Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 29, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 29, 1843 Page 2
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iNEW YORK HERALD. >ew York, '1 liurtU)>, Jane 4V. I*?l Th? t.i.xi Banker Hill Herald, rubltahed on nuperflne paper, containing full account of the celebration of Bnnker Hill, conaiatn-g ol tke ioacriptioua. and Mr Wabater* oration . accompanied auk Are aplradid angraringa. rompriaiog lat A rare and original riea of the Battle of Banker HilL, which took place on the t?lh June, IT7? , inhibiting the array ot the American arm*, engaged in death conflict with the Bntiah troopa, their atupa and ther torcea. ind. A riea of the procr anion forming oo Boetoa Com 1 mon. Sd. A riew of the proceaaion crooning Warren R . .,W lih. A view ol Bunker Hill Monument Iron the north or it looked on the day of the celebration, with the lafi nboveand crowds below. StU. A view of Bunker Hill Monument (rom the loutherti bay, ai it looked on the quiet Sabbath morning after the celebration. Agents will please transmit their orders before tha edr tion Will be sold, as the demand is unprecedented. The price, wholesale,to agents, per hundred, or eight cents per copy. Retail, UJ cents. To be had at this ofhoe. Mr. O'Connxj.l a.nh the Cai-sk or Irki.ahp.? At a recent rej*al meeting in Baltimore, a scene of great confusion occurred, in consequence of difIcrrnce ol opinion resecting the best course to b? adopted in relation to Mr. O'Conaell's vexatious ?I>eech. Thus will it be all over. The apple of discord has been cast amongst the band of the patriotic friends of Ireland, and by the very hand which will enable it to create, to the fullest extent, the sad fruits of dissension and disaster. Una good result will follow from this reaction movement. An accurate opinion of Mr. 0*Connell's character, and the value of his leadership, will become more extensively prevalent. We have no hesitation in saying that the cause of Ireland?a ra ise in which all the genuine friends of liberty throughout the world, must feel the deepest intefst, and the warmest sympathy?has repeatedly oeen greatly retarded by the policy and the agitation of O'Connell. He wants that purity of soul? ilist moral dignity?that genuine patriotism, which can alone give to any leader ol the people the influence, and the power, which guide the efforts of the l>eople to success and triumph. Like the herd of l>olitical speculators amongst ourselves, who prate eternally about liberty ana popular rignts, dui are ns heartless and selfish as they are dishonest, the recognized leader of the oppressed Irish people, has a laithiul regard for one individual only of the massts, to the vindication and extension of whose rights as men, and as members of a great social body, he professes to be devoted. Unsurpassed in ctinning?well and long versed in the modes of conciliating and retaining the favor of the Irish people ?conscious of a firm hold on their affections, Mr. O'Connell has been enabled, time after time, to serve his own purposes, by sacrificing the interests of those who sustained him, in a manner which would have aroused the crushing indignation and reproof of the people, had the betrayer been less gifted as a demagogue?less skilled in the trade. The value of the services of Mr. O'Connell lias been immeasurably over-rated. To the moral force of a great people, united in the determination to be free; and to the growing might of civil and religious liberty have been owing those concessions trom the British Parliament, which O'Connell is l>erpetually proclaiming as his individual achievements. All that is now wanted on the part of the Irish people is united peaceful exertion. Let them get rid ol the demogogues. Let them refrain from foolish swaggering about appeals to physical force. > Their cause is the cause of truth and liberty, and it | must be successlul. But it must be managed with < discretion, and under the guidance of pure-minded, disinterested, laithiul leaders?men worthy to do [ and suffer in a work sanctified by the blood of ? Emmett. ( The Approach of the Millennium.?It is a hies- j Bed truth that genuine worth doesn't always go an- ' rewarded. There has been terrible grumbling, ' since the days ot Job, about the ingratitude of the ' world to its benefactors; but there's a great deal ' more paihos or bathos than truth in the accusation. 1 T'ie judgment of mankind is, after all, tolerably discriminating and just. It knows what's what, and gives to the great actors in the drama of public life an appropriate position, and laurels of suitable greenness. The people of the United States are preparing, to ourgreat satisfaction, to vindicate themselves from the opprobrious charge of neglecting the reformers of the nineteenth century. The editor of the organ of Charles Fourier?the zealous, steadfast, interested advocate of the doctrines of association?the mouth-piece of Henry Clay and Albert Brisbane? has been nominated as a suitable candidate for the Vice Presidency of this republic. It is well worth one's while to consider for sixteen seconds the claims ol this new candidate for popular favor. Every body will admit that this world is as much in need of regeneration, as a tattered and shaking dracwon from the swamps of Florida, or a country parson's coat that has done serviee for twenty-four months of Sundays. Who is there, though, that has told us of it, with the punctuality of the rising sun, for nearly two years past! Who but Horace Greely, of the Tribune! By his paper and lus tongue?by r> i rpt and example?this man has been laboring, day after day, in behalf of Fourier?the great . ' ?tleof the system, which is to obliterate forever he corrupting influences ot the devil and the flesh, and create an universal Eden, in which even "old muds" are to be graciously received, "without note or comment." If it had not been for the Tribune the Fourierites, th.s country,wou'd long since have been reduced i rn<>m i" a condition as impotent as tnat or a scro . jt devourer of bran-bread The TYibtme has Of verity breathed lile into the nostrils of the sect; . mi such procreative love surely not to be sneezed We re .nog then, that the disciples have discovered themselves to be worthy of the devotedness / i u- regards of their enlightened and influerih.. |?troni We shall watch this new Fourier ii. \ ement with all imaginable interest Horticulture ia a very attractive study. Wt .iiiso ?The late Whig Common Council *\r >irn< i the law restricting the business of public w- ? < a certain number of individuals to be 1 .. ? . by the Common Council. The present ?:.< sdmiuie ration have restored the old nw A rreet :ig was held yesterday at the Exchange ii t/i>?r ?t the no-monopoly principle. About 100 < t?ot It was called at two o'clock, but at a gunner , >?t two nothing had been done, and we acne away. _________ N > t e >arrse am..?The resiiectable old i "Ai# who presides over the columns of t / !?* .if A<trnlitfr of this city, in speaking i ! i. j?nie Castillan remarked that "she electri d i,er audience?to borrow a term from the r ' v a iitr* " This shows that the creature has n. - I he would borrow more frequently t?m .in# source, he might establish a very tab.e character for intelligence. ?' v r An KwreHir ? At an adjourned i?e?hat ot '.in 1 > in'y ('. urt, field yesterday, after * lehste ot two hours duration, the doors rowr. . pen, and i udje 1 'Ishoetfer read the nr tr?Jr liberation* in the following ternia: ? ' ?? !, I bat ?hi? l ourt <lrrfna it xto ac* I i . r- (iiatiun ol Jinn K. Whiting.' .Vi. i,g, therefore, continue*, but with what . ? ?? kn- w not, to diacharge the duller of - ? . ti . ita held for rryeral yeara part. <1<>n<fatr, at hi* residence in fiudaon " < ' r< - - w?rt, K? , in the *2d vearof hi* ' afiia aent.fiiian who figured ao much ? ' a" ' ? '??iioua Alice I.afenard Will raw. K.*e ,..c*ia?? tor the lawyer* 1 << TAtniAMy?Amongother ?. r- ; aitiiu .uy, another at ory ingoing up A to Oo will pteaar accept our thaaka for . e.^.,1 #U|A eaot hne'TB paper* in advance of tie nmii Tan Cask or Ma* trilaora.?Having had wntf wiwfMHoj with liir po?r unfortunate now under ouapicfoa ot the murder ol her kudiud, we were particnlarty atrnrk with the eatrrme ennH"itw and docilitjr <4 her man er and conerw'KHi ' convenation ahe u ent rely narreenred and eihibtta veidence not only of bow being, hut of hiring been trom infancy, a perfect amapieton That ahe haa been aabp-eied to ihw to her moot painful detention te eatmnelr nolortaaate, no the clone aolitary eoahoemeat aad eaclawon fr m all communication ?rith hem, i?, ai wr are ivurrd, very tar from *bit abe h? k*fi irtMtomfd to, tod what, as a matter of co irar, she must I eel moot keenly should a tt male not be placed beatde her to |ivr her that Utile aaMWaaee and soothing care which ahe requires T Another point oceura to na *a important in her caae We do not now allude t?the propriety or impropriety ol the med.cal investigation now atont as to the sanity or inaamty?but the idea of appointing physicians to thia investigation wholly unacquainted wuh the greater part ol the language the poor creature utter*, i? to ua very abnurd One half of Iter conversation must be uuintelligible to an Amertcanor an Knglishntan, and yet Americans are thoae a|i*Mnted on this enquiry! Can these physicians comprehend the manner in which thia creature was likely to hove been reared, a? to education, society, domestic relatione, and the thousand trivial circumstances w hich should influence their dcciMon T Would it not be wise then to include in this medical enquiry at least two f*cotch physicians t There are several Scottish medical men in this city who hold |>oaitions of respectability,and in whom the public would confide, end who alone, in the opinion* ol ull who give a moment's reflection to this painful case, cau be deemed adequate to the task imposed at present on these, altogether incompetent. Come now, let us have this matter properly arranged. Let this poor creaiure, now lying in prison, have a iemale attendant ; and let Drs. Caldwell and Cumming, or two other equally intelligent anil respectable Scottish physic'ans, if they are at hand, be added to the commission entrusted with the duty ol ascertaining the mental condition of this unlortunate person. Croton Water Pipes.?It very rarely occurs that an article can be ollered to the public, very greatly improved in quality, and at a much less price than it has ever been manufactured for before. Yet this is now accomplished, and in an article too, ot enor 1110u8 consumption at the present moment, in which all landlords are greatly interested, namely, in lead 1'ipe tor the conveyance ol the Croton water. When the mode of making pipe in long lengths by perpendicular pressure was introduced, the process vyas considered the aclinic of perfection, because it was thought that the column of melted metal had its atoms thus considerably compressed, which rendered it more compact, and of course more capable of additional resistance. The fact was overlooked that the lower part of the column, from its own specific gravity, would be much denser than the upper part of it, which would be subject to the extrinsic pressure only, and consequently that such a pipe could not bear an equal pressure throughout the whole extent of its length, because unequal in density, which in practice proves to be the case. Still, however, it was an improvement on the ancient method of drawing lead pipe, which has a tendency to separate its particles, instead of bringing them into closer contact. Science has recently, however, carried that improvement to a paint of perfection never before loped for or anticipated, whilst the cost of the arti:le to the consumer is now materially diminished. \ few days since we inspected a machine which lasbeen lately patented by a gentleman in this city, ind is now m full operation, and we believe that a iescription of its operation will not be uninteresting. \ bar of cold metal passes successively through hree sets of grooved cylinders, being thus gradually jrought down to the size of the pipe required. As t proceeds, each separate atom encounters a regu lar and even pressure ot several hundred tons throughout its whole length. It thus acquires an equal density in its formation, hitherto unattainable, and consequently very great additional strength and durability, whilst the interior surface becomes es highly polished as a mirror. A piece of this pipe was attached to the liydrauic pump which withstood a pressure of 2600 lbs. on the square inch, without the least shadow of a swell, whilst a similar piece of hydraulic pressure lead pipe began to swell at 1800 lbs. This was tolerable proof of its superior deniity and strength. Many persons may possibly say, " Well, as the average pressure of the Croton water is not above 53 lbs. on the square inch, a pipe that will stand 1800 lbs. will answer every purpose, not taking the difference of price into account." This is a mistake. All lead pipe hitherto made has been incapable #f sustaining the concussive shock of the hydrants. Most of them have burst, and in some localities more than once. We have not calculated the exact pressure which takes place on all such occasions, as that depends on the size of the mains, and the length and diameter of the service pipes; but on the average, it is evidently above 2000 lbs. per square inch, and f>rvoll'd ninA oiiotaino a ninoaurn nf filUI IKc imp onllorP inch more than this, without the least indication of change. Another serious defect attendant on pipe made by perpendicular pressure, in a state of fusion is, that in order to form the bore, it has to pass the lateral supporters of a short core or mandrill, which cuts it longitudinally into several slips or pieces. These have to unite again in a semi-fluid state before it can become a pipt. Now these strips sometimes so imperfectly cohere that a [dug will often split the pipe at the very joinings. Serrell's pipe, on the contrary, remains entire through the whole process, and therefore free from such defects. Indeed a virtue the very reverse accompanies it, as each pair of rollers it passes between brings its atoms into firmer and closer contact. The excessive density thus produced is easily proved. Let any one cut the ends of both pipes with a knife. He will find it easy to pair offa shaving from the hydraulic pressure pipe, the substance of which is comparatively soft, but difficult to perform the same operation upon Serrill's, the metal being much clo t in its texture, and more condensed. On all the grounds we have mentioned, we are disposed to regard the new pipes as much preferable to those made by the old process, and therefore commend them to public attention. Movements and Doings.?Governor Bouck took his departure from Albany on Monday, on his contemplated excursion through the river counties, and m compliance wiin ine invitation ot ine democratic citizens of Westchester county. He travels in his own carriage, avoiding all parade, and making brief visits on the route. Gov. B. was to reach Mr. Van Buren's Monday afternoon ; and probably remained over night at Lindenwald. His arrangements are, to pass Friday and Saturday of the present week in Westchester. It is expected that he will spend the 4th of July in this city, after which he will spend a few days on Long Island ; and return on the west side of the Hudson. The excursion, we do not doubt, will be an agreeable change Irom the confinement of official duty at the capital Col. Joseph W. Bouck, Private Secretary of the Governor, will have charge of the papers and busiiiess of the Executive department, during the absence of Gov. Bouck from Albany. Hon Alexander II. Everett is in the city, and has taken lodgings at the Astor House. Captain Stockton, of New Jersey, who is reports! as the probable future Secretary of the Navy, is at the same hotel. Hon E A. Newton, ol Pittsfield, Mass., is also at the Astor House. General Gaines and General Scott, are both in town, the first at Howard's, the last at Oozzens' Hotel. Commodore St< wart, of the Navy, has returned to town, and taken up his quarters at Bunkers, in Broadway. Hon. George Evans, Senator from Maine, arrived in town yesterday, and is at the Astor House. Hon Willis Hall, do , from Albany, at Howard's. Trr Military.?The thirst, or apatite, or rage lor military glory and rrnown in our great and glorious laud of liberty and equal rights, is perhaps not mri 'i to be wondered at, when we reflect upon the Let <>| < ur descent in a direct line Irani a race oi hero'; who fought a glorious light in the times tha' tnt J nv Vs soul*' It has often seemed to us sotnetli.nc lite a pity that many of our well appointed and eicellrally die. iplined volunteer or independent e?m,>mn-a, could have an opportunity to stem rent ol the battle ir .h< tented field, instead ol ? i-!: igtheir fnr'.';* a parading through Broad*? u,h : I marii- uvrring in Washington Square. Let us mi ig nr, lor tb?- purpose of illustration, tl it we ? e eitli* r ol ihose truly dashing company -.the City or in L Kill i muni, trumping up to the waist belt in the low and murky " sposh" of the land of sun, sand and Huwcra' What a noble field doessweet Florida pr- seni tor those whose vaulting ambition is hardly to be kept within the bounds of valorous discretion! Tlirre, amidst those wide out-spread prairies, those evergreen and perfumed hammocks, those interminable and thickest morasses?the wildest hopes may be realized, the hottest ambition may be suddenly cooled. There are many now living, and many dead, who, if thsy could give utterance to their true sentiments, would bear us out in the assertion that the Seminole war has been, and yet will be, a marvellous refrigerator for young valour. There is the City Guard, composed of the most gentlemanly and respectaple young men in the country, and commanded by a gallant and worthy scion of one of our most noted and wealthy families. Every one of these young men is possessed of Honor Anil courage ; qualites that eagle plume Men'* soul*,?ami fit thorn Tor the fierceit sun 2 Which ever melteil the weak waxen minis That flutter in the beams oi gaudy Power '. Possessed of these twin qualities of greatness, nothing could, of course, be more eminently grateful to these young men, than an opportunity to meet their country's foe in an honorable fisld. But the fates lorbid they should ever be called upon to do good service in such fields as Florida presents. But should it so happen in the course of time that the "stalwart Englisher" should find it in his heart to invade our land,?or should we have cause to seek justice with sword and bayonet, this same City Guard would gladly deploy its column in the thickest of the fight. This company is composed not merely of holiday and fairweather soldiers, to decorate a pageant, or escort, great men, but suchsoldier9 no Ui ? iiiviucuv n n ai mug, wuuiu pcuuiunriiu?it'Hi?i service. The generous rivalry existing among the military companies of our cities, is calculated to insure the most beneficial and gratifying results. It tends to the more full and perfect organization of our citizen soldiery, and prevents the necessity of entailing upon our land that most obnoxious establishment, a standing army. For at a moment's warning, an immense multitude can be called together, either to quell domestic insurrection or to oppose the agression of a foreign enemy. The frequent parades, drills, ttec. to which the better class of our independent companies submit themselves, qualify them the more properly for any duty that in the course of time iliey may be called on to perform. In common with the body of our quiet and peace-loving citizens, we most heartily and cordially wish every possible success to the citizen soldiers. The Influenza.?Many very sensible people in this city, and amongst them several of our very sensible physicians, entertain the opinion that the pre vailing epidemic was occasioned by the use of the Croton water. It is rather a work of supererogation to attempt the enlightenment of sensible people, but we would beg to remind those te whom we at present allude, that the influenza is dispensing its favors in cities not blessed with the Croton water. In Pittsburgh, Baltimore, Albany, and many other places, great numbers are laboring under the epidemic. It seems also that it is now assuming a much more serious form, and several fatal cases are reported. Fair ladies, and ye of the bearded sex, avoid the pleasant night breeze, as it so wooingly vi sits your cheeks at the open windows. Orthodox hours?light food?the cold,betimes the vapar bath? and an easy conscience, are the best possible preventives of the influenza. The Weather.?The weather still cont inues most oppressively hot, not only in this city, but in all parts of the country from which we have heard.? At 1 o'clock P. M. on Saturday, the thermometer in Baltimore stood at 87 degress. At Philadelphia on Friday, at 3 P.M., it was at 93 degrees. The mercury at Boston on Thursday, at 2 o'clock, stood at 90 degrees in the shade. At Poughkeepsie on Tuesday, the mercury in the thermometer stood 94 degrees in the shade. Country Residence.?By an advertisement in our columns to-day, it will be seen that a very desirable country residence and farm in New Jersey, are offered for sale. The mansion-house is very elegant?the location singularly convenient, and the purrounding scenery presents great attractions. The terms will, we understand, be accommodating, and for a gentleman-farmer, a retired merchant, or any other person desirous of enjoying the pleasures of a country life, we do not know a better chance of attaining their wishes than that now presented. 1 ot rnvitjv nr fJu rrv i vn T?amav A WTinntTiuo By Dr. Smith, edited by Dr Anthon.?The Harpers have published, in one large 8vo volume af 1124 pages, illustrated by nearly 600 spirited outline engraving-), a "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities," prepared by twenty of the best scholars of G.Britain?among them Dr. Wm. Smith, the Editor, and Professor Long, of Cambridge, and revised and enlarged by Dr. Anthon, of our own Columbia College. This work is the most complete that has ever been published on the subject. It comprises all that is known respecting the amusements, domestic economy, entertainments, dress, rtirniture, utensils, tools, vehicles, servants, rural economy, funerals, monuments, public assemblies, games, shows, and exercises, government, revenue, law, trade, citizens, military affairs, armour, naval affairs, arts and sciences, canals, roads, aqueducts, weights and measures, medical affairs, money, music and musical instruments, |?inting, statuary, manners and customs, Arc. Arc. of the Greeks and Romans. These matters are treated of in a |>opular style, and while with the classical student this work will supersede the meagre compilations here, tofore in use, the general reader will derive a vast fund of interesting and useful information, such as he may obtain from no other quarter. Funeral of Dr. Haoam.?The funeral wasannounced to take place at 4 o'clock,P. M. Thur.-day, on the morning of which day theassassin leit Vicksburgh,attended by a number of the Doctor's enemies armed with pistols and knives Long before the hour appointed for the funeral, the planters, mechanics, and all from the couatry, who could arrive in time, began to nee<-mble to o.-v tlo-ir last ?ad tribute of respect to the defender of their rights. < Ireat excitement prevailed. The Rev. Mr. Woodsdehvered the funeral sermon, and seldom has there hren witnessed a more affecting scene. The tear* ol allection were feelingly and freely shed. Naval.?The U. y. sloop of war Boston, Captain Long,at Oaliu, March II, was to sail first wind for Boston via Valparaiso/ The U. S. sloop of war Marion, four days from Norfolk, anchored in Boston hatbor, the evening of the 2fith inst. .She is to go into the Dry Dock for repairs. The following officers are attached to her:? Thomas W. Brent, Lieutenant Commanding; Oliver 8. Olwon, George J. Wyche, nnd Carter B. Poindeater, Lieutenants; C. 8t. George N'oland, Mauler; D.in'el I . McLeod, Burgeon; Wm A. Christian, Purser; J Wintlirop Taylor, Assistant Hurgeon; K Lloyd Winder, Passed Midshipman, Walter De Lacy, Professor of Mstlie ia?tiri; Walter Queen, P. H. Haywood, J. Mclloberts, II I). Minor, and Joseph Bet well, Midshipmen)George Wilmuth, Boatswain: R. 8. King, Gunner; Joseph Overman, Carpenter; John Joins, Beilmaker. Later from Buenos Ayrks.?By the arrival of theburk Kunomus, Uapt. Mam-field, we have advices from Buenos Ayrsa to (he 2Btli of April. Business was very dull. Hides were scarce and high. . . Mr. Frazer, of the firm of Zimmerman, Frazer & Co , of Buenos Ayres, sailed from that port May 7, for New York,intending to setile here as a resident, having retired from business. The marriage of the Prince of Joinville had been celebrared in grand style. Mojitk Video, April 22J.?From the correspondence ot the British Packet we lake the following: You have, doubtless, bavn amused at the vagaries of the Nacional, in its description of the heroic bravery of the battalion of English Itiveristaf now in arma here. The ily rogue of an editor makes the number ol thia battalion amount to 36 rank ami tile, whereas It never comisted ol more than 15 seamen, late of Coe'a squadron. Their Colonel bears the coguomen of "Cockney Sam," who was UDCV U WttllTinill Ull lIIr itivrr A liHim-s. A ur nnuaiiun II now reduced to lome eight rank aud file. The Britannia has not yet condescended to notice these wariiors. Its editors declare they would not "inarch through Coventry with them." The " Gaceta,'' of 37th inst., contains the proceedings in the House, at its sitting on the Mth ult. The drait of a communication from the Committee o! Constitutional Affairs, in answer to the message of the Government, was read. It was in tenor, that the Argentine Confederation in its relations with other nations, confining itself to the principles ol right, and abstaining fiom any sort of interference in their domestic and lorcign affairs, certainly expected like conduct, and could not brook any thing in the shape ol dictation. It was yet young in the career ol independence, but it had on many trying occasions given proojs of manly energy. Now, for the first time, all the Argentine Provinces were united. This inestimable blessing was the glorious work of H. E.,the Governor, Juan Manuel de Rosas. The war against the infamous units rians, the authors of all the miseries which the Reputilic had endured was not yet terminated,and until this wa< the case, the House could not yield to the request ot H E. to .resign office. It well knew his sufferings, his unwearied attention to public affairs, and would, if it were possible, relieve him theretrom, but the couui try needed him now mere than ever. It felt that it had nothing to tear whilst the " Great Rosas" was at its head; therelore, were the House to admit bis resignation, the triumph to his enemies?to the enemies of the confederation and ot America?would be great indeed. The house ought not to leud its?lt to an act which would cause such malignant joy .nor incur the responsibility of the evils which must ensue. H. E. had no other alternative but to resign himseli to the will and paramount necessities of the people, and this great sacrl fice was decidedly expected from him. After the reading of the communication, several mem bers spore. Senor Kustaquio Torres, dwelt upon the circumstance, that by the policy pursued fcy Governor Rosas, all the provinces were now united in fraternal bonds. He spoke of the offers made by England and France to put an end

to the war which tho confederation so justly and necessarily wages against tho usurper of the Bands Oriental, and said, that the House, as the organ ol the nation, had declined to admit so incomprehensible a mediation, which must have placed peace ut an immeasurable distance, averring that the two high powers had been deceived by false information from interested persons, that only weak governments yielded to inconsiderate pretensions, and that the Argentine Confederation felt that it could and ought to uphold its independence. Senor Garrigos said, that to repair the ravages committed bjr those monsters, the unitarians, a government, not only firm and persevering, but one possessing full powers to act with promptitude and energy was required. Those qualities were combined in that great Republican, Don Juan Manuel de Rosas?his countrymen had reposed unlimited and well merited confidence in him, and the Representatives, in accordance with the wishes ol their constituents, had invested him with the whole power of the State. Senor Baldomero Garcia said, for the first time since the emancipation of this country from the dominion of Spain, the Argentina family enjoyed the blessing of being united. During the administration of the illustrious Dorrega when the greater part of the provinces acted in unison, there were yet two dissentients. Now all are federatedall, without exception. Domestic peace is the greatest been on earth, and peace, for the first time, the Argeaune i/oniouerauou now cujuyaj uinu** iu mv exertions of citizen Rosas. The Hon. Member then " spoke on terms of high reprehension of that administra tion which, pretending to promote civil and military reform. and reduce the expenses of the State, threw a number of persons out of employ who had no other occufiation to lly to, not only putting otheis in their places, mt augmenting the burthens which pressed upon the Province by a host of employees in the new and great departments of civil engineers, museam, garden of plants, &c. &c. lie also spoke of the eclesiastical reform of the same administration as being at once crual and injurious, and of its proposition to raise a loan of twenty millions of dollars in aid of Spain, at the time s e was invaded by the Duke D'Angouleme, also, that this same unitaiian ministry had saddled the country with an English loan, raised under futile and fallacious promises. It is true that the law of 19th August, IMS, authorising the loan expressed, that itsobject was to make a secure harbor to this city, and to provide it with streams of running water, and construct three towns between it and Patagonia; but none of these promises have been fulfilled. lllo de Janeiro. (Corre?i>ond?nce of the Herald.1 Rio de Janeiro, May 13,1813. My Dear Sir? A few days since, in perusing a file of your popular journal, J was greatly surprised to observe a letter dated United States ship Delaware, port of Rio de Janeiro, September 25th, 18-12, signed "Perry,'' and purporting to represent an affray that had just occurred here between a purser of one of the vessels of war and the naval storekeeper. The purser 1 alluded to was Edward Bessel, of the United States schooner Enterprize. The statement made by your correspondent "Perry" being so distant from the truth, I am, (having been an eye-witness of the affray,) induced to give you a true statement of the facts, and leave it to your own just sense of honor to correct it in your columns. Plira^r T^iqqpI onutrnotorl a Kof uiKink V-?o loot When payment wus demanded, he at first avoided it by stating that when he left New York he was greatly in debt, and that he had remitted all the funds that he could spare, but would call shortly and pay it. Some months passed?still no payment When again dunned, he remarked that he would only pay one half of it, sueh being the agreement he had made with the original holder of the bet. Upon that gentleman being addressed on the subject, he replies, and brands the purser "a lying scoundrel." Finally, this honorable purser agrees to pay lorty-fi ve dollars tor the sixty; and when this payment was demanded he again ref uses payment, and made use of such language that Mr. Yates immediately pulled his nose and slapped his face. A few blows passed, when the parties were parted, this honorable purser going into the middle of the street,wishing to have a fist fight. Mr. Yates reminded htm that the public street was no place for gentlemen to settle disputes; that he was to be found at any time, and was ready to give him any honorable satisfaction he might require. This occurred in front of our Exchange. H iving been an eye-witness of the whole transaction, and well acquainted with the particulars that jed toil, has caused me to give you the particulars in justification of a gentleman I have known for years, and one that I am confident would shun all encounters, but still, at the same time, would never allow any one to trespass upon his rights as a gentleman and a man of honor. Yours, truly. Commencement.?The annual commencement of the New York University will lake place to day at the Mercer street church. An oration by Alexander H. Everett, Esq , and poem by Mr. George H Colton will be delivered. A Gloomt Beginning.?The "new drama" at theTremont Theatre wasn't very successful after a I. The "Learned Blacksmith" had not nearly as Rood an audience as the "intellectual pig" the last ( time he appeared at the Museum, and the whole performances went ofl very tamely. The fact is, i all sorts ol theatricals are declining; and as zeal is now-a-daya tempered with a good deal o( pecu- , mary discretion, there is not much reason to anticipate n very successful career for the new management at thaTremont. Mt sicAi-.?The 8fgutns,Mr/~ lUiley and Shrivall concluded their engagement at the Baltimore Th< aire last week, and gave a Concert at the Assembly Ifootnson Monday evening, which attracted a brilliant audience. They proceed to Cincinnati under the auspices of Chippendale, at the National Theatre. Russell is about to visit Albany, and meet his usual good fortune. Nint-oV?Mr. Burton, who haa caused considerable merriment to those who have attended the (farden during his engagement, takes a benefit this evrrung, and has placed a moat attractive bill before the public. Animal Magnetism, with some very droll euoenn-ents in Mesmerism, a new loca| song of " 1H4S;" a Sketch Irom Charlea O'Malley, and the assistance ol Miss Ayres, Miss Horn, MrWalcott, and Fuller, will ensure Mr. Hurton a good auuieme. 11> rr |? a moat iiiiniMing variety Offered, and a* tlnn i:< the laat night of the vaudeville*, the op.iortHinty o( viriting the eatuhliahment ought not to be riiiMcd. Bowiry Amfnitkratri.?'The "Sprite of the Silver Shower" wu performed last night to n full and f.iehionahle audienre, and greeted with well merited applause It will be regaled to-night, to getlier with the umial variety of beautiful e<jueatrian nnu othrr rin? i^norinanrcn. i ii" amnifr- i m-ni* lor comfort ar<* Miperb, nndlh' hnu??* n?rnol m the <>|)fn air City Intelligence. Police.?Not a caie of (trilling interaat wai heard be. fore the police yesterday. Several grand and petit larceniei of ordinary character were discovered, out neither evinced any peculiarity of crime. Court of Errors. Jcwr 38. Van Santioord and othert,v$ Milton St. John. ?The; arguments in this ease, con>m?nced yesterday, were continued and closed by Mi . D Orabnm and Mr. Woed, and the decision was postponed until December Nathan O. Burgees, for plaintiffs. /n Error ut. John D. Abbott and Euttnt Ely.?Mr. Watson opeaed lor the plaintiffs in error to this case, and he was followed bv Mr. orsha o-.i m- w??.i itn.ua an action of debt brought by Abbott and Ely against Burgess alone, in the Superior Court or New York, 011 a judgment docketed in Ohio, against Burgess andome Crane. Instead ol pluading the nen-joindur in abatement. Burgess demurred generally; but the Superior Court held that the non joinder could only be availed of by apleu in abatement, and the Supremo Court affirmed that decision. The case was now brought up to the highest court, but the decision will not be given before December.] Ceart of Common Pleas. Before Judge Inglis, Jcne 39.?Navilla vs. Brouwtr and Spencer.?We have previously stated, in bricl terms, the i>oint embraced in this cause, and we are now enabled to add that the jury (ound for the deiendants. It will be recollected that it was an action of trespass brought by a tenant against his landlord aid the otncor employed, for levying, as was alleged under a defective wairant. Wellington vs. The City Corporation?This action was tried for the third time, for the purpose of recovering compensation for injuries received same time since, by the overthrow of the plaintiff from a sleigh, occasioned by a quantity of rubbish having been left in one of the st 11 its ol this city. The question which appeared to be of orimary importance, was whether the rubbish had not been left in the street by the owner of the projierty near which it lay, and il so, whether the Corporation had not a good defence to this action, unless the jury were satisfied that their officers had been culpable In allowing the rahhmh to lie there. The jury had not agreed upon their verdict. John Connie vs. John B. Dunham ?'This was an action brought by an apprentice against a master, for a breach of covenant in his indentures of apprenticeship. The apprentice was bound for seven yeurs to learn the art, trade, and mystary of piano forte making, and three years have been ?uttered to elapse without the performance of the master's cavenant, the apprentice having been confined to the making and varnishing ol cases only. Thu nature of the defence was not obtained, as the Court adjourned during the progress of the trial. QtJ* WONDERFUL.?Tom Thumb is as popular as ever at the American Museum. He is the only curiosity in the world that the eye does not tire in beholding, but the more he is seen the more interesting he grows. His engagements forbid his remaining long, and therufore ho takes his benefit next Saturday. Piirlormanccs by Mr. Harrington and others. Look out for a great display there on the 4th. OOhTHEHALF A MAN ANI) HALF A MONKEY, causes ciowds ol visitor* to llork to Peale's Museum? never belore hts auch a curiosity been exhibited in Now York; language i* scarcely competent to describe his peculiar construction. He must be seen to be appreciated. He is a phenomenon. QtJ" HOBOKEN.?The proprietor of the Pavilion, Ely* sion Fields, in addition to his Concerts a la Musard.has entered into an engagement with the celebrated Mr. Hood, who will this day make a terrific ascension on the .-erial cord in trout of the Pavilion. Prdlessor ti irvy will also appear on th? crescent cord, with bi? sou, who has gained so much notoriety for his daring feats that he has been styled the Young Gladiator. Toe beautiful walks of Hnboken at any time are sufficient to entice crowds to this place, but the above announcement, we think,will greatly augment the number. Q&- BATHINO AT SIX CEN f 8.?llabineau's Swim iningBath for Men and Boys only, at the foot of Morton street, N. R-, is noyv open for the season at the moderate charge of six cents; a beautiful run ef fine pure water. The public generally are invited this day free of charge. ft?- SIR J. FROISSART'S CHRONICLES OF THE MIDDLE AOES, No. 3, splendidly embellished with enSavings, is this day published at tiie office of Books for e People, 30 Ann street. It is the cheapest as well as most valuable historical work ever issued, and should bo purchased by every person of taste and education. Price J6 cents. To be completed in ten numbers, with 130 line engravings. Oy- STRICKEN DOWN BY HUNDREDS?Nearly halt our citizens are altlicted with the prevailing epidemic. Let those who are suffering from it, attack the cough did) ratnrrh hv UfhlnK it ic neenmnan ioA wills Polnral Cough Lozenges, and the bilious symptoms ot the disorder, with that mild but unrivalled cathartic, Peters'Vegetable Pills, and they will very speedily be enabled to attend to their usual avocations. The Vegetable Pills, if taken by those who have so far been exempt from the complaint, will unquestionably act as a preventive, by imparting such vigor to the stomach and liver as will enable them to resist the influences of disease. Be wise in time. Principil office lift Fulton street, cor. Nassau, John M. Moore, lt#7 Hudson st.: A. 8. Jordan, 2 Milk st. Boston; 90 North Sixth St., Philadelphia; G. Dexttr, Albany. CXJ- MY HEAD WILL SPLIT.-This has become a very common expression, but since the virtues of Dr. Sherman's Camphor Lozenges have become known but few persons who will avail themselves of their benefits complain long, for they give relief in from s to 10 minutes, in the most inveterate rasas. " I shall faint," says another, the heat is so oppressive, and I have such a painful sensation at the pit of the stomach. Oh, if I could but get a few of Sherman's Camphor Lozenges, 1 should find immediate relief. They are the thingMthey act immediately, and 1 never, in the warm season, will be again caught without them. Whv should any one suffer, when loi the small sum of twenty-five cants they can avoid It. Dr. Sherman's warehouse is No. lttti Nassau street Agents, 110 Broadway, 10 Astor llouse,3J7 Hudson, cor Spring st.; 18* Bowery, 77 East Broadway, 86 William street, 89 Chestnut strret, Philadelphia. fl(7- TO THF, EDITOR OF THF. HERALD 8m,? In the report of the proceedings ol the Common Council, published in your pspei on the 27th inst , it is stated that the Comptroller made a communication stating that "Joseph Britton, Collector ol the IMh Waid, had not handed over the monies collected by htm " That the public may not lie misled by this mistatement, 1 waul l state that the amount assessed upon the IMh Ward, $302,725 36, together with $312 44 of interest, has been accounted for with the old Comptroller and Treasurer, C.W.Lawrence, Esq , whose receipts I hold, with the exception ot $183, which I have retained on the following grounds:? The Board of Supervisors have been applied to, to allow a compensation to the Collectors for collecting the State Tax; no provisions having yet been made lor that purpose, the Collectors met, and all agreed that they would retain Irom the Interest monev in tin ir bands, a ner rent age on the State Tax rqtui to the per centage allowed lor collecting the City Tux, an<l until the Bosid of Super visors should determine whether it should bo allowed or not. The law authorize* the Collectors to retain their compensation lor collecting. I retained the above 183 dollars for the purposa above stated, which I am ready and able to pay w htnercr it shall be aettled that I am to pay it over; and which I shall do on the decision of the Board o( Supervisors, without any appeal. Why I should he selectelout trom among all the Collectors, :who, with a few exceptions, are similarly situated, Mri. Comptroller Smith. I suppsse kaowa-I don't. JOSEPH BRITTON. * THE GENUINE EXTRACT OF 8AR8APARILLA from 31 Courtlandt street, went oft yesterday with a perfect rush; in fact, taster than it could he put up, and more than twenty persons came back lor a second supply, having first bought one bottle to try; and, so far as we know, it alwrys is liked by those who use it, and it is alsopntat a reasonable price viz. 50 cents per bottla, >1 per dozen. To bo had only at 31 f ourtlandt street. Agent in Brooklyn only, Mrs. Hayes, 139 Fulton street. I' S.?A medical pamphlet can also be had gratis, w hich all will And interosting and valuable, at the store, and also i)( our agents. QQ- PROFESSOR VELPEAU'S CELEBRATED PILLS, lor the cure of Gonorrhea or Gleet. This nivalliable specific for those distressing complaints, has been Ihelrults of twenty five years experience of I'rolesaor V , iu the hospital of Le Chaiite, in Paris, and pronounced by the unanimous voice of the medical prolession of all countries, as the oaly remedy known to perform a cure in all constitutions. Sold in boxes containing a hundred pills, fLeach. W. 8 RICHARDSON, Agent. umce nnu consulting room! ol tin) college, "7 Nassau treat. N. B. Country patients can obtain a case containing " sufficient qunntity of Professor V.'s remedy, with lull di. rections for use, by addressing the agent of the College 'post paid) giving a full description of the complaint, and enclosing $S. A cure guaranteed. {K7- THE UNRIVALED TONIC MIXTURE?Prepared by the College of Medicine and Pharmacy of tho city of Now York,lor thecureo! all forma of Dyspepsia, loss of appetite, debility, Inssitude, derangement of the nerve*, nervous headache, indigeition, ami all aymptom* attending a weakened constitution. The College confidently recommend this grateful and valuable specific, a* eminently adapted for the invigornlion of the whole sys. tern, and the complete cure of all those distressing etliictiona for which it is the appropriate remedy. To all persons suffering from the present overheated state of the at mospherc, this celebrated mixture will bo found truly invigorating. Sold in large bottles $Q each, small do $1, in case* containing half n dozen $6, carefully packed, and sent to all paiti'ol the Union. W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent. Office tiny consulting rooms of the College, i>7 Nassau Street. (to- THE GENUINE EXTRACT OK SAR8APARILLA, GENTIAN AND SAH8AKKAB, prepared and said by the College of Medicine and Pharmacy of the city of Now York, for the radical cure of all diseases arising from aa impure state of tba blood, viz: Scrofula, Salt Rheum, Rliigworm or Tettar, blotch' nor pimples on the faeeorhody, Rhumatism, inalignunt Ulcers, and all diseases arising from an injudicious use of mercury. This pnrrlv vegetable extract is prepared under the superintendence oi the first medical men in the city,and now universally prescribed by the medical faculty throughout the States as possessing all the curative properties of the different vegetables it is composed of in the highest conr< - Irafpit lr>rm Ii?l l ... I. I.. I.I.. s. 1 cases containing half a dozen, 3,SO, in do containing 1 do?en, fti, carefully packed, and dent to all pacts of the Union. W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent. Oirtro and consulting rooms of tho College 07 Nassau street. QT/- OIL OF TANNIN.?This great leather restorer r.i|n 'I j gains still greater lavor as it becomes more extensively known. No one who has a hnrness should lail to apply, as it keeps it pliable, and will not crack or blister. Its elfects are Just the snme on carriage tops, and render boots snd shots entirely impervious to water. To be had by the gallon or amgle bottle only at 21 Courtlandt ft. BY THE SOUTHERN MA1E. The Hon. James Madtson Porter, Sectetary of War, and the Hon. C. A. Wickliffe, Post Master General, have returned to Washington. The Hon. J. C. Spencer, Secretary of the Treasury, gives aotice that the coupons, attached to the Certificates of Stock issued by the United States, for interest, becoming due on the 1st of July, will be paid on presentation at the Hank of the Metropolis, Washington. They may be remitted througli any of the Depositories of the Government. Latest from Yucatan.?Captain Wright, of the schooner Denmatk, arrived in port yesterday from Sisal, having left Merida on the Sth instant. IJp to the latest dates Gen. Ampudia had not abandoned the aicge of Campeachy, although ths Mexican soldiers were deserting daily in increased numbers. The Con tnissioners had left Yucatan for Mexico to agree on a basis for a treaty of peace, but the terms proposed were not known. Business on the coast whs dull. Com. Moore was in Campeachy, and the Captain informs us it was the general opinion that he was blockaded there by the Mexican squadron.?N. O. Bulletin June 20. Navt Orders ?Midshipman J. Wilkinson, to the receiving ship Pennsylvania; Lieut. J. D. Ferris, leave six months; Master T. Goin, leave lour months; Midshipman J. G. Strain, order to Macedonian revoked. Hales or Htochn at Flillailrlpbln yesterday, $150 State a'*, 1S4?,50; $680 Wilmington 6'a, 185ft, 71: 15 shares Schuylkill Navigation, 44; 5 do Commercial Bank, 434. 5 ' A ft er Board.?$-134 State ft'a, 1839 , 47; $100 do 1870, 47; $196 do 1858,47; $352 Jo 1854, 47; $125 do 1864, 47; $15,000 do 1961, bftp, 48; 100 iharea Northern Bank Ky, 82; 12 do Camden and Aml>oy,s7. LATEST SOUTHERN SHIP NEWS Philadelphia, June 28?Arr 1) idily, (llr) Peitr. Nauru , NP; Krookhare.., Puudr'i m; J W Smith. Jarvia, vid Tliaddetu. Driacoli, NY.>rk. Old Wnahingtoa, Ui>tiop, Mamuzai; K K Loptr. Sherd, Pero.irnbuco. n|) Raltimork, Juie 27?Arr Mirine, Vennvd, Mobile; Uabrlle.tllr) Hural, Antigua; Ann, Towne Pouce; M iry Wi'.ki, (lalt.St I'Iiom its. (I'd Orb. Wotla, Kingvoii, Js; Sun, Hvd-r, Boatou; Mercbant, Kilerr, Port Spain, 'X'rin. 8M Coquette, Dtmerara. Alexandria, Juue 20?SI.) Dodge, NYork. Richmond, Jaur 27?Hid Tuacirorv NYork. NoRroLR. Juue 20?Arr PantSea, NOrleaua. Elizabeth Citv, NC. Juue 25-Sid Maria, Sonera, Writ Indira. Wilmington, NC. June 21?Cld Hudaou, Martin, Curtcoa, Sapph re, (Br) Cook, Autigna. Savannah, June 24?Arr Ueorgiana, Bedell, NYork; Red Rover, Arey, Boaion. Cld Caroline Swaaey, Providence.? Sid Atlantic, (Br) Hnbiuion, Cork; Caroline, tiilkry, Bjaton; Onelio, Kelly, NYo k. Mobile, June 21?Cld Migar.t Johnsoo, Glasgow; Joaeph Cunnrd, Liverpool. New Orleans. June 20?Arr Olbera, [ Bri-m] Ecter. Hamburg; Kei.l.uwi. Snow. NYork; J alia A Helen, Bartlett, Siaal. Bel ow.crmiug up. Klizihrth Krilh, Pearce, Liverpool. C ld I eila, Higiiina; Laura, Snow, and Alexander, Leeda, Livcp'i; O'ofce. Lowiv.and Calrdomi Br-nd.-r. Malonv, Philadelpnia; ewi'k, olerwiu, NYork; An lieUna, Boutelle, Havre ; Martin WaahiuKlon, Stevens, Le d m. x+- THE KOLLOWINU SKEMS ALMOST INCREDIBLE, but it can be proved on th?- spot:?A young man in the atom of Messrs. Comstock & Co ,21 Cortlundt atreet, run a steel pen clear through his hand, so that the handle was pulled through; bcs ilea, the pen was ful' of ink, and left it in the wound. The pain from it was mast excruciating, until the Magical Pain Extractor was applied, when it was completely stopped in two minutes. Any one can see bis hand at the store. It Is slso ns good in hums, scalds, old sores, ulcers, stops mortification,pain in any part of the body, and will cur. sore and inflamed ayes, and has and will cure cancers. Proof positive and undeniahlo will ho shewn to all who may wish, and all who are8tubborn and will not he convinced hy facta, can suffer and welcome. In consequence of a counterfeit, the true can be had only at 21 Courtlandt street. Agent in Brooklyn, 139 Kultonstreet. {H7- THE PARISIAN ALTERATIVE MIXTURE prepared by the College ot Medicine ami Pharmacy for the cure of Primary or Secondary Syphilis. This pswerful alterative is composed of a combination nf botanical remedial agents, which exercise a specific effect on tkeae terrible afflictions. A cure will in all case* ha guaran. teed if the directions be implicitly followed. In secondary eruptions, ulcers, pains in the bones, venereal sore throat, Sic., this mixture will he found to he invaluable. Sold in large bottles 92 each; in small bottles 91; incaaea containing half a dozen, 9*. carelully packed and sent to all parts of the Union. Office and consulting rooms of the College, 97 Nassau street. W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent. MONEY MARKET. YYtdiicsday, June 28?6 P. M, The new Oovernmennt 6 percent loan, 10 years to run, has been taken mostly by John Ward Jc Co. at 101 1-100 per cent;ono let of $100,000 was taken at 102,showing the jircvuiung ui'iiei 01 a continued aunnamnn 01 meuey.? There wai little or no competition, it appear*, for this stock, notwithstanding which it produced a premium, although it has but ten year* to run. It i* now ft month* since the United State* tt per ct. loan was taken at about par. That stack i* now 15$ pretr. cash, and there were time sale* at 117. The taking of that stock gave an impetus to the market which has sinoa been sustained generally. At the Board Illinois rose J; New York 6's of 196J, Ohio, 1; Long Island, Harlem fell }, Indiana, a 1 per cent. At the New Board Kentucky roso ?; Illinois }. The Ohio and Kentucky interest money for July is on hand. The plentcousness *f money hat enabled the former State to get through. The bad management of the State last year tank its stock to 50 cents on the dollar, and the stock is now the lawest dividend paying stock on the list. It is a (i per cent stock,and i* at 90 on the day that a United States ft per cent stock is taken at 2 per cent premium. The evil with th* State is, that it never passe* direct tax law* to psy it* interest, but gives the auditor the option, it he cannot borrow enough. This i* a groat irregularity. The Great Western is anxiously looked for. She may be here to-morrow. The whelo state of Anancial affairs in the Union presents an appearance ol great stability and uniformity? Every description of property is improving in value, un less u may bo bank stock, which, owing to the present and prospective dullness of commerce, dependent upon hank credits, are declining. The great source of nation al prosperity, viz. agiicultural products are slowly struggling against the oppression ot the new tariff, and rising in raliin. On improved prices in the interior depends all the real trade of the country. Thoae price* rise in proportion to the extent with which the surplus can be disposed of abroad ; and those foreign sales depend upon the imports. The operation of the tiriff is to destroy the money value of the whole production. The effect ef strict, ly revenue duties, hi to procure a fair remuneration for the surplus, and thereby to raise the value of the wkele agricultural produce. The principle which induced the old Dutch Kast India company to consume by fire thair surplus import of spices, in order to sustain the value of the rest, applies to the products of this country. Thoae products are agricultural, and the proportion of the population employed in that pursuit, is 3 700 000 out of 4,000,001) of active persons. Now, a surplus is annually produced beyond the capacity of the iohabi'ants to consume The protectionists say that surplus must not be export, el. On the old Dutch system it would be wine to con* sumu the overplus by Are, as for instance, the wheat crop of I?3d, according to the census, w.ia 84,0#0,00f bush els ; in 1040 there were exported, mostly to England, equivalent to 11,010.000 bushels of wheat,or nearly 12 per renfrl the prnn. Tli? avi rm pfi.nl iiripn ftf Ihtl wear ??i 37, and in the succeeding year, although tha production wan known to tx> larger, tha prica ruled f I 60 per hhl.flour higher tnror.ghout the Union,and the expert wai lr??. (I 60 par Mil. wa? i qual to an improved money value ol $36,000,00(1 on the production ;yet the currency of 1MI was more contracted than tint ol 1810. The value ef the export* ol 1840 wai about $IO,uoo,OnO. Ilenco, if that quantity had been destroyed the laimera would havo been gainer* by $26,000,000 in the improved money value of the remainder. Imtrad however of wantonly destroying thn surplus,they ?-k only to get a* much foreign production* lor it a* they ran. Krom England they obtained an much manufacture* m return a* would co?t them here $12,000,000. Thi* the 300,000 person* engaged in domestic manufactures, operating through Congrea*. forbid. The tarifl prevent* any good* from being received in return, and consequently the whole agricultural produe- g tion ii sunk in money value so low, that the whole trade of the country is ptrnl) sad. At the extraordinary low price*to which produce hsa fallen since 1841, someou'lrt can be found for specie re. turns, and this is producing someelevstian in rates. With this improvement the elastic energies of (lxe people recover their wonted vigor and buoyancy- The values of State stock return with tho improved ability of tha people to pay taxes. The superior quantities of produre which par* over the great avenue# of trade to market, increases the valuo of corporate companies, which for the most part are now in the hands of weslthy men. at rate* which will yield oxorbitsnt income*on tha investment, if the works declare but a small dividend on,the original capital. For instance, tho Harlem Railroad is held by men at a coat of $l2per share, who arc conducting tha road in a manner, which, with the rapid advanct mant of all descriptions ol business, It is said, will give a dividnnd of 2 per cent on tho capital within the year. This small divi- , dead will gi?e 8 per cent on the investmert. Thi# is an instance ol tho rapid manner in which property, bssed upon actual baaineaa, at preaant priera, will nrcii? with thn growth of trade. Tho ro?trictivo policy *1 tho United Htatra in rrgi u It<i foreign trade ha* been exceedingly injnrlon* to ,i tr.tereat*. It i* n aingulnr lact that ?ince I' jo, alt! nth f the population of tho Union ha* double,I, tho a* with thecxcaption of cotton, hare not increaaed at