Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 16, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 16, 1843 Page 2
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JVKW YOKk HERALD. \tw f ork, (Mdaft Jlljr IV, IKK StttTom Srnim;*.?Oar reader* will pleaae bear in mind that the Herald can hf ohlainril daily,on the arrival ofthec*r?. irotD Mr. Lewi*, oppoaite the Halted State* HotaJ. L?!??iw?.?ii'A<iM,N. Y?The Herald can be had of Mr. 1 e* is, Rtnwelaar Houae Subscriber* leaving their ad. . re** will be erred regularly. Ma. D Lvm*r, Middletown,'Conn., in Agent lor the H. raid, of whom may be obtained copiw* ot the Daily ami Weekly Herald finu OINO, zn. v., Messrs BUlitOli It to JfinoiToR, N. Y., Mr. Z. Waller To CoRRKSFoNnitPiTv ?All communications intended lor insertion in this paper, must be addressed to the " acting Editor,"' l)r. Houston. No communications addressed to any other person connected with the oftiee, will meet with attention. The Drama?Is it Kkai.ly DkadI?Wk Think Not?Why ?--Some days since we Rave our readers the sermon of the Rev. Dr. Beecher, delivered in the Tremont Temple, formerly the Theatre in Hostoiv We now offer them something on the otherside of the que^iion. The stage is now almost undone. The liberalism ol ihe day has given to every corner a theatre, and has degraded the character of the stage in all By scattering the ability which still ex:6ts, it has stripped the great theatres of the very means of representing dramatic excellence; while, by adopting popular contrivances to obtain temporary success, they have driven away dramatic genius in contempt or despair. Our stage is now condemned to be fed almost like a telon from the dungeons, or like the felon to feel a stigma in every morsel, which it puts between its lips. Itmuststoep to French frivolity or German extravagance, and be glad to exist upon either. Yet, why should not higher mmes come to its aid 1 The people will have theatres.? Good or evil, noble or degraded, the stage will be demanded by the people. Is it a thing indifferent to our rulers to supply them with this powerful and universal excitement in its highest degree of moral influence, or in its lowest degree of impurity ; to bring before them, with all the attractions of the drama, the memory ol heroes and sages, patriots and martyrs, the lessons of virtue and the punishment.of vice, ?r leave them to rake for the indulgence of eye and ear in the very kennels of crime ? " Th?y order thone thing* better in France." Unquestionably, the care ol government there protects the national taste, and prevents the theatres from looking for subsistence to the history of the highway. The vices which now haunt the theatres are no more necessary to its nature, than to the Senate or the palace. Why should not the laws interpose to prevent the sale of poison on the stage, as in the streets'! Why should ?.oi ine law-makers nri?i?9 anH hnnnr Inr cm-po! .ror.fl.iino onrl dies, as soon as for a voyage to the Arctic or Antarctic? But is dramatic genius dead in America'? What, in America! where nothing dies?where even' faculty of the heart and understanding is in the most perpetual activity?where the noblest impulses are perpetually pushing forward to the noblest ends?where human nature moves in all its vigor, from hour to hour, without disguisewhere the whole anatomy of the moral frame is , visible, and all its weakness, and all its wonders, are the daily spectacle of all mankind' In giving these opinions of the power of the siage, need we guard them by saying that we contemplate a higher spirit than the drama eveu of Shakspeare has ever displayed?one which, to the vigor of his characters, and the splendor oi his poetrv, should add a moral of which his time was scarcely conscious? Our?idea would approach more nearly the objects of the great Greek dramas, in which the first sympathies of tUe people were appealed to by the most powerful recollections of historic virtue ; their national victories ov?r the Persian, ihe lofty conceptions of their Olympus, the ulories of their national power, and the prospects of their imperishable renown. We contemplate nothi e, of the weakness, locality, or license, of our Id drama. We think only of a rich and lofty commnation 01 characters above the level ol our time, thoughts belonging to thai elevation, feelings more generous, vivid and majestic, and exploits uniting the soaring spirit of old romance with the sustained strength of modern energy ; Greece in her brightest days of intellectual lustre, Rome in her most heroic days of patriotism, and America in those days that are yet to come, and which shall fill up her inheritance of glory! ?v - Total Loss of the Steam Ship Columbia.? Confirmed Accounts two days i.ater.?The Cajtiiin of the steamt r Saxe Gotha, at St. John, was on board the Columbia the 7th instant. At that tim?*she had broken in two. but her rigging, spars and sails, with a great part of her engines would be saved. The report that a person was missing Irom her, arose from ihe fact that one of her sailors in attempting to scull a skiff from the ship to a schooner, on the 2d instant, lost his way in the fog, and wrs driven by the wind and tide about the bay, till some time next day, when he was fortunately descried by the brig Rose, bound to Yarmouth, and taken on board. The Colombia, it is understood, cost #300,(100, and was insured for JE-10,000. She wan commanded by Capt. Shannon,/ormerly of the Margaret. Her pilot whs Capt. Stairs, of Halifax?a gentleman of long experience and high reputation, who has been employed by the company in that capacity since the first establishment of this magnificent and hitherto surprisingly tortunate line, and previously, tie commanded one of th*1 British Government packets. As Capt. Shannon is exonerated from all blame in the lose of this noble steamship, the pilot must take the respfinsibility of the act. At the moment the Columbia struck, she was going at the rate of tm knot* an hour, i.in a log so dense that the length of the ves>el was hardly discernable, which fact alone is sufficient to blast the reputation of any navigator, however great his experience. Mk Ambon's Death and Funkbal.?A letter trom Cambridge, Massachusetts, addressed to Mr. Bryant, has some interesting details respecting the last moments and the funeral rites of this great man They will be read with interest " It may interest you to know the manner of Mr. Aflston's death. He was just retiring to rest, having passed the evening with some of his female riends, when he complained that he felt a pain in his breast. One of the ladies recommended a muMard plaster, and he went down into his study. Presently Mrs. Allston entered the room wtiere he was, and found him lifeless At first they believed hun to bejin a fit, and sent for a (>hv8ician, who instantly discovered that he was dead. Thus 'extinguished not decayed," he was spared the pain and weariness of consuming disease. The cause of his death was ascertained to be ossification of one of the gr*at arteries of the heart. On Monday evening he was buried by torchl.fffil in lt.? r.hiir?h .,??l ...L. . ... ? - 7 ?? \m f Ileal wnrir 1 Itm writing The funeral sermon whk performed by I)r. Vinton, an Episcopal clergyman, at the grave, and the lid of the coffin opened so thai h?* wan seen by many All who attended the funeral were such as held him in the highem respect A friend who wa? preaent, says he never taw a more touching sight There he lay in the white robe of the tomb, bis venerable white hair resting on his temples, his features neither disturbed nor in any way altered, f-xcepi that an ezpreM:>>n of entire repose^ and up it were of divine submission, had taken place of his former animation. Jt was something between life and death,' said another friend to mo, 'a holy tranquility, but significant of the sublime spirit which had left its character upon nil that Wi!8 mortal of its humanity.' " 't> Mr H**nrv J Ferguson, a iimnn?ui*li. if ing n<-ntkm?n from Harvard University. nrnv*-ii t?> (he American Hotel yemerday Cask ok Mrs. Gilmoitr.?We expect that this cai-e, wliicli has excited considerable attention, will Ih- fin,illy (I olio-morrow. The Cominitwourr, hua, it will be HPt-n from the annexed account of til** Iiriioiiufjino i ddliiM^au (iirniiill*^ Wu nui? .... iu.j, ?j decided iliat the prisoner is of sane inind, and the evidence ?l her criminality is to be laid be lore him to-morrow. He will then past* upon that, and make the decision respecting her surrender?a decision which we believe must be final. As there have been a great many inquiries made iu various quarter* respecting the terms of the article in the treaty bearing on this cane, we consider that we will be regarded by many as performing an acceptable service in publishing the tenth article? which contains, we may cm jxutim remark, the whole of the law on the case :? A?t.X.?It is agreed that Her Britannic Majesty and the United States shall, upon mutual requisition* by thom or their ministers, officers, or authorities, respectively made, deliver up to Justice all persons, who being charged with the crime of murder, or assault with intent to commit murder, or piracy, or arson, or robbery, or forgery, or the utterance of forged paper, committed within the jurisdiction of either, shall seek an asylum, or shall be found within the territories ol the other, provided that this shall only be done upon evidence of criminality,as according to the laws of the place where the fugitive or persoa so charged shall be lound, would initifr his unnrok-?* r?4-s-1 te 'L j j II.iw wuimiiincut IUI mm, 11 IUU crime or oflVnce had there been committed ; and the respective Judges and other MaKistrates of the two governments (hall have power, jurisdiction, and authority, upon complaint made under oRtli, to issue a warrant Tor the apprehension of the fugitive or person so charged, that he may be brought before such Judges or other Magistrates, respectively, to the end that the evidence of cnminality may be heard and considered ; and if, on such hearing, the evidence be deemed sufficient to sustain thecharga, it shall be the duty of the examining Judge or Magistrate to certify the same to the proper executive authority, that a Warrant may issue for the surrender ot such tugitive. The expense of such 'apprehension and delivery, (hall be borne and defrayed by the party who makes the requisition and receives the fugitive. In this ftuge of the case, an important question arises, and one which we are somewhat surprised has not as yet been mooted?is there a legal requisition for the surrender of this female 1 Tn our humble judgment this was the first question which should have been raised by the prisoner's counsel. As far as we can ascertain there is no document forthcoming, on which the authorities here would be justified, under the treaty, in surrendering this female to the Rritish authorities. In introducing the report of the proceedings yes- i terday, we have only to add that Mr. Price has re- 1 linquished the case in Mo in consequence of severe indisposition, and that Mr. Watson, who has associated with him Mr. Lord, conducts the case for the J British government. i United State* District Court. Before Mr. Commissioner Rapelyea. July 16.? Case of Chritlina Cochran, alias Oilmour.? ' Dr. Nelson was called and sworn. His evidence was a* follows:?Is a practising physician,residing at 77 Whitest; graduated in 1912 in Canada, in this country in Caatleton, Vt.and Fittsfield, Mass , where he lectured as Professor in the colleges there; he has also practised in Canada; had not paid particular attention to the subject of mental alienation; the subject haa fallen under his notice to the same extent as the generality of practitioners: had visited the prisoner on five occasions; the first time he went t? see her, he enquired into her general health, and found it good in all reapects; she was sound in boJy, and that was the case on the occasion of each visit; ahe appeared to him I to be perfectly sound in body and mind, but deficient in mind. What mind she had appeared as sound as that of simpletons or imbeciles usually ; he could not discover any mental disease, he thought there was an imbecility of mind?itdid not amount to dementia, as that would have implied the loss of,something once possessed. Neither was it quite so low as idiocy She spoke to him froely, but QOt with that coherency which persons of auchfreedis- 1 course usually manifest. On every occasion on which he visited her, there appeared to be uniformity of expres- 1 ion, leM agitation, however, on occaaion of the final visit, wnen sne appeared to be more free and easy in her manner. The only test* he employed were conversation, interrogation and observation of her countenance and manner. Heard the evidence of Dr. Rodgers: did not 1 hear it very distinctly, however, inconsequence of his position in Court. On the firat occasion in conversing * with her, and endeavoring to elicit some information of her family and her former habits of life, she spoue ol her 1 father and a little sister, and expressed a hope soon to xee them a^ain. She (rpeated frequently that she hoped it would nolbt long before she saw them. This was on the ' first of the two occa'ions in which witness saw her in company witli Dr Rodgen. Witness then suggested to Dr. R. the propriety ol suggesting to her that they had the power >f tending her home. She spoke voluntarily, and was fomewhnt vehement in her manner; she spoke of ill treatment she had leceived from her lather, we|it slightly, hut ?aid that, notwithstanding, sho wished much to sec her tather. Her countenance ' did not change perceptibly dwring the*e conversation*. On the second visit, Doctor Rodgers had a book of printed blank forms in his hand, and after turning uver the leaves in order that she might see it, he said, " Christina, will you go home?will you go back to Scotland 7 I shall sign nn order if you say you will go." Her reply was, "Aye, I will go." He then 1 said, "You know if you go you will be tried for the murder of your husband, and you will be hanged." Witncai did not at this time perceive any change of countenance in her Dr. R then repeated " If you go, I will sitn the order." She replied, " Aye, but how c?n J go?" The Dr. returned, " You will be sent as you came, in a hip." She said then, " Oh I I dinna like a ahip?it is so long- so long in crossing?I would rathergo in a ceach." That was the amount of her objection. Throughont these various statements, she did not evince anv more in. dicationa of pleasure. Was not present the time refer- 1 red to by Dr. Rodgers, when the iicene with the Justice 1 took place. It ia possible that she was deceiving, but 1 he had no proof of it. If not deceiving, believes that shn 1 would, if allowed to go nt laree, he cheated in every transaction with others. She had deceived him with re. markable ability, il ahe did deceive. Each time he went to see her sh? had her wrist done up with a garter, and wai scarifying her hand. The jailor asked why she did so; the replied th*t" it was amusing to see the flies come and lick upthe blood." Was not present in hercell when she spoke to Dr. Rodgers about her knowledge of her home. Had heard her fprak very much about her grandmother, and that was the only manifestation that locked like a loss of mind. She thought her grandmother was always in tho bed, and that wai the reason that she would not sleep on the bed. She also excused herself to the jailor for sitting on the floor, by saying that she saw her " granny" on the bed. If she were not deceiving, this fact of this imagination of seeing her grandmother who was dead, would imply a diseased mind. On | one occasion witness and Doctor McDonald 1 were conversing near the door of h?r cell, 1 in the gallery. Her cell door was open. Dr. McDonald walked very carefully to the door to observe her?after 1 looking a short time, be returned, and said he found her listening. Witneas then went in the same way to the 1 door, and found her sitting by the hingea of the door in ' the usual place in which he found her on each occasion ofhis visits, she ?n working with ber wrists as usual 1 with her bick towards the door. She was sitting and oc 1 cupieii ?s usual. Q? From all your observations, what is your opinion 1 as to the state of her mind? A?On the supposition that she waa not deceiving, I was of opinion, until my last visit, that she waa not capable of taking gaod care cf herself, although capable, of taking moderate car*. On enquiring once more on the anal visit respecting the state ol her health, he thought he discovered evidence of more intelligence than that evinaed on former occasions, although still ef very low degree. She appaared capable of distinguishing to a certain extent between right and wrong. q ?Was she conscious of what wss passing around cr* A.?I can only speak of what 1 saw. I do not wish to gties'-'. 1 do not wish to give a gratuitous opinion. She may he deceiving, but I have had no evidence of it; ahe is conscious of what is passing around her, but not U the same extent as a person ol ordinary intelligence. Q. Is there any particular in which you differ (rom the witnesses already examined? A It appeared to me that the witnesaei examined before me wete under the impression that she was deceiving them. That may be the case, but I have no fact authorizing me tosweartbat. Mr. Winner here called Dr. Camming. Mr. Lord objected to the examination of Dr. Cumming, as he had not been named in the commission. Mr. Warner then said, it seems most extraordinary to me that an attempt sboulJ be made here to stifle truth. I should have sup|>osod that the medical witnesses named in the commission would be themselves desirous that othi rs of the professional brethern should be called on to testify, who had net participated in that "unity of action" of which we have bean). Without at alldiaptraging the talent and ability of the gentlemen in the'eommission, I will ascertain to-day that the physicians I intend to call, are, at least, lullv equal te testify as to the mental condition of this female. You are here, air, to ascertain the state ol this woman's mind, and I am quite at a loss to perceive how you can reject the testimony I now propose to offer. Vfr I.nun ? I do not think that this is the nroner nlace for any discussion of thii kind. You, sir, are merely the examining magistrate, and in my judgment you are not authorized to protract the examination Indefinitely, a? the proposition of the opposite counael would necessarily oblige you to do. Mr. WAawra?I inaiat, air, on my right to introduce theae witness*. Commissioner Rafklyka?At thia atare of the proceeding! I refuse to allow you. Mr. WAMura?Well, then, air, aa you do not permit mr to rail these medical witnesses, I propose to call other , witi esse* who have been familiarly acquainted with tlie priaoner?who were at school with her?persons in whose ran- and charge she haa been from the time of htr arrival in thia country. Mr. Loan objected. Mr. Waanaa?1 think 1 can offer aubatantiol ground* ol the legality anil propriety ol my proposal. 1 will refer you to Beci " treatise on Medical Jurisprudence?a work held deservedly in the higfceat re put*-for proof of the principle that the testimony of the attendants and nur esof persons of unsound mind is the best possible evidence. I cannot certainly percive the grounds on which the teatimonyaf five or aia medical gentlemen is to be regarded as aolely ndmiasable The CoMMisnonr.a decided that he should examine only the mcdical gentlemen appointed in the commis sion. Dr. Child* waa then examined.?Had kit Arat twter I view with her on the 'JAtn of Jana; conreraed on the put I nil' ahe had had. and other incldenta of the voyage, in I order to put her at her Alluaion waa made to a?? I in knead, ah<< aaid ahe had lutfered very much from II . I that previous to ailing provisions had boen laid in (or har use, but she was so sick she couldnt use them, and distrilmted them to the passengers, and particularly to *ome children to whom she had taken a great fancy;, she was not minute in her descriptions: witness then tried to ascertain something about her early education; she con' Vi>rKt><l fpiidlv f*iti>?**<> t in<r liar pulativui and Pi'inrpd BtftC tion for them; endeavored to elicit a description of her father*! house and grounds, and she gave one; she also al. luded to her grandmother, and said she had spent much ef tier early lite with her; she gave the name ol the town where het grandmother resided, and the relative position f it with tne house of her father; on each visit she gave this information precisely alike; alter this witness alluded to her present condition, she said they had accused her of poisoning her husband; could not gather from hur the date or circumstances of her marriage; she had no distinct recollection of it, but thought it was in thespiing; that she saw hut little of her husband; that he took sick and died in a few weeks; expressed a good deal of emotion about the report of the murder of ner husband; spoke of her attention to him during his illnets; and said it her friends were here they would soon do away with the bad impreasion; said it was contrary to her desire to come here, but that she was coerced into leaving. An important point in the opinion of the witness was her remarks relative to her objections to coming?she said that her leaving there would be equivalent to an acknowledgement of her guilt. This convinced witness that she was billy capable of reasoning; she said she had seen Mr. Spieia, but did not know him; her manner was quite composed, alihough farigued and a little degree of incoherence of memory on some little points on the first visit. [The withesa was proceeding to relate a conversation he had had with Mr. Spiers. Mr. Warner objected. Mr. Lord contended it was quite proper, bnt the Commissioner ot course decided otherwise.] The witness went on?found her on next visit lacerating her hand and a ligature tied round her wrist; looked on that as rather an " extravagant operation;" next visit her hand was atili more lacerated; went over a part of same ground he had formerly occupied. With respect to her marriage, and the death of her husbanl, instead ol' answering the question, she went off on some other track, relating ill treatment of her father. Her moral feelings were. it lAAntMl unilpr rnnlruinv hv her familv. She spoke of having been "thrashed" by her father aud cen. fined in a garret, but still expressed affection for him. Asked her on tho third v sit where her acquaintance with Spiers commenced. She could not tell whether it was the stage coach or the ship. The next interview was with Dr. Cheeseman. Witness was strengthened in his previous opinions. The bandage waa atill upon her wrist, but witness designedly did not allude to it. In the seven visits in the cases in which she gave direct answers, the answers were uniform?a somewhat unusual thing with insane persons. It had been stated to witness that she could not count. Last Sunday he took with him a friend and visited her. There was trunk with brass nails, and he asked her to count twenty ot them?she done so slowly, but accurately. She then counted by fives, which she did up to fifty without mistake, and by tens, up to seventy without mistake. She also evinced an ability to subtract correctly; and also in adding numbers together she evinced some capability. Had ascertained that she had been in ill health in childhoed, and that her education hod been neglected, and her mind not overcharged with intellect. When witness ipike of her alleged improper intimacy with others, she defended herself with some emotion from the imputation. When chargcd with the murder, she said if her friends were here they could clear her of the charge. On each interview she told a story about running off without her ihoes, and hiding in a fence, where she waa diacovered by a favorite dog, and was then carried back and confined in the garret. CrotfExavtintd by Mr. Warmer.?Thinks that Dr. Rodgers was mistaken about the preaence of witness when Dr. R asked her to count. He had arrived at tho conclusion that her moral insanitv is not manifested. He thought her possessed ot rather limited intellectual endowmerts. Q?Does she reach mediocrity 7 A?She's not above it. Q?Does she reach it 7 A?She falls rayther short of, but with proper culture migkt reach it. Q?Did you make the remark on Wednesday that the laceration of her hands discover ingenuity ? A?I was not en the stand, sir, then. ? uiujuuiciuormnmu " genuity that she lacerated her hand to keep theAieson her face ? A-No. Q?Did you feel her pulse down stairs on Wednesday ? A?I don't recollect. Q? Did you then aik her about her appetite ? A?Ye*. Q?Did you consider that in a case of this sort appetite a any criterion of idiocy 1 A?Sometimes theyaie gluttons, sometimes they don't sat much. Q?The same remark would apply to sleep? A?Idiots generally aleep well. Q?Would tbepulsebe necessarily affected ? A?That would depend on the temperament aiid ha>its of the individual. Q? Did her telling the same story repeatedly indicate n her case, in your opinion, the presence of intelligence? A?Insane people, generally, do not ao repeat the same itory. Dr. Hostcx was the next witness. Saw the prisoner yesterday in company with a Iriend. She was sitting on the floor. She expressed hersell satisfied with her treatment , st j ted that she was not conscious ol the cause ol tier confinement; said that she had never heen married. Witness then spoke of the marriage not being her own act, but she persisted in the d?ni>il of her marriage ; ad mitted attachment to another individual, whose name however ihe would not mention, She wept much when peaking of thi" su'ject. She spoke of the severity of treatment she received from her relatives. Witness then said, " I suppose your husband treated yon badly?" She said, "Yes, he did," and she then went on and said she could'nt obey him and her mother. She then asked witness " when will all this beover?" She seemed quite indifferent to the question relative to her connection with Spier*. She called the Court a church, and said the had beard nothing ; she said however that she recognized witness as having been in the Court. Witness is of opin. ion that she haa perfect consciousness of what is passing, ind of its relation to heraelf. Witness was anxious to eximine her on the subject of memory : he had a letter which she had written, and he asked if she could repeat what she had written ; ahe did ao until it came to about :he middle of it, when she spoke of her attachment to Spiers ; she also said that some of the language in the letter was taken from a book. Croit examimd?Bv Mr. Wiistt?You said she had, in one occasien, wept more than an idiot would? Is it not usual lor idiots to sob and cry much? A. Yes, but not so much as she did. Did not believe that the exhibition of emotion was so common in idiots as in lunatics. Drs. Hoffman and [Cheeseman were called, but did not answer. Air. Lobd submitted whether the examination should not now be terminated. He considered that a sufficient amount ot evidence had been offered to enable the Commiitinnor tn Hnrifla Mr. Warnkr contended for his right to call alditional witnesses, particularly thoso acquainted with her early life. He reminded the Commissioner that in the course of Dr. Rodgers' examination, he inferred from her coherent manner of relating incidents connected with her early life, ?he was of sound mind. Now he (Mr. W.) was prepared to show that in these statements she was in er. ror. Could he not, then, otter testimony to that eHect, as well as the evidence of other medical gentlemen' Mr. Commiiiiorcr Ririuii believed that the agreement was, that three medical witnesses should be examined on each side. It would take too much time to go into the examination of more witnesses. Mr. Warwkr?And is a month's time,sir, of greater importance than the rights and interests of the prisoner? CoMMiiiionea?Sir, I didn't need a months' time to make up my mind. 1 have made it up already?that th.s woman's not insane. Mr. Lord contended that the opposite counsel had no -ight whatever to go ad libitum into the examination ol witnesses in this preliminary investigation. The Commission then decided that no additional witties sea should be cjlled. Mr. Warner excepted to the decision. Mr. Lord then proposed to enter on the direct accusation, and wus about to call Mr. McKay, when Mr. Warner stated that he was so ill that he could not go on. TheCoMiii>sio*rr then adjourned the further proceedings in the case until Monday, at two o'clock. Theatrical and Musical.?Niblo's goes on prosperously as ever. The Ravels will soon produce some highly attractive novelties. A great number of excellent artibts are out oT employment here at present. Harry P. Gratton has returned to the city. .Mckinsnn, nt thr Olympic, is doing well at his old quartern in Montreal. Chippendale has now got the pole management of the Cincinnati Theatre, and ia doing a fair business in the city of pork. The Italian troupe, of which we gave an analysis last Sunday, are in Philadelphia. Madame .Sutton is still in the city, and has got large classes of pupils. Boston, it is aid, is likely to have four theatres in operation the ensuing season, viz: the old Federal street, the new Tremont Vaudeville, the liule Eatle, and the National. Very doubtful. Signora Castellan is still in this city, but will soon visit Philadelphia. The Misses Cumming have taken up their residence in this city, and are teaching music with access. The Seguins' are at Cincinatti, performing at the National Theatre. Dr. Lardneris lecturing at Cincinatti. Mrs. 9. Butler is lecturing at the Baltimore Mu seum. Messrs. Rockwell and Stone's celebrated company of equestrians are now on a visit to Canada. Yankee Hill is giving delineations of eastern eccentricities at Albany. Mrs. Brnugliam is expected shortly|in Cincinnati. Mr. Wallace, Ihe celerated Pianiat and Violinist, is expected to ;$ive a concert at Albany during the ensuing week. He will be accompanied by Mrf. Watson. Henry Russell gave a grand Concert at New Bedford lor the benefit of the Fall River sufferers ? He waa at New Hiiven according to last accounts Thk trial of Downm, ia the Criminal Court of Washington, for stealing Treasury Notea, and forgery thereon, ha* been postponed to Monday, the 7th August. inconsequence of ihe indisposition of a witaeaa for the prosecution I OazooN Convention.?As our reader* are aware, ; h convention of delegates from States in the Valley ol the Mississippi was held at Cincinnati on the 3d, VV 4th, and ftth iuslant, to take into consideration ihe propriety, Arc., of immediately settling the territory, y( with other matters which might come before it, io w relation to that interesting section ol our republic. fr

The following resolutions and declaration compre- Ik hend the matured deliberations and final action ol *e the convention. They are the most important documents put forth. Col. R. M. Johnson was presi1 dent ol the convention; 1st Vice President, W. . W. Southgate; 2d Vice President, S. Medary; ttd ^ Vice President, Wm. B. Ewing; 4th Vice Presi- yi dent, John Kane; 1st Secretary, Wm. Parry; 2d CIJ Secretary, Rufus King; Recording Secretary, <jr AmosHolton. T The proceedings were of the most interesting th character, and cannot fail to make a deep and per- hi manent impression upon the West A number of in very able' and interesting reports were made, w among them one upon the subject ol our boundary negotiations with Great Britain; another on the th extent of the Oregon Territory, its value in an agricultural and commercial point of view, and the ei prubable effect of its occupation and settlement by '? the United States, upon its wealth, power and fu- F ture prosperity. Also, a [report upon the probable O effect of the settlement of Oregon upon the for- ?' tunes of the Caucasian race, and another on our dt title to the same Territory. These reports, we learned, are from the pen ?f Gen. Wprthiagton, of ? Ohio, who has long taken a deep interest in the Oregon question, and do great credit to his talents th and research. L Among the distinguished persons present at the ;f convention were Gov. Shannon, Senator Tappan, w Judge Hinkston, S. Medary, and various others Bl whose names we do not now recollect, from Ken- m tucky, Ohio, and indeed, almost the entire West The following resolutions were agreed upon :? ?i( Resolved, That the right or the United state* to the se Oregon Territory, from 4J degrees to 64 degrees 40 mi- on nates north latitude, is unquestionable, and that it is M the imperative duty of the Oeneral Government iorth- fn with to extend the laws of the United State* over said B. territory. of Resolved further, That to encourage migration to, and bo the permanent and secure settlement of said territory, pa the Congress of the United States ought to establish a line mi of forts from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and PI provide also an efficient naval force for the protection of Ri the territory and its citizens. ho Resolved, That for the purpose of making known the ce causes and principles of our action, the following declare, a < tion is unanimously adopted, and now signed by the w' membcrsof this convention, with instructions to the offi* tei cers thereof to transmit a copy to the President of the is United States, and to each member of Congress, aad also pr to the Executives of the several States, with a request to tei present the same to their respective legislatures. M A declaration of citizene of the Mississippi Valley, astern- m'. bled in Convention at Cincinnati, July bth, 1843, for Ike purpose of adopting such measurei as may induce the im- of mediate occupation oj the Oregon Territory, by the arms and laws of the United States of'North America- ch We, the undersigned citizens of the Mississippi Valley, b? do hereby declare to our fellow-citizens of the whole Re- fu public, that in urging forward measures for the imme- co diate occupation ot the Oregon Territory and the north- thi east coast of the Pacific Ocean, from 43 deg. to 54 deg. Jo 40min north latitude, we are but performing a duty we m owe to ourselves, to the Republic, to the commercial na- pe tionsof the world, to posterity, and to the people of Great co Britain and Ireland, not as we believe to be benefitted by &c the further extension of her empire. sui Duty to ourselves requires that we should urge imme- vo diate occupation of the Oregon, not only for the increase of and extension of the West, but for the security of our sai peace and safety, perpetually threatened by the savage na tribes of the northwest Thatthis duty is reuuired of us w as due to the whole Republic?all parti of which may mj not appreciate,(as they seem not to have appreciated the cli value of the Territory in question, and iti political impor- ha tance to the honor, prosperity, and power of the Union, w< to say nothing of our commercial intereats and naval 7tl predominance, threatened as they are with injury or dimi- go, nution, should the northeast coast* ?f the Pacific Ocean ed pass into possession of a ?reat naval power. bu That as an independent member of the great family of tir nations, it is due from us to the whole]rommercial world, pa that the ports on both coasts of this continent ahould be ch held by a liberal government, able and willing to extend ce and facilitate that social and commercial intercourse pr which an all wise Providence has made necessary for the intellectual improvement, the social happiness, and moral . culture of the human race. That we owe the entire and absolute occupation of the J? Oregon to that posterity which without such occupation ji' by the citizens, laws, and free institutions of our great re- \ . public, could not profit or malce available to themselves or to the world, the important consideration* above set Jf; forth. ,u That however indignant at the avarice, pride, and ambition of Oreat Britain, so frequently, lawlessly, and so "9 lately evinced, we ye.t believe that it is for the benefit of all civilized nations that she should fulfil a legitimate .' destiny } but, that she should be checked in her career of J?; aggression with impunity, and dominion without right. That for the independence and neutrality of the western roasts of the American continents, and the islands of the * ' Pacific Ocean, it is important that she should be restrained 7 in the further extension of her power on theae coasts, and V in the middle and eastern portion of that ocean. ' That ao far as regards onr rights to the territory in {?' question, we are assured of their perfect integrity?based, as they are, on discovery and exploration by our own 1 citizens and Government, and on purchase and cession co from those powers havjng the pretence or the reality of w< any right to the same. That beyond then1 rights, to perfectly established, we would feel compelled to retain the whole territory in ac- Cc cordance with Mr. Monroe'* universally approvsd decla- Di ration of 1923 : That the American continents were not Se thenceforth to be considered subjects for future colonization by any foreign power. R< Influenced by these reasons and considerations so important to tho West and the whole Republic?to liberty? to justice and free governments, we do subscribe our names to this declaration with the firm, just, and matured determination never to ceaae our exertions till its intentions and principles are perfected, and the North Ameri- of can republic, whoso citizens we are, shall hav? establish- th ed its laws, its arms, and free institutions from the shores ac of the Pacific to the Rocky Mountains, throughout the territories above specified; and we do hereby protest, as we shall continue to pretest, against any act omegotiation, past, in process, or hereafter to be perfected, which . shall give possession of any portion of the same to any foreign power, and above all do we remonstrate against Al the possession of any part of the northeast coast of the ho Pacific ocean by the power of Great Britain. an (Signed by Col. R. M. Johnson, president, and ninety he citizens of si* States in the Mississippi valley.) 8{, hi His Excellency Gov. Bouck, returned last th night to Howards* Hotel from Long Island, where Pa he has been rusticating for the la?t few days. The Governor feels much invigorated by the bracing air cc of the Island, which has evidently had on him a revivifying influence. We understand he will re main at the Howards' for some days of the ensuing OI week, ere he sets out on his tour through the Western river counties, visiting first the county of Rock- Ft land by invitation of its citizens. ^ Templktoi*.?In answer to proposals made to this m celebrated singer by Simpson some time since.Tem- pj, plelon replied that he was willing to accept an en- sti gagement at one hundred pounds sterling per week, an for forty consecutive weeks. Templeton is anxious to visit this country, but could not accept any en- jj* gagement on lower terms than we have just stated, th as his preeent engagements realize fully that amount, fo He was recently in Paris and created a great sensa- ,0 tion there. . foi Gustrwoos Ckmktrrv ?We are requested to say that persons wishing to visit these Grounds, may ri< procure Tickets of admission at the office of the j^j Company, No. 10 Broadway. After the 15th insf. none hut lot owners and those procuring tickets as bu above, will be admitted in vehicles. Persons on foot, however, will be allowed admission (without ^ tickets) except on Sundavs and holidays. 1 5 Fifty Dom.ars Reward.?The Antiquarian So- an ciety of this city offer thin liberal reward to any individual who will communicate such dara aa shall lead to the discovery of the exact date in which fu Hroadway was last swept. Apply at this office. cl Imposition of Omnibus Drivers. ' A correspondent writes to us as follows:? n( Mn Hennett? pii Why is it that the Hroadway omnibusses charge th double price lor takinK passengers from Niblo'g in than to it? (.an they show that the one is worth more than the other? Perhaps they will contend pr that the cabs charge 12| cents. Well, the cab takes at you to your own dwelling, but the omnibus does not at go o it of its usual route to accommodate any one. hi Therefore, a cab is worth more than an omnibus; di besides, the price l?r a cab is uniform. Were they th to charge double, they would also be impostor it I paid 12fc cents for a ride Irom Niblo's to the cor- trt Mr of Broadway and Pearl, on the evening of the G< 13:h inst. This I consider an imposition, which, il our Mayor has no power to rectify, nu?ht to bt qu frowned down by the frequenters of places ol Ifi amu-ement. The collectors on the Harlem rail- nf rund sometimes impose on |?ssengrrs in a similni Ft manner. J. M. g|< We give this note as we receive it, in the hope an tl.at the mere publication of our correspondent's VB remarks may correct the evil,and render comtnenltfrom us unnecessary M 1 City Intelligence. Thi Coikbhi?The examination ol Joel Naaon, George 'hitehouseand wile, anil Sherman Cook, charged with aniifarurinR counterfeit United State* half eaglea, took acc bt lore Justico Taylor at the upper police office Mterday arternoou, and resulted in a commitment of the hole party. Since their arrest we have aeen a letter om oUlcer Clapp, of Boston, in which he itataa that the >use and shop of Naaon in that city fh immediately arched, on the receipt of the new* of his arrest, and a rge quantity of coiner's tools found on the prcmises.anJ so a number of die* lor caating Mexican and Spaniah arter dollars. Naaon's wife, who is in Boston, denies 1 knowledge of the operations of her husband, and itea that he left there only about three weeks aince to sit this city on business. It la rather a singular cirinsstanee that the hack driver engaged by the police to ive out to tho house where Naaon waa arrested on hursday morning should have been the same person at conveyed Naaon and his baggage to the same place en is arrival in this city a few week* since. On approach(the house he stated the circumstance to the officers ho seized upon it with avidity, as the testimony will be some importance;to|aid in his conviction. The prospects these rogues have thus been nipped in the bud, both in lis city and Boston, and it is to be boped that evidence ill be obtained to secure the conviction of the whole irty. The person who sold the large press to Nosonor therof the others, is particularly requested to give inrmation to Justice Taylor of the Upper Police. Alleged Highway Robbery ?John Laurence, of 24 lizabeth street, entered complaint at the Unper Police ffice yesterday against an Irishman, named Abraham rown, of the 3d Avenue, charging him with forcibly tempting to obtain money from him on the Rloomingile road, near 6th Avenue, on Thursday night. Lau. nee states, that he was walking in company with a rs. Leash, when Brown stopped in front of them, and ked for three cents, which Laurence agreed to give if rown would go with him to get change. This he says rown refused, and drew a knife, and brandishing it, ireatened to run him through it he did not deliver, aurence then drew oft'and knocked Brown down, and id him arrested. Brown denies the whole story, and it somewhat singular that the testimony of Mrs. Leash as not produced to sustain the statement of Laurence, rown is still in confinement Arrest for Perjury.?Yesterday Thomas Riley, forerly a waiter at No. 69 Greenwich street,?the boarding >use of Mrs. Maria McElwaine,?was arrested on a !nch warrant issued out of the Court of Oeneral Ses. jns, founded on a bill ol indictment for perjury, pre. nted to the Orand Jury of the present July term. The tse is as follows :?About the $2.1 day of January last, rs. McElwaine missed a valuable watch, and suspicions 11 on Riley as the purleiner, so an officer named Peter Walker, was procured, who acted under the direction a Mr. Adolph Rodewald, one of Mrs. McElwaine's larders' and Riley was jaunted in n cab to several of the iwn shops, to try and discover the whereabout of the issing property. Failing to glean any tidings this way. Iley was confined for several houra in the room of Mr. iidewsld, while search was befog made through the mse, Sec. For this imprisonment, without legal pro as, Riley made affidavit against Mr. Rodewald, and ;ivil suit for damages was entered on such affidavit, in hich R ley sets forth his torceable and unwilling deation to his serious loss and injury of character. This the perjury charged, as from several witnesses it is overt to the saftislaction of the grand jury that such deDtion was with Riley's consent and willing agreement ean while the watch was restored to its place in a most ysterious and unknowu manner. Riley was held to il in the sum of $500, to take his trial at the next term the Oeneral Sessions for wilful and malicious perjury. Burglary,' Larceny and Arrest.?A rather sudden eck wa* put to the further operation* of two regular ilt rogues who dealt in nil sorts of crime, and successlly too, as it appears by the value of the property dis. vered in their possession after one night's work. On r morning of the 14th ult., the dwelling house of Mr. h 11 Robins, No. 373 Monroe street, wns burglariously tered by forcing off the front basement window,and prorty of various descriptions carried off from the premises, nsisting chiefly of silver and plated ware, clothes, especially a "pair of men's buckskin shoes. On the fne night a mahogany medicine chest, filled for a sea yage, valued at $15, wa - carried off from the premises Mr. Stephen. Cutter, No. 43 Governeur street. The nn day, between the hours ot 9 and 10 o'clock, two men med Chs. Godfrey and Wm Day called at the store of illiam Convoys, No. 430 Cherry street, and asked per ssion to leave a medicine chast and some other artiss there for a short time, and were allowed ; alter they d gone, Mr. Convoys suspected the lellows, and sent >rdto Mr. William J. Morgan, street inspector of the i ward, to come and examine into the matter, who did and waited the return of the two men, whom he arrestand lodged in the tombs. On Godfrey's ieet the pair of ckskin shoes were found, and he then confessed the en e story of the burglary and larceny, alao Day's particition, and they were fully committed, on these seperate arges. viz.: of burglary, grand larceny, and petit larny. (Both Mr. Convoy sand Mr. Morgan deserve much aise for their conduct in the arrest. Suicide.?Yesterday the Coroner held an inquest on the dy of Robert Adams, a Scotchman, 49 years of e, who was found floating in the river at the foot of ineteenth street, by two boatmen, who made it fast to e wharf. From the testimony of the wife of thedeceas, it appears that he was by trade a plasterer, residing ithherat No. "6 Ninth Avenue; but in consequence ot health he had not worked at his trade for the Inst five ars, and from melancholy was often derailed. Hisrusm was to rise early, and or Monday he left hi* home out four in the morning and did not return to it again ive. His absence did not at first a^vakesuspicion, as he Iked the Sunday evening previous of going into the untry. On lifting the body out ofthe water a rope was und about tha neck ta which was attached a large stone igliing overtwenty-flve pounds, which the unfortunate icide, had, no doubt, tied there to make sure work. The ry, after hearing the evidence, returned a verdict, "that e deceased committed suicide byattaching a stone weighg twenty-five pounds, to a rope around hit neck and rowing himself into the river." Citv Prison Statistics ?Keeper's return of prisoners, mmitted, discharged and remaining in prison for the eek ending Saturday. July 15th, 1843:? Whit*. Blackt. Male. Femalt. Male. Female. T?lal. mmitted, 150 M 10 11 J63 charged, 90 86 14 11 151 nt to Blackwell's Island, 92 maining, 87 34 1'2 14 147 MALACHI FALLON. Keeper of the City Prison. Canada.?Mr. Hamilton, the Landing Surveyor >U. ?l ....... ll.n nlnkl nl e7th inst., assaulted bv a party of smugglers, and id very severely wounded. Information having en conveyed to him, that a party having in charge cart, laden with smuggled tea, had landed from e south shore, Mr. Hamilton, assisted by two indiduals, resolved on attempting to capture them. ?outten or eleven o'clock, while in th<- neighbored of the Victoria road, the cart made its appearce, on which one of the assistants seized the tree's head, but was instantly knocked down with ines Mr. Hamilton then got to the horse's head, it had scarcely reached it, when he was felled to e ground by a blow from a " life preserver." The rty then made off, and have not been as yet apehended The wounds inflicted on Mr. Hamilton e of a severe kind, though he is not, we believe, ?n?idrred to be in danger. A seizure of tobacco was made on the same ght, near St. Philippe, supposed to belong to the me party. Smuggling is understood to he greatly t the increase at present. Orders have been received at the Pavilion Hotel, ills, to prepare for the reception of the Governor I eneral, and Hie Excellency was expected to ar ve between the 10th and the 20th of the present onth. The influenza in Quebec is extending with a ra> dity scarcely credible. Whole families have been ricken down by it, at one fell swoop, and without ly premonitory symptoms. The village ol Varennes had again been visited r flro tKp (-Honta aI tvKink nrovoH aariaiia In nnp two individuals, though not, it would seem, to e extent apprehended wnen the fUmes first bHret rth. A mill and one or two buildings were burnt the ground. There were serious svmptoms of a riot at Brantrd, arising out of an effort made by about 150 of the ?n on the canal to rescue two or three of their imber who had been made prisoners in a previous >t. A few soldiers of the 14ili and 23d regiments psing through to London, under a sergeant of the d, were detained by order ol the magistrates, and ey were drawn up in file with the citizen**, and it for the appearance of the military, it is thought lollision would doubtless have taken place, which ost unquestionably must have terminated in blooded. (?reat credit is due to the Rev. Mr. Fergusn, Roman Catholic Clergyman ol this town, for e exertions he used to try and restore order nong the men on the canal. Latkr from Nassau, N. P.?We have received II files of the "Observer" to th? 24th of June, inusive. The following extracts are the only inte sting items we could find:? We have been credibly informed, that the recent !t of the Legislature, taxing the exportation of ne apples, has most seriously afiected the sale ol " ?? urcim nu mi we? 11 rr#aran mf terat of the planters. Really, when it in considered, that much of our esent mercantile, and, indeed, general diatresa, if" tributed to the want of articles for export, we are a loss to account for a cause sufficiently justifue to warrant those who instituted the tax in intro icing it to the Legislature. We confidently hope at the wisdom of our legislative body will, when next assembles, be directed to this evil, and be lided by a power alive to the true interest of tli* [>lony. The transport " General Palmer," with the heiul arters of the 3d W. I. Regiment, arrived on the th alt. from Rirbadoes. She has brought 'hrei Rcers, Lieut. Graham, Knsign McCurdie, and I?r eece and lady: 20 serjeants, 12 corporals, 3 nil n, and 288 privates, under th? command of Lt id Adjutant Graham. _ ,, The Royal Mail Steamer Forth arrived from Hand on the 22d ult. , , A private in the 2d W I. regiment named Wm tiler, waa suddenly taken ill, and died in an hour Borlln. I Correspondence of the Herald.] Berlin, May 24,1848 tolerating deter iption of Berlin?Hi Hutorjf?Pub' lie Build ing$? Populat ion? IVtalth. J as. G. Bennett, Esq ? Sir? Although Beriia lias several namesakes a> the ii. States, it is less known to your countrymen in general than many second rate cities ot France, Bel ^tu 111 aim imiy?uoi 10 mention England This in easily accounted lor by its distance from the beaten track of continental travel, by its situation in the midst ol a singularly unpicturesque and monotonous country, and by its only being accewible alter u tedious and protracted journey along indifferent reads, traversed at the snail's pace of five miles an hour. In a few years, however, this latter obstacle will cease to exist. Some railroads having been previously constructed on a smaller scale between this capital and the surrounding cities ot Potsdam, Leipzig, Frankfort on the Oder. Stettin, aud Magdeburg, it has now been determined upon to extend them to Breslau, Hamburg and the Rhine, and companies have been formed lor this purpose, which are to commence operations immediately. The railroad to Hamburgh is expected to be finished within the space of three years, and as thisevent will undoubt # edlytendto render Berlin much more frequented, even by trans-Atlantic visiters, than it is at this moment, a short sketch of its history, its present state, and its future prospects, may not be ill-timed. Berlin, though tne metropolis of a powerful kingdom,the centre of German art and literature,and arrogating to itself, like Boston and Edinburg, the appellation of modern Athens, is of a very mushroom origin. A small town, or chateau, was founded in the beginning of the 12th century, on the banks of a muddy river, or creek, called the Spree, by Albert, the Bear. Margrave of Brandenburgh, from whom it derived its name, and struggled through several centuries of an obscure existence, scarcely distinguishable in size or importance from the neighbor^ ing villages. Its only pre-eminence above ther# was owing to the circumstance of its being the fall vorite abode of a race of petty sovereigns, whose limited power was unable to redeem their capitial iroiii uic lUHi^iiiiiutnitc iu vriiiuu u appeared doomed by its isolated situation, the sterility of its soil and tne total absence of commercial industry. It was not until the reign of Frederick William, better known by the sirname of the Great Elector, (1640?88,) that Berlin began to emerge from this unpromising condition, while the victories obtained against the Swedes gave the first impulse to that spirit of nationality, which has ever since characterised the Prussians, in contra-distinction to the other German States About this time the revocation of the edict of Nantes, by the bigotry of Lewis XIV., induced thousands at industrious of industrious French Protestants to seek an asylum in a foreign land; many of them emigrated to England, others to South Carolina, and a still greater number to Germany, where they were receivedwith open arms by the Protestant princes, particularly by the great Elector and his son Frederick, the the first king of Prussia. A whole French colony was established at Berlin, which exists to this day, and has furnished this country with some of its most distinguished ministers, generals, and savam. The manners of the north of Germany presented at that time a disgusting picture of ignorance, grossness and sloth ; the French emigrants were the first to introduce the refinements of civilized life. They erecteil the first manufactories, constructed the first theatre, and gave the tun in every respect. Frederick the Great himself, the idol of the Prussians, was a complete Frenchman in his language, his taste*, and even in his prejudices,and this epoch has imbued the inhabitants of Berlin with a predilection for everv thing Gallican, that has survived the invasion olfl| Napoleon and the ravages of his legions. French is still almost exclusively the language of the higher circles (in spite of the personal example oi the King), and even in the middle classes, down to the lowest, the knowledge of French is considered nearly of as much importance as that of reading and writing. The population' of Berlin .amounts at present to about three hundred and thirty thousand persons, including the garrison, which is estimated at SO.OUO^H men. Every tenth individual is consequently a soldier, and as all the police officers, postmen, drivers, every one connected with the railroad, the^H pupils ol the military schools &c are in uniform, it is no wonder that you faacy yourself in a large bar-M rack. The streets are as long and straight as a file H of grenadiers, particularly the one called the Frted-^H rickstrasse (Frederick stieet), which in length? only in length?is nearly equal to Broadway. The^H greatest ornament of Berlin is a beautiful avenue? " Unter den Linden"?(beneath the lime trues)? reaching from the Palace Bridge to the ?randen-^H most agreeable promenade. On passing the gate^^J you enter the park, the favorite resort of the l>- rlmH cockneys, for which reason, 1 suppose, it is called^H in the language of the country, the Ihttr Garden? i. e Garden lor Animals?the only animals you^H meet there being two-legged ones, smoking meerschaum pipes, and drinking an abomtnable^^J composition, yclept wlnte beer. Like St. Petersburg and Venice, Berlin has recei-^H vedthe flittering and not unmerited surname of th^^H City of Palaces. Among her numerous splendic^^H edifices the Royal Schloss, or Chateau, stands pre-^^f eminent in size and dignity. It is an immense heavy^^f building, erected at different times by successiv<^^| electors and kings, and more remarkable tor its^^f huge proportions than for anv beauty in the arcl<i<^^| tecture. The late monarch, Frederick William had very simple tastes, and preferred a modes^^H dwelling lit the entrance of the linden; during hi^^H reign the schlose was neglected, anel only a muhI^^H pari of it inhabited by the family of Prince William^^H youncer brother 10 the king?but on the accessioi^^H of his present majesty ihe royal residence wh^^H again transferred to the ancient seat of his forefa^^H there, the apartments were fitted up in a most ele^^H gant style, and a series of filet commenced, t<^^H which all classes of his subjects were invited, ant^^H of which I have given some account in my last. The palaces of the Prince of Prussia, Pnncfl^H Charles and Prince Albert, are far less imnoi-ine size than the Royal Chateau, but superior to it i^^H point of taste. Among the other palaces 1 will onl^^H mention that of the Princess of Liegnitz, relict the late king, that of the Ex-King oi Holland, wh^^H lives here incog, as Count of Nassau, the Hotel d^^H Radzivil, belonging to the noble Polish family that name, and the gorgeous mansion erected by th^^H Emperor of Russia lor the accommodation of hi^^H embassy. As to public edifices, the museum ari^^H the new theatre are distinguished for the chas enet^^H of their architecture, and the university, the aca^^H demy, the opera house, the royal library, woul^^H adorn any capital in Europe. There is no want statues in Berlin; one square, the Wilhelms-ulai^^H (William's-ptace,) is studded with the marble gies of the most eminent Prussian commanders; fine bronze statue ot the veteran Bluchter rises i^^H front of the principal ctrrpt de /garde, and a coloss^^H monument ot Frederick the Great is now in coi^^H templation. The view from the Palace-Bridge altogether one of the finest that can be unaginei^^H On one hand yon have the chateau, ita grand an^^H heavy black outline extending from one end of tl^^H square to the other ; adjoining it the quaint dom^^H of the cathedral, and right opposite the graceful c^^H lonnade of the museum, with a beautiful lountai^^H playing in front and glittering amid the verdant f^^^| liage of the surrounding shrubs; on the other hanc^^H across the river, you have the superb avenue of lin^^H trees, terminated by the Branaenburgh gate, wi^^H the figure of Victory in her car rising above i^^H lined with palaces ana thronged with carries pedestrians?while the architectural school, Gothic eliuichof the Werder, the arsenal, the cu^^H torn house, &c, serve to complete the panoram^^^l With the exception of the prospect from the f.oui* XVI in Pans, I do not recollect having ev^^^H met a finer coup d'otil. Of course 1 am ?peakii^^^| only of this particular kind of scenery : the impre^^^l k.. .1... -i.- ,.i ' * niun [Mwuutcu uy uic wuimj ui un ure iirvcr < to those occasioned by the contemplation of miracles of Nature, and the first view ol the linro^^^f of Kio Janeiro, the bay of New York, and the tt^^^H bid waters of the Mississippi will never be effac^^^H io my memory by the pigmy creations of man. During the last five and twenty years Berlin made rapid strides in wealth and population, its movement is still onwards. Amoi.g the projec^^^f now in aanation the most important are. the rounding the^city with boulevards on the plan of tl^^^H Parisian ones, and facilitating inland navigation the construction ol a new canal. The railrva^^^H now in operation have met with great success; tl^^H opposition they encountered in the outset has total^^^^J vanished, and the old jog-trot modes of conveyan^^^H are gradually yielding to the irresistible power riteam. In a word, the Germans have at leng^^^l found out the necessity of going ahead, to avo^^^l being outstripped in the race of civilixation and d^^^| lanced beyond all recovery by the superior activi^^^H Hf rival nations. I am. sir, Yours respectfully, A. B Bracon Coi.rsk.?We are requested to t>ay th^^^H ihe trotting advertised between Beppo and La^^^H Suffolk to come of! on Monday, will positively ta^^^H ????? Naval Orders. Lieut. E. Farrand, detarli^^^H rom Pensacola navy yard; Lieut. F. Stanly, Ira^^^H hree months; Surgeon D. C. McLeod, leave thr^^^H nonths; Passed Midshipman John Dorsey Uead.^^^H iraziI squadron; Passed Midshipman L. Gibson, ha Pliitniv* f\/l iriuhmnnan I-l ll tm%> * iivuimi >? u. linilinuil, III Jrcatiir; Midshipman J. 3. Low, detached learner Missouri and to the Decatur; Lieut. *reen, leave three montha; Purser W A. ;ood, to the Warren; Master R. S. Tatern,~Mder^^^H he Franklin revoked; Midshipman Am. De l. tached from the Union and to the Warren.

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