Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 9, 1843, Page 2

October 9, 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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JVKW YORK HKRAL1)New Vork, *lon?l?y, Ortohtf tf. 1H43 CK?- Mr. I. Willard ii onr cnly autboi ia-ed sg?nt for Uir Mlt-oi ttif lift <l>i in Trov, N Y. All jwsoni wishing the paper iu that city will apply only to him, at 480 Kiver ?.-?> t _ ft mplnynieiil ?? Kcina 1< - It >i t noil* Kffrrt* of Paper Money. There is, perhaps, at this moment no pari of the community which is Flittering more Irom the ttfecta t>l the overaction ot the paper system, and the incon .derail' interference o( lawyt-rs with commercial pursuit*, than that portion of our female community who have supj>ortcd themselves and their dependents by their needles. The extraordinary low prices which ?tre now paid for all descriptions ot needlework, reuder it a!iuost impossible for females v. ho have no other resource to provide themselves with necessaries. A female can now with the utmost diligence and economy, scarcely sustainjher current weekly expencee, even at the low rates at which the necessaries of lite are now to be procured. The immediate cause ot this is the great number of those who seek such employments, causing the supply of labor greatly to exceed the demand. The remote cau8<*, or that which increased the supply of labor, was the overflctiou of the paper system. In the f?w years preceding 1836-7, when speculation ran so high, and any <|unuuiy oi guuut< couiu ue purcnasea in Hie Atlantic cities upon credit, the trade in ready made linen and clothing, was pushed to an extraordinary extent.? Facilities were easily procured lor th# purchase of i otlis, and tor their nianulacture into clothing which was sold on long credits to the south and west, for notes which are discounted at the banks here, fur* u.?hing means lor fresh operations. One house, which tailed in 1837, in this line ol business, paid out . >'80,000 per annum to lemdles for their laoor. .Heady made linen, stocks and all branches were pushed to a similar extent. This created a demand for labor aud caus*d high prices. These prices brought into the city numbers from the country, to take advannge ol them, caused girls to quit service to engafie i i sewing, and induced vast numbers living under the paternal roof to undertake sewing in order to dress with greater extravagance. All this produced aa immense increase in the supply of labor, and its results were sold on credit to persons who consumed it and ne\er paid for it. When the revulsion came, all these great employers stopped, and thousands of girls were thrown out of employ. In 18-10, the num> ber of females in New York was as follows ^V'hite females, 10 to 16 years ot age 13.6o4 ix au 10 700 " " JO " 80 " " 40 6 U ?' " 30 " 40 " " it.'252 Tolal 93,140 Ol these 93,140 lemales between 10 and 40 years, at least 20,000 live by sewing. Of those,probably sew lor iheir clothes only. Now when the business was diminished by failure ot the houses engaged in it, and reduced only to that trade which furnished only the actual cash demand, at least one half of the 20,000 females were thrown out of employ. Those who worked the cheapest and best, continued to get employ. This latter class comprehends precisely those who work for their clothes only, and are not obliged to support themselves. Hence 10,000 needy and destitute femeles, who were tolled into the city, and from other employments, by a fictitious bank movement, are without resource. Legislative sanction having first produced the evil, now enhances it. Nearly all the linen ana clothes made in the city are sold to the agriculturists. The means ol those people to buy depends U|>on the sale of their produce. This produce, under the low range of the compromise tariti, they ?.\changed for foreign cloths, which were manufactured by the females in cities, and sold to the farmers, the home price of whose produce, was increased by the surplus having found a foreign market. Hence they could pay higher prices to the ' females who made the clothes. Under the present tariff, th?*y cannot send the surplus out of the country but to a limited extent ; because the law forbids ihetn from bringing home any thing in return. Hence it is that flour is but $4,30 per barrel. The farmers cannot, therefore, buy city made clothes, but they spend and wear their own flax and wool and make their own garments. The extent to which this is done may be estimated from the census returns, which gives the value of the home made goods in farmer's families at $25*,023, !N|| Kr? i inr rtrm utnr than oil *? "W, wvitig Qivatvi IIIUII UII Uiw i*'l' l^il tlUUIB 111 I. ]>orted. The value of these goods made in the farmers' families of New York was $4,636,547. If these goods were made in the city of New York, as they probably would be under a system of low duties, it would give $1,500,000 per annum to the feniales here in those employments. Nearly all theee tamily goods are made in the western, the value an the northern district being $'4,273 713. These are someot the effects of unwise legislation, producing that depth of distress among the gentler ?ex, which results in the demoralizing scenes of Broadway of an evening. The same results are brought about in a greater or less degree in all cities and in all parts of the world. 1 he state of the working classes of England at this instant being the recults of the "protective"system, presents scenes of horror to which this country happily is yet a stran Ser In illustrat on of what we have been siyin*? ubout the employment of females, we will confine ourselves to that business in Lond?n. In Cornhill, London, isthe shirt making establishment of Messrs. Silver & Co. It is the oldest in that vast city, and gives employ to 3,0i)0 females. In > onee-juenceof the extreme oppression of the poor v rates, (or sometime employ bern given by Mici' ties, who supposed themselves benevoient, to tie poor in the work house*-, in order to relieve the ( istres." The operation oi this brought out testimony of Messrs. Silver At Co. in relation to prices, as follows:? Having determined never to employ workhouses or any oih<-r establishments that were provided for t>y the public?solely, as they state, because they M ould not poach upon the manor of the j>oor seamstresses? tht y we re constrained to reduce the pri. , I k <>>i luarw ilium Its Mi u?.<l I ? ? o in< j n<-iv uicu |'ayiii|, ouu uic ('K'ihd 4lir~y wcic | theu obtaining, to meet ihe evil ; and they declare that the prices which they now pay lor shut-making ate, for ?. rf. Striped cetton ihirts 0 10 or 30 cts. per do7en t Printed lull Ironted, 3 tf ' 60 " " " Common white ditto, 6 " 130 " " Butter ditto ditto, 10 0 " 340 " " " (n February, 1?J0, they felt it their duty to themreives and to the public to call the attention of the Hoard of Guardians of the City of London Union to tne " monstrously low prices" which that board wae paying to the poor over whom it presided, stating that in one of Ms wotkhouses all the lemale i>au|>cre were employ*d in shirt making, and were receiving not more than one penny for making three common shirts. The poorer quality of shirts are made at regular establishments at 11 cts. per piece, and in the work house three ihirtu are made for 2 cents! Beside this, ?'th< r testimony appeared, as follows.? And on this question what, in 1841, said AniVForeinan, a widow,at that time in Wapptng workhouse, ?md u |iMi>d workwoman * " When I have made a! plieati< n at the wnrehouses for work, f have been i-i)d that thi y could get the articles made at the workhouses at hull the price." Again, " He I ore I 4 Htne here, I i r.deavored to support myself by shirt making. Shirts for which 1 used to receive Is 4d. M-cre reduced to 9d each, and other things in proportion. " Another widow, Harriet Roth well deI'oaew, that she is now paid *d lor shirts, lor which .-even years ago, that is, in 1834, she received Is "M tracli. About three months ago she wM promised by a lady that she should have a dozen shirts to inake at Is. 3d each I pon calling for them, the lady said that the linen draper had agreed to gel tlx m mad< lor her at a workhouse for Wd. each.? site lo?t the job in consequence; " and a great lose to me 1 unsure you it was," said the )K>or widow, pininnvny i hit id ue coudttion ol i.ngland. Tlie Eyateni ol 'protecting hrnne mdiutry ' has resulted in filliug I he pour hou?*s with the best work people, because they cannot wurk cheap enough and live ' Yel we tire toid by canting demagogues, parasite journalists and brainleM politieians, that Kngland " hap ifro?%n great and rich under the protective system." Wiioaad wuat have grown rich aud great 1 The army is great, the navy is powerful, the nobility is great, the l>uke of Wellington is great' and the Queen's German husband is great, and his fox hounds are tat and strong; but what are the 2|J&00,000 of hard working people ? Why the fe males are making three shirts lor two cents, and the men are rioting and starving. This is the result of the " protection of the lawyers." The same system will produce inevitably the san e results here. The matter manufacturers will swell in wealth and importance and become rich and powerful, and the masses ol the people will starve. County Nominations.?The Democratic County Convention to nominate candidates for Sherttt, County Clerk aud Coroner, meet to-morrow evenins, by adjournment, to conclude the business entrusted to their charge. On Friday night, after nine ballotings, they were still unable to make any choice, the last ballot being for Henry Atwood, 34; John Kmmans, 20; John J. Westervelt, 17; and Wm. C. Seaman, 11. In thispositionof affairs they adjourned until Tuesday evening. The total number of delegates being 85, whoever is nominated, must receive the sanction of 43, oi a majority of all present. This delay of four days will give such an opening lor the accomplishment ol private intrigue and trade between the delegates that a nomination will most probably transpire at their next meeting. The pre. sumption is that a portion ol the Iriends of Atwood and Westcrvelt will unite, and as the Seaman men will throw their strength into that scale it is most probable that Atwood will be nominated for Sheriff, with an understanding that Westcrvelt is to be re luincu in me present piece as i naer snerill The f riends of one of the three prominent men must give way, and we thick this result more probable than that the friend* of Emmans and We6tervelt will unite. The great disadvantage under which Westrrvrlt works is, that the present Deputy Sheriffs are neatly ail ins advocates, and the presumption, therefore, is, that if he 16 nominated they will be retained in office. The other candidates being not bound by such trammels are free to promise as many deputy, ships as there are delegates in the convention or ad* vocates in the street. This " tickle me" sort of position has a wondrous influence among a body of men selected as the delegates to this convention were. It is a great point in the game, and if well played by those who are in pursuit of office, will effect much. The next trick is the playing off for the offices of Coroner and County Clerk. Many a delegate will be seduced from his path of duty to his constituents by professions of deep, shrewd designing and dishonest men in the delegation, who will "honorably promise," if he will support their candidate lor sheriff, they will go for his candidate lor Coroner or County Clerk, or perhaps for both. They will thus secure vote after vote, and when their end is accomplished do as they please in perfoiming the promise made that produced such a result, as the secret system of selection by ballot instead of a viva voce vote effectually secures them against all detection. It becomes this convention to select as candidates for these impor i lam viiiucs iiiV11 vnioer n'|>uiuuon, wnose sterling | integrity, whose intelligence and firmness of character, will be unquestioned, as none other can ever be elected by the people of this proud city. The offices of Sheriff and Coroner are brought in Buch immediate counexion with the people, that unless the names of such men are recommended, party trammels will be thrown aside, and the candidates of the Whig party elected. No two offices within the gift of the people are so liable to corruption by temptation, from dishonest and corrupt men, and as no legislative principle is to be effected by their election, party usage will not be adhered to if the candidates are men unfit or incapable of performing the duties of the office. The "Whig delegates elected on Friday last, meet on Monday next to recommend candidates for these offices, as ulso for members of Assembly. The present candidates for Sheriff are Col. Jones, of the Sixth ward,late Keeper of the City Prison; and Captain Alexander H. Schultz. For County Clerk, MorrlsFranklin, Esq , late Alderman of the Seventh ward, and present State Senator, and Get rge Eichells. For Coroner D*. Griscom, and some dozen otner physicians. The Whig Senatorial convention, meets at th e Broadway House to-morrow at 12 o'clock, and if Senator Franklin refuses a renomination for Senator, he will probably be recommended for County Clerk at the Convention on Monday next. The Presidential delegates from each Congressional district, chosen on Friday last, being all Clay men, meet on Monday of next week, to select from each district to represent this city in the Whig National Convention to be:,held at Biltimore in May next. The delegates of the American Republican party, meet this evening at the Fourteenth Ward Hotel, to nominate candidates lor State Senatcr, Sheriff, County Clerk, Coroner, and Assembly. This party, professing a strict adherence to nothing but pure and unadulterated Americanism, have increased at an astonishing pace within the past few months in this city. The result of their proceedings will therefore, be eyed with interest by politicians. This will be an exciting week in politics. Presidential Delegates.?'The leaders of the Caihoun party in this State have concluded to recommend elections to be held in the several Congressional districts for delegates to the National Convention, in the month of March next. We understand, also,that the Van Buren men, fearing that delegates thua sent, fresh from the ranks of the people, will be accepted by the Conven ion, and those selected at Syracuse rejected, avow an intention gi running delegates in opposition tothe Calhoun party, in order to secure a nortion of the second set in favor of their candidate. John Kef.d, alia*Clinton.?Oliver M. Lowndes, Eiq , who went to England with officer Benjamin F. Hayes, to recognise Reed, who is supposed to Wc the person who commuted the extensive forgeries on the house ot Jacob Little & Co. and the southern batiks, returned in the Great Western on Saturday. Officer llays remained until the 4th of this month, in order to obtain the decision of Lord Aberdeen, whether Reed was to be given up or not under the new treaty. The impression of the offi* Cf-r is that such will not be the case, and he will therefore be compelled to return without him. The evidence agains: Reed 11- scarcely sufficient to hold h.m in custody, and the offence was also committed previous (o the ratification of the Ashburton treaty, that compels the delivery of escaped rogues. Sound Steamers ?The Mastachussetts left on Siturday afternoon lor Stonington, with a large number of passengers, but before getting into the Sound broke some trifling part of her machinery, which obliged her to return. The Worcester, about the same tune broke her shaft, and was towed to the city. The passengers of both bsats were transferred to the Xurragunsett, which bont left yesterday afternoon lor Stonington The same northeast gale on Saturday prevented the departure of the Rhode Island from Stonington at the usual hour, and Mie had not arrived whea we went to press. The Massachusetts and Rhode Island will soon be withdrawn from the line, and the Nnrrngansett and Mohegan be substituted. The Massachusetts will be overhauled, and a new engin* put into her. The Rhwde Island is to be lengthened und remodelled, so as to increase her "peed. They will be in order to take their places again early in the sprinir, and will, without doubt, be the most splendid boats in the country. Stbkkt L<iafkts ?There can be no greater nuisance than the collections at street corners, ol rowdy cigar smoking boys < >n Sunday,enjtecially, these idls vagabonds obstruct the passage way, insult la dies, and awault way-fur*-!* with perfect impunity. This is particularly the race in (hand street?every corner, from th?* Bowery to the past river, ha* its own separate riot. The oflicrrn of the ward are i exceedingly remise The Great Fair at Niblo's and the Vaijxhai.l Gardens.?The Sixteenth Annual Pair of the American Institute opens on Tuesday next, and nothing else will be thought of by our citizens, old aud young, for the next two weeks. The Fair will be the all-absorbing topic. Politics, Tylerism, Van B irenia:n, Calhounism, Mesmerism, Mormonism and all other i-me, must give way before the American Institute-ism. Every thing will be there, and every one will go to Bee every thing?all wiil be competition, crowding, crushing, and rushing. Not a young lady in New York, or a hundred miles around it, but will be certain to visit the Fair, to admire and to be admired. Beaux will be in constant requisition, l'apas, uncles, sweethearts, cousins, and thirty-first cousins, from the grandpapa ol seventy to the interesting darling little brother ol ten summers. Statesmen, Governors, Congressmen, politicians, musicians, physicians, dentists, wig makers, and makers of every thing from a penny whistle to a steam engine. All will be busy, bustling, and benevolent, and all are sure to be delighted; for tiiis Fair will (ar surpass any and every one ol its predecessors, in the number, variety and beauty of the articles of American skill, ingenuity, and handcraft; and cannot fail to establish the preeminence of American citizens in all that appertains to science, arts, agriculture and manufactures. The managers, among whom are some of our most enterprising fellow citizens, have Bpared no eilorts to discharge their duties faithfully. The moment me rair 01 iM2 cioeea, me preparations lor 1S43 were commenced. Letters were sent to every Governor, Senator, and distinguished citizen of the Union, urging on them the great benefits which must result to the country from sucli exhibitions, and inviting competition in every branch of American industry. Replies have been received, giving the latest, the fullest and the most interesting reports of the exertions making in the several States?the whole forming a most valuable collection of documentary evidence of the increasing progress of our noble Republic in civilization. Samples of manufactures, mechanic arts, improvements, inventions, and agricultural produce have been received from all,and will establish for this Fair a character, and an interest never before possessed by any other, either here or in any other State of the Union. The Silk Convention, the assembling of the State Agricultural Society, the Plonghing match at Paterson, N. J., and the great Cattle Exhibition at the Vauxhall Garden, are all items of the deepest importance to every patriot. The Machinery department has been considerably increased, and the number oi working models will exceed that on any previous occasion. A bag of cotton in the seed has been sent from South Carolina by an enterprising cotton grower, and a number ol product8 from seeds, exhibited at the last fair, and distributed among the members, will be shewn A new feature has been added in the livestock depart" nient, which will excite no small attention among the female visiters. A poultry pen has been laid out in the Vauxh&ll, and an active competition has been going on for the past year among the farmers' wives,as to who shall bear home the premium for the best turkey,rooster and Michaelmas goose. Twentyfive premiums are offered in this department. The horticultural department has received numerous additions to its list of contributors, and the committee are most sanguine in the result of their ef~ forts. The variety, richness, beauty and high perfection of the productions promised, as well by professional as by amateur floriculturists, (among the latter, we notice a number of ladies as competitors,) will entitle the horticultural room to the cspecial attention of the visiters. In this and the agricultural department, the following premiums are offered :? 4 goM medals, 30 silver cups, 36 Bilver medals, and 101 volumes of standard works, appropriate to the different objects?besides numerous discretionary premiums for supplies of flowers, or for such other articles in the department as the judges may deem entitled to especial distinction. .The Board of Agriculture, have been most liberal in their arrangements, and the exhibition ot pure blood, improved, native stock, at the Vauxhall, will surpass everything of the kind ever before offered to the public. In every department the utmost activity prevails, and all anticipate a most glorious result. The exertions of Colonel Wakeman and his active assistant, Mr. Chambers, in receiving, arrangI infl ntiH nrpnarina arp r\f mn?iK m-a ? ? J W*V MWVVI * ???, VI IUUVII 1'IOIPT. We sincerely trust their efforts will be successful? indeed we are satisfied that they will. " Every friend of improvement and every lover of his country should appropriate, at least, one day to behold, in minature, the progress oi a young, but mighty Republic in the useful arts, and in the perfection of civilization." The Herald will be the,best medium of advertising the new inventions and other useful articles offered for inspection, as we shall pay undivided attention to the proceedings of each day, and make a faithful record of the speeches, sayings and doings'of all and every one, great and small. Benjamin Rathbun .returned to Buffalo, says the Gazette, on Tuesday night, and was visited the following day by many of ihe citizens. Thk Weather.?During the last two days our hydraulic privileges have been very great. The Wallack ?.lames Wallack opens this week in Boston, at the National. Mt sical Arrivals.?The Great Western brought out Madame Cinti Damoureau, a French songstress, who intend*, we believe, to give concerts.? She is accompanied byMons. Artot. a violinist. Niblo's.?The Italian Company, encouraged by the crowded saloons altrnpipH in n?.?. " ??. peat the opera this evening, for the benefit of the popular tenor, Signor Perozzi. The true excellence of the representation ef the favorite ot Bellini's opera at Niblo's is Signor Valtellina's Oroveso; it is the most graphic picture of true tragedy we ever remember seeing. The malediction and response of the high priests at the end of the firrt act is truly sublime and most powerful. Whatever may be the result of the varied opinions of Signora'e Cor&ini and Majocchi,and previous Norma'sand Adalgisa's, but one conclusion with regard to the original talent of Signor Valtellina. Since Fnrnasari we have had nothing approaching him. Siguora Majocchi is to give a Cavatina from Bellini's opera of " Romeo and Juliet." Bellini is the most popular of the "by gone" composers. He wrote eight operas, but three of which have ever been heard in New York, however; we are to have them, we perceive, by instalments?the first to night. Mr. T. D. liicB.?This popular, well known and ever welcome delineator of negro characters makes his first appearance to-night, since his return, at the Chatham Theatre. He takes the character of Jnmbo Jum, and sings a new version of Jim Crow ? Mrl Sanford, late of the Bowery, who solicits an opportunity of parting with big friends in public, has been aflorded such opportunity by Mr- Deverna, and appears as Carwin, in the drama of Therese, and also gives imitations of various distinguished actors, a la Mathews. MiesKallia has got up a new Hornpipe, in which she appears, [and Messrs. wimams ana nootn repeat tneir amusing farce of Bumpology. The amniithratrk.?Mr. Champlin, the gentlemanly treasurer ol the Bowery Amphitheatre, takes a benefit to-night, and he oflVri an attractive bill, which, irrespective of his own merits, will fill the hoHfe. Later prom Camikachy ? By the brier Lime Rock, from Cainpeacby, we have the Merida Siglo of the ISith inst. The Chamber of Deputies was in fiestion, occupied at the moment with a report on the Farm Police ol tne State. Adecrecwas passed on the J Ith met., directing that the! names ol those who composed the army in the last campaign should be inscribed in the principal room of the Government house, in token ol ihe gratitude of the country ?N. O liullttin, 30l/i u/t. OoutT for thk Correction op Errorh, Oct. 7. ? Present?Senators Bnckee, Franklin, Lawrence, I'utnam, Scott. Scovi I, Strong, Works The Court adjourned until 10 o'clock on Monday I morning lor want of a quorum. Kcsski.i/s Plamtakiitm ? De. Lakdnke ?On Saturday morning Dr. Lardner made a personal application to the Vice Chancellor, laying belore him the extreme hardship anil injustice with which the injunction granted in this case on an eiparte application operated, and succeeded in convincing his lienor of the propriety of granting a speciEl order lor hearing the motion to dissolve the injunction, without wailing for the regular day, which would be the 16th inst. The Vice Chancellor has accordingly appointed Wednesday morning for the motion. The circumstances of thin case seem to be pretty nearly as follows:?M. Gouraud, a French gentleman, who practised the art of Daguerreotype, and gave lectures on mnemonics or " phrenotechny," as he called it, was engaged last tall by the proprietors of the planetarium, to exhibit that inetruinent> and explain it to the public. After lecturing on it in this city last winter, he discontinued the exhibition in March, packed up the instrument, and deposited it, as his own property, in a warehouse or >u. fi : 1 e 1 a ciuuiivuov iu me ly. x uric n rrmuiuru tur tiuuui six months. The proprietors, meanwhile dissatisfied with Gouraud's proceedings during its exhibition, aid still more indignant at seeing the instrument shut up and allowed to remain so long unproductive and useless, applied at length to the Courts lor redress, and recovered legal possesion ol it,giv. ii:g the security ol two wealthy citizens for #24,000 each to satiety any claims which Gouraud might es. tablish agamst them. They then agreed to sell to Dr. Lardner more than half the propeny in the ap. paratus, the I)Jctor agreeing to use it in illustration ol his lectures on astronomy. M Gouraud, now, without making any demand on the proprietors, or giving any notice ol his intention, or in short making any complaint whatever, filed a bill in chancery, and upon an affidavit verifying such bill, made an exparte application to the Assistant Vice Chanceller, upon which he obtained the present injunction, being required to give no oiher security except his own bond for $700. M. Gouraud, it is sworn, is, or was recently an applicant for the benefit of the bankrupt act, yet in this case he has sworn himself to be worth $1500 over and above all just debts. The injunction was 6erved on Dr. Lardner on the 28.h September. By the rules of court a cepy of the bill ought to have been served within six days afterwards. It appears by the affidavit produced on Saturday that no copy of the bill had then been served The defendants are therefore kept in the dark as to the nature or grounds of M. Gouraud's complaints.

Dr. Lardner has proved that the proprietors of the planetarian have already incurred a loes by this proceeding, amounting to not less than $1500, (double the amount of Gouraud's bond,) and that their loss will rapidly accumulate by delay. We are informed that the value of this splendid piece of illustrative mechanism, with all its appendages, is estimated at little less than $20,000. In the hands of a man of extensive scientific attainments, endowed with the power of presenting science to a popular assembly in an attractive and intelligible style, it is haid to say what such an instrument may not be worth. From the reception which Dr. Lardner's lectures have met with in every part of the Union, during his late tour, he expresses much confidence that he will be enabled to render this instrument of very great public utility to the nation, in a sequestered corner of which that mechanical ingenuity and spirit were found which produced the finest piece of illustrative machinery (as we are assured it is) that can be found in any part of the world. Newark, N. J. [Correspondence of the Herald.1 Newakk, N. J., Oct. 5, 18J3. Family Jars?Progress of Partisanship?Approach, oj the Crisis. Dear Ben.nett :? Since my last letter to you, the political sea of this district has continued " to cast up mire and dirt," with tenfold more fury ; and its wavee iu their upheavings, appear to have thrown on the eurface al the scum and froth which had settled to the bottom during their long calm. A most uproarious political meeting was held last night in Stewart's Saloon. This meeting was called by the Pennington clique, but the Pet Halsted clique, nothing daunted, attended in large numbers. It was as " ring streaked and speckled" an assemblage as old Tammany could ever boast ol in her most palmy days? " Mongrel, puppy, whelp and hound, And cur of low degree," assembled to bark and yell at the good and bad things about to be si id to them. Comparative or. der being finally restored, a president and half a score of vice presidents were duly elected, together with three or four secretaries. Resolutions were drafted, and read, and all things appeared to be going on smoothly, when Io!high above the heads of the audience, in the little gallery appropriated to the musicians, which had hitherto been entirely vacant, suddenly appears the immaculate 'Pet." Not more surprised were Saint Cuthbert's monks when " Stood Herold, the dauntless, in midst of the hall," than were the,leaders of the opposing clique. But like those venerable monks, they soon recovered their self-potsession. The air was rent with hisses, yells and groans, mingled with cries of " carry him out." But ne, having very prudently drawn up the ladder by which he had obtained his elevated position, laughed to scorn the nunv threats and] jeers of the ignoble crowd ; and, like the stately Juno, high above the sea of heads, i-talked in awful grandeur that "god-like mun " Having exhibited himself lor some time, amid the maledictions of our clique, and the cheers of the other, he proceeded like the velliant Mike Walsh, on a similar occasion, to seat himself on the bannisters, and taking front his pocket pencil and paper, commenced taking notes of the proceedings of the meeting. The first speaker was Chas. Kiag, Esq., formerly editor of the N. Y. American, whe is an adopted member of " the family." He spoke for sometime, endeavoring to throw nil the blame from his own shoulders, and from those of his constituents, on to the other clique. In the course of his remarks, lie said somethinr derogatory to the gentleman in the gallery. That worthy youth slowly casting his eyes Irom the sheet on which he was writing, with the greatest tang froid, informed the audience that it was "a damn'd lie"; after which spirited remark he once more resumed his labors, uamindful of the commotion! which he hadjereated amongthe crowds below him After several other speeches were delivered, among the best of which, was that of the Secretary of the famous Patterson Delegation, in which he iried ?o make the peeple believe (hat all the nice operations of the. clique at that place, were purely accidental, the meeting was nddrtssr-d by Mr. A C. M. Penninptou, who answered the accusations of Mr. Hulsted, made against him at a public meeting a few evenings since, fir-coming excited, lie Rave the "lie direct" to the little gentleman in the gallery. "Pel" did not know how to resent this insult exactly, but alfr considering a moment, he 1'iaccu iuc illume in iiih iigui n&na upon inc exiremity of hip nose, and pointed all the fingers of the aforesaid hand directly towards his honorable opponent, which deed of noble daring, drew tremendous cheering from his clirjur, and turned the laugh upon his enemy. In the course of the evrning, Mr. Kiauey was presented to the audience amid the most obstreperous noises ol all kinds. He gave his hearers his confession of faith, thanked them lor theii kindness, and departed. He does not appear to have the slightest idea that he is but the mere foot hall Ol a cltqut? "O w?'1 wmr pow'r the giftie gie ?> To nee ourscl'* an others ?ee u,?" thought I, as I saw him stand before nennble men, attempting to make them believe that he was a freeman, w hile the ineanett ol his auditors, if hey could butonceenter into his feelings, would not have changed situations with hun. The meeting finally adjourned when Pet attempted to make a speech to >i few Btra^glers who remained. But on account of the cheering of his own iln/ut, Hiid the groaning of the other one he wh> iiiiiible to proceed, und thorlly after disappeared The crisis is now rapidly npproaching which is to determine the fates of .the rival rliqur*. Our election is on next Tuesday and Wednesday, and large bets are ottered as to the result. The chances thus lar are about equal; the II aisled clique has the most money, the Pennington cliqv: has ihe most brains. The contest is entirely between the office holders and the office seekers. However the election goes, a Whig will be elected to Oongresa, but neither of the candidates can be trusted out of sight, as they are n?> the candidates of the people, but of inteteited ctiqun Yours, truly, John Barleycorn. City IntelligencePolice Yesterday was a rainy, miserable, disagreeable day?just eueh an one ai keep* thieves within door*, and police officers snugly houstd?lh?nfore nothing turned up worthy oi note. Notwithstanding the weather waa such as would prompt unlortunate geniuses afflicted with ennui, the horrors, or empty pookets, to commit sui cide, aad at one lell swoop to shuffle ort their mortaii coil and all Iti burthen* and responsibilities, yet the Coroner waa not applied to for assistance, und his industrious Deputy whiledthe hours away in anticipation of the time when his illustrious predecessor might becalled into of ftce through the revolution in political affairs of the county. Should such a result ever tianspire, us in due course of time it may, it is hoped that the successor of Dr Archer will be enabled to si: ltd a Deputy as competent, as efficient, ond one who will, as the pi esent has lor the past three years, leave a neat, lull and concise record of every iuquest taken during that time, with all tho testimony registered tor immediate reference. This fact retl-cts great credit upon Coroner Archer and his assiktaot, a* no record was kept previous to his term of office. Superior Court. Before Judge Oakl?y. Oct. 7.?In the case ot Campbell P. White and Thomas Sutferin, a nonsuit was entered, with liberty to the plaintiff to set the tame aside on payment of costs. Calendar for Monday.?Nos. 39,38, 19, 36, 43, 27, 11, 63, 54, SS, 56, 57, 68, 89, 60. Circuit Court. Calendar for Monday.?Noa. 35,31, 3d, 63,64, 66, 66, 69, 61, 66, 70, 71, 73, 74, 76, 85,86,89, 91, 92. Court of Common Plena Before Judges Ulshoerter, Ingraham and Inglia. Decisions, Oct. 1?Janet Ludlow vs. JIustin Otis ? This woa a motion for a i.ow trial, upon a bill of exceptions In 1811, the plaintitt, by agent, made an arrangement with the defendant to import from Liverpool a bill of crockery, to be delivered within lour and a half months from dnte of order, at the defendant's store at Truxton Cortland county, N. Y?terms cash, on delivery. The goo ts were ordered and delivered ; meantime Otis had sold out to a Mr. Sage, and on demanding payment, Sage gave his note at 60 days, payablw at the Bank of Syra cuse for the amount, $2 .'8,52, which note was protested at maturity ; Otis subsequently naid $100 on it, and promised to puy the balance when ue came down to New York. The defence set up was that the plaintiff', by his agent, ha 1 accepted Siige as his debtor tu the place of Otis. Judge Uhhoeffer charged that the note of a thirl party is not payment of a previous debt, unless it was so expressly agreed, and if so expressly agreed to take the note at the risk ef the creditor, it was a binding agree merit, and that taking a note without such agreement merely suspended the right of action during the time the note wai to run. The Jury returned a verdict for the plaintitt for $139,99 damages aid six cents cost*. Dkcisioh? Verdict confirmed with costs. For delendants R. Niles. Mary Jinn Shultz v?. George Woodruff?This waa on a plea ot an insolvent's discharge?the piaintift demurs.? rhe action was to recover tne amount of a promissory note given by the defendant to the piaintift for $239, Doc. 13, 1839. DkcmiOK?Judgment for deft ndant on demurer with liberty to plaintifito rejdy on payment of costs and withdraw demurer. Calendar for Monday, Oct. 9.?Nos. 68, 41, 17, 60, li, 123,36, 9, 11, 33,42, 38, 36, 131, 35, 55, 139,39.20, 6, 46. (0J- AMERICAN Ml>ElTU.-Oen. Tom Thumb ts the great Star at this establishment, and we might say of the city, fjr he is acknowledged to be the greatest wonder in the world. His friend Macready at the Park is m*kincr Knmpthinff of a stir, hut thn flMinril is tlm nhWt of admii ation in all circles And amongst all classes. Ho is bound to take the lead wherever he goea, for he is ao pleasing and perfectly Isscitating that every body must be delighted with hiin. Dr. Valentine, who stands at the very head of his profession, the Moving Dioramas, Mr. Cole and his dog, and others of equal repute, are engaged and give grand performances every night. 0(7- CASPER HAUSER THE WILD BOY OF THE WOODS.?Feiv are aware of the great curiosity of this personage. He is the most astani'hing production of nature, possessing all the lacultie) of man, yet going on all fours like a b. aet. He is to be seen'at Peak'* Museum lor this ween only. Mr. Jenkins, the great delineator of y an. kee and other characters, together with hit superb band of minstrels has attracted great attention, and will continue this week. So also will Miss Adair, Cerite, the Fudgee Mermaid, be. {U?-PHALON;S TUBER03ESHAVING CREAM? "A public benetacUr is he who causes two blades ot grass to grow where none grew before." How much more so' is one who contrives to lessen the evils or mitigate the sutierings which we are compelled to undergo? This article is decidedly a public benefit aawell as personal com fort,inasmuch as it adds materially to the comfort of a good shave, softening the beard in a few minutes?making a beautiful lather, and leaving the face smooth and white, Being tree from alkali, ita saponacious ingredients are made to suit the stillest beard, acting on it like a charm ? One trial is sufficient to convince the most incr. dulous. Price, ihm and Irs shilling*. For sala at Pnalon's .mi Broadway, opposite St. Paul's; and by Brainird & Co. 13 Court street, Boston. ^ The celebrated Dahlia Cream for the hair, is for sale as above?it*ia fully established as the only restorative for falling out and causing the hair to grow dark and glossy. Oty- THE PHILOSOPHER'S STONE FOUND AT LAST.?An astonndiug discovery in Chemistry has been madtfby M Vesprini, the celebrated Italian Physician, for curing diseased fkin and removing eruptions, disfigurement*. &c. from the face or ncck. It is m the form of a beautiful piece ot Soap called tbe Italian Chemical Soap, PJmples, freckles, blotches, sunburn, morphew, tic. disappear irom the ?kin directly alter use. The woist cases ol' eruptions, saltrheum, scurvy, erisypelas, icc. ore cured by it It received the approval of the Medical Society of Paris, who termed it a miracle and a blessing ? Its most surprising quality is, that it changes dark, skin to a healthy clearness. It is sold, price 60 cents a cake, at the sign of the American Eagle, 92 Chathcm street, N. York; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia; 8 State street, Boston. Jones' Coral Hair Restorative is sold at the same places, for 3 shillsngs a bottle. It is the best thing made for the hair. 0U- PROFESSOR VELPEAU'S CELEBRATED pills, for the radical cure of gonorrhs gleet, and all unpleasant discharges from the urethra. These pills are now prescribed by the medical faculty of Europe as the mo!t certain and speedy cure for those distressing complaints. Sold in boxes $1 each. Otttce and consulting rooms of the College ef Medicine and Pharmacy, 97 Nassau street W. 8 RICHARDSON, Agent. K7- FRENCH MEDICATED SOAP?There are thousands in this city, and other parts of the U. S. who are familiar with the lasts, that near 4 years since Mr. D. Wright introduced a Soap, the invention of Mons. D. Ls'plene, for the cure of erysipelas, morphew, scurvy, freckles, heat spot-, and in a word, every disease to which the skin is subject, an<l lie gave it the above name, exten sively advertised it, and appointed agents for its sale throughout the U. S. It wns speedily imitated, and his very advertisements appropriated by the imitators. The boldest of whom, was held to bail lor his libellous attacks on Mr. W. Sickness and'other causes, over which Mr. W. had no control, caused tha suspension of his advertisements, and imitators progressed undisturbed. Mr. W. at length determined to sell his right and title to the present proprietor, who has been vulgarly and unprovokedly attacked, before it was even announced lor sale in this paper. That individual shall ye.t learn that our motto is "Nemo me impune lacessit." The French Medicated Soap is to be had only at 67 Walker st.; one door from the corner of Broadway. 60 centi per cake. 09" RICORD'S PARISIAN ALTERATIVE MIX. TtJRE, for the permanent cure of primary and secondary syphilis. This mixture is the best and most effectual remedy at present known for these distressing complaint#, controlling: the diseases without injuring the constitution or confinement from business. Sold in large bottlrr, $4 each, small da, f|; incBses containing half dozen, $3, oarclully packed, and sent to all part* o( the Union. Offliceand consulting room* ol the Cellege of Medieine and Pharmacy, 87 Nassau street. W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent, (K7- ' SHERMAN'S POOR MAN'S PLASTERS' have cured in a r.hort space of time more casca of weak hacks and rheumatism than any other remedy which has ever been discovered. So great hns their reputation become, that they are now acknowledged to be the best strengthening plasters in the world. Beware of a spurious article which many druggists attempt to sell.which bears the name, but has not the signature of the Doctor printed on the back All the genuine platters ha*e the " fac-*imil?" of the Doctor's name. Remember this. Dr. Sherman's warehouse 1* 106 Nassau street. Agenti?337 Hudson. 1P8 Bowery; 77 East Broadwayj 8? William at., and 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn. Of*- PRIVATE DISEASES?A CURE GUARANTEED?The College ol Medieine and Pharmacy of the City of New Vork, established 'or the suppression of quackery, it now prepared to treat all diseases ol a private aature, and oiler to all those afflicted with these dis* tressing maladies advantages not to be met with in any other institution in this country, either nubile or piivate. From the constant correspondence, ana from private ?r* rangements, between the members ol the College and the most eminent prolesaois ol the medical institutions of Europe, all improvements in the treatment ol these distant s ate larwarded to them long belore they reach the majority of the medical profession of this country. With such celebrated remedies, together with lha combined skill of the lirat medical men of this country, the College feel satisfied that the good work they have nnd< rtaken, "the suppression of iiuackery," will receive the pitroncge it deserves from that portion of the public requiring their servicee. Terms for advice, all medicines, fs. Office an l (. onsulting Rooms of the College, P7 Nissau stree;. W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent. N.B. Patients living at n distance, by stating their disease explicitly in writing,living all symptoms, together with the tremulant they received elsewhere, if any, can obtain a chest couteinl'ig nil medicines, with full direc tions for use, with a guarantee of cure, by addressing the agent ol tiie college, poit paid, cncloring $f>. Or?- CONSTITUTIONAL UKBlLlTY KfTKCTU Al,ty CIIRRD, whether produced by cxcrmivit indul gence in aecret, or the rtir'Cta of protrncted illnea* The Tonic Mixture, prepared by the New York College oi Medicine and f'harmacy, i* nn effectual remedy for detnlity ol any kin-t, l>?ing composed of the moat strengthenlng botanical medicinei known. Itaeffect truly ?urpining on the couatitution. Sold in iarge liottlr?, H'/encb, amall do $1, caaea, con dining linlf a do*en,f.\ carefully packed and aent 4* ill puts ol the Union. ? . W. ?. HICHAHU80N, Agent. Office and consulting rtomaol the Coll*g?i ?7 Naaanu ?treet. MONKVMAUKKT Sunday, Oct. 8?0 P. M. At Boiton, there were ?alei yesterday |of $S,00t) Ma*>aelm setts five per oent sterling bond*, at 1^ .per cent premium The iaporta and exports of specie at the port ol Boston, for the year ending September SO, 1*43, were as follow* Import* ajcd Ksports or Hpi:ch at Rostop, for tiii' Ykar endinc 8i:pr. 30. 1813. Gold. Silver. Total. Import* coin, 6,767,288 172,6. 6,93"J,946 " bullion, 6,698 'J7,i78 104,276 Total imports, 6,773,986 270.236 7,014,222 I"'sports, 173,178 378,617 SJ1.79J Esee?s imports, 6,1,00,808 ? $6,492,427 " eiports, ? 108,381 ? By a resolution of the board of director* of the Union Bank at New Orleans, adopted unanimously, the Bank i* to go immediately into liquidation, unless, prior to December 1st, some compromise could be entered into with Bating Brothers, relative to the State bond* issued to the Bank for $1,740,000, and fulling due in November, 1844 The condition of the Bank is such, that the pay. ment of the February interest is very doubtful. The Bank of England, at a late meeting of the proprietors, wa* entbled to declare a semi annual dividend of 3J per cent only, by taking ?7,167 of the amount from the surplus. To maku up the lest semi-annual dividend, ?5,804 was taken from the surplus fund, making ?13031 divided lor the year beyond the profits of the institution. This 1j an indication of the same state of utlairs in London as here. The following is the public debt of the city of Nashville, Tennessee :? Dkbt op th? City or Naihtillk, Tknh., 8*pt. 30, 1841. To Pennsylvania Ins.Co , due 19-iS $60,000 " Union Bank er Tenn , lP?5-?0-6# 00,000 " S. & J. Stacker, tor pipe, 1812 3-l-ft 4,Rfl3 Outstanding accounts 8,07a Total $113,935 The condition of the country now is such as to alarm thore architects of ruin, who, at a time, when the cur rcncy of the country had lost its expansive power, and had reached ihe stable foundation of specie, passed otaiifl* for party and sectional purposes, which has destroyed commerce. This startling fact is evident, from the im. ports into the whole United States for the year ending September 30,1943. They amount only to $50,000,000 !! A smaller amount than any year during the present century with the exception of the two years of war, 1813 and 1814. They are less than under Jefferson's embargo, notwithstanding that the population, wealth and resources ol the United States liave increased so prodigiously. This inct is the moro interesting to the citizens of New York, XrHpn if is ennsi^nror) that r*t ?lio ?/?? ???? ??? ' the Union centres here. What will become of our navy, our marine, and our national character, if this worse than Chinese policy ii persisted in ? How frequently do the advocates of commercial ruin, appeal to the oil restrictive policy of England, as the moans of her greatness. At what period of the world was the English protection confined to one branch of her industry at the expense of all the rest 7 The first care of her government his ever been to fjster her shipping interest; for that was the navigation act passed. It was a mistaken policy, which she has nearly abandoned, although while Europe was continually at war, and the United States were her colonies, she became great in spite of her restrictions. At this age of the world, when all tne nations of the earth have come into the field of commerce in competi' tion, and the greatest success depends upon the greatest skill, industry, and economy, the United States hava roluntarily destroyed their own commerce, in order to benefit a class of manufacturers, who to thejwhole population, are as one to 1 to 20. In the midstof a commercial community surrounded by 350,000 persons, whose business has been lessened $50,000,000 in one year, tho Courier calling itself a commercial paper, stated as follow* on Saturday What in this is most gratifying to the patriot, is tho fact th?t the evils which the Kree Trade Party predicted would follow, have not resulted from the adoption of that wise measure; on the contrary, all the good has been accomplished that was anticipated by the most sanguine advocateofthe protective policv; if we except only the shipping interests, which although suffering, is gradually adapting itself to the new state of things. This is consoling, ibdued. The shipping interests of a great nation?the nursery of our navy, on the efficiency of which alone the political isfl 'ccice of the Union depends, is doing the best it can under hostile legislation.? Yet we'are told that "all the good has been accomplished that was anticipated from the tariff." The customs receipts (or the year for the whole Union are short of <11,000,000! while the ordinary expenses have been $23,000,900. The necessary result has been a large debt and a deficit of $6,000,000 in the means of tlio Treasury between now and the 1st of January. Thii perilous condition of the Federal Treasury, is the in< evitable result of the embargo on commrrse, it is, which alarms those who have brought it about. To supply the doficit there exists authority to issue Treasury notes bearing an interest not exceeding 6 per cent. The projected movement of the Sacretary in issuing these notes at a nominal interest and making them payable on (lorn and, is an evil which has necessarily grown out of the present tariff. The Government was deprived of its revenues by the tarifl, and allowed to issue Treasury notes bearing interest. The same tariff, by ruining commerce, destroyed the demand lor money. The Government is obliged to borrow, and the Secretary takes advantage of the market to do so on the best terms he can, and this is to borrow the money, not of the banks, but of the people at large. If the notes bearing a high rate of interest are issued to the banks, the banks will issue their paper money to the people. The operation will then be tor the* Government the banks $300,006 per annum, and the people will hold as a circulating medium $4,000,000 of bank paper money. By the proposed project the peo pie hold the Gjvernment paper directly, without expense to the Treasury. If the banks took the notes they might issue any quantity of their own bills they please.? The Government cannot issue more than $4,000,000? Thus the worst feature of paper mo ley, unlimited hsue, is removed. The Richmond Enauirer is in error in sun posing that we advocate government paper money as a general thing, any more than we advocate public debt ? But the debt has been created, not by the Executive, but by the infamous tariff, which has crushed commerce, ruineil the business of thousands, and deprived the Government of revenue. One object of the tariff party is to create a national debt, which has already awollen to $ < 000,004, at an annual expense of $1,2.~iJ,000 Now we advo cate the movement of the Treasury on the ground that it is the best and cheapest mo.le in which a debt, created by party iniquity, can be contracted, and to exist only until the people have remedied the matter. When the public debt bears no interest it Ml'jrds no plunder to the stack jobber. On Friday we published the imports of free articles. into the United States for the years 1943?1843. We now annex the imports of articles paying duties ad valorem, as follows:? Imports ixto thi UciTrn States, Pavixii Ditif.j advalorem, ix 1811 axu ib 12. 1811. 184*2. Iluanfy. I'alut, Q uant'y. Value. Manufacture! of Wool? Cloths and cassimeres, ? 4,942,867 ? .1,095,577 Merino shawls, - 99,178 ? 18.5,291! Dlanketa not above 75 cents each, ? 392,380 ? 280,952 Blankets above 75 cts ea?h, ? 299,515 ? 285,281 Hosiery, Klorea, mils and bindings, 471,877 ? 375,297 Worsted stuff goods, ? ? ? 2,360,183 Other manuf. of wool, ? 395,29.1 ? 338,989 Woollen yarn, 1,758 660 3,670 1,053 Worsted yarn, ? 157,564 ? 216,558 Manufacture* qf Cotton? uvra, irumiuimiv"'"! ? .,*...,1*1 ? White, ? 1.573,JOS ? l,?8.i,89t Twiat. yarn, lie. ? 863.130 ? 457,917 Hosiery, gloves, &c. ? 980,639 ? 1,027,(.21 Nankeens, from China, ? 217 ? 53 Other cotton*. - 901,818 ? 638,186 Silk (rom India, China, tfc.? Piece goods, ? 185,6)1 ? 511,506 Other articles, ? 'J37 ? 23,413 Silk from other Placet? Piece gooda, - - ? 8,060,109 Hosiery, glorea, mita, and bindings, ? ? ? 70,754 Sewing silk, - 393,093 - 385,713 Oilier manufactures of silk,? ? ? 333,515 Silk and worsted Roods, ? ? ? 1,311.770 Camlets or goat*' nair or cam da'hair, _ ? ? 2,122 Lace, silk veils, aliawla, shades, Sic. ? ~ Thread nud cotton, ? 1,081,49# 657,982 Manufarture* of Flar, vis 1? Linens, Ideacnedand mi- ? ... ... colored, ? ?. ? 2,953,618 Linena, dyed or col'd, - 115,650 ? 200,187 lloaicry, gloves, mita and liindinira ? ? 3,7511 Other maniifaclurea of Ila*. ? 526,388 501,621 ,.ftS " MM - .JMg She?'tinK?. brown & whl? 110,<82 Ticlileiihiirict. owiabttW lllll 1M11 I t I >h 1 187 Other mamif of I'^f p. - " ?' ~ 37.042 Hat*, Cap* anil It""nttu? Leghorn, atraw, chip, . unaa Ac. ~~ 449,?17 ? 571,876 Knr. wool. Ica.htr kailk, -- 17,1% - 20,801 Manufacture* of Iron anil Stcil? Side arms, - .10.357 - R.ild Kire arma. ? 114,7.>9 ? 94,137 Drawing knivea, ? 8,6(19 ? 4,217 Cutting knirea, ? 2,596 ? 1,100 llatchefa, ases and ad/.ea, ? 2,556 ? 2,110 Socket chisela, ? 13,207 ? 7,995 Steclvarda Si sc.aleheama, ? 6,976 ? VIZ Vices, ? 15,221 ? I?.>(,7 Sickle* or reaping hooks, ? 8,I'M ? 4,3118 Scythes, ? 15,8*7 ? 35,520 Spa,leu Hill! aliotrlft, ? 13,722 ? I'.ttlj's, ? 1,980 ? 1,707 Wood screws, ? 138,527 ? 113,409 Oilier iiMinifucturei of iron, Stc. ? 3,1155^*17 ? 2,617,0)1 Matmfin luri i of? Copper, ? ?9/l9 ? 78,545 Bran, ? 224,901 ? 102,302 Till, ? 2y,220 ? 23,255

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