Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 12, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 12, 1843 Page 2
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JVKVV VOKK HKRAI,I) INtw 1 ork Thurwld)*, Ortob?r H. 1*43. CHur LiTnnTua*.?Tho following have jurt been pobluliH, and are for wlo at thi* ofbce, together w ith all the latfct publication* ot tho day, ut the wholesale anil retail piiMa?'Tlia Irish Melodies, by Thoma* Mocre ; Tli. Wrongi of Women, by Chailctte Elizabeth ? The Momkina, by Coo|*r ; Mra. Ellis's Hoiueke?|>ing Madr Easy, or Complete Instructor in all brancbesof Cookery anJ D jd<"?uc Economy. The l.rmf Atlantic Mall-AiinlhlUtlnii of K|m<r-Our Intercourse h 11li EuropfIt id a curious sight to look back twenty or thirty years in our progress in civilization, and put on paper the result ot the sight It is very much like beginning the mul'iplication table with two times one and ending with one thousand times one tnousund. lit the rr.-uit thure is certainly no difference. We have jeat'hed tf.i* conr'rilou ia halt a huntired ways, bit 1.1 noue m?>r^ eas'ly than in lookintt at our m-*ans >4 intercourse wiih Europe iu IS A, and at our means iu ItvKJ It is a (act, that in the fir t nr.mrd year, and, iudeed, as late as in 1819, our mode otcouvtyunce across the deep-surging Atlantic was miserable and slow enough to satisfy the laziest. More time war ih< a consumed in crossing it than is now taken to make a trip to the Celestial Empire. It was not till 1820thai any successful attempts were made to travel over that bleak road, with more spray than dust, with any degree ol regularity and spted. It was not nil men that several enterprising merchants determine. 1 ma: space should give way to time, by starting a line ot packets, composed of a few shi|>s ot four huudied tons each in size, to run between New York and Liverpool. That enterprise proving highly successful, those lew ships have increased to fitly or more. Instead of one small line, we now have five running to Liverpool, two to Havre, one to Marseilles, and one to London. These are exclusive of the steam ships; and, for the sake .of clearness on this point, we will give the names of the several packets at tins time afloat Havrf and New York Pacikt?. Sailing days, li/, ft h, Iti'A, and 24M of tach month. St. Nicholas, Oneiilu, ViUedeLyon, Baltimore, D. d'Orleans, Louis Philippe, Argo, Sully, Iowa, Uuca, Emerald, Burgundy, Kraucois lit, Rhone, Albany. riitvie de Uranse. Ni.w Yohk and London Pacseti. miiiing any\ mi, iui? (i/in amn oj eacn mimift. Mediator, Wellington, H. Hudson, (Quebec, Victoria, Switzerland, 1'riuce Albert, Toronto, Montreal, H: Jame?, Westminster, Gladiator. MiiidLLii awu New York Packets. Sail inn day i lit of each month. Courirr, Trescott, Hellespont, Coriolanus, ]]. Thompson. Liverpool and Nkw York Packkts. Sailing day 1st, 6th, 1th, 13th, loth, 19th and ibth of each month. Garrick, England, Q. of the West, Montezuma, Rochester, Koscius, Siddons, Sheridan, Liverpool, United States, Patrick Henry, Independence, Yirgmia, Shiifield, Oxford, Hotiinguer, G. Washington, S. Whitney, hurope, New York, Cambridge, New Ship, Columbus, Ashburton. These ate all sailing packets. In beauty and f.peed, they arc unequalled, unsurpassed. In size, they ringe from seven hundred to thirteen hundred fon? burthen, and c?et from #50,000 to $'90,000 cach. Aggregately these ships cost, at least, three and a hall millions dollars. This is the "lloating" capital of the companies, and is exclusive of the immense sums of money ep?nt in ships which have long since been sold, for less than hall their cost, into other service, pnncipally for whalers. Iu this statement, is exhibited almost at a glance, our means of intercourse with Europe. Yet we have a better idea of the rapidity of the communi- | cation, when we look, more particularly, at the frequent departures and arrivals of these Bbips. We will take the departures alone. It is seen that regular packets leave this great city nine times a month, namely, on the 1st, 7th, Sih, 10th, 13th, 16 h, lH.h, 20th, and 25ih, making one hundred and eight trips a year ; and, in addition, we have had a steam hip, the Great Western, running once every month over the Atlantic to England, like a ferry boat over the ;Hudson to Hoboken. And sometimes three, and even four packets have passed by Sandy Hook in one day, presenting a most magnificent appearance. Ttieee are the facilities we now enjoy in communicating with what is called the old world?called o, we suppose, because Europe lias been longer out of her swaddling clothes than America. Now what have we in prospect 1 We have already given the fact relative to the Fri uch .-t?*?ii?? s lips, axJ it is well known tint there is to be au iocreaoe iu ihe Great Western line, early next spring, ia the sinpe of the big iron steamer Great lirnain, with h?r six tunny looking masts When these last vesaeis?th'-te clippi r??begin their trips, we shall have six steamers ploughing over fht great Atlantic Ocean at the rate of oueaweek. These will insure us a weekly mail lrom all parts of the civilized globe, and we can certainly ask lor nothing more, especially when we take into consideration the probability ot the Cunard steam ships making this their American depot in about three years from this time. All these wind and steam ahi,? will form a grand mail line, which is to be called the "Great Atlantic Mail Line." Its advertisements will read " through from New York to London in'six days." This line will be cne of the chief means of cementing the friendly relations now existing between the great powers of the worldAmerica, France and England?and all other nationE on the face of this beautiful earth will, for the future, be kept in a state ol perpetual pence and love. We really begin to believe, after all this, that Europe cared very little lor America or America for Europe till after the organization of the first line of occan pnckeis. They are now deeply in love with each othtr. We, therefore, consider that commercial movement the moat important one that has oc- ' curred siuce the construction of Noah's Ark?and the building ot that Ark?which by the way was a little smaller than the "Queen of the West"?was the greatest commercial movement the world ever ?aw. In this article we have a view of the present and ot the luture?so far, at any rate, as our mail intercourse wiih Europe is concerned. Limit of Gen. Dvrr Green.?On our first page wiil oe found a letter of General Green, dated London, iu relation to the project ot a commercial treaty ol reciprocity between this country and England, and detailing the detestable intrigues of the abolition'.etf to prevent the consummation of that desirable object. That it has long bees the darling object t?l Great Britain to substitute the serf labor of the East lndi> s for the black labor of the South, is undoubtedly true; aad that she hopes to briuij it successfully into operation, to the ruin ot the United States, through her pretended sympathy lor the blacks, is rqunlly true. But there are physical difficulties in the East, and moral difficulties here, winch are inpuwiouutable. The letter ot Gen. Green is, however, interesting. Movements.?Amongst the visitors at the Fair ot liie American Institute vesterdav we <.,4 .u. Hon. H. M. Watttrson, member ot the last Congi?? from IVnuessee.out now <i|.|>?iiiit d the social diplomatic Agent troni tins country to Buenos Ayrea. He will go out in the U. S. ship Savannah, which willmiiI early next week. Latek krom Hrkmitpa.?By the way of Halifax we have advi< . io the 25th ult. The fever continues to rog< alarmingly, and is still spreading. The rock hospital i? crowded with victims, and on 1 h?- 29 I fh* fnnimiiuif.iv.^u .J .... ?- i r. irmunicr wub inuyriied into n hoepitnl lor the convicts. The death* in Irelind I?:and have been 58?in Saint George'* 190 In lr? (and laland over 800 persona wen- lying ill of tin- dreadful malady?but n Saint George'a the fever had .ibnted, and had every 8|>|>eBrunre that it would ????-i-dily uisuiyrar. Atlrmptrd Nouilnktlont-Uivat Eirlt?m*?t at Tammany Ikll?1Ui? Man with th? H*d Skirt ?Flash In the Pan?!?oH?iiUt. The delegates to the County Convention of the Democratic party, selected i*> nominate candidates lor Sheriff, County Clerk and Coroner, met a third time at Tammany Hall on Tuesday evening, to conclude the business entrusted to their charge. The excitement on the occasion was very great, as during the two prrviobs meetings no nominations had been made, und consequently the friends of the numerous candidates before the Convention turned out in great numbers to back their favorites. John J. Wfstervelt, as before, made the "Pewter Mug" Ijis head quarters?Harry Atwood selected iii? - wiaow i>yncns," and John Emmans was conspicuous at all points, wherever the contest aeeded his presence. Old Tammany had opened her bar room to accommodate her customers, but the elegant marble floor caused some of the " subs'' to turn up their u>w at the innovation upon the ancient wood work* of the old wkwiid. The ballot<iig commenced aboil riaht o'clock, and the anxiety among the expectants to neai the result of the lust count could be contrasted alone with the eagerness ot a man of the turf, i?# pee the ncee of his favorite first over the scroll at a horse race. It was supposed by ninny that the recess since the last meeiiufc of the delegation would have allowed time tor a bargain to have been completed between the lrieuds i f .ome two <f the candidates, and that therefore a nomination Mould be made on the first ballot. Others thought liint it such b.trgr.'n had bten made, it would De toul? ire laced to expose it on .he first ballot, and therefore u was presumed ihat such a result would not be known until the third or fourth. Meantime all was excitement, and the way the brandy smashers, rum toddies, gincocktuilsand whiskey slings were punched by the thirsty discinlrri of old Taminnnv. wnulrl havt? nanu+ri ih#? hnlu ? ? ? J , ?? ? " ""'J horror of any ultra advocate ot the temperance cause. A ruth trom the stairs leading to the room where the convention was assembled, showed signs ot news, and the first ballot was announced as follows i? For Heary C Atwood 27 " John J. We?tervelt 24 " John Eminam 22 " William C. Seaman. 7 Thus the balloting* continued, the Seaman men changing their votes at limes, from one candidate to another, thus inspiring hope an 1 causing despondency among the friends of th? particular candidates. Atwood's highest vote during the ballotines was 33?and Einmans ran to 30, as also did Westervelt. In tfte meantime, the "Pewter" swarmed with anxious expectants, filled with rum, glory and patriotism?"Widow Lynch's" "Old Joe Murphy's," and " Little Tammany," were filled to overflowing; and at the former place of resort, the assemblage "got up" a free and ecsy, in which Dixon, Amiralle and Ned Welch amused the audience with comedy, tragedy and farce. At " the Widow's" a spontaneous meeting was held nnd lesolutions adopted, calling upon the delegates to vote viva voce for the nominations, which would ensure an almost immediate result, and prevent all dishonest practices and trading away the delegates, and uUo secure to the constituents ot eac h delegate the knowledge of the course pursued, which, as a matter ot right and justice, belongs to every citizen who feels an interest in the nominition of proper candidates for these important offices. It now being past 12 o'clock, and no result, all sorts of tumors were put in circulation rela'ive to the cause of delay by Ihe committee ; and finally, a genius with a red shirt, who appeared as active as a monkey, scaled the top of the unfinished entrance door of the room in which the delegates were assembled, and returned with a report that he had found the most ot them in a snooze, but on his approach they had awakened and took another ballot, which resulted : For Atwood 33 " We*tervelt J3 " Kmmans 29 " Seaman 1 The daring exploit of the man with a "red shirt," who in future will become as memorable as the "man with the claret colored coat," prompted others to enquire into the caus-- of delay af the committee, and the consequence was that a rush was made at the door at the foot of the stairs, guarded by the well known "Cerberus" of the general committee, whose shirt collar and stock encases his ears, and up they went, t? demand admission to the room, or compel pome definite action, or an adjournment.? Here a scene ensued of which Tammany Hall alone could be the theatre?the watchmen were called? the parties were expelled?order followed, and old Cerberus took his station again,with n countenance that would h tV'* frightened the devil himself from the door, if he tud dared to ask en'rance. The committee, at abcut two o'clock, took a last ballot, which Wcis? Fur Wfiterrelt SO " Kmmuii* 28 " At wood 22 " S air an I It being apparent ihat nei her party intended to give whv, they ih?n adj^u^n^d, and the crowd below, who til ed the b^r room, made old Tammany ring with "three cheers" for Calhoun?"three for Van Burt-n"? "uiue for Calhoun"?when they dispersed, to assemble *Rbio cn Friday, when the delegates meet for another < flnrt. The convention to nominate members of Assembly meet this evening atTammany Hall. The Post Office Dwaetment.?The utter inefficiency of the department, as at present organised, is universally admitted. It is also as generally allowed that the present head of it has by injudicious movements, enhanced the inconveniences that the public formerly suffered from it. The whole affair is behind the age, and imperatively calls for reformation. If we reflect in how great a degree the world lias advanced in business, in means of communication, and in general intelligence, since the present system was adopted, we shall not be surprised that it is totally inadequate to the wants of the community. It i? this tact which has caused the numerous expresses which have sprung up to meet with such great success The great faciliiies which Hdrnden, hy his connection with the post office has afforded the mercantile community hitherto hds alone prevented a burst of popuhr feeling which would have produced a change in regulations. Instead of endeavoring to meet the public wants by putting at least as liberal a construction upon the laws as did his predecessor, Mr. Wicklifl'e weakly supposes he can compel the employment of the government monopoly by a free people. He has struck a severe blow at ihe press, by attempting to stop the transportation of new?papeij. This is not a blow ai the press alone, it is at the whole reading community. The law of 1825 says "lie may grant permission'" lor the transportation of papers. This coming from Congress to an executive officer is an order that he ikat< do so. Congress never intended to throw into his hands the control of the whole press of the country. Such a construction of the law is clearly an abuse of power. Washington ?'quari.?Thin splendid fquare, one of the most heautilul locations in the city, is yet without a fountain, but we imagine it will not long continue so. The public spirit and good taste of the gt nil* men whose estates surround that area wit! un Iuoiiuieaiy cause tne erection ot one which will throw the "Park duck pond," nod the "Bowling Green stone iiuarry" into the shade. E* paiuint, would not a fountain in connection wilh the Wash ir.arton monument, for which subscriptions are now under way, be appropriate 1 Trnnksmk.?'The Legislature of Tennessee commence d its session in Nashville on Monday, the 2d in^t. Mr. Bartender, whig, was elected Speaker o! the Hou?-, over Mr. Polk, by a vote ot - 'o S3 In the Senate, Mr. Anderson, ol Marion, whig, was elected Speaker. We lenrn thai Kobert Wn klift>, Jr, of Kentucky, the unniccett-lul competitor of Mr. Garrett I' ivisjor Congress, ban rrt < ivril liom the Pre: ident the appointment ol Charg? d'Allairea to Sardinia ; The Fair of the American Institute. Tuesday?Second Day. Yesterday the various rooms, salooim and workshops were made more complete than on the firet day of the fair, and the visitors had "ample room and verge enough" to gratify the appetite for the ingenious, the beautiful and the marvellous. The gn-nd saloon presents a scene ot oriental magnificence; the horticultural saloon is beautiful as a tropical parterre; the room set'apart for the machinery was nn exceedingly gratifying exhibition, giving evidence oi the ingenuity of out machinists, and the skill of our artizans. The apartment which is stored with domestic manufactures gratified our pride of country, and promised not only a national independence of foreign looms, but an ability to compete with the manufacturers of the world, and soon to excel them. The grand entrance is occupied with carriages of every description, and stoves, kitchen ranges, und many other articles of use and ornament. The open space is variously occupied with materials, ranging from ploughs to sweet meats. Ia a brief visit which we yesterday paid to this interesting exhibition, we wire p'eased, astonished, and greatly amazed. In the magnificent display around us there were so many things to attract our attention that we knew not which way to turn, but in this dilemma the pealing of an organ in the gallery decided the course we should take. The instrument we fouud was an organ from the workshop of Messrs. J nekton Je Son, No. 170 Sixth Avenue, wiili the api>endage ot an instrumental organ player, ingeniously constructed. By this invention, which is the work of the junior partner of the manufacturers, who is himself a church organist, country parishes can have the full church service played by an infant, and thus organists will Boon be dispensed with, their salaries saved in this economizing era, and that race of men will in time become as novel as unicorns, and their bones excite as much marvel when foa'id as those of the mastodon. This instrument, however, notwithstanding the simplicity with which it is played, can be used for places of amusement, and set to every kind of music, even such as ia too difficult lbr the hand to execute. Adjoining this organ, numbered 718, wee two magnificent patent double-acticn harp*, from the establishment of Messrs. J. LMveau 5c J. F. Browne, No. 385 Broadway and 73^ Chambers street They ~ 1 ?i? ? ? ttcii rAiuuiuu a targe giatsi case, nua are nigmy ornamental, but we observed no person in charge of them from whom we could obtain a description of their improvements, or ascertain the beauty of their tones; but from the costly style in which they are finished and the care with which they are kept, we doubt not they are exceedingly valuable. As our visit to the gallery was necessarily brief, we pass by the other articles there exhibited, to a coffin which seemed to appal some ladies who had beenexhilerated by the animating scene in which they had been intermixing in other parts of the building. An exclamation of alarm was succeeded by great gravity of demeanor, and they passed on, leaving us to examine the beauty of this last receptacle of humanity, and the appropriateness of us descriptive label, from whieh we learned that it was a "Life Preserving Coffin." A life preserving coffin! Enigmatical as ia the description, it maybe true, nevertheless, in some cases. Let the inventor tell his own story. In a warm climate, ouisin the summer, where the dead arc obliged to be buried soon alter disease, as for instance, during the prevalence of the yellow fever, and at other time*, instances have been known of persons having been buried before life was really extinci;to guard against which the inventor of this coffin has contrived an ar. angementof springs and levers, on its inside, whereby its inmate, by the least motion of either head or hand acting thereon, will instantly cause the cottin lid to fly open, a circumstance which will entirely remove all uneasiness of premature interment from the minds of anxious relatives. The inventor would advise all families or communities who may feel disposed to make use of his Life Preserving Coffins, so constructed as to give persons deposited therein chance for life, by placing a lock on its door that will open either from the inside or outside also with a bell, eiid with openings to admit pore air, and into which no other coffins are admitted, and a key which should be placed inside to allow any one who maybe resuscitated egress, until decomposition actually takes place, when they may be removed, and flnallv deposited in the ground, the refcy keeping the vault frue from the accumulation ol toul air.l Of its practicability the reader may judge for himself. Near one of the entrances to this gallery, our old friend Thomas, so well known at the Franklin Bahts, is found ready to receive the voluntary subscriptions of the visitors to the magnificent national memento of the father of his country?the pure patriot, the good christian, the irreproachable man? George Washington. The " Washington Monument" will be a work worthy of this great country, and it was gratifying to see that the certificates were being issued to subscribers, which, by-ihe-bve, will be good for the amount tubaenbed if the object should fail. We cannot venture on even an enumeration of the objects which attracted our attention in the rooms through which we passed, and therefore, with the mention of one or two, we must reserve the residue for a future publication. On descending from the gallery we observed several ladies engaged in some species of amusement, and on a closer observation, we found them trying the merits of one oi Halstcd'a exercising chairs, invented for the use of dyspestics and other invalids. The value of this invention is, that it enables a person too timid to mount a horse, or too sick to leave his chamber, to enjoy before breakfast the exercise of a iast trot without the labor of stepping out of doors. A great variety of these instruments may be seen at 26 John street, and it is said, though with doubtful accuracy, that one peculiar old gentleman, who in greater affluence was accustomed to enjoy equestrian exercise and carriage rides, has procured one of these machines, and by clo ing his eyes, indulges in the hallucination tha* he still partakes his accustomed favorite pleasure. Hicks' patent portable,bath, exhibited by Prince, of 258 Pearl street, is an aiticle of great comfort and utility, and we shall mention it a^ain hereafter. In the Raloon set apart for cotton an*) woolen manufactures there were many that excelled any thing we had ever seen, but a specimen ol whirling exhibited by Mr. Charles Carville, of 81 Pine street, was pre-eminent, in worth and beauty. Its pure whiteness was not surpassed by the unsunned snow; its texture was fine to admiration, but its strength and adaptation for durability were singularly combined withexquisitc exterior appearance. This we ascertained to be an entirely new fabric, manufactured of costly materials. It is from the New York Mills, Oneida county, manufactured by Benjamin Murshall, and B. S. W&lcot, from Sea Island cotton in part, and the residue of Louisianas. There was likewise a specimen of dimities, which are well worth an examination. Lloyd, of No. 3 Prince street, has an autograph letter from "Harry of the West," expressive of his approval ofa present of American cologne water, in a prominent place amongst hid bottles of cologne water, extract of orange flowers, spirit of roses, <Xcc. &c , which attracted the intense attention of the whigs. Father Webb crossed himself dsvoutly as he read the precious document, and breathed a blessing on the head that conceived and the hand that wrote it. There are several "Self-Protccting Ventilating Beehives," which exhibit the little busy bee improving each ahinins hour in the domestic manufacture ol honeycomb, and an interesting sight they are. In the evening the garden was again filled. The pianos were laid under contribution to enliven the stene, and th? organs at intervals playsd some simple but solemn tunes?after which a member of the committee called the andience to order, and announced that the gentleman who had been appointed, was now ready to address the meeting. juekjk Inqlir, on coming forward to addres3 the visitors, apologised for being so entirely unprepared The ?udden call of the managers had left lum tot.i ly at the mercy of his feeble powers, however, w tiling and ready he might be to answer the callindeed, said he. 1 feel reluctant to arreat the alten I tun, which, since I entered the room I have witj ne.-sed with much truihful pleasure, devoted to the examination of the many manv beautiful specimens ^ui American inuu&iry, wmcn uu me sevrrm rwiiu i Could I fulfil tbe promptings of my own heart, 1 would more willingly mingle with you aa a private member of bo happy an assemblage, than dare to arrest the progress of your enjoyment to listen to words which cannot be of such interest to you a? the display which my eye now dwells on 8?) pleasingly. Mingling in your ranks?exchanging th<* courtesies of the evening with such friends as I might meet, would be more consonant with my feelings ; but it 1 must say something, whv 1 must, and let the moment suggest the topic. What are we assembled for, and who has assembled us together T I^ook around you, and read in the numerous articles arranged with such taste and judgment, ihe cause?the lever of the animated couuteuances which surround them. It is the triumgh of American skill, in every department of agriculture, commerce, ingenious mechanism, and the fine arts. And what nobW sight could an American's eyes rest on, and who has gathered us together 1 It is a band of patriots, whose love ot country, of peace, of onward progress in civilization ha* united rhem together under the name ol " The American Institute," lor the simple, the on|y purpose of carrying out the great object of their country's elevation among the nations of the world. Without selfuh motives, without a design ot selfish advancement or aggrandizement, they are legally incorporated (or the benefit ot the pubic. For them they have purchased a valuable library, a repository ot arts, inventions and improvements in machinery?and for them this exhibition is got up, at 110 email labor and exertion, and to you they look fcr their reward You have given them a generous support hither'o, and they are grateful He then proceeded to remark upon the necessity there existed why a tariff' should be wisely established by the government, to protect the manufacturing interests. Aglriculture could not be checked, commerce, borne on the bosom of the wide-enriching sea, which washes our almost unbounded coast by the noble ships?the pride and boast of Americans all over the world?would flourish and increase against all opposition. But our manufactures, they are the weakest in themselves, and require the fostering hand of the government to protect end encourage their steady growth. On this subject many perhaps of his hearers differed with him, nor was lie here to discuss the merits or demerits ot the tariff question; that would require a place ami a time better suited to grave discussion than the present, and he would no' enlarge on it. He then proceeded to point out the power of mind,

its curious action on diflernt constitutions, and the important results arising from its active employment by men of enquiring dispositions. Each daysome new invention, some new discovery in science is brought to light, and all tending to bring man nearer to the dcsiaui of the. (jrentnr. Ha lh?*n nmnnarcd the state of m?n as he now is with what he had been in centuries past?the American of the present day with the savage of former days, when this vast continent was the home of the red man?ascribing all to the operation of that mysterious principle which moves, three's, aud guides our every action, and through which we are led to glorily the munificent Being whose word gave life and order to man and the universe. Leaving the soaring track whither the impulse was leading him, he descended to earth and proceeded to point out the good which had been effected by the institute since its formation, sixteen years ag<>ne. The generous rivalry which had been excited throughout the country, by the rewards offered for specimens of improvements in commerce, agriculture, and the fine arts, had given an impulse to each, which had not otherwise been obtained, anil the consequence was that increased accommodation was necessary to meet the increased competition. He thanked them, in the name ot the Inctitute, for enabling them to afford such accommodation, and closed his remarks by bespeaking lor the Institute the warm interest oi all present in its future efforts for the elevation of the American nation. The speaker was well received throughout, though his remarks were inaudible at a distance, owing to .the working of the machinery and the moving te and fro of the visitors. This should be remedied. To-day the Silk Convention meet at the rooms of the Institute, in the Park, at halt past 10 o'clock.? It will be a highly interesting meeting, and much valuable information in this branch ot American wealth will be given. Mr. Barber, ot Massachusetts, a distinguished silk grower, and advocate, will deliver an address on this subject at the Garden during the evening. The grand ploughing match at Paterson, N. J., will take place on Monday next. Tne larmere of Long Island, New Jersey, aud the neighboring countics, are invited to the trial. It will be a most exciting and interesting part oi the proceedings. The Crickei Match.?The game of cricket pending between the St. George Cricket Club of New York, and the Union Club of Philadelphia, was resumed on Tuesday morning, on the ground at Camden, and after playing until about three o'clock in the afternoon, the contest was closed, both parties having on the second innings a score of one hundred and fifty one. The contest is, there, fore, on account of the " tie" not yet decided, and another trial must be had, which, we understand, will come ofl next Spring, in the vicinity of Trenton, .New Jersey. Steamboat Accident.?The steamer New York, on her passage from New Haven to this city on Saturday night last, broke her shaft and was turned back to New Haven. It is somewhat singular the three of the staunch Sound steamers should have been disabled at the same time, within a tew miles of each other. Joe Swkenm.?The Boston Transcript says this celebrated banjo player is not dead. It appears from a late London paper that he was in that city amusing the Cocknies with his sweet strains. Russell's Planetarium.?The Vice Chancellor yesterday sustained the injunction which Mods. Gouraud obtained against Russell's Planetarium, requiring, however, that that gentleman Ehould file a bond, witn two sufficient securities, justifying in the sum of $12,600, in the course of the day. Niblo's.?The Ravels appear in no less than four entertainments to-night for the benefit of Mr. Grain, the talented artist of the establishment, and whose excellent scenery has been so often the theme of universal admiration. The Ravels give their aid in their very best selected pieces, La Sulphide, with the graceful Madame Leon, as the JErial Nymph. Sandy, by Gabriel Ravel?light Rope with a new debutante, Ja Petite amour, only four years old.? The Bedouin Arabs, by the whole Ravel family, exhibiting every kind of feat within the range of pos BiDiiny, ana t>?yond the range credibility, ana afterwards (for this is not all) the comic pantomime of ihe Conjuror'* Gift, with Antoineas Clown, Gabriel, Jerome, Francois Ravel in hia contortions. A Chinese divertisement, ttec. This is literally two night's performances in one, and cannot fa;I attracting a most brilliant and crowded saloon-. f)t>- Mr. Rice, since his return, seems to have acquired a renewed popularity. At the Chatham, he has nightly drawn crowded houses since his engagement. This evening the popular operatic farce of H<>ne Squash Diavolo, will be produced for the first time. In the cast, we notice the names of many performers who were with the great original in its first presentation at the Bowery. It will be rendered, from various improvements, more effective than ever. The tragedy of Adelgetha will be revived, and produced with every possible effect. The bill, taken as a whole, cannot be excelled. Last night the sale of tickets was stopped for the crowd. f?oi?d Cigars ?Our columns to-day contain the advertisement of Henriques, 51 William street, in which is enumerated some of the best brands of cigars ever puffed. All who are in want of the real genuine, will of course give him a call. City Intelligence. Tolioi.?The anticipated -eport on the Brceiiitjr of po lice reform, ao'long looked for from the CimmonCouncil, at il ODBratt-a an a chatm nvuimt rairalitv of a hiffh order. to lar ba police jurisdiction ia concerned. Nothing y teiday a?ve the arreat of Biddy McOowan, of6?Croaa atr,>tt, who took advantage of young John Broderick, of 81 Whitehall street, while he waa neatUd on her bonom a private lodging*, and ralieviwl nia pocket* of about $1*, be.ng all the looae change the youth had in hia poaataa'f-n. 8ho waa fully committed. A watchman picked up a man who aay a hia name ia N ithaniel Iiawdcn, who had in hia poaaeaaion an elegant Cloak, a ailver watch with hair guard chain and a gold (liake'a head, auppaaed to be atolan. Any peraon having lo?t auch aiticlca, will And them at the Lower Tolice office. Kiaic?The nlarm bat evning, about II o'clock, pro* eroded from the burning of a room occupied by John Moore, aa a ailver amith ahop.in the rearol Bloomer'a hat at'irein Broadway, near Maidi n lane. But little damage w a lone, na the lire win diacoVOTrd nlmoat ai aoonnait j >roke out \ (General HeuloM. Before Recorder Tullmaitpe, end Aldermen Watermsn and N??h. Umei R. WHirmo, Eiij., District Attorney. Wkdnbioat, Oot. 11 Trial for Jiuaull and Baitery. ?Jacob Colvin end E O. Sweet were tried for an as ault and battery on J. Milligan, of 30 Raade street, com* mitted on the 7th o( September last. The circumstance*, as elicited bv the testimony, weie that the accuted, who are police officers, went to the houfe of a woman named Clark, who kept a house of doubttul character at 23 Reade street, to serve a warrant upon a person who was expected to arrive at the house during the night in question. While there, a party of young men came to the door and demanded entrance to the house, which |waa re'uSbd, when they created a great noise, and rung the llnnr 11.-11 of Vr, Millliran. Hi! rumn tn hit ilnnr l(n in quire the cauae of the riot, when hit brother-in-law, Wilson, came up, and word* enaued between the aereral parties, including the police otticera, and they attempted to take Wilson to the watch home, which was reauted, and Milligan being brought into the aftray in a scuffl"? with the officer*, fell and broke hia lelt leg. For the d*?. lence, conducted by Wm Shalkr and Jamfs T. Bkady, ?qra , the character ot the accused waa shown not to be quurrelsoiac or diaorderly, and the caae will be aubmitted to the jury this morning. In (he trial ol Luaard Leman, for false pretences, in obtaining dry goods Irom Samuel M. Blatchford, the jury returned a verdict ol not guilty, on Tuesday. Pliiladclplila. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Philadelphia, Oct. 14, 1843. Tht Election?Improvements in Chesnut street?Another Libel Suit? The Opera?Booth,the Tragedian ? Wiit Engagement at the Arch?Merits, Sfc ? Murdochs Lectures?Oar Theatres badly supported ?A Suggestion to the Sto kholders? The Debutante again, in the part of Mariana?Her performance of it v ry tame?Interesting Surgical Case?Particu' lars, 8,-c. James Gordon Bennett, Esq.? Dear Sir: Our election is being held to-day. The weather is remarkably fine, and will induce a large number ot our citizens to be present at the polls. It is confidently predicted that McMichael will be elected sheritl, and that the whig councils will prevail. The democrats, 1 have understood, are voting a part of the whig ticket, and supporting McMichael in particular. I was pleased to notice that the arrangement at the polls to facilitate our voting, has had the desired enect. It consists in limiting the number ot? tickets to four instead ot fifteen, which are selected more readily, and deposited with infi niiely [ess trouble,requiring tewerclerks?but taking a little longer to count at the close of the election. The system, however, works admirably, and is productive of much more orderly conduct in the vicinity of the State house, than what has been observed there lor this number of years past. In passing up Chesnut street to-day 1 was gratified in noticing the improvement which the heirs of the late Jacob Ridgway have made in the erection ol a large brick edifice, immediately lronting his late residence, designed for stores, the appearance of which, with their iron entablature over the bulk-windows, have a novel effect, but at once tasty and ornamental.? Our city has been recently embellished with many handsome buildings, both public and private. Indeed some of them may be justly regarded as princely mansions, in which all uiat wealth could accomplish, has been done to render them comfortable and elegant. You will nercsive by our papers that Mr. McKeen of Mobile, has instituted a suit for libel against the proprietors of the Franklin House, Messrs. J. M. Sanderson & Son. This is the right method to ascertain the,true version of the story in relation to the robbery which is alleged to have been committed at ttieir hotel. It is mv impression that this gentleman was certainly fleeced whilst in his lodging room at this establishment, but 1 would not insinuate in the least that the proprietors knew any thing of the matter, as they are both upright and intelligent gentlemen. They did wrong, however, to puWish the statements which leflectedso very severely upon Mr. McKeen's character as a gentleman aiul a business man. A jury now will settle the m&itrfjbetweenthe belligerent parties in this case. The opera last evening was handsomely patronised, and presented a galaxy of youth, beauty and fashion. Prominent in the stage box, amidst a blazonry of jewelry, (himself a jewel of the first water,) sat the man-milliner, so well known by the Moubriquet of Captain Tarradiddle. Mademoiselle Calve appeared, notwithstanding, in the new aud interesting opera of " Anna Boleua," it being for the benefit of Monsieur and Madame Lecourt. The entertainment passed off ia the most acree able manner?the music was perfectly enchanting, and the performers severally excellent iu their respective delineatious. 1 he orchestra is under the directiou ot Mona Prevost, one ot the most acconi' pltshed musicians of the day. Booth commenced an engagement at the Arch stieet Theatre last night, and filled the house from pit to dome. He seems to be as popular as ever, in despite of his mutilated countenance, which unquestionably detracts in a great measure lrom the otherwise classical beauty of his performance. He is now performing in a range of characters wherein he has no superior #n the boards of either hemisphere. That I like the man is most true?and can appreciate his style of acting, which is nearer the precepts of the immortal bard than any other living actor within the circle of my acquaintance. Booth is emphatically an actor?and also a mm of fine intellectual endowments, whose soul is attuned to the music of nature, capable of appreciating and touching her most delicate strung chords. 1 remember the first time that the " beautiful readings" ot this accomplished tragedian fell upon my hearing, so distinct in enunciation and so chaste in eli quence?the impression of which still lingers in my memory associated with wonder and admiration. He is " himself again," and will draw good houses. KusseM is fortunate in the acquisition of successful stars. Murdock's elocutionary lectures were slimly attended at the museum. This did not surprife me, for it is a matter of impossibility for all our places of amusement to succecd this winter, and I begin to anticipate small dividends lrom the profits of the theatres. Some w?g has suggested to the stockholders to resign their free tickets in favor of the the manager, in order to enable him to " raise the wind" more eftt-ctually. This suggestion meets with but little approval on their part, as might naturally have been expected. The stockholders of the Cnesnut have free admission also to the Walnut street lheatre, as both establishments are under the game management. The young lady who made her debut a few evenings since, appeared last night as Mariana, in Sheridan Knowles play of the Wife The portion which 1 witnessed of her performance, was insufferably lame, and if fche displays no further excellence the managers will find her "no card." Blake, they state, brought her out, whether to take the public in I am not free to say. So much for theatricals. There was a highly interesting case of surgery occurred here a few days since, in which the well known skill of Dr. W. J. Duflee, of Moyamensing, was called into requisition. The subject of it was an old and respectable lady, resident in the northern part of this city, whose entire foot was amputated at the ancle, and apparently with the most complete success This is the second operation which this bold and skilful surgeon has performed within a short period, and in both instances upon elderly patients, where the chance of success, it is said, is of a very doubtful tendency. The first ef these operations resulted in a sa'isfactory manner, and has givn him an enviable celebrity in the surgical line. v?ur \?i uic iiiuoi uiiiiuuti uiifi umiK^ruuti m?rrations in surgery, the amputation ot the hip joint, wan performed by this gentleman Borne time since, at the Alms House, which resulted also favorably? the patient surviving and being at the present moment in an excellent state of health. This I believe to be the only successful operation of the kind ?n this side ot the Atlantic, and which alone would confer upon him a high rank in his profession. The Doctor is a young man, and at present the attendant physician and surgeon of the Moyamensing Alms House. Having occupied a sufficient portion of your time already, I will bring this desultory epistle to a conclusion. Yours, truly, D. Georgia Election.?The election returns from Georgia continue to be favorable to the whigs, even in a degree much beyond expectation. There teems to be no reason now to doubt that a whig Governor, two whig members of Congress, a whig Mate S nate and House ol Representatives, haye all been chosen by very decisive majorities. W I? THERE A SINGLE INDIVIDUAL IN THE city who has not been to Pealed New York Muiritm to sre Cs?par Hauler? If there is one, let him go ut once, an lie remain* hut this week. He i? acknowledged by every one that ha* seen hi hi to be the greatest living cu. riuiity in the country, <ven to exctrd Oaneral Tom '1 humb. Performances every evening by the Southern Minstrels and others. Admitsion to the whole only one shilling. This i; positively tlio l??t night of the Minstrels, asother and very s rong attractions am engaged in their stead. (ft?- 8UOII A PERFECT FLOOD OF BUCCKS9 * as never enjoyed by the Amerirun Museum as it stems to lie favored with tbia u/??U fiuu Tmi iTIiiimti in fill tl u rftqn,botti .imongst rlti/."n? and Granger*, mid a more v ortliy favorite wan navrr preicnted before the public.-? J'Iip i'im Iot manrr? by |)r. Valentine, kc. are meat grand, " I receive nightly the moat enthusiaKtic applau**.?? 1 'i*iitli?l?*t week that the iplendld Diorama* of Mr U lunington will b? ?ten in thin city. J17- rROFK8?OR VKLPEAU'S CELKnRATKD |i I", lor the radical cure of gonorrhi* gleet, and nil un) ' mant discharge" from the urethra. The*" pilll are 1. >'V prescribed l>y the medical faculty of Europe?? the n, .-t C'Tttnn and speedy ciirn for tho?e di?tre??ing cona I 1.unit noi l in boxea *1 each. Office an I ConnuI'miT ri. >mi of the College ?f Medicine and Pharmacy, 97 Nae * U afreet _ W. 8. R1CHARDBON, Agent. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Blwtion In piill?delplila< The whiga appear to be triumphant in Philadelphia, and they have favorable inielliseuce Iroiri other parts ot the State. A correspondent writes to us as follows !? Philadelphia, Oct. 11, 1843 Mr. Bknnett? We huvejust concluded an eventful election?the result of which has been a perfect route of the locotocos?horse, foot, and dragoons. The papers of (his morning could not publish the news, so 1 will give you an abstract. In the first district, E Joy Morris haf been elected. lie is a whig of the tariff Clsy stamp, and was elected by a split between the locos. In the tecond district, J. R.. Ingeraoll, (W ) is of course elected bv a tall majority. Our Mayor ditto; and the new Sherill, Morton McMichael, haa gone in with a swinging majority. In the third distnt, John.T. Smith, a name that hus been heard of before, js elected to Congress, lie is a loco, and beat " Oliver Oldschool." In the fourth district, C. J. Inger son, me gentleman 01 large conversation." is elected by a small majority. The whiga did not kuow their strength, or they would have beaten him The news from the countieB surrounding us is great for the whigs, and some of them, I am afraid, will go off half cocked, if they are not looked after. Yours, in haste, Liddy Pkck. From the Philadelphia Gazette we copy the following exulting language:? The election which was held in Philadelphia yesterday terminated in a complete overthrow cf the harmonious democracy in the city, and the loss of more than one of their best leaders in the county. So entirely does the victory exceed all the anticipations of the whigs themselves, that it is difficult to refer to it in the moderate terms we are wont to use. The majority on the Mayor's ticket is tremenlous?two thousand six hundred and nine, which is more than four times the average majority for the Councils last year. The Gazette sayHof the Congressional election:? In the First Congressional District, Mr. Edward Joy Morris, a most worthy whig, is elected. He had two opponents from the locoloco ranks?one, Mr. McCully, of the Tyler, Porter school, and the other of the old school ol patent democracy. The electionof Mr. Morris is a real triumph, as it is a gain of a whig member of Congress in the very hot bed of democracy. In the Second District?the city proper?our able and favorite whig representative in the last Congress, Mr. J. R. Jngersoll.is re-elected by a brilliant majority?tar above his former majority. In the Fourth District, Mr. Charles J Ingersoll, the " democratic" representative of the district in the last Congress, is also re-elected, and doubtless by a strong majority?which however we have not as yet learned. In the Third District, Mr. John T. Smith (Democrat) is alno elected, but his mnjority is not ascertained. We may remind our distant readers that those four Districts compose Philadelphia county. The delegation is thus divided between th# twoparties. Of the Sheriff and others it says: Mr McMichael's majority In the city, about 3,200, far surpasses the highest hopes of his most swiguine friends. He is undoubtedly elected by at least 1,500 majority. The Whig .t reasurer, renrose ash, me Auauor, Henry D. Steever, and the County Commissioner, Philip Justus, have majorities also, exceeding three thousand three or tour hundred in the city, and their election is a certainty. Delaware Election.?Aa extra from the office of the Delaware State Journal announce the following capital news:?The whigs of Wilmington Ci'y have achieved a glorious victory. The wnigs have elected six members oi council out of seven. This is the first time for five years that they have elected a member of Council.?Phil. Gat. National Jockey Club Races, Washington ? Result of Tuesday's race. Purse $100; entrance $20 added E. J. Wilson's brown colt Gosport, by Margrave, dam Miai Valentine,4 year* old, 1 1 1 A. 8. Griggsbee's black hone St. Pierre, by Pomonkey,dam by Lafayette, 6 years old, 4 8 3 W. Mershon bay mare Gulnair, by Iranhoe, dam full sister t? Sarah Washington, 4 years old, 3 4 3 H. Linthicuni's bay colt Mazeppa, dam by Ooliah, 3 years old, 2 JJis. Col. Forbe's chestnut colt Gwinn, by Hampton, <lam by Rob Roy, 3 years eld, *3 dil. Time?1st heat, lm. 54; 2d, 1m. 54fc; 3d, lm. 57. Salea ot (Stocks nt Philadelphia. Second Board, Oct. 10.? 2 shares Chesapeake end Delaware Stock,8; $11 00 Reading Railroad Bonds, 6lJ, $2000 Chesapeake and Delaware ti's, lists, 38); $230do, 36; e?'?0<> do 36 J; 3W shares Pennsylvania Bunk,.17Ih 60 do Wilmington Railroad, 1"|; 95 do Oirard Bank, 6?. First Board, Oct. 11 266 shares Reading Railroad, 18$; 60do Mechanics Bank, (cash) 22}; 15 do Pennsylvania Bank,"71 J; 20do Nov Orleans Qus Bank, 20; lOOdo Wilmington Railroad, 16{; loodos*.!a f, 16}; 10 Jo County Kire Insurance Co. 85. LATEST SOITHKKN SHIP NKWI. Philadelphia, Oct 11?Arr Wm Pitt, Biker, and Home, Howes, Boston; Win Thompson. Stewart, Kali River; A B Cooley, Camp, New York. CId Grecian, Benedict, Bordeaux; Orion, Wilkuis, La Guayra. CId Genl Stark, Lingthorn, St John, NB. Baltimore, Oct 10?CId Anton, Chase, Halif*x. Sid Oraee Brown, Myers, Amsterdvm; 1'owliatUn, Marshall. Marseilles; F.llerslie, Wallace, Kingston, Ja; Hannah, Dewing, S.iiem; Itbt B i uce, Savannah. Ai.kxandria, Oct 9?Arr Edla.(Sw) Assander, Boston. Richmond, Oct 10?Sl?l Josephine, Robinson, NVoik. Norfolk, Oct 9?Arr Pantheon, r ales, Thomaston; Victoria, Brown, New York for Jacksonville, l\F. in distress, leaky, Ike; Candace, Bri^htman, Baltimore for Fall River. Q&* THE FOLLOWING LETTER 13 PUBLISHED to snow the estimation in which the Metallic Strop i* held in Europe :? Place L'Odcon, 5 Rue Racine, 26 Paris. W. L. Carter, Cutler to the King since 1824, and to the Royal Navy, late Inspector oi Surgical Instruments to th<< British lorces. Mr. Geo Saunders :? Dear Sir It is with much pleasure I hare to assure you of my entire satisfaction or the last consignment of the Metallic Tablet Razor Strops, vthich I received safe. I consider you hove now brought it to the highest pitch of perfection, and independent of Iheir inconteatible superiority over all other Razor Strops manufactured on the continent, I know of noue in England possessing the same advantages You know my sale of high price Razors is considerable, and your strop is now the only one I recommend with my Razora. I continue to receive the most flattering testimonials of its merit, not only ior Razors, hut for most kinds of Surgical Instrument*. Believe me. dear Sir, yours truly. " WM. L.CARTER. The original of tho above can be saen, with certificate* from cutler) in England,and also from the first gentlemen t of this country. It ii the nine article that received flr?t premiums, year after year, at the Fairs of tho American institute. G. SAUNDERS, Inventor find Manufacturer, 103 Broadway. {JtT- UNMUTILATED EDITION !?THE 8TORV OK NINON DE L'ENCLOS, the celebrated Aapasia of France, with her remarkable Letters on Love, Courtship, Marriage, and their mysteries, translated from the French, now ready?price one (hilling. This is universally admitted to be one of the most remarkable works of any age ; and it is estimated that upwards ef half a million of copiea have been aold in Francc. The subtle*t secrets of a woman's heart arc here unveiled. In a moral point of view, the work is unexceptionable, although the most hazardous and delicate matters that can interest a lover and a auitor are here discussed. Published bv BURGESS 8t STRINGER, Corner of Broadway and Aun street. ft?-A MIRACLE! A MIRACLE ! !-8ingnlar Chcm IcnlDiscovery, by Dr. D Lanlene, Phyalci in and Member ol the Academy of Science at Paris. Oneofthe most important, valuable, and useful discoveries in medical sci. ence was recently made in Paris, by an accidental event. One ot the savans ol Pari', whose whole life had beep d?v..ted to scientific chemical pursuits, had got his hnnda, from the constant use of the various drugs, more like those of an African than a white man, and hail inef. lectually fri"d by a thousand different application* to restore them to their original tints, was some time since preparing: "chemical essence, for the Fre.ich Madicati.d Soap, which had tke ?tfect of changing the color ot bit skin and restoring it to it* primitive whiteness. The French Medicated Seap has been submitted to the Academy ol Medicine it Paris, aud pronounced by u committee of twelve physicians aa a most extraordinary discovery in medical science. It has been effectually naed by parson* wh'ise skin had assumed the swarthy complexion ot the Creole by exposure In a hot climnte, an ' rrstored them to their primitive whiteness, and who can tell what may be its ? fleets on the colored population? The French Mcdi> C .ted Soap is used aa apieventive ot the yellow fever, i* a positive cure for all frecklea and pimpies ol the skin, tho carry, *corbutir. appearances, suit rnmm, neai spui?, I morphew .burns, mntquito bites, ulcers, am! all cutaneous diseases. Be sure and buy no where else but at 87 Wnlker t , 1 door from the corner of Broadway. Price AO centa per cake. Mr. D. Wright, who wailh? introitucer ofihia soan into the U. States, has disposed of bis right nnd title to the present proprietor. 0T7- PRIVATE DISEASES?A CURE GUARANTEED The College ol Medicine and Pharmacy of the City of New York, established 'or the supprcaiion if quackery, ia now prepared to tr?at all diseases of a priv itn nature, and otter to all those nfHicted with these distressing maladies advantages not to bo m< t with In any oilier institution in this country, either public or private. From the constant correspondence, and from private sr* lungements, between the niembars oi the College and the m?st eminent professors ol the medical institutions of Europe, all Improvements In the treatment ol these disease! a; t; lorwarded to them long before they reach the msjor ty of the medical profession ofttiia country. With such I celebrated remedies, together with the combined skill of tlie flrst medical men ot this country, the College feel *?t'-fled that the good work they havu und> rtaken, "the suppr<asion of quackery," will receive tho pationageit deserves from that portion of the public requiring their si rvlcee. Terms for advice, all medicines, ff> Office oud ei.su lling (looms of the College, 67 Ntat.uu tree . W 8. RICH A UDSON, Agent. N.B. Piitients living at B distance, by stating tlirir d|i? Me explicitly in writinr, living ml sy mptorua. together v iih tho treaiaent t.uy receive 1 . inowhere, it any,can obtain a chest containing all medicines, with full dlrec Ttonsior iiBP(wiiii r ijuuitiiiur ui i niv, ny u<i<!i r?aiiii( tlia o?ont of the college, post enclosing $6. i