Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 23, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 23, 1843 Page 1
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T H Vol., IX. No. 340?WUol? Ifo. 336?. WINTKR ARRANOKMBNT?FOR ALBANY. Via BRIDGEPORT aud jMQ J0L HoL'iAIONIC.' k WtttdN Qbk^&^3?Raildrori)9. tally, tfundaya^^^^^B aCT^MQK. KxmpimI. JSKSBL Pan* grn for A'hiny by tin* Hoote will lake the new and *leguit ?'?amhoa' KUR'OKA, Capt J L. Fit?h, which leave* New York from loot Liberty itn*t, Monday monijng at hair Vut 6 o'elork. for Bridgeport, thence by th? Houutouic and Ve.ti-ni Rtilroa U, without change ?l can or baggage cr?te?, *' Albany, arriving aauic ev-siing at o'clock. Fa-e through For passage or Fieight, apply on board, or atlhe office, foot oIL-hmyrtiwt. O. M. PERRTf, A?e4t. m<u >-r _(mi i ~r> Winter mail link for aluaCm N V. aud Intermedial* p aces. - *" Yh? UBMkrat ROBERT I. STEVENS, captain R L. Mab.y, wi I Uim the fogt Cour?l?ndt it. this Wednejday, Fridayand Sunday afjunoon.i, at i o'clock. . . _ _ The Hteairer UTIC A, Captain JoifPjn SCtt, will leav? as above. Una, Thursday, Saturday ana di?aday afternoons, at S t'Vloik. For passage or freight, apply V. P. C. Scholtz at the office, ?r on board. dIOre iS FOR LIV" RPOOL-The New Line iUguUr Hlfy Packet lUl Jui'ary. The new and very splendid JB0sEiJJe'? Voik bttilt packet ihip QUEEN OF THK WEST,Philip W^Jhoase, mailer; l2io tons burihen, wiQ ail aa above. ^ regular day. For IreiK^; or pasaaice, having roomy and unsarpassed aecom"l3" Price of passage *100. The anperior packet ahip Roehe^r. John Britton, naiMR ?H tons liurtnen, will ?ttco??d Ine Queeu of the Wot, ana Mil oa her rcgalar iky,Cli>t February r2Ve fiS ? FOR ORLEANS?Looisiana and New MHyVoik Line?Regular Packet of Dc;, 31?The fast sail* JMB1miiU>2 p4Ck t ahip GASTON, Capt. O. Eldridgr, trill aail M 'tore, her regular day. ?t?r freight or paiiage, having handsome famished accommodations, apply oa board at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall street, or to K K. COLLINS JiCO. 46 South street. Positively uo goods received a!ter the evening of thellslin taat Shippers by thia line may rely upon having their goods correctiy measured. Agents in New Orleans, Hullin It Woodruff, who will projnptly forward all goods to their addreu. . . , The packet ship Oc ?>ee Capt. D Jacason, will shoceed the Maaton, and sail the lftth Jan'y , her regular day. ?2 ie jtr JBLAUK BALL, QH OLD LINK OF LIVKKl?WWPOOL PACKKTi-rOH LIVKIIPOOL-Regular JBpBfePacket of the lit 'anu?rv.?The well known last >4 line packet ship COLUMBUa. Cant. G. A. Coi?, will positively tail on Monday, 1st January, her regular day. It la well known that the accommodations of this noble pack! w ?*& ??, 2d cabin and steerage passengers, are fitted up in a manner that cannot fail to iiisnre those embarking every com* ?? It, beitw veryhigh bet wo-deck*, which are well lighted %nd ventilated. Those returning ro the old country will at once see it their interest to select this fatorte vessel for their conveyance in preference to any other. Ir.e price of passage is very ww. far which and to seenre Hve best berths, early application should be made on board, foot of Beekman st, or to the subten ben. KOCHK, BROTHERS * CO., S5 Fultonawe*. next deor to the Fulton Bank S P. 8.-TV New York nil. from Liverpool on the Ut FebruMy.. r*T>on. tending for their relative* can hare them brought out HI her, or in anv of th? picket* comprising this unequalled un?, atiling from that pan punctually on the Ut and 16th of each mouth. For inutp apply as abov*. ' N. B.?The new and *np<rb packet. ship Yorltsh're burthen IliOtona ('apt. 1). O. Bailey, will succeed the Columbus, and tail far Liverpool on the lC'h January, 1844, her regular day. dZlic *6$: FOR n K W ORlEANS-To sail on the Jlth inat. MjsJfVTIi* well known ship MAYFLOWER, Captain MwSbt^Weeks, w i'l be desp-it lied for the above port on the Wtn mat. For pa??agt>, having: eicellent accommodations in nbm and ste raee, apply oa board the ship at Murray's wharf, foot Of Wall stieet, or to JOHN HERDMAN, 61 South st. N. B ?The Tint class ship SHARON, Captain Thompson, will sail 1 his Day. wiiH and weather p, rmiuing and 0?n yet tike a tew more cabin and steerage pastvnge a, apply as above. re JMft FOR SALE?A Valuable Farm called Springfield. in the co'tuty ollsU-of Wight, a mile End a half frnm thr rnmirli nf *~fnI)m ilinnrl River, containing about five hundred aei*?, bounded on two sidea bv creeks (navigable foi small ve??el?) tunning into the mouth of NansemoodRiver. There is on the farm a larg* ard well finished brick dwelling haute, with every other necessary out house, in good rerair. IVeailv one half of the laid it well timbered with large tall pine and oaks; tie pice of the tint quality, for steamboat wood '1 he cleared land is of a good quality and well adapted to the cb tivation of wheat, corn.twret potatoes and water meluni It hat attached to it a fine oyster landtag for plantingoyttert, and it one of the best stock-farmi of its tize in lower Virginia, Persons withing to purchue, by applying early, will meet with a great bargain. I fust told privately before, it will be ofTered at public auction on the pretni?e?on the I St h dav of Januarv. 1814. Terms will be made known and fnriher information given by Mr Jo?. B. Whitehead of Suiilhfield. Isle of Wight county, or the subscriber. WILLIAM HINES. <ly> 3taw tojy?5 rc n NEW STYLK OK CHILDREN'S VELVET CAPS 'The subscriber has a large and beautiful assortment of Oeotlemeu's and Boys Caps, of the la'ett fashion, which he will sell as che*p i>s any other establishment iu this city? among which may be found gentlemen's cloth, velvet, s new style of (ItMd, and fine otter caps. Also on hand a large supply of motoikin, silk and fur hats, of a benuiifal finish, for sale low. Fancy Fan?Alio, constantly on hand, a large assortment of Muffs and Fur Trimmings for sale at \ ery low prices. N.B.?The Caps ofthe subscriber cook the premium at tin late T-a =ftha America* Itiiitat*. _ WM. BROWN, W lm,r IM Chatham at. opposite Rooaevelt. J_CURK~ SOLE WATER PROOF AND DRESS BOOTS.?Tha subscriber makes to order Boots of the above descriptions, of the Karat quality of French Calfskin. in the latest style, ana at very reasonable prices. Gentlemea who have been ia the habit of pay'ug extravagant prices for inferior articles, are requested to call and be convinced of their interest in purchasing at thia store Drawings being taken or the feet, and a pair of Lasts k?pt for ?ach customer, there is no difficulty in getting a handsome and Constantly on hand, a large assortment of ready made Dress Boots, latest sit lea, at $3 and S3 JO per pair; Double Soles,from S4 to $6 per pair. Over Shoes, Half Boots, Dancing IPuinpa, Slippers, lie. a' finally low prices. JOHN L. WATKINS, 11< Fulton street, dS lib**- between Nassxu and Dutch streets. LOOK AT THIS. GENTLEMEN'S CORK SOLE BOOTS, the best m <iinlay, IS 00 JH Do Water Proof Booti _ do 4 SO Do light French Ci'fikii Boot* do $3 to 4 00 Do Ipiia Ilubter Over tho?s, with lwther soles 150 l>o 1>miu Rubber4, JO Do Dancing Pumps. 1 09 Do Dancing Oa:ter, 1 IS j)o WorLed Slippers, 1 00 And all other kiuds of Boots and Shoe* in fashion: ladies' gaiter Boots. Buskin*, Slippers, Tie?, quilted Shoes, prune!' Hhoea, white a.M black saliu Slipper*, buitou Shoe*: fibber strao furnd, plain, and all other km?^ ot OverShoes Clogs, Moccasins, and the grratesr ?' ortment of boy's Boots and Hioes; mill's and children #i 0f a|| timdi to be found in the world. al! of our own '..lanufscture. and ihe beat of French goods, aud warranted \0 be the beat, anil as che ip as the cheap- I esc. at JJ1' Broadr,ay coiner o4 Franklin s'leet. jlSliO'ec GRKUOKV It CAHILL, MT Broadway Mills BOOTS AND LASTS MADE TO ORDER, Br K. 8U8ER, 1"?J Broadww. (Bajf.mikt.) One Hoor fmni Court.andt stre-t F.. SUSfcR, Bnotmaaer and Maker of Lasts, an MflHv'"F.lve"of Ctcrcxol Paris, begs leare to inform his friends and all the amateurs of a gentlemanly " cbautsnre," \h*t be can make, ia New York, with the best French mitouts, ?# that is so perreetly made ia Paris by kis master, the Hel^sN Bootmaker Clerce, >wnos? numen>n? customers on this *ide of the Atlantic, are respectfully inrited to try tSnter's Boots and Lasts, before thev despair of being "chAUsses" Vj.? Vnli .Ci.r rk. 1..?. l>? * Alto the Keoaine Paris Jot BUok Varnish raid. n21 lm*m bOOV AND 8HOK STORK. ~ ?apBwJOIIN RKAL) Y respectfully iu'orma hi* fnendr andthe nuMie. that he has commenced business in the abote line, at No 99 Nassau street, where he wi'l thankfully r ceive find faithfully execute, a'l ord r* he may be favored with, ou tlx ?W?', reasonable term? I'or cash. jtJr ANTI-HUMBUO STORK'-LIVK ANn L?T MlgflHVLIVK'.-At the old exclusive Boot Store, No. 144 Chatham ftrcvt (w^ere the odious | r.irtice of calling upon t cr ons passing the store is not tolerated), can be obtuned Water Floor Boots uvitm far tared in this cty of the best mate ial, and warrant*d at nrires ranging from litre* to fire d llnra, being some two dolUra l^wer in price than la generally obtained (quality considered ) iu this city. n26 5w?r BROADWAY TEA STORE, V"ORTHKAfT corner of Priscrand Broadway. adjoining a" Niblo'a Flower Repository. Thesubscribers inform their friends ud the pablie, t"*t th?y hare o|*ned the above Store, with a new and extensive assortment ol Oroceriei? the stock roaaitliag priucpally of Teas of the fiue?t, selected with Ihtsiuaietl care from the l.istCaigoei. TEAS. Young Hrson from to M Old Hyion " IS* to Is Imperial " it to N Ouniowder " ia to Rt Poui-tiong f " to Ks f*onchonK " Is to ?a At ifipetUi ihr abova Tim, wr defy comi?liiii>n,iu frr*hnra*, luillty or |?ir* ami *t*t? that th?y are nrVctiom ma<lr by o.r of the ra>?t cnmprtcnt jutlgr* in the city COKKEE. Old Ja?a, burnt .iml irroniid. U Idnrrmmnd. A l*o, * morral (u?ortnmnt of Con.*, Vruitt lor ilie htliday*, nil kiuus of mem tery b>w?anil in fact prory thi-ji appertaining to a grocery, all of which ii warranted t<> be of fint iiaal'tv. Ill ImVo ? I1AHKISON k C.Q r I7RUIT8, OKOCERIW, TEAM, WINEH. he -UA8S NER ?. VOUNO. 132 Chatham ?tre?t, offer at wholr*ale and retail, to denier* nrd ftmilie*? Kre*h KWijrn *"rniM, n irenernl a??ortment. Knfae* ?ti?l Coffee of a 1 bind* a <1 <iualiti*a. Te*?, (ittv m<1 Clark, ofevery il ?cri|Hioa. Nupeno old Win** and ?.ii|U0T.. of virions gr.ile*. H?,wrioi H^ipbftry and Cherry Br.uidy. French and American Cordial*, on draft and in flaia. London, Scotch and Ameiican Porter. Brown Sunt and Pile A'? La Norma. Regain, Noriaga and othfr brand* Segari. Eaat and W??t Indi* and American Pieaervr* and Jdliea. Honey. in amall bom, from Ohio. Jojube I'aate, in I2>? and 2} lb boiea Riid eeeC Spieei, Caeoa and Chocolate. r t*rm Oil and Candle*, Soap, be. Paratoaa Pavilion W.ifer. in nil irt and nint ImttlM. < film)? delivered lo any part of tin* city frre ol erpenae. <t?l lm*?c ~ TIFFANY, YOUNG Ac KLMtf, 2S0 nnd 2W0 Broadway, rnrnrr fVarrtn lUrcct, lMl'ORTKKS ok ink *ahioi? famcv mainjrjicturt* ok rmitc(,r.inuxD OICIIMANV, CHINA, KTO. ARK NOW RB'JKIVINO A <iHKAT VARIETY OK jV (iOoDS, th? (election of our of their firm. iriide.-i?x their rneient atock the trmt varied, larceat and r cheat to be l.inml on ihia or ilie other aid? of the Atlantic. Th?W beg leive to any i hat their Uooda aie made t? orce.% by the beat fabric in'a of Knrop?, nnil'r the directiou of one of the Partnera, or a-? a?*nt of comi*tmt trt-te; and the, f el entirely confident that thev will al?aya be fuund lowe', ciiniidning ihfslylr, quality and flnilh, tb.a? can be bnushi elaewherr. m. Uf'rrnajned to ke?|i tli-ir atock alwaya deairable and attractive. they have re-marked all icnoda tint hate remained on hand f?r IS montha armor* md loat their original Ireahneaa and novelty. hi mirh low priee. aa will ename iheir aale?lower, it ia belieted, thin tliia d??nipiion of gooda nanally eommanda in lh* competition ,i-d rxciUment of nn anction room. rrRriiAatnt of A*rt< i.m rnn>av fnrai:f?T? .re rr?i?ecifnliv rennmlerl that (her will lind a better Variety ;\>* bet"r.-"r , l",<' better mil* I by m kinij an e.?rly application, f <121 toJl.c E NE NEW ANNIVERSARY Ol TUB NEW ENGLAND SOCEITY. The tliirty'eiglith anniversary of this national society was celebrated in this city yesterday. Notwithstanding the very inclement state of the weather, an immense assemblage convened in the Tabernacle to hear the oration delivered by the Hon. Rtlfus Clioate. The trudience, however, presented a much more solemn, or if vou please, dull as pect, than usually characterizes the gatherings in this house ol prayer?temple of science?and theatre of music and the tine arts. It Was almost altogether composed of men?not more than fifty ladies being present, and they being generally somewhat in " the sere and yellow leaf," rather added to than relieved the sotnbre character o the scene. At one o'clock precisely, the orator of the day, and the Hon. Daniel Webster, Rev. Dr. Wainwright, Rev. Dr. Adaina, and the Hon. Moses II. Grinnell ascended the platform, amid the plaudits of the assemblage. The exercises were commenced by the Sacred Music [Society and the audience singing the following? HYMN. Tune?" Old Hundred.'' Hail, rilgrim fathers of oilr race ! With grateful hearts vour toils we truce . Again this votive day return*, And finds u* bending o'er your urns. Jehovah's arm prepared the rod . The Heathen vanished at his nod ; He gave Hit Vine a lasting root, lie loads its goodly boughs with fruit. The hills atv covered with it* shade ; (to thousand shoots like cedars spread ; Its branches to the sea expand, And reach to broad Superior's strand. Of Peace and truth the gladsome ray Similes in our skies, ami cheers the day ; And a new Empire's splendent wheels Roll o'er the top of Western hills. Hail, Tilgrim Fathers of our race '. With grateful hearts your toils we trace ; Oft an this votive day returns, We'll pay due honoisto your urns. After the hymn the Rev Dr. Adams offered up anieloquent but somewhat lengthened prayer, expressing gratitude to the Almighty lor past blessings, and imploring the divine! guidance 'and gracious care for the future. The following new cantata> by Benjamin \Vyman, waa then sung by the Sacred Music Society Quartette. In grateful adoration now, Upon the barren sands they lx>w ; What tongue of joy e'er woke such prayer, As hursts in desolation there 1 What arm of strength e'er wrought such power, As waits to crown that feeble hour ? Chorut. There into lite an infant empire springs, There falls thte iron from the soul, mere iiDcrtys young accents roil, Up to the King of Kings. To fair creation's farthest bound, The thrilling nimmoni vet shall sottr.d, The dreaming nations sfiall awake, And to their centre earth's old kingdom* shake. Before the loftier throne of heaven, The hand is raised, the pledge is given, One monarch to obey, one creed to own That monarch < iod?that creed, llis word alone. After the oration the followiug hymn was sung by the Sacred Music Society, having been coinposed for the occasion by George P. Morris. A rock in the wildernees welcomed our sires, From bondage far over the dark-rolling sea ; On that holy altar they kindled the fires, ..cuvoui, nuivu ill UUI iivjiuiiu mr mcc. Thy bleniiings descended in sunshine and shower, Or rose from the soil that was sown by thy hand ; The mountain and valley rejoiced in thy power, And hc?ven encircled and smiled ?n th? land. Tlu> Pilgrims of old an example have given, Of mild resignation, devotion and love. Which beam* Tike the itar in the blue vault of heaven; A beacon-light hung in their mansion above. In church and cathedral we kneel in our prayer? Their temple and chapel were valley and hillBut (iod ia tne same in the aisle or the air, And He is the Rock that we lean upon still. Oration* The Hon. Mr. Choate then stepped forward, and was received with taud applause. He commenced his oration as follows:?We come again, the children of the Pilgrims, to remember our fathers. Awny from the scenes with which the American portions of their history are associated Inseparably and for ever, and in the minds of all men?scenes so unadorned, yet clothed to the moral eye with a charm abpve and beyond the sphere of taste - -the indissoluble rock?that hill from whose side those delicate springy are still arushimr?the low. wider brow;; woods? the sheltered harbor?the littl$ ,stand that welcomed them in their foreign garments from the sen, and witnessed the rest and worship of that Sabbath day before their first landing?away from all these scenes?without the limits of the fond old colony that keeps their graves?without the limits of that New England that is their wider burial placc and fitter monument?in the heart of this chief city of the Union into which the feeble band has grown, we come again to repeat their names one by one?to retrace the lines of their great character?lo look once more upon lineaments and features on which the grave has no power?to appreciate their virtues?to trace and recount the courses of their lives, full of heroic deeds?soured by shares! trials? crowned by transcendent continences?to elevate nd r.-fresh and touch our (pints by coming for an hour onc? more into thetr more immediate Ercsence?such thrv wrre U the days of their uman agony of glory?(Applause.> Mr Choate then proceeded, in a similar exceedingly fiord and inflated style,to.eulogiae the character and achievements ot the first settlers ot New England. He represented them as the incarnation of that puntanism, which two hundred years of persecution and suffering, rfom the time of Wicklin till the accession of .lames I., had reared on the English "oil. He traced, in brief, the progress of those influences which had advanced them from Proles tants to republican*?and from Englishmen to pilgrims?and from pilgrims to the founders of a free church, and the fathers of a free people in a new world. He spoke of the emharcation at Delfthaven, and alluded, in highly eulogistic terms, to Weir's picture of that interesting scene. The perilous voyage across the sea?the landing?the sore trials which were met and bravely undergone ?the stern, lofty virtues of the men were spoken of; and then the orator proceeded to announce his position that this was the grand heroic age of this republic. He deemed it a great thing for any l>eople to he able to look back on such an age, as it passed from stnge to stage of its history? whether it looked back in the morning or the evenine of its dnvs-?whether, as now. in tho r surer terror of youth, or in the full strength of manhood, with its breasts full of milk, and its l oncs moistened with marrow?or in dotage and decrepitude, with the silver cord loosened, and the golden howl broken at the fountain?whether from the age of Pericles or of Plutarch, it was always a (Treat and precious thins to be abl? to ascend to an age and race?a heroic age and race?which it could justly call its own. By an heroic at^e and race, he meant not necessarily and exclusively the arlicst age or race, but one, the affairs of whose history, and the traits of whose character, and the, extent and permanency ot whose influences, are of a kind and power to be recognized in after time: not merely as respectable and useful, but of a kind to kindle and feed the moral imagination, move the capacious heart, and justify the intelligent wonder of the world. He meant by a nation's heroic age, a time distinguished from all other time, not by chronological relations merely, but by a concurrence of grand and impressive agencies, with striking and large results?t>y some splendid triumph ot man over some great enemy?some great labor? some great evil?some great dangers. A time distinguished from others, when were seen extraordinary men performing extraordinary deeds?a time 111 which ??ere exhibited uncommon examples of rare and difficult virtue, tried by an exigency that happens only at the beginning of new ciiocW?at the beginning of ioiue new dynasty of dominion or liberty?when the great hell of time sounds out audihlv another hour.?(Applause.) Mr. Chontc extended considerably this definition of an "heroic ape," and then contended that in nil respects the ern of the lapding nt Jamestown was an "heroic age." I [c next adverted to the influence* which liad contributed to the formation of the character and virtues of the Pilgrim Fathers, whom he defended from the charges of aunterity, moroseness and intolerance. To the residence of many of w v< YORK, SATURDAY MO their contemporaries at Geneva during the reign of. "Bloody Mary," Tie attributed that ardent love of freedom* ana these enlightened notions of civil gov^riuilent which characterized them. To that he traced the great civil war in England?the republican constitution in the cahin of the May Flower? the divinity of Jonathan Edwards?the battle of Bunker Hill, and the independence of the thirteen uuitud colonics. Of thii puritan race wereoUr pilgrim fathers. They came in heroic companionship : Were their works heroic I To found a colony among a w aste, which may grow into a nation where no nation lived before, was, in the judgment of mankind, and intrinsically, of the larger order of human achievements, The chief of men, said Lord Karon, were the rnnditortri (minim um, the founders ol a state uj>nil till* Urmtlil nf Mlh carili % I ornnt niitnlmru nf lilt. man beings might livu together socially end in peafe, Kitit together by ten thousand noble tn-#, each stiongcr than links of iron? ttJ make b national exigence w hereby they might help and be helped in bearing the various burdens of life?whereiu they might improve and enjoy, m.d impart improvement and enjoyment. To build a tow n, to construct a pyramid, to write an epic, to l'oim a system ol philosophy, to win a battle or defend a cits', were trroat tilings | but nothing in cotnp&risou with this. lie, then, who set a colony on foot did an heroic deed ; he designed all the good and all the glorvof which,in,the series of ages, it should be the means ; and he should be judged rather by the grandeur of the ultimate design than by the character of the immediate motive?which might or might not have been very dignified or very heroic ([cheers) But wh,er?! th? Irtnindiat*.' motive Was in (ixttellertt as the ultimate success Was splendid and inspiring, then so far it was entitled to rational admiration. He distinguished then the enterprise of our filgrim Kathers, first by the character of its immediate motive ; and that motive was twofold. Kirst, it was simply h sense of religious duty.? To the extent of this motive they came hither to glorify Ood by obeying his word. Their next motive was a desire .for freedorti?(rtWlom frttm ttunfecensary restraints, which *As tyranny?freedom of soul. These, then, were their true motives?the sense of religious duty and the spirit of liberty?preat sentimeuts, whether iu men or nations? gicat s'entimcuts, pregnant wi{h celestial lire.? (Cheers.) The orator here sketched in hit imagination a picture of the vovage of the pilgrims, inspired as fhi?y were by them higfe prtneip'bs \ rtila then sdid that he also dtatie?uisht?d tltfir enterprise, above all others, by certain peculiarities in the trials which they encountered upon the waters of the new world. The first generations came here in 1620. In fifty years more he supposed that most, if not all of them, had passed away; if not, certainly their time of active labor and responsible ectfen h&l been accomplished. Loeking, tlifcfi, merely at the actual achievements of thllt generation, by the lights of our own time, perhftns ourtfirst impulse would be one of pity and admiration at the dignity and intensity with which they suffered, which were the grand ingredients in their heroism. It was on these peculiarities in the trials which they encountered that he should dwell. The mournful trials and the extremity of suffering which marked the first few years after their arrival were Familiar to all, and therefore it tVas not these be designed to rfcpfiilt, rilihbugh he incidentally glanced at some with considerable power. A good deal of this peculiarity aro?e from the total absence of all the passions which might be supposed to have stimulated them to anger, revenge, thirst lor blood, lor ove Of fame. It was the want of these characteristics which made this stupendous achievement of our fathers heroic indeed, inasmuch as they made Use of none of these aids to excite exertion. He admired t hi; transaction therefore in all its aspects, and, alter an eloquent contrast between the two, he declared his conviction that it was accompanied with more features of true heroism than were the motives of Leonidas and the three hundred Spartans who defended the pass of Thermonylic against the invading Persians.^To their actions and principles he attributed the present high and independent position of this Republic?a position which was received with much applause. It was a great thing for a nation to be able to look back upon a race and an age in which the intelligent mind must realise the idea o? true heroism; These heroic men and women, therefore, who had bfcen rembved from us, ought no* to be per? i. .r? ..u? - J 1S.T luimcu ? iuva iiuwii u]>vii h m-geiiuniie |iu?rniy. >v r must consider that the past was as nothing hut as we were quickened by its examples, warned by its voice, and assisted by its etperience. The sleeping and the dead were but as pictures, hut by gazing long and intently tlpdn them we might ourselves insensibly pass intc something like the likencas of the departed; wc might learn at least to imitate their labors and aspire to their immortality?(gre*t checring) The benediction was then pronounced by Dr. Adams, and the assemblage dispersed. The Dinner. No arrangements whatever were made by the stewards for the accommodation of the Press. Owing, however, to the courtesy of Messrs. Coleman and Stetson, our reporters were furnished with a table, and arc thus enabled to give a report of the proceedings. About two hundred and sixty gentlemen sat aown 10 uiuucr, wnicn wag served in mai si vie which has made the names of Coleman and Stetson famous all the World ovet. The chair Was occupied by the Hort. Moses it. Grinnell, supported on his right by Mr. Choate, and on his left by Mr. Webster. At the head of the table We observed also the Rev. Drs. Wainwriglit and Adams, his honor ?he Mayor, Commodore Stringham, the Hon. Mr. Alden, member of the British Parliament for Leeds, the Itev. Mr. Bellows, Hon Mr. Evans, Judge Catron, and other distinguished individuals. On the table, immediately in front of the chairman, Was a small portion of the granite of which Plymouth Rock is composed. The galleries of the dining room were filled with ladies, among whom we noticed several of the loveliest women of which our city can boast. Amongst them were Mrs. D. Webs-er, Mrs. Kd. Curtis, Mrs. N. P. Willis, Mrs. Major Irvine, Mrs. S. Draper, Judge Bayard's family, Mrs. George Pjitt, and last, not least, the ladies ol the house, with many others, whose names we were not fortunate enough to learn. After the clotli was removed, the Chairman stated that mapy distinguishea individuals had been invited, some of whom were unable to attend. Letters of apology had been received from them, and amongst others from Mr. Van Buren and Mr Adams, but lie did not deem it necessary to read them, and therefore called upon the company to fill for the first regular toast? " The (lav we celebrate?an anniversary more widely honored an" freedom and Christianity advance*."?(Drank with enthusiasm.) The next toast was? " New Kngland?Her freedom and strength are fidelity to law and devotion to (Jod."?(Applause ) Music?Yankee Doodle. The next toast was ' The Uenenau* Hollander*?The sou of New England will have forgotten his fathers when he ceases to remember their protectors in e*lle."?(Three times three ) Mi sie?Pilgrim Kathrrs. The next toast was? ' The City of New York?She cannot fail to be a great city in wraith ami {lobulation; may she cvrr be an American city in heart and in character."?(Great applause.) Hi? Mint 1 atui ted thanks.?The encomium which the p .1.1 to ...n eity he represented, and the hearty manner in w hich the sentiment had been received, was due to the city. That the city of New York always would he an American city, He who ma<lr her knew, and none hut He could prevent it?(cheers)?American in her attachment to our institutions, American In her attachment to the very essence of our institutions which had made in, and by adhering to which we could alone exist either a* acity or a nation? (cheers.) After having aid thin, and seeing many eloquent gentlemen ranged along the table, probably it would be well, and he had no doubt would meet the wishes of the company if he sat down to give more time to those whom they expected to hear?(cries of "go on.") He would go on, then? (cheers.) He was glud they hail asked him to go on. Not long since he saw a picture?and his mind's eye, since he hud been sitting at this festive boanl hod been analysing that picture ; he alluded to Weir's picture of the Kmharkation of the Kmigmnts?(cheers.) While his mind yet looked upon that picture, he had been observing and studying the picture of fart that he now saw before him. The picture tiefore him showed that Jthe inspiration of the artist not only enabled him to pourtrny the religimis expression V)f-the Pastor, but he certainly knew whothe mothem of them were?(bear.) The looking upon that picture. and upon thlrf, gfing back for some rears previously to the event that it ponrtrayed?and following up the time from the date of that event to the picture we had before us a moral truth which no intellectual being should disregard, l'or years previously to that hallow oil band deserting their home, their kindred, their property. and easting themselves upon tho waters tor the purpose ol enabling Jthcm to worship their God in their own way, they had been oppressed and persecuted. They had been oppressed?had they I No, not they; hut human nature in general had been oppressed and jiersecuted--(hcnr)? because they worshipped God in -i diflerent way from these who surrounded them?(hear.) Let him (the Mavor) be understood. History and truth required lie should assert that although their religion was then persecuted, theie were those who worshipped in their laith,who had not been guiltless of persecuting others who worshipped in another Faith ; but tncy K-ft their country to worship Uod as they chose ; and w"? saw upon that deck the expression of a heavenly determination that those individuals would run all risks", all ha/.ards, encountering all obstacles to lie permitted to worship (tod as their conscience told them ile should be worshipped. Aud what did we seo here f A u'hitm mauv iirfJti'.nt i<Arli nf whom worshipped God as they chose, anifwho worshipped Him differently. There were many present whose uncestor* were persecutors in their day ; and yet we now had a country where, no matter what a man's religion might he, he wan permitted to worship us he chose, uninfluenced, unappalled by the prejudice* of othen?(cheers.) And that country was the mo?t flourishing country ?j>on the face of the earth?and it was that moral to which he wished to call attention He would conclude by giving a sentiment?" Religious toleration, the foundation ol political liberty, and the foundation of individual independence, affluence and happiness." (Loud cheers.) The tilth regular toast was " The State of New York?her proud Rr<-W?iV rest* on no firmer pillar than the public faith." (Drsnk with much applause) The following ode byjRnfus Dawes, was then sung by >RK ] RNING, DECEMBER 23, the vetrnn Brough, in Uii own glorious style, to the air of " t)od Save the Queen" I? Hons of New England sire?! Why do your altar lire* Klame up on high ; Why from your festal hoard, Wakes the loud anthem, pour'd Joyous, with owe accbrd, Wiug'd lor the sky ! Not for the voice that spoke Triumph?when Britain'* yoke Burst with your chains , Not for the heroes brave, niooHitiir hv rlmrlnt'a U'avo Not for the patriot's grave, Wake ye your strain* Hut lor tho Pilgrim band, They who from I.eyden's land Dared the rough sea ; braving the ocean vast, Ktorning the wintry blast, Bo they might find, at law, lion m for the free. Hark, how the thundet- peals ! Sue, how the brave ship reels, VVhirl'd in the brine! Courage ! the God that wears Storm-robes, tho good mail spares j Pilgrim !?ho hfars yoltr praJ Crs,? Joy tp yout line! Nobly the May-flower bows, While the dark wave she ploughs ; On to the West ; 'Till, from the tempest's shock, Proudly she lands her flock? Where on old Plymouth Kock, ' Freedom found rest. Lo ! from your starry sphere, Spirits in light appear, (Jlorious, but tew ; Pilgrims ! we see you now? Fathers ! to you we liow? Hear, then, your children's vtJW, Still to be tftie ! Join, brother?, heart and haild, Sons of the Pilgrim-bund ! Swear nourto be All that your fathers sought AHfthat their virtUrt wrought? So shall your sons be tuugnt How to be free ! The next toast was? "The United States?united for the purposes announced in theOeclaration of Independence and preamble to the national constitution, and for no other purposes incomputable with these." Drank with tremendous enthusiasm. Music.?'" Yankee Doodle," with variations on the plates and glasses. Tlli: next tridst wis? ' Our lister charitable societies.'' Music.?"Auld Lang Syne.'' JoiKrH Fo\, Esq., President of the St. (Jeorge's Society, returned thanks, as the representative of those sons of Old England who clustered here around St.Cieorge and charity. Ife begged to itckiirtwlcdgs.with grateful feelings, the lentiment of esteem and regard expressed in th* toast. He esteemed it 110 common privilege to be able to unitfc with the sons of New Kiiglund )h the celebration of a day interesting In thfe world itt lanre. Such a celebration, even he, us.njprejudiced son oi'Old E&gUad| could regard as a moral banquet. (Cheers.) It were vain to Jhiiy in the conduct of the Pilgrims there was a moral sublimity not surpassed by any men who figure on the pages of history. And tbeir heroic deeds would bo forgotten only when history itself would be forgotten. (Cheers ) And why could not he Hnito with the sons ot New England on that occasion ? Old England waa not ashamed to acknowledge that New England trillrapnfed. (Chebl-s.) Atfd why should the sons of two countries differ in sentiment or feeling, vthen their Froudest boast was a common origin' (Great applause.) t was true that the ties formed at such meetings might be slightly binding at flrit, but bit own experience, could state that they became at last the cemfcilt of enduring friendship. And not Only in a personal point of view was such association useful. The influences thus excited had no small effect in promoting the principles of peace all the world over. (Applause.) Mr. F. concluded by giving "The enduring union of Charitable Societies.'' Drank with lrtud awlaus*. Richard Iiiwix. Esq. returned thanks on the part of the 8t. Andrew's Society, in eloquent and appropriate terms. Hetclaimcd kindred * with that society. The principles for which the pilgrims suffered, were the same for which his ancestry fought and bled on their own soil. Mr. I. concluded by giving as a sentiment:?"The principles of the I'ilgrwi Fathers?may their influence be as extensive as the fame of the Pilgrfms themselves is imperishable.'' (Drank with much upplausl.) C. W. Farkk, Esq., President ol the German Society also returned thanks. The Sous of New England rejoiced in the toiibriqutt of the " Universal Yankee Nation"?(a laugh,) and they did well to do so ; for westward and westward farther still they were carrying their empire? (Cheers.) And it was one of the brightest traits in the character of S'?*w lluit thay Uml tu ma ot' of I faction for all emigrants who came to these shores, determined to make it the home of their children and children's children?(Loudjapplause.) The emigrant, it irftrue, still cherishes true feelings for his|fatherlond, but like those of me untie WHU IOUOWH iuu uusuttuu ui uei uuuicv, wuu anil retains fond recollections of her loved parental home? (Tremendous applause.) Mr. F. concluded by giving " New England?the surest guarantee of the stability of the Union." D. C. Culdkn, Ksq. respouded on behalf of the St. David's] Society. In looking around that board he saw the representatives of various revered and honored saints?(a laugh.) They had heard of St. treorge, that chivalrous saint, who went a!>out with his burnished helmet and dancing plume, relieving all distressed damsels and spitting dragons as a cook does capons for dinner?(a laugh ) And they had beard of St. Andrew, who by his vigils and fasting taught himfelf to go without a dinner. And their was their dear brother of Germany, whose saint was supposed to have invented printing?though that was somewhat questioned? (laughter ) But no matter who invented it it has been the great engineof civilization?and whether St. Herman, the devil, or Dr. Kaustus?(laughter,] had that was certain that by it in the course of time, the world had been knocked into pi. (Much laughter) Next came?who 1.why, their dear saint of St Nicholas, and would any body then deny who had tasted of the hospitalities of the sons of New Amsterdam, that Saint Nicholas wu indeed the author of a miracle ' Who that \ i a ?i... t?... u?nrti.^rAir iiau ?ccii iiic aivtAiug um*v u uuui uic ia|/ci icg u? mc i?i matron, or more capacious hose of the venerable grandfather, dangling empty at night, and filled in the morningMho that had seen tne ecstatic hop? which tilled the bosom of the children in anticipation of the annual visit of their dear Saint?could deny that St. Nicholas wrought miracle*? (Cheer*.) But his'(Mr. C.'?) brethren of St. David, who traced their ancestry farther back even than tradition?(roars of laughter )?well acquainted with all that hRS been done in time, and a little before time, they were quite at a loss to ooco'int where, how and when that taint, whom we have 10 recently canonized, had crept into the calendar. (Laughter.) They had in fact received with tome doubt the claim of St. Jonathan. ((Jreat laughter.) But 'llthough not recorded in any black letter manuscript or moth-eaten volume, yet the miracles of St. Jonathan were to be reud, of ull men. (Cheers) His miracle began when the pilgrims first kneeled on the deck of the May flower and asked troin < rod protection and assistance across the broad Atlantic. (Cheers) That miracle wad working through all the time when the sons of the pilgrims were redeeming the wilderness, and were protecting themselves and their children from a savage foe. It wu working when petition, remonstrance, reason, had been exhausted?when the sword wax drawn, and the scabbard thrown away?that sword neverto be sheathed but in victory or the grave, (l.oud applause.) And then when that victory was accomplished, when luw, happiness and order reigned throughout the land?then did the spirit ol St. Jonathan ?oar aloft, and look down with a smile of complacent triumph?then did he exclaim my miracle is accomplished!?(Oreat applause.) Mr. C. gave in conclurion? " New England?The home of the greatest happiness of the greatest number."?(Drauk with loud applause ) Da. Mamlt, President of the St. Nicholas Society, replied to the sentiment in a brief and appropriate address, observing that the people of New England and thoso of New Amsterdam, had many things in common, which marked their cvcntlul and too often disastrous career.? Though tin y were branches plucked from different trees, and transplanted three or four thousand miles from home, they each had flourished, grown, and lieeome great trees, till the fowls of the air could find lodging under them ; they had become, ns it were, n grent nation, and they were combined together as ene family. He concluded by giving, as a toast? "The Expansive Chaiity ol the Sons of New England? which scornj fteographtcal limits, and which ministers not only to the physical but to the moral wr.nts of suflering humanity."' (Loudchcem ) Th"" I'mmiimt proposed the next toast, which was? " The Orator of the Day- a true son of New England, whosr genius and character illustrates the Talue of a pilrrim ancestor."' (Loud chre.'S.) Mr. <returned thanks He felt himself entirely unequal to the tusk of making a speech. The truth was, thnt the great Broadway Tabernacle, which bore the some relation to other buildings w hich the great city ol New York Iwire to all other cities between Cape Cod and Hueboc?(Cheers)- has certainly used me up; and I the same way ? (Laughter.) 1 will not, therefore, make a ipeech, tint propose a toast, which, to avoid the accident* of hospitality, I have reduced to writing.? (Hoar* of laughter ) The truth was, that with all the pride you have in the great city of New Y ork, vet we of the pilgrim tock never can get it out of our heads that the Dutch did br'he the captain of the Mayflower to bring away our lathers from your lo.cly island to the iron bound harbor ol Boston.?(Laughter and cheers.) But 1 should n't wonder if this story hud no foundation at all, hut some spice ol icalousy towards this great city and this great State \ud if there was a little envy at the liottom wouldn't it l>e the most excusable thing in the world? When the Pilgrims landed at Plvmouth there were about three hundred and twenty-tive of these generous Hollanders, patient and industrious, settled on this island of Manhattan, and besides them there were not within your im|ierial limits a single s|H>t or memorial of European civilization. And now see ?see the city of New Vork, the capital of a State containing more than two millions of inhabitants?hersell a population of upwards of 300,000?importing for more than ten millions of people?n harbor In wnleh all the naval warlike, and all the mercantile navic* of the world might float together at any time?and a river that might bringdown a succession of freights that would sink every single ship that might be floated in your harbor. Thus stands she to-day, with one hand grasping the harvests of the teeming west, and with the other, like Venice, espoui HERA 1843. Ing the everlasting tea. (Tremendous applause.) See her better than thi?, the home and patron queen of art and literature, and genius ?remembering wisely, and always, that there is a better and more durable glory than even that which gilds and beams from the throne of the whole mere commercial world?inindlul, wisely, that the means of material greatness, though a great thing, is not every thing?-mindful of that glorious sentiment olthe poet? "Winds blow and waters roll, Strength to the brave, and |>ower and beauty, Yet in themselves are nothing?our decree Spoke laws to then , said by the soul alone By the soul- by the soul nlia.ll we ever lie great anil free!" (< Jreat applause,) Meditating im these things, Air. ('resident, 1 think a little envy might have been excused to us, and yet I assure you that when we contemplate it ail such a sentiment i* swallowed up in a sentiment inlinitely more noble? "A'on ti/uidi m inviilro?miror munis. (Cheers.) But now, a* 1 see a great speech in a capacious heai-t and eye, interrupting me and soliciting your attention, as touching this mutter of theDutch having bribed tlict aptain ubout wuich 1 believe not a word, let me say that you have got no great advantage over us alter ail. (Laughter and cheers.) Sir, I ofl'er you this sentiment. "New V ork, the city and the State, not given to the Pilgrims of the first generation to settle, she has become in another sense tiie endeared possession of their descendants for ever, by affording to so many of them a happy and honored home?to so many the means of princely wealth?to so many a theatre of genius? and to *11 some causes of paternal and patriotic pride in the commercial and literary glory of a common country." (Drank with great applause.) Bono? my own Nutive Land"?(Cheers.) Tll<? Pui'?mrl<T III*vt vnvn? "The Clergy of New England?The teacher* of truth front the original fountain, uuil always the lrienda of rational oud regulated liberty." The Hev. Dr Wainwriuht returned thanks in the name of the clergy of all denominations. In the course of his remarks the Iter, gentleman said that the orator of the day, ill his eloquent address this morning, had said that at lieneva there was discovered a government without a king, and a church without a bishop?(Cheers.) Notwithstanding the strong testimony ot approbation paid to this sfentiment, were this a proper areua, and if even the orator r.r<i... .1.... ... .1 .... .... i.i. .........I... ii. he (Dr. W.) would not hesitate to take it u|>, and say there could not be a church without a bishop?(Hear, hear.) This, however, was not the place for such tonic*. Thank God siich controversies were banished from this place, and moreover, iu the whole length and breath of the land, when the clergy were given as a toast, no privileged order could stand up and assume to themselves the honors conferred by that name. Notwithstanding all their religious opinions, the clergy were, in the eye of the country, one; they had common rights; and if they knew their true interests, they would ^rally, as one man, round the constitution, and consider it as the rock of their civil an 1 religious liberty?(Cheers.) Around the altar of friendship and be. nevolence which this society had reared, all the clergy were able to join as one mau, and feel that thev were brethren, having one common object in view?tho cause of 1 Charity. He hoped, then, that when they went forth into the world, thfcy might all feel the sentiment of the Apostle j ?" Now abideth these thi'ee, faiih, hope and charity, but Mm (rn<uto?t nf i? rlmritv''? o -- " - ? Tho Prisiuknt next gave? " Ply month Hock?the foundation stone of tho temple of religions liberty !" (Great cheering.) To which succeeded tho toast of? " Tho COmrfiftn Schools of New England ?the safeguard and pledge of her intelligence and virtue." (Great applause,) The Hev. Dr. Bki.l, in responding to this toast, referred to the excellent system of education adopted in the common fchools of New England. Popular education, ho contended, was the best aaieguard of popular freedom,and the best leveller, because it always levelled upwards.? 1 (Cheer*) ) There was a time when it was said thai an inn and n blacksmith'* shop constituted n village ; New Eng- 1 land had gone further ; she hail added a church and a school house, an example which he honed all the nations upon earth would follow. He concluded by giving? " The Uric It School Houses and the white Churches of 1 New England"?Time and trial, he added, can only im- 1 prove their complexion. (Cheers) The President next gave? " The Pilgrims?whose character and design* are dii- ! closcd in what New England is, and has been able to ac- 1 complish." Air?bond. The President said the next was the last regular toast: 1 " The Nfcw England Wile--not an appendage to the 1 establishment, but part of the heart and soul ot the New 1 England man" (Enthusiastic cheering ) The President said the nruscucu of a distinguished in- 1 dividual who held a higu place in the counsels of the na- 1 tion, led him, (the President) ax an act of justice to that individual, to refer to him in the first volunteer toast ol the evening, lie would then give? " The State of Maine?destined to be the largest of the duster of New Kngland States, and not to be behind her elder sisters in moral and intellectual respectability."? (Cheers.) Hon. .Mr. Evans returned thank* for that honorable mention of the youngest in the .sisterhood of the Union.? True, she presented the largest territory, but that did not constitute a State. Thrice honored would she be if she be not behind her sisters an intellectual and moral greatness, for then, 1<I<1CC<!, o w*ul?l corioLitutu n Statr to tu? honored and remembered. (Cheers.) She was settled almost entirely from the old and honored colony itself, that of Massachusetts Day, and still more frum New Hampshire, an origin of which she need not be ashamed, when she recollects what New Hampshire has given not to New England alone, but tj America. (Tremendous ap plause) He was about to add that New Hampshire was the birth place of the eloquent advocate and accomplished statesman who was their guest ou that occasion. (I.oud cheers.) Such being the origin of that State, may she not claim something of the honor and glory of New* Eng- ! land (Cheers ) There he would w^lingly stop, but something must be pardoned to the day and the occasion. 1 One of Mm toafts had reference to what New Kngland is 1 and what she had done. A reverend gentleman near him had spoken of what she is. He would inquire w hat she has done ? It was on Plymouth Hock that we first plant- ' ed those seeds which are now springing up over 1 the broad continent. In what mart was not New Kngland ' ientcriuizc exhibited?in w hat form was not her talent? in what pulpit wasjnot her piety > Ami not only on this soil, but on all others, where had not New Kn^land enterprise been exhibited ? In all the walks of literature, science, ami the art*, hail not New K.ngland discovered herself/?(Cheers.) Mr. Kvans went on at lome length to eulogi/.e the character and achievements of the julerim fathers and their descendant*, anil concluded by offering a sentiment. The Vice I'rksidknt here begged to add, by way of j postscript to the sentiment Just drank "Ueoi^e Evan*? the main sup|>ortof the finances ofthis nation. There is more of the main-stay in the SUte of 1 Maine than many in this State suppose." This was received with, roar* lot laughter .and drank wi th great applause. Ucokoic UmawoLP, F.sq., then rose and said?Mr. Presi- i dent, I have the honor of proposing the health of a distinSuished guest on this occasion, A gentleman who has one more for his country than any other manof his time. j He has killed nullification, and saved his country from a , wirwiih a nation to wnom site is now umtea?mm iuiic may she continue united?in the bonds ol amity and friendship.?(Cho-re.) I give you? "D.?wikl Wmistkm, he has given him sell to his country, anil uotliing but his country. Nothing could possibly exceed the enthusiasm which this sentiment excited. The whole company started to their feet nnd united in a loud and long continued bunt of nnplause. The toast was drank with nine cheers and oue cheer more ; and after that a gentleman at the foot of the table rose and said? " Mr. President -we hereabouts insist that the toast be given from our end of the table, We dout mean to be cheated out of our rights This was receivedwith loud laughter.) nd the sentiment was, in accordance with the suggestion repeated by the Vice President, and drank again wltl. an enthusiasm equalled only by that with which it was received before. Mr. W> rsti.r then rose amidst most enthusiastic applause, and addressed the meeting nearly as follows :? Mr. President, 1 have a grateful duty to perform, in acknowledging the kindness of the sentiment which has been expressed towards m?!; and yet, 1 must say gentlemen, that I rise, upon this occasion under the consciousness^ that I may probably disappoint high raised, too high ij I.iuru, cAiwimiuim. inincici-ncoi tlua evening, anil in the scene of this day, my part ia a bumble one. 7 can enter into no competition with the How of genius of more eloquent gentlemen, learned and reverend, who have addressed this assembly. I may perform, gentlemen, the humbler, but the sometimes useful duty of contrast, so that the dark ground of the picture ma) suffice to bring out those brilliant colon?(laughter and cheers.) I must reccivc. gentlemen, tne sentiment proposed by the worth) and distinguished citi/eus of New \ ork before me, as intended to communicate the idea that as a citizen of New Kriglanil, a son of New Kngland, a child, a creature of New K.ngland, I may tie jet supposed to entertain, ill some degree, that enlarged view of my duty as a citizen, and as a public man, thut may iu some small measure commend me to the regard of the whole country.? I must say, gentlemen, that a compliment of that kind could proceed from no source more agreeable to mj' own feelings,than from the gentleman who proposed it?himself an eminent merchant, the member of a body of eminent merchants, in acity of eminent merchanti.known throughout the world for intelligence and judgment? (cheers ) I the more especially feel this, gentlemen, because whether I view the present state of things, or recur to the history of the past, I can, in neither case he ignorant how much of that profession, and its distinguished members, from the early day* of our history, have contributed to make the country what it is, and tne government what it is?(cheer*) Oeiitlemen, tWe free nature of our institutions, the popular form of this government, which have come dow n to us from the Rock of Plymouth, unite talent and enterprise, and public spirit, and public effort from every class, making up the great body of the Republic, and the country has received lienetits in all its history, in all its exigencies, of the most eminent anil striking character from persons of the class to which my friend before me belongs?(cheers.) Who will ever forget that the first name signed to the ever memorable and glorious Dec I iration of Independence was the name of John Hancock, a merchant of Huston ?? (Loud cheers.) Who will ever rorzet either, that iu the most disastrous duvs of the Revolution, when penury uuj tho characteristic of the treasury of the country, with unpaid uaviea uud tinpaitl 1 armies, it was a merchant, Hubert Morris of Philadelphia, I who by tho noble sacrifice- ol hm ow n fortune, aj will ** ' the exertion of great financial ability, sustained ami ?up ported tha w!m< mm of the country in council awl the ' brave men of the country upon the field ' - (? l>cer?.) ' Nor are there wanting morn recent in*tanre*. I nave th,> " pleanure to see near me, and near my friend who has expresned the urnliment to which I am now endeavoring to r ?n?wer, the son of an eminent merchant of New England, i- III I w? Ln U # Price Two CmU. Mr. Goodhue?(loud cheers)?an early member of the Senate of the United State*; always cousulted, always respected, in w hatever belonged to the duty aud the mean* of putting into operation the financial and commercial system ol the country?(Applause.) And the mention of the lather ol ray friend recall* to ruy mind the name of hi* great colleague*, hi* daily *ocietr, the HamUtoua and the Hawet, tru*ted and beloved ol Wa*hington, consulted upon all Occasions, connnected with tha *dmiui*iiation ol the finance*, the establishment of thu Treasury department, the imposition ol the lint rate* Mid dutie*, and ev ery thing that belonged to the commmercial system of "the Liuted states?George Cabot ol Maisachu?ett*.?And I will take this occasion to *ay, gentlemen, that there is no truth more developed and established in the history of the l/nitcd States, from the formation of the constitution to tlu present time, than that the mercantile interest, the great commercial mns* of the community, whose attain connect them severally with every State iu the Union, and with nil the nation* ol the earth, wliow ca reer and profession, gives them a sort of nationality of character? there ia no clam of meu among u?, who irom the beginning have stood stronger or firmer for whatever wan intended, or whatever tended, to preservc the Union of the State*, and the happy form of government under which we live. (Cheer* ) The constitution of the United State* in regard to various municipal regulation* and local interests, left the State*, individual, discos necied, isolated : it lull them their own codes of criminal law, it left them their own systems of municipal regulation ; hut there was one great interest, one great concern, which, from the very nature of the case, was no longer to he left under the management of thirteen or afterward twenty and now twenty nix States, but committed, necessarily committed, to the cara, the protection, the wisdom, and the regulation of one government, and that is kthe government, as it has been declared, of the commerce of the United State*?(Hear, hear) 'l'heie is no commerce of New York; there is no commerce ot Massachusetts,Alabama orVirginia?all and singular in its aggregate?in all its parts it is the commerce of the United States, regulated ut I..,,iw. I,., ,.f Lu (I,- mithorv. tv of the general government, and protect**! abroad by th? nag ol tile Unltcu States, tlio " / ; plmihu uhum," unit maintained, it ueeil lie, by the power of the general government, all over tlie world. (Tremendous cheer*.) There is, therefoie, gentlemen, nothing more binding, no thing that make* us more cohesive, there is nothing that more repels all the tendencies to disunion and dismemberment, than this great common, and, I may say, overwhelming interest ot our one commerce?one general system of trade and navigation connecting us with one another, and connecting us with all the nation* upon the earth (Cheers.) It i* not the flag of a particular State that in seen upon the Pacific seas, or in the Baltic, or in tho Indian Ocean. (Tieinendou* cheer*.) Who know* or hears of your proud State, or of my proua State f Who knows or hears of any thing of the export* of the North or of the South I or among the antipode*, in the wild* of the Weat, in the Kastern or the Westeni *eaa I? Whoever i* tfcre that hear*, or know* any thing of an American shipor any American enterprise ofa commercial character that does not bear the impre** of the American Union with it ? (Loud cheers.) It would be a prosumption of which I cannot be guilty, gentlemen, for mo to imagine for a moment that among the gift* which New Kngtuml has made to our common country, 1 am among mote than one ofthemost inconsiderable. 1 readily bring to mind not only the great men 1 have mentioned, but those Who have gone belore me, and who now ilcep with their fathers, distinguished in the Kevolution?distinguished in the lormation of the Constitution and in its early ad ministration?always distinguished. I shrink in just and conscious humiliation before their established characters and their established renown : and all that 1 venture to lay, and all that I venture to hope may be true in the sentiments of my irinnds, may be that so far as mind and purpose ?ho far as intent and design are concerned, 1 may be considered one of those fftpable of impressing the whole country of which I am a member with a proper, comprehensive and patriotic regard for it. (Cheer*.)? We all know that the object* nearest are object* dearest to us. Family affection*, neighborhood affections, social relation*?they touch ?s nearest; but whoever *hall bo able rightly to adjust the gradation of hi* aflection*, ud to love his friends, and bis neighbors, and his city, as he sught, fulfils the benediction ot the philosophical poet, a benediction belonging to hiin?" Qui dedieit quid patriot ileheat, et quid amicis." (Cheers.) Gentlemen, It bu been my lot and inv fortune particularly to haro acted in public life, either (or the good or evil of my country?to be concerned entirely with that government which, with in the limits of its constitutional power, exercise* Jurisdiction over all the State* and all the people. My friend at the end of the table, upon my left (Mr. Colden), has ?)>oken pleasantly to u* to-night of the repeated miracle* 3t Saints. In a sober Reuse, in a sense oi' deep conviction, 1 spy that the emergence ot thi* country from British dominion, and it* union under the present foim of government, beneath the general constitution of the country, constitutes, J will not say one of the most lurtunute, but the most aWmirnble, the most felicitioua occurrences that have lailen to the lot 01 man. ti ueer?.; Circumstances have wrought out for oa a state of things which iii other region* philosophy has dreamed of, and theory has proposed, and speculation has suggested, but vv hicli man nan never been able to accomplish. 1 mean the government of a great nation, over a vastly extended |?rtion of the regions of the earth, by meausof locaJ institution* for local purposes, and general institutions for {fuerbi |?ui|miua. 1 know not in the history of the world, notw ithstanding the great ugeof firerce?notwithstanding any thing that we read in ancient history.and surely in despite and contrast of every thing in modern history, I know nothing so suitable on the w hole to the great interests of a great people spread extensively over a large portion of the earth as a power of local legislation tor local and municipal purposes, with not a confederacy? not a loose bond of union, but a limited positive government for general purposes, for the whole?(applause.)? We may derive eminent proof of this truth from the past and the present. What see we to-day in the agitations upon the otber side of the Atlantic f 1 speak of them of course without expressing any opinion whateyeron any [|uestion of politics in a country not our own. But 1 speak uf them us an occurrecue, which shows the great experienced utility?I may say the necessity of local legislation If in a country on the other side of the water there be some w ho tiesire a severance of one portion jf the empire from another, under a proposition of repeal. there arc other* who projiose a continuance ot that relation under a federated ay item? and what i* that? No Tiore and no lens than an approximation to that syatem under which we live?which lor local municipaJ purpose* "hall have a local legislation, and for general purposes a general government.?(Applause.) Thia become? the more important when we recollect that the United Stutes are iprrad over 10 many degrees of latitude?ar? ubject to such a variety of climate--and that necesaarily ^reat diversity of relations must suhsiat t>etween its inhabitants Let me ask whether the Legislature of New York could wisely pass laws for the government of Lou* isiana, or whether the government of Louisiana could wisely pass laws for Pennsylvania or New YorkKvery Ixxly will say "No." And yet the interests of New York, and Pennsylvania, and Louisiana, in whatever concern* fheir relations between themselves, and their general relations with all the States of the world, are lound to be [wrfectlv well provided lor, and perfectly congruously adlusted, ifl may say so, by committing to one government the result of the general relations among them.?(Cheers ) I confess, gentlemen, that having been in my humble career in public life?now closed altogether?when employMi in any portion of public service connected with the general government, I have contemplated, as the great )bject of every proceeding, not only the particular object if the moment, or the exigency of the occasion, but the preservation ol this system?for I do consider it ia <o much the result of circumstances, and so much of it la lue to the fortunate concurrences, as well as to the saga :ity, of the great men acting upon those occaaions, that it is an experiment of such remarkable and renowned sue. :ess that he is a fool and a madman who would wish to try that experiment a second time?(cheers). I see to-day, ind we all see that the descendants of the Puritans who landed upon the Rock of Plymouth?the follower* of Raleigh, who settled Virginia and North Carolida, he who lives where the truncheon of empire, so to speak, wan t>oane bv Smith, the inhabitant of Oevrgia, he Tho settled ?J? '?? on? nf l**raiirr unnn the hanks of the Mis lissippi, the Swedes of Delaware, the Quaker* ol Penn vlvania?all find, in thin day, their common interest, their common protection, their common glory under the united government, which leave* them all, nevertheless, in the administration of their own municipal and local affairs te the Frenchmen, or Swedes, or Quakers, oa whatsoever they choose to be?(loud cheers). And when one considers that this system of government. I will not say has produced, because God and nature and circumstance's have had an agency in it ; hut I will say that when it is considered that thia system has not prevented, but lias rather encouraged the (fro wtli of the people of th? oiinlry from three millions, upon the glorious fourth o* liilv, 1770, to seventeen millions. Now, who is there la will say, upon this hemisphere now?nay, who is tl ar > hut will stand up in either hemisphere?who ia tl ar i n any part of the world, that will say that t.. > freat experiment of a united Itnnublic' has failed u America f (Loud cheers.) Ana yet, I know, f-ntlemen?1 feel that this united system is leld together by^ stronp tendencies to union, ut the ame time that it is kept from too much tendency to conolidrftion by a strong tendenev to support their own tower and consideration. And for one glorious half cenury it has kept us, ns we have liccn kept, and haa made is what we are. (Cheer*.) Utit, penilemen. I must not illow myself to pursue this topic. It is a sentiment so 'ommonly repented by me upon all nuhlic occasions and irivate occasions, and every where, though it ia ot in very good taste to dwell upon it now ? t is the union of these States, it ia the sysein of government under which we live, beneath ne < onttiumoii ui me i niieu mmien nappuy iiainvu, visely adopted, iktlfully administered upon the whole for ifty yoars. It is mainly that, I say, that gives us power if nomc and credit abroad. ((,'heers.) <nd for one, f >ever stopped to consider the power or wealth, or greatlessofthe Hlato. 1 tell you, Mr. Chairman. I care nothing or the metropolitan State at all. Delaw are and Rhode sland are as nigh in my regards a* New Vork. In popu ation, in pow er, in the goverrimont over us, you have i greater share. Von would have the lame hare if you were dwindled into forty States. It in not, therefore, a* o State sovereignty, it it only because New Vork is a vast portion ofth^ whole American people : and in regard to the people we mtiit feel reapect ?nd honor, but inning these sovereignties there is no preference , therein nothing high aud nothing low ; e\ery Strfti- is independent and every State ii e<|iial ; and if we ilepart from this great principle then we are no longer one wopln ; but we are back again before the confederation. md upon that state of things in which inequality pro luced all the evil* which befel us in times past. (Trenien Ions cheers.) Mr. President, I wish then, without pursuing liese thoughts, without especially attempting to produce ny firm impression by them, to take this occasion to an wer my friend who has proposed the sentiment, and to espon.l to It by saying tnat whoever would serve his ountry in this our day, with whatever degree of talent, i

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