Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 27, 1843, Page 2

November 27, 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. W Y*rk. Monday, Kovembrr 47.11113. Herald Snpplcmtnt. We publish this morning. for the use of our city subscribers, a Si rrLtMr.vr, containing the report of the Postage Reform Meeting 011 Saturday, with other matters, advertisements, \*c. <\*c. Libei> ant? Libei, Srrrs.?We are pleased to inform our readers that the libel suit, commenced a year ago against this journal by the Faculty of the University Medical College, has been settled on terms satisfactory and honorable to all parties concerned. In a short time, when this settlement shall have been perfected, we shall then refer to it, and publish an account of the matter. It is sufficient for * us to say at present, that on the opening of that Medical School, no one took a warmer interest in its success than we did. This feeling existed with us personally to the last, in spite of all the untoward intrigues which rival# of the School and enemies a "J c?f nn fAiif a nPA^iini. A i ffi/>iiltt *?a onH ^if. ferences. On an explanation of the circumstances that led to these difficulties, (much enhanced by | the many duties of a journalist,) the Faculty acted with that becoming liberality and good sense which should be a lesson to such sensitive persons as Fennimore Cooper, and all those who, on the most triHing grounds, rush into law, and attribute purposes to editors that are seldom entertained Profrcu of Abolition In the United StatesForeign Influence?the Union In Danger. The history of the progress of the abolition movement in this country during the last Jew years, presents some features so remarkable?so instructive? and so full of warning, that they ought to be known throughout the length and breadth of the land, and awaken and alarm every true lover of his country, and the stability of its institutions. It is but a short time since the abolitionists were a |>etty faction of fanatics?a contemptible band of visionaries, whose vagaries excited only ridicule and pity. Thus in 1840, they numbered only about six thousand throughout the whole extent of the Union. Will it be believed that since that time?in the brief space of three years?thic jwlty faction, this little clique of tix thousand individuals, has increased into a well-organized party, with itsl ramifications everywhere, numbering sixty-five thousand memh*?rs 1 If thm Hn nnt ufrikt* ulurm miH fh#? friends of the Union, nothing will do it but the tumultuous din of the national fabric thundering in their ears. Here are the proofs of this extraordinary state of things. Here in these immoveable, unquestionable, startling figures, may be read the lesson of warning and monition to duty, which we would spread before the people of this Union:? Abolition Vots i.i Fourteen States. Statu. 1840. 1841. 1843. 1843. Maine 194 1,662 2,988 6,351 New Hampshire... Ill 2,358 3,110 3,564 Vermont 319 2,794 2,091 3,766 Massachusetts . , . 1,415 3,722 6,422 9,133 Connecticut 174 1,319 1,777 1,872 New York 2,808 5,882 7,431 14,636 Pennsylvania 343 818 1,114 2,417 Ohio 904 2,848 5,t23 6,470 Illinoi* 159 527 931 1,954 Michigan 328 858 1,665 1,253 ! Indiana ? ? 900 2,050 1 ' Wisconsin ? ? ? 78 ' Rhode Island 42 ? ? ? New Jersey 69 ? ? ? Total 6,865 20,688 34,716 35,644 1 Full returns from New York, Massachusetts and Michigan will increase the aggregate vote this year to 65,000. After examining this table, every reader will uu-1 turally inquire, whencc this extraordinary progressy. I wl.oi ,i..> il.... .a i .1 most incredible increase ? Have any public events occurred during the past few years which account fj' it 1 We think th#t a iittie reflection will furiuv.it 1 ?vry intelligent observer of passing events, tlv colutioi! of th ?" questions It is first of all to be noticed that the increase has chiefly taken place during the ia?t twelve months. A glance at the table discovers that during the last year the numbers have been almost doubled. Now we have not the slightest hesitation in asserting that the insidious, persevering, zealous efiorts of his Holiness the Pope,carried out by a numerous body of ecclesiastics who exercise unlimited control over a vast portion of our population, and aided also with such pertinacity, malignity and violence, by Daniel O'Connell and the Irish Repeal Associ itiou in Dublin, have been the cause of this extraordinary inereas" in the number.?, strength and influence of the abortion party in the United State*. The demonstration ot this important tact ii easy. Ity the Bui! of his Holiness at itoin?, the entire body of ttie C.ithohc clergy in this country have been organized into i. grand, comprehensive Abolition Committee, required by the highest ecclesiastical authority?and the only authority which they recognize?to use every effort in their respective parishes, to procure the immediate and total abolition of the domestic institutions of the South. And then, on the other hand, a secular influence of a power and authority inferior only to the ecclesiastical, is brought to bear mi fhp Buni?> nnrtinn nf t)ir> nnnnlntinn frnm ??n,i of the Union to the other. We allude, of course, to the influence exercised bvO'Oonnell. By this combined influence the cause and interests of the African slaw and the Irish Catholic have been made one ?they have been, tx-ctUktdra, proclaimed to be indissoluble, and all the friends of Ireland are authoritatively required to connect themselves with the abolition party. This simple statement reveals the causes of that remarkable increase of strength which the above tabular view presents. If any more palpable proof be wanting, here it is ready to our hands. Let the sceptical look at it, and doubt longer, if he can, the truth of the existence of a well-concerted conspiracy on the part of the Pope, his clergy, and O'Connell, to effect the abolition of slavery on this continent. Royal National Repeal Association. At a meeting of Out Association, helil in the Concilia' tioo Hall, Dublin, October 24th, the Liberator was received with loud cheeri on hi* entrance. After the transaction of some butineii.Mr. O'Connell proceeded to observe, that on the preceding day, he read a letter from Patterson, forwarded by 8. Whitley, hsq.and had also handed in A'JO from (ierrit Smith, Ksq., transmitted by .Mr. Lewis Tappan. He said they were tmth among the most illustrious advocates of the wretched slave* and people of color in America, and then continued:?The cruelty of the Irish towards the people of color in America had been put t>eyond the least doubt, by Lord Morpeth who had spent j more than twelve months in America, during which time lie had an opportunity of investigating the conduct ol every' class in that country, and who publicly, in Ktcter tlali iu London, liolorn live or six thousand j people, proclaimed, certainly with reluctance, and in as modified terms as he could uao, that no class allowed more hostility than the Irish to the slaves and people of color. Lord Morpeth ' .new it to be the fact; he is a competent judge, and he proclaimed it. I have received letters from America, stating that he was deceived by other persons telling him so, and that the facts were not so, but the excuse always (fiven, when a public delinquency is traced home, is, that it wm a deception. Lord Morpeth could not be deceived; there waa no reason for practising a delusion on him ; and he investigated the facts, with a strong wish to find the allegation untrue. It was therefore I addressed a letter to the Irish In America on the subject of negro slavery. I did not volunteer that letter, but the Irish, resident in Ohio, took occasion to administer to us a long; lecture on the continuance of negro slavery as an institution, and we should give an answer to that manifesto, and we fully answered it. Every man here must join with me agains't the continuance of negro slavery: whatever the creed, caste, or color of fhe individual may be, slavery we will never countenance We are struggling for liberty ourselves, and we would not deserve to be free, if we countenanced its existence in any other part of the world. (Loud cheers.) But the Irish in America have made a complaint against the abolitionists, and twenty pounds is thr individual subscription of Mr. Oerrit Smith, a molt distinguished abolitionist and Mr Lnwis Tappan, through wlum the money Is sent, is also a distinguished abolitionist. 'Hear, heai ) Both an: men of great ?!?*tt und high Ma- j .j both are exemplary patriots, and exhibit the most chr.*tii?n re;ii for fir abolition of oppression in every j, art *fthe world. I was d. ngli el a. Kitting a letter from i \o?e illuttrio'js ciu/< n?, and frooi t ; spjt I thank lliem #?? heartily. l?"i I ?d<*r?;.s to then> tee complaints of the Irish ag'msl :). abolitionists. Tney ?ay th* abolitionwts are the worst en> .r.ie? o'. Ireland, and are in the habit of calumniating th? I atholsr religion and the Irish 1 his iiuarrel may have originated in the unfortunate difference about Jke continuaii' ol ne^ro slavery, and I trust the Irish in America will free themselves from that stain - | (Hear hear ) Wherever the Irish an' know>n throughout the world, they an- known at the friends of humanity 1 and there should be nothing iu the American air to male those who are humane every where else, cruel In Am< lica--(< beers') I think, also, thut it Is the duty of the alKiUtiouists to cultivate good and friendly fwling? with U<?,Irish, and not uux themselves up with religious bigotry. There wa? a man ralUd Ll?yd Garriaon. amongst the abolitionists, and he published a letter, entitled "debasing cMi ol superstition." He iiyi he mat me at dinner at the house of Mr. Pi-ana?that when 1 enteral th" room, 1 looked very animated, ami there ?ai i (treat deal of intelligence in my countenance; but that before dinner, 1 stopped to m:tke the sign of the cross; and while I was making the sit?n ol thecroka, he never saw au\ thing so stupid os my face. Now, sir, in spite of any thing Mr. J.loyd Garrison ma; say, I shall always make that venerated sign, for I am not ashamed of the cross before I take any meal?(Cheers.) But when he calls that Miperstition, it shous the unhappy disposition that suitKit t? amongst the al>olitionists? (Cries of hear, hear.) I will leel it to be my duty to remonstrate with them. 1 intend to move a vote of thanks to Mr. Oerrit Smith and Mr. Lewis Tappan ; and, in reference to the Committee, to propose an address to the abolitionists, calling upon them to co-operate in the spread of christian chanty with the Irislimen and Catholics in America, and obtain their assistance." There are more than two and a half millions of slaves, and 1, for one, will never cease my exertions, in the association, and out of it, until 1 see the day when there shall be no more slavery in America than in Jamaica at the present moment?(Cheers.) 1 have the honor to move the marked thanks of the association to Mr. Smith and Mr. Tappan. The resolution was seconded, put, and carried. This i. surely intelligible enough ; but we have not yet done with our proofs. Let them all be placed before the people of the Union, and let all be instructed and warned What has been the re npwuiTt. wu uiiD ciui vi me iiuaiiui. ii/ iuc luuauiiua' tory appeals of O'Connell and his associates 1 Hear:?(We quote from the Boston organ of the Abolitionists:?) Grand Meeting in Fakeuil Hall. Agreeably to public notice, a meeting of the friends of Universal Liberty, who sympathize with the American slave and with the oppressed people of Ireland, was held in the Old I" radio of Liberty, in Boston, on Saturday evening, Nov. 18, 1H43, for the purpose of considering the Address of the Loyal .National llepeal Association of Ireland, on the subject of American Slavery, written by Daniel O'Connell, in reply to a vindication of Slavery sent to that body by the pro-slavery Repealers of Cincinnati. The Hall was well filled bv a highly intelligent and respectable auditory, among w'hom were many ladies, and a large number of our Irish fellow citizens. The Hall was tastefully decorated with a number of banners, on which were painted very appropriate antislavery mottoes : on the table was placed the great Irish Address, signed by O'Connell, Father Mathew, and 70,000 others. The meeting w as called to order by Francis Jackson, at 7 o'clock ; and William Lloyd Garrison was unanimously appointed President. Mr. O., on taking the chair, was loudly cheered. He said?He hojied never to shrink from tilling any vacant iiost in the cause of Liberty, to which he might lie called, especially so long as the cause was an unpopular one, and the post one of trial and reproach ; so long as there were blows to give, or blows to take. It was immaterial to him in what part of the field of conflict he stood, if hi could onlv be permitted to grapple with the enemy, and show by Iiis deeds, rather than by hii words, how strong was his hatred of oppression?how tacrcd his regard forliuman rights. uiiver jounson then presented lor the consideration ol the meeting the following resolutions, suggested by the Address which had been read : 1. Resolved, That this meeting, in the name ol enslaved and l>leeding humanity in this country, and of its friends and advocates, the abolitionists of the I'nited States, hails with heartfelt admiration, the great Anti-Slavery Address of the ltc]>ealers of Ireland to their degenerate, pro-slavery countrymen, the Irish of Cincinnati, drawn up by the hand of O'Connell, adopted by the National Repeal Association. and read this evening in Faneuil Hall?an address worthy the great hand that penned, and the brave ami generous hearts that adopted it. X. Resolved, That it is the crowning glory of the Repeal movement of Ireland, that it does not selfishly limit itself to national politics, or the wrongs of the Irish people : but looks abroad to oppressed humanity every where, and especially and expressly to the down-trodden American slave, and zealously espouses the great movement now going on for his deliverance. > ? * 4. Resolved, That the only true friends of Ireland and of the down-trodden Irish people here and elsewhere, are the abolitionists, who recognise humanitv in every clime, and extend the hand of sympathy and brotherhood to every human being, especially to those who are oppressed5. Resolved, That the Irish people ought to entertain a sleepless jealousy of all slaveholders, and their apologists and abettors, and to look with indignant distrust on all demagogue editors and tyrant ecclesiastics, who would counsel them to wink at 'slaveholding, or to stand aloof from the cause of the bleeding slave. 6. Resolved, That American slavery is the deadliest foe of the rights of labor, and, scorning"and crushing as it does the laboring man, ought therefore to be au object of special indignation and alarm to the hard-working Irish emigrant. 7. Resolved, That as abolitionists, on this occasion, we remember with delightful interest and admiration, the anti-slavery co-operation and services of the Hibernian Anti-Slaverv Socictv in old Dublin?where the Webbs. the llaughtoni, the Allen*, and the Moores, have no less signalised themselves in the cause of American abolitioniiin, than O'Connell and his coadjutors in the cause of Irish Repeal. 8. Resolved, That the Irish Liberator, in declaring at the immense Repeal meeting at Mullaghmast, that " he liked the sympathy of every pood man every where, but he wanted not the armed or pn vsical support of any country," assumed an attitude equally sublime and in\incih!t, and for that noble sentiment de?erves to be applauded I?y all that is hunuuie and magnanimous in the wide world. 9. Resolved, That we do not hesitate to express to our oppressed brethren in Ireland, in behalf of the abolitionists of the United States, our molt hearty wishes for their deliverance from British injustice, and lor the success of the Irish Hepeal movement, by the use of all peaceful nnd moral instrumentalities. 10. Resolved, That while we rcjoice at the patience and forbearance of the Irish people, in resolving not to strike the lirst blow at their armed invaders, we would exhort them to the still higher and more magnanimous determination never to strike the second blow, nor the third, nor any blow, in any ]>osgible event ; but to maintain inviolably the spirit of'peace, which shall surely conquer their oppressors, and give them the great results they are seeking for their beloved country. II. Whereas, Daniel ()'? oiinell, in a glowing speech delivered in the (Jeneral Anti-Slavery C onvention held in Lon Ion. in ISiO. declared?"I recognize no American as a fei..nv-rii? except those who belong to anti-slavery so le'ii's"? ind styled the American n'>olitionists "noble irtc ' ' i?n and' wjtn< n." adding. "I hail them all a* my n* i Is a.id wish them to legard me as a brother?I wish ijr no higher station in the w orld, but I do covet the bono of being a brother with the American atmlitionists"? "the\ are deeply persecuted, and are deserving of every encouragement which we can possibly give them. I would that I had the eloquence to depict their character aright; but my toague falters, and my powers fail, while 1 attempt to describe them: the?-are the true friends of humanity: there is not a delegate from the anti-slavery societies of America, but ought to have hit name, aye, her name, written in character* of immortality: a human being cannot bo placed in a more glorious position than to take up such a cause, under stich circumstances"? And, whereas, in the address seut over to the Irishmen in this country, signed br those great champions of freedom and temperance. Uani'el V'l onnell and Father Mathew, and seventy thousand others in Ireland, it is declared that "slavery is' a great sin against (iod and man'"?that "all who are not (or it, must be against it"?that "none can be neutral"?that Irishmen "ought to join with the abolitionists everywhere, and cling by them as the only consistent advocates of lilwrtr"? And. whereas, in the scathing and eloquent address from the National Repeal Association, which has been read in tue old cradlc of liberty this evening, the Irish residents in this country are called uj>on never to cease their efforts "until the crime of which Lord Morpeth has accused them, of being the worst enemies of the men of color," shall U>e atoned for, and blotted out forever"?therefore, Resolved, That not as Americans merely, but as abolitionists?those w hose country is the world and whose countrymen are all mankind?we would address ourselves to the'Irish people of these United States, and call on them, not as Irishmen, but as brethren of the one great family of man, to give immediate heed to the heart-stirring appeal* that have been made to them from time to time, by their anti-slavery brothers of old Ireland ; and one and all to enlist themselves with the abolitionists, for the overj throw of the most atrocious system of oppression that ever disgraced the annals of our race?the system of American | slavery. WM. LLOYD GARRISON, President. Francis Jackson, 1 Joseph South wick, ( ? . Amos Famsworth, f Vice President.. H. I. Bowditch, J Oliver Johnson, ) j Cornelius Bramhall, * ' At this remarkable meeting, one of tin Hpeuker*, WiM.ki.r. Phim.ips, Esq., made use of the follow: i u:_u e' i__ - : me litiiiZ'i.m? , wiiit'ii lurniNirH ?i mofi liriprcswive commentary on the resolutions, and on all that we liave oaid:? I Now, sir, where is the sect among all the hundreds of ! ourcountry, which can noint to ?uch an explicit testi: mony upon slawiry ami tne slave trade, emanating from | its head and leader in the present day1 Not one. Sir, 1 am no Catholic. But w elcome, thrice welcome any hand I to help us uproot the foul system which tramples on humanity in our midst. Prejudice against Catholic* among abolitionists ! I pioponr thrrr. rhrm for the aholitionilt f'ojir tirrgory .VI I, and may thry ring out glortoutly from thrtr arrhri of Libtrty't homr(Thrrr long chrrrt were I girrn with thr gmiirit tnthutiaim?all pmrnt joining.) J. Cammell, (an Irishman, and a member of the Boston ; Repeal Association,) supported the resolutions, and snoke with great severity of the conduct of those slaveholders and pro-slavery men, who pretended to lie the friends of Irish Repeal, but were doing all in their power to seduce the Irish people into the support of slavery. And take this", also, from the same paper:? O'Coxptr.LL's Address.?This great address may be had at Cornhlll, In quantities for distribution, for $1 per hundred. Friends of the cause in the country ! send in your orders immediately. They should lie scattered, thick as autumnal leaves, in every town and village. The people will read tliein if you will send them to their door*. We have had no document for a long time so well adapted to produce a wholesome agitation. Strike while the iron is not. Who risks for proof now 1 It i* overwhelming. The man who i* not alurmed lor the safety and stability of the I'nion, by this exposition of facts, must be altogether deaf to tin* calN f patriotism, and rarf lfM? even of hi* personal safety. Pm h is ? cnlm, faithful exhibition of the dangers which now threaten the republic, Irom the niacinnations of a foreign priest nt Homo, and a foreign dictator in Ireland. It is no tnviginary infliir,nc?* of destruction and anarchy, with which we are now menaced. Are Americans prepared to euhmii , to tins'! Will th?*v continue to stand with their nrnw folded, and look tamely on whilst foreign in- ; fliicncr, aid<*d and abetted by th?* McKeons, and < > ills' vort Melville, and other spluttering, petty i political demagogues, who have taken up the Repeal movement here, thua marches with impudent and undisguised front to the very citadel of our liberties'! But we may spare our exhortations to duty at such u crUis. The simple facts speak in tones of thugder. They proclaim in a manner which cannot be mistaken, the approach of that torrent which now gurgling and boiling amid the ravines and recesses of the hills, will by and by sweep with resistless fury over the plain, Btrewing it far and wide with wreck and ruin. Mrc believe there is no safety from the impending danger except in the firmness and energy of the new party?the American Republicans. To their patriotism and virtue we look for protection against this influx of foreign influence, which is gathering round it the fanatical of our own native population, and the designing, hostile, and priest-ridden bands who are yearly pouring into the country; and in this party we have hope and confidence. The American Republicans appear to have taken the Pope's bull by the horns, and all the little bulls from me ?ig oeggarman, uan u uonneu, in uuwin, 10 the little beggarman, John McKeon.in New York ! Newspaper Reporting.?A good deal has been said^recently by some oHthe newspapers about newspaper reporting. The enterprise, talent and skill which we have so successfully employed in this most important department, have awakened the jealousy and envy of our contemporaries, who afl'ect to despise and abuse that which they would willingly possess if they could?very much in the spirit of the ancient spinster who turns up her prudish nose at the grace, beauty, and girlish freedom of sweet sixteen. Our reports of the movements of the American Republican party?executed with great care and fidelity, and which have excited so much attention all over the Union, have been attacked with peculiar violence. They have been characterised as forgeries?as lies?as fudgery? every thing discreditable of which the vocabulary of the Five Points could furnish epithets. The creatures have even gone so far a9 to deny the very existence of the great American party, at whose meetings those speeches were delivered, and thus made themselves the laughing stock of the whole community. In relation, however, to news|>aper reporting, we are enabled to present very intelligible specimens of two styles or systems?one is that accurate, faithful, and at the same time finished style in which the reports of the Herald are produced; the other is that general style which gives the substance of what h speaker says, but not his exact words, and which does not aim at much elegance of execution ?one is.the result of mechanical skill combined with genius and brains; the other, of mechanical skill alone. There was a meeting at the Exchange on Saturday last, as all our readers are aware, for the purpose of adopting measures to effect a reform of the present Post Office system. The Exprtu newspaper, which has been the principal promulgator of the charge of forgery against our reports, employed on this occasion Mr. 11. Sutton, formerly a reporter at Washington, to com|>ete with us. "We now annex specimens of the relative accuracy and fullness of the two reports:? Kirm.sj. JIt.R.tLD. Gentlemen :?The gentle- Mr. Chairman:?These remen who handed me these solutions were handed to me resolutions requested that 1 with a request that I would would follow them up with read them, and introduce a few remarks. The sub- them with a few remarks.-joct is one with which all The subject is one with arc so familiar that I despair which ull are so lamiliarh ol giving you any iigiu up- acquaniteu, mat i cannot on them. Every member m all hope to throw any new the community, of every light upon it. It is one age, sex and conditioni n in which every individual the city, and in the country, member of the community is are all alike interested in it, interested. It is aho one, in and are to be benefitted the discussion of which no equally by any improve- partisan feeling can be enmeat in it?" details" tertained?it is entirely free from all political prejudice or tendency or feeling, and frum them it should be kept carefully dissevered. It concei'iiul, as 1 have just said, every one?one sex as well as tlie other?the dweller in the bustling commercial city, and the inhabitant of the remotest rural district. Few words art therefore necessary to introduce to public attention and regard, a matter of such obvious and acknowledged universal interest. But " printed matter"? He claims, however that paper with ink upon it, this all printed matter of a pets what it excluded from all riodical character should be other modes of conveyance carried in the mails. Now. than the mailt. Now the pa- periodical matter is tent per comes to the printer out through the mail? in large of the mills?blank?and it bundlet. usually by the goes bark,?printed,?and it proprietors of the penny would require a very acute newspapers?a class of pcmetaphysician to say whj riodical publications which there should be any differ- enjoy a very wide, and 1 ence between the legal mode have the pleasure in being of conveying the paper in able to add, a very merited this and in that state?[Ap- circulation.?(A] piause.)? plause J Yctthe Postmaster V. ell, this paper, thus trans< ieneral assumes thisground mitted in large ina*ses,coires in hit instructions to his to the printer blank. It got* .hmiitUf A vurt- liflrlt nrint#?/l \mv it tfeme hie house in tbii city?the to me that it would require Harpers? " very nice metaphysician to be able to discover the reason why that paper when printed and packed up in masses, should go through the mails, whilst the same paper before that ink was put upon it, could be trans mitted by whatever mode and manner the convenience and interest of the manufacture suggested. I am utterly at a Joss to know how the process of printing made its transmission more difficult or and vastly more exjM-nsive? (applause) ; yet such is the decision of the Tostmuster General, and such is the purport of hir instructions to his deputies throughout the country.? They are forbidden to allowany thing to pass over the mail routes of a j>erio?lics?l or newspaper character, without subjecting it to full newspaper postage; and I have been put in possession of a fact, which came to my knowledge the other day,which places in a strong light the oppressive and unjust eflect of this enactment Certain publishers in this city?a most respectable firm, the Messrs. Harper k Brothers?unnt to? Now, Mr. Sutton is a very excellent general reporter? he is a very good specimen of that clans? but it will readily he perceived from the above extracts that he cannot at all compete with us in point of fulness and uccuracy. This is seen at a glance. And thus the public can at once learn where the real talent in reporting exists?where it is to be found, and where it has been. But, indeed, the public have learned all that long ago. We have repeatedly shown that in accuracy, fidelity and despatch, our reporting department is unequalled in this country?and it is impossible for any paj>er in the city, or out of it, to compete with us. Our arrangements are of such a nature that we will retain our superiority in this resect. And as for the miserable creatures who characterize our reports of the eloquent and patriotic speeches at the American Republican meetings, as forgeries, they will find out to their sorrow next April that they have had

most substantial reality. Ivtercot'rse with Hkazii,.?The beautiful bark Amelia Mulhoiland, Capt. Millington, leaves to morrow lor mo ae Janeiro. .Nie is acKnowieageu to be one of the faHtent vessels thnt crosses the Atlantic. The voyage to Kio being exceedingly pleamint especially at this seanion of the year, person.-who wish a passage to Iirazil have now a fine veanel to go jn. ('apt. Miliington and his fir^t officer ar<well known end will m.-.ke h <i"ick parage, They anticipate making the run from port to port, fourteen thotwsnd miles, in eighty-Mix days. Ax ve are in favor of despatch we wirii tlicin every succce . American Rrfvbmcan Mhtro* this Week.? There will be a meeting of 'Y'oiiug America" this evening at the old Watch IIou.ic, in the Ninth Ward. On Wednesday the Third Ward meet?and on Thursday the Fourth Ward assemble at the Shakvpeare II??tel. At all these places ihere will !>< overwhelming meetings, which will be fuily reported in the Herald. Ole Bwlli HU first AppiMMM. Chevalier Ole Bull's first appearance in the new world took place on Saturday nii?ht, before one of the most crowded and fashionable audiences ever collected in the Park Theatre. Great us was the furore excited once by the arrival of Malibran, and latterly by that ofElssler.it was on thejnight before last transcended. Burst after burst of upplause followed in quick succession, and the enthusiasm of the audience would scarcely have been exceeded at Suint Carlos in Naples, in Vienna, or at La Scala in Milan. The artist himself seemed to catch the excitement, and we venture to say, never did greater justice to his theme and his instrument. Saturday night is usually an unfavorable one for concerts and other public amusements, and we may therefore imagine from the crowd of the first night what may be expected at the nsxt two con certs, which will take place on Wednesday and on Friday next. The selection of music was doubtless cnrefully made. In the second piece, il cor nan piu mi unto the diminuendo and crescendo, surpassed everything we had conceived of?and notes (lowed from tlu violin which we had conceived it incapable of uttering. The unearthly, fairy-like sounds he drew from his in strumeni, seemed to lull the house like a magic spell?like the soft tones from another world, breaking upon earth at last. The Polacca was brilliant and stirring, and the wild character of the music gave full scope to the artist's ; energy and power. The curtain fell with a thun1 der of applause, from pit, boxes and orehestra, unj equalled in our memory any where?either in EuI rope or America. The instrument on which Ole Bull played is a i curious musical relic in itself. During the early ! part of the 16th century a violin was made by the | tamed < lasparo Lisarde, for Cardinal Aldobandini, | in his best style ; the head was designed and carved in the most beautiful manner by Benvenuto Cellini, with mythic figures representing the musical goddess and her attendants; the fret-board and soundingI board are beautifully inlaid in mosaic of pearl and euony. ims instrument was sold l>y the heirs ot the Cardinal to a person who carried it to Inspruch, and at the taking of that city by the French army in 1809, it became part of the booty of a dragoon, by whom it was sold to a Ftniatico per la musira, in \ ienna, who could not be induced to part with it, though incredible sums had been offered for it. I Chevalier Bull, beingsonie few years ago in Vienna, j wished to purchase it, but was as unsuccessful as ! others had been; finally, however, its possessor promised that if he would give fifteen concerts in ; that city he should have the pre-emption of the violin at his death. The Chevalier complied with his wishes, and the proprietor dying soon after, be| queathed the instrument to him to whom it should I belong. On this violin the principal part of the ! Saturday night's entertainments were executed. No artist ever appeared before the American public with such favorable prestiges. Young, graceful, i accomplished beyond the mere bounds of his art, and, moreover, an enthusiastic partisan of liberty and free institutions, and a son of the freest people in Europe, we foresee that his passage through the land will be one of continual triumph. Yet he has been the favorite of monarch**. Ole Bull, in the theatres of Europe, wears the glittering cross of Gustaf Wasa, of which order he was made Chevalier by Bernadotte, the reigning King of Sweden. The millions of glorious republican sovereigns of this mighty land have no golden crosses or diamond breastplates to bestow, but they have hearts, souls, pntlllialdum ffiul I nnro <>n/l *1'-* 44 * ' auu, nwu*c nil, lilt: Almighty dollar," which they will lavish upon genius and originality of every kind as much as the monarch? of Europe. Olc Bull defies criticism. Paganini is gone, and all comparison between the two is therefore futile; yet, though the great Italian's only rival, none seems to venerate his genius more highly than Ole Hull, who, in a kind of religious respect. never trespasses upon those peculiarities which were his invention, and became his peculiar domain. The Chevalier's peculiar power lies in his earnestness in his deep northern intensity?in his faculty of carrying away the hearts of hearers in a manner that no artist lias done before. Even Paganini astonished more than he delighted; and Sivorv, whom we heard last summer in Europe, and who is the first among the French artists, we listen to with wonder, and are satisfied, but feel no enthusiasm. The next Concert will take place on Wednesday t evening, the programme of which is? 1. Cantabile Doloroso and Iiondo Giocoso, composed by Ole Bull. 2. Quartetto per Violino S?olo, composed by Ole Bull. 3. Ada/in from Mozart, in quartetto. 4. Fantasie and Bravoure Variazoni, from themes of Bellini, composed by Ole Bull. SIK :? In your money articles (written no doubt at the instigation of Jonathan Goodhue or some other English agent, and fully ^aid for), you still keep up , n.? auov n = UIC mull. 111** SUDJCCl 18 One OI great interest here, permit me to request you will strike a little harder. Your great success in writing down the Ohio loan, leads us to hope that u more vigorous assault by your fair and honorable pen will benefit us most materially. Timothy Fi'dge. Philadelphia, Nov. 25, 1S43. Timothy, you are too complimentary by half. You arc perfectly welcome to all our efforts?bin you make a mistake us to honest Jonathan Goodhue, a gentleman whom we never spoke to in our life. The most probable thing is that our money articles are written and dictated by Queen Victoria, Sir Robert Peel, Daniel O'Connell, Louis Philippe, or the devil. Our friend, Col. Webb, thinks they proceed from the Peel cabinet, and he is probably as near the truth as Timothy. Seriously, however, it is a study to observe how tlie publica* t inn nf f h*? truth U'linlu tnitK nn finonno or?#l oil other subjects, is received by those mean, paltry, sneaking rascals, who live on humbug and deception. We have done the age some service in our day to enlighten the public on the mysteries ol trade, finance, politics, and religion, and we have yet a harvest before us with plenty of reapers in the field. Wait and see what wc will do. From the commencement of the Herald up to this day, wc o irself planned, devised und su|>erintended all our money articles, besides actually writing nearly one half of the whole series. The other individuals who have been engaged to assist us in that period of time, have had the merit of understanding our views, and reporting correctly our ideas, principles unJ -II *_.! -I.:- 1 1 r . .1 ojmin?mm if- mi. y\nu mis oroau iaci me public will find out in dun time. New Cai.hoin Movement.?It is really a pity to see the manner in which John C. Calhoun is compromising his interests in this quarter, in allowing himself to be taken up and supi>ortcd by a parcel of o'd women in brceehep, who are as ignorant of the real state of popular feeling upon the ensuing presidential election, as they are unacquainted with nil practical knowledge of life. Who are the leaders of the Calhoun party who are now vainly attempting to get up a District Deletion to the Baltimore Convention, to defeat the nomination of Martin Van Burenl They are a clique of small literary gentry, who in the winter BeaSOn inaV USUallv h^ found inthi'irrlrnoin? onufni around their sea-coal fire*,reading the latent novels, or, perhaps, attending some elegant tnirft; and in the summer season you may see them at the fashionable watering plnees, driving upon the sea shore, or laying off at great length beneath some piazia or shady tree. It is a charity to Mr. Calhoun to advise him to separate his fortunes from surh rliqurt. If these are his friends, l*e may well say, "Save me from my friends." lie may rest assured that he has no possible chance of receiving the nomination by the democratic party, and that Martin Van Ruren is as certain to be nominated bv the Convention ?t Haiti more, us that Convention is to meet. l!nt although Vnn Buren should be nominated, yet there i? ;inother element in operation which 'hould not l>e forgotten, and which may set them all upon iheir beam ends. Let them remember that "Young America" is in motion. Kxtkkdino.?Kxpress lines, like Harnden <V A lunis, are extending at the 8011th. Jlall Ac Co run one between Macon &' Savannah. Har^ofi's Exprf**.?We learn that this line will hereafter make two trips a monili to New (Orleans. stiriar Chop at the South. This crop will this j year fall short nearly one-third Or. Olu?T?r'i Lttlnn Ult Evening upon thi Lite and Times of John Banyan. Tlie Rev. George N. Cheever, Pastor of the Allen street Presbyterian Church, delivered last evening the first of a seriea of Sabbath evening lectures upon the "Pilgrim's Progre?<," nnd the life and times of its author, John Banyan. The lec- j ture was delivered in the Allen street church, which I was crowded to overflowing ; there could not have beenjjlesa than 2,000 people, who were attracted thither by the announcement of this course of lectures. The suhjeet of the lecture lust evening, was principally the age in which Bunyan flourished. This was from 1628 to 168H?an age of great and stirring events in the history of England It was in this age that we find Charles the 1st, Cromwell, Charles the 2d, Kussell and Algernon Sydney, who were murdered, St. Bartholomew's day, the statutes against the Society of Friends, the Act of Conformity, the Conventicle Act, the Great Plague, and numerous other events, which were enough to cause any one to curse the union of Church and State. It was an age to develope great deeds?to call out great intellect, great perseverance, energy, and Fortitude. The age of Bunyan, whose birth was 12 years after Shakspeare's death, was the age of Milton, Baxter. Owen, Howe, Paol, Goudwin, Archbishops Usher and Hall. These are specimens I,..I -:..i ~r V't nit IIIU AHHi|'iru lltuiirnp Ul mr 111 WIIK'II Bunyan lived, who, in point of originality, was far before them all. Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress is far superior to every other uninspired production. Bunyan knew scarcely any book but the Bible?he knew no logic, and yet he wrote a book that is filled with the sweet logic of celestial love. Mr. C. dwelt much upon Bunyan's first work, entitled "Grace Abounding." lie then took up, consecutively, a nmnber of points in Bunyan's lite, illustrating the grace of God in preparing hint for his great work, the Pilgrim's Progress 1st. Certain dreams before his conversion [with this difference between the author of Pilgrim's Progress and the Reverend Lecturer upon it, that the former dreamed before his conversion, and the latter dreamed after it? both dreamers eventually becoming acquainted with the inside of a jail]. 2nd. He became a soldier at the age of 17 years. 3rd. Got married to a godly wife, who took him to church, where he fir^t learned to play the hypocrite, and afterwards became so attached to the priests as to become priestridden, or if he had lived in our day, a thorough going "Puseyite" 4th. Heard a sermon which caused him io leave off swearing, for he swore most frightfully. Then Mr. Cheever went on with the detailed history of Mr. Bunyan's religious experience, and copious remarks upon his character. The subject will be taken up again next Sabbath evening. A Great Financier in the State Prison.? Wyman, the Boston Bank President, has been convicted at Lowell, and it is said has been sentenced to labor seven years in the State Prison. This is only a drop in the ocean of justice. Why cannot the same justice overtake the defaulters, thieves, and all other rogues, who have plundered so many other banks and public institutions all over the country 1 In this latitude, you can see scoundrels, much worse than Wyman, driving up and down Broadway?visiting fashionable resorts, attending concerts, calling themselves respectable, and absolutely looking down upon honest men as below them in every point of view. He who steals a pair of old breeches to cover his nakedness is a i thief, and is sent to the penitentiary for six months!! he who steals #20,000, ?100,000, or $500,000, is an amiable, unfortunate man?visits London and Paris for a year?then returns to New York, and is respectable for his whole life. More Boston Blue Law.?It appears by the Boston papers, that a bigoted portion of the jury which sat in the triul of Messrs. Redding & Co., for sellingjnewspapers, Arc., upon the Sabbath, were not content with disagreeing, but had the indiscretion and folly to desire the court to put on its files a written document, signed by themselves alone, in which they express the opinion that the defendants ought to be convicted. The court very properly refused to tile their private opinions, which, in this case, are worth no more thau any other people's private opinions. Such bigotry and sut>crstition would do very well for the days when the Boston I folks, or their neighbors, used to have witches, and j solemnly chastise their beer barrels for fomenting upon Sunday*-, but they are hardly in accordance wiui uic spirit ol the present uge. Co- We arc uuder obligations to Adam* fc Co. j for items of news, and Boston papers in advance of the mail. The Board of Aldermen meet to-night. The establishment of a Work House on Black well's Island is the order of the day. The reform of the police?the removal of the Gas House from Centre street, in accordance with an ordinance already passed?and the taking up of the railroad track of | the Harlem Company below Broome and the Bowery, will be left till next spring for the American Republicans to accomplish. Congressional Elections.?There is again no choice in either the fourth or fifth districts in Maine. Accident on the Harlem Kail Road.?Yesterday evening as the train was coming from Harlem, in passing through the tunnel, a man named Edward Curry, a native of Ireland, was run over ntid so severely injured that he is not expected to live. Both his legs were cut clean off. Accident on the Norwich and Worcester Railroad.?As the New York train for Boalon was passing Planefield depot, on Saturday morning, about 5 o'clock, it came in contact with a platform car, which threw the engine and tender ofl the track, doing considerable injury. We under -.land the car was placed on the track by some person without the knowledge of any of the agents of the corporation, hy forcing the switch and moving it from the turnout where it stood. No person was injured. The train proceeded to Boston after a detention of four or five hours. Arrest of Chris Lili-y.?This man, who it will be recollected, fought a prize fight in Westchester county about a year ago, with McCoy, who died from the injuries he received in the battle, surrendered himself in New Orleans on the 16th inst. to unawi>r iinv rtinrvn vvl?i#?l? matf Itu l.ronirlii ni*ninui / v,,,"n^ " ",v" "?/ tiftaiiint him. Lilly had just arrived from Liverpool, and would leave that city along with "Cockney Bill," arrested there for murdering a man in this city, and for whom an officer was daily expected to arrive. Lilly expressed himself willing to go without awaiting the formality of a requisition. Mr. Valentine's Maniai..?The Manual of the Corporation of this city, composed by D. T. Valentine, Assistant Clerk of the Common Council, is for sale at Messrs. Gould, Banks te Co.'s, Messrs. Langley's, Neshitt's, Jansen 6c Bell's, and at the offices of the Plebeian and Evening Post. Pice #1 per copy. Pit. Anthon's Viroit..?Dr. Anthon, so deservedly distinguished for his ripe classical erudition, and for the numerous valuable additions to classical literature which he has made within a few past years, has just given the world a new edition of the " iEnei'd of Virgil," published by the Harl>ers. The present volume contains merely the iEne'id, Virgil's Eclogues and (Jeorgics having been reserved for a separate work. This is a judicious arrangement, as the (ieorgics are seldom read ill mir |iir|?iiiniui^ ^ nun, un*in<?ic, iiim nr> crwHry to be bound up with tho ^Cncid. The text of this edition in Imped upon Heyne, with ull the latest improvement*, and new readings of the best authorities. I)r. Anthon lias added copious Engli"h notes, critical and explanatory, a metricul lavis, and an historical, geographical, and mythological index. The notes contain all that is of value in the commentaries of the latest Kuroitean ' ditors, such as Nohden. Ileinrick, Holder, Tniel Korbiger, Valpy, and esiieeially of lleyne and Wagner. Th" text of Virgil occupies hut 2s:t ages, while the editor's notes alone occupy 000; he balance of the work is devoted to a lexicographical account of |ienu>ns, places, Arc., ttien'i< '<ed in the original. Th<*se copious notes, toii'lhcr witli tin- highly attractive typographical eye lition by the publishers, render t'? is edition of Virril superior either for pupil or teacher to any ever iiihlisned. We may add that the " notes" contain nimeroiis sketchings of antiquities, noticed in the ext, which greatly facilitate a clear elucidation of he author. We venture to predict that, in our repamtory schools throughout the country. 1 >r. \ ntlion's edition of Virgil will supercede all others ireat credit is also duv to the Har|iers for the verv aiperior myle in which the mechanical work has !>een executed. i BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. FkUaitolplUa. [Correspondence of the Ilemlil.] PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 26, 184:i. Volunteer Pour suggested?Action on the subject? Daring and impudent Burglary and Robbery? Public School Subject?Gratifying Ik tailt? Theatrical?Religious Information for Subbath Evening Services?Anniversary Celebration? Annual Meeting?'Hie JVeather?CarpenterShop Burned. James Gordon Bennett, Escj.? Dear Sir? The meeting held at "Our House," Lfbrary street, last evening, by request of Morton McMichael, Esq., High Sheriff of the County of Phila delphia, was largely attended. The chair was occupied by William C. Patterson, Lieut. Colonel of the 102d regiment of volunteer infantry, and cap tain of the volunteer corps of Washington Blues; Major John Jordan, of the 96th regiment Pennsylvania militia, acted as secretary. The Sheriff, in a spirited address, stated the object of the meeting, referred to the frequent disturbances and violent breaches of the public peace that had lately occurred, and hoped efficient means would be taken by the meeting to devise a luw which will prevent then recurrence. Col It. M. Lee made a few remarks.who was followed by Maj. Thomas T. Firth, Brigade Inspector ot the city, who in un eloquent appeal, urged an immediate organization of a volunteer posse, and upon his suggestion a committee of fifteen was appointed to procure the names of citizens who are willing to aid the proper authorities in the suppression of riot# and the maintenance of the public ponce. The committee were also deputed, in conjunction with the Sheriff", with the busine.-?s of preparing a code of rules for the permanent government of the contemplated ponse, and were authorised, on obtaining a sufficient number, of signatures, to publish them in the newspapers.? I am inclined to nelieve the course now pursued will be attended with good results, and I nope be the means of maintaining pence and good order in fnture among the firemen and all others who forget their duty as men and as faithful citizens. The dwelling house of Mr. John Unruh, Chestnut, near Tenth street, was entered on Friday night by boring through the back basement door. Some valuable property, consisting of fifteen pieces of plate and a large quantity of wearing apparel carried off. The burglars did not leave Mr. U. even a hat. The silver spoons that were taken were marked A. S. Another daring ami impudent rohbriy was com mitted yesterday morning about 7 o'clock, at the grocery store of Messrs. Wilson Ac Co., 6th street, ueurly opposite Minor str.-et, which is the boldest that has taken place for some time. It seems that at any early hour the store' was opened by the porter, who having some business to attend to elsewhere, stepped out for a few minutes. During his absence two colored men came along with a wheelborrow; perceiving no one on the premises, they ccrmmenccd loading the barrow with goods which had been put up for an order. Thes? consisted of two chests of tea, worth $.r>0, a bag of rice, one of cloves, one of nutmegs, and two bottles of sweet oil. Having got as much as could be conveniently carried, they started ofl'down the street. A person who had been watching them, informed the porter on his return, of the transaction. They immediately went in pursuit, overtook the thieves at the corner of 7th and Carpenter streets, and succeeded in arresting onej the other escaped. On the road to the police office, he drew a knife, but was prevented from using it. lie was brought before Mayor Pcott, and gave his name as Thomas Thomas. After a hearing he was committed to prison. Exercises of a very interesting nature took place yesterday afternoon at the "raising" of a new public school house, corner of Caman Street ?na the railroad, locatcd on the uew township of Penn, in the Eleventh School section. Tin- immediate Controller of Public Schools from that part of the school district, Jacob Heyberger, Esq., had-prepared for the workmen and all engaged in the building of the new school house, a profuse and sumptuous repast, which was set out in an elegant manner at his hospitable mansion in the immediate vicinity of the grounds about to be occupied for public school purposes, and to partake of which liad, also been invited the Controller and several of the Directors of the Public Schools of the First District, and a number of citizens. After those assembled had done full justice to the "good things" so plentifully provided, and dc|iciouslv served up, in intellectual repast of no ordinary character followed. The gentlemen who took part in these exercises. and addressed those assembled, were Geo. NT. Wharton, Esq., one of the Controllers from the city; Edward A. Pcnniman, Esq., State Senator from the couiitv; Colonel J. M' ('alien, Controller from the fourth section (Soring Garden); Professor John S. Hart, Principal of the Central High School, and Thomas B. Florence, Secretary of the Board of Controllers of Public School*. The Speakers referred in a marked degree to the gratifying success of the cause of popular education in this county particularly, and also to the facilities now enjoyed for the education of the children of all, equally for those of the poor man as well as the rich. Sonic of the details given w?re particularly interesting. It was remarked that there are now in our public schools 33,500 children receiving in education at the public expense, and at an aver ge cost, including books and all supplies, of five dollars and^ seventeen cents i>er annum. These are taught by five hundred teachers, maje and female, it salaries ranging according to their qualification. The limits allowed me are too limited to allow Further notice; I will, however, in a future number furnish you with information in relation to our ,>ublic schools that will, I have no doubt, be particularly acceptable. The National was crowded in every part last r... t _5il i.? morrow evening to see the new and gorgeous spectacle of the Kin)? of the Mist. I have seen a portion of the new scenery, which is magnificent in the extreme ; the banners and trophies are of the most costly kind, and the melting music of the choruses, which I listened to at the rehearsal last evening, was exquisitely beautiful. The enterprise of the industrious management should be met correspondingly by our citizens, and I doubt not will be?the National being now regarded as the popular house. The Italian troupe had a moderate house at (he Chestnut last light. They will perform two nights more next week, after which we are to have Wallack and perhaps Booth. Of this latter gentleman, however, there seems to be no certainty, as he unexpectedly disappointed il.. ?rwl ...Q, ?? Vri^nJ .MMM nrwl mav do po again. The eaueetrian troupe at the Walnut "continue in the full tide of successful ex|>eriment," having moderately fair houses on every night of performance. In addition to th<e religious Sabbath evening exercises given yesterday, we are to have to-night at the new Jerusalem Church (Swcdenborgian) Fifth below German street, the first chapter of Genesis explained, as " they (the Swedenbogrians) understand itat the old " Scots Presbyterian Church" Spruce above Third street, the eloquent pastor, the Rev. I)r. Macklin, will preach wn the subject of " The Westminster Abbey at the Universalis! Church, Lombard, above Fourth street, the Rev. Asher Moore will lecture upon the subject of" Fallen Angels," from .lude, 6, in connection with 2 L'eter ii, 4; at the Tenth Presbyterian Church,corner of Twelfth and Walnut street, a sermon by the pastor, on " The Apostolical Successionand at the Methodist Protestant Church, corner of Kleventh and Wood street, the Rev. Mr. Stockton will continue his course of sermons to young men. The anniversary of the Female Seaman's Friend Society of Philadelphia, will be held in the Seventh Presbyterian Church, Penn Square on Tuesday evening next. Several addresses will be delivered by popular and eloquent speakers, interested for the comfort of the poor, and often too much neglected, -ailor; and the report for the present year read. Contributions in aid of the cause will l>e received. The annual meeting of the friends of the Philadelphia Theological Seminary of St. Charles ot Barremee, will lie held in the basement of Saint John's Church, Thirteenth ftroet, above Chestnut, on Wednesday evening next. The annual report of the President of the Seminary and of the Trea; surer will be read and distributed. The weather to-day it favorable to crowds at the churches, which has been the case at several of them ; we have a clear and balmy atmosphere, and quite mild for the season. At half past 2 o'clock this morning our citizens were aroused by loud cries of fire, and the ringing of the State House bell striking the signal for a fire outh-west. It was found to proceed from a carpenter shon located in South street, near Thirteenth. | which witli its contents were entirely consumed. THi. InSM, nowrvrr, wii* iiicMiMiiniiinr, nr? lira mi whs confined entirely to tin- building in which it originated. Yours^rc. Nihlo's.?The strongest l>ill yet put forth is the one advertised for thin evening. Mr. Rockwell's company embraces the very first performers in the country. The drewe.-, the decoration*, the efforts of the diflercnt riders, have heen the theme of gen| eral remark during the past week. Mr. Stone is u inoat daring rider, and Mr. Turner's control over he four beautiful chargers is truly surprising; but 'o-night lu' actually rides six horses. The ever amusing equestrian interlude of Billy Button is to be >{iven. Nothing but the most complete success is to he augured from the efforts of the gentlemen who have hitherto catered so admirably for the | visiters to the arena.

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