Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 2, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 2, 1843 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALDNow York, Monday. October 4, 1H43. <& Mr. L. Willard i? oar only authorized agent for tka aaleol the Herald in Troy, N. Y. All peraont withiog the paper in that city will apply only to him, at -J30 Hirer atrott. _ CNitr LiT?a*Ti'a?i.?The following hooka have been la'elv publi*hed, and are for aale at thii office The Profeaaor and hia Faroritea, by Mra. E. Fly garni the K"M*ned Nnn , Aliaon'a Hiitory of Europe, No 1ft the Poultry Book ; Mabel, the Actrea*, or the Peril* of Illicit Lova ; Tho Churchman Warned Againat the Krrora ol the Time, by Dr. Anthon; The True luue auitained, or an exhibit ot the riewa and apirit of the Epiicopal Praia, in relation to the recent ordination in St. Stephen* Church, N. Y-, and the thirl part (Martin Chuxilewit, by Dickena. Alao, Uraham'a and (todey 'a Ladies' Booki, and the Ladiea' Companion, for October. N?wi from Europe. Tbc Acadia, the next steamer due, is out thirteen day* thia noon. She is expected to morrow or Wednesday, with fifteen days later intelligence from all parts ol Europe. Tin- Poatmailrr Oeneral and Hit Poat OlDrr Arringrintntl. The miserable management which seeks to enhance the revenues of the post office department, which wan established lor the convenience of the public, by making it the instrument oi oppression nnd exaction, rather than a public benefit, cannot be toe severely dealt with. The high rates of postage, which have always been charged, have ever since the formation of the government, induced attempts to send letters by some cheaper mode of conveyance ; but while there were no railroads, and comparatively few steamboats, these efforts effected the revenues but in a very small degree; consequently up to 1827, the revenues of the department constantly exceeded the expenditures. From that year up to the present, the receipts have never equalled the expenditures, with the exception of the three years of general extravagance, 1836, 183t?, 1837. At the olose of the last named year, there was a surplus in the department of $756 209 The then postmaster earnestly pressed upon Conp'cw, the necessity of reducing the postages; but instead of seizing that moment to put the depart li, ;t upon a proper system, the surplus was only t! : id extending the routes. About that time a n' w o! mentcame into existence, growing out ot e trfri at our old posi office system was totally !, Hge, and utterly inadequate to the wants < ; imunity. This was the establishment of H i.- .; li b Fxpress, for the purpose of carrying i aliases. This business grew rapidly, and becoming important, he soon made arrangements with steamboats and railroads, mutually beneficial, on the establishment of Cunard's line of steamboats. He was tendered and accepted the exclusive freight agency of that line. This made the establishment of a branch in Liverpool necessary. Out of this arrangement grew an important enterprise. In former years almost the only mode of forwarding foreign letters from this country, was to drop them in the bag cf the newi rooms in each city, by the keepers of which they were forwarded sometimes through the mail, but mostly by private hand, to New York, to arrive on the day of the sailing of a packet. Very frequently these packages would arrive in New York too late, and lay over to the sailing of the next. Th? establishment of Harnden's express opened a sure channel of communication for these letters, and his branch in Liverpool affords a still greater advantage. It is that the postage ?f a letter can be paid to him in any of the Atlantic cities in advance, to any part of England or the continent. Harnden will carry the letter, Bay from Philadelphia to Boston, pay it at Boston to Liverpool, and his agent there will pay it to any place between Liverpool and Vienna. The promptness, regularity, and skill, with which Harnden's business is conducted, are well known to the public. His line of expresses is quite as important to it as the miserably managed post office arrangements. So sensible is the department of this, that the Philadelphia postmaster writes to Mr. WickliflV as follows "A hit hi v respectable and extensive merchant of Philadelphia informed me,that to his certain knowledge, Harnden was in toe habit of conveying by his express, multitudes of letters which ought to be transmitted bv mail. If an onoortMnitv shnnlH he afforded of bringing up on a subpcena, any o( our large commission dry poods merchants, either in Philadelphia, New York, or Boston, there would not be the slightest difficulty in establishing the tact of Harnden's gross violations of the post office laws ?and Jam firmly convinced that if he and Adamt be not put down, they will ere long put down the pott office department." Now, Harnden, by his enterprise, has partly met the great want of the community, viz. a cheap and expeditious mode of conveying letters. The world has advanced sixty years since the old and inadequate system now in operation, was established, and it is falling into decay. In this state of affairs how is it that the present Postmaster General seeks to retrieve its affairs 1 By seeking to increase the facilities afforded to the public"? Far from it. He sues Harnden for carrying bundles, and forbids the transportation of new?(>apers except at a charge so onerous as to prohibit them altogether. It is scarcely possible that a public man can be so narrow minded, so tar behind the age, so much pufted up with a little authority, as to imagine that he can put down public opinion, and roll back the tide of enterprise. Already a line of coaches has been established between Baltimore and Washington, to carry the papers prohibited on the Railroad by Mr. Wicklitie.? Public enterprises will be stimulated by oppression ic all directions, until Mr. Wicklifle is buried beneath the ruins of his abused department. No departmeni of the government will be tolerated any longer than it serves the people. The moment it becomes antagonist to the public interest it must perish II private enterprise can do better than the government arrangements, the latter must cease. Canadian Affairs.?The Provincial Parliament of the United Provinces of Canada, commenced on * "^th ult , at Kingston, probably for the last time, cations are that it will be removed from v:i.but whither has not transpired. Onestri . nee of the removal is the resignation of r ?"tary Harrison, of Canada West, which as prompted by his position in the cabinet on the v?i guT'-uniicui ?4ur8iiou, wiucn is io de maap t cabinet measure. It is said thai he stood alone ii the cabinet, all his colleagues being opposed to him his resignation, therefore, when his relationship tc the borough of Kingston is considered, will afford an elucidation of the steps to be pursued by the government. The uncertainty which has heretofore existed, and the change to be hereafter made, will prove expensive and disastrous. In Kingston much has been done to fit it for the seat of government; buildings have been erected, and streets laid out, which will now but afford evidence of faded hopes. Property which had increased in value, will be suddenly depreciated, and probably Bytown would have been subjtcted to the same fate, if the government had been removed thither. Montreal, however, is the place fixed upon, as we understand, and I litre will be many advantages there which could not have been found elsewhere. Amongst the other measures which are likely to engage the attention of the Parliament, will be that of agricultural protection On this theme Mr. Webster discoursed oracularly at the State Agricultural Fair, lately held at Rochester, but whether the Canadian government is acting on the views there expressed, or has some nostrum of his own, we are not apprised. Mr. Vattimark.?The Paris correspondent of th? Boston Atlas writes: "Alexander Vattemare, the luerary exchange man, has a grand exhibition 01 the Boulevard, of the engravuigBand pictures whicl fie ha* collected in his travels. Those from Ame rica fill two large rooms, and excite a good deal o attention, particularly some speci/nro* of bank noti 'ngravingn from yo*r city." ijt>- Thf Hon. Daniel Webster arrived at hitreai .l*nce in Washington on Friday morning, to reman nil or eight day*. t nrrmrnti of the French-Important ftvm Aflrlen-Bitenilon of Power. It appears by letters received from Cape l'almoc that the French are determined to rival England in every part of the world. We mentioned a tew days ago, and exclusively too, that the French had taken posM-nion of another place on (he coast of Africa, and were rapidly and strongly lortifyincit with heavy cannon and block foru. This intelligence is now confirmed. It is certain that the French government have taken the Oar roway country, and have block houses and frames for dwellings at Senegal, awaiting vessels.to freight them to the new colony. It seems to us thai there is no great harm ia this movement. All that is necessary for us is to keen up our squadron in that section, and not permit any interference with our trade. To this movement England has left no stone unturned to drive the French and Americans from that coast, so that she might secure the trade wholly to herself; but this last seizure on the part of France warranting a iorce from that country also present, and our own squadron will prevent any lurther aggressions in that quarter. But aside Irom this view, does not the extension of French territory indicate th*1 course Louis Philippe intends to pursue lor the future 1 Her occupation of Algeria, her seizure of the Marquesas, her intention in regard to Spain, her alliance with Brazil, her line of Atlantic steam packets, her sending a special minister to China, her every movement in fact exhibit plainly her determination to be paramount in Europe. Whether she will be so or not, of course remains to be seen. We know of no govhrnment so active just at this time. But nou$ verrons. Travelling, a.nb Constructive Travelling ? A question has recently arisen at the Oyer and Terminer, held in Jefferson city, in the State of Missouri, which possesses a public interest from its adherence to the precedent Bet by our Congressional law-makers. It turns out, however, that the law makers, being absolute, can remunerate themselves, but that the principle will not hold good with jurors. In the case referred to, it appears the Grand Jury came into Court, with indictments against John and David McDaniel, Brown, Towson and Mason, for murder ; and McCormick, Berry, Prefontaine, Morton and Harris, for larceny. Abraham Shafer, the clerk of Cky county, was indicted lor misprison of felony. Shafer, who wee there as a witness, was arrested, and by counsel moved to quash the indictment against him, for the reason that a felonious intent was no where charged. It was also intimated that the indictment was imperfect in charging that the offence was committed in "(he high ways of the United States, in the Indian country west ?f the Mississippi, and north of the north line of lands assigned to the Osage tribe of Indians"?it being no where alleged that the offence was committed "at the district of Missouri." The District Attorney "admitted the materiality of the absence of felonious intent; and declared it to be a clerical error. The other point he refused to yield, declaring the indictment to be good at common law, but at the suggestion of the Court, who declinced deciding the point, a new grand jury wa8 empannelled, from a portion of the previous jury, and new indictments found in all the cases, charging the felonious intent on the part of Shafer, and locating the offence of the marauders " in the Indian country, west of the.'Mississippi, north of the north line of land assigned to the Osages, and ufon the land without the jurisdiction of any particular State, the United States?to wit, at the district aforesaid." Shafer employed W. M. Campbell, Esq , of St. Charles, and Gen. A. 1. Doniphan, of Liberty, as his counsel, and gave bail in the sum of two thousand dollars for his appearance at the April term, in St. Louis, and was discharged. The point 10 which we have referred was raised by the grand jury, in the settlement of their accounts. After they were discharged on the first jury, thry procured their certificates and were paid the usual per diem and mileage. In the second case, they were summoned and sworn as an entire new jury, particularly and specially charged by the Court ub a new jury, heard the evidence anew, and returned new indictments. To test the question, one account was made out, charging mileage in the second case, and presented to the Court for allowance. It was referred, in the usual form, to the District Attorney, who reported in favor of the per diem, but against the mileage. After argument, this report was sustained by the Judge, in a lengthy opinion, the substance of which was that the five cents per mile, which the government pays a witness or juror, for travelling from the " place of his abode," was intended aa a compensation " for travel," and not to be otherwise charged. For the day charged in the last account, the jurors had been previously paid, on the former jury, and on their part it was contended that the per diem provi- I sion should be construed aa closely as the mileage? that the per diem being allowed, the mileage should follow?that the government was compelled to have anew jury, and that they were in fact a cheaper jury than could be otherwise obtained, and by their direction the account will be forwarded for the decision of the Secretary of the Treasury. The famous constructive journey from Ghent to St. Petersburg, and the constant practice of m:m; bers of the United States Senate, was freely re. (erred to, with no other success than to determine the jurors to have it decided whether a farmer in 1 Missouri is equivalent, on a question of principles, to a Senator in Washington. When Mr. Van Buren's term of office expired, on the night of the 3d of March, 1S40, the Senate sat to the last moment of the waning night, but they were assembled again in twelve hours, to act on the appointments of General Harrison, and in those twelve hours, which many Senators devoted to rest, some of them obtained several thousand dellars for constructive travelling to their homes and back. How the principle here acted on can vary from that on which the jurors in Missouri ! claimed to be paid, we are at a lose to discover; btit the nation will gain if the refusal to pay the jurors i should lead to the disavowal at the seat of governi ment of charges where travelling has not been actually performed. J Theatrical.?The Chatham not only deserves success, but obtains it. Hitherto the manager's heart has been gladdened by the patronising approval of the public, and his exertions have been redoubled to retain the popularity which he has fatamed. To night "The Hunchback" and the "Rebel Chief," are the prominent features of the entertainment, and the cant of the characters is the best that could be made. Jamison is an established favorite, andhegives promise of future distinction; Mr. Hield has been long before the public as a member of the Park and other companies, but we regret to see him deteriorating : his chief aim and ambition appears now to be to "split the ears of the groundlings" and obtain a "hi, hi, hi!" from the boys of the pit. This is unworthy of him, for he ia capable of better things, and is unjust to the manager, whose efforts to make hia theatre attractive to the judicious and intelligent should not be thwarted by an actor. In the play of Luke, |the Laborer, Mr. Hield frequently insulted the discreeter portion of the audience by certain clap-trap gagg?ry about Yankee tars and hail Columbia,while the characters were all of another nation, and the 1 scenes laid in a foreign land. This should be amend* ! rd. Mrs. George Jones has been recently doing 1 business suited to her power*, and has established 1 herself as an especial faiorite. Other actors are very respectable. We hear that engagements are ' entered into with Jim Crow Rice and Mr. Booth, e for an early period. Ilice, whether on or off the stage, is deservedly u favorite, and his engagement will be both flattering and profitable. 1 Dibaorkkable, very!?The weather yesterday We had nothing but rains. Father Webb's Hrll|twu Locofocolara? Pntfjr Cathollrlun-Episcopalian ProtesItntlim. Gross personalities, vulgar elandet, and tiendlike passions,are too often the characteristics of religious controversies. The most horrid barbarities have been frequently committed ia the name of the Lord, ?nd we n?pear to have gone round the circle and come back to the point at which the same sceaes must be re-enacted Father Webb, the "defender of the Faith," mas malignant as was John Calvin when he sent Servetus to martyrdom, and if Bishop Onderdonk escapes the iaggot, it is for the more mPrrifnl flnvinir hIivh uiliiflh hp tn ?t ihrnnffh lh<" columns of the Courier <fc Enquirer. Webb, however, like all new converts, is zealous without knowledge. His zeal puts him into a foam which out-does Phalon's Tuberose Shaving Cream, and his writings prove most satisfactorily that Boz, by the aid of La Roy Sunderland's Pathetism, which throws people into trances and gives them vitions of things of both worlds, of the past, and the present, and the future, saw the routs? Webb would take in thiscontroversy,ar.tlhciice the rowdy journalism which he foreshadowed. Suddenly inflamed as his mind has become, wiih z^al for tilings holy, he yet requires purging of th^ old leuv.n which leavened his whole lump. The earn? passions govern him as when he packed the pit of ihe Park Theatre to drive away a singer who would not submit to the dictation of Webb's crcntures, and Bishop Onderdonk's character must be pelted vim the mud of Webb's slanderous abuse, as un*panngly thrown as it ever was on a political opponent. There is much needful penance to be undergone yet ere Webb will be a completely changed man One material error, however, into which he falls is, the introduction ot political tactic* and political theories, into church government?a species of locofoco rowdyism which packs ward meetings and kicks out an honest opponent to accomplish its purpose. We re-copy the concluding paragraph from his instructive article which we published yesterday, because it bears se forcibly on this point:? Now,however, that Puseyism ha* thrown oil' its mask, and stands before the world in all its naked deformity, the laity owe a duty to them'elvea and the church which they mav not neglect. In the coming rlections every man who is a candidate for vestryman, must open'y avow hi* opinions in advance; ani' the Trotestant Episcopalians must one aid all, learlessly diachaige their duty. Every vestry in the diocese will then be anti.Pusevite; and. wry rector who countenances or sustains the Birliop in this daring act of usurpation, must be made to feel that the laity are not to he tiifled with. Thus an.) thu> only, fan this dangerous heresy benipped in the In;.). and although it may leave us a church nln.ott withou priests. P:t?e>i m will find i':.eli wi'.ha Duhip and clergy without t laity. He is equally in error on the subject of the rights of the p'ople in church matteis, l-ut on is subject we shall tarn him over to Bishop Onderdonk, Vrho in his charge to the convention said The church i? ? department of the social compact differing trom th??e ol a fecular and civil charac'er It hai not resulted from men's voluntarily te'kiig the good which it mav impart, or ) iei ting to the necessities which may have driven them into it. by the sturendry by each, fir the good ol the whole, of immunities and prtrogutives naturally his. The foundation ol the church lies not in ntiuV agreement, hut in God's requirement. Nor does mi:i't association in the church r. 1 ?t? to him us a being having rights to ba secured or prerogatives to urrender, nor an one who haa a high, honoraMe, and pure in rat Mir.se lo bring to bear upon the happiness and w <ll.it e of th<> community to which he belong*. 1 hech'iir h i<> uppoiii'ed for man as a being weighed doun with ltaiiiy and corruption, and by his sinfulness shu' out rniitl.e mere) and exposed tathe Just anger of He God- H It Ml a M> ciety formed by him far the pur|>o*.' cf -utcei.tmt af and calling into exercise his powers ?' n I i,ov rnntf n<, and of promoting his own and others' welnra and interests. As God's instrument and ag> 11 of mercy, it takes man as a frail, guilty and helpless being, Uw he muv be thus putin the divinely appointed *?y of grace ami salvation through Jesus Christ. Its powers and pr rogatives come directly from heaven- Its human ?eei >t, in the accomplishment ot the holy and blesst-dendsi f its institution, have their powers and prerogatives from God, and not from men. Inaeed, as if to illustrate this holy and heavenly character of the church, the appointment of such agents was not only independent of the church, but anterior to its full Christian organization. The mi.nstry wa< appointedt o gather,organise instruct and guide the church, not the church established with power to employ the ministry. The primary powers of the church, then, are not diffusive, but concentrated. They are not in the members, but the head. They are committed by the head to the ministry Inthia.howavpr.it ia A?i>)rnt i? nil man diligently reading holy scriptures and oncient authors, and thence, collecting, from its practical development, the great principles destined to be incorporated into the lull ecclesiastical organization, divine (action is piven to qualifications in administering the polity of the church, which clearly recognise therein an efficient interest (riven to the subordinate pestoral associates of the chief ministers ot Christ's flock, and to the members generally of that holy b"dy. Whatever may be the modifications of tkia U ia ?.# Aheiotia nmnriot. on,1 imnnr4ot./?i> tkoi i?a IUI>, li ! U? V??IW..? p>vniic<7 ?' ? .Mjpw'tanvw ? bear in mind tbii evangelical view of the true theory of Christ'* church. A very valuable consequence of thia may, by the divine blessing, be expected to be, my beloved brethren of the clergy anrt laity, the constant realizing by cach of u?, in his proper sphere, of the solemn truth that when we engage in the service of the church of God, we are employed in an agency, not tn carry out a human scheme of benevolence or usefulness, not to promote an end deriving value from its popularity or acceptableoesa with men, not to devise ana execute the most ingenius, improved or ready modes of showing results, but an agency?with reverenco and godly fear be it undertaken?in the accomplishment, by the mighty power of the Holy Ohost, of the exceeding great and precious object whereby God, in the exercise of in?tt' ble meiij , m in Christ Jesus, reconciling the world ur.to him. 1'itss we then everto our hearts the obvious trnf!i,that th-n ?iily can we expect to be enlightened unJ iffi ient ugi-ntx in this work, when our hearts sre controlled, < ur characters formed, and our lives preserved, by thai jrn? priunple of evangelical faith which only gives consistency, and in which only we can expect efficiency, in vrhativerwe may do in thecauseof thechurch. But my principal object in this course of remark, wa* to show its beariug on the question of our refpouailiitity as ministers and members ol the church, in what we do simpij as such. I* it to the public ? I can sie no principle on which this can he Justly maintained- How is it possible for a body of men held together by nocommon principles of religion, to Judge of religious mattera'1Taking tbe gospel for our guide, we must see in tlic church and the world essentially antagonistic bodies? Thechurch was formed,not to co-operate with the world, but to oppose it?to attack the wicked principle* and practices to which it is in bondage, and to come to no terms with it on any other principles than its entire surrendry ef its opposition to the pure and holy spirit of the gospel, and its submission to the rule which Christ through His Church, would establish over it for ita good. Alas ! brethren, I need not ask you whether the world if now such as to afford any confidence of its Judging aright in matters pertaining to the kingdom of God. No, sure ly ; and let me affectionately say to both the clergy and laity, ever conscientiously acting upon the principle myself, that for what wa do in our several departments of service to the church, we owe no responsibility t? the world; in other words, to the public. From the world we have derived no power. We hold no commission fr^m it. Let us ever by the grace of God, be careful that in our intercourse with it, we adorn the doctrine of God our Ravior in all things; and then go forward in enr Master's work, indifferent, save for its own sake, whether the world is pleased or offended, and indeed looking for tie ill will and oppoaitien from it which that Mu'te. and >'is divine word have nrenared us to exnrrt. How palpable now appears the ignorance of Father Webb, and how justiy dors he appear entitled to the drAgnation o'" R?ligiou? Lncofnco. The Bisbo) himself used thin stronger langusgr, " that carnal mind which in radically incapable of spiriti ai discernment." A,so, on the same puhj.-ct he spoke nl " the it?.<].) and j>*st? of unrenewed hearts, the insolence of the ignorant, and the bla^ hem.es and imj w tn so! the profane." And Webb's controversial spirit and writing* lie described as " an unchristian fondness tor reli^:t.ua disputation, and a concern for the church hardly distinguishable In in mere indulgence, in another lin* than those which worldly mmdedneFS, uttual'y s':p;>iie3, of ? litigious disposition, a love ot opposition, und a desire for distinction in eontrowr.-y and in troublous agitation." The closing language of the ilishopinay a,>pear harsh, but in such a caute tenderness ia a crime, and we hope, as Webb has m, roveJ hiam.irals, and entered upon a career ot r?!uion ai d religious controversy, that he will amend hi* intellect also. We have done much for tfwr man in his eventful life, and we shall continue to be his guardian angel, though we despair of ultimate sucotstSince he has assumed the cowl, he has cut a ?orr> figure, but with a little of our fatherly car<? he ma\ possibly become a respectable disputant. We air. however, bound to counteract the influence of his ignorant assumptions, and we commend him to prayer and penance as an atonement for the evil he has done. Amen. LATrsT From Mkiico.?We have received by the way of Havana and New Orleans intelligence from if... n...M ta (l. oj ..i? r era v>nu iu uir ah uii. The elections for the General Con?re8i and for the Department Assemblies wre still in progress, aad the result not known. They were thought to be generally favorable to Santa Anna One of the EngIish steamers from VeraCruz had arrived at Iiavaia with 9140,000 in specie. Tlae Venerable John (^nlncy Adams. Mr. Adams pawd through this State in the course ol 'he tummrr months. ar.d wherever he went he was net-iv< d with the most affectionate attention. He in ttiill on the move, and at New Bedford in Masaachu etts, on Thursday laat he had a public reception at the Town Hall, to which he replied in a speech eo full oi interest, that we unhesitatingly give it entire. He said? Fellow Citickms?If it shot) 1J happen in the few words which I shall (ay to you in answer tothe overwhelming kindnewof your reception, ana in reply to the very gra tilying muuner in which 1 have b?cn introduced t? yeu, I shauld appear in my remarks, incoherent, disconnected,extravagant, it must be attributed to the circumstances in which I find myseli placed, and the utter unexpectedness of being thus called upon to address you. Within the past three months, accident, matters of personal concernment and duty to my family led metotraverae the neighboring State of New York and a portion of a neighboring province, and d|iring this journey, to my utter astonishment?to my consternation?I found mycelt received every where with extraordinary marks of popular tavor. 1 was received every where as?as I have been received by you here. I believe never was a man sine* the creation of the world so surprised at receiving such testimonials of public esteem as 1 may truly saj; I was on these occasions. I inay say with a very distinguished warrior, who was lurprised at the acclamations which greeted him wherever he went?1 was "astonished to find myself so great a man." In the one case, however, there w*a far less cause of surprise. Success in war? le,iisot arms?su.-round the military hero with ahaloof hl.'ry which has always appealed successfully to the appUuse of themilutode. 1 can make no i>uch claim? l.a'iof ui hi - never have been mine. All of which I can ooj.. is tne honest endeavor, through a long liteof public tervicv in thecuunsrlsof the nation, to promote to the e.iteiit oi mv ability the highest and truest interests of tan people, ii, tu< ii the warrior who had tilled the world with the story oi his bravery lelt astonished at the deiiioaslia ions nf re* r.l which were lavistiel upon him, how nmcli moiesh uld 1 be surprised and overwhelmed. Ftllow Citiz?n?lin the course of that tour 1 was led to ob?ui ic ihe luloiiishmg progress which in a lew years had be?n made in mo pio-pcrityof the country, hew much had been ucco:nj l.shed liy the hand of man; in this wilderness of former aji?, 1 w as stmrkwith delight to see how much

had been done in a p^nod so short, by the hand of inan, in tho "Umpire mute," aud with peculiar gratification to learn how much ol it had been done by the hands of Yankee*. Toone who has kpent his days in the service ol his couutry, who has watched over her progress with anxiou* solicitude for her highest ultimate success?to one who has arrived too at tho age ol four score years? if there can be a delight to the heart of such a man, it is the reflection that he has contributed his mite to his coun> try's prosperity. Fellow citizens, I have heard that one of our countrymen, a highly distinguished clergyman, and one who was recently an inhabitant of your town, in. formed his society in a discourse delivered a short time since, on the occasion of his return from a visit to Kurope, that the philanthropic and thinking men of that country regarded our e: periment of a republican government a failure. Oiir e>p-riment of a republican government a failure! Thert 'ire three things necessary to confirm the success of our experiment in free?in self government? J tii< bpproval ot the creator; the acts of the government; rlie<*i'ti of m&n?the acts of the people. If this experi mem h& e? a luilure, to whom is it to be attributed? To Clod? God forbid. Who will not say God has done hi* pa.t .1 iiu- behalf I NlTV was a nation more iavored; the Meisingof God alw.ij * rests upon man beyond his ill tnrtP. lias government tu'ledl 1 make this inquiry vnuout tUe remotest intet.tiou ?t trenching on political ground. 1 i h-simiH we shall all respond in the negative. Govei umi ut lu< not done its duty. But wherein it hi?sfaili-d Judgments widely (lifter. One por.ion of you would cliarcre that a? faulty upon government, which the other portion would laud to the ikies as the Houudi st policy. On this the two portions would no mure agreethsn did the popular laste of the community, who criticinf d a woik olart produced by a painter, who painted a shoe aud presented it bi fore them, desiring that those J pa<ts fcS'et-aiPd bsautilul might be distinguished by a mark to tin placed up?n them. 'l'he consequence was that the shoe wh marked all over. He then painted another precisely lik<* it, and d*ired that its delects might Lc pointed out in the satuo way; and thii, toe, was in like manner marked all 01 er. f*o in relation to the government; it lia? its beauties and defects, but the people are not at all agreed * liich is the one cud which the other. !! the experiment h is failed, all will agree that the fault is in the government. Whit have the people done?1 should ruber usk what have they not done 7 Look every ?h?re, and m the astoiialung truitsof their enterprise. Your own prosperous town in an illustration of what the hnu.l o! nan u doing, li is true, as your Chairman has well observed, that i his h not the paradise which I have recently witnessed in a neighboring State?your field is on the ocean?your ships in search of their mighty game goto the vlmo-t extremity of the world?your hardy si urn *n draw cut the leviathan from the deep?and your adventurous ent.-rpr se is building up your beauMini homes, and minis'ering to your comforts and yourwmts I was here < lit years ogo, and since then vour population has increased nearly one hall ; )?ur ships have multiplied, and on every side are exhibited the mirbt of jour signal prosperity. Your s'rong arms hove sounded the depths of the oceans, and tnev hfcve yielded up to you their treasures, l'hisiaonly an illustration?this is only a type?of *>hat is true of the whole of this-.aft couutrv. Every whero has our pros* perity and growth been unparalleled. No! The experiment of a li. pal lican Government has not failed. The fruits of its beneficent iniluence?the stupendous result of the enterprise it foster* and develop**?testify to the groundlessness of the tears in which these " philanthropists and think* ing men" a' Europe, are so very ready and so prone to indolg-v If our experiment h?s tailed, no government ever established by mankind on the face of the earth ever failed so successfully. To one who hasbeen for threo score years in tne service of his country, and who has honestly striven to contribute his mite to her prosperity, nothing can give so much delight as to be aflorded an opportunity to witnoss the success ot her people, whether on the ocean or in the cultivation of the soil. For the little I may have done in the stations which I have been called upon to fill, I am more than repaid by the thanks that are tendered me ; by these spontaneous offerings of gratitude that are proffered to me?it is more than I could expect. I am aware that in a great measure I am indebted to the extraordinary demonstrations of regard manifested towards me during the journey to which 1 ha ve referred, and no doubt also for a measure of that exhibi. ted on the present occasion, to those efforts which I have been enabled to make in behalf of the liberties of my country?in the honest teelingn of my heart I say the libertiea of my country?in the course I have pursued on the right of speech and of petition. These supplementary services ot my life were utterly unexpected to me; 1 never could have anticipated that I should be called upon to defend eur liberties from assaults coming from within, assaults made by our own hands. Early in life it was my lot to serve the country in foreign lands?to lend my aid in resisting foreign aggression; but I never could have anticipated that a blow threatening the liberties of the country, was impending over us at the hands 31 the piotde themselves. For the last sevon years 1 livvr iwuiiu nivwr.fi t?uru upu iu iwm vuib vuirmcuru i Janger. in .i. m i,ce of the right I have fought with whit manhood I in.<lit To this do I owe the enthusiastic ap. p o'idtion w hicli is bestowed upon me here and elso*iier>-. In thiiouite 1 hare taken, I have relied on my cuii.lit uenU?on m?* people of this commonwealth. They hkve mi tuiiif.i me, ai.i to them belongs the honor, not to mc. YU.' rixht o: petition ii not yet restored. At the itfKi ot Congi cs* it was aecured lor a seaion?fe cured h> a maj>ri'y of three votes?but the right was again lo-t?it u a) negotiated away. And in view ol the present politic nl tr-pi cts, 1 cannot flatter you with the hope that it will very toon be restored. But on this oc. cation I would avoid an approach to political topic*. From tha design of simply thanking you lor your kind reception, which was my only purpose in addressing you, I have been led away unconsciously to indulge in the feelings which absorb my soul. It only remains for me to express to you the feelings of the warmest and deepest gratitude which your kindness has excited in me, and in return to invoke upon you the blesaingof Ood, and breath a prayer for your continued proipeBuring*lhe delivery of this speech, Mr. Adams was frequently interrupted by bursts of enthusiastic applause. It was listened to with intense interest by all. Improvements in Canada.?The Corporation of Toronto,de sirous of effecting certain improvements, ii endeavoring to borrow the sum of ?20,000 in debentures for ten ye ar?, secured by mortgage on blocks and lots in the ci'y, the property of the Corporation, and applying ? 12,(00 to pay off'a previous mortgage. The Bank of Upper Canada, through Mr. J. G. Ridout, its cashicr, decline* to make the loan on the I ground that Replication had been made to Mr. William Cawthra and the British America Assurance Company, i nd ihr t " ih'-y have no doubt a beneficial arrangement may yet be made with Mr. Cawttira for the w hole s>;ni required," which they estimate at JCa )/> 0 currency. Jews in Canaim ? The Gt nnan and Polish Jews of Montreal having rr?r!\ej to erect a Synagogue, a s ib?rript inn'fortiiat purpose has been set on foot,and, an we understand, with ( very prospect of success. They hav- airraify rt>?<!e some progress in their unlieilabing, by the purchase of the "sacred scroll," <tad ' f i piece of land for a burial ground. N\ono Riot in 1't n*syi.vania.?There have ten f?rn'u? notH ,.( Ste at Lewistown, Pa. On Sunday night last, the boatmen assembled in conldrrablc numbers nnd stacked the part of the :own mi which th?* n* griM-s reside. In order to disrse the riot# rn, the Stu riff found it necessary to rd'T out two corrpinien of volunteers, who scat" red the mob and captured six ringleaders. Si q \*Kt ?Capta n New bold, of the Transit, at M N Irom t Vincents, reports that on tie I4 h int-t , in let TO 37 M. Ion 63 47, at 7 minute? be f*u 8 o'clock. P. M , felt three severe shocks of what h" Callrd on caribq take, but wc should say it wa^moreof a? anu ke. Rkcoonizbd ? nicholas Kiggio has been recognized as Vice Consul of Sardinia for the New Kngianrl Oi position to Railroad.?A line of stages is ubout to run from ttultimore to Washington. ftCf' Mr Downing, the Sheriff of Washington County, Miteispippi,who disappeared go mysteriously last spring, waa seen in New York a lew wet Kb I*0 I City Intelligence. The Odious Militia Law.?Let every citizen who is opposed to thefeolUb.ocicu? ard oppressive militia law, avow bit determination to vote for no man for tbe Legislature thii tall who will not pledge himself to advocate its repeal. Let the independent, neutral press of this city speak out on this sutyeot, that the wrongs of the poor ?ufferer* who have been'imprlsoned in|Kldrrdge street jail, may be avenged by tho strong arm of the law. Thi Board or Aldvhmkn meets this afternoon at five o'clock, to transact the ordinary business. When shull we hear from the special committee on police, or do they intend to do as the members of last ytar did, poatpoue all action uutil on the eve of being removed from office. ocneaal Sessions.?The October term of the Court of Oenerol Hesaiona commences this morning. Some very jniereMin* inais wm ibko place miring ton term, ana wearehapry alio to learn that ia accordance with the unanswerable position of thi? paper, a complete changc of efticerahas been made, thus'allowing all connected with the police to ahare the benefit! and emolument* arising from the dutiei incumbent upon them during the session. Ukii'RRKCTioif Bodiki.?two catks were discovered yesterday, on board of the steamboat North America, at the foat of Courtlandt street, which, from appearance, led to suspicion that they contained something besides "crockery ware," with which they were marked. Officer Cockefair bclnij sent for, after examination, concluded they contained dead bodies, and had them token on shore and opened, when such was found to be the result. One contained an elderly male person and a female, packed iu salt, and the ether a male, alto pickled in the same manner. They were directed to " A- W. Hyde, Whitehall, N. Y ?per Baker's Troy Line," and no doubt were thus put up asBubject* for dissection. The ooroner held inquest* on the bodies, and ordered them to be buried in Tetter's Field, from whence it is very probable they were obtained by body snatchers. One of them has been rorognized as a Black well's Island convict, that had been buried in Pottpr'a Field. Can the keeper of the Field throw any light on this subject ? Who packed these bodies 7 Ac?id*ntal de4th.?On Saturday morning, while Lawrence Grinnen was engaged in assisting to tear down a two story building, at No. 4S Mulberry street, he threw one of the raftets from the root, and aa it passed from hia hands,several nails proirudiag from it caught hia clothes, and he was forced headlong into the yard below, atriking his head upon the pump as ne descended. He waa immediately conveyed to the City Hospital, where he died in a few bourn afterwards. An inquest was held by the coroner?verdict accidental death. Most Extraordinary Suicidk.?We never read any thing more extraordinary than the following. It appears almost too strange to be true, and yet " truth is strange, stranger than fiction ?"? The Lebanon (Ohio) Star says, the. body of a young man by the name of David T. Gerard, before mentioned, was found on Thursday morning, 3llfc?|?r*liut'd i?y uir urutv n? a ucc auuui a nine iruui the Blue Ball, and near the western border *f Warren countv. An inquest was held over his body, and we learn from the c?roner that the jury brought in a verdict of self murder. Amongst his papers was found a will, bequeathing his property to his mother, who lives somewhere in Indiana. He was worth in money, judgments, du? bills, and personal property, from fifteen to eighteen hundred dollars, of which $789 50 are on drposite in the Lafayette Bank in Cincinnati, and $105 15 were found in his trunk. He was about 35 years of age, of good moral character, and a good school teacher, in which profession he had been for several years employed. Though not considered deranged, he was eccentric in hisconduct, and of a misanthropic temperament. The following papers found in his hat and trunk, were handed to us by the coroner. No doubt they are genuine Wednesday, 13th, 1843. " I wish to be buried in a plain, cheap manner, in some retired and lonely spot I wish my grave to be left level aud not a stone raised to tell where 1 lie; and if 1 have any friend left, I want him next spring to go and sod my grave over perfectly level and s:::ooth, so that the place may be lost and forgotten as soon as possible. " I wish Mr J. Patterson to take my saddlebags key, and go to Aaron Russell's, and in the presence of him and John Lummis open said bags; examine the contents; read rr.y will to them; and then leave the key and all with ihem. 1 want my yellow trunk opened; the money in it to be paid out for my funeral expenses, and the balance to be paid by my executore. %" To stop the mouths of all liars and fools, I do hereby certify that my death is brought about by my own cool and deliberate act. I intend swallowing half a pint of braudy, 15 grains of morphine, and sn ounce of laudanum. I shall only use the rope for fear I vomit, and thus defeat my object, for 1 am resolved to go. I am weary of the world. It is not the place for an honest man. I want no preaching over me, for /ear they will lie about me. " The letters found in my trunk 1 wish handed to the individuals to whem they are directed?those in my saddlebags I want mailed and postage paid ae anon as poewible. "This is a gloomy day, to me at least. That glorious sun which once shone so brightly on (what appeared to me,) this fair world of ours, will rise no more on me. If it did, it would appear shorn of all its splendor. F?r many days all nature seemed to languish. In vain have the flowers spread their gaudy foliage, nil nature's smiles are frowns to him who has a btok^n heart. I have struggled on through adverse fortune from boyhood t? the present hour, till I am weary of the warfare. I leave the world without a decided opinion on any thing. The whole concern is a mystery I cannot comprehend. It is a serious matter to think of, dropping suddenly out of existence and going, you know not wher*1. It is a leap in the dark; but I have no relatives, and very few friends, here to grieve after me. A few years at most, and I will be forgotten. "iMy life, if compared with the mass, would be about a medium one, or perhaps a little above. I have lived an honest and tolerably moral life. I have often been the victim of other people's wickedness. and thev have generally had the cunning and address to put all the blame on me?and often I have home it with calmness and resignation, and never tried to justify myself. For " vengeance is mine, and 1 will repay, saith the Lord." I have often been more the injured than the injurer. As 1 am going, I could easily take Rignal vengeance on many of my enemies, but I scorn to do it. Thry are beneath my notice. I am proud even in death. I shall soon be far beyond the reach of their enmity. They may giatify their malignant dispositions by blackening and aspersing my character; but it will not hurt me Death is to me like starting on a long journey; I feel sorry to part from old acquaintances and familiar objects, but it has lost all ifB terrors The subject is ever present to my mind to-day. I can think of|nothing else?and why need II?Every reflecting person must know that a man has a gloomy prospect in the futuie that dejiberately sets about destroying himself?such is mine. I cannot think of wandering to and fro, up and down the earth any longer; and I cannot be settled as I wish, sol will just make my bow. thank the audience for their kind and respectful attention, and leave the stag? to better actors. Not a ware of pleasure rolls Across my pf aceful breast. "I bid a long and final farewell to all my friends, and most cheerfully pardon and forgive all my enemies. "These are the last lines I shall ever write. J shall soon commence swallowing the soul-benumbing drug. I shall make my wor.'i secure. "David T. Gerard. "A slight tremor affects my nerves. "Forthe Wkstkrn Star. "Departed this life, by taking poison, on the 13th inst., David Gerard, who had been an old and faithful school teacher in this and Butler county. He assigns no particular reasons, only that he was weary of life." NibloV?1The true lovers of the highest possible order of Music will be gratified to hear that the Proprietor has entered into an arrangement with the Italian Troupe to produce the new opera of Gemma di Vtrgy, by Donizetti, so well known as composer of the two operas " Im Fille du Regiment," and " Lucia di iMmmermoor." Signor Perniii ia InHiannfoKlv fh? v?rif hr-flt tpnnr WP hnvp ?" *? ,D muippumwi/ ??v ?vt/ .VM?. ?V ??.V heard for yearn. Signor Calveti is also to appear for the first time. It is gratifying to the public generally to hear that there is an active movement making to establish the Italian Opera ihrough the winter, by subscription. We hope it may be carried into eflect. It would well repay the Italian Troupe if theii repertoire of operas be sufficiently strong as to admit of a succession of novelty. Circus.?Thid evening, the Minstrels, Booth, Jeukine, Edwards, George?Braes Band?John Goasin?Horsemanship?Aihietic Games of the Arena?Sommersetting?Splendid Cavalcade? beauty, youth, wit, gaiety, fashion, and respectability, and a fine chowder in the saloon. Tub Harsimus JWi'rdsr Cask.?Graham and Lammer have been found guilty. {((? THE GREATEST LIVING CURIOSITY EVER prearnted to the public it decidedly Caaper Hauler, whether bipe?l or quadruped, man or monkey,brute or being, it ii difficult to decide. Ho append to partake oi ihe peculitriiiei of all. Hp hm two 1ur?, yet walk* upon all four*?he hai intellect, yet i? mifchievoua a? monkey ?he ha? the power of ap?ech,yet haa animal propen?itie?. Doubti may exiit an to hi? origin, but none will ari?e a? !A Ilia tinincr t)in mnil ?wlrnnv>linuev ntiAnnmPflOn nwuirt' ver produced. A celebrated bind of Ethiopian Min strel? ura enraged?Jenkiu* accompaniea them upon thi banjo; henideg which the Fiid go Mermaid and a holt Of other attraction* are all to be aeca at Pe?lo'? Muieum ler one (hilling. i BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. {?> We received no papers by the mail last night. ft?- THERE WILL BE CROWDED HOUSES THIS wren at both the Museums, lor they have opened nxeced* ?n?>y rich. At the Amerioan we perceive the public's old favorite, Dr. Valentine, ia engaged, and will present many new atoiiua and delineation* which will delight his auditors. But he is only ono of a dozen engaged there, while itPeale'a the Southern Minstrels ami ntner talented nerlormerg are engaged, besides the Wild Bay of the Woods, and the whole is seen for only ona shilling. No place of amusement affords more chaste and interesting entertainments than our Museums under their preaent efficient mooagers. KJ~ DEATH OF OFFICER BENJAMIN F. TOMPKINS ?At o meetinir of the ottiaers attarhxH t? t>.? i -? rPoliCf, od Saturday afternoon, Gilbert F H?ys was called to the chair, and Egbert Q. Sweet appointed Secretary. The following preamble and resolutions were unaniadopted : ? Whereas. it has pl< used Almighty Ood to remove by death our atiocmu. andbiothtr, Benjamin F.Tompkins? therefore, Resolved, That we dee ply lament his loss, having heen associated wi'h hiui lornuny years- he i<l*aj? manifesting a kind disposition, ever ree:y tr. .iti.l ilje needy, horn st and upright in all his attain with wan. Resolved, That we condole w ith the orphan children, relatives and friends ot tho deceased iu their loss, and while we lament his death, it is a solemn warning to ui all to he prepared to follow him. Resolved, That the officers ot this department attend the tuneral of our deceased itiend, from his late residence, 49 Bayard street, on Sunday morning, at seven o'clock. Resolved, That a copy of the above preamble and resolutions be transmitted t? the friends of the iamilyiSigned.) O. F- IIAY9, Chairman. E. G. Sweet, Secretary. 0^- THK BOAT RACE?In looking over the columns ol the " Sunday Herald" of yesterday, i am somewhat surprised t'. there And an affidavit over the signature of Stephen Roberts, my late competitor, to the effect that bis boat did not come in contact with mine dating the race, with the gratuitoub opinion on bis part, that ho considers he has won the race fairly; also that wo refuse or contest the giving up of the stakes. Now, for the information of all those concerned, I will make a plain statement of some of the facts in the case, believing that all who know me will consider an affidavit quite un. necessary aud uncalled for. Mr. Roberts' boat did comn In contact with mine during the race? furthermore,! have not contested the giving up of the stakes, but consider, as I did belore the race, that I was In tho hands ot the judges, wh j it seems cannot agree; and I am now willing to pursue the ordinary course in such cases, viz , row theracc over again. If any further proof of the above mentioned facts is required from me, it will be forthcoming from dia interested persons. SIDNEY DORLON. Of?- A CARD?TO PUBLILHERS OF NEWSPAPERS.?We havo no idea of attempting to follow the sever?l worthless renegades who mako libellous attacks upon us, and have no character or responsibly to answer for them. We pay the press an immense amount yearlv, and that, if no other consideration should cause them to look to the character of the advirtiments tliey take from itine. rent vagabonds or respectable loafers, before they give place to them. We shall after this lair an I open notico, commence suits and complaints against any pub'ishar* who admits libellous matter against us, whether it is ati advertisement or not. Henry Dalley, a foreign gentleman, who has been siace March last, under injunction, from the Caurt of Chancery, of this State, directed to him, and all his agents and aids, forbidding him under penalty often thousand dollars, from issuing or putting forth in any way, an article called " Dalley's Pain Extractor," or any thing like it, which he has grossly violated, as well as bis contract with us, and has even inserted some false and scurrilous advertisement against us. He is now under notice of motion for attachment against his person for such violation, and we intend to teach this Englishman, that he must respect his contract and the laws of our country. We expended over five thousand dollars to get this article into notice, and do not intend he or bis aids shall rob us of our rights, or vilify us with impunity. We have no doubt the press will cheerfully do us justice, and exclude any libellous matter?now it is thus called to their attention. Should there be any exceptions, we will affjrd them the pleasure of defending a prosecution. We are, very respectfully, COMSTOCK & CO , Wholesale Druggists, 21 Courtlandt street. Our Lawyers, in all 'he towns and villages of the United States and British America, will receive this paper ; and are hereby instructed to prosecute the proprietors of any newspaper that shall publish any thing libellous,calculated to iDjure us, or our articles whoever may be the author of it COMSTOCK & CO. * W7" CAUTION?The great popularity 8herman's Lozenges and Plasters have obtained, has induced many to attempt to palm of! worthless articles in their place, because they cau make more money by them. Don't goto Dr. Symcs' drug storo. corner 01 Bowery and Walker st, for Sum man's Lozenges, as you will have a worthless article imposed upon you. Complaint to that effect was made last Friday by a customer. Don't go to Hibbard's drug store in the Bowerv lor Shermau's Poor Man's Plaster, us they sell a miserable imitation in place of the genuine. So the customers complain. All persons thou Id avoid dealing with those who impose upon them Dr. dhermr.n's warehouse is >06 Nassau street. Agents, 110, 273, 4S9 and 6'll BrouJway; 10 Astor House; 227 Hudson street; 188 Bowery; 77 Eist Broadway; 86 Wm. street, and 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn. HONEY MARKET. Sunday, October 1?P. M. The foreign exchange market seems to have touched its highest points,.from the indications atforded by .the transitions lor the packet yesterday. They are falling at all points?New Orleans Charleston, Baltimore, and this city. At Baltimore they wara dull on Friday at SJaU v, i'li right checks on this city at par. Sonic Maryland State coupons sold as followsviz. those oi 1 II and :?42 a! 91 cents, and those of 1848 at 83 cents. The p?si<ion of th* mon^y market relative to the continued abundiiiCt of money, sud it- l, tKiH'.ce vfn the values of stock, i? uiatur r>f i uf.li in'*' e?i ut this moment. There seems to be two paili*:. foinvni? iu rrl itiun la ihe matter; one emanating from thut>evp' iHtu.g icr a fall in stock, contend that money will soon iucreuse iu value, and that consequently .banks will withdraw their loans upon stock*, causing a great fall in the latter, which are assumed to be too high. The other party conteuds that the plenteousness of money must continue for a long time to come, and that in no event can capital be withdrawn from stocks to an extent which will cause a fall, as the prices are not yet so high as they should be. It seems to be the case that both parties lose sight of the lacts of the case, and do not embrace in their views the whole position of affairs. The banks are not the cause of the cheapness of money nor dees the price ot money depend upon their will. They are only the instruments by which the accumulations of money, much or little, are loaned out; and the [price depends upon the proportion of the whole quantity to be loaned to the demand The object of the banks is always to get as much as they can, yet one of the Wall street papers- gravely makes the following announcement This, as our readers are aware, has in some cases been as low as three per cent, though the majority of the loans by the banks, for the last three or four months, have been made at from three and a half to four per cent The latter is the general rate now charged, and tome symptoms are evinced of a dispotilion to advance to the ordinary i ate* upon the firtt favorable opportunity. The purport of this is, that the hanks have had heretolore no disposition to get more for their money, but have just concluded that it will be best to gut more as soon as they can. This is no doubt the case, and has been fortho last 20 years, but when will they be able to get more r All (he indications of trade are, that lor the neit year thoy will not get 10 much. A great mistake prevails in relation to the value ofstocks, and the agency which the banks have had in producing the riae which ha? tak'-n placc since January- The riae in stocks anl the fall in the value of money, have both gro*n out of the same cause, viz. an i acreased abundance of the latter, consequent upon causes which have been operating all over the commercial world. The rato of interest in London fell in 18 months from 6 to 1? per ccnt per annumIn this city it fell from 8 per cent in August, 1842, to 3 percent in 1843. Yet stocks have notiisen in anything like the same proportion, nor are they now so high at they have been in usual yean. For instance, New Yark 5 per cent storks in this market, sell at HflilOO. The following is a list of rates at which this State contracted its loans in icveral years, from otltcial returns ll'hen Redeem Preient mniir. Half. Object. ahle. ,'7??nV. Trrmt. price. 1826, 5 OtWrgo canal 11116 227,(Mill p;ir 100 " 5 CayUKA " in 16 150,000 pm. 6 100 1B28. J (Nweijo " 18lf> 110,0011 " 2? 100 11130, 5 Chfimltlg " 1850 150,000 " I0){ 99 *100 1831, 5 " " 18.50 210,000 " 15 99 a KM 111:13, 5 " " I850 175.000 " I3? 99 *100 1811, 5 Chenango " 1815 900,0(10 'i>i. S^ISSb IUM, 1 " " 1845 675,000 1**3 99**M0>4 These are a sulticient index to the state of the market through ten years. When the tariff of 1828 went into operation, paralyzing trade and causing a plethora of money, which tinder the national bank swelled to an enormous extent in 1838, this State obtained for 6 per cent stocks, 90 years to run, 18 percent ! All other ..1U hivlt Thn nrieonf Maw Ynrlt ft'f. V0CK1 WPrci , 30 yuan to run, ii now naarljr par, and the fl'i at 103. T< t there ia nn outcry aa if there waa an enormoua bubble ready to burat. The banka of thia city are rrpre*rnlrd ai the *ole cauio, nnd it ia stated that tho Hedged inflation and bubble ia in tbil oity only. Now, what ia the (art. The following are aali'i of Maraachn sett* ft'#, in Botton on Friday, and of New York A'i here, on the aume day. At Bo?ton Mmmi liun-tt* Sterling Va, X.'i.onn 101 " " " fi.noo mji At New York State 5'?, $.'(,000 Wlfi So it itims ntorka arc 1 per cent higher or money loner in Bofttun than here. Th.> follow!:.<? reprn*?>nta the rise which haa takin place in (the leading atocka in thia city, aiuce January laat < * j '