Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 13, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 13, 1843 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Sunday, Augu?t 13, 1813. oo aT on humueat- wiih thus oHice, and -cnununicafioua intended for inaert.on, must be addre.<??ed a? hereto'ore to Jamtc G jkdon Bknn*tt, ditor and proprietor of the New York Herald The Political World?la there to be Knottier PresidentIf so, Who? 1 he political world ie at present in a slate of un- i tibial repose. The mo?t rabid of the party "organs" have barkt d themselves at>leep. Kven the whiuings | t f Johu Jones of tht Madtonian have died away upon th<? ear, a id it seems ac il all had forgotten that John Tyler waa to go to hie larin at tiie end of two years, and that another President was to be elected, and the mouths of half a million beggarmen filled. "Ihe "Pewter Mug" has lost iis froib?"old Tammany" is as respectably quu't as the City Hospital? such thing? as whig meetings on the Canal street plan are unheard of?and there is not a single oysttr cellar or grog shop, from the Battery to the Bull's Head, that has netted a dollar from a "Tyler meeting" for the last three months. All this is certainly alarming. What are we coming tol Is Othello's occupation gone? Are the miserable devils who support existence by eomf process unknown to the rest of the world, and follow the business of President-making, to be annihilated? We believe not; iw?t. ~r <K. ?; ?.u;?u me v? uit uiiuiiuuD 4uici WIIIVII nun icigUD, wc are of the opinion that a political campaign of extraordinary tumult and excitement is approaching. The present serenity of the atmosphere will turn out as deceptive, as the supernaturally calm and sultry hour preceding the earthquake which lays cities and vilUges in ru ns. There arc more candidates in the field now, than ever entered, the lists on any previous presidential campaign. Here they are? Locofuc*. IVItif. Jibolilion.7 Fourieriit. \ondutript. Vrtii Buren, Cl?y, Bimey. H. Greeley. John Tyler. Calhoun, Wrb?ter, C??, Scott. Buchanan, Dick Johnaon. "What are their respective claims and chances we may discuss hereafter. Mr. Calhoun has many strong claims on his party. He is a man of distinguished talent?of much can* dor and honesty?possesses great personal popularity ?and is warmly devoted to democratic principles. Many regard him as a more " available" candidate than Van Buren, and he is unquestionably a powerful competitor for the great cup to be run for in the year of our Lord 1S44. "Harry oi the West" is undouVtedly at present the strongest candidate of his party. There is no knowing, however, what turn matters may take in favor of D iniel Webster, who occupies at present a very important position, the advantages of which a little tim^ may df-velope more fully The clHima and chances of Tyl<*r, Bimey and G.eeloy, are pretty much on a par. We have no inclination, however, at present to enter on an examination of the merits, capabilities, talents, patriot ism,good sense, and prooable future usefulness of either memberot this respectable trinity. We leave that to " Nigg-r Hamilton," the Graham bread m- n, and the immortal " foriy five." But is there not really a rapidly growing disposition amongst the great r/asses of the democracy to take up some "new mail"?to cast overboard altogether the old party hacks and trading politicians, and to entrust the re ins of govermcnt to some patriotic, enlightened and experienced statesman, who has never been corrupted by servitude to a " partv 1" We think there is. The people are disgusted with the old nostrums of the political quack-doctors. They aie awaking to the conviction that the interests and prosperity of the couuiry are rather more important than the advancement of a "pnrty" and the security of the provender of the political ioafers who hang upon its skirts. And where is the man of clcan hands und undoubted patriotism, possessing the requisite talents, knowledge and experience, which would qualify him for this responsible nation! Can we find amongst us any one, worthy to be jlJaced beside thp men of pure hearts ar.d patriotic purpose, who laid the deep foundations of our republic! The search for such an one has. we are assured, begun. Whether he is to come from ihe east or the west we know not. Let U3, at all events, pray and watch for his advent. The Phenix Bank Trials?This trial has occupied four da^s, with no prospect of a speedy termination. On Thursday, the fourth day, the proceed ingswere opened, says the correspondent of the Boston Post, by Mr. Huntington, who put in the return of the commissioners, S. P P Fay, M. Parker, and Thomas Martin, in Oct 1832, that the capital Btock of the bank had been duly paid in. Also, a second return, that (he increased capital, authorized by law in 1836, had been paid in. All this, however, had no tendency to show the mysterious fact ?what has become of the three hundred and odd thousand dollars which Stanley, Reed & Co. received of Mr. Wymanl Should this fact bedisclosed to-d^y, I shall dispatch to you a very "special express" by a carrier pigeon, whose arrival I have no doubt will create a tremendous fluttering among the plucked pigeons, whose stock and deposits were scattered on the wings of secret speculation, and their place supplied by the utterly valueless trash found in the pigeon holes of the bank after the "blowup," to use the homely but expressive language of Mr Hunnewell. The whole of the evidence given this day supported the extraordinary statement made by the counsel for the prosecution in his opening. This rase will be of essential service to the community, inasmuch as it will sho v how iniquitoualy soma banks are managed. Another Hail J<oad Accident.?The train of cars which left this city yesterday morning for Cumberland, says the Baltimore American of Friday, ran against a couple of cows which were standing on the track. The accident occurred about three miles from the city in what is known as the "Deep Cut." The cows wfie not seen in consequence of a ?urve in the road. The engine and tender passed over the anim-ils, but the ba??age car was thrown ofl and the first passenger car upset. No further in jury was sustained than a few slight scutches to some ol the passengers who were in the first car.? The train was detained about two hours. The train from Washington was delayed yesterday morning more than hour beyond its regular time in consequence of the injury done to a portion of the track. A Cor?rriR>girKR Arrk8Tei>.?W. C. M'Leod has been arrested at the town of Ingersoll, in Canada, for posing counterfeit Mexican dollars. Bail was refused. It is said that M'Leod is a merchant, and ha* been doing a flourishing business in Woodstock. He is reputed to be worth six or seven ihouft'in'f pmad?, and liar l >ug been suspected, if not aclu a' y ;>f en known. to nave practiced similar ft audi upon divers peison* in liis neixhborhcod?none of wnor.-i I.?<] the cour :ge ir> expose h.s rascality. It tuewuiy ?iiS|iect'-d he had a mint of bogus at WooJitoc'i, in drvv upan rs occ<tnieu required. Fxpsrt.4-.nts at tfanrv Hook ~Ou Thar da> let, on" of Mr. Hubbell'a thunder bomb*,, fiaj by an eight pound cartridge fr m a 32 pounder gun. at this k,un-nractic" O,auon, exploded the inpunt ol j-nparr, in J way ina'argel the iliicknes* ol tin* ttidr o' h lin" i f Sf.ttlf *h:pj 1030 yards di-lant.nnd tore " ia iti'.u ti'ic!.- nl moceu, hiow!n-r some of tum HO feet <rntn the turret A piece weighing 150 pouodf wm blown tO feet distant. The destruction extended ten fe>". lengthways of the tirrbcrs ol the targe t, i\nd a board tarqet laving on th? g.ound 30 fe*t distu>t, *vcaal?o rrunh shattered t> pieces by it Al?. one "l the 2At ib. balls, was fired from the irrnien*f s-rougtet iron j?un with ?;rta? precision. iJ&Uy an adveriiiwine at in another column, it will be win that Mr. Kieir* postponed excursion to West Point, will positively be made to morrow, and we scarcely know any better means ol procuring a day's pure and healthful enjoyment, than thai which Mr Riell irojosesJ The Cam or the Scotch Muhdkmsb ?We have already stated that th? authorities at WauLinfiton have decided to deliver this woman to the British ? fficer who came in pureuit of her. The following is a copy of the warrant wot on by the Secretary of 3tate for that purpose Ukpaktmkpt or State, ) Washington, 9th Aufust, 1I4S. ) To all to wkutit then yrtitnti thtil com*Wbereaf - Henry 8 Fox, E?q thc Knroy Extraordinary end Minl?ter Plenipotentiary ot Iter Britannic Majeaty, bath made requisition in eonlormity with the proviatoni of the 10th article of the Treaty concluded at waihinfton the 0th day of Auguit, lMj.torthe delivering opto Juatice of Chiidina Cochran, aliaa Ui'rnour, charged with the crime ol murder, alleged to Lave been committed within the iuriadiction of Qieut Britain ind vhairiiu thm uid < hri?tina Cochran, alia* Oilmour, hath boeu found in the State of New York, within the Jurisdiction of the United #t tea, mid hath, by proper affidavit, and in due lorm of l*w,be<>ti hi ought bflore Mylvunus Rapalje, United Sates <ommis?io?t>r for the Southern District ot New York,upon the aaid ciwrgo of murder And, whereas the aaid Sylvanus Rapa je hath det-ased the evidence sufficient to an thorixe and require her commitment, and hath accordingly committed her to the jail of New York, all which apl>eara by a certified copy oi the proceedings transmitted to this Department:? Now these preaenU are to require the Marsh?1 et the United Statea, for the Southern District of New York, the District Attorney of the United Mates for the said district, anu any other public officer, having the charge or custody of said Christina Cechran.alias Gilmour, to surrender and deliver her up to Oeorge McKay, an officer ot the government of her Britannic M^esty, or any other officer of said government duly authorized by her Britannic Majesty's said Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, to receive her into custody. Qiren under my hand and the seal of the office of the Secretary ot the United States, on the day amd year herein aforesaid. A. P. UPSHUR. The Counsel of Christina Gilmour has made another ineffectual attempt to save her, by an application to Judge Betts, of the U. S. Ciicuit Court for a writ of habeas corpus. Judge Betts gava the following opinion thereon:? In the matter of Christina Cochrane, otherwise Oilmour, on application for the allowance of a writ of habeas corpus 1 am of opinion that the 10th article of the Treaty of Washington, concluded Aug. Dth, 1841, is, under the 3d cub division of the 6th article of the Constitution of the 17nits/1 fit at ao in fnr<<a aa a anhaialina lav at tlta l>n<t on/I is accordingly to be observed and executed by the judicial authorities of the country. I am of opinion that Commissioner appointed by a Circuit Court of the United States, pursuant to the actaof Congress in that bvhalf, is, by force of the Aot of Congreat of August 23, 1843, empowered to perform the function! painted out by the tenth article of the said Treaty. I am of opinion that it ia not competent for a Judge of the United States, in vacation, to revile, on habeas corpus, the adjudication oi such Commissioner as to the efti ciency of the proef of criminality of a party charged before him. I nm of opinion that a writ of habeas corpus canaot be rightfully allowed for the purpose of enqu ring into the legality of a warrant emanating from the Executive Branch of the Government, intended to surrender a person duly committed to a Marshal of the United Slates, to the anthoritie-iof Great Britain, under the provisions of the 10th aiticleof the said treaty, before the party shall be thereby actually transferred to and detained in such British custody within the United States. 1 accordingly refuse to allow the habeas corpus prayed for in this case. SAMUEL R. BETT8, United States Judge, lie. New York, Aug. 12,1343. This case being now disposed of,we will limit our observations to th? mention tf a singular coincidence in connection therewith. It is this. The treaty of Washington under which this surrender is made, bears date the 9th day of August, 1842, and h? warrant authorizing the first surrender underthe reaty bears date the 9ih day of August, 1&4S. We give this for as much as it is worth. Amkric/.n Contribution to the Repeat. Move, ment.?At a meeting of tne Loyal National Repeal Association, held at the Corn Exchange, Dublin, on the 4th of July, a report was read, from which we learn that the followiag gums were acknowledged to have been received from America i?FromJBrandywine ?7; Wilmington, Delaware ?23; ?? ?30; City of Brooklyn ?49 3s 51.; Boston ?100; Pniladelphia ??k); New York ?500. Total, ?1079 3*. 5d. Halifax ?2o03-Amongst the arrivals at Howard's Hotel, we find the name of the Adjutant General of this Htate, Mr. Neven, of Albany. Likewise Cnptain A. II yrie. ol the steam shin Acadia, a gentleman of do lisbed manners, yet of that generous nature which ib the characteristic of his profession. We hope eoon to have the steam ship?, which he and some other noble fellows command, sailing to and from the port of New York, which presents many advantages and facilities not found in Boston. TuijNARRAQAnssTrs.?There is to be a meeting of this tribe at their meeting hou?e in Charlestown, R. I., to-day (Sunday.) It is expected to be a larger meeting than any that will ever take place hereafter, as several very active members of the tribe contemplate removing to join their brethren at Green Bay, in Wisconsin Territory, where a great many of them are already settled, and one of them, Thomas Commock, is postmaster. Behind the Times.?The Northampton people must be behind the times, if we may judge by the following notice, which has just appeared in some of their papers:? Public Notick.?in pursuance ef instructions from the Post Office Department at Washington, the undersigned hereby gives public notice to the citizens ot Northampton, that there now exists a vacancy in the Post Office ; and " that they may have a voice in recommending a person lor appointment." A. W. Thayer. Acting P. M. Post Office, Northampton, Aug. 8,1843. Great News from Florida.?The Florida War Ended.?The St. Augustine News of the 29th ult. says, that Gen. Worth has just paid a visit to the Tampa Bay Indians, who are at present all <juiet. Thp Npum nrMa ? We hesitate not to say, that " the Florida war" is not onlv ended, but that it will "stay ended." Emigrants may now seek a residence here with as much safety as in any part of the country. Concerts.?The British and American Musical Society was under the necessity of postponing its last Concert in consequence of the perfect deluge which the heavens poured down on that occasion. We find, however, from an advertisement in another column, that it will positively be given on Monday next, whea the tickets issued for Thursday last will be admiesable. (jcj- Another demand under the treaty of Washington has been made for a man accused ot some thelt in Canada, but Mr. Commissioner Rapeljea did not consider the case as one included in the catalogue of offences enumerated in the treaty, and therefore he did not conceive he had any jurisdiction in the matter. Malice or Criminal Carelessness ?Some unknown person fired a ball through the eastern oars, as they were jassing through Andover a few eve nings since, and very narrowly missed some persons within. Chatham Thkatrk.?The Eilaler Brothers are to have a benefit to morrow evening. Their performances are of a peculiar character, and have elicited much applause, and given great satisfaction during their Biiort 'wagem* nt. They deserve, what en they will wo doubt liave, a crowded hou^c. On Tuesday evening wc undftftfind Mr. Lennox, tne Stag' Manager, will tike a benefit. 7 hk Wfii.lami Canal.?Tnib work i? j-rogre?aing?labor Si. 9d. [>er Hay. Another atnke for 4<. 41. per day is expected. Tiie contracts for letting are signed with great difficulty on account of tne wageb Jernanii! d hy 'he workmen. Attack on Mb. Comcaij, Chief o* pou> e ? A terociouj ait/mpt waa made list SunJay to a^Malate tins otR .er in Montreal, bv fevernl ruffians, lie wes net ly kilkil in th** unequal ccnflict, fcui i# expected to r*cuv?-r 1 otiK Months in AjiVancc.?The Governor ot New Hampshire has appointed November 30th, CP a rla V t,f 'I'l* inlra?i?in . 1': . ? -?/ v. . .ioiir r5?n,s. , in,i-1 n<?iign yet 10 plant nerd fo. pumpkin pies loi the occasion. Fi>ooi> in Kai.kioii, N. C.?The uceounta state (hat n? such flood was ever known in that region an took place on Thursday and Friday week. Great damage wan done. Favktt* Smukcw.?Newly Aw viwleni are'.there. | I No*T*CA*ouNAEi^rnoK.?By late returns from North Carolina, we think we are authorized to say that four Democrats and four Whigs have been elected. From the third district no returns have been received. It is considered a democratic dis trict; but the rain may have kept the people from the polls, as it did in every other district >a the State?as appears by the returns?except the "gallant" Stanly's. The Whig papers attribute his defeat to the rain, when the poll books show the largest vote ever polled in the district. It rained there the greater part of the day; but the democrats, it appears, preferred getting wet to Buffering Stanly to reign over them two years more. The Petersburg Intelligencer (Whiff) contains the following return*, which, it says, are extracted from the Raleigh Register, (Whig.) District No 1. We have no tidings from this district at all. DUtrict Nu. 3. Our only intelligence from this district is the return from Cabarrus, and the paragraph from the Salisbury Watchman. Barringer, (Whig.) Craige, (Dum) Cabarrus, 673 is# Dittr ct No 3. We hare not a word from this district, ia which Messrs. Mitchell (Whig) aud Reid (Dem.) are candidates. Dittrict No. 4. Mendenhall, (W.) Deberry, (W.) Guilford, 783 480 Davidson, 3 precincts, 397 160 Deberry probably elected, though there are lire other counties to be heard from. Bat in Guilford, (Mr. Mendenhall's place of residence, where, in 1840, upwards ot 3,700 votes were polled,)only 1,1*0 have now been given. District No. 6. Miller, (Whig.) gaunders, (Dem.) Wsk?\ 803 871 Chatham, 303 msj. 0 Cumberland, 438 689 Moore, 87 maj. 0 Johnston, 37 msj. 0 Wayne, (supposed) 0 g 330 maj 1607 1790 1067 133 maj. District No. 0. We have ne intelligence from this distiict; but, of course, General McKay (Dem.) is elocted. Dittrict No. 7. Daniel, (Dem.) Nasb, (Whig.) Orange, 1066 1609 Person, reported, 3U3 msj. 0 Granville, do 0 10J maj. Halifax, do 0 104 maj. Warren, do 408 moj. 0 Franklin, do 137 maj. 0 3064 1806 188.) 1<9 m^j. Dittrict No. 8. From this district?where the gallant Stanly and A. H Arrington are the candidates?we have flying reports ; bat they are indefinite and vague. If to be relied on, they render it probable that this firm Iriend ot the people's rights has been sacrificed lor his unflinching devotion to their dearest interests ; and by such trtorts, too, as were never made to defeat any candidate. But it is neither certain these rumors are true ; nor, if true, that Stanly is defeated. If the day ha 1 been propitious, we should have no fear of overcoming even the heavy reported majorities of Edgecombe and Nash, which are said to have cast two thousand majority against Stanly. Our fear new is, that, owing to the tremendous rains, the voters of the low counties?which aro greatly intersected bv water courses?were prevented trom setting to the polls. District No. 9. This district has done nobly. The tilented Rayner is elected, by from 600 to 700 mcjority. A correspondent has turnished us with the following majorities Rayner's maj. Northampton county 144 Hertford S3 Bertie. 16 Chowrn 40 Perquimans 363 Eli/fbeth City, in Pasquotank, (3 precinct* to hear from,) 314 Curruuck, at Roanoke Islet 87 Gates 3 Making Dr. Morris's minority in Martin county.. .... 188 OjO The Noriolk Herald five* Ray ner 850 majority in Camdan. Tknne3sek ELKcnor.?The Gallatin Union cf the 4th instant, printed the day after the election, contains complete relume fcr Governor, aud returns from all the precinct?, except Gamblin's, (which gave Folk, for Governor, 13 majority,) for Congress, in Sumner county, which are as follows:? Foa Gotebnok. Folk, (Dem) I T* Jones, (Whig.) 810 For Comqrks). Dom-lson, (Dem ) 1,03} Peyton, (Whig1) 783 The vote in the county, two yearn apo, for Governor, (when Jones defeated Polk by 3,300 majority in the State,) stood Polk, (D?-m ) 1,321 Jones, (Whig) 703 > The Na*hville Union Of Friday, August 4, has the following statement Polk. Jontt. Sumner County, 1,791 816 Rep. vote. Wilson, 1,(>75 3,134 do Robertson, 701 1,199 Senalori Eltettd. Davidson?Thomas R. Jenning, whig. Rutherford and Williamson?W. W. Sneed, whig. R*prtsenlalivt$. Davidson?Trimble and Moorman, whig. Rnthei ford?Richardson and Burrows, whig. Robertaon? Cheatham, whig. Sumner?Boddie and Turner, dem. Bedford County? Jonea'a majority ia reported to be 38 votes, and Barringer,(wkig,) elected to the Houi* of Representatives. Rutherford County?Jonea's majority is 319Cotfee County?Polk's maioritv in three districts, is re ported to be 101. Williamion County?Jones's majority ii reported to be 1039, and two whig* elected to the legislature. The lame paper add* s?" The great battle is over, and we (hall soon know the result. The Democrats hare made a noble fight, contending heroically against worse than the humbuggery of 1840. The coons, balls, cider, fee. of that campaign were harmless in comparison with the gross misrepresentations oi democratic measures and men in the canvass just clo-ed. Got. Polk has battled against every opposition with an indaatry and energy that no mortal man could surpass. The thanks ol the democracy of the whole Union are due to him for his untiring efforts in the great cause of equal rights and the principles of the republican fathers. Thr G*ampn?.?The following letter from Gen Campbell, United State* Consul at Havana, in answer to a letter of inquiry addressed to Kim by the father oi passed Midshipman You, of the Grampus, not only extinguishes all hope ot that ill-fated vessel, but puts an end to the idea, at one time so prevalent. that she had gone in pursuit of pirates in the West India seas.? Charlttton Courier. Havana, July 17, IMS. Dear Sia Tour favor of the 30th June, via Matanzas, is at hand, and the Hayoe, which will prebably sail in the morning, stfjrds the earliest opportunity of replying. There needed no apology for writing me. I flatter myself that sympathy with the an tarings ol others is too indelibly stamped in the principles of my nature to eateem any thing a trouble which can tend to alleviate distress ; particularly when those sympathies are enlisted in behalf of a father suMeting with agonized suspense for the uncertain fate oi a cherished son. In reply to your queries, I have to state that no letters have tieen wiitten by me 10 lor dmingifiuii UWMWC vi |>ii anvai teatoii uu uir south *id? ol Cuba, nor have I at any time requested that any national ve**ei should be aent from the State* to cruiie on the south fide ol this island in search ol pirates. | On inquiry of the Cap'ain Uiheral, he haa informed me I that an energetic Governor i* on (he Isle of Pinea, who j ha* the will aud the lorce to preserve order and punl*h malefactor*. My only correspondence in relation to pirate* (aud from that I imagined *: rang the report which reached vou) waa with the commander of a Revenue Cutter, accidentally here aoms months ago. At that time three American vessels left thi* port with ipecie on board, intended tor thepurchaieof cargoes on the wuth aide. Shortly afer they bad aailed, a report, apparently well authenticated, reach >d in* that a piratical vessel had been seen in tho vicinity of Sau Antonio. Believing in . the probable truth of the report, T suspected that a pirate had been fitted out in thi* port lor the purpose of robbing 1 the three American vcsaela known to have on board a 1 large amount of doubloon*. Under this impresiion I made first a verbal, anj aub*equ?-nlly a written, requeit | to the officer in command oftbe cutter thjn in Havana to ! i(e In nii?st of the pirate. Fiona compliance with my requeit he was prevented by what he suppotid more impo- [ no?r duties. No anther tic ini> lligenre erf any pcacy 1 teirg received licre, it <s now presumed 'hat *h< repoit I vasevtoi'he mi ,iy Action* f -brice**' KeL nnd cliru j abroad. This, ?ir, Id tho rxirnt ol ny oorre'pon j d nee ..i?h any officer or agent af ?ny Otvern nuDt on , the *u'Ject of pi: lte*. 1 reg t-i excei dingly tbat It 1* *o entirely so*, of my puwor 'o lurni h you any inteUitm.c 1" rela?'rti 10 ?b* late of t*ie Orampa* ond her n jritorir ui n(Hcer? a id cew. Shouid it be my #00'' forfnor *o re?ei\ ,s any in- | formation vl.ich rould r? lievejouran*iet> ot heal your wcunded feeling*, it ihall be irime".iat?iy intuitu] to you. With gre-.tiespe.,!, T cm.sii. yonrmo*tohe?V rtObtCR i" B CAMrBtLl., ('onMil U. 8. A. it rlavara. To Jc'iii ChlTord Y?u, E?q Chnrlerton. 0O The Governor ol thi* ft^fe i? ngmr rr.; e;ted in New Y-rk ?>r tht K of September, to lerume the tour ? hich wijmo abrurt'y c!o-*ed eonn weeKB since by ln? indispobiiio.i. Steamer Calt:i>omm.?This frtr&m*r ar.iyed ajfe at Halifax. Two Boys Drown?i>.?Two boyn were drowned a few eveniuga since, near Amboy, while bathing with one of the teach* ra. No blame attached, of cource. EMinRAMm at CmcAOO ? More 1000 emi1 grama arrived ?t Chicago on the last week of July. I Th? Trial of Dotrdm, the Treasury Clerk. Wo have the fourth day's proceedings in thia case.? We have already stated that an attempt haa been made to ] hew that there waa displeasure manifested towarda i Dovden by the Secretary ol Bute for various causes, bat < amongst other*, for having written a letter toe northern | p ?per, exposing an ovr-iasut; of stock or Treasury notes | in the Department. On thia aalject wo tind the following | examination of James E. Harvey, fc clerk in the Treaaury Department, who waa a witness on thu tri*l for the pro- i s-cutiou:? < Mr. Brant crosf-examined the witness. Wai there not, i before Mr. Dowoen's arrest?soma time before?an error , discovered in your room of an over-issue of treaaury note* or stock? and state whether Secretary Spencer did 1 not have Dowden before him relative to that transaction? i A. I cannot aey of my two knowledge that the Secre- , tarv had Mr- Dowden before him (or that purpose. Question by Mr. Fendaii: Were you then with him? ( A. 1 waain my office with him. < Mr Bhkpct (cross-examining the witness) Was there not an over-iiaue of atock amonnting to,or supposed to amount ( to, aeverai hundred thousand dollars more than the law ( auinorized ; which error waa suppoaed to be detected < e ther by Mr Dowden, or aome person in connection with j that business ; and was not Secretary ipencer displeased? Hi/1 Ke nut hovo nnvtUn tin hefnra him rMDCCtiDff an SlU* t ele which appeared In a paper in thefNorth, announcing the discovery of thii eiror ? ' A?I know of that bat from hearnsy; partly from Mr Dowden, and the Secretary partly. Mr. Bacirr?That ii evidence. Mr. Findall indited that it was not. Mr. Bbent remarked that the counsel for the accused wanted to account lor the object of the conspiracy against thi ir client; and wished to show that there was unfriendly feeling excited against him, through this transaction, ns a motive for such conspiracy. Mr. Thomas L. Smith, Register of the Treasury, was recalled, and thus examined in relation to that matter:? Mr Fsndall?Mr.|Smith, you have heard ol the case in rt la'ion to which Mr Harvey wasjnst called upon to testify. Do you know of the circumstances of that affair, sir ? A?So far as Mr. Dowden is affected by the question, 1 can say, that I was in the Secretary's room when he sent for Mr. Dowden to come there in relotion to some com mnnication made by a writer in a paper in the North, in reference to this over issue of stock loan. Mr. Dowden came in, and the Secretary interrogated him as to whether he was the anther. He disclaimed all knowledge of the authorship ; and, a ter questioning him in various forms immediatelyto this particular object,(Mr.D.disclaiming all

knowledge,) the Secretary expressed his entire satisfaction ol his explanation. Mr. Dowden left the room, and then tke Secretary and myself had a conversation, in which we both agreed that he had exculpated himself as to the publication. Mr. Basrrr cross-examined the witness?Tou do say, sir, that Mr. Dowden denied that there was an overissue ? A?No, sir ; and, as to the errror part of the question, I would say that, so lar as that waa concerned, there was nothing apparent in tke manner or conversation of theSec. retarj that indicated an unfavoraoleimpressionln relation to Mr. Dowden is that matter, as well as I recollect. Mr. Brent ?You say, sir, that the Secretary eipreased no dissatisfaction with Mr. Dowden, as connected with the discovery of this over issue. Was he dis atisfied with the fact of over issue having been published? A?That he can best answer himself. Q? Did the Secretary ask him if he was tha author of the communication? A?He asked him whether ha communloated the information. Q?Then what the Secretary waa dissatisfied with, was the communication ol the information? A?Nor do I know that, sir. Mr. Br jut?That we can take ss an Inference. Q?Well, sir, In asking Mr. Dowden the question, did he a*k him the question as if he did it to ascertain from what source the information came? or did he ask him in a manner as if he disapproved the fact being commu nicated? A?He asked him as if he wanted information on the au> IM(. Q? Did he show a dissatisfaction ai to tho manner in which it was communicated? A?The object at hi* inquiry was whether an officer of the Government had communicated this fact. Q? 1 ask you whether Seoretary Spencer did not aay to vou, or to some other person in your presence, that the fact of an over issue should be kept secret, and not dlrulued? A?No, sir. Q?Was there not an over issue ; and if so, what amount? A?Yes; I do not know what amount, but tho lum was upwurds of *200,000. I be'ieve. Q?I understand yon to say. then, that the Treasury Departaeut issued upwards o1 $300,000 more stock certificates than tho law tile wed 7 A?Yea, sir, Q?If Mr. Dowden ha* rontinuad to insu*> asorderiJ, would not the issue have amounted to upwards of $600,> 000 more than the lav: authorized' A?I do not know. I did uot know that .he stopped issains Q?Were you not told soT A?No, sir: the first information 1 had was by a communication made to me by Me. Nourse, the chiet clerk. He came to mo one morning, soon alter my entry from breakfast, and stated to me that an over issue liad taken place, in conncqnence of an error of his. llo said to me, "It di?trei?sea me more than any act ot my official lile. It v. as in consrqoence oi an error of mine in taking a copy of a comparative statement made by aclerk in the Secretary's office, upon which the certificates of deposits are made, and in catting up the imount of deposits on which the certificate* are issued, I mistook a figure, which caused the error." FMr Smith tiATA ?un1ain?w1 iSo mndn in wkiAh (lia a< . counti are kept concerning the i?sue ol stock, the mode of ascertaining the quantity issued, and of detecting error* in theissue.] Q?How much was it ascertained was the overissue? A?I do not recollect what was the nmount. That was the explanation, however, he gave to me in relation to that matter. Immediately upon hi* communicating the fact, i went to the Secretary, named the fact to him, and ( related all the particulars. Q?The fact was an overissue of upwards ot $200,000 oi Meek certificates? A?Yea, air. Q?The lact was published in a letter from tome cor. respondent of a paper, and Secretary Speneer sent for Mr. Dowden to ascertain whether he knew how the writer got the information? A?It whs not|the tact in reaction to the overissue The letter purported to say that there had bee* an overissue of Tieasury notes. The error of the letter was, in part, thefefact of stating that the over issue was of Treasury note*, instead ol stock. Mr Bbbitt?So far as that go as, it amounts to the same thing, whether it was aa overissue in one caM or the , other. i Mr. Fpnoall here raited a question as to the propriety of proceeding upon a paper which was not before the court. He did not know whether in the publication Mr. Dowden's uaaie was mentioned. He must insist on the production of the publication. Mr. Hoatit?The gentleman must introduce thepubli cation if he wants it. The Court said it did not know what was tobe|donein that c#?e. Mr. Fkpdall?The gentlemen wish to ahow reason why the Secretary sent for Mr. Dowden. Mr. Hoatn?That Is the evidence on the other side. We have nothing to do with it. Mr. Smith remark) d that he aaw the latter as one of the circulating papers. Mr. Fcndall?I must try and get it, and show the reason why the Secretary sent for Mr. Dowden. Messrs. Hoban and BacfiT saw no propriety in having it, aa it could only be of collateral use. Mr. Fcpdall?It was directly pertinent to the question As the gentleman hud interred a motive for the Secretary in sending lor Mr. Dowden, I want to show the reason. Much other testimony was given, and from last accounts we understand the prosecution had closed its case. From Yucatan.?There were two arrivals from Yucatan yesterday?the schooners Denmark and Freeland, the latter in seven days from Sisal. The news ia of some interest. Two English officers, the first lieutenant and surgeon of the Mexican steamer Montezuma, who were taken prisoners at Telchacand confined at M?*rida, have been liberated. They arrived at Sisal on their way to Mexico. One of the Yucatan gun bocts captured an English brig from Balize Honduras, engaged in juggling, to the windward of Sisal, and carried into Sinai. The fever had disappeared from Merida, and the country was tranquil. News of the outbreak at Tobasco had been received, but it created no sensation. The schooner Freeland reports that ' newB was received at Campeachy on the )9ih, that the Mexican steamer Guadeloupe had been da- { nmged at Scovia by the batteries of Santamant. lathe Freeland a gentleman named Steiver came passenger, who had sustained a lose of $20,000 un. < der the following extraordinary circumstances!?It appears Mr. Steiver was about to start from Campeachy inthe schooner Luda, of wh*ch he was part owner, commanded by a man named Hurd, whose brother was chief mate. He had placed on board the above named sum, and was about starting for this place, but previous to his departure, and whiUt the vessel was laying at anchor ofl Campeachy, Mr. S. had occasion to go on shop*, and tnc captain's brother accompanied him in a jmall boat. While they wer?* absent, Captain Hurd weighed anchor, made all sail out of the harbor, and has not since h?*en h^ard of. It is thought h* made for Texas, as he hcsa wife and family living there. It appears that this tame Cup'. Hurd performed a : in-iinr trick fotne timr ago. He *U'le a tchoouer from New York, and ..old her in fVxR' The mate of the who tiso cime awjt.e;:g'jr n 'he Freeland, va* immediately airenten ou fier arrival here, t f the of Mr.Sieiver ?N Or Iratu Piai/umd, It/;. Frvfr.?Pru.n the Haton Gazette we learn the "oflgeitive fever iaragieij 'villi great f.iiality in At* I titfa^a-" O^lotisns, and the upper rarishes on the l Tn. f Iiuiid U/I- br*.ir rif MlflllV Slitlllen death', among wnim are i.umix,red roir.e robuat youri/ ?nen it our acquaiaifttice On the varioiio ! pUmatiou* ?-ven iu 'his imrith, the levnr in a milder type, prtvuils extensively an-"n<? the cegroes. I De/rn py a R*rrucsn>.k .? A child named L<??tli<r Yarringtori, iht??e and a half years f?f .ige, was bitten l>y a ratlrpnake, which ity conceded in a hi-nlioop near whi< h ihe Utile telinw waa ubty>n#r, at ti-e f/ h<nh Water Uap. The child died in two dns from the effects of the poison, which swelled his liinbaand body till they burot. Wisconsin.?General Henry Dodge, the present del-gaie in Congieaafrnm Wisconsin, was nominated lor re-election by the Locofocos, in conventien, at Madison, on the 19.h of July. City Intrlllgtnre. Aw Uf PLtiiiKT StJincios.?Yesterday, John Clark, of No. 76 Division called upon Nathaniel I.Boyd, No. >33 Grand atreet, to collact a blU (or work dona, and ? :alred the ium of $17 13, for which he gave, u waa proi>tr,hia receipt, while writing wbiah, Mr. Boyd left the >lao, and ou hia return to the deak, found that a pocket Mok, containing $60 in bank bills, and (ome premiaaory iote?, alio a amaJl bag in which were a few dollara in mail change, were mi Ming, and hia (uapicion at once fall >n Clark, aa the clerk, a lad, wii the ouly other peraon ?ho had acceaa to tka de(k during Mr. Boyd'a abort abtence. Clark waa arreated, and atrenuouily denies the hef>. He is a hard-working, induatrious tinman, and baa ilwaya borne a character of the atrictcat Integrity, ao nuch io, that hia innocence of ao (erioua a charge ia not loubted, even at tka police office?ytt the .uipicion ia an inpleaaant oue. a. n_.r. w i i, ... ... .... -(joia wsicu, supposed to I?avc )een stolen from gentleman from th* west, I stranger, md recovered by police officer James H. Welsh, from a woman of notorious character. The owner, on proving property, caa have the watch restored. Robbcd *r the baud eaaninoi or rivs team ? Olfi;er Kuckel, with his usual sagaolty, yesterday espied a poung nigger boy, named Samuel Dsns,about seventeen I? ears of age, whose description anawered that of a person lor whose arrest he held a * arrant. He aeized him, and in confronting him with William Wilkins, the complaicjnt, also a colored man, he recognized him as the thief, who, while lodging in a room in the same house, No. 187 Mercer street, stole from him upwards of $300, on the night of the 10th July last, which money was in gold half eagles and silver half dollars, being the savings of himself ind wife for the past five years. Davis at first confessed, but on his examination denied all knowledge of the moley or the robbery. He was fully committed for trial. Robbing a Dabkev while he sltrr ?Officer Baker arrested Abby Bundy and Stephen Johason, both darkies, sharped with having robbed a fellow darkey, James T. RVisbee, while he lay sleeping at No. 18 Anthony street, if the following property A silk purse containing $31 in silver and bank bills, a silver watch valued at $18, a ;old finger ring worth $1, and a pair of flannel drawers Uso valued at $1. A portion of the property was fouad !>>. the officer in the trunk of the woman, and in the potlession of the lean was found the drawers. Both were fully committed. Attempting to Rob the Office or the Tbikitv Church Wobks.?Private watchman John Killin, employed by the Corporation of Trinity Church, to watch he sheds and buildings, in which are deposited the tools inu oiner implements neionging to tne workmen en(aged in reconstruction the church, caught on Friday light a black fellow who gives the name of John T. Smith, while attempting to lorce open the office window, tie waa committed tor trial on a charga of grand larceny, here being upwarda of $1,000 worth of property on the pretnitea. Si'rrotED to hatk bkef( Stolin.?John P. Cex, city watchman, while patroling in the neighborhood of Pier So. 9, East River, found a colored boy named Samuel Williams, in a boat in which there waa a quantity of tea wrapped up in different bundles, also same sugar. On he wharf beside the boat, he found three kegs ol wkite ead covered up with a jacket. The boy refusiug to give my inlormation as to where or how the property waa obained, waa detained, and owners are wanted at the lower pelice office,to prosecute. Stealing a Watch.?Mary Ann Black was committed or stealing a silver watch worth $16, from John Hulse, m the corner of Orchard and Broome atreets. The thelt was witnessed by John A. l'ollard. Robbing a Frail Sistkb.?Adelaide Livingston waa "ully committed on the complaint of Ellen Thompson, No- 9 Church street, both cyprians oi the second class, who charges her with stealing from her bijouterie, a gold shain and locket worth $16, and a gold pencil case valued it $6 The chain and its treasured appendage was re:overed on a pledge ticket at Uncle Simpson's pawn shop, who identified the frail Adelaide as the relative ArorLtsr.?An inquest was held on the body of Mrs. inn Cummings, aged 39 years, wife of Daniel Cummings *io. 949 Mulberry street, who died suddenly on the morning ot Friday last. She had lor tome time past been roubled with dizziness and a pain in the head, but no aiedlcnl advice was called in, as nothing serious was aj> irehended. About five o'clock the evening previous to ier death ?he hade fainting fit, when her husband hastened to seek a physician, but could not obtain one. During he night she becama insensible,aud died about six o'clock n the morning. The jury returned a verdict of death eauiticg from apcplexy. Found Drowned.?Al Joseph D. Lewis, was at work >n the flost'ng rtage, repairing a vessel in the slip at tue ootof Ninth street, he observed a man floating under the iiaaing. The deceased hau been apparently a 2ongHin<e n the water,and when Uken out presented u moat loatnlomo appearance. The body waa dressed in a black Irock coa', coarse wb ite shirt, black silk bosom and cravat. n figured Valencia vest, mixed cloth pantaloons and shots. The body remains at the dead house in the Park for recognition. Cut Fkiion.?Roturn of Prisoners, committed, dis chargcd, &ud remaining in Prison, for the week ending Saturday, August 12, 18-iS White. Black. Total. Male. Female. Male. Female. Committed 189 40 ?> 9 247 Discharged 74 26 fi G 111 Died 1 0 0 0 1 Born 1 0 0 0 1 9?nt to Blackvrell'a Island 78 Remaining in Prison 73 37 It IS 129 ROBERT DONNELL, Deputy Keeper. General Sessions. Before Recorder Tallmadge, and Aldermen Lee and Clayton. Jopas B. Phillips, E'q>, Acting District Attorney. Grand lA.rctny?James Dunn, impleaded with William Oreen, was placed on hik trial for robbing Peter M alloy, a discharged soldier of the United States service, dI $9) and upwaroa, in bank bills, on the 19th July. Dunn, on his examination, stated that he went into the cellar of a Mr Donoughoe, No. 97 Cress street, and there met the prisoner and his co-prisoner, and had sotre liquor together, when Green endeavoured to thruit his hand into t ie complainant's pocket, but was prevented by Dououghoe, and a man named Burns, who was in company with him. Dunn, not liking the conduct of Oreen, left the house, and wa( followed by the prisoners, who robbed him in the neighbourhood ol Mulberry street. Dunn was lomewhat in liquor. This story was corroborated by Donoughoe and Burns. Donoughoe, on bis examination, itated that after the lapse of two hours, the prisoners returned to his place, dressed in a bran new suit each, when Oreen, stating that they had secured the monty, offered Donoughoe three dollars to keep silent, but he relused. They subsequently offered him six dollars, but this was alsr refused. for the defence ?A girl named Ellen Collins, of noto rious character, who was living with Oreen in a state of proatitution at the time, swore that she saw the witness Burns put hishsnd into the pocket of Malloy, on the corner of Orange and Cross street, and take from it the wallet containing the money! This was the only evidence adduced. The Jury, witheut leaving their seats, found the prisoner guilty. Same charge?William Oreen was next placed on his trial (or the same offence. The evidence was the ssme lor the prosecution as that given on Dunn's trial. The inrv nnkoai(otinfl>l? fmi uh kim tfiiiltv a ian The Court sentenced the prisoner* severally to be confined for tbe full term allowed by li?r. which is Ave yean in the State priion. The conduct of the prisoner Dunn, whe it a mont villain-looking scoundrel, after sentence, waa moit disgraceful. He deserved an additional five years. Burglary in the Stcond Degree.?John Langhan, on un* fortunate cripple, whose right leg had been amputated cloae to the body, was placed at the bar, charred with burglariously entering the room of Mr*. Ellen Elliott, in a house No. S Avenue B , and stealing wearing apparel of the value of $39,7A The pawn ticket* for the articles were found in a box in tbe room of the accused, who is a co-tenant with the complainant, also a child's flannel petticoatwhich Mrs Elliott recognised as her property. The Oonrt charged that from the evidence, if the Jury should find the prisoner guilty, it could only be a petit la.ceny. Verdict, not guilty. Grand Larceny?Peter Crowlv and John Anderson, were next tried for stealing from the ttore door of Messrs. Foillon, No 67 Catherine street, twenty pieces ol grass cloth of the value of $*0, and which property waa tound in the possession of Anderson, who was seen to take it by an apnle girl who gave notice to the owners of the store Crowley waa observed speaking to Anderson, and then to enter the store a?d price some muslin, and while so engaged, the latter committed the robbery. Mary Ann Talbot, a young but extremely intelligent girl, who kept the apple stand, witnessed the entire pro r,erding, and gave her testimony with a clearness and distinctness which left no doubt ef the guilt of tbe prisoners. The Jury feund them guilty, and the court sentenced them to be imprisoned in the State prison each for the t erm of two years A number of presentments having been sent in by the Grand Jury, the Court is adjourned until Monday at the usual hour. Punctitamty.?The Commercial Gazette, at Port Leon, Florida, aaya:?Our city has been enlivened lor the laat few daya by the visits of numerous persons having claima against the United States for services rendered during the Florida war. The sinners were "forked ovet" to the claimants by the i>ay master, who seemed himself gratified that h# tiad bo pleasant * duty to perform. Mexican Inmimkity.?The IJ. S. Ship Vincenn-s, Captain Hucbannn, sailed trom Pensncola on the itt.n ult. to bring to the TJnitid States the firpt instalmem of the Mexican indemnity, which waa ready L- _ J. i: 17 f ,u.. OR.U . I. loruv liyrrv m Tnn vyiu^ni uic Mfui uiu T"p: l'rksrdfnt'a Movkmi.nts ? We learn, fav3 tb?s N<>r?olk Jifftcnii o<Tliurfd-y/'thnt the Prea dent will leave Old Pc;nl for Wasliin^'on, lo-moncm morning, in the stranvr Osceola, Oft- Mitchell, and tlmt he procettta th? nct to th?- Whit? Sulphur Spring, in Hreetihrier county. Virginia, wuh a member of Iiis I..rr'''y, w'noae hrallh 'a dtlicufc." C?m>N.?The culture ol rotloti, it id stud, lias been lesumed in tt <? l* of Jumaion. ()& AOL I FALIAN1.?Or Italian) .t! quMonquecoii.I't'.oiii, ?i 10. a flgli, ereorchc nati in Aroartoa, r?*?'l*Ml in qr.ei.ia pierm (omprrn'lomloul nel loro rum"r<? q??' ll) Mvi77.eta Il.iliina, Trit*^p, iirovin ia llliri"ha. U"!" a, Rii"iiia, M#|ta, Corsica ( cl ogni fltra -on'ra a, la di c<)i i>n<<<n i Italic", qnalurque ?> si II icrn povr.rno Mnpptt:ve in Eurcpa, aoiio inv.'ati ad uh'aawnMva ?i t?-i"ii all*: sette ilellP nva J->119 <iel correnta A"o?*o, n? i Halonc Palmo (Chambnrtitrei-t, aldi ?opra w tall < ). Vrr entire, rilicuterc, appicrtre o rjgettare, a lor piaelutanto, nn nrojcMto tendertc non meno a remlare napattami* h lorn noma naiionnle, e la loro eonnettonaHtAiin qnaaio l>ae?e,c.he a promuovere I loro interi salindl?lonall nell >!iver*e occupation), a cni at trovaro adoetll. w a rivwtlrll dl t'lttn qtiellaconMdwailnne 1 ? ,, Rodonogliitianiari diogni altranaaton domicilii ti nail Unione Amaricma. Nuova York ll Afo??> IBO. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. .. Tijcxsury Notm.?The following is the amount of outstanding Treasury Notes, on tbe 1st instant, according to a statement of the Kegi:*.er ol tho Treasury Of issues prior to the Slat August, l&li |6,W4.4i7 17 Ol noiss issued under act of August 31,lu4J S,IW8,84U M ( ,864,797 7? Deduct cancelled notes ia ths bands of tho accounting otticrrs 3,037,670 84 *J,:W6,127 36 Row among FibkaiSn.?Last night, from 9 o'clock until alter 12 o'clock, tns district ol Spring Garden, and tlie neighborhood of Broad and Arch and Vine streets, was in the greatest state of excitement and alarm, growing out ot a riot between the members L\. ; a .1 ri fi 1 \17.ll i.-.. VI lut x' niliii\suml a?u v wu tt hi uhkiuv uuuijianiCB. It seems that the apparatus of the latter company was taken by the former to the vicinity ot ihe Fairmount's nouse, by way ot retaliation. The origin of the difficulty we did not learn, a similar act committed by the Good Will a short lime since. Aa tar as we can learn, i?o injury was done to persons or properly. Sales of Stocks at Philadelphia yesterday, *800 City b'?, 1861.1024; $3000 United States6'i, I8ttl, 114; 14 share* Manufacturer*' U Mechanic!' Bank, 14}. LATEST SOUTHERN SHIP NEWS. Philadelphia. Auk 12?Cld. Delo?,McCall, St Bart*; Oat, Ryder, Uuiton; Woodlands, Johnson, St John, NB. Baltimore, Auk 12?Cld, Jaher, Smith, Antigua; Detnara ra, Blanchard, Boston; Henry Trew, Dewever, Dvmarara; ild, p rancis Stanton, Lefaror, Rotterdam. {((7-CROWDS OF PEOPLE HAVE VISITED THE American Museum for the la?t week, notwithitanding the perpetual fall cf rain, which showi that the attraction* of the place are auch aa to c ompel people to go.? Everv body knowa that rational enjoyment can be lound there at all timea, especially during the engagement of Mr Cole, Great Western, Ice. lie. That new Saloon la a moat interesting feature ot the Muaeum, and preient* all the attraction* of a perpetual fair. The iadiea will have to give it up, for the dog knitting-machine putathc most active ot their fingers entirely in the shade. It is a great curiosity. QQ- BENEFICE DE8 FRERE8 ELLSLER.?Chatham Theatre?Oujourdhtii, Lundi, Haout 1843, pour le Benefice dea celebrea Ft ere* Elliler, premier* modules a I'Acdetnio Royal de Peintuie de Pari*, Profeaieur* de Gymnaitique, de* Prince* de lu lamilie Royal de France uremic varieie a- exercises ?e uymnastique, Korce Adresse, Songlerics, Equilibre, et Physique, etc. Samau spectacle plu? attroy ant le salle de Chatham, Srro vraiment,trop petite, pour contenir, la foule descurier, etdis Comas Heur, quiont pir opprecier.'les ditKcultea incroyaj blea, qui existent du:ti leura exercises; il Sufllt dediia que les Fit-res Ellsler, oot acquis dana tontea lea capltalesde 1' Europe, une reputations qui lea claase, au nombredes premiers artiatea, ouisi le Sudicitur public American) teujoura admirateur deavraia talens artistiquea, 4'il acceuilli avic enthousiasme, lea mures proiesseurs, del aneicus seur de Sparte et du tene. QQ- " A BAD BHEATH?HOW SHOCKING IT 18." ?I know it, and have often fullered the whole day loaf from the bare reeoliectioa of coming in contact with any person who, from carelessness and inattention, becomes such a walking pest. How then do you prevent it 1?OU 1 have never had any difficulty at all since Dr. Castle cleaned my teeth for me, and told ms never to be without Dr. Sherman's Orris Tooth Paste. 1 have used it ever since, and it makes my teeth so beautiful, and not only to, but destroys all that lostor ot my breath arising from concretions about the teeth, and makes my mouth teel so pleasant and comfortable, that I would not be without it on any account- Reader, there is nothing like it in the shape of a deutrifice any whereto ba found. It is pleasant to the tast**, tree from any deleterious material, which often de?tioys the enamel?and will prevent any concretions forming Broun* the te^th which causes scurvy and other painful affections of the sums. It i? recom mended by the first Dentists in the land?it is u?ed by all clacacs with great approbation, and is a more economical article than Buy you c*n possibly use. Try it?and you will after experiencing lis good effects, throw nside all warhes and other trash and use this alone. Dr Sherman's warehouse is No. 100 Nassau at. Agents, 110,273,4W, and 001 Broadway ,10 ArtOr House; 227 Hudson st; iSS Bowory: 77 Enst Broadway; *6 William St., and 60 Chesuut st- Philadelphia. QtJ-PILES.-IlajV Liniment and Lin's Bal.n of China, are warranted to cure any ca?e no motter how old or bad. The pioprietor* will pay back the money if it dot* net cure. All can depend upon th.'?.i articles. To be had only nt 21 Courtland stn et; Brooklyn, 139 Fulton atree: j Newark, 820 Bread street frf- SARSAI'ARILLA?The pure extract made '.ijr UAiurs L r- al In?4 ?. U ?A .uwoaia' fviuaivv<u n v/u>, 41 ?'Viii uniiu PifClj IB iu?" "mi preparation in use. It actually cuntain* more of the 8pani3b root than any other, as we can show all in a lew mtn'ites. F->r removing in a very khort time from tho Ucc anil neck, notning can upproauh it, imd when people know that it is also 1*0 pei cent cheaper, and oO per cent stronger than others, they will ba wise arvlget this at 31 Cnurtliud street, for 60 cents per bottle, or $4 per dozen , io Brooklyn at 139 Fulton street; Newark, 320 Broadet. CH7-THE MAGICAL PAIN EXTRACTOR SHOULD be kept in the house of eveiy family. We published, lart week, soinu very remarkable cures of this aalve in eases of barns and scald*, which should impress on every mother the actual necessity of keeping it in the house?besides, it it a general cure for oil irritation caused by chafing.bruises, cuts, sore and tender feet, and all ontwerd eruptions. To be fonnd true only at 31 Cortlandt street. None can poisibly be genuine without tie f.ic simile signature of Comstock It Co. MONEY MARKET. Saturday, August 19?6 P- M. The stock market was much |better to-lay in demand and prices. Harlem rose 1J per cent; Ohio Illinois }| but little was done in other descriptions. At the new board, there were salea of government loan at 114} cash. Tne prospect of a deficit harvest in England will this year have a very different influence upon American interest from what it has hitherto exercised In former years. Almost all the commercial connexions between the twe countries were base upon paper eredits, and a short har vest, causing adverse exchanges, sapped the whole foun dation, and cut ofl the American reeouroei. Thisia new not the case. The 1st o reduction of the English tari opened the door to those articles which will be improved in demand and prices by a deficit harvest, and the United atatri will be the noint lo which the specie will flow in i stead of the North of Europe. American intarra'.a, in itead of being carried down by a collapse of the Englith paper system, will be strengthened by that event. A Ute English publication containa the following in relation to the influence of the preient prospect or the harvest upon money affairs Liverpool now contains a larger weigLt of cotton than wai ever before warehoused in that port, and we believe w? are safe in stating (hat this day Friday, the 7th of July, the quantity ia, within a very few, one million bags. These, at about ?s IS the bag on the average, ate worth above Ave millions and a halt pounds steiling. At this )>oint it would be desirable to ascertain as near ly as possible the increased consumption of cotton in Great Britain; varioua circumstances render this more difficult than in former years. The admirable precision with which the Livtrpcol brokers usually calculate the weekly consumption is now, temporarily and in snail degree, at fault, because some af the cotton purchased in the States by British manufacturers haa been carted direct from the ship to the canal or railway, and has never come into a Liverpool warehouse?the stock in whieh fotma one of the principal bases of the brokers*calculations. It ii impossible to estimate the increase<!rconsumption of cotton used in the mined fabtioa made at Bradford, Halifax, and their populous vicinities. We know it to be much greater than the men at Liverpool have (until n recent date at least) imagined. We have be-n promised more precise information on this subjeot, and in the mean time we must content ourselves with stating the general fact of a large increase. Formerly the warps of snch fabrics were made from hog-wool, or long stapled wool of the*first shearing; and in consequence, that particular Irindofwool generally commanded a price from flva to ten per cent higher than wool from the same sheep of the second or third (hearing would obtain. Now, Irom the substitution of cot'on thread for warps, hog-wool is lower in price than that last described. It can be no trifling weight of cotton that can have wrought such a remarkable change as this in nn extensive trade. And from the best inlormation we can obtain, we are ofopinien that the increased weekly consumption of cotton is above twenty per cant higher than it was n year ago, or a quantity eaual to considerably abave 000.J08 bales [In the year.? We are also of opinion that t'ia opening of the China trade, and the more favorable commercial intelligence just received from that quarter, will further stimulate trade, and cause an a-lditioual increase in the consumption of the raw material It is ktated that very little mora cotton of 1**1 year'i growth ean arrive from the U it?d St.ites?not more ?hnn snven or right per cent of our an. nuilconsumption; and that the imports from India wl be less and lesr If this vi(tw of the subject be correct, we should not be I'stonlshed tollud thostoci.ol cotton on theHtcf January 1944, redwe,ed preity pearly to the omourt 01 (took he d at thomme d?te <?! I^*3. ft?o, It apfMr*?o n? there cui. i.ot he four.d ma'er InrMlmenl foi mon y than cjiton t t?e piejent lew priee*. We know how difficult it ?*i*l he to induce mnnulaoturtrs to Rive liieher p:ice?;hut neJk ol them. ?? Ion* *? nltir demand for t>i?ir ^on'? continnr*. wlllbaT* uny epprehanf'on li. holding ?tock .i nhout th" preaeii' iow price*. The D'rec.iorc of th?. Bi.k Oi r.n^lam! hud ceitaiul/ begun 'o tee] *um-wh' I line: sy a'out the effect* of the hftrve?', *vhil?Mhe weVher contorted *o ".noromn.r ?; prooioltli ic.metoil* IVom rr.inu* and uniirten. W doi.e kn<?w that il w?? thii* can e which in. dn r-dtliero to struct iheir :,ian*p'tr o! tu* Birmingham Br^u'-h to the diiconr'i to iron-til*'tar* to cne.'uHllf ttr' ium preeiouMy egrird .in, ?.u' tnu initrnction ua. a.ven; ft. d w-i m:k<w i'vi* ncted ou in ftue ea'e, we c.iQt 'u.!e It, upeiali n ? trade K<n val in the district.? tuiacatue of oddilional trotitile h?? beet In urtat n canirn i enwved hy 'he favoring w enther. Whctl njvancod in piice \t Mirk-Lane ou Monday fr*ni 1* !o U? the omrlii, at it ha^ dor eel Hull arid varl* o<.? other phcen durfof the weeW. To-day the ?upply of home com i* ?o ncanty as to he scarcely sufficient to make a clearly di flnei market The little sold went oil *t full 1*. advance on Mon lny'* price*. Home more of the fnr*iffn nrrn Ku hAPn h.lllffht tin in T Anrlnn fnr D.l-i I'hrnnghout the Natherlandi and South Germany the stock or corn wed to muhe bread i* alarmingly small. Nothing can be more promminj to American agricultural intereata than auch a state of things. The abnndant crops and dear currency, ensure* that tits European