Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 10, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 10, 1843 Page 2
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F EvTYOitX HEW A LI). "i r ?? Vnrk. Nonilaf, Aprtl 10, 1**3 Herald 1,1'mrf O?l?o?. All the new and chesr literary |.nt,locations of the day are for *?le, wholesale aDtl retail, at the Hcbali) Orrica, north weet corner of Nassau and Fulton street The Charter Election.?This interesting race comes off to morrow morning, beginning at sun rise and ending at sun down. Let every honest man and exquisite rogue prepare, to play their parts. The contest will be warm and doubtful Both parties?whigs and locotocoe?are confident. To-morrow we shall publish a list of eandidatesoa both sides, and the several places for holding ihe polls. So be ready. ADMTNTSTRATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE?IMCKKASI HP Tdiuc r.nmmiiMitiad I? L ? i >1 rt I v I J11M I S llFff ffllh. )ect to fits* of stu(>or, from which it seems almost impossible for them to be aroused The deep sleep of moral death tails ui>on them. They become as rotten and as peaceful as the church-yard?where there is peace, because every eye is dim, and every arm nerveless?where there is silence,because force was not with force, nor man with man; and the only sense of vitality left, is that of the crawling worm, th it feeds and battens there. We greatly fear that the community in which we live is sinking into this perilous state of apathy and death; if, indeed, all the social just ice, truth and virtue, do not already lie beneath that gravestone, which can be removed only by a power miraculous as that which called Lazarous from the tomb. If the astounding result of the trial of Singleton Mercer, do not thoroughly arouse the community, trom one end of the Union to the other, we may at once make an end of our exhortations, and prepare for some terrible universal catastrophe, like that which descended on the doomed cities of the plain. Just let us, for a few moments, calmly review this sad, sad case. From beginning to end it has been the most melancholy tragedy that any land has ever seen. The beginning was horrible, but the end is ten fold more a|>palling. It is the whole story ol the evils which have grown up amongst us into gigantic lorm, and are about to cover the whole facecf this tair western world, with desolation condensed into one dark chapter of blood, and defiance of the laws. The accomplished, systematic seducer?the social insensibility to Ins atrocious crime?the gross immorality of a city once pre-eminent for sobriety and virtue?the reckless spirit of revenge?the assassination in'o|>en day?and in one of the most public places which could possibly be selected?the loud burst ol popular sympathy tor the criminal? the trial?the last crowning act of open, mad, utterly reckless defiance of justice and the laws?never was such a gloomy pictute exhibited to the world. The whole trial ol young Mercer was one of the saddest farces ever seen. Who believes that the murderer was insane 1 Not one The murder was ua act oi deliberate, premeditated,matured revenge. It was not done in a sudden burst of agony or passion None can estimate more correctly the awful provocation given, than we. None can be more disposed than we to judge with leniency the offender. Hut we must proclaim the solemn truth, which the evidence has written, as with a pen of iron,?not to be effaced, not to be misunderstood,?Singleton Mercer was guilty of deliberately shedding the blood of a fellow being Well, he is tried. The evidence of his guilt is full and satisfactory. And yet a jury of sane men, ?a jury of citizens of a State in which the administration of criminal justice has been heretofore no. toriously strict and severe?acquit the man. A scene of indescribable tumult, aa yet unexampled in a Court of Justice, ensues. The Judge appeals to the mob,?he beseeches as a favor that they would restrain their feelings?but he appeals in vain The voic*- of the minister of the laws is as little regarded as their supremacy,which has been degraded and discr. ced and covered with cootempt and infamy. The prisoner is carried away amid the acclamations of the populace; and the heavens are rent by the shouts which proclaim the triumph ot excited and maddened popular feeling over justice and the laws of God and man! Were we not right in saying that the sleep which this startling warning fails to arouse, must be the sleep of the dead? Would any but the dead remain motionless, unappalled, unawakened, when the flames are. bursting forth on all sides? or when the earth sends forth premonitory echoes of the thundering avalanche which is descending in fury from the hills, and is about to cover the plain with ruin and death? The matter has come to resolve itself into a very simple question? are we to maintain the dignity and sa, remaey of the laws, and established order of civilized society, or are we to ad minister justice, punish crime and avenge wrong, according to that cheap, ex|>editious and old fashioned system which nrpvailpH in I hp Hrvh whprt " Wild in woodi the noble lavage ran?" We say to eveiy manlin the community, are you indeed prepared for the latter alternative ? If bo, let us at once dispense with the present cumbrous and complicated system, judges, juries, and laws. Let us at once dismiss our judges,who have to beg on their knessthat the people will not disgrace the sanctuary of justice, and are laughe f to scorn in return. Let us it once demolish this trial by jury, and save ear citizens from the crime of trifling with the solemn sanctity ol an oath. Let us at once burn in our public squares,with becoming indignity those statute books, which the bravo and assassin have already trampled in the duat. Once tor all, we say it has come to this. The outraged sovereignty of the law is either to be vindicated and maintained, or to perish for ever from amongst us Look around you. It is no solitary crime,committed with impunity, that rises up before you, waving in triumph its garments all dabbled with blood, and mouthing the very heavens with its fiendish laughter, as it exultingly proclaims its immunity In this very city, we have had, within h few weeks, a series of atrocities of rematkuble horror. A man is shot down in one of our most public thoroughfares, at the close of day, and after a painful and minute investigation, continued during a whole week, not the slighest trace of the assassin is discovered. Then we have the death of an unprotected female, under circumstances which awaken the most painful suspicions of well concerted wrong; and yet the guilty escape! In fact, no man or woman is safe. The authors of crimes of the deepest dye are rarely discoverable, and when brought to trial, can laugh at our laws. Who is sale lrom as-asaination 1 If you have a personal ensrny, can he not just as readily dismiss you Irotn the world, as the murderer of Corlies dis mimru him in-siarrefl ihko 1 It even you have not a stogie foe, are you Hure that you may not be mistaken by some skulking bravo for his i neiny 1 Are you a father, or a husband, or a brother, mid has your daughter, or the wife ot your bosom, or your beloved sister, excited the hellish desires of any of those men, who, like the murdered Heberton, |*>llute our commuuitv; ,r? you sure that you may not be quietly removed lor ver from the office ot protecting those objects ot your ever-watchful solicitude and tenderest regard 1 Come, now, this matter must be pressed home. [>et the warniug which the assassination of Heberton, ttnd the acquittal by popular acclamation of his murderer, utter, ring m the ?*r? ol all like the words ol doom. Awake' awake* ye ministers of justice and the laws! Awake' all ye who deaire the con linuance of the good order of society?the security ot vour families?the safety of your own lives. \ wuke ' and make one effort; or, sleep on, and , i the murderer* of fema|e virtue a*d ot human life i i iiti 'il, 111111 Willi addad reckb-Mneas, tin il our land be converted into one horrible Mnk ot iulaiuy?0U9 wide, reektng held ol blood. C?A*QK lOAINCT THE Poi.ICK KErORTEfS?O Saturday afternoon ,wt* were takeu by surprise by a very t>erioti9 charge- made against the police eeport?? of several of the daily papem, including ubo the Herald, winch apjieared in ihe "Express" ot that morning, and in the "Commercial Advertiser" of the same afternoon. It is as follows: AntiT or Traces MaaaiTT.? 1 urner Merritt, who wm some time since arrested on charge* ol grand larceny and forgerv. was on Thuraday arrested on a bench wai. rant issued'out of the Court of Sessions, and was committed to prison for trial. There are some circumstances connected with thia arrest of Mr. M< rritt worth notice. During the winter, upon Hie first arrest, he gave a police reporter belonging to the Herald newspaper $A0 to keep the report out of certain newspapers named, who by sharing it with the reporters of the papers named, succeeded in bis ettort At other offices where money could not buy a reporter, among which wus ours, he or his friendi ieggerf as a favor that the re|>ort might be lelt out, which was done. We have alladed to this to show what a false step it was on the part of Mr. Merritt Mr. Merritt, whom, from all we hear, we judge in thia caae at least to be rather the persecuted man, was weak enough on hit Brat arrest to tamper with a rejwrter for the press ; and since thia we learn that he has been on the rack, as more black mail was demanded of him. The cry has been "give, giva j" and when he does not give, newspaper publication ia threatened by the reporter.? Haw much he haa given, we cannot undertake to say. When a man thus gets into trouble, the only way for him ia to await an investigation. An arrest does not prove a man guuiy. l be tieit ol men may tie arrested. The bad inn here is Mr. Merritt's great effort with the reporters ot news pap. rs, unknown to the proprietors, to keep his casein the hack ground.? Exprni. Some two months ago we were made acquainted with the circumstances of this case, so far as relates to the alleged tampering with the reporters, and the names of the profligate who received the fifty clojars, and of those who shared it, were communicated to us. we also then wrote an article exposing the affair but having neglected to takedown the name of our informant, the artiolewas suppressed, lest iu the hour of need we should not be able to substantiate the charee. It is due to the editors of the Express to aay that their reporter was then charged aa one of the aharers ol the black mail that had been levied. Whether the charge was just or not we are unable to say. Tet the black mail was levied and paid, as stated above.? Commercial JUrerliter. We publish these serious statements?in their whole breadth and length?for the purpose of aacertaining theii truth or falsehood. To the proprietor of the Herald, all these transactions are entirely unknown. We never heard of them before. We know not even who Turner Merritt is?and to our recollection never before heard of his name or offence, till we saw the statement in the " Express" and " Commercial." These are very serious charges against the integrity of a police reporter of the Herald, and also the reporters of several other papers?and it is due to every principle of justice, that their names should j be given by their accusers, and the evidence of the truth of such charges. If it can be proved that any reporter in the Herald establishment was vniltv of such conduct, we shall dismiss him immediately from our employment. Such conduct is utterly opposed to the rules of our establishment, and we belie re to every other well regulated newspaper. As a matter of right and justice, therefore, to the ii.dividuals so charged, to the newspaper press and to the public, we call upon the "Express" and the " Commercial "Advertiser," to give us names, facts and evidence. There are a number of very respectable men, who depend upon the business of |>olice reporting for a livelihood?and the preservation of their character against untrue charges, is one of their dearest rights. We ask for the names. The Orttmbs of Office ?The annexed affidavit, price one shilling, is copied from the "Albany Evening Journal," a religious, and pious, and moral paper, published by the Rev. Thurlow Weed, a holy saint of Albany. It shows that if Aldermen have no salary, they yet catch a few crumbs or drippings from the Poor House over which they preside. We would like to see some such developments relative to the Aldermen of New York. Can't wef State of Ifttc York, .llbany it: James Trader, of the city of All >any, being duly sworn, says: That he has been engaged as one ot the hands in the Soup Houae from the 4th of January last until Tuesday, the 31st inat.; that when deponent went to the Soup Houae on the 4th ot ! January, he was employed by Alderman Downing, who told him to go to work and he would pay deponent what 1 was right, and that no further bargain or agreement was mnde between them about wages. Deponent further says: That for about 3 or 4 weeks after he first came to the Soup House, there were two or three persons whose names are not known to deponent, who were in the habit ol coming to the Soup Houae almoat daily, to each of whom, every time they came, the aforesaid Alderman Downing gave beef, uncooxed, to the amount of fram 8 to 10 ;>oiinds each, and a loaf or two loaves of bread each, which they carried away; and deponent says he has on two occasions known of Alderman De wning's sending beet from the Soup House to his own house, for his use. ^ nn<i uepoiieni junnpr says: i uui iii om 01 mc iieei uelivered at the s*up House was of the coarsest kind, and such as shoulders, rib-pieces, legs, kc., and other parts, from which the beit pieces had been cut out, leavmg a great deal ot hone. And deponen' further says: That while he was employed in said Soup Housa, Alderman Downing dined there daily, Sundays excepted; that the choicest pieces of beef wpre roasted every day for dinner; that many other persons have during that time bean in the habit of taking their meals there, more or less every day; that deponent has seen more than ten prisons, over and above those employed about the Soup House, at one time taking their dinner there; that Alderman Bucklln has dined there very! dpponrnt has also seen there at dinner, occasionally, from time to time, several other members and officers of the Board, and constables of the city. And deponent further says: That during all the while he was there, Alderman Downing received and took away for his own use all the swill, refuse of vegetables, kc., from the Soup House, which deponent thinks would be worth about $3 a week; and further he says not. JAMES TRADER. Sworn before me this 81st March, 184J, Wm Fuxilic, Recorder of Albany. Rejection op Governor Bouck's Nominations.? There is a screw loose in the big wheel of the democracy in- Albany. Several of Governor Bouck's nominations have been rejected that ought not to have been, and others have been confirmed that never deserved it. Governor Bouck has made blunders enough to spoil the crop of oats in Schohaire,and give the old white horse the botts, but the rejection of Thomas J. Carmichael, of West Chester, by the votes of Senator Hunter and a few others of that ilk, is an act of the most gross injustice to a inan of high and unblemished reputation, and is an outrage to the democracy of West Chester, of which Mr. Carmichael has been a conaistent and generous supporter. More of this anon. Monro* Edwards's EscarcShortwell, the shoe-making agent, who was placed in the room where Edward's was confined, to deliver out work to the convicts, was held to bail on Saturday, in the sum of $1000, before the Justice who held the examination at Sing Sing. Tli* crime of aiding and insisting in the esc&|>e of a prisoner ;s a felony, and punishable by Stat- prison confi i ement. It would lie rather n peculiar transition lor Shortwell to be placed as a cenvict at the bench in the very shop where he has recently been a sort of a boss agent! In the examination before the Justice, it was clearly proved that Shortwell had purchased the brandy and other articles found in the box where Edwartfs was discovered, as also a peculiar kind of cake, made at a particular place in the village. The day after Edwards was found, he was placed at the whipping post, his back bared, and a strong athletic keeper selected, who applied some fifty lashes with u cat-o'-nine tails to his quivering akin, that made him wince again; By a gentleman who arrived from Sing Sing last evening, we learn that a convict named Bodenine, sent from this city for seven years, for assault and I uaurry uii iiip wur, wjiu imcni in mil, nsuapfu un Saturday He had been insane for the past eighteen months, and the story is that he mint have committed suicide. We advise the Legislature to immediately puss a bill throwing open the dooraol the prison at Sing Sing and Auburn, as there is but little distinction between the rogues there confined, and those at large, in these days. Hkbrkw Lbctcbe* by Prof. Wines.?It will be seen by the advertisement that this learned Professor < ommrneaa a senea of lectures in this city upon the civil government ot the Hebrews. Thev are the same that h< has recently delivered with so much success in Philadelphia They are represented as "elaborate and most interesting disquisitions on the law?and government of the Hebrews " Tub Chaht' k Ku-< u?>\ The candidates ot both psrti-s arc tn I lie ti ' 1, an I eager lor the frav W. have he n requested to state that the imor that WiIhhmi Hitler, the Hemocrattc ranj i .l.ite for Alderman ot the Sixth Ward, would re1 sign, is entirely unfounded. th? spring.'business?t hratr1cal8 in rkl Lute ?The arrivals at the hotels? the breaking ua of the ice?and the riBe oi tfcs thermometer, indicut that the spring businem is about hegianisg- Accordiugly the legitimate theatricals in real life have opened the season in Pearl street, with the following new piece:? COUNTRY MERCHANTS. Will be performed, every evening, Sunday* included, at th? principal hotels in this city, Bi ihk Pkihl Street CusrtKT, A FAROE, call ail THE DIIUMMKRS or DISINTERESTED HOSPITALITY. The Part oi Hardware Drummer, by Mr. Staple Goods Drummer, Mr. Fancy Goods Drummer, Mr. Crockery Drummer, Mr. Punch, Grog, Playing Carda, Dice, and other Refreshments are always provided gratia for COUNTRY MERCHANTS, Who are invited to attend at all times. And for their iorthar improvement in morals, the same entertainmeut is repeated on SUNDAYS, At the usual place* of reaort around this city; and horses and carriages are provided gratis at all hours for COUNTRY MERCHANTS. The Actors themselves pay all expenses, their only recom Dense beine tne Measure of ohlivinar COUNTRY MERCHANTS; Who mutt aot suspect that any sclflsh motive can lurk under this appearanee of generosity, and that Roods will be sold to them at higher prices to pay far such EXrENSIVE ENTERTAINMENTS. This " bill of the play" does not state whether the business is to be done on the cash system?but we Buppose it is At least every line of business is now adopting that grand system which we introduced in 1835, and were laughed at for our pains. Even Charles King, of the American, has come down from his stilts, and gone the whole figure? or at least will on the firet of May. Country merchants must bring cash with them, otherwise they cannot be regaled with the choice theatricals of Pearl street. Watering Places.?The singing of the birds? the opening of the buds?and the breaking up of the icebound rivers, will soon introduce us to the spring. But, indeed, we will have no spring this year.' We will leap at one bound from the fropty embrace of winter into the lap of summer. Now is the time, then, when inquiries begin to Be made relative to the most agreeable mode of spending the summer months. A number of old watering places and summer resorts are in the field, and several new candidates for public favor are putting forth their pretensions. One of the places nearest this city is New Brigh ton. Blancard has taken the Pavillton. The former proprietor of the Pavillton, Mr. Pieria, has taken Belmont Hall?we think it is called?which is situated at the head of the landing. It is a very commodious and comfortable house, and the location is healthy and agreeable. Mr. Pieris kept the Pavillion with great judgment and attention to his guests, and we doubt not that in his new situation he will sustain his high character as a host. New Brighton and Staten Island promise therefore to be very gay this summer. With respect to Rockaway a great deal of difference of opinion exists as to its salubrity. It is surrounded by swamps and pools of stagnant water; and people are beginning to select other places on the sea shore,more favorably located, and adjacent to a dry, gravelly beach. Bath is a very charming place, and so also is Fort Hamiltou. And then again, on the Jersey shore there is Shrewsbury, Long Branch, and other agreeable resorts, which present great attractions and are very salubrious. West Point is a pleasant place; but under its present rtgimr,is not much Ireqiiented. Catskill mountains has had its sublime attractions so graphically described in prose and verse, and been celebrated all the world over, that it is unnecessary to speak here oi its beauties. It is well kept. Saratoga, of all other places, will be the grand centre of those travelling in pursuit of health and pleasure. The greatlv increased facilities and consequent cheapness of travelling will bring thronging to it, visiters from all parts of the Union. The great West will come by the way of the Buffalo and Albany railroad?all New England by the way of the Great Western railroad; and all the South by the way of New York and the North River. What will greatlv add to the interest and enjoyment at Saratoga this season will be the presence of the Calhoun men, and women too, who will come north to lay their plans against Van Buren. Political intrigue will give spice to the parties?the promenading?the flirtation?the gossiping?to every thing. In Schoharie County there is a pleasant and salu brious Sulphur Spring; but that is a little out of the way. The plea9antest Sulphur spring in the north is at Avon. It is a most delightful spot, and the water is remarkably efficacious in many diseases. Then there is Niagara?all Saratoga will go there,by way of variety, as it can be reached, including Avon Springs, in a day and a half, and at a cost of little more than ten or fifteen dollars. New York will thus all summer be the centre through which the great stream of travellers and tourists will pass, and our streets and hotels will be, if possible, more bustling than ever. Qui Vive!?The Alcibiades Club House ? Among our law reports will be found a curious case, in which some revelations are made of the famous Alcibiades Club House, established by Madame Seignette. This is the house at which it was stated last summer, by Horace Greely, of the " Tribune," that Captain Robert Tyler, of Washington, took & petite touper, one evening, during his visit to this city for the organization of the Tyler party. We understand also that another trial will come of} in another court in a few days, in which some further and wonderful developments will be made of those incidents in fashionable life, and the birth ?r the Tyler party, which Mr. Philosopher Greely still keeps to himself. Jacob Shipman, the Missing Monet Agent.? It seems now to be stated that this gentleman is neither dead nor run away. The amount of money with him, it is ascertained, is much smaller than he usually takes on. The Union Bank of this city sent by him $15,000, for which $2,000 reward is offered. Some other sums may make the whole $25,000. The gentleman has heretofore, on occasions, indulged in "sprees" of two or three days daration, and it is probable he is now amusing himself in that manner, and will return in due time. It is stated, however, that some deficiency may be expected from the fact that,like Nicoll, of the Life and Trust, he speculates in lottery tickets, and however honest the individual may be, those speculations are sufficiently seductive to involve property entrusted to them, as well as their own. City Intelligence. Prize Fight Trials.?The trials of parties said to be concerned in the Prize Fight, at Hastings, where McCoy was killed, commence this day before the Oyer and Terminer, at Bedford, Westchester county. Jake De Forrest's and Lewis's line, by the six o'clock morning train of Harlem Railroad cars. Common Council.?Both Boards of Aldermen meet this afternoon at 5 o'clock. Died from Burning.?Ths Coroner was called yesterday to hold an inquest on the body of a little girl named Catharine Coyle, aged nearly seven years, daughter of John and Mary Coyle, who died in the morning from the effects of a severe burn received on the 20th of last month. Her apron caught fire from the stove, and burned her face and neck nearly to a crisp. Her situation was such that it was really astonishing how she could have survived the length of time she did. The Last Outrage Upon a Woman.?The woman who has lived with John Bcobell, the former clerk of f)e Merrilt, the financier, who was so severely heat by him on Thursday,still lies in a dangerous state at the City Hospital. Scobell will be examined this morning before the Coroner. Capital Provisions ?One of the best provision stores, where fresh cuts of all kinds may be had, is Cairn T Porter's, 144 Chapel street His steaks iti? t.iti 'si and Iwai tiiat ever were tarled ?gtiov. I>avia, o| Msssarliaaeiis, arrived in the city last cveniug, and mat Howard's Hotel. jSfc: Pubijc Lectures.?Three lectures are to be de- ! livered in our city this evening. Law, literature, temperance, and religion are the topics. Mr. John Dner lectures on "Marine Insurance." He delivered the first lecture on this subject last week, but the audience was so thin that lie had df termined to give j up the project altogether; but some legal friends induced him to resume his lectures. Mr. Duer is an able lawyer, and an accomplished public speaker. He is, indeed, one ol the most agreeable speakers at the bar. We have no doubt he will acquit himself iu these lectures in his usual creditable manner. Hut the subject he has selected appears to be an uninviting one, and from the character ol the audience on the former occasion, it would appear that little interest will be excited. There is one subject, which, if taken up by Mr. Duer, would produce indescribable interest, and draw a crowded house. It is the subject of the science oi modern financiering. Mr. Duer is admirably fitted to discuss this topic with skill, judgment and success. His singular opportunities of be coming perfectly familiar with it?hit experience in all its practical workings?his knowledge ol all its hidden mysteries, render him better qualified, perhaps, than any other lawyer of our bar. Then the subject itself is one of surpassing interest. It is quite surprising that it has never yet been taken up by a popular lecturer. Where of all topics which attract the attention of men in the nineteenth century, is there one of such exciting, practical interest, as that which relates to finance, banking, the currencyl These matters have occupied more attention, and exercised a greater influence on the public mind in this country .during the lust ten or twenty years, than any other subjects of general concernment ever did in any other land, or in this, during preceding periods. How is it that no one has taken them up and lectured on theml We have a very great mind to take them up in this way ourselves, and give a series of lectures on them some of these days. Mr. Gliddon commences this evening, at Niblo's, a series of lectures on the antiquities, literature, religion, and philosophy of ancient Egypt. Mr. Gliddon is the gentleman who published the scathing pamphlet reviewing Mr. Cooly's amusing work ; but it would seem that he has now lost all his fire. He is as calm, placid and harmless as Pharaoh's mam mified daughter on the Sphinx. His first lecture, the introductory one, was attended by quite a crowd of the fashionable literati and modern philosophers of both sexes. We have no doubt that his lectures will continue to be equally well attended. Mr. Gliddon now unlocks the hidden mysteries of Egyptian antiquity, and reveals ell those discoveries of Champollion, Rosselinie, Young and others, which have hitherto been comparatively sealed up and in accessible to the great mass of the community. The tendency and effect of these investigations on the popular faith, on the accuracy of the chronology and statements of Moses and the other sacred historians, it is difficult at present to foresee. There can be little doubt, however, that the immediate effect will not contribute towards strengthening that faith. We shall, however, wait and see the result. Mr. Maffit is the third lecturer this evening. He deals in the flowers of rhetoric?boquets?and hum bug. He is a good deal like the accomplished gentleman described by Cowper, and cannot open his mouth " bat out there flies a trope." He is of altogether .a different character from the other lecturers, but he will draw far more crowded houses than they. Thus we are in a fair way of being instructed, enlightened and improved. Theatrical.?The Park Theatre, during the past week, has been doing a tolerable business in the legitimate line. Mr. Booth made his appearance on several nights, and attracted very tolerable houses. His engagement and the little excitement created by it, have been produced by the competition in the legitimate drama, by the Park and the Chatham. It is very singular, however, to observe the changed destinies of theatres in this city. In point of dramatic talent, 'and the excellence of the performances, the Chatham Theatre is far ahead of the Park. Mr. Forrest and Miss Clifton have appeared during the week in " The Patrician's Daughter," and " Metamora," and the vigor, excellence, finished style, and effect of the acting we have never seen surpassed. Mr. Forrest seems to have very much improved. His vast physical power is becoming more obedient to his intellectual We have now fewer of those boisterous explosions which marred the beauty and effect of his earlier performances. He is now forming a more subdued, chaste, and classical style. In the " Patrician's Daughter," he frequently reminded us of Macready. Miss Clifton has also much improved, and in the same way as Mr. Forrest. She sustained the characters of Mabel and Nahmeokee, with great delicacy and grace, and with that quiet, subdued pathos and feeling which enter so deeply into these interesting characters. Miss Clifton is rapidly attaining that characteristic style which made the name of Kemble immortal. To-night Mr. Forrest takes his benefit, and both he and Mies Clifton appears in the "Patrician's Daughter," and in " Damon and Pythias." A great card, and a great house. T iiTBAT mn\f Hn\nnn a??AnnprpH ie i Ufftir from our correspondent in Balize, Honduras, which we received by the Florida Blanca, a beautilul brig that runs regularly between that port and New York. News from that quarter of the globe is always interesting. (CorreipondaDee of the Herald.1 Hki.izb, Honduras, March 20,1843 Dear Sir:? The other day we had a little fight between a John Bull and a Creole, in which the last, of course, got thrashed, it quite animated our little town (the one party being respectable,) indeed even so much so that lor some time the conversations were only about the tn6Ke. The Legislative meeting is now assembled, and will probably not finish business for some time ; till now they have only put on a tax of 60 cents on a dozen ot beer, but as they have very shortly had a severe loss by the sinking of the |>owder magazine, ihey are obliged to put on new taxes to raise money. One member proposed, that on foreign manufactures, a duty of 10 |>er cent should be paid, which was not approved of?another a tax of #1 on flour and pork, which was rejected ; however, we shall see soon what the) will do. As usual every person is for his own interest?the merchant proposes a lax on flour and pork; the mahogany cutter a tax on dry goods We are now expecting our new (Governor; our present, Alexander Micnonald, an old Waterloo veteran, is going home, his time being up. The Herald is the only paper read and cared for. If you like I will send you the Belize & Gazette and Observer along with my next. 1 shall write to you again after the public meetings have finished business and the new Governor arrived. For Ai.iiany, Ho!?The "Swallow," under the experienced guidance of her esteemed and popular commander.Captain Mcl^ean, slarla for Albany at ft o'clock this evening. The " Swallow " has lately undergone moat extensive repair?,and been much enlarged. Her ladies saloon, and the Biate rooms are remarkably elegant, Rnd as comfortable rtli elegant. Three private state rooms for gentlemen, each containing twelve bertftR, have been fitted up, and are ready for the reception of private parties. By last accounts, the Hudson was open as far as Kingston, and it is likely that the recent fair weather has " cleared the track " for a considerable distance farther. North River Excursion.?The steamboat North America made a trip up the North River and back to the city on Saturday afternoon. Oeneral Morris, Mr. Henry R ussell, several gentlemen of the press, and a large and miscellaneous company were on board, and were treated by Captain Trueedale with characteristic hospitality. Mr. Russell was called on for a song; he very politely responded, and sang 'Woi.ft ign, Ppar that Tree," and "TheN'-wtoundi i id I'og,'' wcii ihrilJing cirec'. A quartette club from Newark were also on board, and sang several glees with great spirit. 1 BY THE SOUTHERN MALL-1 Philadelphia. [CoiTcipondi-nre of the Herald ] J'mi.APELrHtA, Sunday, April if, 18<8Great Reaction in the Mercer Case?AJmi astral tan <tf Justice in New Jersey? Popular Delusion in Philadelphia. The Mercer trial is over?the solemn judicial farce is ended?and nought remains but tor the historian to record it as a burlesque upon die administration of justice, and the criminal jurisprudence of the State of Mew Jersey. All popular excitements are subject to ebb and flood, like the tide; to oscillations, like the pendulum. If the action be high, a reaction equally high may be expected. During the progress of the trial, and up to the rendering of the verdict, there was but one popular feeling, but one current?and that set as strong as death for young Mercer; but no sooner had the verdict been rendered, and the first tumultuous ebulitions of joyous excitement subsided, when the tide began to change, and the anticipated reaction to commence. I have lingered till to-day in this city on purpose to discover the symptoms of popular feeling. I have had the opportunity of seeing several of the leading men of this city, and especially of the Philadelphia bar; and there is but one opinion expressed, and that is the one nt the commencement of this letter, that the whole trial has been a solemn judicial farce, for the reason that the verdict of the jury was just as certainly known at the commencement of the trial, ^ us it was at the close. The whole trial was therefore a mere legal formality. Men of sound sense in this city unhesitatingly say that the influence of this trial, and of this verdict, upon society, will be most disastrous: and I don't believe there is one man in a hundred, in all this region, who has the slightest dnuht of the sanitv of Singleton Mercer, from first to last. Ask a Philadelphian now what he thinks of Mercer's insanity, and nine times out of ten the only answer you get is a thumb on the nose, and a knowing look out of one corner of the eye. And yet it must have been on this ground that he was acquitted, for no one will pretend that three days was not " time enough to cool;" and therefore the murder could not have been perpetrated in the heat of passionYou alluded a few days since to some most extraordinary developments of which you are in possession, and there is a very great curiosity and even eagerness lo hear from you in the Herald what ihey are, for it is now pretty generally believed here in Philadelphia that there is a screw loose somewhere, and that there is rottenness in Denmark. And 1 have been requested by many of the leaders oi the Herald?some of them gentlemen of high standing, to beg of you to tell what you know. It would undoubtedly create a great excitement, but it is due to public justice, and to the welfare of society, that all wrongs in the administration of the law should be exposed. People look to you to take the lead in these exposures, for tjie especial reason that the Philadelphia papers are just now afrai I to touch but one side of the question, although they will undoubtedly ride upon the nopular current as soon as its change shall be fully discovered. "^Jewish Magazine.?The Jews in this country have availed themselves of the press for the defence and advocacy of their creed, and commenced the publication, at Philadelphia, of a monthly periodical, entitled " The Occident, and American Jewish Advocate." In Germany the Jews have the "Universal Jewish Gazette," "The Israelite of the Nineteenth Century," and the " Orient?in France, the " Israeliti?h Archives of France;"?and in Eogland, the "Voice of Jacob." The "Occident" appears to be under the guidance of a man of talent and sound judgment, and will, we have no doubt, contain much valuable and interesting matter. We perceive that in the present number, the old project of the establishment of a Jewish colony tn the United States is started. Major Noah has another chance. The Streets up town are in a horrible state. Tenth, Eleventh, Twelfth, and some parts of the Sixth Avenue present an appearance utterly dis" graceful to the street-cleaning contractors. If not soon cleansed, the effluvia will createja plague. I Sehor Don Felix Merino has ;bten duly ?recog ni6ed as Vice Consul of the Mexican Republic lor Philadelphia. $tj- The public muit give Barnnm great credit. Never did the American Museum open the spring season with greater attractions. For a backward season they are astonishing The wonderful giant boy, is a great curiosity. Maoy'peoplo think his appearanre ominous. Miss Darling, Winchell, Chang Fon?r,|and the new danseuse. La Petite Cerito, perform this evening. This is a great bill JJQ^TO TAILORS W anted, a man to takechargeot a fashionable clothing store. He must be an actiTe and good coat cutter and salesman, of good address?he must be capable to oversee the cutter and work hands, which number at least one hundred, and one that has held a situation in a fashionable clothing store for at least tire or six years, and a married man. The situation will be a pleasant and permanent one?the salary from (500 to (700 per annum. None need apply only those answering the above description. A men from New York wouJd be preferred. All applications to be made in person or by letter, post paid. Apply to R. T. SHEPHERD, No. 95 Chrsnut street, Philadelphia. 8 0(7- BRISTOL'S BARSAPAR1LLA.-Eight years has this popular medicine been gaining a fast hold on the confidence of the public, and it now stands upproved by the medical faculty as a standard remedy for scrofula, and ofhsr disease* arising from imnurtty of the blood. The case of Mr. Holbertson is but on of a thousand who have been restored to health when all other remedies bad failed. Every day brings new proofs of its virtues, and those persons who desire a restoration to health are desired to call on Wm. Burger, Nos. AO and Aa Ceurtlan It street; Themas Hognn, -jus Stanton street, or at Milhau's Pharmacy, and examine a mass of testimony of such persons as are to be seen and enquired of The spring is a time when nature admonishes us to renew the system, to " purge out the old|leaven,'' and revivify the organs of bodily health- What so effectual as Bristol's Sarsaparill:, rnmnnunded as it is with other vesretable extracts of well known celebrity 1 Sold in hottlei of $1. See that the written signature of C. C. Bristol it written across the cork of the bottle; none other is genuine. Sold wholesale and retail by ffm. Burger, 60 and 5J Ceurtlandt st, and 188Greenwich st. Q0-ENQUIRE.?When we say that .Hays' Liniment, from Coanatock It Ross, 36 Magazine street, will cure the piles, and all sores and pains, if you doubt our word, call on L. Tringent, Esq., Si St. Ann street, one of our most worthy citizens, who had suffered so intolerably with the Biles that his friends feared that he would take his own fe, until he used thie Liniment, when he became, to use his own words, a new man." We had these facts from his own mouth. We cannot pity a person who will continue to suffer when he may l>e cured by using this remedy New Orleans paper. The same may be had of Comstock k Co., 71 Maiden lane, this city. 00- ABSQUATULATORS ARE ON THE GO? The disappearance of the broker's agent, with some one or two ^hundred thousand dollars, is the last important more on the chess tioard of modern morality. If he had used Sherman's Camphor Lozenges, he would never have done such ja foolish thing. They sooth and quiet the nerves, and make a man honest, whether be wilts or no. They are the great curealls lor heart ache, palpitation, and sea sickness?as Sherman's Cough Lozcugos are a sovereign remedy for coughs and colds, and the Woim Lozeng<s are the only positive worm destroying medicine in the world. Warehouse 106 Nassau street. Agents?139 Fulton street, Brooklyn ; and 3 Ledger buildings, Philadelphia. 00- BEWARE OF BLUNBERINO IMPOSTERS, whose compounds are manufactured by guess, and are as likely to kill, as cure. Since the law does not reach these triflers with human life, the only means oi stopping their nefarious practices is not to buy their trash. II your watch was out of order, you would not take it to a blacksmith to be mended, and yet the blacksmith would know more of its structure than the empiric knows of the delicate organisation of the human frame. But when men of science and research offer a medicine to the public, their reputation is staked upon its effects. If it fails, its failure is n death i. .11 it..!. ?r rims .ir xrnfit It was under full *en*nof thia rriponilhllltf, that Dr. Peter* submitted hie Vegetable Pill* and Medicited Lozenge*'to the t?*t of public experiment. W hat ha? been the result 7 A ?erie* of cure*, atte*te<l by thou*an>la of teetimonial*, which well nigh eetabliah their infallibility. The annul* of medicine <10 not recoril a similar triumph, and the *ale of these wonderful antidote* to disease, like their virtue*, far transcend all former precedent. The*e celebrated medicine* can lw had at I'M Fulton, corner Nassau at. QtJ~ NO HUMBUG.?Esteemed friend, lam nolriind to imfftng or quackery, but having been cured of a very bad cold, by the use of your invaluable Compound Hoar hound Candy, I feel desirous to recommend it to other*, that each one may give it a fair trial and then Judge for himself. Your* respectfully. SOLOMON JKNNER, Teacher, 7ft Henry *t., New Voik, 3d Month, 30th, IB43 To M***r*. J. Pe*?e k Bon, 4A Division *t. Btiix Anothk*?New York, September 7th, 184'J. To Meaere. J. Prase k Son,43 Division at? Gentlemen?leannot refrain from e*pre??ingto you the high opinion which 1 entertain of your Compound Extract ol Hoarhonnd Candy ; whilst engaged in theobjoct of my profession, I am often afflicted wi'h a hoarseness that render* me almost unable to proceed j but the use of your compound take* it completely away, and I coniider it a most invaluable medicine, that should be in the possession of svery public speaker, wbohui much to perform. I am, Rontlemen, yours, he., ENOCH A* >' , r.i torol Methodist Chmcb Attornry Agents Hnsliton and Aspinwall, 10 Astor Hon ' Broadway, and mo William st)Cook, 76ft Broadway jGuion, cor. Bowery and Grand st) Green, 39# Broad wuyj Owen, , I No. 3 Sixth Avenue. I flr?- reoclak uemocraj l< .NOMINATION OK rill SIXTH wahd. WILLIAM SHALKR. lor Alderman. THOMAS S HEVRV, lor Assistant. PATRICK KELLY, for Collector. Thomas 9. V urphy, ) _ . Jami. McO. ihk, \ 'orAnewon Michael Philips, ) ? _ , ., Dennis O'Hourkk, I Por Constable*. Iua B. Clark, Dr. Michas.l Coreit, Inspectors ot Election lor the lint district. Enoch E. Camp, Mathew Mukhat, Kor the Becor.d district. ? Patrice Riley, Michael Hanavan, Kor the third district. Thomas Stephens, John Coolt, For the fourth district. 3 The following gentlemen were appointed as a vigilance committee to attend the polls and support the above ticket Firit Diilrict.?George McKinley, Thomas Doudican, Patrick Coggius, Joseph I. Ritchie, Ross McOuire, Thomas 8. Hart, Thomas Weir, James Lynch, JohnCassidy, Abraham Hart,William Murray. Second Diitriet.?Philip Collins, James Mahon, J H. Hamilton, Michael McKeon, Thomas Boland Patrick Rnm.a I?kn I .lana P I Pnrvin Thnmas KennV. John McGowan. Third Di$trict.?Edward Mill*, Michael Moonev, Nicholas Scullen,I.Edward Doodicin, Aadrew MoGlinn, James Beatty, James Bauta, Patrick McOloin, Thomas For, Michael Phillips, William Minor, Peter Conboy, Michael Hanavan, Thomas('onboy. fourth Diitrict.?John Mclntvre, Thomas 8. Murphy, Thomas Stephens, John Cooly, Patrick Kelly, Patrick O'Neil, Edward Murray. The abore committee are requested to meet at Mincho's Hotel, in Leonard street, opposite the Tombs, at half-past seven o'clock. QQ- ANOTHER NRW ROMANCE WILL BE issued at the oltice of the New World, 30 Ann street, tomorrow morning, April 11. PIERRE LANDAIS, OR THE TAILOR OF BRITTANY, A Historical Tale of the Fifteenth Century. Translated from the French, by Miss M. E. Walloy. Seldom is there found any work of Action, of which it can be iqore truly said that the interest is effectively sustained from first to last, than that of " Pierre Landais." It is iull of dramatic points and situations; and there is no trage ly, having possession of the stage, which is superior in this respect. It is the story of a man, who, born in the humblest condition of life, raised himself to the highest rank in an aristocratic State; and there ore few historical characters, brought Into the romances of Scott, James and Bulwer, more imposing and more remarkable. Terms?12$ cents per single copy; $1 far ten copies; $8 for 100 copies. Agents will please send thair orders early, or they may be disappointed in obtaining the requisite quantity. Address, post paid, J. WINCHESTER,30 Ann st. {)(?- CHARLES MARRIOTT, 108 MADISON 8T., a highly re?prctable member of the Friends Society, has Kindly consented tnat persons sintering ny tne nneumatism, swelled limbs, contracted cords, Sec , should be referred to him if they donbt the effects of the Nerve and Bone Liniment, and Indian Vegetable Elixir, to he found only at Comstock and Co 's,7l Maiden lane, in such cases, as he hits recently witnessed an extraordinary cure effected by this remedy. If all who know of the great power and virtues of these articles were as conscientious, sufferers would universally employ them without delay. 0J-Wken the bright comet wags his tail, Or some new Jonah bolts a whale ; When successful thief in borrowed plumos, Asks to be lodged within the tombs ; When mesmerized, we all can see, Like Col. Stone, through walls ot Trinity; When pretty maidens with expressive mirrors, Forget to usethosa wandering meteors, Then, I'll helievo, and not till then, That there will come a period when Razors, onr beards will smoothly lop, Without the aid of Chapman's strop ; There's "magic" in them, 'tis certain ,trua; Donbt not, hut call at William street 103. ft/- THE EAST INDIA HAIR DYE WILL NOT only color the hair, but is warranted not to color the skin. It is done with such surprising facility and accuracy, that its presence cannot be detected. The shade - may be left at brown or be made perfectly hlark, at the pleasure of the user. To he had only at 71 Maiden lane. MONEY MARKET. Sunday, April 9?6 P. St. The bark Niagara, which cleared from Boston on Ha. turday, for London, has on board 400 bales ol' cotton rillings. Tha Westminster, from London, brings $80,000 in specie. The British corvette Electoree, at Havana, on the 31st, from Vera Cruz, for London, with $437,000 specie. In a former article, we mentioned that the debt of Kentucky, under existing laws, was liable to be increased ; but a law of 1833, authorizes the Governor to iasuc six percent stock within the capacity of the sinking fund, to redeem principal and interest. In consequence of this law it was that the issue of stock last year was stoppei', when the debt had been increased $400,000. By the laws lately pas<ed, a synopsis of which we have published, the sinking fuud was increased. We then stated that on this estimated increase,the issue would probably recommence. What we then anticipated has now occurred; a number of new six per cent bonds, " fresh from the mint," havo made their appearance in Wall stree', bearing date 7th, 18th and 17th March, the first coupon fractional, about $17. Thesis were issued to contractors on the public works. An attempt was made beforp the rising of the Legislature, to make these issues scrip instead of stock, but was defeated. There Is about $1,300,000 of these stocks to come upon ihe market. Thol original law of 1898, authorised the emission of lsonds tor internal improvement to the extent of $0 .369,000, this being the estimated expense ot the projected river navigation improvements, turnpike and railroads. $J,006,000, five per cents, were also issued to the banks. Total original issue authorised for internal improvements, $5.369,non " " to Binks, a.oon.noo " " Board of Education, 937,500 Total debt, $1,996,500 The official report of Dec. 1841, madethedebt as fallows: Total bonds Mined for all purposes, 30th Dec., IStl, 6,243 900 To Banks. 2.000.000 Board of Education, 937,500 2,937,500 Actual improvement debt, 3,407-300 Issued ia 1848. 495,280 Total direct debt, January, 1843, $3.90!,783 Amount authorised at above, 5,469,900 Amount to he issued, $1,466,217 As we stated, a considerable sum has already appeared. Very large sale* of Ohio six percent* hare been made by wealthy holder*, in anticipation oi the fall, which the appearance of the aeven per cent (took* mint create. In* dependently af the growing ditcrodit of this State, judicioo* holders of ?ix per cent atocks, by prompt ?ale?, could replace it with the seven per cent at the same prices. The hanks and brokers, who have received large payments from the State in six per cent stock,at 00 to70 cents on the dollar, can afford to sell at present ratea. When a sovereign State like-Ohio, descend* through its employees to apologise for Its had faith in a penny paper, nothing beyond the tact remains to he said. The bad faith of Ohio, in authorising the present issue of $1,000,000 oi seven percent stock, is glaring and unpardonable. The law of March, 1B49, authorised the com. misiioners "to sell a* much foreign stock, at any price, in Ni'W York, as would produce $600,000, /or the purpose of paying the temporary lomne then due," to wit:? Baring Brothers $13.1,300 New York Brokers 337.306 WoosterBank 130,36ft $409,663 This law pledged the fait hj of the State, that no more foreign itork iknuld he issued. This stock was sold at a loss of near $600,000 ! ! The ??mo law authorised annj ther ietur uf a six per cent dnmeelii: stock toyay contrac tore. This was not taken, and at the extra session it was proposed to raise the interest on this domestic stock to ten per cent, but it was def eated. At I he late regular session, this domestic loan was turned into n seven percent foreign itock, in violation of the State faith, because her own citizens could not, or would not trust her. She had no alternative but to repudiate her domestic debt, or vlo late her solemnly pledged faith. She pursued the latter course. This Is not the only Instance o( bad faith i a more glar? ing and dangerous one exist* in her misappropriation* of her "sinking fund." In a statement of the debt by the Auditor,which we published onjFriday, the whole debt ia put down at tlO.HsM-JI, including $4,000,000 due the inking fund. Wo are gravely told that thi* amount due the (inking fund i* not a debt, because the State owes it to itself. The sinking ftmd was established to redeem the principle ot the debt. It was pledged and devoted to it has been ruthlesslf seized and snent IUBI |?UI|-v-?' - for other piirpa*e?- If we turn to the Ute circular we find deducted from the eatimated taae* for the inking fund. In other report* we are told that the "intercat fulid" e?oe< the sinking fund $3,000,000, end al?o lartfe aum* to the " achool fund" and other fund*. Suppose the city of New York would pend it* 'inking fund in paying contractor*, would the creditor* think their security strengthened 1 When the Ohio creditor*hint at the mean* of redemp. tlefl, they are told that there i* a linking fund of jimo.OOO due from the "public work*." If the debt of i ,'lillc work* i* ?i>okrn of, the amount due the public v')i k*" iafciot adebr, tieenitae the State owe* it to It'elf." *fhl? remind" n* of a financier in a'mall way,who affected by thirst, walked into a grocery, and naked lor sixpence worth of cracker* j the ready shopman put them up di

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