Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 3, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 3, 1843 Page 2
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NEW YOKE HEKAL1) New lurk, Wtdnrclay, May 3, IV43. Herald Literary Uepoti Ml the neu and cheap literary put licationa of the do; #r for tale, wholesale und retail, at the Hnuu> Orrici northwest corner of Nwtn and Fnlton street. Scan aiBtRtchanging their residence, will plea* nctity at tbia othce, corner of Nassau and Fulton streets t? w v?v iaavj ??muir urtttiii iCU UfrVOlllT. Commercial Poucv of England and the It\iter States?Free Trade.?Our last accounts from Washington arc not particularly interesting. Matters are settling down into comfortable quiescence. The cabinet will remain as it is. Mr. Webster will eontinu? the chief friend and adriser of the administration?a sort of ami rut curia:?to reside in Marshfield. There is now every prospect of the attention of the government being directed to a project of the greatest magnitude and importance?we mean the .negotiating of a tariff treaty between the United States and the principal trading nations ol Europe. It seems that the British government have been busily engaged during the last year, in collect, ing information respecting Tthe commercial aflatrs of this country; and we understand that Dufi Green whilst in London, communicated to them a const, durable amount of data relative to our trade, manu lactures, and commerce. The debate in the House ol Commons, a report of {which we gave in our paper ol yesterday, is only the first'premonitory symptom ol the growth of more just and liberal free trade doctrines amongst the leading statesn en of Gr-at Britain. Last year the English government wished our administration to make this business the subject of a social mission; but as this was not done during the last session of Congress, it is highly probable that the British Government will now take the first step towards the entrance on th? negotiation, and appoint a special mission, similar to that which brought Lord Ashburton to our shores, and which terminated so advantageously for both parties. The objects contemplated by the pro|>osed new commercial treaty are infinitely superior to any ever projected in the diplomatic intercourse of nations on subjects connected with their commerce. If ihe project be fully carried out, it will be the great lever by which this country will be elevated from the distress, embarrassment, and dishonor in which the commercial disasters of the last few years have plunged it. The establishment of the commercial intercourse of England and the United states on the broad principles of free trade, and reciprocity ui inicrcsi, i? ine oniy rcm^uy lur uie r.viwuiig cvna which oppress us, and for the removal of which our hack politicians are vainly floundering trom one expedient to another. Wc believe that this is the view entertained by all intelligent men,whose knowledge of the subject enables them to lornt an nccu rate judgment. A very cursory glance at the necessary consequences of such a commercial treaty as that now contemplated, will lead to a sufficient appreciation of its vast value and importance. The manufactures of England would be introduced into this country on the payment of a just and moderate tariff England would thus be ^materially benefitted, and thousands of her starving artisans be provided with employment, whilst we would reap no inconsiderable advantage trom the introduction, in this cheap form, of her commodities. But then, on the other hand,the ports of Great Britain would be opened for our agricultural products, on a reciprocal principle o| equity and tree trade. It is impossiole to exaggerate the advantage which would accrue to this country by such an exchange. This is emphatically the great harvest-field of the world. Already we have untold millions of acres, teeming annually with the fruits of the earth, and each succeeding year it bringing immense tracts of the most fertile soil under successful cultivation Of what infinite?of what vital importance is it, then.fto have the markets of Europe opened up f or the importation of our agricultural wealth, which constitutes the very stamina of our national stability and prosperity. Were the proposed treaty negotiated, a permanence would be given to the prices of our agricultural products?the trade of both countries, in alt its branches,would be augmented?commerce would receive tenfold addi tioml securities?the States would eraduallv reco ver from their bankrupt condition?capital,at presenl unemployed, would find pale and profitable means of investment?and the full and flowing tide of national pro8|ierity, would soon sweep away all traces of the ruins with which an ev.l day had strewed the land. Is litis all chimerical T Can.this be called building castles in the airl Every man who soberly reflects on the matter, must perceive that we have been drawing no fanciful picture of the happy results which must follow the adoption of a sound, rational, liberal course of commercial policy between the great nations of the old and new world. We hear a great deal said about re-ch .rtering a United Slates Bank?about the dishonor of repudiation?about a tariff? about doing something for the country. This all unprofitable talk. The only solid gro nd on which the national anxiety can rest the sole of its foot, is that afforded by the pros|>ect ot a comprehensive and liberal arrangement ol th-commercial relations ol the United Stales, and England and France?the chief trading nations of Europe. In a very short time the wisdom of such an arrangement would be apparent in the visible and tangible fruits which such sound and rational policy would create. They are the visionaries, who dream of national prosperity to be achieved by banks, tariffs and local schemes. We cannot imagine any subject more worthy ol the attention of the most exalted statesmanship than that now presented There is a certain set o yrxmn uhrtiit TvUr wlio fito pnrlpHvnrini just now, to divert his attention, by paltry scheme lor the creation and organization of a party Mr. Tyler should awake to nobler aspirations aru to higher aims He has now an opportunity o dismissing the self seeking blockhead-, who are try ing so hard to make him forget the high responsihi lities and pressing duties ol his position. A subjec is now presented to hint worthy of the closest after tion of the most gigantic intellect. It is one, we ma remark, eminently adapted to the grasp of Mr Web ster'smtnd. If the President and his Cabinet wen to devote themselves with becoming earnestness t< the work of settling this great and momentous ques tion of the commercial in crcourse of the principa nations of the world, they would conler a bene fi on the country, as enduring as the country itself and compared with winch, all the ephemeral pro jects of huckstering'politictans would sink into utte insignificance. Whilst speaking of this subject, we may remark it is impoifible for any lover of the interests of thi human lamily, to avoid the expression of his grutifi cation at the spread of doctrineB so intimately con nected with the peace,prosperity and liberty of tht whole world We can perceive m this one of thi most pregnant signs of the limes*??a cheering in dication of the approach of that latter day of liappi ness and peace, which fanatical enthusiasm has pic tured as a kind of universal conventicle hm ??,i.,#.i the mere truthlu! prescience ot a reflecting and sc ber judgment, will represent as the era of untversi civilisation, and fraternal intercourse amongst a the nations of the earth. One of the few goe things uttered by Lord I'altnerston was expressed i his emphatic inquiry?"Why did the Almighty cam rivers to flow through difWent territories, if he d not inter'* 'hat their inhabitants should observe t atnicahl ommercial intercourse 1" Undoubted every principle of reason teaches us that all tha fam lies ot the earth are mutually dependent on eat other, and that they beat consult their individual ii teTeete by adopting a large and liberal pol.cy in ? th?ir dealings with one another. We conclude ot remarks at present hv a reiteration of our prutifici ftr?n that such favorable prospects have bee* openr up, of the establishment of a rnrmnert isl union r these enlightened principle* hclwrn the nations i the old not "* wot Id 4 _ ? ( Mo?f. or the Somkrs Cask ? It a|?peare that the investigations res|>ceiing the vote by which Commander McKenxie was technically absolved, were i instituted by |,i, friends, and that the Joimal of Commnrt will not be subjected to a legal prosecuf tion. The fact is, very probably, as it liar, been ' shrewdly conjectured, that McKenzie's friends have already been sufficiently enlightened resecting the t closen<\-.- i f the vote, and are unwilling to follow i, up any further, an enquiry which is so unlikely to terminate in accordance with their wishes. This afford* the most ra:ional explanation of the unpro' fltab!?* ts-stie of tli?- Philadelphia examinations, or rather the attempt to obtain ';the evidence of two of the members of the Court residing in that city. The whole tacts will, however, come out on the trial ol McKenzie in the county of Westchester. It is very important that they should. Neither in reason or justice van any excuse be found forconcealing any of the circumstances connected with that decision. It is well known that it was not a unanimous verdict. Again we say, the public sliauld know accurately how the votes stood. To be sure,'it is tolerably evident from the turn which the case has taken, that our statements re acting the vote were substantially correct, but it is best to have the matter'formally settled. ' Another very curious developement has just 1 been added to ihe many extraordinary ones which have taken place in the course of this melancholy I case. It .'appeare that the friendsTof McKenzie are determined to subject every member of the Court ^ who voted against him, to every possible annoyance and persecution. The Courier? the appro prtale organ ol McKenzie and his party?opened the battery the other day on Captain Turner. Admilting the accuracy of the statement published by us that this gentleman voted against McKenzie, the Courier assails him with all its characteristic violence. Captain} Bolton, on the other hand, who voted differently, is bespattered with compliments. Captain Bolton is indeed a most meritorious officer, and very estimable man. No'one can for a moment doubt that he voted conscientiously. But is not Captain Turner ako a reputable member of the service, and equally worthy of regard 1 Does the Courier mean to say that he did not vote according to the dictates of his conscience 1 Howexceedingly characteristic of the intemperate abuse, the unreasonable violence of the Cowitr, is its course in this matter! Well,?at all events, the Courier is charitable in giving this timely warning of its intended proscription of all the members of the Court Martial who voted against Commander McKenzie. An enlightened public will, however, justly dispoee of such conduct; and the gallantlofficers will not, 1 we presume, allow themselves to be much troubled by such assaults from such ajquartcr. One desirable result will, we are confident, grow out of this Somers case. That is, the revision of the laws and regulations of the Navy, and a rigid examination of the present state of its discipline, by the next Congress. The neceseity of introducing reform into many branches of the naval service has been long felt, and the recent unhappy events which have occupied so much of the public attention, have made this still more generally and palpably evident. Ohio Fond Commissioners.?The Herald has day after day advertised the Ohio Loan, and as regular lv assailed the credit of that State?a State tn wealth and resources second only to New York, and with a population scorning the idea of repudiation, even if her resources were not more than equal to all the demands upon them ;a State, the stock of which, is intrinsicaliy worth as much this day, as any stock in the worid ! and which will command the same prices as our own stock, as soon as the public mind settles down into its usual quietude. We yesterday censured the Ohio Fund Commissioners, for advertising their stock in this vehicle of abuse of all that ; is American; but we are happy to have it in ouri>ew. cr to say, that the advertisement appeared in the , columns of the Herald without their knowledge or sanction. It was published gratuitously by the Her> aid for effect! Of course, no blame can possibly attach to the - Commissioners for this ,/ratui perpetrated by the Herald; and those who have censured their conduct, 1 will, like ourselves, be p'eased to learn that they have not demeaned themselves or compromised the character of their State, by countenancing that concern. The above is from the Courier and Enquirer of yesterday. It really appears to us that our old friend Webb, is doing his utmost to make good his pretensions to a place in the lunatic assylum. What with the Somers whitewash, and with hisnewbon, net business, lie must be fast losing his senses. In relation to the above, we have only to say, that no advertisement of the Ohio Commissioners has appeared in our columns in any shape, paid for or not; and probably this will prove to be the reason of their failure to negotiate the loan. The Herald goes into the hands of capitalists and business men, and from iffl mrlilQfrv arid frnfhfill ?fnft?m#*nla nnmmanHa tin. bounded confidence ; a financial operation, therefore, not there announced, is comparatively not known. But what can we say of the State agentsmen so utterly ignorant of the state of the public mind and of all the influences which govern their business, as to go to a miserable broken down concern, in order to procure pulls for an operation that will not bear the light] Do these people not know that capitalists have learned to reason] That they examine facts nnd figures before they trust their money] That the blustering assertions of a certified bankrupt are no longer sufficient to procure money on doubtfuli6ecurity ] Ohio, one of the finest States in the Union, lia^ been difgraced and dishon ored by the misconduct of her financiers and legislators. Our statements respecting her position, have advanced her stock, because these statements ! were founded in truth, and could be trusted. If she cannot procure the loan,'she must lay it to the ac[ count of her management. Pennsylvania was ruined by a like process. ' Tuf. New Bank Law ?We learn from the Alba? uy Evening Journal, that the Comptroller has ap 8 pointed H. H. Van Dyke and J. F. Bacon, Regis ters of Bank Notes, under the now law, requiring al d _ r? i i .l. Qt.t. ?~ *u.:. ilie Da II Kb ui uir ciaic iu urjiwen men I'lairo win '' the Comptroller, and to receive their circulating notes, countersigned and registered, Irom that de partment. t i- Tmr Fort Hamieton Court Martial.?A <juorun y being at last present, this court was formed yester day, and proceeded to business. It is for the trial ol e Major Payne. Gen. Wool was not present yestera day. Steamship Britannia, left Boston last Monday ' at two o'clock, for Halifax and Liverpool, with 85 1 ptssengers, and the expectation of taking in an ad ditional number at Halifax from Canada. George ' D. Strong, of New York, goes out special bearer ol r dispatches to our minister at London ; Dufl Green it also a bearer of dispatches from this government ? and Captain Crawley, bearer of dispatches frotr p Canada to the British government. Her mails con ' tain nineteen thousand letters, and fifty bushels o periodicals and newspapers I Mrs. Wood ?Statements contradictory of those formerly published respecting this lady's conversion to the Catholic faith, and her retirement to aeon vent, have recently been'circulated in a violent Pro tl teatant newspaper, published at Oxford. Ananony inous correspondent of the Gxjord (Jnivtrtilv Ht raid, declares, that Mrs. Wood has been sent by he: U husband to the " retreat for the insane," at York.? I(| It ib very probable that religious bigotry may be at in the bottom of all this. But we shall likely eoor have some properly authenticated statement of the 1(j whole matter, li is worthy of mention that insanity in is an hereditary complaint in Mrs. Wood's family, |y and it may lie that she has lallen a victim to ilia1 most terrible of all maladies. Mr. Wood is himsel ,h in very poor health, and has become exceedingly emaciated n- ____________ I Godfrky's Express.?'We are frequently indebt ,r I ed to this express line, for New Bedford papers ii ' advance ol the mill. I ney are, nautirally apeak ^ ine, very tipefiti. ,n ,, nl The Criticimi on the "National Arailemy < l>eN?n" will he continued tomorrow ? - ? -"V-" City Intelligence. Police.?The change about to take place in that portion of our police, known as Lamp Lighters, haa produced a most extraordinary developement in the nocturnal luminaries of those lamp districts where oil is used instead of gas. Tor the pa9t several nights smiie of the lamps hate had a single wick protruding forth with a crusted top, that emitted a glare that a dozen extra lamps would scarcely make diseernable ; others have remained in total obscurity, malt ing night more hideous than common, while the Corporation have]most probably been plundered of the lacking oil, and the tax payers been compelled to grope their way through the streets in darkness. To correct this evil, we understand that committees have been selected to institute inquiries into the nightly visitations ofcertain lamplighters, whose districts have been neglected, in order to ascertain whether any one or more of the number intend to open oil stores after their removal from office nex week. In case any of the special deposiles should be discovered by this committee,the persons oflending will be immediately arrested and indicted for embezzlement, under the same statute that John Ahern was recently tried and almost convicted. The Loco Focos, last year, during the " hold over" reign, allowed the city to move on in its progress in almost total darkness. Whero the oil went to then we don't undertake to say, but we suppose the whigs now calculate that this is their last chance lor a few years, and therefore conclude, as Major Noah used to say, that " all is fair in politics." We also understand that an additional committee has been appointed, who have selected a night and day single patrol to keep a sharp look out on the Alms House gates at Bellevue to watch the egress of " them spoons" and " those hickory wood," as they slide out unmolested and un|>crceivfd. Look out, boys! keep wide awake till Tuesday next. Joint Ballot,?Both Boards of Aldermen meet this afternoon at 9 o'clock, and also assemble in joint meeting, to make a number of important appointments. Pickpocket ?If the nerson who helped himself to his neighbor's pocket book yesterday,in Chatham street, near Spruce, between two and three o'clock, containing about $800, in bank notes, will return the same to the office of the Journal of Commerce, with its contents, less $100, he is welcome to that sum, and no questions will be asked, otherwise, as suspicion rests in a certain quarter, he may expect a visit Irom the Police. Cut-tailing a Bustle.?Officer "Jo," of the Fourth Ward, yesterday arrested that old white rowdy, Ben Waterman, who was charged by a tat greasy, lazy negro wench, named Sarah tSmiih, with committing .an outrage upon her person of almost a nameless character. It appeared upon hearing of the case, that Ben, who i-s quite an amalgamationist. in principle as well as practice, had some dispute during the morning, with said Sarah Smith, at the grocery store kept by Claus, at ihe corner of Anthony and West Broadway. Becoming enraged at her taunts and jeers, he seized in one hand the large, long aud sharp smoke beef knife belonging to the store, and the fat, greasy Sarah Smith, with the other, and forcing her in a bending posture, undertook to cut off'her bustle and petticoats, by way of revenge, but with the excitement of the moment, the sharpness ot the knife, and the solidity of the substance beneath, he cut so deep and bcre "o strong, that not only the bustle, frock and petticoats, were severed in twain, but two large slices ot her colored body fell slap to the ground. Ben was fully committed. Thomas Ludgate Drowned.?A Scotchman bearing the abovename, a shoemaker by trade, who has recently boarded at the house of Liitcian Tuffs, 90 North Moore st., left his boarding house on the evening of the 20th of last month, about 10 o'clock, without his hat, coat or vest, and having on a pair of slipjiers only, it was supposed he had stepped into the yard. Not returning that night or the next morning, search was made for him and the slippers that he had on were found in Harrison street, at the corner of Stanle. but no trace was discovered of his body until Monday evening, when it was found in the Hudson at the foot ol Harrison street. The coroner held an inquest on the body,and the jury returned a verdict of death by drowning. Professor Hisi.ey and his Boy.?This gentleman and his remarkable boy appeared at the Park last evening, for the first night of a very short engagement. We have no hesitation in saying that for grace, beauty ol expression, and inimitable na ivete, this little fellow far surpasses any thing ol the kind we have ever seen. |His performances brought down the house repeatedly in lull rounds of enthusiastic applause; and he was honored with two boquets, at diflerent times, as entirely unexpected as they were gratifying. The most touching and exquisite prcttiness with which Master John received them, will be very likely to extract similar testimonials. We have never seen any thing which so much reminds one of theEL-slerian grace and polish. They appear again to-night. News from Europe.?It is confidently expected that the Ilibernia reached Boston yesterday?her thirteenth day out. II so, we shall receive her news early this morning. News from Texas Direct.?It was announced last evening, that a Texan man-of-war was below. It was so reported by a pilot, and if the report prove true, we may receive some important intelligence eome time to-day. It is not a little singular that a Texan vessel ot war should make her appearance so Iar north just when she is most particularly wanted at home, and this makes us the more curious to know what has Bert her to this port. We are led to doubt, however, the truth ot the report of her being below, lor the reason that the Texan fleet did not leave New Orleans till the 22d tilt., and were to touch at Galveston before going any where else. Battle at Montevideo ?On the 8ih ol March, a heavy cannonading was heard at Montevideo by Captain Lewis, ol the Orleans, at Baltimore. He paBBed that port that day, an I it is supposed that Oribe bad made an assault. Naval.?The United States brig Oregon and steamer Poinsett, were at Tampa, Florida, about the 2rtth ult. actively engaged in surveying. Ofii1 cers and crews ol both vessels all well. It was ex* pected that they would finish surveying within two months. The Freshets.?This year the f.eshets have 1 fully equalled those of previous years Nearly i $2,000,000 worth of property Iihh been destroyed. Pictotj harbor is clear ol ice, and there is scarcely tiny left in the Gut ofCanso. ) Anniversaries, May, IN4.'i. Sunday, May 7. Pre?bytetian Board ol Kon-igu Mission*? Dr. McEl, roy ' Church, Grand ttreet, 7 J r. m. ' New York Bible Society?Broadway Tabernacle, f 71 r. m. g Monday, 8Ik. Americau Seamen'* Friend Society.?Tabernacle, ? 7J r. M. 1 Tuftday. 9th. American Anti-HIavety Saciety?Tabernacle, 10m. New York and American Sunday School Union? I Children will aaaemble at Cuttle Garden and Broadway Tabernacle at 3 r m. Public exercise*, Tabernacle, 71 > a* | r. m. For. igu Evunge ical Society. American ami Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. I IVrdnetday, lni*. American Tract Society ?Tabernacle, 10 *. m. American Homo Miaaionary Society? Tabernacle, 7? r. M N. V. Colonization Society?Middle Dutch Church, 7j r. m. Thursday, ID*, r American Bible Society?Tabernacle, 10 *. M Exhibition ol the Pupili of the New Yoik Inititution for the initructiou of the Desf and Dumb?Tabernacle, 1 4 r. M. . American Temperance Union?Tabernacle,7J r. m. American Philo Italian Society. - Friday, i'lth. f A. B. C. F. M.?Tabernacle, 10 a. m. : 09- Any perron that ha* a "lulling to tpend and an ' hour to apare could not lay out the one or emplcy the ' othrr more advantngcoualy than by viaiting Peale'a New ' York Muietim. There ia Signor Blitz, magician plate dancer and vmtriloquirt; Jenkina, the unrivalled tenor linger, inimitable comic delineator and boat ban jo playir in the country ; Matter Rattler, jtho F.tliiopean dar.crr, n who i" univerially allowed by common con?*nt to atir P"" nil oth< r romprtifor ?be i? the grmi< ?t lancrr in hit line Ani'-rira revr produced ; alto Ihp charming dan nnt Mim Grovet, whoie brnuty rre?t?? n vory favorable ( impre^ton among (he audience. Surely Mice tro etnactioni enough lor one 'lulling To tlir Urmocrary of the Stnte of New York. A* the rejection ef u nominee of a Democratic Governor by a Democratic Senate without cause, is an anomaly in politics and legislation ; and as I was so nominated (or the office of inspector of the prisou at Sing Sing, and so rejected, it has become my duty, in aelf defence, to state < the circumstances which led to the piescntation of my name lor thatofft.ee, and also those which induced my rejection. It w ill be admitted by all who have looked into the subject, that our penitentiary st stem and discipline ia still in its inlancy, aa a science or branch of political economy c ?that since the hnl.i nn,l nrioinnl Ihirti nl I anluill t lam C Lynds, the found it of our present system, at Auburn, in I lbil?11 system which, with all its 'defects, attracted the ( attention and general approbation of the civilised world, no progress has bet n in it -, but ou the contrary, in this I Mate in particular, it has token a retrograde movement, t In this state ol things, us in most similar cases, I con- t reive that experience and practical observation is most t likely to make the best advisers, in the absence of settled I theory and written rules, provided good use has been 1 made of such experience, but of this it mu3t be admitted I that the adviser is not always the best judge. Vet, as I have given much attenion to the subject, and resided tome twelve years in the immediate vicinity of the prison, ( and been several years architect of the stone department, | (from 1832 to 1S3G inclusive) and seen the misera- , tile and reckless policy pursued in its government, , the inefficiency and imbecility of its officers?their , disregard to public opinion, and violations ot the laws, I j would not, I could not, as an honest democrat, sae the | party assume the government of that institution without at least suggesting to] the heads of government the pro- , priety and importance of pursuing a different policy. In , the winter of 1831, the mechanics oi this State made a { vigorous effort to suppress mechanical labor in our State , prisons. New York city alone sent remonstrances to the Legislature, signed by nearly twelve thousand mechan- , ics.und there was much excitement on the subject through, out this State. This i (fort on the part of those opposed to prison labor, , resulted in the appointment of three commissioners to investigate the subject during the recess of the Legislature, and report the resulta of their deliberations to the next session. Messrs. Litchfield, Moore and Loomis were the i commissioners appointed for that purpose, and their roport demonstrates how thoroughly and laithluliy they i discharged the duties imposed on them. These commissioners bad not proceeded far in their investigation, when they discovered the momentous importance attending the result of their deliberations; they soon found that the; had either to recommend the total abandonment of our penitentiary system, the most popu. lar in the civilised world, or devise some means of avoid munity. Mr. Ely Moore was president of a numerous association of mechanics in the city of New York, styled the "Trade's Union," and presumed to be, and doubtless was, a faithful representative of the mechanical interest on these questions. On an interview with these commissioners,! suggested the policy of employing the prison convicts in the manufacture of articles of which tho supply for the consump* tion of this country was chiefly importrd, and was much gratified to learn that the same suggestion had been made by others, and met with their approbation. It was evident that the|manufacture of such articles would steer clear of any just cause of complaint on the part of the mechanics, and be the true policy of the State fgovernment. The commissioners recommended this poicy in their report, ami elaborately set forth their reasons for so doing. See Assembly document, 1835, No. 135, the result of which was, that u law was passed at the ses sion of 1835, May 11th, ot which law the7th section reads thus : " No mechanical trade shall hereafter be taught to convicts in the State prisons of this State, except the making of those articles of which the chief supply lor the consumption of the country is imported from foreign countries." " Sec 8. The inspectors of the prison shall have power to employ citizens Irom abroad,for thepurposeof teaching new branches of business in the State prisons, which are not pursued in this State." Notwithstanding the prohibition of the 7th, and the discretionary powers conferred by the 8th section of this

law, all of the trades objected to by the mechanics, with one eiception, have been taught, and the convicts still employed at them with impunity, and the old contracts either renewed or extended subsequent ta the passage of this law. This course on the part of the officers of the prison still farther incensed the mechanics, and in the manufacturing districts of the State, " anti-State prison monopoly" became a political hobby, on which candidates were sure to ride into office. In the great political campaign of 1840, the odious reputation and government of the. prison was turned with much effect against the democratic party in this'part of the State ; and as by the political revolution of last fall it was evident that the democracy would again assume its government, I lelt much solicitude us a citizen of Sing Sing?the county of Westchester?and as a democrat, that the institution should be placed in the hands of persons who were disposed to carry out a reformation in its administration. I was the more disposed to make a move in this measure, when I found that most of the old officers were candidates for re-appointment,with a fair prospect of success. In 1842, April Cth, a lew was passed submitting certain contracts for convict's labor, to the opinion of the Attorney General on the question of their validity,.and making it a misdemeanor for an officer of the prison to employ, or consent to the employ mem of convict* at trades prohibited bv law. This law elfrctuallv reviuic. 5 the <rni-ern. ment ol the prison since tho law ol 1838. It was evident that the Attorney Oeneral would annul aeveial of the contractg, and it was ascertained that others not submitted to his examination, would expire before he was required to make his report ; in short, it was found that by the violations ol this lew by the officers of the prison, that within a few weeks from the first of January, more than half of the convicts would he idle, and that within the year over six hundred would be out of employment; and yet most of the officers who had produced this state of things were clamorous applicants for rc appointment. In this state of things what was to be done? If the old officers were now reappointed, it would require the whole strength of the party to sustain them, and even then wc would be working in a bad cause. Retired as a private citizen on the products of my own industry, 1 was not disposed to meddle with public affairs; but knowing that "what is every man's business, is in fact no man's business," after much reflection on the sub. ject, I perceived the necessity ol having at least one member in the board of inspectors who could comprehend the nature end importance of the trust he assumed?who would perc.ivethe interest of the institution, and feel (lis. nosed to govern it accordingly?who was capable ol defending it against the assaults of its enemies, Rud conducting it out ol its present embarrassments. With a view of starting a candidate for inspector of this class, 1 called on several prominent members of the democtatic party in the city of New York, who united in recommending John W. Edmonds for the olfice. Mr. Edmonds at first declined to serve, but afterwards consented. Then and there I was requested to enter the field as another candidate. This suggestion was entirely new to me, and I objected on account of my intended absence to Europe the coming season. Within a few days after this, I was informed that a Board of Inspectors had been agreed upon by a certain clique of politicians in Westchester county; that the honorable senior Senator of the Second District, who headed the clique, was pledged to their appointment ; nn l '.hot the subordinate officers were all promised to soma of his retainers. I doubted the truth of this statement at first, but recollecting that honorable gentleman left his seat in the Senate at Ulica last fall to atlend our county nominations?that he pro cured himself to be made one of the congressional delegates, and lett his seat and public duties again to attend the congressional nomination?together with his general conduct and character, I concluded that the report was probably true ; an I on consult ng with many friends on the subject, finally consented to become a candidate fur the office of Inspector, provided it could he ascertained that the honorable Senator would undertake to effect the appointment of his packed Board. With a view of keeping an eye on this matter, I repaired to Albony at the commencement of the session ot the the Legislature, and had an interviuw with the said Senator Hunter on the subject ef the prison appointments, in which I pressed upon him the importance uf splitting tho difference in our lecal matters, harmonizing the party, and the appointment of inspectors unpledged to any candidatea for subordinate officers, with tho propriety ol having one or more members in the Board ot eminent talents. nn aaacuien iu my suggestions, Hiiu I it'll mm under me hope that he would take that course, resolving on my part to abide the result. Twa evenings alter this the Senator invited an interview with the two members of Assembly from Westchester county, for the purpose of agreeing on the nominations. Instead of n private interview, as eipected bv the members, they found the senator attended by two of his political friends, one th'- member of congress elect, for whose nomination he bad shown so much solicitude, and the other a candidate for the office of loan commissioner. It soon hacame evident that these extra members were present for the purpose of sustaining the senator in carrying his packed hoard ol inspectors. "The honorable senator of the second, who ulways begins and ends with professions of democracy," lion presented a list of five names for inspectors, all good and true men, of his political clique three of whom were members of the old board oi inspectors, who bad sanctioned the contracts made in violation ot law, lately annulled by thoAttorn< y General Many efforts were made to ?fleet a change ol some of the names fur oth ira less objectionable, but in vainjexceptone unimportant alteration of a new member. This conduct of the honorable Senator induced me to suspect what was before generally credited, that he intended to devote the patronage of the prison as formerly, to the support of his local clique in this county, without regard to the interest of the institution or party at large, and I resolved to oppose (he accomplishment ot hiideeigna; and with the aid of my friends succeeded in satisfying the Kxeeolive of the propriety of selecting other men lorn majority of the board. This exasj crated the honorable senior senator of the second,for though he "always begins and ends with democracy," there is a deficiency in the middle. To see a privats ciii/.en startup and beard ihe nun in ins <i> n, wtill moro man ni'coiiiii near iioiii wnn, not a silver, hut a gold snoon in hi* mouth, accustomed to command obedience to his w ill, and ambitious to give a demonstration ol hi* power, hi* aristocratic blood was railed to fsver In at. He conceived his honor, hi* little party, hi* immortality?and aliove all, hi* chance to he the next Governor, to lie at stoke in the question. With a desperate Mruggle, he rallied hi* associates, and this " pink of llemocracy" with n small hand of similar spirits, Joined the whigs and t fleeted my rejection 1 Notwithstanding this, however, he was defeated in his original design. I have not gane into this contest for the sakool political notoriety, hut a sense ofduty ; and have always chose to resort to persevering industry, rather than become a cringing suppliant lor any political nlltce of emolument ; though I have been employed by the public in two in stances, (as architect ol the prison anil the (Iroton Aqueduct) yet in both case* the appointments were tendered to me unsoliciKvl, either on my part or that of my friend* ; and my democratic friends may rest assured thai I will be as ready to enter the field w hen duty calls, as though this rejection had never occurred. It is now my duty to correct an erroneous impression which seerns to prevail in the minds o( many of my fri?nd?, vir. : that I h i*e o certain amount ol control ori r the action of the present board of inspectors. This is n mistake I have not presumed to Influence their nctmn in relation to the appointments, and they have not eond? see ded to roa?nl'ma on that uihjert. 1 h valine are accountable to the public for their act*. So little I'i l I know of the proceeding* ol the board that I was not aware Mist the two principal nlliroi* were candidates until I heard ol tlu-ir appointment. T. I ( ' A KMICIIAEto I | Sim Huso, April 'ir>, 1*43. 00-"IN HOC SIONO VINCKH, 'thatii, " under Ihi* igu ye shall conquer," wa? the motto that the first Chris' J ianKmperoroftheklast lied inscribed upon hi* consecrated '.inner. We say to all w ho aie no w maintaining a doubtul itruggle v. ith the hydra diieate, " a*?ail the monster l nth the weapon* provi led by Or. Peter*, and you shall 1 iiattredly conquor." No matter which of hi* head* the j lestroyer may wear, whether it be dyspepsia, cholic.jaun- , lice, cough, bronchitis, incipient consumption, rheiimaism, worms, or nny other ot the thousand, umong the , cientific. rrmadief invented by Dr. Peter*, miv bclound he appropriate weapon to crush it. The Vegetable 'ills will remove, as by enchantment,every di*ea?eof the 1 irgnns of digestion, and all impurities from the elements t if the blooil. Thn Cnlh.nl. I uimilnr in heir operation. No pulmonary complaint can ri-Bist the ^ough Lozenges. Worms ere dislodgedami permanently 1 eradicated by the Worm Lozenges, anil the Vegetable i '1 ster has n? ver been known to tail in cases of rhenma- < ism, pain nnd weakness of the 1 ack, loins, or chest, or in he eai ly stages of disease of the spine. Be snrc and get he genuine, and let no worthless imitator foist his catchpenny trash upon you. Remember Dr. I'eters' Grand . rlealth Depot 135 Fulton, corner Nassau st., and 00 North sixth St., Philadelphia. {O- GENUINE EXTRACT OF 8ARSAPAR1LLA, QENTIAN AND 8AR8SAFRA3 The College of Medicine and Pharmacy of the city of New York, beg respectfully to iufoim the American public, that their selebrated Extract of Sareanarilla is the only preparation ?f the kind at present offered for sale, that contains the i powerful addition of Gentian a*d Sarssafras, two of the greatest purifiers of the blood mentioned in the entire Pharmacopeia, the mixture sold by the druggists beinsr only a decoction of Sarsaparilla and Liquorice. In all i diseases arising from an impure stateof the blood, this extract is highly beneficial, such as scrofula, salt rhuem, 1 chronic rheumatism, obstinate cutaneous irruptions, ring- , worm or tetter, blotches or pimples on the lace,syphilitic , eruptions or pains in the bones or joints, or any disease | having its origing in a corrupt state of the blood. Sold in i large Pottles at 73 cents each ; in cases containing half u dozen, $3,50 ; in do. containing one dozen, $t>. Carefully ] packed aud sent to all parts of the Union. W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent. Ottice and consulting rooms of the College, 97 Nassau street. N. B A liberal discount allowed to medical practitioners and druggists. C0- THE MITALIC TABLET STROP, INVENTed by G. Saunders, has been in extensive use for the last 15 years. Certificates of its superiority from the following scientific gentlemen, are at present in the poistuionof the inventor:? Professor J. Griscom, Dr. Valentino Mott, Gen. James Tallmadge, President of the American Institute, and M. Millikin, cutler to the Royal Navy, 301 Strand. Manufactory 103 Broadway. Toilet Articles, Razors of the most celebrated makers, warranted, a large variety of tooih, nail, and shaving brushes, Perfumery and Washing Soaps of all the best i|?imivj | uuu oviu HI r*bCCUlli|(jr 1UW pJIlf?, |n.iIHUUU cream, which makes the richest possible lather, sold at only 37 J cents a pot. O. SAUNDERS, Inventor and manufacturer of the Metalic. Tablet Strop, 163 Broadway. {K7- THE TWO MERCHANTS; OR, SOLVENT AND INSOLVENT-By T. 8. Arthur, Esq., author of "Six Nights with the Washingtonians." "Tired of Housekeeping," "Insubordinate," Sic. Published by Zeiber & Co.. Philadelphia, N. York, J. A. Tuttle, sole agent. Hiram Newberry and Mark Lansing, merchants, of New York, are the heroes ol this unpretending tale. One is pourtrayed as a merchant "of the old school," whose every transaction was founded upon the strictest principles of mercantile honor, whilst the other's motto "let every one look out for himself," was his governing principle. Not only will this work interest the young merchant, or clerk?the ladies will also And a rich treat in store for them, in the moral inculcated by the lovely Mrs. Newberry, who preferred honest poverty to ill-gotten wealth. "Thus sorrow, touched by thee, grows bright, With more than rapture's ray, As darkness shews us worldsof light We never saw by dny." And the sweet, pretty Miriam, whose base lover fully developed a character, alas! often found out too late. The story is another of those moral pictures of real life in which the talented author greatly excels. It is neatly got up for one shilling?$8 per 100 copies. J. A. TUTTLE, General News Office, No 4 Ann street, N. Y. 0^- PUBLIC VINDICATION?An article appeared intheTrioune of the 20th April last, headed "Truth Vindicated,"signed by Mary Ann Dttlay, attempting to set forth her grievances and complaints. It is a mere subteifuge, without the shadow of truth or justification, got up bv a person in this city to palm upon the public a won derful cure made by an article called Sands' Sarssparilla, when in fact no such cure was ever performed. No one would for a moment think it was repulsive and unpleasant to her feelings (upon a personal interview with the pretended injured Mrs. Dulay), to vindicate the cause of truth and justice, from the unfeeling and unprincipled assertions made, as she says, by a person called Hngan, asserting that her hasbiind was not cured by Sands' Sartaparilla,and even she admits that her husband died soon after taking Sands' Sarsaparilla; to use her own words, she says he "died curod " However satisfactory the operation of this Sand's Sarsaparilla upon her husband might have been to her: yet this man, llogan, was not disroseJ to believe in all its great healing qualities to be so much greater than an article he had seen wonderful cures per. formed by, called Bristol's Sarsaparilla. This man. Hogan, thinks, that il Dulay had taken Bristol's Sarsaparilla instead of Sands,' he would have lived cured, instead of having died cured. Mr. Hogan never told Mrs. Dulay that he knew her husband, or that he was dectored by a doctor out West, and asserts that it is altogether false. He told her that he had been applied to to give Dulay Bristol's Sarsaparilla, and that he should have sent it to him it it nad Dt'cn sent lor; and think* that if Dulay had taken it in time, he would nil! be a living witneaa to ita good eflects, as many are who have proclaimed to the public their wonderful recoveries from the most loathsome diseases, by the wonderful effects ot Bristol's Sarsararills. As to Mrs. Dulay being illtreated or shamefully abused by any one referred to by Mr. Hogan, it false and unfounded, and was surprised to think she would endeavor to implicate any other one in this case She was treated very kindly, and all the information given her the person was able to give She appeared to be very angry and pettish, and wondered why any person should be impu. dent enough to inquire what her husband died with, as it was none o( their business, and she would see if they made it their business. She would have people not make any inquiries about ber family concerns. Her husband wascuiedby Sands' Sarsaparilla, and died cured, and it wai nobody's business. Tbis has all the appearance of her being employed by Sands to cry up his Sarsaparilla, or else there was something wrong about her husband's death,she wished to keep secret. As to her husband's dying of inflammation of the lungs, or not, I know not, and as to believing her statement, I believe as much as I choose after all she has said, and would have the public look upon her as a mere tool in the employ of Sands to trumpet up his Sarsaparilla. It can he proved that a few days before his death h? had a number o( scales and sores on his face, which had the appearanceof the old complaint. In conclusion, it appears that all this great cry of Mrs. Dulay cannot be tor her benefit or inter* st to prove that her husband died cured of the scrofula, (as it must be acknowledged that he is dead), but a plan and scheme nrought lorth to ?ee what can be done to bring Sands' Sarsaparilla into notice, and it must be great consolation to know that your friends died cured of the scrofula, Ac , when it certainly will be to see them live cured bv Bristol's Sarsaparilla. THOMAS HOOAN, 208 Stanton street. Bristol's Sarsaparilla ia sold in this city at Milbau's riiarmacy, 183 Broadway ; Rushton ,V Co., and Mr. Burger ; May nard A Noyea, Boston ; C. Krotbingham, nd S. Van Schaack, Albany ; and by respectable druggists throughout the country. [From the New World.] 0(7- MAGNIFICENT PRINTING.?Charles Shields, of 4o Maiden lane, better known as the Napoleon of Xy lo graphic Printer*, has recrntly got up a show bill for Shermau's Lozenges, which goes far ahead of anything ol the sort we ever ?aw, or expected to see. It is, in fact, a highly finished picture, looking more like a carefully eiecnted painting, than a printed hill, with this advantage, that the colors are better laid on than they could possibly be with a brush. The English artists had us lor a long time any distance in the rear of them ill these matters ; but now tkey are far in the rear of us, and likely to remain so, for the science of printing in colors so beautifull as the specimen before us, is a discovery made by Mr. Shields himself, and which he very wisely means to keep secret. Such abow bill* must be of great advantage to any store, as they cannot fail to draw custom. One of th> m, we should say, would be worth a dozen signs with gold lvtters, and a whole brigade of the old fashioned placards. Warmly as we have spoken on this subject,we have said nothing more than it deserves, as any person who has siren the showbill we are discoursing of will readily admit. Well has Mr. Shield* earned his title ot the Napolean oi Xylograpbic Printers. 0(7- THE CELEBRATED TONIC MIXTURE, IN all cases of debility, lassitude, heaviness, headache, pre disposition to consumption, and dyspepsia in all i's form*, exercises a truly astonishing effect, restoring the patient from utter exhaustion to comparative health in a few days, by strengthening the constitution, increasing the appetite, and giving renewed vigor to the whole system Sold in large bottles at $ ] each, small do.$! each, in cases containing half a dozen, $5, rarriullv sent to ah parts of the Union. W. S RICHARDSON, Agent. New York College of Medicine and |rharmacy, 07 Nas au stroet. Q(7- WE WERE YESTERDAY STANDINO IN Dr. Sherman's ofHce, IDS Nsssnu street, when ? young gentleman, a student from Yale College, purchased a lew dollars'worth of Sherman's Cough Lozenges; hesnidhe hail piusniuml irrti.ll lii>nt At frnm ilium Hint n (mn lew .1... n-? - ion sine# he came (o this city?int nding to go south lor hii health, ami hail made preparations accordingly, when a lady advised him lo htiy Sherman'* Lozenge* ; he did *o, but without any laith.us he had spent much money for every other cough medicine he hoard of?all to no eflect. He had taken but a few Lozenges, when he found himself decidedly batter, Hnd if now, ntter the u*? of only two hoses, comparatively well. He said he recommended them to all he knew, who had any lung complaint, and should continue to do so, as well as send several do/ens to his friends in Michigan They can be had at 100 Nassau street, 198 Bowery, 77 East Broadway, Ml Bleeckerst, M7 Hudson street, Rushtonk Aspinwell's, and 13!) Kulton *t., Brooklyn. Of/-A LETTER FROM MONTREAL ? Montreal, Apnl 12, ISt.'l. flentlcmen We last had the pleasure, unthr March 6th, to acknowledge receipt ot the in* voice of Hoarhound Candy, amounting to $47 60, and (or which I send you n $60 hill. The 60, let it go <0 my account, as this suvns postage. We regret exceedingly you have not sent us a lurger amount, lor we are fully persuaded that this market, if we are only kept constantly supplied, will become one of the most imporainI We have hei ti to n considerablo trouble in getting i i. traduced into some ol the first families, and it bus smended llr.e I may mention, ? nti a wen carva ai wiiiih ? ? ! >< Frnnriii llonrio, P I).. Profoirnr Tdrnirlop, Sir,. n .rmn fiK'fMvnitli, kiV.I, (hi' l.nf?tT nnmhcr l<i. Mtrk? Hity "n S work*, rcml n? th* ?biiv< <|'inntity, ?n l I will ! ' it "' 11 rr ' ij>< hi lirnt invoii ' . lie | tmi pi to mv or.h r, iinl nhligo I) I). s?m|ifoii and ( o. Mi"-?i* I IVmn ,v Mon, 4rt Division Mrorl, Mow Vork HV THE SOUTHERN M All.. The Philadel| hia and Baltimore Railroad Compily are about to permit Ireight cars to be placed on heir road by individuals, charging therefor a toll as a done on the State works and the different canals >l"the country. Sloclt* at I'hllndblphln yiMtertlity. 21 shares Reading RR, 19; 49 do Girard Bank 3}- 63 do Farmer*'end Mechanic*' Bank, 32; 13 do Manufacturers' ind Mechanics' Bank, 16; $1500 State 6'*, 1965 47' *1000 Tennessee 5'*, 74|; $703 State 6'*, 1643, 49 ' Aktkr Board?$754 Chesapeake 81 Delaware Canal Randal Loan, 97; $6000 St.te 6's, 47; $J000 do 6'/1646* 50; 24 snares Manufacturers' & Mechanic*'Bauk is- ,,0 lo Oirard Bank, 3J. ' ' LATEST SOUTHERN SHIP NEWS. Pnii.ADKi fhia, May 2?Arr New Zealand, Poland, Proriirnce; Charleston Packet, Crowell, do; Milliuuket, Tierce, Mat.m/.as. Baltimork, Ma* 1?A" Alhert, (Brem) Klockgether, Bremen, Gulnare, Gibson, Rio Janeiro. Sid L Copeiand, Baker, NO'lraua; Martin Elizabeth, Barbadoesi Alliguaah, Antigua; Eliza, Saco; St Leon. Bangor. Alexandria, April 29? Shi Amelia, Portsmouth; Susan, K <"Ii?m r. Uichuond, April 30?Arr Drusilla, snd Pamlico, BoHod; Richmond, and Ann Eliza, NYork. Sid K A Seward, do Ai-alachicola, April 21?Arr Florida. Crocker, New York. Cld Rothschild, Fell, Liverpool; Rival, Hinckley, BostonGeneral Hecortf. Schr Dklawars:, Stokely, of Vienna, from St Marks Tor NYork, with cultou, was wrecked about 4 milrs SW of Beaufori bar, I3lh alt. Cargo all saved in a damaged state, and with the wreck sold on the 26th, for the benetit ol all coucoined. Schr Darin Atkins, Dyer, of Prorincetown, Irom Norfolk [or NYork, with oysleis, went ashore on Absecom beicli night f 22 lull. Vessel lost?crew saved Same lime, a fore|iud alt aehr,loaded, went ashore at Barnegat shoals and sunk?crew ared. Spoken. Juitina. Shcpard, Bahiafor NYoik, April 7, lat 3 N, Ion J3? by the Gnlnare.at Baltimore. New Yotk, from flairm Tor the southward, (?o reported) 16th April, let 21, Ion 60 10?by the Gulnare. Halcyon, Wilmington, NC. for Antigua, April 18, lit 24 26, Ion 62 5?by the Ouloare. 0(/- THE NORTH POLE !?a work of great and general interest, will be publiihed, thia day, at the office of Books for the People, No. 30 Ann street, entitled " A Voyage of Discovery to the North Pole, performed in her Majesty'a Ships Dorothea and Trent, under thecommand of Capt. David Buchan, R.N. By Capt P. W. Beeehey, R.N , P. K.S., one of the Lieutenants of the Expedition. This great work was published recently in London, under the express directions of the British Lords of the Ad. miralty, and is now reprinted from an early copy, just received. It abounds with adventures and important facts. pS for one hundred copies: 14j cents single. J. WINCHESTER, 30 Ann st. 0(7- THE PAR'SIAN ALTERATIVE* MIXTURE for the safe and radical cure of the primary and secondary forms of syphilis, and for eradicating the bad effects of mercury from the system, is now the only remedy used in the hospitals of Europe for those distressing complaints. All persons suspecting that they retain a syphilitic taint in their system, or suffering mercurial pains in the joints, sore throat, Ac , should speedily avail themselves of this powerful alterative. Sold in large boxes at $2 eaeh; small do $1 each; cases containing half a doien, $5, carefully sent to all parts of the Union. W S. RICHARDSON, Agent. New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy. 97 Nassau street. MESSRS. COMSTOCK St CO:?PnOM A sense of duty to my fellow citizens, I certify that I have been troubled for ten years with the Piles, end, sir, I bought almost every thing offeied to the publio for that distressing complaint, but never got any relief until I was induced to try your Liniment, when to my surprise I was almost cured. I continued using it until cured, and I have not been troubled with them one hour since. I am ..I n^nAn.ll. .?n,,.ml?l ,?llll h.,1 .i. 1 ...... J??, ' ?>, " . "Vfc c . ci jr man, woman, and child who have been subjected to that dreadful diieaie will be induced to five your remedy a trial. PROTESTANT MINISTER Of theOospel, No. 3.1st Avenue. The above may be found only true at 31 Courtlandt st., near Broadway. MONET MARKET, Tuesday, May 3?(i P. M. The movements at the stock board were not large today, and prices heavy Ohios closoJ \ better than yesterday; Kentucky |. Sales Illinois 39; New York 6j's, 1881, rose J percent; City 7's, J; Long Island fell j; Mohawk rose ); Harlem fell J. At the new Board the business was also small. Prices fluctuated a good deal. The packet ship Rochester, arrived yesterday from Liverpool, brought specie to tho amount of $150,000. The preparations of the government to meet the $9,000,000 of Troasury notes which are now spread over the face of the Union, will doubtless produce a temporary scarcity of money. There are now in the Treasury $4,000,000 received Irom customs, $1,000,000 in the last month, and other sources. A large portion of that sum is in tho vaults ol the banks, and has been loaned at call. Thero is to be collected from other sources duriog the next sixty days, $6,000,000 more, either on a 5 per cent stock, or of such denominations as will be best available. Money will become scarce, while these treasury notes are collecting for payment, and tho money is accumulating to pay them- After that, the funds will again seek employment. The returns of Treasury Notes to the 1st inst., presentthe following results TRFASl'Rr NoTtS OlTT STANDI pro. March 1. .'Inril I. Man 1 Issues UDder 3CtpriortoJa!l. 1843, 8,C66,736 8,686,181 k,67r,98? I unci of Jan. 1842, ? ? ? Krdtamed of f lint iisie, 23,934 ? ? Iisursof act of August, 1842, 3,023,334 3,9<5 55t 3 0'7 7in Medeemel, 1I.9G4 25,2 2 CO, 650 Oram! total outstanding, $11,656,387 11,686.387 11,632 075 $91,700 arrived at New Orleans, from New York, on the-241 k ult. In another column will be found the notice of Mesirr. Oakley and Ryan, Commiiiioneri of Ulinoia, calling a general meeting of the holder* of the bond* and acrip of the State, at the Astor House, on the 10th init, at 4 P. M , where books will be opened for subscription* to the new loan tinder the canal law. The sixty days required by the Ohio law during which bids are to be received for the new 7 per cent stock, ex pires on the 13th inst. At the and of that time, unless bids arc made at par for the stock, the commissioners are to give it at par to the contractors. Their ability to hold them may be judged of irom the following extract of a letter from John Brough, auditor of the State, and now in this city, dated Nov. 9, 1S4-2. It is in reference to the ten percent stock proposed at the extra session :? " Auditor Statr's Orncit, > Columrus, Nov 9, IS4'2, > " From this you will observe that the loan was of a domestic character, and became necessary from the condition of our laborers on one hand, whom we are bound to pay, and the pledge against the increase of our foreign debt, which we had given our stockholders on the other. Even the selfishness of " brokers" and "speculators in stocks," will not argue that the State authorities should have sat quietly down under the cry ot their own people for the reward of their hard and honest toil; and if not, what would evtn the fruitful ingenuity of this class have prescribed as a remedy 7 Had we went into the foreign market " on the best terms practicable," they would have reproached us with a breach of plighted faith. Had we given our contractors bonds bearing interest pay bin in New York, they would hare gene into the market in large a mount t, ami produced the very depreciation of which you complain In thia dilemma, in order to avoid injustice aa Tar aa practicable, it waa prnpoaed to appeal to our own people ; an 1 aa an inducement to them to lend their aid, the commiaaionera ware veated with diacretion to pay intereat " not exceeding ten per cent." Whilst, in order to prevent, if possible, any injurious effect of thia loan upon our foreign stock, it waa made to assume a domeatic character, with intereat pay able and int?rest re. imburaable at the State Treasury. How are you, or how can you, by poaaibility.be aa much injured by thia courao aa that you pro|>oae, of giving our bonda to our ereditora, with Intereat payable and principal reimhuraable in New Y?rk, whih t they from Ikeir very neceeeitiee, will be compelled to force them vpon the market, nod reduce the price atill lower than at present 7 The latter would be the interest of the State, ior the sacrificetrouM thereby he traneferred from her own to the pockelt of her creditort. [Signed] "JOHN BROUOH, " Auditor ot State.'" The original of thia letter ia in our possession, and may be seen. The appeal to citizens of Ohio waa not successful, but the act was committed?the State faith waa violated, The Legislature refused to levy a tax, and tbo commiaaionera aro now hereto "transfer the sacrifice from her own to the pockets of her creditors." If nothing could be borrowed in Ohio last year?if the wants of the rntractora were as great as represented?how much greater must they be now, when six months more has elapsed without pay 7 Doea anv one beliave that alter the citizens ot Ohio have languished a year fir bread that they have earned, after their fellow citizens have refused to lend the State a dollar to pay for their labor?alter the i refused to nass a tax law, and violated its faith to it? foreign creditor*, that they really intend in good faith voluntarily to impose a tax to pay intereit I The deficit laat year waa >140,000?the tolls have thia year hern reduced twenty per cent, and the debt haa bern increased some milliona. Tho "deficit for 1FU.1 must be near >500,000 The following are the leading featurea oftheOrorgia Railroad and Banking Com pany. (Jroai.t* Raii.soap and llAKKivri Compart. Oct i8I2. .Ipril 1RI3. Incrrntr. Drcrratt. Loana, A''S 629 428.'40 ? 78,189 Hnecia, 21 947 39,7.59 15 812 Cirealatioa, 115 760 un.nii 4 26.5 ? Depot! tea, 19,626 28,585 8,957 ? Protested paper, 341,232 212,119 ? 129,111 The following i? a comparative table of tho husinrsa ol the port of Charlenton lor three auccesaive montha. Commicim r. or ChaRi.kitok, fl. C., ru* Jax, Fm am MAS. II. 1841. To Jan 31. fVft. Alnfch Unliable import*, 32,184 99 012 .50,951 Fti e do 3 650 40 .547 41,50 1|icie do 15,7<5 58 371 M(H Tottl import*, 57.539 117 9 51 ISO 511 Esports, lure Kii Ifonilt, 962 1,991 4 < do domrstie gooils, 1,724,139 1,375.675 90',16 Tot ll eiports, 1,224,501 1,377.671 *11,62 III I

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