Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 13, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 13, 1843 Page 2
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NE\ YORK HEW ALU. v i w l. rh, *1 l?ur?l*y, April 13, 1M3 JlrrtM Mtcrarj IJejxjt. All the new anil cheap literary publications of the day are for sale, wholesale and retail, at the Herald Ofpick, oorthwpst corner of Nassau and Fulton street. To the Carriers of I lie Herald. Several of the Carriers of the Herald are in the habit of delaying to serve our subscribers and readers to as late an hour in the morning ns 8 or 9 o'clock, in order to be able to serve other papers at the same time. Unless our ?. ?rrier? serve our (tibicribera always as eany bh t o'clock, we shall dismiss them. N. B.?Applications for new Carriers will be received at this office. Nrw Won The following hafc just l>een issued, and are for sale at the Herald officeThe Pilot, by Cooper ; Jonathan AV'ilJ, l>y Fielding ; and No. 6 of the American in Kgypt,by Cooley. History ok tmt Jk??, Vol. H?Harper and Brothers have issued the second number of their cheap edition of the "Family Library," being the second volume of Milman's " History ol the Jews." This portion of the History comprise* the period from thr Babylonian captivity to the siege of Jerusalem. The Harpers are publishing theirexcellennt library in weekly numbers at twentyfive cents each. The series in this shape will undoubtedly meet with avart sale. The volumes, as they appear, may be obtained at this ollice. The Charter Election?Its Result.?The result of the Charter Election on last Tuesday hns astounded every body, both Whigs and Democrats. It appears that the democratic majority for Mayor will he about six thousand votes?a thing altogether unprecedented, exropt on one occasion, about ten years since, when General Jackson had a majority a little over five thousand. As usual, in such cases of defeat, the Whig press, stationed principally in Wall street, has taken up the old strain, and are ervingout "fraud! foreigner!""foreigner! fraud!" "fraud! foreigner!" The vote taken is, in fact, probably larger than on any prior occasion ; but there is surely nothing remarkable in the fact that the rapidly growing increase of our population should influence the aggregate number of voters. In 1840, there were about -11,000 votes taken. It is supposed that in the election so recently terminated, about 46,000 voters went to the polls. One half of this increase has, it is probable, arisen from the additional naturalized voters since 1S40, and the other half has been owing to the natural increase of the city population. It is worthy of mentioning also, that a number of voters of both p .rties who did not vote on all flPPftCIltna Int'llKirli' infova/-t.?/l ? ? - ? vvw.uh?.u.ii.viij, ivi< IHUiC 1UVC1CCT.CU ill una instance, and went to the polls. In relation to the chaise of fraud, alleged with such vehemence against the Democra's hy tite Whig papers,we have no doubt that it lswell-iounded, and that a greut deal of that has been committed by both parlies But there ary now so many preventatives against corruption on an extended scale.and the vigilance of the numerous inspectors has been so sharpened by former experience, that the frauds of both parties can hardly have created more than a thousand illegal votes. Making all allowances, therefore, it will be seen that by an incontestibly large and overwhelming majority, the Democrats have triumphed over their opponents. If this majority does not reach iiOOO, it is at the very lowest possible estimate,3000? a sufficiently strong and decisive superiority. Such being the fact, it becomes a very interesting subject of philosophical enquiry to ascertain with accuracy and impartiality, the causes of such a singular resnlt of the contest between the. twogreat political parties in this the metropolis of the Union? the great centre of intelligence?where people read more, understand more thoroughly the great political questions of the d.iv, and where the voters are more generallv correctly informed, and capable of forming a sound judgment respecting public men, measures and principles, thtiu in 'any other section of thisgrcat country. In fact, if we subject the po* iimcsi ciemeniB litre 10 a rigid ana impartial examination, and examine the cause of the results developed by the issue of this election, we shall go a great way towards elucidating the present state and prospects of the two adverse politic il parlies throughout the length and breadth of the Union. Poth parties came into the field with the most sanguine expectations ol success Both have been equally disappointed by the result. The chagrin of the Whigs is matched by tiie surprise of the Democrat The former, elated by their success last year, rejoicing in the belief that they had made a singularly popular nomination for the'Mayoralty, and believing also that the public regarded them as desirous to carry out plans of retrenchment and reform, were almost certain of a triumph. The locofocos, on the other hand, had considerable intestine distentions, and although they cherished the highest hopes ol success, never, we are perfectly assured, dreamed of such a signal v'Ctory. What, then, have been the causes of this remarkable resultl They roust have been latent?operating quietly, and not apparent to all eyes. We have no doubt that one of the chiefest of these causes has arisen Irom the peculiar position. nrincililes. doctrines, ennrtnef onrt iu.rennol character of the great mass of the whig party in this city, with its ramifications throughout the country. We are well aware that in the whig party there are a number of reputable, intelligent, highly accomplished ani esfinnble men, who are worthy of the highest regard. But from what we have seen, heard and known, we have every reason to believe that the whig party in this city, has, during the last few years, and particularly during the lust year, been reduced to a miserable, black-hearted, corrupt, intriguing, contemptible "rump," centered in Wall street, whose only object has been plunder, violence, arrogance, and robbery of all kinds. The great exponent of this party has been the Wall street preBs?a class o( newspapers which have ex? hibited during the last year, in their mrveillance of a variety of public matters, the most insupportable arrogance?the most insulting impudence, and the most reckless disregard of every principle o( honor, decency, jn=tiee, and morality, whether in public or private life, in relation to social affairs or any other subject. It is true that there is a small whig paper with tome pretensions to decency |nnd virtue, published within tho precincts of the "thirteen corners of literature and philossphy of New York,"' and conducted by a kind of vegetable excrescence; but like a number of other vegetables this one is only a kind ot adjunct to the other fare, and is served up something in the manner of cabbage with corned beef^ But the had conduct, the anti-republican doctrines, the undisguised rapacity of the especial organs of the Whitrs?the Wall street pa ,.r,r-- imvr rcuucea mc party to tins miserable condition. Their violence and arrogance have been paralleled only by the atrocities of Robespierre, Marat, and their infamous associates; whilst their open and disgrace!ul plunder of lite public treasury, and their concerted robberies by means of backs, and 1 rust < /ompanics, have never been exceeded by any Italian banditti. Their open, uniform and reckless opposition to all sorts ol reform have disgusted the sober, honest, and thcughtful portion of their own supporters, and have excited amongst ihe middle classes of society, who formerly tustuiiied them,a deep, eurnest, and retributive spirit ol indignation and scorn. No boisterous explosions?no violent outbreaks of popular feeling have revealed tin.- revolution. It has gone on noiselessly in ten thousand minds throughout the community, and its overwhelming thunder now breaks forth for the first tune in this terrible defeat. Indeed the dullest observer of the signs of the times, cun hardly fail to l>e struck with the tokens, which now begin so clearly to present themselves, of that wide-spread and remarkable revolution winch is now going on in the public mind of this country. Ihe credit system has been exploded, and us unprincipled supporters, Hand revealed in iheir true lineaments, as the greatest ucounJrels of j the age. A few years of bitter experience have driven into the inlud ol the nation practical lessons, 1 which all tilt* teachings (>t the soundest political economists would have tailed to convey in a century. Hasinessis beginning to be conducted on safe and honest principles. The mania ol extravagant speculation has been checked. Men are recovering from the .-hock of the calamities in which their , imprudence and tolly had involved them. They are engaged in investigating the causes ot their ruin. The cash system is daily gaining ground. The propriety?thefnecessity ol restricting credit,is seen (und appreciated. The Wall street press ceases to exercise its corrupting and desolating influence on the mercantile community. The exposure of the defaulters, swindlers, bank Tobbers and plunderers of public property, who flourish ed under Whiggery?the disgust excited by the organs and many of the leaders of the Whig party?the disgraceful manner in which the city government has been conducted?these have been the chief causes of the extraordinary revulsion in public opinion and sentiment which we have seen so lully displayed on Tuesday last. The remarkable result, for which we have been thus endeavoring to assign the causes, must obviously exercise the most disastrous eflects on the fortunes of Henry Clay?a man of admitted talent, and who, disconnected from his party, is one of the most accomplished statesmen of the age, although in error on some important points. We are disposed to think that it will be utterly impossible for the whigs to collect their scattered forces after this defeat, unless they take up the name of some man more popular, and with principles more in unison with public feeling, than Henry Clay. Probably General Scott, or General Case, would be judicious selections. This matter, however, we leave for the present to the discretion of the discomfitted whigs. On the other hand, the consequences to the democratic party, will be undoubtedly of a most important character. After the first ebullitions of joy and delight are over, which they will be probably in a few days, we may expect to see demonstrations made by the respective friends of Van Buren and Calhoun. As for the Tyler party, that we coneider as a perfect cipher?not even the dijecti membra remain?it has vanished into thin air; for we believe that eyen the large "grease spot" has vanished. Already, the Van Buren men are preparing for a great public meeting in his favor, and the following subscription list is now in circulation:? " We, the undersigned, members of the Democratic Republican Party of the city of New York, respectfully request of the General Committee the privilege of holding a meeting at Tammany Hall, to give an expression of sentiment, in favor of the renomination of Martin Van Buren for the Presidency in 1944." The friends of Mr. Calhoun are also in the field, and we understand that the Hon DixonII Lewiswil| be the leader and master-spirit of the movement in the north, in favor of the southern candidate. He will soon arrive in the city, and some popular demonstrations will be got up. We have thus agreeable prospects of a busy campaign during the summer. Fracas in Boston.?A very amusing fracas occurred the other day in Boston. It appears that the editor of the "Evening Bulletin" published the following article some days ago:? iwtboorctort Notk.?An exclusive copy of that most amusing publication, the "London Charivari," has been I forwarded "to the edi'or of the Boston Bulletin," by our friend Douglas Jerrold. author of the "Rent Dm-An I who is principal editar and proprietor of "Punch." It is not generally known that this work is printed from eight to ten day i before the day of publication, and Mr. Jerrold sent us one ol these copies in the last steamer, and direct, ed our attention to the following graphic account of a "Marriage in High Life," which created, as he says in a private note,"a thundering excitement in the neighborhood of Smitlifield market." We give it to our readers as we find it: mthsnse m Life.?Last week the Honorable Mr Kiti Augustus, son of the Most Noble, the Marquis of Going.gone,led to the hy menial altar the nil-accomplished end angelic svlpb, the daughter of his Grace the Duke of Bcenf Gras, of Sluih Lane, Slaughter House Square. On this occasion all the elite of the beuu mende attended. Hia Grace is the lineal representative of the ancient and extensive family of the Lacquers,(sec the genealogy of the family in the London Punch for March,) and a vast number of the Lacquers w< re present. The supper was of the most recherchkind?lxpuLa-la-mode?bo?ul au natural?calves beads of every variety?tripe and trotters in profusion ? Champagne and an abundance of fresh mushrooms. The dilood pudding and cow-hc?l b^ef were greatly in demand. The band ot marrow-bones and cleavers was in gnrr aua Hie lioin music enlivened the festive scene. The roomB were superbly ornamented wilh festoons of gilt sausages?medallions of the Bcrul Gras family and Lacquers in a composition, resembling in softness and delicacy, tallow. The arms of the families were superbly wrought in lard and tallow?being an ox rampant, a bull couchant? vert?aknife, two mallets crossed. Motto, not given. Among the disti'guished visitors, are noticed Lorda Tryem, Hitch-em, and Knock-em down?Earls Treacle and Yardstick, with three ladies?Lord John Loftus, of Beehive hall, Count Applepie, Mojor Candy?The Dowager Lady Longbow, and her niece "Lucy Long," Maid of Honor to the Queen?Mi.dame Nicholas,and other distinguished noble and royal personages?but her Majesty, the Queen, was unavoidably absent, which circumstance, in a great measure, disappointed a number of the Sprigs of Tape. The whole scene of festivity caused much talk, and very many witty remarks were made during the evening and night. The company retired in the morning with nosegays and mushrooms, while the band played "Nix my Dolly," &c. A Colonel Winchester conceiving that one of his family whohasbeen recently married, was pointed at in this ;tu d'esprit, repaired with a friend to the office of the "Bulletin" and inflicted summary chastisement on the unfortunate editor, who is represented as greatly inferior to the gallant Colonel in noint 1 of physical ability. The martyr bore his sufferings, it is said, with heroic fortitude, and the chivalrous Colonel retired with all the dignity becoming such a valorous deed. This little incident forcibly reminds us of an anecdote related by the great Dr. Johnson. Whilst living in a garret in London, and editing the "Rambler," the Doctor published a description of one of the clubs of that day, giving a graphic portraiture of the members und the manner in which they smoked, drank and enjoyed themselves. This number of the " Rambler" found its way to a village in Yorkshire, and a member ol the village club, on taking it up, lound to his horror that he and his fellows had been drawn to the life, and held up to the world in any thing but a desirable aspect. He immediately travelled to London, found out Dr. Johnson, and with great vehemence called him to account for daring to invad? the sanctity of pri vate life. The Doctor explained, and protested that he had never before known of the existence of his enraged visiter or his club ; and the Yorksliireman, more sensible than the gallant Colonel Winchester, returneJ in peace to his native village, leaving the features of the illustrious Johnson in undisturbed repose. It is well known that Dick tuo UCCUI|HIU1I W1 uic JUUVSilirc OCIIUUlIllHMrT excited the wrath of a score of Mr. Squeers, who had sufficient discrimination to discover their likeness to the original. A case somewhat in point occurred lately in our own experience, and may therefore he related. We received from a corresiKsndent in Baltimore a glowing and very graphic account of a splendid ball in that city, which was set up, but in consequence of a press of matter of a rather more important nature, was kept out from day to day, until severul weeks had elapsed. At this time the whigs gave a grand ball in this city, at Washington Hall, and after the alteration of a few names and initials, we inserted the account of the Baltimore ball as a report of the whig ball. It was universally admitted next morn in* to be one of the very best and most accurate reports of a ball that ever appeared in our columns. The ladies were delimited, and netunlly quarrelled about their respective rights to the components which were paid to their beauty, grace, and magnificent attire This flogging of editors seems to be becoming i quite fashionable. This isof course only reasonable, anil in keeping with the spirit of the age. Du Sollc has been lately well "licked." An editor in Harrisburgh has been almost beaten to death ; nnd poor Mr. tJardn< r at Norfolk, lias actually (alien a victim to tli,- modern modi of ms ructing ^and governing the press. Packkt Suit Swit/sri-amd.?This ship reached port yesterday much to the gratification of all concerned. Mau.nificknt Day.?Yesterday whs a lovely d,,yt all but the dust. That wns as thick in llroadway as a London fog. Mayor or Civ innati.?Spencer hosbeen el? cted by u majority of 81. ltemilt of the Klectlom VOTK rok Mavok. 1843. 1840. Ward g. Morrig. Smith. Morrig, Phanix. 1. ? 140 553 900 2. 473 711 877 707 3. 747 1189 066 1119 4. 499 _ 1374 994 5. 11 ? 1008 1-131 0, 1575 788 1181 713 7, 306 _ 17-10 1503 8, 110 ? 19-18 1841 9, *1-188 148-1 1810 1491 10, 1750 1170 1565 1171 11, 1001 088 1554 711 11, 710 508 580 450 IS, 1851 819 1437 1000 14, 1041 937 1416 940 13, ? 018 015 1360 10, 300 ? 1309 1165 17, 744 ? 1403 1180 15094 9016 -15033 187.55 9016 18755 Dem. mai. ?078 ima nam moi Common Council. Al.debmf.rc. Amiitanti. 1 F.dwin B. Clayton Oliver Charlock 3 C alth S. Wooahull George F Nab ill 3 Smith Dunning William Dodge 4 Robert Martin Davnl T. Williams 6 Francis R. Tillou Robert Pattbnn 6 John Emmana Thomas 8, Henry 7 James Nnsh Charles H. Dougliorty 8 David Vandervoort Charles P. Brown 9 Wm. D- Waterman Isasc B. Smith 10 Elijah F. Purdy Daniel Ward 11 Abraham Hattield Charles J Dodge 19 Henry Brevoort David 8. Jackson 13 Hrzekiah W. Bonnell William U. Bogg* 14 John B-Scoles Samuel Nichols 13 William V. Brady James D. Oliver IB Edmund Q. Rawson William C. Seaman 17 Frederick R. Lee James Pettigrew. In the above table the Whig members' names are in italics.1 It will be seen that the political complexion of the Common Council, in the Board o( Aldermen will be twelve democratsand five whigs, in the Board of Assistants fourteen democratsand three whigs, making a democratic majority in joint ballot of eighteen votes. Last year, democratic Aldermen seven; democratic Assistant Aldermen eight; whig aldermen ten; whig Assistant Aldermen nine?whig majority on joint ballot four. The new members are sworn in and take their seats on Tuesday, the ninth of May, and then n general removal of some several hundred office hoi der8 may be expected. The official return will be made by the inpectors on Friday. City Reforms.?Now that the Democrats have got the entire control of the city government in all its departments, it is to be hoped that attention will immediately be given to a number of reforms which are imperatively required. The three most prominent ones at present, are the organization of a day and night preventive police?the organization of paid firemen?and the cleansing of the streets. The necessity of a police force, similar to that of London, is so universally felt, that we do not say a word about it. We must have a day and night police, well paid, and rewarded for meritorious con. duct. All the greatest rogues of Europe and America congregate in New York, and our city is now filled with gambling-houses, low grog-shops, and brothels, from which have originated the great proportion of those atrocities, murders, robberies and acts of violence, which have disgraced the annals of our city for the last few years. The only means of preserving the lives and property of our citizens, is to organize a large, efficient, and well-regulated body of police. The community confidently look for this from the Democrats. The Mayor should at once bestir himself in this matter. Then, the present fire department should be at once broken up, and an efficient, paid body of firemenbe organized in connexion with the police department. Thi3subject has also been already suffiI cienlly discussed; and it is fully expected that it will likewise be taken up by a democratic Common Council. The cleansing of the streets will at once demand the attention of the new Common Council. We are fully assured that inauy persons voted against the Whigs solely 011 account of the disgraceful mann?r in tKoy nooiar.?^.^ *u<? to- *** filirh ? hnrrihl* ztatn orp th?v o# nw>cnn? ?*v% hardly wait until the 9:h of May,when the new Common Council coni? intooflice, for some measures for bettering their condition. We have such abundaut and remarkable facilities for cleansing our streets, both in summer and winter, that there it no possible excuse for keeping them filthy. But at present lhe abundant supplies of water which we |>ossess are wholly unemployed. All these matters, and others of great importance, await the action of the newly elected Common Council; and we cherish the hope that they will take up, with zeal and efficiency, on their entrance into office. News from all Parts of the World.?It is expected that the Britannia, the next steamer due, will reach Boston in about a week, with a month's later news from Europe, Asia and Africa. What she brings will be of an important character, particularly from the Celestial Empire, where the Chinese and Engti.-h are engaged in cutting each other's throats with savage delight. We have never before been flooded with so much foreign news in so short a space of time, as within the last ten days. It has all been of the most exciting nature, breathing war and threats of war, which may yet result in something serious to the whole civilized world. We have given the fullest particulars, often exclusively in the Herald, and the public can strike a balance. In the news from Brazil, of the loss of the Concord?from China, Cuba, South Africa, Mexico, Texas, Yucatan, and Buenos Ayres, the huge paws of England are seen grasping ut every thing?frequently at straws, like a drowning man. Even the thousands of black? which have fallen inlo her hands, are bound to eternal slavery, a? remorselessly as by any blood-thirsty Spanish slaver we ever remember to have heard of, for the purpose, it is said, of paying the expenses of their capture! This is done under the cloak of philanthropy, which is increasing in the length of its skirts every year. It is curious philanthropy to rescue blacks from shivery to make them work like dray horses during their lives, under a solstice sun, for the food they eat, including stripes. We refer to the Herald of the last week for the facts showing this And we refer particularly to the fact' relative to the right of search, as now exorcised by the Kngli.-h and American cruisers. It is seen that not only have our merchant vessels, but vessels chartered by our government, and manned by officers and men belonging to our navy, have been visited and searched, and the button and the flag of the country no more respected than if they were hut so much brass and bunting. This right of search so arrogantly assumed by the English will yet lead to mischief. It is the inost important subject under discussion, and it is hoped that something will be done at once to have it settled to the satisfaction of American merchants. Our cruisers cannot exercise the right on the foreign vessels, as is to be seen in the letter rom the Vin cennes, and therefore no foreign Icruieer should be permitted to exercise the right on American vessels. It must be stopped. ? Jefferson's Birth .Day? CkidBI iial Annivkrsary.?Thomas Jeflerson was b?fn this day one hundred years ago, at Shadwell, in the County of Albemarle, Virginia. He was chairman of the Committee that draf ted the Declaration of Independence, which was drawn up principally by himself and which he signed. In 17!?7 he was elected Vice President of the United States, which office he held four years, when he was elected to the Presidency, where he continued eight years. On the 4th of July 1826, just 50 years after he signed the Declaration oflndependence, he died, in the Hith year of hip age. The centennial anniversary of Ins birth will be appropriately celebrated by a dinner to day at Tarn many Hall, at which a great number *f the leading men of the party will be preaent. Emotion in Nkwahk.?William Wright, whig, has been re-elected Mayor. Mr. Dusk's Lecture on "Marine Insurance."? A not very numerous but highly respectable audience assembled at Clinton Hall last evening, to hear Mr. John Duer's second lecture on "Marine Insurance." Most of the leading members oi the bar were present. The lecture was well written? displayed great research?was highly instructive, and was delivered with that propriety and agreeable enunciation which characterise all Mr. Duer's public efforts. He commenced by n reference to the origin of Insurance, and showed that it was first used in Italy at a very early period. He then went on to sjieak of the sources whence the present law ot insurance has been derived. 1. Ordinances and codes of commercial or maritime law; 2. Llemen* tary and practical treatises; 3. Reports ofadjudged cases. lTn#4?r fit* fiecf UoorJ h* r<t(itn>orl Lt ihf* rjnnanllltO del Mare?Laws or judgments ofOleron?Laws of Wisby?of tlie llanseatic league?Ordinance of Barcelona?Other foreign ordinances collected by Magens?Ordinance of the Marine of Louis XIV.? Code of Commerce. Under the second head, he noticed treatises in foreign languages and our own ?I^e Guidon de la Mer? Straccha? i^auterna? Koccus, Arc.?Frencn jurists?Pothier, Valin, Emerigon, Arc.?System of Benecke, a German merchant?Italian translation?Maylne's LexMercatoria?System of Park?Treatise of Marshall?Phillip's treatise?Compendium in 48th Lecture of Chancellor Kent. In referring under the third head to the reports of cases Mr. Duer took occasion {to remark that the number of cases tried und'adjudged in this country greatly exceeded those in Europe, and also spoke of the distinguished forensic learning and research which our lawyers and judges had displayed in these cases In referring to the treatise of Emerigon, Mr. Duer mentioned that it had been recommended to the attention of Chancellor Kent by Alexander Hamilton, and observed that that simple recommendation might have been of the remote causes of the after erudition and fame of that distinguished jurist. Mr. Duer in another part of the lecture also paid an eloquent tribute of respect to the venerable Chancellor, which elicited marked applause. In concluding his lecture, Mr. Duer described in a very eloquent manner the invaluable benefits of Insurance, and pointed out its vast importance to the lawyer, the merchant, and the nation. Professor Maffitt's Sermon Yesterday.?Mr. Maffitt preached yesterday afternoon, at 3 P. M , in 27ih street M. E. Church. The house was nearly full, with a very handsome attendance of ladies. We could scarcely hear the commencement of his sermon, he spoke so low. If seemed to rise and spread abroad over the audience like the first dawning of aurora, mild, eoft, gentle, and gradually perceptible, swelling by degrees and beautifully great. His text we presume is somewhere in the scriptures although we heard nothing of it save the words " Beginning at Jerusalem"?which in fact constituted the theme of his discourse, which had one rare excellence, brevity. We give two or three scraps. Truth will always bear its own weight and can stand on its own bottom. [To some one in the gallery]?Hear me, sir, if yon please, and with your eyes open, for if I cannot now keep you awake I shall have very little hope, of doing you any good by and by. God is as great in the minutiae as he is in the outline, and greater too. Man has to make a noise to bring himself into notice of his fellow man. God has to make no noise. Thunder, like man, mnkes a noise ?God, like the sun, is noiseless. Mr. Maflitt made a very beautiful and touching allusion to the green grass which once grew upon the spot where now that church stands, and upon which he once trod when he first came over from the Emerald Isle.? All the last part of his discourse was an appeal to the pockets of the people in the way of raising a collection. He said he believed just as much in the necessity of money to oil the holy machinery, us he :? ?u- -c xx. ?: j u.uauieu a man's religion by the extent of his donation. Ilis appeal was very lengthy, varied, agreeable, and effective. U. S. Shit Independence.?We are pained to reiterate our former statement that the yellow fever had broken out on hoard this frigate. We have again seen the letter from which we first copied, and it is stamped with truth. We do not believe, however, that any other than Midshipman Hunter has died. Per contra, however, to this, we givv two ex tracts trom letters irom an ornccr on Doara me independence to a friend in New Jersey. It is seen that lie does not even nllude to the (ever. We have seen other letters, and in none of which is its existence on board mentioned. Extract 10th March, 1843?The Independence arrived at Martinique 10th March, being 31 days since leaving New York, having been on a cruise to the Southward and Eastward to near the latitude of 7 degrees north of the equator ; the hrst land we saw was one of the islands yesterday afternoon, the ofjiccrt and crew all well; and we have had a pleasant cruise." Extract, March 15th.?"We are still at this Island, and have been engaged getting water for the ship, quite a tediusjob in such places as this. We have been constantly receiving visitors from shore, the Governor and other functionaries and numerous parties of the inhabitants of the town. To-day we expect to sail for Pensacola, probably not to stop at any intermediate port; if so, we may reasonably ex(>ect to be there in twelve or fifteen days. The weather thus tar has been but pleasantly warm " Seven Days Later from Jamaica.?By an urrival yesterday, we received the Kingston Journal to the 14th ult. inclusive. Another shock of an earthquake was felt in Kingston on the lltli, and yet another on the 13th ult. There was atill a difficulty to Ret the emanicipatcd blacks to work short of exorbitant wages. They have become "slotnlul, and the fields a wilderness " The House of Assembly will not meet till the 18ih day of April this month. [From the Kingston Journal, March 14 ] The Comet on Friday evening the lOnt.?The nucleus, near Eta, in Cetus: the tail extending through Eridanus to the constellation of the Dog. The space occupied by the luminous train will be found to be more than one-fourth of the hemisphere, that is, about 17 degrees. Some excitement prevailed in this city yesterday, in consequence of the currency of a rumor said to lie found on the authority of a private letter from Sav-la-Mar, to the effect that the Caymanas had disappeared, its disappearance being attributed to some of the recent convulsions of nature. W# have sought to gain positive information on the subject, but liHve been, to the moment of writing, unsuccessful. We earnestly trust, that no such dreadful ca taetrophe bus happened. SiniTlNGON the Lake.?We have seen a (statement in the western papers, showing the amount of shipping built on Lake Erie in three years. Annexed is the aggregate of each year 1841. 1942. 1873. New craft. 01 17 it Tonnage, a, 010 2,480 3,120 Cost, $130,100 $134,760 $161,000 This shows that the number of vessels built ha* decreased, while the tonnage and coat has increased. This includes four steam propellers, now building, one at Tluflalo, one at Cleveland, one at Perrysburgh, and one at Chicago, of 250 tons each, at a cost of #15,(KM) each. Tli? shorts of the Lakes must he covered with ship-yards. Captain Tvf.kk and Pkask's Candy.?We have always had confidence in the healing virtues of their candy, and we have just seen the original of the annexed letter. Having sten letters from Gen. Jackson and President Tyler, who, now, for a moment enti rtains a doubt as to the medicinal and curative powers of the Horehonnd Candy! Read the letter end go to 45 Division street. Waihisotos, April 8'.h, 1S43. Tlic Ti e ident desires me to return Messrs. Pease .1 Son bit acknowledgement* and very sincere thank* for the box ot Candy received at their hands, lie hits used it with much benefit to himself, as a remedy for cold anil Cough. I am, with great respect. JOHN TYLKtt, Ja. Messrs. Pra#?: and Sot. P. Secretary. We should not he surpri. <<d to find that CHptain Tyler intended to eater ilie* "democracie" with a \ stick of this candy. City Intelligence, Pickpocket at Tammany Hall.?On Tuesday evening, while the inside of Old Tammany was crammed to overflowing by the Democracy who had assembled to hear the overwhelming defeat of the Whiga, Mr. John Teller, of tt)i Bowery, felt aome genius making an exploration into his pockets in search of what he could conveniently obtain. Dpon making the attempt to enter the pantaloons pocket of Mr. Teller, where he had snugly deposited about $100 in bank notes and specie, his feelers were grabbed and the rogue placed in the hands of a police officer, who landed him in tthe Tombs, where he gave the name of Edward Simpson,which no doubt he assumed for the purpose. A Prowling Lodger at the Astor Hovse.? On Tuesday evening one of the attendants at the Astor House perceived a man wending his way to the upper part of the hotel, who on being asked the number he was in search of, replied 07. The waiter informed him that that room was occupied by Captain Hallet, but the fellow had the assurance to attempt to open the door when the Captain himself informed him of his mistake. He then proceeded to another hall and made an attempt to enter one of the rooms, when the attendant requested htm to return to the bar, as he suspected that he had not taken lodgings in the house. He (insisted that he had and paid for them, although his name had not been entered on the books. The residence that he gave was found to be erroneous and every evidence being presented that he wasan imposter, and thut his intentions Were probably to take what he could find from any room he could enter, he was lodged in the City Prison on a charge of attempt to steal, where he gave the name of William Spink. Generat. Sessions.?At the opening of the Court the Recorder not being present and the remainder of [the Court, Jurors, parties and witnesses, being pretty well used up in attendance at the election, Judge Ingraham was sent for, and the Court adjourned till this morning at 11 o'clock. The New Board of Brokers.?The new board of Brokers met yesterday in thejlarge room of the Exchange. The accommodations are good, and on the whole give an air of business to the room. On entering the hall from Wall street, the first thing which strikes inc eye is a suni-circuiar lem rmuracing about one-tliird of the floor. The irame is of iron, and a rail about 3} feet high, painted green, encloses the spot, and affords a leaning place to the surrounding capitalists who overlook the business and make their bids through the brokers, fifty-two of whom are seated at two long tables situated on either side of the little gate in the centre. On a platform about two feet high is a table at which are seated the President, Colonel Hamilton, with Seixas Nathan, Esq., and S. Joseph, Esq. on either side of liirn, a smaller desk on the left accommodates the Secretary, J. Robinson, Esq. The whole is covered by a white canopy, which falls in festooned curtains in a manner to conceal the whole when the board is not in session. Here is bought and sold a large amount of stock daily. The public are freely admitted, and as the progress of events purifies the concern, it seems to increase in favor with the public. The old board adjourns at an earlier hour, and many of its members assemble here to* finish their operations. There are aome alterations that could be made to advantage in the organization of the association, which we will suggest at a future time. When the concern is used as a "menagerie," a giraffe willbe obtained at the corner of Wall and Water streets. Mr. Editor? Have we no help here against the rascality of our petty officials! Hear the following case I went to the Wall ^-eet Post Office with a letter to Oswego. The clrarge is one shilling and six pence ; 1 handed him a shilling and six pence, as usual ? The official handed it back, saying they were worth fifteen ceuts. I then gave him two single shillings, and he gave me one penny change. The cream of the joke is this?those chaps in the post office can take up those 12? cent pieces, with a 10 cent piece j thus by providing themselves with a good many dimes, they will make 25 per cent, as the Spanish coin still passes current amongst the "sovereign people" for 25 cents On the six penny pieces they can make 20 per cent. Dai that occur tc you before ! I have Mr. Bennett :? Dkak Sir? Our ears are almost constantly saluted with complaints about the Housatonic Railroad, its management, Arc. By taking ktbotf journey on it one will be convinced that these complaints are not exaggerated. I had occasion for the fust time, the other day, to travel a short distance onsaid road ; and, to say nothing of the damaged spots, which are numer ous, I think the sr.eed very little if any exceeds that ol horse car speed. We were over 2i hoursin going the first 21 miles, including about 20 minutes for breaks. In some, plaoes one track is sunk below the otfier from 5 to 10 degrees. Hut the most agreeable part of my journey was being carried on some 0 or 8 miles beyond mv destination, although having been explicitly told, all this on account of the conductor not knowing or being careless of his duty in announcing the name of the place ; thus leaving me to foot it back. A Passenger. Chatham Theatre.?Shakspeare's celebrated tragedy of Othelo is announced for performance this evening, in which Mr. Forrest will sustain the character of Othelo, and Miss Josephine Clifton that of Desdemona. The remaining parts of the play, it Will hp sppn nrp nlan Pv/tppHinolu wpII pact and if may be safely calculated that an overflowing audience will greet this best tragedy on the English stage. Mr. Forrest's engagement extends to but two nights more, so that all who wish to witness his masterly performance, had better embrace the present opportunity. Arrival of Wild Beasts.?The Sea-Flower arrired yesterday from Trinidad, Cuba, has on board one royal Bengal tiger, a black tiger, an African leopard, a Poonah bear, an African gnzelle, a lioness, a llocky Mountain bear, and four considerable serpents, Arc., belonging to June, Titus Ac Angevine. Furniture and Carpet.? at Auction.?Trowbridge Ac Co. 304 Broadway, enmer Dunne street, advertise a peremptory sale of elegant furniture and carpeting, this morning, at 10& o'clock. That's enough. See advertisement. Buyers will do well to attend. News from tiik North and East.?We are daily under obligations to Adams Ac Co., llarnden Ac Co , Pomeroytfc Co., and Pullen Ac Copp, for northern and eastern papers in advance of the mails. N'.sw Vork Canals ?It is officially announced that the State canals will be opened on the 1st of May. Hcdso.N River.?It is propably open to Albany. On Monday evening, a steamboat from this city was in sign? ui /uiumy. 2Q~ There rai a report spread about yesterday that the aer nt at the^American Musi nm had bolted the " fat bay." ho rumor .'a incorrect, for the boy if alive and the serpant dead?wh ether the serpent wui choked in the attempt, and hia death thereby cauaed, we are not pre* pared to any. Winchel', that humorous and diverting droll fellow, displays a of comicality perfectly in >vHtktitiihlp MiuDarlinir .winces admirable iikill and dexterity In the performance xf her feats, and, withal, he ia *o graceful and prepossessing in her appearance, that tho gratification ii greatly enhanced. Cerito, the c'inrming nnd accomplished dan?ei'se, is an elegant little creature, and imparts infinite deligiHt to her audience. ?i? i?w?itt aaaaasaaaMHBHMaa oj/- BRISTOL'S SARSAPARILLAw This wonderful medicine is daily growing in favor wl'h them dicul faculty, which is not the case with similar e xtracta. We call the attention of invalids to such stnteni ents as wc shsll offer from time to time, of its all powerful healing influence. New Yohr, .Jan. 1?, l8^3Ma. C. C. Bnisroi. t? hni?The happy effect produced upon my aon, si< veara of age, through the me of your v iluahlc oreparntr-n of Sarsaparilln, induces me to offer to the public my chneriul recommendation of the same. Mj 'on hasheen afflirtrd with on obstinate acroruloua affection, attended with extensive ulcerations about the h- nd, hofh inteinal and externnl, having been more or less | afflicted with this disease from his birth. I am now pleased to inform you that h? i? new f'!'-'0? good health. I'ei feotlv cured by your Haraopar ilia alone ?alter fruitless attempts of other medicines and reanedi. s by the profession. It would afford me ploasnrs at any time to confer with anv one who may desire to know the nature and eftecta ?f Brlatol'a Rarsapai ilia, at my ?tore, Ki8 Stanton street, or at my dwelling, rtfl Suffolk ntreet, New Vorlt Yours respectfully, IN,WVorK- J. I, BITRNKTT. Hold wholesale and retail bv Wm. Burger, .X0 Courllandt street, and druggists generally. i "J WtXj'l'H KKK MAIL. Sale* of Stocl>~ At I-hllndclpUla Yeiltnlny. $20(10 Kenlut*U^BnnJi,ti jmr cent, 8r>; S'000 Tennesson I bonds, M and Nov inti [ liv able nt >J*#hv ill**, 67, 10 shares Hrhii) lhill Navigation, 30: 10 Jo Fh.laJulphia Bank, 81. ' AlterBoard?H shares May amensini? Bank 23; 4 Jo Phi* la lelphta and Tientnn RH. 63. SOUTHERN Nilir NEWS Pmt.Apri.rMiA. Apiil lt-Below, l.awrrn-c, Curtis, from Havana: 1.ho? I eland, So iter*. Boston. .CM Ko^hr, ){j|| Ht Croix; 0'"i?, 11-aU, ( ediyitowu,HCi Caroli?e, Oi'kev New Oi leans; Joy, 11 .pe. Ililil ix; Superb, l.unibaid,N York- Wyoming, N'cktr o*. Plymouth;Oi.aiJ.i, K?:l?v?, NYork Bai.vimohk, April II?CM NnpoltfDD. Chestbroujth, Kir> lie Jaeeiio and a mkt. 81J Lawrcuc:, Howls, Boiton; J is Power Hclie, Nassau, NP. OcoaOKTOWn, DC- April Arr Victory, NYorli. ALrxAKDHia, DO. April 0?Arr Ktckli.ll, New York; A F Mvrick, do. Richmond. April !0?Arr 9t George, St Ororge, Mi; Democrat, NOrlesns; Paragon, NYoik. Norfolk, April 0?Arr Empire, NYoik; Piltriim. Boston ? lu H iinptou Roads, J Uje Fish, from Th"tn iston The Corn lia, for H'O, went to sea tn-day LU Writ indies.? Arr 9th, (Jen Taeon, Atukapas; Commerce, Witc.siet. flr> THE GIP8F.Y OF TOT. Hlrtllt.Aama?a ? - Professor Ingraham, author of "Lufitte," "The Quadroon/' fcc., being the adventure! of Dar.cau Powe.U and Paul Tat null. Single copies 1-2 J cents. lledding Si Co., Publishers, Boston. This wilil romance is laid in the Highlands on the noble Hudson, "Where the moon looks down on old cro' neat."' "To give a critical notice of thia original talc we have not time, hut commend it to our readers as th* chtf d'eu vie of the popular author. "The Night in the Highlands," "Kirnwood end the Rich Miser,"' Paul Tatnall," "The Hawk and the Put Rabbit," " The Fight," " Duncan Powell," "The Maid of Rock Ifall,,' "The Gazelle," "The Storm," "An adventure on the Hudson," "The Danger and Rescue," Paul and the Beauty of Rock Hall," are the contents of the first chapter. It if neatly printed, and will sell beyond precedent."?Literary (iazetiee. J. A. TUTTLE. No. 4 Ann street, Now York. Price $6 per 100 5 single copies 1-2} cents. 0U- NEW HISTORICAL WOnk'.-Now publish d, Lectures on Modern History, by Thomas Arnold, D. D., late Regits Professor of History in the University of Okford.?This work is the best introduction to the reading of history ever olfered to the public. It has been revloweil and highly commended by the late British Reviews and Magazines, and it lias acquired a new value in cons-, queuce of the recent lamented death of the gilted author. The lectures are eminently striking and original, and remind one of the pages of Herodotus, Xenophon and Co-sar. They are written in a style ol singular clearness, and can be comprehended by all. No one can read them witt^out being inspired willi u true and ar lent love of historical studies. They import a great degree of information concerning all the subjects about which they treat, and they delight whilo they improvethu mind. Our edition will be recommended by an original preface, written expressly for it by J. G. Cogswell, Esq., the talented and lerrned editor of the Now York Review. Terms?Single copies, 18} cents?six copies for $1?and $12 per hundred to agents. Karly orders, accompanied by the cash, aro solicited. Address J. WINCHESTER,30 Ann St., N. Y. fftT- PROFESSOR VALPEAU'S CELEBRATED SPECIFIC PILL for the radical cure of gonorrhea, gleet, and all unpleasant discharges rom the urethn, is now thn only remedy used for 1 base distressing maladies. Their celebrated inventor, Prof. V. in his last lootiircs at the hospital of "JLaCharite in Poris,"?peaksofthem in the followmg terms t Mjerdlnnsen. I have uso l these Tills for a considerable time v itti'\C a single instance of failure, and after having tried every re-nedy known for these diseases, and after an experience of twenty-five years, I have no hesitation in pronouncing Ibem to be the best remedy lor K"nnri ii.-o or giix'i, ui pics-nt Known 10 rue medical profession." The New Ymk Collego of Medicine end Pharmacy, having obtained the rerjjie for those Pills from their celebrated inventor about fix months since, have sold over two thousan I boxes, and defy any case to bo produced where they have not tff. oted a cure. Among the many advantages they posies; over the old treatment, the following are worthy ot notice, viz : Their effect is certain, they contain n* mercury, or uny medicine calculated to injure the constitution. They allow the patient 'o tollow his ordinary business, without tainting the breath, disagreeing with the stomach, or causing the least suspicion that the patient is under any medical treatment. Sold in boxes containing 100 pills, at $1 ner box. To medical practitioners and druggists $9 per dozen boxes. By order ol the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 07 Nassau st. N.Y. W. S RICHARD SON, Agent. THE EAST INDIA HAIR~DYE WILL NOT only color the hair, hut is wurranted not to color the shin. It is done with such surprising facility and accuracy, that its presence ennnot bo detected. The shade may be left at brown or be made perfectly black, at tbe pleasure of the user. To bo had only at 71 Maiden lane. 0U~ PAYING DEAR FOR A GOOD THING?Some time ago, in one of our principal cities, a daring fraud was committed by o member of n highly resectable family. The swindler was a dashing tollow, a second Monroe Edwards, then admired for the elegance cf his costume, and the extreme care bes'owcJ upon his personal appearance,r.* uince noted for the masidficuntscale upon which his operations were conducted- He r. nchedN. Or leans with the n<ie:ati?obl. Lownd<*?close upon his heels; still he might h.ive escaped, at the stimnboat w.ts on '.he point of lenvitiT for T-xas ; but he returned to tt?* t>?set, " -- ' I- < ti I. Ill Mrgot'ctl, turning his back n second timooii the ftt. Charles, wi'b histreenre in his poci.i t, bis inward rrjjiciag was suddenly checked by a significant tap on w(e loft shoulder. On smirching hh packet", it v?? found that hii return to the hotel wnJ.enured by one of th" ju*tlr celebrated M*- ' gic Hizor 9'rons, ma 1 j at 104 Wil'iam street, which even the fear of a dungeon conld not induce him to abandon. (?7- TO THE RE\DEU4.?moid persons already cured. Is your ho'r falling off I Is it growing irrav? Doc's it engender a powdery sediment called dandruff? Are you troubled with scaldhcad,ring voim. SiC.I With Xerotrisie, hilmtisse? Would you have o fine, liberal head of head, the skill clear and healthy? Bo careful and follow the ail vice gratuitously offered to 5 on in Gi'andjmn'* N'< w Treatise on the hair, which you Can obtain at No. 1 Barclay street, free of ehnrge. (K7- SEASICKNESS AND HE 4DACHE ?Sher. man t Camphor Lozenges will cure eiihrr in n few minutes. Captain Chad wick, of the pn> k't shlo Wellington} J. W. Cochran, F.sq., the 'invei-tcr of tho many chamhereil cannon, an<l the Hon. Mr. Archer, of the United States Senate, have used these Lo/.rnpes, and know what they will do. The first m*"! in the country never think of travelling without a sniply. They Ice, p up the spirits and strength better than brandy, and will enable nnv one to undergo great exertions of body anil mind. They also cure palpitation of the heart, and remove all unpleasantness alter a night's dissipation. Get Sherman's Camphor Lozenges; they are sold only in boxes at 25 cents. Warehouse 106 Nassau s?rer>.? Agents, Pfl William street; 110, 273, and 40 Broadway; 10 Astor House,and 3 Lhdger Buildings, Philadelphia. {?7- $200 OH $>00 FORFEIT?The proprietors of Beat's Hair Restorative, will outer into contracts to forfeit cither of the above namel cms in cnso of no success, with any person who will pay the same if successful, or apply the same, without charge, until the hair is restored. CsaTincsTg.?I do hereby certify that I was bald, and my hair is restored, and was greatly troubled with dandritf, and am not now, and do give the credit where it is duo, vix.: to Beal'S Hair Restorative. HENRY WHITEHEAD. 99 Cannon st. Oflieo No. 13J 1st Avenue; Depots Nos. 173 and 644 Broadway. New England Ageney?A. S. Jordan, No- 5 Milk sire t, Boston; Wells and Humphrey, Hartford,Conn. tt@~ PHRENOLOGY?FREE?This evening. at Clinton Hill), Mr. O- S. Fowler will commence hi* course, of Lecture on Man, nnd continue every Tuesday and Friday evaning*. at 7} o'clock. Suhj?ctthii?venlrg, Bign* olCharacter, including the npwly discovered commotions of thn orenns with tho face ; different talent* a* accompanying different sbope* of body ; the natural language or expression of tho (acuities, &c. Public examination* at ! the close. Professional examination* daily nt his office, 131 Nassau street. Ct?- OLDRIDOF/S BALM OK 'COLUMBIA 18 A certain res'ornr of the Hair, and a preservative if it has not already fallen out ; add this i* the only article that it invariably and In nil case* effectual. Hundred* in thi* city, who are daily n?ing it, know the*e to ba facts. Be sure and get the (,-anuino from Comstock and Co., 71 Maiden". wrovior BIARKJBT. Wrtlncsdajr, April 14?<i P. M. The slate o( nffdirs is . uoli, both hero and in Europe, that whatever of stec;;s are Lcrenftor negotiated, it is probable thebUMie?s willccntre la New York, and theinew Board may become important. The sales at tlio old Board to-day were not large and prices generally lower?Ohio 0* fell |; Kentucky rose i ; New York 7'i, 1S19, rose i ; do 6's, 1859, J ; Canton Co. fell I ; Harlem rose J ; Ohio Llfo aud Tmat Cot S per cent. At the new Borrd rales much larger Ohio 0\' fell J j Illinois rose 8 ; Harlem J. t At auction, at the Merchant*' Kxcl. ange, the following sales of stoc.V* were mode j' 00 shares Guardian Fire Insurance ft:i 4(1 do do do OH 00 do do do ft 4 . 00 do do do ftt . 40 do North American Fire Imnrance 7f? 00 do do do 77* 36 do do do "7| t The New York On* Light Company hare declared t! dividend of fournndn linlf per cent payable on the 1st o. May. The Mechanic*' Bunk of Trenton three prrcontt The remit of the election in the city of New York, diet playing a* it dors an overwhelming majority of the lie, publican porty, i* fraught with immense coniequencot to ths Inturc financial an J commercial iuterct* of th* whole country. It i- n i o-nptf tetrinmph. of thefub-Trert ?ury over the National limit policy, or in other word* ir, dustry find frugality over debt and extravagance. Nevl York i* and has been tlm great commercial centre of th^ Union. It i.t the great focm of credit and commerce.-j Hto, therefore, have th.e tntiflf parly rallied in thai strength. Y!ictroig?r* have laid before tha people an r. itt i ate 1 clearly arx* rtronjf'y the policy of a N dlopi. B .nk. A national df bt, a high tar"iT, protection to hom? industry,distribution of 'he public land*, >> epilation < the exchange* and *q'iillt|tloD of the currency. In *liol every pomlhle kind of 1< gulaiion ta in'erteie with ll* course ol trade, meddle w itli the all ir*ol cent me rco, hi i dotlut by natatory law, which it war ann.ned tho |>cv \ \ ^

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