Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 19, 1843, Page 2

April 19, 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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m ' " *-K" YORK HER ALP-1 \i ? fork, W rdnc??l?). April 19, 1843. Herald Literary l)cpo(. All (he new and cheep literary put lications of the day ar. tor sale. wholesale end retail, at the HaasLD Orrica, northwest corner of Nissan nml Fulton street Further IntelllK^noe from Washington We have received lurther intelligence Ironi Wash ingtcn relative to inore removals and appointments, ome ol which are of the most curious character imaginable. We forbear to publish some of these anomalies till we see whether they are correct?and d they an; so, we think Captain Tyler will repent betore long, that he ever made some of them. The excitement which was produced yesterday, by our accounts of the recent changes, was quite amusing It issaid that a few months ago, Captain Tyler gave assurances to Mr. Lord, or his friends, that he would not be removed. Since that assurance, it seems a change has come over the spirit of his dream, for it would really api*ar that the Captain and the " guard" sometimes do dream dreams of an awful character We have some very curious developments of the White House to make in a few days. Wait patiently. ????? I Administration of Ceimtnal Justice?The simultaneous occurrence in England and this country, of several remarkable criminal cases, and the striking similarity in the judicial action respecting thein, have awakened very generally the keen attention of the public press The trials and acquittals of McNaughton, Mercer, and McKenzi?, are all pregnant illustrations of the same general fact? the growing and alarming laxity in the administration ot criminal justice. Differing, it is true, in their minor details, and presenting individual peculiarities ot distinctive interest and importance, yet they may all be ranged with propriety and justice under the same category, as presenting the same general result. The acquittal ot McNaughton has thoroughly alarmed a great portion of the public in Great Britain: and the press, with great unanimity, is exposing the dangerous consequences which are likely to result from the decision ot the jury in that case. Since the trial of McVaughton, two individuals have been apprehended who had threatened to shoot the Queen and Sir Robert Peel, and another was caught p trading Downing street nd Whitehall Gardens, with the same murderous intent The case liou urf'Tiir i nr BU-jecl UI investigation in 1'rtrliarnen', and a viy intere-ting dtecu-sion, in which Lords Lvndhurst, Rrnughitm, Oottenham and Campbell. took part, had taken place in the House of Lords. It is likely that some important legislative action respecting the rlea ol in anity, and othfr questions connected with the admmietration of criminal justice, will soon be taken by the British Parliament. The same views which we expressed on the termination of the Mercer cese, have been taken by several journalists throughout this country, and we have reason to believe that the great mass of the intelligence and sober common sense of the community are disposed to adopt the opinions thus expressed by the press. Amongst the newspapers which have sounded the alarm in the case ot Mercer, we find the Neir York American, which published the other day the following sensible and judicious article, which exactly coincides with the views taken by ourselves :? Thf. Proofes* of DtaonunTios.-Wf promised some days ago to give a hearing to a subscriber who had addressed u? a warmly and vigorously written communication on this su'ject, but. at hit request, it has been returned to him. only. we trust, to be remoleled into a more general and extended view than that flrst presented, and which turned mainly on the Mercer case. Meantime, we take his theme (or our own, mainly to express our concurrence with him?and we would fain hope with most of our readers?in uttering condemns' ion ol the course and result of the Mercer trial. The quiet and orderly people of Gloucester county seem to have lost the steadiness at their judgments entirely upon the occasion, and judge, Jury and spectators appear to have had hut one purpose, that of ensuring the acquittal ol a man guilty, under however aggravated provocation, and none could he greater, I of a deliberate homicide. Of this last fact there was no { question, no serious pretence wit tbat fiercer, after hav. iae in. Actually dogged the stepa of Heberten for some days, did Anally track and shoot him, and this fart places in a mml strange light the emphatic annunciation l>y Judge Elmer, in his charge loth" jury, lest, apparently, they should he too severe, that it is better "ninety and nine guilty sh' uld escape than one innocent man perish." The dictum itself has always seemed to us questionable, I but here It had no application whatever, tor it is not pre. I tended that Mercer was "innocent." Theonlv point was | as to the nature and extent of his guilt The homicide being too certain?it was either justifiable or criminal? innocence of the act was out of the question. Yet, practically, the jnrv. by their verdict, declared innocent, for although they might not deem him guilty of murder, there was a killing in the case, which they were bound to declare to he either min'lauahter or justifiable homicide. But they absolve him wholly, and the Peurt room resounds with plaudits Nav more?a popular ovation was prepared for the h - ro of this tragedy?no-, only among the v. omui and men of the little country town of Woodbury, but in the s'reets o' Philadelphia. A mother's instinct taught her this could not he right and she withdrew her son from the gaze and sympathy of the unthinking mul tit tide and conveyed him privately to their residence in the citv; but th" father and the prisoner's counsel, issuing from the very boat on which the assassin ation occurred, were receive! at the wherl by an immense concourse of people, who. opening to the right and left, made a passage . for these heroes- and they, the father of that youth who hs I just stood on the verge of the scaffold, and his counsel ?grave men?walked ha'eheaded through this crowd, receiving its cheers, and, accompanied hy such an escort, traversed the puhljc streets of Philadelphia, till they reached their IndFinv* uhen three final nheen s-sm ?r 1 v?>ri them, ere the i considerate assemblage separated Oi.l Mr. P. D Vroom ask himself what such a reception denoted, and what were its tendencieid Mr. V. is, we have heard, a religious man. Did he not shudder that night, in communing with his own heart.at having been even an unwilling actor in the dae's pageant??the pageant of absolved crime, of blood-gniltinass robed in the white garb of Innocence, and greeted as meritorious and well deaerving; Another incident during the trial is full of meaning Some female witnesses were subpoenaed from Philadelphia, said to be of loose character, and therefore the mob of Woodbury?for mob that is, however composed, that defies and defeats the law?drove them out of the town, without permitting them to appear la the Court House! And we have seen this applauded in some respectable Journals'. Suppose these women to have been what was assumed ?(hall thev, therefore, be excluded from testifyingl To the pirv alone it belongs to decide what weight shall be a'.l wed to such testimoay. But for bvstsnders, spectators, to interpose by force, arid einln 'e the testimonv altogether, is a precedent utterly subversive of ri~bt and ins'ice We desirs not to be m taken in <hes? an ma He-sinna. as in any wise palliating the en iem tj nr'h lead man's crime, or af 'he in-urtersbly insolent lj-lair with w hick he treated the brother of his victim, before the examining magt--fr tie in Philadelphia. lfthen iinon the spot Mercer ha I put liim (o death, in hot blood and under most sti 'grig arid intolerable insult,the vrt-tM 8'd the worl'V law. and perhaps that riig.'n-r > tw to u loch n I mi"' ?J nlly n i'WiT would hxve boi-nc l.im out. But to extend ?ho charitable interpretation of ?nrh an ?c', ?o Hone on ? ?ud<1 n, to a homicide, ileiiti rai'ly jiUnmJ, pursued for das *, at-l finally accomplished w ith unerting aim ; or to invest with the cloak of insanity aseties ot acts evincing accurate calculation. ii utterly to tin?ettle all just notion* > ( right and wrong, and to expose society to all the disorder* and danger* of unrestrained jicrsonal revenge. Whilst expressing our full approbation of the tone and spirit in which the Amrric:in Hrnounceathe decision of the jury in the cise of Mi rc?r, a decision pxlpah'v contrary to the evidence, we cannot refrain from exposing the singular inconsistent! of the a-tma pa|?er in defending the Hiialazou* decision of the Court Martial in the case of Commander McKenzie Why is it that that virtuous indignation, which raises its voice so loudly in vindication of the supremacy of the laws, snd utters its denunciations against the j iry who reb Rsed the offender in the one case, is entirely silent in the other? nav, lauds to the skies the same regard to the laws and evidence?the same browbeating influence of friendsjand |<artiaans?which brought like immunity to the party accused 1 'I he similarity of th< cases of McKenzie and Mercer, is certainly worthy ol remark In both casean was urged thBt Ui- accused parties were forced into th? taking ' way o! the life of the individualts who fell by their hands in bolb. stateinenls ralriiliitcH to riremHiee ih*- public mind were widely circulated on the part of he mendsnt ihe accused?in both,powerful andwicceeelul cfldn, were made to arouae popular teelinf ?in both, the verdict triumphed over the (acta lntieed, there waa in the case of Mercer much more to excite popular sympathy?much more to ."tin ' ' he deeiidon.-, ti,11(1 ,a i|ie raw of McKenzie. f"'i' i ter haii ion i i"isi?o iemale purity calling upon I) lor vengeance Tlie aiormy paaaione of the hiti (.< r'. had n? i in h s r use, beep around by the t ,11, ai? ot an irreparably inpired mater The j honor ot the navy tlaelf had not hern violated by any overt act of treaaon. A thoughtless boy had, it ia true, frightened the aensea out of a l.ttideman, hv a bloody "yarn," told on a moonlight night on the ocean. Hut there wan no clear evideree of guilt? no rational grounda of alarm -1101'luueible necessity for the execution of the throe ill fated men, who met a auddeu end on board the Somers. How ia it, then, that the editor of the -.1mcricun reg.irus uir iwn twn wnu Kucn widely different feelings! The answer iB perfectly obvious and i>)ain In the one case lie has no personal feelings, and speaks ihe words of irulh and soberness. In ihe other li-* is a partiz?n, and is as much the victim ol prejudice, excitement, and unjust lectin*:, es any member of that jury, on whose finding in the case of Mercer, he has animadverted with such warmth and earnestness. All, however, are not blinded as the editor of the American in this business There are thousands of intelligent,r? fleeting men in the community who regard both these melancholy cases in their true ?nd undisguised aspect; and from the turn which the popular mind is at length beginning to take,we have no doubt that the lesson which they both convey is sinking into it, and that greHt benefit will be ultimately wrought to the cause of that strict and unbounding administration of criminal justice, on which the stability of the very frame-work of society so essentially depends. A New Religion in the Field?Wonderful Dkvelopements.?We have just discovered a new religion in the field of a highly concentrated, double distilled, transcendental character. It is entirely in opposition to Miller's theory, and verv different from Mormenism.and approaching in its beatific vision, and eclectic character, the doctrines of Dr. William Ellery Channing and Mr. Emerson They may be called the "Saints ot the Mist." We noticed in the Pathfinder of Saturday last, a discourse upon these new and beautiful theories by Rev Willi jm H CUnnin. o n/t i n ??,v.? published by Park Godwin, there was an advertisement (price 50 cents,) ot a meeting of the Christian Union Society at the College in Crosby st. on Sunday, and a lecture by Mr. Chinning on the subject ot "Man made in the image of God." In accordance with our custom when anything new is on the tapis, we sent one of our reporters to attend the lecture, who was completely electrified with the beauty and clearness of the doctrines advanced. The lecture wasvery fully attended by a highly intelligent and respectable audience of Indies and gentlemen, who were evidently very deeply interested and highly delighted. The lecture had one intrinsic and somewhat uncommon excellence?brevity. It was introduced with a lew appropriate exercises, in which a hymn was sung. Love Divine. Hymn? Short metre. Love divine is love divine, A halo round the soul, Afwondrous throb that saints define A rainbow on the whole. Humanity's a ray of light. The >.oul a threefold power, How dear the bosom, full and light, The holy saints' soft bower. The following is as accurate a report of the lecture as our reporter is able to make out from his copious notes. It contains, as we believe, all the leading and important ideas :? The Sermon. Man at made in the image of God. Man fail" to attuin the ends of his creation. In the early periods ofhi* history he hai a simplicity and distinctness of mind, a ditectness of character, an energy of will, a force and tulness of chcracter, which in latter years he v,o. - i i-j i '? pa. ......... .j nM.uwir'ijrui IIUMIOIl IIBIUIT, and ol the convergences of man's Judgment. Man's na. ture is threefold?he has three modes of action, all cone entrating and unfolding into the unity of the trinity. These three modes of existence are affection intelligence, and will. And 1 am firm in the belief of all these three spheres [sphere?apberio.l?spheriode ] of human nature, in which are exhibited the three progressive degrees of human excellence, combined with the fulness of animal instincts, and animal judgments. Some books consider man nx only the chief brute, hut it only shows how little reliance can be placed on books?[books are paper and calf skin?calf skin and paper are books.] In tne next place, we come to man's spiritual nature?a higher scale of philosophy, in which man separates him. self from every outward existence, and passes beyond the circumierenee oi animal instincts into the woildof energies, the central element oi man. To this belong not those elements and animal instincts which characterise the inhabitants of the firs' sphere hut here j on will And all the bright be.u'.i^s and eih' rial harmonies that are scattered upon the wings of diverging mdinoces throughout the widr extended mivrrsp. In nddition to man's spiritusl nature, he ?!?? has a reletisi nature, ua idea origi. nated by Swedeubjtg, and winch isene of the sublimest utterances that ever had an existence amid the accidents of man's personality, or i v?n of his identity, whereby we are filled with a foietaateof that enthusiasm and earnestness which h?pe lor love with a willingness to return it. i hence come those ideas which lead on to essential personalities from forever to forever, in the simplicity of human volitions, and whose grand centre is truth, simple tiuth mix?<l tinth, eternal truth. This is a heavenly nature?sublime and eternal?in opposition to that other natnre of wb'Ch I have sfioken, being neither more nor less than ali that comes through m iu's outward nature,bet ween the two he is evermore acting out new lite into himself. In all these respects man may be said in his essential purity, to bear the image of God in every combination of power, beauty, and wisdom, which exist in the divine aature. If man receive a will that is frea, he is constantly made to approximate nearer and nearer to the image ot God, in which his spiritual nature becomes a personality It is not simply that there are not infinite harmonies in the divine nature by which man can distin* guiah powers of choice amid temptations, to become animal in his energy of will, Dy which he approaches the image of God through this endowment ot personality? made to be free?and constituted to embrace more or le?s ot the conditions, and power to discharge them just in pro|>ortion as the goodness of heaven flows thymgh the divine nature, like the true orders and harmoniea of the celestial world, in which his judgments become shaped into the will and image ol God. Lastly?Van is made to become an image of God in respect to God's eternities, in which life for a moment no longer exists, and then passes away forever. Hare again all this truth anu goodness around about him will untold forever into itself spiritualixine his nature so lar as he is a srrowinir immortal.? There aiepertsof truth which may he more fully developed in you than in me. ["Oh no they ain't"?piously whispered an old lady,] and if what 1 have said be true, then what shall 1 say of the mode in which we treat ourselves and one another I I call you to witness, from your own experlenae, that I have overstated nothing, but in fact understated all 1 have uttered, especially in relation to man's throe-fold nature. We pass through this life as though we were no better than animals ?being more like molea in the underground nature of our existence. Oh ; the visions of our boyhood in which were first developed those energies of energies consistent and consummate. Oh' hew is it that we are now hut the shellsand crusts of our own selves hankering after former images of our own inee' ti"?1 Why is it that we cannot discharge the simple impulses of goodness within ourselves amid the great chaos ol human depravitiest There is no other possible explanation of this result than the falseness growing out of n burden o' long departed existence. W* are not the creatures we ought to be -and it is because we have to bearthe burden of a long continued, uprisinr, acctimnlau d entail of antiquated existence. transmitted through the whole i.'mosphero of human life amid th< miasm ol tiun .n so, his'rii s on the one hand, aa I celestial hrightne e emulating from angelic harmonies on tha other. Why shotsld a mortal man ever choose the wrsng? It is because of the accumulations of scenes of wretchedness beneath the depths of depravity in nisn's lower nature What I mean by all this is that in his thoughts man should cherish a deep and absorbing determination as to his destiny in bis inmost spirit ol spirits leep within him, as each year rolls around, thnt he will strive to gain hack again retrogressively redeeming the waste lands of his existence. Look at a child born to a legacy ol evil example in a diseased atmosphere, to maimed and stricken down by those miserable likaneases. Yes; and then we punish the child?and last ol all, when this thistle crop is ripe, then we imprison it and cut it off ?only to deaden conscience within us and show how wi lespread is human depravity. It la not lor you or me io ii|-, i will rirrBk into heaven, or live in u cave. I t>ll you yon, (.hull not hear the blacksmith's hammer, nor the thraaher'a flail. The life we are now landing ia a life pervading all. We moat come nearer and collectively purine thoae eternal ideaa of correctneaa?thoae creative energiesof Rood. I: letmt to me that at tatl ear light hat broken tn upon hi?[The old lady whispering? 'It baa! it hxa ! 1 feel it in my aonl,"j? and that the true path haa at laat been discovered, [ M ?ee it"? whispered theol.l lady] ?when aociety lives for eveiv individual, and evarv individual member liver for aociety. I am a man only a<> long aa thoae aoaial tiea are unbroken, and every energy ia directed to goodness? Then will the raya of hleaaedneaa dawn upon ua, and cold vanity, and inaatiate depravity be no more. The beauty we all aeek lor can only be found in heroic love, and the mortar spirit Wu are born oa tha very aide and border edge of thia newer faith. A new conviction nfhumBaity ia every where pervading the world?and the evmieacent hallucination* of the poat tranamitted to ua through the imperfec.tinna ol iubterranean humanity are about to be lorevor dispelled t.y the bright ray of etherial I ad lance. At the close of dr. Channing'a diacourae, a young nr an w hose asme we believe n Palmer. rose and amd in sub manre, M nearly ? we rerollect that he fell called U|ioii to ?ay aomething.buthefelt it inipoanihle to add aught to the baantie* and perapif neitiea of the very rleiir and intel lible disc.onrte which had tieen juat delWen i. He lelt that any thin< he coul t ?a> would hut m i My the atream and mat ita l>eauty lie mtiat aay, however, and lie would eaw, that a brighter "ne i? now dawning upon u?, nod Hi briglitnaaa n already diftinctly vltiblr. The day ii dawning. pa:,_U> have linn embedded in fnga since S nday night. Q"i a fleet ol vrwteln have been unable to get to *e* in cona?juenee. I ? Strkxt Cleanino Machinery?An American Invention.?We a short time since called the attention of the public to the fact of such machinery ha ving been invented in this country during the pasi year, by an American gentleman. We have re cently aeen ? beautiful model made out, and out ol polished metal, and so perfect as to show the complete operation of the machine, which even in this small apparatus sweeps up dirt in the cleanest posei hie manner, and with the most expeditious speed, and deposits it in a box as it moves torward on wheels, thus sweeping and loading at the sain* time. Another modification of it takes mud from a wet street, in place of hoes, and loads itself in the same manner. This machinery will be found amsng the greatest labor saving inventions of the age. And, if employed by our city concretion, the present dirty streets could be kept clean for a little more than what the manure collected would sell for. Fifty thousand dollars might be saved per annum to the city, by the use ol this machinery, which in five years would amount to the enormous sum of $250,000 over the present contract Dr. Jones is the inventor of this ingeniously contrived machinery, and can adduce the most conclusive proof of his having invented it nearly a year ago?long before any notice of Mr Whitworth's invention in Manchester ever reached this country We hope his machinery may find speeuy employment, ettner in the hands ot the present contractors, or with the corporation. We understand an agent of Mr. Whitworth had arrived, but not till after Dr. Jones had taken out a caveat, and adopted other measures to secure his patent. The Freshets.?Following are additional par. ticulars of the freshets at the east, west, south and north : ? Cumberland.?Letters from Cumberland, received by the mail of Saturday night, state that the water had overflowed all that part of the town in the neighborhood of Searight's Hotel, and all the streets which run parallel with Will's Creek. The inundation was unprecedented, and had done a great deal of damage. Much difficulty was experienced in passing over the rail road, the tracks of which at some points were entirely under water, particularly along the Cacapon and South Branch of the Poto mac river, embracing a distance of three or four miles. Harper's Ferry.?We also learn that at Harper's Ferry the river had swollen veryi much, and was nearly as high as the railroad bridge. It was supposed that it had attained its greatest elevation and was subsiding.?Baltimore American. The Potomac.?The heavy rains and melting of the deep snow in the mountain region west of us has produced a great flood in the PotODUO, trom which disastrous effects are much to be apprehended. In our neighbnrood, at Georgetown, the wharves were generally overflowed on .Saturday and yesterday, and a general inundation ol the lower part of the town anticipated. From Cumberland, we have the subjoined information; and we heard by way of Baltimore yesterday, from the passengers who last reached that city from Cumberland, that parts Iot the railroad over which they travelled are already four or five feet under water.?Nat. Intelligencer, April VI. Albany.?The rise of the river, a day or two since, indicated that the snows at the north and west, about the head waters of the Hudson and Mohawk, had began to yield to the potent'aun; and on Saturday the occupants of buildings in the lower districts of the city were ousted, according to custom The damage has not been extensive, however, as there was time for preparation. The river is not as high as it was at the breaking up in January last.? Albany Argus, April 17. Troy.?The river rose rapidly on Saturday and Sunday. At 12 o'clock on Sunday it was within 8 or 4 feet of the highest point it ever reached during a freshet. The wharves are all overflowed, but no damage has been sustained that we have heard of. ? Troy lihig, April 17. The Ice moved out of Buffalo Harbor on Wednesday night, causing no injury whatever. It is expected the Lake will be open by 1st of May. Ohio.?The bridge across the Maumee River at this place, has taken French leave. It could not withstand the pressure of the ice that was forced by the current;against it.?Cincinnati Gazette,April 14. The Delaware.?The Delaware was very high yesterday. The creeks above the city running into the river were also very high, and the lowlands in the Jersey were flooded. The cars from Trenton yesterday morning for three miles between Lam bertville and Bordentown, passed through a sheet of water, covering the track of the railroad.?Phil. Times April 18. Georgia.?The Savannah, Geo. Republican of the U'h inst. states that a larger freshet than had been known for some years, had occurred. The waters had broken through the dams of some of the upper rice fields, and the damage to most of the planters would be of a serious nature. At Georgetown on Saturday, the river was full, and the wharves generally overflowed. The Williamsport Banner of Saturday, which town ii located immediately on the river, under date of 14 o'clock, savs:?"At the time of going to press the river is as high as the memorable June freshet of 1836, w hich then caused serious and ex tensive injury to the canal. The water has overflowed the banks in many places, and we lear will cause considerable damage." Connecticut.?The Connecticut is swollen to an unusual degree, and was rising when our paper went to press, it must now be 24 or 25 feet above low water mark. Front street is covered, and44 Village street continued," is covered with the exception of about one or two rods at the upper end. The lower part of Windsor street, for Borne forty rods, is under water. A great many dwellings ate completely surrounded, and there must, ns a matter of course, be much suffering, many poor families residing within the compass of the flood. A number have been taken ofl in boats, the water driving them from the second story. We have not yet heard of any seri ous damage. The rise is owing to the heavy body of snow above, and the late warm rains. This morning a nonh-east rain storm set in, which promises an extraordinary and long continued flood.? Hartford Timet, April 17. New Jersey.?The heavy rains of Friday swelled the Assanpink and the Delaware again to an unusual height. They continued to rise until Sunday afternoon or evening ; but on Monday morning the waters had fallen again. On the river no damage has been done, and nothing more valuable than drift wood has been brought down. On the Assanpink the waters burst again through the great breach made by the late freshet arouaa the Green street bridge ; and did some trifling damage to the work which had just been done there in repairing the breach. The railroad below Trenton, on the meadows, was covered on Sunday with wnter to the depth of eighteen inches or two feet, for a mile or two. A culvert near Kurlington was so much damaged that the Sunday morning train from Philadelphia did not reach Trenton until two hours after the usual time.? Trenton Gazette, Ajrrit 18. The African Vocalists. ? We venture tosav that nothing upon n par with these gentry has ever h|>penred upon the hoards of old Drttry. It is painful to see this theatre so reduced?even to a level with the Five Points. They had much better shut up, and write for its motto, "Fuit Slium." Can it be that this theatre can have no success without such pitiful resorts'? And yet Hackett is obliged to play within the same walls around which the sounds of the banjo and the tune of "Lucy Long," are still choing. , The naotroh*m's at the Chatham?Last night Mr. and Mrs. Hroagharn made their debut on the Chatham boards to a tolerably fair house. The weather was rather unfavorable, so not much could be expected. Their performances were enthusiastically received, however, and enough evinced to warrant us in the belief that they will have a good run. To-night they appear again in two pieces? the comedy of the Wonder, and the farce ol Hif Last Legs. Musical ? Mrs C E. Horn announces her intention of giving an Irish musical entertainment at the Apollo, a week from to-day. Some of the most admired Irish melodies, both Hncient a.id modern, will !> -sung by several of our popular artists. Mr. 11111111 win |?n'Bn?r hi in** piano. Sio Bknbdid's Concert.?This gentleman givj; his concert on Friday next. We understand that extensive preparations for it are in progress, of which we shall have occasion to speak again. Dbathop Dr. PronnpiT.?The Rev I)r. ProuHfit, Secretary of the New York City Colonization Society, died at the house of his son, in New Brunswick, N. J , on Sunday last. ? Scarcity or Fodi?kr.?Cattle continue to starve t > death all over the west. Many farmers shoot tlijir cattle to prevent them from suffering a worse death Legisi^tivk Proceeding*.?We have received Albany |>apers of Monday. They are full of legistive proe-edings Ah the legislature adjourned yest terday, we give the last movements that have reached us: f LEsisi.attfrk ?The near approach of the termi nation of the session has driven both branches to long sittings. The house did not adjourn until ) within h lew nunutes of midnight on Saturday, having held an uninterrupted session of fourteen hours ' In the House the following bills were passed:? 1 In relation to the State Pi i*on. [Pentz'a bill.] Ayes 82, nay ii 28 To allow Railway Companies to be tiled in Justices Courts. To repeal the New York fire limit*. For the relief ol contractors on the suspended public works. The Home of Assembly has finally passed the bill denying to persons whose liberty is in question, the right of trial by jury. The New York city annual tax bill. Reducing the fees for inspecting lumber. The question on the final passage of the following bills ' was laid on the table:? To repeal the usury law. Relative to the location of the New \ ork and Erie Railway.

This is known as the Sullivan County bill. The House refused to take up the motion to reconsider the vote rejecting the fee bill. POSTSCRIPT. Adjournment of the Legislature. By our Special Reporter arrived this morning at 4 o'clock from Albany by the Rochester, we have the exclusive information that the Legislature Anally adjourned last evening at So'ctock. The Law abolishing Bank Commissioners passed and was signed by the Governor yesterday. The Law repealing all compulsory Inspections alter the 1st of December next, was passed and signed by the Governor. This will nearly destroy the emoluments of all the recently appointed inspectors for this city. The amended Law making the appointment of an Inspector General cf Hides was repealed. The act dividing the Flour Inspection of this city between three Inspectors, with no Deputies was defeated in the Senate. The bill calling for a better regulation of the Sandy Hoek Pilot Law was laid on the table in the Senate. The bill amending the chartet of the Nautilus Insurance Company giving it similar powers to the New York Mutual?that is, Life, Fire and Murine Insurance was hurried through at 2 o'clock and signed by the Governor. This is the only bill that received the benefit of the Life in surance clause during the session. Several attempts were made to receive the $84,000 of Pu' He Land money but the Democrats voted i down in the House although it passed in the Senate. The bill reducing the hospital fees on steerage passengers from 75 to 25cts per head, was passed. The act to exempt goods seld at auction, by foreign underwriters, from the pay meat of commissions to the Port Wardens of the city of New York, was pas6ed,buton motion of Mr. Glazier of New York, was reconsidered and laid on the table. The Astor Mutual Insurance Company was passed and is a law. 00 No alteration has been made in the odious militia law. Water at Albany is eight feet on the pier, and the streets in the lower part of the city were completely overflowed. C. 8. Circuit Court. Present tlie Circuit and District Judges. April 18.? Th? United States vs. Jesse Hoy/-?The Court sat precisely at 10o'clock and called uponthedelei.dant's Counsel to proceed with the deience. Mr. Qrat, a clerk in the Custom House, was put on the stand and examined?Testified that he was in the ordinance department of the Custom House during the time Mr. Hoyt was Collector; camo into the employment the day on which Mr. Hoyt took office; is employed there up to the present time. A hook containing the forms made use of ny the Custom H^use was produced to witness, which he identified. The First fourteen pages contained a --I...nf r..r_. ?f b ~ ? n with notes and explanations s* instructions to the officers of the different departments in the Custom House. Q-How long does it take to enter the contents of on* vessel. A?Semetimes two months; there are three processes through which the entries relating to a carge pass before we reach the account current; thinks there are moretnan HO different kinds of accounts of which the account current is made up. It takes three months after the expiration of thelquarter, with the assistance of -13 clerks, to make up the quarterly accounts previous te sending them to Washington. It w as the duty of the Auditor to super intend that department; it was his duty to sre that the footings corresponded with the ahstrscts in his own office and th.it the accounts were closed. In the quarterly accounts there is nothing to indicate when and by whom the cash duties wete received Mr. Hoyt did not, to wit ness' know ledge, test the accuracy of thoae accounts; it would he impossible for him to do so from the multiplicity of his other duties; it would he impossible for Mr. Hoyt and one clerk to go over the Custom House accounts in two years; it would takers persons to do it in three years. The accounts alter being ma le out w< re presented to Mr. Hoyt for his signature; he never read them. Cross-examined by OiiTaiCT Attorxkt?The delay in making tin the accounts <fo?-s not arise from the actual labor of making the entries, hut from the neglect and delay in making those entries, and passing them through the different offices. The cashier makes a gener.il entry of the cash received, but does not make any returns of the cash he receives; dees not know of any check on the cashier but the check kept hy the owners or consignees of vessels. Upon being further pressed, the witness said that the ahscract in the impost book was a ebeck on the cashier, and it would also show the bonds taken. There is a naval effic-.r whose duty it is to examine and check those accounts; he is al<o a check upon the cashierjcannot say positively il the entries in the naval officer's books are a check upou the cashb r; there ere 70 or 80 clerks in the custom house; it is their duty to give evet y facility to the collector in examining the accounts; never knew any obstruction to he given to Mr. Hoyt, or any hooks to he withheld from him. To a question hy Judge Thompson, thinks it is practicable, by an examination of the books, to detect any erro s in the accounts. , Edward Curtis, Esq. examined?Entered on his duties on the 33.1 of March. 1841; there is very little time for the collector to examine the account* as made up;the duty must necessarily be delegated to others; witness examines the accounts so far as to see that the cash balance returned hy llieaaditor is thesame as the cashin the cashier's hands; it is the daily practice to lodge the amount ol money in the cashier's hands in bank, to the credit of the United States Treasurer; the collector cannot examine the general details of the quarterly accounts; he must rely on the integrity and intelligence of the persons who make them out; witness has great reliance on the intelligence of the present naval officer, as a check upon those accounts. The auditor has the means of detecting any errors in the quarterly accounts. It is not from the mode of keeping the Recounts, that any difficulty arises, hut from the muli tiplicity of business. It j? competent for the Collector to change the mode of keeping the Recounts, it he sees fit ; lunrnirien m iar iihvhi omcers iiookr art* a pertect check on the cashier; formerly it was not the cane. It i* ptactica hie for the Collector to check the balance on the Cashier's acconnt* with the balance* on the quarterly accounts. Witness keeps a journal ami ledger by double entry of all business in the custom house, the same as merchants usually do. Pit ret returned.?Witness thinks that the mode of keeping the journal at present, is not a violation of the instructions contained in the book now produced to him He never looked at the instructions before. He hns kept every hook he thought fit for his own protection. It would be impracticable for the Collector, as the books were formerly kept, to ascertain how he stood with the government on a given day, if he were called upon to do so, hut it would have been practicable for him to do so in three months after When V1r. Curtis's examination was finished, the court and Jury took a recess. After the court had assembled, Mr. Cadwali.adcr called O A.Brown,clerk to Mr. Hoyt, who testified to the hook now produced 10 him and marker) B, containing Mr Hoyt's receipts to Mr. Swart wont: and that a sum ol VktP not appearing on the Custom House books, with which Mr. Iloyt wascharged.and for which he does not appear to have got credit. The paper now produced 1 contains a general account of bonds. By the mode of | making the en'ries in this account, Mr Hoyt is charged with nttO, al'hough not properly chargeable against him. This sum is composed of two items, the smaller one > of which is credited to Mr Hoyt Witness [>ointed out eighteen entries in this book, by which it appeared Mr. Hoyt u as charged with the amount of aeveral bonds in gross, although parts of those gross anma had been paid l to Mr. Swartwout, hia predecessor. A letter of Mr. Hoyt's, dated in September, 1S41, to Mr. Fleming the comptroller, stating that the list of the hollda 1 .... i.. t - .......... mm i,j Ilia prcilPCCSRor WAS inACCI)rnte, end ?tntintr thai he never received the aumher* in*orted in that lis' war produced. This letter w?* offered end read, with a view to ahow that Mr. Hoyt war using all the diligence in hii jmwer to correct Riich error* and abuse* ar we' a in the mode of transacting business in the Ciirtorn Houie, and to Rhow that from the mode ot keeping the account* nothing but confuaion could arlae. Another letter wa* read, dated 13th September, 1*41, to the nme person, on the nae aubject*. with the aame view. At thia Rtage of Brawn'* examination, an argument took place between the counsel on both lidi * a* to the effect of liia testimony The counsel for Mr Hoyt argued that it went direeMy to show that :hi latter was charged with monies received by his predecea?or?while the Di"trlct Attorney argued, that it showed tho?e Rtima were over paid bv the obligors in the bonds Ho lias been employed investigating those accounts aliout a year for the purpose i of detecting error*?\1r Hoy t has been actively employpd during that time ; I have investigated only the account between Mr. Hwartwout and Mr Hoyt {that part of the subject has taken up the greater part of my time and it was the most Accessible ; it only embrace* one tenth of the whole subject ; I havs examined nothing but by general lootings , Mr. Hos t's time, while in office, wa* p? incl. i imlly employed in correspondence sad deciding on case* brought before him in his official capacity t ho always I wrote hi* own letter! ; while witneaa was in the Cuitem hie salary was $1900 ; since he came into Mr. Hoyfs private employment his salary is $000. Mr.Witcas examined.?Testifies that he was cashier in the Cus'om House ; assumed that situation on the i2d Nov., 1H88 ; Mr. H. Ogden war witness' predecessor : Mr. Ogden's assistants were Mr. Phillips, Mr. McDaniel and Mr Rolf; witness found the schedule list now produced several months alter Mr. Phillips had left the Custom House; it was lound in his drawer amongst^a I ?*i itiy ui papers. u purports to oe h cn ck iisi <" daily statemi nt of hii cash account, show.ng the difler esce bet ween the cash on hand and what appeals on the face ol the cash account. The ditference between theni would bechargeable against him?examined this paper and lound a difference betw een the cash on bund and the cash account; sh?w?d it to Mr. Hoyt; MeDaeiel, another of the assistants in the cashier's office, neglected to collect interest on the duties on woollens to the amount ot be. ween $300 and $400 in one quarter; reported it to Mr. Ho/t, and McDanlel was dismissed; Mr. Hoyt never received any of the cash which passed through the Custom House except what he received for contingencies. Cross examined.?The naval officer's accounts are a check upon the cashier's; the book of the cashier is sent into the naval officer; there are duplicate entries also furnished to him; he had the means ol detection by those duplicate entries; the returns sent from the dashierto the naval officer furnish the correct data for the quarterly uc counts; the paper shown to witness was Mr.Phillips' check list on the cash account; it shows the cash received and the cash on hand; it appears by it that a sum of $769,171 64 was entered on the cash book, and that there were $193,670 69 on band, leaving a balance against Phillips of $399 16; McDaniel was a clerk in the office; he neglected to collect the duties; this circumstance would not affect Mr. Hoyt's account; the government alone would be affected by it; the same discrepancies us those in the paper now produced, appeared on witness' list; he has paid over the balance to the government, and Phillips might have done the same; the naval officer has a duplicate entry of duties sent into his office, and by checking them over afterwards with the collector's accounts, any error or discrepancy could be detected. General Sessions. Before Recorder Tallmadge, and Aldermen Purdy and Leonard. J. W. Strawo, Esq. Acting District Attorney. April 18.?Trial pob Burolart.?Albert Wilroy^co luieu, will cuuvuuuuui uurmary 111 vue ou ur|jirc,iii uov* ing entered the shop of Robert Sti rling, nil stolen therefrom a pail of cherry brandy and other liquors, on the night of the 31st of November. The Recorder sentenced him to two years imprisonment in the State Prison. Assault a>n Battkht.?The Court was occupied during the remainder of the day and until a late hour in the evening, with a case oi assault and battery, with a felonious intent, which will he concluded to day. The Grand Jury came In in the course of the trials, made several presentment,* and setired During the day the Court took two recesses of an hour each. Adjourned. Croton Water.?It will be seen by advertisement that the engineer has let the water out of the aqueduct for an interior examination. Great economy will therefore be necessary in the use of the water until it is let in again. Twelve Days Latkk from Europe.?To-day or to-morrow we shall receive news by the Britannia, now due at Boston. It will be important. Civilization ?The Common Council of Cincinnati haveforbidden any member of its body smoking in the council chamber Pay in kind.?Tallow and lard are taken in pay for subscriptions to newspapers at the west. More than Dead?Dead drunk. Court Calendar. Commss Pleas?Nos. 23, 25, 26. 27, 28, 30, 32, 36, 35, 37. Superior Court ?71, 72, 62, 41,9.85,69,91,67, 13,66, 69, 74,75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 26,27, 49, 67, 97, 98. Q&- Of the many novelties at the American Museum it would be difficult to pronounce which is the most attractive?some preter the "fat boy," others admire Winchell. Mi-s Darling has her enthusiastic advocates; Miss Phillips her staunch supporters; Chang Kong his particu. lar partisans, and the snakes, too, have their patrons.? Though we c >nnot particularly select one as superior to the others, yet we unhesitatingly assert that as a whole thay cannot be surpassed in point of attraction, eitent and variety, at any other place <>f amusement in New York This is positively the last week of Daniel Lambert, Jr. He says he is afraid to remain any longer, for he is getting fat so fast that if he dont depart soon, he won't be sble to ppf nut nf tha Mncanm at all Ttanrn will Vw? ?nl<>n<li/I nap. formance this afternoon at 2 o'clock. (ft?- Peale'a New York Museum appears to be in the full tide of success once more. The humorous, eccentric, droll and diverting Dr. Valentine holds forth in such an irresistibly comic vein that it would make a stoic smile. There is no mistake about the Dr hois the essence of eccentricity. Si rnor Blits comas in for his share of applause, and though his entertainment is in a totally different line, yet he displays so much humor in the perform ance of his feats, and excites 10 much mirth by his peculiar (lowers of ventriloquism, that lie affords an equal delight with the Dr. La Petite Cerito, the graceful and charming dnnseusn, captivates her company by her elegant and sylph-like motions. There will be e|performanee this afternoon at 2 o'clock. (KJ- J. & H. (J. LANGLEY Pt'BLISH THIS MORNING MRS. ELLIS'S NEW WORK.-New ready, beau, tifiilly printed in octavo, price 2ft cants, THE WIVES OF ENGLAND, their relative duties, domestic influence, and social obligations, by Mrs. Ellis, author of the Women of England, the Daughters of England, lee. Opinion of the Press?The unexampled success attending the works of this gifted writer in behalf of the moral elevation ol hsr sex, has placed her at once at the head of the female authois of any country. The gentle and denien spirit which is diffused through her various productions, awakens a ready response of the heart to in. tegrity and faithfulness. She appears as a sort of universal mother of her sex, counselling and warning her chil. dren upon subjects that most intimately affect their weal or woe ; and this she does with the deep fondnesaof a Niobe, yet with the stem inflexibility of a Minerva. Her writings exhibit throughout the keenest perception and accuracy of discrimination,coupled with sobriety of judgment, delicacy of sentiment, warmth of belinf, and nicety of adaptation , and above all, a sweet christian charity which pervades every page. For sale at our office?price 2ft cenfs. m- BRISTOL'S SARSAI'ARILLA.? Eight years has this popular medicine been gaining a fast hold on the confidence of the public, and it now stands approved by the medical faculty as a standard remedy for scrofula and other diseases arising from impurity of the blood The case of Mr. Holbertson is but one of a thosand who have been restored to health when all all other remedies had failed. Every day brings new proofs of its virtues, and those persons who desire n restoration to health are desired to call on Wm Burger, Nos.ftOand ft2 Courtlandt street. Thomas Hogan, 209 Stanton street, or at Milhau's Pharmacy, and examine a mass of testimony of such persons as are to be seen and inquired of. Tlie spring is a time when nature admonishes us to renew the system, to " purge out the old leaven," and revivify the organs of bodily health. What so effectual as Bristol's Sarsapnril* la, compounded ss it is with other vegetable extracts of well known celebrity 7 Hold wnoiesaie an i retail by Win. Burger, AO and tj Cortlandt ?t, and 198 Greenwich st. Ofr- PROFESSOR VALI'EMJ'9 CELEBRATED SPECIFIC PILL for the radical cure of gonorrhea, gleet and all unpleasant discharges romthe urefha, is now the only remedy used for those distressing maladies. Their celebrated inventor, Prof. V. in his last lectures at the hospital of'l.a Chnrite in Paris,"speal?softhem in the follow, ing terms : "Gentlemi n, I have use<l these Pills for a consider ible time with lit a single instance ol failure, and after having tried every remedy ?noivn for these diseases, and after an experience of twenty-five years, 1 have no hesitation in pronouncing them to he the'host remedy lor gonorrhea or gleet, at present known to the medical protession." The New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, having obtained the recipe lor those Pills from their celebrated inventor about six months since, have sold over two thousand boxes, anil defy any case to be produced where they have not effected a cure. Among the many advnntages they possess over the old treatment, the following are worthy of notice, vit: Their effect is certain, they contain ns mercury, or any medicine calculated to injure the constitution. They allow the patient to follow his ordinary business, without tainting the breath, disagreeing with the stomach, or causing the least suspicion that the patient is under any medical treatment. Hold in boxes containing 100 pills, at $1 ner box. To medical practitioners and druggists $9 per dozen boxes. By order ol the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 97 Nassau st. N.Y. \V. S. RICHARDSON, Agent. (fcy-BALM OF COLUMBIA?Caution?No man has any right to sell this nrticle in this country, unless it have the name of Com'tock liCo, on the wiapper, that firm alone have made the reputation for it, ami the Boston public are cautioned against anv said to he "London Balm,"unless from Comstock k Co Affidavits of the Coroner of Now York, and many other highly respect able an<l well known merchants to these facts, may he spen where the true article is sold in Boston, as below.? Beware of all other*. For sale in Boston, at wholesale and retail, by C. F. Powell k Co . at the General Patent Medicine Denot. No. 900 Tremont street, opposite Tremont Row, and two doors from Court street. ai*o ior sate ny Konaom ft Hteven*, S2? Washington *t.,s. Powell St Co. .ifl Cora hill, A. s. Jordan, 2 Milk *t., and hy reipectahle druggist* and dealers in nrery town in the United State*. Agent*?A. L. Holder and Geo. Lummtis, Lynn; J. H. Harrison, E.Porter, lame* Emerton, and Geo. P Earr niton. Salem; Charles Whipple and Mo*** Male, jr., Naw- 1 huryport; Stephen Webster, Ameahury and Salisbury Mill*, Mom.; Wm. r Preston and b Hutching", Port*month; A?a A Tufls and John H. Wheeler, Dover; T. K. Bxrtletf, New Mark. t;C. C. P Mo?ea ft Co., and N- Oilman,Jr., Eieter.N. H. In New York only at 71 Maiden lane. i ,17- THE CELEBRATED TONIC MIXTURE, IN 1 ill ( ?* ? of dehilit v. laMitnte, hear me*?, header he, predi?po?ition to consumption, and dy*pepaia in all i'? lorm*, aerei?e* a truly astonishing effect, rcslnrinir the p iticnl from utfer evhiua'inn to comparative health in n (< tax*, hy strengthening the ?onatitnMon, i> n h ippetite, and giving renewed vigor to the Sold in large laxities at ftl each, ?m? I do. fit e.i , in ra*e* eon tain in-; half a dor en, C ft * '10 1"" ' of the Union. w S RICHARDSON, Agent. New York College of Medicine and |Pharmaoy, 9T Nati sen Heft. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. OO- The President has recognised Luis Henrique Ferreira de Aguiar, as Consul General of Brazil for the United States Mules of Stocks at Philadelphia Yesterday 276 nharea Reading Railroad, 14; $3UO State 6'?, 1813, 43*; 4 shares Farmers and Mechanics Bans, 25|; 8 do C.linden ami An.boy, tMt, 6 do do 66|: $1000 County 6'?, 1800, old, 87; $400 do do new, 87; $ioo<i Lehigh Mortgage, 46; $2000 U S ?'?, 1803, 110J; $.mk) City 6'a, 1804, 9SJ: $100do 1861, 90Jj $400 do 1866, flgj; is iharea Me cnanic* iiuik, ioj; is ao union Bank Tenn. 89|; 5 do Philadelphia Bank, 61 J; $100 State 6's, 1943,461, 4 shares MechanicsBank.il. ' Ar ri b Board?40 shares Manufacturers and Mechanic* Bank, 11, $311 Lehigh Mortgage Loan, 46LATEST .SOUTHERN SHIP NEWS. Phii.adki.hiia, April 18?Cld Betsey h Jane, Thomas, Kiiikad U Ja. BaLTIMork. April 17?Arr Ocean, Kldndg^. Boston: Emily Ellicolt, Laudeiman, Porto Cabelln. Cld Goethe, (Bremen) H?mann. B'emrn. Alkxardria, April 15?8'd Coral, ThomA'ton. ChaRlkstor. April 15?Cld Persn, Johniou. Loudon; Julia, ( Brem) D inn-.man, Bremen: Matador, (Brem) BalLer, do; Howell, Morris. Hasans: Merchant. Leslie, Cuba. Arr Hih, Oinion. Ronininn. New York. 81d D lute, Jamesou, Jamaica; Pnwhattan, Blunders, Gli nt. SatarraH, April H?Cld Tameilane, Theobald, Liverpl; New Zralaud, ( Br) Blannerman, 8t Johu, NB; Alhiou, (Br) Mnrau. do; Hobt l?a?c. Sherman, NOrlraus; Wilsoa Fuller, Cobb.NYork. Sid Billiucsa ite, Charleston. New OmlkaRS, April 9?Arr Amazon. Bateh'ldor: Royal Willi-in, (Br) Fr-mcis. and Victoria, (Br) McMahun. Liyerpool; Xylon, Barrel), Mobile; Archihild G>acie, Itiee, Kinusion, Ja; Abercrotnbie, Sonthit, Glasgow; Epen-ier. Verill, 8t Valerv; High'aurler, Maybariv, Provideiue: N <uv?o, Burnham, NYork; Baltimore, BicRmore, do. . Id Z H'tig, Hole, do. Arr 7th, Louise, Leasitt, do; South Carolina, Owen,and Octorara, Smith. Liverpool. Cld luca, doubling, do; Choctaw, Flitnrr,and 8?uuders, Merryman, NYe k. Also cld 3th, Georgian*. Toole; 8wanton, Daseni ort, and flobieski. Gay, Liverpool; 8t Leou, Whitney, Havre; Abby Baker, Prut; A"it nora, Audros, and U/.ardo, Miller, M irseilles; Peru. Bailey, Bottou; Hope Howes, Latent.a; Architect, Gray, Vera Cruz; Jno Gilpin. ( Br( Lock-, Shelboume, N9. ?K7- THE TWO MOST FATAL SEASONS OF THE year are spring ami fall. To those predisposed to consumption, spring is especially dangerous. The slightest cough or col-1 should be promptly checked, for at this season the system unbraced and relaxed by the humidity ot the air, readily admits the most fatal diseases. Often a trifling cold, disregarded at the time, sows the seeds of consumption, pleurisy, bronchitis, inflammation of the lungs, or somo other complaint whose fruit is death. Check the first symptom, and be safe. A lew hoses, perhaps on: box, of Peter's Cough Lozenges will remove a cougn or coia wua as mucn certainly as mod will allay hunger. If cold assail you in the shape of rheumatism, Peters' Vegetable Plaster will speedily relieve you; and il troubled with pain, or weakness of the chest, loins, or back, its gently stimulative properties will impart immediate ease, anil subsequent nealth and vigor to the parts affected. Should the indulgenciee of winter have generated obstructions in the stomach, liver, or alimentary canal, Peta's'Vegetable Pills or his Cathartic Lozenges will dissipate them as the warm spring sun dissipates the accumulations of the winter's snow, thus cleansing and purifying, and invigorating all the vital organs. At this season too, children, and indeed adults also, are peculiarly liable to be afflicted with worms. Need we say that Peter's Worm Lozenges are infallible in their removal. Be careful, anil see you get the genuine. And beware of counterfeiting impostrrs, for they will cheat you if possible. Office, 13ft Fulton, corner Nassau street. THE PAR'S I AN ALTERATIVE MIXTURE for the ?afe and radical cure of thp primary and secondary forms of syphilis, and for eradicating the bad effects ofmercury from thw system, is now the only remedy used in the hospitals of Europe for those distressing complaints. All persons suspecting that tkey retain a syphilitic taint in their system, or suffering mercurial pains in the joints, sore throat, Ac., should speedily avail themselves of this powerful alterative. Sold in large boxes at $2 eash; small do $1 each; cases containing half a doseu, $4, carefully sent to all parts of the Union. W S RICHARDSON, Agent. New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 07 Nassau street. or?- the doctors use sherman's lozenges, because they know that he is a regular bred physician, and manes known to them what they are made ol; because medicine, when thus skilfully prepared, operates better, and is more easily administered than in any other form; because they are the most popular remedies of the day, and effect cures in one quarter of the time usually required. Whore it there anything that can begin to compare with Sherman's Lozenges? Where is there medicine that is always so highly approved and successful? Whpre is one that commands the approbation of all classes tike Sherman's Lozenges "and Plaisterl Warehouse, 100 Xas-.au street. Agents. 4 Stanwix Hall, Albany; and 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia. Q&- SARSAPARILLA?The memWersoft e Collep oi Medicine and Pharmacy of the city of N. Tori, beg ie?j ct fully to announce to the American public that their pr. paration of Sarsaparilla, Gentian and Sarsafms is prepared under the superintendence of scientific medical practitioners, well acquainted with the medicinal properties and curative powers of each root, and the exact proportions one should bear to the other. The public wll thus at once see the superiority of such an article over the common Syrup of Sarsaparilla manufactured by the druggist who cannot be expected to possess sufficient medical knowledge to make a really beneficial ex'ract, but depend entirely for the sale of it hy putting advertisements and bartering their mixture for ceitific.ates. The genuine Extract of Sartaperilla, Gentian and Sarsafras prepared hy the College, h is now been before the public for one year, and the h?st proof of ita efficacy lies in the vastly increased demand for it and the iiniM-i nig luKiimouiHii oi ine m'raiicrf 01 me menicai profession generally. In all diseases arising from impurity ofthn blood,its effect is truly beneficial?such as s.-rofnls, salt rheum,cittnDPOiis eruptions, chronic rheumatism, syphilitic affections arising from the abuse of mercury, enlargement of the glands and all othrr diseases arising from a deranged state of the system?Sold in single bottles 73 cents each; cases containing half a dozen $3 60; do do one dozen $0 W. S. RICHARDSON. Agent. Office and ConsultingiRooms ofthe College 97 Nassau at. New York. N B. A liberal discount allowed to country practitioners and druggists. OQ^KOM STOCK'S VERMIFUGE HAS BEEN 1 RIED in (our families in this place, and been found to answer a better purpose altogether than anything heretofore tried. M F. CUSHINO, Editor of riainfleld, N. J , paper. The above to be found only in New Yorkat71 Maiden lane. 9fi cents per bottle. MONEY MARKET^ Tuesday, April 18?8 P. M. The following circular will explain itaelf CIRCULAR. Nkw York, 18th April, 1843. Bib Under a mortgage given to me by the " Merchant's Exchange Company" to seoare thepaymentof certain bonds issued by them, and upon which the interest is in arrears, I have, u|>on my demand, been put in possession of the property of said Company, in order te protect the rights of the holders of the said bonds ; and I desire, in the management of so large a concern, to have the beneflt of an Advisory Committee, appointed by the parties in Interest, if they see At. I therefore request you, as holder of said securities to Attend a meeting to be held for that purpose at No. 89 Merchant's Exchange, (in the third story of said building, corner ol William street and Exchange Place.) on Wednesday, 19th instant,at 19 o'clock, M. Respectfully youra, (Signed) JAMES O. KINO. We would advise the stock and bondholders of tha '' Mei chants' Exchange Co." to attend to the feregolag 'Circular;" it ia highly important to the interest of al| concerned, that the affairs of the Company should be put into proper hands and not left te the management oi a few, whose interest in the Company may be secondary to that elsewhere. It will be observed that the above meeting ii called for to-day. I! will be remembered by moat of our readers that a few months since, nn individual appeared in Wall street with a large amount of Treasury notea, endorsed "Graves;" many of "he brokers became purcha*ers,and the National Bank and the Bank of America bought some, but suspicions were excited by his off ring very high rates for gold The brokers then became alarmed and they hod him stopped at the Astor House and demanded reference, which ho refused, telling them to take the notea or the money as they pleased. This boldness hil the desired effect Hml the gentleman went off. That individual is tbe famous absconding Treasurei of the Slnta of Mississippi, W. 8. Graves, Ksq. I appears that the State had some money dot to it from the United States, and for fear that th? creditors of the State would send and attach, the Stati ' eat its Treasurer Graves slyly to Washington, ta take u| the money. He, assuming the responsibility, came slvlj to N?w York to Sell the bills on his own hook. Henci the suspicions that were excited at that time. The notes were, however, legally issued, and the Unitei States cannot detain or refuse to pay them. They wnrfl I. iraiw ?,.t > . ?*> > and [ aised inte (he handH f innocent third partie*. At tke Board, thif morning, *ale* were larger, am prior* opnernlly bettpr. The murkft if more buoyant Kentucky fl'? ro?o ?; New York State 7'?, J; Mohawk, J Harlem, J; Ohio 6'f, iAt the new Board, the reault wm nearly the fame. The Afhhurton, from Lirerpool, bring* out $3M,OOOh tpecie. It if ftated in the Bofton paper* that in coaipqutnceo tho late new*, 1,400,000 yard* of cotteu cloth hare beat iiken from that market for f'.anton. I* thia the effect ofi protective tariff here, which enable* American manufar Mirer* to compete with thoae of England In a thlr market 1 It will be remembered that in our nrticle ef the fll in*tant, in animadverting upon tho late circular of th Ohio auditor to the stockholder* of the State in relatio in it* contradictory misstatement*, we remarked an to lowf In looking at tho fntuio prosperity of Ohio, great r? liance h. placed by it* ofllcri upon the toll* ot the nubli nrka. They Pin entirely to forgot that the aeason < i'Ii priori, profits and eapenaoa, h.ii none hy. Proline vrr again P*y h ,0"* ** heretofore How i : > maintain the competition,in the Northern ma ? I v simply retiring her tolls so as to keeeon the e nte to market. Tkn general atata of affaire in the greet Waet and t) oouraa of trade pointed to thia raaalt aa laetriiahie. 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