Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 18, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 18, 1843 Page 1
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N E Vi *ol. U.?Mo. M?.-WI?n Ha, 3377. BRITISH AM) NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL WAII I STEAM SHIPS, ill I2C0 lorn auo 440 horse power oaci:. ArPO'Uted by the Admiralty to sail bfteet# LiwipOOl w b'? ton, c&Jlinz at Hahfai to land and receive Fasseusruu'crs and Her Majesty's lilBEHNIA, Captaia Charlaa H. E. Judkins. CALEDONIA, ttapta|u Edward O.Lott. ACADIA. Capuao Alexander ltyne. COLUM B1A, CapuJu N. Snannon. BRITANNIA Captain Jchn Hewitt. Will tail for -"union, an Halifax, rton uituoM.. raosa aoiro*. Acadia, Kjrrm. l*h M*T 16th June Colmii'ia, ' f.anuon *th June lit July Hibenna, Judkins, 19-hJune 16'h July Cil-do-.ii, Lott, uh July J?? An? These aluiacairy experienced surgeons, an I K/arces' Patent ' No berth'saecnied until '^Viil. jePr No. I Wall atreci. New York. FOH HALI^^^^^^^EHPOOL The Knyal Mail Steam Ship ACAUlA, Al-xuider Kyree, Commander, will lrare Boatou for the abire porta, on Knduy, 16: h June Passage to ' ircrpool $120, Passage to Halifax 20, Apply to D BKHMIAM, Jr . Agent, j7ec No. 3 *Vali street. KOK BUFFALO AND ALL PARTS OK THE WEST EZEQ&Sbsdl ASSOCIATION PA9SAUE OF* ICE TO ALBANY. Utica, $2 00 Rochester, $2 00 Syracuse, 1 2} BoffaU, 2 90 Oswego, 2 29 Up. h Lower Canada 9 90 p or passage rpply to . M. L. KAY. tn?l Iin 91 Barc'av street New York. Ntmfllkl" ANufft/lstERN EMIGRANT PASSAGE OFFICE. The Subscribers having completed their arrangements, are new prepared to forward pane gers'n all the Northern nod Western Staler and Canada, hy duly liuea of tow boa's, rai1roada and steamboats, via the North riverand Erie Canal, upper Lakes, Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Ohio river and Canal routes. The following are a few of the trust important points Via Ulica, Buffalo, Pottsvillv, Oaleua, Hyracuss, Ch-velaud, Pittsburgh, Toronto, Oswcko, Detroit, , Cincinnati!, Kingston, Rochester,, St. Louis, St. Johns, Lackpor', Chicago, Louisville, Montreal. Also to any port of Ohio, Illinois, Missouri, ludiana, .Michigan, Tennessee, Kentucky, Wisconsin, Iowa, L p|>cr and Lower Canada. II iviug given such uuivcrsal saiisfccnou in llieir London and Liverpool lines of packets, the subscribers will endeavor to make the present undertaking equally deserting of public la vor. The attention of emigrants and otltera is iuvi ed to tits- follow low ratea of ptssfie to a few of ihe most important points, any other places on ihe rrute being equally low, vis:? Utica, $1 .10 Columbus, $9 i>0 St Louis, (It CO Svracusa, I 71 Sandusky, 1 71 (, li 00 llnchester, 2 00 Detroit, 6 00 ('saisua. Buffalo, 2 10 MilwnuUie, II) 00 Toronto, 4 10 'iswego, 2 50 Chicago, 10 01 Kilgston, 4 10 Erie, 4 10 Pittsburg, 8 71 H n.i'ton, 4 10 Cleveland, 1 10 Cinciiiiu.1, 12 00 Montreal, 1 03 For further particulars to W. Ik J. T. TAP8COTT, at their Oeneral Passage Office. Peck slip cor South si Tate Notice?This office is not connected w ith my othr- in (hit city. Jilt NEW JERSEY RAILROAD AM) TRANS PORTATION COMPANY NEW YORK AND NEWARK. [From the (owl of Cennlnndt etrec.1, New York (Eveiy day?iiuudavi e*(eptrd.) Ler?e? New York Learn Newark Al R A. M. At 2 I*. M. At 7 A.M. At IX P. M. 9 do. 3 do. I do. 4 do. 11 do. 4 do * do 5X do. ' 6K do. 10R 7? do. f% do. 9X do. I do. O.N SUNDAYS. Front the toot ot UmrtlRodt atreet. l.eare New York, Lea?e Newark. At 9 A. M. nod t* P M. At 12KP. M. and 9\ P. ft). NKW YORK. ELIZABETH TOWN, Leave New York I.ear. Klir.ihelb Town At* A.M. At 3 P.M. At 7K A. M. 3< P .M. 9 do. 4 do. 8)fc do. * 7 do. II do. 4)4 ro. in io. 9)4 do. 5X do. 12 do. The train* for Werlliexl, rUittficIa, Bnendbroou, So'iierville, fcc., connect with the,9 A M, and.4)4 PM trains Irrm New York, daily, Snnday* excepted. Fare between New York and Elizabeth Totvu 25 cen'i. Fare between do aid Somervill?, 75 cent*. *jrw YORK. AND RAH WAY. Leave New York. Leave Rahway. At R A. M. At J P M. At 7 A.M. At 3 P.M. 9 do 4 do 8 do ti)4 do II do 4)4 do V* d* 9 do 5} do 11)4 da new York and new hbovswiok From loot of Conrt'.and itrcet. New York, daily. iVt* YOr?. i.MTe new l?ruut?ie> A'9 A.M. AH P M. A 6 A M. At lltf A M 5S> do 7 < do f. M. ON SUNDAYS Leave New Y<?-k. Leave Now Brunswick. At 9 A M and P M At HSf A.M., and a* P M Pare, exchpt u tko Philadelphia trams between I.ow Vo'? an<1 BrcrswioY, >0 cents Between New York and Rahway J5 centi. Passengers wno procure their tickets at tlic ticket omce, eeivr a ferry ticket gratis. Tickets are received by the con doctor only on the one whea purchased. mH3m*? JMPt At* fOH NORFOLK, RICHMOND, CITY POINT fcc. Va. Steamer BOSTON. .B^_i9EMtfLpCaptain Itclmes.?The strong and subetautirl Mrainer Boston, will commence r*zular trips between New k York and Norfolk, Va., leasing New York every Saturday * at 8 o'clock, A. M. und Norlfolk every Tuesday morning. I'aaiage ?nd fare to or Irom Norfolk, $10 Forward t'sssengrrs do do 8 rassace from Richmond Citv Point, kc., by one of the nv? r steamers, and per Boston from Norfolk 12 Forward pas*eneers, do do 9 I'ktaage to Norfolk and hack, return trip 15 Forward Paeaeng-rs, do do 12 Freight taken ai the usual rates. For freight nr 'asssge apply to >h-Captain on hoard, or to WM TUCKER, in2 Im e"d WThtkF'r No 56 11 road street. PASSAGE FROM &RKAT~BRiTAlN AND IRELAND Iis* 'HavTNG couipletrTrxtcnsive and import .nt ursaugeinents for bringing out passengers fioui the old country, the subscribers can v Kb confidence lufoim those who may wish to settle for friends to emigrate the present season (1843) that they . will find it their inteivit to unke the necessary atrangematits * with tins line; being the oldest or longest established ont of this port, it is well kcown that that the arrangements are complete?the ships of the first class tiling Weekly, and the accommodations fitted up expressly for the comfort and convent> voce of passengers. Should those settled for decline coming out, the passage money will, as usual, be rcfuttdej to .lie party from whom it was ttoeived, without deduction. A free passage per steamer from the various ports of Ireland and Scotland, to Liverpool, can be secured if desired. ApP'y l? SAMUEL THOMPSON. Old Established P.v.aagc Office 273 IVarl St., Or to C. OR1M8HAW k.OO. Id Ooice Piazzas, Liverpool. Drafts on Loudon, Li?cn>ool, the Natioua! Bank of Ireland Northern Banking Co. ud National b in* of Scotland, at t sight, and for any amount, ^pplv as above. n<8 Im'r l-jx'gjgil NKW VOHK, tiCHOOLKY'3 jjQi%9 MOUNTAIN h EASTON. Leate (tie loot of Courtlaud atrre', daily (Sundays nu i ira/ m 0 o'clock, A. M., by railroad I' oin J'r'ey rity to iVlorrislown, tiienre by Poal coaeliet llir ugh Mendhr.ui,theater. Sclionley i Mountain, Anderson Td?j, Port ('olden, VVaj'.iiuit'Oii, to Kuton. At WnthtDKton. a daily line intersects to and from Bf l> idere Kor seat! apply la J. Hill, at J. Pattern's, CorrmercirtI Hoteh 71 Ccurtland street. ,VB ? Kltraa furnished 11 the ahnrteil notice by applying to ,N It I if . United Hiatrs Hotel. Morriatown, melt liner SUMMER JlRR^INOEMENT. NEW YOllK AND PttlLA DKLPHIA KAILKOAD LINK D KM T,' Via! Niwiia, Naw Bumhii h. Piiimkto:*, Trentoh' Boni>E*TP\VN AM> UlJRI.inoTOPt. Initial Nr? Vink d-Hy troin :he fo'tof Oon-tlinilt at. Ml niuf Line it 9 A. .VI.?Mail Pilot Line at(;!? P. M. T.*e Mori inu Liue proceeds to Boidentowu, Irom therce by lt> ainboyt to Philadelphia. The Kvruiuk Line pmrn da direct to Camdell (opposite to I'lol drip',ii) wiili ut chance of can. Paaai inters will proenie their ticket! at the offi'e l ot of ('.niriiaiidi atrcel.rwliere a ccinn ndions atraniboat a ill he in re. diBeaa, with b>KK'ie cra'.ca i n board. I'?il*drl| Im h.itK t?i rraiea aie conveyed f mn city to city, without he Ilia opened lay the way. Kach train is provt led with a car hi u bich are a, artioeni* and dnsiinil roctna eaprttily lor (I. IWItf' Mir (let >1011111, the lines Irate Pililmlelp'li t from the foot of Walii ii atreet, by alean,hoat M UoulrniOWn at 7 o'clock, A.M. an.l by railroad from Camden, ato'eloiIt, P. M The lines for Baltimore lease Pl'i lade'pli.a a' 7,li A.M. and eP ,M hrlaif a eoiitiunaiioo i.f the lit e from New York jet w \ 11 it it i y ii u i v, i ? eito j let vi i. ul'Iniii A V'n V A SK A * I ft I. vr " Cor Ki'k'Ioii, minl |>ilnv<.v.* mut ll'i itroo ^?EH_ZWI ' M i:' KMBllALI) "inl NOR M h. * l-l), ' <|i-ni Jirlio Krl limn, Will trim- N'? \?iki'ooi ni Mmrky < vrrT Mo oU* nnH I'r Mi . 'ix-k r M W ni Imw Kiialinii 11'"'"'1 <1 '?nilin?) e?rijr WtJufidtiT i.if H?%?ur<l t? v . ' 4?. p ^? i'hc NORWK H.< -trtaiu Jolio "mini-lr, mil Imr Nrtt \ oik, fool ol IV4t 10ii tirrrt, every Wredaetriny and Kutnrdrj II >. * lock, r M 'V.lllrk-.r kio??r.ui (K.iuJoiit IkmhiiK) eT?ry Tue ny and fti.Uy at I o'rlork, I'. M. EXTRA TRIPS, l'he KMKK \ l,D ?i"l Ua?? lb* lo?? of Mmmr trrrt ercrj i*im Hy ororniiMC ki 7 o rl r.k. Hcioruiun leaver Kin*rtoti ?i 4 loci km' lif. Cor Crvieht or P'*..|. rpplr 00 "t In W.I/ i-V -ON. II.M-1,0 -V 81 CO, 11 lao*r Itf Writ ittrrl. .Mfr, J0M NTATKN island pkhrt, foot C?-'1 vvii.i7' A 1 'i1'- ,"1' ' ^ ?ITiKi?'r*7p.7 ISLAND* H *1?I 1AM SON m'I l?ri ?? fuHny I,nl |nr|?.,| oO'i.-r I? Le ? New Yn k I. f, Ij, il, t ?, 1*<. J. 7. U?f# iMrin tetaad ?, |l l| |, ?, I, J, ? 7. I ? ??> ? V r* of Hut- ii lol 1 il rrn. h< n- oti Snodiy. H ? 11 o .1 .7 I H-1 o * I"' If? *?? ' <1 i II". ' ?'i A K.ri'. .,i i .00 ; it t? V > 4 ? ? r M lilt I 7 V O I I for O'CLOCK, A. M. THE PRESIDENT'S MOVEMENTS. BUNKER H I L I MR M/RRSTRR'S RR ITIflN ill !! II1JUU1U1I U UHJUIUil (From our oion Reporter?.) On Friday evening the President, suite, hiscal inet council, and some private iriends, were ente tained by the Ccmmon Council of the city of Bo: ton, in a style of great splendor at the Tremoi House. But, although nearly a hundred gentleme sat down to dinner, it was considered ol a prival nature. The company, however, we are enable to say, was very distinguished. About nine o'cloc in the evening, me President and numerous friend: paid a short visit to the Tremont Theatre, where h received a very enthusiastic reception from one < the beet houses of the season. The play was th Rent day, in which Mr. Gratton made his first a| pearance before a Boston audience. At a late hot the President and suite paid a visit to Mr. Gordor the Postmaster of Boston, who in honor of the nc tion's Chief Magistrate, held a levee, at whic there were not less than 500 of the most wealthy an distinguished of the citizens of this capital < New England, together with their amiable and ac complished wives and daughters. It was indeed brilliant affair, and was continued until a late houi On Saturday morning the busy note of prepare tion was heard at a very early hour, but for th morning's interesting proceedings the reader wi turn to the letter of John Jones of N. Y.,who ha traced the progress of the glittering pageant to th base of the monument, to celebrate whose comple tion this jubilee wai held. The scene from th platform, as the nrocession mnreh#>rl \ntn ilio ! = <. area reserved for them, was imposing beyond di scripiion, and as the aged band of surviving revoli tionary heroes were supported towards the seats pri pared for them, their presence was hailed by afln tionate and hearty plaudits, whilst many an ej glistened with sympathetic feeling. Of the soldiers of the revolution, 108 were presen but many of them gave sufficient indication thi their pilgrimage was rapidly approaching its term nation. Three of these are survivors of the batt of Lexington, viz, Alfeua Bigclow, aged 85, Lc Harrington, aged 83,and PhineasJohnson, aged 9 Twelve of these veterans were at the battle of Bu ker Hill, and they have lived to see a monume worthy of their deeds, erected to tell su cerding generations where they and their gt lant comrades so nobly battled for freedor On the platform there were many gentlemen wl stand conspicuous in their country's eyes, but v cannot give a complete list of those that were pr sent. We observed amongst the rest, George Ba croft, the historion; Abbot Lawrence, lateM. C. I Boston ; the Honorables George Evans and Ruf Choas, United States Senators; Ex-Governor Kii of Maine ; the first Governor of that State after settlement and the organization of its governmei Franklin Dexter, Es<i, United States Attorney G neral for that district of the State of Maesachuset Chief Justice Shaw, Major Benjamin Russell, w! was Editor of the Boston Centinel dur;ng the wt Arc., Arc. The President of the United States was seated b l: I .1 1 ' <- - uiuu mic Biauuu vi me uiamr ui uic uny, Burroun ed by his suite, the Governor of the Commonweal of Massachusetts, and his suite, &c. &c. That great interejt was felt in the ceremonies this day cannot be better evinced than by the watc fulness and enterprise of the press?that best of i possible indicators of popular feeling?in addition the conntlers numbets of persons in attcndanc and they have been estimated variously, all, howe er, agreeing that there were not lees than 100,0 on that hallowed spot. There were many rpporte present, some of whom have travelled considerable distance. Mr. R. Sutton, Dr. James Alex. Houston?Ne York Herald. Mr. Horace Greeley?New York Tribune. Mr. J. W. Leslie?New York Sun. Mr. James 13. Chandler, Mr. Charles J. Hennes U. S. Gazette, Philadelphia. Mr. G. W. Weissinger?Louisville Journal Mr. Henry Firld, Mr. J. E. Weeks?Bosti Times. Mr. J. S. Keighton?Boston Daily Mail. Mr. Peabody?Boston Bulletin. Mr. Nathan Hale, Jr.?Boston Daily Advertisi Mr. J. M. Field ("Straws,) Mr. Thos J ileston Boston Courier. Mr. C. W. Storey?Boston Atlas. Mr. Thomas Gill?Boston Post. Mr. Edward E Hale?Boston Advertiser. One of the marshals of the day having announced the Pieaident of the Bunker Hill Monument Asi biauuu, ?*|IU *r no Ull mr Jiiauoiin, 1I1HI 1I1P wnole the procession had entered within the lines. T exercises were commenced by the Chaplain?t Rev. Mr. Emjs, of Charlestown, who offered t following prayer:? Sovereign of tub Universe, thou disposer of events?thou Cod of nations and of men, devoul and reverently would we invoke thy paternal blei ing. We hove come up to the mount of costly i crtfice and of treasured remembrances, that y may celebrate the deeds of those whom v venerate, and pay a grateful tribute to their m tnory and to their sacrifices. We have con from the homes of pence and plenty, and with t families which thou dost bliss : and it is our boun en duty to adore thee our Lord and ourluther. F except the Lord had been 011 our side, our er m ies had triumphed over us. We adore thee the God of our fathers?the arm of their thought the stay of their confidence?their friend?tin protector. And we do invoke thy blessing, O Go upon this venerated remnant of the band, that th may return late to their reward, und may bear to t first gatherer of ihe host the tribute of respect ni gratitude which we now offer? to assure them th the victory was fnilv won. that it was worth its coi We invoke thy blessing upon the chief Magistra of this happy naiion?upon his counsellors and I statesmen--and upon tliia gathered company?a now w?uld we solemnly consecrate this stone memorial, and would usk in prayer that thy blessi may crown its summit. Wc would consecrate not in remembrance of strife, nor to perpetuate scene ol blood, hut in memory of the great and t good?to attest u great and holy truth?and to I mind .'.hose that are to coma alter us of duty?of I erty of justice?and of the learof (lod. May foundation ever rest in a land that is at j>eace, a its summit point to a heaven of love ; nnd when last stoues ctumble into dust, may our chilJret children continue to enjoy the blessings of liber nnd honor their fathers who suffered that they mig eajoy it. Hear as, oh ffod ! and answer our pray in the name of Christ our Redeemer! When the chaplain resumed his seat, Mr. Wr ster advanced to the front of the platform, nnd Y appearance was hailed by the loud and prolong! cheering of the immense multitude. It was a scei of singular sublimity. The tall pillar in all its ii I revive solemnity?the vast congregation?the r rIK H1 NICV? YORK, SUNDAY M THE BUNHER HI J J r a- rene sky?the majestic figure of the orator, as he I f- stood silently regarding the colossal column?the ' c- hoary headed band of patriots who occupied the e front seats of the platform?all made up a scene never to be forgotten, t, After the demonstrations of the feelings of the at vast assemblage had been given, the most unbroken i- silence followed, and then the great representative lc of the nation thus commenced his " ORATION. A duty has been performed?a work of patriotn" tsnt and of gratitude is accomplished?that struc"t tare having its broad foundations in a soil which c- drank deeply of early revolutionary blood, has at i length reached its destined height, and now lifts its summit to the clouds. We are assembled to celen* brate the accomplishment of this undertaking, and 10 to indulge afresh in the gratifying recollections of t.e the events which it is designed to commemorate. Eighteen years ago?rn*re than halt the ordinaty e" duration of a generation of mankind?the corner n- stone of this monument was laid. The hope of or those who conceived the design of raising here a structure worthy of the ;events it was intended to commemorate, were founded in voluntary contrin? butione?private munificence, and general pub ic its favor. Those hopes have not been disappointed, j, Individual donations have been made, in some , ' cases, of large amount?small contributions by ,e* thousands; and all those who entertain an opinion of ts. the value of the object itself, and the good attained ho by its successful accomplishment, will cheerfully pay their homage of respect to the successive Presiir? dents, Boards oi Directors, and Committees of the Corporation which have had the general manage e. ment of the work. The architect, equally entitled j to our thanks and consideration, will find other re" wards in the beauty of the obelisk itself, and in the distinction which it confers on him, as a work of art. Nor on this occasion should the omission be 0f made to mention the praiseworthy services of the , builder, who has watched the laying of one stone "" upon another, from the foundation to ine top. At a ill time when the prospects of farther progress in the to work were gloomy and discouraging, the Mechanic ,e Association, by a patriotic and vigorous effort, ' raised funds for carrying it on. and saw them applied v* with fidelity and skill. It is a grateful duty 00 to acknowledge on this occasion the worth and effi,rs cient effort of that association. The remaining > fforts to complete the construction of this edifice had a another source. Garlands of grace and elegance were destined to crown a work which had had its yf origin in manly patriotism. The winning po wer of "the sex', addressed itself to the public, and all that wps needed to carry this edifice to its proposed height, and to give it its finish, was promptly supplied. So that the mothers and daughters of tne land haue contributed largely to whatever lhere may be of elegance and beauty in the structure itself, or of utility or of public gratification in its accomplishment. Of those with whom the plan of on erecting this monument originated, many are living and are now present; but alas, there are others who haue themselves become subjects of monumental inscription. William (whose surname was not distinctly heard) a distinguished ,r scholar, an able writer, a most amiable mnn ?allied by birth and sentiment to the patriots of the revolution, died in public service abroad, and now lies buried 111 a foreign land. William Sullivan, a name fragrant with revolutionary service and public merit?a man who concentrated in himself, to a great degree, the confidence of this whole community?one who was to always most loved where best known?he. too. has |C. been gathered to hi-* lathers. And, last, George Wake, 11 lawyer of learning and eloquence?a man of wit and of talent?of social qualities the most he agreeable and farcinating? of gills which enabled |,e him to exercise large sway over public bodies?has . closed his human career. I have, thus lar, spoken "* only of those who have ceased to be among the livisg; but u long lile, now drawing towards its all close?always characterized by acts ol public mu nificenee and public spirit?forming a character " now become historical?f incMti'-d by public regard K' and private atleciion?may confer, even on the livia ing, the proper immunity of the dead, and be the vr just subject ol honorable meditation and warm com commendation Among the early projectors ol this *c structure, none more zealous, none more ellico-nt le- than Thomas II. Perkins. (Cheers.) It wns beni nth his ever hospitable root that those I have . mentioned as among the dead, und those now livme, have been called totegher for the d- purpose took the first alcp towards the erection or of this tit moment. A venerable man, the friend of us all, whose charity have distilled like the dew of li-uven; lie has fed the hungry and clothed the R8 naked; and he lias given eight to the blind. (Re? hewed applause) And for such virtue, there is a r)r record oil high, which our humble work, and all ,, the language of brass und stone, can furnish onlv a " a poor and distant imitation (Applause-) Not ey amongst the immediate progenitors of the work, |,e Inn one of its early friends and the first President , ot the Corporation, was the then Governor of the n Goimiioiiwealth. General Urooke*, who had been here on the 17ih June, 1775, and alterwurds distinct. guished by honorable services in (lie Revolutionary te war, Hiid who, throughout his whole life- a soldier wnbout tear, a man without reproach. (Loud lls applause, and a revolutionary hero ou the platform rid exclaimed. w In I** tears trickled down hi* furrowed ?l cheeks, " H* wsstny Oolonr 1 ") 1 know well, that in tImn alluding to the dead, I cause many learn to "'"j flow Iroin recollections <>| brmvrmriili too recent t' in he suppressed; but audi honorable mention in a due to their public and private virtues, and rspeci I , hily on linn occasion, lor their 7.enl and eflorts in " the accomplishment ol the purpose which has now re- reached its tullilmeiit. lime and naiuie it), have had llieir course in diminishing the number ol those who were here at the celebration ol the laying the cornerstone ot the Monument 1H years ago, most of the revolutionary char acters have its |oined the congregation of the dead.? t'a l.alayctte sleeps in Ins native Innd?yet tv the name and the blood ol Warren are here y ?the Umdrrd ol I'utnam, ol f'tarke, ol Knowlton, ht ol McLnrie are here. And here too, beloved and er respected, as universally as he is known, and nowvenerable himaelf for his yei>rs, is the son ot the gallant, daring, indomitable l'rescott, (loud ?nd enthusiastic cheering.) And here too, ate some?a us small band -ot those who performed military seird vice on Ihe field on the I7ih ol done, 75 (great ap ne p'.ause)?nil ot them now lar advanced in age, wli. partook in Ihe dangers and glory ot that meinorabl II conflict? (cheers ) They have outlived all th? e- storms ol the Revolution?they have outlived the R U A f MJJ I 1. /I ?... 4 [ORNING, JUNE 18, 1843. XL MONUMENT. evils resulting from ilie want of a Rood and efficient government in tliis count)y?they have outlived the pendancy of dang' t? threatening the public liberty? they have outlived the most ot their contemporaries. They have rot outlived, thev cannot outlive, the e\er-abiding gratitude of their country?(loud and enthusiastic cheering.) Heaven has not allotted to our generation an opportunity of rendering service like theirs and maniiestiog such devotion as they manifested in such u cause as theirs; but it may well become us to praise actions that we cannot enual?to commemorate what we were not horn to perform. (A universal burst of applause.) " Pvfchrumrst, bene furtrt, bene i/ictre, bawl ab secundum est." Yes, Dunkkh Hill Monument is competed. Ilere it stands. Fortunate in the natural eminence on which it is placed, higher infinitely in its object and its purpose?behold it rise over the land and over the sea, and visible this moment to SOO.OOO of the citizens of Massachusetts. There it stands? a memorial of the past?a monitor to the present and to all succeeding generations of men. I have spoken of it purpose. If it had been without any other purpose than the creator of a work of art, the granite oi which it is composed, would have con tinued to sleep on its native bed. Hut it has a purpose, and that purpose gives it dignitv and causes us to look upon it with awe. That purpose it is which enrobes it with a moral grandeur?that purpose it is which seems to invest it with the attributes of an august, intellec luai personage. 11 is lisen me great curator or this occasion. (Great cheering ) It is not from my lips, nor could it he Irom any human lips that that strain of'eloquence is to flow, most competent to utter the emotions of thismultitude. The potent speaker stands motionless before you. (Ilere the speaker paused, and with outstretched arms, looked upward to the summit of the solemn pile, and the vast assemblage joined in one loud and long shout of enthusiastic applause.) It is a plain shaft; it beam no inscription, frontjng the rising sun, from which the future antiquariau shall be employed to wipe away the dust; nor does the rising sun awaken strains of music on its summit ; but there it stands, and at the rising of the sun, and at the setting of the sun, and a nid the blaze of noon-day, and in the milder effulgence of lunar light, there it stands. It looks?it speaks? it acts to the full comprehension of every Americcn mind, and to the awakening of the highest enthusiasm in eveiy true American heart. (Great applause.) Its ti'ent but awful utterance?the deep pathos with which as we look upon if, it brings betor< us the 17ih ol June, 1775, and the consequences resulting from the events of that day to us, to our country, and to the world?consequences which must continue " to gain influence" on the destinies ol mankind to the end of time?surpasses all that the study of the closet ?r even the inspiration of genius could produce. To-day?to-day it speaks to us. The future auditors will be the successive generations of men. As they shall rise up belore us and gather round its base,its speech will h? of cornage and patriotism?af religion and liberty ?ofgooi] government? of tho renown of those who have sacrificed themselves to the good of their country. In the older world many irabrics are still in existence, reared by human hand, whose object an ! history are lost in the darknr s ol ages. They are now monuments of nothing, hut the power and skill which constructed th< m. The mighty pyromiJ itseli, half buried in the sands of Africa has nothing to bring down and report to us, but the power of Kings end the servitude of the people. II asked for its design, or Jost abject, or its sentiment, for its admonition ?far its instruction to mankina?for any great end of its being. It is silei't?silent as the millions ot human beiwgs that lie in the dust at its basis, or the catucombs that surround it. Having thus no just object row known to mankind though it be raised against the Heavens, it excit)s no iruuiig inn inm 01 uu consummation 01 |.owit, rr'ira with strr-ige wonder. But if tint present civilization o( mankind?founded, an it is, on tho solid basis ol science, or grout attainment in art, or in extraordinary knowledge of nature, and stimulated and pervaded es it is by moral sentiment and tbe truths of the Christian religion?if this civilization be destined to continue till there come a termination of human being on the earth, then the purjiose of this monument will continue to be on earth till that hour comes. And if, in a dispensation of Providence, the civilization of the world is to be overthrown, and the truth* of Chris'ianity obscured by another deluge ot barbarism, still the memory of Busses Hill and the great events with w hlch it is connected, will tie parts and elements of the knowledge of the'last man to whom the light of civilization and Christianity shall be extended?(Loud applause.) This celebi ation is honored by the presence ot the Chiif Maoistxatk of the Nation surrounded by the distinguished individuals who are his constitutional advisers. (Three enthusiastic cheers and "one cheer mote'") An occasion so national?s0 intimately connected with that revolution, out of which the government grew, is surely wotthy of this mark of ' respect Hnd admit ation from him, who n\ the voice of bis ' fellow citizens and the laws o( the country is placed at ' the heat of thad government. Familiarly acipiHinti d, si he is with Yosktown, whore the last great military 1 etlort ot the Revolution was performed, he has 1 now hat an oppir.nnity ol seeing the thontro of the tirst of these great struggles. He has seen where ' Wsuairsffll where Htarkk, Ksowltois, Putisam, and M< Laiiv, and their essaciatrs, lought. He has seen the J field on which a thousand choitn regular troops of Forland were smitten down in tho first great co .test for li- ! ticrty, by the turn of the yeomanry of New England? (applause)?and, with a heart lull of American looting, ' lie comes here to day, 1 am sure, to participate in as feel- \ iug a degn c as any individual present, in all the enthusi ps ii?111 all the grateltil recollection!?which this day pi.d occi-'on hip calculated te r.ieate. (Renptvrd cheer- 1 ing) Hi? Excellency the (Jovcrnor of the Common* 1 tilth is also present ; nor is it to be doubted that he too ' enter* with n glow ot enthusiiistic feeling Into on ecca- ' ion intended to cidehrotr on event so highly honorable to the ptople of that Commonwealth over which it is hi* ! good loi iune to bo railed to preside. (Cheers.) Banners and tints, pi occasions end bodges, announce to us that with tilts multitude hnvecome up ihcusandsol th,* natives of New England resident in other States. Welcome,wel ! come, ye of kindred munr and kindred blood! (Ureal cheering.) Krom the broad savannahs of the south 1 Irom the fair regions of the west?irom the ! thousainls ot eastern origin who cultivate the ' rich and tortile valley ot the Oenesoe and live along ' tho margin ot ottr ocean-lakes?from the mountains of ' Pennsylvania?iiom the thronged and crowded cities of 1 the coast?welcome-welcorao! Wherever else you may ' bo strangers, you are all at homo here. (Most onthusius- ' tic cheers the ladies on the glacis waved their hand* ' kerchiefs.) Yau have a glorious ancestry o! libertyyou bring with you names such as are found on the rolls of Lexington, and Conco d, and Bunker Hilt. You come beie to this thrine of liberty near tho family altars where ) our young lip", were fust taught to lisp tho name of Uod ?noar tho It mplr? ol public worship where you received the first lessons of devotion?near tho hulls and colleges 4 whers you received your education. You come here, seme ot ) ou. to he embraced once more by a Revolutionary father?to r eive, peilups, another and a last blessing, beatowi d in love end tears, ol pu aged mother who t has survived thus long to hi hold and enjoy your piosperity and happiness. It those lemilv recollections- if ' (hole tender us''ociationi of early life have brought you | here, w ith something of extraordinary alacrity, and given I rem j ou to us and Irom us to you, something of a peeuliar and hrarty has extended to evety Ame D.?Ki rictn Irom every and any spot, who has corao up here this <lay to tread this Mcred tie Id with Ameiicsn feeling', and who reap re witli pleasure au atmosphere redolvnt el the sentiment* of 1775, (cheers). In the seventeen million* ol happy people who compose our Americun com munity, there ia not one men who ha* not au interest in that structure, just as there is not one who has not a deep and abiding inti rest in the events which it was designed to commemorate. The respectability, I may say the sub limity of the occasion, depends entirely on its nationality. It is all?all American. Its sentiment i> comprehensive enough to embrace the whole American family, Irom North to South, from East to West ; and it will stand, I hope, for ever, emblematic of that Union which connects us togr tiler. And woe hi tide the man who comes up here today with sentiments any less than wholly American. (Cheers ) Wee betide the. man who shall venture to stand here with the strife of local jealousies, local feelings, or local enmities burning in his bosom. Allour happiness and all our glory depend on our union (Cheers.) That monument itself, in all that is commendable in its sentiment and character, depends up. on union. (Cheers.) 1 do not mean to say that it would not keep its position if the States were rent asunder by taction or violence. I do not mean that the heaving earth would move it from its bise, and that it would actually totter to its fall, if dismemberment should ho the affliction of our land, and I cannot say that it would mingle its own fragments with those of a broken Constitution. Out in III u.-.u i-vuiilK, v? IW la niti" uiui luu... dare to look upto it (Great sensation*.) Who i* there that Irom beneath such a load ot moi .ideation anil shame a* would overwhelm him could approach to liuhold it I Who is there that would not expect hi* eye. hall* to be seared by the intensity of it* silent reprool f (Great appluuse.) For my part, I sny, that if it be a misfortune, designed bv Providence (or mo to love to see such atime. 1 will loon at it no more?I will avert my eyes from it lor ever! (Great applause ) It is not ux a mere military encounter of hostile armies that the hattlu of Bunker Hilt tinds its principal claims for commcmora tion and impprtance; yet, es u mere battle, there arc cir cumstances attending it of an extraordinary character and giving to it peculiar distinction. It was fought upon this eminence, in the neighborhood of yonder city, in the presence of more spectators then there were combatants in the light?men, and women, and children, drawn from their homes, tilling the. towers of tho churches, covering the roofs of public dwellings, ami all their residences, looking on for the result ol a contest of the consequence* of which thoy had the drapest conviction. The 16th of June, under a oright sun, these lields exhibited nothing but verdure and culture; thero wo* indeed note of awful preparation in Boston,?but here, all was peace; aud the Holds then rich wi'h the loads of the early harvest, told of nothing hut tranquility. The morning of the 17th saw every thing changed; in the night redoubts had been thrown up by a lew hardy men, under ihe ilireciion of Prescott. In the dawn ot the morning, being perceived by the enemy, a cannonade was immediately opened uj an them from the floating batteries on the water, and tho land on the other side ot 1 Charles'River. I suppose it would be difficult in a military point of view, to ascribe my just motive to either paity lor that conllict. it probably wa* not very important for the pruv icial army to hem in the British in Boston, by n force o little nearer, when that could probably have been expected by a lorce a littlu further in the rear. On the other hand, it is quite evident that if th.i British otticers had had nothing else in view but to dislodge tho occupants of Bunker Hill, the British commanded the w aters, tho Mystic on the one side, ami the Charles'river on their other; and as those two river* approached each other, it was perfectly competent to cut oft all communication, and riduce Prescott to fumine in eight and loity hours. But that was not the day lor such a sort of calculation on either side. The truth is, tioth parties ware r .dy, anil anxious, and determined to try the strength of their arms. The pride of the British would not submit thnt a ri doubt of the rebels, as they were called, should be here, and stand in iheir very lace and defy them to their teeth. Without calculating the cost, or caring lor it, their object was to destroy the redoubt at once by the power ol tho Royal Army, and take vengeance as well as attHin seen rity On the other tide, Prescott and hit gallant followers, fully persuaded that the time was near when the existieg controversy must breok out into open hostilities long thirsted lor tho contest. They wished to to try it, and to try it now; and that is the secret which placed Prescott therewith his troops. (Cheers.) 1 will not attempt to de cribc what has been so olteii Described better than lean do it. Tho cannonading from tho water?the assaults from the land?the coolness with whirh the provincial army, if it might be so called, met the charge of the enemy, the valor with which they repulsed it, the second attack, the second repulse, the burning of Charlestown, and finally the closing sceneot the rrtreat of the Militia of New England over the Neck, I shall not attempt to describe; but in its consequences the battle of Bunker Hill stands amongst the most important that ever took place between rival States. It wrs tho first great controversy in the Revolutionary war, end in my judgment it was not only the first blow strack in that war, but it was the blow that determined the issue of that contest. (Cheers.) It cei.ainly did not put an end to the war, but it put the country in a stale of open hostity; itput the controveisy between them to the arbitration o! the sword, and made one thing certain?that after Warren ft'l?after the troops of the New England States had been able tomret and repulse the attack ol the British regulars, it was certain that peace would never be established between the two couutries except on the bans of an acknowledgment of American inuepcndcnce. When that sun w?ut down the independence of them States was eer. tain. (Cheers.) No event of great military magnitude look place between June 75 and '70, when Independence was formally declared. It rests, I know, on the most in dnntitable authority, that when General Washington, having just then received his appointment as Commander in Chief of the American army, beard ol the battle of Bunker Hill, and wos told that tor want ol ammunition nnd thercauses the mi itiu yielded the ground to the English troops, he asked ifthe militia of New England stood the fire of British regular troops, and b? ing told that they did, and reserved their own till the enemy were within eight rods, and then diichaigcd it with faariul etlwct, he then exclrimed?"The libeities of the country are sale (Enthusiastic cheering ) The consequences, then, of the battle ot Bunker Hill are just ot the iirpot tance of the ' American revolution itself. It there is nothing of value? if there is nothing wot,by the regard of mankind in the revolution itself?then there is nothing wot thy of regai d in the battle ol Bunker Hill and the consequences flowing from it. But if the American revolution be an era in the history of man faoorable to human happiness?if it be nn event which has marked the progress oline human rare from despotism to liberty? 1 it be an event which has shed a vast influence on not only this continent but tho wqrld? then that monument is not raised without causehen is Bunker Hill not unworthy of perpetual memorial. What then is the principle of the American revolution, and ol this system of politics! government, which it h'is established and conformed t Now the truth is that the American Revolution was not caused by any instantaneous adopt on of a th< ory of government which had ever lit fore entered into the minds of men, nor the embracing the ideas and sentiments of liberty before alto, getbrr unknown. On the contrary, it was but the better det elopement and application of sentiments and opinions, which had had their origin far back in American ami English history. The discovery of America, its colon7. ition by the several States of Europe, the historv of the colonies f rom the time ol their establishment to the time when the principal of them threw olf their allegiance to the States by which had been planted, constitute a train at events among the most important recorded in human annals. These events occupied 30(1 years, dnring w hich whole period knowledge made steady progress in thvold world; so that Europe herself at the timo of the establishment of the New England States and Virginia, had been greatly changed lrom that Europe which bail commenced the colonization of the continent three bimdred years before. And what is most material to my pun osc ir, that in the first of these centuries?that is to ?av, trem the discovery ot America to the settlement of I irginia and Massachusetts?the events occurred especially In England and somepaitaof the continent or Europe w inch materially changed th-' whole condition of society. Now we know that, alter some tew attempts in the reign of Henry Vlf to plant co. lonirs in America, no effective effort was made for that purpose, either by the crown or the subjects under its protection, lor almost a century. Without inquiring into the cause of this long delay, its const quences are tufticiently clear and stnk'ug. England, in this lapse of a century, unknown to hcl self, was becoming tit and com n. tent til Co Inn i/e \'nrt h A mnr-lcn. nn.l men i-i.f.. leiinini/ lor that purpose, competent to Jntrod'. ce the Kukli*l> name mi.1 the Anglo-tnion race into a great | art ion of this western world. The commercial spirit wcs much encouraged by several laws passed in the reign of Henry VII, and countenance was given also to oris and manufactures in the erstern counties of Knglaud; and some not unimportant modillrnticu* of the Kendal System were i tli.cted hy the power of breaking 'hu entailment of estates. These, and other measures at that period, pud other causes, produced a new class ol society, and caused it to emerge from the bosom ot the Kendal System. Ami this itself, on the community at Europe, Thus w ? a commercial or middle class?a rli -s neither barons nor funtfownerson the one side, nor on the other mere retainers ol the great barons or the crown; hutaeln<sof industry, ol commerce, of education, thus produced?a chrige on the face of Europe. Operative causes were arising and our land produced hd effect, which from the acce ?ion of Henry VII. to the breaking out of the civil wait enabled them to enjoy mue.h more of peace than during the controversy of tha Houses of York end Leicester. Cam ol anotherde icrip'ion also came into play?the reformation of Luther broke out kindling up the minds ol men afresh, leading ;o new habits ol thought and dissension, and the waking "iieigies of individuals tliat before were wholly tin blown even to theimelvcs. The religions controversb s .1 , I, i i -.rui.1 i.Iidi.mi I <1... ... .....II .. .?l.-i A ndetil it were easy to prove, if thia were the n roper ocea?ion, that they changed the Htate In in dance* in which they tilt not change the icligion if the ?t?te. The apirit of foreign commercial enter niie and adventure tnliownl the revival of commeice. [To be concluded tn to-morrow's Herald.] . New Lebanon J [Corrr?i>oii(iei.ce of the Herald.] New Lebanon Springs, May 21, li?l3 Extraordinary Movtments amor# the. Shakers Mountain War sit ip?Revelations o/ the lAittei Day* I h ive just returned from Shaker meeting, st heir monument, und thinking it might he interest ng to you, 1 will give an account oi "II I mw t?nd ifard,according to the best ?>i my recollection I started from the Spring* ahout 10 o'clock. A. M and taking southeast direction over the rnoun 1 i wmmmmmmrnrnBBBM I ^mn A I liiva. Mm Two C?nU, tains, I arrived ou the "Holy Ground" about II. It will be necessary lo /fire you some description of the place o( worship, and in order to do this, you must imagine yourself upon the highest point of Hancock Mountain, surrounded by one ot the most beuutilul and fruitful countries in the world. Here the eye can at a glance take in a landscape of more than one hundred miles in circumference. In a clear day the Hudson Kiver is plainly discernible with the naked eye, and vessels can be seen navigating its waters, although 28 miles distant. To the f ast you have a view of I'ittsfielri and other villages beyond, besides a number of beautiful taken and picturesque mountuins. In short, I do not recollect of ever standing on a more beautiful spot.? On the top of this beautiful mountain stands the far lamed fbaker monument?temple?lane, or what \ you please to call it. It is a marble slab about five feet high, very pluinly wrought, but erected in a substantial manner, being sunk into a rock and fastened with melted lead. Upon the south side is this inscription. " The word of the Lord. "Here is my living fountain, saith the Holy One ( Israel, and here is where I shall set up my Kingdom forever more to reign. And from this place shall go torth my word and holy laws to all nations ot the earth. "And I say, whosoever shall pretume to put their hands upon this stone, or step their feet within the spot where I tinolenn and thrit-ueart* impure, nhnll in lone day or other feel tlin rod of my icvcrity. and (all under an awful curie, which I ahull in my own time muse to come upon them. Even I, the Ureal I um?the Eternal, Almighty, an Overruling Power of Heaven nd Eauh." "My word ia truth?Amen." On the north aide of the monument ia thia inscription, Written and placed here, On the Holy Mount, Hy th? Command of Ot'a Loan and SaviokI July, 1813. Engraven at New Lebanon. Erected hero Julv 35th. " Done at New Lebnnon hy command ol our Lord and Savior. Erected here July 90th, 1843." Adjoining the monument are five ahort posts,erected about two feet huh and about six leel apart, to which arc fastened four heavy planks,painted white, making a five aided yard or baain, oi which the monument conatitutea one oi the sidea Around the monument ia a very neat substantial fence, painted white, about four feet high, which encloses just one halt an acre. This fescs has fonr gates facing the points oi the compass ? Leading from the western gateia a road,about twelve naces broad, petfrctly rmooth and even, and bordered on each side by spruce frees, about sixteen paces njmrt. About forty rods from the monument, as you travel down this road, you reach another gate, which ia o|>ened with many ceremonies, as the Shakers enter it on their way to the monument. Front this gate the road continues down the mountain into the shaker village. When I arrived on the mountain I fount! the brethren and sisters on their kneva in front of this last mentioned gate. After engaging in seeming silent prayer, and singing once or twice, one of the elders very solemnly opened the gate, and led the congregation forward, each bowinc low as tbev nasaed tlirniitili. When they reached thegnte nt the fence which encloses the monument, they again prostrated themselves, nnd after going through a similar ceremony, ns at the other, this gate w;is also unclosed, and all immediately pressed round the monument with singing, shouting, and with dances. As soon as all had got their places, they commenced singing a chant, of which I could gather only these words:? "Oh! Loid! give mo wisdom ! Oh, givo me strength t* direct my needy children on earth."' As soon as this chant ended, one of the Shakers spoke with a loud voice, and said, " Elder Brother, will you give us of the holy waters to drink!" An nged man then stepped I or ward in front of the monument, and dipping his hand into the empty basin, he apparently applied a veerel to his li|3, and took a long, hearty draught ol water, alter which he handed it to others, who seemed to drink their fill; even the little boys and girls, apparently nine orten years old, rolled in their fingers, and appeared to drink wish as much satisfaction as they would have done, had it been real water, and I dare say tWere was a sufficient stretch of the imagination in their cases to make them really believe they were taking down draughts ot pure and li?ly water; or there may possibly have been something in it, which we who stood outside of the " holy ground" could not discover. As soon as they had all drunk their fill, another Shnker cried, "Elder brother, will you wash us with the holy waters!" The same old man then appeared to take up water in his hands, and throw it over those who stood next to him, passing round the basin, and serving those who stood next to htm as he passed them. They have the art of imitation very perfect, or they did in reality feel the waters rushing over them, torevery one gave a shudder, and made every motion that a person would if a r?r?Id afppnm nf ivnfpr shrtitM Kn tlirnu'n nvnr llism mi a hot day. And not only did it affect the person next the rider brother, but all who stood immediately behind were affected in the same manner, and, as they stood, I should think twelve deep, the hindmost person seemed to be overwhelmed with a rushing of waters at the same moment with him who stood next to the imaginary fountain. There seemed to be sometiaing very exliilirating in the drinking and washing with these waters, tor they immediately struck up a lively tune, commencing with the words? "March ye on I march ye on/ Oh my heloved children, Sic." And forming four deep, they marched around the monument with a quick step, and to appearance, light hearts. An old man then stepped out of the ranks and addressed the spectators,saying that "they came therp to worship the only true Hod, and not to bow down to images, or to do anything unseemly in the sight of their Creator." He very politely invited those "who felt in their hearts so disposed, to partake yith tliem in their worship, could they Ho so conscientiously ." "He was glad, he said, to see hist i-nds and neighbors there, and hoped they did not < i me to make light of what they saw and heard." Alter giving us good counsel and advice, he step|>ed buck into the ranks, and they commenced another quick step to the tune of.u "Come ! come! my little few, Match on to the land ol peace. Pre?8 on to the living fount?<n, lie." A young man was then led forward, who commenced exhorting in a loud voice, saying first, that his name was "James Whittaker." Now, inasmuch as the said James Whittaker was one of the first followers of Ann T-ep, and came from Englnnd in the same ship with her; and moreover died many years ago, and inasmuch also, as the young man who spoae is caneu i-ewis i.ccawooo, ii can uniy be accounted lor, except by sup|>osing that the spirit of "Father James" had entered the body of the yountr man, and impel.ed him to speak as he was moved by the spirit. The amount ol his inspiration was, that he had appeared amongst the brethren and sisters to warn them from the evils of (lie world,and to promise many good things to come, upon those who kept steadfast to the taith. Hut the great objected his appearance was to deli ver to them a golden chain with which to bind the Elders in a bond of union, which all the powers of darkness could not dissolve. II- declared that he had the chain with hint, and "I deliver it," he said, "to this Elder brother, who is worthy to receive it." I did not see the chain, but I dare suv they received it,as I observed tbent very busy binding the Elderstogether with it; and the texture ol the chain might nave been very small, and too minutely put together for the eyes of a "worldly man" to see it; besides,you must recollect I was outside of the lence. The other ceremonies were very much as they wi re accustomed to [lerlorm while they held public meetings at the church, except an exhibition which would t>erha;>8 look silly to most " world's people yet there was something solemn in it; and as I have no doubt that they are sincere in what they do, and esteem it a duty to do so, I think every one should have charity, and not condemn too hastily, actions, which seem to its unbecoming, because they are something which we have been unarcustomail In i-ee Tins exercise was the result ol nil exclamation of one of the number, who said, "Father William nay*, let everyone endeavor \o net as much like fools as tliey can and judging from the manner in which they complied with thia rnjuert of Father William, I believe everyone did their heat The men and women put their lingers in their mouths, and talked gibberish to each other, twisting their laces nnd bodies into the moat unseemly and ludicrous forms and attitudes that lever saw. Tliey spoku to each other as children wou'd talk of live years of age, yet not hall so sensible, nnd each one strived apparently to make themselves appear ss much like an inhabitant ol a mad-house as I ossible. It is well worth the trouble of visiting the monument on a pleasant Sunday, to observe the ways of this curious people. There are so many of these ceremonies which appear so mysterious, and many things connected with them which we cannot understand the use, or even the motive that impels tliem, that we arc nt once filled with curiosity and aatoniahment. Yours, Jec. H.

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