Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 25, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 25, 1843 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New 1 ark, Monday, December D3, 1843. 00-No evening paper will be issued trom tins offic e to-day?but to-morrow the Hi raid will be published as usual The Mass Meeting at Vauxhall Gardens This Evening.?The great mass meeting of American Rapublicans takes place this evening at Vauxhali Gardens. It will be one of the most interesting and important which has been held in this city for years. That it should be a very harmonious meeting all true friends of the cause know lull well, and that it will not be so we have not much reason to apprehend. Still it is not amiss to remind all of the necessity and duty of avoiding any approach whatever to conduct which would endanger that unanimity which now constitutes the chiefest strength o! the movement. All attempts of indi% i.litola f a i llu'tllrii'lvi'W Mt the *?YIW?1)K#? ot others, or to make this gr^at patriotic cause tributary to their personal ends, should be frowned down immediately on their manifestation. It' Satnmaus, or Ralph, or Whitney, or the Rev. David Hale, or any one discover the slightest inclination to make individual capital out of this.'matter, let him he put down at once. This is the ganic that has brought the old factions to the verge of ruin, and unless the new party are suicidally inclined they will never permit its introduction umongst their ranks. So much by way of advice. We want aregular city reform?a reform in every branch of the city government. New York was never so badly governed in any respect as she is at this moment, on this blessed Christmas eve, Anno D >mini one thousand eight hundred and forty-three. And to what quarter are we to look for this reform'! We have tried both whigs and locofocos, and both have been found equally inefficient, slothful, corrupt and worthless. We have no confidence at all in either o fthese hitherto dominent factions? and if the American Republicans fail us, we must be contented to wade knee deep in mud?pay enormous taxes?allow rogues, thieves, burglars, assassins to run at large, and submit to all sorts of fraud and corruption, till perhaps some visitation from heaven sends us deliverance. And not only do the municipal affairs of this great city demand the thoughts of this new party. The state and prospects of the Union itself present much to unite their most earnest and patriotic attention. They are called on at this moment to take strong ground against the extraordinary princ es promulgated by Bishop Hughes in his late lecture in the Tabernacle?principles of the most dangerous character, but advanced with that Jesuitical caution, and priestly plausibility which are so characteristic of this wily, designing, insidious, zealous servant of his Holiness the Pope. Let the American Kepublicans attentively examine the doctrines announced to thousands in this lecture at the Tabernacle, by which David Hale received seventy or eighty dollars?droll enough, indeed, that he should receive money Air affording accommodation to the very men who are opposing that party to which he has professedly attached himself. But according to this lecture, it is very clear that Bishop Hughes, acting in obedience to the wishes and express command of the Pope, intends by means of the slavs question to create and influence dissensions amongst the States of the Union, in order that the aspiring* restless,ever-grasping and intriguing church of which he is so efficient a prelate, may step in, seize upon mis Deautitui heritage, anil reduce it to the condition of the European States in tl. middle ages. This, iirbrief, presents the matter which constituted the whole length, and breath, and thickness of the Bishop's discourse, and when taken in conjunction with the bold, open, audacious, persevering efforts of O'Connell to effect the same purposes of disorganization and subjugation, surely affords abundance of material for reflection and indignant rebuke on the part of the American Republicans. Have we not'already'seen how Bishop'Hughes, by means of the school" question, divided the whigs and locofocos, and eventually conquered both, carrying his own measures triumphantly 1 American Republicans! are you prepared to submit to the Pope?his Bishop?and O'Connell?that trinity of evil influences which are now so openly and manifestly arrayed against^the'peace'and stability of this republic 1 We trow not. Mr. Choate's Oration?Webster's Speech.? We have seldom been aflorded a better opportunity of contrasting and studying sound and sense? words and ideas?bombast and eloquence?tinsel and gold, than that which presented utself at*the New England celebration in the oration of Choate and the speech of Webster. There's more to be gained by the comparison than could be got out ol a day's study of Campbell's Philosophy of Rhetoric or Blair's excellent treatise on the Belles Letters. It is exceedingly amusing to see the pufls published in the newspapers abont this oration. These block heads of critics are wags without knowing it.? These putis are the most unmerciful criticisms which could he written. Take any passage at random from the oration, analyze it, and then read one of the puflSi?"beautiful and brilliant thought*" ?"burning eloquence"?"flashes of genius"? "gushing loveliness," and be conv ced of the cruelty of these friends. Now this oration was a splendid specimen of rant and fustian?the speech an admirable specimen of true and unaffected eloquence. Half a dozen ideas might possibly be extracted, after a very diligent and carrful analysis from the former?in the latter every sentence contained 6olid, substantial matter. And this is the universal opinion amongst all who are at all competent to forin an accurate judgment of the merits of literary compositions. Choale was quite lost amid verbiage. He floundered about without anv evident ?im VKjW.. " Thus when a dab-chick w addles through a copse, On feet and wings?now flies, now wades, now hops.'' And yet his subject was one onjwhich lie might indeed have shone. It was a noble on??every way worthy of a vigorous mind, and calculated to excite hold and original ideas. Hut the oration on thin great, comprehensive, inspiring theme, may he most correctly represented by the expressive discription given by the philosophic Prince of Denmark, of a similar effort?"Words?words? words." Any school-boy of toleri e memory, and who reads the magazines and Bulwer's novels, could have written just such a magniloquent, turgid, inflated essay on the character and sufferings of the Pilgrims. And if the matter was indifferent, the t-tyle of delivery was still more indifferent. Whining?snuffling?ranting?it was an imitation of a down-east itinerant expounder of the Word, which would have brought down thunders of a|>plause at Barnum's Museum How different from all this was the speech of Mr. F.wartf i'Uo u L* * J .u,. <? r*J urUUglll OUl plainly but beautifully expressed?impressed at ones on thf mind and memory of the hearer. ?Here every where we sec the hand of a master With what a bold, striking pencil wb* depicted the progress of the two great families of the Anglo-Saxon race, each conquering and subjugating a world ! Why, there is more solid matter of information and instruction?more philosophy?more genuine eloquence in that single, short, after-dinner speech of Mr. Webster; than would suffice to make up the head, body and tail >f ten thousand such orations ns that which was sung,half through the nose and half through the lips of the Hon Kufus Choate, in the Broadway Tabernacle one day last week! In short, ns a downeasier would say, "Mr Choate is but a |*>or thoat at best, while every word of Mr. Webster weighs a pound avoirdupois. ' Eyt'kstkiav Exkrcisk.?The noble stgence of horsemanship is becoming more ?nd more fashionable amongst the fair ladies of this city. They have now better opportunities than ever of acquiring that elegance and graceful carriage and air obtained in the mnnffr. Davis, the best riding master in this country, has opened his splendid school ?t Niblo's The Postponement ot Sentence on Moms V. BfMh. A good deal of surprise has been created by the (M)Kt|>oaenirnt apain, on Saturday last, of the sentence on iModeb V. Beach, for his foul, gross and beastly blunder on a pure and honorable wife; and although we are not much astonished at any thing that the Courts of Justice may do or not do, in this enlightened and virtuous age, yet we must say thut we have been a good deal surprised at the remarks made 111 Court by our counsel, Mr. Jordan, on which was founded the action of the Court. To s(>eak in the mildest manner, we must say that Mr. Jordan entirely misapprehended our instructions, and 111 several of his declarations acted Contrary to our intention* In innttpra nf lnw 1 employ lawyers and pay lawyers, but in all matters of common sense, propriety of feeling, or sense of honor, I use those home-made materials, springing from my own lieatt and instincts. In this < as? of Itaach, I meant to remove entirely every ini|>ediment from the action of the Court of Justice. If a simple suspension of the civil suit could not have effected this object?then I was determined to withdraw it altogether. 1 meant to make the Court of Sessions take the responsibility?the whole responsibility?either of executing the laws, equally to all men, rich or poor, or to do the contrary, just as they listed. I meant to ascertain whether there was moral sentiment in a Court of Justice, sufficient to protect, from gross and unmerited injury, one of the purest and best, and most virtuous of women that ever man called by the endearing name of wife. 1 meant to ascertain whether there was a sense of duty?a sense of virtue?a regard for female honor, lingering, in the smallest elements, in the bosom of Kecorder Tallmadge, and in the equally capacious breasts of the Aldermen Judges, sufficient for the execution of the laws and for the meting out of jus tice, equally to all?to the rich and the poor?to Moses V. Beach or to Mike "Walsh. That was all. For myself, for my affectionate and much injured wife, and for my innocent and lovely little boy, we feel too strongly entrenched in the purest and highest principles of honor, truth and virtue, ever to care one jot what the Court of Sessions may do, or how much they may labor to find technical openings to let Beach escape. Our dependence is upon the purity, the virtue, the integrity of our former lives?the eternal justice which animates an honorable, liberal, just and generous community, those everlasting principles that flow from an ever living and Almighty God, whose attributes are justice, and truth and virtue?and in those hearts of mingled tenderness and strength, of adamant and of fire, that will, in due time, trample in the dirt all the beastly conspiracies that ever have been formed to destroy our characters. We only bide our time, as calmly, as sternly as the immutable laws of nature. In obedience, therefore, to.these feelings, I shall give immediate directions for an unequivocal withdrawal und discontinuance of the civil suit against Beach, and thus remove every technical difficulty which the Court of Sessions can conjure up as an excuse for further delay. I want no money of ueacn. r*o money can repay ihe gross and beastly injury he has inflicted on one of the purest wives that ever breathed. 1 will have no contact in any way with that debased beast. He is in the hands of justice, and his case is the great test question whether there is in ]Vew York the stimt justice for the rich ns for the pooi-. As for myself, my purpose has been from the beginning, to vindicate, according to the laws of God and man?according to the lofty principles of honor, morality and religion, the character of a most virtuous, true, high-souled wife and innocent child, llad 1 been actuated by the vulgar passions of the ruflians of the age, 1 might have waylaid Moses Y. Beach, on the next morning after the libel, and have cut his throat from ear to ear with a Bowie knife'; or I might have shot him down in the street with a loaded pistol. There are hundreds and thousands who would have applauded the a< t?and who blame the moral forbearance I have observed in this matter. But no?I never would allow mywlf to do so. I have a higher and hohf r opinion of my own destiny, as marked out by heaven?of the purpose of my existencejby the Almighty, ever to tread one step out of those holy principles which a pious and religious mother and an honorable father instilled into my mind in the days of my youth. I never would seek for justice in any other way, than in that bright, broad, honorable road, marked out equally by the laws of civilized society and the higher laws of God and the Bible. in obedience'to these feelings, therefore, I shall take care to deposit Moses Y. Beach, with'all his wealth and virtues, in the hands of the Court of Sessions of New York, and they can do with him what they please at the next term. But I shall still pursue the slanderers of my wife and family whereever I find them. And in this investigation 1 have tound certain facts in connection with a person by the name of (.raillardat, the Lditor of the Flench paper in this city, called the t'ourrierdri Etatt Unit. and of a cliqxu of French society, of wi.ich it is the nrt/an fp/ini uKinlt T ??? ? ? 1?1 iivui nuiuii i nair rvciJ ira^uil Iu UCIltTVC these slanders originated, long before they were caught up and enlarged by Beach. In this business I shall leave no stone unturned to vindicate?according to the laws of (>od and man?not by the code of murderers?the honor, the virtue, and the purity of my family and myself. We are not afraid of the strictest investigation into all our private and public conduct. We court it. In that true courage?such as becomes a man mid a christian?they will find that James Gordon Ben* nett and his wife have enough to meet every emergency here or elsewhere. These slanders on my family, were coined and circulated by cartain eliqutt of society in New York, for the purpose of endeavoring by that side-way to put down me and the popular journal I have succeeded in establishing against all the other newupa)H-rs, bankers, financiers, Biwculators, bankrupts, and scoundrels that chequer society here. It was a wilful fabrication, made against a virtuous woman, carried on for the purpose of injuring her successful husband who was hated by rivals. These fabrications,during the last three years, have assumed every shupe, and been published and circulated in various ways. At first they circulated from clii/iie to rlii/ut?in town und at the watering places?the whole of which I have now pretty nearly traced out, and shall bring the guilty parties to justice, one after another. I have placed Beach at the har of the Court of Sessions, and their action will tell whether they are really a court of justice or a court of nonentity, next month. The others will be followed up, one by one, wherever they are found. In a good, a holy, a pure cause, I cannot be diverted from the pursuit of that reparation which honor and justice equally demand. My step is onward calm, noiseless, stem and unchangeable ns the laws of nature. HrroRTiNn.?Another very signal instance of th? vast superiority of our means of presenting to the 1..- ?i i' (ik vni???.o?, i?*v iuuvoi, uiusi tiiiu most accurnte reports of all public proceedings, wa afforded in the cam* of the New England Society dinner. The " Herald" was the only paper that contained a respectable account of this affair. Mr Welrater's admirable and deeply interesting speech, as well as all the others, was given with that fullness and accuracy which always distinguish our reports, and which render them so acceptable to the public. One of the other pa|>ers made considerable efforts to re|>orl the dinner, but failed as usual. The "Courier" hadn't a word ofWebster's s|>eerh?the " Journal of Commerce" hadn't a word of it?the " Tribune" hadn't a word of it?the " Express" had done much better if it hadn't given a word of it,instead ot the disgraceful, garbled, meagre outline it presented in the morning. In the evening edition of the " Expresa" our report was given without a syllable of acknowledgement? that concern maintaining in this, as m all other instances, it? uniform characteristic rneannens und dishonesty. Christmas Gifts and Amusements. This is the time to throw money into the hand* of managers of theatres, museum*, booksellers, drc., and make large and little children happy. Hut whilst you are making your purchases of rich books, stop a. moment, and think of those who would like a piece of btead to keep themselves from starvation. Whilst th*y are thinking of this we will give a i list of the places of amusement*, and of the gifts, , that all who have money can see and buy. Colman, No. 203 Broadway, has a magnificent 1 assortment of books, nrinis. Arc. i There are some beautiful holiday gifts to he hud at Geo. R. Cholwell's, No. 79 William street. Look in at Redfield's, corner of Naseau and Beekman streets, for some splendid books suitable for Christmas gifts. J.ArR.G. Langley, 57 Chatham street, have their usual excellent asnortment ol Christmas and New Year's presents. Those who wish to shoot any one can obtain their pistols at Spies', 218 Pearl street. Barnett, JWCourtlandtstreet, will engrave abeautiful visiting card for you. Any thing in the sliape of iewelery can be obtained at Lyon's, No. St) Chatham street. For superior wines, \*c., go to Gilbert's, in William street, and to Clark, Binniger At Co/zens, .rM> Vesey street. The Alhamra wil^supply every ene with cakes, ic? creams, <.Vc. Lamps ot all kinds can be purchased at Hooker's 468 Broadway. They are said to be cheap. As all parjors must t?e decorated, we advisf every 1 one to step into Niblo's (Jtiricn and buy some bguijuett, ?fec., for that purpose. There is to be a day and evening |>erformance at the Chatham, Niblo's, Tryon's, Barnum'sMuseum, and Peale's Museum. There will be great fun and great sights ut each. Visit all of them. Also there is to be a festival at Niblo's, this evening, called a tea party. Let all take tea there. < , 11 n- . - * .1 ? v oie s riciures are 10 ite seen at uie oocteiy 1..1- e brary Building. t Parker gives a grand ball in the evening at Washington Hall. Those who prefer music can get plenty at Atwill's No. 201 Broadway. The latest publications ate there. Toys! tovs! toys ! at 233 Centre street. Tiffany, Young and Ellis, have every variety of holiday presents. Look in at their store, No. 259 Broadway. Burgess. Stringer & Co., under the American Museum, have a large assortment of books, magazines, annuals, &c. Superb cake can be found at Tonipson's, No. -10 Lispenard street. All the churches will be open. Go to them. For further particulars see advertising columns of the Herald. A. C. Casella, Soi.o vlolinckllist of the court of H. M. tlte King of Sardinia. Augustus Crsar Casella, was born at Lisbon on the 15th of October, 1820, of Genoese parents. His lather was a celebrated professor of the viohncello, and at that period held the office of leader at the Theatre of San Carlo in the'above mentioned city. At the age of four years Casella evinced a great taste for music. When his father was practising upon his instrument, he would draw near to him, and a desire to become a great performer was perceptible in the child, even at that tender age.? lie was always singing, scribbling musical characters, and laying his hands on every instrument that came within his reach. Finally his ruling passion was yielded to. His father left Lisbon and returned to his own country, where he commenced superintending the studies of his son; the violin was the first instrument put in the hands of the youth; but the experiment was fruitless. The learner showed no inclination for the study. The violincello, his father's instrument, was then tried; to that, and to f that only, he applied himself with the greatest ea- H gerness. He studied under the tuition ofhis father, f and with so much assiduity that at the age of 14 ? he gave his first Concert at the theatre of Carlo i Felice, in Genoa. This concert met with a highly \ favoranle result, and produced a great e&Ct. But t many allowances are made to one at the age of the ? young dtlntiant. His father, who was a finished masterof his art, Was well aware that much more i study was necessary to make a great artiste of his c son. Consequently he placed him at the Conserva- t torio of Music, in Genoa, where hp remained for t some time, and until his father received the appointment of first yiolmcellist to His Sardinian Majesty, and was obliged to leave Genoa in ord?r to prpceed to the capital Here it was, it may be said, Casella began his musical career, by occupying a distinguished place in the orchestra of the ltoyal Theatre, where lie remained for six years, endeavoring to |>erfect himself in his art. l>ut never did a manager have so insubordinate a musician as Casella. He could not adapt himself to the materialism of the orchestra, and although his father had contracted for him for eight years, he managed so that'at the close of the sixth, Casella was permitted to resign his! post. From that time he changed completely. He allied himself to the study of the solo violinrello and to composition, and in the year 1841 he gave his farewell concert in the presence of rince Carignano, at which he received great applause. On that occasion he produced, lor the first time, his elegy on the loss of his mother. This pathetic piece met with so much favor that he was not allowed to withdraw before having repeated it, at the request of His Royal Highness. He next went to Genoa, in the year 1842, at the time the Royal Court was indulging in great festivi ties, on account of the marriage of the Hereditary I'rince Victor Emanuel Carelia, and was employed to play at a concert before the Court, at which were present Charles Albert, King of Sardinia, all his family, Prince- CariRnano, tne King of Naples, the Viceroy of Milan, Arc. Acc. He produced such an effect that he was rewarded for his performance with the title of Sojo Violoncellist at the Royal Court. He also received at Genoa the degree of Professor of the Conservatorio. Thence he proceeded to France, where he gave several concerts, which created a great sensation wherever they were heard. All the newspapers spoke of him. Merv, the famous French poet, said in the Pemmafor of Marseilles. "('asella sing* with the Violincello, as Rubini does with the voice.? His elegy causes tears to How?his ' Sovenirs d?Genes'are brilliant beyond description. 'Thesong ut the Manners,' fee. fee." Iwas created honorary member of several 1 Philharmonic Societies, he also obtained the degree of Professor <>f the Conservatory of Turin, and relying upon the success which he lias already met with, on the fondness of the American people tor music, and on their rapacity to appreciate it, he did ' not hesitate to set foot on the new world. ^ II - is young and handsome, and his talents will doubtless be valued according to their worth. : Rki.iqious 'The Rev.. Dr. Cunning- | ham, a minister of the Scottish Free Church, and who came over here in the Hibernia on amission < for the purpose of collecting money from the faith- 1 lul in :lie Tnited States, preached yesterday in Dr. j McElroy's church in this city. 1 >r. Cunningham , is an able and eloquent divine, and is justly regarded as one of the ornaments of that branch 1 of the .ancient kirk of Scotland, which has recent- 1 ly discovered something like the spirit of the good , old time, in casting oli' the yoke of civil domina- j tion and interference. His wrmon yesterday wa evangelical?eloquent?and altogether unexception- | able as|to orthodoxy and piety. Of its effect on I the pockets of the congregation we are unable to ' express any very decided opinion, as we have not 1 learned the precise amount of money collected, but we believe that the amount was quite considerable. We can't say that we approve of this exploring < expedition in which Dr. Cunningham has taken the j lead. We are of course very sorry that we cannot l give him our approbation, and we think a good { many of the people in these regions will be of the ? same way of thinking. The Doctor and his re- > nowned and esteemed associates have made a 1 great stand in favor of voluntaryism, hilt they * don't appear to understand it; at all events their ' voluntaiyism differs materially from American ( voluntaryism. The notion here, and we admire it, i ;i*4 it i? nnrrvrl m that #?v*rv ulmuM oiirtn/iH their own clergy. Dr. Cunningham's idea of com ing over here and levying contributions on the flocks who Imve already <juite enough to do to find their own shepherds and build their own sheepfolds, is, therefore, not altogether orthodox. It may do well for Hishop Hughe* to levy money for the Church ol Home in this country, and also jorO'Connell to do the same thing under the name of "repeal rent hut we do think that the Free Church of Scotland is not acting up to the voluntary principle in thus demanding alms from us. If an> of our clergy were to go over to Scotland on such an eX[>edition, wc think they would get rather a cool reception, and yet we think that they would have a better right to do bo. Tlicy would he going back to the maternal breast. After nil, the best < plan is forevery |>eople to support their own mini?- " try?that's all. . * Literary Nolle**. Thk American in Paris thk Summer? 18 engravings?New York, Appleton &r Son.?Here is u holiday present fit for the boudoir of the President's iady?charming, graceful and elegant in its exterior, and within tull of that delightful luxuririance of thought and descriptions which is calculated to impress the minds of untravelled Americans with an adequate idea of the novelties and the realities of the lively capital of the most polite nation in the world. We cannot venture upon a detail of its literarv contents, seeing that we abhor depriving the fortunate reoipient of nis intellectual njoyment in the perusal. We shall, therefore, leave him in the agonies of suspense,merely remarking that the exhibitions here made of France and :he French are true,to nature. Eighteen engravings, delicious in execution, cnougn 10 excue ine envy ?ven of the landseers, are interspersed in the book, ro be appreciated, however, they must be examined, and that process over, we will swear they will ;>e declared worthy of a place in the most recherche >t portfolios. Let not the book, however, be riHed jf them, for that would be to perpetrate injustice upon both artist and author, liy-the-bye, we observe a charming elegy, full of feeling and sadness, written by "a fair young American girl with blue ?yes." (on, ye gods!) in the French language, upon he death of Sclilesinger, at whose history all New i'ork has wept. It would not be inappropriate to introduce the whole in this place, during ine musi- , al madness which is now disturbing this com- i nunity, but wp have not room for the whole. The last stanza however will, perhaps, bej sufficient;? Lf tealpteur dan* m pieue obviuante, JiB peiutr* <laui In conleuri de M palette, , t>e pottt dans sta Ten, S'i-'igeut <i I'lii ini'mei un mrrumtut; Mat* de toi, de lant de iwiiiom ionUreea, Iii?ui ue reate. La mosiqne de tou am*, 8'eit e rauonie toot ralicit dam am ! It is not at cany moment that Berenger or any ither living elegiest and song writer can produce i inch charming lines as these of our blue-eyed lutive beauty. Poems dy Eliza Cook?New York?J. & II. Langley.?Here is another holiday present. Sli/.a Cook was first brought into notice by one of he London weekjy papers?now several years igu*?uuu iuc* i'iuiiuoc Mic iiicu gave t?i ueui? in ew respects inferior to liemans and other filled female poets seems, in this collection, to approach realization. Her muse, though often ' homely in attire," docs (not may) " touch the leartit is full of feeling, and nature, and she las the power of clothing its conc eptions in the iimplest yet most telling dialects. Her reputation las now extended to this country, and doubtless the will continue to be appreciated as long as a aste for genuine poetry is found in this ?reat and rnmortal republic The production of this volume loes great credit to the .publishers ; it is elegant vithout being gaudy?in lact it is splendid with)ut b particle of ostentation. The plates, twelve n number, are admirable. Simcoe's Military Journal or Campaigns in ihk American Revolution? New Yoik?Bartlett te Welford.?A military journal of the operations ?f a partisan corps, called the Queen's Hangers. :omnianded by Colonel Simcoe, during the war of he revolution.?This is a record of some inteestine particulars and local occurrences of thai nemorable struggle ; and, as bring a documentary llustration of the times and the circumstances of , he American rebellion, it deserves circulation ind favor. Fkescott's History of the Conquest or Mexico.?The first two volumes of this splendid work I lave been lor some time before the public. The , hird (the second we have not seen,) and last, has ust been issued, and is in every way fully worthy >f those that have gone before it. It contains ano- .< her portrait of Hernando Cortes, and a fac simile >f his signature, which is certainly curious in the lighest degree. Its contents, besides concluding 1 he history of the Conquest, with the atrocious torure and execution of GuHUMIU. give us a coninuation of the conqueror's life, a clear and beautiul essay on the origin of Mexican civilization, and i great number of important documents from which acts have been derived in the progress of the work. Notwithstanding the apology for its introduction nade by the author in the preface to the first olume, no one, we think, will for a moment regret hat the life of Cortes was continued beyond the rreat event which made him conqueror ol Mexico. Ipart from the interest of the history, our feeling? nevitably become deeply enlisted in the personal character and fate of Coites himself: so that his leath is very acceptably made the termination of he work. The history will be universally read, and vill be not only the theme of temporary interest n literary circles, but a standard work, preserved n libraries, both public and private, and regarded is a complete una satisfactory exposition of the circumstances attending that important conquest. We have already noticed the splendid manner in vhicli it lias been published?a style strictly correstonding with its intrinsic worth, and o?ie which nust prove very generally acceptable. Its price, hough apparently high, is in truth very moderate, vhen the richness of the typographic dress and the leavy exjtense at which alone the copyright could lave been purchased, are taken into ihe account t cannot but prove an addition as welcome as it it lonorable to the literature of the United States. Works of PIannaii More.?The Harpers are inblishing the complete works of Hannah More \n ight numbers, at twenty-five cents each. Tlir leventh is just published and contains " Cn;leltt nW^Ur,, M* ?ft 1? nAABt cii/./.aaufnl ind useful of ali Mrs. Morn's valuable and mteesting writings. One number only is lacking to roniplete the work.?Hannah More was a parson in etticoats?a parson of twenty horsepower, too. French made Easy.?Here is another French iranimar, which is equal to nine-tenths of those ilready published. Graham .V. Christy, Astor rlouse, publishers. D'Aubione's Voice of the Church One?A Sernon by the great Genevesc Professor?Issued in degant form by Taylor Jc Co., Brick Chuich Cha?1. Hornes' Protestant Memorial?A useful conroversial work of reference.?John J. Taylor & Zo., publishers. Curtis on the Light.?This [excellent little realise has iust been issued at the low price of one hilling, by Burgess Stringer. Tin Ladies' Instructor in Millinery. tec.? ["he Ladies Guide to Embroidery, Jec.?Thisele:ant little work just published by Burgess Ar Wringer. A Voice from Antiquity?ByD'Aubigne.?Pufcisbed by Taylor <Sr Co. IJr. Coi.i.yer's Lights and Shadows of Amklican Life.?Just out, by Brainard Co. The Phyiosophkr's Stow*.?a novel by Dr. fr.n.iulatixl liv h liwlv unn nnhIii.lwi/1 l?\' JttU.nt. x i '/ ? J ? M,,v* | L Winchester.?Very good. Siiakspearx's Works.?Part IV of Burgess Jt Stringer's elegant cheap edition is out. Mjss Leslies' Magazine for Dec ember.?PuLished by Burgess A* Stringer in this city. Anglo-American.?Thin spirited periodical in reudCH in excellence, and of course in its circulaton.?Published at ti Ann street. Bulletin ok Medical Science.?A very excelent work, issued monthly by Barrington >V HmA'ell, at Philadelphia. Kitte's Cyclopedia of Biplical Literature.? Parts 5 and 6, just out,?Published by Newman, 199 Broadway. A good work. Wainwrioht's Illustrated Common Prayer.? Vos. 20 and 21 of this splendid work are out ? Hewitt, publisher. New Mimic.?Christman. of 101 Pearl street. ia? published " Pm too young to Marry." Grand Vlarch from Auber'a opera " Les Diaman's de In jouronne,"?and a collection of admired operas, (elected and arranged for the flute. Amusements. Broadway Cmcrs at Ninm's ?thi? ^.l^n.lirt stabhehment sreme determined to rival all othenlot only in the quantity but the quality of it* entertainnents. 1 he managers advertise no less than three perormance* for thin day of universal festivity. One at 10, mother nt tw o, ami tfie thinl at (even in the evening, when Mr. North will Appear in two of those splendid acta, that lave secured to him the reputation he no honorably enoys "The Shepherdess ami her Swain," and the "Lo?t 4i?rit?- of the .Silver Shower."' The whole bill in ilivemifi"I with thoie art* of Kranklin, < ole, N. Turner, Stc , that lave hitherto redounded to their universal reputation, full >f interest and seasonable enjoyment. Chatham Tiif.athk.?The manager of this house snot a whit huhinrj the bent of his cotemporarietn hl? preparations for the holiday*. Master Diamond. His* i lenience, Mr. Chambers and others have been enraged a* auxiliaries to the heretofore excellent company. I'o-day two performances. In the afternoon Tom and Jer y. Diamond, and Little Hed Riding Mood: and in the evelingthe'popular "Spy of St Marcs," and the beautiful lo:al pantomime of which we have before spoken, t>eaide? ther varieties. The rime bill will be repeated tonarrow. The Nkw Pantomink, <> the Hahi.kqi'in <amta Ci.At;s?Prepared by Mon*. and Mndame herkeni, which is brought out to-dny at the American niKfiim, m )ii*t tn>. thing lurthP holiday*, and we nave 10 doubt Itanium ? ill be wall rewarded wr lii? liberal out ay* in tlio preparation. He fires magnificent entertainrnnta every hour to-day,commencing at 10 o'clock, A 4. So thnt viaitera, going nn>' hour will be aure to find in entertainment for their enjoyment. In addition to Ion* and Mail. Checkenl, formerly of the Ilavel Family, Ii*? Ailair, II. O. Sherman, T. (I- booth, (ireat Western, rom Thumb appear* lor the laat time before nailing foi .ondon the (.j imIi'k ?n<l the fortune telling (Jnecn, are ngaged for the day, making an unprecedented array ot alent and novelty. But Barnnm dont aton here?in thr vening he give* a moat magnificent and gorgeou* illn ilnation, giving the erteriorof the buililing the appearnce of an immenae temple of atained glaaa. With anch (traction* the Muieum muit Iks lull day uud evening. City Intelligence. I*oll<-r__Si \u?r, Dec. i4?Akhk?t on a Bail Piece.? About a o'clock this morning, Watchman Gallagher stopP?m1 u man at the Corner oi Cross and Orange streets. who wan carrying a bundle, on suspicion that he had been committing a burglary. On asking where he had obtained the bundle, he at first said it belonged to him, and on being closely questioned, said he had foand it on the stoop of a house up town. Tnis being sufficient to satisfy the watchman, he arrested him and took him to the watchhouse, when the bundle was found to contain a coat and clothing, and the man arrested gave the name of William Groover. In the course of the morning after his arrest, Mr. John L. Murray, tailor, of 131 Prince street, called at the lower police, and stated that his store had been entered the night previous, and clothing and cloths, valued at about $140 stolen therefrom. He identified the cloth and clothing taken from Groover, aa a nart of that stolen from hia store, and Groover was locked up to answer the offence. Brochht Bacb.?Wm. R. Hibbard alias Hunt, chargcd with two indictments for grand larceny, who was bailed bv John I'. Darir and mraned to Philadelohia where he wag arrested, was brought to thU city yesterday by officer Stokely, and committed to prison to await his trial. Coroner's Office, Sunday, Dec. 24?The term of the present Coroner expires on Sunday next, but business continues to pour in upon him. An inquest was held on the body of a man who had accidentally fallen overboaad, at the foot of Catharine street, and before rescued,although only in the water about ten minutes, yet he was lifeless ? Had this accideut happened in almost any other city this man would have been restored, as implements are there placed for the rescue of drowned bodies in almost every puhlic slip. The name of the man is unknown, and no papers were found in his nockets giving any clue to his residence or occupation, lie appeared to be about 50 years of age, and was dressed in a pea coat, woollen vest, spotted woollen shirt, and wort! a truss. On his right arm was pricked in india ink the figure of an Eagle, with a motto of "Liberty." On the lelt arm a man and woman, with motto of "Lov# and be Happy" and a crucifix with motto "finis." AnothfV Unknown Man.?Also on tho body of a man whose name is unknown, who was brought to the City Hospital on Friday night, by a watchman wlio had found him on the steps of a house near by in a state of insensibility. He died on Saturday evening of apoplexy with which he had been attacked when found. He was poorly clad, and aged about 60 years. Another Case of Apoplf.**.?A colored man, named John Oilber, was found in Pearl street on Satuiday eveninir. where he had fallen in an anonlentic fit. and wns con. veyod home liy a cab driver wfiere he died during the night He was'a native of Fhiladtlphia, a lailor by occupation, and aged about 39 years. srnnkm Death ok a Cook.?The Coroner wan also called to ennuire into the cause of death of a colored woman, named Nancy, who had been employed by George M. Buel, G3 Fulton street, in the capacity of cook. She had retired the evening previous in apparent good health, and rose in the morning as usual to attend to her vocation. Soon after she had ent red the kitcken Mr. B. heard groans proceeding from that part of the house, when he went in and found the cook lying ou the floor in the agonies ol death. He called in the aid of Dr. Childs, but she died before he could render any aid. An examination of the body caused the opinion that she died from " disease of the heart," in which opinion the jury concurred. Charleston. (Correspondence of the Herald.) Charleston, Dec. 18,1843. State of Cathounism?Rising Prospectt of Clay? South Carolina. Mr. James Gordon Bennett? SIR? As your correspondents of this place fail to give head quarters of Calhounism, I shall endeavor to Ifive you a sketch of such passing events ns may be interesting to those at a distance. The friends of the great southern statesman have lieen in a state of the most feverish excitement since the commencement of the present session of Congress, after having been slumbering in a state of confident security of their strength previous to lhat time. You may well imagine what was their surprise and mortification at finding themselves in such a pitiful minority, at the muster of their forces at Washington prejmratory to a combat with their IIPII OIIl|? UrilVfU IICIC,llrt*Hlg ui?yva.? numed Jones> whoa* ideas ol his personal consequence and rights had been very much enlarged bv the abolitionists in England ; and on being taken to <ail by the sheriff", kicked up a terrible fuss about it, ind railed in the aid of the British Consul to be released: and on being directed to do some necessary work at the jail, used some outrageous lan :jrocs. Cor which he received some well merited puiiisliinent. This brought forth the Consul, who talked loud about the protection of the British flag, And threatened the weighty displeasure of her Malesty's government, and its consequences, and blustered about considerably. On learning which, the Senate, determined that they would not be bullied or frigntened into any measures, but uphold any laws they might pass at nil hazards, and the bill failed ; and to prevent the like in future, negroes will hereafter l>e confined in close custody. So much for abolition interference. The theatre has had an unusual season so far ? The enterprising manager, Forbes, has been lavish in producing novelties and attractions for all, and has been better supported by the public than for several seasons past. We are all on tiptoe of ex|>ectation for Macready, Ole Bull, Veux Temps, and (he other great aitists. When they arrive you may hear again from A Lost Pmciadk. Pittsburgh. (CormixmJrticr of th* Herald.) Pittsburgh, Pa. Dec. 18, 1843. Dear Bennktt? Presuming a line from our iron city may ngnin be of interest to your many thousands of readers, I take up my pen once more. The whole city was throwu into excitement yesterday, (Sunday) by the report of the murder of one Mr. Falkenbridge, who is supposed to edit a currilous sheet called the " Tattler." It appears 1 uii|)(nicai!f. me ursi demonstration 01 tne strength rf the friends of Mr. Van Buren, was so overwhelming as to strike terror through their ranks, to such a degree for a shortitime,that they scarce knew how to act; and when fully awake to their situation, tound their cause was in a most dangerous way.? Still they were not without hope, for "all is not lost that is in danger." With nearly the whole south, and the aid of their northern friends, they might still retrieve the day; hut alas, these hopes were not to he realized, for after this first fire it is found that the northern Calhounists have hauled down their colors, and are flying from tne field with the utmost precipitation. To add to their misfortunes the banner of Henry Clay has been unfurled in their midst, and under it have rallied many of our most prominent public men, and if they but carry on the war with half the vigor their partisans with you do, they will, during the next two years, go far to wards revolutionizing thi-politics ot this State. But to return to the unfortunate Calhounists. The finishing blow to their cause and hopes has just been given by the Democratic Convention of Alnbnma, which has nominated Van Buren for President, and King, of that State, for Vice. At its ann/Min/ipiiiont hum tliuir rotrn Lnuuf ?? k??M uv?.vvimv.> uviviuvu inBvnlJvn llu IIIIIIIIIIS IIICJ stumped and swore, and tore their hair?but tlii?, like all other btorms, will be succeeded by a calm, and the last dying luck will be given by the Legislature of this State in December, 1844, "giving their vote forCalhoun, after which he will be politically consigned to the tomb of the Capulets. Our Legislature have just adjourned, after a short session, in which but little has been done of much public interest. They have passed an act to change the name of the once famous Louisville, Charleston and Cincinnati Railroad Company to that of the South Carolina Railroad?the original design having long since been abandoned as impracticable, alter making but about seventy-five miles of it, ann it seemed like a parody on the wisdom, name and time of its pioectors t? continue it. lhiring the session a bill was introduced to modify the present law in reference to free negroes coming within the State on board of vessels from foreign or other ports. Hv it it is made the duty of the shetlff to commit all such negroes to jail, until the vessel is ready to denart again. It has been customary heretofore to allow such negroes the privilege of the yard attached to the jail, being only restrained from going beyopd it. In return, they were only required to assist the others in keeping it clean while they remained. It was proposed to modify the law <o as to confine negroes to their vessel only after the captain or consignee signing a bond to that effect. The bill passed the House of Representatives, but was reiected in the Senate from the following cause : It appears a few weeks since ? Bri that W. Sutton, a steamboat captain from Louisville, Kentucky, assailed Falkenbridge with n heavy bludgeon, at the uteps of the Merchants' Hotel, and knocked him down, whereupon Falkeniiridgc drew a knife, and raised it, but before lie could make a blow was again levelled bv Sutton. A running fight then took place?Falkenbridge threw i rock which knocked Sutton down, ami the light nded . Falkenbridge was conveyed to the office ol Dr. Tihbct, and f believe is in a fair way of re:overy. '1 Ins all occurred as our morning chur h service acommenced, and gathered a moo of several hundreds of people. Oh! what a shocking 'peetaclejto be enacted in a land of (Christians upon i Sabbatii day! liiiMnesa is brisk?rivers yet open, though very L till of ice?several arrivals yesterday from Louis.'ille. The weather is rather wnrm, and snow ilenty on the ground. Great excitement rages in | lie political ranks in reRarri to Mayor; it in hard to ay who will he the auccemful candidate. It is upposed, generally, Mr. Haya will be re lected; lint we will elect Shunk < Jovcrnor, sure, (e in a very popular man, ami an old and tried 1 lemocrat; and nnlesa Mr. MuklenhurR ran get ui> ?ome political intrigue, he can't come it well. 1 .'ve Riven yon all the particulars worth noting ' low, and ko remain your ? truly. OLD Dl'HI bnny. ; y That Teokk.?No word yet of that trunk by Pomeroy's Express. Why don't they drug the inud holes in Broadway 1 Who knows but it may b? buried deep there ? From De.maraka.?Captain Burns, of the Julia Tellfair, arrived at this port yesterday, reports that when he sailed (3d inst.) the market was stocked with all kinds of American produce:?Flour was selling at $5 per barrel and dull. No news. (XTim Reports in several of the morning and eveu ing |>a pern of Friday last, of an afl'ray which occurred the evening previous, between Henry W. Merritt and myself, omitted to state that that gentleman assailed and threatened to assault me in the Court room of the Ganeral Ses siouti, where 1 was attending under a subpoena, to testily in a cause then on trial before that Court ; and that he assaulted me in the street, immediately on mjr leaving the Court Hoom, striking me several times with a large cane, sufficient in the hands of a large, athletic man, to inflict a blow that would produce death. All this was done on his part, mekohc 1 seized the cart rung,(with which he alleges 1 assaulted him, although 1 was not at anytime, while in possession of the rung,near enough to him to have done so. I will add that the assault and battery committed upon me by this Special Justice for preserving the peace were wholly unprovoked on my part, except that 1 replied to the insulting and abusive language with whichil was first assailed by him. 1 deem it proper to state these facts in justice to myself, and in order that the matter may be properly understood; for although I am indifferent as to the malignant inters, and scun-illous abuse oj the ignorant, worthless and vile', next to the approval of Ood and my conscience, I am emulous of the esteem of the virtuous and wise. JEREMIAH O.HAMILTON. Dec. 33, 1843 QQK ALL FOR A SHILLING.?Peale's Museum will reap a golden harvest to-day under the shilling system. The children's favorite, Punch and Judy, Adrien tht Magician, Miss Adair, Madame Adolph the Fortune Teller, White Negioes. Performances every hour in the day ami evening. Good music, beautiful decorations and illuminations, will draw the shillings by the hat full. (SO- THE GREAT MASS MEETING.?We think thin night was badly chosen for the great ingathering of the American Republicans, as many that would attend another time are engaged at parties, balls, or domestic convivialities of social friends. Still there will be many there, as the stores will be closed and every one at leisure. Should any of our readers he callei on for a speech there, and so unfortunate as to be bald, he should call at once on I'halon, and get one of his superior Wig*, to prevent tho bad effects of cold weather. Badinage apart, we have seen an old friend of ours, haUl for twenty years, possessed of a lovely young wife, who now looks as young as his counter nartof ripetwenty-eight or thirty yearn. The fact is, Thalon has borne off the palm at the Fair for his recherche Gossamer Wigs, and is daily resorted to by every one desirous of getting their heads, or rather age, renewed. Ha fits them so as to defy detection, even by a close observance, from the natural hair; in this consists his superioritv over all competition. His Hair Dressing Saloon is 'J14 Broadway, opposite St. Paul's. 0U- BELLES AND BEAUX?CHRISTMAS AND New Year are coming?such meetings, greetings, cooings, wooings, and weddings?and how absolutely necessary is it that you should show yourselves off to tho best advantage on such occasions, that, like angel's vis ns, are lew ann lar neiween. rnerelore all you girls and pretty maids, and merry widows, who have beards on your upptrr liiis, or .hair concealing the intellectual organs ot your lofty foreheads, or little pimples on your rosy cheecks, or frecklea sprinkled over your delicate complexions, or any other distigurament marring your otherwise attractive'features, go to Dr. Kelix Uouraud's, 67 Walker street, just one door from the corner of Broadway, and he will lurnish you with his far famed I'oudre Subtile, which will entirely eradicate your ?uperfluous hair, ami the Miraculous Italian Medicated So.ip, will render your skins, no matter how rough, discolored, freckled, chopped or diseased, a clear, transparent, enviable, normal white. Buy no where else, or you will bo deceived. This is the original introduced five years ago. (K7- HOLIDAY KDITION-ON TUESDAY, WILL be ready at No. 30 Ann street, and at all the Booksellers. I'rice, gilt, $2 60.?"Mexico as it was and as it is," by Rronti Mot or Into rtf 1 o<?a?inn * -J ? t ?? .viuaituuilllj, embellished with one hundred and sixty splendid engravings, executed for this work from original drawings, at a cost of over twelve hundred dollars. This will be the cheapest and most valuable hook of the season, with over one hundred and filly engravings, executed in the highest style of the art?embracing views of the ruined cities, pyramids, curiosities, tec.; and also illustrations of the peop'le, their manners and customs, Ice. tcc. &.C. It will be the most highly embellished work that has ever been published in this country, anl full of incident, description,and valuable information, which can no where else be found. Mr. Mayer's work will give a complete account of the present social and political condition of Mexico ; a view of its ancient civilization ; a description of antiquities in the museum of Mexico, and of the ancient remains, strewn ' trum ( alifoinia to 0<ljaca, which will be copiously illustrated. It will also furnish a record of the author's journeys to Te7.coco, and through the Tierra Caliente, a full account of the agriculture, manufactures, commerce, resources, mines, coinage, and statistics of Mexico ; and, added to this, there will be a complete view of the past and present history of the country ; and it will be more replete with all interesting information concerning Mexico, than any work which has appeared since the days of Humboldt. So great has been the labor of preparing this work, that we have been able to get ready but one i?!ition, of only * 1000 copies, for the holidays?most of which are already ordered. Those wishing to secure copies should be speedy with their orders. J. WINCHESTER, 30 Ann street. CHRI8TMAS^HAS COME. AND COMES BUT wr^r. n., oinnger KlC. In making the above important announcement, would respectfully call the attention of all purchasers of Holiday Presents, to their magnificent assortment of Gift Books, at 232 Broad way corner of Ann street, under the American Museum ; ana also to the following highly descriptive poem, pcrpe trated in their behalf:? THfc CHRISTMAS HOLIDAYS. The merrv happy holidays, Are with us uereoiicc more, Adieu with glee to forty -three, And welcome forty-four. Kach lady fair expect* her beau Some present nice to bring, ' And Santa Claus makes every child j\m ilhh'} ? nu'liHere gorgeou* EnglUh Annuals All glittering you view. I lentil's Rook of Beauty ; Keepsake ; Picturesque Annual too ; You'll find the Friendship's Offering. And nlso in the lot, That present book of sweetest name, The choice Forget me not. 4 Our own American books with thrio , May very well comparc ; The Opal, a pure gift, if seen In bindings and rare, The Hose ol Sharon, And The Gift, The Iiii, and The Rose , The Wintergreen, all tales and scenes Of beauty will disclose. The Annual of the Drawing Koom, Odd Fellows' Offering; And Snowden's People's Annual, Their choicest treasures bring. We have the Flowers of Poetry, And Poetry ?f Flowers, Mrs Osgood's and Miss Hooper's Works Will well improvafjrour hours. We've Oriswold's select portrjr, i uuiii ih>uh? 01 every mna ; With picture! to refine the tMte, Aiul reading for the mind. Whole l,ihn?rie? of pro?e and vcr*?, Hound up in miniature, The work* of men whose memories Korever will endnre. BUKOK88, STRINOKR ?t CO. *13 Broadway. fly- DH. PKTF.Il H' LOZKNOF.S.?'The great and inrreaxing demand for I'etert' Medicuted Lozenge*, and the vatt numlierof almost mirarulou* cure* which they hare peifoi med .ha* created a great excitement,jaot only" in the . 11\ hi (iotham, hut throughout the I'nion. Peter*'* Lozenirei. fortlie cure of e/tmrha ?.- i. n tW|?vra>|IIIIMiMVI Ul IU? lUIlgS consumption, whooping cough and ?rnrlet favor, have no rival. Hi# worm lozenge* are a certain, safe and pleasant remedy, ami children rat them with avidity, and ask Tor more. Ilii ( ordial Lozenge* are a specific for the care of .? ' ick and nervous headache, low spirits, melancholy.palpi- y lation of the heart, sea sickness, fcc. His C athartic or Health Lozenges, for the cute of bilious fever*, fever and *gue, dyspepsia, liver comphiint*. female obstructions, lieartbnrn, costiveneas, lie , i? beyond all doubt the moil vnlunhle and scientific remedy for the abova complainta uver yet discovered. {?-THR HUMAN HAIR BKAUTIFIKD, RKHTORF.D and fori'ed to grow, by a three (hilling bottle of Jones' I oral Hair Reatorative. This caa be proved by some of 3iir most rcspectalile citizen*, who say this really dors ill we represent. We sell three shilling bottles that per* ions may try it cheap. It gives your hair a moat delicious appearance, and keepa it clean. Give it one trial and you'll be satisfied. It will actually force the hair to grow in any part where hair will grow naturally, the head, Taco or body. It ha* now stranvtheund the root*, thus jnvinff lh? hair from fallinv ntf rlaanin* ?ko Himlmfl' "rom tiic (if nip. It alao cauaea light, red or (Try hair, to t**ume a dark color, and by doing thia, permanently to nake the hair grow naturally dark from the root* If >eraoni <nr thi* merely for dreaaing the hair, nothing in no re economical, to keep the hair *oft, dark, ailky and wnntifiil, at leant three time* aa long aa any other urepantlon for the hnir. Sold, price S, ft, or H shilling* a bottle, it the *ign of the American E HQ Chatham Mreet, N. V ; Xelber, :i l.cdger Building*. Philadelphia Redling, H Stale street, Boston ; and 139 Vullon atreet, ftrookyn, L. I. (KJ~ CONSTITUTIONAL DKBILITY CURED.?The I'onic Mixture prepared by the College of Medicine and 'harmacv of the city of New York i* confidently recom- ^ nended for all case* of debility produced by iscret indulgence or excel* of any kind. It 1* an invaluable remedy or imimtance, sterility, or barrenness (utile** depending in mel-formationi ?Single bottle* +1 each; ca*e*of halt lor.en, fA, narked wid aent to ill parti of the Union. Office of the Co liege of. Medicine and Pharmacy, f?7 Mauau it. W. 9. HICILARUSON, Agent,

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