Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 22, 1843, Page 1

November 22, 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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TH Vol. IX., No. 310?Whole No. 3334. SIXTEEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF TIIE CALEDONIA. BY HARNDEN fy CO.'S EXPRESS. Highly Important Movement by the British Government?Commercial Relatione with the United Statei? Movement* In Ireland?Commencement of the Conspiracy Trial* In Ireland?Fall In Cotton?Arrival of the Over-Land Mall?Horrible Maeaacre In Corca?Repealers turned States Evidences? Hlbbonlam In Ireland?War of tne PntieoMlin t?ugn?-i?gn iutoiutloni In Spain?Spectacle In Greece?Its American Aspect-Free Trade?Triumph In Liondon, <kc. Ac. The steamer Caledonia arrived at Boston last Monday. Our letters aud papers are from London and Liverpool to the 4th inst. We are indebted to Wilmer Ar Smith's European Times and to our English, Irish, and French files, for the following extracts. The most important piece of intelligence brought by this packet is the announcement in the London Morning Herald that Lord Aberdeen had re-established political relations with the United States, and was ready and willing to negotiate such extended commercial relations as shall benefit both countries without injuring either. This intelligence will put a new face on affairs in Washington. It was the purpose of our government to recommend the annexation ot Texas to this Union, and bid defiance to Great Britain, unless that government made some concessions to America in a commercial arrangement. It will not be strange, therefore, that the above movement on the part of Lord Aberdeen may wholly change the intended policy of the cabinet at WashingtonThe Cotton Market was on the decline, as was expected. One of the most striking domestic events of late years is the result of the city of London election.? It has astonished both parties. The commercial metropolis of the world has unequivocally declared its aherence to those principles of free trade which n lirt knnn ?a/ian(lir nrAWtl % 1 ?o t% rl I \\ CIU'K OIUtriTV IIO?C UCC1I iWCIHIJ piumuiguivu n liu ouvti VHVIOJ by Messrs. Cobden, Bright and others. London is now the head quarters of the League. The city of London election has terminated with Mr. Pattisoii being pronounced the successful candidate, after a pretty sharp contest. The official declaration of the poll took place at Guildhall, when the sheriffs declared the numbers to be?For Mr. l'attison, 7,532; Mr. Baring, 6,307; majority for Mr PattiBon, 165. The Acadia entered the Mersey early on the morning of the 29th ultimo, having performed the passage from Halifax in ten days and nine hours. The Great Western arrived at Liverpool on the 1st inst. after an excellent run of twelve days and seventeen hours from New York. The Louis Philhpe and St. Nichols had arrived at Havre. The Cambridge and George Washington had arrived out. Ole Bull, it will be seen, is among the passengers in the Caledonia. Our Minister in London had gone to visit Lord and Lady Braybrooke. The Congress, United States frigate, from Alexandria, was admitted to partique, at Malta, on the 5th ult., having been the first vessel to fall tinder the advantage of a reduced quarantine, which,with a clean bill of health, is now only 12 days. Efforts Rre making to fish up the remains of the Missouri, at Gibraltar. The Grand Duke Michael of Russia and the Duke of Bordeaux hare vtsited Scotland. The former has since left for home. The Court of the Queen's Bench, Dublin, opened for the trial of O'Connell and his brother agitators on the 2d. The indictments covered the enormous ?f thirtv-fhr#?p ?lcin* of narchmpnt. An nt tempt has been made to indict the government reporter, -on whose testimony every thing depends, for perjury. No part of the evidence had been given in when the Caledonia sailed. A special commission has been opened in Wales, by Mr. Haron Gurnev and Mr. Justice Creaswell, for the trial of the parties connected with the lat* Rebecca riots. The proceedings occupied three days. One of the ringleaders was found guilty, and sentenced to twenty years' transportation. The state of things were quiet in England, and although the disturbances in Wales, and the repeal agitation in Ireland were not at an end, they were not marked by any considerable excitement. In both countries the scene of interest had been transferred to the courts of justice, the. proceedings in which were going on quietly. There was a destructive storm in Liverpool and its neighborhood on the 28th, which occasioned much damage to property, and the loss of several lives. There has been a good deal of damage suffered by the coasting vessels of the northern shores of Ireland. Intelligence has been received of an insurrectionary movement at Vigo, in Spain, in favor of Kspartero, but the particulars are rather indefinite. The most pressing orders hud been issued by the French Admiralty to the Maritime Prefect of L'Orient, to the effect of hastening the armament oft lie lour tranaatlantin steamers?t ara?r??*, rnoque, r,spadon, and Cuvier, constructed in that harbor, and an additional mim of 2lt,00(> francs had hern placed nt the diniH>Hal of 'hat functionary, to he distributed as a gratification among the workmen engaged in that tack. According to the French papers, 3000 persona, with their families, amounting altogether to about 15,000 individual, have emigrated from France to Algeria since the 1st of January. According to letters from Ancona, a volcano apjK'ared last month in the wky island of Melada, situated in the Adriatic, near Kagusa. On the night of the 15th, eruption from seven distinct craters were observed. The foreign news of the lalt fortnight, previous to the sailing of the Caledonia, was uninteresting, with the exception of that from Italy, in the affairs of which Austria has determined to interfere. A letter from Bologna of the Ifith ult. states that fresh disturbances had taken place in thut city and its neighborhood. On the evening of the 3d the populace came to blows with the Carbineers and Swiss in the streets of Borgo, San Pietro and Man Ponato. Four soldiers and a workman were dangerously wounded. The Augsburg Gazette, of the 5th inst., states that a protest against the late revolution in Greece niav be expected to be made by the Kmperor of Russih. which would, no doubt, produce difficulties similar to those which arose on the Servian question. Several of the continental papers persist in the assertion that a congress of the five great powers will be held forthwith in some town in Germany for the purpose of discussing the affairs of Spain. The British schooner Teazcr.of London,has been seized at Lisbon, by the Portuguese government, for attempting to carry away a large quantity of the ??mmm?m?mmmm?m???? E NE NEW ' gold ooin of the realm; such a thing being strictly prohibited, and by law a capital crime. The king of Hanover ban distributed large numbers of decorations of the Guelphic Order of Knighthood to officers in the Austrian army, which excites some jealousy amongst the remnants of English chivalry. The Augsburg Gazette states that Coletti and Mavrocnrdato have both been recalled to Atheiu, to take part in the government. Every thing was tranquil there at the last accounts. The Dussaldorff' Gazette states, from Berlin, thai the Emperor of Russia has undertaken to use his ...iti, ii..i... r>i,..i' ii?..,.,...,..1, <? vent his contracting a marriage, so that there may be an attempt to dispute the succession to the reigning Duke. The Malta papers are beginning to hold the most seditious language, recommending a revolt to the Italians in the most inflammatory style. Reschid Pacha has been recalled from his office as governor of Jerusalem, both on account oflus inefficiency, and a desire to conciliate France for the late outrage upon her Hag. Latest accounts from Port Natal state that great excitement had been produced along the frontiers by the murder of two English settlers in the neighborhood of Bathurst, who had followed the spoor of the Cafl'rcs for the purpose of recovering some of the stolen cattle. There are only 21) soldiers to guard a frontier of 200 miles. The Chartist convention at Birmingham started the notable project of purchasing about 1000 acres of land, to be divided into small alottments, for which ?100,000 was appropriated. The old/ ro.jected plan of a railroad across the Desert isafcoin revived very earnestly,!and it is generally believeu. that if it be really set on foot, Mr. Galloway, the U'other of Galloway Bey, will be the man to carry it out. Tiie Determination of the Bishops.?The last number of the Westminster Review states, as a well known fart, "that it is the deliberate determination of the Bishops (with three exceptions,) that no scheme of national education shall receive their sanction which does not leave the appointment of schoolmasters in the hands of the clergy." Sale of American Cheese at Liverpool.? About 2500 boxes of American cheese were ofl'crcd at public sale here this week, of which fully 1600 sold, chiefly from 40s to 52s tfd per cwt. with a few inferior and out of condition at rather less prices. Such of the parcels as were in good condition and possessed quality, were spiritedly competed for.? The trade in this article at this port is becoming one oi very considerable importance, ana we understand that the American fanners are paying more attention to the make, so as to adapt it better to the English taste. The Cambridge, which ar. rived on Friday, brought upwards of 3900 packages, and a further supply is reported to have arrived in the (TeorgejWashington, from New York.?Liverpool Albion. Ireland. Ireland continues quiet. The country is extensively occupied bv troops?in fact, the whole available force of the British army has been thrown into it?the agitation, somewliat subsided in tone, but equally effective 111 action, continues?the Repeal coffers are swelled by thousands weekly?the much talked of Conciliation Hall has been opened ?two or three men of mark have joined the movement just at the moment it became critical?and the proceedings against the agitators in connexion with the unhappy blunder of the government short hand writer respecting the identity of Mr. Barrett, coupled with the present jury panel, and other matters, lead to the belief that the whole affair has been managed badly. Reports gain ground in Dublin that Sir Robert Peel contemplates some comprehensive policy in respect to Irish grievances. The Dublin correspondent of the Morning Chronicle asserts that an official gentleman, who has been at work for six months, is engaged in completing by the next session of Parliament, an elauorate statement of the revenues ot tne Irish i;nurcn Establishment, arranged in a tabular form, emDracing each individual parish, and specifying the income of the incumbent, the number ot Protestant parishioners, whether or not there is a church in the parish and other details DANIEL'S LAMENT FOB REPALE. Och ! murther, what's this for? this big proclamation Han made quite a hubbub, and line botheration,] It may clane put a stop to our lov'd agitation, And bother mvurlf and mv tail. Oh, dear, what can the matter be? Murther in Irish, boys, what canHhe matter b?? Och, mille murther acar, what can the matther be? Gone are the rint and repale. Sure many a thousand I pocketed nately, While Paddy ne'er dreamt that I gulled him so swately, But Sugden ana Co. have destroyed me completely. And humbug'd myself and my tail. Oh, dear, what can the matther be I Dear, dear, what can the matther bo? What can a substitute Tor our great clatther be? And must I abandon repale? Notwithstanding my talk about free legislation, My endeavours to put down the Puel 'ministration, My humbug about Ireland's heavy taxation, I'm left by myself to bewail Oh, dear, what can the matther be? This proclamation has come out to bother me. Nought can a substitute for our great clatther be, If we cannot still shout for repale. Assistance I oft refused from foreign powers, Who promised to come to this green land of ours, And send forth their bullets as thick as hail-showers, To get me my darlin' repale. Oh, dear, what can the matther be? Dear, dear, what can the matther be) Oh, mille;murther, what can the matther be? I'm bothered and left to bewail. Farewell, I must finish this deep lamentation. If I cant longer gull the poor dupes of the nation. Nor kick up a row about pace agitation, Farewell to the rint and repale. Oh, dear, what can the matther be? What can a substitute for our great clatther be? This proclamation has come out to bother me, It has bothered myself and my tail The "Kibbon Conspiracy" us it is called, seems to be still unchecked in Ireland, notwithstanding the apparently passive condition of the Repeal Movement. " It appears," says the Sligo Journal, "to have kept pace with the repeal movement. In many parts of this county it is as dangerous to travel late at night without a repeal card as without a ribhon sign. VVe stated a few weeks since that a fight took place in the streets of Sligo about the appointment of ribbon delegates, the parties having quarrelled on the subject. Without any direct denial of our assertion, the organ of the Liberal party here, in its publication of the following day, stated it with a taction light between two townlaiufs. Next week the writer was better instructed ; it was admitted that it was the result of ribbon movements. Such is the admitted state of this county; the that public fights take place in the streets of Sligo relative to the appointment of officer* 'to til*- association. It has grown up in darkness and obscurity. After all the efforts of the executive? after the many prosecutions which took place during the last year?it Htill exists in increased strength, and with perfect impunity." Tuie Bhj.? or Indictment.?D?*blin, Friday Night.?The <>rand Jury assembled this morning at a few minutes before 11 o'clock, when bills of indictment were laid before them, charging Mr. O'Connell and others with "Conspiracy and other Misdemeanors." A long discussion took place as to the mode of proceeding, when it was agreed that the indictment and the informations should be read at length. Thithaving been done, it was intimated that witnesses were in attendance to sustain the several charge* set down in the indictment. Unto four o'clock the examination of witnesses had not commenced, and as the number in attendance is about 35, it i* believed that the bills will not be returned till tomorrow (Saturday, 4th of November) evening mere is. however, 110 doubt entertained as to UK finding of "trne bills." Should the question go to a division, there are eighteen Tories to five Liberals, and a majority of the Grand Jury in only necessary to return the bills, there is noquestion as to the result. 1 must inform you that, during the lust few days, strange rumors are aHoat an to certain members of the committee of the Re|>eal Association having in plain terms sold themselves to the Castle, and trust they will be brought forward to maintain the case on the part of the Crown. Of course, it would be injudicious in me to mention ntunes, but that such a rumor is afloat and currently believed, is beyond question. The result only can prove its correctness, nor should I feel surprised at the rumor proving true. The Repealers have endeavored to getun a counter prosecution. Mr. Rarrett, attended by his counsel. Mr. Donougli, and a party of friends, appeared at College street Police office, on Friday week, to lay informations against Frederick Bond Hughes, the government short hand writer, for penury. In the depositions, on which the warrant 11 gainst O'Connell and his friends proceeded, Mr. Hughes stated that Mr. Barrett, the editor of the Pilot, was among those who attended the meeting of the Re W YO YORK, WEDNESDAY M( iieal Association in Calvert's Theatre, and at the banquet on the !)ili of October; whereas Mr. Barrett was provided with thirteen witness to swear that he was all the time at his own house, four miles from Dublin. The magistrates objected to! receive the informations in the absence of the party accused, or at least until he had been summoned to attend. It was rejoined that Mr. Hughes had left Ireland, and the prosecutor did not know where to serve the summons The magistrates said, that at all events one might be served at the place of Mr. Hughes' residence in Dublin; and, in order to that preliminary formality, tne party left the office. On Saturday they re-appeared; and Mr. I Hitchcock, the spokesman for the magistrates, said til at fVi? H..n,.h l.wl tn tl... .nnM.ulni. tiipy could not entertain the application at that stage of the proceedings, as it had always been the prac- ! lice not to interfere in a case of the kind until the original caBe had been decided by another tribunal. A long discussion ensued on the fegality of the procedure, which ended in the magistrates definitively refusing to take the information*. Itei)eal meetings have been held in different wards of Dublin, and resolutions passed in support of O'Connell. At one of these, in the Post office Ward, on Saturday, he gave an explanation respecting what he had said on the previous Monday ahout a Federal Parliament:? " It had been most erroneously supposed by dome person* that he hail changed hit mind on the subject ol' Hepeal. It was scarcely neccssary for him to say that any such impression was totally erroneous. He had merely repeated on Monday what 'he had often before, and long since, stated on the subject of a movement thun in contemplation respecting the attainment of a Federal l'arliament. But then, as well as on Monday last, he fully retained his own opinion that nothing short of Repeal could or ought to satisfy the people of Ireland, and that nothing else would afford an efficient remedy for the manifold grievances of the country. He was still firmly attached to the principle of independent legislation ; but having reason to believe that a movement for a KederaJ Parliament would rally a considerable and influential party, he had expressed himself ready to make the experiment, be. cause he felt conscious that the result 'would be a still deeper conviction that in Kepeal alone the true remedy would be found. He had been promised the support of a very powerful party in Kngland, and he had reason also to calculate upon the adhesion of a very influential party in Ireland. By the )>ost of to-morrow he would nrobablv know to what extent the Knglish party he alluded to would be prepared to co-operate with him. But he helieved he might then state, that the Irish partv upon whose aid and co-operation he had been led to calculate were neither so numerous nor so influential as he had imagined. Most grateful was he, however, to both, for their good wishes: to his Knglish friends he was doubly grateful :? but while entertaining and expressing these opinions, he was hound to declare, that he wax still of opinion that it was only in an Irish House of Commons, and in an Irifh House of Lords, that the wrongs of Ireland could he redressed and the rights of Ireland maintained. At a meeting in St. Audeon's Ward, on Sunday, he made the following odd declaration Give me six months of perfect peace, and I'll give you my head on a block, if at the end of that time you have not a Parliament in College Green ! The "Conciliation Hall" was opened on Monday week, and the weekly meeting of the Repeal Association was held there. This building is close by the Com Exchange, occupying a frontage of sixty feet on the quay and a depth of one hundred feet. The front is stuccoed and ornamented with pilasters, Brian Boroihme's harp, a crown, and other decorations. In a conspicuous part is the inscription?"The Repeal Year, 1843"?surrounded by a wreath of shamrock. The interior, still unfinished, looked cold and cheerless, with bare planks and festoons of shavings; but it is to be very handsome. The Chair fpr the chairman is on a dais; on another dais is a chair for the Liberator; near which is to be his statue and a picture of him was already placed over the Chairman's seat. Two enclosures were set apart for the Secretary, and for newspaper reporters. Three separate spaces were allotted for subscribers of ?1, collectors of twenty associates' shillings, and the onejshilling associates themselves. The Hall is intended to hold 4,(XX) persons; and an houV or two before, the time of meeting it was crowded. A government short-hand writer was present. On the motion of O'Connell, John Augustus O'Neill, of Bunowen Castle, was called to the chair. He made a speech of two houre in jength ; of which great part was devoted to defending his former speech at the Corn Exchange from Bttaeks thnt had been mad?- nnnn it. complaints against the Dublin reporters for not doing it justice, and to reiterating the assurance that the Repealers intended no injury to the Irish Protestants. He claimed the Duke of Kent as having " sympathized" with the people of Ireland. He personally knew that there were letter* in Dublin from the Duke of Kent, in his own writing, breathing the greatest and purest affection for Ireland, anil expressing a wish to be appointed Lord Lieutenant at a certain critical period. Now he referred to it because he wished that the Government would inquire if he would lie able to prove bis assertion!; and also that the Queen should be informed that such letters of her illustrious father were in existence [Great cheering ] He hoped and he courted an opportunity of proving his assertion; and he made that statement that the people of Ireland might know that the Queen was the daughter of a friend of the people. [Cheers ] O'Connell began thus? I wish that the first sentence, which I have to Titter in this Conciliation Hall, formed now as it is into an assembly, shall be this truth, that there is but one way to obtain the repeal of the Union, and that is by strictly peaceable means. [Cheers.J Mv second sentence, and the only one I shall utter before I hand in money, is that the Repeal is certain. [Deafening applause.] Having handed in various sums of money, O'Connell moved that Wm. ^mith O'Brien, M P. for the County of Limerick, be admitted a member of the Association?carried, of course, by acclamation: and then he read a letter from the new convert to Repeal. That letter, remarked Mr. O'Connell, was not a document?it was a fact in history. He reverted to his previous remarks about Federalism; declared that he looked to Repeal, but he would reject the assistance of no man who went any part of the way with him. He moved that Mr. O'Brien's letter be printed, and a copy of it transmitted to every Member of both Houses of Parliament. That motion disposed of, O'Connell went on to assail the " calumnious jetters" of " Philalethes/' in the Morn ing C hronicle; the author of which he denounced by name? " The writer of these letter* was a Mr. Trevelyan, a 8ecretar of the Treasury, who was brought into otlice by the Whigs, ami had tieen'for some time in the Indies, where he was laughed at by the people, a* he was now by the inhabitants of this country, for his absurd statements. Some persons spoke of a wliig coalition; but what was the conduct of the whiffs towards them in this instance. The organ of the whig.,, the Morning Chronicle, published Mr Trevely an s tw o letters immediately after the issuing ol the proclamation. He blamed Mr. Trevelyan for falsifying history. He did not (my on the other topics in his letter he was a liar, though he might believe so himself, for that waa the stupid formation of his mind; but, as regard* history, he asserted what was not true, and no word tva* tou harsh lor him. He had the extreme audacity of asserting that the rebellion of 1799 was a Popish rebellion : what was the fact T Why, the leading men in that outbreak were Protectants or Presbyterians. It began in the North of Ireland : it was in Belfast the treasonable conspiracy was formed, and it waa formed exclusively of Protestants and Presbyterians. It was a shame {and disgrace for any man in the Treasury of Kngland to falsify history in that manner." On the part ol Steele, the Liberator preferred a fresh charge against Mr. Hughes. Mr. Steele bad been blamed for not having prosecuted Mr. Hughes for perjury; but, seeing that informations on the same ground had been refused, lie thought there would not be at present any use in commencing a prosecution. It appeared that Mr. Bond Hughes had sworn that Mr. Steele, at a meeting of fhc Repeal Association, made use of these lines? "Behemoth, biggest born of earth, Upheaved its vaatness." Mow Meele nau never usect tne much; hut he wh^ in the habit of .reporting his own speeches, and when writlnc his speech for the Freeman's Journal, he had pur them in; and Mr. ilwhd had thought it projH-r to make. use of them in his informations. The Repeal rent for the week was declared to be ?2,281; and the meeting adjourned till next day. The Association met again on Tuesday. Three points may he noted for their curiosity. Some of the "Liberal" reporters had objected to associating with the government short hand writer; and accordingly a separate desk was provided for him, labelled "for tne government reporters." O'Neill tent a letter complaining of the reports of his sjwech in the Dublin papers, which did not at all convey hi.ideas; and O'Connell moved thatO'Neill be requested tojfurnish an authentic copy of his speech, to be printed and circuiatcd by the Association. The Rev. Treshain (?regR procured admittance, and with much importunity una iiiuiijum 01 h mn i<> ons< rve rules, obtained a bearing for something which he had to sav of ? "conciliatory" kind: it proved that he objected, ii" a wrong against himself, to a resolution pawed hv the Association, "that the thanks of the Irish people are due to Mr. O'Brien for hi* letter!" Me endeavored to extend his observation* but was quietly ejected. Business was then pro cceded with. A letter was read from Mr. Caleb Powell, Mr. Smith O'Brien's colleague in the re presentation of Limerick, intimating his adhesion to the Association, and enclosing ?Ji as his subscription. Mr. O'Connell recurred to the letters of Mr. Trevelyan? *?i O'Connell undcr?tooil, a broth T-in-Uw or m>m? IRK I )RNING, NOVEMBER 2i near relative of Mr. B Macaulay. which would argue ome connexion with the Whip), 'though he wa* an employe of the Tones He had heard he wan a gentleman of some taleut, but ol great irritability of temperament, and therefore very likely to lie made a fool ol'by every nhrewd Irishman who came'across him Among other falsehood* he hud stated that the Protestant* of Miiniter were afraid of Repeal, because, they thought, if carried, it would endanger their lives and properties. Now, ho gave V Philalethes,' as a set-ort' to that statement, two Protestant* of Munster, Mr. W. S. O'Brien, who. with all his connexions, was Protestant, and Mr. C. Powell, whoso family had been Protestant from the time they had come to Ireland. Both these Munster Protestants were Kepealers. He wondered at the Chronicle'* insertion of these shameful letters. He told Sir John Kasthope, it was more than hil Baronetcy was worth to join against the Irish people at j such a time as the present. (Loud cheers.) He tinder- J derstood, too, that an unhappy Irishman named Doyle ' was the editor of the paper ; but that was only another' proof of the truth of the saying, "that if any cut-throat | thing were to bo done against Ireland, there could always be found an Irishman to do it." (Cheers and groans) Lettero were read from Sir R. Mus^rave, Sir C. ' Wolseley, of Staffordshire, and Mr. R. de la Poer French, "first cousin of the Torv Lord Clanearty:" the two latter enclosing mibscriptions. O'Connell made more speeches, alluding to a variety of topic*, i He advocated " conciliation" of all classes. He wished to conciliate England, but he saw no prosl>ect of success were he to attempt it? He had received a letter from an American gentleman who had travelled in England, and who declared to him that he found the people of that country, not excepting the most wealthy classes, unanimous onlv In the disgust, hatred, and contempt which they bore towards the people, of Ireland. The whig* were at'preient engaged in a bybattle of their own, endeavoring to filch power for them- .

selves, to steal into authority, and to make use of Ireland as an instrument for that purpose; although, with charac- i teristic duplicity and falsehood, they would trample her under foot the moment they obtained it. The u hlgs. therefore, he did not want to conciliate, for he thought'them a false and treacherous party. It was said that thev ought to conciliate certain reformers of England, with Joseph Sturge at their head ; but their num' ber was small, and not likely to Increase. No one more desired that they might become strong and powerful than hi- rlidr hilt h<> cotifcuKi'd that his unnrehrnitiori on the sub ject exceeded his hopes. He most wanted to conciliate all Ireland, including the Presbyterians of the North. Ireland could only be restored to her place as a nation by Protestant, Presbyterian, and Catholic amalgamating themselves as Irishmen, and he called on all Irishmen to unite themselves for Repeal, on the basis of freedom of conscience to all men, ascendancy to none. A committee was instructed to prepare an address setting forth the declaration of that princjple. O'Connell stated, that in consequence of the irritated state of the country, the parish meetings to petition the Queen and Parliament would not be simultaneous, but barony after barony would be enrolled successively. The meeting adjourned to Monday. Mr. G'Connell has issued a new address? TO THE PEOPLE OF IRELAND. MFnmnv-?<ii'ARr, 20th October. The nation!) have fallen, hut thou still art young, Thv star is but rising, whilst others have set ; And though slavery's cloud o'er thy morning hath hung, The full noon of freedom shall beam round thee vet. Bkloved Kellowcounthymf.n?We are engaged in the most noble experiment that ever was made by man or nation, the endeavoring to obtain the restoration of political franchises and rights of which we have been iniquitous]}* despoiled, and the achieving of that restoration by means purely and entirely peaceable and legal. This Is my great experiment. 1 have desired, and I am endeavoring to prove to the world, that the moral combination of the people is the most potent means of procuring the amelioration ofthe institutions of any country. The achievement of Catholic Emancipation "was one such proof. The abrogation of the Legislative tTnion, by the repeal of the statute 40th, George 111., c. 3H, will be the second. We, fellow-countrymen, have worked out the first part of our experiment completely. We have held some twentv monstrr meetings, to demonstfttethe intensitv and uni venality of the desire of the Irish people for the restoration of tneir domestic parliament. So many human being* never congregated together for peaceful purposes as have assembled at those meetings. There may be a difference as to the amount by 20,000. 80,000 or 100,000; but there is no doubt at all that such immense multitudes never assembled before, and that at least one of them considerably exceeded 500,000 human souls. This fact is certain?that some twenty meetings of the uuarmrj multitti'lc* tint crer *rro congregated together in Ireland during the past summer. There is unother fact equally certain?that at no one of these meetings did any act. however slight, of force, violence, assault, or breach of the peace occur. Dwell U|>on this, all generous believers in the amelioration of the human race, wherever you be, throughout the world. Console yourselves with the conviction that men can meet in countless myriads without the slightest violation of peace, of order, ol decorum, of civility. There is one additional characteristic of our multitudinous Irish meetings?that so disposed were the people to avoid all acts of force, even for individual accommodation, that not so much as a single personal injury occurrod.even accidentally, at any of those meetings. The experiments was thus complete in both its parts? firstly, iu showing the unanimous, universal will of the Irish people in favor of the repeal of the 40th George III. c 33, called the "I'nion Statute secondly, in the proof we gave of the perfect order, decorum, and thoroughly peace able conduct of the Irish people Nor was this experiment spoiled by the uncalled-for proclamation directed against the C'lontarf meeting. On the (Witvin th#* Mxl? ctihmiccinn In i? nr-nr lumitimi u hirh we deemed, and still deem, illegal?the perfect obedience of the people to the advice of their guides and leaders?the promptitude with which they abandoned all idea of holding the meeting the very moment those guide* and leader? told them they ought to abandon it?the perfect control over every exciting passion and irritating provocation which the Irish have since displayed, and are displaying ?have ali, all given practical proof* to the fullest demonstration, that the Iossons of peace inculcated by thesr leaders,have been fully understood and adopted into their popular sentiment, and have become the fixed and unalterable rule of their political conduct. Yea ; the proclamation has demonstrated that the Irish people are too well convinced of the strict propriety of |K'?ceable demeanor, not only to be desirous of, but to be incapable of being provoked Into any even the slightes' force, violence, or breach of the peace. Yea ; the proclamation has come to place beyond al! doubt the cheerful alacrity with which the Irish are determined to adhere to thefr glorious sentiment, that permanentlv useful political changes can be best attained h\ peaceable and moral means ; and that no political change can be worth the price of any one crime, and, above all of one single drop of human blood Shall I be asked, what then, is it 1 require of the Irish people? They have honored me with a confidence more unlimited than ever was bestowed before by a nation on a single individual. My duty is to advise them with some hing of the force of that influence which almost resembles a command. My advice is twofold ; I advise perseverance In two different but essentially connected topics? First, foremost, and above all, I advise perseverance in peace and order; perseverance in avoiding any species of riot or violence whatsoever, no mntter what the provocation may be, no matter what'the vexation, still, peace, orler, total absence of all violence. In all and every event. prwrr, uiun imhi uimcDir ?i vluu-nrr ; iuiu 1 i eially *ay?w hatever he the event Of the pending prosecution*?pence, order, and ne violenee. Indeed, this advice ii .1 superfluous precaution. In eve-I ry event, I reiterate?peace, order, and no violence. The si-cond topic upon which I require perseverance if the continued exertion in nil legal and constitutional sources left open to procure the Repeal of the Union Statute That Repeal must not he abandoned. On the contrary, i every ev ent that is taking place proves more clearlv the absolute necessity of a local Parlfument, sanctioned by her Majesty, and connectod in an inviolable bond with her Britishdominions by the golden and unonerous link of the crown of our revered Sovereign. Queen Victoria. Persevere in Deacc. order, loyaltv, and allegiance. Persevere in constitutional exertion for obtaining the repeal of the obnoxioiu statute. Prosecutions never yet extinguished a great public cause. Prosecutions may or may not retard, hut the\ cannot terminate tne struggles to obtain ameliorated institions. Tncre were several prosecutions in order to extinguish ttte struggle for emancipation. Vet emancipation was triumphantly carried. There were unnumbered prosecutions to extinguish the cause of Parliamentary Heform yet a large instalment of Parliamentary Reform was nevertheless triumphantly obtained The present prosecutions may he intended to extinguish the cause of Repeal. As well iwav a schoolboy'* rattle be used to overpower the thunder of the ocean wave*. Dropping figurative language, I can assert in firm sobriety and truth, tha' 'he pending prosecution*, even should they delay, yet they cannot wsaibly prevent the attainment by the Irish nation of their right to a domestic. Parliament; but on the contrary, their effect must be to increase the necessity for the existence of the Irish Legislature?in other words, for the repeal of the statute of the 40th of (ieorge III. c. 38. People of Ireland! I>e patient?he persevering. Follow out the experiment in which we are now engaged, to obtain our political objects by peaceable means. It i? a noble experiment that of endeavoring to obtain the rewtoration if political franchises and right* bv the u*e of mean* *trictl\ Rnn CWIUIIITH} puw fHUIC rtlld M ^HI. Kalfv mund me in this noble experiment, this glorious vtni7C(1<*. Be not abashed. be not (oh ! need 1 say it?) be not dismayed. Peace, order, tranquility, these are our irnis. With these we are certain of succcss. Persevere, and yoar country will l>e a nation again, indiartlublv connected with (treat Britain, but legislating for herself. Persevere, (Irmly and peaceably, and the Repeal is certain. I am, and always will be, Your ever faithful servant, DANIKL 0<C0NNEI<I<. O'ConnellV retreat, from the bargain hy which hp was to descend from Repeal to Federalism, in consideration of aid from Federalists, and the ndvodates of Complete Suffrage in England, may derive some illustration from such passages as this, extracted froin the Nation, indicating dissatisfaction imong his more ardent supporters? With the Conciliation Hall, on Monday, will open n new and vigorous agitation. That Awr, it l? understood, will witness some remarkable accessions to our rnnUs ; and it may h? gathered from the proceedings of the last IERA 2, 1843. meeting, that O'Connell will countenance a movement anions thorn- now allies for a Federal Parliament, while the association will continue to demand an independent one. Thin is undoubtedly a momentous measure For ourselves, 110 reader of The Nation need ho told thut we abhor all dependence upon K.ngland, and that we look with a hope as sure an the ruing of to-morrow'* mm to the rcfeneratioii of thin country But w e fear too deeply the i-adly bane of Ireland?(iivision?to resist the movement became we would not propose it. The only man whom the country trusts or believes in has pronounced for it ; and if we could draw any popular opinion from hi* views to ourg, it is only too obvious that to that extent we would w eaken the national strength. The |>ost of commander is his?he is accredited?he is responsible -. and w e dare not peril the cause in which we labor by that Celtic wilfulness (which lost so main fields to Ireland) of resisting j the trial of every plan but our own. We noeiU mint follow the only general who can muster an effective army, though his plan of battle doe* not tally with ouri. The companies of Artillery and the First Royal Dragoons have arrived in Dnhlin. The Limerick papers of Friday mention that on the previous night, between fix and seven o'clock, the surrounding country blazed with fires, lighted simultaneously, with surprising exactness. It ap- i peared that these fires spread to the counties of Cork, Tipperary, and Clare, by ten o'clock! In several instances the fires were burning in the public roads, and torches were seen to be born along by the people in all directions. The meaning of the conflagration is a mystery Subsequently it is staled, nv the Cork Reporter, th it the fires were in honor of Smith O'Rrien's return from the Continent, and his accession to Repeal, which was already understood throughout the country! The St:it** prosecutions againstO'ConneII and the eig!it other traversers will be accelerated by every means within the power of the Crown: arid, if at all possible, the trials will be fixed for the sittings after the November term. Those sittings commence on the 27th NovemberTerm opens on Thursday next. On that day the bills of indictment arc to be sent un to the Citv Grand Jury, who have been summoned on a |>enaltv of ?100; the usual penalty is only half that sum. If the Grand Jury find true bills, the traversers will be called upon to plead on Friday morning. Four days are usually allowed; hut m mis case inc indictments will be of such great length that the judges, in all probability, will allow the traversers a week or two. Under all the circumstances, it is not at all likely that the trials can take place before the beginning of December. Possibly, they may be postponed until the Hilary Term, which opens on the 11th of January. A very curious and a serious question arises regarding the Special Jury Panel. The jury law requires that this panel should be made up annually by each High Sheriff, from the jurors'book containing the names of all qualified persons furnished by the collectors. From that lurors' book the snerifF is directed to select a sufficient number of names for a standing special panel, in order that special juries might be struck by ballot, from time to time, during his year of office. It 19 stated very confidently?and 1 believe the fact is so?that the jury law has not been complied with, and that, in fact, there is no jurors' book for the city of Dublin. A question thence arises, can the existing special iury panel be used at all! If this question should be decided in the negative, the trials could not take place until next vear, when a jury book and a special jury panel migTit be framed in accordance with the law. It appears quite certain that O'Connell has deter mined to do fond himself, and that his decision on this point wus communicated to the counsel for the defendants, who held a consultation at the residence of (('Council, in Merrion Square, on Thursday last. The honorable and learned gentleman, it is stated, intends to enter into a general review of the British |>oliev in Ireland, especially in regard to the Legislative l'nion, in order to exhibit the causes of the Kepeal movement, out of which those State prosecutions have arisen. Mr. OTonnell's address to the jury alone will, probably, occupy two days; and from this you may form some idea of the length of time to which the trials may extend. Chief Justice I'ennefather is to preside : but if, as some persons assert, it is to he trial at bar, the four Judges of the Queen's bench will be in attendance. As the charge is generally one of "conspiracy," all the traversers, it is likely, will be tried together. As the jury is to be a special one, there will, of course, be no challenging, either on the part of the Crown or traversers. Steele also defends himself; and it is stated that he has made arrangements to avail himself of the evidence of the following witnesses, the presence of some of whom in court, if they should attend, would produce no small sensation: Lord Plunkett. late Lord Chancellor of Ireland ; Frederick Bond Hughes, the Government reporter: Sir Kobert Peel, Lord Lvndhurst, Sir James Graham, and the Duke of Wellington. Steele proposes to examine them in the order set forth. Respecting some of the witnesses to be examined by the Crown, and whose names have not yet been nw.rtti/^rwtsl fhtirp nrp v*rv stranirn rumors But it would b?' premature at present to enter into particulars. < >n Thursday morning, November 2nd, the Court of Quern's Bench was crowded to excess at .in early hour, to witnewH the commencement of the State trials. The proceedings did not commence fill one o'clock. The audience in the galleries wah very numerous, and consisted to a large degree of ladicH. The Hon. Judge Burton entered the court about one o'clock, ana the clcrk of the crown proceeded to call over the grand pannel The Attorney nnd Solicitor Generals, Sergeant Warren, and Mr Brewster, Q. C., took their seats shortly after the iirival of his lordship. Judge Burton proceeded to charge the juries. After calling their attention to the duties which, a? urand jurors, they had to perform, he entered upor the nature of the charge preferred against the accused? Gentlemen, I am now to tell you that, a* I understand the bill likely, and intended to be submitted to you ii a bill ivith a certain number of persons specified in It, the whole 'lemg a charge of conspiracy, that is of conipiring. the ?en?e of whicn I*. agreeing amongst themselves altogether. >r together with others. and concurring with each other in a design to effectuate certain unlawful purpose*, or, at leant, to effectuate certain purposes,whether In themselveunlawful or not, by unlawful meant Gentlemen, I believe I may iitate that the great, ostensible. and ax I would collect from the informations sworn before me, the avowed object of the persons being, in thia cue. the abolition of the Legislative Union of Great Britain and Ireland, a* a' present submitting. fJentlemen, It appear* to me to be right, with reference to the term Legislative Union, and the form in which I have described it. a* at present sub"ilting, to advert to some expressions stated In some part of the information on which the indictments Is, or will be * ? ? -! -L >-1 I.I .?.... t? irnmon, ana wmcn 1 mum material iv ?iaic .?? jv>... .. ~r pears, then, that lome one of the person* charged. have, or hai asserted, at ?ome or one of certain public meeting re ferred to In the information, that thin Legislative I nlop in, in Itself, unlawful, that It i? ahtolutely void, the con sequences of which might be that every statute made since the Union, and importing to bind Ire\and, would, to that extent, be void, ana of no legal effect. Whether thi* imputed language be correctlv stated, or whether any lan <u.tge to that e/fivt wax actually used. or if u??d was use^ in that tense, you shall have, a* in necessary for you, to examine and satisfy yourselves of. But I think the itatement in the iworn information. as I have collected It, authorize* and makes it Incumbent on me to ?ay for von In 'his place, that such a proposition haa no legal'foundafion. ind that the Legislative Union la not only practicallv. but lawfully, in force In Ireland ; and that you in oxerci-inj? your judgment upon that indictment?upon the in lictment that will be preferred to you?arc bound so to consider it. His lordship, after referring to the charge alleged againit the parties in the indictment?conspiring by demonstrations of physical force to procure a change iii the laws, stated that this diil not necessarily pre-supnose any infraction of the public peace. He continued The exhibition of immense bodies of men, being person* petitioning for a Repeal of the Union, and nt the same Ime asserting in their presence that in part, at least, b;i heir intervention it must and should take place, seems to me to iilfbrd ground for charging it in the indictmcnt as ? purpose of intimidation. Gentlemen, whether it reall\ had the purpose or not must be in the first instance for vou to judge of?that in, to judge whether it is or is not a matter of charge fit and proper to be tried by a jury on a plea of not guilty. Gentlemen, I have further to tell yon 'hat the charge in the indictment upon these ground* is in truth, a misdemeanor ; and further, that there appear'o me to he evidence of the inference to be drawn from it vou are in the first instance to judge, and 011 that <rroun<' I either to nrni or reiect me mil \nei rmrrnn? iu inn rn 'empt* made to excite (ti*satistaction in tne armv an< navy, which, if proved, his lordship pronounced a hi*r | ni*demeanor~tri certain letter* and article* published it , 'he Repeal paper*. hi* lordship proceeded to consider th< fiscal part of the charge?the collection ol the rent. Oentle men, this i* the charge of soliciting and obtaining a* well from different parti of the United Kingdom, a* from fo reign countries large sum* of money. in order to promote ( and effectuate the object* charged by the indictment.? ; (Jentlemen, there i* certainly evidence, and I think I mat ( venture to *av, clear evidence ofthe receipt of contrihn ( tion* from ilifferent part* of the United Kingdom, mid also from foreign countries, and a* it may appear by the man ner and term* of the acknowledgment of such receipt* o* 1 encouraging, if not directly soliciting the continuance o' hem. I feel that I mint, according to my view of the subject add that thi* offencc, a* it appears to me to t>?chaiife ? I allude here to the motives and purpose* ascribed to th< ollertion ofthese contributions, is a misdemeanor; anil 'annot but feel my self bound to *av that in mv own pre ient view* of this part of the case, the fact itself opens con [ sideratiom of very great importance, and such a* would in my judgment, under the admitted or hitherto uncontest # wi circumstances of it, disclose a ca?< very fit for. and , which possibly. could only he satisfactorily adjudicated 'I on by atrial under the plea of not guilty to the indictment, c LD. Price Two CanU. Thfl appointment of arbitrator* to decide on n>ittfr* in liti(ration between the Queen'* nibifet*. mlruUtetf aa it wm, to bring into contempt the Irgal tribunala cf the coiin'rv, hia lordahip pronounced, if proved, n nifrfeireprior If 'ha fnrts on which the evidence i* charged are rirarlv proved, it ma) be the better courae to find the bill on that evidence, leaving them, together with their legal consequence*, to u trial on an ii?ue joined to a plea of not guilty. By theexercioe of your duty, 1 mean the finding 01 tb? non-finding. a? to vou may appeal mo?t fit and proper, of a true bill, w hich, if found, will *end the rax-to tip decided upon by a jury, chosen to decide between the crow n and the subject. The concluding portion of the chnrge referred t<> the government reporter*. If the trrnnd jury thought tlint he hud wilfully nnd deliberately sworn what wan not the tnith, thev wouwt or course owneueve mm; it", oven, through negligence or inadvertence? through n proper want of attention to his important duties?hn had stated what was not correct, that alone, although not sufficient to deprive him of all credit, was sufficient to impeach his testimony. The concluding portion of the charge referred to the importance of the caw, and to impressing on the jjrand jury the necessity of giving it their be*? consideration His lordship's charge, which lasted forty-three minutes in delivery, waslistened to with breathl?? inwest The Attorney General said that the indictment in the_ case alluded to hv the Court, would be laid before the grand jury at half-past 10 o'clock on Friday morning, or at any other time that would stilt the convenience of the jurors. The witnesse# would be punctually in attendance. Mr. Ilatchell, Q. C., snH that the parties bound in recognizance to attend the court were now in attendance, and were perfectly ready to abide by any order that might he made relative to them. The Attorney General (with apparent aecerhitv)?Oh, Mr. Hatchell, us to that, the terms of their recognizance are, that they are to attend the court, not only on the first day of the term, but from day to day. pending the pleasure of the court. Mr. Justice Burton? That is, of course, understood. An application was made on Tlinrsdav morning to the Clerk of the Crown by Mr. Cantwell, solicitor of Mr. Barrett, to rcccive informations to smtain a charge of periurv against the government re|?orter, but that functionary declined to take them. About three o'clock, when Judge Burton had concluded his charge to th<- grand iury, an application wax made to hi* lordship, on the part of Sir Barrett, to have the informations sworn against the government reporter, and a statement made that they had been previously tendered to the Clerk of the Crown, and refused by him. The application was granted, and the informations were to be taken the next morning at half past 10 o'clock. The Grand Jury had been occupied the whole of tl... /Ttinra/tnv 9?t in?t ^ in rt-ndine the indict ments, which covered the enormous spare of thirty three sides of parchment. This enormously wordy affair had prevented the Grand Jury from examining any witnesses although a large number were in attendance. It is exnected that the proceedings of the Grand Jury, in tnc O'Connell trials, will be retarded until Monday next; certainly the hills cannot be returned before the evening of this day, and it seems hardly possible that the bills can be found even so soon. The proceedings on these important trials will probably extend over a fortnight, unless Mr. O'Connell succeeds in traversing till next term, but there seems to be some legal doubt as to the possibility of traversing in these cases.? The greatest possible interest existed in Dublin,and large sums of money would have been eagerly given to obtain admission to the court. The informations of Barret, of The Pilot, Dr. (.Tray. ?.Vrc., have been received bv order of the Chief Justice, in tin case of Bond Hughes, charged with perjury. It is quite obvious that the Repeal party are "now on the whole pleased with the charge of Judge Barton. France, The Duke D'Auniale left Paris for Italy on Saturday. He will proceed to Sicily, and thence to Constantina. The Moniteur publishes the official returns of the indirect taxes of France for the nine months of the current year, ending on the30th September. "The total receipts amount to 567,t?93,000 francs, or nearly ?22,284,000 sterling; and exhibit an increase as Compared with the rereiptu of the corresponding period of 1^41, of 35,ft.T2,OOOf., and over those of 1*12 of 10.280,OOOf. The augmentation in the last three months of 1*M3 was 7.267,000f. over those of 1841, and 3.355.000f. over 18-12. The receipts of the registry duties figure in these returns for 153,982,OOOf; the stamp duties for 26,612,OOOf.; the customs for 78,921,OOOf. ; the import duties on colonial sugars, 27,146,OOOf.; on foreicn sugars, 5,146,OOOf.; on domestic sugars, 4,902.000f : duties on salt, 43,945,flOOf.: on liquirs, 71.704,OOOf .: on public carnages, inland navigation, fee., 28,043,OOOf ; on sale of tobacco, 77,098,OOOf : of gunpowder, 3,614.000f ; postage of letters,33,653.000f : mail coaches, 1,631,OOOf. ; mail packet*, 732,OOOf. The augmentation bore principally on the registry duties, custcms, sugars, liquors, tobacco, postage, and stamps; and the items on which there was a falling off' were the duties on foreign sugars, 6alt, (ninoowder. and mail coaches, and domestic sugar. The receipts per quarter were?first quarter, 183.190.000T ; second quarter. I87,184,000f.; and the third quarter, 18H,719.000f. ; showing an excess in the latter of 3,529,OOOf. over those of the first, and a diminution, as compared with the second, of 466,0001. French Embassy to China ?After protracted preliminaries, the selection of the persons who tre to form part of the Chinese ex|iedition has been finally settled, but the list will be published only at the last moment. This list, which has not yet been published, is as follows:?M. de Lagrenee, ambassador: M. de Ferrieres, secretary; M. Marcv Mrnge, grandson of the illustrious savant, and the Marquis d'Harconrt, paid attaches. M. de la Hante.son "f ihn R eceiver-Oeneral of Lyons, the Duke dt Jetected, and the traitor denounced. His Majesty onvened the Connril of Ftnte, and solemnly aeni d any participation in or knowledge of tne deign The reluctance which his Majesty evinced to surrender up the officer, whoce inveterate dijlikr to constitutional mle had nearly involved himeelf .nd his Royal master in irretrievable ruin, created <>nie doubts of the integrity of purpose by which he King was actuated in making the disclaimer. Je was, however, at length surrendered to the uthoritien; and with a moderation which has dininguished the leader* of the revolution throughout lieir proceedings, was merely ordered to quit the onntry he had sought to deprive of its newlv *c ftuiohe. and M. Macdonald, non-paid attaches: M. Xavier Raymond, historigrapher; Dr. Yvan, physician to the legation. M. de Lagrenec take* his family out with him, whence a Ion* stay in China in inferred. If th? "Xl>ectcd results be obtained, the einbai*y will establish itself Ht Pekin. Its departure cannot be now much delayed. The ambassador went last week ind received the blessings of the Abbaye-aux Bois, ind the adifur of Madame Fecamier. M. M. de Chauteaubriand, Ballariche, Menmee, Vitet, tnd other literary notabilities, were present at this touching and solemn ceremony. Orders have been !? -ued for the expedition to be ready to sail on the 4th of November. Ppaln. The war at Catalonia is remarkable for a siege made on the garrison of Barcelona by seven thousand women ' who had received permission to enter with provisions and apparel. On the 20th ult. they made a very formidable attack upon the sentries, and a batnlion or two of the Patulea w? re obliged to be called to the assistance of the usuM tickets and guards. Some of the boldest of the lalies, despising the bayonet, rushed upon the solvere, tore their hair, scratched their faces, d?>rmed them, and threw their firelocks into a ditch' Two or three pieces of cannon were loaded and fired, and several volleys of musketry followed, which had the effect of putting this new array of "Invincibles" to flight. The shots alluded to were of course fired over their heads. The affairs of the Peninsula remain in the same unsettled state. Another conspiracy had been discovered by the Junta of Barcelona to betray the city into the hands of the national troops. The fournal de* I>bata publishes a detailed account of the repul?e of the insurgents of Barcelona, in their late assault upon the citadel. They appear to have Sehaved with the most undaunted gallery, and but - > J r .1 ' L or tneir rinding ?i n^rp iow wuuui mr ui 'he existence of which they were net aware, tney would inevitably have carried the works. The Debata also recount* the details of Prim's unsuc esslut nnack on <?irona; the ese?|nde of the strong fort of Monnriov. which forms the chief protection it trie i nv, appear* to finve been attempted in the most ntinmirie and iinmihtarv style imaeinable. Anotrier nttemnt at revolution hod b'-en made in t?reniida f ighting took place, and some persons were wounoed or killed. At Perpignan, also, there lad t>crn Mime warlike demonstration*.nut nothing if consequence irrew out of them. Official newsof the nronunciamento of Almeria had been communicated to the eovernmcnt; when this occurred there was not a wldtcr in town, but 800 tnfantrv and a roop of horse were immediately marchecf ngainst he insurgents. The movement appears to have ?een headed by a chief of smugglers. Ortece A counter revolution has been attempted in treece. General Colocotroni, son of King otho's tides dc Camp, had attempted to seduce the troops (i an abandonment of fheiralleirianct\ The plot was

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