Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 18, 1843, Page 2

July 18, 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD? lork, Turnlay. July 1", 1*43. Ktmioui Srainoa?-Our readera will pleaae bear in wind that the Herald can I* olrtained daily, on the arrival of the car*, from Mr. Lewia, o|>poaite tha United Statu Motel. Linnpir.iriiiH,N. V ? Th? Herald can be had of Mr. Lewia, Rennelaer Houa?. Subacribera leaving their ad. Ireea w HI be (erred regalatly. Ma. D. L?man, Middletown,'Conn., ia Agent for the Herald, of whom may be obtained copies of the Daily and Weekly Herald. Sims Sinn, N. Y., Meaara. Stanton li Co. Kiioitok, N. T., Mr. Z. Waller. The Extradition Cask.?The case ol Christina tiilmour, as will be seen by our report, now only awaits the decision of the Commissioner, and the action of the Executive thereon, and then it will be i?een whether the Ashburton treaty in that respect is oi any wonn. ?o ac; 01 uongress nas incorporated that treaty amongst the statutes of these United States, and until some such enactment be passed, the treaty is of questionable efficiency. The officer sent in pursuit of this unfortunate woman, intelligent though he undoubtedly is and iwssessrd of much information which can be legitimately given in evidence to strengthen other legal testimony, is clearly unable to establish such a prima Jaria case as the law of the State of New York would require to justify a commitment for trial if the oftence had been committed wiihin her jurisdiction. How then shal' cases of this description be sustained 1 Must, in all instances, witnesses sufficient be tent across tlie Atlantic to es;nbli*h the guilt of fugiNves from justice, or will the written ^vid^nce taken by the investigating magistrate suffice 1 The admissability of the latter is more than questionable; and the inconvenience and burdensome expense attending the former, are such as to defeat the ends of justice in the great majority of caBes that may arise. A writ of habeas cor}** has been issued in the case of this " dalt Scotch lassie," as she is styled by her counsel, and it is anticipated that it will be carried up to the Supreme Court of the United States, where the binding force of the treaty itself will be contested. Here, then, this poor unfortunate?for that she is a mental imbecile we reiterate?must remain until the lawyers and the politicians have decided whether the treaty shall be enforced in good faith. If the law courts deem the treaty constitutional, there is yet much machinery necessary to render it more than a dead letter, and this alone can the politicians supply* But will such a Congress be elected as will be willing to leave untarnished the laurels which Mr. Webster gained by his negotiation of the treaty of Washington? The case becomes invested * ith a new interest when viewed in this aspect, and it is not unlikely that a combination ol circumstances may oostruct the operation of the tenth article of the treaty under which the surrender of this prisoner is demanded. The I)bama.?On this subject an article appeared in the editorial columns of the Herald on Sunday, which should have appeared amongst the miscellaneous matter of the paper, with an acknowledgment of the source whence it was extracted?an article in Blackwood's Magazine. The error is susceptible of eaBy explanation. Any person possessing but a limited knowledge of newspa|>er business,knows full well that communications on all conceivable subjects are pouring in upon the luckless wight whose bad fortune has made him an editor, and that passages from publications which have created an interest in the mind of some enthusiast, are transcribed and transmitted to newspaper estab tide in question was thus written out, and brought into t)^s office by a gentleman whose character has placed him above suspicion of fraud, and by some inexplicable accident, it found itself gracing our first column. We, however, have no hesitation in saying that the article was worthy of the place which it occupied, and that it had an especial appropriateness to the present circumstances in which the drama is placed. The Governor's Movements.?The Governor yesterday, in company with Gen. Storms and Alderman Browne, visited the Establishments for the Inspection of Beef and Pork, and examined them very minutely. Alter that, he accompanied Col. Bankhead on a visit to Governor's Island, where he was received with the usual salute. From thence, he went to Staten Island and visited the Quarantine Hospitals, 6cc , under Dr. Van Hoovenburgh. After dining there, the Governor returned to the city, and visited the Board of Assistant Alderment; then took tea with both Boards?visited the Board of Aldermen?and returned to Howards' Hotel for the night. To-day he visits Brooklyn and Greenwood Cemetery, and from thence down to the Hamilton House and Fort Hamilton. He will be accompanied by Mayor Sprague, of Brooklyn, Gen. Storms, Col. Hamilton and others. Tomorrow he is expected to viait the Farms on Long Island, and Blackwell's Island. United States Ship Falmouth.?As an instance of the power of the commanding officer of oui naval vessels m active service, to contribute to the comfort of the officers and crew under his command, we will state that this beautiful ship, the pet of the Navy, having been in commission twenty months, on arduous duty, requiring the vigilance of the officers to the utmost extent, returns to port under the most favorable auspices, every officer and man on board in love with the ship aud her commander. There are no charges preferred, for a coirt martialthere are no unkind feelings?there is nothing but the most perfect harmony, which, with the tnania that exists for court martials, is a most astounding fact. Capt. Mcintosh is the finest example of a gentleman it has been our good fortune to meet, and to the fatherly care of the young officers under his command, and his regard tor the more experienced, must be attributed the good feeling that exists between every individual that sailed in his ship. "Commodore Dallas."?The Philadelphia Ga> zette speaking of the late articles going the roundi of the papers headed " Death of Commodore Dal liis," says they have given unnecets&ry pain ? many friends of the gallant commodore. The offi cer recently deceased was named " Alexander J ['alias Brown " until within a few year* past, whei he had it changed to " Alexander J. Dallas." H< bore the rank of Commander in the Navy, a verj different one from that of Commodore. He was we helieve, a cousin of the Commodsre, and of th< IJ i \M T"\ - II TL - ? I ? - iivui. uniigr ivi. i.'fiiiac*. j. nc maiciucui rrBpcuuni hi* death which we published in ths Herald waf cotrect. Izf- A salute of thirteen guns was fired yesterday on board the U. S. Revenue Cutter Ewing,and the color* displayed at half mast during the day, ai a tribute of rrsi*- ct to th* memory of Captain Nicholas Bicker, late Commander of the Ewing, who died on Saturday evening. ftp- The old Ironsides and Florida veteran, Gen. Henderson, commandant ol marines, arrived here tu good health on Saturday morning, from Middlelown and took up his quarters at the Arm-nctm. He r(< at 10 'clock yesterday morning for his head quarters, Washington City. Storm in Philadelphia.?Philadelphia was visit fd on Saturday by a very severe shower of rain accom panted by wind, Ihuader and lightning, abou 3 t'clock. P. M The Times say? it has wrought a delightful change in the atmosphere. Harnden At Co will please accept our warme* tbankafur the nurneroua favor* they have extender to ua, in debiting on our table Eastern papers n advance ot the mail, hD'I often in advance of an> other conveyance They will pinnae rr-dit thil (iiiowlejgeinrnt, and b?* kind enough to place ui .der further obligation* A The l'?w of the Scotch nnrdrrMi. The examioation ol tbi? ci*c wai rMumnl yesterday before Mr. Commissioner Kiriur, in the l'. S. Circuit Court, and tie question of tb? prisoner's sanity having already irttlnl, Mr. LoaD.who ipiwiriil for the Brit1 ish authorities, proceeded to establish his case; whTnoa, j to justify her surrender, he called the constable, Orerge McKay, who kad pursued the prisoner l;oir Scotland to i this country, and examined him to prove the murder, the identity of the prisoner, tic. . , He deposed that he kuaw John Gilniour, tke deceased ' husbaud of the prisoner; he saw hire at hia house in ln| thinnaii on or about the dih of January last, and he heard ol his death at the time it occurred. Mr. WttNct desired the witness to cocftue himself to facts within his own knowledge. Mr. Loao continued his examination, and the witness said he r< used to see the deceased about after the 11th January; he never saw the deceased alter that time, until he saw the body exhumed lor medical examination on the 99d April; he w. s an otticer of justicc, anil as sueh he attended the disinterment ; he waa Superintendent oi I'nlin. nf fh?? Connti- nl R<>ii(riiU'< tho KnrJw Kavinor ho*n I disinterred, a portion ol tilt; stomach wan given to him, i which he frcured in a box and conveyed to Dr. Wildy, ! who in a few days succeeding exhibited to him a quantity ' of arsenic which had been discovered in the stomach by three physicians, who had applied the usual testa; inquiry was instituted aa to the cause of death in consequence of certain reports which were in circulation. Mr. Win*** objected to the production ol reports as evidence in this case, and said if reports were to be received, he should feel it to be his duty to give other re]>orts in evidence. The Commissioner, after hearing a few observations from Mr.Wariii r and Mr. Lord, decided that he must confine the examination to legal evidence. Mr. Loan continued the examination, and the witness said, alter the death of John Uilmourthe prisoner returned to the house ol her father. Mr. Lord?Did a report arise of foul death 1 Mr. Warner again objected to reports being given in evidence. Mr L?rd contended that on those reports arising, th? prisom r fled from justice, and that it was admissible evidence in a preliminary examination to show the conduct of the prisoner. Mr. Warnkr said a loul death wai assumed, of which there was pi yet no proof. | i?ir ldhd repneu lum ne nan proveu a ileum, iinu a disinterment ; then theie wan n report and an immediate I flight, and he contended that it was admissible. The Commissioner said he thought it wan admissible testimony. Mr. Warner intimated then that he should have to appeal from the Commissioner's decision. Mr. Loso desired the witness to state the circumstances attending the flight, and he said that after the reports got into circulation he went down to the house of the deceased and made enquiries from the servants, and a warrant was thereupon issued against the prisoner, which he and another officer proceeded to her lathers bouse in Ayrshire to execute, and then he fourd shv had fled. No person about her lather's house could give him any information about her, and after making Mime enquiries in the neighborhood he returned home. Hu sent officers to ditterent point* to make enquiries but without the desired result. He next made enquiries about the purchase of the arsenic and he found a shop in Renfrew kept by one Hugh Wiley where it had been sold. Mr. Warnkr objected to this evidence an it wbs a matter that waa not within the witness'.s personal knowledge. Some discussion ensued on this point, in the course of which it was ascertained that the witness hail seen an entry in the Druggist's book which was the amount of information which he possessed. Mr Lord contended that heconld give particular acts in corresjiondenceto satisfy the commissioner for the pur. poses of this enquiry. Mr. Warner denied kit right to introduce reports and hearsay evidence, lor the purpose of bolstering up a bad case under a bad treaty?a treaty which was so bad that it was not worth the paper on w hich it was written. Because the British government had entered into a treaty with the government of the United States, all the rules of evidence were not to be broken down, and his client given up, right or wrong. The Commissioner said that circumstances which the witness had heard from others were inadmissible. Mr. Lord said the correspondence of lacts made them evidence. The witness then went on to say that he satisfied himself of the prisoner's absence on the 13th of May. He was instructed by the Sheriit of Renfrew to make a further invejtigation of the matter, and he accordingly proceeded to Cumberland in Ayrshire, and at the coach office he ascertained that a man named Jamison and his wished taken the coach that morring. He did not know Jamison He learut that Jamison's wife had left for Carlisle on the 34th of April, being the morningon which he went to apprehend the prisoner. He proceeded by the coach to Carlisle, and enquired on the night of his arrival of the coachman lor persons answering the description of Jamison and his wile, and he leorned that they had arrived in and left Carlisle. Mr. Warner again objected to this course of examination. How, he asked, did the witness know of his own knowledge that it was the same coach and coachman that brought the Jamisons. The coachman's having told him so did not constitute it admissible evidence. Mr Lord contended that he had a right to show that the witness was led from place to place by discovering the route of persons calling themselves Jamison, and why he was led to a certain result. Alter argument, the point was abandoned, and the examination continued. He lia la warrant tor the arrest of this woman, and he found her on bevdthebrig Eicel.on the'ilst June in this port. He ascertained that she had assumed the name ui Mrs. Spiers. She denied on tioard that her name was Christina Gilmonr. He was led from Car lisle to Liverpool by the de criptions of certain persons, und at the latter place he made enquiries from a person named MoDougal, at the Railroad Station. Mr. Warwer objected to the recital ol what McDougal told him. The witness passed then to another point, e*id said lie found the names Mr. end Mrs. Spiers on Shaw's shipping books,and from the description given to him Mr. Warner objected to this information being given. Mr. Lord argued that it was a description which had guided the witness in all his travels?but it was deemed inadmissible, and the witness proceeded: He found two persons of the name of Spiers. He afterwards found two persons calling themselves Spiers on board the brig Exel, of which the prisoner was one. Mr. Warner cross-examined the witness at great length. He said he was a police officer for the county of Renfrew, and he was also a sheriff's officer for that county. His jurisdiction was confined to that county. He was in no other respect an officer, minister, or authority of the General Governmerit (those being the wordsof the treaty.) Of his own knowledge he knew nothing of the prisoner's criminality. He was examined closely on the subject of the prisoner's identity. He said he recollected seeing her at the house of Gilmour the deceased, at the time he had previously mentioned. He was next exam ined ps to his knowledge of arsenic, and be sa'd he had seen it at least fifty times, hot he had never been engaged in any business or profession which would bring him in connection with that po-son. The l>ody of Mr. Gilmour had been interred some three or four months when the disinterment took place, and he afterwards saw R small quantity of arsenic which had been taken from the sto< mach He had before Been arsenic which had been taken from deceased persons, and he had no doubt that the substance which be saw was arsenic. He was examined as to his knowledge that the disinterred body wu the body of the pririner's husband, and he replied that the grave was pointed out by the friends of the deceased, whose name was on the coffin plate. The cross examination was continued at great length on these and a variety of other points. Mr. Lord said he should there rest hiscase. Mr. Warner said he should onj?ct to the gentleman's calling additional testimony at a subsequent stage of the proceedings if he rested now. Mr. Lord said he should rest then, and moved for a warrant for the surrender of the prisoner. ?hiq mat nc moven mai ?ne n? uisciiargeu. Mr. Lord?Have you any evidence to call? Mr WiKiii? I do not doem any necessary, as you have made out no rate against her. Mr. Lord?I will sum up as the case now standi, hut if you have ary evidence cull it. Mr. Washes?|f you will n^rec to sum up as the cbac now stands, 1 will tuy that I have no evidence. He then proceeded to address th'' Commissioner on the case as it stood, and ho contended that there was no legal evidence given that a mu der had tteen committed, or (if a murdei had been committed, that the prisoier was th^ guilty per1 son. The body from which the nrsnic was taken was no* identified, but if it were, th?rc whs no evidence to show that the aranic had not been administered by his owr ' hand He also raited objection* to the warrant, and verj ably diicutaed the various points in the cat*, and urgei that the Commissioner was hound to ?et the prisoner a' liberty. Mr. Lord addressed the Commissioner, and contendei < that there was sufficient evidence to warrant the sutreu der of the prisoner to the British authority. B|The Commission:r in'imateii tnat lie should take seve ) ral days to conn ler the conclusion to which he ihouli _ come, and the prisoner wa< remanded to goal to await (hi reiult. I OCh of the Equestrian Companies of Messrs Welsh Ac Delavan. bo extensively known as equee r trian directors, will leave this city to-morrow bj ( the steamer Massachusetts for the city of Boston . where they open on Monday next in a pavilion j which is calculated has capacity to contain five i thousand persons. Perhaps no equestrian comp&n] in the United States contains so much talent as tha which is about to visit our sister city. I Housatonic Railroad and Eastern Repudia ( tion.?An important law report appears on our firs page, which involves the powers of Corporations t< issue bonds for the construction of Railrrmds, &c.? We now simply direct to it (lie attention of ou readers. Hobokkn Fair ?The ladies ol St. Paul's Church Hoboken, give their first fair in aid of their Churcl on Wednesday and Thursday next. It Uexpectec lo br a brilliant and beautiful al-lair, and the objec surely is worthy. Every body will, of course, cal and look at it. Judge White.?A Cincinnati psper states thai Judge White, President Judge of the Tenth Judi< t cial district, is lying dangerously ill at Indiana, ol t the Tyler gripp*. Thk River at Cincinnati.?There was barely ( seven foot water in the channel on the 12th. None I tint tiici 1i|hinBt itwulH lwwti MM run iborc,ltd ( w-cond cIhxh below. ! <'A?TLt 0MM Ttx proprietors ol tin* plare ol i siniimT renori givf a upkndid il if play of tirtworki ilti- ?-v?*iiiok, on wlucli oecanion <?ov. ttouck and , nuile will viait the garden. Common Council. Board ok Aldkhmkn.?Monday, July 17.?Alderman I'urday in the chair; *nd all the Aldeimen in their aeati eicept Alderman Breevoort. Aldei mm Bhiogs, of the 13th Ward, appeared and took hii teat. Petitions Krfentd ? A petition from 318 cartmen, in op|K>sitiou to the use ot horse* by it?ve.lores, in loading and unloading vescel* on the wharves, vu reletr?l to the Committee on Ordinance*. Application fur Office ?A petition from Theophilu* Pecti ..iid other member* ol the democracy of the 6th Ward to appoint D. Sickle* a city w eigher, ?ai preiented 1))' Alderman Tillou, but finally withdrawn without action, although Alderman 8colki moved that the praj er ol the petitioners be immediately granted. Reducing Alien hnndt.?A petition from ahipping roerchauts, to reduce the bonds tor aiien passengers to the actual cost ol lo oping such paupers in the Alms House. Discharged from Prisan ?The Committee on Police repotted iu Uvor ot discharging John Uillin lrom Eldridge street prison, for selliDg meat without license?adopted. Jlemonitiances ? A jietition and remonstrance from Win. Lawtoii, weigher general of merchandiie, and Paul Grout, measurer general ot grain, against the enactment of any orditiauces appointing weigher*, measurer* or guagers, except for article* used or cotuutned in the city of New Tork, was referred to the Committee on Laws. Kyun ia^e jure.? x uc ivummiucc vu r iiiuucc if|iuutu in favor of paying Henry Lynch $68 lor cariiage hir* for corporation othceis, while in the performance ot official duties?adopted. K.i tending Pier No. 29?The Committee on Wharves reported in lavor of repairing and extending Tier No. 20, Kant river, at ?a expense ot $2 600, on the part of the corporation, the balance to be paid by the private owners? adopted. Collector Cobb?The Committee on Finance reported that Uliver Cobb, Collector ot the 1st Ward, had satis, factorily explaine 1 the alleged nonpayment of a small amount of money alleged to have been due by the Comptroller, and asked to be discharged?adopted. The Board here took a recess lor an hour, and Oovernor Bouck was among the party at the tea table. Vilit of Gov Bouck?At the commencement of the evening session, after the recess, Gov. Bouck was escorted into the room by Aldermen Nash (and Dunning.and took a si at' wi'.h Alderman Purdv, the President of the Board. The Slrttt Contract?Alderman Emmans called up documrnt No. 3 from the Board of Assistant Aldermen, which repeals the street contract without making any provision for the future. The motion was loft by a vote of 11 to 6. Weigher). Guag'rs, <f-c?Alderman Scolks called up document No. 10, tiemg an ordinance to repeal an ordinance appointing weighers, guagers, Sec. and throwing the business open to all who are capable. Lost by a vote ot 11 to ? Tht Street Contract again? Alderman Waisrman called up document No. 2, being an ordinance to divide the city into sixteen districts, aBd making sixteen contracts to sweep the streets ol the city. Adopted. Alderman Watshmin moved a re-consideration of the vote on the lirst section ot the ordinaxce, which was lost at the last meeting by a tie vote. He stated that although he voted in favor of thu passage of the section, yet it being a tie vote he thought the courtesy of the Board would grant him the privilegeof moving a re consideration. AlJermanPuHDY decided th it the gentleman could not move a reconsideiation, he having voted in the affirmative which was lost. Alderman Watchman moved an appeal from the decision of tl?e chair, which was sustained by a vote of 10 to 6. He then introduced a new section, dividing the city into eight sections and granting eight contracts. Aide-man Lite opposed any plan cxcept that of the old system. Alilerman Esimans also advocated the old plan in preference, and said he was opposed to all contracts. Alderman Tillou said tnat he had seen or heard of no evidence that the people were opposed to contracts for sweeping the streets properly made with an eye to economy, for the city's welfare. Alderman Emmans said that he believed that the gentl.-men from the 5th and 9th wards had acted in bad laith when they voted for the appointment of superintendent f streets and street inspectors?that he considered the contract system in any and every shape as a Federal dectrine, as it placed power and might in the hands of the few, and not the many. He believed that the people were opposed to any contract for sweeping the streets, and had so decided at the last election?and he also believed that the people expected that the present contract would be repealed before the month of May had expired, instead of its being talked of in the month of July. Alderman Watikhin replied, and contended that econ. omy called for the sweeping by contract?and figures and numbers shewed that that plan was far preferable. Alderman Hatvif.ld saiu ttiat. tne reason wny me expenses ju 1S3S and 1836 for sweeping streets wera so heavy, was because wages then were $2 and $1 60 per day, and also that th? great fire and heavy snow ol that year added tens of thousands of dollars to'the current eapense. The debate was continued by Aldermen Tillou, Waterman, Emmana, and Lee, and the battle so often (ought was refought until half pest 9 o'clock, when a vote wps called on the first section. A derman Scoles moved to amend by making lfl districts. Alderman Baiaos said he had yet to learn that the contract system was the most economical. He had seen no evidence of that fact, and he therefore could not see how a contractor could perform the service any cheaper than the corporation. He said he was opposed to any contract system not that he was decidedly in lavor of the aid syi. tem, but he thought that each ward could sweep their own streets, under the direction of the street Inspector. The motion to amend was lo>g by a vote ot 7 to 10. The ayes and nays were then called on the first section as offered by Alderman Waterman, which was lost by Ayes?Aldermen Clayton, Tillou, Nash, Waterman, Brevoort, Scoles, and Rawson?7. Nays?Aldermen Woodhull, Dilnning, Martin, Emmaas Vandervoort, Purdy, Hatfield, Briggs, Brady and Lie?10. Slight applause at this result was heard in tha lobbies, which the President ordered Mr. Hays to suppress. The question on the title ol the ordinauce was then taken and lost. The resolution adopted by this Board,as passed in May, refusing to pay the street contractors for any furtcer services was then ordered to be sent to the Board of Assistant Aldermen. TAe City Wutch.?Alderman Briggs offered a resolution calling ior a committee to inquire into certain charges made against a Captain of the watch in a paper called "The Subterranean." Alderman Ukderwood opposed the reading of the article. Aldciman 8coi.es advocated it. Alderman Tillou said be thought such allegations should receive notice^if not true they should be contradicted, and if correct should be enquired intoThe resolution and article were finally referred to a special committee consisting of Alderman Briggs, Tillou and Woodhull. More Street Cleaning?Alderman Briggs presented a resolution calling up in the committee on s'reets, to report the most economical plan ot cleaning the streets except by contract?adopted. Buying Futl ?Alderman Lee presented a resolution authorising the purchase of fuel for the present year. Committees ?The President announced that he had placed Alderman briggs on the committee on Ferries, Lamps and Gas, Public Offices and Repair*, Ordinances and Fire and Water, in place of Aldei man Bonuell, de1 ceased. The board then adjourned to Monday next at five o'cloci. , Boa no or Assistant!.?Several petition! were presented on various mattirs, among whieh wait petition Irom a number of persons that John Oillott be released ft om the Eldridge street jail when he has been confined for six weeks lor selling meat in the opening streets. This petition wa< advocated by Assistant Alderman Smith,and opposed by Messrs. Boggr, Williams and Pettigrew. Alderman Bofgs wanted the matter referred to the Committee on Police, Watch and Prisons, with power. The other gentleman thought if we had laws they ought to be enforced. The mem-Trial waa linally referred to the Committee on Police, W itch and Prisons, (without power.) Tht Ntu> York Stale Re fitter.?Resolved ta appropriate $67 60 lor the purchase ol 44 copies of the New York State Register for 1843, for the use of the members of the Common Council. Poymanl of Salaries Monthly ?A resolution was ottered by Assistant Alderman Smith that those persons in the pay of the Corporation whose salaries do not exceed *100(1 per annum, be paid monthly instead of quarterly? Rrlerred. Vitilof Governor Bouck to Ike Hoard of Jlirittanti.? t Hi- Excellency Governor Bouck entered the Chamber of , the Board el Assistants at this time, attended by General , Storms and Col. Hamilton. He was presented to the As . sistants by President Brewn, who invited him to take a I sent rn his richt hand. t City Real Ktlate ?Resolved to sell all the real estate of the ci'tv not in use, and that the pr tceeds be appropriated ] to the liquidation of the city debt. Cattle Garden.?Accepted an invitation from Messrs. French and Heiser to attend a splendid exhibition of fire . works at the Castle Garden to-morrow (Tuesday) even1 i> Comptroller'? Rejiort?Respecting the payment of sun dry monies. Ordvred to lie it on the table, and be printed. Deputy Superintendent of Public Market!.? Ordered to pay him a balance of $10. jllmt Home .Appropriations?The Comptroller's Re* port on further appropriations was received. It appears I that ftl4&,000 have already been expended this year. An ordinance appropriating $46,000, the desired amount, was concurred in. )3."W Street ?Resolution to regulate 133d street, be , iwren una .vi htrhuh, i/oncuirni in Deepening the Water at the foot of Ckanheri it ? He?ot lutionto riet pen the water in thin place. Roterred. ( Uviafr and Defective Weter Pipej ?A communication from the Secretary Croton Aqueduct Work*, H A. Norrl?, Esq., upon thin subject, wan referred to a ipecial committee. After soma further huiinr??, the Board adjoui ncd. t ) NtHU^*?The Kavels to night appear in four - entertainments. Charles Winther and Leon Javelli r on the ro|ie?the late Miss Wells dances Jaleo de Xeres?Antoine, Oabriel and Jerome appear in the p^nlo iiitne or tableaux the Italian Brigand*, and j Gabriel and the whole family in the Ballet Pantoj muneol Tht Mi I liner ?, or the Hungarian Rrttilez, row Novelty is the great secret in establishments I of public amusement, and no where does it seem better understood and appreciated than at Niblo'g? there m an air of clegance, refinement and natmlac1 tion about every thin? undertaken at this establishj ment. Martin Van Buren.?-This Honorable Ex-Prefident is said to be dangerously seized with the Tyler trim Grand Fishing Excuhrions.?Four delightful excursions in the steamboat Superior to the Bnnkr, .11 u * - J . TL..k rri f will comr ??n ivuay, iu murruw, i nurruay omu * n , day. I Aumy?Ofneral Worth and auite arrived at Tamk'j Bay on (lie 6th mat * City In*elllK?MC?. Burrotin Siduction tnu Mum* *r a Yoi'wa and iivtbrkttina KtHtu.?'i'k? Conmi ?m summoned ye*terduy afternoon to hold an inquest on the body or a j ou?Kf"tn9lc, found drowned at the foot of 30th street, North river. On examination of the body the wa? found to brtmienti, and other appearances combined lead to a belief that like Mary Rogers and the Oerman girl teund in the well at the Maniion on Murray Hill, (he ha* been the victim ot her teducer. Her dress rept esented her as in humble life, she being clad in a figured calico Irock, muslin petticoat and chemise, white cotton stockings and black leather shoes. Her hair ii dark, nearly black, and her teeth are all complete. From the decomposed state of the body it was impossible to recognise any features, but her perseu conveyed the impression that she was about 17 years of age. The finding of the body of a man in any ef the waters aJja".ent to our populous city never creates much surprise, but that of a woman is so strange and peculiar that suspicion always follows the discovery. A poii mortem examination will take place to day by Dr.

Wm. 8. Tompkins at the dead house is the Park, where the body can be seen by those desirous to recognise it. A Philadklphian in Anthony Street On Sunday evening a Mr. Joshua HalI,of Second street, Philadelphia, was attracted by the luring smiles of Catharine Carurs, to the house of No. 131 Anthony street, and while there was robbed of hU pocket book containing upwards of |>6d, with which Catharine made herself suddenly absent. He followed her closely up and discovered her whereabouts in a grocery kept by one Terrence O'Rouke, No. 103 Anthony street, to whose safe keeping she had consigned a portion of the money, which Mr Hall recognized, one of the bills being a three dollar bill of the broken bank of the North River Banking Company ; also a ten dollar bill on the .Mechanics' Bank of Philadelphia. Officer McOrath arrested the frail one and found in the room a $60 bill ot the Phiadelphia Bank, which with some small bills made up the amount lost. Catharine was lully committed, and Mr. Hall taught a lesson to walk Broad way in New York with more caution and propriety. Sudden Death at the Toilet Table.?On Sunday afternoon as Mrs. Margaret Flick, residing at No. Ill Ooerck street, was combing her hair and finishing her toilet, she suddenly (ell down and expired. Her health for year* past had been very good, but she occasionally sHlfered a slight indisposition,caused by palpitation of the heart, but not of sufficient seriousness to cause her friends any alarm lor her life. The medical gentlemen called in to aid the Coroner in determining the cause ! death, wptp nl nninion that it romiltpH frnm "riiaunao nf thn hpart" and such was the verdict ot the Jury. Board of Supervisors, This body met yesterday in the room of the Board of Aldermen, and various accosnts were presented for settlement, which were referred to committee*. One hill came up from Judge Ingraham, for extra services pertormed, but it wai laid on the table, as it was not deemed proper to j>ay a judge extra compensation for attending t'ie drawing of Orand Juriei. A bill, amounting to $308, came from Mr. Strang, for services rendered as the locum ttnens of Mr. J K. Whiting, Dis. trict Attsrne/, which Mr. Whiting certifies as correct.? It was referred to a committee. Judge Lynch also presented a claim for $95, as the balance of h!s salary for the term for which he was appointed one of the judges of the Court ol Sessions, he having been paid only to the time when his judgship was terminated by u-t of the Legislature, which repealed the criminal court bill. This bill was likewise referred. Another bill came from Mr. Smith, one of the locum leiitna of the District Attorney, lor the sum of $113, which was referred to a committee. Some debate occurred on the adoption of a resolution, recommending the Board of Eduaation to hire, and not to purchase school houses, and to resort to the most rigid economy. The resolution was adopted by a vote of l'J to 3, and then the Board adjourned to the first Monday in September. Clicult I'ourt Before Judge Kent. Julv 17?Panitlrs. JVm. Lamicrson.?This was an action lor breach of promise of marriago. The defendant is the Commandpr of a fast sailing clipper, built for trading voyages Irom New York to various ports in North and nu.iiu uuruimu, una ine piaintni is u uuiuurr una ures* maker, residing in Madison street in this city. John Jones, who is ascribed as "a silver beater by trade, and a lamp lighter by profession," and his wife, who appeared to be the bosom friend of the plaintiff, proved that the gallant Captain and the lair milliner hailed from the came village in the land of steady habits. Inthelyear 1839, the defendant come to visit the plaintiff at the house of John Jones, where she resided, and on every visit to this port he repeated his visit; they set together in her room; they walked out together, end a very close intimacy was shown to exist tor the space of * years. At length, hawever. the blighting intelligence was brought to the plaintifi that the defendant had disregarded all his plighted faith, and vows of love and eternal devotion, and had linked his fate for life with another?in short he was mnr. ricd at some other port, which in the course of his busi. ness, he wrscalled to visit. No reason was given for his cruel neglect of the plaintiff, but various letters were read in evidence which the gay Lothario had written to the plaintiff, in oneol which he lamented the necessity which existed for young men to lay up some capital, before they undertook the responsibilities of the married life, and he expressed the hope that he should soon be able talk the matter over with '-his dearest girl" oo his arrival in Nb"7 York, when he promised they would have a "regular built promenade," In another letter he complained uf Selina's (plaintiff) not having written to him, and he intimated that if she was not sincere, they would "dissolve pltoge. tlier." In another letter still, he used the following ru rious language which we give verbatim et literatim:?'"I'm glad to huar that all tny old grass widows are well as I am. Ill was there I would try and alleviate their distress." In the samo letter he says "tell Patty t? behave herself and keep her mouth clean, and 1 will kiss her when I come back." The evidence was deemed sufficient to satisfy the minds of the Jury, and they accordingly found for the plaintiff?damages' $6000. Court of Common Plena. July 17?At the opening of the Court this morning, no causes were ready for tiial, and the court immediately adjourned. For Sing Stno.?The steamboat Robert L. Stevens leaves the loot ol Robinson street, this afternoon at 5 o'clock, for Sing Sing, and on Thursday and Saturday. A pleasant excursion for 25 cents. John Quincy Adams.?The venerable Ex-President left Saratoga Springs on Thursday last for Lake George. (?-UNEQUALLED ?UCCKS8 !?THE NEW ERA TRIUMPHANT !?Barnum ha? succeeded to a perfect charm. His automaton lady discounted the swer;e*t music last night The new and complete hand was a perfect charm. The Hughe* family delighted every one with their melodioui notei; while Mr. Cole and hit learned dog Billy, were not only the aatonishment, but admiration also, of every one. The great attractions of the establishmeat this week must fill the place to overflowing. rSARSAPARILLA.?The Original Extract, made 21 Courtlandt street, is warranted equal to any ever made. It is afforded also at a reasonable price, viz. 60 cents per bottle, $4 per dozen. WORMS.?Parent* cannot be too careful of their children in regard to Woims, when Dr. Kolmitock's Vermifuge will entirely eradicate them ; and no bad effect can possibly arise from it* use. Price 25 cent* par bottle. To be had only at 21 Courtlandt street; Brooklyn, 13* Fulton st. New York, July 1st, 1843. Mr. BnisTOL :? > Dear Friend?Under the direction of a wise Providence, 1 have been brought tinder the influence of your preparation of Sarsaparilla, which to me has been a balm BwuuiiuK my uuguisu una uuevi<tuni( my woes, earned by one of the wont complaints that ever woman was subject to. I havebecn atfliute I for a long lime with an internal tumour,gradually increasing and spreading in size hb?1 distress, until at length my strength became eshaiuted, and my sufleiing more than tongue can describe it; the medical faculty in this city failed in evary effort to remove my distress or disease; in (his condition I waslett with no other expectation but that of a speedy dissolution; but just at a time when death seemed to be nigh, and all hope of recovery gone, a light appeared, nod with it a ray of hope which seemed to disperse the gloom that had surrounded my family, when in January last 1 was informed that Biiitor* Sarsaparilla would yet save me, and restore me to health?although it was at first to me I'ke hoping against ho| e, and my recovcrv looked as impossible. But, Sir, 1 have the pleasure of iafoiming you that if the skill and medical science of the physician* failed, your Sarsaparilla has not tailed to restore me to my long lost health in a very great degree so much so, that in place of my being confined to a bed of languishing and pain, I am enabled through the mercy of Heaven, by the use of your Sarsaparilla, to attend to my domestic affairs, and likewise to attend to the members of my family who are now afflicted in different pails of the city. Permit me again (o say, your Sarsaparilla has saved my life; and were it in my power, 1 would sound aloud its fame from thoreto shore, and tell the world what Bristol's Sarsaparilla has done for me, in restating me to to my family. Happy will 1 be to inform any oneot tha happy effects and virtues of Bristol's Sarsaparilla. Beliave me, sir, your well wisher, MARY VANDKRHOEK, 178 Spring streat, corner of Sullivan. To C. C. Bristol, of Buffalo, N. V. See that thi? written signature of C. C. Briitol it across the cork < the bottle. Bold wholr**le and retail by Wm. Burger, druggist, 6* Courtlandt itrwt, and retail by Rushton k Co, Milhau's Pharmacy, Itta Broadway, W. Aspinwall, 88 William *t; J. C. Morrison, HS Greenwich st; Wood 1c Morrison, 109 Greenwich ?l; J. Hymn,rtS Bowery; and all reipectablc druggists in town and country. THE UNRIVALLED ,TONIC MIXTURE FOR the permanent cure of all the protean lorma of Dy*|<ep?ia. Thu i*iiveraally admired mixture, being pleaiant to the tnite ;uvl smell, gently utringe* the fibres of the stomach, and give* the proper tenuity which a good iligeation require*. A* nothing can be better adapted to help and nouriah the oon*titution, so there i* nothing more generally acknowledged to lie peculiarly elficacioua in all inward wastings, lo*i of appetite, indigestion, deprea?ion ol ?|iint?, trembling, or shaking of the limba, shortness o( breath,or consumptive habits. In all nerrou* disorder* from whatever cause nriaing, It* effect i* truly wonderful, and all that train of sinkings, anxieties and tremor*, which so dreadfully affect the weak, the sedentary, and the delicate, will in a short time be succeeded liy Cheerfulness and every presage of health Hold in large bottle*, fJ each In small bottles, $1 each. In case* containing half a dozen, ff>, carefully parked and sent to all part* of the Union. W. f?. RICHARDSON, Agent. Principal Office and Consulting Rooms of the College BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Bml? of Block* at Philadelphia yesterday. $100 City 5'?, I860, 10-jJ; $9000 Wilmington 6'?. 1856.7J; 70?hare* OirardBank, 6f; 98 do Wilmington RE, 10); 6 do farmer*' and Mechanic*' Bank, 3J; $4000 State 6'?, 1849, 53i $70U Wilmington RR 6V 1855, 79; 6l> ?hare? Oiraid Bank.*3j, $1000 TenntsgeeCi, 18?8, int. May and Nov. 9iJ; $iuoo l'enneiieuS per Ct'nt. 8IJ; 19 iharei U. B. Term />9J; 11 do Camden und Amltoy,86. LATEST SOUTHKKN SHIP NKW6 HiL4DRi.PHiA.Julr 17?Arr Brill'anr, [Brl Rrdn^nd, Li eijjjool; Ocpiiln Yeatnn, NYork. Below, .Violet, Nowlau. n ; *vgliii?, Chaae, Button. J"~ "~A" Amethyst, [Br] Dotne, Rigged i!'.'Jr. ill'i?10" J Tho? Hooper Mayo, Newport Rochambraa, Sli5 MvYoiTk- ViiKinia. White, Amiterdam; Edwina, See I r, NYork; John, Cofflu, I.a Ooa)r? null Foito (Jabello; & M?fy VVilki. U.lr. Triuidad. vwil^A^11? i0r' ^ *"? Oriheei, Hill, Valparaiw; Virginia, Amaterd m; Ma*v Stanton, Beaiae, Button. OAo."mto5U' * 15~',,r Oeo'???ua. D*r<?. NYork. Sid Kk hmuhii. Jnlv 14?nu n?.? w.ii..a ii uu i Alio, Hnow, JjII Hiver. "cid 12th, Bremen, [Bremen] Volckm?n, Breinru. 8ld 15th, low*, S..|mii. Ar*LACHiootA. July 1?Arrj wsn.iwn., 9hmn, Havre; Alabima, Stewart, NYork. Ud Olive Branch. English, do; Detroit, Aiderioo, do; Win Bryan, Mota, Boston. 8pok?n. W.nhiiiKtoD. from Philadelphia, July 5, Ut 27 45, Ion 71?by the Anelhyst, a; Baltimore. k'oralgn Parti. Haoskd Island, June 23? In port, 8t Mary, [Br] Baker, Tor N York, i or 5 di. 0(7- A BEAUTIFUL CBTT OF TBETH MAY'MB preserved, a discolorad sett may lie restored to a pearly whiteness, and thetaitar, which so often collect! around the teeth and causes decay, toothache, and spoDginess of the gams, may he removed hy the use ol Sherman'* Orris Tooth Paste, which also prevents those fcumulations, and renders the breath sweet and pleasant. The first Dantists of this and other cities, have used it with great satisfaction, and publicly recommended it, and thou to any dentrifice they hate ever used. It is perfectly clean, and free from'these deleterious compounds which so often bring on premature decay in the teeth, and has met with general approval wherever it is known. It may be obtained at Dr. Sherman's warehouse, 106 Nassau street, and of his agents 110 Broadway; 10 Astor House; 2J7 Hudson street; 188 Bowery; 77 East Bioadway; 86 William st. and 89 Chesnut st. Philadelphia. OC?- THE PARISIAN ALTERATIVE MIXTURE, for the radical cure of primary or secondary sy ohilis.? This powerful alterative is composed entirely of vegetable extracts,and possesses a specific effect over those baneful maladies, strengthening the constitution while eradi. eating the diserse. Sold in large bottles, $-2 each; in small ditto, $1; in cases containing half a dozen, (6, carefully packed and sent to all parts of the Union. W. S. RICHARDSON, Agont. Ofiico and consulting rooms of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 67 Nassau street. Q&- TO THE LADIES?Beware of what cosmotics you put on your faces. Mercury and white lead form the basis of many artificial pigments and cosmetics, but either will, from ita ponderosity, fall to the bottom, if made up in a liquid form, which can be easily detected? but if male up in the form of a powder, It must he analysed before it can be discovered?consequently, cosmetic powders are dangerous to use. Not so with the "Balm of Eden." It is not poisoned with any of these articles, but is so salubrious in its nature and beautifying in its ef feots, that, after a short time using, it improves the skin to perfection, rendering it white, smoeth and healthy. It is a sovereign remedy for freckles, tan, sun burn, red blotches, pimples, and other defects of the skin. The names ef some of the first class of physicians in this city, who are personal acquaintances of the lady who is the discoverer of the "Bnlm of Eden,"and who,having been made acquainted with it* ingredients, pronounce it perfectly harmless, and yet eficacious, may be seen at the store 857 Broadway, where the Balm is for sale at 60 cts. and $1 per bottle. We cannot refrain from giving an extract from a letter just received from a female friend in Philadelphia:? "Dear Madam?Many presents have been sent by you, but none have been more thankfully received than the hall dozen bottles of your delightful Balm. Vou are truly fortunate in producing sucli a combination of pure and harmless ingredients. It is of the nurest milky whiteness,and its effects are wonderful. Three bottles have proved amply sufficient to remove every defect you rpmemher to hnvp seen on the face of Marin I.nuina " The Hbove extract, written by one of the first ladies in Philadelphia, will prove how highly this Balm is appre. ciated by those who use it?and if further proof be need, ed, it can be had at 3S7 Broadway. {?-CONSUMPTION AND LIVER COMPLAINT CAN BE CURED.?Tse genuine Dr. Taylor's Balsam ol Liverwort, prepared onlv at the original office, No. 376 Bowery, hat shown conclusively that liver complaint, consumption, coughs, colds, asthma, spitting of blood, and all other diseases of the chest and lungs, can alone be cured by this vegetable medicine. During the last ten years it has been taken by over thirty thousand persons, who, with hardly an exception, have been relieved, and cured of affections ol the lungs and liver ; and some of the severest cases of Dyspepsia of years standing have been entirely cured. This is undoubtedly the only medicine in the world to be relied on for the cure oi consumption and liver complaint. In purchasing, be very careful to see that the new (steel plate) engraved lable is on the outside wrapper of each bottle, with the signature of Dr. Qurdon J. Leeds, wholesale druggist, 139 M?id*n Lane, attached, to prevent counterfeits. | It can be had of H.& S. Ray nor, 76 bowery. Be particulir to avoid the counterfeits made in Spring street, by a person who has never had any interest in the genuine article. His testimony to which he wai obliged to sweur in court, stamps liim with the character he de. seives. Buy only as alove, or of O. J. Leeds, 138 Mriden Lane ftJ- .MEDICAL CAUTION.?Professor Valpeau's Pill, for the radical cureol gonorrhoea and gleet, is only to be had at the New York College oi Medicine and Pharmacy. As they ar-.> now acknowledged hy the medical profession to be the best and safest cure at present known, hundreds of worthless counterfeits are starting into existence. The genuine are sold, price (1 per box, at the office and consulting rooms of the College. 97 Nassau st. W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent. (K7-TO THE UNFORTUNATE.?All who have the least vestige of disease or mercury lek in the system, can And a sure and certain remedy at 31 Couiilpndt street. Also, Dr. Council's Mixture, warranted to cure recent cases in from two to Ave days, and all old cases in a short time, no matter of how long standing. They have been induced to offer the above medicines on account of the impositions practiced by certain persons in this city?and all who do not wish to he humbugged had better go there, as the money ii always returned it not cured. (&- GOURAUD'd HAIR ERADICATING POWDERS?We gave nocred-ncu to the statement* of the wonderful effect of these celebrated powders until we saw them thoroughly tested yesterday. They do indeed accomplish all the proprietor promises, and without the least injury or inconvenience to the persons applying them. They will remove, as it were by mafic, the light down upon the upper lip, or on tho back ol the neck, or the more stubborn hrr on the maaculine chin, by a single app'ication. These powders are indispensable to the beauty and fair complexion of the ladies, who, after one trial, are never satisfied without them.?Boiton American Traveller. The above powders aro to be hail in New York only at 87 Wnlker atreet, one door from Broadway. $ I per bottle. Can be seen tested Also, Oouraud's Grecian Hair Dye?for dyeing hair a beautiful auburn, dark brown, or jetty black, without staining tha skin or injuring the hair. $1 per bottle warranted. For dyeing the eyebrows and whiskers, bottles may be had for 'lb cents each. otj- CONSTITUTIONAL DEBILITY?THE TONIC MIXTURE, prepared by the New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, is a sovereign remedy fordebili. ty, whether produced by vicious habits or protracted sickness. In all forms ol Dyspepsia, lassitude, loss ot appetite, nervous headache, or weakness produced by a shattered constitution, this celebrate.l mixture will be found highly beneficial. Sold in large bottles $3 each, small do $1 each, in case* containing half a dozen $6; carefully packed and sent to all parts of the Union. W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent. Office and consulting rooms of the College of Medietas and Pharmacy, 97 Nassau st. Q&- POETRY WORTH READING, BY ZEST. We deem them all beneath our note, ay, e'?n the honest man Whose yellow cheeks are covered o'er with pimple* and with tan. We cannot love that being well.with beauty thus defaced, When but forfllty cents in cash, all, all might be eraaed. Go all of you (as a numerous crew) with dark or yellow skin. With pimples and eruption* o>r your face, your neck or chin, And buy for lifty cents a cake of beauty's only hope Of Jones' truly wonderful Italian Chemical Soap. This advertisement is written in the attractive form of poetry, that persona may know,(that is if they will, with out ptilttngor misrepresentation, the real and actual qualities of this much spoken of Italian Chemical Soap. A most surptising invention It is, believe it ornot I have cm it cure in three several cases of eruption, old sea ly stilt rheum and dry erisypelas, for which a certain chemist in this city had used the most powerful lotions in vnin. I therefore confidently 'recommend it for pimples, blotches, silt rheum,scurvy, ertsypelas, and any or every cutaneous eruption, (or clearing the skin of disfigurements, such as freckles, suuburn, tan, morphew, heatspots, he. I hasitato not to say it is unequalled, but its mo?i astounding property is, that it positively changes the color of dark, yellow or discolored skin to a fine healthy clearness. We must stop?the public must try this to know its worth. 1 cpu only say, that albeit its jhjwerfnl curative qualities, I would not tie afraid (knowing it to be made of extracts from the wild herbs ot Italy) to use it on an infant two hours old. It is sold for AO cents a cake at the sign of the American Eagle. 82 Chatham street, N* Y : Zieber, 3 Ledger build ings,Philadelphia; Redding, H Stale street, Roaton,or 1.19 Fulton st. Brooklyn. QQ- THE GENUINE EXTRACT OF SARSArARILLA, OENTIAN AND SAR8* FRAS, prepari-d and sold by the College of Medicine and Pharmacy of the oity of New York, for the radical cure of all diseases arising from an impurn stale of the blood, viz: Scrofula, Safi Rh'iim, Ringworm or Tetter, blotches or pimples on the face or body, Rheumatism, mnlignnnt Ulcers, andalldis. eases arising from an injudicious use of mercury- This purely vegetable extract is prepared under the superin tendance of tbe first medical men in the city, and now universally prescribed by the m.dioal faculty throughout the Stales ns possessing nil the curative properties of the diffi-i ent vegetables it is romiiosed of in the highest roncentT^tPd lorm. SnH in tingle bottlra, 7a c?nw cacn, in rases containing hall a .le*en, .'>0, in du containing one r'ozen, {?, carefully pnrkcd, and *?*nt to all ptrt* nl thn Union. XV. H. RICHARDSON. AMnt Oftirn bik! consulting room* of thi? College "7 Nmwii atreet. Monday, July IT?OP. " There was but little doing in the stock market to day generally, but there i* a good feeling. UlinoUroae Jj Indiana J; Mechanica' Bank Long Island fell}; I'ateriou |. At the new board there wera tale* at 114} of Government Loan, a fall of | per cent; Harlem rose j The steamer from Liverpool is anxiously expected, and will probably be hero to-morrow at farthest. It is a fact that ruin has overtaken almost all trust com. panies. Th'-rc are now many unpleasant rumors in re gard to the Farmers' Loan. A large holder haa sold out; and the price haa lallen. There is but lit'le wonder at this, when we consider the state of the (arming interests. A ' black tariff" hanging over them, pricea so low as to bring scarcely the cost of production, what remains for them to pay mortgages T Money ia worth in the market but four per cent, yet the cultivatora of the soil are trying to pay theae companies 7 per oent! and cannot do it. TKafnllAwini* im ?? .. at R ron^K Man* l? M Orleans, during the last month, that is toiay, from tho lit of June to the lit of July i? la gold $488,000 In silrer 130,000 Total $616,000 From the lit January, 1843, to the lit July, that u to ay, during the last six monthi, the coinage amounts to $2.903,000. The position of our commercial relation! with China, offering m they do an opening for a more eitended inter, course, require! the prompt attention of some individual upon the spot, to look after American interesti. China and the Brazils offer an immense opening for the consumption of thoie lower qualities of cotton fabrici in which the United Statei can successfully compete with all other countries ; a fact lufficiently evident in tho late export of goodi to the English market. The abiUty of the United Statei to do thirhai been tho reiult of the low graae oi ine compromise act. It hag taught and compelled manufacturer* to work at rate* which put their ware* on a level with those of Gnglind in neutral market*. The approximation to free trade ha* built up th? manufacturer*; yet now, with a mole like blindness, they ar? destroying themselves by returning to a system of protection which is no less destructive to their interests than to the commercial and manufacturing interests.? Under the compromise act they have attained a positiou in which they can compcto with England in the Brazil and China markets. These two market* are the most important outlet* of British goods. With the Brazil* a treaty of commerce ha* existed on the part of Oreat Britain, which expires in 1844. All Europe ha* combined during the past year to exclude BritUh good* Irom the continent! by a system far more efficacious than that of Napalcon. It i* to underwork her. France has prohibited many article* of English production, and new on the eve of a new treaty between England and the Brazils, the influence of France at the latter court has become paramount by the intermarriage of tha reigning families.? The bearing which this will have upon the new treaty may easily be divined. Where is the United State* at this juncture? Is she looking after her intereit in that quarter? Is she endeavoring to make good use ef the ability of her manufacturer* to sell cheap, in order to supplant England altogether in that market, and open an outlet lor $26,000,000 of cotton good* for tha eastern manufacturers? Far from it. A miserable race of politicians are leading the manufacturers by tha nose, and endeavoring to persuade then that, by raising the tariff, keeping out Brazilian produce, and irritating its government at the very moment when conciliation i* molt requisite, their welfare is promoted. The inevitable result of such conduct will be, that England and the Vnited Statrs will be put in the same category, and the new regulations cf Brazil will discriminate in favor of France, depriving the manufacturers of a market worth at least $20,000,000 per annum. Thefarsical aiaemblage . of lawyers at Washington, called a Government, have appointed no Minister to look after this vital interest.? The hesitation is to discover how much strength the candidate can bring to "the party." The China trade i* equally urgent. England is on the spot with her cut-throats and robbers. They have counted and sent home the ready money that they have stolen,and are now making arrangementslo monopolize the future trade, while our agent yet linger* here. The following table will show the extent and condition of the direct China trade hitherto: ? KxrORTS FROM THE UNITED STATU TO ClllNA DlRKrr. MIKl wril Ml??" ?? . IT CI ?? O TO., running boot. Her lirat coat won over $M,000. Montrf-ai, Atari RrrnaT, Jitlt Mth. 1842 Inapacted 321 2P7 ?J0 Shipped 280 27 ft In store 43 22 1R43 Inanected 2?ft #71 NW Hhlpptfd 25A 428 In Store 40 43 ___ 240 mora in 1848. Jlihti - The nalea of Pot* are limited; i? the high c?t We can quota. Pearls amall, aalea nt fr, 31). tyhalrbont nry little doing, and the old quotation of 10 emit", atill rule* sale*. Provitinm Salea ol prime Pork at $0,60, and Meat $ 11 )7i. Beaf dull. and ratoa rule for Prime M a 24, Meaa Value <tf Exports to China. Domestic foreign Va'ut of produce 4'C- Mer'ilse. 4'C Total imports. M!1 318.135 3.902,1125 4.290.500 3,1 <1,951 1822 4*9.230 5.506,118 5,935.368 5,214.536 1821 283.375 4,347 6C6 1 636,061 6 511.42) 1821 330 . 66 4,970.705 5,3<>1,I7 ( 5,618 502 1825 1G0 059 5,410,4;s 5,570,515 7,533,115 1HV6 242,451 2 324, '93 2,566,64 4 7, "22,186 1827 l?0,*S2 3 573,54 3 3,864 405 3.6I7.H3 lts28 231),'85 1,2)2,417 1,182 8 2 5.339,108 1829 2*0,759 1,094.101 1,154,862 4,680,847 1830 156.290 58),903 742,193 3,878,141 1811 24) 791 1.046,04.) 1 290.831 3,083 205 1(3! 336 J62 924.360 1.500 522 5,14 ( 907 1813 537,774 095,085 1,4)3,759 7.5(1,570 1 34 255,751 754,727 1,0 0.483 7,892,4^7 1835 335,868 1,532,71! 1,868,580 5 987,18r 1816 341 56 1 852.701 1,191.264 7,314,86 1837 318.973 311,618 600,591 8.965,337 >838 655,58! 8SI.021 1,516*02 4,764,516 18TO 430,464 1,103,137 1,533.601 3,678,509 1810 469.166 548,780 1,016 9.6 6.640,829 1641 715.322 485,491 1,200 8 6 3,095 388 The chief article* of import and export iu these years were a* follows:? Kiports to China. Imports from China. Cottons, Printed. white. Twist. Nankeens. Silks 1821 ? ? ? 298.079 1,317,844 1822 ? ? ? 758,371 2,389,210 1821 ? ? ? 595,684 3 12t 186 1821 ? ? ? 177,015 2,430,856 182) ? ? ? 310.518 3,060,148 1826 154 14,777 ? 271.970 2,746.701 1827 ? 9 3*8 ? 172 668 1,33 ,227 '828 ? 10,981 ? 304.674 2.234,1 0 1870 ? 25,913 85 4)2, ?73 M14.693 1830 ? 52 080 3,671 176,739 971 67* 1811 ? 49 2)6 ? I' 111 1 30 . 322 183! ? 86 4i0 ? 95,072 2,027,503 1833 64 831 127,8 3 15.941 30 379 1263,081 1831 ? 116 881 2,378 46 815 1.010,159 1835 2,552 170,175 ? 6 433 927,017 1836 15,351 70.39) ? 28,348 1.297,770 18.7 11,997 189 2)5 2.514 35.991 2,104.981 1838 11,280 507.560 13,257 27,049 965 572 1839 4,360 >55,97) ? 2 379 978,183 1810 ? 361,995 M.478 1,100 779,629 1141 ? 357.331 11,26 1 217 285,773 Thi* table present* the same result* as do all official return* when examined into, viz: an improvement of business under low duties, and a decline under high ones? Observe the import of nankeens. The moment the duties began to fall under the compromise act, the import nearly ceased, while on the other hand the exports ol cotton good* rose from $70,0(10 in 1830, to over $600,000 in 1839. One reason for this was the necessity for sending goods instead of London credits, previously furniihed by in*, c iiivi u riuivs nnua. ai iuis iiiur, uomfBiic guuci, load and raw cotton aro largely shipped to China for the purchase of teas. Thiican now be done not only ai a means cf remittance, but as a profitable adventure. A judicious handling of our prnaent relation* with that government on a Tree trade basic?that ia, low revenua duties?would be of vast importance to this country. All that the United States gain Irani foreign nations moat be on the principle of mutual interest, not English fashion? by bloodshed and robbery. 8al?a at ths Stock Kxchungs. $'000 N York 7'?, 1848. 104 f5 State Bink of N Y 86 1200 do 3*, 1858 Six 45 do Ho 85)f 5001) Ken'v 8'?, lar-e, 91 59 Amer. Ks. Bank 78 1(100 do 5'sray'e in V Y 81 40 Farmers' Trust 20* I mo Water Loan, 1870 99* 50 di do 20* 2100 "ire Lo?n. D?1 99* 31 Kraa? liti Bk Cinn S3 3000 U Mates 6'<, 1802 1'4* 15 Aub It Hneh. KR 91* 7000 do di 114 50 Hsrlem R R hj 31* 1000 Ind aunUol. Bonds 30* 100 di> do sl5 31* liiflO Ohio is, I860 btw 00*2 50 '.on* Island K R 52 H 0000 K^ut'y# *0Trs 95*? 50 Tatrrson K R bid 51X 9001 Illinois Bonds 32* 25 uii do bin 51* 200 ?has Mseh'a Bank 101 2> do do b30 53% Hccond Board. 20 aha* Farmers' Loan, ?o^ iooo Illinois s's, 1870 32* S*W York'PnbMr Stock Giehange, 2000 U Btiws Loan 114V 125 frarmors' Trnst bio 20* 1000 do do IK* 25 (to do bno 20s; '000 do do 114* 25 9tnnin?tnn R K s3B SIS 5000 U 8 5 per ct? s3 103% 35 Aob St R?eli. II R 91* , IOOO Illinois S's 1870 3>* 50 Paterion R R b39 53* 3000 do do (160 33 25 Harl'rn H R b-'O IIV 1000 do do ithw 32li 150 do do b20 31 000 W?ler Losn,'51 Mjj, '50 do do buw 32 1000 OhioS's, 1160 Ithw 8')?, 26 do do sin 3lJ? 5000 do do btHw DM 25 do d> bl5 31 JflOO do do slO 89* 50 do do hlO 31 10(0 Kentucky S's ?5 9>* 50 do do bthw 32 ItMiO do do HlO 95* 100 do do 32 1000 do do sl5 #5?i 50 do do N 32 1000 do do Jrlvs 95* 25 Low? Is. K K hlO 52* 1000 do do 95* 75 'Jo do h!5 52* 1000 do do l>3 95* 25 do do slO 52 V 25 sbas Phoem* Bk b30 88* 2' ' ? do S10 52'i 25 Vlo.eh Bk'jr A.. KM 71* 00 do do b'O M* 25 farmers' Trust b3 20* 50 do do slO 52* 2} do do 20111* do d? b30 52* Mtate of Trsulc. Steamboat Columbia was aold at tho Merchanta' Exchange yesterday, under mortgages to Jamea J. Van Alen and othera, lor $30 300. She is only two years old,

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