Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 21, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 21, 1843 Page 2
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, r.^r?rNEW YORK H?JliALJ> IVrw tirk, Vkliirrfajr, Ortott?r '41, 1M3 Cnup Lirtiiivti.-Tht lollowing hnve ju?t been published, atnl are loi ?*le at thii othc?, together w ith 11 th? latea; publications el the day, at the wholesale and retail price*? Gibbon* Hiftory of Rome ; the My?terie? of Parit, by Eugene Sue. Ninon de L'Encloa, the celebraied Aapatia o! France ; The Irish Milodiea, by Thomas Moore ; Thr Wrong* oi Women, by Chailotte Elifaheth; The Monikina, by Cor.per; Mr?. Ellia'a Hou'ek?*ping Made Eaay, or Complete Inatructor in all brancheaof Crokery and Domestic Economy. 3C7- A tew copies of the Illustrated London News, r<ctonal Times. Tunch, Examiner, and the Publin Free mun'i Journal, which were received by the Hibernia, maj be obtained at thin office. ME. BENNETTS LETTER8 FROM EUROPE, NO. VI. Paris, 20th September, 1848. To morrow I leave Pans, and in three days more embark on board the good 6hip Argo, Captain Anthony, tor New York I am now prepared with ample materials to give a full, extensive, and accurate view of the extraordinary situation <md prospects of all western Europe, including France, England, Ireland, Scotland and Spain. With the exception of this fine country, France, each ot these na'ions, is full of radical troubles of all kinds. France is the roost prosperous country in the world, after the United States, and all its troubles are sentimental. Louis Philippe is the Augustus of his countrv. and is fillinr it with industry, art, science, trade, commerce, and every natural kind of happiness. On the contrary, Englaud is in the commencement oi a series of small changes that never will stop, till some great change is | roduced. It is impossible to enter into minute particulars now, lor it would extend to columns to give a full and correct view. Great changes have taken place in Paris and in France since I was last here. Streets are opened? new house? built?railroads constructed, and every element of wraith and prospe rity in the highest state ot development. The railroad from Puristo Rouen is a capital one, and they are now engaged in con* Mructing one all the way to Havre. I have made enquiries at the proper department, and the line of steamers to New York will not begin till next May. The will first start from Cherbourg, but this port will only be used till the port of Havre be made ready for their reception ? me plans ot L.ouis Philippe, in respect to these lines, are magnificent, and I have no doubt ihey will materially interfere with the English lines ? All Europe is in a transition state in regard to commerce, manufactures, and internal improvements.? That steam power, now applied to every purpose, will have a radical, political, and moral influence, every one must see ; but it is yet dim and doubtful what that may be. Great changes are coming. Mr. Bennett and his Assailants ?The following letter has been addreesed by Mr. Bennett to the Editor of the London Morning Herald, and extensively copied thence into the English and Irish papers :? To the Editor of the Morning HeraldSir?1 will only trouble you wiili a brief and prompt denial of the statements of Daniel O'connell, and ot his two witnesses, Mr. Silk Buckingham and Captain Marryatt. There is not one word of truth in the stories ot either of these persons against my character, and I challenge them and all the world to bring a tittle of any evidence. Buckingham, indeed, only pretends to tell a stery he heard from another person, but if Marryatt ever received the note askinz twentv <tnll?ro l* >? j:j w J VII LA V- PU*D lie UiU, it never came irom me, and it was a gross and palpable lorsery. I despise and laugh at all such impotent slandejs. The rapid growth and present con dition of the JVew York Herald have been produced alone by the introduction of improvements and enterprise in i?o maoagpmcni. i ivao tbt. il>m iiewspai er proprietor who commenced the publication ol moue> articles and an extensive system of reporting in the United States. The idea that a system ot personal abuse and extortion would in eight years create a newspaper ot nearly 30,000 in circulation, is certainly preposterous to every man of common een*e. On my return to New York 1 shall set all these and other points in the strongest light. 1 mean to give such an account of the state of England, her hopes and her dangers, that will at least have the menr of being truthful and independent. J am, fir, your obedient servant, James Gordon Bknmett, Proprietor of the New York Herald. Pans, September 20 Nominations for Assembly.?The Democratic Delegates to the County Assembly Convention, met last evening at Tammany Hall, and made the following nominations:? Thomas Jeremiah, ot the 17th Ward. Richard J. Smith, " 10th " Michael Burxe, " lit " Wm A Jaiisen. " >d " Edward Baniord, " 8th " The Convention adjourned at about half put on? o'clock, te meet again on Wednesday evening next. The Whigs meet on Monday night for the same purpose. The Liberty oe Abolition Paety, held a preparatory meeting laet evening at Washington Hall, for the purpose of nominating candidate* for county officer*, to be supported at the ensuing election ? Tne assemblage was not large, owing to the lack ot previous notice or want of public interest in their movements, we dou't know nor don't care which. Leonard Gibbs, Esq. was called to the Chair, and Geobqe W. Kobe appointed Secretary. a committee of ten, consisting of the chairman and secretary, Horace Dresser, Esq., and seven others, were chosen by the meeting to select suitable candidates, the names of which are to be reported to a subsequent meeting tor public sanction. The Post Office.?The postmaster ol this city mtorms us that he did get the two Southern mails which arrived on Thursday, despatched by the Great Western, and therefore the Southern correspondents need be under no apprehension; but, as the time ol departure ol the Great Western was two o'clock, and her punctuality is rigid and notoriouc, it was creditable to Captain Hoskins and his agent) here, that he held over for some minutes, for their reception, and to the postmaster himsell, to whose efficiency the sorting and safe delivery of the letters was attributable. More Correspondence.?On Monday next we ahall publish a letter and some valuable articles received from London, in which much interesting matter will be found respecting the English Corn Law League, the Canadian Corn.Law, Free Trade, and other kindred subjects. The Fair op the American Instittttk.? The attendant during the two last days has been very larg>- On Friday night, to witness the exhibition of fire workf, ^ wluch Kinney and Edge were the competitors, the g,%un(jH an,i saloons were a perfect jam, and a collision <K.?rrpd whlch endf,d inafigni Ye.terday morning the T^jr WM visited by the Presbyterian Synod, now thtecity; and an address was delivered by the Rev iyjr jyi,' Bride The re were several schools there also u the coarse ol the day. Articles are still being added the exhibition, and amongst others of much intercut. there wt re veral volume.a ot the Scripture# for the iiM ol the Mind. The Fair will be continued for three days intht fuming week The Hon. L). D. Barnard, M C., Ia?t night deli' vered the Hnniverwoy tuidre?sit ?t the Hroadway Ta barnacle, but our column* are no much crowded to day, Uim we uiuat deler nny lunlier notice ol if to net m ? Kui-op?*n Corrripondrnrrt One object which Mr. Bennett had in view in hia vnit to Europe was to arrange a novel, original,graphic, and accurate sy?tf m of correspondence with the Herald, whereby all the int> renting incidents of the old world shall be lurnished to the readers of the Herald in a pleasing and instructive manner. From the correspondent stationed by Mr Bennett in London, who is a gentleman ot distinguished ability, and a w riter of great experience, the following introductory letters have been received, and we venture to say that they contain a clearer view of European bllairs than can be met with in any communication" published on this side the Atlantic. Mr. Bennett's other arrangements will be brought into working operation at a very early pe riod ; but in the mean time, we commend to our readers the letters of "Alpha" The series which we shall receive from ihe same source is destined to attract the fixed attention of, aud excite the most intense interest throughout this entire continent To the writer the best information is accessible, and it will be furnished to our readers with a freedom and an ability which have ever characterized the author's contributions to the public:? London, Sept. 29,1&43. Where shall I begin 1 With Ireland in au uproar"? With Wales in dismay'? With Scotland sulking and dissatisfied 7 With O'Connell showing already the white feather, as to his threatened Dublin Parliament ? With Sir Robert Peel negotiating with the whigs? Or with the latter seeking to make some arrangement with the Premier?? With Spain preparing for fresh "pronouncements?" With Greece and her new revolution, her approaching national assembly, and her "Marseillaise" and i( Tt dti ?I. _ J o' 1/T...I " .rurisit'uiir vriui uic ucuiu 01 cir iviauuew Wood, and the candidates for the honor of repre' sfiuine this city in Parliament 1 With our charming Queen returned to conjugal love and the slopes at Windsor 1 With naval and military preparations on the part of the governments of France and Eng land, denoting the unsettled state of some important question of general interest 7 With a large tall in the French funds ? With the Lord Mayor of the city of London's festival to Espartero 7 With the unpopularity of Nogueras, the assassin of the aged mother of Cabrera 1 With Olozaga's reported visit to Pari*, to ask for an armed French intervention in the afiairs of Spain 1 Or with the miscellaneous ondilt of the commercial, manufacturing and financial circles! As there is no lack of news, so neither is there any want of topics for discussion, and as the American public is uniformly alive to all that is interesting and important in questions of political principle, I propose in the first instatice to make some general observations on our present attitude as a nation. And first 1 would say a few words with regard to the Queen, hei court, and her constitutional advisers. The excitement of the last few weeks has been a whelly new feature in the life of her majesty. Hitherto accustomed to the monotony of an English court life, (and nothing can be imagined more monotonous thaa that,) her Majesty has seen, for the first time, foreign scenery, manners and society. Her education was essentially English. She was always taught to feel that, above and before all things, she must be British in her tastes and feelings. As heiress apparent to the throne, during the whole of the reign of her predecessor and uncle, William IV, she could not, during that period, visit j foreign shores; and if she had not lately expressed her firm resolution to proceed to France and Belgium, she would have still remained p royal prisoner in her own dominions. The Queen had a very great desire to see Louis Philippe. With his character she was well acquainted. With his extraordinary lite, full of ?o many thrilling events, she was not ignorant; and his noble and handsome children had, one after the other, spoken insuch terms of devotedneBs of their father and king, that Queen Victoria could not but be desirouBof seeing a man and a monarch whose checkered career eupplied so many facts, as well as so many subjects, for reflection. Her Majesty's ministers are not entitled to any praise with regard to that visit. They protested against, and even opposed it. Considered it "a dangerous precedent," uHd even hinted at their in?..rrin<? the risk ot an ... ? .. untoward event arise. But all this was useless- The Queen pronounced the words, "I am resolved," and the Premier and Lord Aberdeen bowed acquiescence. Of the visit itself, I do not think it necessary to say more than that it has taken by surprise all the courts of Europe; that it has even alarmed some of (he old diplomatists of the west, as well as of the north; and that, now the pageant is over, John Bull is grumbling about the expense, and asks, "Why was not this great outlay of gold and silver made at home1?" The Queen was much delighted with King Louis Philippe, enchanted with the dfjeuneri in the forests of Normandy, and highly gratified with the dignified simplici'y and unaffected homeliness of the family of the French monarch. In Bel gium, the festival of Bruges most charmed her; and indeed she states that it was one of those "surprises" she can never forget. Brussels disappointed her, Ghent gratified her, while Antwerp consummated her pleasures, and gave a noble conclusion to her continental rambles, for after all, they were but rambles. The inhabitants of Bruges, Ghent, and Antwerp, felt more respecting the regality of the visit than did the Queen herself. The Court is very much divided respecting the whole of these measures, and if the whigs had been in office instead of the conservatives, the latter would have made many hearty protesU ; but Sir Robert must be supported, and the tories will there* fore most probably, on the meeting of parliament, preserve the moRt rigid silence. But have these excursions been really beneficial to British interests, and to the attitude which this country should take with regard to European affairs 1 I confess I think not. They must have had the effect of pledging the Queen and her government, more or less, to the alliances of France and of Belgium, and to the adop. noil of their policy ; and this will be by no means a popular course ot proceeding in this country. The Qu??en whs so much excited during the whole of the period devoted to her foreign wandering*, that ilie calm, dull life of Windsor and its castle,appears most insipid to our youthful monarch, and it is said that to divert her mind, as well as to render more supportable to the Queen her tory advisers, a series of visits to some of the first noble houses of the country are in contemplation, and that even Sir Robert Peel is to be honored by a royal residence of a few hours. There are four long mo/iths to be ffof fhrnurh hefnrp nnv ihine nnnrnnchinir to fiaietv will returu ; and these must be so passed that the Queen may be induced to continue her patronage (however cold and distant) to the present conservetive cabinet. The political tastes and principles of her majesty are so essentially whiggish, and public opinion is eo decidedly in lavor of the onward and progressive movement, that Sir Robert Peel has perhaps a more difficult task to porform than has any prime minister of Great Britain during the last hundred years. The great object of the tories, therefore, is to distract her mind from politics and political discussions and affairs, to occupy it with gaiety, amusement, and holiday making, and to induce her " not to trouble herself about such matters as Irish Repeal?Welsh Rebeccdism?Scotch Free Church-ism?or any of the foreign or domestic topics now under discussion." On the subject oi Ireland her majesty, however, is no longer uilent.? O'Connell is regarded by her as a turbulent, selfish, arbitrary, and really cowardly tribune. She begins u, ihot he lg DOt umcere?that he has not the intention ol carry..? out the propositions and plaiishe has .0 frequently asse.. ,, wou,d do an(J tha, he is agitating exclusively forfi,. na, jnter?t> vunity, and aggrandizement. Hei .-.,.nded vi>jt t0 Ireland she knows and feels Ins been frusi.... liis " Munster meetings," and hi9 late language with regard to herself has filled her with diaguit.? The Queen is in the habit of asking, " What is 1 there new about Ireland 1" and having done so on * Tue?daykla8t, an article Irom t^e Journal (let Dtbati was placed iu her mujesty'i hands. the read it through with haate.and then placing it on the table, exclaimed, " That is excellent!" The paragraph which most gratified her waa the following " Tharn are, we are aware, evil* to be remedied, but the Irish oppoae all reasonable reform by unreaaonable objection*. O'Connell ha* ventured his (take upon a dangerous card He ha* placed Ireland between repeal and revolution ! Repeal he cannot have , and aa to a revolution, if it were attempted, which Ood forbid, the attumpt would infallibly terminate in an unfortunate an I impotent revolt" Thus much for the Queeu! She is an anti-repealer and an anti-O'Connell-ite ; and although all her education, tastes, an4 friendships are whig, she is aw firmly resolved to sup|>ort all measures for putting down repeal agitation, as she is not to visit Ireland until the faction which now kef pa it in useless and criminal suspense and agitation, (hall be wholly overcome. Sir Robert Peel and his coadjutors have been suddenly roused from their briet though wakeful slum ber? by the news of a revolution in Greece, and by a reported Spanish demand for a French intervention in the affaire ot Spaii, to prevent the establishment of a multitude of small and petty republics in the Peninsula. That Greece should have made a revolution against the moat imbecile, extravagant, and stupid governments that ever reigned over either slaves or freemen, in any age ot the world, cannot excite any surprise. King Otho and his Bavarian councillors, have been for years the laughing stock of Europe and the world, and their late bad faith in not making good th? engagements into which they entered for the payment ol the interest on the loan secured by the three great powers, has created a general feeling ot contempt and disgust. But they were not prepared for the convocation ot a National Assembly, nor for the expulsion oi all foreigners from all posts and offices which they had previously held. King Otho is wholly incapable of understanding his position. Conduriotis and Mavromichali, the President and Vice President ot the Council of State, are by far too cunning for this impotent Prince ; and fear induced him to sign a decree, the consequences of which will be felt in ages vet to romp Tb* fii?? nnuti/in ,.i, ?? v""*i;=u man puts on the reception of news suicidal to that relating to Greece, is invariably this, " Shall we Kai? by it 1" " Shall we have the interest on the loan paid V' " Will Greek stock advance 1" Now, I lake it that it is very probable the National Assembly will, in the first instance, pledge itself to make good all public or national engagements; but that it will continue to do so, as the history ot the loan in question shall become known, I doubt exceedingly A careful, prudent, national government will exa- ] mine into the account of bona fide receipts with regard to the loan, and will not be willing to pay 100 per cent for receipt? amountiug to but 50. ] The premier has also been disturbed in his par- ] tridge shooting by alarming intelligence from Spain. The Peninsula was never in a more unsettled and , agitated state than it is at the prestnt moment. ] The "pronouncements" tor the Lopez administration are now changed into curses and reproaches. The Moderados have become savages. The Exaltados demand blood. The agents of the Queen Christina are actively occupied in seeking to raise a party for that intriguing and artful woman. The Central Junta is opposing all other government combinations. A letter now before me from Madrid says:? " Prepare your mind, and those of vonr friend*, for a desperate struggle here?and that very short!y ; but tell them at the same time that the establishment oi the Central Junta is the mode of settlement which appears the most probable. In the meantime all is contusion, and no man in bis semes would predict what will next occur. < There i* a powerful party in favor of French intervention; j but what ii France to establish ??not to replaco Espartoro?for that would be contrary t? French policy ; not to 1 marry the Queen Isabella to a son ol Louis Pnilippe, ior e to that England would object most decidedly ; not to replace Christina as regent; and not to patronize the Car- 8 lists. A French army might prevent civil war, a* long c as a powerful occupation of Spain ahould last, but this would come to an end?and then the troubles and war 8 would recommence." t No wonder that such a state of affairs as this has t fixed the attention of Sir Robert Peel and Lord c Aberdeen ; and no wonder that the French funds f should be seized with a panic at the spread of mere- I ly a report of a solicited French intervention. 1 The arch-agitator has availed himself of the pre- < sent occupied state of the minds of the Queen's ad- t visers relative to foreign questions, to hold | to Repeal. In the county of Waterford, last ( Sunday, at Lismore, one of those meetings were held ( at which the question was put, not by many, but by j thousands and tens of thousands?"When is the Par- t liament to meet on College Green!" The great de- j ceiver will not this time be let of!. He must either proclaim his own treachery and deceit, and admit that he never was in earnest, or he must march at 1 the head of that movement which he can no longer c control. "He feared," last Sunday, "that he muai < abandon his avocation as agitator, for the people j, and Clergy were going beyond him. Like the heavy s schoolmaster on the ice, his pupils were overtakin? him. Heretofore his duty had been to excite?i: was now to moderate. It was now his daty to regulate the vigor, and temper the energy of the pet- g pie?to compress as it were, the exubrance of botl, b : *L... j:J l ? ?L.:. I~? -x Biuiugmg iiiuugu mry uiu irum iixrir iuvc ui uuuh 01 try." si In plain terms, O'Connell is at his wit's ends !- 1? How to get out of his difficulties he knowB not. H would give half his fortune to excite some mass? of the people to revolt, without it being known thit . he had done so, and then to withdraw from ths 11 whole Repeal movement, on the ground that ill*- 1 gality, violence, and bloodshed, had defeated anl ai ruined his plans. The "stuff" he talks of preparing tc his writs for an Irish Parliament, which will on!/ require a little Queen's wax to render them loyai, does not deceive any man of common sense. Be- n< fere an IrishParliament will meet on College Green, j O'Connell's boasted legions must prepare to fight; t0 and it is clear that O'Connell himself will not be at S( their head. The Welsh disturbances assume a very serious je character. The landlords feel this, and appeal to the Government for protection. The answer of that Government is?"Reduce your rents!" "Then you must reduce the general and local taxation," h reply the landlords?to which Sir Robert says?"I ? cannot reduce a larthing." "Nor can we diminish 8 our revenues,"declare the Wynnes and the Joneses, ^ the Griffiths and the Cowdora?whilst the Rebec- r caites threaten to burn down all the corn and the , castles in the country. The Welsh are a decided, energetic, obstinate people. They have raised a standard of revolt which they will never lover until they shall be destroyed and decimated, or mtil their demands shall be granted. There is mow in thiB ' Welsh rebellion than meets the eye ; and you shall i learn all about it in my next. The Tintt tells much?and its correspondents are entitled to the thanks of the government, and of the pwlic ; but ' there is still mere remains untold?as rou will 1 learn hereafter iltha. London, Oct. I 1843 i l/trd ttrougham't Attack on the Whig*, md on the Britith Prn?. That giant of a man, Lord Brougham, ?h?, not- { withstanding his versatility and quain tnessof character and manner, is a giant still, has jist sen1 forth a pamphlet of K7 octavo pages ent tled " Letters on Law Reform, to the Right Hon. Sir J. R (irahum, Bart , M. P., Secretary of State for the Home Department, from Lord Broughon " The first letter on " the criminal code" is dated from hif Lordship's seat at Brougham, !?th September. The second letter is headed "Law Reforms of 1843 ? Spirit of Party"--and is dated from the s*me place, three days after the first epistle. There are three | objects which the noble writer keeps steadily in vic?t in invar numr iiiii (HBcurni vr i nuuiirniiviio? . first, to praise the Liw'Commmwmner of 18UW?ae- I cond, to plead lor lurther changes?and third, to at- | tack his former friends, and defend most stoutly and J energetically himself. 1 Whoever has merely scanned the reports of the HW, "yunminsion, composed, as it was, of such men as Mr. iyjr. Starkie, [ Mr. B Ker, Mr. Amm, and Mr. Austin, mum *0- 1 mit that no enconuumb would be exceaaive, when i applied lo their vxtraorJiuary and amazing labors, und that the report, upon the allowing counsel t( addrrps thejury for prisoners in cases of felony; th? report upon capital puuishment; the report upon lh< statute law in general, and the means of digesting it into our codes, as well as the means of forming the common law likewise into a code; and, finally, lie complete digest of the criminal laws of England (with the exception o( the subject of procedure,') are monvmeatsof skill, research, learning and philosophy, of which, not only the bur of England, bul the whole country, may be justly proud. Of thr digest tiis lordship justly observes, that its value, " containing, us it does, the accurate detimtton ol all crimes, and the correct statement ot the punishment due to each, is not easily to be estimated." Lord Brougham pleads, with his accustomed abi111V in hphnli of f llA nrinni?Ua a( nmlifiiiutmn an?l defends the French codes from the popular, but untenable, objections made to them. Tne system which the noble writer recommende with regard to England, is, 1st. To adopt some con< venient arrangement or classification of the law re latingto crimes. 2d. To ascertain what provisions of the statute law continue in force, and those which are obsolete, and should be abrogated. 3d. The

incorporation of statutes and common law provisions 4th. No term ought to be used which has not been accurately defined; and the laws should proceed from simple to coupled, and not, as is now the case, vice wr*a. 5th. The same word should never be used in different senses; nor different a i .i; tr.. ? in uiuticui juatco ?u CAflCB3 HIC oaillC lllUJg. 6th. The language to be used should receive a careful consideration?the statute phraseologo should be retained ; and, 7th, a code of criminal law, and of criminal procedure, in both its branches, should be confuted, and by a single enactment declared to be law. To all that his lordship says and urges in the first forty pages of his pamphlet on the criminal code, and the digest to be prepared and adopted by parliament, nothing can seriously be urged ; and if this, his last production, had there terminated, he would, probably, have added (if possible) to the vast reputation for ability which he already enjoys. But when his lordship descends into the arena of the present times, and, instead of discussing general principles and abstract measures, enters the lists with his political quondam friends, but now violent opponents, he becomes not the Harry Brougham of former times, who labored for his three guineas' fee, as though in that fee depended his prospects and his fortune ; but he becomes, or rather displays himself as the Lord Brougham of 18-12 and 1843, the dissatisfied, cavelling, carping, Ex-Lord Chancellor, casting i<spersions on the men he formerly delighted to eulogize, and representing himself as the martyr of his own political purity, virtue, and truthfulness. Now, although it may suit the "Standard" and the "Times" to applaud his lordship for this line of proceeding, all reflecting and stable minds regret that so lofty a spirit Bhould descend to such puerilities. I have sent you the pamphlet itself that you may make such extracts as you think fit from page 53 to the close. Of course, his Lordship feels severely the constant castigation he is receiving at the hands of the daily press. Of course, " nine years" of abuse tias tried his temper and ruffled his spirit; and he, who once proclaimed as his standing maxim and itereotyjed toast, " the liberty of the press?without it we die," now vents his most parliamentary inathemas against that very press which in other ime6 was the air he breathed, the food he ate, and he raiment with which he clothed himself. After ill, however, this pamphlet of his Lordship is ereiting a very considerable sensation; and it has :ome out at a moment when the public generally, is well as ministers and statesmen, can find a little ime to review the past, reflect on the present, and ake r fflanre nt thp nrnhnhlp (ntiirr Aa th? Hero 1/1 >f New York is habitually accustomed to be the irst in the field in all matters, whether grave or gay, ively or severe, I have ventured to occnpy a coumn of your journal with his very interesting and :urious subject; and hope to see long extracts from ihe pamphlet itself in your very able and interesting paper. Alpha. ?? ajiAitn Ann j KiNtMUN.? vve annex i letter received from Captain Hoekens, relative to he race between the Great Western and the steam rigate Princeton. Is it not a little funny that Capain Hoskens should be pleased with being beaten 1 [lead his letter. 4 P.M., l?th Oct., 1343. My De?r Sir?1 have very great pleasure in stating to fou the fact of the Great Wrstern being fairly pasted by he Princeton, at from i to f of a mile per hour?the treat Western going near 9 knots and } 'Tis true th? ?reat Western ts deep, rather more so than usual, still it onvinces me, and will, I think, the public also, that our ron ship the Great Britan, will, to a moral certainty, urpass every tteamship tliat has gone before her. In great haste, very respectfully yours, JAMES HOSKEN. R Iariit, Esq. This race shows at once the advantages and the reat power the submerged propeller has over the ig, burley looking wheels on the old fashioned eamslups. It is said that there are now thirty-six earn vessels in this country and in Canada propel d by the Ericsson Propeller. Another Ska Rac*.?There has been a race beveen the yacht Gimcrack and the pilot boat Washigton, in which the Gimcrack is said to have beaten, he Washington is a boat of some 70 or 80 tons, fid made a fine appearaace with a new suit of Cotn duck sails. The Gimcrack is 24 tons. Indications ?Another new packet ship, to be tiled the Yorkshire, is to be launched in this city ;xt week. This ship is upwards of eleven huned tons insize, and will be equal, if not superior, i the Montezuma. She is to take the place of the outhAroerica.in the Old Line of Liverpool packet*, ia sufficient here to say that Captain D. G. Bai >y, will command her. C.xrkship of the h0tt8e of representatives -Inaddition to the names already published we lave now to add that of Mr. 6 B. French as a :andrlate for the clerkship of the House of Repreientaiv?s during the next Congress. Mr. French ias >eea assistant clerk for some time, and is well iu allied for the discharge of the duties of clerk to vhih ht aspires. Mda>e Damoreau and Moms. Artot's Concert. ?Tie Wwhington Hall, on Thursday evening last, was rowde*. Damoreau was in excellent voice, and he large>udience present was highly delighted Pubic expect?ion was on tiptoe, and the enthusiasm ixhibited a8 Very extensive. Several amateunhad a larg^nyppiy on hand, which gradually nozel out as tl. pertormance progressed. Madam?'s style of Nging i8,very pleasing, her judgment consummate,,^ taBte excellent. She pos setses great kkill, an j,er execution displays a perr . i i?i r u - icci Miuwicngc ui i? prolewion. Without drawing any comparison b*een Madame D. and other distinguished artists, . can wj(h nately say, that ?he has established a aracter and caste in this city, as a vocalist, of '' highest order. We have listened to sweeter voic> hut never to one under better control. Mons. Artot carried ctj,e palm as a violinist ! We never saw hia equal.The paction he has attained on that instrume,excePd? any thln)? of the kind ever imagined.by , natives of ih,BCoun ! try. All must submit to h|W rprinigenius. He is yet young in years, but in , projei*ion he has ! reached the result of many rat yearB experience than his head numbers. Evrr^nf| prpw,nt wa? ' slectnlied, and in raptures .'? exquisite playng. Jl there is his B?sh atu. hc mU8t br ? '^ethihgmore t^ announceJ/V/ J Another con- place, which, the , h'p saftKac^ou vinced byth??r * ' from i at the first, will be lHnhion?t>l)' ft _ j who killed a man fO-.A n^ro "ahT^.V'"mer, 10 Plince George's named John Smith, ia? ?|Tj convicted of mur- | County, Md., has beeder in the first de**-e Latest from Maxic > ?Intelligence from the city of Mexico to the 13th ult. ha* reached New Orleans. Notwithstanding the etitms of the enemies of the present government, tranquility reigns throughout the Republic. The provisional President has rendered several decrees, among which we notice one lor regulating the equipment and armament of the vessels belonging to the navy, of alt classes ; another establishes that the 27ih of September, the anniversary of the day when the colonial government ol Spain ceased, by the entry of the Independent Army, shall I be celebrated throughout the Republic as a national fesiival?and a third decree forbids coachmen and other servants of private individuals,from wearing the uniform of the army, from which it would 1 set-m, that this had been practiced, at least in the capital, for some time paai. The 11th ot Sem,)tember, the anniversary of the i defeat of the Spanish expedition under Barradas, was celebrated by the population of Mexico. A new jouraat has De?n started in Mexico, under i the title of the Estandarte, which is vigorously uti tacked by the government official, the Diario d? l i Gobierno. The Siglo Diez y Nueve has proposed that the ua, pital be divided into districts or municipalities simi| lar to Paris or New Orleans. r The papers are generally silent upon the result of I the elections, from which it may be inferred that they are unfavorable to the actual President. We think, however, it is more probable they have withheld those received,in orderto announce the general . result, which it is net likely has yet transpired in the capital. , The yellow fever was raging at Tampico. It is making great ravages in the garrison. One of the crew of the Pequot fell a victim to the disease. Capt. J. G. Wilson, one of the Texians who was captured at Mier, succeeded in escaping from Tacubaya on the 3d July, and has arrived at New Orleans. Since the above we have received from Captain Ellery, of the Merchant, from Tobasco, arrived at this port, the following additional intelligence. No arrangement had been made between Mexico and Yucatan, and preparations were making at Campeachy to attack Tobasco. It was reported that Commodore Moore was to take command of a tquadron now building in New York for Yucatan?to consist of two steamers and two frigates. There was much sickness among the troops at Tobasco; also among the shipping. Almost every vessel lying there had lost the whole or portions of their crews Logwood was selling at eight r.als per quintal, and none to be had at that, with the exception of the small parcels coming down the river in canoes. Several vessels for Europe had stopped at Tobasco, and finding that they conld not procure a cargo of wood, had sailed without freight. The war Bteamer Montezuma, from Vera Cruz, was off the bar at Tobasco waiting for water to get in. *She had on board $45,000 for the troops, dec , and sealed despatchesfor the commanding officer. It was said that they were raising an army at Campechy to invade Tobasco. Mexican Oranges.?The schooner Merchant, arrived yesterday from Tobasco, has for sale on board a few thousand oranges. Mexican oranges are seldom brought to this market. Accident at the Fair.?Wednesday afternoon a son of Mr. James Weir, 233 Mulberry street, was playing with a horsepower threshing machine exhibiting at the Fair, when accidently the last three fingers on his left hand caught in the cog wheels, the bones ot which were broken into small pieces Dr. Cox, cf No. 11 Carlton street, being present, accompanied the boy to his home, where, upon examination, he found it necessary to amputate the fingers at the second joint. Dr. Lardner's Entertainments.?These literary reuniont become more and more attractive. On Thursday evening the audience J**- L?ciuic ?*uii ut^uvai Bums 01 approbation. The subjects this evening will be the Planets, the Perpetual Motion, and the Drummond Light, with splendid telescopic illustrations, the Planetarium, tec. It is understood that these entertainments will not be continued lor more than a few nights more. Niblo's.?Gabriel Ravkl's Farewell Benefit. ?This inimitable Artist has selected an attractive milangt for his last appeal to the patrons of this popular establishment. He will appear in the favorite 1 ballet pantomime of Vol-au- Vent. It was in thin piece that Gabriel Ravel first appeared in New York. How sucessfully he has been received is well known to every one, nor could he have chosen i a better character to take a farewell of his many admirers. He will also play Fortunatus in the " 55 Mitfvrtune* of Fortwiatw" which has been performed thirty-two nights this season with a success which has added mnnh m f?m? ? n?1 ? .. ..... .oiiio ui me navei | Family. Leon Javelli and Charles Winther appear I for the last time on the tight rope, the graceful Ma- ' dam Leon Javelli and Mons. Martin dance a Pas * dt Deux, and young Mazetti goes through his sur- ' prising contortions. With such attractions Gabriel i Ravel will have one ot his usual benefits. ' The Park Theatre?Mr. Wallack returns to the Park on Monday, and we understand he will ap- 1 pear ia some new characters. On Monday, Bene- ( diet, in " Much Ado About Nothing," and the Bri- J sand. On Tuesday, Shylock, in the Merchant of t Venice, and his old part in the " Rent Day." On 0 Wednesday, Rolla ; on Thursday, Benedict and the fr Brigand; on Friday he takes his benefit, and on o Saturday he appears as Rienai. Forrest, we learn, [ will succeed Wallack, and we trust the magnificent rl Josephine will appear with him; of which more anon. ti Burton's Benefit and Last Abearance.?Bur- " ton, the inimitable comedian, appears at the Chatham Theatre this evening for the last time previous to a long sojourn at the South. The new rt comedy of " Be gone dull care" will be produced ? for the first time; the Lawyer will be repeated. w( Miss Partington, the juvenile prodigy, will appear ^ in a dance; and the performance concludes with the ever attractive comedy of SamWeller, or the Pick Wick Club. <]< W HOW TO RECO.MK YODNQ AND HANDSOME.?Go tO ?' Mrs. Carroll's in Courtlandt street, and take one ol $\ her steam medicated baths. If you go in old you ^ will come out young, in feeling, at any rate ; if you go in sick, you will come cut well; and if you go ^ in ugly looking, you will surely come out handsome and aprif htly. tb Lips of Andrew Jackson, Private, Military and Civil, with Illustrations?By Amos Kendall.?The ,h, first number of this long-expected work has just ap- >1 peared from the press of the Harpers, and for sale at this office. The author is well known aa a per- gri sonal friend of General Jackson, and his intimate Wj knowledge of the principal events of the General'.* >ol life, together with the information he will derive From the General himself, will enable him to throw P into his work a great deal of interest. Each num in| l>er is to contain, on an average, two illustrations, W mbracing likenesses of the General and some of JJJ" i.o.u ntiuir, umwiiigs 01 i>dttle-fields, iVc. To bp ma completed in fifteen numbers, at 25 cents each. ?i 1 Kansas Indians ?A delegation from the Kanrti |in ribe of Indians arrived at St. Louis, Mo., on the urt < h instant, on their way to Washington city, in orler to arrange some difficulties with regard to their A and* They were decked, dressed, and painted in rue Indian style, with horns, feathers, tec. ?????? plsl Nkw Trial of Wyman.?The 14th of November can "1 hem specially nssixned for the trial of Wil the Wymnn, ex-president of the Ph??nix Bank, a: fro* a bo Mills*, member elect from <Georgia "S8, is dead. | BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Fkost in thk South.?From the interior ol Alabama on the 14th iuat., we hear they had frost in that quarter. This is important to thise interested in the cotton crop. Tne Charleston Courier of the 17th ins'an' nay" that a killing frost was experienced on the 14th i.i L'xington District. Th-- Augusta. lia Chronicle of the 17th says? The Iroat yesterday morning wan more severe than the morninz previous, and was quite sufficient, we learn, to kill the cotton in this latitude and all north. Consul at Lyons.?The Madisonian announces that Hooper C Eaton. Ktq , of Baltimore, now residing in France, has been appointed Consul of the United Stales at Lyons. New Coi!ntkrkeit.?Counterfeit $10 notes on the Mechanics' Bank of Baltimore, dated Jan 1, 1S39, | ayable to Si II. Wentz, sigoed James Almitt, Cashier, J. B. Morris, President, have been putin citculation in Wilmington, Delaware. Sales of Stocks at Philadelphia. 8.c "D'l Board, Oct. 19 ?JO0 ?b* VieUNbuig bk, Jj; 10 do do do 3; 10 do Wilmington KB, 16) ; $>tii State 6'*, riew itniHial, 64, fsouo Statu &'?, 6<tJ; $1000 do 6'a, 6'jf, 6 iliac ( ommi'icial bk. 46}. II do do do 16{; 5 do Uirar-1 bank, ?J; $3'.>3 f .ati-6'?, 1S4H, old annual,ttij First Board, Oct-'20 ?SOchare* Girar I b.uik 6.J; $--230.) Sta'? 6'k, t>0i; a ihar?? Schuylkill Navigation Co ?8^; -i6 do U d Bank; 3]} 7 do Km.tucky l>auk, 67J, 30 do do do 67J-, 4 do Nortln-rn bk of Kentucky. 80: "f.'O 0 8?at?* 5'a. 601; $'JOOn do 3 lit,80} 2 chtres Wilmington UK, 16) , 9&000 USA per Ct?, 18:3, 103}; 16 lb 'I Girard bai^k, 6j. LATEST MOUTHKItN SHIP SKWH PlIILADEInil . n?iM_i_tt tl.Ui,nnru.. Il.l. II.....:.. fm Pacific Station'; Venui, Wilion, NVork?Clil Creole, Spurow, Boston. Baltimoiie, Oct 20?Arr Win Price, Roberts, from Bu?noi Ayres, 1st Ang Left Ohio, Rodgera, for I'lulad; Coriolanua, Mwell, for Boston; King Philip, lteptou, for Silem; Mason Burney, Scott, NVork; Olinda, lint liinson. Salem?arJabez, Smith. Autik'ua; Maudorin, Martin, Key West; Hope, Ayrey, rrankfott. Me?Cld Mary Augusta. Kirwin, Y\?st Indies?Sid (lallant Mary, Evans, Mayaguez; La Caballero, Gordon, New York, Norfolk, Oct 18?Cld Sidney, Barnard, Barbados. QtJ- LAST DAY OF GEN. TOM THUMB AT the American Museum. Grand peifotmaRce nt three o'clock in the afternoon, and the same at half past seveu in the evening, by Dr Valentine, Mr. Nellia, the man horn without arms, Mr. Cole,Mr Sherman, the Dog Billy &c. The General may he seen at all hour*, and to thoie who have not seen him wo would aay that he la not only the greatest curiosity in tho world, but also (be most interesting and pleuing little fellow we ever saw. Dan't fail of teeing bim. FAMILY HOLIDAY.?Never before have our mustjuma^put lorth auch attractions us at present. There are two performances at Peale'g Museum to day, aud it will be *e?n by reading the advertisement, that the most astounding and marvellous feats ever heard of are to be produced. That boy Hajah must be a wizard, and Mons. Adrian is a near relation to Old Nick; while the Mechanical Figures convulse the audience with laughter ot their strange and comical antics. Certain it is, that never before were such attractions soen in New York for one shilling. Next week the manager produces a novelty, which no promises shall throw the renowed Tom Thumb forever in the s)>a<le. If he does that he must engage the devil himself. (JQ- McCULLOCH'S UNIVERSAL GAZETTEER. ?The fifth number of this excellent and ustlul publication has been issued by the Harpers. It comprises articles from Brie Comte Robert to Carthage, and contains 116 pages with a fine Railroad and Canal Map of Great Britain. Among the subjects ol this number are the British Empiie, Brunswick, Brussels, Cambridge, Canada, Cape of Go?d Hope, lie. The whole work will ooc.upy eighteen two shilling parts, and will include seven larga maps. For sale at this office. 111 wheel about and turn about, and do just so ; And every time I turn about, I cry Veto l" "THE JIM CROW," printed in Boston, is the title of a spicy little sheet, which is sold here at the low prico of four cents. It is to Boston, what the Charivari is to Paris, flively, witty and satirical, illustrated with a snlendid cut entitled "a Parisian Xioht >> n?<-1.1.. j three others, engraved at an enormous expense, at tb? penny-a-liners say. It is a take oft on Tyler politici, rd>1 filled with matter of an amusing and instructive character. Sold by the agent, J* A. TUTTLE, 4 Ann st. N. B. A liberal discount to agents and newsman. (fij- TRUE LIFE IN ENGLAND, BY BOZ?This morning is published, at the New World ottice, SO Ann street, the Serial Supplement lor Octobir. Contents.?Martin Chuzzlewit, by Box, a vivid picture of Men and Manners in enlightened England?Arrah Niel, a splendid Romance by James?Letterings ol Arthur O'Leary, by the author of Tom Burke ot Ours ? Treasure Trove, by Lover?and Modern Chivalry, by Ainsworth. Terms.?$1 a year in advance?single copies 6J cents. Bubscribers can still be supplied with completa sets, as the numbers arc all stereotyped. J WINCHESTER, 30 Ann st. The Mysteries oi Paris, by Eugene Sue?The second number of this most remarkable work of the day will b* issued on Tuesday next. No one can read two chapters without going through the whole work. The interest is intense, and thn incidents thrilling, beyond the power of expression. Ever) body is speaking of it, and the demand for the first number continues unabated. Trice l'ij cents each. Orttce 30 Ann st. Mail subscribers will reccive the entire work for $1, remitted free of postage. 07- " EXPERIENCE HAS TAUGHT THE PEOPLE," after more than (our years constant use cf " Dr. Sherman's Medicated Lozenges," that they are thobest, safest and most pleasant preparations in use- His Cough Lozenges act like a charm in tho most violent cases ol cougb. allaying all irritation and produce free expectoration when other means have been tried in vain. Thn Dr's "Worm Lozenges" are unequalled; tht-y are speedy in their effects an4 give no quarter; the worms can stand no chance. And who has not heard of his celebrated " Camphor Lozenges," they relieve the headache in five minutes, and are a specific for s*-a sickness, palpitation, lownesa of spirits, ;wd the various nervous affections arising ftom sedentary habits. Dr. Sherman's warehouse Is 106 Nassau street. Agents, 2*i7 Hudson street ; I(W Bowery : 77 East Brondway ; William street; and 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn. OtT- DR. TAYLOR'S BALSAM <~>F LIVERWORT, prepared at the origiualoffice, 376 Bo?ery, h<is now been lefore the public for more to an ten years, and is univer ally known and every where recommended? such is its istonishing efficacy. The public are cautioned again it he many medicines got up on the reputation of this arti:le, under tLe various names of Balmm", Pjnneeas, and ven Candies. Be assured that the genuine TAVLOR'S 3alsam of Liverwort is the only remedy to be relied on ?? me vuitj vi tuugua, coins, consumption, liver comilaint, aithma, spitting of Mood, lie< tic fever, night weals, lota ol voice, pain* in the back, brea?t or tide, vhooping cough, kc- fcc. If required, a ?mall quantity vill be given to those who may be unacquainted with its 'irtuea, for the purpose of making trial of it- The genu* ne ii prepared only at the original otfice, 874 Bowery, vhere a physician ia always in attendance. The poor i ttended to gratia. For aale as above, and by Mrs. Hays, 39 Fulton atreet, Brooklyn; and down town only by O. . Leed?, wholesale druggist, 1JS Maiden Lane. my- PRIVATE DISEASES?A CURE GUARANTEED?The College ! Medicine and rhurmacy of the yity of New York, established 'or the suppression of luackery.is now prepared to treat all diseases of a i>rlate nature, and offer to all those afflicted with these disressing maladies advantages not to l>e met with in any ther institution in this country, either public or private, rom the constant correapondenee, end from private ar* angements, between the members of the College and tko lest eminent professors of the mcdical institutions of Euape, all improvements in the treatment ol these disease* re lorwnrded to them long before they reach the majoity of the medical profession ofthi? ceuntrv. Withsuch ciehrated remedies, together with tha combine,.1 skill of le first medical men oi tbii country, the College (eel ?sfied that the good work they have und? rtaken, " tha ippresaiou of quackery," will receive the p&tronr.ge it eservea from that portion of the public requiring thoir -.rvicee. Term* for advice, all medicine*, $5. Office and < onaulting Rooms of the College, 07 N issau reei. W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent. N.B. Patienta living at a distance. by stating their dilane explicitly in writing, giving all symptoms, together ith tho treatment they received rise whore, it any, can itain a cheat containing all medicine*, with full direc 3ns for tme, with a guarantee of cure, by addressing tha tent of tho college, pest paid, encloring fb. QtJ- EXTRACT OF 8AR9 APARILLA.?Tha *ontrlul < fleets of it* root upon the blood are known to tha orld, few persons could have escaped some knowledge 1 a qualities. The best and cheapest article is prepared r Comstock 8c Co., Chemists The size sold by others at , is sold by them at V) cents, and warranted by Com* )ck k Co., 31 Court land street, to be as good as any in e world. QSJ~ LIFE IN DANGER.?Beware ot the sudden langes of temperature now so frequent. Prepare ainst th? consequences by regulating tnesystcm. For is purpose no medicine which science ever compounded so e tficncijiis, direct and certain in its operation, as tcrs' Pills and Peters' Cathartic Lozenges. The pro* ' si of filtHrmg does not more certainly purify foul w ater, in i'o these mcdicines the blood. If inflammatory mptoms develope themselves, these preparations au1 -lttt I fever, by removing its causes ; anil where all other nedies have failed in cases ol dysentery, diarrbsea, ippe, influenza, he , either ol these invaluable specifics II restore the sutterer to health. Vincipnl oltice lift Fulton corner Nassau st. Agents, in M. Moore, 187 Hudson St., A S. Jordan,3 Milk St.; (ton ; J. 8. Murphy, 00 North Sixth street, Philadclla. &- THE CHINESE HAIR ERADICATOR WILL :bree minutes remove hair trom any part ol the human ly and not in theleast injure the most delicate skin mbers last weok saw it used at the storo with the most ?ic eflect. The hair vanishes, and the skin is left acly softer and smooter than before. This we warrant, hing haa ever equalled, it which accounts lor the Tiot opposition it received. 'he only true Heir Eradlcator is to be had at 31 Courtilt street, and in Brooklyn sf Mrs. Hays, 180 Fulton let. ?PROFESSOR VELPEAU8 SPECIFIC PILI.8, the radical cure of gonorrhoea, glei-t and nil mocuelent discharges fiom the urethra. These pills are the island most effectual cure fer those distressing comnts nt present known tothe medical profession, and tie used by the most delicate person without tainting meant, iiiuki reinf( wiin in* utomncn, or ronfinctmni n b??iiip?? They are to hr had gpntiin* only ?t tl?r v York Col)piri!or Mf>r1irinr ntvl Plmrmacy. Trier vI ?. W rt RICHARDSON, Agent, OOics ami Cen?"ltin^ lloomx of th? Coll'*e, 97 Ne?P?n Mrce'