Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 28, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 28, 1843 Page 2
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\tw Urk, Satnrdaty, Ortslxr iH, 1N43. Mi Movements?Wheik is he Go isg!?Bf an experiment which wf made yesterday, n the tew and deeply investing science ot clairvoyanrt, we ascertained that in all human probability Mr. Webster will arrive in this city to-day, by ihe steamboat from Bos'rn. We therefore re?]nest Mr Stetson, ot the Aa.or House, to provide t u'table apartments lor this distinguished gentleman, und have everything in readiness for him to meet hi? political friends, end enter on the discussion ol that very nice question?"Where shall I got" During the period of our recent visit to Europe, we fit?d '.hat Colonel Webb has nominated Mr Web ster us the next Vice Fiesident, and that a great many doubts have been thus excited with regard to Mr. W ebster's di-positioii towards that olhce?tha many ot the Clay men are htMtile to Mr. Webster? that many others entertain difT-rent feelings?that his speech at Rochester has not thrown much additional light on hia future course?that, in tact,chowder U chowder still?and that Mr. Wtbster is Mr. Wetattr still; and that a very considerable fhshing , of light is wanted to illuminate the whole business It is not to be supposed, by reasonable people, that we can, just now, after casting only a single horoscope, state with pttfect precision Mr. Webster's fu tare destiny?that wsuld require seclusion in our town, and careful perusal of the heavenly bodies for three ?>r four days longer at least. We do not yet, then,choose to draw a*idethe veil which divides the present from the fu'ure, and point out the rnvterious carter of this distinguished statesman; what position he may take, in th* approaching political contest?what bearing his movements are decreed to exercise on the success or deteat of Mr. Clay and the other candidates. One thing.howrver, is certain, and it needeth not a prophet tc reveal it; from the is evident that Daniel Webster is not ouly one of the most distinguished of statesmen, but that in political maneuvering he is as far ahead of Mr. Van Baren as Mr. Van Buren is ahead of Mr. Cilhoun,or as Mr-Calhoun isahead of the weakest man in the country. There is not a single man in the broad Union that can at all be I compared with Mr. Webster, in point of the tact, ta- < lent, magic influence, dexterity, or power of operating successfully on the minds o" his fellows, which he his exhibited in all his recent movements. It is very evident that Mr Clay cannot be elected witnont the assistance of Mr. Webster and his lriends. It is very evident that Mr. Webster has b inded Captain Tyler?thrown a mysterious influence around hiin?magnetized him?made him precisely as obedient, and as capable of volition, as thos? classical personages,Punch and Judy, are in the hands of the man behind ihe scenes ot that primitive theatre. If we chose to enter into a history ef the movements since the d< ath of General Hanieon?if we were to step behind the curtain and show to this generation how Mr. Webster has touched Judy on the one side and Punch on the other, setting them a jumping this day on the right and tomorrow on the left?we could furnish one of the i most laughable tx]>o*h which ever was made under the sun. The mysteries of politics would thus be discovered to be more interesting, bewildering, and ' inflammatory, than all the "Mysteries of Paris" put ' together. * The nomination of Mr. Wekster for the Vice Pre- ( sidenev. bv ihe Courier Sr Er,on.irer. was merely a ( ,, ? , _ , ? J _ part ot the general game which haa b upoingon, v and which will, il the 'icof. toe < uly nave the ^ood- ' nesa to continue . .1 , a ihey v livery ' probably? end in ti. lioa ot C. .. Preisi- * dent, arid the secu- t the mantle (or me future * to Mr. Webster; :al Scott being now, as we c understand, eutir. it of the question, according 1 to arrangements which have been made. The ' friends of Mr. Uiay have luugs?hands?votes ' whippere-in? to carry on the contest. Bat they have no money. They hav* not get the sinews of war. They are a poor beg^erly set of devils?all fi: to be recipients of the be'ntfits of ihe bankrupt law? without means and without credit. But the wealthy ' friend# of Mr. Webster?the opulent manufacturers 1 ot the cast?are the men who hold the purse strings, 1 and their influence will compel Cluy, arid all his friends, to come to tfieir terms, and place their man exactly where they want him. But, in the meantime, Mr. Webster occupies a d llisult position in t - . *<r_ TVi .1.^ tl U A o. .1. reuuoa 10 r 1 yi^r, ur uic 1 uuirii uuu juuy auminis-ration at Washington. All the new appointments tir.ce, the d>*aih of Hariison, have been of Mr. Webster's friends, and Mr. Websier must take care to adopt such a course ad mil preserve them, at the same time that he secures the elec ion of Mr. Clay, and the future satisfactory solution of the emphatic query, " Where bhail Igol" These are merely a few of the views which oc* car to ua now in the anticipation of Mr. Wtbiter's arrival, hut the magic influence of his near approach will doubtless throw into our mind a great many additional views; and in all probability Mr. Webster will give up the idea of making any speech at all, or describing the journey he means to take, or telling where he is going, leaving all for us to explain, which we shall fully do on another day. Nominations for Assembly.?The democratic delegates kto nominate members of Assembly met last ?vt at Tammany Hall, and selected the following candidates, which completes their ticket : Wm Shaler, G:h Ward. John E. Rjsi, 15th Word. Geotgu 8. Mann, 11th Ward. Tne following are the names of the persons previously nominated : ? Thomas Jeremiah, ot thtf 17th Ward. Michael Burke, " 1st " Wm. A Jansen, " 3.1 *' EJw.irU ftanlord, " 8th " Atigui'e Dave *8*, " Cth " James H. Suy.lam, " Sih " James L Boswortb, " lfltn " George G Glazier, ' 7ih " Thomas N. Cair, '* 17th Fleet, 13th " Marshal Bcktrani> received the compliments of many hundr-ds of our lellow citizens yesterday by introduction, at the Governor's Room, through the h inds of tnp Mayor. The crowd assembled on the fete;* gave him three cheers a* his carriage moved from the Hall In the afternoon he visited the water works, and several of the public institutions of the .'.i_ ,.~A .1., .u. d..i. viij9 aau, iu uic ctcih ig, unniucu n.c x aiiv intrant. Oa Monday he visits the Navy Yard, Governor's Island, nnd the North Carolina, and after attending the dinner of the French residents, next week, departs for the north, visiting West Point on hw route Mystkrjjss of New Y(.kk.?We ate ptrsuaded ' that the "Mysteries of Patis" are not to be cum l ared at ail to the " Mys'eriei of New VorK," when the latter are properly and tastefully revealed. Take, lor instance, the reports in this day's papT We have also the report ol a case in the Surrogate's Court, in which Col. Webb ilgures, that is as rich 1 as any thing Irorn Eug?-ne Sue. It is a case ct legacy hunwug?and will be given m a day or two. Chahlfb F. Mitchru. Pardomtj?Governor Houck yesterday pard( ned Charles F. Mitchell, tx- [ member ol Congiet>, who was sent to the Slate prison f->r three years lor forgery. He has been confined nearly a year. The cau?e that prompted the pardon, was his rapid dec! lie by consumption, which it is supposed will soon terminate hi* days. _ _ Governor Bouck will remain at Howards' Ho le| untii Tuesday morning, when he leaves for Al bany. Mimol'Ri $ SfNATOR ?It is paid ihat Gov Reynolds his appointed JuJge Atcliinson, Democratic. ot Plane eotin v. United State* Senator, ir place of Mr. Linn. _______ Ju*reAL Votinu.?Hubert Ddlfc Owen, lias been indicted in Harrison county, Indiana, for illegal rotinf. _ fltj- Adanw <V Go. h.ivr again givr-n ua Iiotton f aheid oI the mail. c A Don. * mono Pou ncui?s?Brum's Hiad Faaar tuk FiautinuGround? Guanu Tkkuimaiion.?Oae of the most exciting, amutmg, Quixotio gnt* e*lra" ordiUdry denouements to a contemplated duel took i place yeelerday morning 111 our city, and caused ior a short period ot time almost as much interest about the Mayor's office below, as Marshal Bertrand did in the Governor's Ko?m above. It apappears upon investigation, that at one of the recent meetings ol the democratic delegates at Tammany Hall, to select candidates for sheriff, county clerk and coroner, Henry P. Wanmaker, Etq., an attorney at law, and one of the aids of General Storms, nnd Edward Pattersou, Esq , late clerk ot the Board of Assistant Aldermen, and present attorney of the Alms House Commissioners, who were delegate* from lhi> ninth wnrH nnarrplUH nn Rnmf subject relative to the proceedings ot the convention, when Patterson called Wanmaker a liar, and Wanmaker immediately drew off and knocked him dow n btfore the assembled convention. This was an insult that Patterson very justly con* ceivrd was not to be easily brooked, and, alter deliberation, a challenge was written by him and delivered by his friend, Bernaid Burling, late deputy clerk ot the Board of Assistant Aldermen, but now employed in the itegister's office. Tnc challenge was accepted by valiant Harry, rifle barreled piatola with percussion caps chosen as the instruments? Bul.'s Ferry, not Hoboken, the place selected for the interesting ceremony?and Friday, at 10 o'clock, the hour of meeting. In the meantime, some of the friends of the two parties, who had been let into the secret, applied to the Mayer to interlere; and officers Bowyer and McGrath were deputed for that p jrpoFe. They crossed over to Hoboken yesterday morning, bright and early, and while on their progress to the scene of contemplated operations, t-pied Patterson and Burling in a one horse conveyance approaching towards them, they having iniciaitcu nit? proper roau, unu onngou ine poini ui turning back to enquire the correct route. Tue of* licers immediately arrested the parties, and secure d their implements cf warlare, which consisted of two large duelling pistols with percussion lockB,and other necessary ammunition and appendages. They were immediately tr.ken before the Mayor, and held to bail in the sum tf $500 each, to answer the offence, which is a felony under the present laws of this State. Nothing has been heard from Wanmaker, but it is hardly to be supposed that he is yet in waiting at Bull's Ferry for his antagonist. The probability is that if he went to the place of meeting, when the hour expired, and his antagonist not arriving, he concluded that cowardice, and not the strong arm 01 the law, had prevented him from per forming hie engREement.and heihen left theground as much the conqueror as if he had shot his nun But our impression is that Wanmaker'a waggery has superseded his valor in this instance, and, instead of Coing to Bull's Ferry, he joined the cscort of Gent Storms, at 6 o'clock yesterday morniiig, and prof*i. r/.i</r to WhitA Ploino tr? h<? onH onnuar in his own proper person at the s-ham fight to come off to-day over the old battle ground. If so, his" sham fighting" will be one of the best jokes of the season among politicians, lawyers and soldiers. Military.?The corps which visited, the Astor House on Thursday afternoon wan the Light Guard, jf which Charles A. Stetson, L-q., has recently >een elected first lieutenant, and not the City 3uard, as erroneously stated in our paper of yesterday J utiles Mascn, Esq., late commandant of the 3ity Guard, having leaigncd that post, lias aUo tern unanimously elected second lieutenant of this ine corp3. A magnificent dinner was eiv?n by Liicut. Stetson to the company, at which General iertrard and suite, General Peter B Porter, Briga. lier General Keeler and staff, and several other lUtinguithed guests were preseut. Upon Marshal Bertrand entering the dining saloon, escorted by ihe officers of the brigade aud Light Guard, the fiae band from Governor's Island struck up the "Mar. Beillaise," and the reception of the distinguished ve- 1 teran by ihe corp9 was enthusiastic in the extreme. Upon the health of General Bertrand being proposed \vith " three times three," aud drunk with ;reat enthusiasm, the General, in acknowledging lie compliment, gave " The Militia of the State of New York," which was responded to by Genera' Keeler, who proposed " the National Guard of France " Lieut. Stetson concluded a most eloquent speech with the following sentiment: "The iriend of Napoleon, who did not fear to cling to him through life end in prosperity, and had courage not to desert him in adversity." Naval.?The statement published in Mobile of the Vincennes, at Pensacola, being under ordersfor Havana is incorrect. The Somers would leave there in a few days for that port. The U. S. ships Macedonian and Saratoga, of the African Squadron, were at St. Vincent on the 10th of last April. Com. Perry had changed from the latter to the former. An U. S. ship of war, steering south, was passed in theCsicoa passage on the 15ih instant. Nowforths Rack ?We have received another note from Mr. Stevens, in which he accepts the chalecge of the pilots of the Washington. We now see no "let up" lor the race. The challenge has been given and accepted. That settles the affair nil the race takes place. To THE EdITOH OF THE N. V. IlERiLO : 9i?? ' | In your paper of yesterday there Us communication j Ircm Mr. Ardm, giving Ms own and his boalkeepeers' ac- | :ou*t ol the races bet*Pen the Washington and the Gim- 1 ;racl<. Their version of the matter <liff*rs widely from i lut given h) the gen'lemnn on lioard the Oimcraclc I rn.'y wi'i<* simple enough to suppose that, starting tide t )y side with the Washington, and after an hour and a hall I ?r two hours sailing being(as nearas they could Jutgc),at ( rut one hundred yard* anend, they migot, without much t tretcli ot lmrgiijation, call it a beat. They thought, i oo, that a bre. ze that at one time lurched the jib boom o! i he Gimcrack so bartly that it was matter o( consults- a ion between my brother and myaell whether we had not I tetter take in the sail, was something moic than m three t mot breeze. II it w:s not, the t ffect it ptodused was cer- < ainly an o ldone. We honestly thought it was driving t is seven or eight. But we live to learn. Mr. Arden ( ays, too, "that we have made an offer to tun again with > he (itmcrack. hut ttMt Mr. Stevens does not lanry the I uter." True, I had not then, nor have I now, much tancy ' or a sea-way, but Mr. Arden forgets to add, that Mr. i Elevens accepted his tffsr, and waned onlv lor a day ?o Je named. I will emleavor to b<; more explicit I will tail the Oimcrach. against the Washington upon the terms ntUred, and Irotn the place designated, viz: from the lightship at sea to the city ot New Vark, for pleimire only , or lor a silver cup, valued at one hundred dollars.? Both boats to carty but three sails?main-sail, fore sail iin'tjib. The iact; to come ott on Wednesday the 8th ol November. Or 1 wilt ssil from Tattle Girden to Fort Washii g(on point and back, and for pleasure or the aloresaid silver cup, and ask no start. II Mr. Arden will wr t? me <i line to say if he accepts either of these propositions, be will confer a I ivor on Vouis, be- fcc. JOHN C. STEVENS. P. fl Knowing that the latane-s of the senson would he no disadvantage to the Washsogton, 1 choose the 8th ol i November, being obliged to take out the iotemnat from its being badly sprung. I.e< ri'rrh on Elocution.?Mr. MaRenis, a distinguished prolessor iu the art of rheloiic, proposes to five a series of lectures, to commence next Monday. See anvertitermnt. We hope he may be verv successful. ItrcKWELL at Niblo'sThe enterprising JN'iblo had ninde arrangements with Rockwell (o give a series ol equestrian entertainments at the garden. The [ Un ol the arena is to he similar to Franconi's, atl;.ine. A strong troupe, with a Mud ot 30 horeep, are engaged, and the first pr.tformance will take place on the 25tli iSoveinber next. Succets to the horses tay we. Chatham Thsatre.? \V'e take pleasure iarecommend'ng our renders, on? and all, to visit the Chat hnn Theatre to-night?the occasion being the part ' ingheuefi of Yankee Hill, fts he leaves on Monday i For New Orleans. He (lays ii. three of his he*1 ' pieces. Iv] f? Hailia ard Mies Pariineton both give , hilTa dojten danee* ol the most finished order. Th* pant rrnmis's appear fjr the last time in the n-w piece cf the Ocean Imp, which has proved sr> popular and aitracive. IJ^crrask of Emigration?This year 20,744 emi f ants have arrived at Quebec. J/ist y?ar 48,61# irrived. AgamBt Ihjs yrar 22 955. [i rh? li'Rlr it Ikt Am?rtMn lmU?U?<JU. lug Aildrtu. Last night the tair at Niblo's terminated The >uccces^of the Institute gives bope and pleasure to i*very Iriend of internal improvement, aud establishes beyond dispute the fact, that with zealous and cartful attention to the interests of the country, an honorable rivalry can be established which tnn*t tend to promote the good of ail, aud to advance the cause of civilizitiou with a vigor corresponding to the wants of the nineteenth century. The afternoon was devoted to announcing the premiums awarded to the successful exhibitors The stage was considerably enlarged, and on the table in front of the President's chair, was a pyramid af choice pears,ana severhi 01 me prnaucts ot the garden,sucn as pumikina, beets, Equuth? s,.fcc. The band of the North Carolina wan in attendance, end throughout the evening played sevtral national and pleasing airs in excellent wyle The managers, with several gentlemen distinguished lor the interest they have taken in urging forward the ceuse ot the Institute and American industry, together with several naval officer?, occupied the sofas and seats around the President. Though the weaiher was unfavorable, a host of beautiful wonrun filled the galleries and the grand saloon, giving to the whole a hapey and spirited grouping Silence having b?ra obtained, the PieMdent came forward and delivered the following address!? LADIEI AfO GKKTLrMl > : ? Wf come, frtitow citizen', to celebratethc siiteenth annivorsary ot' the American Initiiute. The multitiiriHS which attended the exhihltiou ot the Fair, and the crowded a?snnit>tage now pre??ing around us aregra'itying p'.edgesol the public approbation of our eoiirs<*, nud cheers u* onwnrn in support 01 me great cause "ol the en? onmgementof domestic industry in agriculture, commerce, manufactures and tha iirts." We, who have per. severed under much odium and proscription, conless wc feel exu tmg pride, that the course and its principle* are ultimately recoenised n* the course ol the nati n, arid as essential to its enduring prosperity. We ri jaice in the accession ol indivi luils of unnwn talent* and distinguish* ed character: and while we differ in the suggested mode of te Iress, we confi !e that further consideration, with a recollection of past incidents, in our diplomacy at least ot doubtful capacity, will demonstrate that the creat interests of ogricultuie, commerce and. manufactures, re too momentous to be taken and contided to hands other than the Legislative counsels of the uution. From the late census ol the UnitedStatea it appears that seventy seveu out of every one hundred ol the population are engaged in agricultural labor Under our tree institutions the ' pgricultuialists have the powerot the representation and are justly chargeablo with the legislative measures of the country Commerce and manufactures ere the handmaids ot Jagriculture. They are created by it. End are dependent upon it for their continued prosperity and existence. All the legislation ol' this country which can beneficially assist agiicultare, can only be inthe encouragement of commerce and manufactures. Hence protection to commerce and inauulactur-s should iter he consideted a measure in support of agriculture. It ii the duty of Government to provide and secure an a lequate market for the surplus pioductions of the country. It can only be provided by protection to its commerce, and from the consumption occasioned by lb* encouragement of it* domestic manufactures. The relative importance of these three great departments of industry, will V)e made best to appear from tables ,'oundcd on the census of 1940, showing the value of the annual products ?of ugriculture,$6o4,3'f716')7; manufactures, $-239 836,'224commerce, $79,7il,068. Kltorts are sometimes made to excite jealousies between agriculturalists aud manufacturers. by the often repealed cry of " tree trade." It affc ids much pleasure to the American Institute to avow itself the fitm advocate and the uncompromising champion of Free Trade. To require open ports, and an open commerce with the different nations ot the globe, separa ted into different countries, divided into governments of variou? forms and conflicting interests, and widely ditf;ring in degrees of civilization ur.d c< nditions of moral restra nt, would be to require achimeraof the madman's brain, which never did aud never can elsewhere exist.? The tree trade which the American Institute advocates and maintains, is a commeice and exchange ol productions between civilized nations ol equal rights, upon principles ol equality and fair reciprocity in tra:!r, treasure for measure, what they give, and giving what they take. A government which fails to obtain such a commerce, and to protect it by all necessary countervailing measures, fails in an essential purpose lor which it was established. In vain did our fathers iglit for liberty and independence, if we, their descendints, crouch to foreign powers, submit to an un. quel in. ercuuue with the nations of the earth, nllowjrig thein fin >pen intercom se, nnd a fi ee trade with us; aud they, in return, degrading and depressing our commeice and the k-alueof our cgncuiture, uy enormous and prohibitory luties on the great staple productions of ill:* country. 1'here are two kinds of tree trade. Each is distinct in its haracter. The one which we advocate is made cquil letweeu the parties?the trade between natiops contacted on principles of fair reciprocity in the exchange >f the productions of the respective countries. The other kind is tree trade on one side only, with restrictions agaiust the commerce and the productious ?f the other side, vary inij trom one hundred to five thousand per cent. Until th? enactmmt ot the late tariff, nnd which is now sjugm 10 ne repeaita, our country nas neen many years p?st under tho enjoyment and In the full experience oi this latter kind cf foreien free trade To understand the causes ol the present condition of the country, it necessary on this occasion to show the resu.ts of this free trade, as affecting the commercp, the Bgricul ture, the wealth and the prosperity oi tbe na'ion. With Spaip, our coinrr.i rce is ot small amount, lurrounded and embarrassed as it ii with her restrictions and prohibition*. The import" last year were $13, ISO,000; exports,$6 800,000, leaving a balance again*t ui oi $7,180,( 0.), to brf paid in currency. Sho has long Muce imposed itutiei ou cotton, prohibitory In American vessels. The course of this trade is to ship ourco ton to Culoi, one of her dependi n ciei, where on touchiug the island, it is deemed naturali?ed, and then shipped in Hpmish vessels tothrmothir country ?s the produce of Cuba. Our country hn#1ngloriou'ly looked on and seen this *acr fice to our shipping interest ot this carry ing trade ol the great staple ol the south Our imports trom tbe island of Cuba amount to about five millions; and she receiver in rtturn exports amounting to two millions?leaving a yearly ha lance against us ot three millions of dollars to he paid in currency. Most of the in>|>orta have been rec ived free or on li?ht duties, while our exports are charged with enormaus dutie-?on a barrel of flour $J0,50 This if free trade on one tid^; and i s advocates ere wondering, and writing, andeypheiii.s. to otcertain what has become of our cuirency. Our relations wiih Great Britain anymore rxti-nsive and more iotere-iiriK- Onethinl of our whole ton ign commerce is with England an i her colonies The balances of her trade have b?en against us for many years past, and have variul in different years from Ave millions even up to s.x'y millions a yeur The importation ol her manufactures bus been received by us t'pon little more than nominal duties, white dnties oppressive and piobibiiory have been exacted on our produce exported to her. Our breadstuff) are prohibited, unless on a slidirg scale of prices under her corn laws, and at n rate mi rely to save her people from (amine To cripple our whalo fisheries, her duty imposed on American oil is ?Qf> IS per ton against Is. imported in her own vessels. American whalebone is subjected toa duty f ?9i per ton, against a duty of ?1, imported from bar own colonies. Tobacco in leaf, worth 0 the producer from three to four cent* per pound, is iilhjecud to a duty ol three shillings sterling, which is rom eighteen hundred to two thou"an.i per cent. If ihe obacco nslemmi il, then the duty is nine shillings stering, which l? ?v.-thousand percent. Rice is subj-ct to 1 duty ol lltteen shillings sterling r er cwt, which is about wo hundred per cent. If rice is i;i the rough, then the lutv is nominal ; because she secures the labor cf cleanug it. Thif difference in the rate <> duty on tobacco, md also upon rice, is upon the well known principle of Jritish legislation ; to prohibit Ihe labor of other couches, and uUo to encourage and give employ ment to her hipping interest. A monopoly of the carrying trade ot hi- mu materials from other countries, end which she 'aoQot produce, is thu? lecvfcd to hfrtoil; her shipping ntcreat i* au*tained, and her iwrnen are employed and ralnwd. These are a few only of the many aptcimen* ol thefree trade ami reciprocity in commerce which h><* for ?ome time pant exiited between F.n?(laii<I and aiirsf Iv.*, sanctioned and con'uet?d under our Iste judicium teritt." With Fiance our commcrre has | hem equally diaaatrotia. We Lave taken her winea, nlki, ai d gpugaws,duty Ir.'e, and?well'ng the huluncn of trndagainat iia to a gre^t amount, to b,' paid in ipecie. A den pitch from the Amjnc?n Minister, General Cam, *nfti cn'i tly illtntrat' a this tr. de. Hi say*," that two third* of all tbo importation* introduced from Franco into the United States are free of duty. Not one article imported into Fiance from the United State* i* esempted from duty. The great American staple, cotton, imported into France pay a u duty of between four and n?c percent ?ip"n it* value more than Kgyptia.i cotton ; thus far operpting r.? a bounty upon the litter Upon silks, imported into the United Htate* from countriea fast of the Uape of Good Hope, a duty of ten per cent i' levied, wnile French eiiUs are tree of duty a reffulu'.iQn which ha* driven the India ond China silk* from the Am rlcan maiket*, and which operate* ta a bounty upon the introduction ot French and F.nglia>? silk* j" and ha* overthrow n all el'ori* far tho urrorMiction of the rtiltiire of *i)k into the United State* Again. " the hi-toiy of modern trade carcely exhibits an in*tance of greater inequality than the commercial int? rro- *e which now exUt* between the Unitod Slates and France" Our commercial relation* with Germany, to their extent, are equally injurious in all their operation*. Tim^ will not now permit tisto'urish thejn tin detail. Tho managemint of the diplomatique relatione with Great B inin ha* been *till more deatrucliveot the internal i f the na'ion than Ilia inequalities ol her duties exacted on our commi rce A commercial ar r?ng< m. nt between the two courilriia ut.< entered hito in 1*30,by which the W> at India trade wa* aacnrtced. Th< important event wa? nnr.onnred at ' Baliimnre, 31 October, HJO, (t o'clock P. \1 " ' Glorious new* Information has b? en received ol tho opei mg ol the Colonial ports t<i the trade of the United States." On the 31 of Noveni her, I8J0, the British Parliaments wore informed "America bad entirely and unconditionally withdrawn her pretention*, and England now atood tipon the footing on which she legislate,1 upon the subject in IHifi. Theacbedtile of dutiealar protecting the Colon lea, wa* antirrly l> thrirow-.i power, Hiid miirht he varied to milt t*?i interest of the country. Theotj-at nt the schedule waa to diva in encouragement to a supply of the West Jr.dia Island' >y the North Aneric, in Colonies of Oreat It italn, In* tead of by the Unite,1 State*of America, or by any othei -oil lit r> !" The comparative truth of thasa two stat?. nenta ? ill utflcl-ntl) appear from ti e, that tbe B' mb tonn?Se 1 iitnring the Ur.ited Sta'ea, in the commeiri ? itb the Oi iti?h American roionie*, *ud lenlv r>*e from i'iouI lour thouiaiid up to four hu drad 'houiand tons.? rhe commerce ot Q.iehec ha* riaen rom near nothirg fi H9 160 torn In l":i<) the British tonnage which en'ered inr port*, from all conn'rles. smout.ted to 8? 98t tona -In 834 it bad inci eased to 6 WOli ton*?In ISJo the wholt imountol foreign tonnage wnich entercl into our put" 1 mounted to 131,Bun ton* In 18Hi it had Increased to719,/bS iHio hti taiMfd ratio nearly ?70 per ct Upon Ihote a*- j taatifctef uou. ioc?iiU(mo( CM|rNir<Mrki, ' xutenctt of inch a tiaT.?. uatfer ?ueh clreurrutanera, l? a nniarkalile commektarv upon the aaut ol idgarity ai:d foresight in tbo administration ol our commercial con carui, anil make* a |n>weili;l appeal to the conai<ieraiior> ol Congre?r The enterprise ot our country U thut atarie nuMidiary to the wealth, revenues, ami navigation of the British colonies, und in the tame degree prejudicial to our own, through the policy of our government." In this I fjmous commercial arrangement o! 18J0, provi?iont art* ' contained in the nature of areciprocity treaty, (sa called,) professing to place the navigation and commercial inter course between the two countries upon a condition ol equality and reciprocity?that in, that neither country Should make discriminating irguljticna against the ships or goods ?f the other. England nwn laid duties closing the direct trade between the two eountriea, in our wheal, flour, provisions, timber, and manv other article*, and taking to hrrself the monopoly of the carrying trade ol muck of our produce by the way of her colefiies, which our negotiators then found were not included inthereci procity agreement, and that wliicli wa* ba4 wan made worse. By high duties she prohibits our produce, and then takes the carry ing trade of all (he wants from the side doors, by touching at any of her colonies at the nottb or the south. Coffee and West India produce is thus alto prohibitid !>y high duties, and then admittel as ber colonies en low duties Thus the treaty is observed and eradtd. We are hound by it?she is not. We have lost the commerce?she haa doubled her's. Alas, lor sury negotiations!! This system ol free tiade aud a judi cious tariir haa brought upon the country the late disastrous state of things. For example, look at the official tables for a single year, 1841? the imports amounting in vultie to $197,000,000, upin which we exacted duties, $14,000,100, or eleven percent upon the aggregate During the tame year tho exports of home products amounted in value to $91,000,000, or which foreign nylons imposed duties amtutuiiig to $13,000 000. being i 41 percent upon the value Enquiries mude have ascertained, that ol the heavy imputations into this port, eighty-three per ccnt was avowodly on foreign account, while ot the residue, nnuu? one-hall was nominally impirted bv commission houses, but actually on foreign account. These measures have driven our own merchants out ot biltiness, n*d provided tiumeroui hankluptcies. This untqual foreign trade almost monopolised, and, iu the ham's ot foreigners, has puthed " Free Trade god the Credit System" till the bubble lias exploded, leaviug tlw couutry and the States without a cuirency, ami overwhclimd wilh debt; mid, in the revulsion, ha? broken Dp business, depi cited agriculture, deranged the fiir commerce between nations in their productions', oppfd i!onns;ic manufactures, and dismissed from empb>>ment the home industry of the cou'itry, to hol i competition with the ptuprr Ubor of England. No agriculture, commerce, manufactures or currency, could stand under such inequality in trade. No country can retain its wealth, or maintain its independence, unless it renders the commercial intercourse equal betwe?n the two nations by countervailing regulations In looking at tho table* ot importation*, it apptars that during the lost twenty years, the averoge importationsol the single articlo of cilk, has amounted in value to ten millions of dollars a year, or two hundred und twenty millions. This sum is about tqual to tho amount of the indebtedness of the States. Had tho culture of silk been wisely and honestly encouraged, it would have prevented the necessity for this item of importation and indebted nest. From the information acquired by the recent Silk Convention held in thif. city, it tno culture of silk can be reasonably encouraged, we pledge ourselves that it will notonly add a new staple production for the country, but that the labor of che women, and the children, and the aged, and the infirm of our population, applied to this new pursuit, will not only provide for their own subsistence, but would yet redeem the States from tho impending infamy of repudiation. Wp proclaim our fixed belief, that there is no fpot on this globe, so congenial, end in all things *o well adapted to the cultivation and manufacture of silk, as these United States. Many persons present, will remember when encouragement was asked for the culture ard manufacture of cotton, nullification would dissolve the Union; while free trade laughed, and a judicious tariff sneered at the possibility of mstaining a competition with England in the manufacture ofo-tton. The result is btfore us Domestic cottons supply the demand ot the country, and at greatly reduct d prices. Its surplus mancfactureg are sent abroad as an article of commercr, to ladia, to South America, p.nd to England herself; und is now bringing back i'.i re*uru, a portion o- the value which was before shipped abroa dto pay former Dalancesof trade against us Manufactures havu well performed their duty to the nation. They have struggled into lifo through an infancy surrounded with pifhrnlti ? and beset with peiils ? in the war of 1813 patriotism callrd them to efforts ol premature manhood. The cold neglect which chilled their energies in a'tnr times, too truly taught them it sprung front the influence of the 8gniiic ol their great rival, whom interests they weie invading. They have survived, aud now come showingtrom the ceiisusof 1840, that the value of the annual products from manufacture s, amounts to $iJ9 83\224 The whole value of the average annual imports is 110 millions. I: ie about one half of the annual products Irom manufactures. 1 h? value of the annual exports is about one hundred millions?all the gru>, pio?ieions und sgncuiturM product sen to all the countries in the world being included. It is less than half of the annual products of manu'?eiures. In 1840 t.ddition to ita products, 340 millions,g ivr employment to 45S ti6l) person?, who were thin withdrawn lrom the competition of liburou the Foil, aud became conKiimers of the agticultural productions ol others. The niHi.ul'.ioturers of New KnelanJ provide a market for one thinl oi the whole cotton produced in this country, while they receive and consume more flour and grain from the sericulture of New York than was ever shipped abroad from her pott ia the best days of her commercial prosperity. The recent purchase ol twelve hundi ed yaids ol carpeting, for the hall of the Hon*e of Representatives, exhibits a case of tree trade The benefit to the countrx was tlie return freight an four packages in nn Amencan vessel, but which most usually cornel m a foreign ship ? Theloreign country, of the manufacture, lurmshed the wool, labor, and subsistence, from its agricultuie; aud the dyes and mateiiuU med were collected from abroad by its commerce. Our currency paid the hills; our agiimilture, commerce or labor, found no consumers or eniploj imnt in the operation. To bare produced even the wool would have n quired perhaps two thousand uens ol land, which would hnvr heeu diverted from the competition of the production of i?rnin nnJ nrnrisinns nlrem't* in oiirnltia nnt\ no in it 1.-, t r?iigii?ii in < irmii! m i rgirinmif 10 run M>m? if bunt* of r< f'nrtion ; nnd It.< ac.ti?i' advocate* hphIhih1) (niinuiirin? tli? nwuilvw ?orgw j gpd nr* mi iclt* of liirti ?hifth arn now tit 'nil ?hii>|?tl ht uvl'ifnce nf n corning ih? r?l:(y, 'I >u- fountain ol tliin lit>?rlity it how-i'er'o. i i ! n' to t-c ;i?r- >11?1. t?tTb" 1'ilnncr of thit rim I cini in oiji ln*<?r, in also nvlJtii u?)y Rat' tti d at ? a ui ull pan'. i vi.i But who will not perc*iv* llift h<> in*? ?xr> MKil'imprtUtlona. niiittr the <) ??>??? ? ot> intul fr.mi our iiovorniuMit, In too uir ngkliiii nimw H<tiir?r, hus l< It ?n indebted dpi* w hicii th< > will not ii. .rump, BnH tvhich, tn lue ahaenca of cu tency, i? in o IIIiijC tu to atiiflrd with df'n the produce ol (hp com . '?> 1 Tli.- tarifi'aodth* unworthy threatening O'frepndlr'ion, in ?oft?-ninf th?t obduracy which Jnttire 'OUkl liot rff. ct | nnd producing that equality aiul e> . j '.tiSiiK^of production* in trade, which prevent* etOfti 11 'inpouatioii*?ahunt the artdit lyittin- kuj* eutai>y bi It li estimated that it xvoul I rtquiiti twenty million* of acre? of lanl to produce needed forour people Yet it it pioposid, not to manufacture, but to raise grain and provisions, which Europe will not take from us for her production*, and all thi* i? from a declared anxiety not to buithtn commerce or agriculture in giving aid to manufagture* and home industry A manutacturer happily said, "Protection increase* return freighting." T-ke a piece of broad cloth. la it rot obvious that the conveyance of foreign wool, logwood, fustic and eoppe. ra?, to be used in ii* manufacture, a fluids morneniplu}merit to shipping than would that of the broad cloth itielf. For instance, tatte the article of madder, used in this country lor the pi inting of cotton and oilier lanrict, ii will rt quire ten ships to bring the bulky articlu of madder to print the sami: bulk ol cottons. When I say t 11 ship*, I put them viry low. Then tnke the article oi banll.i end other sal's, used (or bleaching purposes; it r? quire* tenlold the bulk and tonnage to Ining them that it would to bring the manufactured article. Then the brimstone,in a crude Mate, to be manufactured iuto acid for bleaching arid other purposes. 1 ben th? heavy and bulky articlejof logwood and other r<yewood?, which will employ iiliy limes the shippiug to bring to this country that would suffice to bring the manufactured article which thedyewoods are used lor. Then the indigo, and many other aiticle* that could be mentioned. Then comes our coasting tr^de. How many thousand tons ol shipping doc* the coast trade employ for our manufactures, which would uot ne employed if we did not manufartute. As o general thing, It issafeto calculate thitt it will tak?26 tons ot shipping to import the raw material to cany on one ten ol chipping to im|>ort the irnnufactured article." It i* a curious and interesting fact, the State* rank in the valuation ot their wealth nr. cording lo their population; and a? they have developed their resources, tctablidied munutacture*, and given em ploymenf to their home labor. Rhode Island is the ricke*t State in the Union, according t? its population. Massa chnsett*. Connecticut ar.d New York, lollow next in the order ot succi ?>ion. Will we uot learn liora the practice Britain ra<herthan be taught by her ngi tit*? iufluenced by her advice?or led by her lessons to us on political economy? l!er publications estimate the machine power natd by her, a* equal to the I nu-.P r>r ttntuunlanf nnn hunilrfil nillinna nl moll Mativ turn w ? ? ? ? ? -------- ? million* of thi* power nre introduced into her manufaoturing pursuit*. It* diligent and untiring industry fur niihedthe production* with which ?he maintain* her population ?support* hrr navy?cerrie* on her war*? torces China to pay4ribute and e*t her opium?and ?ub. jcutlm civilized world to her commercial colonization. This machine labor n her capital, which require* neithei 'ood nor clothing It i* unlike'lie capital in the machine luiior trfii by the planters < f the south, which demnrJf both food and clothing, and which never can hold competition with the machine labor ot England A partial revival from the depr?s*eJ candition of the country ii now taking place, ucdor the operation' of the recent U ritf. It i* lawful, and it may heuaelul to learn from our advmarie*, not only the wisdom, but the necessity foi counteracting regulitions, a* well a* the * nsibill'.y with which our lint step has been felt in Europe. Udlign&lu'i Mistcngerof the O.h .\iatch. 1MJ, ha* the f >llow i.ig " The king received yesterday. in a private audience, M Torme, Mayor of Lyon*, and Messrs. Fulchiron, do Sullion, de Torigny ami Martin, Deputies of the Hlioue, who presented a petition irom the manufacturer* ot L\on*. fiom which wc extract thefillowirg passage*:? 'Notwithttaning the peace which France owe* to your pindence, our manufacture* differ exceedingly. R jected l?y several Hta'es of Kurope. our produce i* not idmilled into other*, except with enormous duties. ThU? the market* cl Spain, Austi ih, Italy, aud llussia, are almo-1 closed against u* Germany ii daily diminishing ber demands, becuute we r?ject her produce. England place* on our article* from 'JO to 4') percent., and the United Mat-?im|Kises n duty ol from 20 to 2 J percent, on our rich stuff', which are but little called tor, and 40 to ftO on thote in common use. If such a condition of thing* w< re to contmiie.our msnu artui<s would be ruined and in that account we pray most e.rnntly tor the a<le| tion ot ?yitini ot custom*, which by making reasonable eouciiriori* wetil -I open to our ptodtice tin m?i ;.ot? thnt hie now elo?ed a^an.*t it, and would | rodncn a modification of duties in the other* to which they ii a I. lined ' The petition *'.at< s, among other things lint,they are tht rgwit* r,| in industiy which innchei the<oui.try?i n in :tntry which, when In lull activity, coiiMimes annually mcie tli-n one hundred aud fifty nul . I'onsof f.-arcn wotthof Mattae *ilk, and wliick, ind< pen lentlj ol what it Ittriiishes to France, deliver* to exporta Hon more than one hundred jplllion* ol franciol macn ficttired produce, ol which one.thifd i* baud l?l>or.? We ihii.k this industry i? ttuly n national one^'? I Inn nqoir? tat Utlk iwirwy rttMiiwwto w ' ploji the Com? Industry, aud rpitivi proapmty ofceir.. mctce. (I the wisdom oi tlio w.'mitii.tratiou tailed, the intelligence and integrity ol legislation ought long aiuce to Lave comman Jed these momentous retulta, now apringinj up from a fountain in part ao impure. The preaervationot countless roilliona now lost lorever, would have been the reward, party discipline may pledge ita inatrumenta to aubmit to tba atain ot repudiation, rather than re caivetha just chare of the land distribution and pay the hcneat debts ot the 8iat?. llut the iniquity of the uct will erveas a beacon to the country anu the wor.d against the future inflation of tho credit system, and an eactas of importations loukmg to currency for pay meut. t** A loud applause greeted the venerable speaker as be bade them farewell for the sixteenth season ? wishing them, individually and collectively, health, happiness and profperity, and a good word for the Ameiican Institute. TL- I l a * .. ^ . . .... inruaiiu piayea Han Columbia, aud a brilliant display of fire works by the prize pyrotechnist Ed if, closed the amusements of this interesting evening, aud closing night of the sixteenth anniversary of the American Institute. City Intelligence. Police.?Friday, Oct. 27.? Akhiit or "PHinuKLfiiu Bill"?Promise ok Mabriaok iitwun him and Miry Janb Von i novttr ? During tlie month oT June lata genteelly dressed young msu took lodgings at the Frank llu Houia in this city under the name ot William Sheppard, endorsing himsolf ai recently from New Orleans, via Philadelphia. He flourished there for a lew days, but was misting one morning, ai also a gold watch, valued at $120, that had been stolen from the room ot Robert Sawyer, that was adjoining that occupied by Sheppard. A gold and silver watch being immediately after mis-ed from the Western Hotel, bo!ougi:i& to a pedlar from PiOvideucc, R. I , it was also supposed, from the description ol tne perton, that he was the same genius that had committed the depredation at the Fraukfin. Officers Cockefair and Siokely took a trail for the gi-ntleman, and toon lound that he had been paying close attention to ihe celebrated court) z in J.ine Montgomery, better known |>erbaps as "French Jack's woman," to whom he had ptomi^td marriage, and in the ? HVivescence of his zeal gave b?.r the identical gold watch he had stolen from thf Franklin Hatei. Shu played the mistress with uis affection, cast him of) as fcoon a< bis means were secured, pawned the watch for *16, and owned up the whole atlair to the officers. A few da) s since they arrested the rogue, whoi. appehij la belter known as "Philadelphia Bill," alias "lluni," aud among the thieves as "Bill the Blower." Mr. Sawyer hiving leceutly returned from Canada, identified the gold watch, and the silver lever stob-n liom tfce pedlar having also been recovered, he has been s?nt for to claim it. Thik rogue has for years past been traveling Iron New Orleans to this city, putti.ig up at the most fashionable hotels, and stealing hs opportunity favored. Ho will now bs tsken care of for a time at least. Thc "Straw Bail" Cask.?The examination of E. M. Peck, on the alleged charge of subornation ol perjury in inducing the colored barber,Tucker, to peijure himself in justifying as bail before the Recorder, will be heard before a Board of Magis'iates on Monday at 11 o'clock, at the Lower Police Olhce. The Cl.m'pkrs from thr Dklls.?In times gone by, when "Old Hays" was young and in his prime, the sitting inHgistrn.te at the Police Office could summon the whole fjreein waiting by the found of his voice; but as rogues, and the population increased, it becorni the cus 10in tar me magistrates 10 can attendance 117 tde rap ol lbe "turn ?ticlt,"as it wci called,and more recently boils were placed in tbe otlicets' rotni, with wires attached leading to the magistrates drsk, for tho fume purpete. Tbean belli have been sources of much di-quietude to many of the old veterans, who vitiwed their coustant tingle-linglelings, as not only nn annoyance to cart in any way inclined to S3mmflc comlort nu a warm summer's afternoon, but also 83 classifying thtir bri< f autnority with that of the a<tendants at our laeh.oauble hotels. Several schemcs were, therefore,retorted to to end their tinklingg, but lonotffect. Yeslerday morning Justice btevens resumed his stat, with u.l that gravity of character lor which he Is noted tvh;n on the bt-nch, and having occasion lor the services of en olticcr, twitchtd the bill ha'die, but not a sound answered hist (fort! Another twitchity twitch was given, but brought lorth do harmo niuua iitpjuu-j uuu j ci uuuiutr -uiu uuouier, una sua no tingle ling was beard upon hi* car. Th? stentorian lungs o( the amiabld Judge wtie then extended, and the old 'turn stick" was brought into requi* ition, whoa instantly tbn whole posso or police in attendance were assembled Wore him. " Mr. Clerk," say s the Justice, "handle the bihle?and now, gentlemen of thn police, placc > our hands upon the book end ho sworn." This WHt no sooner miJ man done, and he then continued, "Now, gentlemen, what ails those belli?let oacli and every man who hu bid a hand in thi) transaction tc.ll the tiuili, the whole tru>h and nothing but the truth, or nnptndeJ he ?lia!l be from all luture service." Not a woid wai Raid, not a whiaper breathed, ol "suiprnsiou"wa.?jiitterel by the Justice, when spontaneously, 1 ke the crack of a Kentucky r>fle, the whole dofcen reapomied, "Judge, Judge, we plead entire innocence ot unfungnring them l*ells" " That'!) enough, gentlemen,"laid the Judge, in his emiabl?? manner; " but the whole department 'hall be iworn Lut what I'll find out who it was that thua enured me to ling n lunguelcis bell lour timet without an drawer." A meeting nt magistrates was held last evening on this important subject, the proceedings ot which will be given to-menow. S.ili the bell's an; tonguelcs*. Coroner's Office.--Friday, October 37.?Suicide or ? W.rr ?The wtte ofiThomaS G Hodgkins, confectioner, of 49 Courtlxnd street, connoitted suicide oa Thursday, under the following circumstances. For ?ome time past she hid been aJdiCted to the free use of intoxicating drinks and laudanum, on.I on Monday l ist took such a quantity of the litter that she laid in a Mate of stupor uearly all day. Her husband then forbid the servants from purchasing laudanum for her uie,aod alsr. caution?d thein to watch ter if they saw her go out. On Thursday morning she e dtnvort d to permadc the servant to obtain seme laudanum for her, but being unsuccessful, went outhiiseif hiid purchased six cents worth at the drug stoie ol Dr. Bulger, representing that she had a se vere tooth acne,and to ceafiim the statement a!s< obtained some cotton which she said she uished t* put in har tooth. The servant immediately gave information to Mr. Hodgkins, who started in puisuit of her, but befjre he fouud her the had swallowed about hall the contents ot the vial. He immediately induced hirto return home and says he administered some tartar emetic to make her throw up the laudanum. 8he remained in a state of Mu por until 3 o'clock in the afternoon when she died. The Corcnor wes called in to hold an ii quest on the body. A po.-t mmtem examination was held, but the physicians present differed as to the immediate cau<e of her death, one thinking that tl.e laudanum she had taken was sufficient to rnus? death, and the other that it was not, but that shu had died Irom the (tfectot the iiqour and laudanum combined. With this disagreement among the physicians, the coronei'i juty returned a verdict that ' Lmma Hodgkins came to her death by adtnluistering to herself an excessive quantity of ardent spirit* ami laudanum." Superior Court. Before Chirf Justice Jones. Oct. ST.?The Pullit Adminiitra!or 7* Motes Y. Beach ?This singulai cj?n nm continued to-day ut the opening of thM (Joint .Ti <* defendant called to the stand the widow of the deceast <t Doctor Waul, and tte aum of her tvideoce wis.thut she had purchase l at ent $i00 worth ol lurniture lor her house tunftqurnt 'o hr husband's death, and ? hch property ? a* included in the article* sold at the auction salo by tho peremptoi y order ol the rioprie. torol the "Stir." On her cross eiuminatioa she Mated that she bod not received a single cent of the money paid for such attic It-*, bat that it rt mains in the hand* of hrr late husband's creditor, Moses Y. Bench, nod that fiom Aptil to this day he ha* not account) d to her lot a single cent. Junes, the auctioneer, proved that with the excep tion of $10 | aid on the day of sale to Mr*. Ward,the entire rett proceeds amounted to $943 24 The Court in cliar* ing, observed, that the transaction was one of a most strange and suspicious character. That the fact of the defendant having failed to show any reasonable cause tor remitting tho furniture to remain on tho | remises ifter the death of the debtor, was in the eye ol the law sufli ctent tn stamp the bill of rata with a fraudulent design. It >vn* useless to suppose that humanity or benevolence was the motive which actuated tho defendant. Such might have been tho case while the husband waaon hi* dying bed, but the non-armovol, or exercise of ownership over the property for nearly a year alter the do itli of the Doctor, wa* damning proof that the bill of *ale wa* a Iraad, and only usud to screen the property of the deceaaed from the rest of the creditors for the sole benefit ol the defendant On (bis point the charge wa* clear and decisive against the defendant. Again, afTregards the hill for advertising, the case was altogether uuexplaiutd. \ Doctor Ward came to this city an insolvent, and the <!e. 1 (rndant actually supplied him with coal at several periods, so very low were the circumstances of the Doctor. Yet with tbi* knowledge, Mr. Beach, without taking any guarantee, mortgage, or aecurity, even in the form ol a wiitten acknowledgment, allows the insolvent to become hisdelitor to the amount cf over $4 (no lor advertising patent mediaines in bis daily paper. Waa tuch a thing likely, and does it not require aome explanation 1 Ag-mi, Beach loans him money, not iiv**mall amounts, tut by hundred*?relesses a mortgage of some hundreds more, yet has nothing to ?how for it but the parole ?t*teinent cl a witne>* present when a vague declaration was made by the cr. ditor belore hii death- Thia was not tha ordinary way in w hich a man of business, of common discretion, would acl and the stat>ment made by the defendant on hi* point, must be mest cautiously received by a Jury The chief | oint forthe Jury to determine was how much ol tlie propel ty ol tha deceased, at the time of his death, bad been made away with hy tha defendant. To fix this, be thou jht the best and safest way was to tokethe testi ai'iny ol Mr. Jones, the auc-tionei r, as to the nett proceeds of the sale, deducting whatever they thought rrasonab e o allow, tor the subv quent piopirty put Into the hottfe >iy the wife, and sold Hl I'4' "Bn"'time; ihia would giv?' i he. amount to which. It the jury ft u rl lor the plaintiff; lie urculd be entitled to trcovi-r. I h" Jury alter *r.rr>?^ delay cnmi> into Court, and rrqufgied to be informed on the law nato the won r> mnvul ot the lurnitnre. The Court d? cided thi>t tins win fatal to the <!t (em.'nnt'N cmse in ihe n\?of 'he lnw, irii1ppt-nd> ill of the oilier strong point?, which bear th?- mump ot fraud, or culpable rfi-giigcnce. After R ahort de lit oration, 'he jnry returned a verdict for he plaint ill tt,r mil amount *1 the nt tt proceed* of the ?t!e, deducting >175 for thn furnltuin purchanec! by the tfili* of the dc;Ct nu-d, Waving u balance of $668 94 damage', and t} cepta cqjtj, David Omb <m, Jr. and f:h*r!e? C. F.^an. lor plaintiff* ; ind Mcsin. Cutting * ??, lor defendantNiw CouNTirrniTi.- We have seen a connteifeii en dollar toll ol the Nnith River Dank, altered 'rorti a penuine two. Alterations are well done.bui ihp genuine btllaof the denomination ?f hav? on tlie two crrnrri of one end the word'J n, and on t'le oihir two ihe number X; while in the f*lee b I'b all the four corntr hive on ih?tn the head cl M/ualiir,sl/in > i? ?k? ?? <IaIL> hill* IIJ mv ITT V UVIiUI will*. fl WW)*..) ' "' *> y"1, vl BY TH* SOTTTHER!* MAIT^ Ssuicno.f or Govkunor of N. Jewky.?daniel Haines, E?q , of Siusex, has received the democratic nomination for the office of Governor of New Jereey for the ensuing yerir. Hit principal orj'onent in the caucus waa James 8. Green, (Tyler man,) ot Princeton, who at one ballot received 21 votes?24 being necessary for a choice. Alter this ballot Hon. Peter 1). Vroom was unanimously nominated by the caucus, but he declined. The joint ballot in the Legislature was to take place yesterday, and Mr. Haines is doubtless ere this elected. The correspondent ol the Newark Daily Advertiser sayu? Mr. Haines ia wf II known as a worthy and respectable member of the bar in Sussex county. He has once or twice represented that county in the legislative council, which is, I believe, the amount of his service in public life. The appointment, politics aside, is altogether unexceptionable, though some may think the incumbent rather young and inexperienced lor the wr.olsack. It is said that his physicians advised General Wall that hie health would by no means admit his taking the office, and performing the arduous duties of Chancellor. The other minor appointments were agreed upon. Among them is that of George II. Ludlow as Clerk of Morris county: doubtless a good selection. At all events, personal friendship always renders the appointment of a political opponent leas unacceptable than it would be otherwise. Grnnt Fitch was selected for Surrogate of Sussex. The following appointments will doubtleu be made for EsBex, viz :? Judgit and Jutiicet?Aaron Cop, David Naar Wh< e'ar Lin Ul?y, John I Plume, JoUn Wade. Judge?Jpcob K- Metid, (Post Master at Newark ) Jutlicrt? Ilenry D Hedden, David H. Noa, Ja?. Mcore, Matt * J. Sny der. Plillailelplilu. [Correspondence of the Herald.} Philadelphia, Oct. 27,1843. The. JVeatlier?-i lie New Sheriff? Thettf.rica/t? Wallace, the Pianist and Violiniit?Fremtn't' sion?Franklin Int'itute?City Councila?General Tyton? Dry Dock. Jamfs Goruon Bknhktt, E-q. Dear Sir : ? During the entire night, nud up to meridian this morning, the weather waavery unpleasant, the raiu pouring frequently in very torrents, but there is a prospect of a fair and clear evening, the wind ha* hauled round to northwest, which is an index generally of bracing weather.' The new Sheiifl is now fairly under way, but I have not heard of any additional appointments today. The name of the out-door deputy not given yesterday is Henry Young, a gentleman who until recently was ulerk in the office of ihe TJ. S Marshall, but who resigned at the removal of Mr Oiip. l understand there are a Urge number ot applicants lor the vacant poets. Macready played Werner last evening at tha Chestnut, to a crowded house. There is but one opinion upon the subject of the performance of the part, and that is of unqualified praise. It was enacted with the most thrilling eflect. I believe if a repetition of the character could be had during his engagement the house would hardly contain the numbers that would crowd to tee it. What say you, Mr Manager Marshall, will the tragedv be repeated 1 Charlotte and Sufan Cushman ably sustained Macready. Fomst played Jack Cade at the National, the house being, as usual, full to oveiflowing. To-night we have our National Tragedian as Hamlet, and the community are on the tiptoe to witness his performance ot the pirt b > soon after Macready. 01 cour&e the bouse will be ciowded. To morrow night,(Saturday,) we have Richelieu at both houses, at the Cliesmu bv Macready, and at the National by Forrest. I will look in both homes, gatheting up the opinions of people, observe c'o?ely myself, and report. On Monday Poorest opens at the Park Theatre in your city lie will be succeeded at the National bv our native actor, Connor, who is immensely popular with us. He will perform his range of charsct *rs. and wii!, as usual, reap good opinions and great applause. Wallace, the great violinist and piani t, will civc a concert this evening at the Musical Fund Hall. The reputation he has acquired will doubtless dr-tw 'ogetlier au immense throng The dil'*tanti are it ecstacies, with anticipation of something great; their rnoit ardent hopes will be rea iz*d. He l-*avej for Baltimore on Sunday, where he will concertias on Thursday evening. \ There is a larg'i procession of firemen ptiS3ing through our streets, accompanied by several baoda of music. The occasion of the pirade ia us an escort to the Fairmnunt Engine Company, who hnve returned Irnm a visit to the New Market Fire G??mpanv of Raltimore. The exhibition at the Museum, by the Franklin Institute, is siill attended by crowds of visitor*. It will positively close tomorrow, niter an addresa from Or R. M Pat'erson The City Councils, at their nieetinz last evening, adopted a resolution to visit the exhibition on Saturday afternoon at half past 3 o'clock. They also parsed a preamble and resolutions authorizing the appointment of a joint committee ot eech branch, to make arrangements lor the purchase of Lemon Hill estate, near Fairmount, " on just and < quitable terms." This course is considered absolutely necessary for the protection of the basin from impurities, and to secure a continued supply of Rood and wholesome water. I am inclined to think this was judicious, and will doubtless meet with the approval of ourn izans There is a rumor in town that ex C >mmi?saryGenera' Tjron has been appointed first ao?isi?nt Postmaster General. II friendship for Captain Tyler qualifies this gentleman tor the post, then he w eminently adapted for the place. He is, however, a youn< eentleman of ability, and I have no doubt will fill the ofiire with credit Memorials are citcuUting in every direction for signatures to Congress in favor of establishing a dry dock at the navy yerd. 1 fear it will be attended with ill success 1 earnestly hope the application niav meet with fivrsr : the result, however. wiIIpIiow. I presume there is but one opinion with the citizens on the subject, and that is favorable. Yours, Sco. Qcj-The trial of Palmer C Rickelts. editor of the Cecil Whig, for the murder of Amos T. Forward,in August 'a*t, is now in prosress At Elkton, Md. Sales of Stocks nt Philadelphia. 8r<:o.-<D Board, Oct. 26? J2?0 State ft'a 60J; $100 Reading Ktl, hoods, 1847, 6'>; i (has Wilmington RR, l#f; 20 Camd*n & An.loy R K, 37; 6 do S7|; 1 do Pennaylvania Fll;. 202; *>3 do a?Jj 10 do Reading It i i ill II 17 S5Kiii~t Board, Oct. 27?100 (that Union Bk.Tenn. 00j JftooLihigh 6'', 1846, 01; 30 ?hn* O'tard Bk, 6); 44do rhiladelj-hiaBk.MJ; fSOO City 6'n, 1302.102; 10: ahurwi Wilmington HR, 16J; 20 Penna Bk, 20?; 1 doo 200; fWO Sratf h's, 6('J; 10 000 State S'?, 60J; ?i|ntlO Reading K R Bi1?, Convt IS47, 06; 120 stav BV, ib46, new unn C3; 10 >ha* Rcbnvlkill Na v 36}; 13 Jo Philadelphia Bk, 81; 6 do N O Qi? Bk 30|; $H60 Schuylkill Nav ft'a 1358, 8-1; $.M?0 Tenneaaee bono*, 1ft July, 80J $2900 do let Jauuary, 80|. I.ATEST HOVTHBRN SHIP NEW*. Bai.timor>:, Oct2f>?Arr Loval,( Br) Roberta, (Jreeu Ttirtla Key. Spoke at tea, a small boat in which ?ri*i?Tml men, who reported ihr probable loss of two l>tp?, mippoaed Am-nMil, that were ailion- on I lie 1) iliam* Banks. Also arr Martin L smith, Wilton, NYoik. I 'Id .labez. ^ Br) Smith, Antigua. Sid Oulnarr, aud Simpson, Liverpool; French man of waraihr Oanl't. Ai.f xandria, Oct 25?Arr Archibald Oracie, Rice, Hints?ton, Ja. hiilimom), Oct 26 - Sid Lady Clinton. NYork Norioi.r, Oct 2i? 8ld Parthian, Allen; Ba-helor. llorton, and Orlrana, Smith, New Orleana; Trenton, Pitman, Rio de Jjpeiro. Wii.MiJcriTon, NC. Oct in?Arr Oen Marion, S\|ve?t''r, Warren, HI; 23d, Belle. Myers. New Vork; N K Kroth naham, Pen net, trundiloitpe: 24th, Joaepli Howe, ( Br) Lawrie, Tuika Island. Cld 21rh. (Jeo llfnry, Ulakely, Nrw York: Llectro, P.n liard, Barbatfoea. CllAKLHro*, Oct 23?Arr Merchant, Leslie, Mat-nzva At Quarantine, Osceola, MorKin, from New Orleana bound to Di nieMni, put in o'< account >>f nickiiesa Arr 2Uh, Sullivan, Waite, NVork. Sid Peter 11 it trick. Post, do. S?va*waii, Oct 23?(;id Kiact, Joluiton, New Yoik; Mary Blneldt, Carton, Havana. M n't ilk, Oct ib?Arr Tener. Crockett; Mallory, Brown, and Mary Kimball, Ingham, Thorn iimn; Husmi Snifford. ?! V irKiuia, Daiujeit, NYork I Id 19th, Una Mead, I horp, do . Nr.w OjU Ail, Oct 10?Arr Viola, Jamison, and Alfred, Mjera. NVork: Windaor Caatle, OloTer, Havi?; Adri,in. Davis, Hoiton; Scoria, Leslie. Baltimore. Below A lamo, (Jay, v.'1"""' '',lcher. Button; Kmblem, Dyer. NYork; rlimpden, ' owen, Liverpool; Kineline, ; Baltic, B>"ton; OrvtV1' Thomaalon; Kmpresmio, Sisal. The llunuville, from N V ork, repor tad below on Samrd iy, baa been blown oil'. Cld H Si John, Jnhnaon, Tampico Also arr, Waahington, Shaiikland, Havana. Rpokm. Wetnmpka, fr< m Mo'die for New York, Oct II, off the Tor inn*. Mary Wilk* It fr< m Baltimore for Bathadoes, Oct 2, lit 21 47, Ion At III. Foreign Port* Haraf*, Or I II?In port, Mary Smith, Lewis, from Livsr pool, di?g; Out irio, limit, I'ortfiuil, ilo; Cheater, Robinson, ilo ilo, and other* mi before. Kix.iToN.Jnm Oct 1?In port, Or?nd Turk, from Noifolki Delta, from New Orleans; Be jamin, from Newjwirt?*11 Ji*|. < lifford, from Alexandria, jn-t nrr. Sid Sept ::0, Harriet, for Mntanzaa; I7?h, lhadem, Aletindri* I'nM-d (i in It in, Oib, \Vntta. fioni Baltimore. AI?o in port, Treilv, Barnard, from I'liiladelolna, di?it; ^ ranklin Green Dra|N*r, fioin Ith' de Island, do, 1: A sclir Phipni*, ftun .Notfolk, irr 21at Sept. nod aid 22d for Oiagres? all well i'oBT Antowto about R pt 2!)? Arr Virginia, Norfolk. I'oht M?ni.i, Sept 25?Atr Mrnrian, Br*, scum, Norlolk. Kai MOt TH, Jii no d t<?Arr t ?liri? BricMI, Wehtter, from Richmond, lu?t from Kingston, Ja witti her cargo; Oor Mobil n?, Philadelphia. OtJ~ CLINTON HALL ?MERCANTILE LllKARY \ SOClA I ION gM' Megfnia, Plot Mot of K ocut'cn, nan tie honoi tVinloim this et )ig hiened contnitmit y thi.t hi intrn l? ou Monday evenlt g in xr, 30:h instant, at naif i.tat levi'ti oVltck. to deliver at the Hall, a Leturcon'h??i'ieiiCObf Reading and H(>en*lnu, and to !! lustra1 c it hy r< citing v at iotta select passa/fa from Hhaktpraie, Milton, Pope and Byron. The reader will plea<? to cooanlt the programme Ticket! of admission 00 certs ..-u <ummi>s H gaaj una a goullf man-13 Mur . aj itreot.

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