Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 14, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 14, 1843 Page 2
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i\E vV \OitK HEKALP ??' l oik. A |?i U '* , , ? i.I t..<? ai\> l>. |...|. All the new ami cheap ht. rary publication* of the day an.' lor sale, whuia?aic anil retail, at the Hi.uh.ii Orrica, r ortfewest corner ol Ntasn and Kultou street. For an extraordinary scene in the New York Legislature, (the account of which we received at a late hour last night,) see first page. Tiik Aktist.?The April number of this beautiful magazine is in progress and will he soon ready for delivery. Agents will please send in their orders early. Highly Important from Washington?Tl?e Krai i>rel?lon of the Court Martial and the (iovrrmnrnt in the Somem Case. We have ilie pleasure this morning, in another column, ot announcing to the law-loving portion of the honest American people, the real and true decision ot the Couit Martial and of the Government, in the famous case of Alexander Slidell (two Pe we believe) McKenzie?formerly the Commander of the U S. brig Somere. No matter how we have got these important facts?there they are. Rv this statement, it appears that in spite of all the efforts ot an oligarchy here to acquit Captain McKenzie, and to trample on the rights, lives and liberties of American mariners, the verdict of the Court Martial stood,Jive for not proven?and seven for proven. In the Cabinet Council (Secretary Spencer absent,) Secretary Upshur ulonc was in his favor. Now in a civil court, such a result would leave room for a new trial. In the present case Captain McKenzie escapes with the skin of his teeth from the highest penally of the law?but we feel authorised to announce, tidier tiiat a new trial maybe ordered, or that lie will never be called to the public service, and may be dismissed from the navy on the result of the prosecution commenced against him by Wilson of the thirteen mile long knife. On another occasion we may give a full re|>orf of the debate of the Court Martial on making up their opinion, and the individual votes thereupon. The sure and impartial trial of Captain McKenzie begins from this day forth?even silver pitchers cannot save him from the condemnation of the civilised world. The dentil of nnnr T.enenek ili? mir. geon, has to be accounted for yet. Strange tilings are coming. Prospects on the Rvbicon?Expected Split.? There will positively he a split in the " Democracie" ot the new Corporation. They are too strong to keep united?besides the Presidential question itself. The leading spirits will be Alderman Purdy, Alderman Lee, Aldermun Tilyou, und Alderman Brevoort. Mr. Tilyou is a man of great talent, industry, invincible integrity, and sound principles. He will make a figure. Mr. Brevoort is well known as a man of a highly cultivated mind and elevated principles. Alderman Purdy and Lee are well known as popular, fearless and thoroughly democratic. On the organization of the new Corporation we intend to establish a system of full and extended reports of their debates, that will astonish the country. Now is the time to begin a grand movement, that will lead and direct the great curieuts of events to futurity. In this movement we shall be just, independent, and always befriend those who befriend us. Mutual confidence and mutual tickling always go as sweetly together in a civilized and intelligent age, as bread and butter down the throat ot a school boy. Corporation Spoils.?The Printing ?The first step of the new Corporation, next month, will be to dismiss their present ptinteis and stationers. Tiiese printers are Charles King, J Van Nordcn, and Tito nas Soowden Tins -vi11 be a severe blow to the first?as lite existence of the American depends on spoils eiilier of banks, trus's, or corixirations. However, tfa'e is fate. Already a great contest is begun for their places. The candidaies are Levi D. Slamm, Wm. C. Bryant, Vm. P. Denman, Joseph Elliott, and C. C. Childs. The printing of both boards?and all the departments?are equal to ?25 000 per annum. The \Vhig9 ptobably spent as high as ?30,000 on their employee*?but this is the age of retrenchment, reform and cash prices ?and the item ought to be brought down to ?20,000, which is quite enough. Funny Tyler Movements.?According to the developments made by Gen. Van Renssalaer and Mr. Waseon, of Albany, of Tyler movements, it appears that Mr. Lewis Eaton, Agent of the Post Office, is one of the principal Tyler managers of this State. He is a sort of Oliver Le Dain, or post office barber, and does his business very well. Isaac Hill is also another important personage. The movements of all these men are extremely interesting. A full description of last year's operations will be given soon. No man has ever been so awfully duped asCaptain Tyler. Oil! oh! oh! Curious Offer.?Wu understand that a gentleman, an eminent merchant down town, has ollered a leading Van Buren man in this city, the best suit of clothes he can have made, for a single proof that the Sage of Lmdenwold possesses a solitary qualification for the Presidency. It is said that he has not yet found it, although he has been hard at work digging info.the mysteries of Linden wold for nearly four months. The Mississippi Defalcation.?Several of the Treasury Notes which are advertised as having been abstracted by the Treasurer of the State of Mississippi, were received in payment of duties at the New York Custom House last November. The sum thus received amounts to three thousand dollars, and the notes were cancelled by the Collector when received. The notes were regularly endorsed, and they were received Iroin one of the most distinguished merchants of this city. If Governor Tucker will call at the Captain's office (Treasury | Department) he will find the notes on file, cancelled and settled according to law. New Doctrines?'Tup. Advocates of Murder? A certain class of newspapers are beginning to break ground in favor of murder, assassination, homicide, and the illegal taking away of life. The popular clamor, raised up by influence and other secret methods in the affairs of the Somers, of Singletrn Mercer, and other cases, is beginning to shut the eyes of the community to the wilful taking away of life under the plea of fear, passion, or other causes. The " New [York Tribune" half and half justifies the murder of Heberton?but the " Albany Daily Advertiser" conies out full, justifies that act, and approves the verdict of acquittal out und out. T ur*' nour ^ootrinnj tn^<vn/f .* *?! uiall - i ?! n ww ii in*. iuuccu?atiu limy wn be calculated to alarm society. Is this Fourerism or what is it 1 We have an excellent article from an " Old Kaahioned Fellow" on this subject, which we will give to-morrow. ^We have yet much to say on these "new lights." t.'rRAtvo Tkmpkkavce rati on.?'There will he a great Tetr?|>erHr.ce Soirrt this evening at the Tabernacle in aid ol the Temperance Union. The grand feature of attraction will be Mr. Russell, who will be present and sing some of his most popular songs, and particularly that most celebrated ol ail temperance sons, " The dream of the Reveller," as sung by him at Kxeter before an audience ol people ; he will also sing several other of his most Kttr.tRMve songs. Hie publ'o have experienced so much from the excessive crowds to hear Mr.Kusoell at Nib'.oV, that they will be pleased to know they tan go to night and hear iiiiu where there will he plenty of room. In addition to this attraction, Professor tir? entiaiik will pronounce some much admired temperance sketch"*, including the " Rum Maniac.' We should not be surprised to nee even the Tabernacle iteell hlh-d to it* utmost capacity, tor the occaaion will probably bring eut inoet of the temperance people in tlie city. 'wr Dtyi Later fioui Eurojit?Acqalttal of AlcNuuglituii?State of Trade, ?Sif. 1 he South America, Captain Bailey, arrived yesterday in thirty five days from Liverpool. This is a short passage for the season. Captain Bailey always make quick trips. She brings Liverpool pa|*>rs of the 8th and Lon* don papers of the 7th ult Five cabin and one hen- | dred and twenty steerage passengers came in her. They speak in the highest terms in praise ot Captain Bailey. The only important item from England is the ac? quittalof McNaughton, the murderer ot the lamented Mr. Drumtnond, on the ground of insanity. This gave rise to a discussion in the House of Lords on the fith u!t., as to the necessity of introducing some measure on the subject of the plea of |>artial insanity in cases,of murder. Lord Brougham, the Lord Chancellor, Lord Denman, and Lord Campbell, each spoke in favor of some provision to meet the defence now so commonly set up. The Guizot Ministry have again been sustained by a large majority. They were still talking in Parliament about the corn laws. No action, however. Packet snips George Washington, United States, and Columbus had arrived at Liverpool. The was rather heavy. No change in prices. The Madrid journals of the 2oth February have reached us in due course. Their contents are devoid of interest. The Paris journals of Sunday, the oth ult., are entirely destitute of news, but they continue to comment Rt great length on the vote in the Chamber of Deputies on the service bill and right of search. The overland mail had not arrived. It was no1 expected till the 10th, ;iu consequence of a heavy gale of wind off France. The Queen and Prince Albert had gone to Claremont. There had been a smart shock of an earthquake in Senllmiff Sir John Thomas Jones is dead. Corn Trade.?A transaction in the corn trade was announced on Wednesday, the nature of which was such as caused very general observation among merchants. A cargo of wheat, just arrived Irom Wolgast, was cleared for consumption at the duty now payable, which is the [highest that can be imposed tinder the new law?namely, 2<M per quarter. The eflect of this unlooked-for movement has been that of producing a depression in the market, the understanding being that other cargoes are on their way, which will also come into immediate consumption. It should be mentioned, that the quality of the cargo cleared on Wednesday, consiiting of about 7(10 quarters, was fine, and that ft was sold at 59s per quarter, duty paid.?Aonrfoit l'osl. New Post Office Arrangements.?In consequence of the numerous applications that have been made by'the merchants in the City, Liverpool, and Bristol, to Lord Lowther, the Postmaster General, for a more expeditious means of communication between this country, the Brazils, and Buenos Ayres, negotiations have been lor some time pending on the subject. We have, by means of the royal West India mail packets, a regular communication twice a month (the 1st and 15 h) by steam, with all the British as well as foreign .West India islands, Mexico, Carthagena, Arc., and as a commercial treaty is about to be concluded with the Em|>eror, Don Pedro II. and Great Britain, an early means of correspondence between that part of South America will be of great advantage to the mercantile interest. Contracts for the transmission of the Medeira, Brazils, and Buenos Avres mails, bv steam nackets- nre #in th? being concluded, and in all probability will commence wiili the mails of next month. At present the following eighteen gun brigs are kept in commission as packets aiFalmouth?her Majesty's briga Ranger, Linnet Penguin, Swift, Express, Petrel and Crane? at n great expense to the country. By transmitting the Brazils and Buenos Ayres mails by the West India steatn packets, not only will there be a great eavtng to government, but an expeditious communication will be afforded to the merchants The new French West India Steam Company are also going to hnve a regular line of packets between Havre and the Brazils, besides touching at all the West India islands. The first packets will commence running in May. Tiiratricai,s ?Freeman, the American Giant, and Hervio Nano, w?r# at Sadler's Wells. The actual height of Freeman is as near 6 feet 10 inches as l>ossible. Sweeny with his banjo was at the English Opera House. Browne, the comedian, was at Liverpool. Van Amburg and Carter witli their wild beasts continued at the English Opera House, London. They had North with them. The celebrated Adale Dumilatre, of the French Royal Academy, was to have made her appearance in London on the 11th ult. Fanny Elssler was also tore-appear, to be assisted by Svlvain. Giubilei was at Covent Garden. Madam E. Garcia and H. W Black were at the Princess' Theatres. Jim Crow Rice was playing at the Adejphi. Mr. Charles kean, we regret to say, is detained in Bath, in con sequence of the alarming illness of his wife (Ellen Tree) who is at present utterly unable to fulfil Iter professional engagements. Mr. and Mrs. Mathews have been performing at Edinburgh with extraordinary success. The forthcoming novelty at the Adelphi, called " Captain Charlotte," is an adaptation of a French piece of the same name, which had an itnrn?nse success in Paris. Miss Kate Howard makes her dibuX in the leading character. Markets. LosDOt Moscr Mareet?March 7.--Citt, 12o'clock. ?The lait monthly average* of the assets and liabilitiei of the Bank of England, published in the Gazttlt of Friday last, furnish a solution ot the enigma as to the cause oi tue excessive glut cl money wnich has deluge-1 the London market lor the last two or three months. We sea hy these returns that the Bank has increased her securities to the extent of ?3.525,000 in the interval between the 20th Nov. and the-25th February, hy which she must have forced out her own issues to a similar extent u|>on a mnrket already oveiloaded with currency, and during the same period her issues have been increased by ?780,000 paid for bullion ad-led to her previous stork on hand. Of course we have no means of ascertaining with certainty what description of securities ti-e Bank has chosen for investment et such an inauspicious moment ; therefore, every one mutt form his own conclusion on this point The great advance which has occurred simultsntously in the prices of our stocks and Exchequer Bills, might not unreasonably be ascribad to the gradual and continued purchase of stock for the Bank ; or she may have been called upon by the Chancellor of the Kx?hequ< r for heavy advances against deficiency bills, to meet the wants of the Treasury, which was previously exhausted by the unproductive state of the revenue, so that larger advances than usual were re. quired to provide for the payment of the January dividends. That the currency is now preposterously inflated is proved by the lact of the excessive amount of unemployed deposits lying unproductive in the Bank?the last return showing the average amount of ?11,206,000, in the place of atiout ?9,0(10 000 during the course of the year 1842, and only $7,500,000 for the latter part of the year 134). The shipping lists show a vast number of ar. rivals ; those at Liverpool from America nre very considerable, amounting to between 16 and 20 ; the addition which will be thus made to the stock of cotton will have the eilect of keeping down the staple for some time, and favor the manufacturer, who now is in better spirits ; lor although goods fetch hut low prices, there is a certain prospect of the staple being supplied at reasonable rates, no as still to leave a fair remuneration. One of those strange anomalies which have lately attended the Mexican Market has again puzzled the dealers; the stock, which yesterday fell to 29, on account of the disappointment at the remittance of the dividends being inadequate to tbe wants, has to-day risen to 31|, without any positive cause. Two O'Clock ?Nothing has occurred on the Stock Market during the morning: prices remain stationary. It is wall known that the Bank has long complained that she is, to a certain extent, restricted in her means of find 1.1^ u.rui .?i <, ?ti| nuw 111 HI lur lllirirai on commercial lulls has fallen ; and instances the caac* of Joint Stock Banka, who have the whole field of the Stock Exchange a* well as the commercial world at their corxmand ; it la not, therefore, unnatural to conclude that our view of the case is correct. Conaola nre 98 to 98$ for mo. ney.and 961 to 96$ lor the Account; New 3}, 10-Jj to 105|; India Bonda,6d toTOprem.; Exchequer Bills, 69 te 71 prem. In the Foreign Market Spanish are 21$ to 21| ; and the New 3 perOt.ta, 28$ to 28$; Portuguese, 39$ to 39$; Mexican, 3 >{ to 81$; Danish,86 to87; Brazilian, 78 to 79; Dutch 3$,A6$to6fr$; do S per Cents, 102} to 103; Colombian, 34} to 24$ Loxoox Coasr Ktciusnr., March 6.?The supplies of grain to this market during the past wet k were moderate ot wheat, hut tolerably good of barley and oats. The foreign supplies consisted of a few small cargoes of wheat, which together have equallnd in quantity 3,600 quarters, tn the early part of the week the trade was tolerably fiee for most articles, but on Wednesday and Friday it again flagged, and the business transacted was very limited. The show of wheat this morning from Essex was small, lint the Kentish supply rather exceeded that oflast week, the condition of the samples was in a measure imiirovBd, ar.d although the demand was without much life, the stands havebeen pretty generally cleared, at the prices of this day week, there lias also been a little de minil lor Tee fr-reign wheat; but without any improve, men on quotations. Barley has met a fair demand at ita.idy prices. 1 b? oat trade lias been very inactive, the <. "I.;ra only buying lor immediate wants, and prices are V'^r, T M ' We<!k- W''l,e,,r ?f?? "Iteration in Tkadi*t, March 7?Tallov,?The market h?* n Aim apf a t*hcc, and the ronatimpti >n it going on well Bast St. Petersburg yellow candle i* 43 3 I to 43 6-1 on the spot. Now tallow for the lait throe motitha la 11' ti l to 41* Oil far cwt. Tra-Pricaa ara much the tame, but tha trade nrn buying wfh more confidence. Congous Bre la Id to l> 31 nor lh. The atock on the lat of March waa '17,000,noo (ba. against 30,164,000 lha. in 104-1. i,i?r.nrooL f'OTTO* Marbet, March The continuance of easterly wind* havinglkcpt out the large supply J known to be coming forward, has induced spinner* to purchase very sparingly, but its holder* generally are (run, very little alteration has occurred in prices, though the market has closed heavily at the quotations. The sales amount only to 16,090 bales, (of which 9000 American are on speculation, with 900 American an<l 400 Surat for shipment,) and comprise 110 Sea Island at 8) to 14Jd with 10 Stained at ?); 4940 Bowed 3)1 to Aid; 3470 Mobile, Alabama and Tennessee, 8)1 to 6)d; 66*0 Orleans 3fd to 6)d; 400 Pernambuco and l'araiba ft) to Oi l OOBahiaand Maceio 6] to 6)d; 400 Maranham 4?tnA), 40 Laguayra 6.1; 630 Kgyptian 6.1 to 7d; 960 Surat 3d to 4)d; and 140 Madras at 3jd to 4)d per lb. The sales to uay amount to 33UO bales, at steady price*. Speculator* have taken .it?0 bales American. On Saturday tiOOOhale* were *oh), including 300.1 on speculation. March 7?The sules to-day are 3000 bale*. Livmrooi. Cori? Marrft, March 7 A change of wind since the close of tho week has brought up a numerous fleet of vessels, and our im|iort Hat shows a fair supply of oat*, barley, flour and malt coastwise and from Ireland, with upwards ot 10,800 load* of oatmeal lrom the lust named quarter. It will be observed there arc reported 8,300qrsof wheat from abroad; 1,600 qrs from Odessa, and 1,700 qrs from Wolgast. The latter, which is ol the last crop, of line quality, and weighing about 64lbs per imperial bushel, ha* been offered ul 7s 9d per 70lbs. duly paid. The wheat trade generally has remained in the same dull state thnt we have now for many works had to report it, and both foreign and Irish were on Friday purchasable at Id per bushel below our previous currency. Flour, too, has moved slowly, and on scarcely so good terms. The scarcity of oats has kept up their value, 3s ftd per 4Mbs having been obtained (or fine Irish mealing. Oatmeal has receded a little in price; very good marks have been sold at 3Us 6J to 30* 9.1 per load. ' A little increase in the supply hus rendered malting barley easier to buy; 33s per imperial qr. has been taken for English chevalier, and 3us to 31s forcommon. Canadian peBS at 27s to 38s per qr. No change as regards beans. Atto-duy's market there were a few buyers of wheat from the country, but the trade generally again (tiled dull at a decline ol Id to 3d per bushel; a parcel or two of choice Tolish Odessa sold at 6s 61, nnd a portion of the newly arrived Wolgast at 7s ti l per 70 lbs. back flour was offrred bt a rcduetiou ol It to 3s per 3S01bs: foreign was held for previous rates, but met little or no demand. Oats, beinfj[ rather easier to purchase, se vt'iui luKi'ii lor country nccnint. waimcai mutt be noted 6d per load cheaper, and very dull of sale. btatk of Tradf.?Manchester, March 7.?With the exception of Saturday (on which day the demand lor cloth must be said to have been less animated) the demand for all descriptions of power and hand loom fabrics must be stated as heavy, and as there is some probability that the demand will continue, now that prices are supposed to be at the lowest, the spirits of our manulactur< i s are much more buoyant; and were our relations with America attain placed on their old foo'iug, we should be nearly all that could be reasonably desired, lor a lety little increased demand would enable the manufactuins to realise fair profits. The buyers of twist are not such hcavy purchasers as could be desired?indeed it is rather too early. Such spinners, therefore, as are obliged to sell ere obliged to take a shade less, but there Is no general decline in the markets. Leeds?The market at Leeds, last week, is said to have been worse than any before remembered, l ad as many ot them have been. 1 here never, perhaps, was less doneon any occasion, and to describe what is now clearly on the inc rease, would be almost impossible. Hochdale?There was a very gleomy market at Rochdale last week; business for some weeks past has been growing worse, and the very few flannels that have been sold have been disposed ol at reduced prices. Wool is a drug; and the dealers who have effected any sales have been obliged to submit to a small reduction in price. Hcddersfiri.d?Although there was a very large attendance at Huddersfielil la?t market day, only a moderate business was done. Things areas flat ns can well be conceived Every branch is alike dull and unprofitable, and there is not the least symptom of the smallest change for the better. Bradford? There was no improvements in Bradford piece market last week. The foreign are waiting to heai the result of the Frankfort fair, before they again npp> ( as buyers to any extent. In varus no change, I in ners seem determined to c me workings! until brighter prospects pr themselves. In prices no change. There is a gr< , cession in wool, and the reports from Bristol fair ar ery discouraging, both as respects prices and demar, Later from Canton?Affairs In Chlim We have Canton papers of 27th December. ing eleven days later than by the Delhi. 1 came by the Splendid and Valparaiso. They are occupied with the correspi ...a tween the British merchants and the British potentiary, respecting the recent riot and desti. tion rtf the. Rrilisli fnnfnripn nf rtnnlnn Th? P.ritisli I Plenipotentiary considers the Chinese as having been provoked by the Lascars, belonging to British ships, and throws the blame, therefore, ef the occurrence, on the British merchants, lor not sufficiently restraining the cre^s of their vessels. The merchants replied rather warmly, and the war seema now to be between the British merchants and the British officials. PUBLIC CoRREtroNDCNCE OK the disastrous f.tentj I* Cantos on the 7th and 8th Df.c. 184-2. Hi* Excellency Lt. Oen. Sir Hlgh Gouoh :? Sir?The undersigned, British merchants in Canton, having met to deliberate on their present position, beg leave respectfully to submit, that enquiry of the Chinese leads them to believe that the recent attack on the foreign factories, was the result of a prc-arrangod determi-, nation of the mob, assisted and inlitit need, >t is supjioscd, bv parties averse to apprehended for. ign innovation; and as the local authorities were avowedly unabl-, for a con ciderahle time to quell the disturbance, and did not in tact succeed in doing so until after a considerable loss of lile and property, we are forced to tbe conclusion that the British community cannot be considered site in their houses in Canton, without efficient protection from their own Oovernment on the spot. Although the local authorities have placed a considerable number of soldiers to guard the factories, we do net consider that they can bo depended upon in case of another riling of tbe people, and others represent considerable bodiisof men to be still assembled in the city and neighborhood of Canton, from whom another attack may at any moment take place. Under these circumstances, wc beg leave respectfully to solicit your Excellency to allow the steamer Proserpine to remain in front of the factoiies, should such an arrangement he possible , at any rate, until some communication may be received Irom H. M.'s Plenipotentiary, affording information to the British merchants of his intentions for further security. The reply of Lieut. Gen. Gough states that he would accede to their request granting the protection of the steamer,and that he had received from the Chinese authorities assurances that tranquillity should be preserved; but doubting their ability, recom mends the merchants to be on their guard, and to forbear from anything that may tend to a collision wiffi the populace. Trade was necessarily in a precarious condition, in consequence of the unsettled state of affairs, and nothing would be done until the course of the British minister was known. The Canton Register of the 20th ol December, ^,,...,.,,,1, ?* ? vsais-io IU,H.I1S iu lilt in at y and the duties consequent upon it, but they present nothing of importance, unlsss it be an indication that his Imperial Majesty intends to fulfil, in good faith, all that has been stipulated. No other news of consequence. Markets. Cantom Market, Dec. 24.?Imports?American Sheet ings ? Of quick. Dale. Opium?A? the time?bargain* entered into tome time ago are falling due, the Bengal drug is declining, and few transaction! aretoking place. In Malwa little it doing, but price* are firm, tj'iotations : new I'atna 765 ; new Bonarei 726; new Bombay Malwa 690; Turkey 400. Rice?Kirm, atock sufficient; Bengal f-1 ,-2AaI,40; Java, IkC. ft, 10*1,36. Ginseng?Sales by theChinese. Supply large; 6.5atiO. Extorts? Rhubarb?Sold as fast as it arrives, 72 a 76 per pecul. Teat?Congo?'The market is dull, if any thing lower than Irs) week; very few sales. Souchong?No sales reported; the fine chops are not settled lor. Pekoe?No sales of importance. Orange Pekoe?No sales or arrivals. Chalan O. Pekoe?No salis reported. Ankoi Souchong?Bales. llungmui y?no sales or arrivals. Caper, do do. (ireen Teat?Hyson, gunpowder and imperial arc short in quantity this year. Skins are more plenty, but inferior in quality. Twankay is as last year Quotation*?Congo 22*34 per pecul: Souchong, 20 a 2.7 Pekoe 45 a 70; Hyson, cargo. SO a 40; Hyson skin, 19 a 22: Young hyson, cargo, 26 a 32; Canton, 16 a 22, Imperial and (}uo|>owder 30 a 46; T wankay 22 a 26; Orange Pekoe 24 a 26; do do scented 37 a 30; Caper 21 a 26; Ningyong Souchong 26 a 34. Kxchange?London, 6 mos. 4s 9J; government, 4n days. 4s 81; Sysee silver, large, 3 prem; small, 1 do; old head dollar* 12 do; republican do, 4 discount. Charter Election, The following is th<? official result of the charter election for Mayor, held in this city on Tuesday last:? Hard. Morrit. Smith. Total. I, nis OKI llll , 47 a 7in iisa 3, 747 11S0 1936 4, 13M >?n in, a , 1976 1303 2679 6, 1683 787 9371 7, S0*9 1H7I 3728 8, mi Jlbl 4414 9, 2938 1402 3700 10, 1760 1170 29.0 11, 2002 634 2640 12, 72 4 607 1231 18, 18?1 8)9 2670 14, 1646 907 9609 16, 786 1401 2187 16, 1849 1673 3622 17, 1981 1198 3109 26,901 19,401 44,448 19,401 6,600 Morrill's majority. Tiif. Military opt .Yesterday.?Col. Warner's regiment of infontry and riflemen were out on parode yesterday, in honor of the centennial birth-day of Jetlerson. Thev jiaid a marching salute to Gen. Moms in front of the City Hall. There were three companies of Germans, and they made a very fine {appearance, GlMl Dinner at 'l'aimuuiiy Hall last night In Celebration of the Centennial Annlver. Miy of the lllrth of Thomas Jcfferroii. The deiuocrate "killed two birds willi one stone," and celebrated the centennial anniversary of the birth ol Jefferson, and their late triumph, at one and the same time, at old Tammany, last night. About two hundred pereons sat down to dinner. It was a two dollar dinner, and the less said about its quality the better. Everything was atoned for, however, by the fire and enthusiasm of the guests. Tiie room was handsomely decorated by portraits of the Presidents of the United States, the llags of the various States, and other appropriate devices. His Honor tiie Mayor occupied the chair, and sustained the post with characteristic dignity. A reasonable number of the company got jolly betore the cloth was removed, and their patriotism kept at the boiling point all the evening, and was coutinually running over, accasioning no little interruption in the giving ot the toasts. After the cloth was removed, the Chairman rose and said:? Gentlemen?A hundred years ago a spirit was sent among us, who propagated, raised, and spread that liberty which we now enjoy, and which is vastly and rapidly disseminating itsell' over the whole face of this earth. (Cheers.) It is fog the purpose of commemorating that day that we have now met. The first regular toast is? "The 3d of April, 1743?the day that gave Jetlerson to mankind?mankind will never forget that day." Drank in solemn silence. Cif ai am an?Please till lor the second regular toast ? J "The President of tho United States." (Cheers.)? [Major Davizac?"Three cheers more!" which were accordingly given.} Air?The President's March. The third toast was? "The Governor of tho State of New York." (Cheers.) Air?' Governor's March." The next regular toast was? "The mvmory of George Washington." Drank in solemn silence. Air?"Oft in the Stilly Night." The tilth regular toast was? " The deceased Democratic Presidents?gathered jewels of our Country " In proposing the next regular toast (he Chairman said that some of (lie tilinit r. miiin. .1 otvA nllhnnnl, enrmn. for the dead was becoming, yet the living were worthy of loudest cheert. "The Revolutionary Patriots?they have nobly done their work?and tkeir work nobly fpllows them."?Three tintra three. Air?German Waltz. The next toast wai? "The Declaration of Independence?a pledge of the lives, fortunes, and (acred honor ot three millions of people for the cause of freedom and mankind?heroically made and as heroically redeemed." (Great cheering.) Air?The Star Spnugled Banner. J oui.i Cosnoii, h'?u. here proposed nine cheers for the Declaration of Independence, which were accordingly given with great enthusiasm. The next toast was? "The Democratic Faith?its chief political tenet, the sublime mural maxim: equal and exactjustice to all men." (Cheers.) Th? next regular toast was? Tko living dam lcratic Kx.Presidents?Andrew Jack. son and Mi run tan Bnren." (Tremendous applause) (' v i an ?Gentlemen, you must wait?you must come to trait till you hear the rest of the toast betore you In k it?' in all the vicissitudes of their eventtul career, neither lias swerved from the faith, or compromised a principle to gain temporary applause." (Great cheers.) : he next toast was? llanlt and State?the purity of each requires their absolute and perpetual divorce."? (Great applause.) The eleventh regular toast was? " The tirst Secretary of State o'.' tha United States?the bold and skilful pilot who put the ship of State on the only tack that leads to peace, liberty, and safety."?(Cheer*) Air?" Merry row thobonnie bark." The next regular toast was? " Freedom of opinion and of the press?the extcrmina. i error?the guardian oftruth." (Cheers.) -Marseilles Hymn. r Davkzac?" Three cheers for the press;" which ordingly given. uiisinuAX?The man who won't fill for the next toast can neither appreciate the sentiments already given, or the land which gave them birth. " Woman?that after all." Drank standing and with tremendous applause. Air?" Green grow the rashes 01" The C11 ai hman then rose and stated that invitations had been issued to the President, the ex.Presidents, the Ofiicers of State, the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Hon. James Buchanan, Hon. Dixon 11- Lewis, and other distinguished democrats. But, gentlemen,said the Chairmsn.whethcryou re. collect it or not, I have a most distinct remembrance of it, that we have just passed through our election. (Tremendous cheering.) Gentlemen, I mentioned this not expecting you would treat the matter so seriously, hut to inform you that in consequence ot the celebration having been got up just before the election, it was impossible to send some of the invitations in time for them to he received hefore this day, and too late lor the reply to others to be I received by us. I mention this in order to explain the rea-ou why answers have not yet been received from all. As I have already bellowed and shouted till 1 am almost noarii(>, i must request my menu on tne teit to read tbe letter* of apology. The following letter from the Preiident was then read Gen rLK MBIT? I hasten to acknowledge the receipt of your letter "of the fitli 1 iMant, inviting me,on behalf ol r v democratic fellow citi7. -ns of the city nnd county of New York, to partake with them of n nublic dinner, to be siren at Tammany Hill on the nth inttnnt, in commemoration of the rentenniil anniversary of Thomas Jetrurson. Devoted as I am. anil always have been, to the principles ofthat great apostle of liberty, I cannot do otherwise than express my deep regret at my inability to comply wl h your invitation. Reared in habitual admiratian of his character, my public life has been uniformly and strenuously dot oted to the maintainancc of the great doctrines which he espoused. (Cheers.) Heis prsperly to be regarded as, in his day and generation, the great champion of equal rights and equal privileges ; the asserter and supporter of man's capacity for self government; the enemy of all distinctions in society, other than such as have their origin in public and private virtue, and the untiring and ardent advocate of the government of the people and the crlightcnintnt of the people. The hater of the tyranny and the tyrants he is justly to he esteemed as amongst the foremost of the pioneers in the work of political reform ushered in by the American Revolution ; I claim to he his political disciple, and in all things heretofore to have conformed to his precepts. His examplo is now before me io the administration of the affairs of this great confederacy, and I shall strive to profit hvit?(cheers.) So tar as I have followed it in the midst of greater abuse aid more trying difficulties than have ever fallen to the lot of any of my predecessors, amid the thunders of the denunciations which may still he in store for me. 1 shall persevere to the end?(great rheering.) For the polite terms in which your invitation is couched 1 tender you my thanks, along with ;my best wishes for vour health and happiness. ? JOHN TYLER" | " To Robert H Morris and Campbell P. White, Committee of Invitation." Letters of npolagy were also read from the Lieutenant GovernorDickinson, James Buchanan, andUon. John Savage. Thc Chairman then rose and said?All the letters have now been read, and having performed this duty, I now assume the duty of offering the first regular toast. (A laugh?1" You have given that alreadv !") When the f;entlpmen come to hoar the toast, they will ray It is reguar?regular even in the ncciptation of old Tammany. 1 otter no further remarks in introducing this sentiment. Those who know me are well aware that if I could speak volumes, those volumes would he condensed into this sentiment?and they know that that sentiment thus con. densrd is the ps once of truth. I give?" The eleetors of the city of New York?too honastto uphold corruption? too just to sanction persecution !" (Drank with great applause.) Tiiomss O'Couxon, Km., one of the Vice Presidents, then eavc? " Rational liberty, an indigenous plant growing hut on American soil." (Drank with great applause.) C. T. Whitf. F.sq., another Vice President, gave? " The Rtate Rights resolutions of Virginia in 1798, and the memory of their immortal author.'' Gen. Storms, another Vice President, gave? " Thomas Jetterson ?Identified with the most exalted acts and principles In the early hirtory of our glorious republic, we rejoice in hearing testimony upon this the centennial anniversary of his birth, that his memory still lives, and his services are yet revered by a grateful people. (Drank with cheo-s.) Joist Comsoa, Esq , one of the Vico Presidents, then gave? Martin Van Bnrcn?" The pure Patriot, the brilliant Statesman, the tried friend and disciple of Jetterson?The Demo-rary ar? deeply indebted to him for his great services in the csuse o( good gover intent and political equality :?This debt they csn heit pav by his tiiumnhant re. election to the chair which he has once filled with so mueii honor to hlmielf, his constituents, and his country." Drank with tremendous enthusiasm. Tiioi. N. ("mm, Esq. rate and said, that although the sentiment hail been drank with great enthusiasm, still he lelt it a duty to say a word or two. The sentiment, said Mr. C , is peculiarly well-timed and apnroprinte. What better occasion could he chosen for offering a compliment to the distinguished and favorite son of New York than the present ? (Cheers) The centennial anniversary of the birth-day of Thomas Jefferson?the patriot and tl e statesman?the author of our Declaration of Independence?the apostle of true liberty and democracy.? Jetterson and Van Ruren are names indissoluhly associate I in thp mindsof the people. (Great rheering.) Both have been equally distinguished by their opposition to the en< mies of truth and liberty and equal rights.? ? vv11 i nii ijiiirn ? inr miner mm inn mm?iu? Elijah and the Klishn (with all revirnnce he would say l>) ol lh" democracy. Whit n leader nnd whot a follower! It is enough to my, one is worthy of the other. From hie early boyhood Mr. Van Huron liu promuiptrdind enl fotced the principle* of ttie illustrious J<ttor?on. I pro' pose that the sentiment Just given be drank with nine Cheer*. (The company then rose, and reeponded to Mr. Carr'i cn'l In nine terrific rhiers.) Mi). D?vi7 ?c. alter mime eloquent remark*. gav#? "Andrew Jirkson?Like the f>med champion of Rome, victorious, three to one. over the foe* of hi* country; con. d rnnorl. like him, by an iniqttitona judge, like him acqnjted hv theneopln." (Drank with great npplatiae.) Ei m * it F Pi'sdt gave? " riia Ilight of Vi?it and the Naturalization Law*- The honor and interest ofthe nation demand eternal resistance t* the former, and uncompromising opposition to the repeal of the latter." fflrent applause.) A l tenn.inj/r n kmhii Towi.* rose and said?I give vou three lines from the funeral oration on the doath of Tnos. Jefferson, delivered by John T) U'r, at Richmond, on thi I 1:1th July, Hafl:? "Let his life be an instructive lesion to ui, my country men; let ui teach our children to reverence his name, and even in infancy to liip bis principles." A grn.t number of democratic anil patriotic toasts wen then given by various members ol the company, and Mr John M'Kihuin sang a patriotic song, which eliciter great applause. Amongst these toasts, the health of Governor Dorr wai given. The health of Martin Van fiuren was again proposed and drank with thunders of applause. By A. J. Bkruf.n? "The Hon. Samuel Young?the Jefferson of ouro*vi proud Stale?the opponent of increased indebtedness, thi better to preserve the public faith." The Mayor, after rending a dozen long-winded senti ments, called for a song, when George Washington Dixon, E?q., rose and sang?"Vai Buren's the man which elicited thunders of applause. Uamscvoort Meltin, Esq., then rose, and alter som1 remarks, gave? " The memory of Thomna Addis Emmctt." In presenting this toast, the Chaihman said Howeve much the man whose memory is given may be veneratci by Erin, it is no less fondly cherishod by America (Cheers ) He had pleasure in responding to the call o the gentleman who ottered the toast?and he wouli therefore borrow, not snatch, his^pupers. (Tremendoui applause and roars of laughter.) He had pleasure thei in giving? " The memory of him who has justly been called th Cicero of his order?the memory of Thomas Addis Em mrtt." Some one then sent up a sentiment? " Bob Morris?old Jackson?and 6000 majority." (Trc mendous applause.) Chairman?The next toast has got no name attached but it requires no sponsor? "Tho whole art of government consists in the art o being honest. (Great applause.) Mr. Enoch E. Camp gave? '* Silas Wright, Jr.?Now York's proudest son?n disci pie of Jefferson?a true democrat, and an honest man 1" Drank with great applause?and threu cheers more. Thomas Jeremiah, Jr. gave? " The dead Coou? Alas '. at length his vigor's flown? His years havebrought decay? He gave to Smith his dying groan Ilia aying kick to Clay 1" (Great Laughter The Mayor said that as chief mourner he was bound ti give the sentiment a second time, adding, " if you liar tears to shed, prepare to shed them row."?(Great laugh ter.) By Mr. Smith? " One Cent Reward?Lost, strayed or stolen ''that sam old coon"?upon the same being returned to Nations Hall the above reward will be paid and no questions ash ed"?(Laughter and applause ) By E. O. Swekt? " The Right of Search as practised by the Democrac; of New Yoik in the Springs of 1839 and 1943." By Thomas Harrison? " The CITY FATHERS, they have had an immense in crease in the family during the present week"?(Laugh ter and cheers.) By Mr. Jamls Kelly? " Jeftersonian principles, always open and aboveboar ?may the democratic party carry them out iu their no mination of a candidate lor President?by convincing th Baltimore Convention in May 1844, and the Delegates t be elected by Congressional districts?the only guaran tee for unanimity and victory to the great democratic fo mily, which, although divided on men, are united ii principles." By J.H. Bra dy, Esq ? "John C. Calhoun?The illustrious Statesman of th south?the nncorrupted and uncompromising disciple ? the immortal Jefferson." (Drank with great applause.) Bv Geo. II. Kellinoer? " Elijah F. Furdy?the faithful advocate of Jeffersoniai principles, and the poor man's friend." (Drank will great enthusiasm.) At this period of the evening, the health of the Mayor was drank with great enthusiasm. The Mayob then rose and said?Gentlemen :?I cai have no better opportunity than this to state to you, frank ly and honestly, why it was that I consented, and why really desired again to be placed in nomination before m; democratic fellow-citizens. I belong to that class whi believe that no man has a right to ask to be nominated a Mayor more than twice, and that if anyone should bj word, look or action intimate a desire to that effect, hi would prove himself recreant to all the principles that a a democrat he should sustain. (Cheers.) Gentlemen, did not ask to bo nominated ; hut I tell you with perfec candor and frankness 1 desired it. (Cheers.) I did no ask to be nominated, because the democratic party havi so many men to whom they are indebted, that one whi lias been already paid one hundred fold more then hi A IL..I : l.l __ ,1. In nil for a re-nomination. (Cries of no ! no and cheers.) But gentlemen, the simple truth is thil, 1 wished to be numi noted opsin,because I had been abused?because I ha< been abused for the honest performanceof what I believei to be my duty. (Groat applause.) I had been ahu?e< because I would not assume the powc of setting asidi the judgment of tho inspectors of election. I speak no now of the abuse burled against me for " snatching th< papers," because the verdict of the people two years agi settled that?(Cheers.)?and by gones are by gones, was satisfied with that verdict. But I was abused, becaus last spring I decided, as Mayor, that I hud no right to se aside the judgment of the Inspectors ef election. I con sidered that as the ministerial officer. 1 could merely carrj out the certificate brought mc, nnd that it would have beei as monstrous for me to have decided that the man wh< had that certificate was not elected, as that the man wai elected who had not the certificate of the inspectors.(Cheers.) However gentlemen, my legal opinion as wel as my political opinion?for ray politics is that no mar can assume to set aside the judgment of the individual! who are appointed to decide,?was, that I could not sweat these men in, although I believed that they had the legq plurality of votes. As a man. t believed that?bnt as i magistrate I had no evidence ofit. (Great cheers ) I coul< not swear them in because I knew there was n tribunal constituted expressly to try that question, and that war the B.iard of Aldermen. They could hove organized th< very day after that, oa which I refused to swear in Alder manCrolius, and could, after examining the whole cri dence in the case, have arrived at the same conclusion ai that adopted by the Supreme Court and the Court for th< Correction ot Errors. And with perfect submi6sior to the wisdom of these tribuns's I assert that the Board of Aldermen was a more legal and more constitu tionalhody for the decision of that question than the) who decided it. (Great cheering) Having had th< judgment of the Supreme Court against me, and a!sc that of the Court of Errors?having heard the charges rung against me trom Wall street to the uttermost boundi ofthe Union, in papers which we do not exactly respect (laughter and cheers) although thev may have some in fluence in certain quarters?I really wanted to know what my brother democrats thought upon that subject. 1 wished to have a verdict of the people on that question nnd it was that, nnd that only, which induced me tc wish?not to ask?to be permitted to pnsn for what I con ceired to be the strict correct democratic, principle of ro tation in office. (Great applause) You were kind enough to anticipate my wishes, and I recognize in vsui conduct on this instance another exhibition of that lead ing doctrine of the dumocratic faith, that no man of "th< party" is wrongfully to be ahu?cd nnd trampled or f.y the calumny and yells ot the oppon?nt. (Loud and enthusiastic applause.) Gentlemen, I cannot til down without for a moment calling your attention t< the remarkable vind cation of the honesty nnd purity o the democratic, crcpd nnd practice, which InH very case has afforded. On the bench of the Supreme Co jrt thcr< at present sit, f?hief .Iustlce Nelson, Judge Bronson, ant Judge Cowen?nil thorough, consistent, uniform demo orots?and proud am I to ndd?all friends of Robert H Morris. Yet with all their political and personal predi lections these men decided against their party and theii personal friend ! (Cheers.) Resting solely in the con ylctions of their own honest judgment?throwing asidt entirely the consideration of the consequences to a per sonnl friend?disregarding what would seem to be theii political interest, they unanimously came to the conclu sion that the personal friend was wrong, and thatth< party interest should he disregarded. (Groat cheering There, gentlemen, i? an evidence o( the integrity ol de mocratic principle. Cheers.) There, in that decision o a democratic court, on a party question, read the purity o your faith?the unbending rectitude of its most intelligen adherents ! (Renewed cheering.) I a?k you now, ye lawyers, turn to your hooks, consult the decisions of youi Johnsons, your reports and your adjudged cases, the deci sionsof your Court of Krrors when n Verplanck wns i Senator, and lay your finger, if you can, on any one soli tary ca?e where federalists or whlgs ever so disregards party feeling and political brotherhood. (Tremendou cheering.) But. gentlemen, there is a higher plume it the integrity of democracy. I appeal, and proud am I tc he able to appeal, to the Court for the Correction of Er rors. At thn time to which I refer I had around me mnni of those who now surround this festive hoard; although I had not then perhaps the fiono majority, yet 1 had, as I wol knew, a majority of the citizens of our city and county Thry ? 1 mean the rank and file?(cheers) "believed, as believe they still do, that my determination wns correct and I would havo been a rocreant to my prlnci pies had I acted otherwise. But here we conn to the highest feather in the plume of democracy In the Court of Errors there was a decided de mocratic majority?men who were friends?I this dij proudly say it, of Boh Morris. [Great cheers ] And yet though they well knew what a tilow it would he to him nfter hearing sn elaborate argument,they unanimonslj decided that the party and thn personal friend wore wrong. [Cheers! Now go to the records of your Cour of Errors, and point out to mo if you can, one soli'nrj case in which a whig majority of that court ever decider unanimously, except in favor of their party. [Terrilh cheering.] And further, so long as there is afiOOOmnjori ty for us in Naw York, the legality ot that decision shal never he tested. [Cheers. " Protested," cried some oni near the chair.] No, said his honor the Mayor, no tested, tried. But von may rely upon it, that if lh< result of the election had depended on one ward, th< ballot boxes would hare been smashed, iWd the whig! would hove triumphantly appealed to the decision of th< Court for the Correction of errors. (Cheers.) And, Ren tlemen, If that day should ever arrive, the Legislator* must by an act destroy the derision of that court! (fires cheers.) This has, howpvor, been nil settled for the pros ent, and a hnppler man than myself does not breathe. 1 hedoe??(A Voice?"We would like to see him !") No gentlemen, we would not, we could not sue him, forlilu the Prophet of eld, he would be translated?he would bt too good for earth ! (Laughter and tremendous applause amid which his Honor resumed his seat.) Ifis ITon->r the Mnvor then retire*' and toe chaii was takpn by one of the Vice-Pregidenta. The fen ti vities were kept up to nn early hour, and the walk of oln Tammany r^floundfd almn?t till day-break with the uproarious enjoyment of victorious and rejoicin* democrat? Tiif. America* in Eovpt.?I). Appleton Ac Co have this day published, and for aale at this office. No A of the American in Egypt. This number contain* the contin aation of the description of the eonaular residence at Cairo, a visit to the harems ol Mahomet A li, bridel procession, slave markets. Arc., illustrated with a great variety of platen. Tliia it one of the most entertaining and instructive num hers in the whole aeriea. One more number wil complete the work?price only twenty-hve cents pel part. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. WaalUngton. I Correspondence of Uie Herald.] J Washington, April 12, 1843. I Opinion of the Court Martial and Decision of the Executive in Capt. McRemit'a Cute ' I see that the papers, particularly those of your , city, are indulgiug in statements of what has transpired here in relation to McKenzie's case, and, ol i course, the usual exaggerations nnd perversions ai> 3 pear. I have no other means of information on the subject than such as are possessed by well informed persons generally in this city, and as your paper has pursued the most dignified and impartial attitude of B any, 1 have supposed you would not be unwilling to hear what is said and understood here by such perr sons. I You are probably aware, that by the rules and re i gulalioiis of the navy, all sentences of Courts MarII tial, which shall exUnd to the loss of life, require i the concurrence of two thirds of the members. As the Court convened for the trial of McKenzie con? sisted of twelve members (Capt. Smith, haying been excused in consequence of sickness) it required a vote of 8 to 4 to convict him, so that the strange i- anomaly was produced, that a minority of 5 against 7 caused an acquittal, instead of the discharge of the 't Court on account of their disagreement, as would f be the result in a criminal trial before a iury, when another trial must be had. Now the understanding here is, derived chiefly from letters from New York t. that the Court actually stood 7 for convicting to 5 for acquitting. And in this state of things the finding of the Court has been very peculiar, as it is published in the Intelligencer. Instead of saying, as is usual, that McKen/ie is " not guilty" of the different specification, they say the specifications are " not proven." Whether this mode of expression has been adopted to satisfy the tender consciences ) of any members, who could not be brought to say t? McKenzie was not guilty, jirobably can never be e determined. iiavmg iourid the specifications " not r proven" they of course find him not guiltv of" the charge embracing those specifications. If Commander McKenzie can find consolation I in a technical acquittal, when seven of his brother .. officers, under the awful circumstances of the case, have pronounced their opinion that he has been guilty of the murder of three unarmed prisoners, he y is certainly entitled to the full benefit of it. It is the prevailing opinion here, however, that McKenzie can never be employed in the public service; that'while he will be shunned by his brol" ther officers, no seaman will ever serve under him. And whether he is to remain a pensioner on the ,j government, remains to be seen. r It is currently stated, lhat the language of the e President in disposing ot the finding of the Court is 0 unusual; that instead of "approving," lie haaconfirmed the proceedings. In the discussions which I l" have heard, this language is attributed to the pecuII liar views entertained by some, that in a capital case such as this, the duty of the President is like p that of n Judge on a criminal trial, merely to de,f clare the judgment of the law upon the finding of the jury. Others maintain that courts martial are different froin any oihercourts; that the officer apa pointing the court and its members are integral parts k of the whole, innsmuoh as no finding is valid until approved orconfirmed by that ullicer, and that nothing is more common than to send back to the ? court its proceedings forrevision. In several memo. ruble cases, this is known to have been done ; whe1 ther the present, being a capital case, varies the prin7 ciple, is more than I can say. o The rumors, you may hear about discussions in 8 the Cabinet on this case, must be untrue, as no one ' can possibly be acquainted with them. At all ? events, it is known, that Mr. Spencer has absented j himself from the two last cabinet meetings, and the t oause is, of cot?-ge, understood. But while (he dist missions of the cabinet are unknown, the members b individually have net been able to keep those with ' whom they associate, wholly from a knowledge of E their feelings and opinions; and it is very generally 4 understood, lhat with perhaps one exception, their sentiinent3 are in unison with those of the great j mass of the counfy, and any thing but favorable to McKenzie's courage, discretion, humanity, or his sense of justice. Sales of Stock* at Philadelphia Yesterday. $300 State6's, 40; $100 Citv 5's, 97J; 19 shares Pennsylvania Bank, ISO; 100 do Mechanics' Bank, 16}, 1 do Reading do, 14; 7 do Fariners'and Mechanics"do,-.13}. After Board?16 shares Pennsylvania Fire Insurance Co. 116. LATEST SOUTHERN SHIP NEWS. Philadelphia. Anril 13?Arr Lawrence, Curtis. Hivana; Experiment, ( Br) White. Port Spain, Trinidad; Phsne Baxter, Cruwell, Bnston; E'ixi Williams, Belles, 6rvr London. Below, North .Star, Skellington, Prom Liverpool; Delaware, Foster Boston. Bali iMotiE, April I??Arr Delos. Howes, Clnrleston. Cld Oiilaut M?rv, Evans, Mryagues; W?vs, Crnwell. Boston. Hichmomd. April 11?Arr .Mechauic, Lubec; Tmcarora, N York. Sid Orleans, NewOrleans; Texts, Boston; Lynchburg. NVork. r^oapnLS April U?Arr K.xtra, Ov rton, N York. Cld M?je?nc, t Bi) Scoit, West luilies. Arr lll.h, Brane, NYoik; Paul Jones, do. Savannah. April !)?A-r Clarence, (Br) Larkin, Antigua.? Cld firiou, ( Br) Ca;:u, Liverxiol S'n Alliance, Tucker, do; Commerce, Lull, Kitision. Js; L Baldwin, Bulkb-y, NYork.? Cld #,i?, Talma, Couklm, Bostoa. Arr Sliawmat, Ballard,,N Orleans. Moan e, April 4?Old Ntw irk, Merwm, NYork; Daeo'Orleans, Hjodless, Genoa. Spoken. Klw.lda, (Dutch) 63diys ffom Bicmen for Charleston, April 6, off T>her Lirht. (K7- The river ha3 opened to some purpose, to judge frcm the vast influx of persona ut the American Museum yesterday--the place was crowded day and night Whether it is the river, or whether it is that " tide in the affairs of man, which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune," (which Barnum hasao admirably availed himaclf of,) we are not able to say ; but we are of opinion that the power* ful attractions presented, consisting of the " Fat Boy,' ' Miu rioi-limr,Ml Chnna L'nr,rr farlln and lh. Melodian, must have (ometbiDg to do with it. &J- THE NEW WORLD ?Three aplendid illustration*.?Contents for Saturday, April IS.?Original article* : ? I. History, Politic*. Literature, and Manner* of the German*?No Sof thi* able and intereatiug series. II. Critical Review of Hammond's Political History of New York, by an old Federalist. III. Female Education?a powerful article. IV. Moics and the Ancient I<raelite*. V. Oliddon's Lecture* on Ancient Egypt?a capital abstract. VI. Letters from Mr. Aldrich?Churches of Florence, the Dramo, Dante, Baptistry of St. John, fcc. VII. The Musical World. VIII. Theatrical World. IX. Original Poetry?four piece*. * Selection*. I. Joseph Hume, Esq., with a portrait, r II. Address on the present age, by the late Dr. Chan. ning?eloquent. cflfi b III. Tne Orphan Twin* of Beauce?a true talo of ) France. IV. Newstead Abbey?with two splendid view*, f V. Pleasures, Object*and Advantages of Literature inf dicated?No. 3. t VI The Rose?with on engraving. VII. Poetry, News. Politics, Ac. Ac. Terms?Three dollars a year only, or flj cent*. Gentlemen an J strangers in the are invited to call at the office, 30 Ann street, and subscribe. (UJ- SHERMAN'S TOOTH PASTE IS A DELI, cious article ; it sweetens the breath, hardens the gums, give*a peaily wliitness to the teeth, keep* them from aching and decay, warrnntej free from all acid* and injuriou* ingredient*, and poa*e**ing all these excellent qual. ill'1* in so high a degree there can he nothing to compare will* if hr r. itHn nnn nf nilr first dpntkla jan lio n#? 1 vcr used anything equal to it, and recommend* it in preference to all othrr preparation*. Dr. Sherman's warp. I house is at IPfi Nassau street. A-.roat*, 3 Ledger Bulld, ing?, Philadelphia, 8 State street, Boston; and 4 Blanwix Hall, Albany. \ (KJ- L. W. SIBLEY, ESQ. OF THE WELL KNOWN firm of Sibloyand Scrintom. Anctionepr?, Rochester, j N.Y., nearly ruined hi* health by hi* profcation. By , conatantly talking, ho contracUd Bronchitis, so obstinate , and long continued a* to threaten hi* life. A* a la*t r hope he ?pent the winter of '39 and '40 In Florida. It t benefitted him, and in the fall of '4a he returned, and t again spent another winter in the " aunny south." The r past winter, unequalled in severity. he has pa??ed In 1 Rochester. The following note will explain how he ha* : withstood the rigorous cold of the last lour months, and . enjoyed so good health a* to attend to business con1 stuntiy. 0 Kocii?srr.a, March91,1843. , I have been using Wi star's Balsamof Wild Cherryfcf a the last three months, an t find considerable relief in my a "complaint Bronchitis, with which; I have been alllicted s ftrthe last four years. ? , , . 3 I have no douid it will prove beneficial in that com plaint, and alio in all affections of the chestand liver j sT# rIBLGY t Sold only at lib Fulton at, corner Nassau?Dexter, Albany; ami Badger, Newark. f (H7- HEAD THE FOLLOWING CERTIFICATE, ' lo which Mr. Smith i* willing to make affidavit; the cure* ? ofDr Taylor'* Balsamof Liverwort are truly astonish ing- bo careful to see that the now splendid steel plate wrapper, "To Prevent Counterfeits," is on each bottle:? Coesuwrrieis sen Risien Bi.oon Cnai n.?I hereby ccr. tify that last August I was attacked with a violent and profuse hemorrhage from the lungs, severe cough, with 1 the expectoration of much mucus, pain in the head, soreness in the chest, and other distressing symptom*. I bought a hottleof Dr. Taylor's Balsam of Liverwort, from I, n.lor ?l,n V, gave me immediate relief. It* ( fieri hM been *nch in my care that 1 cannot prairr it too highly. CHARMC8 L. BMITH, > 160 Tillery street, Brooklyn. April 31 h, 184.1. Buy only al .176 Bowery, or of T)r Leeds, sole wholep ?alr agent. 127 Maiden I.ane, or Mr*. Hay*, 130 Fulton at, Brooklyn. ' Of/- KOLMSTOtfK'S VERMiFUGF.-Thl* remedy for worm* i* the mo?t extraordinary oter naod. It will I olfectually eradicate all aorta of worm* from children r and ndult*,~nndi*.iold only at71 'Maiden lane, at 35 cent* per botllu. I

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