Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 31, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 31, 1843 Page 2
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\T- YOHV ' ' '' A I.I). few fork, Monday, July 31. 1843 Abetter* on busmeus with this office, and ?oj??nunic?tioii(< intended for insertion, must be nddresfjfd a* heretofore ?o James Itordon Bknnktt, ditor md pr^-ru tor oi the N<-w York H?rald. i?ut*Forrion News ?Th^ steamship Acadia, Capt. Hyne, trom i,iyerpool tor Boston, hat* been at sea t? elve days, and will | robably arrive to morrow in eea^ou to enable us to publish the news in our regular 'jjiuon Wednesday morning. We are in hopes ol itctniag a budget ol letters trom Mr. Bennett,by the Acadia, of great interest. For Ei'roi'e.?The steamship Caledonia, Capt. Lott, leaves Boston ior Liverpool on Tuesday, at 2 o'clock Her letter bugs close at the Exchange and Harnden's at halt past lour this afteraoon. We thall issue our second edition, containing the most important news up to the last moment, in season to mail for Europe. Thk qttara>tt!|<i Laws and the Pitblic ?Last week we offered a lew general remarks on Quarantine regulations, and feel justified by the importance ol the subject, and the awakened interest with winch the public in general now appear to be disposed to regard it, to revert to it, and expose so i ewhrtt more in detail the tallacious atguments which have been employed in the defence ol a system, which lnterleres most injuriously with the interests of commerce. It is somewhat difficult to open the eyes of the public to a due sens*' of the existence or enormity of any abuse, or any unjusufiable st t ol regulations, unless the public themselves feel the pressure of the evil. This explains in 110 inconsid-rable degree the somewhat remarkable lact Uiat Quarantine laws, which reason and common sense os well as the discoveries ot science condema as unnecessary and urijus:, have been permitted to conuuue in existence. It has been only the more extensive importers, and others immediately engaged in trading on seas, w ho have experienced to the tall extent the aiiaoyance, inconvenience, and serious injury which these regulations have occasioned. And thus the popular voice lias not been raided hi this case, as it would have been in instan ces where ihe disagreeable effects would have come home to " the bosom and business of every man." The public in general have, in this case, acted too much under the impression that the subject ot a reform, or abolition ot the Quarantine law?, was one with which they had no concern Tl?e putilic begins, however, as we remarked, to have a clear view of its own interest in this matter. The people bigin to ask?Why ahould we have this expensive establishment kept up 1 What necessity is there lor it"? Why should bo many thousands 01 dollars annually be paid over to health officers'? What service to the public, does the resident phycian at Staten Island, lor instance, render, that he should be paid an annual salary, almost equal to that of the President ot the United States, exclusive of the emolument from his wash-house 1 What necessity is there lor imposing these vigorous restrictions in our commerce 1 VV'iere are the reasons to be tound, lor detaining ships until in many instances their cargoes are ruined, or kept too late for a prolitable market! The auswer to all these questions, is, "Oh! the public health must be protected,?the public health must be preserved, ?we must guard against the introduction ot disease." This reply answered very well in the days when the public did not know any better- Hut t will not do now. Let us for a moment refer to ttie period when quarantine tegulations were lirst adopted and entorced. It was in 14t>4 In that year a council ot health was established at Vienna, tor the purpose of guarding against the introduction of the " plague," which had been devastating many parts of Europe When the "plague" again made its appearance, in the early psrt of the sixteenth century, the adoption of quarantine regulatu ns became more general; and in lt>65, bills ot health were demanded from the masters ot ail trading vessels before they could be ad- ! nutted into port. The same set of regulations adopted at this remote period, have, with some tiivial alterations, continued in force to the present day. The appearance ot the " cholera," led to a still more rigid enforcement of the quarantine laws; but it is worthy of record, as stated by Dr. Thomson, the able Professor ol Medical Jurisprudence in the University of London, " that all precautionary measures against .nieciion, were neither invented nor proposed by physicians, but ordered by the jnilice authorities, in direct opposition to the medical theories," respecting contagion and the prorogation of disease. An ounce of fact is worth a pound of argument. Here we have the evidence thai these enactments were not founded in sci- ntific knowledge and experience, but probably in many cases at least, swed their origin to principles and motives similar to those which have put the Staten Island " wash house" into successtul operation. The utter inefficiency of quarantine laws in preventing the invasion ot epidemic diseases, have been repeatedly demonstrated. In tact, the laws and the i generally oppressive and 11,judicious manner in which they have been administered, have had the effect only oi creating disease. Even in our own temperate climate, what more likely to generate disease amongst a crowd oi immigrants, than to keep them cooped up in the ship, their scanty stock ol provision* exhausted, and their minds depressed by the unwelcome detention? But let us cwme to the actual data, and ascertain from the facts whether the unjust necessity of keeping iu> such an exi>eiisive and oppressive establishment be apparent Let us look lor a moment at the report of Dr Doane, the late health officer at Staler! fsland. This document bears date "Feb. 1, 1843," and th? following extract will answer our purpose : " In the last three years," says the Doctor, "8,193 patients have been received here; of these there have been 818 cases ol typhus lever, and typhoid pueumautd; 274 ot remittant and bilious remiltaul fever ; 318 of intermittant lever; and 2SJ7 l smallpox." And lias is the proof of the necessity ol the continuance oi this annoying and expensive system. Multitudes of similar cares are every week to be met with in ihis or any other large city, and the landing ot these passengers could not possibly endanger in the slightest degree the public health One thousand cases ot fever per annum!? Why, (tie physicians ol the New York City Dispensary, in Centre street, one of thr?e similar institutions, attend about 20,000 such patients annually. The truth is there is not a shadow of reason or propriety in continuing these absurd regulations? the offspring of the dark ages. Medical science condemns them as entirely unnecessary The interests of our merchants and mariners demand t tlflf i u aK/>lif inn f mul (Wal nnui tkot tli? .... .. i vu j Buviuiuu. " t 1i uoi mat ?iw*? 11101 luv public in general feel an interest in the matter,eoaie prompt, judiciou* and united eHort will be made to net rid ol ihe absurd and oppressive ayatem altogether. And m ihe meantime, worthy and hard working members of the Common Council, another word in youi earn, about the cleansing of the streeta. Do natch a lew momenta r<spit* Irom your arduous latter*, and look at the condition of our highwnys and bye waya. Now that August is coming upon us, with hia pestilential levera, do make some effort to get rid of the filth with which our street* are covered. it vou don't do aomething boob, we ahall propose aending you in the next amal machine on a journey to the moon, where it 1a credibly affirmed volcauees clear the air, and angela sweep the streets with iheir wing*. Then, |>erchance, you may pick up a lettaon or two, which on your return may enable you to do "the Wtata aome service." guBPtciont.?It i?, 10 say the leaat, aomewhat suspicious to find Bishop Ond^rdonk committing the w.nk ol hia defence to br. Seabury ol the Chutck mim, who has long been known to have had n filial .1 11 l<>r old oi?'h?*r church, .-ml v ho may, in relurr, well :>e railed a " True,Churchman 1" ^ Another Exciting ^<-ene at Sr. OlUUM1* 1 ?The Work of Sifting the Cleegy Commenced ?The church ot St. Stephen's appears to be destined to be the great theatre of ecclesiastical agitation in this city. I< was there that the wrdiuation ot Mr. Carey, the first great scene in the drama ot "Puseyism in America," took pUce. On yesterday another scene ol great interest occurred within the same consecrated walls. Whilst en gaged in reading the second lesson lor the day, the 2<)ih chapter ot tiie Acts ol the Apostles, the voice of tne officiating clergyman, the Rev. J. H. Price, was observed to (alter, and as the eyes of the congregation were directed towards the desk, it was tound that the Rev. gentleman was in tears, and evidently laboring under the most intense emotion. He continued to read a tew additional verses, hut suddenly became cjuite overpowered by his leelinns and was utterly unable to proceed. The organist and I choir, with great tact and propriety, immediately commenced chanting the Benedutu*, and on its conclusion, Mr. Price wus so tar recovered, that he was able to proceed with the morning service.? Whilst reading the Collect lor j^ace, however, and particularly in reciting that purt ot the Litany, where it says, "may i' please thee to torgive our enemies, persecutors and slanderers, and to turn their hearts," the Rev gentleman was much affected and shed tears very profusely. The congrega- | tion, it need hardly he said, Jpnrticipated most seriously in the emotion ol their respected and excellent pastor, and all were evidently deeply moved After the conclusion of the morning service, the ready explanation of Mr. Price's remurkable exhibition of feeling, was afforded. He addressed the congregation, and pointing to the pamphlet ot Drs. Smith and Anthon, which he held in his hand, remarked that the subject of that publication had largely occupied the public attention tor the last few weeks, aud that his own mind had been bo much engrossed by it, that he could not restrain the teelings which tiad been excited in reference to it, by the solemn <if llml mnrninn itun went on to speak of Mr. Carey, tor consenting to whose ordination, his own character and soundness in the faith had been so unceremoniously assailed. Mr. Carey was, he said, a young man of a high order of tal#ut?of an amiable and confiding disposition?diffident and sensitive even to a fault. Not oje. word ol reproach had Mr. Carey uttered against the authors of the statement, allhough it had pressed very heavily on his feelings, and had not rendered unto him that justice which the truth required. Mr. Price then went on to speak ot his own position. "I know not" said lie "what is exactly meant by Puseyism, but if it be Romanism, then in the presence of God and of this congregation, I pronounce my uiter abhorence of it." He then made a powerful and eloquent appeal to the members of his flock. He called on them to answer whether he had in the six years of his ministry amongst them taught aught that savored of Romanism! He never had and never could, for he abhored Popery. Bul he did not hold that all the members of the Roman Catholic church were beyond the pale of the visible church. On the contrary, many, doubtless, of them would be saved. There were amongst the heathens good men; and he then alluded to the case of Cornelius. In reference to the part he had taken in the ordination of Mr. Carey,Mr. Price remarked that he assumed the whole responsibility. He claimed no immunity from criticism or condemnation on the ground of submission to the Episcopal authority.? He had acted in the full consciousness of discharging his duty; and before God and hi^ congregation, he believed himself to be acquitted of all blame. He had hcaid ot the declaration of some ot his parishioners that they would leave the Church if he did not. T>tey condemned him without a hearing. They condemned him without allowing him to see either judge or ] jury. He thought that it was indeed hard, that after having visited in their families, gone up to the house ol God with thern, communicated with them, broken the bread of life with them, administered to them the cup emblematic of that propitiation made for the sins of all men, that he should be condemned on the ground only of the misrepresenta" tions contained in the pamphlet of i*rs. Anthon and Smith. Finally, the reverend gentleman said he would caution his people against being led away by public opinion?by the press. The press, how. ever, he remarked, was not always public opinion" Away with him! axcay with him! crucify him! eru' cifv him." That was public opinion. This scene at St. Stephen's is instructive. It shows that the line ol demarcation begins already to be drawn between the two parties. Mr. Price, alter struggling for weeks to refraiu from the public exhibition ef his adherence to the faith, and his abhorrence of the new doctrines, at last gives way to his feelings, and manfully expresses his sentiments. This is right. And every pastor who keeps silent, or attempts to evad? the public expression of his views on this great controversy must be regarded as a friend of the ancient church, and desirous of returning to her arms. The peeple will not be satisfied, the clergy may depend upon it, unless they have aa explicit avwwal or disavowal of a leaning " Rome-ward," as Dr. Seabury hatb it We'll have a fine sifting of the clergy before all's over. Popular Literature?The literature of the French brothels is fairly driven out of the field by the theological publishers. Newsboys find it now more profitable to sell Puseyite and Anti-Paseyite pamphlets, than the novels of Paul de Kock. Of Drs Anthon and Smith's pamphlet, eleven thousand copies were disposed ot on the day of publication, and altogether upwards of twenty thousand copies were sold, the publishers realizing probably a thousand dollars by the operation. The city is now fairly inundated with religious tracts, pamphlets and pennons. If Mr. Carey would get up a course ot lectures on this controversy, he could cram the Tabernacle for twenty nights at least. This would beat Kirk in his palmiest day* all to nothing. JfELioiors Mendicants?A deputation from the *' lree Church ot Scotland" inay be shortly expected here Their object is to collect as many dollars as their friends here will cot.tribute. So open your purse srringB, ye " faithful." Mork ol?le for Wkbb?General Sandford has commenced legal proceedings against our friend Colonel Webb, lor the " libellous attack upon his personal and professional character," contained in the " autobiography" which we copied the other day. It is really too bad to lose a fortune and get prosecuted for hall a dozen libel ,into the bargain. {?>- The greatest objects of curiosity at the present tune are the official dresses of the ministers and their suits who are aboHt to sail forforeign ports We have given some particulars of the appearance and worth of Mr. Cushing's, but we find that Mr. Proffit's is attracting much attention here, und Mr. Fletcher Webster's at Washington. Mr. Webster appears determined to outshine even the minister in whose suite negoes out,ana iiencene lias employed the best and moet fashionable artists in Washington, Messrs. Owens, Evans <fc Co,, who have long supplied a great part ol the army, navy and diplomatic uniforms. The Washington Capnol says it is made ot remarkably fine dark blue cloth, and superbly ornamented with gold embroidery round the collar and wrists. The lining is ol rich white silk. Something between ninety and one hundred dollars is the cost. Theatrical Arrivals ? Bob Hamilton, formerly the editor of the" Lathed Companion," whose sue* ceMs was mainly owing to his vigorous and graceful pen, p.-ttwed through this city on Maturday on his way to Boston, where he m to be stage manager of the National Theatre. Mr. Main, th?' celebrated mene painter is here He lias been travelling in aearch yl the picturesque, and rnurns to ih? National with nine fine :'ibjeoi9 which he has picked up in h^ travel*. Commencement of Rilfer'i College?Pu- j eylam. We ariived at New Brunswick on Monday laat, and put up at the Karitan House, kept by fcirus | Hall, a very polite and accommodating host. On [ taking an afternoon stroll through the town we found every thing on the "qui vive"?a Bortof general stir, indicating the ur ir approach of some occasion lor popular enjoyment, which in country towns wrap the people in an a^ony of expectation- Upon enquiry, we learned that the event about to "come ofl" was nothing more or less than the "Comtnencement of Old Rutgers " On learning the commotion the annual recurrence of this occasion creates among the "sovereigns," and the influx of rural beauties it . HttrarUfrom (lip aurrnunilinv vioinaoo wo l.url iirtlp difficulty in determining to await the expected Saturnalia. The procession termed at 9 o'clock, A. M , headed by an excellent band from New York. It is unnecessary to describe the order of the procession. Suffice it to say, that it was long and imposing, and exceedingly orderly. It arrived at about 104 o'clock A. M. at the Tutch Church, where there was a large platform erected in the neighborhood of the pulpit, extending in front about 25 or 80 feet, and covering tke entire width of the edifice, firmly constructed and neatly carpeted The trustees, president, faculty, and distinguished strangers, mainly occupied the platform?among whom we noticed with much pleasure, the estimable, learned, and gentlemaaly Governor Pennington, encoumging by his presence the useful labors ol this excellent Institution. The body of the Church was crowded to overflowing, galleries and all, in| stinct with one waving mass of "living life. We were fortunate enough to wedge our way over the official stutt of a burly looking constable, into one of the pews reserved in front of the staging for the students of the college. The exhibition was apened by an eloquent and impressive praytr from Dr. Wycofl, of Albany. The exercises of the day,to a casual observer.showed adeepandthoroHgh efficiency in this college lor the high purposes of a sound education. Paul D. Van Cleef, Millstone, N. J., delivered the "Latin Salutatory," which was divided into four appropriate parts,to suit hi? professors,the President, the senior class, uf which he was a member, and the auditory The first and second divisions we could not hear well enough to run on with the speaker understandtngly, as his back was partlv turned to the audience during their delivery, but we heard enough of the other portions to ascertain that the style was chaste and smooth, possessing much i strength of thought and propriety of sentiment. If it owed its paternity to the speaker, we should call him a good Latin scholar. His delivery was rather tame, but graceful. We admired the turn given to the sentiment of Horace, "Duni vidimus, vivanus " The next was an English Salutatory, delivered by Charles McKinstry, of Mich. It was a creditable production, und well delivered. Charles H. Van Wyck, Bloomingbury, N. Y., delivered an essay on the "Philosophy of Jurisprudence." This wa6 decidedly an eloquent oration. The subject was grasped with a manliness of thought and an extended range of historical knowledge and philosophical deduction worthy of even maturer scholarship. He traced its origin and progress in ancient times, when it "rested upon the false foundation of human reason," to its present perfection, deriving its vitality from the essence of , the Bible and the genius of Uod, and not from the , exploded anomoliea of antiquated despotisms, and , which, like gravitation in the physical world, keeps nations in their intercourse with each other, within , their proper spheres or orbs. We should like to fol- , low this speaker a little more, but time will not permit. His delivery was a little slow, somewhat mo- { notonouB, but graceful. The intervals between the speakers were filled up with appropriate airs from the band, smiles,sigh* and glances from the ladies, and delightful recognitions from the beaux. The "Illustrious Dead," was the next subject, which was vigorously treated and handsomely delivered by Abel T. Stewart, Somerville, N. J. "Mind in Ruins," by J. C. T. Smith, Nyack, N. Y., was a judicious production, had it not savored toorankly of Puritanism. The fatal errors of Rome and the godliness of Luther were made to dance ' through the mazes of this young gentleman's rhetoric, like puppets in a show box. The ignorance of Rome kept the moral vision of Fenelon in France, and Shakspeare, and Dryden,and Pope io England, in utter darkness, while the splendor of divine truth suddenly burst upon the ill tmined mind of Luther in Germany. Mr. S.'s strictures on the loose libe ralibtn ot the day, and the countenance given it by the public press, the abute of the imagination at the expense ot judgment, See , were marked by that soundness of thought and felicity of reasoning, which showed that his mind was not insane, except when the anti-Christ ot Popery and Puseyism become the burden ?t his pen; and then, indeed, you might justly exclaim, "Quanta mutatur at) illo." This was a blemish I noticed, disfiguring the fine subjects and excellent compositions of most of the speakers, and seemed to have been designedly lugged in for present exigency, to arrest the fearful spread of Puseyism. " The Stars ot the Nineteenth Century," by P. Van \Vyck,Fishkill,N Y-,was manly and spirited in style and delivery,but somewhat turgid. The tribute to Byron's genius was beautiful and just,as was also the one to Napoleon. Mr David Bishop,of N. Brunswick, N. J., next stept on the stage, threw his person into a graceful attitude, (hia sweetheart must have been there) made a semi-circular bow, and commenced his oration on the " Belief in a Future State." It was well written, and as well delivered ; it exhibited much and accurate research. The various systems of heathen worship were discussed with ability ; but when he came to the scarlet w , she covered his vision with the blaze of her robes, that he could not longer see through her splendid darkness. James M. Compton, same place, delivered a poem on " Female Kducation." Its measure was generally correct, and flowed on wiih velvet sm??ihness, except where a big unhannomous word occasionally jarred upon the ears Mr C. has drank deeply at Helicon, nor will Pegasus interfere with his assent to Parnassus His allusion to " Boz" was capital. The and enrfe enjoyed this poem much. The crack oration of those we heard, (for this was the last we heard,) was delivered on "Genius and Virtue," by S. W. Ay res, Plain field, N.J. Mr. Ayres certainly understood his subject well, and treated it with a freshness of vigor, an energy of style and thought, a loftiness of conception, and an enthusiasm ol expression, tor which we were not prepared from so young a man. We wish we could only follow him in the noble sentiment and fine illustration that seemed to burn through every line of this speech John V. Lansing, of Lansingburgh, N. Y., delivered the valedictory. We did not hear it. The benediction then followed, and the whole company adjourned for physical refection?the college folks entertaining a number of their friends, and Wm. S Hall, of the Raritan House, dining the graduates and their friends. The professors of this college have a high reputation for learning, and the discipline is said to be strict and salutary. We certainly were much pleased with the excerciees of the Commencement. From Campkaoht.?The U. S. ship Vincennes, Captain Buchanan, was boarded on Saturday, tne 15th inst , in the gulf, off the mouth of the Mississippi, bound to Pensacola, from a cruise?officers and crew all well. The Vincenues left Campeachy on the 1st inst , where all was quiet. The Mexican forces, naval and military, had returned to Vera Cruz, leaving the Texan squadron under Commodore Moore, at anchor of! Uami eachy, who subsequently sailed for Sisal on the 2H h ult., for the pur pose of receiving funds and refitting hisvesBels The reports that have been in circulation of his having lost nearly all his men by sickne* and desertion, werr tound to be untrue: ni? vessels and crew were in vi ry good comiiiii >i v l.< u thf y from Cam? touchy. A L*af From thk " Amnaijj of thr Poor."? That precocious luvenile who uttered the expressive exhorta'ion?"Kick him Hill,?he's got no friends!" had a perfect knowledge of human nature. He was decidedly u philosopher, and had studied "the race" with no small [success. He fully appreciated the maxim which regulates the conduct of so many of the l>i|<eds who happen to be clothed with a "little brief authority." We dire say there are many, who know so little of human nature, and are so ignoraat of the moral physiology of the human heart, as would not credit the statement that in this very christian city, and amongst the officers of a charitable institution, there is an individual, who gave the other day, a demonstration ol heartlessness and brutality, which cast the philosophic school boy, to whom we just now alluded, completely into the shade. Well, believersin the dignity of our nature, and the tender mercies of official dispensers of alms, we pity you, but ask you to listen to the following recital The otherdiy, a young female, modestly clad, but pallid and emaciated, and bearing in her arms an infant which was soon to be released from all its tjnflp?Iniia hprs??lf as an nnnlinnni (nr nlnifl at a public charitable institution. " What do you want?why do you come here?' asked in a harsh .growling voice, a smooth faced, well ted man, who sat at a desk in the office. " Sir, 1 have no home," replied the poor creature thus gruffly addressed?" I am starving," she added in a husky voice, as she staggered from exhaustion against the railiug in front of the desk. " I don't believe her," said the smooth-faced,wellfed gentleman to another who eat beside kim? " she's too clean and tidy;" and then with a repulsive grin, intended for a smile, he turned to the poor girl, and asked, "Where is your husband!" " 1 do hotknow, sir," said she, and afterapauee, whilst the tears flowed fast, and she grasped the railing lor support, she added?" he has left me!" There was no mistaking those accents; they were the truthful offspring of a broken and bleeding heart. But the giver of alms was loo much of a philosopher to be moved. The grin became more hideous than before, and looking the wretched woman hard in the face, he said? " Well, well, I suppose your husband has gone after some other woman,and you had better go after some other man." The pallid aud|wasted cheek ot the poor creature thus inhumanly insulted, was now crimsoned over, and pressing her dying child to her breast in a frantic embrace, she rushed from that demoniac presence, doubtless soon after to find a refuge in that land where the "wicked cease from troubling, and the weary are at rest." Reader ! this is no fancy sketch?it is the unvarnished narrative of a scene which actually occurred in this city within the last week. We have the name of the witness?one of our most respectable citizens?and we know that of the brutal author of this wanton insult. The matter shall not rest here ?a storm of public indignation shall yet be aroused, which shall cover the inhuman assailant of poverty and woman's heart, with perpetual infamy. Theatricals. America has definitely become the rendezvous of all that Europe possesses in artists of reputation. Among the most celebrated which are mentioned in the European journals as promising a visit to the United States, we have remarked the brothers Essleir, first modelittt of the Royal Academy, and ex professot^ to the princes of the royal family. Their athletic strength surpasses all that has been seen of the most marvellous. Grace, elegance and activity are united in their astonishing exercises, and the style is entirely new. They have succeslively perfermcd in all the capitals in Europe, and in every place were received with applause and enthusiasm. At the last dates they had arrived in London, and Mr. Montcrieff, the English dramatist, has written for them a grand historical, traditionary, chivalric melo-dramatic gymnastic spectacle, adapted to their talents, which will soon be produced at one of the theatres in the city of New York. The arrival of the heroes of the piece is expected to take place during the latter part of the prtsent month. Wallace, the violinist, and Mrs. Wateon are at Rochester. N. Y. Placide, Yankee Hill, Max Bohrer, and some others are at Saratoga, whither Sigaora Castellan is bound. Young Vandenhoff is about to appear at the Chatham, in this city. Mrs. Bailey, Mr- and Mrs. C. Hill and others are at Montreal Mrs S. Butler, wife of the tragedian, is giving recitations in New Y?rk, previous to her departure for Europe. Madame Calve, and the rest of the French operatic company, and the Ravels, are at Niblo's. Ihe French company ure about to leave us for the British provinces. Mr. Brougham is here, devoted to literary pursuits. Russell is giving concerts in the east. Forreat is unemployed. The Park remaias closed. The company Irom the Tremon Theatre, Boston, which has been converted into a church, is at Portland, Maine. The Italian company is at Philadelphia, but not very successful. Thome, the two Mebtayers, Mons. Paul and Herr Cline. have sailed Irom this poit ior Rio Janeiro. The Seguins are giving concerts at St. Louis. Dr. Lardner is at Cincinnati. Ludlow Ac Smith have leased the Mobile Theatre from Caldwell. This, in conjunction with the St. Charles, (N. O.) gives immense advantage to stars. Latham and Miss Melton are rusticating at New town, about 7 miles from Cincinnati. Tom Placide joins Ludlow <te Smith. Foster has retired from the National at Cincinnati. Chipj>endale fiat) been appointed assignee, and all the scenery, wardrobe, (tec., will shortly come to the hammer. A portion of the company are going to pass a week or two at Dayton, till the Southern theatres open. Some kind-hearted Iriend has placed a tomb over the remains of JeflVrsen, the comedian, who died at Harrisburgh in 18S2, the inscription on which we nnnex. He was a memDer ol what was called the old American Company, under Wignell and Reinagie, and such a company this country has not seen for many years. In tragedy, Mrs. Merry, formerly Miss Brunton, and wife to the poet, Mood foremost pre-eminently great. Her figure was short, with an agreeable face, and a voice pure and sweet as a bell, clear in Us tones and of great compass. We hxvc heard nothing since her time which could approach her?next in tragedy wus Mrs. Whitlock, sister to Mrs. Siddons, a tall commnnding figure, full toned voice, somewhat husky; Mrs. Melmoth, a lady of immense proportions, but with great talent, was also a member of that company: Cooper, FVnnell, Cain, and others, in tragedy; Jefferson, Warren, Rlissett, Ac:., in comedy Jefferson married in this city Mips Fortune, and left a large (Hmily. He was every way an eBtinaable and highly resectable main? Benaath this Marble are deposited the aabea of IO*EPH JKFFERSON, An Actor, whose unrivnllml powir* t< >k in tb> tvimle extant of Comic Character, Irum Pathos to heart-ahaking Mirth. Hii coloring wai that of Nature, warm, fre?h, and enriched with the finest conception! of Qeniua. He wa* a Member of the Cheatnut Street Theatre of Philadelphia, in iti high and molt palmy day*, and a compeer of Cooper, Wood, Warren, Francis, and a ho?t of worthiaa, who like himself, ar? rememhared with admiration ami praise. He diad at thla place in 183'J "Alas! PoorYorick! I knew him, Horatio, A fellow of infinite jeat, and moat eicellent fancy. Sinclair has been delighting the Orleanois with his sweet voice. . MiHfl Miivwnnd n nil H ir.hinfH have taken the | Holiday street Theatre, Hnltimore Fannmter has taken the Pittahuruli theatre dj >i.(inr,i < ? t> !Un .irrivfd in tlim c.ty nn -aturday, on her way to Saratoga ?i-wimmm umtjmi in ??P From Texas ?The vessels ol the Texan Navy, ship Austin and sloop Wharton, under command of Commodore Moore, arrived at Galveston on the 14'h ins ant. The volunteer companies and a large concourse of citizens turni-d out to welcome their return. Col. Morgan, the Texan commissioner, who lelt N?w Orleans in one ol the naval vessels, when they sailed for the coast of Yucatan, returned to Galveston with them. The whole of the Mexican forces are reported to I have left the coast of Yucatan. Gen Wm S. Murphy delivered his credentials as Charge d'Atlairs of the United States, to the Secretary of Slate of Texas, on the 16th ol Junv, and was presented to the President en the same day. The Houston Telegraph, of the 12th instant, etales that it is rumored that the President has appointed Col. S. Williams and Gail Bordon, Jr. Ktq., Commissioners to negotiate with Santa Anna relative to the adjustment of the difficulties between Texas and Mexico. Nibi-o's Garden?Last Niqht of the French Company.?Mr. Bl?s, the celebrated bass singer, takes his benefit this evening in the opera of the season, Im Fillt du Regiment. M'selle Calv6 sustains her original character of the Sutler, andof course will be again enthusiastically received in her "Satut d la France !" The oltener tins opera is played the more crowded the houses become. M'lle Calve also appears in the second act of that beautiful favorite J.'Ambatiadrice It must be gratifying to the whole French troupe to find their untiring exertions have not been unsuccessful. This remark is particularly applicable to the military opera, which every citizen of New York, with the slightest love of sweet founds, ought to see and llPflr A nour uaiJotrillo ino? \tmA frnm Puna called ISautuglt et son baton (the blind man and his stick,) will be ndded, to give the Mathieu, Dessonville, and Richer, an opportunity of taking their leaves in comedy. We re?ret that the French Company is so soon to leave us; they however, have caused a most favorable impression, and will be re. ceived by an augmentation of patrons when they next visit us. Chatham Theatre.?The managers of this establishment have effected an engagement with Mr. Kirby for a week, and he appears to-night in the character ol Richard III. We anticipate lor the management a profitable week, as Kirby never failed to fill the Chatham from pit to dome. The after piece this evening isCramond Brig. City Intelllgencet Jamks G Bkhmktt, Es<j .? 1 have been informed tnat Mr. Charles A. Allen, of 216 Walker street, New York, has been reported in your paper, as having been arrested as an accomplice with Barnardus O. Leonhard, who was en the '20th instant arrested lor having in his possession, and passing a number ol counterfeit piecus of the denomination ol Mexican quarter dollars. Injustice to Mr. Alton I deem it my duty, (hav' ing acted in the capacity ol a Justiceof the peace of this county on the examination of Leonhard,) to state that there is not the slightest evidence on which ta found the least suspicion that Mr. Allen is an accomplice of Le nhard, or that he knew that Leonhard was engaged in making, or passing the spurious coin. Mr. Allen was detained solely with a view to procure his testimony against tho prisoner, and was, an entering into recognizance to appear and testify,immediately discharged. Yours, respectfully, PETER Y. REMSEN. Williamsburgh, July 30, 1843. Common Council.?The Board of Aldermen meet this afternoon at five o'ciock, Tor the transaction of business. The new Street Cleaning Ordinance, reported at the last meeting of the Board, and ordered to be printed, will be the principal feature ol the evening's deliberations. Stealing 9iltf.ii Sroom?a fellow named James Johnson, was yesterday arrested by officer Collins, on suspicion ol having stolen a watch, and on searching him a number of silver table, tea, and desert spoonn were lound on him. During the afternoon, a Mr. Mitchell, of No- 710 Broad way, called at the Police office, and entered on the record book a description of some silver ware, which had Been sioiimi trom bis bouse the same morning, during the absence ofthe family at their religions duties, ottering a reward of $10 lor the arrest and recovery. The articles taken from Johnson were shown to him, and recognised, and he at once paid to officers Collins and Nealis, fire dollars each. The thief was fully committed *n this charge, as well a* that of stealing the watch. Clearing t?t Fivr Points?On Saturday evening the demon of the Five Points was revelling ia the full tide of deviltry and debauchery, when the officers of the ward, aided by a posse of watchmen, burst upon the thea tre of his infernal orgies, and captured sixteen attendant impsof the order, feminine, and twoof the order, masculine, and lodged them in the stronghold ofthe Tomfn, after a struggle of some minutes, during which nail*, teeth, fists, clubs and missels of a moreoderiferous nature were employed to resist the constituted authorities, and eject them from the Court of the Internals. After a night of yelling and unhallowed sound*, they were ranged before the bench ?f the presiding magistrate, Justice Matsell, who sentenced them to the Penitentiary, there to spend the ensuing four months, in learning to obey the sterner commands of Public Justice, and in their future walk in life to conform more strictly to the duties of good citizens and honest people. Th? Mississippi Free Trader of tlie 11th inst. states thut the Hon. Washington Barrow, Charg? d'Aft'aireato Lisbon, has resigned, and will soon retarn to this country. ap^THE TRIUMPHANT SUCCESS OF THE EX eelleiit company at the Americas Museum last week, lias induced the manager to re-ingage them j and there is no doubt that a generous public will reward him amply for his liberality in catering lor their amusement. Mr. Cole gave great satisfaction last week, and lully sustained his high reputation as a contortionist. His dog Billy was a great favorite, and Great Western proved himself a regular locomotive. The other performers were all received with unanimous and hearty applause, and will no doubt play to good houses every night this week. (UJ- NEW NOVEL-PAUL DE KOCK SERIES Rich. Racy and Humorous.?This (Monday) morning will be published the Wife, Husband and Lover, or the Orisettea of Pans, with illustrations, translated Irom the French ol Charles Paul de Kock. The above illustrious author has, in this novel, bent all his energies to the work of describing the peculiarities, manners, habits, he , of that numerous but peculiar class of the Parisian population, termed "The Orisette.'' As. modeus-like, he unroofs their dwellings and presents his usual telicitoas picture of their sayings and doings?a panorama at once side shaking and to the life. Published and far sale at the Depot of Cheap Publications and French Translations, 1(13 Nassau street. Or?- MARMADUKE WYVIL, OR THE MAID'S REVENGE?Second Edition?This capital Romance, by Herbert, has gone through the entire first edition, and another is published at the office, 30 Ann street, this day, in neat book form Price 37 J cents. New edition, price 12} cents, Liebeg's Agricultural Chemistry. A new vdition?the cheapest ever iiiued?is this day published at the unexampled low price of 13} cents? (it per hundred. Also, price 13} cents, Liebeg's Animal Chemistry?the latest, cheapest, and best edition, for l'ij cents, or $9 per hundred. The Irish Sketch Book, by M. A. Titmarsh, Esq., with nura? rous illustrations on wo*d, drawn by the author. I'rice 37} cents. "Decidedly the most entertaining book that has been written lor the last twelve months. It is full ol originality, quaint humor, diollery, and piquant wit." ?Bosto.i Traveller. Windsor Castle, a Historical Romance, by Ainsworth? full of wild adventure and thrilling recital, a work of most absorbing interest. Price 14} cent*. Kate In Search of a Husband?Third Edition?This papular work has sold two large editions, and the demand still continues as large as at first. Price I JJ cents The Bible in Spain?Sixth Edition.?Phis splendid work, by Borrows, still occupies a large share of the public attention. Those who have n?t read it have a rich treat in store for themselves. It is glorious summer reading. Price '26 cents. The Gypsies of Spain, by the same author, equally interesting, as a description oi the most wild and singular people on earth. Prioe'Jft cents. ?... The Home, by Frederika Bremer, author of tho"N?igh bors," translated by Mary Howit. The only authorized edition?12} cents. Also, The Twins, and other Talcs, by the author of "Home ' &c., translated from the Swedish, for this edition. Price I J} cents Two large editions have been sold. In addition to the above, may be found at No 80 Ann street a great variety of valuable and interesting works ol Histery, Science and Fiction, by the best authors of the day, from 6} to 'Jft cents each. Call at 30 Ann street, where catalogues may be seen. A discount of 33} per cent to the trade. J WINCHESTER, Publisher. 0U- BRISTOL'S SARSAPARILLA.?The immartal Shakspeare must have had this invaluable preparation i? view, when he said "throw ph> sic to the dogs," lor never was there more occasion for ihe truth of it, than since Bristol's Sarsaparilla has come into such general use.? This is no sickening draught that cauies a writhing or enntortion'of countenance to lake; on the contrary, (as it should be taken just before meal time,) it is a pleasant draught, and though mild . nd pleasing to the taste, ia an effectual medicine, working on the irregularities of the sjttem, correcting the evils arising from an impure state of the. blood, correcting the digestive organs anil giving a iiealthy tone to the whole system. Tbis remedy has stood the test of ten years, and ii continually growing in l.ivor wiih the whole medical faculty. Beware of imita tiona of this preparation, the getters up of which, like u |nwui Muam,iiuin can na improved upon. nvta*i Ihn ingrndienti are known only to it? original inrtintor? C. C^Brittol. Hcethat li.ii written aignature i? arroia tht bottle, none other i? genuine Sold wholesale and retail by William Burger, f>o street, Million'* Pharmacy, 168 Broadway, Ruahton fc Co W. H Aaj.inwall; J. (' Morri pi i |'H (tn-rnwirt-'trn I s Mot ri 'cii 2I># Orcmwirh livi ij .l Svin?,03 t)nwi>iy ian<lcornur Fulton and Water treaUi and all diugglata in towu and country. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Odh No papers received this morning. Hermld of Saturday contain* a rePh.. a tnal. Paul Orout v?. John Brady," purporting |?.K Jli i n P lce hefore Justice S|iryn in the 12th and 16th wards court, on j? _ui_i. '*?H '"^7 .are to have rendered a verdict for the plamtifl, ko. 1 he case is to reported as to convey the idea that the matter wa* contested, andiwas a r. petition of the lormer trial, in which the Jury did not agree. j Such i* not the fact. The proceeding! on Wednesday were entirely ex parte, and an the defendant contends, I without legol authority. Mr. Brady acting underthead| viceol his cottmel, did not appear, having previously ad 1 vised Justice Sheys that for any further proceeding* in the matter, he and all narties concerned would be held I liable a* trespassers. Itremainsto be seen whether Mr. ( Paul Grout will demand, or tho justice issue, any execution upon the verdict, or whether the formality of a prej tended trial before a justice whose jurisdiction ot the cause bad ended, was not gone through with for the mere ! purpose of publishing the verdict thus obtained. When Mr. Orout 11>inks proper, if ever, to issue his ex i ecution, he may And there are such things as personal | rights?that even a measurer general of giain cannot in! vadeor violate with impunity. j {&- QUARANTINE LIGHTERS.-We the undersigned, passengers ol the" Andrew Scott,"take this meI dium ot expressing our most heartfelt thanks to Captain | Pardee, of schooner " Sarah Matilda," for his particularly kind behaviour to us on the passage up from Staten ] Island, at a late hour of the night, having (>een becalmed I for a considerable time. We feel great pleasure in thus tegI tilyingour gratitude for the courteous manner he treated us, having given the ladies his own cabin, and aftordod us every facility which lay in bis power, for which, we understand, he is proverbially known to do on all similar occasions. THOS rURSOLOVK, BRIDGET ALWARO, R. O'NElL, LOUISA SMITH, JAS. COMMINS, ADAM SAMPSON, Jr. Signed in behalf of ono hundred and sixty-eight passengers. July 19th, 1843. (fty- A CARD -IT IS GENERAL AMONG THE advertisers of " Proprietory" or "Patent Medicines" to beg of the " dear public" to try their medicines, whether sickornot, crying out their gratefulness lor past favors, kc. lie. This may all sound very musical to some ; out in regard to the medicines from 21 Courtlandt street we,will now speak. They have been in use a long number of years, and invariably give satisfaction. Now, we wish to be understood that we ask no favors, giving alway s a full equivalent for what we receive, and if we do not do this, will pay bick what we receive. And all who art) so prtyudi ced as not to believe facts placed before their eyes, may suffer n? they deserve, as it don rot trouble ua. So people buying our medicines, we wish to understand are net doing us any greater favor than themselves. JNew Youh, July 27th, 1843. Dkah SIH? ft?- UNDER A SENSE OF DUTY AND GRATI tune to you for the benefits 1 have rtceived from the use of your Com|<ound Extract of Hoarhound Candy, I acknowledge the following for your good success in relieving the sufferings ot many, and restoring them to health, by the successfuisale ot your excellent Candy. I contracted a severe cold about the firs! of May last, and to add to this, I was taken with a most violent attack of Influenza, which combined,was distressing in the oxtieme ; and the * more dangerous as I have been sickly, and in a consumptive way lor several y rars? also have baen for a long time atfi cted with a disease of the lungs, chest, k*. The attack of the cold hail of course under these circumstances, a more serious itfect end dangerous progress. It is impossible to describe my sufferings, until under the blessing ot God, in the use of your Hoarhound Candy, I am again restored to better health than before. Every syroptom has left me. Violent headache, accute pains in my body, pains in my limbs and bones as if brekan, continued drowsiness, distraction, &.C., were the leading results, and a rapid and sensible decline into consumption, until I procured some of your Hoarhound Can* dy, which I commenced using at evening, and the next morning lelt a sensible relief?since that time 1 have used it about three weeks, and am happy to say it has effected a perlect and permanent curs. Yours, with affection and esteem, AMOS CUDNEY, "240, Fulton street. To Messrs. J. Pease (c Son, 45 Divisien street. QQ- LUCINA CORDIAL-THIS CELEBRATED Cordial can be had genuine, wholesale or retail, at 21 Court landt street. Price $3 per bottle, $24 per dozen. {KJH TESTIMONIALS IV FAVOR OF DR SHERMAN'S MEDICATED LOZENGES are coming in to the Doctorfrom every quarter. Hear what the Rev. Mr. Dh Forest sa\s concerning them. In a letter addressed to the Doctor he states, "that he has been laboring as an evangelist in the western part of this State,and from much speaking has been troubled with affections of the lungs, attended with great irritation and incessant cough. By a timely use ot your Cough Lozenges 1 have found im uiuiiiaia iciifi iium iub iiiuri severe huhchk, and nave been enabled to follow my duties at a minister ol Cbriit. when I should otherwise have been obliged to cease my exertions. I would recommend them to other* as the best cough medicines they can use. Yours respectfully, RICHARD DE FOREST. Be sure and get the genuine at Dr. Sherman's warehouse, No 106 Nassau ?treet, or of hia regular agents, 110 Broadway, 10 Astor Heure. -JJ7 Hudson street, IStf Bowerj-,77 East Broadway,86 William street, 13# Fulton street, Brooklyn, and 69 Chesnut street, Philadelphia. JMO.VKY DIAHKRT, Hnnday, July 30?0 P. M. Stock of the Bank of Virginia sold at auction at Suffolk on Friday, at $71 28. Mr. Btddle has written another letter from Andalusia, dated July .0, 1843. The object of the letter is to sustain the lollowing propositions :? 1st. That by the Constitution of the United States, there is created n tribunal wholly independent of the States, to decide all questions let wren Pennsylvania and ai'V Other foreign State. 2d. That before that tribiirfll, judgment can be obtained for every dollar of principal and interest of these Pennsylvania bonds, and that all the property of the State can be seized and sold, to sstisly that judgment, Just as if it belongad to the humblest citizen ; and 3d That all the other twenty ive States are bound to carry into execution?by arms if necessary ?the judgment of that tribunal against Pennsylvania. We see nothing in matter or manner ol this publication, at variance with the late rumor in relation to the health of Mr. Biddle. The institution, over which that gentleman presided, by the indirect employment ol its means in influencing the Legislature of the State, was the sole cause ol plunging the people into a useless and oaerous debt. The author of such extensive evil then sits coolly down, invites a foreign power to make an attack upon the State thus victimised, and invokes the other twenty-live States, fty forct of armt, to compel Pennsylvanians to pay the debts of the United States Bank. Hera are the inevitable rssults of the paper system, bankruptcy, civil "var, and the invocation of a foreign armed power to arbitrate. The end is subjugation and slavery. The emissaries of Britain were never more active than now. We have in our hand a circular of the Engliih goveri.ment, signed by Lord Aberdeen, and addressed to all ita commercial and other agents in thin caun'ry, requiring the most minute information in relation to slavea an.I slavery in all it* detail*-the physical lorce of the negroes?their relation* to their masters?their general treatment, general character and propentitie*, lie. kc.? with very lull statements as to sources of information, means of judging, lie. The end and object of all this espionage has not transpired; but it is pregnant with meaning, if wc consider the many points in dispute between the two countries. The circular* appear to have been itsued immediately on the promulgation ol the threat in the United States Senate ia relation to the Oregon question. The trade of the Atlantic citie*, New York, Boston, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, shows evident signs of an improvement, and ef the setting in of an early falltrade> The number ol strangers in each city i? large, and sales appear to be improving. The demand for imparted goods on which the new tarilf was imposed is improving ; mo, and other West India goods, an.I also English manufacture*. Prices are recovering in some degree the depression they underwent in the general stagnation, consequent upon the passage of the taiitf. The country in the interior is greatly in want of goods, and the little advance which ha* taken place in agricultural product*, has afforded some means of purchasing, consequently 1 stock* arc moving aff, and the weight of the tariff is beginning to be felt. Trice* of American domestic* still continue so low, as to afford a profit in export, and a brisk demand for that purpose is kept up in Botton, Baltimore, and New Vork. The factorial are turning out enormou* quantities of domettica even at the pre*ent low rates' Lowell *end* into the Boston market 1,4#0,#00 yard* weekly. In all the cities, the southwestern and western dealers are buying freely, butjthe principal expoit is for the South "American markets, in competition with English goods. While this is the case, we do not look for any great increase of imports. The country is undoubtedly greatly in want of good*, and if the means of buying on credit exiited to any great extant, large imports would undoubtedly taka place , a) in tha year 1839. The small hu*ine** of the years 18S7, and 1888, left consumers greatly in want of goods. The banking system was still vigorous, and the import* of 1030 reached a point higher than aver before. The good* wero purchaied abroad with the proceed* of State stock, and sol.I here through the medium of Bunk eredit. The result was a final failure of most of the Banks. The same want of good* now exiita, but the moan* of buying ami lulling on credit do Dot exlit. If the farmrr* want good* they .nu*t pay for them in produoa, and that produce mu*t i>tirchase them abroad. Tho crop? of thn country are 1'kely [to bo very large, anil at very low prlCM Oreat I'lar.titica will lie exported; the amount of flood* received in return will be curtailed by the operation of the tariff? mow (ar credit pnrcha?<'? of goodi willba effected throngh lie potion of the bdiik?, mny be Pfttimnted by,the following returna of tha leading feaiMn l nl bunli* In different l?r ? liouaol the country.

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