Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 9, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 9, 1843 Page 2
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M M i i- \l/ fc'cw )ork, Sunday, April 9, IMS. Herald Literary Depot. All the new and cheap literary publication* ol the day *re for ?ala, wholesale and retail, at the Hm*n> Orru a, northweat corner oi Nassau and Fulton street. The UtfM K?bbt ry.Moralt of Ihr Age. Wall street continues to he in a tremendous state of excitement, in relation to the late Jacob Shipman robbery. Every one is crying out, " where in God's name is this to end V " What are we coming to 1" "Is it possible that Miller is right after, all V There isno necessity lor all this excitement about a paltry robbery of only #100,000 at the most, and probably only #90,000,in good bankable binds. How can any man escape the contagion of Wall street 1 Shipm.m is not by any means so great a rogue as dozens yet not found out. Do we not see the Wall street financiers who have robbed Hanks, Trust Companies, and all sorts of institutions, taking the lead in fashionable society?sitting on the high places in the church?and occupying a lofty position at the bar J Seeing all distinction between honesty and roguery destroyed, it should not surprise us lo find a Shipman start up every week. In the mean time, let us all be glad and rejoice, that the sun yet shines and the seasons return. The following ar? further particulars from the Phila! delphia papers:? (From (lie Pniladelrh a Knqnirer.] A Hcrroaei) Abscoisdixo DcrAi.ii.tf.il?Jacob Shii*1 a?.?Much excitement wa? product J in the city yesterday, bv the diaappearance of Jacob Shipman, an indiriduil who has been engaged lor several years as a messenger between the Banks and Brokers of New York and Philadelphia. He has been in the habit of carrying packages of money, and ou some occasions has hail an aggregate amountashigh as $'.'00,000 entrusted to him. On one occasion, not long since, snuff was thrown into his eyes and an attempt was made to rob him,and on another,villains secreted themselves in his dwelling to nwait his return,with the same had object. It appears that on the afternoon of Wednesday last, Shipman, or as he was familiarly called, " Jake," called at the various brokers and banks to obtain their packages, and started in the pilot line at 6 P. M. No alarm was felt with regard to him until yesterday morning. then his unaccountable absence led to the belief that he had been waylaid, and perhaps robbed aad murdered. It was subsequently ascertained that ho proceeded on "Wednesday as far as Trenton ; that he there hired ahorse and gig and returned to this city?that the next morning he whs seen at the cars on Broad street?that he there paid $14 for his passage to Pittsburg, and also gave $5 toan in dividual who know him, to return with the horaeand gig to Trenton. His Pittsburg ticket was obtained in th<name of Mr. Johnson. He appeared to be in good spirits, was gay and jovial as usual, and drank wine with the person whom he accosted. We have reports alBo, that he was quite lively and cheerful at Trenton on Wednesday night. It is supposed that Shipman had a large sum of money with him at the time?perhaps $76,000. It is probable that the amount placed in his hands by the Philadelphia broders.did not reach $10,000, and this sum divided among quite a number. He had a check, however, given him hv one Philadelphia house on a New York Bank, for $20,000, the n-oney for which he of course did not obtain. The larger amount of the funds with him, belongs to New York Bank- and brokers, as it is known that he biought on a considerable amount of foreign gold from that city, to be placed in the Philadelphia Mint for recoinage. We have traced $16,000 of this money. $10,000 in French gold he exchanged at the Philadelphia Bank for notes of that Institution, and a broker deposited $6000 more in the Farmers'and Mechanics' Bank, for which ho obtained a check It is possible that other sums given him in New York have not yet been ascertained. He has a wife and three or four children residing in Union street, below Third, and before he left on Thursday, he wpnt home aud obtained a new suit of clothes. He has heretofore been a kind husband and father, and those who have trusted him for yeats, find it very difficult to believe that lie is the base scoundrel that circumstances would seem to infer. His movements throughout warrant the worst suspicions. We have a rumor that gambling and the purchase of lottery tickets have been attributed to him of late. Mors or thf. Mtsnxa Mf.ssengfr.?We have heard a few more particulars in relation to Shipman, whose mysterious disappearance was the town talk in the monetary circles yesterday. He was among those who attended the fire at the city stores on Wednesday night, visited a tavern in the neighborhood, and drank with several friends. He did not stay with his family that night, which consists of a wife an 1 four daughters, tho latter unite voune. Oc his wav towards Trenton, the conduc tor noticed him a* far as Bordentswn, but has no recollection of seeing him beyond that point. He stood on the p'atform outside the cars, and appeared uneasy. He was ome I with one ofColt's pistols, as well as a knife, as was his custom when in charge of money. He took breakfast at riark's Tavern, Broad street, on Thursday morning. He placed the horse and gig in charge of a man namel Michael Herring. Persons who observed him at the fire say that he seemed somewhat excited, but was apparently in excellent spirits. The most unbounded confidence was placed in him. A friend informs us that he has known him to have charge of $100,000 in gold at one time. Ho went in the slow line to Pittsburg on Thursday morning, when he cousd have gone in the fast lin" on Wednesday night. A gentleman thinks he recognized him as high up as Lancaster. foronrr's Invrstlgatlon on the Death of Sarah .lane Drvlnr. The investigation before the Coroner was continued yesterday afternoon at the Alms House building. Mrs. Kktchi m, mother of Henry Ketchum,was recalled j ?and stated that she had received a letter from the brother of the deceased, enquiring where she was, but did not answer it, because she did not know where she was, and also that one of her^sons was dead in the house at the time. J"?rrH STBixn, the uncle of deceased, who resides at Peekskill, was called?He stated that he supposed the fa. ther of deceased was in prison at Black well's 1st a ad; she learned the milliner's trade at Peekskill, and then returned to 'hi-city with the intsntion of going to work for Miss Wright, in Brooklyn ; instead ol that, she went to live with Mrs. Ketchum,a letter was sent to Mrs. Devine, the grandmother of the deceased, at Peekskill; it was anony mous; I went to New York to ascertain the cause o( death of deceased, atter we had received the letter from Mrs. Brown; on returning I consulted with the fiiends of deceased, and we came to the conclusion that if there had been any criminality on the part of any one, we could not prove it; and that it would make a great noiae if investigated, and decided not to proceed in the matter. EnOc h E Ciar, on' of the Reporters of the Herald, was calli-d hy the Jury?He stated that the anonymous letter here presented was received at th? Herald office hy James Gordon Bennett, a day or two after it had been written; the similarity of the hand writing in it, compared with the one sent to the grandmother of deceased np|>ears to indicate that they were written by the same person ; the facts in the anonymous communication were made public in the Herald the day after it had been received; a day or t.vo previous to this, Mr. Milliken, the Deputy Coroner, and mysell, visited the bouse of Mrs. Cannon, where the deceased died, in order to ascertain the particulars of her death. Thomss Brow*, broth-r-in-law of Mr. Beal, the sexton, was called, but knew nothiDg about the matter. JohsJ. Whits, another brother-in-law of Mr. Beal, was called?He took the liody from the house in the hearse. Bartlktt Judos was called, and stated that Mr. Brown had told him tha? bethought when he nut the body into the coffin that she had been poisoned to death. Da. C. R Oii.wsv called and sworn?Puerperal convulsions generally occur wi'h the first child; any thing that produces congestion of tha brain will produce puerperal convulsions; they more commonly occur at the commencement of labor; my opinion is that the question is well settled that a child may be horn or delivered alter the mother Is dead; there are a great many cases on record where this thing has actually occurred. Montgomery on midwifery is high authority. [The Doctor here read an extract citing instances as recorded ] Bs Joans?There is n possibility ol a delivery of a child twelve hours alter the decease of the mother?I can not say whether the cause is produced by decomposition, or from what cause, the partial birth ol the child may have taken place at the instant the child died. Dk IU woo-* was re-called, and stated that he thought that he examined the deceased in order to ascertain her situation within an hour before she died?the os uteri was not then dilated. Dr Oilman recalled.?The proper treatment for pner)?-ialronruDions is bleeding, upto 100 ounces or more ? i old ai-plications to ths U?ad are also beneficial?it would b.- bud treatment to attempt to prodtiee dilation of the os uteri by force in puerperal fvver or inflammation of the womb, the body ol the deceased person u o'lld swell and in that way I can account for the swelling of deceased ilt'1' leath il a person had been poisoned hy oil of tan. y, I think th* liody vrouM fwpII. Wm H Mii.i ??,? n<-ph?w of Ketchum, staled that he took the letter Irom >1r?. Brown to the friends Ol deceased Ht 1'i ekhkill, and that Ketrlmm had admitted to him that he intended to marry the girl if she recovered. The evidence her* closed, and the Jury took a recess for five minutes. They reassembled at ? o'clock, and remained in session until nearly II a'night, without being aide to Come to any decision, as to the immediate cause that produced the death of the deceased girl. r.ie Coroner wasralled in several times to give counsel to the Jury, and being unahle to agree upon a verdict, he discharged thent at about II o'clock. After adjournment we ascertained that eleven of the jurors came to the following conclusion, ana signed a paper to that egeat :? ['hat the deaeaaed cam- to her death V, convulsion* bioiight upon her by causes and through some person or pet sons to the Jury unknown. OtCOROE A BAKER, D B TAYLOR, HENRY R COX, A- W SMITH, OWEN J. ROBERT, Oil.BERT BRI'BH, L k Bt'RR, HAVID MARTIN. ROBERT TYRELL, OEOKOF. II BARR. JOHN CROsBY Mr. UssoiLi. Fish making the twelfth Juror, re fused to sign til- paper, as he contended from the evidenci that the woman had died from puerperal convulsions produced by natural causes. Previous to the dismsasi of the lury .they paste l a reto lution highly complimentary to the conduct of forone An to s during the Investigation that had occupied ?v raldsya l is riiii l?ctw.-en New Yorl and Hartford i c>i?n \ \ I he Mkicer Case?Insahity of Phii-amlphia. ?The Krand |?lea of insanity set up by Mr. Browne in lavorof youns Mercer, was not only well taken in the case ot that individual, but ii m?v be extended to the whole community of Philadelphia and thereabouts, as far as Woodbury. According to the opinion of every sane man, the verdict of that wonderf.l jury was clearly contrary to law?contrary to fact, and an undoubted viola" .i... .r T<I 11UI1 UI nic iuoiuuiiuiio UI uiYiJiAtru ouuinjr. inert* can be no two opinions on this point. Yet this verdict was not, on the whole, so opposed to law, as the tumultuous joy of Philadelphia was hostile to propriety, taste, and sound judgement. It is an absolute fact that a public meeting has passed resolutions, complimenting New Jeysey for that vrrdict, and permitting her to enter the Union hereafter. Here are a few astounding extracts from the Philadelphia papers:? [From the Philadelphia Time*.] QtJ" At a meeting of the citizens of Southwark, yesterday, 1 it was generously resolved, that in consideration ot the handsome conduct of the Woodbury Jury in the Mercer case, the Slate of Nev> Jersey be taken into Ike Federal Union I!! Agreed new ran. Thr Mrac*n Task?This Last Act is the Exciting DraMA? Toi i HINU AND IaTKBKSTINO PARTICULARS.? The trial of Singleton Mercer lor the murder of Heberton ,the dishonorer of his sister, is one of those rare and prominent events in the history of humanity, which serve as landmarks for an age, and thus become the object ol remark and discussion for a generation. With all the de. tails ol the trial, the evidence, the legal pleadings.he. our readers are familiar; they have also been enabled to lorm some ..tea ol the universal sympathy entertained for the prisoner?the instinctive mid chivalric feeling on the rmrt of the public, for the salt-ty of one who had heroicaly risked all in defence ol the defenceless?but tt was thfi scene alone presented in Court whan the prisoner was ac quitted, that can furnish anything like au adequate idea of the overwhelming niitur.-of that sympathy. At half-past five o'clock on Thursday afternoon, the Court house boll was rung to assemble thi> jury in the Court Boom The jury entered while the boll wa? ringing, and it is difficult to imagine the crowd, that with anxious luces, stood straining their eyes, as it to catch from the countenance of each juror an idea of the verdict. From the very nature of the case, and the public excitement existing upon the subject, an outbreak of feeling was expected. The Judge, and the Attorneys upon both sides, desired that the audience would respect the dignity ot the Court, whatever might be the result. Still, when the verdict ol "not guilty!" was rendered, in spite of all that could be said or dona, in spite of all the better feelings of those present, one general shout of joy burst through the building, and a rush was made by the spectators 111 every quarter of the room towards the prisoner, in order to congratulate him on his; recovered freedom. While this was going on, the uproar was tremendous. The Court pleaded in vain lor silence. The attorniea, even of the prisoner, cried "sham"! shame'." but without effect. The popular heart was beating, end would not be con. trolled. Nature was speaking in her own thunder-tones of feeling, anil the cold, conventional rules ol propriety were cast scornfully aside in the vast heaving impulse of that exciting moment. Another touching scene was, when young Mercer, liberated from prison, and followed by the cheers of the rejoicing multitude, reached the house in Woodbury, where his father, mother, and sisters, stood waiting for him. He had perilled his life in defence of their honor and good name, and they felt how much he deserved of them for his bravery. First his mother caught him in her arms, and wept over him, as one just snatched from an ignominious death, while she murmured?for excess of joy would only let her murmur?her praise for his deliverance. Then his young sister?the betrayed?the lost?the ruined one?with a shriek of delight, fell at his knees, and after sobbing as if her heart would break with its overbtirthened load of gratitude, implored him to forgive her. "Forgive! lorgive me, my dear brother?forgive your erring, but never wrong-hearted sister, who, led astray by the false arts of a villainous dissembler, disgraced her dear lather and mother,and made wretched the fond hearts of all who loved her ! Forgive the wretched, the unthinking creature, who could so wickedly put the life of her noble brother in jeopardy, and who is now too poor to repay nim in anything but tears for avenging her wrongs and punishing the wrong-doer." He raised up his sis er, fell on her neck, kissed her forehead, and told her that he " forgave her from the bottom of his heart," and trusted that the world would treat her with a charity equal jto his own. His counsel were present, and a number ol other persons. All were affected to tears, and overcome by their emotions, most ot them I felt constrained to leave the room. I The Samp cvpniii? vnnner Mprrar vlolto/1 of WiwwIKiirw the coumel for the. Commonwealth. He thanked them for the courteiy they had extended to him ; said that he entertained no hanm feelings towards them, and that they had dsne but their duty. In tke course ol the evening, he received some capital advice from his counsel. Mr. Vroom gave him some ex. ceedingly salutary lessons lor his future guidance ; while on every side his own conduct was depicted as marked with nothing but the evidences ol the nicest propriety. Vesterday morning it was known he would return to this city. Anticipating a crowd, his friends thought it advisable to bring him up privately, and hence he accompanied the ladies ol the family in a private carriage to Oloucestei Point, and thus reached by the way of the Point House, the residence of his father in Queen street. In the meantime the crowd gathered altoiit Walnut street wharf at which the Camden Ferry l>oat arrives. About 11 o'clock, the " John Fitch"?the very boat on which the dreadful tragedy occurred?came to the wharf, having on hoard, not Singleton Mercer,hut his father, and his five counsel, Measrs. Browne, Vroom, Wall, Matlock and Sloan. The balcony in front of Bloodgood's Hotel was filled with ladies, and amid the multitu Is Below a great number of the aofter sex could also he perceived. As the boat touched the shore, one terrific huzzi! rent the air, and the gentlemen threw their hats tip, and the ladies waived their white handkerchiefs in the wind. It seemed like some gala-day. Mr. Mercer, Sr., ami the legal gentlemen walked through the crowd? Messrs. Vroom and Browne, arm in arm, with heads hare, going in advance. As they passed, the most profound silence reigned. Then another ! and another ! and another ! shout burst from the throatr of the spectators?another toss of the hats?another wave of the white handkerchiefs? end the crowd quietly followed in the rear, making a grand procession, until the ohjects of attention reached the U. S. Hotel, where with a final huzza ! the mass .lowly, and one by one, withdrew. We learn that aingleton Mercer contemplates leaving the city for North Carolina for a few months, where he proposes to remain, until the present extraordinary excitement is over. [From the Chronicle.] We do not approve of such marked demonstrations of feeling at an occurrence like that in which young Merci-r was pngaged None rvioice more in his acquittal than we do, yet we believe that such expressions ol approbation are altogether improper, and out of place. The family of Mr. Mercer hflve evinced wisdom in refusing partu-ipanr r in any public exultation at his acquittal, and it is to tie hope' that the young man himself will maintain a circumspection of deportment in keeping with the natural character which hia learned and ablecounael "n u|t lur uini un iDc inui. City Intelligence. Brutal Outrank ?John Scobell, known as the former rlerk of De Merritt, of financiering memory, was lodged in the city prison yesterday afternoon by officer McGrath, on a charge of inhumanely beating, on Thursday last, a woman named Mary, I who has been living with him as his wife. She was found by the officer in a bed in the room with Scobel, at the second house from the corner of Canal street, in Washington, and presented a most distressing appearance Her body was literally covered with black and blue spots, her eyes blacked, and nearly closed, her upper lip cut open, and otherwise ho bruised and mangled tlia' she could hard y be distinguished from a colored person. She was conveyed to the Ilo-jiital, and upon Iming examined by l)rs. W.tlah and Jones, was pronounced to be in a dying situ .lion. The Coroner was unable to hold an ante mortem examination last evening, owing to the state of the woman's health, but will probably t?eable to obtain her evidence to-day. The worn mi ismricnte, and there is every reason to believe from her present situation that she cannot survive Scoble was before the Special Sessions last week, on a charge of assault and battery on this woman, but through tier solicitations, he was discharged on promise of good behavior. A young man, about 18 years old, named Samuel Scott, and a native of Greenwich, Conn , fell overboard from the sloop Theodore, Capt. Merritt, opposite Corlear's Hook, and was drowned. Piratks.?Captain Sillirnan, of the brig Rebecca, arrived yesterday from Cuba, repotfs that on leaving ib .1 nlnre. he was informed hv a mint that a small coasting vessel, which arrived on the evening of the Dili, had been boarded by a pinlical schooner, rigtred tore and aft, with a crew of about filty men, to the westward ol R? Croix U. S Senator for Indiana.?Edward A. Hanagan was recently elected Senator from Indiana, but there appears to have been some informality in the election, and Oliver H. Smith, the whig candidate, will theretore contest. ftr> Henriqws.of 61 William street, has just received from the Havana, a choice brand of segar, entitled the hapartero, a new brand. No pains or expense have been spared in geiting up this article, and will give entire satisfaction to ihose that will call and try them. Mexican Nr.wa.-We learn Irom Captain Collins, ot the Caroline, who arrived yesterday Irom Matamoras, that when he lelt, General Ampndin, with fifteen hundred men, was under marching orders for i, Tampico. N'ew Churches in Bai.tihork ?No less than ihir r teen churches are nov n pro-res- ol construction ii Haiti mo re . .HE -ill.i ..to o' .."'W lell.at Fort I in on me ttth mat Intbwstino from Bmzil.-W? hav?* received by the Odessa, Irom ltio de Janeiro,a file ot the "Jornol do Commercio," nnd the annexed letter from a correspondent there. It is mostly in relatiou to some trouble between an American vessel and the Custom House Officers at Rio, and we give it for the benefit of whom it may concern We have heard similar complaints before this?one of the ship Paris. (Correspondence of the Herslil.] Rio ok Janeiro, Feb. 5,1JM3 '/Jic Brazilian Thr iff?Movement* of the English? State of the Emjti re?American* in Trouble at the Custom House?I* there no Remedy??$ < . tfc. The Herald is read with intense interest by the merchants of this port. There is no newspa|?er so much sought for, and it will always give me pleasure to add any information I can to its columns Ry the fast sailing Odessa, 1 send you some papers and the latest price Current, containing a list ot all me snipping inpori. riour, me principal arucle ol iiii|>ort from the States, is heavy, and will not net the first cost. The Tariff of this country will be altered, and a higher rate of duties laid on almost every thing. Mr. Ellis, British Minister Plenipotentiary Extraordinary, has not succeeded in ne gociating a new treaty with this Government. The tardiness of the Brazilians don't please him, and he is preparing to leave this for England, and it is surmised that, on his arrival, "John Bull" will send out hisacconnt lor a settlement^ the amount due to Great Britain, and her subjects enormous; |>erhaps more than seven tenths of the business of this place is done with British capital. The United State*, during the last year, supplied this market with 14(1,448 bbls Hour, besides other articles, such as domestics, wine, brandy, lutnber, candles, iron, salt, &c ; and 180 ves els belongiug to the U S. A took away from this 354,806 bans coffee, which cost upwards of four millions of dollars. The whole number of bags shipped was 1,189.045, besides a considerable quantity ol sugar, hides, &c., which is mostly paid for, with the proceeds, arising out of foreign product. The revenue of this country must be immense, and still the government finances are said to be in a state of alarming embarrassment. The Ministers have all resigned, and those who have succeeded them are quarreling, and there is nothing like harmony or union to be found in this country, although the people are led to believe the espousal of the young Emperor, and that of Priuee de Joinville to the Emperor's sister, will act as a panacea on the affairs of the nation, and lull both ministers and people into halcyon repose. Brazil is really a fine country; but what is good land without good laws'? or what are good laws when badly administered 1 The ex-ministers are, no doubt, men of talents and ability, but they have acted extremely wrong in displacing good officers, and doubly so by filling the vacancy with bad ones. I will name one, r : r u- a . j- rt T i n>r instance?ueopuiuo .fvugusio oa cyainora Liiiua. This is an honest man, and the revenue will suffer a great loss by his being out of office : the word bribery was never found in his vocabulary; he is a gentlemen of splendid talents, and was the best and most efficient Guarda Morthat ever filled that office?the regulations of the port were his test book, but he made use of no suoterfuges in carrying them into effect; and, although a little of the Scotchman,haughty, he was esteemed and respected by all the merchants. The Ex-Ministers made a gieat error in promoting a decendantof Africa, by the name of Joaquim Pereira Vianna de L'ma. Now read what follows and agree with me. The " Lexington" belonging to New York, put into this port on her way to Montevideo, in a very leaky condition ; three government boats went on board, and the Captain was told that he might go on shore, and did so, (taking two passengers with him, who had given their passports to the boarding officer, who in return gave them permits to land) but he had not been long with his consignees (Pearson, Brown & Co ) before an officer went there, and informed Mr. B. that the Captain of the Lexington had come on shore without being visited by the custom house boat, and that the vessel would be liable to pay a heavy fine unless Mr. Brown went immediately to the Guarda Mor and arranged the matter Mr. B. lost no time in calling,with the captain, on his royal highness, who looking through a dark surface, significantly ordered the captain to go on board of his vessel again, which he instantly did, and late in the afternoon the Guarda Morhimseif went on board to visit the Lexington and see what arrangement codM be made with her captain, who, by the by, was suf- I lering from a severe wound on his head, caused by the falling of a block from aloft, and should have been on shore under the care of a surgeon or physician; but regardless of this, the Guarda Mor urged the fine, which he said the vessel had incurred by the captain going on shore, declaring the vessel should not be cleared until the fine was paid?neither should the captain go on shore. The captain assured the Guarda Mor that he had liberty from one of the boarding officers to go onshore?that he was a stranger to the regulations of the port?that his vrst*ri was ma smKiuK cnnamon?nis crew airno?t exhausted, and himself laboring under a severe injury which might be fatal?but this argued nothing. The next day the Captain being very ill, and deem, ing it proper his consignees, as well as the American Consul, should be apprised of his situation, sent letters on board the guard ship, with a note to the officer in command, by his mate, (Mr. Heyt) but the officer of the guard ship refused to receive either, and informed the mate that the "Lexington" could not be allowed any communication with the shore, or her boat go within gun shot of any vessel for three days; this was on Sunday, and the Captain was confined on board of his vessel until Tuesday following, when the inspector liberated him, ana allowed him to enter his vessel at the Custom House, and informed him that he had incurred a fine of 100||0U0 |>er day,in consequence of his vessel not being entered at the Custom House twenty-four hours after having been visited; Hnd that he had also incurred a fine of ]()0||00<) for having gone on shore before he was regularly visited, and also 100||000 for having taken pai-scngers on shore,without calling on board the guard ship, and a so 100||000 for having allowed a shore boat (the one the Captain took to goon board in, when ordered to do so by the Guards Mor) to go alongside of his vessel. The money for these ridiculous fines was paid into the Custom House, against all of which the Captain protested, and sent his memorial to the Emperor, the result of which is not known. It is due to the Collector to say (~'aturnino de Sonzu e Oliveira,) that he has recently resumed his office, and was not here when the shameful affair ol the Guarda Mor took place. 1 think it will puzzle them to find a pretext tor re taming the money so unjustly taken from an unoffending Captain? 1st, Because the Captain went on shore in ignorance of the regulations 01 the port, which he had never entered before, and understanding he had leave granted him to do so 2d. Because it was the first duty of the Guarda Mor and interpreter, on boarding the Lexington, to have furnished the Captain wth a copy of the regulations of the port, but which he has not until this hour received. 3 Because it is the duty of the Guarda Mor, as a public officer, to treat with urbanity and civility the officers of vessels he visits. 4 Because the Lexington could not be entered in the Cdstom House so long as ihe Captain was kept a prisoner on board of his own vessel by order of the Guarda Mor. 5 Because it is the custom of all civilized nations to extend to foreigners speaking a different language, and unacquainted with ihe customs of their sea ports, every facility in theirpower, and not to interpret the laws when infringed through ignorance, as if they had been infringed contemptuously and wilfully. Hiave dwelt on the case of the Lexington, believing it to be a subject worthy *f particular notice, and which might very well claim the attention of government Our trade with the Brazilians is no doubt desireable, but at the same time it is reciprocal: they want our Hour as much as we want their coffee, and if it were not so, they should not be allowed to commit such outrageous acts on our citizens, or stretch the cords of authority bejor.d the boundary of civilization. I believe that tlie Brazilian government ure unacquainted with the unlawful acts done by their officers, hut foreigners ought not to sutler by their negligence; it is their business to place proper men in office; if they did that, there would be no reason to complain ol desti union, or ute wani oi revenue?oui mat 10 inrir own business I have written in haute, a plain, matter of fact narrative, without exaggeration or embellishment, and I believe the mercantile community here would be glad to see it published in the Herald. The Border Troijbi.k.?The recent arrest* on the Aroostook have created a tremendous exc.tement in New Brunawick. Pir Charges Mrtcai.fk was sworn in Governor General of Canada on the 80th ult. Mayor of CoLUM?rm, Ohio.?Wright, al. aorta of a candidate, has been elected. Oc^-The weather yesterday was balmy, beautiful, and bracing. Thermometer 65 in the shade. The Difference.?In the interior snow is from one to six feet deep. In this city mud is from one to four feet deep, The Hudson is still firm above Red Hook. The present mild, springlike weather will soon open it " Albany Boats leave to-day for that ci'y

' ,1,KK"V 5r. < ,11 rins line now despatches two v, 1 'e aday lor Albany and the west,one up the river,aud the other over theJHotMatenio railro^TTj j Albany. |('"rrrtpondcnce of the Hcralil. I Ai.bany, April 5, 1813. Four /'.'our lntpectort Jar Sew York?Swacky on hand?Troy and Albany?Albany Election? Bowk ll'tifherl in the B dance villi Tompkins, Clinton, Mtrcy, fc.? Rowk'* Downhill made Manifest?Van Bairn's Pouter De/xirtet, and it about Returning to /.indenwobl in Despair. J.G. Bknnktt, Esq:? dkah s?ih? This is indeed n city of excitement. The people here do not experience the dull monotony of winter, as in almost every other place in creation. Although blockaded with snow and ice, atill the communication east, north and west, by means of the various railroad, Hue place cannot remain istolated tor ativ greater length ot time than is necessary "to clear the track," after a snow sto-ni As the Legislature have resolved to adjourn on the 18th, every member in both Houses is enaged in pressing through such business as he is specially en trusted with; most of which relate to private mat tera, while the interest of the public is mostly disregarded. There was an effort made yesterday in the House, by Mr. White of our city, (New York,) to run through the bill creating three additional Flour Inspectors for us. This bill has been on the general orders for a month, and would not have been disturbed during the session, had not our friend Swacky made hisappearance in the lobby a day or twosince. You may recollect that he was an applicant for the office,.and harrassed the Governor more than two inouthsfor the ap|M)intment. Being rejected,lie is now very disinterestedly anxious for the passage of this law, being promised, no dcubt, one of the places under it. McMurray and Diilv on posed the bill with much ability ; and the only member who came to the assistance of Mr. White, was Mr. S|>euker Davis. There has been no question taken upon it as yet, and my conviction is that it will be defeated?asit should be. There is a rivalry existing between this city and Troy, which keeps the citizens of both places on the qui vivt. Upon enquiry, 1 learn that the Trojans have been in a constant state of exultation ever since their memorable victory on the Bridge question, some two years since. They seldom fail of embracing every opportunity of benefitting themselves at the expense of the unconscious Albanians. They have recently started a project of this nature. Some six or eight years since, the Troians foresaw, or imagined that the village of West Trov, from its location on the canal, ana having the advantage of a side cut into the river, must of necessity, become a great depot for the delivery of immense quantities of flour, lumber, and other articles of merchandise, subject to the inspection laws. And as no authority was given them to cross the river and inspect articles in Alb iny county, these enterprising Trojans procured the passage of a law attaching West Troy to Troy, and giving Greenbush to Albany? that fallowing the inspectors of the two principal cities to cross the river and perform the respective duties of their offices. This arrangement has ever since continued; and during the whole period, the inspection of lumber, flour, staves, See. has been ten times as much at West Troy as it has been at Greenbush. Still not an Albany inspector was known to murmur. But now, since the completion of the Boston railroad, it seems probable that some portion of the flour destined for the eusiern market will be delivered at Greenbush. Now the Trojans wish to repeal the law, and allow their inspectors the entire control of th inspection at Greenbush. As the law was originally intended to accommodate all parties, it should be suffered to remain asit is, especially as the flour delivered at the railroad depot is mostly owned by Albany merchants.? These facts I glean from conversations held in Congress Hall. The municipal election is at hand in this city.? (This reminds me of our election; and I must not neglect to vote for Morris, for I see by the Herald I thut lie is on the course again. His majority cannot be under than 3000! Mark that,Master Greeley ) The papers are filled with the grossest and most villainous attacks on candidates for election. The democrats now in power, are industriously employed in exposing the villainies and rascalities of the whigs when they were in power; and the whigs are as ardently engaged in uttering complaints against the party now in power The whig nominee tor Mayor is represented as being one of the moat wishy-washy, bigotted, prejudiced, teetotal, religious fanatics ever known. He was once accidentally placed in the Senate, and instead of using what littlu influence he possessed in tavorol his own city and immediate constituents, he actually voted for an -appropriation of $200,000 which was used in the construction of a railroad around his own city! ?The candidate, for Mayor on the democratic side appears to be well known in the city?he is of the manor born. Very little is said concerning him.? Mr. Landon informed me that his popularity is derived from some exploit of his ancestor during the revolution. He too has been honored with a seat among the Senatorial dignitaries of yore; and to show his influence and strength in that body while a member, it is only necessary to advert to a single fact, and that is this; whenever a person wished any measure to pass that body, it was only necessary to induce Gansevoort to oppose it, and it was surely carried; and vim versat 1 am heartily disgusted with the thing, whom the people have designated as the Governor of the Empire State. Where is the manly character, the honestv of purpose, the goodness of heart, the undN guised patriotism of Daniel I). Tompkins! Where is the talent, the exalted integrity, the unsurpassed senilis, the cultivated mind, the ripened scholar, the wise philosopher, De Witt Clinton! Where the dedecision of character, the prompt execution of duty, the intimate knowledge of State affairs, and the capacity of administering the government, as was experienced during the time of William L. Marcy! And where the industry, the great ability, and acknowledged qualifications of William H.Seward! Alas! that the pioneer Stale of this nation?Aye, a nation within herself!?the envy of the whole Union ?having no rival in the records of herstatesmen.h 'r philosophers, her literati, and her democracy, should be so humiliated, so weakened as she now is, in the Exee^ive department! How can it he accounted for, that after being elevated to the station occupied so honorably by those distinguished men, and by a majority unequalled by either.he should,within three short months, be deserted by the heads of every department! why is it that a majority of the legislature, composed too. of three-fourths of his own political friends,should so soon enact laws curtailing his power! why isit, that the whole people,with the exception of the office holders, universally denounce him for his indescision and imbecility ! I'll undertake a renlu Tf 112 utao Iip hao mniprr^d nffw-inl fnvnrn upon aa many ol his own children, and other members of his family in New York, Albany and Schoharie, as places could be found for them. H; has truckled with the despicable John Tyler in obtaining the Schenectady post office for one of his sons, and the supplying of Indian annuities in the city of New York, for another of his sons. He lias been the means of thrusting upon the citizens of Albany, a man for post master, who could not be elected to the office of scavenger, by the votes of the people. And not content with the power in his own hands, he prowls about the canal, sohcitingcollectors to appoint to clerkship, some ol his own particnlarfriends of Schoharie! What dignity! Would Clinton or Marcy thus have entered the political market places, and contended like gladiators for the peily spoils ot office"! P.,or old Bouck might rather have reposed quietly ujain his canal honors, than to have aspired to an ernin nee unfitted for his capacity, and from which he will he hurled, the moment his present keijpers choose to uncage him! Let no democrat after this, ever allude to Harrison's committee. Mr. Van Buren remains in the. city He called yesterday upon Lieutenant Governor Dickinson, at Congress Hall. It seems to have been the intention ot the party at the Capital, to obtain a legislative expression favorable to his nomination at Baltimore. But the stand taken by Colonel Young against the conservatives, and his determination to resist every expedient construction of the constitution for the benefit of railroad or any other monopoly, lias prevented Foster, Croswelltte Co. from making the attempt. The days of dictation are ended. Mr. Van Bnren's friends dare not ask the democratic members of the legislature, even in caucus, take up the question. He will retire to the poplar shades of " Lindenwold," without a legislative expression. The division in the democratic party has now become apparent, and I fear the dissolution is inevitable. The cautious steps taken at the commencement of the session hv the Sherwoods, Denniston, Kutrer. Leland and Cad well un? ni> lnnonr cmnlnv. ed. 1 liny have enlisted with them, at this hour, a majority of the democratic members. This will ho made manifest previous to tne adjournment, by the removal of Croswell from the office of State printer. >011 may imagine me wild in my predictions, but I can assure you that it will be accomplished. The arrangements are nearly perfected With respect, fee , Jok Smith. ? Another Rejection?Yesterday the nominations made bytiov. Rouckfor inspectors of the Sing Sing State prison, were considered ; and four of them confirmed, viz.: Henry Horner and Henry Harris, of Weschester, John W. Kdmonds, of New York, and Thornton M. N'iven, of Orange Thomas J. Carrrncliael, of Westchester, was rejected, by a vote of 12 to If? The 12 in favor of affirming were all democrats?of the Senators for rejection, 9 were whirs and 7democrats- Mr Carmichael, we understand, is a capable,and efficient democrat.?Albany Arpui, April 8. itestrticnvk Fire at Hrebnk. Ckknanho Ooitnrv The Norwich Journal of Thursday, contains h- particular - of a gr-ut fr<- at Hreene, ou VIon day uiglil. P br -ke out in I'erkiua fe Hitchcock a store, and destroyed eight buildings?loaa #12,0U0. \ Davenport j |('OITe?pon<lence of the Herald.] Davenport, Iowa, March 20,1843. ? Prar Sir:? Although hitherto there has been but one copy of 1 your pa|>er taken in this town, yet every body has something to sav about it, an ! borrowing it every week, and before the week is out it is in a very tat- ] tered and dilapidated condition. Our Sheriff has, therefore, for his own and the public benefit, concluded to subscribe and take'your valuable paper.? The money is enclosed. What great mistakes some of your city papers make in regard to our western country. I wonder if the editor of the Sun knows where Iowa isl He says, in one of his last (tapers, that there is a disagreement between our Governor and legislature, about holding a session. This is all wrong. There < is a difficulty in Wisconsin of that nature. I suppose that is what he meant. This town is in one of themost beautiful spots in nnture, opposite the famous Rock Island, in the Mississippi river, just at the foot of what are called the "Upper" or "Rock Island Rapids." It contains about 1000 inhabitants, principally from Cincinnati and the eastern States. This town was commenced in 1836. We have six little churches,and another contemplated. They are at present, as you may judge, very small. The Catholics, who have a small brick one now, intend making a large one soon. We have Presbyterians, old and new school Baptists. Camnbellites, Episcopalians and Methodists Each sect nave their church or place of meeting, and their preacher. This is a very moral place?we have great temperance meetings, and almost every body belongs to the temperance society. A great revival of religion is going on in a pretty flourishing town opposite this, in Illinois. All the protestant denominations are engaged in it. The impenitent are marching forward to the " anxious seat" by hundreds. Miller's fanaticism has reached this country, and it is not seldom that we find one ready to take up in his defence. Our extremely severe winter discourages some of our new comers. It is nearly twice as long and severe as any winter I have known here for six years. The capital of Iowa is northwest 50:niles from nils Town, inr lows ijcmsiaiurf* um aumr vrry foolish things this winter. It passed a bill embracing 19 cases of divorce?no one of which, I suppose, could have gone through alone, but it was log-rollea through in a lump. They passed an odious valuation law, seeking thereby to make land and personal property a legal tender in violatiou of the Constitu tion I am rejoiced that the Supreme Court of the United States has declared valuation and stay laws effecting contracts, made prior to the law, unconstitutional. It will check, I hope, such improvident and unwise legislation. And a bill to repeal the charter of the only Banking corporation we have ever been cursed with, passed the House of Representatives unanimously, but was defeated in the Council, no doubt, by any but honest means. The evidence in regard to the "Miners' Bank" of Du Buque, showed it to he as vile and corrupt as the worst you have scored in your paper, yet with that testimony undenied before them, and with a reserved power in the charter to repeal?the repeal was defeated This is a glorious country?great plenty of provisions. We lack flour mills to manufacture our wheat, and this makes wheat very low?down to 25 and 31 cents per bushel. The Legislature this winter granted a charter entitled the "Scott csunty HvdraulicConipany." The object of it is to unite sufficient capital to construct a mill race several miles in length, along the "Upper Rapids" and terminating within two miles of town. With an outlay of $50,000, a water power of 8 or TO feet nead, having the Mississippi for a source of simply, can be made power enough for any number of flouring mills. I wish some of your capitalists would come and look at it. They can have the charter and welcome if they will come and take hold of it. Another Rochester can be made here, and then with a railroad eastward 90 miles to Peru, to connect with the Michigan and Illinois canal, a direct and quick communication can be had with New York city This country is overrun with lawyers, and has its share of physicians. I must not omit the ladies. We have as many intelligent and handsome oiks as anv town in Iowa, but, somehow, very few marriages take place. We i ' i i_"i l. A. nuve a t^uuu iimuy yuun^ i?ai;iiri?#rs win# ou^iu in turn their attention that way. They have contracted a bad habit, and one that does not improve them. Instead of going to see the young ladies and cultivating an intercoutse with them that is highly salutary in polishing and elevating the character, they meet together at various places and indulge in much foolish and unprofitable convention. With many wishes for your prosperity, I remain, yours, Amicus. Penn Tan. [Correspondence of the Herald.J Pknn Yan, March 19, 1848. Burglary ? Millerism?M j rm on i$m?Black gua rdism?Protracted Meetings, Sfc. S/-c. James G. Bennett, Esq.? Dear Sir Our community is not so far behind your own. Two lads of 16?Tuel and Dingy?a few days since broke into the jewellery shop of Charles Scott, and took therefrom about one hundred dollars' worth of property, and on returning from a peddling tour were arrested, their course retraced, and nearly all the property recovered. On examination, Tuel, a ripe, shrewd lad, turned State's evidence, and attempted to implicate with himself and Dingy, a young man by the name of Barnes, against whom he had sworn revenge for exposing the fact of his having stolen the clothes of a dead sister to give to a girl in the employ of Barnes. His examination exposed a degree of maturity in crime, which at that age is seldom found equalled even in " old Gotham." Larceny and burglary seem to be with him but the trifling incidents of life. A Millerite recently preached a sermon at the Baptist church at the instance of their officiating minister. He drew crowds from curiosity; yet few were gulley, and he was allowed to withdraw, and the excitement made use of to continue a protracted meeting A Mormon has also been holding one at Prntts town, sixteen miles from this, who has tor some days been expected here, to commence a series of efforts, as a set-off to those now carried on at the Methodist chapel by one Adams, who issaid to have remarked in the pulpit that it a sinner would ?o to hell, railroad speed, he must get two Presbyterians for wheel hor-es, and two Episcopalians tor leaders, and that the Baptists, as they came out of the water, were like hischicken, whose shell lie broke off when it was first pecked, and giving one peep it died. That the seceding portion of the Methodist church were backsliding hyjiocrites, and had no more religion ih in the devil, and were like the abolitionists ot the congregational church. The temperance reformers are doing a wholesale business in this section. The opposition manifested by the use ot eggs, and herrini, and crackers, needed by a mercantile and a grocery firm, dwindled down to a hired negro on a box, inspiriied by his own exertions in favor of "good liquor," and the attendance of five boys to encore his sneers at "cold water;" nnd tor whom, when he had stopped, another negro apologized by saying, "that poor fellow's skin is whiter than the heart of those who hired him " The result of the exertions of ourcold water boys is the reformation, with one or two exceptions, of every drunkard in town. Among them are individual cases of great interest. Our roads are, by a recent storm, so fiiled with snow, 11s to compel the use of fields in their place to a great extent. At this time last year the navigation of our lake had opened, but now the ice is last increasing in thickness The ground bv our January thaw was saturated with water; and a sudden thrt w must produce a Hood, and tnr destruction oi much property in this section of the Ptate. Aside Irorn the principle involved, President Tyler missed his figure by signing the repeal of the Bankrupt law. A diflerent course would have made for him a strong party here. Of those originally opposed to it, many remark that the scoundrels were the first to 'ake the benefit of it, and now came the time for the honest and really poor men. Your publication of Anthony I)ey's schedule did much good, and gave the people here a fair sample of high life below stairs?of shooting at an eagle, and hitting a |<otatoe hole?of the shortness of the step from the sublime to the ridiculous, as exhibited by his management of Ins pecuniary aflairs. The eflect was, doubtless, still better on your own city, where the tendencies to a similar course are so strong. It is really amusing to see the poor maw flounce. But the more attention is drawn to it, the better for the public. Yoors, in haste. Yarns County. Qd~ Quarters go at par, and in any quantity, at the American Museum, and Harnum, if ever mrnagrr did, gives people the worth ottheir money in fun and wonder. There are Mi?? Darting and Cerito, Winchell and Chang Feng, the enchanting Mclodeon, and last and greateat of all, theOinnt Boy. "Sure, never did son so aatoniih his . mother." (a- Tint FRF.NrH ANTI PHLOOISl ! H irfli'icure nl nil lt?ehiirge? I rem the nrili >01.a, at H.anlat so cents ea?h. W. H RICHARDRON. Agnu, 97 Nassau atraet. . 1 BV iHK .SOUTHERN MAIL. Ittlcn of Stock* nt IMrlliulcl pliln Vrvtrrday. $3000 8t Loui* Bonds, 6'n, laM,flA; $1800 Wilmington 6 vereent, 1838, ?6|; $1000 Cincinnati Bond*. 1845, 79; $100 state 5's, 1884, 30?; 50 shores Union Bk of Tinn., 30; d4 iliarea Reading K K 134. Aptik Uoahp$90 State 3's, 1866, 30 ; $1000 do, 1933, 19J; d6 shares Farmers' V M r1 aides' Bk, 23$; 34 abates Louisville Bk,68. latest southT:hn ship news. PHItADKLrHIA, April 8? Ait Wm Pitt, B rker, Boston: Oen Warren, Uitlv, Havana. Cld llarib, PorCerfield, New Orleaus; R.wrlia, Williams St Thomas. Baltimore, April 7?An Rochester, Wise, NrwYork. Cld Waier Witch, LeBrou, St Johns, I'll; John Bair.HolluiKshrad, West Indies. Ali xakiiria, April J?Arr Vietorv, New York: ?th, Elvira, Newburypnrt; Coisl, Thoinan'on. Below, J H Steveua, from Bermuda. Richmond, April 6?Arr Odeon, Mobile; Zotoi!, NewYork; Manchester, do. (tt- REGULAR DEMOCRA liC NOMINATION OF THE SIXTH WARD. WILLIAM SHALER. lor Alderman. THOMAS S- HENRY, for Assistant. PATRICR KELLY, for Collector. MrCHA.L fHILir., ? rnnrfohle. DANIEL O'Rourkk, J Ira B. Clark, Dr. Michael Corbit, Inspectors ol Election for the first district. Enoch E. Camf, Mathiw Murray, For the second district. John Devi.in, Michael Hanatan, For the third district. Thomas Stevens, Thomas S. Murphy, For the fourth district. 3 {&- BRISTOL'S 8 \RSAPARILLA vs. SANDS' SAR8APVRILLA?The public are referred to an advertisement now being inserted in various city and country papers, in which it is gravely assorted that one Mr. Duley, 114 Willet street, after having been nigh death's door, is now "enjoying n good appetite," "sleeps naturally," and is "at work at his trade," See., when this very man is in fact sleeping the sleep of death. Further, the certificate hearing his name is attested by Alderman Hatfield and Mahlon Day, two of our worthy citizens. In justice to them we free them from ashadow of connivance at this palpable humbug to deceive the unwary; but it should serve as a caution to the afflicted, who may be imposed on by an array of names, by individuals who * scruple not to use such a mask to deceive, and who have tried ineffectually to imitate Bristol's Sarsaparilla. Caution?Bee that the written signature of C. C.Bristol is written across the cork of the bottle; none other is genuine. The public are referred to the advertisement of Mr Turner, headed, "To the Public," in this day's paper. Sold wholesale and retail by Wm. Burger, 60 and 62 Ceurtlandt st, and 189 Greenwich st. 1W- PROFESSOR VELP?\U'S CELEBRATED SPECIFIC PIL LS, for the cure of Oonorrhie, Gleet, and all unpleasant discharges from the urethra, is now the only remedy used in Europe for those distressing complaints. So great has been their success in Paris, that they have caused the astonishment of the whole medical proiession ; and Professor Velpeau, their celebrated in*, ventor, now boldly asserts that he can cure the worso casu of gonorrhse with these pills in le<s than half the time occupied by the old, and now obsolete remedies. The College op Medicine and Pharmacy or the City op New Yore,since the introduction ot those Pills into the United States by them, have sold more than FIFTEEN HUNDRED BOXES ; and they defy a single instance of failure to be produced. Aggravated cases of upwards of a year's continuance, have been speedily cured by them, without confinement, tainting the breath, disagreeing with the stomach, or anyot the disagreeable effects of the old treatment. Caution?As these pills are now known to be the only specific for Gonorrhoea and Gleet, persons requiring them are hereby informed that they are or ?y to be had genuine at the Office of the College, 97 Nassau street, N. York. Price $1 per box of one hundred Pills. W. 3. RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal office of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 97 Nassau street N B?Persons living at a distance can obtain a chest, containing a sufficient quantity of the above remedies, with full directions, guaranteed to effect a cure in all cases. Price $8. . OOP" A libel al discount allowed to country practi tioners and druggists. 0fj- AN ELDERLY GENTLEMAN OF RESPECTABLE connections, living about nine miles from Brooklyn, on L. I., came into ourofflce yesterday to purchase a bottle ot Balm of Columbia, and told us he had used the Balm for 10 years, and showed us as perfect a ' cad of h ir as regards strength and thickness,as we could visit to :1 e, though whitened by age. The true Balm may be had only at 71 Maiden lane. It wastheonly article that had so long preserved the hair and kept it thick. IX? SARS\PAR1LLA?The highly concentrated and active preparation of Sarsaparilla, prepared under the direction of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy oi the city oi New York, is new universally prescribed by the medical faculty. Dr. Brande, in the last edition of his invaluable work on the Materia Medica, speaks in the highest terms of approbation of this elegant article. Ha states that in obstinate cutaneous diseases, and in the sequelae of syphilis it " possesses virtues not hitherto observed in any article of the Materia Mclica." Such a favorable opinion from such njustly respected authority does not require a syllable of added reeommi ndation. This compound extract of Sarsaparilla, is sold in single liottle at 76 cts. each. In cases with half a dozen bottles fS.SO : 1 dozen $6. W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal office of the College, 97 Nassau st. N. B. A liberal discount allowed to country practitioners and druggists. 0(7- CONTENTS OF BOSTON SPECTATOR for SnturJay, April 8?Louis Fitzgerald Tasistro, Editor:' The Tomb of Time, an exquisite poem , The Ears of King Lynch, a humorous Irish legend; The Miners, a Cornish tale; The Story of the Wagnuthat Married a Rattlesnake; The Procession of Life, by Nathaniel Haw thorne; Stray Leaves tram the Portfolio of a Georgia Lawyer; Copious and interesting Extracts from Stephens' 'Travels in Yucatan ; Miscellaneous Extracts from late Enclish Works; Autobiographical Sketches of Neglected Authors; No. 1; Eminent Boston Characters, No. 2? Hon. Abbott Lawrence; with the following editorial articles--Social Science; Fixed, Lost and Immoveable Stars; Literary Notices of Stephens' Travels, O'Connell's Ireland, Ac. Ac.; Crumbs and Fragments of Periodical Literature; The Drama, Ac. For sale by E. B. TUTTLE, 4 Ann street. Ctf- MY COUGH WILL SURELY Ktl L ME, SAY many, and still they goon neglecting it till the grave swallows them up. Sherman's Cough Lozenges will immediately allay all ordinary cases. They cure the most obstinate recent ones, in a few hours, and never fail to do so. In asthma, whooping cough, cough attending measles and tightness of the cheat,they give instant reliet. In consumption, wher^ death has not set his seal,these Lozenges will restore the bloom to the haggard cheek and health to theotherwise lost patient. Th?y have cured a great many persons that had been given up by their physicians and friends. Their celebrity for curing coughs aod colds so quick and easily is known throughout the civilized world, and the demand for them is beyond the conception of all. Only think ot Ave or six Lozenges, as pleasant to the taste as the common sugnr plum, curing the most distressing coughs in a few hours. Sherman's Lozenges alone can do it. Warehouse 106 Nassau street. QQ' RHEUMATISM.?The most efficacious remedy for rheumatic affections is found in the compound and highly concentrated Extract of Sarsaparilla, prepared by the authority of tho College of Medicineand Pharmacy of the city of New York. Many cases ol the most distressing and inveterate character have been permanently cured by the use of a few bottles of this popular medicine Dr. Brando's Dictionary of the Materia Medico speaks of this preparation in thp most unqualified terms of approbation. It is alao of infinite service in all scrofulous diseases, cutaneous eruptions, and those affections resulting from the abuse ol mercury. Bold in single bottles at 75 cents each ; cases of half a dozen bottles, $3 AO ; do one dozen, $6. W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal office of the College, 97 N'sssru st, MONKY MAI1KKT, Saturday, April S?fl P. M, The sales at the board were very heavy to-day, and prices fell. Ohio 6'a receded J, Kentucky 6*s At the new board, sales were larger, and price* fell lower. Ohio 6'?, of I960, 1J per cent; Kentucky 6'a rose J. I ne disappearance 01 ;>ir. nnipman nni caused a oo<i deal ol conversation. It is amusing, however, to observe the zeal with which losses are disclaimed. No one haa lost any thing. It is like a meeting ol the United States Bank stockholders?no one can be found who ia a bona fide holder. At New Orleans, on the iMtb.the following soma or ape. cie arrived :? 'Vr ship Ohio,from Philadelphia $00 000 'n hark Nancy W. Stevens, from New York. . .. 9?Oon In hark Z. Ring, from Sisal ft 904 Total $108,90ft The Clerk of the Honae of Representatives, Matthew St. Clair Clarke, Esq In obedience to an Act of Congress, has published in the National Intelligencer a statement of the appropriations made at the late session of Congress, for the half calender year ending the 80th of June, 184k, and the fiscal year ending the 80th of June, 1944. The following is the Rccapitvi.atiok. a vsi_iamo?Ia list siv rnontha art din or Civil ena ui|'i?"??? -?? - > June30,184S, >1,870,171 Civil and diplomatic hat, one yew ending June 80, 18*4, 8,888,0m Military aervicefor name period*, 4.073,1.14 Naval *er?ice for *ame period*, 0,081,733 Navy peniioni, fil nno Fortification*, hoh ooo Pcn?inn?'?invalid,revolutionary nnd widow*, 1,107.400 Indian department? treatie*. fcc. 3,100 8*8 Treaty with Oreat Britain, .181,717 Protection of Commerce, I.ake Michigan, 80.000 Examination and iurvay harbor of Memphia, 3 ono Kitabii'h telegraph*, nn.ooo Payment of Oeoigia militia, 10.303 Private claim*, 65,708 $30,914,18* " h i item include* the appropriation* for the Pout Department, which are paid eielnalvely ont of vi nue* of that Department, and therefore ere no trgoon the Treasury, and which amount to $4,A4A,o o. Mr. Fillmore, it will be remembered, in hi* report from