Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 23, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 23, 1843 Page 2
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r NEW YORK HERALD. v<w York. KrMey, June 43, 1843 < I lit Urml Bunker 11II1 Merultl On Saturday, of tins week, we shall publish a moat kiiptib edition of the Wskklt lltasi.n, which, from the matter it will contain, will be called the Bunker Hill lleiaid A lull account of the celebration of Bunker Hill will he its principal feature, consisting of the da scriptions, and Mr. Webster's oration; accompanied with four or five splendid engrgyingt, comprising 1st. A view el the procession (arming on Boston Common. Ind. A view of the procoaaion crossing Warren Bridge. 3d. A view of Bunker Hill Monument from the north, as it looked on the day of the celebration, with the flags t bove and crowds below. 4th. A view of Bunker Hill Monument from the south in my. an II iwuru on iu?-- tjuici after the celebration. AnJ 6th. A rare and original view ol the Battle of Bunker Hill, which took place on the 17th June, 1T7S; taken irom a print puhliahed a few weeka after that great event, and now in possession af a citizen of New York; eihibiting the array af the American army engaged in deadly conflict with the Britiah troopa, their ahipa and other force*. This will be one of the moat curious and interesting Weekly Hekslds ever published. Agents and newsmen will please to transmit their arders as early as possible ? Wi shall probably publish one hundred thousand copies to supply all demands. Two editions will be published, to be called the BUNKER HILL HERALD. One of these editions' will be printed on the usual paper used for the Herald?price 6J cents by single numbers? 4 cents in <iuantities. The other edition will be printed on superfine paper, ol great beauty .strength and durability, and will be sold at 12} cents in single copies?and 8 cent* by the quantity. Send in orders as fast as possible. State or Affairs at thk Skat of Governmknt. ?The President has returned to Washington, any thing but satisfied with his tour. It was indeed a somewhat extraordinary " progress." It began in farce?ended in tragedy?and the chief actors now find themselves in n most uncomfortable pickle. With the solitary exception of his reception in this rity, the President lound nothing satisfactory or ronsolatory. He complains, in indignant terms? " not loud but deep"?that in the other places visited by him, and particularly in Boston, he was so hemmed in?so strictly guarded?so diligently kept wiihin certain limits, that he had no chance of meeting with the people. A few selfish hangers-on una ornciais in expectancy, perpetually thrust themselves, he says, between him and the " old" and " young democracie"?the great massasof the people. That Daniel Webster should have so monope lized the public applause and favor, was also matter o( indignant complaint. The fact is, never will wearied man repose his head on his pillow with more sincerity of joy, than will " honest John Tyler," when he reaches the White House, after having terminated this uncomfortable, unsatisfactory, trouble begetting journey. Mr. Webster's abrupt departure from Boston, and the fact that he and his friends Blatchford, Draper and others, amused themselves at Marshfield, instead of attending the funeral of Mr. Legare, excited a good deal of warm feeling at head-quarters. It was regarded as conduct, to say the least of it, disrespectful and unkind. However, in these days of confusion, uncertainty, ana change, we presume that there is no necessity tor sticking very closely to the old-fashioned rules tor the regulation of social life. There are various coniecturas afloat relative to the sullying ol the vacancy occasioned by the death of Mr. Legare. It is said that Mr. Upshur will he the Secretary of State, which would still leave three important offices vacant?the Secretaryship of the Navy?the office of Attorney General?and the post of Minister at the French Ccifrt. Ail sorts of rumors are of course in circulation resecting the candidates for these offices, and the course to be pursued by the administration. Every loafer about the Pewter Mug and National Hall, atiect, of course, the most intimate acquaintance wiih the state of matters at Washington, and predict with all possible seriousness the events which the morrow is to bring forth. And, indeed, these prophets and philosophers know probably as mochas those at Washington. A cabinet in a fog is the most unfortunate of organized bodies. Something must evidently soon be done. It is only by a determined, decisive course that the present difficulties can be made to disappear, what does Mr. Spencer mean to do 1 That his star has gained the ascendancy during the late tour, is believed in many quarters. Can it guide the distracted Cabinet to any sort of a comfortable haven I We shall see. Oitr Report or Webster's Oration.?The creatures connected with the press who were utterly unable to report this great discourse, continue to exhibit their chagrin by attempts to depreciate our orlr-.i-r.kU -or?.M Tko Jmj .1 -V..? accuses our reporters of mangling one of Mr. Webster's Latin quotations. The quotation as given in the " official" report, is as follows:? " Pulrhrum est benejucere reipublicae, etiam bene dicere baud." Now, it happens that a paper was handed to our reporters, trom Mr. Webster himselt, containing the "quotations which might be used," and it is now before us. In it we find this quotation thus written tn Mr. IVehaUr't own handwriting " Pulrhrum est, benejucere, btnedicere liaud absuidum est." By a mistake of the printer, absurdurn was made ab seiuruium?which, as our reporters did not see the report till it appeared in the paper, remained uncorrected. Every blockhead, however, who had ever declined hie, hacc, hoc, except that one who penned the paragraph in the Advertiser, must have been able to attribute the error to the proper quarter ?the compositor,'who did not happen to be so excellent a classical scholar as the accomplished writer in the Advertiser. The quotation, then, was * given according to Mr. Webster's own version, and k.i n n A iko u/^ini r-iltlu r? F11 in nl A i wef mav settle the matter as they please. The simple fact is, however, that we have so frequently chastised the incom|>etency and stupidity of a number of those who affect great ability in the management of the newspaper press, that the creatures are becoming exasperated. Well, we are glad to ?< e them make any exertion. Even their wriggling? are better than absolute torpidity. But we must continue our flagellations, and as heretofore beat them hollow in all and every case requiring enterprise and skill. Thk Mayor ?The Mayor has been very seriously aHlicted with the prevailing epidemic. He has recovered in some slight degree, but not sufficiently to resume his duties in the office. He has accordingly left town on a short rustication among his friend- down at lslip on Long Island He will return en Monday next. In the mean time the duties of Mayor will be discharged by Alderman Purdy, and 1.1 his absence, as he was yesterday,to Yonkers, by Mr- Munson Clark, his able and efficient First Mare ha I. Irish Rkprai- in France.?'The question of Irish Repeal has already began to be agitated in France, and the National has come out very decidt dly in tavor of tin movement. From all appearances, thiagitation promises soon to involve the whole ol Western Europe In the present distracted and revolutionary age, the agitation of the subject of Ire laud's independence may reasonably be expected to lead to very important results. It is difficult to assign limits to its influence. The whole tendency of the age is towards republicanism, and now that the influence and example of this country are daily becoming more widely and powerfully felt in Europs, every movement in favor of ihe increased liberty of the people, and the overthrow of institutions whose o}>eration has a different tendency, obtains an immensely added force and importance. We will giMin hear mope of this agitation in France. m \ v Arrival and Dtpartin mf (k* f*r*?td???tHowards' Hotel. New Yore, ) Mr. Bennett? My dear Sir:?The President and suite, with the tail, arrived at their oldquartera in thishotel, about 6 o'clock thia morning in the Norwich boat. Hia arrival at the dock was a very quiet affair. It any one knew of it, no one was there to receive him aave Mr. U.S. Oommiaaioner Rapelje, who went down to the dock at about tire o'clock in the morning with five carriages, and waited alone for him there until the arrival of the boat at six. Mr. Ra" pelje escorted him up to Howards', and from Howards' to the cars for Philadelphia. Although much has occurred since thev left this citv to cam anairot gloom over their faints, yet it was manifestly quite refreshing to them to get back where they had not only enjoyed such superior accommodations and attention, but where also they , could breathe a little pure democratic air in the same apartments, which a few days since were sweetened with the breath of the " young democracies The President remarked to Mrs. Howard that he had not breathed so ireely at any place since his attack with the influenza. The following is a list of the whole presidential party:? John Ttlkr, President U. Doctor Thomas. States, and two sen-ants, Z. C. Lee, Maryland. Hon. J. C. Spencer, Secre- Howard Kennedy, do. tury of the Treasury, and General Henderson, Washservaut. ington. Judge Porter, sad two Robt. Tyler and lady, do. daughters. John Tyler, Junr., do. A. P. Upshur, Secretary of Mr. Jenkins. the Navy. Mr. Howe, Philadelphia. C. A. Wicklifte, Postmaster Col. A. Allen, Kentuch* General, lady, and two W. W Russell, U. S. Madaughters. rines. Mr. Winder R. A. Luther, U. S. Army. Captain Ramsay. Colonel Graham. As to the President's health, he appeared to have suffered much, and still shows symptoms of a high fever. Although, having only a day's notice of their arrival, Mr. Howard had provided a most sumptuous breakfast, at which were to be Been and toitu tjuiiic uiiiuruiiuuauic uuDra9uuauicDt yci uic President ate but little. He said he needed rest more'than food. Some of the parly are anxious to have him haste* on as far as Baltimore to-night, but Dr. Thomas, his physician, is decidedly opposed to it, in the present precarious state of the President's health. Mr. Wickliffe is also suffering severely from the influenza. The whole party are deeply afflicted by Mr. Legare's sudden and untimely death. Many of them are also suffering with the influenza. And it may not be improper to add, that some of the party are not a little disconcerted, and others not a little offended at the course taken by Mr. Webster. It was stated that the late Secretary of State, and still later orator of the 17th, instead of joining the President's suite, and dining and wining with him at the Tremont, returned to Marshfield, and went incontinently to making chowder. It was also stated that he not only did not attend Mr. Legare's funeral, but that he did not even return to take leave of his Excellency the President on his departure for Washington. It appears, too, that Messrs. Curtis,Draper,Blatch lord and others of Mr. Webster's friends, also left Boston for Marehfield, after Mr. Legare's death, to spend a few days in learning the art and mystery ot chowder making. It was expected that all that chowder party would have been present at M. Legare's iuneral, but to the surprise of all, none of them were there. As to the presiding genius of the New York Custom House, some of the party significantly intimated? "Darl( brood the heav'n* o'er thee." It would further appear that President Tyler has made one grand discovery here at the north?who are his friends. I need not Bay they are in his opinion the "Young Democracie." They gave him a welcome embrace?he felt their strong arms close about him?their, big heart beat responsive to his own?their sentiments were his?their attachment as ardent as that of Ruth unto Naomi. So, then, if President Tyler takes in new bed-fellows must he not kick out old ones'? Although Mr Tyler might consent to lie with Daniel Webster on the one side, and Alderman Purdy upon the other, yet it is doubtful if either of these latter gentlemen would consent to go to sleep while the other two should hold a little private conversation. That there are two cold shoulders between Webster and Tyler is pretty certain. And it is equally certain that Col. Graham's position is not to be disturbed. It is now discovered that it was set down in the unpublished programme that Mr. Webster was to be cheered, but not the President. It is related that & New York Tyler man, at the time of the procession in Boston, was sitting near some ladies, and mooted the question about giving cheers for the President as he should pass along. It was discussed from one to another, until it came to the ears of one of the marshals of the day, who replied, " Oh no, on no account?it is particularly set down in the unpublished programme, that we are not to cheer the President, but that we are to cheer Mr. Webster. Among other matters of complaint in his eastern visit, the President says, that on leaving New York, he was taken in hand by the whigs and toted down to Boston in such a way that he couldn't see the peopie ai an. Ana ai me iremoniuwas sun me same?plenty of whigs and silver pitchers, but no people to be seen. There is much speculation in respect to the individuals who are to be appointed to fill the vacancies in the cabinet. Various names are mentioned, and among them that of David Henshaw, of Boston. The President and all his party left Howards' at nine o'clock this morning for Philadelphia. More anon. Yours, &c., Jout! JoNKS of Nkw York. The Mkdicat, Bureau.?The resignation of Dr. Birton, the chief of the recently organized medical bureau, will not be greatly lamented by those most interested in the affairs of that department. Jt is to l be hoped that some judgment will be exercised in the selection of his successor. The satisfactory and efficient discharge of the not unimportant duties of the office can be effected only by a man familiarly acquainted with all the details, and who will be able to combine discretion with his zeul. False ?The statements which appeared in the Couritr and Enyuirer, and now going the rounds of some of the papers, relative to the removal ef the Collector of the port of Boston, the resignation of Postmaster Cordon, and the appointment of Mr. Greene as his successor. No such changes have taken place. McCulloch's Universal Gazetteer.?Another great work is ottered to the public, on the cheap system, by the Brothers Harper?a work not only great and valuable, but indispensable. It is the Universal Gazetteer, or Geographical Dictionary of the whole world, recently prepared with immense labor and research, by McCulloch, the author of the celebrated Commercial Dictionary. The American edition has copious additions and improvements, by Professor Haskel, who is amply qualified to revise and correct that (ortion of the Universal Gazetteer which relates to the United States. There are to be seven large maps, and the price of the whole work is to be only four dollars and a half?eighteen large numbers, at a quarter of a dollar each. For sale at this office. Fort Hamilton.?Hamilton House, at Fort Ha iiuuiHi, uii uir puprri) narrows, in now ojien, ana ready to accommodate 160 visitors. Thia is one of the most splendid houses in the neighborhood of New York. A large number of tamilien have now taken rooms, and an early application is necessary to secure accommodations for the summer. The ball room is one of the most sui>erb we ever saw, and the laud and walar excursions area specien of earthly witchery itsdf s Tux Resident Physician at Statin Island, has, we have been informed, given great oflence, by conduct, which, d really committed, is certainly most reprehensible. He claims, it seems, under some obsolete requisition, the right ol compelling all passengers from foreign ports, to deliver to him their soiled linen and clothes, in order that they may be washed before the owners land in the city. He has himself established a very extrusive washhouse, and charges at the moderate rate of one dollar per dozen. The packet ship itoseius arrived at quarantine on Monday evening last, with a number of cabin passengers, some of whom reside in Cincinnati, and others in various portions of the interior, and, on landing, were of course very anxious to proceed to their respective homes. Hut the doctor, on | boarding the ship, made them all hand over to him their dirty clothes to be washed, and by keeping them, has put the passengers to the hardship of remaining nearly a week in the city, at much exjiense and serious inconvenience. One young lady who was returning from a visit to her friends in Europe, and was very anxious to reach her friends in Cincinnati, has thus been detained under circumstances of peculiar hardships. IftheKoscius had come Irom Havana, or New Orleans, and the yellow fever had been prevalent there at her departure, this doctor would have had some show of excuse for his proceeding. But coming, as she ship did, directly from Liverpool, which, at the time of her sailing, was much more healthy than New York, this proceeding seems 1 utterly unjustifiable. If the facts in this case be really as they have [ been stated to us, we have no hesitation in saying that the proper means of putting an immediate stop to such conduct should be at once resorted to. chear Literature.?The only species of chea|> literature tor which the newsboys appear at present to find a market, consists of translations of the licentious novels of Paul de Kock and others of that school. The publisher of these filthy works is in fact, the Napoleon of cheap literature, who is driving the Harpers and Winchester quite off the field. We are thus presented with a counter-revolution, similar to that which overwhelmed the uiumiuy governments 01 r ranee during me uevo lution, and in which a bad system uniformly took the place of one a little better. First there was one tolerably fair?then it made way for a worse oneit, in its time, being succeeded by a still more inferior one, until at the last all were swallowed up in the government, save the mark ! of the caruiille Thus with this cheap literature amongst us. First we had the republication of some good standard works?then came novels and romances?then the productions of such novelists as.Bulwer?now we have Paul de Kock?and the next brood will be that of books which we cannot name. The news boys find it, we doubt not, a profitable traffic. Nice, moral, well-conducted, pure-minded men and women, who would not dare to go into a store to purchase a bawdy book, can obtain it very conveniently at the corner of a street, or the entrance to an unfrequented alley. Alas! the devil and the flesh seem more omnipotent than ever. Another Class from West Point.?Another class (the third we believe), arrived in town last eveniRg from West Point, where the examination has just closed. Most of them stop at Cozzens' American, and a more wild, harum-scarum set of fellows, one seldom sees, unless it be in a class just broke loose from college. It reminds us of the old holiday school song? Omne bene Sine poena Temntifiest liitlendh Van it hora Absque mora Libroa deponendi. Dogs withoi t Mizzles?It will be seen, by a notice in another column, that the dog^ have had theirday, as all dogs must. The mandate ie gone forth?to be muzzled, or to be killed, that is the question. Three days' grace, however, are given, and on Monday next accounts must be settled. Niblo's?Madamoskli.k's Rbnkfit.?Tonight this most talented lady takes a benefit, the new opera of L'Eclair will be performed for the first time. Madamoiselle Ca'v? will doubtless have one of the most elegant and crowded audiences that ever graced a theatre. The universal high estimation in which her talents are held by the New York musical community, will secure her a well deserved evidence of her success in gratifying the frequen. ters of the French.Opera. Bowery Amphitheatre.?We cannot refrain i -.11: *1 LI* .!_ 1 From uaiiiug uic uuriuiun ui uie puoiiu 10 mis ueau* tiful place of amusement. The efforts of Mr. Mann in bringing together such a fine equestrian troupe is certainly admirable, and cannot but meet its due reward. The house too, is so thoroughly ventilated as to be almost as cool as the gardens, and preseats every degree of comfort that] the heart can wish. It is now the most fashionable resort in the city. Literary Notices. Willard's United States.?This is an abridged History of the United Stales, by Mrs. Emma Willard, whose name is familiar to all our readers. Wo have heard this work very highly commended, and doubt not, from the very cursory enamination we have been able to give it, deservedly so. No species of knowledge is so important to American youth as an intimate and thorough acquaintance with the history of their own country. We cheerfully recommend this work to general circulation. Robinson, Pratt & Co. f>3 Wall street. Thirty Years prom Home, or a Voice from the Main Deck; being the experience ot Samuel Leech, who was tor six years in the British and American navies?was captured in the British frigate Macedonian. afterwards entered the American navy, and was taken in the United States brig Syren, by the British ship Med way. Embellished with engraving-. Boston, by.Tappan and Dennet, 114 Washington street. A very interesting sailor-like story, weil worth reading. Life of Alexander the Gnbat?By iheRev. J. Willian s, A M., Vicar of Lampeter. No. 7 of Harper's Family Library, i rice 25 cents. Works of Lord Byron?A new edition, edited by Tnomas Moore, Es?| , with elegant steel engravings?complete in 12 wi ekly parts. No. 2, price 26 cents. Gary & llart, Philadelphia. Socihkrn Liikkaky iVIessenokr?Number for June, 1S43. This periodical is always welcome to our table, for it is alwavs rich in good things. Catholic Family Bible?Translated from the Latin Vulgate?with Annotations by the Rev. Dr. Challoner. together with references, and an historical and chronological index. Approved by Bishop Hughes. Published by D. <te J. Sadlier, 18 Carmine street. Part 2, price 25 cents. Twenty-Sixth Annual Report of the American Colonization Society. The Rover, hy Labree tfc Dean, 162 Naasu street. 1 HI r AKfllSlvn iJiiv?oirt7i r.i/in iinu A/iunvnAni w r Rurai. Affairs, adapted to the United Slates, with engravings. No. 9, 25 cents. Carey & Hart. Invaluable to every farmer. Lithotripsy, or thr Breaking of Stork in the Bladder?by Alban Goldsmith, M. D. Lkcturf.s or Geology, delivered before the Wirt Institute, and Citizens of Pittsburgh, in theSd Presbyterian Church. By Professor Sillinian. These are the recent Lectures by Professor Silliman, ol which we have heard so much. Burgess and Stringer, 222 Broadway, comer Ann street. Circuit Court Befote Judge* Thompson and Betta. Jusr W? Decision* is B?>*arricv.? Uainry Corn? Decided that it ia net competent tor him to petition ane w . This decision is final. Btnan Cain?Decided that creditors of the bankrupt are net parties in interest within the meaning of the 7th section of the act. Joitjih ffaylor?Decided that the demand for a trial by juiy is at the election of the bankrupt,and may be waived by him, in which cue the Court muat proceed to thetriol ol the case. uviictai ocmuiivt Before Recorder Tallmadca, and Aldermen Scole* and Martin. Jamri R. Whitiko, Kkj , Diitrict Attorney. Juar ? The Lottery Cote.?The aee.ond trial o( Hut hard N. Buih, lor aelling a lottery ticket to Alpheti* It Turner, woe taken up yeaterday, the Jury naving dia.i greed theday praaiotia. Similar teatimeny waa pro lucnt aa on the previeua trial. The accnaed waa ably and ingenioualy defended by Sai.aM DuTcHta, K.nq , and the proaecution aaably aupported by the Diatricl Attorney? The Jury, after a abort abaence, returned a rerdict of guilty,and the court adjourned to 11 o'clock thia morning. I Oltjr Intelligence. imitilmt allut umu tw LAtrn tftbatv (twilk En<u *rd aid thii Coreray.?We give below the detell* of an erreet made io the limit* of this State, in conformity with the article in the late treaty etfected between 'hit country and Kngland, which atipulate* for the delivery of yeraoni charged with certain crime* and mia* demeanors, who may have lied the juriadiction of either country to that of the other. On the 18th of January last, a farmer, named John Oilmour, died, in the town of Inchannon, inthe pariah of lnchannon, and waa buried in the church-yard of Dunlap, Ay rehire, in Scotland, but from aome cause, the friend* cf the deceased entertained suspicions that all wa* not right, and had the body ex numcj on the \!2J April, wlion, u]>on examination of the stomach, it was ascertained that the cause ot death was arsenic, aupposod to have been administered at different times, and the wife was suspected as being yarliceyi crimimt. This belief was strengthened by the fact that she fled upon being summoned to attend before the autho. rities holding the inquest. A warrant was issued by the Sheriff Substitute ot Renfrewshire, on petition of the Procurator Fiscal, to George McGarf, of the rural police( of Paisley, Renfrewshire, for the arrest of Christina Cochran, otherwise called Gilmour, wife of the deceased Alter diligent search, it was ascertained that she had iled the country, in the brig Excel, for New York. Upon this, the officer, after procuring the necessary documents from the Secretary of State, left in the stcum ship Acadia, which arrived at Boston, on the ? ult., and came on to this city, when, after laying the matter before the United Statea' Court, Judge Betts issued the necessary warrant, and on Wednesday evening Mr. McOay went down to Staten Island,to board the brig which had just arrived at the Quarantine, and there arreated the woman, and lodged her in prison here. She will be brought before the United States'Marshall, on Saturday next, for final examination. Larue Theet or Kiyk Franc Pieces.?A German emigrant named Frederick Ercsman, was urrcsted on Wednesday evening by officers McGrath and Cockeiair, on a charge of stealing 485 live franc pieces from his cousin, Catherine Keyler. The accused came passenger in Company with the complainant in the ship Burgundy, recently arrived from Havre, and the money was missed on the arrival ol the vessel at this port, and the accused among mini.,., On orr-.tul Hint ihn "" "ft- V" ? 1?? ""V reaovered, and alter being sent before the United States Martha], under a supposition that the thelt was committed on the.high teas, he was returned to the police as having been committed alter the arrival of the vessel. The money w at restored to the complainant, und the accused lodged in prison. Abhkst or Pickpockets.?On Wednesday evening officers Stephens and McOrath returned from Baltimore, having in custody two notorious pickpockets, who have been inmates of the State Prison for their industrious pilfeiiugs. Their names are John Carpenter, alias Sommerindy ke, alias Bergen J ack, and Thomas Lowerrie. About three weeks since, they fled from thi< city after robbing a Pennsylvania drover, Daniel Infield, of his pocket book, containing about $i05, on the Five Points, whither he had gone to visit the neighborhood known as " Dickons' Place." Thsy went to Baltimore, and about two weeks since the active police officers Hays, Zell, and Ridgley,ol

that city arrested them, and had them confined in jail until the New York officers could claim them under requisition of the Ooveruor ol the State. They did so, and the nimble chevaliers are now in the Tombs awaiting trial. Minok Offenses.?John Henry Logce and Wales D. Casterton, were committed lor Btealing a pair of boots, the property of Samuel H. R. Lee, Jr., a passenger on board the steamboat North America. Michael Bryan stole one pair of boots worth $,3,60 from the store of Henry Romer, No. 634 Grund street ; and a colored lad named Stephen Jones, was locked up for carrying off an axe from the premises of Mrs. Henderson, No. 116 Greenwich st.?all special sessions culprits. Death bt Dhownino.?Yesterday a man was found floating in the East Iliver, near James' slip; he was apparently a sailor ; on his left arm the fetters H. S. W H M I, were marked iii India Ink. He appeared to be about 30 years of age. sandy complexion, and sandy hair, was dressed in a blue roundabout, blue pants, red flannel under shirt, and slippers. He had not been in the water over a few hours Verdict?the unknown man was found drowned. .H UJIC1IU1 VUUI I.. Before Judge Oakley. Junk 32?John Raynar vs. The New York Fire Insurance Company.?Tbis was an action to recover insu. ance on a policy dated in February, 1929?$1,600. The building was a grocery at Harlem. The defence was that ttiere was powder in the store. Case not finished. Oriftin and Hawcs for pluintitt. 8. F. and P. A. Cow drey for defendant. 01/-VENTRILOQUISM.?Harrington ut the American Museum is the most amusing and wonderful ventriloquist wo have ever heard. His feats of legerdemain are also of the highest order. The whole performances, the beautiful fountain, the garden on the top of the Museum, the balloon ascensions, the living sea dog and half a million of curiosities uttract large crowds day and evening. The large saloon for the reception of articles of manufacture and trade cards ol business is in active preparation, and pe.sons thinking of making depositee are allowed to view it in the day time free ol charge. {& "PUT MONEY IN THY POCKET," AND THEN wend thy way te Peale's New York Museum. There deposit the trifling sum of one shilling in the hands ol the obliging money taker, who wilt make you a very polite obeisance. Enter that establishment and buliold the vast collection of curiosities, splendid Picture Gallery, and highly diverting entertainments in the Lecture Room, consisting of Imitations of eminent actors by the most amusing ol all mimics Delarue, comic singing in the true sense ofthft word by Brouwer.ioft warbling by Miss Adair, Grecian Exercises by Miss Blanchard, and dancing by La Petite Cento. Oty- THE VNDERSIGNED, IN BEHALF OF THE Washington Volunteers, take this opportunity of returning their sincere thanks to Captain Frazee, of the steamboat Columbus, for his kind indulgence and gentlemanly deportment at their Annual Target Excuision on the22d inst. We would cheerfully recommend to all military and other companies, making target excursions this season, the steamer Columbus?a more elegantly arranged boat for this purpose cannot be found. Our acknowledgments are also due to our worthy host Mr. Dewitt C. Kellinger. We believe he has no superior in his business. The dinner, and other refreshments furnished on the occasion, were of the highest order. He has long been engaged in the business, and Irom the lieatnesr, beauty and symmetry with which everything was arranged, we make bold to say that no person better deserves an extensive portion of the public patronage. STEPHEN H. FEEK3, ) Committee WM. H. CORNEL, } of HENRY HEED, ) Arrangements. Qt3- MORE NEW BOOKS.?This day published, wholesale and retail, by Burgess & Stringer, 222 Broad way,corner Ann street,McCulloch'sUniversal Gaze.tuer, a dictionary, geographical, statistical, and historical of the various countries in the world, to be completed in IS numbers, at 25 cents per number, published in Harper's very best style. The first number is just published, and only needs to be seen to be purchased by every one. For sale v. holesale and retail, this morning, by BURGESS k STRINGER,222 Broadway, Comer Ann street. N. B ?Arrangements having been made with the Messrs. Harners. we are enabled to sell all their imblica tions as soon as issued, at the publishers' wholesale and retail prices. B. t 8. Q(f SMALL BUSINESS?Mr. Dexter of Albany has fallen into the habit of copying Dr. Sherman's notices of his Lozenges, and alter substituting some other name uses them to sell some unknown article that he calls medicated Lozeng s. Some persons in his employ even go so far as to say they are the same as Sherman's, that the person who makes them was formerly foreman lor Dr. Sheiman. We call that small business. If their article is worth anything we should suppose they could build it upon its swn merits as Sherman has his. The Dr. must have a load to carry all those who want to live under his reputation. There is no man in America that was ever his foreman, and none know how to make bis Lozenges but himself? when will people learn that there is nothing gained by in itating such wall known atticles? Dr. Sheiman's agent in Albany is A. Guthrie, 4 Stanwix 11 ill; Thiladelphia, H9 Chesnut street; Warehouse, 106 Nassau st. OfT-INFLUENZA CURED.?Dr. Taylor's Balsam of Liverwort, 87a Bowery, is the only medicine which those who have Influenza, Coughs, Colds, or Consumption can depend with any degree ot certainty of being cured ;tberelore we warn them to avoid imitations under the name of Balsam, which are of no use whatever. And also counterfeiti of this article, made anil advertised by persons .;.l .riulin<,?n.l Ufa ,ln rw.t .,.11 1 k i o -I I ? I. to W. W. Thayer or J O. Kay, nor authorise them to a<I vertise it. During the pust week, a number of cases ha vr come under our immediate notice of persona afflicted w ith the prevailing Influenza, in which the beneficial rtfect* of this medicine have been truly astonishing, and we nre constantly receiving letters expressive of the lull and unlimited confidence reposed in this reanody. Bo sure to buy only at 376 Bowery,or ol Dr. O. J. Leeds, sole wholesale agent, Ufl Maiden lane. 0ty- HAIR ERADICATOR.?This celebrated Powder will remove hair from any part ot the human body, and will not injure the most delicate akin, but leave it smoother than before. Any ane can see it tested belore buying, at the store 31 Courtlandt street. QtJ- OF.NTI.KMKN WHO HAVE SANDY OR IIED Whiskers can find a dya that willcolorthe hair any shade, from a light brown to a jet black, and will not stuin I the skin. It is made by the celebrated Chemist J. Cornstock, M. D., Hartford, Conn. To be had only at 31 Courtlandt street, near Broadway. Rino Worm, and all other eruptions of the skin can be speedily cured by Wist's Cosmetics and Tills, war ronla.1 Pilh?Hay'* Liniment i* warranted toeurethem. pttbirr the Blood,?By'the u?e of the Extract of Harlap e ilia, made by Medara.'Comstock fx Co., which hue performed *ome very remarkable cure*. Price 60 cent* per bolt le, $4 per dozen. fie* Headache?Spohn'a remedy,warranted to cure Durmci can be cuied by the Accouatic Oil. Price $1 pe r bottle. Dcdodtirr awd Hair Kai.liku out, completely cared i y the tile of Oldrldge'i Balm of Columbia, which by over 16 yeara tide in thif country, had proved the beat hiiirn dtorer ever made. A that contain! much uieful matter, and one that every family ought to have, id to be had oat ti<i to all who will ?end far them The prejudiced u. don't expect to aend until they have ipeiit ten timed what our Medicine* would coat them to he anted by a pbvaician Ai.l the above to ar had (ier*IRK only at 51 CouaTi.ahdt araaxT, uear Broadway. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. 8?i?i or si >4* > l n itt I'll llutlrl | > It I? Ytitcnflty. $1000 Stale 6s. any year, 46J; 96 sUarei Wilmington RB, 11; 8 do Bankol Pennsylvania, c and p, 141. After Board?do ?h irea Mechanics' Bank, 19J; $4000 St. Louii 10 per cent, 1816, int. 1st June, 100. LATEST SOUTHERN SHIP NEWS. Philadklphia. June 22?\rr Merchant, (Br) Beck, St John, NB; Woodlands. (Br) Johnston, do; luud|?-odenre, Stuart. Fall River; Brilliant, Mclutyrt, and New V. aland, Poland, Lubec. Below, Bar.Ii Hand, Derrick, New Orleans; (irrm, Lincoln, Boston. Lid I'otoinac, Bearse, Mouttvideo and Bueuos Ayres. ^ BaLTiMoaa, Jane 21?Arr Atlas, (Br) McCaMam, Windsor, " dnuues, ( Brim) D rrrks, Brsiuen; Somerset, ( Br) Williams, Drmcrara; Clinton, Kmersou, B.iu^or; Mary, Cook, Ni*wbury|iort. Kiohmowd, June 20?Sid Partt.iau, Allen, Bremen. PiTKRSBUto, June I9-Arr at Lity Po?lt, Dunbar, Pendleton, Liverpool. (.Is 17th. John Marshall, PoyUiress, Antwerp; Qen WmhitiL'ton. Mulinrr . i? Preieott, Jo; pMucston, Houzhnm.C, 0(7- ENGLISH LITERATURE FOR JUNK -The New World for Saturday, June 24,1843, will contain the gemRof the English Magazines for June, besides the uiual variety o( able and interesting original articles. 1. Reminiscences of " An Old Federalist;" No. 3 of these interesting Sketches of the Olden Time. 2. Original Poetry?Oa the death of Dr. Webster. By Mrs. Sigourney. 3. Ornnd's History of Germany?No. 7 of these learned and valuable letters. 4. Laura Willoughby?A thrilling story of woman's frailty. 6. Keeping Secrets?by Laman Blanchard. 6. Mysterious Adventure in Germany. 7. Two pages from the Book of Love. 8. Transplantation of Trees. 8. Court of Charles II. 10. Foreign Selections and News. 11. Webster's Oration at Bunker Hill. 12. Letter from London?Repeal Agitation in Ireland? The Irish Sketch Book?Scrap Book?Facetiie?Editorial Items?Musical Werld?News, See. See. Terms?8| cents for a single number-$3 a ycar.'Anew volume commences July 8, with greutly increased attractions?affording a capital opportunity to subscribo. The New World, Blackwood's Magazine, and the Monthly Serial Supplement, furnishing more reading matter, and better too, than all the Magazines in America. Will be supplied for only $5 a year in advance. Address J. WINCHESTER, 30 Ann sL gqh WAKE UP YE FRIENDS OF HARRY OF THE WEST?Just published complete in two volumes the Life and Speeches of HENRY CLAY?Containing a number of steel engravings?Price only one dollar. For sale wholesale and retail, by BURGESS 8t STRINGER, 222 Broadway, corner of Ann street. Where can be had a splendid article of Ruled Letter Taper, lor only Id cents a quire ; Unruled Letter and Foolscap, only lOcenta a quire or $115 per ream. Country Agents -Supplied with uny of the magazines and cheap publications, at publisher's prices. Q&- PHYSICIANS ARE BEGINNING TO "STEAK Publicly" in lavor of that best of inventions, the Magical Pain Extractor Salve, from -J1 Courtlandt street, which has such just celebrity in burns, soro eyes, swelling, Sic. Sic. Let facts appeur before hearsay?as the following, from one of the most respectable physicians west proves : ' This will certify that I have made use ol the Magical Tain Extractor in case of a punctured wound on myself, which was attended with much swelling, pain, stillness, and inflammation. I therefore deem it my duty to say, that indthe course of 26 years' practice I have found nothing equal to it for the purpose of allaying pain and inflammation. I have also used it with happy effect when too much inflammation followed blistered surlaces, and have no doubt if you persevere in convincing mankind of its excellent properties, (already known to many), that still more excellence will ba developed, and tho Magical Pain Extractor will ere long prove a blessing to the human family. A. HUNTINGTON, M. D. Pittsford, Monroe Co., Nov. 6th. Refer for punctured wounds?Dr. Huntington, Pittsford ; Judge Roon, Albany; R Waters, Esq., Troy; each gentleman represents of punctures which gave the greatest pains,swellings,and probability of loss of limbs,which neither operations, or medicines tried for hours and days could relieve, but instantly the Extractor's power was beneficial, an<l cured soon. As our wish is to have all know its qualities, we will cause it to tie applied to all actual burns, sores, swellings, Sic. &c., and receive pay when it cures the patient. To the poor it will be given gratis. The truo to be found only at 21 Courtlandt street. rOH DEAR! OH DEAR! WHAT IS THE MATFKIEND7?1 can neither eat with a relish nor sleep without watchfulness, and when 1 speak, my voice sinks into the seventh ago, and pipes and whistles in the sound. You've got a violent cold and influenza in its worst form, and unless you mean to get something even worse than this, try a package of Pease's Horehouud Candy. The gentleman took his advice, and is now well and hearty. And the otic to whom wa allude to is tho signer of the following certificate:? New York, June 20, 1943. Gents.?By the use of your Horehound Candy I was entirely cured of n severe and harrassing cough end influenza, I was recommended to use it, and am now in the enjoyment of good health. 1 would recommend all my fptun/la fn noi> it it flin cnmmi'nTBTTtont nf tho ir mnlnmI nf influenza, nsit will in a measure ward ofl the attack. Yours, See., 9. HENRY, 210 Hudson st. To Messrs. J. Pease & Son, 45 Division street. Our offices are at No. 3 Ledger Buildings,Philadelphia; No. 8 State street, Boston; No. 110, Baltimore stiert, Baltimore; No. 87 State street, Albany; 139 and 19 Fulton st., Brooklyn. Sold wholesale and retail at 45 Division St., 10 Astor House, 110 Broadway, and SO William street. <Xf~ RHEUMATISM.?Thousands suffer with this dreadful complaint, under the mistaken idea that it cannot bocurcd. But we assert that Hewes'Nerve and Bone Li. niment and Indian Vegetable F.lixer will cure it, and would refer the sceptical to the following gentlemen, who have bei n cured Mr. Wm. I'earsall, at Tammany Hall, ot '23 years standing; Mr. James G. Reynolds, 141 Christie street; Mr. Gideon Freeborn, 183 Front street; Mr. Charles Marriott, 108 Madison street; the Hon. A. McClellan, ot Tennessee, and the Hon. James Mathews,of Ohio, and all who havo used them. Will any one now doubt the effects of these remedies? To be found only at 21 Courtland street. Agent in Brooklyn. 139 Fulton street MONE*~M ARRET. 'Wednesday, June '/4V?6 P. 91, The stock market exhibited quite a panic to-day, and prices generally fell. This is the natural reaction of the rapid rise. The abundance of money is real, not artificial It is actual wealth in the hands of those who seek to employ it?not as under a national bank, paper promises, which may explode. The abundance of this money caused it to be loaned to weak brokers, by the banks generally, at a margin of ten per cent. Prices fell a little, so as to uncover the margin, and many operators, being unable to make it good, the stocks were sold, and accelerated the fall. This brings the stock into the hands of able holders, and lays the foundation of a more solid rise ? "Beais," taking advantage of this state of things, talk oi stocks coming from Europe, in the face of all past experience to the contrary. In all the panic of the last four years, no stock nas come back. The fall will continue until this operation hns spent itself, The accumulation of money is real. New York owes nothing, and the prospect is that a further addition will be made to the present large stock 01 casn. ixotning omciai nas, 01 course, transpired in relation to the loan ; but the treasury note*, according to notice,arc to be paid "in money "on the lit prox The Secretary attempted a negotiation soma time aince with the Bank* in this city, but failed, bccauae he was too high and too firm in his demand*. This confirm* the belief that the loan has baen taken, and by a foreign house The continued abundance of money inevitably will pro duce a further rise, not only of stocks, but of produce and good*. At the Board, Ohio 6'* fell 1}; Kentucky 1; Illinois 3$; Canton Co. 1; Mohawk 1}; Harlem 1); Farmers Loan 2 per cent. At the new Board, United States stocks rose 1 J. There i* a prevailing notion that some descriptions ol Illinois Canal bonds are not receivable for subscriptions to the new loan. This is a mistake. Mr. Fiske, the Cashier ol the American Exchange Bank, receives all descriptions' of Illinois Canal indebtedness, without distinction. Tin re arc no no Canal liabilities in which the State makes any distinction. There arc a few Canal bonds, which were originally misnumbered 1101 in black ink. Weneral Whitesido when here corrected this, and made it 1111, repeating the number in red ink, in order to avoid dispute. These bonds are precisely the same as the other*. At Boston there was a sale of five Massachusetts bonds, o per cents, lor A .too vach,at !?9$ per cent. Much ha* of late been said on the subject ol commercial treaties, to place the intercourse of nations upon o hasis of reciprocity. The plan is neither new nor of (loBbtiul utility. Mr. Titt, before the war with France, had projected a systemof the most extensive iree trade; and his views were ahly backed by those of Mr. Jelierson, who, wh le Secretary of Stato under Washington, reported in 1703, un follows " Would even a single nation begin with the United States this system ef free commerce, it would be edvis able to begin it with that nation, since it is ouo by one only that it ran beextended to all Where tho ireuinstance of either party render it expedit nt to In y > n rtiw#, by way of impost on commerce, its freedom might be modified in that particular, by mutual ami equivalent measures, preserving it entire to all other*. Some nations.not yet ripe /or free commerce m all its i xtent, might he willing to mollify its restrictions ami regulations tor us, in proportion to the advantages which an intercomswith us iright otter. Particularly they may concur with us in reciprocating the duties lo he levied on each tide, 01 in compensating any excees of duly hy equivalent advanta a.. J... " Well would it have been if thin Round doctrine hnd been adhered to. ThR convention of 1814, indeed placed the navigation of the two countries on an equal footing bu! tho United State* hava been constantly increasing their rcitriction*, while Knglnnd ha* been yearly dlml nishing her*. The preannt existence of the Drilisi empire is owing entirely to her rapid advance free trade nince the war, and the comparative decay c American commerce, i* owinff to the ascendancy of i narrow-minded and selfish cliqur in the national coun cil*, which, under th* catch word* of " protection to do meatic industry," is taking bread from the mouth of thi laborer, paraly zing the euterpriae of tha merchant*, unit rendering fruition* tha industry of the farmer. The prosperity of thia country wti never ?o great aa during that aeaaon of free trade enjoyed by it in the few year* preceding the French revolution. At that time there existed an enlightened French miniatry, under whoaewiae councila a decree wa* iaaued in 1787?" for the encouragement of the commerce of Franca with the United States," by which ahe extended free trade to thia country in ita fulieat extent. In the year 1788, the second following that decree, the United Statea aent to France produce aa lollowa Iftcw. 26.680 r Icur, bbls. o'?h 140 Wrest, bushel, 2.661J76 jffji .. .658 891 Barley, 580.262 The population of this country wai then 4,000/too? it is now 18,000,000, and does not export so much agricultural produce altogether, ai it then (lid to franco alone. The free trade was not alone on the part of franco. This country, from 1700 to 1807, enjoyed an unrestricted commerce, with import duties so low as to be scarcely felt. Our government had not learned to meddle with private affairs, and to take money out of the pockets of the many and put it into those of the lew, under the shallow pre* tence of " protecting industry." That policy was indeed ogitatcd; but the vigorous intellects of Madison, Jefferson and Franklin, laid the evil spirit for a time. The late measures of this government have been adopted by bare majorities; and though uncalled for by any foreign outrage, are designed to produce a non-intercourse with other nations. The power of Congress to impose taxes for reveuuo purposes, is unquestioned; nevertheless, an act which extinguishes revenue, cannot be considered the legitimate use of a power to impose taxes. A measure to prohibit trade is surely not an honest exercise of the power to "regulate commerce." Tho present tariff ig unquestionably a wanton abuse of the federal powers over commerce and taxation. At the period to which we have alluded, viz., from 1787 to 1887, the policy ot England was prohibitory .land ours fiee. The average of duties on manufactures was 6 per cent, until Oeueral Hamilton, in his report of March, 1793, stated as follows " The addition ei 3} per cent to the duty on the mass of the articles now rated at five, will constitute an important, though not an excessive augmentation. Nevertheless it is proposed that it ehatl be only temporary , and lk..r.. ; ..VI 1 - - - ?uc?v ? loniuiiuuio giuuHu ui uxpuumuon, in at me cause for having recourse to it will not bo ot very long continuance " How little do these opinions occord with the views of the present Jay ! The discharge of the debt was the utmost limit fixed by Hamilton for the continuance of duties of 7J per cent on cotton and woollens. The present system is to impose SO to ISO per cent duty on the same goods perpetuallyto encourage manufactures'." The moderate views of that day here, and the restrictions of England, produced the following results on tho ton' nage ol the two countries employed in loreign com merce :? C MriHiThc Statement ok British a.vo AmkricamITon. J NAUK, from 17t9 TO I8'<7 British ton- Jim ton- Britieli ton *iin tonnage nage nage nage. 1789, 1,3*17,636 lfl,?89 1799, 1,302,351 636.695 179 , 1,399,333 354,767 18S0, 1,445,271 681,971* >791, 1,511 294 363,661 1801, 1,315 621 849 302 1792, 1 563,744 414,679 1802, 1,635,966 787 301 1793, 1.240,203 447,751 1803, 1,444,840 787,434 1794, 1.382,250 525.649 1801, 1.463,286 831.963 1795, 1,145,430 .680,273 1805, 1,294,968 932 398 1796, 1,354 636 675,046 1806, 1,485,735 1,044,005 1797, 1,103,781 608,078 ? ? ? 1798, 1,09,131 523,373 1807, 1,424,103 1,089,876 This was the navigation of the old thirteen States, with a population ol 6,0041,000. Our registered tonnage in 1841, with 17 (ton linn nr??n?l0 t,,oo K..? o?a oj\o - ,?.v,v-v v. rvwj..v, IT uu 1/uv 0"lW,OT/? WHO . lUtTC IS an .impression that the growth of commerce in those years was or ingto the European wars. The wais broke out in 1792? in the three prior years of free trade tha tonnage rose 400 por cent. From that time to 1797, it rose but 50 per ccut?showing that the war checked the increase. The prosperity of that period was owing to the removal of all restrictions. The little circles of State re. strictions were swept away by the constitution, and the low duties of the federal government, allowed the whole to advance irresistibly. After 1807, war difficulties or embargoes came on; and alter the peace the wioked and insane policy of high tariffs was commenced. By piling restriction on restriction, cutting off" intercourse with all countries, and enclosing ourselves within tho circle of ourown conledi racy, we oro gradually placing the Union in a situation worse than colonial, under pretence ot encouraging commerce, in order to "rear up a navy." Our policy has beeu to enlarge an intercourse with all the world lor empty skips of the most expensive construe tion. We have given bounties to 69,000 tons ^of shipping employed in fisheries, and have imposed a tax of over $300 per ton on 2,130,744 tons employed in tho foreign and coasting trade. The policy ot England has been the direct reverse, and in spitn of natural ' advantages, our ships, under a continuance of the present policy, will be driven from the ocean. In order to con- * trast the policy ol this country with that of England,1 f since the war, we give the following comparative tariffs : j COMPARATIVE DUTIRS IX (JRKAT BRITAIN AM) THS U.NITAR f TATKS, 1819 ISO 1841. British Duties. American Dutire. 1819 1843. 1819 184). $'? cts. $Y cts. t'< cts. $'?. cts Flax, t n, 2 95 ? 20 00 20 00 Hemp, " 45 91 16 91 20 10 40 Oo Indigo, lb. 92 13 5 Iron, bar, ton, 33 18 4 80 9 31 17x2),09 " Pig. " 3 81 I 30 10 00 10 0O Lead, " 20 00 4 80 22 00 60 00 Ubva'eu, n|. 34 is H 20 Haw ii k, Tb. 1 22 2 IS pi ct SO pr ct. Thrum, 3 26 24 !5prct. 2 00 1b Wool, la, " 11 1 free. S pr ct. " It, "11 2 ? 3c k to pr ct UooJs c ulon, S0i7Speret. inprct. 15 pr ct. 30a 1 SO pr ct ' woo', 50 " IS IS " 40?10|>?rct. " tUi, 1 72X 20 " 15 " 25 " " iron, 58 " 15 " 15 " 30 " " KUO, 80 " 20 " 22X 25 " " lead, 50 " 5 " 13.i30 30 " " tilk, prohibited 25 " 15 " 2 50 " Sailcloth, yird. 17 6clt. 15 eta. 7cta. W?i*at, bu-h. prohib. under SOa. 3-50 " iSc a. 25ca. Salt, " 4 41 ? Irte. 8cts. Clothing, 50 pr ct IS 15 SO China, 75 " 20 17? 30 fcarthenware, 75 " 10 17H 20 In order, now, to illustrate the eflect of there duties upon shipping, we give the British aud American duties upon the material of a ship of 600 tons, not copper (as taned British Duty. Jhnt liran Duty. Iron 20 tons Swedish, $7, *148 *25, 500 13 " Ktiglish, none, ? 25. 325 19 " cables.20 160 lbs. *7, 63 2>4 501 4.600 1b]. knrhors, ? 2)fc " IIS 2,356 yards henry dock, 76t " ,'igh'. " 3,116 " IScts. 467 7 " 212 12 tons hemp, for cordage, *10, 120 *49 480 British tts on 500 tons, *790 U. 8. tax oa 50 tons, *2142 Itr iuu, rjg - p-r too, 17S ^ These are the present American duties, and are very near the same a* tho?e ?f 18*28 31, Thia o|>eratei in our trade aa a bounty ot $300 per to* in favor of British ship, pin(5 against our own ; and it la to encourage manulactu. ring cordage that thia tax ia laid upon '3,130,744 tons ship, ping engaged in our foreign and domestic trade, and amounts to tho incredible sum of $839,223,2080, paid by the American shipping now afloat! Let as examine the state of the cordage buainoas under this $40 tax ii|on hemp. The import of cordage since 1*31 has been as follows :?the protective duty is 6 cents tarred, 83 untui red, or 90 per cent! iMfORT i F f'oensos INTO THIC l'viTSI) STSTr?. Tarrtd and Cabin. Untarrtd and Kerns. Quantity. Value. Quantity. Value. Duty an Duly on Cordage. Hemp. eis. $' . 1831, lbs 1% 931 ? 3 30 863 ? 1832 " 341463 ? ? ? 4,219 ? 1823, " 183,826 ? _ ? 31,891 _ 1821, " 878,321 ? 4 34 14,011 ? 182.1. " 881 828 $64,189 t ? *5,299 3,316 1826, " 1,479,856 110,740 4 ? 129,387 11,497 '8 7, " 1,182 391 91,478 4 ? 37,269 3 3t.l 1328, " 1,22S,329 102,427 4 60 9,091 1,187 1829, " 1,719.711 123,917 4 60 1119,444 8 1167 1810, 1,437.735 71,291 4 69 152 826 8,114 1833, " 3,012,738 142,538 4 40 148 309 10,341 1834, " 3,395,598 147,804 4 40 160,1.7 8,7)9 18.33, " 2,137 071 81,594 4 40 132,351 5.766 1831, " 1,166.777 82.361 ? ? 147,511 .4,984 18.17, " 7 4,382 31,108 ? ? 2.4!,655 12,180 1138, " 1,441,61)1 75,142 ? ? 194,914 9,917 J 1819, " 1.881,142 106.902 ? 30 58,901 2 33' 1840, " 1,48",933 89,404 ? 30 379 011 89,',it 1841, " 1.8.3,065 112 994 1 20 1.408,267 68,9.1* Th? effect of this duty upon hemp, (or the " protection" of the cordage manulecturers, was the rain ef the latter. I It is (ruM It,a ,l,,lv?,,nn Knr.bli) was (auiVllxnl In tml I per ton ; but in 1H28 the duty upon hemp win $00 per ton to protect the grower. Hence the Ruaaian manufacturer! had a premium of $00 per ton to underaell the Ame, rican. Nor waa thia all. The Rtiaslan account of con dage exported from 8t. Petersburg to the U. Statea in It*** waa 3,&U,S90 lba- the import into the U. Statea in that y?if waa, aa above, l.MS.M# lba. being adiacrepancy of 'i.SOC iMN> lba. between the Ruaaian export and the United State impoit. The anomaly ia easily explained. Shipa wet from here arantily rigged, and toolc there a dovlo upply, aa well aa double auita ol Hail*. Theae appetia the Ruaaian expoita, hut not in the American import? Ha 1 it not been,for thia evaaion ef the tariff, our ahippig could not have increased aa much aa it actually hi.? this exhibits t'i"inllr?? manner in wmcn oppre.on begets oppression. $60 per ton was levied upon hen to protect the ^roweri. This ruini the cordage mike.? Consequently, to satisfy them, $80 is levied upon feign cordage. This ruins the ship builder, an 1 he ininprg !iet tiio difficulty is because foreign ships are allow te time here. Consequently, he allcdge* that they orht o he excluded. Tho ship is built with all the proteiro duties added to its cost,and the merchant tends her ahail and finds she cannot compete with thecheap-buil: ten 's of Kurope. Formerly an American ship at the W i{ I j

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