Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 6, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 6, 1843 Page 2
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JVKVV YORK HERALD >? ?? Vurh. JUonil*) . Xuvfmbtr 6, 10*3. v%V ahall rweiit by the Britannia, and have tor hi* at thi* ort?"?. all the foreign |>ap?ra, together with L oitdoa lilutratol papera, all of the lateat dates. Now Arrival or jhk Britannia ?This ateam h-p fuil been sixteen days at sea when the mail left H tfii n at 4 o'clock en Saturday afternoon. There i- nothing strange, however, in this. She waa once eighteen davs; three times a little over seventeen d?ys, and once fifteen days and a halt in crossing the Atlantic. She probably reached Boron early yesterday morning, and if so we shall receive her u *w*aome tune this morning, or evening. Tli? Election To-morrow. Th nnuu.il election tor this City andjState takes place to-morrow, beginning at sunrise and closing at sundown. This is raiher an important election, and will h*ve bearings beyond merelState legislation, influencing to a very considerable extent the position ot the twogrsat parties in the approaching presidential contest. It is difficult to ascertain with precision Rt the present moment, how the various ounti>*s and towns throughout the State stand with relation to this question. It is said that a great many divisions and subdivisions have taken place, hod that much diversity ol feeling exi ts; but of this we are rather uninformed. With regard to the City itself?which exercises such an important influence on the movement throughout the ?tate, and throughout the Union?we can speak more intelligibly. We have here th two great parties, besides several Jnew developments?in all, probably about five tickets are matured. How many additional ones may be presented to-morrow we do not know. First, w ehall begin with the whigs. Their ticket wa? agreed to at the great meeting in National Hall last Tuesday, and is composed of the following numes:? For Senator Morris Franklin. Sheriff. . .... . .William Jonas. County Cltrk. ..Joseph Weed. Coroner Alex. B. Whiting. For JlieemhlyElhridgeG Baldwin, Samuel Webster, Augustus L. Brown, Alexander P. Fonda, J.?hn Martin, Edward Dayton, William Turner, Wm. Mandeville, Alonzo A Alvord, Wm. H. Sweet, Richard 3. Williams, Adoniram Chandler, Abraham R. Lawrence This ticket represents the well known fprinciples ol the Whig party?a national bank?a high tariff" ?distribution of the land revenues?and generally a paper currency, so far as national measures are concerned. As respects State legislation they are in favor of large expenditures and the general poli cy adopted by Govenor Seward, which created such terror amongst the capitalists and monied men about a year ago. Alltlse divisions and difficulties growing out of the relative positions of their two great leaders appear now to be settled, and the party inarches onward in solid phalanx, under the banner of "Clay and Webster." Second ?The next party which may be embraced in ihe enumeration is the democratic, or locofoco, or whatever else they may be called, emanating from Tammany Hail. This party have experienced great and rather unusual difficulty in bringing their ticket into the world. Bui they have got it out at last. It is composed of the following names:? For Senator David R. Floyd Jon?M Sheriff Henry C Attwood. I County Cln k.. Jame* Conner < Corontr Dr. E. G Rawson. For Asiemhly. Thomas Jeremiah, Michael Burke, Wm A. Janaen, Edwarl Sanford, Au^'inte Davexac, James H. Suydam, Jamea L Boawortb, George G. Glaziar, Thomas N. Carr, Joshua Fleet, William Shtler, John E. Ross, GeorgeS. Mann. These we understand are all very respectable I men. Indeed, we ourselves know some of them to be so ; and we would be very much pleased to see Mr. James Conner, one of the most respectable men on the ticket, elected to the office of County Clerk. The measures and principles of the party are also well known. They may be con?idered a species of hirJ money men?opposed to a National Bank?and generally, in this part <if the country, in favor of Martin Van Buren, although in other dis tricts they are in favor of Calhoun. But in shaking of the differences of this party, it i? kIwhvs to b-; borne in mind, that whilst up to ih vry eve of an election they may exhibi' u great deal o! division, and appear to be split up mho s"vr?i fr?^menu, yet they uniformly come up M the pulls very strong and united. These arc the two principal parties, then, in ihe field; they will embrace the great majority of voters, and call forth the greatest exertions. There are, however, three other tickets which deserve to be mticed ; and we may as well first give the ticket generated at the great riotous meeting in the Park last week, under the auspices of the " SubUrranea ;s " From the resolutions and addresses of this party, it is clear that it may considered the pure Tyler party, and their ticket the pure Tyler ticket It is as follows :? For Senator Michael Walsh Ccunfy Clerk.. . .Samuel Foster. r n z1._v.1~ For Atttmbly. H'nrj Arcularius, Jr. Joseph Yeamam, Th'*mas McHpeddon, Jamei H Suj-dam, William shaler, Daniel B. Taylor, Charlea V. Newman, John Comm>-rlord, Joteph M . Tbomai. Jr., Jaroei Trainor, Matthias Oodeson. John B atty Jimei Kelly. So it seems that after all the rows, and contentions, and fights, and quarrels, and drinks, and every thing that could possibly astonish and amu e mankind for two years past, the " Tyler party" comes into the world?a full grown babe with its fist? d jubi. d up, and ready to strike at anybody and every body. After a hundred attempts at organization, the " Tyler party" are at least incarnate in this city. We shall now distinctly see by the result of the election, how many votes the Tyler party can poll in this city, and what chance the present adminis'ration have of being continued in office for four years longer. Fourth ?We now come to the pure Abolition, or " Liberty ticket." We believe,from a list before u >, that it is composed of the following names :? For Senator Daniel Fan thaw. Sheriff Leonard Crocker. Coroner Thorns* Rittar. County Clerk. .. .Edward A. Lambert. For Aiiembly I Leonard Oibbt Oforje I. Mankin Di?rft? W Rot* Thomai F. Field Benjainin Woorter William G. We?t Keth W B-nelict Kamael Laedi, Jan. Daniel H Hauds Jobn Hagadorn Earl E. Milai John W. Hill. Jame* P. Barbour The doctrines of thia party are well-known. We have S'-fn a good deal of them during the last few years; and generally they have polled from three to four hundred votealin the city of New York. It is doubtful whether they will this year muster so ? r m as that. Mr Fansliaw, their candidate for Senator, is a very respectable printer and publisher, aid will do as well to receive three or four hundred stes us any other man. No doubt if Horace Greeley were put up as a candidate on the Fourierite ticket, he would receive as many votes as Fanehaw. Fdth Ticket.?This is the new birth?the recent development?which came to lile, partly in the upper psrt of the city, amongst the butcher boys, h.id partly in Wall street, 011 the ptont- stepe of the Merchants* Exchanije?the ? Native American " party. It presents the following urray of very good mines:? For S*uaior Mangle M. Quacke&t>o?. Count 1/ CUrM. .Horace Loolborrow Xhtriff Charl?? Henry H<tll. Coroner James C. Forrester. Fkr iltttmbly. John Culver Willisrn Taylor) I'trish Wf.man Chdrlei Tl.Child* Valentine * U< orki Richard Re?-4 i.liirl'i Aldcu Andrew McOown Thomson (Ukley, Jurob L. Kenn Philo L. Mills John B. Muring Je??s c. Woo ). The principles of the party have been promulgated during the last week. They breathe death aud de-trurtion lo Poj>ery and wooden nhoes? Irishmen and Bishop Hughes?witchss and wizards | ?hobgoblins and everything but the pure, native, unadulterated, genuine, otft and-out "American Hepubl can par.y." Thes are the principal parties who bring their various candidates into the field, and to morrow will decide their fate. The great contest, however, we need hardly say will be between the wings and the democrats?all the other parties are mere excrescences necessarily springing up in such a community as this, where every man can promulgate tiis opinions with perfect freedom, and every little knot ot men can set up a ticket for election. The contest will be very warm. We should not be at all surprised to find thatfi!ty thousand votes were taken onjone day from the rising of the sun to ?h? going down ol the same. It is also probable, naj certaiu, indeed, when we consider the morality ol the age and the magnitude of the stake at issue that there will be a great deal of cheating and falst voting by both parties. With respect to the probable result of the contest the whigs are very confident of success; but thej mu9t remember that the locofocos have a mosl extraordinary prineipie of cohesiveness, notwith standing their R| parent divisions and disunion ? The Tyler ticket, brought into the world by the hard fi?ts of the Subterraneans, may, indeed, get a few hundred votes, but we do not suppose it will get as many as a thousand, notwithstanding all the eflorti of its very respectable progenitors. The Abolition ticket will tike a few votes from the whigs, perhaps four orfive hundred. Tne Native American ticket will abstract a few vote? from both parties, but the doctrines promulgated by them, having produced much excitement amongst the Irish and Germans, these classes of voters will come out in greater force than ever, and they will thus far more than counterbalance the efforts of the "Natives," and largely increase the chances in favor of the locofocos ; still, on the whole, we should not be surprised to see the whigs elect their ticket by a small majority of five hundred?or to see the locofocos elect theirs by a majority of five hundred?we should not be surprised to see the locofocos succeed by a majority ot five thousand?indeed we should not be surprised at anything in these days. The result, however, will be very important to the fortunes of several great statesmen. If the whig party be defeated by a large majority, Mr. Clay and Mr.Webster, notwithstanding their union, will receive a very severe, if not a fatal shock. On the other hand, should the locofocos be defeated we do not know what would become of Van Buren, or where he could hide himself. Altogether, then, it i* a most important election, and we trust that as there is plenty of choice every man will reflect well before he deposites his vote. The Great Rack on Tuesday?The Stakes? The Field?State of Betting?The Nags ? The great fall meeting of the political turfmen takes place to morrow; and the backers, trainers, stable boys and riders, are in a high state of excitement. Two nags of great speed, strength, and bottom? ane of nearly half imported and half native blood?and the other a quarter of foreign strain, are the favorites. The third is a pure native colt, untried, but of much strength and mettle. The fourth a chance medley of Tvler stock ?nH Mike Walsh cross, fiery, fierce, and wiry; and the fifth a potted nag,a pure cross of ihe African and Yankee. The purses to be contended for, are Sheriffalty $20,001 County Clerk'* js.ooo Caroner'i 13,000 Senatorial U0 Assembly 0 Total $47,000 The state of the betting is in favor of the half blood; second best the quarter; and long oddB are taken that the other three will bo brush their competitors that the purses may be divided. Every nerve will be sirained, every extra hair brushed away to save dead weight; the riders will be well Bimrred and saddled, and the whole population oi 325,000 will be on the ground as spectators From the ex'ent of the several purses, attempts will be made to bribe the riders to lose the race, to secure success to one of the opposing nags ; and every means and every expedient, from rum to money, will be exercised in favor of favorites. Ab this ia one o( the most interesting, the most exciting, and most peculiar contests that ever came off in this city, we shall as heretofore, present ourreadfrson Wednesday, with not only the complete result, but a full, graphic, and Daguerreotype report of the incidents of the day. So look out for We nesday's Herald. Thk Ttlir Party in thk Field.?It will be seen that the Tyler party, for the first time, ii now completely organized and in the field with a ticket, which has Mike Walsh at the head, and Jem Kelly at the tail. For two years the Tyler party tried to come into this busy world, in various parts of the ti'y, hut never could succeed till the great hurri?ane took place in the Park last w*>ek. It is now tairly alive and kicking, and the strength of Captain Tyler in this city will soou be ascertained. In the meantime, we would advise the Tyler leaders to go to work and get funds and friends for to-morrow. They have a better chance for the spoils, and more of them, [than any other party in New York. Lei ihein apply to the Collector, Postmasler, Marshal, and all the other emvloylt of the United States government in this city. They can collect money and votes enough to make a formidable onset. If the government officials refuse, they have a chance to turn them out, and to get their places. The whole patronage of the general government in New York, worth $500,000 a year, is open to them for a yeai and a half, making $750,000, being far beyond the prospect of any other parly. The Subterraneans are the regular Tyler party, Let us see what they can do. Trouble in Hayti.?The Ellen Perkins arrivec yetterday from .Jeremie with dates to the 14th ult It appears by the accounts that Hayti is far fron being quiet. In Jeremie the inhabitants were frai fulof inroads from the mountains. They expectei to be plundered and murdered. So great wai their alarm on the lOih that men, women andchil dren turned out almost en mni*e and threw up breai works with bartels of sand, A;c. Nothing ssrioui however, had oacurred up to the 14th, but the plac was under martial law. American produce wa? abundant without any sale Coffee was scarce. More Musical and other Arrival* ?We hav< had ?f late several fresh arrivals from Europe, ii th? musical, ballet, or theatrical line. Amoni Mem is Adolphe Keller, LL. D., and professor o music, from Mecklenburgh, Germany. Docto Keller is a fine coinpos-r, and great pianist, and i last from Hamburgh, where he created a sensation Another is Mademoiselle Yates, a ballet dance from London and all Europe. What her merits c capacities are we know not?we never heard of he before, either in Europe or elsewhere. Let h? have, however, a fair trial. Another is a grei vocalist, whose name is not known. Who next 1 Lecture on Popery and the Pope ? Prolrsec Delinar, from the neighborhood of the Vaiicar gives a lectare t? night at the Society Rooms, o Popery and the Pope. We suppose that all ih Natives will be present to hear how he puts it nil the old Pope Chatham Thkatre.?Yankee Hill commence nnothrr engagement at this establishment to-nighi I lr I rod urea a nfw dram* ot the comic order, i which he tiersouatea th?- hero, from the pen ol cn ot our townsmen, which is of a moat inttrestin character. The bill 1a otherwise right excellen Mademoiaellc Yaten, we understand, will appear fc the firat lime on Wedti'aday night. Ij[y- The 9ubteiran?nna are still aaaailing Forrei with a great deal ?>1 acrimony and bitteriteas. It i currently reported Mill thai alter the election th "boya" mean to have a brush with him aome.how Mr. O'Connkll's Attack on Fhanck.?We give in another part of this day's paper, a speech recently delivered by Mr. O'Connell at a meeting of the Hepeat Association in Dublin. In it he indulges in a strain of peculiar attack and sarcasm against Louis Philippe, the king of the French?against French morals?politics?and almost every thing connected with the French people, except the little band of Carlists with Henry the Filth at their head. We innex also, to the same article, the indignant reply of nearly the whole ot the French newspaper prpss, by whom Mr. O'Connell is treated with great severity, and held up to the contempt and derision ol al' . Europe. ( This is a most singular episode in the history ot , the progress ot the repeal agitation in Ireland It r indicates that old Din s beginning to lose Ins senses, at tho uu niti f i m u lliat lio u Iaji mr k La fiV PT ! oq the p&fpioiu of his countrymen. This gross and general abuse of the French people, is nothing more than was to be expected. It 13 quite in f keeping with Mr. O'Connell'a conduct for some t time past. His continual and scandalous as. saults on the institutions of the United States, prepared us for this gross breach of decorum, proI priety and discretion, committed in this wanton attack on the people of France. No lover of liberty, , no friend of the oppressed, can regard, without the ! deepest sympathy, the sufferings of the people of Ire. land. It any practicable and reasonable project for their relief and deliverance were proposed, it would meet with universal support from all the friends of freedo 11 throughout the earth. But the projects of O'Connell, and his plan of carrying them out?the violent temper, the malignity?the lying slander? which he is continuallyexhibiting against everything and everybody?high and low?rich and poor?in Europe and America?even his own friends and supporters not escaping?have inflicted incalculable injury to the cause of Ireland. Cold Weather ?Yesterday was the coldest of the season. At sunrise the thermometer was at 25 deg. which is 7 deg. below freezing point. Firk in Robto*.?The stables belonging to the Exchange Hotel in Boston, were burned down last Friday night. Loss $5000 Set on fire. Republicanism ?Gen. Sentmanat, who has been attempting to raise troops in Yucatan to re-coaquer Tobaaco trom Ampudia, has, according to the New Orleans papers of the 24th ult , betaken himself to giving lessons in fencing! Thk Oregon Colony.?We learn from gentlemen who have returned from the mountains, that the Oregon Emigrating Expedition, when laat heard from, had taken the Southwest pass to Fort Hall, from whence they were about twelve days' travel. They were going on rapidly, and without having suffered any disaster At Fort Hall they would necessarily be forced to leave their wagons?of which they had 150 in the train?and then the real difficulties and fatigues of the journey would commence. They were singuine of reaching the Columbia before the winter set in. Of all the persons who started in the expedition, only one had abandoned it. City Intelligence. The Court of General. Sessions commences the November term tbii morning at II o'clock. No business will be transacted except the swearing in ami charging the grand jury, when the court will adjourn till Wednesday morning, to-morrow bein; election day, The Common Coun?il meet this efternoon at 6 o'clock. Police.?Sunday, Nov. 6 ?A day of quiet at the police offices yesterday. Coroner'* Office.?Sunday, Nov. ft?Death raoi* Gin The Coroner held an inqaest on the body of Su. sannah O'HanIan, a native of Ireland, aged 38 years, who ha.ldied at 67 Mulberry street on Saturday morning from congestion of the brain by intemperance. She had been residing at the above named place with Mary O'Hanlan, the sister of her deceased husband?had been intemperate for some time past?was taken sick on Wednesday?drank lour gills of gin on Thursday?eat nothing till Saturday, when she died from the effects ol her spree and previous excesses. No physician was called in, as lier brother's sister did not, as she says, suppose that she wasgeingto die, as the had been so before. The jury returned a verdict of "death by intemperance." Also, on the body of a woman, named Jane Stewart, who lived with Richard Stewart in 10th street, as his wife. Stewart left her on Saturday week, and, as was reported, had married another woman. He returned to the place where she lived on Saturday afternoon last, and removed the furniture. Site became much excited, and he left the house. About seven o'clock, Peter Riley, who lives in the same housp, heard her moan, and went to her room and found her lying on the floor vomiting. He went for a doctor,but before'he returned she was dead. Dr. James 0. Nelson.sayk,trnm an examination,that "the cause of the death is disease of the stomach and bowels, and that there .< a. no indications of poison that be coul<2 detect J* The Jury, good honest souls, believing that the physician had made a full examination, returned a verdict " that she . cam* to her death by disease ol the ttomach and bowels." Now wedo not know Dr. Nelson,but we believe she was either poisoned, or poisoned herself, as disease of the bowels rarelv terminates in such a iuJdea.peculiar death. Also on the body of Patrick Henry Smith, a native of Ireland, aged 80 years, who has resided at No. 8 Fifih street. He,has been sick <01 several year* with tumor in his head, affecting his left ear, and died on Saturday night while in bed with his wile,from inflammation of the brain, according to the opinion of Oustavus Adolphus Sabine, M. D. with whom the Jury accorded In their verdict Charleston. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Charleston, S. C., Oct. 31, 1843. Decay of Charltttrm?Effect of Railroadt?Singular Verdict?Honors to figure?Temperance. Jamfs Gordon Bennett, Esq.? We are in the midst of our fall trade, and every one is disappointed. The Queen City of the South has within her borders, about as much business as would comfortably keep employed the inhabitants ot some filth-rate interiot village of New York. The > fact is, that we ar? going behind hand yearly. Our population is less now than in 1810; our business capital has diminished and many businessmen have sought tor other locations withia ihe last few years?and to what may this be attributed ? Withi out doubt in a great degree to our railroad. Our road iseither too long or too short. Indeed, it should either penetrate the west, opening a communication with Ohio and Tennessee, or it should never have been undertaken. As things are now managed, Charleston is not even a stopping place for travellers, or a toll-gate for goods In the first caes, travellers are carried from the railroad depository directly to the steamboat, or vice vertn and in the latter, the agents of the railroad act as forwarding merchants, and send on the goods free of charge, save only the actual expenses incurred, viz: freight, wharfage and drnyage . Thus by ihe facilities of travel and transportation, Charleston is cut off from receiving any benefit from h*r inland trade with New York, except omnibus i hire, and drayage, and wharfage. Our hotels are .. almost empty, ana our importers are few and far between, while our auction merchants, instead of ema ploying their capital aad talents in furnishing goods ? to jobbers at low rates, are busy peddling out their stocks by the piece or dozen, and generally to a p company of small petty dealers, principally women and up country pedlars. An attempt is occasionally '? made to get up better sales by some of the auc tionrers, but they are generally failures. The fact cannot be disgui ed,Charleston^ a mere " ha t w&v house" between the Southern trade and New York. We have some little news that may interest your readers?among other matters our Circuit Court has ? Deen engaged the last few days in the trial of a fellow 3 by the name of Lamb,a most inappropriate coguomen who was indicted for whipping a negro to death. Jt was fully in evidence that he gave ihe poor slave f four hundred and fifty lashes, well laid on. in the r space of about twenty-four hours, from the ? fleets of which he soon after died. The jury found him "not guilty " The eminent counsel for the prisoner, ' Messrs Ferrell and Northrop were perfectly asionr ished when the verdict was rendered, and judge, ,r har, jury, spectators and prisoner, all looked as though some thundering mistake had been made. But life is cheap in hard money time*. 'r Next week, Tuesday, comes oft the great procesit sion in honor of H. S. LegHre, a man who all his life has been held in disrepute by the majority of his townsmen; one who a lew years since was turner ed out of fiib seat in Congress, and ever since has iicrn nil uri|'if|'ui?ii man 10 uwn iiimiuicu i>y a pi u' cession and eulogy?" got ui>" by the very men n who have all their lives been his opponent*. Oh ! c we are a great people ! Do you remember the pro0 cessions and resolution" of tne public about General ifayne"? We " resolved" to build to his memory a " monument." Hut, alii*! it wan only h resolution >B When will we leum wi.-dom, judgment, and com* . mon sense'? and h?'w long must we wnit before we find out that acting is far s>etter than talking'! n After the great event ol neit Tuesday shall have e mken place, you shall fheaj from me in relation g ihereto. I mug' not close this "document" until I have told ' ou that we sre going on in a marvellou* manner ?r villi our temperance cause. All sorts of Ircturera have Bprui g up on the subject of teetotalism, among which re parsona, doctors, lawyers, merchants, it students, itlanters, mechanics, and loafers, or gen'lemen of leisure?some good, aome bad, and some indifferent, bu all earnest in the goodcnuae, and e anxioui tofexten i it^hap^jr influence. Yours, tec. Ashley. ISoston. I Corrcipoudcne* of th? Hnald.) Pavillion, Boston, Nov 2d, 1843. Leaving the City? Yankee IhU? The Herald an urfvtrtizing Paper? Dialogue in the Can?A new Work tor the Pritt?lht Pavilion?Hibemia? lActurei?Polit irt?Mock trial on "the McKenzi' ca$efyc. $rc. James Gordon Bennett, Esq.? My Dear Sir:? Being bound for the e.ist and "parts unknown," I beg to give you and your readers note of what ia passing in tlieae "diggins." Im/irimit, then, we (that is, your humble correspondent and Yinkre Hili) embarked on board "the good boat Narraganaeit, whereof Captuin Woolsey is master," ju*t as the "Hercules" was rounding the battery with Marshal Bertrand and his escort. What with Hill's humorous imitations of the street hawkers in New u;_- ? .l. i i r?_ r..... IWIIV v anyluuig uu iuc uuaiu lui JUUI vtma j9 a pleasant evening and a good supper, nothing was wanting in <un to entertain ub in our trip hitherward. I leave to the imagination to fill up. Those who have been this route, via Stonington, know that it is any thing but pleasant, changing from boat to car, then to boat and car again; but stop?I had forgoiten to say that we left at tour, and are indebted to this line's .idvertising ia your valuab.e paper, tor the information that enabled ua to do so ? There i6 another line via Norwich, though they don't appreciate the benefits ot advertising, which reminds me of n conversation I overh-ard in the cars, as follows :?" You say, stranger, you reside in Concord V' "Yes" "A rightemattplace that1?" " V?-8." "I re-eide at Concord, but visit Nrw York twice a year, and subscribe to Bennett'a Herald " " Wliat, the Herald 1 lwouldn't have it in my house, no how." "Well, jest as you please, I do as I likes; I'll tell you what it is, tolks say a great deal'bout Bennett's paper?call him and his paper all dnrfj rW nvwtac ,,^t T U ^ U *. ? r? ? l.u., iiuiii^o, nuu yci x uuu iuc uiai mint; lury ask for.lon the arrival of the car, or steamboat, is the 'Htrald'?want to see what he's got to say? friend of mine in New York (Jenning's, the tailor ?my tailor) advertises in it, :and says that it answers the aame as if he advertise in all the principal cities of the Union?'cause why 1 It circulates everywhere in the principal

cities, and answers just as if he advertised in papers of Philadelphia, Boston; in tact all the cities You see I buy my clothes ot him, hats of Leary, boots of Mons. Luzer, all of which I see advertised in the Herald." 1 he Concord man had the ladies on his side, and his opponent, in a long argument, who read only the Sun, (a sheet meteflor weak intellects,) was completely vanquished. Excuse this almost verbatim report, and I'll enlighten you on a literary brochure which is preparing for the pre.-e, to be ready early in January, entitled, "James Gordon Bennett and his Cotemporarits, by one of them." This will surprise some folks, inasmuch us it will be written by a man ot talent, and will give an impartial history of the rise of the present newspaper cash system, its influence, the benefits of an independent press, dec.?setting some things in their proper light and consigning some persons to their proper sphere, but more of this anon. The Boston Grays,a splendid military corps,in fact the crack company of Boston, are partaking of a liejune at this favorite sojourn of travellers As it is kept by (wo worthy youngmen (Lefeur and Fish) of New York, 1 presume you will not refuse my sounding their praise to such of your readers as may wish to enjoy a quiet genteel sojourn while in Boston. And as they are young enterprising fellows, wh# have served under the excellent f/image of the Messrs Howard, of your city, they could not fail of being au fait in th^ir business. Youth and enterprise, at any time,against age overgrown with isibecility, as V?u say. We visit Mount Auburn, Lowell, and other places in this vicinity this afternoon, but as so many accounts have been given of the former place, J merely say, it far surpasses Laurel Hill Cemetery, or any oiher repose lor the dead I have vet visited, in point of location and fitness for a rest from the troubles ot this weary life. The Hibernia sailed yesterday, with thirty-two passengers; this meagre compliment must soon open the eyes ol Mr. Cunard, especially when compared with the Western's last trip. The steamer has not been telegraphed up to this time, but is hourly expected ; her news is looked for with interest, especially as regards the price of cotton. l)r. Lirdner delivered his first lecture, last evening, to an overflowing audience. Gliddon is also delivering a cours* of lectures, which are well attended. This may be accounted for in a rtieafure from th?!fact that theatricals are at their lowest ebb here, and the Bostonians are determined to maintain their literary reputation at all hazards. The manufacturing interests are thriving with the present tanft; and your efforts in behalf of WebsU r (their leading advocate) at this tune, are warmly applauded here. The manner of conducting csucusses by the wire pullers is the same all the world over; but they lack the spirit and enthusiasm ot us New Yorkers. No Mike Walth here to stir up the political cauldron; still I trust the-political aspect every where augurs better things. Brute force is a bad way to settle principles, which should only be fixed by calm, sober reason. Now that the "Victoria" has sailed from your port for London, I am at liberty to relate wha' a passenger told me occurred in her first trip. Among them were General Ward, of Westchester, Colonel Jones, Mr. Saunders, and various other eminent men. A mock trial was got up of the Vomers tragedy; (/apt. Aurgau, Judge, Mr. Saunders, Crier of the 1Inrci\'or>a1m?nuf?:tur?rofthe Metallic Tablet, 168 Broadway Oourt, arrayed m a emnck (rock, with Buectacies turned upside down, holding in his hand a broom as a badge of authority, with which he occasionally tapped the Judge on his caput, calling him to order There were advanced some of the most splendid arguments, and much talent displayed, but such a farce as this was never acted on the stage, occupying three whole days; and hoping Capt. Morgan, on his return, will favor you with " the records ot the Court" tor publication, I will not furtherenliRhten you in this truly amusing mock trial of one ot the most glorious transactions that ever burnished thlairfame of any navy, and which it is impossible to blot from the history of this great American Republic. More anon from yours, truly, Thklaba Natal.?The U. S. frigates Constellation and United States, and the sloop of war Cyaie, were at Oahu on the 5th of August WE SHALL RECEIVtf BT THE BKITANNIA and have (or sale at the Herald Literary Depot, Herald Building*, Not thwest corner of Fulton and Nassau street*, the following late!t Foreign Journal!:? The 1 Hunt rated London News 18 J The Pictorial Timei 1m{ Bell'! Life in London, 18 The Weekly Diipatch, 18: The Dublin Frerman'i Journal, 18 The Dublin Nation 18 Punch 13 Chat. Wilmer'i News Letter 6 Wilmer k Smith'! European Timoi 12 And all the Metropolitan paper*. Agent* can be aupplied with all of the above,by forward, ing their order* eorly to this Otlieo, and on reasonable termi, the moment they arrive. Subicription* will also be received and punctually attended to. {fey- AMERICAN MUSEUM.?If ramie hath charms of which there can be no longer doubt, Barnum offers the public a treat they will not forget, in the engagement of the pretty and charming vocalist*, the Vinci Mary and Rosina Shaw. Theie elegant girl* have no rival* in their peculiar style, and aided by their brother and a talertted pianiit, will give u* ion* delightful concert!, worth a dollar, for twenty live cents. There will be other performance! as usual QlJ- FORTUNE TELLING.?Tho?e curious souli who love to pry Into the future, can he grntilcd at Pealei Muieam. The performance! in the Lecture Room are highly diversified, and promise plenty at fun Those Ethiopian Minstrels give lome of the tweeteit melodies we ever listened to. What amt17.ee us i* how such novelties can ne produced for one ihilling. (K7- NOTICE.?Protector Fire Eaginn Company No M?The Member! and invited friend* of thii Company will meet at the Engine Home ou Tuesday, November 7th, 1843, at 1J o'clock, to receive the New Market Fire Engine Compaay, of Baltimore. By order af JOHN M. BENNET, Foreman. Ha*hv H. TallM4N, Secretary OtJ- WE HATE JUST SEEN A SHILLING PUBliaation which turns out tojhe a aheap reprint ol Boecacio'! Decameron; a collection of smutty talei, dished up in a classical tear in aliirnnt Jixiinn w.. proceeding. Shilling do*- * of polite liJx r1ani?m|?ite ?1moit a* dangerout (o the tyt'.em i* shilling do*ea cf Isudanum, or Oodfrey'* Cordial. Ovid i? very ImnutittiI, o! course; tout he i* left for therhaite fnihionabw lady atudent, nn 1 tbe academic*! y oting gentleman, whote intel lects are cultivated by a refined procrtt, to beer the weight of all the elegant ?ro**ne** in the dead and living language*, without injury to their physical function* or their moral*. Hh?k*peare'a Sonnet*, or Fielding'* or SmolWtt'* work* do any benefit to an uncducu'ed person or the (lightly accomplished an imiiginahle *ervice. The Decameron, by Booacio, la a collection ot vulgar incident*, riithed up in an elegant way, juit a* confection er's *ugnr ?r? grow compound* to take in children. We suppose thi* work will aell '-B streak " We're.agreeable if the authorities are. Sold at nil the depot* ?price one *hilliog. METALLIC TABLKT ?Tin* i* the moat perfect article for the ptirpotn deigned cverjinvt nted, having tie wonderful power of producing the keeneit and a no<ith?*t pottible edge of the ra/.or, Id a tenth port of the time that i* require I on h hone.at thoaame time doinn tway with the unpleasant turtof oil and water. It i* the lame size a* an ordinary ?'ro!<, and an simple in ita nte.? With one of thi m the meaii* it ever at hand of keeping r? /.ortin perfect order. Thv flitt cutlnr* ot England and France have them in con*tnnt u*e, ami recommend them rhe celebrated M. Milliken, cutler to the royal navy, tOI Strand, after using one five year?t, ?ent a certificate of it* mperiority to the inventor, where itcanbeaeen, with many other* from the moat scientific gentlemen ?( tkia country. <? MAUNDERS. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Philadelphia. [CorropoDiteuee of the Herald.] Piiiladelpuh, No* 5, lei43. t Fracat at the fVutirn ll tr?Coirhidinif o/ a 'Ihea' ' triad Manager? Ri moralt at the CuUom Haute? i Ap/Jointmtnti?Jiumt'r??Theutir??The IVeathtr ' ?Churchtt?Hepburn (harmed with atttmpt to com- , mit a rape. f James Gordon Brnhett, Esq s? DEAR SIE :? ? There was a beautiful row last evening at ihe 1 Western Hole!; the particulars as I have ascertain t ed them, are biiefly thefe i Mr. T. B. Russell, J late sole manaver of the Arch street Theatre, f (as the bills expressed^ it,) has become tbe lease# 4 of the theatre, in Providence, R. I., and being desirous of engaging people lor the same, called at 1 the Western Hotel for that purpose?a number of ( histrionic folks residing there. At the close of the i season at tke Arch street, it is suspected there ' were sundry salaries unpaid, and so remain until 5 this time ; one ot those who claimed a balance due ' is Mrs Maditon, the heroine in the fracas, who. , eneounteriie Mr. Russell, applied to his back and t person sundry and severe blows with tanned cow- a kin, or in unvainished languuge, hhe inflicted upon I the ex manager a most unmerciful cow hiding c In justice 'o Mr. Russell I will state, that it is ' said that the cl nm for salary preferred by Mrs M. ; against him is resisted upon the ground of a forfeit- ^ ure #f contract, thereby annulling all pecuniary obli , gallon on his part It seems that Mr. Russell had become the lessee of the. Pittsburg theatre, engaging ainong others Mrs. Madron as one ot th? company, < lie fo'ind on preparing to depart that she, with several of those engaged, entered into engagements at the Philadelphia theatres and elsewhere, refusing to comply with that made in good faith with Russell The consequence was, that nearly all engaged peremtorily refused to go; Mr. R was, therefore, obliged to relinquish the theatre, sullering, as he thinKs, ! thereby severe pecuniary lose. 1 have thus given you all I can glean of this feminine assault, and will merely state that passing the assaulted party in the street ail hour sir.ee, I observed that he was none the worse lor the strips inflicted, at least in outward ' appearance. 1 There has been several removals at our Custom 1 House, within a day or two, and the posts vacated tilled by new appointments. Of those removed, I j have only heard the names ol Robert Howell, day inspector, and John Mausur, night inspector. The appointment are Wesley Johnson, brother of Ovid 4 F. Johnson, Attorney-General ot the State ot Penn sylvania, and Oscar Kane, for day Inspectors; I James Rourke and John H. Lochey, night in- g sectors. It is rumored there will ba other removals and appointments in the course of a week or two. I will endeavor to ascertain the particulars, ' and will give you the earliest information. There * may be some error in the names I have given you i to day. It to, I will correct them, if possible, in my 1 next. ^ All ol our theatres were well fiU?d last evening? i the National, the Chesnut, and trie Walnut. Th? equestrian troupe at the Walnut was the most at- 1 'radive, th<'house being densely crowded "Irom floor to ceiling" t I The weather continues cold, the wind sharply ] from the N W., but the day is as clear and beauti- 1 (ill as cau be desired. The churches must have been crowded this morning, judging Irom the great number of persons in the street about the time of closing j the morning service. I neglected to mention, that Hepburn, the broker, ' bound over the other day to answer for the crime ot sf duction, was charged before liecordei Vaux , on Friday, with an attempt to commit a rape upon the same plaintiff This is in addition to the former alleged ofliince. The Recorder held Hepburn to 1 bail in the sum of three thousand dollars to answer 1 the charge at the Quarter Sessions. Yours, &c. c C9- TESTIMONIALS IV FAVOR OF DR. SHER- J MAN'S MEDICATED LOZENGES ara coming in to the Docterfrom every quarter. Hear what the Rev. Mr. ' De Forest sayi concerning them. In a letter addressed 1 to the Dootor he states, "that he has been laboring as an > Evangelist in the western part of this 8tate,and from much speaking has been troubled with affections ef the lungs, 1 aMavi/Io.I ivilK irritafinn an/1 inrucaanf rniiorh Hv a timely u*e of your Cough Lozenge* I have found immediate relief from the noit severe attack*, and hare buen enabled to follow my duties a* a minuter of Christ, when 1 should otherwise hare hern obliged to cease my J nxrrtion*. I would recommend them to other* c* the belt cough medicine* they can use. Your* respectfully, RICHARD DE FOREST. ? Dr. Sherman'* warehouse in KM Nassau street. Agent* ! 397 Hudien street, 188 Bowery, 77 Ea*t Broadway, and < 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn. ' 017- HEALTH AND HAPPINESS TO ALL?The , greatest benefit* are ol'.en those which are the must silent in their operation*. Thus is it emphatically with 1 ne medicated preparation* of Dr. Peter*. Th?y are ' agreeable t~ the taste, create none of the alarming symp- i toma usually caused by other medicine*, and yet are among the mo*t afficient that are u<ea. It i* only neceisnry to refer to the cure* effected by hi* PiIIh in cases of ' bilious and other feveis, heaJaches, costiveness, jaundice, l dyspepsia, liver complaint*, sea lickness, dropsy, tie. to fully sustain this remark. Principal office for the sale of Dr Peters'medfeine*, 13* Fulton, earner Nassau street. Agents, J S. Murphy, VU North Sixth street, Philadelphia; A. S. Jordan, U Milk < street, Boston. I RICORD'S PARISIAN ALTERATIVE MIX TURE for the permanent cure of primary and secondary Syphilis, ha* entirely abolished the use of mercury in those distressing complaints. All persons *u*r>ecting a vsnereal taint remaining in their system, should use this lK>werful alterative without delay. Sold in single bottle* $1; in caae* containing hal' dozen, $5, carefully packed and sent to all part* of tke Unien. Office and Conaulting Room* of the College ofMedi cine and Pharmacy 97 Nassau itreet W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent. {U7- A GLORIOUS, A LOVELYjWOMAN. Her breast*, oh 'ti* glory ?her neck whito and clear ; Her cheek*, where tho rose and the lilly appear, Not a freckle or blemiih is seen on her brow, tis so fair, And adorn'd with herioft, silky tresses of raven black hair. PHIZ. VOld maliis'and young faanaUs,and others?if you would wish that your present personal appearance, shou'd illua trate the above line*, be they ever so homely at present, you have but to spend a few shillings in the tallowing manner?if you have bad hair, red, rusty or grey, if it has dandruff or scurf in it, or i* falling off, by using a three shilling lx>ttle of Jone* Coral Hair Restorative, nil the atiove will be remedied and yeu'l have a dark loft, beautiful, clean head ot hair. Hae the price?try i'. If you have a l ad skiti with eruption* on it, why a tingle cake of the Italian Chemical Soap will give you a healthy complexion ; cure any eruptions, freckle*, salt rheum, scurvy, erisjpelas, chap'd or tender flesh, and this is sold at 50 cents a cake at the sign ol the American h',agle,82 Chatham street. Mind, il you get it anywhere in this city but at the above address you are cheated; consider the cheat well. Sold also at 8 State street, Boston ; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia; 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn. 017- PROFESSOR VELPEAU-fl SPECIFIC -PILLS, are a sale, quick and radical cure for gonorrbcaa, gleet, *?1l tt? n/i si nn rn Innt A imn h artrfa from th?? lirpthrfl. They have entirely superceded the old treatment for those complaints, saving the patient more than half the time occupied by the former course, end curing the diffuse without tainting the breath, disagreeing with the stomach, or ^confinement trom business. They are to be bad genuine at the office of the Consulting Roomf of the College, of Medicine and Pharmacy, 07 Nassau street. Price $1 per box W. H. RICHABD90N, Agant 0tf- NO CHARGE UNTIL THE HAIR 18 RE. 3 J'ORED.?BeaU' Hair Restorative. To aot forth its virtues would fill many pages, We must, therefore, try to be brief, And lay that, for baldness in various stages, 'Twill afford a speedy relief. Ho, good bye wigs and scratches, For there's nothing that match** A beautiful good haad of hail' < And ye who would try it, Go to Beales's and buy it, On terms surprisingly lair. It is applied on the above terms at tha office. No. Hi 1st avenue. N. B ? One jar is a test io any casa of baldness. Depots, No. 173 Broadway, No. 9 Milk street, Boston. Agents, L. B. Sw^n, Rochester, James C.Wells, Utira; Li R. Dow, New Haven; Wm. E. Parker, Newark. (ft?- WEAK INVENTIONS Of THE ENEMY ? rhe Pou lre Subtile, lor eradication superfluous human hair solely, quickly an'l permanently, advances in pub lie estimation pro rata with tha abuse If receives fiom imitators This singular chemical preparation has ei.tirely annihilated the dangerous and uttarly inefficacious compounds in use, and elicited the snvy and malignity of base rounterleiters, who attempt to palm oft their poisonous trash by ileciying th>? genuine. Such impotent, yet sulaciotu attempts, only reaoil on themselves. The papula ;ty nnd estenslvetale of the I'oudrn Hubtlle is not to be retarded by tucb miserable Isbifts; it has attained the 'iigh<st pitch of public approbation; it is always tested xifore the eyes of every purchaser,when the strongest ind toughest hair is seen to vanish like magic, leaving the kin, foft, smooth and delicately white, even from the orehead,where the superfluous hair has ha.?n removed, he blueness of the skin v finishes with the hair, leaving it lincolor of the surrounding part*. The genuine ist? be liad no where else in New York but at #7 Walker street, >ne door from bread wa v. f| per bottle. A Unalr.n O \llllr a* . 7* <1.a) I 'h , la.lxl nh l* vtv?r?, New H 'vcn; Dyer, rrovidj-noe; Carirten, Lowlis 'Green, Worceater; (ifcy, (Poughkeepi>i?-; Guthrie, Vll>3iiy; Touiey, Roc h rater, &c. 09- < ONHTITUTIONAL DRB1LITY. CURED rhn Tnnlf Miiturc prepared, by the College ol Medline aud rharmery,of the city ol Nfw Vorl, l? confl>< ntly rcrommt nded to ull per?m? ?u(ft rirfc from di*t I'i'y, produced either b% ' xc 'Ml^e Indulgence In ?ecnt iiibiti, or by protr?ctci'l lllni'Mi. Thl* celebrated in?iRo itor of the coiiKlitHtion, i? complied of a combination of otinical remedial a^rnlilhnt i? eminently adapted to lie invigoration ol the wholeayatem. ,f Noid in aingle bottle* $1 each} in ?f,* ioroi,$A, cnnlully parked, and ?ent to all parta 'talon. W. H. HICHAHDSON, Ai*ent, Ollice and C?n.u!tir* Room. of th'^Couy^ THE PEOPL '* CANDIDA I E Fob Coiirtt item, JAMES CONNER. 09- TO CLEAR THE COMPLEXION, CURE Eruptions, Chapped ami Tender Flish, kc. kc. The mo>t irondarful dixovery in medical science lor diaaases of h<> ?kin wuathat male by M. V?*?i,rini, the celebrated Itaiau physician. He shaped bia discovery in the form of l leant11ul piece ???P. called the Italian Cht mical Snap, 'liny physicians will hardly believe t il they have set n be astounding effect of thia. Thin much for eruptionr. >'or ladies or abildrcu, for clearing the skin ol tan, pirr. ilef, fnclcles, or roughness, nothing can equal thia ; it nakwa dark or yellow akin white and clear. One trial vill aatoniah all who try it for chapped flesh,bites of mo?[Uitaea, kc. Sold at 87 Walker atrect onejdoor from the corner o( Iroadway JiOne cent cake will be sufficient; thia we varrant- Buy no where elae or you will be cheated. Igents. Jordun, 9 Milk street, Boston; 70 Chesnut street, 'hiladelphia; Myera, New Haven; Dyer, Providence; ireen, Worcester, kc. OTf- PRIVATE DISEASES?A CURE GUARANI'KKD?The College at Medicine and Pharmacy of the rtl* m .... vni.i. o.?aKi;au?.i u. i? -A [iiackery.ii now prepared to treat all diseases ol a prirate nature, and otter to all those afflicted with these disressing mala lisk advantages not to be met with in any ither inatitution in this country, either public or private, from the constant correspondence, and from private ar ansfements, between the members ol the College and the n?st eminent professors ol the medical institutions of Euopr, all improvements in the treatment of these diseases ire forwarded to them long before they reach the ma|oIty ol the medical prufei>eion of this ceuntry. With ouch efebratod remedies, together with the combined skill of hr first raedicul mun ol this country, the College feel saisflud that the good work they have undertaken, "the uppreasiou of quackery," will receive the patronage it xiiervea from that portion of the publio requiring their ervicee. Terms moderate. Otlice and Consulting Rooms of the College, 97 Nassau tree:. W 8. RICHARDSON, Agent. N.U. Patients living at a distance, by stating their diease explicitly in writing, giving all symptom*,together vith the treatment they received elsewhere, i't any, can ibtain a chest containing all medicines, with full direcons for use, with a guarantee of cure, by addressing the igentof the college, post paid, enduring $6. MONEY MARKET. Sunday, November 5?6 P. M. The import of specie into New York for the last week vas $2,838. The export $109,808, mostly to China. Tho ecaipts at New Orleans from Sept. 1st to Oct. 18th, were >351,701. The work of extending the Harlem Railroad to White 'lain* is in progress, ana will probably soon be comply ed, adding immensely to the value of the road, as well as ipeningan extensive tract ol agricultural district tothe upply of the city. There is also some movement in r*ation to that important work, the Albany Railread. It is tatedthat the only obstacle in the way of a railroad :onnection with Albany, is the small sum of $300,000, for vhich the road can be graded the necessary forty milea iirough Westchester county. That done, the material ia n readiness to finish the connection, and open to New fork the whole western and eastern railroad business. There is connected with Boston 1,303 miles of railroads. The receipts, expenses, and dividends, for one year of leveral of them were as follows:? Name. Milet. Keceipti. Expeniei. Diw. LTtica Ik. Sell. RR, 78 400,700 H3,7r0 11 LHita & Syracuse, 53 251,200 69,300 11 lloliawk & Hudson, 16 15(1,500 (i8,000 7 Boston Si Lowell, 26 211,200 92,100 8 " 1'rovidence, 41 312,900 93,000 8 " Woreeeter, 4lX 231.500 126,400 6 Taunton Branch, 11 158,001 10,700 6 Eastern, 25 125,600 52,200 4& Vashua and Lowell, 14}? 155,000 29.900 6 Total Miles, 299 All these declare immense dividends, and communicate vith Boston, while New York has no railroad whaUvor iommuaicating with the city. The junction Of the Ubany and Harlem roads connecting with Albany, vould open at least a portion of all that business to the :ity in one direztion. The Long Island Railroad isemi. lently calculated in another direction to fotma beneficial sonnection with Boston. It extends over a perfectly evel country, peculiarly favoring cheapness of contraction, and is now in progress. It is to bo hoped, that Vew York will soon have a winter connection with the i?'. of the countryThe leading features of the Fulton Bank are as fol lows.:? Fultoi* Bamk, NOV. 184J. .higutl. Xov. Dec. Inc. Loans, 958,234 074,642 283,592 ? ' to directors, 178,164 202,391 ? 24,227 " to brokers, ? 10,000 ? 10,000 Total, 1,136,398 887,033 249.365 Stocks, 355,849 352.650 3,199 ? Specie 220,205 567,699 ? 317,494 Circulation, 269,446 257.007 12,439 ? Depositors, 662,062 755,410 ? 93,348 During the third quarter of the present year, a sadden mdteni|>orary improvement in imports sprung up, but 'inn subsided azciin. r.s the dmiis imposed upon the goods under the preseut tariff, rais< 4 the puces too high toad, mit ol their finding ready sale. The progreat of thla bu linen iaindicated in the tallowing official table of the Eustoms duties of the port ol New Yoi k Cas-rom Duties at iiii Port or N?.w Yobk, thues quarters. 1843. 1st quarter ending April 1. 1843 $1,876,874 77 Id quarter ending June 80, 1848 :1,67a 655 70 July ' 1,3 46,179 81 Augnat. 1,471 899 01 September, cloting the Sd quarter 1,457.017 80 Total three quarters $8,7i9 32# 18 " other J ort?, ettitr.BUd 4,864,083,09 Total,three quarters, 1843 $13 OV. 9*9 17 " three quarter*, 1841 14 980,830 85 Decrcaie under new tariff $1,188,841 22 During the thiee quarters of 1843 the lowest tariff wai in operation that has prevailed since the war. During the same period of the present year, by far the highest taiift has been tnforced that was ever before enaated. The result is a diminution of $1,106,841 m the Government revenues, notwithstanding that every seetion ol the country gives pro misaof a rapidly improving business. Why ia it that commerce alone has not felt the influence of the return, ing energies and increased means ol the people7 Why is it that with a vastly greater surplus of produota thau ever before existed, at lower prices, there ia leaa external com merce7 Why is it that commerce and the Government revenues are alone depressed? It is because both have been sacrificed to tha phantom of protection Short sight ed manufacturer* and interested politicians, in the face of all the experience the world La? afforded, have vainly aa. serted that the destruction if commerce would build up manufacture*. Thry have to learn that the injury of en? clan ii the injury of all. Ths buiincti of one clan cannot beroftiicted witheut diminishing that of all the other*. The trade of one State cannot retrograde without that of thcothera tailing off. The cemmerce of a nation cannot be contracted without injuring that of all othera in connection with it. How ruinoaa and contemptible is this elfish and intane principle of deitiuction, and in how great a dtgree ia it oppoicd to the republican principle* of equal right* and free enterprise to all claiaea ! In order to estimate the extent t? which the buiinc** of the city of New York [ha* decreaod under the present lutias, we will give the following table of import* from Jan. to Not. 1, this year and la*t .? Import* into thi Port of *iw York from Jaw. to Not. 1842 A*u 1143. Dutyntw. 1842. 1841. Inc. Dee. Coffee, ba?*. J4I.MJ 286,082 44.18] ? Hides, No. 5 pr ct 494.712 435,198 ? 59,586 Molasses, t*?, Hctlb 6,143 4,600 ? 540 Pimeoli), bags. i ct 10,375 5,401 ? 4,974 Rum, puncheon*, 60*90 1,783 1,229 ? 544 Su?*r, hhls. 2X Ct 12,821 8,600 ? 4,224 " bt?, 4 50,247 43,592 ? 6,625 ' bins, 4 56,672 38,417 ? 18,257 Wine, pipes, ' 15*60ct* 7,602 2,281 ? 4,721 " qrensk* " *0,441 4,236 ? 16,*05 " l>*? " 17,060 4,449 ? 12,611 Brandy, III'pipe*. 60*90 5,228 2,(MS ? 2,283 Coiil, tons. 1 75 pr tn 48.370 15,160 ? 33,210 Dutli, pieces, 7 cu yd 10,891 6,831 ? 4.0f?0 Karthenware, (rates, 21,504 12,589 ? 8,915 Figs, peks, Jet* lb 31,173 26,l#5 ? 4,977 (iin, pipes, 60a90 2,591 1,276 ? 1,315 Ultss, bis, . 31,462 6,668 ? 24,794 Iron bur, tons, ftl7*tStn 16.099 13,531 ? 2,568 " pig " *9 ton 18,045 5,730 ? 12,315 " sheet " $56" 62,127 21,610 ? 40,517 niive oil, ek*, 30 pr Ct 1,385 158 ? 7,227 Pepper, btf*< 5ct*lb 13,876 12.497 ? 1,37# Kaisiut, cks, 2 cts lb 6,047 1,006 ? 5,041 Ins, 2 " 185,376 126,069 ? S9.367 " diums, 2 " 4,233 614 ? 3,619 Saltpetre, h?gv 12 Ct cwt 8.938 6,162 ? 2,776 Ksgs, Imies, X Ct lb 12,0(6 4,504 ? 7,502 It i* a remarkable lact th*t of thi* Hit the anly aiticle in which there i* an inert used impoit, 1* the single article of coffee, which con'intie" free of duty?all the other article* were raided Irotn a duty of 30 per oent to rate* which are enormous T In- article ef pig iron for initance, J aid I n*t year 3? percent, and now p*y* 1 3? per cent on the coat of produi'iiitn. Tharrault U ?cn in thernormoua leoreaae in import*, notwithttanding thnt prior* are now higher here than in IflW. Kor initence.liron fold fol low* l?4?. 1843. Int. Amotion piK per "?" $?laM i'm2* J6 2 25 Scnlrh " 27:,OT 0(1 - VI r.iililinli bar S0a5J " li7 50 6 00 The flVct ol the duty wai to raiao the priooa here on fcr American, but not to the enfant of (he duly, ao an to illow of import*. Tin* malt l<r. been ? diminution of the r?ternal tradeof th? country, nn<l by it nec?*<*ijr tonteqiiroce of the price*of' agricultural produce here, i>ecauie the monwy value of all larm produce in our martlet* dej end* entirely upon a foreign demand for th? aur pliia, and when that demand ia destroyed hy the action of ?ur own uovernmeni, in nwiriciiDf ia? raeanm 01 nivmrnt, the wholo trails ol the country t eeomet para lyie.1. The t iflir i ivm ? l?cke!J w to commerce,and the whole ?y?tem t? eudaugereJ. *