Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 20, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 20, 1843 Page 1
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ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER HIBERNIA SIXTEEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. News by the India Mall?H.r peal Meetings In Ireland?Trials of Rebecca's Daughters ?State of tbe Crops?Kspartero Overthrown?Advance In the price of Corn? (State of the Markets?Assassinations In Paris?Loss of the Pegasus?Debate on the Ashburton Treaty. The British Royal Mail Steamship Hibrrnia,Captain C. H. E. Judkina, arrived at Boston on Thursday evening at 10 o'clock, after a passage of 13 TH Vol. IX.?No. 347 ?Whole No. 3439. days 6} hours, including the detention at Halifax.? She left Liverpool on the afternoon of the 4th instant, at4| o'clock, and reached Halifax at 8 A. M. on the 16ih instant, and lelt that port same morning at 11 o'clock, and arrived at Boston at 10 o'clock Thursday night. She brought out 15 passsengers to Halifax, and 67 to Boston from Liverpool. The Great Western was to leave next day for New York. The Hibernia brought out more than 900 cases of merchandize. She is lull to her utmost capacity. By this arrival we have Liverpool papers to the 4th, and London also to the morning of the same day. The Great Western, Captain Hosken, reached the Mersey on Wednesday evening, the 27th ult., a few minutes before seven o'clock, and on the following evening, about eight, she was succeeded by the Hibernia, Captain Judkins. The first named steamer made the run from New York in thirteen, the last from Boston in eleven days. The Steamship Margaret, Capt. Shannon, was to leave Liverpool on the 7th inst.,for Halifax, to resume her station as a reserve packet. The Packet Ship Montezuma, Capt. Lowber, arriv#?H At fiiv#rnnnl in niYfp#?n ilnvti irnrn thiannrt. Trade continues in the same quiescent state which has msrked it for some time past. As compared with the feeling which existed twelve months ago, there is a decided improvement, but the impetus with which the year opened, produced by the cessation of hostilities in China and the East Indies, has not been maintained. The stock of cotton on hand is enormous, and exceeds by upwards of 300,000 bales the quantity which was held last year. The present stock is little, if any, short of a million of bales!?nearly a year's consumption. The Liverpool merchants, ia this state ef things, are impressing upon Government the necessity of having a drawback of the duty paid upon imported cotton, accompanied by a more liberal and comprehensive system for facilitating export orders, with every prospect of success. The weather during the last fortnight has net been very propitious lor the crops?frequent rains, a low temperature, and the absence, except occasionally, of warmth and sunshine. During the last three days, the rains have been heavy and frequent. All this has the effect of retarding the ripening and filltag of the grain. The potatoe and turnip crops will be more than they have been for years. When the last steamer sailed, a kind of panic prevailed in the corn market; prices were rising, speculators were busy, and great fears existed that the stock on hand would not last until the new crop was got in. At this season?always a critical one for the crops?speculation is rife, but in the present instance, it subsided sooner than might have been anticipated. The ill-timed and heavy rains of the last day or two will, ia all probability, influence the London and Wakefield, as they have already done the Liverpool market. It is now generally stated, says the Globe, echoed by the Times, that the Houses of Parliament will not be prorogued until the lust week in August. Wales has been giving additional uneasiness to the powers that be. Two was believed that the emeutet, of which the southern counties oi thePrineipality had been the scene, were exhausted, or at least subdued for a time.? Recent events have proved otherwise. The Welsh breakers of gates and midnight prowlers have shown a degree of tact and daring in their illegal perambulations which proves, not only that they are thoroughly banded together tor a common object, but that they have perfect reliance on each other's fidelity. The disclosures ot a drunken partizan led, it will be seen, to some apprehensions, which were not made without desperate exertions and no little danger. The parlies have been committed. The trials of such o( Rebecca's daughters as are in custody, have been removed by certiorari from Carmarthen to the Court of Queen's Bench. According to the Stockport Advertiser, arrange ments are now in progress iorthe reception of 30,000 stand of arms in Chester Castle, for the use of the northern district. Ireland is still in a vortex of agitation. The rent flows in without any apparent diminution,the prieBte are as active, O'Coonell as energetic as ever. He keeps the ball moving amazingly. With a volatile people like the Irish, the sameness ot the subject, the monotony ot the speeches, and the drain upon the pocket, teem calculated to tire. But they do not. The agitation was never rifer,the organization never more perfect, ihe funds never so plethoric as at present. Government looks passivelyon,prepared for nc thing but to extinguish the flame when it breaks out la this respect no change has taken place since the sailing of the last packet. O'Connell has pub lished a statement ot his finances, which, unlike those of the national Exchequer, shows a great surplus over expenditure. And he talks ot furthei movements, having for their object the superseding of legitimate authority, which will put the quies cent policy of Sir Robert Peel to a still greater test The second Repeal Tuam Demonstration took place on the 21st ult., on the race-course of Cur raws, about two miles from the town. It was verj numerously attended. Several resolutions were O'Conne II addressed the meeting, expressing greai delight at its' magnitude. He found great fault with he people of Ahascragh. a small village, who had broken the law by storming and injuring the police men, one of whom had taken down a triumphal arch it wrong, the law was open to thein, and he pro. mised them that they should not want its protee tion. But the traitors of Ahascragh, iuetead of re sorting to it, violated at the same time the very first principle of the Repeal Association, which required that there should be no tumult, no rioting, and nc violence of any description. The Dublin Monitor reports a meeting of Irish members, Lord John Russell presiding. The Irish members wished an appeal to the constituencies ou the subject of Ireland; but I^ord Palmerston opi-oaed the project, and it waa relinquished.. A committee, however, waa appointed to draw up a statement ol Irish grievances, to be submitted to a future meet i?g. An order from (he Treasury hai been issued thai every person holding a situation connected with the revenue, and who may have subscribed to or haw become a member ot the repeal association, musi immediately withdraw his subwription and name on pain of inatant dismissal. The disruption in the Church Establishment 01 Scotland is now full and comi-lete. By the last ac' counts it appears that upward* of four hundred ana fifty of the most zealous and able ministers have 1 speeded, relinquished their temporalities, and aban doned ail connection with ike State. \ E NE NE' The news by the Overturn! Mai! pos?es.ces no sinking feature. In Scinde matters are approaching a pacific settlement, and Sir Charles Napier has shown that his talent as a general is only excelled by his tact as a negotiator. With the chiefs he is said to have made terms, which will supersede the necessity of furiher fighting?so that the speedy settlement of the country may be looked for. Death had swept away some of the British officers by fever, and Sir Charles himself had experienced an attack, from which, however, he speedily recovered. From other parts of India, as will be seen, there is nothing of interest to communicate. The news from China is more thanutually meagre. No advance appears to have been made with the commercial treaty. Sir Henry Potting?-r, according to some of the accounts, had left lor the north, in order to press it on the Chinese authorities. The smuggling of opium, on a large scale, l>y Americans, is mentioned, to which the Btitish Plenipotentiary had endeavored, unsuccessfully, to put a stop. It is added that British goods are scarce in /-%? mL! * ?:ii ?I * vyiiina. i nm announcement win give an impeiuH to the markets, and a considerable export trade to that p^t of the world will, in all probability, be the reeult. The British merchants have acted with very commendable caution, as regard* the transmission of merchandise to Chinu. They were anxious to test the success of speculation, on a small scale, before they embarked deeply, or glutted the market. Indeed, the business accounts from China inay be said to be very favorable this month. The affairs of Spain comprise all that is of interest in the foreign news of the last fortnight. Es partero, overthrown, is completely out of the field, and his Regency gone for ever. The two parties which have brought about the revolution, will now begin, in all probability, to out each other's throats; indeed, symptoms of this friendly feeling has already developed itself at Barcelona. If E?partero could have paid his soldiers, he would have kept them faithful; but their poverty, lhe absence of nil legitimate discipline, and the abundance with which French gold was scattered to corrupt them, have brought matters to the present crisis. His army of late years has been much larger than was really necessary. Half the number, properly provided with funds and rations, would have been of much greater service in his hour of need. However, a fearful retribution will not be long in overtaking the victors. Id the mean time, there is little doubt that Christina will again enter Spain, taking with her, in all probability, a Bourbon son-in-law. Of course, all chance of a commercial treaty with England is at an end, seeing that the parties who have been most virulent against Eepartero are the persons who imagine they would suffer most by such a measure?the cotton manufacturers of Catalonia and their partisans Spain, with its bankrupt treasury, its disorganized, idle, and insolent army, Hashed with success, though not with victory? ' with the whole frame work of eoo et oat of joint, and all the conflicting elements of discord at . work?presents no solitary featnre on which the eye of the patriot or the philanthropist can rest wiih pleasure. On Wednesday the Queen, Prince Albert, th* Prince ot Saxe Gotha, Princess Clementine, and other distinguished personages now on a visit to 1 her Majesty, honored the Thames Tunnel with a visit. His Majesty the King of Hanover and suite ate exacted to take their departure for Germany the week after next. King Otho, of Greece, is still fidgetting under his financial difficulties. Some strange disclosures are threatened by tha London papers, relative to the conduct of some officers in the highest department of the customs. The Spectator states that Sir Robert Peel, and his "youthful friend," Lord Stanley, though carrying it so smoothly in public, are at daggers drawing behind the scenes. Lieut. Munro, his seconds and surgeons, have had a verdict of wilful murder returned against them by the coroner'a jury, for their participation in the death of Col. Fawcett. Another riotous outbreak took place a few days since at Wolverhampton, where a number of colliers and miners from the neighborhood of Sedgley attacked the nolicn nonstable*), nnrl hp?t them in n moat brutal manner. In the Sheriff's Court, London, last week, another verdict was obtained for the Crown, against Messrs. Candy and Dean, silk importers, for their smuggling transactions. There has been an extraordinary demand for copies of Dr. Pusey's sermons. Upwards of 3,000 copies have been sent to Ireland. Two editions of (5,000 eacli have been printed ; and a third edition, it is expected, is just about to issue. The publication of Catholic books in England, as well as the Oxford Tracis, the spread of Puseyism, and the approaching revolution in the'Protestant Church, are noticed at great length and with joyoas emotion by the religious journals of France, i A correspondent of the Sun calculates thai out of 12,000 clergymen belonging to tha Established , Church, 9,000 are rank Puseyites. The Glasgow underwriters will suffer very severe' ly by the loss of the Columbia steamer, which was 1 principally insured at that city. The amount is stated at upwards of ?40.000, underwritten by several . of the most influential brokers. When Lord Spencer appeared in the church at Derby, on Sunday week, the sexton mislook him for a person in humble station, and, accordingly, showed his lordship into one of the tree seats.? > Some of the congregation, on hearing the fact, felt . quite distressed. Probably his lordship was amused at the mistake, and thought nothing about it. Fail Grey continues convalescent, and takes daily airings in the parks, and, in a tew days, it is hoped r he will be sufficiently recovered to bear the fatigue t of a journey to Howick Hall. A parliamentary return just published, shows that the sums paid, or to be paid, on account of the ' war with China, amount to ?2,879,873, of which > sum ?804,961 are required to be voted in 1843-4, as balance due to the EhsI India Company. r At the Devizes wool fair last week, almost all the . wool pitched toHnii ready purchasers, in many inGiunrra ?f npnrlv 11 Iri. ner lb. Alinut 30.000 lleeen were sold. ' Of the 10,(MM) pine apples imported into London i from the Bahamas last week, comparatively few were damaged on the voyage. The whole of them were soid at less than half the average price cur" rent in this country at the most favorable season of the year. Van Amburgh seems to he making a very profits. ble tour in the north. He is reported to have netted . the tollowin* aums At Alnwick, ?370; Bedford, ?160; at Kelso, ?300; at Coldstream, ?200; at ' Dunae, ?160; and at Berwick, ?260. Messrs. Longman, Brown ?te Co. have purchased > the copyright of the Prize Cartoons, and have made arrangement* for their immediate publication in a style of execution suitable to their character and 1 importance. 1 _ The annual Conference of the Wei-leyan Methodi ists was held this year at Sheffield. Nearly 000 I members were present. The Rev. John icott was the president of the ^Conference for the present ? year. The Times asserts that a person named Loose has proposed the formation of an iron balloon of 2122 tons weight, forming an entire shell cf wrought iron, which, having the air exhausted from it, would rise from the earth with the rapidity of au > arrow. At the Bedford assizes, Sarah Darley was con. victed of the willtil of her husband, by administering ar*enic, and was sentenced to death.? s There is reason to believe that the prisoner poi soned two tormer husbands and one ot her chil( dren. The keeper of an eating-house in Hull Mates, that * it is no uncommon thing (or as many m twenty laI bor? rs to dine at his house daily tor one penny each, . that is, for a halfpenny worth of milk and a halfpenny worth o! hread. The same men, when em" ploymenl was plenty, he said, used to pay sevenpence e#ch lor their dinner. W YO W YORK, SUNDAY MOJ Kecicnt Advanc* in tiik Prick ok Oohn ?The recent rapid advance in the price of wheat at Wakefield and other corn depots hus led to on ipprehension that the scene* of speculation {witnessed last year, and which produced such disastrous results, are about to be repeated this autumn. From information which we have received from a disinterested but well informed quarter, we are disposed to think that this alarm is not well founded. The place where wheat has risen iwst in price, and by the widest strides, is Wakefield, but the cause is, we believe, to be found not in undue speculation at present, but rather in the want of proper speculation earlier in the year. This want is easily accounted for bv the disasters to which we have alluded, and its effect was to prevent the factors in the spring storing up the usual quantity of grain in their warehouses. A further effect of their caution was, the very low price at which wheat was sold uuiil within the last few weeks. Now, however, tlfat the stocks in the warehouses are reduced much below their usual extent at this season?the averaRe quantity of wheat in Wakefield ut this lime of the year being 40,60, or60,000 quarters, and sometimes considerably more, while at present it is only ab?*ut 20,000 quarters?the weekly arrivals, moreover, not being equal to the weekly consumption?those stocks cannot be drawn upon to moderate the price, which is consequently governed almost exclusively by the proportion borne by supply to demand. Efforts have been made to remedy this state of things by extensive purchases of Odessa, Egyrtian, and other low foreign corn in London, and also by applications to the farmers for the wheat in their granaries; but, of course, the result of these efforts cannot be all at once apparent; nor can it be ascertained, except by degrees, whether there is any considerable stock of home-grown wheat in the country. Tub State Ball ?On leaving the supper room at Buckingham Palace on Monday night, her Majesty and Prince Albert and the august and illustrious guests, were preceded by the queen's piper, playing on the bagpipes, to the ball room. A Scotch reel was then danced, which was kept up a considerable time. A new set of bagpi[ies were played on, made by Mr. Mackay, piper of the late Duke of Sussex. They are richly mounted in silver, with a banner , bearing the royal urms Quadrilles and wall zee | were aiterwards resumed, boih in the ball room and also in the throne room. The King of Hanover took his departure at one o'clock; the Duchess of Cambridge left at holt past one. Her Majesty and Prince Albert and her illustrious visiter* quitted the state rooms at two, and dancing ceased. The return of the noted member of the Anti-Corn Law League, Mr. Bright, as member for Durham, is an event ol the first importance. It has been received with shouts of acclamation by the free traders, and its influence will be felt in the walls of Parliament as well as in the country. There is no disguising the fact,that the League has been"carry- | ing all before it" of late in the agricultural, not less than in the manufacturing districts. , A melancholy event occurred a few days back in the English wajers?the lossol the Pegasus, a 6tea- I mer which sailed between Leith and Hull. She Btruck on the Goldfctone Rock, near Hoi v Island.and 1 Borne two or three miles from the Great Fern Lights. Out of the crew and passengers, which numbered between fifty and sixty persons, only six have been , saved?namely, two passengers, the mate, the engi- , neer,the carpenter, and one of the firemen. What 1 makes this calamity the more heart-rending, is,that , it occurred in the calm of a summer's night, the sea hardly ruffled by a breeze, within a mile or two of . the shore, and under circumstances which, if judiciously turned to account, wou'd have prevented , the lots of a single creature When she struck,the . boats, two in number, were got out by the pas senf;ers, a rush was made to them, and, being instanty crowded, they were swamped by the backing of the engine ana the confusion which prevailed ' amongxt the passengers. She was an old boat, and I what.appears very extraordinary is,that the captain, 1 accustomed for years to the navigation, should have 1 made such a fatal mistake. This, it appears, too, 1 iirna fliu (KivJ tima cliu Itarl ctm/ilr tinnn tna ronlra in t? ao^iuw iuiiu iiiiiw cut/ uau onuv/a uj<vu tuv iiittia iu the same vicinity. Within the la9t three or four days, ihe melancholy intelligence of the total shipwreck of the brig Falcon, of London, with loss of all her crew, excepting one seaman, 'has since been received She ia stated to have been a fine vessel, of about 150 tons burthen, and the number who have so unfortunately perished amount to 13, including the master, Captain Cairna. The Royal Navy at the present time consists,says i the Hampshire Telegraph,of 230vea?eiiof all descrip- i tions, mounting 3471 guns, namely, 8 yachts, 14 sea- I going line-of battle ships. 31 frigates, 35 sloops of war, 34 smaller vessels, 68 steam vessels, 25 surveyingfvessels, (including 9 steamers,) 9 trooj> ships, 1 hospital ship, and 10 stationary guard-ships. The force at home consists of 780 euns, Mediterranean 653, Brazils 451, East Indies 566, Cape and Coast of Africa '293, North America and West Indies 315, Particular service 232, Surveying 120, Troopers 58, Lakes 3; total 3471. This is an augmentation of 8 vt ssels, but a reduction of 384 guns, since the < commencement of the year. There are at this time constructing in Liverpool sixteen or seventeen vessels of iron, but not one new ship of wood is building on the slocks. The capabilities of a new iron steamer on the Thames, called " The Prince of Wales," are said to ' be seventeen miles an hour. Capt. N. Shannon, cf the Columbia ?The pas- , sengers who were on board tha Columbia when she , was lost on Seal Island, since their arrival in Liverpool have presented a handsome piece of plate to Captain Shannon, us a maik of their reject towards him, both as a gentleman and nn officer. It beats the following inscriptionPresented to Capt. Neil Shannon, of the steam slim Columbia. by (lie passengers who Bailed with him in that vesBei from Liverpool to Halifax, on the 4th June, 1843, as . a mark of their respect lor his uniform urbanity of manners and abilities as a captain." Mr. Cobden, on paying a visit to the Corn Mar- < Wet, at Mark-lane, London, met with rather a rough reception. He was assailed with cries of "turn him out!" and several handfuls of wheat | were thrown over his person. This uncourteous ( treatment excited the indignation of all the respect- | able parties on the Exchange ; Hnd after a few remonstrances, followed by a slight repetition of the oflence, a sculHe ensued between some of the most sturdy advocates of opinion on both sides, in which the violators of public decorum got considerably the worst of ir. The Rev. Theobald Mathe w, on account of a dis pensation from the Pope to move about according to inclination, unrestricted by episcopal interference or control, arrived in Manchester last week. He has been occupied upwards nine hours a day in administering the pledge of total abstinence. Up to Saturday evening 18,000 persons took the pledge On Sunday it was admini?'ered to 30,000, and on Mondxy and Tuesday to 32,000, making in all a total of 80,000 pledged teetotallers in Manchester Ol these there are 4500 infants, 3000 of whom belong ! to the St. Patrick's district, a part oi Manchester i principally inhabited by the Irish. During his recent visit to Liverpool, the Rev. Theobald Mathew i administered the pledge to upwards of 30,000 per- I sons. After his journey to Manchester, the reverend i gentlemen leturned to Liverpool, where he increased the number of the teetotallers to nearly 00,000 ? < He ha? s>nce paid a visit to the metropolis, private- 1 ly, lor the purpose of making arrangements to carry I out more effectively hereafter his plans; and next year he intends, it is said,to visit the United States I Important Tradr t? Hong Kono?It is stated in the London Mercantile Journal, that the value of ' the three cargoes of British manufactures, lately sent out to China in th< John O'Gaunt, Emperor, and 1 John Ddlton, will not he less than JC700.000. It is 1 an important fact, that the prices of the best qualifies 1 of tess ara now understood to range lower than ever ' was known in the history of trade. At Kochester on Thursday morning, considerable , sensation was created, owing to a young man and . young girl of respectable appearance, being found , drowned about six o'clock, clasped in each other's , arms, lying in the mud of the river, opposite to a place called Phillips' Wall. It appears that the bodies were picked up bya fisherman, and upon his ' examination of them he found that they were tied 1 together with tape round their arms?the left arm ol ! the young man with the right arm of the young wo* ' man. The names of the unfortunate couple are ' William Edward Hendery, aged about thirty years, 1 and Ann Hannah Sancto, about eighteen years old. The former, it ia reported, is a widower with two children, and the latter is a daughter of a publican living in Stroud. Thomaa Hart, beer seller. Ilalliwell, christened his twenty-ninth chijd on Wednesday week. Of (hat number twenty-fife are still alive, and, should the prolific pan live a lew year*, further additions to their family may be expected. A few days since the nnder-ostler ol the White Hart Hotel at Windsor, found a bag containing nearly 1000 sovereign*. The man, through wh-ise honesty the property was returnee; safe into the hands of the owner, w<*s rewarded with 2()j ' The Cork Southern Reporter mentions a rumored explosion of the Bal incolig powder mills, with tl.e low of (wo live*. i m IHJ i " i min <1. . ii miiwi RK H INING, AUGUST 20, 18 AnKicm.tiikal Produce ok Maink.?In the House ol Commons on the instant the following conversation took place respecting (lie operation ol the Ashburton treaty Mr. Christopher said he wished to know from the right hon. gentleman, the President of the Board of Trade, whether, under the Ashburton treaty, and the 25th clause of the Customs Duty Bill, it was intended to admit the agricultural produce of the State of Maine into this country, at the colonial duty. If 9nch were the case, he wished to know wlitt1 security would be Riven that the produce of the oth<* States of America would not find its way into England in the same wayl Mr. Gladstone said that he would endeavor to confine himself within the legitimate limits of an answer; at the same time he would endeavor fully to exnluin the meaninp nf limit* nl Iri-Hlv to which the hon. member had referred. Ah lar as lie understood the firut part of hia hon. friend's <|usiion, it was whether by a clause of the Custom* Bill, which was intended to give eflect to the third article of the treaty of Washington, the produce of the State o! Maine would be forwarded through the colony ol New Brunswick to tlua country ut the colonial duty'? That clause had only reference to that pari of Maine which was now acknowledged to belong to thta country; the part of that territory which had formerly been known by the name of the "disputed territory," and which had by the late division fallen to the United States, did not come within the o|>eratii>n of the duly. In answer t? the second question of hia hon. Inend, he would endeavor to explain the precise position in which they stood with tespecl to the verification ol the origin of produce to be admitted into thiH country. By

the third article ol the treaty of Washington, and the clause of the Customs' Act, referred lo by the hon. gentleman, power was given for demanding ? verification of origin in all cases ol goods imported into this country from the British Colonies, excepting in ihoiie imported fpom the territories of the East India Company, which at present he would put out of view. The produce of that part of Maine was almost exclusively timber. The post office at Krrol, a cottage, was burnt down on Sunday se'mght, and many letter* destroyed or rendered illegible. The distraints upon the Society of Fnends this ???, t-invuj iui ctvicoiaain qi mii tunrc, air auuui ?10,000. There are only two instances ol Quakers haviug been returned to Parliament. A priest, named Abbo, was condemned to death at Rome, on the 30th ult, tor the murder ot his nephew. He has b?:eu degraded by the Poj>e, and will be executed. ' The Weather and the ('hops?The weather has been unsettled during a considerable part of the present week, but tolerable progress has been made in the hay harvest in the two or three tine da>s, and in some portion of other days. The corn crops advance lather slowly toward maturity, but the grain feeds well, and looks heuMiy. In some districts the wheat nnd oats are partially lodged by the heavy rain, but brisk winds hive contributed to recover them.?Leeds Mercury. This week the weather has been more settled and favorable, still at times cloudy, and not the best suited for furthering the progress of haymaking. There is n good deal of hay yet to be made and carried.? Preston Chronicle. We have had very little sun since our last, and the wheat ripens very slowly; we are sorry to hear i of h great many pieces being blighted in this neigh- ' borhood, and some farmers have cut several ucres, i he produce of which, we are told, is not worth ' much more than the straw .?Brighton dazette. Lhkwick (Zetland), July 17.?Capture cf Four Hundred and Forty-three Whams.?During the I >ast week the coaBthas presented h somewhat novel uid certainly an unusual appearance. Two shoals of ynung whales have been driven on shore, viz., one consisting of 280 at Hillswick, and the second, consisting of 163, at Stand. They were all captu. red and killed. Wales. The want of adequate employment, the heavy tolls on the roads, the high rents, the low price of produce, and the poverty of the people?these, and other irritating causes which fit men's minds for " treasons, siratagems and spoils." are still in force. and likely tit remain. That the hitherto quiet and religiously inclined Welsh can only be kept in subordination by the presence of military constantly scouring their country, while it shows a deep-seated social disease, is more easily lobe lamented than remedied. The Karl of Cawdor, Lord Dynevor, Colonel Trevor, M. P., and most of the gentry of South i Wales have, in consequence ol the Kebeccuitcdis- , lurbances, determined to build barracks at Curmar , then lor the military, by public subscription, to add j lo the security ot that district. The Earl of Caw- , dor has presented ?300 ; Lord Dynevor, ?200; and | Colonel Trevor, ?150. Mr. Hall, chief magistrate ol Row street Police | oflice, left London on Monday last, by the direction of Government, for Wains, lor the purpose of instituting a rigid and searching inquiry and exami- ; nation into all the circumstances counected with the Rebecca riots and disturbances in that part ot the kingdom. Mr. Hall was accompanied by one or inore legal gentlemen (rom London to assist in the inquiry. The Rebecca riots having now taken such a turn, Government have deemed it advisable to send a small body of police constables ol the A division to assist the military in their endeavors to put an end t<> the destrnction going forward in Wales. Oa Wednesday afternoon the Commissioners of Police received instructions from the Secretary of State to despatch anotherdeiachment of police to assist ihote already there. Accordingly, about eight o'clock at night, a body ot the A division left Scotland-yard, und proceeded to ihe terminus of the Great Wt-htern i Railway, when tliey were conveyed by the train to i Bristol, from which flace they immediately proceeded to Carmarthen. i France. i The Paris papers of Tuesday, Ihe 1st instant, have ' reached us?they contain no domestic news of im- ' portance. The Monueur contains a royal ordinance < jromoting the Prince deJoinvitle to the rank of rear I Admiral. This ordinance is followed by the mar- I riage act of Ihe Prince with the Princess of the Bra- ' /ils, which was signed on the 31st ult. id the Palace of Neuilly, in presence ot the Royal Family, Mar- i shal Soolt, M. Guizot, the Minister of the Brazils, Baron Paequier (Chancellor of France,) and the t Duke de Cazen (Grand Referendary ot the Chamber ?f Peers,) acting as the civil officers We learn from the Journal des Debats, that the Princess hrstiialif h*?r lm.ihuml nq rinwnr fir?f 1 (MM) IMMIt iri specie ; secondly, n revenue ol 180,0001, ariuug from Brazilian slock ; thirdly, 25 leagues territory in the province ol Santa Catanna at the choice ol the Prince ; fourthly, a yearly income ol 2li,0<)0f.; together with jewels to the amount of 200,00Qf.; fifthly, a (.resent Irom the Emp?ror ol the Brazils ol KM,000 franc* torher outfit. Independently of these advantages, she is to succeed to the throne ol the Bra/ils, to the exclusion even ol her eldest sister, if the Emperor Don Pedro II, and the Princess lanua- < ria, the presumptive heiress to th* crown, should die without issue. The Presse, Siecle, and other ' Paris prints mention a rumor ol an intended attack un Tunis, by a Turkish fquadron oi nine ships of i war, which were seen oft Cape (rattes on the 18ih, ' t>y a French steamer. On the 25th, the Maritime I Prelect was directed to send the Jemappes and Al- i jer, line ol battle ships, to Tunis without delay? 1 This menaced aggression on the part of the Porte f is referred to the councils of England and Prussia, t No new telegraphic despatch from Spnin had reached Paris. TheCommerce reports that the nego- j tiations hetweea the Foreign Consuls at Barcelona l md the Governor of Momjuich are in tlatu </uo, awaiting the decision of the Madrid government. I In conformity wnli this arrangement, Brigadier < b'chaleau started for Madrid on the 27th, accoupa* H lied by an oflicer of the garrison. The Barcelona unta had meanwhile determined to release such of j I ihe Moderados as were imprisoned by its orders on [he 20th and 21st. t Frk.nch Financi.? The national debt of France,1 [ which in 1572, under Charles IX , was only 17,000 1 W0f., was, in 1832. 5 117,495.0171. At the present ' lime it is almost 7,000,000,0001. Frauce has already I jeen bankrupt six times, viz:?Under Sully, who jeducted the interest formerly paid on the capita); it the end of Louis XIV's reign, under Desmaret, 1 who paid neither capital nor interest ; at the fall of r he Law," under Lepellener; under the 1 fcbbe I'errai, who did not pay the assignmentss luring the revolution alter the creation ol 45,000,000 * ?f mortgages; lantly in 1790 by the reduction of two .hirds of the debt. ^ Aug- I ?French Hv? percent* 141 S?; tlir?e?80 i ?~ A; Bank ol Francs, S.'JM, l.gftttte Bank, 1,100; Belgian ?* five*. 1 mto, lOtt.184*,1091, three*74 ?o, Spaninh activo, C 19; Dutch |>t-r centi, fi4J; Neapolitan 100 'iO, Roman e 0?. ; n The funeral of M. J. B. L*fli(te. one ol the great * joach proprietor? of France, took place on Saturday, l it the church ot St. Nicholas d'Antin, and was nost numerously and respectably attended When () he procession moved Iroin the church tor the ceme- |, ryol Pere l.a Chaise, it h>td n curious as well as n inposing effect, tor among the mournen, who were u n black, were mingled perhaps 100 of the conduct- a [ERA 43. ors, in their blue mid Inr jackets, and porters, with j their red facings, from the public coach offices, nil with crape on their urnis. Am the deceased wn< a member of the legion of honor, and in the national guards, detachments of the civil militia and of a regiment of the lin* escorted the hearse. When the body was dej>osited in the family vault, the deceased's brother, Pierre Laffitte, who waa'chief mourner with M. Jacques Luttitte, delivered a discourse, recapitulating the history of the industrious and useful tile of hint whose loss they then were mourning.?UaUgnuni't Mttungtr. Lieut. Laity, who waa condemned by the Court of Peers to five years imprisonment, as publisher of a pamphlet relating to Prince Louis Napoleon Nonaparte, at the tune ot the attempt at iStrasbouig, having undergone his punishment to the last day, has been discharged out of actual custody. He waa sentenced to remain afterwards under surveillance of the police. The present Mayor of Sebevilk*, in the Manche, who is eighty-two years old, has filled the ollice for more than filty yearn, having uninterruptedly contrived to hold under the Republic, the Con ulale. the Kmpire, the first Restoration, the Hundred 1)avm lli?? ri>iffnri ill f.mnu VlMIt (1ihurUii V hikI the Revoiutiou of July, and Louis Phillippe. The sculpture und picture galleries of the Louvre are afjaiu open to the public, niter being closed lor five months, by that thrifty arrangement which, during u portion of every year, coni|>els the dead ! masters to give up their iiedeHtals to living aspi- { ranta. The Salle de Globe has a new acquisition in j il.-o.. ?,i> I uurcgiiioiaiura, irtruuy iiii|'ii|tru liuui v^llliia, uiiu , said to be remarkable specimens of the workmanship of the celestial empire. A singular duel was (ought in Marseilles on the 10th ult.. between two Spaniards. One was a barber; ana the other, though a dealer in cigarettes, consented to fight his oppouent with his own weapon?a razor. The cigarette man received the first wound, so deeply slashing his face that he was unable to continue the combat, and was obliged to be carried to the hospital, while the barber was taken to prison. i Several strange assassinations have lately beeu committed in the environs of Paris, and have caused some excitement in that city. The cause of these acts ot violence ap|>ears to be inexplicable. Naples. The Allgetneine Zeitung has the following from Naples, June 3th?'"The negotiations relative to a commercial treaty with England are terminated. The draft of a treaty was sent to London, from which place it has been returned pretty much modified, but 'doubtless also accompanied by notes, to which it is said, the commissioners and the Neapolitan Ministers have nothing to object. Algiers. A letter from Tleincen, July 12th, published by the Constitutionnel, informs us that the expeditiouary column was about to march for the frontiers of Morocco. Abd-el Kader was gone to visit his family, whom he had sent forward to Tugurth, near the great Sahara, a town belonging to the Moors, who have hitherto been neutral in the war between the French and Abd-el Kader. It was reported at Bona, by a merchant's vessel, that the Bey of Tunis had been murdered by his i nephew. i Turkey. 1 Advices from Constantinople of the 12th instant ( state, that the Sultan had invested Riza Pasha, the ( lirandjMarshal of the Palace, with the mipreme conirol over the war and i.avv departments, or, in other t words, with the lieutenancy general of the emnire. Three camps were in progress of formation, and the vessels of ths imperial navy were constantly employed in conveying troops to* Adrianople and the other places selected for the establishment of those camps. Count deSturmer. the Ansirian internuncio. returned to Constantinople on the 10th. The news Irom Syria, down to the 1st instant, was unimportant. China and Kuwla. St. ]'kter8burgh, July 11.?By intelligence received through a direct channel Irorn Kiachta it appears that the quantity of tea brought there this year by the Chinese to be exchanged for Russian produce amounts to only 30,000 chests; whilst last 1 year they brought 130,000 chests. The exchange ' trade at Kiachta, between the Chinese and the Russians has been very unfavorable, and most ol t the merchants have been obliged to leave their i merchandise in the depots until next year. The < price of tea has already risen considerably and will rise still more. The greatest share of the trade in | tea is carried on between Moscow and China. The | Government has summoned the principal merchants , of Moscow to St. Petersburgh to hear their repart ( r>n the exchange trade carried on this year with Kiachta, and to give their opinion as to the best . means oi remedying thiB state of things. During ihe late hostilities between China and ?ngland, (he Russian and Chinese exchange trade was more n flourishing than at any other period. >s At St. Petersburgh, on the 21st of June, there was v a violent hurricane, which did much damage, both by land and water. b On the 12th ult. two churches, a convent ol nuns u composed ot seventeen different buildings, and n thirty-seven private houses, were destroyed at Or- u /.el, in Russia, by a confl titration. C India and China. The Bombay mail ol the 19th ol June has arrived. The intelligence which it brings is ol interest, and ? in particular relative to th'- state of the newly acqui- I red province ol Scinde. That most fertile district, t which under a good government and properly culti- ? vated will become a garden, is bow nearly pacified ' by the measures adopted by Sir Charles Napier, its present gcvernor. He has made terms with most ol ( the chiefs, and even MeerShere Mahomed is stated t to have offered to make his submission, provided he 0 could have his private property secured to him.? c There is no doubt that within a short time the com- C ilete pacification of the country will be effected. 11 Sickness prevailed very much in the cnmp at Hy- ? J I I I . u.. i'i i XT-' tl irraiiau , ncTnai uiiiurm uiru , on v nniirn iitiwirr .. lad an attack of fever, bul had recovered. The (J| communications by sea with Scinde had been cloied bv the m?nsoon, but the route viaOmercote to Bhooi and Balmeer would, it was expected, be c ipt pclily opened. <v The navigation of ihe Indns from Lukkurtn Hyde ki rabad was interrupted, and the camp at Hyderabad 0i was abundantly supplied with food and ainmuni- ,r tion, and every other necessary. The provinces of Scinde, which very much resem- 1( ble Egypt, are usually flooded by the rivers and ca nals durum the monsoon; they will require little t| more than common care to produce anexiraordi- H nmy revenue. The amount once far exceeded 'I ?1.000,00? sterling, and it in to be expected that it * will soon again reach that sunt. The subsiding of the ' waters will, it is feared, unless proper precautious j are taken, increase the sickness of the troops, but, J, as the General is experienced, there is a well founded expectation that the du? precaution will be j, >tdoi>ted. , Tnere was an absurd rumor got ui> about a confederacy having been formed among tne northern and c *'ikh chiefs at Subathno against the British, but its <i xtravagance was speedily discovered. ' One of the most remarkable ( vents of the month 91 a the solemn protest of the officers of the ar- " ny at Hyderabad against the calumnies of the ,,, Bombay Times, which paper accused them of havngdishonored the Zenana of ihe ex-Ameers.? h rhey presented an address to Sir Charles Napier tw raying for protection against these calumnies, and n hey received a decided reply from their General ? ci rhe address and reply have been published in the '} ournals ol Hombay, and were to be also circulated hroughout India. J?,1 The ex-Ameers have been removed from Horn- 4r >ay toSassoor, near I'oonah. The most dangerous r )f them was a prisoner in the Castle of Sural,where m ic was well guarded. ? The news from Lahore is that the alarm caused T ry the rumored sickne9sof Shere Singh had ceased. "c rliat monarch was employed in traversing the lorth east part of his dominions, and in examining th 1 IB lonresses l ne siaie 01 ma country whh i'iuihc, fr >ut the final departure of the French General*, Avi- ,j0 abile, Ventura, and Court, which was noon expect- .|? d, would, it .was thought, lead to disturbances, in riie sors and brothers of Shah Soojah were depend- ?? >nts on the bounty of the Sikh monarch. Dost 01 klahommed, who was in verv bad health, had T* eached Cabul, where he is said to have renamed !ll he government, but the Aflghan chiefs are repre- ,' ented as very far from being united in their alle;iancc to him. In the interior of India tranquility prevails. There ' rere some disturbances at the capital of the late i, Icindiah's dominions, where the Minister appoint- u d to govern the minority of the child chosen to sue- '* eed liini was attacked and dispossessed of hi* |H?w- " r. The British had notinterferred, but it was geerally supposed that they would soon be obliged to I ^nd troops to protect the young Sovereign himself. fri "he disturbances at Uualior will, it is sui^osed, j (#l won require the Hon. Company to take pnnsesijon Wl I tht states formerly held by Scindiah, and which ave latterly constituted the second power of ibe M nterior. At present the government at fiualior is rm milling but a compound of intrigues and plots, and hx ill the other infredienta of Indian Irickttery. In coi LD. I'rlre Two Cent* Bundelkiiiid the ?|>trit ot d inflection is mill at work, but there are activ** and inielligmt office at the head ot the tronjw there Dumfleclion prevails there, because it in a mountainous district, of which the natives du not like industry, and prefer having the privilege of plundering their neighbors. The great difficult/ in auch places is not to route the inaurtteuia il they are met with, but to know where to find them iu their fastnesses. Severe examples must be made of their leaders, ii any of them can beoanght in their akirmiahing campaigns Lord Ellenborough left Agra on the 10th of May, for Cawnpore and Allahabad, en route for Calcutta Kvumor HfWfna witi buici urucio uau mwu nuiia home ordering liim to join his council. Prior to his departure from Agra he named Mr. Clark Governor ?>l ih? norih-western province*. Thia gentlein in wiih latterly Envoy ut the Court of Lahore, which office has been abolished. Suoceaaful negotiations had been carried on with the Rajah of Bnemulpore for facilitating thw navigation of the Sutledge, and the part of the Indus touching on hia territories. The beginning of the monsoon was felt through India The mercury tell very much. A gale waa dreaded ; it came on, and expended its fury in the Hay of Bengal. Several hIiii* were lost on the Coromandd coast. A dreadful hurricane was felt at the Mauritius towards the end of April: it caused uAiiiivol InudiiJ I n It/1 mltll ?? tliu klivmnnr /vl' Innlr ships watt resumed on the (iih ot June, when a tine ship, the Thomas Grenville, wan consumed. The insurance ollices have declined granting heavy policies 011 native ship* with Lascar crews. The heat in Bombay was felt very much in the commencement of June, but the monsoon had broken on the mglit of the 18th, and had cooled the atmosphere. The wing of the 7Hth Highlanders had suffered from a sort of brain fever, which waa attributed to their caps and exposure to the sun, as well as to their careless mode of living in the Ironies. The news from China is extremely scanty. Reports had been circulated of Sir Henry Pottinger's sickness, but they were regarded as exaggerations He was said, according to the latest news of the beginning ol May, to be waiting for the arrival of the new Imperial Commissioner, Ke Ying, whowasexpected at Canton about the beginning of June. The death of Captain Farmer, ot Her Majesty's ship Driver, was mentioned. The Phlegethou had arrived at Calcutta on the 7th of J nne, from Hong Kong 7th of May. The Queen steamer has been ordered to get ready tor sea at Calcutta in the beginning of July. Some of the newspapers imagine that Lord Ellenborough is going back to Europe; but this fact may be doubted in the middle of the south-west monsoon. A letter from Hong Kong has arrived, dated 7th March. From it it appears that business was most active to the north. There were seven ships in the Yang-Tze-Kiang, selling openly at Woosung, opium and British goods. They had been warned ofl bv the authorities, but having persisted, they were allowed to continue their sales. The Americans are busy in smuggling. Sir Henry Pottingersought to stop that trade, but in vain. Captain Hope endeavored to detain some ships, but they were subsequently released. v/|>iuiii iiiici unusu ^uuusmr ncuiug ai luug jiiilxu it Shanghai. Gold is abundantly offered, but many are afraid to take it leat it should be too much illoyed'I he French frigate Erigone is going to Nizon, in Cochin China, to demand satisfaction for the persecution of the French missionaries. British goods are said to be scarce in China; not apiece to be tound outside lor sale. Theatricals ?At Her Majesty's Theatre on the occasion of Sig. Costa's benefit were to perform Fanny Elssler, Cerilo, Persiani, Lablache, Grisi, Camille, Perrot and Fornasari. A new piece in five acts, entitled Moonshine, has been produced at the Haymarket Theatre, and proved an utter failure. Three thousand pounds and upwards were receiv* ed at the Italian Opera, on the occasion of Her Majesty's first state visit to that theatre. Mr. Henry Wallack has become the new lesseee [>f Covent Garden Theatre, which will be opened mderhis management in September next. Mr. Bunn having finally settled with the Commit:ee of Drury Lane Theatre, is busily engaged in iiaking the necessary preparations for opening that establishment under his direction. *Mr. Freeman, the American giant, whilst perorming the monster in Frankenstein, at the Edinburgh Theatre, on Saturday evening, was struck in he mouth by the wadding of a pistol, but not setilusly injured. Thalberg, the pianist, was united on Saturday to Madame Buchand, daughter of Lablache. The celebrated composer Dr. Sphor, and the relowned ba99 singer, Herr Staudigl. embarked ou Saturday week, from the Brunswick Pier, Blackball, on board the Wilberforce, for Antwerp, markets. London Monet Mintr, Auu 3.?The English Stacks h?b not endergonn much alteration nince ear I ait pubcation; inve?tm*nts to a considerableeatent have been mite by the public, ami no new feature of any impor ince hai presented itielf. The recent intelligence by the Iverland Mail has had no affect upon the market. Th? remium upon Exchequer Bill* is lower, and Con?ola ave m-wltti diahtiy ot late, the saiea at an influential roller having alfeated prices alightlj; in other reap?rU ve have little alteration to notion in British fundi, a anticipation of a large importation of grain torn abroad, the Foreign Exchange* have dec Unit , they will probably remain without improvement or some time, but, from the abundant supply of bul ion in the Bank ol England, the fluctuation)) ot the corn narket will have little effect upon the pricea of stocks. >n the receipt of advices atating that au armistice had peen concluded between Texai and Mexico, the bonds ilthe latter country immediately advanced nearly 'J per ent ; they are, however, now rather flat at quotations. Colombian have improved, as alio have Brazilian, though : ii by no meam improbable that the new Government of pain will refute to recognise the arrangements of the i:e Minister of Finance ; Spanish stock continues on te rise, t-J percent being considered a sufficiently high ividend to warrant the rnk. Avn 3?The Stock Market has been tolerably steady iday.asthe Chancery broker hai been a purchaser of onsols at 93j; but there are other parties in the market hose intentions, whether to buy or sell, are not exactly nown yet. Consols lor immediate transfer have been >3 to J,and tor tim?, 93|toExchequer Bills are Ma i A7s, and F.aat India Bonds, 03s premium. New Three nd a-Half per Cents, are 101} to |; Reduced, 103 to i, nd the Three per Cents, 94| to ?. Bank Stock is quiet at Spanish Bonds continue Arm in the absence of any tar ler news, and although the Bears andeavor to circulate le idea that the Regent intends to kaep up the contest, lie Five per Tents have been 19), and the Three per Cants to ). Portuguese Converted Bonds realised 39) to 40, eing rather lively. Mexican Stock is worth 34) to], lrazilian,7l], and Pviuvian, 19 Danish Stock ia worth fl.and Russian 115} French Five per Cents ara 13It.40c nd Dutch Two and a hall per Cents 63) to London Tbadk Rtroar, Aug. 3.?Cotton?Our market i firm, and a steady demand has been experienced at full it ices. Coffee?All descriptions of coffee suitable for homo onsumption are in t quest. Company's Java is in re nest at full prices. Plantation Ceylon has brought an ilvanca of is per cwtj 151 bag* having realiied Sis ttd to 3s per cwt. at auction. In other Kast India torts there little doing Corn.-A good dear of rain appears to have fallen'in liferent parts of tke country on 8a urday and Sunday , y any nitini improve. Harveat operation* have, wit plieve, been partially eommcncnl tin* morning, in the eighborhood ol London; hut reaping rannot,under any ircumatance*, be general for *ome week* to come.? a ving n Urge ?how of t'.ngliMi Wheat, (principally from mux) iIih trade opened languidly; and before any prorr?* could be made in *ale*, factor* had to submit to a -dilution of i? per qr. on the ra:ra of thl* day le'nnight, id even at that abatement a clearance wn not effected, he enquiry for free Foreign wti (low, bolder*, however, anifeated ho particular anxiety to realixe.and purehnet mill not have been made much below the former term*, he tranaactiont in bonded Wheat were on rather a retail ale, but prevlou* pi ice* were firmly iniiatedon. Flour oved off alowly, aud ship *am|'lea were the turn cheaper, he receipt* of Barley w ere trifling in the extreme, and ough the demand for thi* grain waa not important, the cent advance waa well aupported. The Ihtle btiiineaa inein Malt waslikowise at full the currency on Mod iy la*t. There were not many Oat* fr> *h up thi* morn g?the quantity lelt over frem l*?t week'* supply being, iwever, considerable, and the dealer* acting with muck mtioii, price* had a downward tendency. Oo Iriah the 'duction since this day week may he estimated at from I to If and on even the finer kind* of Kngliah and cotch at least 6J per qr. Bean* and Pea* moved on in nail quantities, at about previou*pricea. Ltviarooi. Cotton Mabbst, August 4, three o'clock M.?The merchant* of Liverpool are making a moveietit to induce (Jovrrnment to allow a drawback upon nty p.(id cotton eaportod. At preaent foreign buyer* are mitedtothc quantity in bond, but under the new *y* tn they will ?l*o have the tree itock* to choose from i* a fortunate circumstance that the Commissioners of quiiy into revenue hltaira, and the Preiident ef the >ard of are favorahleito thia plan. The market day maintaina a rteady appearance, nnd there iinoaliit 1011 whatever in any description of American Cotj; a lair demand continues to be i aperieaced. The talea II reach about 4,000 bale*. I illy 41.?The tranajctions in Cotton have been rather an nxtensive wale thia week, and our .,kut k... I..I . riim iiDiiriiranCt'*. IKWtfr*. Mini Ih* tiihlw. I>iv? all puitihaMd with ufldeuce. Pri?.?, g?nerally, hav? ??? With