of u man wall known to business men, and coming a* it does unsolicited, speaks surely, and in a way not tube mistaken, that public, opinion is fast gaining in its favor, as a puriflerofthe blood and renovator of the human system. No extraneous methods are adoptid topulf it into notice; the proprietor rather it should work its way solely on its owu merits What parent, brother, or sister, haying relative s and friends suffering from that dreadful disease, scrofula, but will at least take the pains to inform themselves of its certain healing powers? We respectfully invite all persons at all doubtful of what it ha* and will do, to call on Mr. Thomas Hogan, 20S Stanton street, and satisfy themselves by irrefragable testimony. Sold wholesale and retail, by Wra. Burger, 60 Courtlandt street, and IBS Greenwich street, and druggists generally. 09- CONSUMPTION?The following remarks were taken from the last number of the Medical Magazine " The surprising effect produced by the genuine Dr. Taylor's Balsam of Liverwort, made at 37ft Bowery, in consumptive cases, cannot fail exciting a deep and thrilling interest throughout the world. Wo have so long bebeved this disease (consumption) incurable, that it is ditticult to credit our senses, when we sre persons, evidently consumptive, restored to health. Yet it is a fact of daily occurrence." The following certificate was given us a few days since by Capt. Scott, of Elizabeth City, N. C.:? " Being constitutionally predisposed to consumption, (a number of my family having died of this disease,) and having auffered severely from irritation of the lungs, accompanied with cough and raising matter and blood, together with some pain in my side and breast, till I was supposed to be beyond recovery, I was induced, by advice of Dr. Perkins, to try Taylor's Balsam of Liverwort, and with great pleasure take this opportunity of testifying to the value of this remedy. I have taken five bottles in all. I began to improve alter the first bottle, and after taking the third, was so far recovered as to be able to get about?since which time, by continued use of it, I am quite restored, nnd able to attend to my usual business. To parsons suffering from coughs nnd affections of the lungs, 1 can earnestly recommend it," (Signed,) JAS- C. SCOTTMind the number, 37S Bowery, old office. Dr. Leeds, druggist, 127 Maiden lane, sole wholesale agent. OGh THE PARISIAN ALTERATIVE MIXTURE, 13 guaranteed to CJire all forms of secondary syphilis. Pa ticnts effected with pains in the bones, cutrneous erup tions, sore throat, and every other symptom indicative ol the existence of venereal taint, should use this specific without delav. Sold in bottles at $1 each, in cases of half a dozen bottles, $A, (forwarded to any address.) W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent, Principal Office ol the College 87 Nassau struct. QQ- ALWAYS FOREMOST?'Til conceded that Dr. Sherman was th- first to introduce Medicated Lozenges into use?'Tis conceded that Dr. Sherman was the first to get up an elegant, many colored Show Bill ?'Tis conceded that Dr. Sherman has just come out again with another show bill, a perfect picture, emanating from the bu] reau of the Napoleon of show sill printers, Mr. Shields, of46 Maiden Lane ?'Tis conceded that Dr. Sherman has struck out other originalities, but 'tis not conceded that Dr. Sherman was the first to introduce the system of No tires that has given him such extensive notoriety, tor this pt culiar talent at writing. Dr. F. Felix (Jourard, the proprietor af the celebrated Poudre Subtile, for eradicating superfluous hair, h gs leave most respectfully, and very good natur dly, to enter a cavtat against that " introduction." as l e (Dr. Felix Goursu I) has the merit, if merit there be. of introducing that ' av stem," as can tie proved to Dr. Sherman's satisfaction, by looking into a file of the New Vork Herald, whirh is at his service. The first notice of the kind mentioned, was headed, " Vulgar error exploded " Second, " inecdotc nfMadar s Ninon del'Euclos "Ac.,an J thole Dr. Qotirau .and : "t the production "of a penny-a-liner," but writtt by Dr. (.. himself. Verb. Sap. 0t?- "THE TONIC MIXTURE."?This celebrated remedy is composed of five ingredients, the- active principles of which are highly concentrated. It is now used very extensively and with great success by the medical faculty, for the cure of debility, (from whatever cause,) dyspepsia, nervous complaints. Sold hy the authority of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy of the city of New York. Price $1 per bottle Half dozen (in cases) $&. W. 8 RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal office of tho College 97 Nassau ft ft?-FACTS! FACTS! ARE WHAT CONVINCE men's minds in this utilitarian age?idle speculation, rumors, pulls, avail not. That Hay's Liniment will invariably cure the piles, can bo demonstrated by fr om stock St Ross, ia Magazine street. They who longrr suiter from that complaint when the remedy i* at hand, virtually deny the truth, and are the victims"of their unbelief.?[NewOrleans paper. The same may be had of Coniftock k. Co.,71 Maiden lane, this city. ft?- THE PRIVATE MEDICINE CHESTS PUF.RAredby the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, are guaranteed to cure the worst cases of Oonorrho-a, lib-it. or any unpleasant discharge from the urethra,without taint ing the breath,or ilisagreeing with the mo<l deliestu stomach. Te pwrrba*er? of these chests, the College bind themselves to give medicine gratis, if not cured. Price $3 ruch. By authority of the College of Mediciur and Pharmacy, ?7 Naum itreet, N. Y. W S. HICHATtDfOV, Acent MOIIKT HARKR1. Friday, March '4+?? P.M. The operations at the Stock board were not la<-ge, and prices did not alter much. Kentucky b's fell J, Bank of Commerce rose J, Mohawk J; Harlem At the new board prices remained about the same, p. The Bank law baa | nssed the Kentucky Legislation. It provides for the withdrawal of the State Ave per cent stock from one quarter, and applying them in another. It will be remembered that tho city of St. Louis last fall authorized the funding of the city warrants in a ten per stock- Tho time has now elapsed during which tho funding of their warrants was permitted, and the stocks have appeared in the market at 93 per cent. The security is undoubted. The amount of Indiana State scrip outstanding is $900,000. At Mobile, on the 16th, the Bank of Mobile, which had been checking at 10, advanced its rates to 19. Oflate years it has come to be true that the Legialatures of the several States have met aad passed laws gradually infringing the written constitutions,both of the respective States and of the federal government. The written constitutions adopted by the people, a* a rale of action for legislatures, have gradunlly been encroached upon by the constant tendency to legislate by rule of precedent, and those precedents taken for tho most pert from.lhe English governments, where a succession of usurpations and oppressions make an additional outrage legal. Thus the institutions of the country have been slowly losing their republican stamp, and assimilating to those monarchical features that our forefathers strove to avoid,by elearly nv. pressed and written constitutions In no branch of legit* lation has this change become more apparent than in those relating to commercial affairs. By the influence of precedent, mest of tho States pastel stay lawsindiriCt contravention of the constitution of the United States. These laws would have increased in number and illegality, had not tha Uni'ed Statea Court recently crushed them by its decision. In the same manner the State constitutions hare gradually lost their force. The ninth section of the 7th article of the constitution of the State of New York, is as follows:? Sec. 9?The assent of twolhirdi of the mtmhtr* eUr.Ud lo each branch cf the Legislature, shall be requisite to every bill appropriating the public monies or property, lor local or private purioses, or creating, continuing, altering, or renewing any body politic or corporate." In direct violation or this section, $6,000,000 of tho money of the State was given to the Erie Railroad Company, the Miami Railroad, Long Island Railroad, and other " local and private" concerns. The Erie Railroad pent the money among themselves, put the last instalment received from the state in their pockets, then coolly t med round and notified the Comptrollerthat the State must look out for the interest, as they should not pay it. The security which thn State had, has now been waived in favor ol the contractors. The "Journal of Commerce," remarking on Mr. Young's letter, has the following!? " We are amazed at the avowal oi such doctrines by Secretary Young. Even if lie were right on the question ol constitutionality (on which point ovary Legislature for many years past appears to have differed from him, practically nt least), we .lo not see how this ndmis* .on would nttect the morality of thecase. Have aot the j,eople of 'he Stale, through their Repretrnlalivet, received the money, and expended it for such purposes as they thought proper? This is enough, as to the morally of the question. Neither the State, ths people, nor the Representatives, i ver got a dollar of the monnr. The stork was issued on a bill which never became a law. It was no more a law than if it ha I passed but one house. It was obtaining money under false pretences. It is high time that this it. Jotsneas of passing hills whs checked, and legislatures ? '-to understand that Ihe w ill of the people, as expressed , i the constitution, is paramount to the sophistry ol law

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