Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 14, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 14, 1843 Page 2
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IS' KW YOKK HERALD. Vtu York. Monday, Au^uil 14, H43. At. koueii oa bumuew with Uiut office, and romrnumcaiinn* intended for insert.on. rnosi be addreawd * heretoiore to James Ujrdon Bknnktt, j (ditorand proprietor of the New York Herald A Nkw Way to Pa* Oi.d D? hh?Poitprkttk and "PKwrKR."-Anthony Dey'sschedule ol (iebt?, which we some time since published, was us rich a brochure 1 a.i we would wish to see on a summer'* day, not even excepting the 2lst of June ; but the mode which he proposes to liquidate tliem is th?* most novel and the most Uughable on record. We are not desirous to expose ourselves to the tender mercies of the libel law, and therefore we shall allow the terms to be stated in the words of a circular, which has been sent to his many loBg suffering creditors, as follows:? Richard Dey projioses to pay the debt which An- 1 thoney Dey owi you and his other creditors, with all reasonable despatch, in the following manner:? If y -.u will advance in cash a sum equal to the face of the debt owing to you, you shall receive Poudrette of the first quality, in barrels, at the rate j ot S"2 p?r barrel, as last as it can be made and de- . livered in New York ; and when ready lor delivery, i vou ire to pay the money and absigu the debt to Rirh*rd Dey. The arrangement of receiving p*rt money is sb- j solutely necessary, in order to provide a working i capital ?o carry on the Poudrette Works, and it ip i impossible to mike payment in any other way. If thts otter is rejected, no other offer can or will be ; mnrlr You nre not required to make any advance of money un'il th?* Poudrette in ready to be delivered | to vou in New York, so tliat you run no nek. The demand for Poudrette is very great tor about j 4 months in th? year, namely, from February and j March until July ; and if the proposition now oflered is generally accepted, means will be devised to facilitate a wale of the article by a Commission Mer chant, for those persons who cannot conveniently make sale for themselves as it is important to know whether you will or will not accede (o this proposition, an answer in writing is requested on <<r before the 15 h dav ot Aueu-t neit. direced "To Kichard Dry, care of Amhonv D-y. No 43 liberty street. New York " It no (iDHwer is received, it will be considered that you reject the offer now made you. Now,what will Sallv, the family cook, pay to this"! She statids in the schedule for $18, for supplying *lim?nt lor the physical man, and if she will only aid Kichard D-y in raising the wind, by consenting ; to advance more, the shall receive back that j which she furnished, done up in lime, after it has changed its form, and furnished nutriment to Auihony Dey, and acquired some very productive qualities Physic for Poudrette may be a legitimate transition, for the former so productive of the latter, and for George Thorburo's seeds, it may be found a suitable equivalent. But for butter and bibles, tuition and tallow, to pav in Poudrette is not " the clean thing " Anthony Dey proves his piety by payments of Poudrette. He fructifies the earth and furbishes ui his spiritual armour by the same means ; or in other words, he produces crops, currency, credit, and a clear conscience. If any one "turns up his nose " at this species of payment, he is most assuredly no creditor of Anthony ^y. The Hon. N. P. Tallmadok.?The pipers are circulating the 6tory that the Hon. N. P. Tallmadge ' has purchased land in Taycheedah, Fond du Lac 1 County, Wisconsin, and will there fix hie residence ' 4 One Journal says?"Besides Mr. Tallmadge, we e If am that a number of prominent citizens of the e Southern District of New York?some of whom j" reside in this city?have made arrangements in oonjuuetion with Mr. T. to emigrate to Wisconsin, and j Hettlein one vicinity. Of this emigrating party Mr. ' Tallmadge appears to have becoti.e the pioneer; and J before the expiration of a year, he will probably be joined by his colleagues in this enterprise. We do not feel at liberty to mention names, but the information we have upon the subject warrants us in predicting that a ft w months will find settled at Fond du Lie County, Wisconsin, some dozen or twenty families which have for many years held high stations in New York city a>id Slate, and who will take with them to the wet-tern wilds some wealth,but much more talent, accomplishment, and influence. Most of the heads of these families are celebrated in political and financial circles throughout the Union, and their re-union in Wisconsin will doubtless exercise a vast influence upou the present and prospec1 ma /li-utiniac s\f (lint srntifinrr IavviI a?tf Tk?l bi> aU IITC u? Dviun o wi vuai ^iwnui^ ivi i I V/I j i uai rum nhall be the e fleet of their emigration, is at least in- ' tended by Mr. Tallmadge and his associates; and we do not know that we trespass upon confidence, (we are sure we do not upon truth,) in adding that one great aim of this company of distinguished emigrants. is the political and financial control of what will, in a few years, be the rich, populous and influential State of Wisconsin." 1 It would be a wiser act in Mr Tallmadge nd his friends to try to better their fortunes than to emi- | grate, as here 6tRted, simply for the acquisition of ; political power in the rising State ol Wisconsin. ' Thk " Kksi'Be table Tuppknnt "?The poor ex- !, piring American?once a big, bouncing, aristocratic 1 sixpenny, which mortally hated and despised the useful |?-nny-press?can now look down upon the cheap press no longer, for it is reduced to its last stratagem, to support a feeble and worthless exist- ' ence We do, however, think the old clo'mnn ,the ' murderer of so many poor unfoitunMe journals, that ! were entrusted to his management, does in the fol- i lowing pHragraph, giye the poor American "the ' most linkindest cut" of nil. ('ur bowels of compassion yearn for them both, and with our bit of t cambric, we wipe away from our left eye the tear j J, of iiifv whinh th?> anrrtarlf wliinh ili?to loin I - thies now present, has extracted. Hear the Jew as ? he speaks through the columns of lus last victim? v the Sunday Times :? * " There i* a spiteful piriifraph in tke *merioan of Sa r turday wgainit me which 1 hove not reaJ. seldom seeing j: that rrtpecahle tut>i?enny. The American ha? not Tit*- , l>ty enoiiRh t? die with decency?scarcely ttrensth left totakethe Wst snuff'of ml volatile, and what ii the molt ( deplorable, without power even to be impudent'' ( ' Respectable tuppenny " (Jood e'vings ' (?> The Eastern Argus, and many other country ' papers, publish an account of the loss ol the schoo- ' uer Ohio, of Newport, It. 1 , as from the New York ' i Commercial Advertiser, and it is true that the Ad- j > vertiser published the statement, ?s did the New York Courier and Enquirer ; but with their hishflown pretensions to honesty, and rectitude, and f-tir dealing, they should have given credit to the j New York Htra'd, in which the story was originally published. Those editors of course would not defi.e themselves by reading the Herald, or their papers i by transferring our correspondence iBto their co- J lumns?and yet singularly enough, they lake our \ correspondence. Bah! Ntblo's ?To-night the attractive and talented I Ravels a,vear in " Godenski," a very amusing bal- J let pantomime, in which Gabriel and the whole i company p-rform a skating scene. We doubt if the celebrated Skating S* oon,with the artificial ice,now J entabli-hed in London, be halt as natui lor amusing t as that of the R tvels to be seen this t zoning. Ga- ' briel's misfortunes, in learning to skate, are enough ! to deter any ont from acquiring the art. The never- 1 tinog pantomime ol " Mdrulme" concludes, which , geenris to ruu (in the inverse order ot theatrical pro- i gression, for the audiences increase nightly as the 1 piece proceeds. Niblo must ci<her stop the pantomime or enlarge the Paloon. Chatham Thkatrk ?The Brothers E'wler take a benefit at this house to-night, and close their engarment, making it the only opportunity the public will have, for sometime at least, of witnessing their w ndertul performances. The managers of this Theatre, bv securing talent, in whatever form it m?iy ofler, show a dis|M>siiion to gratify the various last's ot the r patron*; and their success in the above instance, proves that they have adopted the correct method of filling their house and tb*ir l*?ckefi. Tomorrow evening is act apart for the benefit of the stage msosfer, Mr. Lennox Tilk Elections.?We have no further intelligence from North Carolina, by which we could safely say which party has obtained the balance of power by gaining ihe election in the third district. Etch party has returned tour members to Congress, and it is not unlikely that the Democrats will gain the third district, which will throw the balance in their favor. In Tennessee the prospect is favorable to the Whig party, whose success in the State election of Legislators would give them two United Siatee Si-natow, (>v whom the political complexion of that body v be < termined. The Baltimore Clipper contain* the fullest returns we have yet seen of the votes given for the Governor of this State, as follows Count in Jnnti, (IV.) Count {n. Polk, (Oem) DuvidfOii, 833 Hnmnrr. |#?$6 William?on, luMt Dickion, 300 Wilson, 1349 Maury, 379 Kutherford, -2,1 Hickman, tisti Robertson, 430 Beiford, 30 2J81 Lawrence, 8 ail o 3iHl ISM In the above countieF, in 1811, when Mr. Polk was defraud by upwards ul 2 0(10 votes, his majority wa?H3 lint as the counties have since hern differently apportioned, it is difficult to make a fair comparison. The Whig papers state that the above majority will be reduced by it pome 300 or 400 votes "Reported a Whig gain in the Legislature, in Bedford county, and a D-mocratic gain ?n Lawrence. (lave Johnson (Dent.) is supposed to be elected " General Jackson, it appears, Iert all his aid to Polk, but hie influence effected but little. Of the election of the members of Congress, and of the State Legislature, we have as yet little intelligence. From Kentucky our returns are not very definite. Iu the Louisville District, Mr. Sprigg, who lost one of his ears in a drunken brawl at Washington last winter, and now runs on his own hook, or as a " nondescript," as he is termed at home, has reJ U... II., ..roc to the last Congress as a whig. The following we extract from the Cincinnati Gaz< t'e:? We nnnex all the riturn* that have reached u?, of the drat day' voting in the Congre**ional District oppoiite:? Majnritiei. llrall. Tibbath, Kenton Co ? 2<> 1 Camj.bell Co. ? 300 rallntinCo. 66 ? It >ouc Co. 931 ? Mavaville precinct 330 ? Warsaw " 187 191 LouifmixE DiiTaiCT. Carrollton. ThomnsHoa. wliiif. 111 L?;ompte, Democrat, 31 Hprigg, Nonileicript, 9 Mill Crifk (at dinner lime). Lpcompte, 89 Thomnsson, 8 Sprigg. 0 Ghent, at three o'clock. Lecompte, 68 Thornnison, 67 SpriRH. 0 From Indiana, we have nothing important. In the Dearborn District, the election turned wholly on local questions. "Division und Re-location," were the watchwords. Common Council?The "Board of Aldermen meet this afternoon at five o'clock, when, if a quorum can be brought together, Alderman Emmons inends to bring forward his new ordinance in which le boldly introduces the pruning knife of "Reform ind Retrenchment." He intends that the public ihall be served at less expense than hitherto by nen holding otlices, whose salaries are numbered >y the thousand, as well as by the hundred dollars, md that useless sinecures shall be wiped from the ist of grievances. The working man ought to be >aid a reasonable price, but if it is necessary to retrench, then the prominent public servant must contribute his share, as well as the humble clerk or street sweeper. The debate will be a most interest ins; one, and will no doubt create quite a sensation among the thousand and one office holders, who maybe legitimate subjects lor the knife. Gentlemen use it boldly, discreetly and fairly, and though individuals may at first grumble, yet the body of youi constituents will view yourefforts at retrenchment with an approving eye, and each voto disinterestedly given, will, at the proper time, be by them remembered lavorably. This will be the last session of the Board previous to the summer recess, many ?f the members haviug already left town with their families to enjoy the delicious retirement of the country, where for a week or two they may forget petitions, reports, and perplexing ordinances, and be tree for oBce from the never-ending torments of claimants for office. City Intelligence. Steamboat Robbiby.?Thii clasi of rogue* iwarm in our Empire City, and ay item atic ally carry an their operation*. Every iteambaat airiving and departing haii it? gang, whole buiinesi it i? to carry off* every tray coat, umbrella, or trunk, which they can lay their h^nds on?and in nine caaei out of ten the raacaU make good their exit, in the confuiion and hurry, without being discovered; and nothing further ii heard of the mining article until, perchance, it ii Jdiicorored among the plunder found on the premises of one of the gang, and ii advertiird among the Police newi, when the owner itandi aome alight chance of recovering it.? There are now lying at the Police Office, cloaki and .......ufviij'KviKiiiii aia.rm, IIIVIIIIIII Uf lUI1 officer* from men arretted for larceny, which were, no doubt, obtained bv such means, and pledged?that being the only way in which they- can be profitably disposed ol without fear ol detection, though it inost generally evi n u?te? otherwise. On Sunday afternoon two fellowi lamed James Wright aud Elward Connolly, made an ittempton board the steamboat ' New York," lying at he m hatf at the foot ol Feck *lip, but tailed to carry it hrnugh Mtccensfully. The officer* ?f the boat having heir suspicions, allowed the rascal* to go on until one if them, Wright, bad in bi? paiaeiii-ui a black frock oat, the probity ol Kob?rt Roe, of Pearl itreet, valued t (10, and waa in the act of making oft with it when ewasstopped at the gangway, and at once, together ?i:h hit partner, Connolly, carriad to the Police Office, v' they were fully committed, and will be triid on Tuesday next at the Special Sessions. Wright ii a onfirmed rogue, and escaped from the Penitentiary on 'riday lost, at the Special Section*, the witness having ailed to appear against him, in a caie ef a similar nature, rh l time, however, he 11 likely to get hit lull deierta. Connolly it not known to (he police. On being ?earched, i list ol passengrr?. sup|>osed to bn that of the steamboat ' Kosciusko," was found on him, the mate of which vessel tad his coat stolen on the Sunday previous?also, a certiled declaration of citizenship, ma-le out in the name of Vwood McQulrck, dated September2fl'.h, 1342, and sworn to before Liboeu* L Vail, Orange county, in this State, which has no doubt been stolen ; and the'recognition, by the owner may, perhaps, lead t* a further development af the thefts of these lan<1-fbarks. The day offict rs sta* Honed by his Honor the Mayor at the several steamboat landing*, should be more on the alert for such annoying depredator*. kurtiitr or thi Nassau strut Row ?Yesterday morning, officer Stokely brought upon a warrant ob laiotdoa the affidavit of Mr. Ballard, the girl Almira Norman, who figured so conspicuously in Nassau street un Friday afternoon. The complainant, or ra'her the edticer, charged bis unfortunate victim with being a va (rant, ami h^r lot will be a term of some months among [be miaerablejbeinga ol fal en virtue who at this *ea?on crowd the asylum on Blackwell's Island. No action was aken in the case, out of humanity, as the unfortunate girl is extremely ill, c?u?ed no doubt by the excitement of the p*st two days She underwent a long examination on Baiuruay, wiorc me hciiiik mayor, (/w.ierman I'urrty,) la whom she narrated the history o her eduction and ita ;on sequence#. It wai a *ad tale, though, unhappily, not jf uritrc<juent occurrence in the rccordaot crime in Ootahro. Stolcr Pbopcbty.?For the benefit of whom it may :oncem we ar* requaated to atate that while averhatiling hepremiaeaoi ait olJ offender, a blue aatm clask, lined ivith silk, together with several dresses and other article* >1 ladies wetting apparel, were foand; alio, a box of beat i|ierm candlea, branded on one end with a hot iron?the lame baa been obliterated, the only part distinguishable n ti Hon, New York;" also, three kegsol white lead, mnrk d "Moore & Foote, Ilobart, Delaware connty, N. Y." 'erions haying loat auch property will receive every inoi mat ion on application at the Lower Police Ofhce to ofJcer Cockeiair. Sim- 8ino Psnon.?Wc are informed by A.M. C. Smith, thxt the number of convisla confined in the S'n'e Priion, up to Saturday laat, amount* to 664, of which 7*8 *re main, and78 females. Thia month nineteen will ha diacharged, their several term* ol aentence having expired Fim We learn that on the S.h instant, a fire bffikt Olll III tlie turn* W....IJ: 1 ?_ .U - - ^uiiuiiik nnai;nru iu me State prison at Jackson, Michigan, and occupied ah the mechanics'ahop, which waa entirely consumed. Pretty extenmve woollen machinery had just hem put into operation, all of which wa<< destroyed or materially injured. The fire originated in the upper )?ft in a lot of wool which belonged to ihe fnrmere ib that vicinity. The lo*s j? estimated at about ?4100, moat of which will iall upon the State. The Pbentx Bank Trlala. We have received the testimony adduced on Friday, the fifth day of tkia singular trial, and diccloaurei of the moat astounding character continue to be made. They will have aaalutary effect on the public miod in relation to Banking, aa too often pursued in thia community, and therefore are le?i to be regretted. At the opening of the court on Friday last, Dr. Qeorge Bates was recalled lor cross-examination by Mr. Dexter, and he said?" Shortly after the Match examination, 184J, 1 boirowed $210i> ol the treasury notes. When the bank failed, my personal liabilitiea, us d' incipal and endorser, were For the treasury notes I gave my memorandum check, which remained until the blow up ol the bank. I did know that Wj mini was in the habit of loaning on demand paper, without waiting for the action of the board. At the rxa mination belore the magistrates in Charlestown, I said I considered that Mr. Wyinan was the bank an ! tbu bank was Mr. Wyman. His opinion was paramount with the airi'Clor*. ?o absolute wa* our confidence in him. i conlidrred thai hi* honor .hope*, anJ liappinrs* were hound up in the bank. The hank wai to him, I thought, a* a mother, or wife, or child. In June, 1839,1 returned from Ohio. Wymutt was absent. On that account some ot the director* thought I ought to atay in the bank to help Mr- Browne. I did to. I law in the drawer a note of Stanley, Rmd It Co. for $1 J,000 Mr. Browne Raid, in riply to a que* ion by me, that loon was not made by the convent ol the director*. 1 liare no doubt that the note ? ?? taken upin a few day*. It was on den a i d. Enoch Baldwin, pretident ?f the Shoe and Leather Dealers' Bank, testifle 1 to a loan to Wyiuan. for the bank, JOtli June, 1H4-J, ot $20,000. Wyman ?aid ho had been Irawn on heavily, and the appropriation bill* had not been paned. Tho loan was ou demand, ond Wyman said h?'expected some treasury note* in a short time.? As I know the appropriation bill* had not been got through, and that Mr. Wyman could not have received th? treasury note*, I allowed the loan to remain without any tin asinns Aft'rthe failure I was informed hi; had placed in the vault* of the Phoenix Bank $80,000 ol ,lielr bills, o* a'special depotite on our account lor the $'j0,000 I had loaned him. Upon inquiry 1 found he had mndt* thi<apecial depotite. Our f-jO.OOO he deposited in the Hamilton Bank to the credit of th? lV?tiix. I have a certificate ol the Hamilton Bank to this effect. Mr. Wyman was connected with the navy yard, and wus ordma lily in the receipt ot treasury note*. Mr. Huntington here put in demand note* ol S. R ft Co , dated SOth April, 1842, and 31st of May, one tor $4000 the other for $*,600, which he *aid he should prgun to the jury were made on the **me day, on account oi their prec *e similarity in nnny particulars. Then two other not.'*. May 4th, 1840, for $10,000, and Ap'il 19. 1840, for $10,0#0, with endorsements of interest paid at different tim?'s up to 104t. Al?o two others. July 31st, 1841, for $12,000, and Aug 3l?t, 1941, (or *6000?perfect twini in clerical execu. tion. James Foster, formerly discount clerk in the American Exchange Bank, N. Y., produced the books of tbBt bank fiom which it appeared that Mr. Wvman, aspresid< nt of the Phoenix, had drawn checks in favor ol Stanley, Ree.1 & Co. to the amount of $33 000: through the years 1S39 '40, and '41. They were discounted at the American Enchange Bank for John Stephens, hop merchant, New York. Isaac Fiske, former president of the Thenis Bank, was frequent in his inquiriesof Wyman. Upto within sixty day* of the failure, Wyman represented the bank to be perfectly sound, itock above par, and that there was no overdue paper. His confidence in Wyman continued up to the last day. [Witness went over his share in the consternation meetings which followed the explosion ] Witness asked >Vyman question about the cause of the difficulty, and Wyman replied, "1 should rather not answer that ques'ion until I have bad a chance to consult counsel." Witness then answered, '-Well, the i, if you cheose to put yoursell in that position, I will not ask any further luextions. I do not wish to lead you to commit yourself." Witness, who was solicitor of the bank, said he never knew of any authority given W^man to borrow money or the bank. On Monday morning, alter we decided not o pay the dividend, we sent for Mr. Wyman. When ho arrived at the bBnk he stopped in the entry up stairs; I eppedout toseeif he was coming iD. He wes standing with his face turned towards the ceiling. He was striking his breast, and his eyes were filled with tears. I asked him why he did not come in. He said, " 1 cannot meet the directors?I have cheated and deceived them, and I alone am to blame." I thought when I saw him at first he was in a fit. In rt ply to a question by Mr. Dexter, Mr. Fiske stated that the directors of the Phenix Bank had been sued hy Captain Joseph Smith and other creditors, for losses sustained by the failure of the bank. Mr. Huntington now put in various memoranda, from which it appeared that during the yean '39, '40, '41 and 43, treasury notes were entered indifferent wuys?sometimes they were specifically named, at athersthey weie merely represented under the sign "kc " He professed I to be able to trace them by entries of sums paid and received for interest, and in this way he traced large amounts into the hands of Stanley, Reed & Co. This was an inference which, he stated, he meant to argue to thejury. Such other testimony was given by the Directors and others in explanation of the transactions of this precious concern, and to sustain the case against the prisoners, and the developments are of the queetfst description respecting banking operations, and 'he mode of conducting Bank business. The Reporter lor the Boston Tost gives the most amusing sketches, and to him we are indebted for whit fol ow*. On Tuesday and Wednesday, Mr. Hunnewell. the President of the Phenix Bank, was for a long time under examination, and he told a "plain unvarnished tale," until he came to the account of his own transaction! with wyrasn, when be suddenly appeared to become a tort of nun mi recordo witnes*. He testified at follows :? I was indebted 5-15,000, including a demand note for $3000, to the bank when it broke. The demand note was dated in June, 1842. In this part of the examination, indeed of answering the questions propounded to hinr,, Mr. limine well manifested udisposition to exculpate himself from imputations, which ha to be implied in the questions asked. His recollection became very indistinct, und Mr. Wyman, for the first time during the trial, matii Tested anxiety. He perceived that Mr. Hunnewell did not remember several incidental matters in reierance to his own notes, which have a strong bearing on the point of intercourse between Wyman and him. touchingcertain accommodations, and the exchange of one note for another by Mr Ilunnewell, without consulting theother directors about the operation. He finally testified, that he had received an accommodation of $3000 on hisdemar.d note, from Brown, without having it passed upon by th? Board. He had been accommodated this way frequently, but he always reported it to the Board at the first opportunity. except in thecaseol the 3000 dollars, which he did not communicate to the director* till some time afterwards It appears, too, if the report of his evidence is correct, that Mr. Hunnewell was not too conscientious to take advantage of his knowledge of the situation of the bank, and ssve a few dollars. He says:? On Saturday, after it was known there was trouble, 1 obtained $600 on my check?a part was in Tho>nix bills aud part in other bills. At the time I had a deiiosite in the bank. It was alter bank hocrs. I wanted other bills than those of the I'hcenix Bank. I wanted bills which would not disappoint the person whom I bad authorized to draw on me on demand. It will be recollected that in oneof the preliminary ex aminations, before Wy man was bound over lor trial, he stated that his first loan to Stanley, Reed & Co. was in consequence of an interview he had with one of that firm and John Skinner, at Phillips's Beach. This story has been repeated by every witness who has yet testified, but the most graphic description of the interview wua given on Thursday, by Dr Ahiaham R. Thompson. wynmn emu ni? nrn laise step wu in consequence 01 his kind feelings for Mr. John Skinner, whom tie had al | ways respected. According to the version of thin witness it was Wjmm who propoird that the interview should take place at the Beach, to prevent the suspicion which would be aroused if the parties were seen in consultation togetherin Charlestown. When Wyman persisted in ic fusing the loan for want of authority, Stanley got mad rose up, walked about the room, and said, "Damn it, I don't care then. Let it come out where it will." Mr. John Skinner was standing there, and as soon as Stanley (topped, Skinner said," Wyman, I was in hopes you would do this. If you don't, the consequences will be ruinousto me." and burst into tears. Mr. Wyman then said, that when he saw the tears coming down that good old man's face, with his gray hairs, he could not stand it any longer, and he weot tip to him. took him by the hand, in.! sai l, " Mr. ttkinner, I'll do it." On this and other descriptions ofthe scene, the reporter of the Tost remark??'" 1 have heard much in praise of Phillips's Bench, but never before this trial had it occurred to me thnt its atmosphere was effectual in softening thu hearts ol bank presidente." *X>n Thursday, it was proved by the returns of the Commissioners, that the whole capital of the bank hf>d been paid in; but np to this time there is no evidence to show what has become of it. Stanley, Heed kCs- hrd over three hundred thousand dollars, but what they did with the money, is still a very jtreat my*terv. Mr. McIntire, ontiof the directors, stated that in the course ol i onversation, on the Saturday before the hank failed W) man said he had not been able to obtain such statements ol the afUirs ol Stanley, Reed It Co., or John Skinner, as would enable him to sly how they stood. Mr. McIntire told him that it could not be possible that the whole property of Stanley, Reed ft. Co., John Mkinncr, and the rhccnix bank, could be lost. Mr. Wyman made some reply which Mr. Mclntire does not remember. In connexion with the qu<siion, Wymna said he had done wrong; but hi" answer implied that he did not know what had become of the money. We learn from the evidence in tbls trial, that the di' lerent bank* olten borrew money on their own Mil*. Henry Ja<riea, teller of the Suffolk Bank, testified that Mr. Wjman mrer Borrowed money of tlie Suffolk upon liia check a* president. On the JOih of December. 1841 h? borrowed $10,000, and left $10 000 in l'ho?ni* hilla a* ecurity. He wanted to loan money in our note*, in prefvrance to iaauing the bill* of hi* own bank. Hawiito p y intcre?t n? long a* the Pho>n(* bill* remnlned in my hind* I underatood the bill* u ereonly to be with me (t lew day*. But they were not redeemed till eight month* alter?August l.vh and lfi'h, 184-* He took up $A000 on eark day. He paid no interest till after the bill* were paid. II el ore ha pain, I a*k?d him about it (cverul time*. At Wyman'a rt quest ai d (olicitation, I repn-iented the bank goadtootn preaident. I *uppo*ed it wm, but a* it wa* none of my buiine** to interfere in *ucb matter*, 1 declined to aay any thing to our preaident until urged by Mr. Wyman. Mr. Wyman paid me the interest in the *treet, and thi* circumitance teemed aomewh?t atrange to me. There wa* nothing ?ery tinuaual in the loan to him, on the aecurity of the bill* of the Phu-nix Bank. There <taa no ?gr< cmt-tit on our part to keep the Fh<enix bill* out of circulation. Sa'ouel O. Mead, formerly caahier of the Market Brink, ata'rd that he hai lent Wyman money, and that Wyman went to hi* hntue In Watwrtown to get hi* eoc*en> to let the loan ($10,000) remain At the Interview Wyman urged Me <d to keep the matter of the loan a *< cret. Heaaya, " there was nothing unnaual in hi* borrowing on pledged bill*. It wa* unuiual tor a man to com'1 to my noa-e about inch a transaction. It wa* uciliual to *ugg< *t aocrecy." iifnry d. wn urtr mrmeriy iruar 01 inn emu, |fav?i some new up cim*na of hia finanrirring. He said ih?l cnmironrwl dealing* with Wjraiin a? *ui\y as .Mbjt, 1S10. Tha flrat exchange of liilla w?? for $10,000 I l?irni?h*<! !iim other bill?, ?n<i hi* billa w?r?? to ha*?? the p'lrilpffp of lylnn at ihe bottom ol the drawer. He wn to pay tntcrrrt. In Junn, ha wm going on a journey. and anted m? to bold H ',000 more o the Thaniv billa till hi* return. ArcordUg to my recoiltcUfa, h? ramp to mj house, in Roxbury, and took ne out to ride, and then made the proposition. I objected at first to hold so Urge a sum aa #90,000 11* returned in thro* weeks (ma his jnurney, and then I used $10,000 of his bills and they were redeemed. Ha paid me the interact from time to time on my checks?memorandum checks. There was hii understanding between us. 1 had received a loan ol Wyman; at one time ) got the loan of his check at his bouse. I did net obtain loans at the Phrnnix Bank in banking hours. A part of hisloan tome waa effected by hixtukirg up my note in the Phoenix Bank for fie also lent me $1000 on my check; also, $400ln th? same way. on my note He still holds iny individual note for $1,000. Wyman has discounted usjr notes, which were regularly paid In the summer of 1840, I received from W? H Skinner, a check of Stanley, Keed Sc Co , on the Bunker Hill Bank. Mr Wyman said he would t>? responsible for the check, and I received Pbu-nix Bill* for it lome weeks afterwards. It wb? for t\!000. He requested me to keep it entirely to myself that 1 bad loaned him money on Pboonix bill*?he enjoined *ecrecy aeveral time*. I bad Interview* with him at Ro&bury.Charleatown and Boston, In the day time and| in the evening. I charged intereit on the standing loans, but not on tho mere daily exchange*. 1 have lent him a* much aa $36,000 at a time, prior to examination day*. Hi* standing loan waa about $10,000. The $'26,000 waiild include thi* permanent loan, a* 1 let him have hi* hill* back for a day or so, on hi* check. Mr Odiorne also testified that he had known of arrangrmunts with other bank* to allow balance* to lay over, and interest to be paid to th? holder of the balance Such balance* would range from $6000 to $>0,000 between our city bank*. Mr. Bank Commissioner Shove, ?ne of the gentlemen who were pai-t ten thousand dollars a year for watching the banks, and preventing them from acting improperly and illegally, appear* to have had some very queer tramoi>linna ti'itki #tw, Phmnl* llnnlf n. Dnlu the old directors, stated on Tuesday in reply to Mr. Webster? I remember there were demand notes of Bank Commissioner Shove, in March, 184J. to the amount of ,$l?,Ou? or $ IB,IKK). And we told Mr. Wyman that then* was too much of Mr. Shore's paper. He replied that Mr. Shovo hud not had time to take up his notes, but would in a day or two substitute business paper lor it. Dr. Bates was very cautious in his evidence, and remarked in reply to a question by Mr. Huntington, if ho n as sure in relatian to the contents of a package of notes examined by him in March, Or. Bates said?"I am not sure of mything. I have been so much deceived that 1 will not undertake to be sure." This id certainly the age of financiering. The Trial of Dowden, the Treasury Clerk. On Friday, the filth day of this trial, witnesses were examined for tho prisoner, mainly to prove that the writingon the stolen Treasury Notes was not the writing of Dowden. Mr. Jesse E. Dow, a magistrate, gave the following testimony :? I have seen the prisoner write often, and see nothing that looks like his writing, either in the shape of the letters or general style of wilting, on either of the notes before the court. Since the arrest of Mr. Dowden I have had suspicions of another person; and as a magistrate. I felt it my duty to investigate the matter. I went to Major Smith and told him that If he would back me I believed 1 could find the real thief I conversed with Major Smith (the Register) (or an hour, and during tha conversation Smith exclaimed, "Great God! you prove to me that a Mory is good until another one is told." I wasanxiousto find the thief belivingthat Mr. Bioom was guilty ; and it was my intention if an affidavit could be procured to arrest him. I had nothing but suspicions against Mr. Broom; but those suspicions are very strong?stronger iu my oninion than against R B Dowden. There are matters that 1 would like to see cleared up or explained by Mr. Broom before I can satisfy my mind that Broom is innocent. Mr. Broom, it will be recollected, was voluntarily and gratuitously Employed in the room with Mr. Barrett, who had charge of the Treasury Notes, and In the letter written by B.C. Campbell to Mrs. Dorsey, he was spoken of as a friend of the writer, and to him Mrs. Dorsey'? reply was sent undercover to the Hon. Dixon H. Lewis, whose letters Mr. Broom was authorized to receive and open ? There is, however, testimony in the case connecting Dowden with the negro, by whom they were sent to Baltimore, and no inch evidence ha* been shown to exist against Mr. Broom. Mr Williamson, another witness SHVcthe following evidence :? II am acquainted with Mr. Dowden'shand writing; from t the conviction of my miud, the names " Benjamin Camp* Dell, jr." and,"C. James Cox,"on the two notes,! do not believe they are in the band writing ot the accused, nor any pirt of either name.Crats examined -I cannot say that any part of either name it in Mr. Dowden's hand writing Tnaing the word " Benjamin" separately, I do not believe it is Mr. Dow den'a. When 1 heard Broom give in hi* evidence, I remarked that " I coul.1 find a bird's nest without going to Dowden." I am a lawyer by profession ; (at present recorder in the land office ) In the course of tke proceedings of this day Mr. Hoban cot up a little episode on "his own hook." In our notice ot the commencement of tbia trial, we made a passing re mark on the course pursued by this Mr. Hoban, iti whose judgment, and we formed our opinton from what we read of his opening, we could placa no confidence, and we said as much we might possibly have intimated that he was exceedingly gaseous, and would explode in open court, unless his wisrr associate took charge of him?at least we ought to have said so, if we did not. And have we not additional gronna for the opinion expressed 1 Why, be furnished it on Friday, by bringing his private griefs and exhibiting his wounded vanity before the court and jury, with whom any remarks of ours could have bo possible connection But he's all (roth and blubber, and unfit to be entrusted with the trial ( a case of the importance of that in which he is now engaged, save and except when the j*ry are to be humbugged and the court bamboozled. U. S. Ship Yokktown.?Below we give an extract from the log of this ship, giving the arrival and departure from every port she stopped at on her late cruise, with the distance sailed between each place. It will be very interesting to our''nautical readers, besides giving every one an idea of the distance our naval vessels sail on a cruise to the most remote stations b-acz22oo ?- jr <2e i II ? 8SSoi2o?~5 12 8 ? " * - - c > - ; rs;-s?2S 9 I ? " "" I ' C Q 3 g'i'c??5 * % 2"s2K7&?.o. n tL|g.~?"S?~E ; S> ij sf5?ia | *.;! \ti j | i 19 s?s?: s. s- si e 1 S5-5 s * li ? . r i ? I ? I les"? ;S I lagllSsI i f J ?> *?l ^ ?0 t? *-* ? ?y Co *5 ?i? ~ 0 m j?> _o> o. ^ ? ' I - $ - * ? it9 i 1?l 8S4r?y|Fs if vS ' I s bf'ii i ip : I *S " C3 t 5 ^"#5 ES~ Hi W ? ?. 0? | J? -ISIi'SSSSS S 2li?lsl? I & 9 I * o *{ : , ( : ^ s ; t :s. *.i ? ? 8 e r 2. ? ff * _ | gS^^PPfr1 S "< " ? **i P ' fc n ? Sc.?.S.^j8? = 8S888SSSJS ' I ? ; : :? ; c : t : t : : : : t : :S| J 5" V? c* o I * * I 5 25 5dO<&<*?Q?s?o sr o o^onFcf^i o 8- s-Ss.sSftBgBts-E-.St&SRS- 5 | talBS?|g?8 'fe|iS?Ss S fc.? K C." ? ? 2 ? ?S 3 . m. n S 3 8' 5 3.^ O If i-5= ? |l Ii ? i I 1 c rt I g r r <* S g 2? 1*P < ? 5^*51 f TQ ^SwWc^CDOiSjafeSScCwSScr? 2 " ?-* " n. e * s:s2^s:s::i:^::2 * 4 w ?c ^ _ * as^o^sSPisO^a-os-v^n^oad ' ji 2 js?t8Ss.^gS?'E: iaOitbJKSfS.i^tC'Soor ? ?1?-p> S C-Scg <? 7? 6='?? 5 *. ^.Sr^ ? ? K S s ? i |b- , >M rS=? u 2. 8? Si s 2 . a> r ? "5 i; * ?f 1 <? ?5 ? . I a ? fiRS*,SS8tS 111 0 i,i Bkacon Coijksk?Trotting.?There haa l>een some great sport there this wusoh, hut nothing to compare with that to come ofl to day. At 3 o'clock, a match for fltl'lOO between Cottage Poy and Fashion, to be drove by th"?e celebrated jockeys, Hi rum Woodruff and William Whcelan, two mile heats in harness; and at 4 o'clock, those cham l>ions of the world, Lady Suffolk and Oneida Chief, start lor a puree of $200, three-mile heats, under the saddle. The knowing ones are shelling out the tin that Dutchman's great time made over this eourte in 1*10, (7.32J) won't b? a ctreumstanc?,. The Hon. John Snyder, of Pennsylvania, h?? j bean re-nominated for Congr**! BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. 09> No news of importance received by the Southern mail last night. Charge or Pi*acy ?a singular charge haa been made before the Recorder of New Orleans, by a Mr. Edward Stebber, from whose affidavit we learn the following particulars:? On the 6th of June lait, Mr. Stebber chartered the achooner Luria, burthen 41 37-90 ton*, wbereuf Wm. L. Hurd ?u and if matter and owner?an American veaiel, owned an tdulv regiatered at New Orleana, Li., to go to the port ( Lacuna, and uny other port or porta which Mr Siebner might direct ; and to convey him as a cabin paiaenger to and from Laguna or such other port aa might be deaignattd by him to New Orleana, at which place the charter party waa entered into. Agreeably to thia contract, the schooner Luda, commanded by Captain Wm. L. Hurd, left the port of New Orleana on or about the 16th June, 1843, and by direction of Mr. gtabber went to Campeachy, where ahe arrived on or about the 37th or -28th of the same month. At Campeachy, the vessel, still under the command of laid Wm. L Hurd, after having been cleared on the 11th day of July, 1843, for New Orlear.i, was detained, under varioua nretexta. until the I7il> of July, 1843. On that day, Mr. Stebber having been informed that Hard had expressed a determination not to convey him ?o New Orleans, and fearing that Hurd would leave him in Campeachy, carried hii baggage on board the schooner Luda, ? here hesupped with the mate, and drank some coffee ; about 20 minute* after supper, the Contain came on board, and asked deponent to go on shore with him, to settle some accounts ; the mate of the vessel, Alwin llurd, a brother of Captain Hurd, privately intimated to Mr. Btebber " not to go on shore," but he nevertheless went, accompanied by the mate Alwin Hurd, as well as Capt Hurd, Mr Stebber having insisted on the mate's accompanying him. Alter having been on shores short time, viz : about a quarter or a halt hour, Mr. 8tebber iound himself very unwell, and returned to the small boat belonging to the vessel, declaring that he would lie down there, until the Captain was ready to goati hoard, and the mate accompanied him; but he fell asleep in the boat, almost as s >on as he reached it; when he awoke he endeavored to rise, but Iound himself unable to do so; the mate Alwin Hurd, who was identified as then before the Recorder,was rowing the boat, the ship was not in sight, and he insisted upon the mate's returning to the town of Campeachy; but the mate, aftor seeing and examining the enfeebled condition in which Mr. Stebber was, continued to row from the town until daylsght. when he landej Mr 8teb h?r at the port of Lerma, which is about ten n ilea from Carapeachy. After some delay in Lerma, caused by the male, he (tot a couple of men to row him back to Cam, peachv, when the mate volunteered to pull one ol the oars. They reached Camprachy abeut 11 o'clock, A.M. of the 18th July, when he foun I that the Captain of the Ludahadrun away with her, and a large quantity ol goods, and merchandise and money; the goods and merchandise consisted of 25'barrels of French bread, 40 kegs crackers, 25 boxes soda biscuit, 36 hammocks, 71 straw hat", and 4000 segars, worthtnltoeether about Tour hundred dollars; and the monev consisted of three thousand dollars in specie, a part thereof being Mexican dollars, an I the balance being sovereigns and doubloons; all the e things, together with a )an>e quantity of baggage, See. all the property of Mr. Stebber, were carried ell in the Luda by Wm.L. Hurd, the master and owner, who ran away with her. from the conduct and behavior of the mate, in carrying Mr. Stebber to Lerma, in delaying and endeavor: ing to detain liim there, in keeping the boat of the i uda, and fioin the connexion between ihe mate and the captain of the Luda, his intimacy with the captain.his manner of leaving the Lu1a, and all the circumstances of the cava, Mr. Stebber believed that the mate did knowingly and wittingly aid, assist, and nbet Captain Hurd in running away with the ship Luda and her cargo, goods, warps, merchandise, and money, out of the port of Campeachy. And from the stupor and situation in which he, deponent, found himself when he woke in the small boat belonging to the Luda, on the night of thn 19th July, he has no doubt that some drug or sleeping potion was administered to him in the enflee taken by him at supper on board the schooner as above mentioned, and that the same was administered wi'h the knowledge and assent of the mate. Cn this statement of facts Mr. Stebber grounded a charge of purjury against Hurd, the Captain of the schooner, and the mate, Alwin Hurd, he charged as an accessory. The New Orleans Diamond says Captain Hurd is well known in that city, having had command of schooners in the Mexican trade for a number of years. He has, we learn, a wife and family at Galveston. Grand Concert.?The lourth and last grand Musical Soiree by British and American musicians, takes place this evening at the Shakspeare Saloon, Duane street, when a rich selection from the true English ballad and glee school will be given by popular and native arlii ts. These concerto so far I U..?? I ,:.U| UHVC iiLXU uuvuiiiuiuiiiy ncu aiiruucu, tutu of performance atiracting a fashionable,elegant and numerous audience. The experiment is a good and laudable one, and if followed up with the same spirit, good taste and judgment which has hitherto characterised the management, not only in the Reaction of pieces, but also of performers, will doubtlees prove not only pleasing, but likewise profitable to all concerned. Mr. King, eldest son of the eminent author of the celebrated "Witches Glee," is the director, nnd appenrs to take great interest in establishing this society on a permanent foundationer The friends of Brown the Tylerite, who was wounded by Mr. C. M. Clav, in Kentucky, have published certificates showing that Mr. Clay was the aggressor, and that he cut Brown with a bowie knife before Brown shot at him. QCJ- NOW ?Never wer? the attractions at the people'* resort, the American Museum, so Rrcut as at the present time, combining, as they do, not only amusement, but n ftiRd of valuable instruction, particularly in the new saloon, where are deposited an almost endless variety of rich article! of manufacture and ingenious mechanical inventions. Among this last is that climuxof Yankee ingenuity, the stocking loom, run by a dog,by which is pro* iluced the most beautiful hosiery, without a seam. In the Raloon Mr. Cole the contortionist. Locomo ive, tho queer negro, Cerito the dancer, and others ot talent, appear every evening. QtJ- A C AIID.?J A. TUTTLE, News Agent, has removed his ottice to No. 6 Ann street, (otticeof the Anglo American,) where he will be pleased to supply Ntws Agents and others, w th the '-Phil. 8at. Courier," "Muse. nm,"an l "Saturday Post,'' Boston ' Uncle Sam," and "Yankee Notion" as heretofore. Agents can haveall the publications and newspapers packed and forwarded with regularity by applying as above. Please address JOHN A. TUTTLE, General News Agent, No. 6 Ann at. 00- WE ARE TLEA8ED TO FIND THAT THE ENterprising proprietor o( the Knickerbocker Baths has (Itted up an elegant establishment, exclusively for the ute o( Ladies, at the exceeding low price of one hilling', to which there ii a private entrance, at No. 79 Chryiti* ttreet. He hai alio enlarged hi* establishment nearly one hair, Tor the accommodation of gentlemen at tho same pi ice. Her face would he more beautiful than mine, With those fine feature* and her chin thus dimpled? Her face not quite no yellow and so pimpled. THIS APPLIES TO MAN AS WELL AS WO* man. Nothing ii more disgusting thsn eruptions or dii figurement* ou the face or skin, and particularly when they can be so easily cured by using a c ike of the Italian Chemical Soap. This seldom or nevor fails In coring pimples, freckle*, blotches, scurvy, salt rheum, tnn, sun burn, morphew. and it completelychangesdark oryellow skin, makes it healthy and beautiiul, and also cures the liites of musquitoes, galliaipperi, bugs, Sic. Give it but nnntrial. Sold at the sign of the American Eagle, HQ Chatham street, New York; 8 State street, Boston;3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia; and 189 Fulton street,Brook* Ijn. Jones's Coral H ur Restorative is sold at the same places, for three shillings per bottle, ' J'is the best thing vtr made for the hair,-either to dreii it, or cause it to grow, or clean it, &c. Try it. 00-" HEALTH AND ITS ATTENDANT BLESsings can only be secuied by a proper attention to the symptoms of disease as they occur, and which, if lelt unattended to, reiult in the most fatal consequence!. How often is it the case that a neglected cough terminates in consumption, when a few ot Sherman's Cough Lozenges, given in time, would have prevented the evil. And worms, too, thorcdestroyer!of t'aa rising generation, are permitted to pursue their ravagei, when a box of Sher man's Worm Lorenges would have binished them entirrly, and rendered the sufferer henrtv and happv. And how frequently we lee many around u? bowed down under a dreadful headache, or hear tbem complaining of faimness or palpitation, when if they only knew how quick Sh? r man'* Camphor Lozenges would relievo them, they wou'd stiller no mora. Dr. Sherman's remedies are no humbug nor ii there any qaackery about them. Try them and ynu willba*ati*A?d. They may behadathi*warehou*e, inn Nmi**u *treft,or of hi* agenta, 110 Broadway; 10 Aator Home; '1-U Hndion it ; 189 Bowery; 77 East Broadway; -US William at.; 180 Fulton atreet, Brooklyn; andSDChe*. nut at. Philadelphia. Off- UR. F. FELIX OOURAUD'8 rOUDBF.S SUB. TILE9 for eradicating human juperfluou* hair. 1 ha above chemical preparation haa receivrd the atamp ol public opprohation for ?om? year* pant, a- the moat *afe, *,?eedy biki iffvctual remedy ever discovered lor the complete eradication of human hair. Itia decidedly an ineatimxb'e article lor the toilet, and han entirely annihilated thote deleterloua, uncertain and danveroua composition* which have been too frequently employed. No lovely or beautiful woman, who ban the unsightly appendage of a drmonitration of a beard on hrr upper lip, hairy aideol the lace, mole*, or amaMot hair covering a broad and elevated forehead should delay a moment in procuring [a bottle of thi* invaluable powder. When applied cold, thie preparation ia u?ed by *oine in lieu of a razor, for rrrnoving the haard, which it effecta with more ei*e, with aa much rapidity, in a more aatiifactory manner, and at lea* e*pen??, while at the aame time it leave* the akin *oi and delicata to the touch. To uproot the beard it i ap. pliivl warm, according to directiona. 'i?h,> accompanying each bottle. Priee >1. No ag Brooklyn. nrT- PROFESSOR V K,''K ?U^tB?nTnly pill*, for tbe radical cure or _ York College of JUCHARDSON,Agent. MONEY MARKET. Monday, August 13?0 P. MOn i late occasion, we mentioned the feet of hifingt' ' > within our graepi circular of the English government, directed to all lu agents in this country, and sigued by Lord Aberdeen, requiring the most minute and extensive information In relation to the blacks tn the United Stales. The announcement has created a great deal of interest, and we hare been called upon to publish the circular, which is very voluminous. We are not at liberty to do so at present; but may mention that not only that circular, but many others pointing to the same result, ere contained in " Slave Tkaac," " Document No. 3," dated M iy 30,1943, forming part of the instructions of Mr. Fox, the British minister at Washington. The southern ti-ade is rapidly improving, and many mercantile visitors to our city are agreeably find the terms en which goods are offered much morn liKaril than tViAIA ttfl whirh lllAV IIBVA h?Pn ai?AHsh?mr/1 for tome teatona back. Instead af demanding draft or acceptance, individual reaponsibility in many caart it sufficient to procure the required amount of goodt. Thia it particularly the cate with the Mobile mercbfaita. Alabama hat long sutlerod by the pretence of a moit pernioiou t depreciated paper, which,although it ia taken and ratted in Alabama lor a currency, really command! no more than itt specie value, at all p icei are proportionally high. The amount of I hit paper outstanding hat been greatly diminished by larg? conflagration!, and it jp Rtat?d that of all the billt called in for the purpote of destroying, none yet have been delected which have not beeu regularly registered when itsued. Thia would seem to put at ieat the popular auspicion that more had been itaued than had been accounted for. The remain* rfer of the paper outitanding it gradually absorbed by paymeuta of State taxes and of debts due the baoka. An effort ia to be n>ade on the lit of October, to take from thia paper itt character of currency, and let it paas at a diccount for tpecie, initaad of quoting tpecieat a premium. For thit purpote, it it understood that on the lat October, the bilia will he rejected by the Bank ol Mobile, which institution will receive and pay out only ita Own billa payable on demand. It is stated that the preaident of that institution, haa been at the Merchants' Bank of thia city for some time, preparing the new bills lor circulation in Mobile. The effect of thia movement of the Bank of Mobilo will be to depreciate the Alabama billa, which at this time of year aeck the north in large amounta in the hands of travellers. A further depreciation will cause them to be absorbed with greater rapidity by thecredi] tort of the bankt from whom there ia now some little demand in thia city. The prospect of getting tpecie pay Mobile, ha* induced the dealer! here to aell goods tor t'lem without endortement. Thii ia not a description of piper that can be used in our bank*, yet it encourages the demand (or goods, and tends to that increase oi activity apparent in the markets. The ability of the south to purchase and pay for goods is constantly increasing, and the cash business growing outof that section of the country, willnextyear be large and profitable. This is basod on the low priccs which here and in England have touched their lowest. Cotton, low as its price has been during the past year in consequence of the difficulties in England, and the. enormous crop, yield, d even this year a batter proportion to the cost of its production than in some former years, when the prices ia England were 50 per cent higher than new. The cheapness of supplies, and bagging and bale rope, and the increased industry of the planters in putting in corn and other crops in connection with their cotton, has produced this result. They have borne the depression of prico incilent upon a crop 50 per cent greater than that ef the previous year with much leia injury than could have been expected. The low prices of cotton, have, as usual, immensely increased its consumption. It has been applied to other uses, and the prospects ef the coming year are that the English supplies from India will be very small? the demand of goods for foreign marketa much increaaed ?the home trade no way* diminished?and money applicable to the stimulation of the trade in all its branches, extraordinarily abundant. In such a state of affrirs, prices would rise, even with o|supply as great as that of this year now about closing ; but the probabilities now are that the supply will fall off at least 35 per cent; that is, instead of a crop of 3,300,000 bales, it will not exceed 1,700,000 bales. A crop brought into market with such prospects for eath, and produce.) in so cheau a manner, cannot ? ut yield a greater amount ef clear profit to the southern section than ever before. This is a basis for commercial prosperity dependant upon no bank'|or any other paper juggle. The crop must be had and must be paid for. A large part of thoae paper machines, by the hocus pocus of which the proceed* ef industry vatiicVi<iit frnm Ika *-\larttors' Vion<ls loavinap (ham f'l 11 with pi'Ct* of paper, are destroyed, and broad field i* open to individual enterprise. In all that iertile and rich lection of the United State* which discharges its produce on to the bosom of tho Mississippi, on its way to New Orleans, a (Treat want of capital prevails. Not bank capital?for of all parta o( the world the devastations of pnper credit are more apparent in that fertile valley than any other. Bat, what is wanted, Is a fair equivalent for the rich and nbundant proceeds of their industry. We will take a section?say that which surrounds and centres in Vicksburg. A planter having 6 to 800 bales of choice cotton, going into Vicksbarg, finds no one with capital sufficient to purchase it, even at very lew price*. It is then pat on board of a boat, exposed without care or attention to the vicissitudes ol the river navigation, arrives at New Orleana in a damaged *tate, and perhaps part ot tho invoice lost. It is then sold by a (actor to Eastern or foreign agents,in "lists," at an ave rage price, and the proceeds credite 1 to the planter don' reach by 30 per cent what they should have done. And the Eastern agent pays as mtich more, because he choso to remain at a Insurious hotel in New Orleans, instead ol exposing himself to the hardships ef a passage up the river, to attend to the details of his businesa. The same wasteful process is gone through in selling to planters the goods they purchase. If foreign agents, and those of Eastern manulacturers, would exert themselves, and seek for their aottons themselves smong the planters, attead to its shipment, and see that bales are rot ripped up and filled with water on their passage down the river, they would get better cotteu for less money, and the planters receive better remuneration. Of late years tLe indolence, extravagance, and waste attendant ?n bank redita, have superceded that industry and frugality with which it ia necessary to conduct buainesa in order to profit by it. The following ii a return of the Bank* of South Carolina Banki of Sovtii Carolina, Avovit 1, and Ji lt 1. July 1. . hixust . Ivan. Spate. lx>an. Specif. Bmk of State 780.031 239,861 1115.139 227,019 BrVh atColumbia 778.288 9,420 777,128 9,400 Do Camilen 397.640 1,821 404,106 1,14:1 South western HR 430,115 158,2C3 425,341 159,111 Plunters'St Mech'a n05.768 175,085 8:i6.16.'i 171,597 Union 632,451 110,650 629,8<<5 116.900 ToUl 3.8,10,298 701,129 3,915,405 685,476 Circ. Ihpt. C'irc. Dtps. Bank of Staff R25.561 105.627 823.906 442,996 Br'ch at Columbia ? 91,210 ? 69,182 Do Caimlen ? 30.393 ? 29,859 Southwestern RK 345.960 333,487 111,185 230,298 riao tor.'kMech'i 217,980 212,385 207,380 263,410 Union Bank 16.926 152.485 19,1)91 175,325 Total 1.406,127 1,225,950 1,462,302 1,211,073 By recapitulation tbeaa aggregates give the following results:? Stpt. Jan. ,1pril. July. .Itig. Loam 4,077.786 4,053,730 3,780,224 3,830,298 3,915,105 Specie 119,142 441,184 471,993 701,129 685,476 Circulation 1,091,993 1,383.420 1,421,705 1,106,437 1,462.362 Deposits 1,660,354 1,361,391 1,229,ll? 1,225,59# 1,211,073 Their exchange movements is seen in the following table :? Srpl. Jan. Frh. April. July. .tunDom'tie bills 208,272 539,661 729,201 691,137 164,431 431,714 Foreign 40.653 2I5..VIO H4,tX 313,1199 109,201 80,034 248,915 785,191 073.8T.3 1,005,034 573,632 519,748 A diminution in the specie and exchange of the bank* has taken place about equal to the increase of the discounts, indicating that the circulation which is now larger than it has been through the year, is as fall as It should be, and that the course of trade, M influenced by banks, cannot be safely pushed iu that qaartar. The circulation is 80 per cent higher than last year, a result not apparent In the returns of any other section. State of Trade. Sunday, Ang. IS, 8 P. M. Business or thi Fair Cawai. aud Canal Tolls ? Statement ol the tons (anoo pounds) ot Merchandize *ent from tide watrr, and of the quantity received at Oswego, Black Hock and Buflalo, to 1st August, Tic Sh ijy>rrt at Dclirrreii at .1lb'y 4'Jr- Troy- Oiwrgn. it. Hnfk. Uu/f,iln. Ton*. Tom. Ton*. Tona. 1 59,779 5,2.10 W 20,789 1810 ?3,&J5 2.788 47 10,110 tfltl ?^2 5"t 30 13,881 It I? *>.258 4,189 28 10,852 1813 14,'>88 3 899 5 14,980 Account oi Tolls receivod on nil th? Canals of this State during lit. tettk in Jut. to7lh .lut I 1839 *33,018 $794,471 J*?> 38,511 753,087 1*11 44,947 957 171 1812 28,535 779 488 181 3 ,'<9,i3o 9tr,eu We hn?enothlntjof importance to record in the marWet* for the pe?t week. W# have not had it in our power lorn long time to report so fnroraW,> n Haft of comme>. | , | Iciai annua a* exiai m innnme. aii <if?crlptlon? of itic-. chandim command jood prion*. A fair dam and *x *t? for all nccMury article* or conatinptJon i purchtwi art .

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