Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 16, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 16, 1843 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD N(W > t'rk, *atuiclA)-, Uffciuhfr 1U, 1W4I A- U'iVTkt. _ A*. o..*A - -? ?-? " - - 11 j? wanted to act an agent for the Herald, in Trenton, N<> Jersey, w hen- he can. with a sm<tll capital, establish business which will prove lucrative. Apply at th Olfice. Notice.?In consequence of the application of never individual* for information, wo beg leave to state that vouujf man by the name of Fay Rubinton, formerly i Richmond, Virginia, in not, and never was, connect! with this establishment, in any capacity whatever. We would also beg leave to statu that H'm. H- .Ittut \ not now employed by this paper as a Mfiorter, either n Washington or elsewhere, nor has he been employed b; us for more than six months. Wo have been compiled to make these notices to th public in order to relieve otir reporter* from the const ijuences of other persons'conduct in no way connectei with us or this journal. Important from Washington. Mriiro?Texas?Oregon. \W lenrn, Irom a private correspondent in \\ ash ington, (hat there i? the strongest probability of i l.iw j>iu*?ing both Houses of Congress, authorizing the government to take military and civil poKsessioi <>l the Oregon Territory, as indicated in the las message of th? President. T'jkjii the subject of Texas and Mexico, it appear that the President had been, a few weeks before the opening of the session, driven from the grounc Ik had intended to have taken, by the spirited cor respondence of the Mexican minister at Washing ton, and the general appearance of difficulty whicl that position might throw around his governmen during the year and a half he may remain there We know for certain that the Secretary of State Mr. Upshur, declared most emphatically, previous to the opening of the session, that the Presideni would assume a i>ositive and determined ground in relation to the annexation question, and Texas a Hails gene i ally; and we have every reason to believe that the very passage, in which this position was taken, was introduced into the message, hut subsequently taken out in consequence ot me spirited remonstrances of Senor Almonte, tlie Mexican ambassador. Thus far upon this point. It is very evident, therefore, that the affairs of Mexico and Texas, so far as they are connected with our relations with Great Britain, will he left to chances and contingencies hereafter to be de\ eloped; but the question of taking possession oi the Oregon Territory stands altogether tti a different position. From indications in every quarter, lathe House of Representatives and the Senate, we have not the slightest doubt but a law will pass, by a strong majority in both those bodies, for taking possession of the Oregon Territory, and settin; lit defiance the delays in the negociations between this country and England upon that very point The Western States, as a constituent element oi this confederacy, are all united upon this point, and they possess a prominent influence in both houses <>t Congress, hut particularly in the lower House, where they have, probably, nearly eighty members out ot two hundred and twenty. During the year past, and ever since the law passed by the Senate ol last session, the subject of the Oregon has been taken up by popular bodies in every part of the Western States, anil both parties unite in considering the taking possession of that territory as a settled question in political affairs. It will be recollected, too, that the bill which passed the Senate had a very large majority ; and that it was merely the approaching termination of the session which prevented its being passed by the House, even as the House was constituted under the old census.? The increase of western intluence sweeps away every opposition to that question now ; and we have no more doubt that Congress will pass a law i'o that purpose, expressly to meet the w ishes of th< Executive, than we have of our existence. Thus, it will be seen, that the delays and the pro rraotinatmn of the Hritish ETovernmrnt. in relation 10 the negotiations upon this subject, and the imbecility and want of tact of our own minister, Mr Everett, in London, will be both set at nought,anc sneered at, by the acts of the Legislature this set* sion. What the result may be in our relations wit! vireat Britain, it is impossible to predict. No doub there will be a great deal of feeling created upoi the subject; but that feeling, so far as this countr l? conccmed, will be treated with perfect scorn urn contempt, and will not prevent public opinion hen from uniting, strongly and firmly, ujton the Oregoi question, at all hazards and at all contingencies.? In fact, we begin already to dread more a colli* sion between the two countries growing out of thii question, than all the others put together. Report of the Secretary of Statf..?We pub li*h this valuable document in full in this edition It contains the important commercial negotiation between this country and the Germanic Confed eration This treaty with the Zoll Verein begin a new era in the intercourse of the nations of tin world, and must produce a great sensation in tin commercial circles of Europe?particularly of Eng land and France. Caitio* to the CoMMt*mty.?An evening o two since a fellow formerly connected with one o the defunct presses of our city, passed into one o oar theatres, representing himself as an attach6 o this paper. The fraud was detected in a fev minutes afterwards, and he was escorted back t< the entrance door, and assisted into the street. W< h ive the names of some dozen loafing, half-price< literary spongers who have attempted the satin fraud at other places of public amusement, and win 11 again detected in this deception, will be public 1y exposed. Interesting Scene at St. Stei'HKi's Chi'rch.The church of Si. Stephen in this city, appears tt !>' quite the birth-place of interesting ecclesiastica movements. It was here that the great Puseyiti llame first broka forth ; and on Thanksgiving Da; the walls ot the building re-echoed to the first dis charge of spiritual artillery against His Holines the Pope, O'Connell, the priests and all foreign in tfusnces operating against the stability ot our fre institutions. The Rev. Mr. Price, the Rectoi preached on that day, and after indulging inastrai of eloquent pan? gyric on the institutions of th country?which contained matter enough to cons.' lute the bone and muscle of half a dozen first-rat Native American sjieeches?the reverend gentle man proceeded to speak of the late hull of His Ho linesn the Pope, and the proclamations of O'Con nell afainst the domestic institutions of the South These impudent assaults were denounced by Mi Price with great vehemence, and with such effect that the congregation, unable to restrain their fee] ings, even in the house of Cod, gave several round of loud applause. This incident exhibits very clearly the amazini progre-s of the new party. Their principles ar t ins finding their way even into the churches, am friend;- and (illiec are starting up everywhere. RorstEY i'i Pomeroy's Kxpkev*.?We are sorr to say that ih? trunk, stolen from the steam*' . iiuu, auu uriuimniK to mis une, nas not yet t>eei -een or heard of; neither ar?- its contents known To-day we shall learn the value] of what wa picked in it, a* soon as the mail from Albany nr iiV' > Every search has been, and continues t< l>e made tor the robber and trunk. Bali.* The grace, loveliness, sparkling eye> iimt sylph-like form of " Young America." will I, i ongreg.ited at the Tivnli Saloon on the 22d ins \ ball on the most magnificent scale is to be give f-n that t'M imit by the American Kepuplicans ( the Kifhth Ward It will be the most brilliant a fhit of the season A very elegant hall will !>. given hy the Net York Highland <?*ard on Wednesday evening, th 27th inat. at the ApolloA Ghaii? Oowekt tor t'Ae benefit of the pool will be given to-morrow evening, at St. Patrick < athedral. That magnificent building will be ligli i 1 with ."-is mi thiu occasion, for the fir?t time, hn the whol?- scene will be very grand und.iuipoMiig. 1 n?f Pott on?? A|(iln-Dnt)r of C?i|N(i. I L The developments of the mismanagement and ;j< demoralization of the Post (Mttce IVpartment are =s increasing and multiplying every day. From the i m very moment in which Mr. WickliHe and Mr. i w Nelson sat down, like two miserable pettifogging i 8 sixpenny lawyers, to construe the liberal laws of J i * j Congress, in such a way as to make themselves as ; i | ridiculous as possible, and as oppressive to the pub- t "I he as they possibly could?from that moment up i 'I to the present, step l?v step, they seem more and i more setting intti the morass, more and more I covering themselveH with the contempt and ridicule j f l? of the country. lt One of their more recent and ridiculous arts, and Y | one clearly illegal in every |K>tnt of view, to Kay nothing of its other characteristics, which they e have lately performed, is to be found in the followj ing announcement, which we perceive in a penny 1 paper of yesterday morning:? Publish Kits* Maii..?United States, (ireat Britain, Ireland and Canada, Kxpress outside Mail arrangement, with the (Jreat Seal* of the I'nited States and Great Britain, at the Sun Office, for the transportation of Newspapers, Magazines, and Pamphlets, by the Kxpress Agents ! of the I'nited States and Kngland. , | The undersigned having made arrangements, is now prepared to forward Newspapers,Magazines and Pamplets, > I by Kxpress, over the following Mail Route*, vi* :? 1 From New York to Buffalo and back, via Albany, Troy, . I I'tica, Rochester, Syracuse, to Buffalo, on the mail routes west. Also, from New York to Boston, via Hartford, Springs I field, Worcester, and Boston,and all intermediate places on 1 this route. Abo, from New Yoik to Washington City, via Trenton, 1 Philadelphia, Wilmington, Del., Baltimore and Washington, and all intermediate points on the great southern mail " ; route. - ( Also, to any part of Kngland, Scotland, Ireland and the i British Provinces. Notice is hereby given, that bags will be made up on ! l t and after this date, for the above places. All matter to be1, sent must be pre-paid. The number sent must he marked " on the package. No correspondence will be sent other fi , I than that relating to the package. It must l>e understood . that no letter or private correipondence will be received V ' I for the Publisher's Mail. ri ! P.'M'kaort'ft cmt hv Pllliliuliftr'fl Moil ? ill l,n ^nlivorftil 11 | at the door of the persona to whom they are sent, and in advance of all other mail arrangements. This arrangement will be of great advantage to publish ers, their agents, and the community generally, as it ena- 11 hies publishers to forward their works in small or large u quantities to remote towns, and at a very low rate, to enable venders in the most remote places, to cell at the New fi York prices. t( I New York City, Dec. 11th, 1S43. f( MOSES Y. BEACH, Sun Office, f, Cor. Nassau and Fulton streets. For further particulars, relating to terms, itc. inquire at ihis and the offices of our agents in almost every large . towr and city in the United States and Kuropc. " k llere isMr. Wicklifle, the Postmaster General of the (Tnited States peddling privileges authorised by e llie law of Congress, to men who are without character, without reputation, without responsibility, c moral responsibility of any kind! And peddling j, them out, too, contrary to the laws of Congress, it contrary to the intentions of Congress, and with a . view merely to expend their miserable spleen and jjj ; jealousy towards the press, because it does not sup- j, port this benighted and miserable administration! We would ask Mr. Wicklifle, and Mr. Nelson, M I his adviser, where is the law that authorises any I such proceedings as this announcement would seem fi ; j to indicate 1 If they can point it out by any sort of tl I wire-drawing, let them do so. ^ i But that is not all. While they are peddling out s| I the privileges of the people in this way to particu- ci ! lar individuals, it was only the other day, by the '* ; orders of their agent, Captain Stockton, (who, to | do their bidding gets steamboat contracts) of the e( ; Jersey Hailroad, that they prevented and interdict- bi ed the transmission of HcraUU to the little town of i Trenton, where probably there were several bun- d< I dred persons who have been in the habit of read- hi ing our paper for years, until this abominable ad- 11 : ministration degraded themselves so much as they n| ! have done. And this is the justice of a free and se | liberal government, peddling out at half price the c< privileges of the department to some, and denying ^ j to others the right of sending out their paper to the j| r I people who want to read it ! ai j A more glaring act of injustice, of arrogance, 'j i perhaps was never exhibited to the world ; and >' we trust that thp members of Congress will not be i long in looking into the whole transactions of this atrocious Post Office Department. But this is not all. What sort of man, what cha' : racter lias this man, to whom they have peddltMl out these important privileges belonging to the { 1 w hole people of the country 1 Here is a man, well 1 known in this community for all sorts of specula- { 1 tions, who has made many attempts to issue shin- , Y plaster currency and to shave and luxuriate over | 1 the community in every possible form?who is a j - i speculator in every thing, women included ; whose 1 moral character is beneath contempt ; whose pri- t vate life is recorded upon the documents of ihe , * Court of Chancery in the most abominable and ^ s atrocious manner; who never exhibited a single | j principle of honesty or integrity in his whole life ; g . and who is at this moment trembling upon the j verge of the Penitentiary, if ever the Court of Ses- ^ p sions of this city will do its duty?this is the man ? . i that they have appointed to the responsible duty ol s being the second Post Office Department in the : P United States ! j P This Sun establishment, upon a former occa _ sion, has been convicted and punished for waylay- : ing expresses, robbing the agents of their contents, and breaking open the seals of other peresons' j. j packages. This said establishment has been sig- f ( nalized, during the last few years, by all sons of | I invasions of the rights of property and feelings of r r others. It has been exhibited to the world as with- j. r) out the slightest principle of morality or decency ^ in any of its dealings ; and yet, we see that it p I stands, side hy side, upon the same moral and re- ^ t sponsible level, as the second Post Ottice Depart- ^ ( ment of the United States,'appointed hy Mr. Wick- ^ liffe, counselled by Mr. Nelson, and probably con- t firmed by Mr. Tyler himself! We beg the members of Cangiess at once to take up the subject of the management of the Post 5 Office Department, and make a searching investi- " ' gation into the abuses, and folly, and mismanage- ' ? ment which have marked it during the last year or P eighteen months. It is full time (hat thin should b?- n " done. Let us liave a new system at once. s \ Theatricals?Decline of tiif. Drama.?The \ l- result of our own cxi?eriet?ce sind observation du- | r, ring our late tour in England, and also in tins city n ' since our return, <jiiite convinces lis of the decline is of the drama. During the last week Macready, 1 i- acknowledged to be the great, t artist in the line. * e has been playing to three or four hundred dollar ' i- houses?meagre, empty, cold, cheerless, inhospita- S i- bl?* houses. And all this, whilst the great musii cians, and the vocalists of all kinds, are making ? i. their thousand and two thousand dollars fa night! ? It is very evident that the English drama on both ' !, sides of the Atlantic is on its last legs. And it is ' I- also very clear that, this state of decrepitude has ' s been the result as much, "if not more, from the ' want of the machinery to keep it up, as from the e change in the public taste. < >ne by one the great > lights of the English stagf have gone out, leaving i rl darkness behind. We have in our day only Ma- 1 eready left, and he is the incarnation of the soulless f v routine mechanism, the prejudices, the coldness, the | artistieal '"xcellence, the ubsurditie* of the Eng- | ^ lish stage for the last two hundred years. e is in i fact, in the theatrical world, what his Holiness the ] Pope ih now in the church?merely the remcnibrancer of a glory departed?the robe* and tinselry and mitred crown, without the august, living and breathing, majesty and i?owcr, which derided the fate of nations, and made the haughti'? est potentates of earth tremble on their thrones.? r And m this opinion we include Mr. Forrest, who appears to be ol the same school, anil who excites a leeling only when there comes trippingly from ^ his tongue a s[>eech about the " New York Herald." They are. the last of a rare disap(>earing forever from the world, unlesa some great revival takes * place in this country. Alas' poor Marreadv ; alas' '' |K>or Forrest ! Last <>t the cocked hats, we are sotry for ye! r. ??? 's <?kt vot n white Kins heady.?Charlotte Cushl man takes u benefit at the l'Hrk to-niglt d The friends and admirers of the fair beneficiary are legion, and the housejWill be crowded. Swindling Hysterica of New York-Watch ' tufkri and Ihrlr Tricks. Among the many petty tricks of swindlere that nfest our city, none, perhaps, is more successful or nore profitable than that of " watch stuffing," a^ t is technically termed. To practice this fraud with much profit, requires two t*?i*ona well skilled n duplicity ami deception, and one should be tomewhat expert at sleight of hand in order to cur y out the fraud with full success. The rogue hav ng selected his partner or " pal," and procured n fold watch of ordinary value, and a brass one well nlded, worth about one dollar, which he encloses n neat buckskin bags marked on the outer side A'ith the presumed valuation of elegant gold 1 watches, rating from #100 to $150, takes his potion at the foot of one of our principal streets, leadng from some one of the steamboat thoroughfares >f our city. Strolling leisurely along backwards ind forwards, now and then stopping at a corner, le keeps his eyes intent upon the first approach of my person who has the appearance of a Granger. As soon as perceived, ;the rogue havng the watch in his possession moves towards hint vith rapidity, and by some means endeavors to ntract his attention, which gained, the following jolloquy ensues:? Watch Stuffer, (in an under tone, and with ipparent excitement.)?My dear sir, I am in great listress, and therefore you will excuse me, as a tranger, froin accosting you. 1 am very much in vant of a little money to pay my passage to my aniily, who are out west, and cannot raise the nonnc 1 hoVP n fTVnil WBtfh H P(>1H Wiltph ihicif I wouid sell at almost any sacrifice if 1 could inlv obtain the little 1 want. Countryman, (a little elated at the idea of making a bargain.)?Let 's s?e the watch?perhaps I'll my it to oblige you, if it's a good one. Is it real old, and no mistake'? Stufpkr, (taking from his pocket the real gold at oh.)?Here it is?you can examine it?but do lot let every body see it. It's real gold, and a irst rate timepieee. I assure you. Countryman, (taking the watch.)?Well, 1 delare?it looks first rate. What do you want for t?how much? You know money is pretty scarce bout these days. Stopfer?(receiving the watch back and pitting it carefully in the buckskin bag)?1 don't want a sell it. but I am compelled to do it, and thereire you can have it a bargain?You shall have it )r ?50 under the circumstances, as I want to go >night, and mu?t have the money gome how. Countryman?(rather doubingly)?Well, I don't now; perhaps it ain't yours?I am rather dubious. Here the partner of the "stufl'er," who has been yeing the parties at a short distance, closes up and nquires? "What is the difficulty gentlemen?any thing I an help you with or manageV' Countryman?This man here has a gold watch e wants to sell, but I don't care much about buyIg it. Second Stuffer?Let's look at it?(the watch i shown)?why it's a first rater?I'll rcll you what, ranger, if you'll buy it, and go with me to my ouse, l'l 1 give you JgflO for your bargain. Countryman?(Heing pleased witti the notion 01 laking $10)?Well, I'll take it on them consideraons, as the watch is good security. Th? countryman forks over a cool $50, and the rst stufler Weliver* the buckskin bag containing le brass watch, and then makes tracks in a great urry. His partner accompanies the countryman ntil he can obtain an opportunity to give him the ip, which he does at the earliest moment, and the ountryman is thus left alone with his treasure. At le first watch-maker's establishment, probably, he lakes a halt and enters to enquire the real value ol is supposed bargain, when his senses are awakeni with the aslounding fact that the watch is pure ! rass and 'not worth eighteen pence ! This man is 1 ?ver caught by such a trick again, and if ever af- ! rwards you should wish to touch him on his sen rest point, feelingly enquire, "Do you want to 1 ay a nice gold watch very cheap, ana a first rate J me-keeper." He never will forgive you. These rogues practice this trick oftentimes withtit the aid of a real gold watch, using the brass ca- ! s which are made with so fine a finish as to de?ive those who are not judges of jewellery.? 1 hould the rogues be recognized by the countryman 1 id arrested, the police magistrates assert, that iere is no law of tne State sufficient to hold them. j id unless they can be sent to the island as vagrants, 1 ley are invariably discharged, as the trick is set own as a " fair business transaction," the parties uying and selling with their eyes wide open. Ole Bun,.?This Prince of violins and naivctt ' peeches is kicking up a most tremendous excitenent throughout the Union. The Bostonians, after working themselves into a regular syllabub, re cooling down to a consistency, on the promise hat he will appear there nbout the 1st March. But he good people of Baltimore are fairly daft with he expectation of hearing him on Monday night. Cot a young lady has slept without dreaming of he handsome Norwegian and his enchanting vioin. The city of monuments is suddenly changed nto the city ol violins, and ever" heart is prepared o enjoy?a disappointment; for 1 >le Bull plays on Monday night nt the Park, and on Tuesday at the Tabernacle. The quiet " thee and thous"ofPhiadelphia arc equally cra/.y. Every seat was taken it the Chesnut street Theatre on Wednesday for lis concert last night, and the unti-theatre moral* sts have forcibly taken possession of every nook ind corner in the Musical Fund Hall, for thiseveung. What a revolution has this delightful quiet aspired, enchanting, soul thrilling son of pine-clad Norway created in our sober, calculating, moneyliaking world ! And how charmingly he tells us n his broken Elssler-like English, " dat de feeling >f his violin, of his pocket is but de reflection of de irudderly love of his vera dear Amer-ec-can riends." In the south the enthusiasm is spreading ike wildttre. It will completely turn aside the age for theatricals, and this Macready will find to lis cost, as he has already found out in this city.? fet, notwithstanding all this excitement, Olc Bull njoys himself as rationally every prince of good ellows ought. He toasts his brudder artists, Irinks champagne with his brudder Jews, drains lis glass in u bumper to his vera dear friends, and ben, like a true scion of the old stock, breaks hii lass upon the table. Viva la Bull. Madame Damorkau and Artot had an overlowing hotisr on Thursday night at the Muatcul :und Hall. They are announced, together with a owertul orchestra, to appear on nexi ivioBuny circling nt the same place. Mum C. Citsmman present* an interesting hill for ?er benefit to-night. She appears as Mrs. Sullen, n the Beaux' Stratagem. Her friends will remember that this is her last appearance in New York. Port i-ar Lecturis on Anatomy.?Dr. Pattison )f the University Medical School, is now delirering a series of popular lectures on the unatomy >f the human body. His second lecture will he ;iven in the Stuyveaant Institute this evening. These lectures are very curious, amusing, philoiophical and instructive affairs?quite different from he trashy things which are given all around town >y boys picked up anywhere. It is an effort tr. ?ring science and true philosophy into the elegant jircles of human life, and to teach us how "fearully and wonderfully we are made." Just go and lear one, as a specimen. Tiie Italian Opkra Company were announced o give a concert on last Thursday evening in Washington. There appears to he some misunderitanding as regards the engagement of the com>any. On the one hand it is rumored that they lave engaged the Park for the months of January ind February, the present dramatic company havng received notice, that their services will be dis>enscd with after the 1st January. <>n the other land it is stated that they are under a written engagement to play during these same months at the S.'ew Orleans und Mobile theatres ; while it has >een generally understood by those in the secret, hat they were positively to appear at Palmo's, to >pcn the new Opera House. Who can tell 1 Holiday Prksknts.?We refer our readers to he advertisement of Mr. Atwill for musical work;is presents for the coming holidays. Conviction of the Hoa??.?Bv the rejuirted proceedings of the General Sessions, yesterday, it will >e seen that Alexander Hoag, the celebrated am! lotorioiis " toucher," lis* been convicted of grand Rrceny. His partner, Matilda, was also convicte-i >f the same offence on Wednesday last. They will >e sentenced on Wednesday, of next week, which s set down as the day for sentence of all outstandng cases either on bail or.otherwise. Myaterle* cf R?w York Developed?Astounding BxpoM?Ureal Meeting In the Saloon of tlie Kxchingf. On Wednesday next, ut half past three o'clock in the afn rnoon, the great assemblage of persona who have been defrauded l?y a gang of common swindlers, will take place at C Oyer's Saloon in the Exchange. It is sufficient for us to say at present that every business man in New York is deeply interested in the expose of the fraudulent practiced of these ; gangs of sharjH-rs, and it is therefore to be hopeu j mm mi wnu nave oeen romjeu uy uieir oprrHitoiiF will appear with a memoranda of the sum obtained, , and the mot/us operandi of the transaction. It i? with pleasure we Mate that Alderman Undebwoop has consented to preside on the occasion, and several gentlemen, well acquainted with the history ol these rogues, will address the meeting. In case the saloon should not he found large enough to accommodate the crowd, the large room of the Kx- i change will be used for the occasion. Professor MaJHtt's Lecture on English Tourists. The church at the corner of Madison and Catherine streets was crowded last night, to hear this reverend professor of theology and literature deliver a lecture upon a subject of no common interest to American citizens, namely?upon the misrepresentations, blunders, mistakes and bunglings, of those vagrant tourists, who, having visited this country, and been well-treated in it, have repaid our attentions by i maligning our institutions, defaming ?ur press, and caricaturing the manners ol our population. The Professor, having adjusted his externals, apparently to his perfect satisfaction, addressed himself to his task with considerable animation. The , almost infinite diversity of manners and customs among the various nations of the earth, he said, 1 was a source of high gratification and instruction to the philanthropist and the philosopher. No man, indeed, with the slightest pretensions to taste, i,1 ... u L- _-i : i :* *.i uuuiu winn it 10 uc uuicrwise; uiiu 11 wdti iii>(>ii jiiip principle that all who professed to examine a foreign counlrv should proceed. What advantage ] was it to tne Englishman, for instance, to travel over America, if the latter were found to be but a mere second edition of the former!? ' Yet this was the chief topic of complaints urged by I egotistical English tourists in America. America s was not like England?what an objection to urge

against a new, thriving, and independent nation ! 1 An American going from this new world in the * West into France, Italy, Germany, England, ex- | peeled to see the peculiar characteristics of those , countries, and expecting that, how great would be his disappointment if he found the manners of the * Yankee nation every where? The English tourists, < therefore, had ignorantly reproached America be- t cause she differed from England, forsooth?as if the j English was the model nation of the world, the ne i plus ultra of perfectibility. Mrs. Trollope and Mr. t Charles Dickens were here introduced to the audi- 1 tory, the Professor observing, that although they 1 flourished at different periods they agreed so pecu- | liarly in their descriptions that one might be said < to be almost a plagiarism from the other. Their 1 misrepresentations with regard to the clergy, the j houses of Congress, and the personal habits of our c citizens were read at lengtn, tollowed by com- i ments showing how grossly our customs had been t defamed for the sake of producing effect. As to i the " American Notes for General Circulation." t he said, on good authority, that they had certainly r produced an inuires6ion in Europe far from favorable towards us, out the time had not vet arrived for any reply to be made to them. They would fventually work their own refutation, for the pic- . tures therein sketched were drawn with the crayon 1 :?f Munchausen. In answer to those notes he would 1 iroduce the testimony *>f Wa^hmgion living, which j would be received with e^n tl resect on both sides he Atlantic; that accompli.-hed writer and amiable man, said, fifteen years ago, that it had been the ot of our country to be visited by the worst species if travellers?by men who came not to examine, ' *nd enquire, and investigate, but with a preconceiv- 1 ed object?the profits of publication. The true , motives of these English tourists were here held forth. The Professor next alluded to the infamous ' falsehoods which Buckingham, Dickens, and some ' others of inferior note have circulated respecting ' the character of the American newspaper press.? . They had chareed;it with being inconceivably libellous, with pandering to the depraving passions of . mankind, aB devoid of political integrity, render- " ing repotation insecure, and blasting honesty. He need not utter one word in defenc- of our national press, for it had more arms than Rt iarcu--,more heads than Hydra, and more eyes than Argus to t ike its own part ; but he would protest against the right of foreigners to interfere with its management. The typographical errors of the Americas press would never be submitted to foreign correction. Other charges made by Dickens were next stated and answered, to which succeeded a powerful denunciation of that ungrateful man who, after having been more hospitably treated in thiscountry lh:in th<> trri-Bt AVaslnrnrtnn liiiiKplf had rhnwn tc write," and publish deliberate calumnies concerning us. The man, indeed exhibited miserable taste anil still less patriotism, in publishing his Notes during the time when a delicate and most important negociation was going on between this country and England, thus endeavoring by the means available to him to kindle a spirit of animosity and contempt between the two nations. The lecture concluded with a contrast, rather finely drawn, between the republican and mo narchial forms of government, as exemplified in the United States and England. The former wa.proved to be the most virtuous, as it is, in fact, th<cheapest, justest and best. The proceedings closed by the Professor pronouncing a benediction. Vieuxtemps* Concert at Washington Haix.? This distinguished artist gave his second concert last night at Washington llall. Although the room was not so crowded as on the occasion ot his debut, yet the intense interest he excited during his performances gave evidence of increased admiration, and the heartiness of the repeated burst* of applause must have rewarded the artist for J a few less tickets sold. The charming Prima i Donna, Madame Sutton, sang two of her beautiful 1 gems from her favorite operas, and was applauded most rapturously. Her Cavatina, from the Sonnainbula, was given with great effect. She is announced to appear with Wallace on the 21st. Mademoiselle Vieuxtemps received a warm greeting, and accompanied her brother with much taste on the piano, in a Fantasia for the piano and violin, iron) uie opera or me jiuguenois. it was a uclightful concert. Adams Ic Co.'s Express Link.?We learn that this firm have extended their express line to Cincinnati. They run to.Baltimore, and there connect with Shoemaker A: Sanford's line to J'etersburg, Va. They then connect with the line ot (ireene ic Co., to Cincinnati. This takes in a large section of the country,'and Rives the publican excellent opportunity to communicate with am point within the circle. Interesting from Oregon.?Late and interesting intelligence has been received in St. Louie from the < >regon Territory. Our St. Louis date*are to the 5th instant. [From th? St. Louis Gazette, Dec. 4.] Mr. Henry Lee, of thU city, one of Lieut. Fremont'* Government Surveying party, which reached here yesterday, called on U? this morning, in hi* Kooky Mountain costume?ornamented buckskin hunting-shirt, mocasins, leather breeches, Sic. llis hair and heard wen |<erfectly Na/.arine in length and luxuriance, and leemed not to have been touched by steel since he left, in May Ten of the men belonging to the Government Surveying Kxiiedition, which left this city on the 10th May la?t. under the command of Lieut. Fremont, arrived yesterday evening with Mr. Lee, in the General itrooke. Their report ia every thing but favorable with reapcct to the feitility and general appearance of Oregon. They represent that |iortion visited by the Kxploren as sterile In u high degree -nmny miles of it not atl'urdiug subsistence, even for the smallest gnu;* Ac a | n-ul of which the party had, on #ome occasions, to enl hoi *ei, and guttered great inconvenience for want of provisions. Nn iiitnllifri-iii-i> 1 i intr tin* iitiIl i i-iN of till' f-xi>pili. tion, htm been received by t?tis arrival, no fur a* wo fiavc heard. Letters, however, were sent by Lieut. Fremont, but have been lout by the party to whom they were entrusted. Communication* from the Oregon emigrant* were left for publication at Weston. They have lout right of theii number since they stinted, in consei|uenci ol the unparalleled hardships to which they have l>eei exposed. Some have stated their determination to return a* soon as circumstance* will permit. Lieut. Fremont's party were in excellent health un<< fine spirit*, and would return on or about the first of Jan nary taking their route by way of the Vellow Stone. They hail during their journey, experienced no hostility Irom the Indian* but on one occasion, at the head of the North Kork of the Platte, when a party of Sioux nnd Chian made a demonstration to ?teal their lmn>o? ; but upon tin igbt of a twelve pound howlf/.er, whicli was drawn ii| against them, they desisted. On the 10th Bep'embct Lieut. Fremont surveyed the Oreat Salt Lake supposed t< empty into the Pacific, and formed by Bear Rlrer , ain from that observation states its length to be ahouWHO milen and upwards of 100 in width. The individuals who have returned, left the main bo 1i 1 of Lieut Fremont'* company, al>ont 30 in number, nt For' Hall, Oregon, one of the Hndaon's Bay Company'* post ' New Orleans. [Correspondence of the'Herald.] Nkw Oklbanm, Dec. 4,1843. All about Church lhjficnltirt, 'llitatrcs, fr. There linve been great doings here umong tlie reverend clergy sinre my last. The exasperation uciwcrn 111c Dimiop and wardens lias nruncneu out into sundry little petty and personal difficulties? lawsuits, fights Sec. Firstly, the Wardens, wishing to try the question of the right of the Bishop to appoint Curates, have sued the Bishop, and employed a host of learned lawyers to prosecute the suit; the ip-oiind of this prosecution is, that the Bishop has deprived the congregation of the church of St Louis of the services of a I'astor to their congregation. They lay their damages at #20,000, and have employed as their counsel^ Mr. Soule and some some half dozen others. The Bishop is to be defended by John It. Oryares, a host in himself. In addition to this leading case, we have sundry suits lor libel umong the priesthood. Of course this mighty contest could not be carried out without the assistance of newspapers ; so the different parties have established newspapers to sustain their different opinions. One is called the " Penseur," and is edited by an ex-priest named " Foul-who 1-see;" the other is called " Propagateur Catholique," and is edited by Abbe Perche. a zealous advocate of the Bishop. Now these two noly men have made sundry severe charges against each ether. Kx-Father Foulhowsee accuses Father Perche of having seduced some girl at the north ; and Father Perche retorts upon Foulhowsee with a charge of swindling. Father P. upon an affidavit, arrested ExFather F. for a libel ; and now their respective friends are abusing one another in the most holy style. What the affair will end in God only knows, or the devil only knows, for I suspect he has more to do with the affair than God. Things are quite lively here in the theatrical line. The St. Charles has made a happy hit in engaging Harry Placide ; he is a trump and draws excellent houses. Barton is at the American, and also has line houses. We have three circuses going on, doing well. The city is becoming crowded with new comers. There will be some starving or stealing in New Orleans this winter. Okleanois. Cincinnati. (Correspondence of the Herald.) Cincinnati, Dec. 11,1843. As I see you have no regular correspondent uere, 1 shall take upon myself the "literary honor," ?nd make myself an occasional one. Our city is last filling up with all kinds of people (some ot hem may be very good ones,) and houses are very icarce ; rents are very high?any kind of a small louse will bring $200 to #275 per year. We have it this time several Philadelphia capitalists here, juying and building small houses, as they are found o be the most productive. Cannot New York send jut some delegates 1 Our Fork season has just joinmenced, and at prices that will insure a profit to he packers, unless some unheard of turn takes )Iace. Hogs should not be worth over S2 to cause i profit; but eastern purchasers are paying #2 62 o ||2 75. We will put up as usual about 150 to 178,000. Our river is in good /boating order? reight to New Orleans: 50 for pork, 40 for flour ; mssage $15. We have plenty of boats and plenty )f freight. The National theatre is open, with Kir>y as the "Bright peculiar star,"?as might be conectured, small houses. Can you send on Ole Bull, >r Artot.to enliven usalittlel'Flour $3 ti5to70,firm; .vhiskey 18 to 181-2. We are too moral out here o have Van Cott or Melinda Iloag cases; but if ,ve should accidentally have any, you shall hear igain from ro the Editor of tiik Herald? Sir? The method practiced by the box-keeper of the f^ark Theatre in seating the audience, seems highv censurable, when carried to too great an extent, t is his custom to give a lady and gentleman in company (where places have not been secured duing the day) the third or fourth seat back?if a pary consists of three persons, the second seat is issigned them?and a company of four individuals inly can be accommodated with a front bench.? rhus you will observe, on all occasions when the louse is not uncommonly full, a great number of he front seats are unoccupied, while the second ind third are more or less filled with ladies. Upon several occasions I have known persons of my acluaintance to hasten to the theatre|atan early hour, n order to secure a good place, but have been poitely informed that the seat tney wished was aleacfy takenj and then had the mortification of teeing it vacant during the entire performance. M. A. P. AmoMmenti. Broadway Circus at Nini>o's?This distinguished and fashionable resort of public rccreation coninues to attract, fcjr the singular magnificence of tha thra;ro, and the unrivalled skill of the various equestrian*, ind other performers?no less than from the excellent sysem of order and regularity observed in every department. We find the names of Messrs. Levi North and T. V. Turler announced for an engagement, commencing on Monlay next, both unrivalled in those graceful feats of horsenanship, that huve given them pre-eminence all over Hurt pe aud America. For the accommodation of families, here will be an afternoon ]>er(ormance this day at 3 >'clock. Chatham Theatre.?The visit of the Common Council to this house last night, proved highly satsfactory to the honorable dignitaries, and the new drama if the Spy of New York, was pronounced as unapproachible in point of splendor and effect. The new leg specacle oi the Irresistibles, was most capitally done. The King of Darkies, Master Diamond, has opened with renewed vigor and is better than ever, and last night more than istomshed the natives. A new and powerful rival in this line has sprung up, and challenged nis majesty for a trial if skill, wnich the latter has accepted, and will come off in a few days?large sums have been staked upon the remit, and much interest is manifested among the respective [lartizans. Devema, with his accustomed good lack, has <one off with the latest high prize. He has secured the nnly copy in the country, of. Stirling's new and powerful drama of The Bohemians, which is now in successful run in London and Taris. It is already in rehearsal at the Chatham. Grand Family Holiday at the American Mu wuin.?Splendid entertainment this afternoon at three o'clock, for the convenience of ladies, families, school*, &c., and that there will l>e a perfect rush of happy hearts und smiling face* there it not the least doubt. Vvhy, with such novelties as General Tom Thumb, the Qypscy Queen, the whole Gypaey family, &c., in addition to tne performances, which are always rich and diversified. How can it be otherwise? But you must go and ?ee for yourself. Miss Gannon plays six comic characters, and keeps her auditors in a constant roar of laughter, nice, the modern Sampson, does not appear after today. He is a Hercules. Poison from Red Fi.annkl.?The editor of the Maine Farmer says: "A few days since, we, being a leetle 'green,' got into a bad fix?a fiery, burning, itcning scrape. We purchased, a piece of red (Knglish) flannel, had it made into under frocks, wore one about ten days,awoke one morning, and found ourself as spotted is a leopard. We were poisoned, and that, too, pretty severely. We applied to our good Dr.. who had once been bitten by the same 'varmint,'and therefore understood out rase ; and he gave us a dose which kilt the erittur rather suddenly. We have been informed, that had the cloth been thoroughly wasned before wearing,twe should not have experienced any harm. The coloring matter, we are told, was what played the deuce with us. 0^- SPLENDID PERFORMANCE! TO-DAY AT three o'clock, at 1'eale's Museum, and at seven in the evening, and as this is the last day of the white negroes, who ire a verv great curiosity, there will be hundreds to see them. The performances will be of the richest kind, by vli*s Adair, Cerito, he. Madame Adolphe, the philosophic fortune teller, may likewise be consulted at all hours of the day and evening. ANY THING ON THE BOARD FOB SIX CfcNTB.?Just received, a fresh supply of Graham's Magazine. Godey's Lady's Book for 1841, ltMl and '43?'44 not ouite ready, only 6 cents a piece. Who wants to give 36 cents for New Magazines?wait a while and you will have them for 6 cents?Also, a few of the. back numbers of the Lady's National Magazine only 4 cents. t all on Dr. Van Yorx, at our retail counter?Any thing on inc* Dvvuiur nix cciu?. Ai?piy ???/ BURGESS, STRINGER Ic CO. '292 Broadway, corner Ann itruet, American Museum Building. (KJ- THE GREAT DOUBLE MAMMOTH ri( TOrial Brother Jonathan Annual, will he isiucd in New York on the 36th instant. It will he a superb sheet, con'Hilling nearly one hundred finely executed engravings, and a complete novel, hy N. r. \\ illis. Agents who send in their orders early may he sure of a full sunply. Price 1-2J cent*, or ten copies will bo sent by mail for $1. Orders from the country are solicited. Address WILSON COMPANY, Ifr2 Nassau st, New York. (ft- DEN'S THEOLOGY.?.hint published, the second edition of "Sparry's Extracts from Den's ponuiar Catholic Theology." Sold only to gentlemen, at No. 119 Nassau struct, fricc 1'2J cents, or $1 per hundred. 0#- " IS YOl'R REST BROKEN" IN CONSEquence of a tedious and troublesome cough. Sherman's Cough Lo/.enges will relieve you?they will give^ou sweet sleep, allay the irritation, promote expoctoration. and by their proper use you will soon forget that you have been sick. Thousands have used them when hone seemed to havetaken flight, and the destroyer stood ready to claim his victim. The result has been most l>eneficlal, and Sherman's Cough Lo/enges are now acknowledged by all to be the bast and most efficient medicine ever aiscovered for curing cough*, colds, consumptions and nsthmft, and will continue to be used when other remedies are forgotten. Or. Sherman's warehouse is 106 Nassau at. Agents, 110 Broadway: '227 Hudson street; IH* Bowery; 7? East Broadway; So William st.; and 3 Ledgei Buildings, Philadelphia. (ft- HAYS' LINIMENT AND |LIN'S BALM OF China, are warranted to cure any case of the Piles, or the money shall lie refunded. To be had only at No. '21 Courtlandt street ; No. 3 North Kifth street, Philadelphia. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. 1WKNTY-K1GHTII CONGKIC98. FIRST 8 K 8 HI 0 N. Senate. Thhusday, Dec. 14, 184:1. Petitions and resolutions were the order of the duy, and the following were ottered and appropriately referred:? Mr. Wright presented the petition and nancrs <>i | Quackenboss and others, praying that the cfaiiuoi tlie United States against them, as sureties of Saml. Swartwout, late collector of the nort of New York, may be compromised, referred to the Judiciary Committee. On motion by Mr. Fairfield, it was ordered that the netitiou of Noah Miller, praying remuneration for tnc capture of a vessel during the late war with Great Hritain, be referred to the Committee on Commerce. Mr. Mii.ljeu presented a memorial lrom the President and ollicers of the Bank of the Metropolis of tlnscity, stating that their charter would expire on the 4th of July next, and asking its extension. Mr. Atiikuton presented resolutions adopted by the Legislature of New Hampshire, instructing the Senators, and requesting the Representatives troni that State to vote for the abolishment of the Military Academy at West Point; referred to the Committee on Military Affairs, and ordered to be printed. Mr. Woodbury presented a petition from a number of persons of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, praying for a reduction of the rates of postage ; referred to the committee on the post olrice and post roads. On motion of Mr. Fulton, it was ordered that the resolutions of the Legislature of Arkansas, instructing the Senators, and requesting the Representatives, from that State, to vote for the restoration to General Jackson of the amount of the imposed by Judge Hall, be taken from the hlea ot the Senate, and referred to the committee on, The Judiciary. Mr. Auciikr presented a memorial from the members of the bar in Staunton and Winchester, Virginia, in favor of the increase of the salary of the judftu of the United States court in that district; referred to the committee on the Judiciary. Mr. Day to* presented a petition from Mary McCall, widow of Wm. C. McCall, late in the service of the United States, praying to be restored k> th? pension roll. Also, a petition from Susan McCulloch, widow of George B. McCulloch, late a lieutenant in the United States service; praying to be restored to the [tension roll; which were referred to the committee on pensions. Mr. Kulton gave notice that he would on to-morrow ask leave to introduce a bill allowing drawback upon foreign merchandize exported in original packages to Chihuahua and Santa Ke, in Mexico ; and a bill for the relief of sundry citizens of Arkansas, who lost their improve menu in consequence of the treaty between the United States and the Choctaw Indians. Nr. Atchison gave notice that he would, on the earliest day practicable, ask leave to bring in a bill to authorize * the occupation, and to encourage the settlement, of tho Oregon Territory. Mr. Huntington presented a memorial from Jonathan Ward & Co., of New York, praying Congress to indemnify them for losses sustained in consequence of having to return to the Treasurer of the United States, stock to the amount of $-J60,!)40 8-J, which was illegully issued by thu Itegister of the Treasury ; referred to the committee ou finance. Mr. H. also gave notice that he would, on tomorrow, ask leave to bring in a bill to regulate the aj>pointment of the Assistant Tostmaster General of the United States. Mr. Benton submitted the following resolution, which, under the rule, lies one day on the table: Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to cause t* be communicated to the Senate, all tne information in the War Department on the subject of the "mountain howitzer," obtained by Lieut. Fremont from the arsenal at St. Louis, in May lost, and taken by him on the expedition to the Oregon. On motion of Mb. Woodbuht, the resolution of the Legislature of New Hampshire for restoring to Gen. Jackson the fine of $1000. which was presented by him on Monday last, was taken from the table and referred to tho Committee on the Judiciary. Mr. Taffan gave notice that he would, on the earliest day practicable, ask leave to introduce a joint resolution to amend the Constitution of the United States, so as to limit the term of the judge* of the United States courts. A message was received from the House of Representatives by the hands of Mr. McNcltt, their Clerk, informing the Senate of the adoption, by that body, of certain resolutions in testimony of respect for the memory ol the Hon. Barker Burnell, deceased, late a Kepresentative from the State of Massachusetts. Mr. Bates rose and delivered a brief commentary upon the purity ofcharncter of the deceased, and then The Senate adjourned. House of Representative*. Tin rstuy, Dec. 14, IMS. The proceedings of the House were limited this morning to the following eulogy, pronounced after the reading of the journal, by John Qt-incy Adams, and with singular eloquence. The House listened .u _ . i i ?4.nr.. wim iiicuiuDi raiucni nnu uiiuiviucu mtcmiuii. i?ai. Adams spoke with great firmness and fervor, and his words, you pee, notwithstanding his physical infirmities, flowed with the clearness and purity of a mountain spring. The Journal of yesterday's proceedings having been read, Mr. Adams rose and spoke to the following effect:? At the general session of the 27th Congre?* it became my duty, amidst the arduous labors and important-'elil?-rationa ol'the House, to announce the decease of one of my then colleagues, a member of the House from the Com] monwealth of Massachusetts. The same melancholy service has been devolved upon me again, aad at the v rr threshold of a new Congress, when every heart should liound with hope that the legislationgof the nation has fallen into hands busily intent and abundantly qualified to advance the prosperity and promote the general welfare of this great community. The event is saddened with the reflection that one of our number, among the most ardent, /.ealous, upright and intelligent co-operators with us for the accomplishment of that glorious purpose, the happiness of the people, has been taken from us in the midst of his useful and honorable career--cut down by the scythe ofdeath. [ am to communicate to this House the demise of Barkkr Bi-rkkll, late an active and efficient member of the 37th Congress, and by the suffrages of an enlarged constituency destined, had it pleased the Omnipotent Disposer of events, to take an active, vigilant and laborious part in the proceedings of the Congress now first assembled in these Han't. Such has not been the will of Heaven This Hall shall hear his voice no more. Mr. Burnell was a native of Nantuehet, a small island of the ocean, appended to the nieoi .Massachusetts, long renowned as the mother 01 a raceof men for unblemished integrity, for perilous enterprise, for energy of exertion and hardihood of endurance, unsurpassed by any other portion of the member! of the terraoueous Ulobe. In saying tbi?, I do but repeat in humbler (train* and simpler language, the magnificent tribute of justice to the forefathers of the present age, nearly seventy years since pronounced'by the most el?.qnent lips that ever graced the British House of Commons. The panegyric of Kdmund Burke upon the Nantucket whalemen, has resounded in every cornor of the earth where the Knglish language it spoken or understood. It has stood the test of time, and will be cherishcd in the memory of man so long bs that language shall live to express the thoughts of the wise, the liencvolent and Hie good. Sir, the Islanders of Nantucket, ourcotcmporaries, have not degenerated from the virtues of their fathers, and of that race Mr. Burnell was the worthy representative upon this floor. Born and nurtured among them as one oi'themselves, and chosen by their voluntary unbought suffrages, he reflected upon the deliberative councils of U* nation the express image of their character. He had represented them before in l>oth branches of the Legislature of his native Commonweath. Those of us now present who held seat* in this hall at the last Congress, have seen and heard him here. Two years from last May he came full of lite and hope, and vigorous energy, to serve hif country, a trusty Councillor, and faithfullv did he fulfil that trust. 3o thought his constituents, wVio, with the Increased number* of congenial spirits on the adjoining continent, had with a confidence in him* riveted by experience, recommitted the charge of thei interests to his hands?to his hands, already enfeebled by that insidious dlseaso which was hurrying him to the tomb. During a great part of the lust session of Congress he was disabled for attendance in his scat, and at the close of that Congress ho was left in the confinement of a sick chamber There, on the first of May last. I took leave of him in the tender and affectionate nursing care of a partner worthy of himself, and fo whom his life was more precious than her ow n. 1 left him with a yet lingering hope that we might, under happy auspices, meet here again. That hope was doomed to disappointment. His dissolution was near at hand, nnd on the 1Mb of June last he expired. far from his beloved native island ; but with all the aimliances of domestic love and friendly kindness that coula soothe the bed of death. " Hy strangers honored, and by strangers mourn, ed." The (usual resolutions of respect to the memory of the deceased were then adopted and the Senate was notified accordingly. Thereupon the Ilouie adjourned, Philadelphia. [Correspondence of the Herald. | Philadelphia, Dec. 15, 1845. Ib. Ijirdner't Ijtctwrtt?Concert m aid of the i Poor?Ole Hull ut the Miuirnl Fwtd. ' Jamks Gordon Rknnktt, Estj. Dr. Lardnercontinneshis lectures at the Museum Saloon, which has been well filled every evening with intelligent and delighted auditors. In the Icclure last evening, his reference to the major an minor planets was interesting in the extreme. The Announcement that this division of the plenetary system would form the subject of two distinct lectures, was received with marked favor and approbation. A Conccrt will be given at the Chinese Saloon to-night in aid of the poor of North Mulberry Warn. Several talented performer* lend their aid, and it is hoped the object for which the receipts will be appropriated will induce a large attendance. To-morrow night Ole Bull will give a farewell concert at the Musical Fund Hall, liis last appearance here previous to his departure to the South. Hundreds who never visit a theatre will be there. I'omticai. Movements in North Cabomna.?At a Whig State Convention, held at Raleigh, in North Carolina, last week, the Hon. Wm A. Graham, late a Senator of the United States, was nominated as the candidate for Governor of that Stale at the election to be held next summer. The Hon. George E. Badger and Kx-i Governor Edward B. Dudley were appointed by the Convention to be delegates to represent the State at large in the Baltimore National Convention. Ar,U Int. lUr. 15. I I