Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 20, 1843, Page 2

April 20, 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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N " YORK HERALDfw tork, Thurwlty, April HO, IMJ. Herald LliMVjr Or pat. All the new and cheap literary publications of the day ? tor sale, wholesale tun' retail, at the Hkkauu Orrica, north wrat corner ol \??mio and Kulton itrect. :v A full account ol the clotting proceedinge of tl . Xew York Legislature, and a list of important cis passed during the session, will be lound on our first page. __________ Arrival of the Britannia.?Thissteam ship pro.ihly reached Boston yesterday. Her news will be but eleven days later. It will, however, make up in interest and importance what it loses in time.? We shall issue an Extra Herald immediately after our pa|>ers arrive?say early this morning hf next Presidency?Nomination of Martin Van Buren toy the Stale of Sew Yorfa. We give to-day some very important proceedings n relation to the next presidency, which took place in Albany on Monday night. The democratic members ot the New York Legislature have, in fleet, unanimously nominated Martin Van Buren as the candidate ,for the neri presidency? and recommended the month of November this year for holding a national convention in Baltimore, to confirm their recommendation, and decide on a Vice President. The same time for holding such a convention has been designated by the " democracie" of the States of Virginia, Tennessee, and Missouri, aad we have every reason to believe it will be concurred in by Pennsylvania and Ohio. The only ^tate, thus far, that prefers a later day, is that of South Carolina. This nomination, or recommendation of Mr. Van Buren, is concurred in by the whole democratic members of the Legislature?the two sections of the party, called the " old hunkers" on the one side, and the " young democracie" on the other, both concurring in the same man?the same plan of action?the same policy?and the same day. An immense mass meeting is also to be held in a few days in Tammany Hall, to respond to the action^of the Legislature, and the like, no doubt, will take place throughout the State? The policy and measures developed by these pro eeedmgs, are also highly interesting and important. An uncompromising opposition is held forth to a national bank ot any kind?to an exchequer of any kind?ta any assumption of State debts?to the division of the land revenues? and in tact, to the whole policy of Mr. Ciay and the whigs, as well as to that of Mr. Tyler and the " guard." The tariff in any shape is not alluded to, but this is policy. We understand that Silas Wright was the master spirit wno managed the whole operation?prepared the address?and set the whole machinery in motion. He has certainly evinced great skill and talent. We consider this movement of the Legislature of New York, one of the most important that has taken place since the nomination of General Harrison?in fact it demolishes,at once and forever,every chance of Mr. Tyler?seta aside, for the present, the hopes of Mr Calhoun, and all others, and reduces tl e position of the two great parties to Mr. Van Buren on one side, and Mr. Clay on the other. The utter insignificance ot Captaiii Tyler among the " democracy" of this Slate, is now seen at full length. Herealter he can remove and appoint, once a week, in every office uuder his control?and it will only meet the con'empt and (eersof both parties. Mr Calhoun has astrong hold among the democracy, but it will not ripen fully till 1848 The Presidential question inav now be said to open thus:? Democratic. Whio. MAR) IN VAN BUREN. HENRY CLAY. No U 9 Bank A National Bank. No Exchequer. Aisumption of State No Aaiumption ol State Debt*?or ueuia. envision ol the Public Lands. We are pleased with such au isaue of clear principle and decided measures. There is no hickory poles?no hard cider?no military glory?110 log-cabins?no humbug in this issu*. It will be a contest on principle, and will be decided by the intelligence of the country. Democratic eglslatlve Caucus, The democratic members of the two houses, assembled at 9 o'clock Monday evening, in the Assembly Chamber, Albany. Mr Hunter, ot the Senate, called to order, and on his motion, Lieut Governor Dickinson was called to the chair, and On motion of Mr. Mitchell of the Senate, and Mr. Hulburd ot the House, Mr Ely of the Senate, ami Mr Sanford of the Assembly, were appointed Secretaries. Tue Likot Governor, on t iking the chair, briefly and pertinently addressed the meeting. Mr. Hunter, of the r-enate, from the joint committee appointed to prepare an address and resolutions, submitted an address, which was read by Mr. Elv. The reading of the address having been concluded, Mr. Hulburd submitted^ the following resolutions :? | Resolved, That weareintavor of a National Conren. tion, lor the nomination of candidates for President and Vice President, to be held at Baltimoie on the 4th Monday of November, 1843, as recommeode 1 by the democratic party of the States ,f Tennessee, Missouri and Virginia. Resolved, That it ia reoomtnenil. d to the Republican Klee'ors in several coun'ies of this 8t?tc, to appoint a numbered delegates correiponding with the number of member* of Assembly, to a Stare convention to be Held at on the day ot S-pember, 1s43. with autnority to choose delegate* to a National Convention, or to de termirve the manner in which they *hall be chosen, and for transacting such other business in relation to the Presidential question as to the convention may stem proper. R.-solved. That Martin Van Buren by his unbending adherence to sound democratic principles, not withstanding the powerful combination o1 interests arrayed against hlb A lmilllltratin* haaontifw?h hit elf tn tkn /?n?.f!.fannri and respect ol every friend of equal rights. Although overborne in the contest of 1S4(?, by a temporary concentration of discordant interests, he has maintained with unflinching firmness those cardinal principles of democratic | faith which lie a? the very foundations of our free institu tions. and to which he has been devoted during his whole life, and that while we will support with good faith and cordiality, the person who may be nominated for President ol the U. 8 , by the Republican National Convention we feel it a duty to express our conviction that Martin Van Buren is the choice of the Democracy of the State|of New York. Resolved, That the course pursued by Governor Bouck, justifies the confidence reposed is h m tiy his constituents; and that the unfounded ass ults made U|>on him in regard to his offi ial conduct as Canal Commissioner, have not in the slightest degree unpaired oar confidence in the purity ol his character as a man, or in the integrity f his conduct as a public ottcer. Res"lv?d, That the developements of the last ten years have luliy vindicated the wisdom and foresight al A a Ire v Jackson, in placing his constitutional veto on the Maysville road bill, and the bill for re-chartering the Bank of the United States. The principle establis ed by the first veto, has saved the Government of thi United States Irom h debt of two or three hunded millions ol dollars, and the apreading ita branchea te the remoteat bordera ol the Union, audaciouily (ought to control fne power from wluch it derived itH exm'ence, and to overawe and dictate termi ta toe war-worn aoldier who had bet n placed at the head 01 the government, by the free (utfragea of the American people. Reaolved, That we are oppoted ta a Bank of the United tttatea in any and every form. That we are alao op. poaed to the u'inieroua exchequer plana and government bank*. which have tieen engendered by the lata Congreta, and we arc gratified to know that the acheine of an Kx. h'- i ier Itank, matured and tirought forward by the President and hia Cabinet, haa received itsqiiietna by the un* preeedented vote of 193 to 1H, in the House of Repreaentalive, and WV trus; thi- liingeroua government engine, after auch an emphatic condemnation, from tmth pelitical p-irtie?, will be received hy ita own god-father in the a irne light that he admit! the Bank of the United State! now appeal a to hnn.aa an " obsolete nlea." Reaolved, That the embodied wildom of the whig par- ' ty, alter trying nnmeroiia experiment*. has been tinahin fin 1 a Kilbatitutefor the Indepen lent Treaatiry, and by tin- repeal of thia meaatire, thoae who clamored ao loudly e vivitiiF the tiiirttP tn tb?* Pr?* l.ovo u..ik , ii thi- public funds from thecuatodv of the low, and anded them over to Eaecutive control. The course of . twhigs themselves must satisfy every reflecting mind, t h ?t no mo le caii be devised better calculated to secure I he public fund*, an 1 at the name time disconnect them from i he schemes of speculators and ?tock operators, than fhe plan re' nmmended b? Mr. Van Buren, and adopted by the ( ongreM ot lean This law ii in perfect harmony with ommori aenae an.l the constitution, and >s a practical answer to the enquiry which Mr. Jefferson put to the Secretary of the Treasury in IWM?, whether, in order to ,<l against a combination arising from the further entnn'ion ot an institution id the most deadly hostility nxi?' i ' a rilnat the principles nd form of our constitution," i. if iv. i nment "could not muke a beginning towards an in H^euneat waeof its own money K ! Tnat theaa-umtdion ofthe Htatedebtahy th , , ,i government. a- |.-o(i"Sel tiy adistinguished wbie o i'i s. v.iId be u 'jus', ineapedien' i. . i iiucoiistitutiuiial. If the doetrina is once established that State legislatures can issue slock* and Itonda to he loaned to hanks. railroad", and tor other objects, and that such dehta can assnmvd and paid by the general government, it rebates the body which contract* the debt, from all responsibility of levy ing taxes lor it* payment, and will put an end ta all economy and moderation in the appropriation* ol Stata credit, to be loaned to bank* and railroad* and lor the iartherance o( every local and Reiflah schevn. a bu u tin wit ol man can devise. Resolved, That O e pn sent favo able rat. of exchange between nearly all the cOB."nrc:?l ;-o;nt? o! the Uni >u, affords conclusive e*. lonce that nt ithei a t.k of the United State* nor an excln i|uei plan lot issuing paper nioney, i* exarutnil to then prop, r adjustment, and that if congress will keep withiu the pale ol the constitutional provisiou " to coin money and regulate the value thereof," the laws ol u ill rviritIfit Ihf? i-ir Rwolred, Thst the law yaised by a Whig Congress for dUtnbuti.igtht" piocewdt of tha public laud* to the Statei, at s tune whni th. National Tieasury wai destitute of meant to pay the daily expoaaet ol the government, ii a meanure well worthy of a party which obtained jiower by concealing it! principle!, and lost it at soon at iti act! made iti principle* manitest to the public eye. Mr Httlburd moved to fill the firm blank in the second resolution with lhe first Tuesday in September? which was agreed to. Mr. Bartlit moved to fill the next blank with Syracuse. j Mr. Kenyon moved Auburn. .Mr Pkntz moved Utica, but the meeting agteed j upon Syracuse. ! The address and resolutions were then unaniJ mously adopted. Three Day* hater from Kuropc?Very Important Debate In the British Parliament on the Treaty of Washington. The packet ship Mediator arrived yesterday from London and Portsmouth. She sailed from the latter place on the 25th ult. She brings the opening of an important debate in the British Parliament on the Treaty of Washington, called by the whigs in England the "Ashburton Capitulation " This debate will be read with the greatest interest bv everv one. No other nt-wa of consequence. Hocse of Lords, April 11.?The Dyke of Wellington, in answer to Lord Beaumont, explained, that it w?is the intention of Government it) introduce a measure to reduce the duties on wheat imported Irotr. Canada Notice had been given last session that such a bill would be brought forward so soon as the Colonial Legislature had regulated the corn trade between Canada and the United States; and when the act lor that purpose had received the royal assent, the alteration then contemplated would be proposed. House of Commoxi, March 3*2.?Lord Pa!.mkrsto'<i rose. Hi* motion was for copies of all communications between the British and American Governments, and between the British Government and Lord Ashburton, with reference to the treaty ot Washington and the negotiations which led to it. He hoped that as Sir Robert Peel had thought it right to produce the correspondence between the late Government and its Pl?ni|>otentiary, he would think it equally fitting to produce the cornspondenct. which had taken place since the accession of the present Ministry. He knew that in expressing his dissatistaction at the treaty, and ot the hhskilfulness with which it had been conducted, he should be accused of endeavoring to disturb our peaceful relations. As he had often before disregarded such a charge, he sheuhl disregard it now; he hoped he had proved, in his administration of the Foreign Department, his sincere attachment to the principles of peace ; and he felt the especial obligation of those principles between blood relations, like England and America; but still, 9S they were independent communities, the rules of justice were not to be sacrificed tar the sake of either. The treaty between them in 1783, though it professed the purpose ol obviating all question about boundary, had been the fertile source of disputes Much discussion took place between the commissioners of the two countries respecting the line of highlands intended by the treaty, ana respecting the spot which the treaty referred to as that where the 45th paral1-1 nf Ijllln.l* Ik- CI. 1 Tl latter point, us a icientific on'', would seem incapable of dispute , but the American men o science resorted to ge. ocentric instead of astronomical measurment. This, and two other questions connected with the lioundary, were referred to .he King nl the Netherlands, who made his award in favor of England upon the made of measurment hut recommended that as America had laid out large sums upon a point of land whereof that mode of measurineHt would deprive her, the English should allow such a lioundary line as would give her that |>oint; and as be held that neither the line claimed by Britain, nor that claimed by America, coincided exactly with that which the treaty intended, he counselled a compromise under the udoption of a third line, which he then indicated. The American Minister of that day, contending that thia was not an award, but a mere recommendation, declined to he bound by it. The English government equally disliked the proposed settlement, hut thought itsell precluded lrom objecting to it by good lcith, and b the consideration that there was no great chancr of mending the position of af. fairs by a second arbitration, even if America would agree to such a mode of settlement. America, however, having rejected the award, and England being thus also freed trom it, a new investigation of the dispute ! highlands was proposed;1 y America, with a view, however, as it should seem, merely to supply a deficiency in one part of her own case, where thedescrije tion did not tally with the actual groand. To this one sided proposal the British Government did not agree. new commission was then suggested by America, to consist ol three scientific men ; hut with this suggestion she coupled two inadmissible conditions?the recognition of Mitchell's map as aconc!u-ivu authority; and the addition of commissioner-- lrom Maine. The ground was then again examined, and a repoit was made to tha British Government by skilful and diligent persons, whose evidence furnished ample proof for the British.and against the American, claim ; and as the American Government was ;>osseated ot a certain red-line map, also substantiating the Biitith line to be that intended by the treaty?which map. though that government had not had the candor to produce it. gave tnem full information for their own guidance?there was at length fair ground to expeet that the truth would be arrived at and agreed ou in negotiation.? That negotiation might have been carried on through the American Miniater in Lon Ion, or through the British Minister at W'shington, or through a special mission.? The last mode had these inconveniancea?that it attracted much public observation .and occasioned so much greater disappointment in case of failure ; and that aspecialminister hail naturally a feeliag that he waa bound to get something arranged, and must not come hick empty-handed.? At all events, however, such a minister ought te be par u^uini ? ?rn sriniDii. nunrvri uuiiuub IQ HVUIU Mil disrespect to Lord Ashburton, he mu?t say that in a case like this the government ought to have aent a man who would he heart an 1 toul in the British cauae, and who would have no leaning to the epponeut party. But Lard AiHacaTox waa much connected w ith America, though he had princely possessions in England That balanced feeling might have well fitted him for a mediator, but not for an Ambassador. Home practice, too?some technical experience of diplomacy ? was i aaential in the business of negociation; if such skill, united with the most conciliatory manners, were the combination required. Sir C. Yaughan might have been fitlv selected; if a title of peerage were also required, Lord Hey* teshury might well hav* been appointed. When a Minister was sent to a foreign Sta'e thus specially, he was mori-over expe-ted to speak first; to announce what it was that he had come 10 far to do. The first move, indeed,was not necessarily a disadvantage in diplomacy any more than at chess, but if made unskilfully, it subjected the mover to be check Lord Ashburton had been.? It was not expedient to begin by an ultimatum; that wna an imperious way of treating your opi>onent; you should ask something more than youmeant to take that he might have the credit with his own country of having effected ome reduction in your terms. But Lord Ashburton, having stated an ultimatum, and finding Mr. Webster would not let him have it, waa content to say, if I can't have it, 1 suppose 1 shan't have it, and so I must give it up. Surely if a Minister began with an ultimatum he ought to adhare to it. Lord Falmerston then followed the negociation through its marches and countermarches, censuring (Lord Ashburton for not ex- ] hibiting the same firmness which bad been shown by Mr Wetister. Lord Ashburton, having taken the first step, ought to have put the negociation on the basis that England had a right to all the had asked -. instead of which he allowed Mr Webster to put it on the basis that Ame rica had a right to all she had asked If you were about to compromise a lawsuit,the moie clearly you can Id satisfy your adversary that you hr-1 the law on your side, and that you abstained from litigation only to avoid needless cosrs, me neiter wonia oe tur n m? vnicn mat adversary would concede to you. Lord I' lmer?ton here enumerated some equivalent!, commercial end territorial, which he thought it would have been proper for Lord Ashburton to have reiervrd in dealing with Mr Webster. But instead of keeping those equivalents to use when they shonld be wanted, he gave them all spontaneously at the outlet, as if the weight of them were an encumh-ance to him. As he poured them out of his bag, Mr. Webster picked them all up, gratis; and when the time cume for buying eft the American demand of territory to the north of the St. John's, Lord Ashburton had nothing left to make his bargain with It might have been right to make the concessions which were made respecting the navigation of the Ht John's, and the question ot the ' onnecticut: but, than, these things should not all have hsen granted without some return lor them. House's |>oint, too, had been conceded?a military station of great importance; and he apprehended that Ministers would shortly ke obliged to ask from Parliament the means of eresting a fortification for the purpose of keeping tha American fastness there in check. Then there was a part of the boundary which was made moveable , aeven miles higher in one event, iev?? miles lower in another, by s sliding scale which he sincerely hoped rni ght work better in our geographical relations with America than in our commercial ones He now came to the article respecting the discouragement of the slave trade, in which object, as in others, aince the accession of the present Ministry, this country had made grtat stride* ?backw ird The right of search was indispensable, arid wherever thai right was refused, you might be sure that ther? was some slave trailing uite-est behind. Here Lord Palmerston introduced an episode, containing the history ui iiih imr biiropean tieatiea on thin subject, and the nonratiflcation of the tieoty with France, wlnoh negation he designated an the firat backward step 1 lie ?econd ickwardatop wau the Washington treaty, lor ita imme. diate i fleet wn to encourage France in refuting her content to the principle ot maritime v it It At ion?a reftlMl ownig mainly to General c ats, the American Minister at I'iri". The third back ward atep w hi the discouragement of the lecent pra^tire nl our cruiaera in destroy ing a claai el tort- or I'actoriea on the Aim an eoaat, u?ed ;,a placet of depot for -lav He mml next advert to a part of the correspondence on the subject of the i mole,in which thi'inn rh an VIiniater < alia on the British government to ahataln ' iom applying principles of Britiah law to alave property brought into a Britiah port The caae of the Creole was not a new one The -ante citcumatancea had occurred in the caae of the Entr rprlae. where the alavea were li. hrrateg and no ertnpeiisatioti give Where alavery waa consistent with ne mm . .pal law of the country in' which'he lave- wete brought the ownera wera itled to compenaa :> : m the voi/ure of them , but win n the municipal law ha I refuaed 10 i ecogniae alavery ioug?i ,tba alavoa wara simply aliana, and war# anutled to | freedom without compensation. But Lord Ashburton seem?d not to understand this principle ot law, for ho had a promised that no officious interference ihould taka place tor the future, beyond what was necessary far the eaecu [ tion ol the municipal law ; by which promise he meant r cither to give to Mr. Wi bstcr the desired guarantee, or t to amuse him by a (juibble. The neurons were human 1 boinfi, and just as much entitled to hospitality in a Bri- < tish port, as the |m*isoms who had dealt in them. Altar I aathaae dealera were concerned, the case was tho same < it their piaperiy had foundered at lea, only with thi? satisfactory difference, that the lives 01 this human cargo were preserved. We had been assured tliat this treaty I was to i stablish permanent harmony betweeu thr two I I nini.lri..< Unn. I.UJ lk.1 ? ........... l'.... I-ICII-U I ? ..w- ii... ..! > ?"<n?iivr ..rril lUIIIUISi! I WUJ , 1 at oae of the tan-well dinners given to Lord Aahburtoii, i the Americans, whucheered him in tokrnoftbair triumph over his diplomacy, warned him to remember that there I were other unsettled questions with England, ? hirh, if harmouy was to he maintained, mint he arranged in the , tame spirit in whirh the boundary had been adjusted. Again, since that time an attempt had been 1 made in America to introduce a bill on the analo- J gous question of the Oregon, which bill, if it 1 had been passed, would have amounted to a de- > claration of war. Nor could he refrain from oh- , serving upon Lord Aahburtou's allusion, at one of those dinners, to Boston as the cradle of liberty. He believed that England, in the war against American indepen denre, had been as unjustifiable as she was unsuccessful; and this might be a good argument for an Englishman 1 warning his own Countrymen against the repetition of j such errors; but h? did not think that the injustice and I the weakness of England were fit subject* of allusion I for an English Minister standing among the sons of these | men who had brought his 'ountry to defeat and discredit. | There spoke the American citizen, rather than the Bri- ( tish Ambassador He sincerely hoped he might he mistaken in his apprehension that the good-will between the two countries would be hut shortlived; and conclu. ' ded by moving forthe papers. 1 Mir Kobkrt Phl inquired with indignation how the l noble Lord, a member of a government which, for ten years, had been unable to settle this great question, could i reconcile it to himself to make a motiou like this?era- i ding the real question, which was whether Lord AAbtU* J ton deserved to he censured, and substituting u requisition | for papers which he ha 1 already been informed must be refu-ed upon grounds wholly independent of the merits of Lord A?hhurton. The manly course would have been ' to move a censure on Lord Ashhurton, which would have < been to move a censure on Lord Ashhurton, which woul.t have enabled the government to substitute au amendment, affirming Lord Ashhurton'* right to the approba- , non 01 nin country. Lord raimerston bad declaimed j against the treaty with reference to the slave trade ; now, i America had been induced to agree in thi* treaty to the right of viiitation en the coast of Africa ; which, so far 1 from being a retrograde step on'he subject of the slave 1 trade, was a step in direct advance, and one which Lord I Palmerston, in his ten years' administration of the Foreign i office, had never baen able to accomplish. The French ( government had undoubtedly refused to ratify the treaty ; , but was that owing, ns Lord Palmerston had alleged, f to General Cass 1 No, but to the noble lord him- i self, whose Syrian policy bad incensed the French against England. Lord Ashburton wns now attacked 1 for having promised to prevent officious interference with ' the slave trade ; but this had reference only to t he pre- ' vention of unjustifiable attempts upon slave prop-rty on ] coasts of countries not subject to the British municipal ( law. On the subject of the slaves imported in the Cre. j ole, Lord Ashburton had stated, broadl} and decidedly, { the principles of general law hail affirmed the right of the slaves to their liberty, and had denied the claim of , the owners to compensation. It was said that th> Oregon question remained unsettled. No doubt Lord Ashburton f Lad not settled every question; and some allowance must I be made for the circumstances of a Government like i that of America, open to so many popular influences; but s it he had not settled every question, he had settled that one which, for so many years, had been the main cause of bitterness and irritation among the Americans against j England, the question of the Maine boundary. In 60 , years you had not only made no progress in ascertaining the limits assigned by the treaty ol 1783; but you had 1 seen in each succeeding twelve montu the augry feeling of the United States becoming more and more exacerbated. I After the United States had declined to accapt the decision t of the King of tha Netherlands, Lord l'almerston for ) three successive years went on pressing those states to j agree to that award, which would have advanced the ( American boundary to the crest of the very hills over- < looking the St. Lawrence. For those three years he han taken no military opinions upon this boundary, and ' now he came forward with a motion condemning this ' adjustment as dangerous to the British frontier Lord was said, had no technical skill in ] diplomacy; to be sure, he was not used to frame 1 protocols, but compare what he had done with the ( act* af the late Ministers in theirten years ofpower,when r they, iruided by the master-mind of the noble lord, had the full opportunity of employing Sir C. Vaughan?yes, and Lord Heytesburv too, a? they had not suffered him to go and govern India. In 1838 they had proposed to divide J the disputed territory; that was the principle which they > then cai'l was the most simple and just; and that was the s very principle on which Lord Ashburton had acted now. tl That ntTer not having been accepted, the noble lord tried p to work out the question by means of an exploratory commission; there were projets and contre-projets; but the at- r tempt had no success; and in 1*41, just as he was quitting office, he wrote a despatch to Ml. Fox, full of disagreements, dissents, and refusals, but proposing a new com mission of three scientific men. one to be recommended by Prussia, one by Sardinia, and one by Saxonv; to w hich Mr Fox answered, "Whatever you do, don't have profes. sors; settle it by three kings if you can't trust one; but no philosophers." And Mr. Featherstonhaugh, the man of science, and consulted by (he noble lord himself, aaya,? "Such a commission may occupy ten years, and at last, perhaps you may have a decision against you." Mr. Webster came into office ; when he had bad time to look into the papers, he intimated his< willingness to settle the matter by a compromise, and was it not incumbent on the British Government to take that offer without delay? There was no longer time to spare: for the great tide of population, that tide which knows no ebb, goes pressing, pressing on, and that territory which is disputable to-day becomes in five years occupied by msnts whom you cannot displace. He then reail passages from various despatches of Lord Svdenham and other Govern, ors, showing the daily progress of excitement in Maine, the district immediately bordering on the debateable land. Sir W. Colebrooke had written in terms especially urging the necessity of an arrangement which should conciliate, and speedily, the good dsipositions of the United States? It thus became the duty of the British government to provide for such a conciliation. Lord Ashburton had been elected as the fittest man, from his knowledge, his thill, ty, and his sharacter, for this difficult service, which no. thing hut a desire to serve his country would have induced him to accept; and tha government who had pressed that service upon him, ami who, hut for his own pre ference for retirement, would have gladly included him in its cabinet, now claimed the full responsibility which belonged to an entire np-mbation of the adjustment he had made; hut, if Lord A- had taken any basis except that oi the Dutch award, his mission would have been utterly nugatory. The Government had consulted all the most competent military authorities?Sir H. Douglas, Sir J. Kempt, Lord Beaton, Sir G. Murray, and they had the aid oi ion i/UKC ui euuigxon* i ur i/uau Hw?ru ^ivr ?wui r S.S-OOths to America, ami -25 to England; the Ashhurton 3 adjustment was less advantage oe* only by 'his Slight difference, that it gave 3<S OOths to America and 24 to England. .Meanwhile America had senators who thought the treaty as discreditable and disadvantageous to her as the noble lord thought it to England But the general leeling in America was favorable to it; and he begged the house ; to consider that r.o arrangement conld have been permanent which had not been generally acceptable to the United States. The object was 'not mere a<\ju*tm?n?, nut conciliation and s itisfaetlon. To this countrv, posseasing the vast extent of territory now belonging to her, a few thousands, nay, a few millions of acres, were nothing in comparison ot friendship with America. Not that he would have made any concession of a dishonorable kind ; such concessions only en couraged further demanJs. But now without dishonor, England had secured an adjustment satisfactory even to the paople of the provinces in the neighborhood of the disputed territory. Mr. Webster had been attacked for r not disclosing a red-line map in his possession, which was supposed to establish the English claim of boundary. He knew not whv Mr. Webster, in an affair of diplomacy should be assailed for not revealing to his antagonist the weak points of his own case. But maps, after all, were I little to be reliad on as evidence in matters of this description. Two contemporary maps, published in England, one of them by Faden. the King's geographer, gavethe line exactly as the Americans claimed it. And so did | Mitchell's map, on which was marked the American line, of which the noble lord had been in possession ; but which yet, be presumed the noble lord had not commun- | icatad to the government of America : but no line on any such man proved anything for this purpose, unless it could be shown to have been the line adopted by the official negoriators. With respect to the production of these pa|>ers, he should i decidedly object to it, particularly as respected the con udential communications between the Osvemment aud ' Lord Ashhurton. If the noble Lord should press this motion, it could he only with a vi>-w to imply (not di rectlv to pronounce) a censure on Lord Ashhurton ; hut r he trusted the house would not l?nd itsalf to such an ob- 1 jert ; fndeed, this very proceeling was his vindication When a powerful party could hting forward no other ; motion than for papers winch they knew could not he ( granted, Lord Asliburton stood justified and triumphant. Mr. disclaimed all national animosity and prejudice He was adverse to war in general, and a war with the United States would he little less than a civil one. He lid justice,also,to the ability.integrity,and amiablecha- f racter of Lord Ashhut ton. But the preaent auhject wan an important one, which it was a duty on public men to examine strictly ; the moir especially m thi* was l the fir?t completed negotiation of a Government 1 now likely to hold a long |ioaseaiion of office. Ho admit* { ted that here was a case in which it was necessary that ( something should he conceited on both sides ; but he 1 thought concession ought to b- accompanied by three conditions:?First, that there should be no sacrifice of . national dignity; secondly, that if all questions were not ' adjusted, none should he left in a worse condition than before , and thirdly, that a cordiality should be establish- I ed between the two nations. First as to dignity : he would compare the high tone of the American Minister t with the caressing wheedling mannei or the English ne gotiator, and he read some extracts a: illustrative ol this ( view. On the second point he argued, that the right of visitation was not only not estahlshel, but left by the j eighth article of the treaty in a worse condition , that

article having been ratified by the Queen in tho sense of f. ttcrving. and by the United States in the sense of re- I nouncing. that claim, and the probable consequences of Bitch an article lining that squadrons of the most highspirited officers and men in the world would be sent out ] by the two powers furnished with opposite instructions, which must bring them into direct conflict Thirdly, in whst state had this treaty left the relations of the two countries! It was hardly conrludi d when Sir K. Peel ; had found it necessary to give a flat contradiction in Par- 1 liament to an asaertion made by nneof the memlmrs of the American Government. The question raised about tho i Oregon affair was another unfriendly symptom; another ( was the speech of the President, approving the efforts made against England by General Lass at Paris Ho mienr ne margin witn iimtnrning peacnmi rsiiuoni; tint tt ? ?? hecauae he loved peai-p that he condemned a l>olicy which encouraged intuit*) and demand* iiwci' I arlly drawing on eventual war Thna Franca already called unan hnr atatetmen to follow the eaample of Amc <, ami rr> lorrc ihc proud inlander* into siibmi??ion. 1 iglMiid wa- much cxpoaedto envy ; let her notMnhject hcraelt alao to contempt. , , \ Sir Howaso Douglas wished to explain why he now ipprui ?d a i < mpromise which, a dozen years ago, he hould li 've thought wholly inadmissible, tor that pur. >ose he K' re a narrative ot the circumstances which had iccurre.i in British North America, during and after the imr of his own government there, and contended thai Lrjid PsmerMon, who now objected so strenuously to '.incessiuii. t a 1 made important and undignified canoes iioi dun tj( tk* liallttMiNa Th?. ainl tlie lap?e >t time, had mailt' it im|?riltle to satiify the American!, xevuton some huch principle of compromise as that *hith Lord AsUhuiton had adopted; nothing had beet, aft but to maVe a convention line, or to goto war Sir H, Liouglaa lurtlier vindicated the tioundary, lioth in a miliary point of view, and with reference to thequeition of invitation. The detiate waa then adjourned to next day,on motion of SirC. Napier. Regulations to be observed at the Levees at St. James's Palace ?The noblemen and gently nen who propose to attend the Levees at St James's Palace are requested to bring with them two cards, with their names thereon written, one to be left with the Queen's Page in Attendance in the Presence Chamber, and the otherto be delivered tothe Lord in Waiting, who will announce the name. Those gentlemen who are ts be presented are (tereby informed it is absolutely necessary that their names, with the name ol the nobleman or gentleman who is to present them (not the Lord in Waiting). should he sent to the Lord Chamberlain's office before 12 o'clock,on the day but one previous to ench Levee, in order that they may he submitted for approbation; it being Her Majesty's command that no presentation shall hereafter be made at the lyvees, hat in conformity with the above regulations, and further, that no person shall be admitted,on anv pretence whatever, who has not been so pre lented. It is particularly requested thai gentlemen who ire to be presented at the L?vees will have their .antes disi inctly written upon the card to be delivered to the Lord in Waiting, in order that thsre may oe 110 mistake in announcing them. The state apartments will not be open for the reception <?t company cotmug toCoart until halt past one o'clock. A Black Prince and Princess ?Southampton, March 20?Among the passengers landed here this Jay from the'West India packet Tay were two lersonsof color, styling themselves the Prince and Prit.e s Louis Napoleon Christophe, of Si. Doniin?o. Their Highnesses came from St. Thomas's, :? .u t?h;u !uluu,l* riving uccii vibh 1115 ninny u mc ??c? *?ut? <u.M..uu or pleasure, and hive arrived in this country in the lame pursuit. The Prince is perfectly black, with xtraordinary thick lips and very broad nose, and ippeare to be about 60 years ol axe He states himself to be a full colonel of the National Guard of St Domingo. Their Highnesses are honoring this town n'ith a visit until to-morrow morning, at 7 o'clock, vhen they take their departure in a third-class train it the esjiecial desire of the Prince. Prince Louis Vspoleon is brother of Christophe, who was King of if Hayti. He has nothing to indicate, by his aplearance or manners, either rank or station above he common run of negroes. His luggage (of which te has a large quantity) is all directed " Prince 31 ristophe " The Prince evinced, on the voyage, i great penchant for brandy, and when under its nfluence e iused much amusement and occasional M ivi nee to the passengers and officers of the ;hip. France. The Moniteur officially confirms, in the followng terms, the taking possession of Otahette by the rrench iorce, under the command of Admiral Du>etit Thouars;? " The Government has received despatches from ear Admiral Dupetit Tnouare. announcing that he Queen und the ohiefs of Otalieite had asked to je admitted under the protection of the King of he French The rear Admiral acquiesced in heir demand, and had taken effective measures or the purpose until the receipt of the ratification if the King, which is about to be forwarded to tim " The French stock market continued firm on Monday, prices vibrating between five centimes ower and five centimes higher than those of Saturlay. A re|>ort prevailed that large orders had been ei-ei ved to buy on account of British capitalists. The weather continues to be magnificent in Paris virh an increasing temperature. The thermometer narked between 60 ana 65 in the shade throughout Saturday, Sunday, and Monday. The newspa|>ers tate that "the celestial phenomenon which has atracted general attention in Paris, is decidedly a conet, the focus of which was discovered on Satur- I ' ?? ? ?-L. UitUaatn * ?1 >?.! ?/> toom tA Ka Inmi n_ [ ay mgiii. rimicnw n uuco uwi own, ins (which, it appears, is a novel feature) It show d itself on Sunday night an hour less than on Saurrlav. The meteor was likewise seen at Fecamp ind Orleans between 7 and 8 o'clock in the evening >1 the 17th The oldest seamen of Fecamp declared hat they had never witnessed such a phenomenon." Alarlteti. London Monet Market, March 21?The premium on (old at Paris it 13 per mille, which, at the English Mint ^rice o( ?9 17a 10}d per ounce for itandard gold, givea an sxchange ot '16 48, and the exehauge at Pari* on London at hort being 36 70, it follow* that gold i* 0 98 per ceut dear tr in Loudon than in Paris. B\ adviee* from Hamburgh the price of gold ia 434 per murk, which, at the English Mint price of ?9 17* 10}g per ounce for standard gold, give* an exchange of 13 9), >nd the exchange at Hamburgh on London at short beng 'i* 11}. it follows that gold ia 0 7# per ceut dearer in London than in Hamburgh. The course of exchange at New York on London is 100} per cent, and the par of exchange between England ind America, being 109'13-40 percent, it follow* that the ixchange is 3 31 per rent against England; hut the quet>d exchange at New York being for bills at 00 days'sight ho interest must be deducted from the above difference. With a small amount of business, the Engliah secure ies have preserved a steady and quiet appearance through jut the day. No bargains of prominent interest occurred, tnd the market closed fairly supported. Consols for noney left off 90J to}; ditto account, 90J to 2; New Three tnd-a-half per Cents, 101} to |; Bank Stock for opening, 163} to 184}; Exchequer bills, 08s to 70s pm. London Trade Retort, March 11 ?Evening?The reaa brought forward at public sale to-day were passed iver very quickly, there being no disposition to purchase. Dnly 80 chest* of Corgou af common quality were sold, d Is id to 1**1^1, being the same rates as before. About .700 packnges, chiefly of hyson kind of twankays.young lysons, imperials, and gunpowders, were sold at former ate*, and 90 chests of pekoe at Is 4dto Is 4}d, being Id to id cheaper. Tlio remainder, 17.400 packages, of various ortsand qualities, partly withdrawn without price, and lartly bought in at or above former rates. Couri At'thentique?Paris, March 10.?Five per >nts, llOf 76c 90r. 75c; Four per Cents, 108f 103f 16?; rhree i>cr Cen's.89f 40c, 46c, 60c. 40c, 30r; Bank Actions i,3K)f. 3,316f, 3 330f; R-ntede Naples, 109f, 107f 90c; Ro nan Rentes, 107,106}; Spanish Actives, 30 , 30}, |, J }, 10; Spanish Differes, 11}; Spanish passives, 6}. }.},}. |, .}, j; Belgian Five per Cents, 1831. 106; ditto, 1840, 107J, 08; Belgian Three per Cents, 73f 70c; Belgian Bank,1841 ,0811 60c; Haytian Loan, fllOf. 6111 60c. Exchange on ^ondon, one month, money, 15f 61}c; three months, pa. ifr QAf ASe: mnni'V. ISf ASc. Boimai:, March 20, half past 3 o'clock? L??t Prices? ?"ive per Gents, 121 f 90c; Three per Cents, 82f 3!ic; Bel(ian Five per Cents, 1340, 109; Belgian Three per Cents, '8f 90c. _ rhentrlcals. Movements, &c. at tHe Latest Dates. Max Bohreiand Rakemann were, giving concerts it New Orleans. Panta Anna was offering terms to Texas. Tom Marshall attacked Henry Clay, and Henry Clay rejoined in a speech at Lexington. Mary Ann Lee is at New Orleans, dancing the ieopla all bewitched. Hiissel! sines at Boston on Saturday next. Maffitt was also at Boston. Audubon and Sir William Stewart are at St. Louis, and will soon take up the line of march for he Rocky Mountains and the " Far West." Dan Marble is playing at Cincinnati Chippendale opens the National at the same city in the 24'h instant, provided the world should not inrst up on the 23d. Welch, with his circu?, is carrying all before him n Baltimore. He leaves the country shortly for libraltsr. General Tom Thumb has arrived atCharleston. Hackett is playing for a few nights at the Park Dr Lirdner is lecturing at New Orleans. He is ibout leaving for Mobile. The Comet has gone on a foreign engagement. In this City ?Maior Payne's Court Martial comTieices to-day at Fort Hamilton Col Crane, Maior Morris, Capt. Hetzel, Col Panning, members of the Court, are n-'w at the American Hotel. General Brook, th? President, is at the Astor House; Col Riley is at the City Hotel, and Major Mellon is at Howard's General Wool is at Ranker's. Hon Robert McLellan l?*ft this city thin morling. Ex-Secretary Forward left the Globe Hotel yen erday for Washington VV. W. Irwin, (ami ladv) Charge dc Affaires to Copenhagen, is also at the Globe. He leaves in the >ark? t New York, for Liverpool, which flails, we jelieve, to-day. Ex-Go\ernor Davis is still at Howard's He remains in the city n tew days longer. The city is full of Bt range re. Booth is at Philadelphia, where also Signer De IVgnis hiifl made nrrangementa for a concert on the ?7tli inst Mr Welmterhasgniie to Washington; also Mr R. VI. Blstchford, of this city, and Mr. Curtis, Colector of thin port. Brands'* Encyclopaidia.?The sixih number of :his popular publication is now issued. The whole ivork will occupy twelve numbers, at Yf> cents each. Harper and Brothers are the publishers. For sale at lhis office. Furnti'rk Sai.r ?The attention ofthe public is . < <i io hi *-xi. naive lurniture wie t*-mnrroirf hy i John Deforest, 61 IJeekni&n street 1 Guadaiahte Sufferers.?We annex a copy of a corres|>ondence which has pawed between R. H. Morris, Fsq , Mayor of the city, and Charles Do La Forest, Esq., Consul General of France, relating to the moneys collected for the relief of the sufferers by the earthquake in the Island of Guadaloupe :? Nkw Yo?k, April 17, 1943. _ 8,f !? jtucimcii you will receive our joiiu uruu on .??> ? ? Prime, Ward St King, for two thousand five hundred dollar?, which ium has tieen collected lor the relief of the utteren by the recent earthquake in the Itlandol Ona dalou|>e,rrom a number of the n ative American citizens of New Yoilt, in which henelaction tht Inaurance otticea have liberally participated. The benevolent and prompt action of the French resident! in New York to alleviate the distress occasioned by this aevere calamity, has excited the emulation of our citizens und given an impulse to their sympathetic feelings, the result of which, will he found in the donation now handed over to you; the amount of which, though inadequate to produce nn effect commensurate in any considerable degree with the extent of loas and deprivation which it Is intended to alleviate, will, it is hoped, be received as an expression of tho sympathy and good feelings of our citizens. We intrust you, Sir, with the duty (which we are per suaded you will perform with pleasure) of remitting this money to Guadeloupe and placing it in the proper train to do themest good to the greatest number of indigent sufferers We are. Sir, With great iespect, Your ob't serv'ts, By order and in behalf of the Committee, Signed, R H. MORRIS, PHILIP HONE. To Ch. Da La Forest, Esq. Consul General of France. Nxw Yobk, April 18th, 1848. Gkrtlkmen:? We acknowledge with much gratitude your note of the 17th instant, enclosing the sum of two thousand five hundred dollars, contributed by the citizens and insurance companies of this city, and which you entrust to us for distribution among the sufferers of the recent earthquake in the island of Guadaloupe. We beg leave to assure you, gentlemeu, that the trust will he fulfilled with a strict observance of your beneficent recommendation, to do the most good to the greatest number of indigent sufferers? To this end, we purpose to remit the money to the Go vernor of Ouadaloupe, an J request him to divide it among the several mailt* del quartieri, (mayors of wards) liy whom it will he distributed to the suftarers in their respective jurisdictions Although it would be vain for us to attempt to convey in anticipation, the expressions of gratitude that this do nation will evoke from the objects of its material applica tion, yet we may be permitted to assure you, gentlemen that not only by that ui happy portion of our fellow-coun trymen, but by all Frenchmen, will this relief be th< more highly appreciated, as a spontaneous evidence of th< sympathy and good feeling of the citizens of New York Wo beg leave, gentlemen, to add for our countrymer and ourselves, sincere thanks for the humane zeal tha has characterised your own exertions in thia charitanb cause, and individually accept the assurance of our higt personal consideration. (Signed) L- DE LA FOREST, Tres't. VOR. DE LAUNAY, Vice Pres't. E. LA HENS, Treasurer. BRUOU1ERE, Secretary. tv, n u ) Chairmen of the Committer To R H. Morris, Esq. / the relief of the sufferer PH.l.r Honk, Esq. $ of Ouftdaloupe. The sum collected among Europeans has beet also $2,500, making in all $5000. We learn,besidep from other quarters, that a large concert is to b< given at the Tabernacle for the same purpose. It ii with pleasure that w? can mention that nearly al the musical artists have volunteered their ser vices. Klectlon of Mayor, official returns. Whole number of votes, . . . 44,880 Robert Morris had . . . 36,888 Robert Smith . ... 18,607 Scattering . 76 Morris'majority over Smith, . 6,881 The scattering votes are reported to have beer cast by the abolitionists for Daniel Fanshaw, anc probably indicated pretty nearly the strength of thai party. CO- Mr. Russell's "Farewell" Concert or Tuesday evening, was attended by a numerout and a highly respectable auditory. He was in gooc voice and sung with much spirit, and the plauditi which his efforts elicited, must have warmed hit breast and convinced him of the estimation it which his professional abilities are held by the New York public. As a parting compliment (and unknown) to the vocalist, Mrs Niblo had procured from Mr. Jamet L. Hewitt, the Vase presented to Mr. Russell ir London, and had it placed upon the instrument With that correct taste which characterises everj thing which emanates from their respectable establishment, it was most beautifully adorned with choice flowers and evergreens. The wreath, of "Ivy Green," that "rare old plant," which the united genius ot Dickens anc the Composer have rendered immortal, was trulj chaste and classical. We must not omit to notice a very agreeable in terlude which occurred after the national song o 'The Genius ol Temperance." A very interesting little girl (who we are informed came with a party from New Jersey) presented a very splendid boquet to the vocalist, with a note attached. It was a request to sing the " Ivy Green"?(? singular co-incidence) und with which Mr. Russell immediately complied. He leaves for Bostor to-day. Siqnor Be.nkdid's Concert.?This gentleman's concert comes off to-morro-v evening. He is one of the finest guitar players in the country, and hii concert is expected to be a splendid affair. Naval.?The U. S. ship Independence arrived a' Pensacola on the 8th inst. Wc learn that letten from Capt. Stringham are received, which make nc mention of any sickness on board. We understand that Lieut. T. O. Selfridge has been appointed to the command of the U. S. brig Somers, and that she is to be attached to the African squadron. Chatham Theatre.?The unrivalled attraction! nightly put forth at this establishment, and the supe rior order of talent that is brought forward, has wot for the manager the approbation and patronage of th? whole theatre-going public. The engagement o the Broughams is but another evidence of thts fact and will, we are assured, prove eminently success ful. To-night Mr. Brougham appears in three of hii best characters. The sterliug comedy of the Honey Moon will be enacted, together with the farcp ol the Omnibus, and the vaudiville of the Married Rake. Shobt Passages.?Nearly all the vessels lately arrived from Europe, have made remarkably short passages. flO- For cheap rents in Brooklyn, see Mr. Colman's advertisement. Amkricaiv Patkst Elastic U'ritahd.?We would call the attention of the public, and particularly the mercantile portion, to the new patent Inkstand, for sale by.L Francis, S3 William it., cor. Maiden lane. For buiineii men this will be found of great importance, as the fault of their ink growing thick by the use of this stand is com. pletely obviated, as with it the pen is clean and durable, and the ink at all times ready for use free from dust 01 evaporation, and uniform in color and thickness, until it is all used. Those sold at this establishment are war ranted, and in all cases the money will I e returned, if not perfectly satisfactory. Prices $1 and $1,93- For sale wholesale and retail, by L. FRANCIS,88 William street, cor. Maiden lane. 0tf- AtsaaioAis Muasnss.?The high degres of popularity that this establishment has attained, in little better than twelve months, is almost Incredible More money is frequently taken in one day than was formerly received during the wholo week. The only source to which it can be attributed, [is the admirable management that i* displayed, combining tact, liberality, and good taste. And never was it more clearly manifested than at present. There arc attractions suSclent to form half-a-dozen ealiibitions, and yet the whole, including the Fat Boy, Winchell, Miss Darling, ( hang Fong, Miss Phillips the melodenn, and a number of enormous serpents, are to be seen for twenty-five cents. M0&- feale's New York Museum rcminded us of old times last night. This place of amusement has ever been popular with the public, and all it requires is proper ma nagement; and to judge from the very great variety of talent engaged, we are Inclined to believe that object will be accompliahed. Among the many atari that ahine with ao much luitre at the Muaeum, Signer Blita and I)r. Valentine claim pre eminence Their ahilitiea are too woll-kriowu and appreciated to reqni' com ' ' from na La PetiteC'erlto evinrea a high order tab ?>t, and we have no doubt will eventually become aa cele brated an her mimeaaltc Snoli grace and elegance of atylo in a child of her yeara, ii aaldom anon. i BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. 0(y? The Hon. John B. Dawson lias bean appointed Postmaster at New Orleans. CampRaosy?The brig Isabella, Capt. Powell, arrived las' evening Irom Oatnpearhy, which port aha left on the 3d instant We |e,,rn from Capt. Powell that there was no particular n? wa 011 shore, affairs remaining pretty much tn the same state that they were at the date of our previous udvices; and nothin:; had been heard from the troopa that had marched into the interior. Com. Bwylan had taken two prizes into port, both trading vessels, and one of tlieni a Spanish schooner from Havana.?IV a R?L let in, April 11. Salea of IStocks at Philadelphia Yesterday. $2100 City 6's, 1S49, 00|; $1000 County 6's, 1971,100, SOOO Tennessee Bonds, 6's,t>7}; 8 shares Wilmington Railroad, H}; 6 do Philadelphia Bank, 51J; 10 do do, 52; 46 do Mechanics'Bank, 16j; 15 do Reading Railroad, 14 j. Ai tth Boabd?30 share* Mercn St Mechs Bank, Pitts, 40; C2 do Farmers It Mech Bank, 25}; 80 do Manufacturers and Mechanics' Bank, 11}; $10,000 State 6's, 1854, 42; 800 do, 1845,42. LATEST SOUTHERN SHIP NEWS, I'hiladdelphia, April 19?Arr Susan, Bray. Boston. Baltimurc. April 18?Arr Es->leta, Sproul, New Orleans; Heimctta, Hitks, Bosiou. Bid Atlantic, Montagu-,Ba badoes; Caspian, Are)', do; Giraffe, St Thomas; P?rapsco, Martha, Wave,-ud Isabella, Button, Gallart Mary, Maysgnes; Isaac Kranklin, St Tkomaa; Susan Taylor, Bangi r; Star, and Klita Hmd, ProTidence. Nokpolr, *pril 1J?Arr Gleaner, Boston. SU Thaddrns, NY oik , Arr 17tl>, Erie, NOrleaus In Hampton Moads, Orle'ius, Rirhnrot.d f r N Or ears. Sid Empire, NYork. From HamplOu Moads, Pioneer, Baltimore fur Havana ApaLacmicola, April 8?Arr Mav Flower, W.-eks, Liverpool; Mozart, St ThoTas; Tioga, NYoik; Potomac, do. Cld 1 Cainil a. Provi4ence. Nr.wOnLr.Aias, April 10?Arr Paris, Hoffaian, Rio Janeiio; i Princess Koyal. Lirerpool; Cassandra, Rogers, Glasgow; Clin. ton. Emerson, Buck sport; lsah>ll>, Powell, Campeachy. Cld . Oo*s)piuin. Brown, and Chevalier, Woodbury. Liverpool; Pnr.crtou, Houghton; Mary Pennell, Givcns; Eugene, Drinkwater, and Oreiron, Sou Han), NYork; Creole, Howes; Bt'iac, Dawes, mid Jas Francis, Psiue, Boston; Falmouth, Davis, PhiI I delphia; Cora, Lawton, Providence; Euarkee, Ppaolding, Baltimore ; 00- THE WIVES OF ENGLAND?Complete lor One Shilling.? D. Appleton 8t Co. will publish to-morrow The Wives of England, their relative duties, domestic influences, and social obligations, by Mrs. Ellis, author of the Daughters ol Kaeland, etc. etc. A cheap took edition in 12 mo, neatly bound?price one shilling. Also, an edition on fine white paper, bound in cleth, gilt, to match D. Appleton St Co's edition o' the Daughters 3 of England, Women ot England, etc. * " The greatest difficulty of my task has been to me the laying bare as it were before the public eye, the privacy i of married life?of that life whose sorrows the heart 1 alone can know, and with whose joys it is the universal 3 privilege of all who share them that no stranger shall in' termeddlo. " But if the principles it has been my simple aim to od. vocate,should meat the approbation of my countrywomen, I would fondly hope to be associated with their fireside enjoyments, as one whose highest ambition would have been to render their pleasures more enduring, their 3 hopes mere elevated, and their happiness more tecure.? 1 fAuthor's Prefaoe. Book sellers and news agents arc requested to forward j their orders immediately. , QQ- FRENCH LANGUAGE?MANESCA'S ORAL , SYSTEM The Subscriber is now lorming classes for the coming season?one in the morning at 7 to 8 o'clock, 9 and another in the evening. Gentlemen wishing to join | will please make immediate application. A Ladies'class is also forming. L. MANE8CA DURAND, 78 Franklin st. 07- BHISTOL'S SARSAPARILLA.?Who overheard oi u medicine that wonld restore an invalid te health, after having been giveu up by ten learned physicians, and cause him to increase in weight thirty pounds in three moRths 7 Bristol's Sarsaparllla has done this and more, as will be seeu on reference to our advertising columns in the case of Mr, Hobberton, a well known merchant of stonding in Maiden lane. Let every one afflicted with scrofula re^d his certificate, which wrs given unsolicited, and then decide between t his compound of seven years standing, and that of a bepuffed imitator, who scruples not I to imposeon the unwary, and who continues to advertise t the cure of a man named Dtilay, 114 Willet street, New York, represented "sleeping naturally," Sic., which is true, as the place that knew him once now knows him no more, having been dead for sometime ' Invalids stay cured by this remedy, as it eradica'es all ) trace of disease from the system. Sold wholesale and re. tail by William Burger, Druggist, 50 and 54 ("ourtlsndt 1 street,and 188 Greenwich street, and all druggists of re. 3 pute. 1 OtJ- DANL. M. FRYE, Esq., oi tin- tjpp r Police has j used Sherman's Lozenges, Poor Man's Pies', r, and 'I oth Paste for four years in his family, and never used unv ma' dicinc that was so uniformly successful. The Tooth Paste is a delicious article, and should be in every persons house?while it cleans theteeth, it keeps them fromach? ing and decay, hardens the gums and sweetens the breath, j The Dr. defies the world te produce any thing that can compare with it. No one ever used it once but what laid 1 aside every other dentrifice. All Dr. Sherman makes can de depended upon. He is none of your humbugs, hut one of our best physicians. His warehouse is at 10# Nassau street Agents, lit' 473 and 459 Broadway, 77 East Broadway 347 Hudson st. and 139 Fulton st, Brooklyn, 3 Led! ger Buildings, Philad. ft7- ELEGTRO MAGNETIC PLATES, for rlieu| matic nervous affections, etc., prepared under the superintendence of Mr Lamouroux, pharmaceutist, ol Paris.? 1 General depot in New York, at Souillard, Delluc k Co.'r, , No. 3 Park Row and 581 Broadway. The most acuta and inveterate pains, such as acuta and chronic rheumatise, gout, neuralgia, megrim, ticdouloureux, St. Guy's dance, sciatic, cramps of the stomach, etc. f are generally relieved by the application of these plates. 1 Pe-sons whose extremities are eolil, will find them very j efflsacious by applyidg them to the fret. These plates deriva their chief efficacy from their elec. trie properties, and which the application ef them does not present the least inconvenience ; their use is always attendel with benefit. Agents lor Boston?M. M. Rauson it Stevens; Buffalo, C.M. Bristol, Charleston, S. C.. La l Prieur; New Orleans, P. Cusnchs; Washington City, R.S. Patterson. ' Q&- CONSUMPTION AND RAISING OF BLOOD Cured.?1 hereby certify that last August 1 was attaauad with a violent and profuse hemorrage of the lungs, severe cough, with the expectoration of much mucus, pain in . the head, soreness in the chest, and other distressing symptoms. I bought a bottle ot Dr. Taylor's Balsam of Liver5 wort, from 375 Bowery, which, under the blessing et Providence, gave me immediate relief. Its effect has been such in my case that I cannot praise it too highly. t CHARLES L SMITH. Aprilflth, 1843. 150 Tlllery street, Brooklyn. ' Naw Yoaa, Oct. 2?, 1S42. ) "I. F. A. Munden, 241 Grand st. about two year, since, was troubled with a severe cough, weakness, pain in the breast, and raising of blood. I was induced to purchase I a bottle of Taylor's Balsam oi Liverwort, from 315 Bowery, which relieved me when nothing would, ar.d my wife has since used it with the same beneficial effects, curing the weakness in the cheat,"tc "I have read the above certificate, and give it my hearty approval; and recommend to all afflicted with any , aymptoms of consumption or liver complaint, to buy the genuine Balsam of Liverwort, sold at 375 Bowery. 8KTH VALENTINE. . corner 9th st, and 3d Avenue." Buy only at 375 Bowery, or of Dr. LEEDS, wholesale ' agent, 127 Maiden lane, and see that the new wrapper is f on the bottle. {JGP* " SOME THINGS CAN BE DONE AS WELL as others," said Sam Patch. Let ti* tell you what the mej dicines of Dr. Peters will do. His Vegetable Pills and Car thartic Lozenges will euro every form of disease incident to the stomach, liver and intestines. His Cough Lozenges f relieve the most violent cough in forty-eight hours, and I will afford present ease anil ultimate cure in all pulmonary complaints, which are not hayend mortal control. His Worm Lozenges exterminate and carry off worms in an incredible short space of time, and his Vegetable Plaster will be lound an inappreciable blessing and comfort to all . who are afflicted with rheumatism. ?r any disease or weakness of the muscular syatem. But be ?ure yon go 10 me right place, and procure the right remedy. lor inero ore counterfeits abroad. Look out Cor them. Office l'i.% Fulton St. WARRANTED CURE -DR. ELDERKIN'S Egyptian Balsam will not fail curing tha worst com of ' Piles and Fistula, as well as Burns, Frosted Limbs, Rheumatism. I do not publish the many cures this invaluable medicine has performed, in consequence of the great expense, but have put this remedy at so cheon a price. 9ft 1 and AO rent bottles, that all can obtain it and be cured t A case of Piles of Ion* standing was cured in a few times applying. For Worms it has been taken with the most astoi.ishing success, and that too bygrown persons, when Worna Lor.enges made nf calomel and other mercurial preparations, would do no good whatever It is a modii cine which can in all cases he depended on, for bathing externally it entiroly supersedes the use of all kinds of Strengthening Plasters, Linaments, Jcc.; it gives strength and tone to the nerves and muscular system, and can be given to the most tender infant without the least danger or injury. For waiikness in the hack, a few times using will so sufficiency prove its efficacy as to satisfy the most sceptical. To be had only of G J. Leeds, wholesale druggist, 197 Maiden lane, whose name is on each bottle, to prevent counterfeits WONKY WAHKRT. Wednesday, April 19?8 P. W. The meeting at the Merchants' Exchange to-day did not amount to much. Mr. King addressed the stockholders to the effect, that the meeting was a mere formality. That he had got possession, and his own v iews wauld ho paramount to their advice. A committee was appointed consisting of Messrs. Brown, Tileaton A Ward. The market again exhibited some increased buoyancy to day-Kentucky ft's rose | per cent ; New York State 7's 1840, j percent ; New York ft's of 18A8 I j per cent ; Ne'w York Ciiy A'" of 1878, 1 per cent ; do A's, 18A8, lj per cent - Ohio A's roso | per cent ; Mohawk j ; Harlem J ; Stonington J ; Ne w York A's, 1H64, 1 per cant; do AJ's, 1861,9 percent. At the new Board prices ware again better. The speculative feeling rife in the marker and centreing moatlv in the new Board, has attracted a number of broken down apeeulators, whose operations were na fir i-muimi'ic, nim uiu/ ?ir nuw n?wuiiin ??? m? treetin hope to re.enter th?> market. The now Board i' 1 ?et their facea firmly againat theae people. It ia ':< ' .lereata of the well iliapoae.l memhera to keep the na .nation aelert, in order to command confidence. Alabama appeara to he diaRorgin|( itaapecin for ita debt*. The aemi-annuad intereet due by the State ia aa followa:?

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