Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 11, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 11, 1843 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

TH Vol. IX., No. MH?Whole No. 3550. KOH HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. Uoval Mail Steam Ship ACAUiA. /rtjjtwriLLfm AUiauder Uyri?. E?q.. Cominauder, will leave Boston fur the above porta ou 3a"" ^ i^^*"?t'ir<lay, IGih December. Passage to Liverpool * I'aasage to Halifax a?Apply U) D. BRIGHAM, Jr., Ageut, C9f H?0. 9 wan siiwc-w. PKOPI K'8 LINK OK HTKA>l"OATrt ALBANY AND 1NTKHMKDIA1E ."r>C ti PLACK8.?The steamer (SORTH A M KRiC V Capt. M. H Trueidell, will lea** u above at J P. M. on Thursday ?nd Satnidny. Th*COLUMBIA Capt. A. Hoofh'on, will ln?? ? "bore at Si P. M. on Wednesday, Kiiday and Sunday Kor pa??t|ge o> freiftit. apply on board, or te r. < . S'nu'ti, at the office on the wliail'. d6r _ C.'"!-. "<* STAT EN 18 LAND FKRRY, FOOT and Staten Inland, on ?nd after October Id. u follows, until further noric Leave 8tateu Maud at kK. 10. a. M , 2, 4, p. m. Leave New York at 9. 12)i, 10 mil), pal' 3. i\. N. B ? On buiidays the boat will leave at II inatead < f I2X. All Inicht shipiied it rwjuired to be particularly uarkeii *ud i* Ht the rnk of the owner* thereof ?'t<irfr 4#^- FOR NLW ORLEANS?The superior lut tail?.7<afV iuK packet ship SHARON, Cant. Thompson, will afe4Hlai"'il "u Thursday, 'I'll in>t She has excellent accoui no lauo a lor cabin, sutoud cable aud steerage paaseugers.? Those wiahiiiK to secure berths, will r-quire f> mike early application ou board the ship, at pier <1 K R. Old slip, or to JOH> I1KKL)\1AN, tl Mouth street, .... near Wall street. N B ? 1 he suit mlid |?cka ship Ohio, Capt. Lyons, will be despatched on the >ith iil,'. by which passage can be engaged at the lowest rate<, on app'icnliou as above, d7ec iF FOR NKW (JIILKANS?-Louisiana and New |rt>jFjr%. i'th Ldiie?lomivni r irat iu-|(uiar i acitei, iu win jmNajfiaBlliis tlay. ll'h iuj(?The last sailing |>*ck t fcaraue fil-. N - SEE, Capt. Miuott, will |H>?itively tail as above, tier regular iUy b c.t freight or passage, having handsome furnished accommodations, apply ou board at Orlrans wliarf, foot of Wall street, or to E. K. COLLINShCO. 66 South street. Slnppe's will plea<e send in t-.iiir bills of ladiugrarly to-day. Pn-ier-gers will please be on board, at O leans wliarf, foot of Wall jt eei, this afler^oou, at 3 o'clock, at which time tue ship will sail. Shipi>era liy this line may rely npou having their goods correctly measured. Agents iu New Orleaus, Hullin It Woodruff, who will promptly forward all Koods to their address. The packet ship Huntsville, Capt. Cornell, will succeed the Geiie-iee, .uid sail the;20th Dec., her regular day. dllec ?4^ ONLV REGULAR LINK KO11 NEVOHjgcTS^LK.ANS?I'he following lint clsss pa-keu will sail aUMfaSapunctually as advertised, weather pcmiliiug or pasThe GENESEE, Can. Minott, ou tii? 10th Dec. The accommodations of these sttips for cabin, stcond cabin and steerace passengers, are such as caiiuot lail to ensure every c mfort to pu?engers during the voya?e The ship* ol this liue have now commenced their reguiar trips, and will s<il punctual every five days throughout the se.-uou. Passengers may therefore rely on not be;ug <'< taint d. The price of pa?s?g? being very low, those wishing to secuie berths in either of ,he above packets, can do so by applying to W. k J. T. TAPSCOTT, a' their General 1'assage Office, 43 Peck slip, uK corner ol South strtt. OLDiBLtCK BALL LINE OK PACKETS FOR L1VERPOOL?Packet of the 16th December 'The elegant first class packet ship NEW KORK, Capi. Baistnw, will be despatched as above, her regular dhv She has unsurpassed accommoda ions for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers- Tho?ewishing to secme berths, will reiiuireto make early application to JOHN HERDMAN, <1 South street. n?ar Wall street. B.?Those wishing to send for their friends residing in Great Britain of Ireland, can have them brought out by this ship, or any of the line of packets, at the lowest rate, and drafts c.iii as usml be furnished lor atv amount, payable without discount, or any ether charge, in all the principal towns throunhout the Uuted Kingdom. For fu:tW particulars, apply as above. P. S?The packet ship Columbus, Capt. Cole, will be despatched on t"e 1st Jaunarv, her regular rfa<-\ dllr BLACif BALL, OK OLD LINE OK L1VERJmPSfWPOOL PACKETS?KOR LIVERPOOL?Regular niUTlirir I'n i Ti i l n 1 tk? IHfh n?rf>mh?r ?.Tito now and oleiz.iut packe^Ihip NKW YORK, bnrihen 1100 toni, (.apt. Cropper, will positively tail ou Saturday, 16th December, her regular dav. It ii well known that the accommodations of this noble pack: et lor cubiu, ad cabin and ?lt*rage passengers, are fitted up in a minner that cannot fail to iuiure those embarking every com fort, bciu/ vervhigh betweeu-decki, which are well lighted and ventilated. Those returning to the old country will at once see it tlieir mteresc to select this favorite ve sei for their conveyance in preference to any other. The price of passage is very low, lor w Inch and to secure the best berths, early application should be made ou board, foot of Beekman st, or to the subscribers, llOCHE, BROTHERS & CO., 35 Kultonstreet. neat d?or to the Fulton Bank E P. 8.?The New York sails from Liverpool ou the 1st February. Persons sending for their relatives can liove them brought out in her, or in auv of the packets compriiiug tin* unequalled line, sailing from that port punctually on the l?t> and 10th of -?cli month. For passage apply as above. N. B ?The Columbus -*il 1 succtv-d the hew York, and jail for Littrpool ou the 1st January, iSU, liar regular day. dllec FOR LIVERPOOL?NEW LINK.?hognlai MkJ^y.l'ack.; of 26 :li December.?The s.>ie4idiJ packet jKfefiSj-''il' S1DDONS, C?t?t. E. B. Cobb, of 100U tons, will sail as utiovelu-r regular day. I1 or freight or |?iasage, liaving acotnmodaiious unequalled for splendor or comfort, apply on board at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall street, or to E. K. COLLINS k CO. Trice of nansnJte, $100. 56 South street The packet ship Sheridan. Capt. DeneysM*, of 1000 tons, will succeed the Siddous and sail the t til January her regulai day. r.useugera may rely upon the ship* of this line sailing punc tnally a* advertised. d4ec FUK LIVERPOOL? Regular Packet ofthellth lWwVl' c.-'i he snieu id fast sailing packet ship SAMJmCmEbUEL HiChS, Capt. Bunting, burlheu 1000 tons,will sailajabote her regular day. ... Per accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steerage p ,s?engers are splendidly fitted up for the comfort and convent ence of passengers. Persons wish n? to embirk should make early application on hoard, foot of Maiden lane, or to JOSEPH McMURRaV, 100 Pin* street, d*ec corner of South. j FOM MARSEILLES?Packet for 1st jannary? MHMjV'l he shin TRESCOTT, Ca|*. Mrrick. Apply to ???!? LAUREN'!*' It PHELPS. 103 front st, or to Knvn h iii\i:?>N dSec 9 Tor.tine Buildings. Ztfg- PA'.KET FOR HAVKK?Second Lmc Thi UT1CA, F. Hew i t, master, will tail on the la) C* tolLT-f January. BOYD & H1NCKEN, 9 Tontine Baildinc, d3oc corner Wall and Water streets Jhmtt AN HUMBUG STORE!?LI VEANj/ LET MYlil 1 At the old eicnsive B-.ot Stare, No. Ill Chatham s;i?h (w^-ere theodiottt practice of railing upon > cr s 'tis uuM'ig the store is not toler.ted), can he obt lined W.itei Pioof Ui.ou manufactured iu this C'tl of thr beat in*te ial. and warrmt'd at prices ranging from three to fi>e d llara, beici sme [wo dotUn l^wer in price than generally obtained (nualitv emit dered J ?i tni? city. u28 iw*r PARIS BOOTS AND LASTS MADE TO ORDER, Br E. SUSER, Pi Broadway. (Biii.mcnt.) On? door from Ccart andt atre-t ^^ E. SUSKR. Bootnsaaer and Maker of Lasts, ar ^9^w"EWen of Clerc* of Paria. begs leave to inform tiii friends and all the amateurs of a geutiemanly "chauaanre that he can now make, in New York, with the beat Kreuch ma teriala. all that i> ao |ier retly made in Paria hy kin maater, lh? celebrated Hootm'ber Clerce, wnoae numerous customers 01: tint aide of the Atlantic, art respectfully invited to trv Sum'i Boot* and Laata, befca they dfspair of being "chauaaea" New Yo k. after the nice* la teat Paria faahioa. Alao the genuine Paria Jet Black Varniah aold. n2l lm*m jt,tmr* b<?' 'TS Wa er proof, doable and cork aolei lOT?f i* r?ncli and 11a i>e c-lf a..?l j>ate t screw r?p ; war muted good fine calf boota for men, b<?ya. and children'1 ?nar?e water boos. ai.d shoes orall aorta and aites N. R -l.auies miaaeaand children's gaiter boota. ahoea ant bnaVina. doable and siugle aolea, aaid of every color and shade Ladias, (ients, > isaea, and Child en's water jir of India Rn ber orer ?hoea, of the latest atylr, ail of v inc.. will be sol< chraiwr than at any other storr iu this c.ty J. Si WALKf.K, 4li Croadwav, n!4 lm*m corner of Canal at COOT AND HHOh SIOHE. iOHN RK.ADY rrs|>e?tftilly informs his frienj and the public, that he haa commenced business in the abon liue, at No. S9 Nassau street, where la* wi.l thanklully receiy and faithful! v ei rente, all or-le.n he m*? he UvnreH with on th nuwt re*?f?*al*'* term* tV" * ?! 1 Kill/ A T TLIIU )4fDENTLEMEN'S CORK BULK BOOT4, the best o | tiuality, J1 JK Do \VRtor Proof Booti do 4 J1 |) i light Kr?nch Ca'fskin Boot* do $3 to 4 0 D.) In,li* llulv er Over ..hoes, with leather aolea 1 J' Do plain Rubbers, ?' L)o UanciiiK l'umra. 1 Do Dancing OaUr, 1 Do Worked Slippera, 1 U Anil all other kinds of boots and Shoes in fathrn- ladiea ni ti r Boon, busk inn, Slippers. Tiff, quilted 8ho?m, piunelli Hhoej, white a.,'1 hlark satin Slippers, liai too Shoes: India rui her stran-fnrrtd. plain, and a 1 other kiuUs ofOver?h<es Clogs. Moccaaini. and the gr?ate?r assortment of hoy'a Boot and Hhoes; miiin' and chilareit'a, of all kinda to be found < the world, al! of our own inanuf<etu e. and ilie beat of Krencl goods, and wai ranted to he the best, anil aachetpaf the cheat eat. at 3S Broadway, coiner ot Kranklin s'teet. dfli3fl*ec URKOOKV fc CAH1LL, 3t7 Broadway J CORK SOLE WATER PROOF AND DRE9: HOOTS.?The snbsciiber makes to order Boou ol th ill lie desciiptions, ol'tte quality of French Call kin in the latest ?tyIf. wo at <ery iea?onable pricss. <Jen ?u who ha.-* bt-rn in the liabitof |?vni eitravagant pries for inf< rior articles, are requested to ea.ll and be convinced u their interest in purchasing at this store Dra?mRs being taken of the eet, and a pur of Lasts k'pt fo each customer, there is no difficulty in getting a liandaoinr in (?onst "Iilly on hand, a large asvortir.eit of ready made Bret Boot*, latest, S'Uea, at $3 nd Si JO per l air; Doable Soles,Iron SI to p> i'i*r pair. Over Shots, Half BooU, Dancing I'mnpi 81ll iwrs, fcc. a< einallv low prices. JOHN L. WATKIN8, IH Fulton street, dR lm?Pi between N??.,o and Dutch streets. n? Nl'.vr STVLF. OF CHILDREN'S VELVET CAPS '1Ik- subscriber lias a large and beautiful aaaortmeut 0 Oentleniu's an I Boys Capa. of the larettlaahiou, which h will sell as cheap aa any other establishment ill this cityamong which may h* fonud gentlemeu'a cloth, velvet, a net style of glar-ed, end line otter caps. Also on hand a large suppl ol moleskin, silk and far luiti, of a be&uiifnl finish, for sal V ,irv Vnrs? Also, constantly (in hand, a large aaaortmeut 0 M'iffs ami Fur Trimmings for sale at very low pric?a. > II--The I'iih of the subscriber took the piritiiuut at tii late Fair of the American Institute. WM. BROWN, ?Mta*t ISS Chatham st, opposite Roosevelt LEADEN PIPE PJO-.SS.? dorsal*, an HydroslAtic Leade I ,|r Press, of superior make, with all tlias necessary 111 inn's, wairanted to make a i>erfect article. Apply to ALKX'R BIRKBECK, Jr.. lit Adamsstreet. didt'r _ CilAL ! < (' A L !? As cheap as the c hex jest, and as good s ilie nut, of Peach Orchard rtd ash at the Workingman Coal Yard, o er of Christopher and Oieeutvich streeti wemliril by a ' weigher, and delivered to any part of the c EDWARD LEWM.VN. 'T'WINK?J00 bales Higlish Twine, Bridport muni..urn comprising a complete assortmeut, from JX to 3" lbs. ff ?*le by * E. K. COLLI N? It CO. dJ M Sontn strart. E NE NE1 1 ~~ MUsicT I MESSRS. 8CHNKI0KU fc KEBHUN. Profcwor* of iu Music, lateof Saratoga Springs, respectfully announce, : that they are now prepared to (ire their attendance at private partica soiiws, serenades, If., during the ensuing season, per lorining the most 11 odrrti and poyalar music. All oidert for 'heir attendance will be received and answered at their present residence. M Crosby street. nil lm*r MUSIC FOR PAR DES V/TE88RS. G. WEISS li FR. GRAMB83, Professors of ! ** Music, reswctfolly announce to their patrons, the ladies and gentlemen ol New York audita vicinity, that their Cotillion Baud ii prepared to play the most admired and fashionable Mumc for Private Parties, Soirees, kc. Orders thankfully received aud punctually attended to at ?6 Delancev at, also M Mr.Millot'i Music Saloon, S29 Broadway, or at Mr. Jollie's Music Store, J85 Broadway d4 lm*r MaDAMfc SUTTON, PROFEBKOR OF 8INOING, S6 Variek street, St. Johns' Park. s!5 ?m*r ~ UISBROW'S RIDNOtCHOOL, 408 BOWERY. pOR ladie3 from 9 A. M, to 3 P m daily. " For Gentlemen " J to 5 and 7 to P. M. daily. Lkcturk Lessons. I Likrciu Hid mo. I Evening Class.) | IS Lessons (W ' 20 Rides $10 M Singledo->>. 1 M I JingUao 1i The Dressing and Drawing Kuuiia aro well warmed, and every attention devoted lo the -omfou of liiose who may honor us with their i?tronagr. Gentlemen keepiug tlieir horsea ou livery at this est&blu m?nt, will have the privilege of riding tueui in th? School, nli Sm*r GREAT REDUCTION. TROUBLE ENTRY BOGK-KKEPI NO only Fire Dollars, 1/ mid Epistolary 1'eninanshlp ouly Two Dollars. THE FIRST PREMIUM awai.Wd three cousecutive years for the best specimens of Off-heud lYninauship exhibited at lire great F?i?s of the American ln?t tute GOLDSMITH'S CHIROGRAPHIC INSTITUTE, for he instrac' iou of PENMANSHIP and Book-Keeping. 1(9 Broadway, opposite John street, is now open during tneday aud evening, for the reception of pupils and visiters. The gentlemen acquit* a bold, free and expeditious style ol Mercantile Penmanship in from teu to twenty lessens of one honreich. The Udies are taught a neat Epistolary hand, a beautiful accomplishment to the se?. BOOK-KEEPING. Th* syitem of ins'ructi?n rarsned at his Acsdmny in this important study is not derived from any printed work, hut is the rrsult of a thorough practiral knowledge of the aubject. The ex-rf ses being so arrauged as to reu^er familiar to the student everv department of mercantile business, WHICH CER tainly cannot be acquired iJysimplybalan' ing one hET of books. Ladies' Writing Class meets daily at 11 o'clock. Oeut'emeu d'lriag th* day and evening, at such hours as may best ?uii'heir convenience ne pa rate parlor* for private instruction. For sale at the Academy?A superior article of Metallic reus. na Im'ec CHEAP STORE TO MY OLD CI STOMERS AND TIIB PPBLIC. DRUGS, DYESTUFFS, PAINTS, MEDICINES, GROCERIES, &c. No. 188 GREENWICH S i HfcET. NEW YORK JOHN C. MOKR1SON offers for sale, ou the most liberal J terms, a very extensive assortment of goods, amonrithea) the tallowing. to which he would solicit the attention of APOTHECARIES. Opium, Corrosive Sublimate. Camphor, Aqua Ammonia, Cream Tarter, Spirits Nitre Dulcis. Castile Soap, Super Carbonate Soda, Liquorice, Tartaric Aeid, Balsam Copaira, Epsom Salts, Rhubarb, Laudanum, Jalap Senna, Aloe*, Sulphate Quinine, Kl?r?. Chamomile, toil Peppermint, and all Essaal Oam Arabic, tial Oils. Castor Oil, Oum Myrhh, Quicksilver, Canthasides, Magnesia, Gum Tragacanth, Manna, Powdered Bark, Roll and Floor Sulphur, Coiks of all kinds. Alcohol, Sarsaparilla, Bona, refined and erode, Sponges, coarse and fin*. Calomel, Draggists' Glass Ware Red Precimtate Vials. fAINTKRS Windew glaaa, of all aixea tad Britiah Luatre, qualities Ulne, all aorta, K.d'LVnd1. - ^ attd ^ 0i1, OS'" Ed ?'?'? B^?. Spirits^urpentine, Ch?ff.'white and red, Puttv i wii whilst Whiting, Bi>ani?h Brown, Verdigru. dry t ad ia oil, VeueUttn Ked, Chrome Green, Bond Papar. Chrome Yellow, _ Famice Stone. Yellow Ochie, Frea?h and Tar and Ro.ia. American, v Japan, copal, coach and bar Prussian Mine. neja Ta?i?h. Vermillion, Turkey Umber. Rotten Stone. Tena de Sienna, Ivory Black, R*d < j<*l*? Gum Coral. Ouin Shellaq, Paint Brushea, all itzaa, Bnglhi Varnish, Boae Pink, BaS Toole, all aiies. Lamp BUck, Black Lead. P OILS. Oil, Fall, Oil, Train, Winter, . . feln,T1\. I SnBJmT itrnined ?[*na, J!jontaioot, Kelimrt. w hale, Olire or Sweet, Unr"ic?d, whale, Sea Elephant. Tanner*', , AiWfl Oil? DYE *WOO DSDKAXtHS AND MANUFACTURERS. Lorwood. Bratil Wood, Camwood, Red sounder., Fustic. Hatau Wood, W??^A Btrwood Hypernic \> ood. SnSasrIT MANU,'ACFS!5!$U. . kJ Slue Vitriol, M??B,D?tehMdFiHMhJ Copperas, Eng. and Amer. Indigoes, of Bengal, Garraca ' Oil Vitrei. ?ad Guaumala, 8agar Leai, Wh'Je 1 artar. Bleaching Salts, Re*! Tarter, Cochineal, 0\nr, Aqua Kortis, Sumac, Nutgalli, 4*ac Dye, Annatto, BtMChi Soda Ask, ProMiaei Poeaah. Pot and Pearl Aahea. Gain Senegal. Extract Logwood, Powde^d Lure a ma, I Tartaric Acid. . Powdered Bine Smalta, I Bi-chromate of Potaah, Omersrtroa "ark, Sal Soda, Spirits Nitre frarus. Gum Shellac, SKm. Cudbear, British Gum, Woad, Nitric And and Chain and Bar Tin. Oaalic Acid. Soapa. ' GROCERS. i Young Hyson Tea. ?epp? 8"?cr,_ Hy.on * Macabov Sun?. | Imperial Scotch Snuff. Gunpowder l-i ? . Hy>un Skin M ndiw. Flotaat, donchong " Caatile boap, Aohri Clovea, Fi*,ich Brandies, Caiter Oil, in bottlaa. Spanish Segar*. Alcohol, 1 Pot and P??rl Aahee, jLp*m SalU. i t itarch. . . Liquorice Ball. Friction Matches, Bath Brick Carbonate Ammonia, <ale,.Uu,, ' Brituh Lustre, i (."ig Blue. Soda for washing,! Powdered Ginger Root. Mustard, London. vinm, i_.ayuune rtppw, Olive oil in bottlee fc baaketa, Powiteml Nutmeg, Votiwn, Powdered Cinnamon. SaltixHrr, erode and refined. , CONFECTIONERS, DISTILLERS AND BAKERS nchineal, Oil of Anniueed, i Vutmegi, Abiynth, ??<*". Oarraywav, J Olovea, Juniper, Unnimon, Row, Orange aod Peach W? Oatm Bad*, Ian I Vlltpice Vanilla Beam. Ninglaai, Tonquin Beans. Jum Tra^acauth, Coriander Seed, rum Arabic, Turkey. Carrayway Seed, linm Gamboge, Anniaaeed, Oilol Hoien. Jnjuty Puce, Peppermint, Tearlaali, p Wiuieigreeu, Saleratu, Cinuamon, Su^er C irbonate of 8o?U Orauge, Tartaric Acid, Bergamot, Oinger, white Jamaica, Lemon. Oinger, Ka*t India. PAPER MAKERS, HATTERS, fcc. ' Bleecniug Powders, Nutgalls, " Powdered Blue Smalti, Blue Vitriol, l> Hue, Verdigiis 0 )il Vitriol, Copuetas, " Copper Calf, Sal Ammonia, 0 "<hel ac. Antimoi.y, Vlcohol. Sugar of Lead, 1 vitract of Logwood, Aloes. Aluin ?c i PATEN 1" MEDICINE DEALERS. ttalinm of Honey, Auderaou'i, Lee's It Hooper' * i'urlington's Balaam, Pills, - Bateman's Drops, Opodeldoc, Harlem and Britifh Oil. Seen'and Liouid. ? -Hdlitz Powder*, Soil* Powder*. h Stoughton'* Bitten, Oudfrey'* Cordial, I' Extract Harsaparilla, Anderson'* Couch Drop*, > Cephalic Snuff, Thompaou'* Kyi- Watsr. Chemical* o( all kind*, French, fcuglith and American. All kind* cf Paint* and Colon. a Every de<cription of Drug* and Draggi*!*' Article*; ant 8 Patent Medicine*, Peifumery. *oap?, fcc., a general assortment f All srticle* warnntrd genuine. (H7""Tlie mint prompt attention firm to order* from th country. * n9 ImdvStwvr THE ELIXER OF LOVE. Th* household tin! the household tie*! How beautiful they ar?? With ro*y lip* and laughing eye*. Red cheek* and golden hair. How *ad ia childleu married life? Wealth can no joy afford; Cold look* the haabaud on the wift ? The wife upon her lord. But Love's beon' I Will Nature1* cur** remove, And crown with living klouoma *oon, e The bed of fruitleadove. Lucina Cordial!?barren wive* ? Itt 3t to mother* fair, ( And t ne fond name of Father give* e 1 o huabanda in despair1 , In lenehorm and in gleet*. (Il prove* a *ovrnign balm; Consumption too a conqueror meet* In it* unfailing chirm. Eruption*, Unitudeand pain*, lu back, or loin*, or chsl; Diseise brought on bv auddeu (train*, Disch.vges lo.ig supprrssed, Are bv tin* wond'ron* Cordial cared, [" No more their v-rtin n vrx. Tlius by it* aid it health insured At once, to either sex. Letall whoiuff>rfromdiieaae Or fault in Nature'* Law, 1* Seek Irom (hi* grand apecific eaae, " At ninety-two N *?au. ' And No II Court *ti*et, Button; No. 90 North (th itnel Philadelphia. Person* ordering thi* medicine from tlv country, by *endin t remittance, can hav* it boxed up and sent to any nuit of tfi Union. Price >1 ner bottle or tat per doaen. nl> lm*m >> PLAXSKKD.-* sack* very aaperior Flaxseed, landing froi r bark Oeaeaee, Irom New Orleun*. for **le bv Mm Ei K. COLLINS fc CO. M South*! 1W YC W YORK, MONDAY MOI | Keport of the Postmaster General. Post Oi fice Department, i December 2, 1843$. J Sir: It is cause of satisfaction io the undersigned, in submitting to you a statement of the condition of the Post Office Department and its operations for the past year, that he is enabled to say, for the two years he has had the honor of superintending its affairs, the annuul current expenses have been met by its annual revenue : that an extension of the service has been made, commensurate to the growth and spread of our population. The idea of making the Post Office Department a source of revenue to the government has not been entertained by any one charged with its management since the termination of the last war; during a short period of which an increase of fifty jwr cent upon the then rates of postage was imposed for revenue purposes. Nevertheless, the principle upou which it was originally established?that its expenditures should be limited by its income?has been distinctly engrafted upon all the legislative enactments concerning its organization and prescribing the duties of those charged with their administration. 1 have thought this principle, upon which the Department has been established, a sound and safe one for the government, and am opposed to its abandonment. If, however, the expenditures of the Department were fixed by law, and appropriations from the general Treasury annually made to meet them, much of that labor and responsibility in the supervision of the service, which now rest upon its Chief, would be removed. It is no small task, to say nothing of the responsibility, so to adjust the mail service of the United States as to accommodate the wants of the community, and at the same tunc iu {iiuuucu, v) n>i una i/|iciaiii/n?, ntu u ?vnnc iu meet its own expenditures. This reflection suggests to me the propriety here of doing an act of justice to those who hare been associated with me in this Department, by a frank acknowledgment of the able assistance which they have given by their constant and zealous Inborn ; thus enabling me to give to the country the best service which the means of the Department would allow. The amount of annual transportation of the mail, as ascertained on the 30th June, 1842, was 34,836,991 miles : the cost of which was $3,110,783. The amount of annual transportation on the 30th June, 1813, was 35,262,806 miles: the cost of which was $2,976,284. It will be ftbserved. that the cost of transportation for the last ymt wmIms by $194,499 than it was lor the previous j our, w tuc uunsportatiou throughout the year was greater by 416,814 miles. The number of Post Offices supplied in 1842, was 13,733: and the number supplied in 1843, was 13,814. To accommodate the service to the extension of population, reductions in the service in some sections, and un extension or increase in other portions of the Union, wen; I rendered necessary. i The aggregate of these reductions was $134,263, and the amount ol additional and new service was $98,566. For a more detailed stutement of service I refer your Excellency to the report of the lirst assistant Postmaster General, No. 1. For similar reasons it became necessary to discontinue, in the year preceding 1st July, 1843, 400 Post Oltices, and tj establish, during the same period, 481. The total expenditures of tne Department for the fiscal year, ending the 30th June, 1842, as stated in the report of this Department to the House of Representatives, under date of the 28th of February, 1S43, were $4,97-5,370 42. In this amount was included $392,664 51, for debts paid out of the special appropriation at the extra session. The total expenditures of the service for the year ending 30th June, 1943, were $4,374,713 73, including payments on account of debts due by tlio Department, for which the appropriation above was made. The amount of gross revenue for the year ending the 30th June, 1841, as stated in my annual report of 3d December, 1842, was $4,379,317 78. That of 1842, was $4,646,246 13. The revenue of 1943, so far as the returns exiiihit the amount for the vear ending 30th June, is $4,296,926 43. A considerable portion of the current revenue of the Department, for the years 1812 and 1843, has been absorbed in the puyment of demands claimed by Deputy Postmasters lor expenditures in previous years, by the allowance of credits therefor in the settlement of their accounts; which credits so allowed, have been charged to the expenditures of those years ; the probable amount of which is not less than $60,000. ^ It will at once occur to tho impartial mind, that a pub uv ?ei >u;u ?o < uiupucaieu miu i-xieusiYi- us umi ui iuu vienernl Post Office, requiring the harmonious co-operation of twenty thousand agents ana officers scattered over the vast extent of our territory, must be subjected to occasional, if not vexatious, interruptions, by the infidelity of some of its agents, and often by causes which no exortion can overcome, or foresight avoid. It is the duty of the head of this Department, tinder th* regulations and restrictions of law, to provide by contract for the transportation and regular delivery of the mails.? This duty is performed once in four years in each of the great divisions of the Union, and, from time to time, as the public exigencies require, Bonds with schedules for the arrival and departure of every mail are taken to the Uoverninent, so as to provide for the continuous travel of the mail in unbroken connection, by the division of time and distance in suitable proportions. When failures in the regular delivery of the mails, arising from negligence of Contractors or their Agents, take place, the law is rigidly enforced by fines and deductions from their pay, and when that is found inefficient to produce a strict performance of the contract, the higher and only power given to the Postmaster General of annulling the contract, is exerted. When the extent of our territory, and the condition and nature of the public highway's and channels of intercommunication are considered, there is more cause for admiration of the general regularity of the system, than reason of just complaint at occasional failures. Upon two of the great mail routes?the one from Washington city to New Orleans, the other from Baltimore to Cincinnati?there have been experienced, within the last few months, irregularities in the service* which have given rise to complaints manifested through the public press The causes of these failures have been investigated, ami where they have been found to arise from neglect *r inattention on the part of Contractors, the proper and only corrective has been applied. Many of the failures, however, on these two lines have been caused by obstacles wholly beyond the competency of the most vigilant Contractors to overcome The mail upon the great Southern route is transported by railroad and steamnoats from Washington city to New Orleans, with the exception of the distance between Madison, in (toorgia, and Mobile, in Alabama. Between these points it is transported in post coaches daily. The whole time allowed is seven days eight and a half hours; in winter twenty-four hours more are allowed. That portion of the route between Mobile and New Orleans, and lietween Charleston and Wilmington, which is performed by steamboats, is difficult; olten obstructed by nigh winds or dense fogs. If a failure occurs, from any causc, lietween Washington city and Madison, Georgia, where the stage line commences, a double mail is thereby thrown upon the stage service, which is often too lnrge to be transported in a single stage. A nortion thereof is necessarily left, for the time, which produces confusion and irregularity in the delivery at Mobile and New Orleans, for several successive days. From causes not unlike these, irregularities and failures have taken place on the great western route. { The service between Baltimore and Cincinnati is on railroad to Cumberland, and a double line of daily fourhorse post coaches to Cincinnati. This mail, in the fall and winter season, though it i* transported from Cumberland to Wheeling over the mountains, at a running speed of sewn miles per hour, cannot be brought to the Ohio river before dark. Here a difficulty is presented, which, ret, the Department and the Contractor* have been unable to overcome. The proprietor of the ferry arross the river cannot be Indue*.! ? counter tlte dangers of crossing the mail stages in the night, In winter, and in a great portion of the spring and fall, when the mail arrives nt Wheeling after dark, an<l in contract time, it is detained, for the reason above, some ten or twelve hours. It is matter of regret that, while the <??neral Government was expending so much money in-constructing that great line of communication?the Cumberland lload?east and west of the Ohio river, it omitted to construct a bridge over that stream. The public mail will ever be liable to detention and interruption at this point, until such bridge shall be erected. Whether it shall be built by the same Government, and paid for out of the same find, w hich constructed the Cumberland Hoad, must be left to the decision of that Department of the Government which has the legislative control of the fund. T have thought it due to the President of the United States, who cannot be indifferent to any portion of the public service, and whose attention has been arrested by I the complaints to which I have alluded, to furnish him with this somewhat tedious, and perhaps unnecessary explanation. 1 am gratified, however, in being able to state, that the service, generally, is performed satisfactorily to the public; and with a punctuality in all its departments which docs credit to the several subordinate agents concerned Contractors have been promptly paid as their demands have In-en presented, and the revenue of the Department collected has been accounted for with unusual and a praiseworthy punctuality by the Deputy Postmasters. On ater security has been given to the public mail by the substitution of now mail locks of an excellent quality within the past year. Tho vigilance of the Special Agents in ferreting out and bringing to justice depredators has tended greatly to lessen, within the past year, violations of the mail. The difficulties of effecting contracts with the railroad companies fortransporting the moils, at price* in proportion to the services rendered, and within the means ofthe Department to pay,in justice to other portion* of the Union, .in heretofore reported by me, still ??*i*t ; anil I can do nolens than refer to and re-urge the view* upon that sul>ject presented to )onr consideration fn my last annual report. If, however, the power of contracting with these companies, every four years, shall be continued with the i'ostmasterGeneral, 1 would respectfully suggest, that the acts of Congress be so far changed as to iffspense with the idle ceremony and useless exnense of advertising for the lowest bids on those roads wliere there itt and can be no competition. A contract could be as well, if not belter made by private arrangement than public advertise ment. Kxperience has convinced mo that the law of IHM, liir ' the re-organi/ation of this department, requires, in manv particulars, n modification, which I shall take the liberty, from time to time, in an appropriate mnnner, to present to the notice of the committees of the two houses of Conn gress, usually appointed to take charge of the legislative business of the. Post Oltlce Department. It will appear, bj- a reference to the statement oi the 11 1 1 11 ' > 11 IRK I INING. DECEMBER 11, 1 gross re* enuo of the department for the j ears 1841, 1843, and Ibl.J. un above, tiial while me revenue 01 134a was greater than that of 1H41, that of 1843 is let* by $2M,320 70 than the revenue of IH42. The causes of thin declension iu the revenue of 1843 'may he various; tome referring themselves to the state of the business of the country. I am, however, fully persuaded by facts and testimony which have been brought to mv knowledge, that one cause, il not the principal one, may l>e ascribedjto the o]>erations of the numerous private posts, under the name of expresses, which have sprung iilto existence within the post few years, extending themselves over the mail routes between the principal cities and towns, by which and at w hich the railroads pass and terminate. That these private posts are engaged in the business of transporting letters ami mail matter Tor pay to a great extent, is a fact which will not be seriously controverted. That the revenue of the department lias been greatly reduced by their operations, no one will question who may investigate the facts. The facts which relate to one of these casts, as reported to the Department, were submitted to the lata Attorney General, Mr. l.egare, for his opinion of the law arising upon them. A copy of his opinion is annexed [-2] Influenced by thut opinion, w hich was in accordance w ith my own judgment upon tlio subject, I directed a prosecution against all the offenders to be instituted in the United States Court for the Southern district of New York A case vs. Adams Si (,'o., was tried a few days since iu thut Court, and resulted in the acquittal of the defendants. This acquittal, from an olliciul report by the District Attorney, a copy of which [3.] accompanies this report, would seem to have been caused by it delect in the existing laws. Under these laws, I am advised, this case cannot be brought before the Suproinc Court for final adjudication. The laws for the punishment of ofl'enccs for transport ing mail matter over post muds, wero unacted wlien the transportation of the United States mail wan confined to stages, steamboats and homes. Railroads were not then in existence in the United States, and the penal sanctions of the law are not adequate to the suppression of the practice. Railroads, whilst they lire the most extensive mode of transporting the United States mail, furnish to those who choose, the easiest and cheapest mode of violating the laws prohibiting the establishment of private nosts. Duty corapels me to state it as my opinion, that witiiout further legislation upon this subject by Congress, the revenue of the Department will, in time, be so tar att'ected by the inroads of private expresses, that the service will either have to be reduccd below the just wants of the public, or appropriations from the General Treasury will be required to meet the current expenditures of the Department. In the course of the past year, I have been called upon to express my opinions ii|K>n this subject officialh-. These opinions have been attacked and controverted by many, and the question is distinctly presented, whether the power granted to Congress to establish post offices and jiost roads is plenary and exclusive. It is contended by some, that though this power is granted to Congress, individuals and companies have a right to carry on the business of transporting letters, Sic., over the post roads of the United States, and all laws which forbid them are void, and usurpations niton individual right. Others contend that the Post Officc system is an odious monopoly, and ought to be abolished. These are grave questions, urged by a portion of a powerful press, and sustained by the influence of those whose interests are involved. They are ques^ons which, if they ha\e not been settled by the Legislative and Judiciary Departments of the government, should now be settled. The power to establish post offices and post roads was exercised by Congress under the articles of Confederation. r rom ine nioninu < un^ios uiui umuimuu >u< |<vnc> the sanction of the States, no state or citizen of a state presumed to exercise the right. If there be any one subject concerning the internal interests of the States and the people, which should be regarded as purely national, it it the business of transitorting by authority of law, and ol right, letters from one state to and through another. A uniform, equal and harmonious system can only be conducted by a power co-extensivc with that system. It is absurd, therefore, to contend that the mail system can be left to the States or to individual enterprise. The members of the convention who formed the Constitution understood this subject better. They knew that the control of this subject must be confided to a power which pervaded, pro hac vice, the whole sphere of iis operations : consequently, among the leading prominent grants of power by the States to Congress, is the grant over this subject, in the following words?" Congress shall have power to establish post offices and post roads." This grant of power is found in the same clause, and Is expressed in the same words and language of the grants of power to coin money, to regulate commerce, to declare war, &c. It is a grant which covers the whole ground; it is ample, full, and consequently exclusive, if doubt could exist as to the exclusiveness of this grant, that doubt must vanish upon a reference to thelOth articleof the Amendments to the Constitution, which declares?" The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States, respectively, or to the people." The power to establish post offluea ai?l init ro<utc is plainly and distinctly delegated to the United Stntes. It I?, thcrclbro, not a |H>u or reserved to the States respectively, or to tin people. 1 will not extend or elaborate an argument upon a pro position so plain, and which, I conceive, has been settled and adjudicated by all the Departments of tho Government, and the people themselves. The exclusive right to establish post offices and |iosl roads being in the United States, Congress has the power Intl.u ?? hmlnr-l that t-icrht Without Slich laWS il i* impossible to exercise the power and perform the del? gated trusts beneficially to the people. More es|>ecially ran this be done, if Congress neglects thin duty, nnd al the tame time leaven the Oenernl I'ost Olfice to depend upon its own revenue to defray the expenses of the system. The (iener?l (Jovcrnmcnt should either protect the Department against the inroads of private j>ostK. or provide the ways and means to meet the necessary expenses ol the service. The impolicy of permitting the business of conveying letters and packets, in whole or in part, by private )>ost.< or expresses, so long as the Department of the Tost Ottier is left to create, by its operations, its own means of sup port, must be apparent. These private expresses will only be found to operate u]w>n the preiit and profitable, tlio ron eh fares between great commercial points, while tin extremes are left to depend upon the o|>vrntion> of tin United States mail, crippled and broken down for th< want of means. Between New York and Boston, between Philadelphii and Baltimore, between New York and Buffalo, individua enterprise might supply the wants of the community Ir the rapid and cheap transportation of letters and packet* Will the same enterprise penetrate the savannahs an< swamps of the South, or the wilds of tlie West, and dailj or weekly convey to the door of the planter and the hns bandman the letter of business or friendship, the intulli gence of commerceand politics? Individual enterprise may be rewarded bv the pivmen' of six cents lor carrying a letter between New York an< Boston, but ran that same enteqirise be invoked to earn a letter for 24 cents daily between Philadelphia and St Louis, or from Chicago to Savannah, or from St. Aligns tine. Florida, to Burlington in Iowa. If the great thoroughfares between commercial citiei are left to the operations of private posts, the extremi points, whose connections in business nnd commerce ten< to swell the postage collected at the cities, must suffer, 01 'he means to reach them by the mails be furnished out o the general Treasury. It is not wholly true that the larger cities furnish th< entire surplus which is elsewhere expended Tbougl the returns show a larire amount of postage collected h theie points much of that amount is paid by tlie extreme in commercial connection with them. ? annKnt*! wiin mis in wunitf iit^nr, is inr mm ness of transporting newspapers by contractori.ont ofthi mail, over mail mutes, in violation of law. When appeal ed to l>v poitmaatern and contractor* to instruct them ir their duty upon thin subject,I addressed to the contractor a circular letter, in which 1 (rave them mv opinion o what the law of Congres* was upon this nubject. A copj of that letter f4] accompanies this report. The correctness of the opinions contained In this lette' tins t.een questioned, f was conscientious in the view expressed ; believed them to be correct and felt it aim! lie duty to publish them when called for bv those to whon the duty of transporting the mail was confided Thourt 1 am not distinguished by the pride of opinion In officin and legal matters. T am gratified to find the views 1 hav< taken of the acts of Congress fully sustained by the official opinion of the Mtorney General, to whom tbeanbiect has been referred by the President. A copy of that opinion is also annexed, (ft) There is at the present moment considerable atritatiort in the public mind on the subject of the reduction of postage, and it seems to be expected bv some that the Tost, master General should recommend the reduction of the rates of postage. My opinion* upon this subject were given to Congress, in answer to a resolution, at the last session. These opinions were necessarilv hypothetical, and accompanied bv a distinct annunciation, that if anv consideratde reduction in the rates of postage should be ilccmcd advisable by f ongress. it should be preceded by a provision to relieve the Department from certain heavy annual responsibilities, and accompanied bv a proper regulation and restriction of the franking privilege. With, out such relief and modification of the existing laws, it was my opinion then, anil it is my opinion still, that if any considerable reduction iu the rates of postage was made, the mail service would not vield a sufficiency of revenae to meet its own expenditure* upon the then and present existing scale of operations. It is contended by many whose opinions are entitled to respectful consideration, that a reduction of postage to n uniform and low rate would be followed by an increase of its revenue equal to the annual wants of the service, on its present basis, extended from time to time as the demands of the public shall require. I concur in the correctness and justice of the jiosition that the Post Office Department should not be regarded as a source of revenue to the government; that if its receipts were greater than it* expenditure*, the rates of postage should be reduced, and the annual surplus, if any, should not be carried into the Treasury. It seem* to have been a principle at the foundation of the mail system of the United States, that the Department <hould sustain itself by its own Income. Of the sound ne?s of this principle. I am fnllv persuaded, and should regard its abandonment as impolitic at any time, particular ly at the present moment, when the national income Is unequal to theordinarv demands upon it. It' tlii* principle *honld he abandoned, anil the Po*t Office Department made to lean upon the Trea*nry for support. I should fear that that constant viffilanee no necessary to it* useful administration would lte abandoned hi those charged with it* afTairc. and n decree of wasteful expenditure nnd e*travairance ensue, wholly inconsistent with our republican institution*. Any reduction of the present rate* of portage, by which the Department i* left in the po??e*ston of an income to meet it* own expenditure*. I shall he pleased to see made The example of Kngland, in the reduction of [<oittge to * IERA 843. I one penny, in relied upon as sufficient to justify the u . United States, in at once making a similar reduction in the t rate* of pottage. c I Without obtruding any opinion of my own upon this subject, I have thought I w ould best subserve the public ?> interest by submitting the facts which belong to Ihe ques- '? lion of reduction in postage in Kngland. and the remits of ? that reduction so far as they haye Been <le\ elo|>ed, and the u , facts which it is believed bear U]>on the question in this < country. < It should be remembered that at the time of the reduction " ofjmstage in Kngland, and ut the present period, the Post <1 Olticc Department was regarded, us it was in fact, a source " of rc\time to the Crown. Its whole expense of manage- tl inent was paid out of the public Treasury , anil its w holy n receipts ? ere paid in the same Treasury. " In the United Kingdom the annual transportation of the b mail is about 20,000,000 of miles. In the united Slates it a: amounts to 36,2.W 80.'i mile*. al In 1838, when the subject of reduction ol postage was [ t< under consideration in Parliament, the whole annual ex- j *1 ponieof management of the Department was $3,368,434. i I> The u hole amouut of cost of manugameut (expendi- I tures) of the mail service of the United States lor the year J 18i:i, was $4,374,713 7o. ' \ The. gross income ofthc British I'ost Office was $ll,4-!l,- I* U07. The gross revenue of the United States Post Otlice. 'I mav he stated at $4,'.U.'>,MA 43. " The British Post Office yielded a net revenue to the Crown beyond its expenses of $7,966,644. The United '' States Post Olticc receipts are about equal to its expend!- " tures. M The cost of inail convej ance in Great Dritain and Ireland is much less than in this country. The average cost for all grades except the railway and packet aetvice ? (which I am unable to ascertain) is" scarcely live cents a . 11 mile. The coach con> eyance of the mail is just live cents ! per mile. In the United States the average cost, exclusiv e ? of railroad aud steamboat traiis|x>rtntion, is ueaily seven ' and a half cents per inile ; for mail conveyance in coaches ? the cost is three and to ui-fifths of a cent per mile greater " in the United States tliun in Great Britain. ' The rates of jioslngc in Knglaud which produced this enormous revenue were as follow s :? " Ilates of general inland jioMagc on single letters on any distance not 11 Kxceeding H miles 1 pence, equal to t cents. } 15 "4 "8 " < " ' !10 ? A " 10 " ? .. 3(1 " G ' 13 " D " 50 " 7 " 14 " P " 80 " 8 " 16 " l< ii 120 .. 9 . ih t " 170 " 10 " 90 " 330 ' 11 " 33 " n m 300 " 13 " 34 " I' ii 400 i, |3 ii i. ti " fiOO " 14 " 3H " B and 1 penny for each additional 100 miles, or port of 100 mile* over 600 miles. * There existed also what were railed the London local posts. The charge upon single letters for n distance or ? circle of threehniTeslfrom the London office was 2d-, equal " to 4 cents; beyond that, and within 13 miles 3d, equal to (1 1 cents. ' Penny posts were established for the accommodation of " nnv town, at the discretion of the Postmaster General. 0 Letters from soldiers and sailors, if prepaid, might be sent to any place in the Kingdom for one penny. Newspapers, if stamped, were sent through the mail c free of postage. The stump duty on each newspaper w as c Id, equal to 3 cents, and this duty was retained in the uct I of 1?3C, in lieu of |>ostage on newspapers. The amount I derived from this duty on newspapers circulated through 1 the mails, was estimated to be $889,9#7 annually. Nothing c is allowed to be written on the paper, not even the name * of the person sending the paper, without subjecting it to i triple postage. 1 The frunking privilege of members of parliament was 1 ' limited to an ounce, and not more than 10 to be sent and 1 l.'i to be received each day. Official franks unrestricted. 1 Besides the postage to be derived from inland letters, r postage, varying according to circumstances and in some * degree depending upon the country from aud to which sent, was imposed on foreign letters, the average rate of 0 which was 46} cents on each letter. ' Deputy Postmasters are paid generally by a fixed salary from the public treasury. 0 Such, substantially, was the system of the British Post 1' Office and its sources of revenue in 1838. u In the United States, the Post Office Department, unlike that of Kngland, is mode to depend upon its own revenue ' to defray its expenditures. It does not contribute to the 8 general treasury. " To continue the present amount of mail service, which f , cannot (without injustice to the public) be reduced in any c considerable degree, will require annually about the sum 1 of *4,fi00,000. The annual income cannot exceed that amount,for years J to come, unaer tne present system. i The reform in the British system urged anil ulti- I mutely adopted. Upon the ground that the charge for transporting a letter was out oFproportion to the expense in. eitrreil. It was stated in the report of the committee of Parliament that the postage received was more thou three times the amount 01 the e*pen?e Inriirro.1 in transporting > and delivering a letter. It was contended by the projector of the reform in Kng. laml that a reduction of postage to one penny for all dis| tancesinthe Kingdom, would increase the number of letters to five fold; and the committee were of opinion that the revenue derived to the Crown from the I'ost oflice would not snstain any diminution. These opinions, and others similar, were sustained with t great earnestness und ability, against the judgment of the Postmaster General and others associated with him in the Department. The committee conclude their report with this remark in recommending the adoption of the uniform penay system of iMistnge: "that they believe, at no distant period, it will improve the I'ost Office revenue itself,'' and "that it is the opiuion of most of the witnesses, except the officers , of the Post Office Department, the adoption of it as recomr mended by Mr. H. Hill, would occasion a verj great increase in the number of letters posted, and a fur greater increase than would he required to maintain the revenue | at its present amount.'' , Such were the opinions and calculations upon which I \ the system of uniform penny rates of jiostage was ulti- ' mately adopted. * The rates of (lostage as established in England under ' , this system, are as follow s. | Letters not exceeding one half or.., Id., equal to 2cents ' , " " " 1 oz. 'J " 4 ' ii n .2 4 " 8 '' x " " " 3 oi. 6 " 12 I So in proportion, up to sixteen ounces, heyond which * , no letter will he received, except Parliamentary docu- r ments. 1 j The postage is to be prepaid, or the letter w ill he rated r r at double postage. ' Pre-pay ment of postage is to be made by money or by 1 the use of stamps. ' * Single stamps are obtained at the cost of Is l)d. per do- 1 i /.en -double stamps at Js 2d perdo/cn. 1 , All foreign litters are ratnl variously, according to the J t countries from w hich sent. Foreign and colonial letters rated at various prices,from ' " 6 to 66 cents the single letter. ' Newspapers printed in England and stamped, are sent 1 free of postage. Foreign newspapers pay postage. Connected with this system was the abolition of the 1 ' Parliamentary franking privilege. ' I'pon 5th December, 1839, the old high rates of postage J. were discontinued, and a uniform rate of 4d substituted 1 That rate ceased on the 10th January, 1*40, and the pre- ' sent uniform penny system was put in lull operation. ! The results of the present svstem in Kngland are exhi- 1 J bited by the official reports of the Department, as hite as the 24th April, 1942, a tabular view of which Is hereto an- 1 * nexed. T<1J The official returns for 1843 have not been received at ' ' this Department, nor have 1 been able to procure them. 1 These results have not met the anticipation of the ad- 1 vocates of the system in the ratio ol increase in the num- ' 1 her of letters, the expenses of management, or the amount ' ' of revenue. ' ' I have selected the number of letter* posted for a werk in each of the years 1639, '40, '41, '42, from the returns ' above referred to. r In a week preceding the 24th November, 1839,under the ' < old and high rates of postage, there were posted l,58.'i,P73 ' letters. ' ' For one week ending 22d December, 183P, when the ' i uniform rate of 4d was imposed, there were posted 2,008,. ' I H87 letters. T,|e number a( posted in the week preceding 1 ] nunu under the uniform penny mtc, was I The number of letters for one week preceding 20th 1 ./une, 1841, wiu 3,779,136, I The number of letters mailed for one week preceding ' 24th April, 1842, was 3,039,019. n This shows nn increase of less than 21 fold upon the let- ' ters posted under the. old system, instead of five fold, as * estimated by Mr. R. Hill, and the other advocates of the (| system. c It is not for mc to say whether three years is a sufficient ' length of time to ascertain the maximum increase of letter* under the operation of the penny system. It is h doubtless as long a period as was contemplated by the '' committee, when, in their opinion* the increase of the number of lettrm would " improve the Post Office revenue." The nnnual cost of management of the Tost Office under the old system ?ay for the year preceding the Mb '' January, I83S was $3,206,486 Annual cost for the year preceding the 5th January. w 1840, $3,083,AM. !' I'ost of management for the year preceding 5th fanua- " ry, 1841. $4,131,660. fl f'ost of managemant for the year preceding 5th Janua- " ry, 1842, $4,503,211. ' (iross revenue for the vear preceding .>th Jantian ' 1830, under the old rates of'postiigejwas $11,262,134. (Jross revenue for the year preceding 5th January, 1840, '' under the old rates, except for one month the 4d. rate was in operation, $11,475,662. (Jross revenue for one year pri>ceding 5th January, 1841, P under the penny rate, $6,444,490. (Jross revenue for the vear preceding 5th January, ^ 1842, $7,178,502. The amount of net revenue paid into the Treasury for the year preceding 5th January, 1830. $7,065,648. * P Do. do. 5th January, 1840, $7,842,067. 11 Do. do. 5th January, 1841, $2,322,370. ' Do. do. 5th January. 18-12. <2.675 380. ^ In this statement of not revenue is included the sum of J' I' l.vl'Ki, for the year charged to the Government for postage. In 1840, do. ?44,978. In 1841, do. *90,761. " 111 1819, do. ?1 I3.9MS. There has been an increase of letters, hut not to one ball the extent anticipated, and an increased charge l?r the '' management greater than was estimated Instead of on increase of revenue to the Crown, as " >vas predicted by the committee, ther? was a lots ttf ^ The^ystem of penny postage in England, s<j lnr a? rei e LD. Price Tw? Ceatl. me is concerned, has resulted in a loss of near two-thirds he revenue under the olil system, and 111 an increase of out of management equal to HI per cent. These facts will serv e to show that the tax, in the shape f postage, upon the Kuglislt correspondence has been ssened?that the posta^: upon news] ipers is j>aid in the hape of a stamp duty, higher than the postage paid on a ewspapers in the tailed States ; that the correspoudenco trough the mail has been increased, and that the revenue erivedto the crown has been K>patly lessened. Ami ley further prove, that the income ot the British I'ost lltice is still greater than its cost of management. Two ther facts should not he overlooked in the comparison of le revenue of the British I'ost Otlice under the old and ew rates of iiostage. The first is, that not only all foI'ign and colonial letter* which are delivered in K.ngland, ut those w Inch pass tlnough Kngiand, in their transit to ud lroiu other countries, are subjected to a heavy postal-. The second, that by law the transportation ol let is by private conveyance, except where the carrier nail himself delivei the letter to the person addressed, n inhibited by severe penalties. If the British crown did not need the reveuue, or if it id, and the subject w as willing to be taxed in the form of amp duty or excise equal to tin; reduction of the rate of Mtagc, as more equal and less burdensome, no one will uestiou this light, and tin- justice ol yielding to the deland to have the postage reduced. If the Post Office Department of the I'nited States yieldd a revenue over its expenses, or if the charge of its lauogement w as paid from the general treasury, no one ould doubt the propriety and justice of a reduction. It is a question for Congress and the people to settle, 'bethel' they will so far chaogu the laws of the United tates concerning the l'ost Office Department as to direct s expenses to be paid out ol the Tieasury. The number of chargeuble letters deliv ered, w hich unuallv nass through the i'ost Office of the United States, as heretofore been estimated ut 21,007,004. '1 lie number I similar letters annually jiosted in hngland, under the lit rates ol postage, w a* estimated by the commute)) of arliaincnt at 77,'.Oo,IKK). Tlx) number, under the penny rate, of like lettar*, may e estimated at 20l,;i34,?i7tl. With a view to put emigre** in |joi*cssiou of correct ifoi mation upou Una subject, I have directed an accurate ccount to be kept at each post olhce of the l'tided states tiring the month of Octolicr, of the number of letters uner each rate of pontage, the number ol free ietteis, and \ what olticial franked, the number of newspapers, panihlets, &c. These returns are not i|uiie complete. I hope > have them ready by the 1st January, to lie furnished to iongrcss if required. The questions connected with tlus subject, it occurs to le, which it will be the duty of the representatives olthn eople to settle, are, whether the present amount ol mojl ervice is greater than the counti) requires? If not reater, can it be performed at less expense/ Whether at lie same or less expense, shall u be paid out of the Treaury, or by tlic postage oil mail matter! II Congress xhall enter u|kiii the quession of reduction f postage upon the principle avowed by the advocates fthe British reform, vi/.., of preserving, if not improving lie amount of revenue, and shall require the Post Ottice lepartment to maintuin itself, the mlormatioii which I iope to have ready by the 1st of January, ol the number I letters posted, w ill be important. By a comparison betweeu the business and population nil extent of territory ot the two Uovemmeiils, and a oiiiparisou between the number ol' letters posted in both ouutries, under the respective rates, an estimate of the irobable increase of posted letteisin tins country upon a iro rata reduction of postage, may he made, and that rain if postage may be ascertained, which will give the imount required to defruy the expenses ofthe mail system if the Uniled States. If, however, it slitdl be the pleasure of Congrass to lolow the example of the British tiovernment, by placing he expenditures of the Department as an annual charge lpou the public Treasury, and by bringing to the aid of hat Treasury whatever of postage may be collected, the eportof the number of letters which now pass through be mail, can be of little consequence. This change of system will simplify the opeiationi if the service. The amount required lor the service of ach current year, in the opinion of each Congress, will ie appropriated from the Treasury. The ]io*tage collectd will be paid into the Treasury. The Department, thus irotected and sustained, will coutinue the sphere of its perations, limited only by the amount appropriated, I have deemed it a duty to present to your view, (enteruining a hope that you will submit it to Congress,) Hum ynopsis of facts, digested lrom the best sources within^ uy possession, and leave the question ol reduction ol' lostage, without any recommendation ol mine, to be denied by that department ol the government to which the ieople have wisely delegated the power. II Congress should not determine to make the reduction if postage to the extent indicated by the \ lews and pubished opinions of those w ho have agitated the subject, I v on Id respectfully recommend, I have done on former >ccasions, that the present rates of jiostage lie so changed is to correspond with the coins of the United States. There is a large class of printed matter, such as handbills, thepmsjKH'tu* of a newspuper, price* current, thu Irawings of lotteries, proof sheets, Jtc., now charged with jHistatce, which ought not to pay higher rate* than lewspapers and pamphlets, a just discrimination !? ween newspapers, as to size, or weight, should lie made ii the imiHisition of nostaire. Th<- franking privilege, if not abolished altogether, houlil in some way be restricted, and its abuse chicked. Thereuie other modification* ot thr existing l?wn,w hicli vill no doubt present themselves to the consideration of ongress, whose enactments, whatever they ma) be, vill tie administered, no lar as that duty shall be devolved in me, in the same spirit in which they muy be passed, * ith a view singly to promote the intentions of Congress, ind to advance and extend the usefulness of this Departnent to every section of the country. I am, sir, with great respect, yours, C. A. W1CKLIKKK. To the Pmcmdkxt of int. L'mtku Stai m. V> ? IMatrlct Court* Before Judge iietts. Pr.c. 9.? Srlnin Jam i implemUd with William H'rtl w as daced at the bar charged w ith assaulting and confining he master of the American ship " Cornelia," while that cssel lay in the Liverpool docks on the 16th November, b41. Previous to the cause being opened by Mr., oii irliull ol tlx' United States, the counsel lor the prisoner nterposed n plea (if previous conviction and punishment Br the same offence charged in the indictment. On tin: ilea, issue was joined, when a jury was sworn to try the alidity of the plea, thus unexpectedly interposed. The ounsei for the prisoners, hy the decision ol the Court, laving the affirmative of the plea, opened the ease, and cad the depositions of the several w Itnesffs, taken by the ounsei lor the Vnited Hates, on behalf of the Uovernnent, to sustain the indictment. The prosecution, lmw!>er, objected to the course, inasmuch as it was necessa y that the plea should be sustained by legal testimony, \liich was by an exemplified copy ol the record of co'nr iot 10it from the Court, w hen such conviction was had. This objection being sustained by His Honor, and th<* ounsei for the prisoners nnt being prepared for such an ssue, the Court charged the jury and a verdict w a* renJeml against the plea. Mr. Baprett then proceeded witli the trial of the pri ioners, and read the depositions of the captain and chief irticers of the Cornelia, from which it appears that the \merican ship Cornelia sailed from New \ ork on the voyige to Ht Croix. VV. I., on the 16th November, 13-11, with i crew of 31, all blacks, with the exception of the ofli ers. Alter touching at .Mobile, the vessel sailed for I.i .erpool, w hich place she reached aliout the latter part of \pril, 184J. While the \ essel lay in the dock, on the l!lth >1 May, the*prisoner,Jones,demanded in a peremptory and iaucy inannersome money from Captain French, who re used it, a# he had already advanced a considerable sum, ind had become security for some clothing for him. The jrisoner, therefore, became more outrageous and abusive, ind as < aptiiin French was about leaving the ship, to pro the Custom House, to get his discharge. the priloner seized him by the leg with both liaiuls. and after >i revere struggle he succeeded in pulling the aptain upon lis hands on the deck. The chief mate came to the cup ain's rescue; but as the prisoner was a very athletic man. lecould not be restrained. The Captain sought refuge in lis cabin,where he was besieged bj the prisoner and VVeit, intil the police arrived in force, and removed them to the itation house; having arrived there, while the < nptain * as making his complaint, the prisoner rushed at him anil itruck him a severe blow, which knocked him senseless, rutting open the side of the face by the ej e, so that a surgeon had to be called in to sew it up. The Police Magis Irate lined the fellows five pounds each, and imprisoned them two months for the assault in the office '1 he I ap ?I ... 1.1. I ...I. in urwl f?r Mill T? > " IINMBJCU I" "? .If," .? ? v.. icvi'rnl wcrkfl wui unfit for duly. A* noon as he arrived it this port,In- entered his complaint ami hod the prisoner, ones, arrested for the offence committed on boarl thr * fuel. and not for the assault at the police office The < apain's deposition beinglsustained by that of the chief and *eond mates, the jurj promptly fo'ind the prisoner guily. As Thursday next will be thanksgiving day, hi* Honor as announced his intention of not holding an) court on hat day. Superior Court. fBefore Judge Vanderpoel. Hati hi>*v, Dm. ! .?John l)oiii>lnt* and Renartlarr Buyirk vs John and Waltrr F William*.?Thin was an action >r two promissory notes for JM7 " 1 and 'f.'iOO The handwriting of the note* and the regularity of the Notary* rotest were duly proved by the plaint ill's. The defence (tempted to exonerate the endorser, Walter K Williams, oin nis liability,by showing that an extention was agreed |<on between the maker and the plaintiffs, to which he id not agree. The plaintiffs, however, proved the con ary. and consequently he was bound thereby; the de nce further offered to prove, that as an injunction has een laid on the defendants in Chancery, they were not onnd to pay their debts. This w as overruled by the ourt. The jury, under direction of the Court, gave the laintitfs a verdict for $469 flft damages and six cents costs. Kor plaintiff, K. W. Stoughton ; for defendants, I). K. ITIieoler. I' of Stkavi X.*vi<jvru?.?The steam* roi?el|er Adventure arrived here last Sabbath nomine with a cargo of good* lor the merchants of this awn. Thi? is the first arrival we have had direct from lontrenl, and the merchant* aro highly pleased, as well t ith the r ile of freight if with the condition of the goods n*tead of torn bales, broken boxes, and unhooped hogs. ad*. as used to he the case, the merchandize was all in ? ^ood onter as when it left the warehouse, a fact that ot self is ?i|tial to a heavy per centage ?Niagara ChronieU. Ho-ton I'dlici.?Constables Clapp and .Andrews ?ve been indicted for permitting HasKett Staples to go large, after being placed in the custody of thi latter by , B Wood. We do not think much will come of it. onstahle Dexter has also been indicted on a charge of king a bribe of $5 for permitting a man to escape or metning ofthe kind,

Other pages from this issue: