Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 18, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 18, 1843 Page 2
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NKVV YOKK HERALDKm lork, Saturday. NoiMuber IS, 1843* gj- We (ball reonw by the Caledonia, and b*v<* for aalr at tbU office, all tbf foreign pa, era, together wilh lite London illustrated paper*, all or the lateat dat?a. The Next Stkamsk.?The Caledonia ia out four- J teen days thi. noon. 8he is, therefore, tully due. W'e may expect to receive her news to-morrow- > in3rnin;j. Ii will l>e fitieen days later than before received. 1'i-ogrriM of the Great Moral and Political Hevolutloii. It ? with teelinga ot devout gratitude to Heaven that we record the progrete?the extraordiuary progress during the past week ot the American Republican movement in almoii every ward of this great city. Frobably a dozen prim try meet logs have beeu held in as many wards. Every one ot them was marked with the greatest enthusiasm. The speakers and the audiences were animated by the highest spirit ia favor ot the general principles 01 tbis new revolution ; and judicious measure! were adopted to conduct the movement to a successful termination, so as to operate in the most effective way on the election in April next. There nev?r has, we believe, been witnessed in this country before, a movement whose success at the very onset has been so remarkable, and all ot whosr features so powerfully indicative of strength, stability and triumph Only think of it, ye sche" miug, intriguing, rotten disciples of whiggery and locofocoism ? in the short space of a few momhs, a party lias sprung up here, in complete organization, numbering ten thousand of the most independent, worthiest,and most respectable and most accomplished men ot the city 01 New York, of all classes. II au e'ectioti w as to take place next Monday, we have not the slightest doubt? how could we 1?tha' the city would be c?rried by this new party by a tremendous majority over the facions both of Tammany Hall aud the Broadway House. Indeed, we are firmly persuaded that that political millennium for which every true patriot has been pray ing for years past, has at length dawned upon us, and that the days of the old factions are numbered. They must soon see the hand writing on the wall. It is impossible to enumerate or allude particular' ly to all the meetings which have been held during the wf?k. I he great central meeting ol the association, to & full report of ?ho.<e proceedings we cheerfully gave a cwnaiderable share of our columns oa Wednesday last, made a poweiful impression.? All over the country wt perceive that it is attracting universal and most favorable attention. It was, however, we understand, merely a preparatory meeting to that which will be held on Monday evening next, the day on wheh the general meetings of this great Reform Association will in future regularly assemble. To it we shall of course send our reporter, and will give a full and faithful account of all the proceedings and speeches. In the meantime, we request all those who are in favor of this great m vement, to hand in their names at the Herald office, in order tnat they may be entered in a book prepared for the purpose of enrolment. Tne Henld office is to be one of the grand depott of the association We have taken this matter up, con amore, from i b close resembl >nce to and identity with the principles we have advocated and defended during the last ten years. This party is the party above all others that will carry out our principles?politically, morally, financially, and many other ways. It is now full time tor every man who I?ve6 his country to be up and doing, and those who desire to contribute towards a fund for defraying the expenses necessarily attendant on tms agnation ot the city a&d Mate ot rxew York, and throughout the Union, will please to hand in th?ir subscriptions to the Herald office.? Subscriptions will be taken from one cent to a hundred dollars, and the names ol the subscribers regularly published in the Herald, the money being deposited in the Chemical Bank to the credit of the association. We head this list ourselves by a subscription ef one hundred dollars. 1.1 our defence and advocacy ol this great, moral, intellectual, and political movement, we shall pay no attention to attacks from any quarier?no slurs, no attempts of the enemies of the good cause will induce us to relax our efforts for a moment. We shall go ahead, regardless of all obstructions,with a ingle eye to a reform ot the city government?a reform of the State government?a reform of the general government?a r?forni of all classes?of the clergy, of the politicians, and of the rascally bankers and financiers. .Scramble foe Officb.?Some hundred applicants are already in the field for the lucrative office of Surrogate of the City and County ol New York, that becomes vacant by expiration of the term oj service ot the present incumbent in a few weeks. The situation occupied by Judge lnglis, of the Common Pleas, is also to be filled at the ensuing session of the State Senate. The prominent applicants are Alderman Waterman, Thomas Tt-ff Smith, &c. The te*m of service ot Jadge Himmond, ot the Marine Court, also expires soon, and the applicants in the fi Id who stand the i>e*t chance of success are William ShaW and Allan M SnifTin, Esqs , and others Two Misters in Chaucery are also to be appointed, and any quantity ot applicants in the hape of briefless lawyers, are already hunt n; up names for petitions in their lavor. A petiiion id also circulating in larorof abolishing the Superior Court of this city, thus saving tin annual expense of a large amount to our tax payers, and we also understand that a movement will be made to thatttiect at the next meeting of the Common Council. This last is one of the American Republican measures of reform bo long talked of by our present corporation. Mismanagement or the Mail ?No mail south of Philadelphia yesterday afternoon What is the reason? As olten as every other day the southern mail tails Will Congress see to this? Will the Postmaster s?e to this? Will somebody help us to a southern mail at leaRt four times a week? The Navy.?Wnat has become of Secretary Henbhaw's two years project 1 We know of ofFicets giving up good fl >atiog commands for chore duty, but we have wen nothing of their appointment! to equally profi ab!e commands ashore. New V?kk Election.?It is now ascertained that the democratic minority in tins State will exceed 20,000. Massachusetts Election ?The majority against Briggs is 5,283 The abolition or scattering vote is 8,931, showing a large increase. Bngge, however, will undoubtedly be elected. Michigan Election ? So far as heard irora the dtmocratic.inajoniy in the State is CIS#). John Uuin<;* Adams ?T his venerable statesman wm exacted in Pittsburg on Friday, from Cincinnati v/vi,- jun^un - v,a TtcumB h still remains in Washington His hopes of the Democratic nomination for Presidency have amounted to confidence. Steamship Britannia left Boston on Thursday afternoon for Halifax and Liverpool. She carriesout twenty passengers, 17,()00 letters, and fifty bushels of Heralds and other newspapers. McCri.i.oru'a liA/iT***.?No. VI. of McCul- j loch's Universal Gazeteer is just ipsued, and tor sale at this office. Among other articles in this part may be found excellent ones relating to China, Chill, Colombia, Charleston, Cabul, Circassia, and otbere of f qusl importance. The work when com plete will be the best of the kind ever published in our language To be published in eighteen number*, at 25 centa.^ The n*w organ f^r Christ Church, N^rlolk, built by Mr Henry Frben.willbe publicly exhibited, at his establishment, 172 Ontre street, this afi< rpoon, between I and 8 o'clock The Next Congress. Tbe Twen'y-eigluh Congress will assemble at Wash Q^ton iu two works from Monday next In the Senate, partite will aland, whigs twenty-nine, locos twenty-three?giving a whig majority ol six Of the locos it is understood that sixteen or seventeen arc Van Buren men, the others tor Calhoun, Johnson, or Buchanan, for President. The House ol Representative!", being the first under (he new appoitionment, consists of 223 members. Of these, the tlection ol 208 haa already taken place, who may be clashed as follows with regard to their preferences on the Presidential question those in the third column are in favor of Caihoun, Johnson, Cass,or Buchanan for President. Whig. V. ?. Jinii VB Maine 0 8 0 New Hampshire 0 4 0 Vermont 9 1 0 Massachusetts s 3 0 Rhode Island 1 1 0 Connecticut 0 8 1 New Vurk S3 2 New Jersey 1 8 1 Pennsylvania IS 4 7 Delaware 10 0 Virginia 8 8 4 North Carolina 4 3 > South CtroliuB 0 0 7 Georgia 3 3 8 Alabama 1 3 4 Louisiana 0 1 3 Arkansas 0 1 0 M 'icouri ...0 i 0 Tentivupe A # 1 Kentucky *28 Ohio 9 11 0 Indiana 3 6 2 IllincU 1 0 0 Miiiiuippi , , 0 0 4 Michigan 0 3 0 Total ?? M -IS There are yet to be elected? la Maryland 0 Maiaachuttnu 8 (vacancies.) Maine 4 do Vermont 1 do Georgia 1 do Total 16 It is doubtful, however, whether all of these vacancies will be filled before the meeting of Congress. The vacancies in Maine were probably filled on Monday with two whigs and two democrat. The Legislature of Maryland has yet to pass a law for the election of members ot Congress by districts. We may aseum", therefore, that ihe next House on assembling, will stand about as follows:? Van Buren democrat! 100 Calhouu, Johnion &c. 45 Whiga 67 Total 212 The qutsiiou arises, which par.y will succeed in electing the speaker 1 If the demacrats all go into caucus, a Van Buren man will of course be select ed. But will the Calhoun men and oiher anti-Van Buren men consent to this course 1 Probably not, as they will have hopes to curry their man ior speak, er by the aid ol the whigs, by which means they may muster about 110 votes. The democratic candidates ior speaker already nemed are? J<>hri W. Jones, of Virginia, Van Buren. O o C Diamgoole, " " Diioit H- Lewis, ol Alabama, Calhoun. J >bn Campbell, ol South Carolina, Calhoun. Won Wilkins, or Pennsylvania, Buchanan. No whig candidate has been named as yet, we believe. That party wi 1 doubtless decide in causus as to the course they will pursue between the rival democrats, should the anti-Van Buren men keep out of the caucus. We advise the Hon. Dixou H. Lewis, (weight 425 pounde, avoirdupois,) to be on the ground early, and put the Calhoun and Johnson men in proper training, and above all things to keep them out of caucus. In that case, an exciting contest for Speaker, Clerk and Printer, may be expected. On the subjects of the present tariff, bank, distribution and assumption, it is impossible toull at present the beatiments of the new house?most probably they are against all such measures. On the Texas and Oregon questions we are equally in the dark?peichance these may break tsp the old lines. A new organization of the Post Office Department is much wanted, and we hope that such a measure may be perfected, let what divisions take place as may. Acquittal of Adams & Co.?In the case ol the United S:ates vs. Adams & Co., the jury returned a verdict in favor of the defendants?the enter prising express line. Adams <te Co. were charged with carrying letters, in contravention of the acta of the United Slates regulating post offices. This trial?this verdict, show the post office law* to be a string of absurdities from beginning to end. Neither the law officers of ihe government engaged in the case, nor any one else, could tell mailable matter from unmailable matter. All they could tell was that parcels weighing nnder three pounds must be charged with letter postage by weight. This amounts to nothing, for the laws are not worth a fi i under such a wild or wide construction. This, however, is but a part of the present miserable management of the post office An effort was made in this case to show that the large deficit in the revenues of the department have been produced by the express lines car ying letters in contravention ot the laws. All the evidence given in by the several pott masters, was for ihe purpose of showing this, but the utter futility thereof was seen on its face. Ooe postmaster stated that the "drop letters" at his office reached a great number, and that he had no doubt but that they were brought from Boston and Philadelphia by Adams & Co. This was a mere assertionwhich can be easily reluted. It is a well known fact that hundreds and hundreds ot letters are daily s?nt nut of this city to all parts of the country by private hand- by passengers, and it has been estimated that at least one ha f as many are thm carried in the hats and pockets of individuals as go in the mail baas. we ourselves have seen hats fillrH nnH [ ocWets stuffed till they could be filled and stuffed no more. We have had over a half a hundred oflVred to ua every time we kave gone to Boston orPhiladelphia. Seven-eighths of these are dropped in the several post offices, and have nothing to do with the express lines. Yet the postmasters testify that the drop letters come from Adams Ac Co. We have thisfact presented to us in (his trial: that the post office laws are wholly inadequate to carry on the department as it should She carried on ; that its regulations are merely.nominal in their effect ; and that an immediate complete reorganization is absolutely necessary for its vitality. It is seen every year that this department of our government is becoming more and more a powerful political instrument, to be used on every election by the party in power. Its ramifications are numerous, and extending from one extremity of the Union to the other. Post roads are opened to sections inhabited by a few people only, and nMils or rather inai| bags carried over them at an enormous expense, with no return but votes. This expense comes out of the revenue derived from the profil_kl? ,?.nin> frnm nnm o?.l ,.r,mm.r. cial city to another, and from the pockets of merchants in the shape of postage extortionately high. To keep up these small routes, which are only bo many fsmall 'post reads to office, we are compelled to pay twenty-five cents for what tlie English Government charges hut two cents. It is clear from this, that a reorganization of our department is necessary in order to meet'the wants of those who use it as a means of communication, and to save the department Irom ruin. It is to be hoped that Congress will take this subject in hand during the ensuing winter, abolish, to a reasonable extent,all unprofitable routea.and lessen the rates ol postage. Something of this kind must be done and the sooner the better. Macrfady's Second Nighi in Boston.?The National wa? crowded to see Macreudy in Hamlet on Wednesday night. Ill Luck ?h *ould teem that Miss Maywoid and Mr. Richings areUted for ill luck in their managerial cai-aci y. In Philadelphia they were particularly unfortunate, and in Halumore their success has been even worse, and the pap?rs are begging the play goers fo come forward and sapport the theatre* Ifankett is now playing with them to {very thin houses. Movement* of tlir American ltepublleaii Party-Tilt' Klmultaneoui Ward Meeting* LmI Kveiilng. The new movetneut advances with an energy? a decision?a promptitude?a unanimity?which give the fairest possible promise of complete success Lftft evening a great aimultaneoua movement took place in several wards We distributed our corps of reporters over the field, and are enabled to preaent a report oi what took place in nil. The Second Ward. The meeting in this ward took place at Stonea'l's commodious hotel, and was very respectably attended. The chair wts occupied by Alfred H. Davis, Esij. After the appointment of an Executive Cum- I mittee, and some other routine business, the Chairman thus addressed the meeting. Gentlemen, I rise to address you under many degree! of embarrassment on the occasion of our preatut meeting The first and most prominent with myself is, ttie total absence of the custom of public speaking, tbe chief of which arise* from the delicacy I leel in touching a subject ol so much vital import to the nation at large. And alio from the fact, that I leel conscious of the presence of those whole competency in directing our first loo.steps in this ?real movement of anticipation, could onlv be ex o.ii..i h? thu u> icvw.a r,l A ? success of the enterprise. (Great applause.) Under these circumstances, gentlemen, pernrt me to respond to the trust thui far confided in your bumble (errant,by remark log,that my grea'est pleasure will coniitt in uot merely emteavonngto merit through my feeble effort* your good feeling*, but to sustain uimullied thoie principle* which we, aa members of the great American Republican pirty profns (Cheers). Gentlemen, I bavejust characterized this ai a movement of anticipation ; to tome, ?u?h it may be, and no dcubt ii , but I think it can be no tax on the philosophy of any who have enlisted under its banner to explain its import. (Applauae) My fellow citizens, the time has arrived, when, viewing the relation* of the two great political parties in this country, and the fields of leud existing between them, that the eye of even the mosi superficial observer cannot for a moment rest without discovering objpetsot disgust, (cheers). The eye of discernment has not scanned iu vain for the (OHrce from which such unhappy results are to be de duced ; and ft is at this stage of proceedings In which the American Republican party appear to me to join issue in behalf of the light ot other days, (cheeis). Fellow citizens, the time has, in my humble opinion, arri vt d. when the light of other day* begin* to shed it* benign influence on the especial interests oi this land, and Ood grant it may continue a land of freedom and independence 1 shrink not Irom the remark in sayi.ig that no lover of this country can mistake either the policy or meaning of that ar ociation whose motto ia " Purely American." (Oreat Bpplause). For my own part, 1 go for it to the letter, and I feel assured of aiimilar response from the bosom of every American Republican. (Cneera). Gentlemen, I have quoted the phraas " light ?f other days," as in iom? degree neing not only illustrativeot tiie foundation of tbe American Republican party, but, also, of some of the leading features which have brought it into the field ol action (Cheers) It in endeavoring to effect the explanation so as to avoid misconception it shall be lound that I err in point of judgment, I beg that it may ba attributed to the head and not the heart; for, as a lover of my oountrv,l feel to rank second to nonein it (Chee<s) With me therefore, fellow citizens, it implies that suoie spirit which actuated thoje never to be lorgotten heroes of the revolution, to brave and even meet death in any kbap", rather tHan suffer or tolerate foreign interposition or dictation. It implies that same spirit which ctuated those true tons ol liberty to dye our bills, and plains,and vallies with some of their best blood in the cause of troedorn and Independence. And further, gentlemen, to bring rcy position nearer to the starting point, it implies that same spirit, which though of necessity from the smoothness of the machinery by which it has been wafted from tim? to time may have been found to slumber, still is tver watchful of coming events, and you now behold it in the field determined to correct error and unite uiore firmly tbe combined interests of eveiy son of this soil. (Cheers ) I sav, ptrphatieally, thut to perpetuate the principles involved in that eventful struggle, ought to be notouiy the pride but sola aim of every man who lays chimtoeven the name of an American citizen. I feel, gemlemen,much to urge, but,at tbe same time,am aware of the capabilities of every liver of his country in appreciating not ODly its wants, but as well those safegusrds most essential to its interests ; and will only farther trespass on your patience with the observation, that each of the two great contending political parties can or may find atfpi necessary to be retiaced, 1 think few will deny; an i in all human probability it may, and it ia also sincerely to be desired that it will eventually be found) that all such disorganization will have pissed away, and the mutual interests and w*l'are of each become blended in that of truly serving their country through the medium of that party, (which though in its infancy,) bids fair to become not only the touchstone ?f American principles b\it tb?! o^ly true national pirty this country will have to bo<utof. 1 mean tbe American Rtp'iblican pirty. That this is mv most sanguine wish; and. that also, my feeble efforts will never bp lound wanting in a cause at once so noiv CJiCJ a^Biruui^i i g > ?, yuii, gcuiiuiuou, uiy iuuei twi? Jial assurance. (Lotid ch**er?.) Henry A. Fay. Efq.(the Secretary) then ro?e and proposed ihat tix cheers should he given, three for the "American Republican partv." and three for the " Association of the Second Ward." Tins met a very heartv response, and six cheers, whiqh shook Mr. Stoneall's building from top to bottom, burst from the company. Mr. Fay then remarked that he thought there was li tie frarnf that awiooiaiion not being successful ? They had the Xitc York H*rnld in the ward, and he saw its reporter there. (Cheers.) He begged to propo*? a vote of thanks to the proprietor of the H'ra'd for sending a gentleman to report the proceedings. This motion wns carried by ;cclamation. Hefore the meeting adjourned Mr. Fay remarked that as an evidence of the spirit which existed in the Second Ward, lie could stale 'hat Mr. Pearsall had offered the gratuitous u?e of a fine room, I'gh'ed and warmed, forthe mretinps of tr-e association during the year (Applause.) He (Vlr F-) himself, was ready to give gratu t*>us legal advice to any member of the association who was not in circumstances to nay for it conveniently. (Great applause.) The money necresiry to defray the expenses of the meeting was promotlv contributed on the spot, the association being determined to follow the good old plan ot "paying its way," and set in every particular an example of honesty to the rotten, bankrupt politicians, whom it is destined to Bend to perdition. fclxtli Ward. A large and enthusiastic meeting of the American Republicans of the bloody Sixth Ward wai held last evening at the North American Hotel, corner of Bayard street and the Bowery. Charles Schroed*r, Esq. was called to the chair. Messrs. Settler, Florentine, and Thorn were selected as a committee to draft resolutions, which were presented and read by Mr Sammnns. They breathed opposition to further naturalization, except at twenty-one years citizenship?repeal of the recent school law? avow no national policy, but leave all to vote in fa* vor ol any one they prefer for Fresident- opposition to panacy and its political interference, and a redemption ot the sixth ward from the hands of its present rulers. The resolutions were received with shouts of applause, and unanimously carried. Loud cri' s for "Sammons, Summons," followed, when he addressed the assemblage in the following strain:? Gentlemen?We have carried the Orh.llth, 13th and 13th ward*, mid row we B??imble heie to ijippI the Gredti and He?'i?n? ot the blootly Sixth. At ?h? l^te election we dared hardly make commencement in the ward, and thoie who were bold enough, wer? threatened with injury if they remained But they itood their ground and defi' d opposition. (Applauie ) lie r iid that no pre** except the Catholic pre?* dare now denounce them, al though thwt prcn had teken the French paper to an account for ra'sinr an i?ue on the queatien relative to the election of members ol Assembly. (Laughter ) He gave Sltntm, whom he called a Hes'ian, quite an overhauling, and Greeley quite a combing down, for th?ir*no< ring at the new party of eig't thousand atrong. Yea.gentli men, we lhall have wi'li uk next spring every foreign vote ex. cept the papilt, (applause;) and became that thay here already perceive the *ame evil* apringing tip that Induced them to leavetheir own country for thiaonre ha;<pv land (Great applause.) Gentlemen, we commenced with the butcher*?then followed the cartmen?then the sailor*? and lait, the whole coubfne.l maas, who appeared in number* equal to legion. (Applame) This movnmrnt it a ort of a second revolution, fow i* the crisis?now is the time to cm?h that i<apist power that wa* sent here to *ell itself to weed out Protmtant influence. (Applause.) We have no ob)ection*to allow foreigners the right* of property qualification a* soon a? they land upon our ihire*?we have no objection* to grant them certaiH other privilege*?but that of the elective franchise Ihev must not be entitled to until they hnve remained here itiAicient timeto laarn and understand the luMiiutions of our country. (Applause.) Three cheers were here given for Sammoos, and a large number of persons then itemed forward and signed the consiitution of the association. Officers were then elected, and a committer appointed to prepare ove-ia ? s, ano report tne same to the meeting to hp h"ld on Wpdnesdny evenm* next. Mr VanRuskifk whb th'n called on for a eon*, and ?rave ? national air of " Your country's flag inv hoy," which was well sung, loudly applauded, and cheered by the whole assemblage Mr. Oaki.kv was called, and tnade a speech, but he gave lew facts, and nearly th?- whole tenor of his speech was oppoM'ion to the school law, except in concluding, he said that Papal influence wa? here dead and damned Major Job Haskrll was next called out H* aaid he wa? willing to Join han la with tha whiga or any thing the to hi in* ?Viunt re'em. ui he I>?1m vp<i hat all who wprp in favor of it wprp demoarata. H* and that p-p-ry had heard lt? death warrant rand thla IkII, and it wa? p ila in the tacp, (laughter and npplmi?e) ThP px petition wa? to take place roit Ap-il, ?nd all It could do in tha meantime wai to maka r .'nit ion an.I p-epamfor i'apn'l. (Latithtpr and fppUtfp.) It cotil i cap-ft nohrp (run tha Ami rleant ard . rtforp the rnlv fpp ?1 "V"1 t? maatpr, thp Prpo. (App'atue.) th??e man know hat twenty onp years p^nanrp ia ntceaaary bptora thp* can hpromp equal to tia, and if any one of them ?honl t nn'le'talta to lay that thpy wera n? aMp to understand nnr inatlni'lona on la?? nervlce. l?t him aervad ai ?1' K^nn-y aerved tha bear whan ha run hia aim down hia throat. (Laughter.) Tammany II.ill could not have a i ingle ward ne*t tpnng, e*rppt?(a voice?tha 19th) Wa, that'? the only una they'll got an thu Ath Is now a |on? ca?p. (Applauae) Yet, tha grenadiar* ara hera? I tee them?the men that would go to bell to carry the Ward?and that hell they'll fiod clow by. in the bloody *iath at the memorable Five Pointa. (AppUuac.) Or-n ili mm, you mutt excuio me an I am done. (Applaunt and three cbeeri) Mr. Mil.i.8, ol the 15th ward, was called lor. He rote?said he had the dyapepiia very bad, but he had picked up the " New York American," a paper thai bore tbe name of the party, and be found in it a communication from some man that the editor of that paper en domed, and be null read it. He said that that paper wa? conducted in auch a perfect ipii it of fail-net*, and itt editor wat inch a perfect gentleman, that betook pleaiure in presenting it. | He then read the communication which no doubt wan written by kimaelf, and which lie then-tore thought wui just the thing] Concluding, br laid tbe " Journal ol Commerce" had endowed tbe Atnt-ri. can Republicans, and therefore they muat go up, as it wsi the only true party now extant. (AppUuieaudchcera) Another new songwaasung by Van Buakirk, and the meeting adjourned, with three hearty cheen forthe cause and the new American party. Thirteenth Ward. Union Hall at half past seven precisely, presented a gratifying spectacle to the friends of ihe "Repealera of America." A strong guard of "natives" assembled to plant the banner in the Old Thirteenth. Around the chair were gathered a band of hmett, fleen thinking, calculating Americans, whose conn tenances betrayed a spirit of resolve, which could not, will not damped by defeat or disunion. There was determination on every tace, and action in every word which augers well for the succeaaof the party in the ward. Dr Eli Leavitt, President ot the Aseocimion, called the meeting to order ano read the call. On motion of George W. Bruce, the following were appointed a ward committee, to attend to the interests of the party :?J. H. Brings, J. Dennis, W. J. Bayard, J. F White, James King. Goc.ree H Bussing J. B. Peck, Jacob L. Fenn, and George W. Bruce. The delegate* to the general committee are ex-olhcio members of this committee. Dr. Lawrence,iCol. Leggett, and Jacob L. Fenn, a committee of three, were appointed to draft a report and re solutions expressive of tho sense of the meeting. Tbe committee reiired and reported on their return a aeries of resolutions, declaring that the time had arrived when it became neces ary for tbe safety of the institu tions of the country that every friend ot the republic should rally and stand to the front, deteiminnd at all hazards to reseue them from the parties which have hitherto usurped the power, and declaring that each and all ol the American horn citixena ot the thirteenth ward were ready and willing to carry out the principles of the newly organized party. The tone of tbe resolutions was firm and bold. No concession, no leaguing, no succumbing. Already had they auftered much from misrule and party spirit, and now they were prepared to throw ot) the yoke and go for the country,and nothing but the country. The resolutions were adopted by a shout ef acclamation and stamping of feet,which told that all present were engaged heart and soul in the cause. As the persons attending this meetiog wero expected to loin the meeting at the Sixth Ward, but few speeches weremitde. Mr Jacob Fenn was the principal speaker, and he urged the Native Amvricans of the ward to gather strong around their party. In afew yearstbat party would b^ the dominant party,and the halls of the city and legislative councils would be tilled by tnea,nominated and elect cl l>y tout party,who>e motto was "their country,and not their clique " He animadvertad in strong terms upon the course pursued by the loco foco and whig leaders, who bought up the influence of the naturalized population, to gratify their own private end*, and not the good of the R -public. But the time had arrived, the hour had hren tolled when they must tail, and fall they most assuredly would. If the republican party were true to the principles on which they had baaed their standard. It was a fact that foreigners held every post under thu government, nor did the Presidenthimselt emplov his own countrymen in ard about his grounds, but Irishmen and Germans Whil? he (thespeaker) waged war against the Irish, hedidnot intend to let the English, French, Dutch and Italians go unscathed. At all events, the Tope of Home was not to be the mover and director of the government of the coun try. He recommended that every member of the American Republican party should consider himself a "entinel and be en the alert to prevent tne intrusion of any man who was not a native, and a true man. 11 each would consider the success rof the party depended on his own vigilance, he was satisfied that the victory wcuM be won and the country saved from the disgrace which rested upou it through the mil-government of the clique* ofthr old parties. His remarks were brief but energetic, and were received with loud applause. He was followed by a Mr. Wood, who told a curious story about his being in Ireland at onetime, when hap pening to dine at thu bouse of a retired halt pay surgeon of the British a>my, he was informed by hia host, that after the war, while in Philadelphia, he was advised to declare his intentions, which lie did, and soon after returned tothe old country. His friends, some short time before, had taken out his naturalization papers, and forwarded them to him, promising him that it he would come out to this country that they hsd no doubt but that they could get him a surgeon's birth in the American navy; and he added tbat he had very strong inclinations to try his fortuneoninch representations. This story he told to show that the party influence was not confined to this country, but that actually votes were made and offices offered to men who had never seen the shores of the Western Continent. He attributed the misfortunes of the government to the interference of the satellites of the I'ope. who were endeavoring to tramplo on the Consti tution of the UoiUul States. He had seen a l?ttei in which it was stated by a Roman Catholic Priest that they had secured the south and west, inn shoitly hoped to have the east also ; then the only thing which would remain for them to do was to make s Catholic President, an I the Pope wculd losvo Rome and take up hia residence in Washington. This gentleman created much 'un. and wh?n he sat down was enthusiastically cheered. He was followed by Mr. Corey of ih< 9evmth ward, who charged the whigs with being recreant to their principles; he said, their sole of-ject waste get votes, without rating n d n for the means where by they were procured. If the American party was true to itself it would carry eleven out of the seventeen wards in the spring election. He was sum that the 9of)0 votes ca?t bv the nsrtv at the lste election. <-?? le? thon ?h? *ame n-jmhcr c.o?t the other parties at any election ; ond if they would now con*'nt to give up th<-ir (tandarJ h< whig* would give them $l<X>.POO for it ; hut he believed tliat not a ringle vot* ol theparu could be purchased i>j a'lthe eo'd ever coined or dug out of a mine He concluded hi* p'thv remark hy telling a story about what h?d happ' n-d to him tome tim? before when he w ag in Limn in Sotnh America. He had to go to confeaaion regularly every day to **v? hi* skin, and the Prient taking a fancy to him, ankeil him one day to go home with h<m,*nd hu would give bim a* pretty a girl a* l.ima could produce for a bed fellow; but, said the speaker, I did not take the pious offer, ai I was afraid if f ever got within hi* threshold, I slioxll not pa** it agein in a hurry, a* ti.e inquisition war then in strong operation. He laid he would a* leave be under the power of the Devil a* under that of aftomish Priest, and the only way he law to itop the Pope here, wa* to block hi* game by the Native American Party, who would take cars to *o regulate the naturalization law*, that foreigner* would not f?r the future havetuch con rol over making law* and undermining the glorious principlea of the Constitution. He recommended uni'y and ac'ion, and then nropos?d three cheer* for the Old Thirteenth and the Native American Republican*, which were given with a will which nearly ahn k Union Hill to it*foundation. The mreting then a^jiurned to meet their friends at the Sixth Ward. The Eleventh and Seventeenth Ward*. Meetings were also held in iheae ware's. They were of the most enthusiastic character, and well attended. Our report, however, has extended to the lull amount of our fpace, and we are obliged to pass over these meetings with this mere allusion. Mercantile Library Association?Adjourned Meeting Last Evenino?There whs an aJjourned meeting of the association last evening, to further consider the report of the Board of Directors upon the plan of improvement submitted, we believe, originally, by Mr. Edmund Coffin, in 1839. Tne subject was ably'discussed pro'and con. by eight orten members of the Association,but instead of following them individually we shall endeavor to preceat a brief view of the points at issue, and the arguments on both side?. The plan of improvement propoeesthe delivery of two or three courses of about sixteen lectures each, one of each course to be given weekly. Tl-ese leclurea are to be prepared by the ablest men to be obtained in the several department* rf study designsted. The proposed remuneration must be sufficient to secure the services of the soundest and most thorough teachers. The lectures are to be eivcn in Clinton Hall. The proposed subjects are:?"Historv, commercial, civil, and literary; physical scienre, historically considered, aud outlines of commercial law " The tickets of adm'tsion are to be gratuitously distributed to such members of the Association as m*y cesire them, and other persons, not members, may subscribe to the proposed courses at moderate prices. The fund necessary to the prosecution of this defign is proposed to be raided by the Board f'om the members of the insiitution, by virtue " of a grant of authority from them to increase, in its discretion, the annual dues of each member to an arnmint not exceeding one dollar," which sum is pa\ able only when the courses are organised as projerted. The Board ol Directors presented a report which whs entirely opposed to thn plun of improvement; and in addition went into various other matter* and remarks The Association, so tar ns we could ?aihf r, were like the report,opposed to the improvements suggested, but did not approve ol the accompanying sentiments in which their opposition was expressed. In relation to Mr. Coffin's plan of improvement, hose opposed to it called it the establishment of a Col!ge within the Literary Association They said he classea now established were amply sufficient fur til the wants of the members. Not two hundred members out of the 30<)0 were in fuvor of it, and the "thera ought not to be compelled to support a sys?-m to which they were opposed Ii was further -nirf that when John Duer. E-q delivered his course f lectures upon Manne Insurance, there were but wenty five membera of the Association who attended i hem Th* question was finally taken upon the resoluion that the board have leave to withdraw their re i?rt, and carried almost unanimously, although we did not under-iand this resolution as expressing my approval of the new system of improvement. Thiambject will not probably be called up again at present, and the association will remain quiet till he annual election in January next. Medical Schools or New York.?These institutions uro now iu lull operation for the winter season, and their halls are crowded with atudenta from all quarter! of the Unioa. Between five and six hundred young men have come here to study medicine (his winter, a much larger number than were ever congregated in this city. Philadelphia, which formerly waa the great medical emporium, is now losing ground, and the scheols there, like those in ihe cities of Boston and Baltimore, will soon be merely initiatory institutions. Students m?y study a reason there, but they will come to New York to complete their education and graduate in our col leges, whose reputation must of course stand higher than that of aoy provincial school. Unquestionably this city presents the greatest field in the country for the successful prosecution ol medical studies. New York is the Paris or London of the North American continent. From obvious reasons a greater number ol able practitioners will always We found here than in any other city, where ihe emoluments of the profession are not so consi derable, and where there are not the same oppor iiHmiru ci acquiring lame unu (lisnncuon. i uni, again, our hospitals and public charities are on a large scale. The facilities of acquiring a minute knowledge of anatomy also surpass those to be met *ith in any other place in the Union. Add to all this that New York, is a more attractive residence than Philadelphia or Boston, and it is very easy to account for the very large influx of studentB this season. Both in the old and nefr college much has been added to the attractions, in the way of anato mical preparations, and other inducements and aids to profitable study. The professors are going on harmoniously, and really deserve the success wi h which they have met. Next year it will be doubled. New Movement?Emigration to thk West.? We learn that a party, composed of about fifty families, averaging five individuals each, and " all of religious turns of mind,'* intend to leave this city early next spring for the West, and there establish or set up a new village, and perchance lay the corder stone for a great and powerful city. This party belong, we believe, to what ia called the Free Will Congregational Church, which, at one time, held its meetings in the Chatham street Chapel. Those who have joined it are tired of the city, with its fun, fashion, and fanfarronade, inclu. ding piety and politics, and therefore contemplate opening a paradise in the fertile Wisconsin and on the beautiful banks of Rock river. They have purchased a site six miles square, which will be cut into slices, giving to each family a farm of so many aores. Thev are bound together bv strone ties, in the shape of a constitution and articles of faith, by which the lazy and needy are to be fed with pup s.ioone, and the production of small potatoes to be limited to fifty six to each hill. Nature is to be brought under subjection to prevent ill feeling among the new parity emigrants. It is said that the party will take with them one parson, one schoolmaster, one blacksmith, one tailor, one shoemaker, and one wagon-maker, but no lawyer or printer. One of the latter class, however, is much wanted. They have capital enough ta start with, ana as they have but one church to erect, all will go as "merrily as a marriage bell "til! the millennium arrives?and perhaps a day or two after that. Skttinq Firk io a Jail and Escapk of a Prisjnkr ?On Tuesday night the Westchester cour.ty j til, at White Plains, was discovered to be on fire by Mr. Guion, the keeper, who instantly attempted to quench the fl im?s which he found issuing from one of the prisoner's cells. During the confusion a prisoner, named Knapp, attempted to escape and was caught by a son of the keeper, who, after a desperate struggle secured him. After the fire was extinguished it was ascertained that a prisoner, named John Williams, who had been confined for burglary committed at Yonkera, had escaped. It his since been discovered that Williams and Knapp set fire to one corner of the cell in which they were confined, in order to effect their escape. Sheriff Lyon has offered a reward of $100for the apprehtn? 9ion of Williams. He has no douht fled to this ci y where he lias formerly lived. He is about five fret u.:. i.. i_ OIA miiir-s ut iiv igiiui, cuiiy noii, vi Bdiiuy UUIOT, speaks quick, round full face and dtrk eyes. A Scene Not Set Down in the Bilj s ?They have dramatieed the "Mysteries of Paris" at the Nalional, Philadelphia, where it is having a *'iun."? Oft Wednesday night last some of the acto'B added a new scene not set down in the bills. When any little cmntfe of this kind is again to come ofl we advise them to give public notice?for such original scenes always draw well. The Spirit ol the Times ihus tells the story:? There was a very amusing flare up among some of the play era at the National <'n Wednesday night. The new play oP'Tbe Mysteries of Paris" was in caarie of representation, and 111 the filth act, where Jacques Ferraod (Connor) and Cicily (Mis. AbtoM are alone upon the stage, Mr. Conner, not knowing his part, ''stuck," and could not give Mra. A her cue. The lady waited a mo. ment tor the word, snd then very coolly walked off the stags. Mr Conner came forward to the foot-lights, and HX|ilnimrd the difficulty, which appears to be something ot this aort:?On <he eveningof Monday, after the conclusion ofthe play, Mr Conner went into the green room, vexed at the faults of Home of the players who were impel fret, and declared that if it again occurred that an actor could not Rive him his cue, ho should retire from the ?isgr? or words to that effect. Well, on Tu sday morning, at rehearsal, Mrs. Abbott refused to rehearse with Mr. Conner if he attempted to read his part, and intimated that unless he knew hi* part at night, she would walk off the stage. Home words followed?-Mr. Conner got out of humor, and Mrs. A. got into teara, and so the matter ended. That ni?ht Mr. C. kn?w his j art, and all went on well. On Wednesday evening, however, Mr. Connerfdid not know the lines, and Mr* K. walked off, as stdted. After Mr. Conner's statement he was cheered, and went off. Mr Wemyns came on to explain for Mrs. A., snd sta'ed that Mr. Conner bad treat ed Mrs. A. in a very rude and ungentlemanly manner. This speech was both hissed snd a, plauded. Then Mr Connrrcame forward again?made a further explanation I and retired amid a round of cheers from the pit. After ibis Mr. Wem)ss and Mrs. Abbot came forward. Mrs. /i.saiu u wuiun, wuim w ci r ium id me i omution, except that aha was beard to aay that she expected people 10 know their parta. Mrs. A. was applauded, of course, <nd Mr Wemyss waa hissed?and so ended the matter. The p ay went on, then, aa usual, and we heard of no more difficulty. There waa quits a sensation in the Theatre, both among the actors and the audience Some ?ided with Conner,some with Mra. Ahbrtt -some d d Wi myfs for interfering, nnd others said he waa ri<ht Altogether, it was a rich affair, (La ly Blessington would call it acene,) and amounted to quite a respectable tempest in a very diminutive teapot. Park Theatrk?The sterling old drams, "A Xew Way to Pay Old Debts," was played last night to a house rather fuller than usual, and which seem e l keenly awake to all of its beauties. Mr Booth ;ilayed with great spirit throughout, but in the fifth irt seemed to surpass himstll. The dying scer.e was powerful, and the excitement ot pataion undtr which the mind and body of the worst and boldest of bold btd mi*n, are destroyed, was overpowering. Where Sir Giles, after having been raised on his ntfpmnfa fn qoiip hia Haiiohfpr A flhllHif PT m fd to pervade the whole audience. Fisher m%He nn I'xctllent Marall, and Wheatly a good Wellborn Alter the curtain fetl the audience called loudly tor Booth, and as they seemed most persevering, he finally appeared, ana msde lo them a silent obeisance. The performances ended with "My Wile's Vloiher," between which and the play Miss Turnbull danced ihe Smolenska, and ftrangeto say, was not forced to repeat it It speaks little for the taste of the people of New York, that men of such undoubted talent as Booth ind Wallack should pliiy to thin houses, while other "siahlishmrnts. dishing up msre trash, should be crowded to suffocation. Mr. Booth takes his benelit to-morTow. Olympic.?The National Guard again, and two or 'Iiree other fa-ces, were performed at this theatre. Mafoot's Tkoiipk of Phhtiy Giri.s.?The most uproHfiou-ni>pl?ufl'; grei-ted the first production ol 'he Prelty Girls of Stillbiiry. Captain Marryatt's (hIirh MerwigV) nori* ?>f infantry, parade and ninriMivre in a style equal to our Light Guard or Tonvkina Blues? ?o hmvs a general officer, who vas present and made ihe review on thefirntniaht f tile parade. Mr Rice, the greatest siar of ihe ge, is playing a very successful round of charac> ti. This evening he appears in the Hmoth ol vgnx f ihe Times, snd. alter dances hy Misa Rali?, roricludes with the Krveign F'rince. Stf.Aas ?Our readeiH will , |ra>*e to refer lo Heri|ne'n adverlis* meni for srgars, in which they W'l erceive among a numerous n--snrtm'iii clioic' randa, a new article entitled "Li Florinda," wMrh ir exceeds in fragrance and taste anything that h e.*n imported into thia city for many years; in lac iey are a perfect nosegay, and amokera (liquid trv liem without delay, and lay in a wintcrfsupply. B. BY TftB SOUTHERN MA1L.3 Philadelphia. [Correspondence ol the Herald.] Philadelphia,* Nov. 17,1843. Tin fVtatiur?Lemon UiU?Battle of Buttktr HiU? The Qu'irter Sniioni Judget?Pttly Ptlferert? Theatrical?Confetti oris of a Murderer?Concktiunfor Perjury?Rew ihrviUe Dewey. Jamrs Gordon Bennett, Es<i>:? Dkav Sir My anticipation yesterday in relation to the weather waa not correct; it is quite unpleasant again today, with a continued drizzling r&in and loggy atmosphere; quite November like, however, and therefore not unseasonable. The property known as the Lemon Hill Estate, or famiiiirly, Pratt's Garden, the purchase ot which, for the city of Philadelphia, I noticed on wennestiay, is and to have cost the large sum of $75,000. It contains about 42 acres, and the grouud will be a great addition if properly laid out to the beauty of our water works at Fairmount, rendering them if possible a still greater attraction to our citizens and visitors to the city. Notwithstanding all this, and it may be urged in extenuation, 1 cnnnot hu' think the price paid is extravagantly high, and such I fincy is the general opinion of the now overburdened t*x payers of this city, who are to have this additional sum, or tie re spnnsibility of its payment fastened upon them The exhibition ot the Battle of Bunker Hill at the Masonic Hall seems just now to be the most successful. and the room the most crowded place of resort, known here for a long time. It is an exciting representation of a thrilling event to American History, and as such has been visited by all classes of our citizens. In truth it is well worth seeing, and hence the reason of the numbers that nightly visit the Hall for that purpose. The Judges of the Quirter Sessions are very rigid in requiring the unequivocal observance of the rules laid down for the government of the court room. Yesterday two officers, (tipstaves,) of the court were discharged from further attendance, merely pcimii'iu^ tt vuimicouuu UC ? |>IIOUIICr III the dock and a person outside the railings; the nature of the colloquy being only a desire on the part of the prisoner to have a witness summoned in his beha'f This course seems to me to be unnecessarily severe, and such is the notion that ia geneially entertained. Another instance, of the determination of the court, in compelling the Prothonatories, (as the court alleged.) to perform their duties was a severe reprimand to one of them; a gentlemanly and] accommodating officer, by the by, ?for negligence said to have taken place on the part of one of his clerks. In connection with this subject the Court remarked that sevral of the offices of Prothonatories and Clerks of Court located in the State House Row, were usually closed at three o'clock in the afternoon, a practice disapproved by the Court, and pronounced by thetn to be an open violation of their duties to th? public.? These offices were for the exclusive accommodation and benefit of the people, and as such should be kept open till sunset. If, continued the Judge, any citizen or member of the bar wished to transact any business relating to these offices, before sunset on any business day, and could not do so on account of the same being closed, all he had to do was to communicate the fact to t^?* Court in a proper and regular manner, and the officer should be at once indicted for a misdemrunor in office, and if convicted, immediately removed. The Court had consulted together on this subject, and were determined to remedy what th ?v considered a great evil, and the source of great inconvenience to citizens and gentlemen of the BarTwo young scoundrels were yesterday arrested by officer Levin H. Smith, and tak?*n before the Mayor lor pet y pilfering, which they have carried on for some time. The plan adopted was, for three of them to enter a store, generally a book store, and while one pretended to want some articles, or purchased a sheet of naperor other trifling article, the others would filch all they could lay their hands on; and what is the most singular, the graced as scamps generally stole Bibles, Prayer Books and Testaments, a number of which have been recovered from persons keeping book stands at the corners of the Bt-eetP,ind to whom th?? stolen articles were generally sold? M<-s-rs. Dcsilverund Miser this morning identified a number of B<blesand Testaments as their properly. In fact I believe nearly all the goods stolen have been found and identified by their proper owners. The boys caught are named John Ro*s and J?hn Kosendale, who were bound over for a further hearine. The arrest of these willdoubtle s lead to that of others and break up the rang ot netiy pilferers with which the town has been infested for several months. The "Mysteries of Paris" continues unabated in its attractive character, and is nightly played to full houses It will be played for the last time to-morrow night for John ttrfiou's Bern ti', who leaves h^rp tin Mnndflv to KmwrintpnH th# Hninitf of thf? Equestrian Troupe about to open at Niblo'a Garden in your city. At the Nati?nal Theatre, on Monday evening, a new grand spectac'e will be produced, called ihe "Kin* ol 'he Mist," and which I am told has been 8<>t up in the most gorseous style. The hero of the piece is entrusted to nur popular townsman, Conner, who is very successful in ihe delineation ol m?*loilrama'ic p*rts. and whose beautiful performance of Thaluba, La Fine, tec. produced under the manngement ol ihe persevering Wemyss, is still fresh in the memory of our citizens. It will be recollected that during last winter or erring a horrible murder ol several members cf a frnnily took place in Warren county, New Jersey. A man named Carter was arrested and put upon h'S rrinl lor ihese murders, but on account of the jury in hiscase not being able to agree, he was set at liberty. Some circumstances have eisce transpired that may lead, if true, to the punishment of the real par nri|).i'MiK in uiiaawiui irageoy. l ney are mese i ? On Wednesday mght 11 man, named Augustus Vliller, went into a German boardiug hous^ in New Market street, near Pegg, and got into a controversy t*iih one of the bonders named Wilham Heyer; afterwards he returned to his own storing plice, which it teems was in this nme neighborhood, and on la?t night he came back, and renewed the subject of the preceding evening. They became much excited, when anoilw man, Adnm Leichtenheldt interfered and caused a reconciliation to take place between them ; Miller ihea took the latter aside and told him that he wa? one of the men who committed the above murder, that he had killed Mr Park*- by cuitiug his throat, and 'hat Heyer was his accomplice and had destroyed the lite of the child. He said that bv giving him up he could make $1000, but begged him to say nothing about it until lie got another night'B rest. L. immediately told Heyer the statement which he had made, and Heyer then went for a watchman and had him arrested. He was taken to the Northern Liberty police office, where he confessed his participation in the murder, and stated that he had an accomplice, but would not implicate Heyer. He refused to give any particulars in regard to the manner that these unlarranate individuals were put to death He was this morning brought before Mayor Cannon, and by him committed lor a further hearing. No additional particulars were elicited from hint The afftir altogether is a singular one, and might induce a supposition that the man i* insane ; but there are not ihe slightest indications ol it. The object in unking the confefsion, he stated, was on account ol the disturbed slate of hirnvnd, not having been able to obtain any rest since the commission ot the dreadlul deed lu tl.e Court of Q'inrter Sessions this morning the jury in thecafeeoi William W. Mariner returned a verdict of guilty of wiltul perjury. The circumstances ol the case were ihatMariner preferred a charge under oath, against Mr. Nathans, a pawnbroker, MMlVllk# n I?a1H urafflli lrnAU?in? it ?a haw* been ttolen, when in fart it w?b provn in court that the watch had actually been Fent to Nathans, witu the knowledge of the defendant, to obtaiu a loan of $4D upon. Mariner] ia considered a most worthy citizen, and the verdict has been therefore receivt-d with great surprise ; he was, until within a couple of years, engaged largely in the hardware business in market street, but was more recentlv an Insjector of the Customs, appointed by Johnaihaii Roberts, when Collector of the Port. He being a warm and devoted (riend of the other side, when the Tyler inflence prevailed he was removed, aud since that time I am not aware of his being engaged in any business It is a source of deep regret to his friends, and he has many here, that the iridl has resulted as it did, it having b>en confidently anticipated he would be acquitted. A motion has been made for a new trial. The Rev. Orville Dewey, the celebrated and eloquent Divine of your city, will preach at the Unitarian Church, corner ol Tenth and l-oriist streets, on Sabbath morning at half past ten o'clock, and in the evening at half past seven o'clock. Yours, latk from gimdai.orvr. -Hy the arrival at this ,iortof the brt? Lydia, Captain llney, we have advices Irnm Cuadaloupp to the 1st mat The Cap'ain | rr|>irfciiiB iu uo uin i ill iiic ??-*5 nvufiiy (Aims ill FCbuilding the town of Poiti' Petre, and otherwi-e r>*,mrin? the dHmag*'* matain-d by the terrible earih1'iake of the 8ih o February l??-t The ?<ivr<>priniton >t the Fren h Governmeit of 2 600 000 trance, in wing judicionaly expcnde ' in promoting ih?* rrcontrticimn ol the town. One thousand dolUia are illerert to ev* ry cuiien who will en-ct within a giv n time a houae of certain dimenaiona The ?ickieta, which waa ao much dreaded, haa been realzed to a mnat alarm if extent the piat summer, >ut it waa quite healthy when the Lydia left.?&'? I'annah, Nov. 13.

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