Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 28, 1843, Page 2

December 28, 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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i\EVY YORK HERALD. litrh, ThiirwUy, I)*er mbrr 4S, l?13. PrixptrlK of thr WIiIk I'ait}?Kourlrrlmi Powerful Klrmnit of NurecH. It it be true that "misfortune makes us acquaint? i with strange bed-lellows." it is no less certain that, in the struggle for pros|>eiitv, we are often mded by extraordinary influences, of whose assistance we had never so much as dreamed in any ot >ur inspiring visions of the future. Thus it is now with gallant llarry of the West. He now finds himself where he is with all imaginable aiuiety preparing tor the coming contest, girt about and supported b\ a very remarkable influence, which no one can overlook, and which has been devel- . oping itself gradually, in very strong and marked features, during the last f< w years, and chiefly throuRb the agency ot tin -Veic York Tribune, conducted by Mr. Philosopher Greeley, who has been acting as nurse to this new creation?a dry-nurse to be sure, bui a most attentive, affectionate, and faith- 1 ini i^rv.nnrs/' We Bllude. as llliMt of our readers xvill :> rceive. to the great element of Founerism? a partial transcendentalism?or antediluvian alterative industry?or the transition period of civilization, or whatever else you please to call it. Ac- \ cording to all appearances this new element of politic;# atid civilization will enter very largely into the next Presidental contest. Indeed the election ot Mr. Clay is thus rendered quite certain. The uliianee of this new system of philosophy and its distinguished leaders, dry-nurses, and supporters, M ill unquestionably carry Clay against all the forces which VanBuren, the devil, and all their allies,can bring into the field. (From the I'autCKi (Ohio) Repository.) We feel pleasure in announcing that the American Phalanx has contracted for about v!000 acres of land in Belmont county, Ohio, known as the Pultney Farm, lying along the Ohio river, seven or eight miles below Wheeling, and that sufficient means are already pledged to remove all doubts its to (the formation ol an association as toon as the dom&iu can be prepared for the reception of the members. The tract selected is two and a half miles in length from north to south, and of somewhat irregular breadth by reason of the curvatures of the Ohio river, which forms its ( cistern boundary It contains ti(K) acres of bottom land, , .ill cleared and lin.ler cultivation?the residue is hill laud , of a feitility truly surprising, and indeed incredible to I rs,in* unacquainted with the lulls of that particular 1 .neighborhood. Of the hill land* about SjO acres are | \ vlearud, and about 330 acres more have been partially | chared to as to answer imperfectly for sheep pasture? The residue is lor the most part well timbered, the pre.loniiriatiug timber being sugar maple and w hite oak, with ii considerable mixture of locust und black walnut. There arc tw o frame dwelling houses, and ten log houses, mostly with shiugle roofs, upon the premises ; none ?>i them, however, are of much \ ulue except for temporary purposes. There is a vouug Orchard of Crab-apples on the Domain, very thriving, and just beginning to be productive. Cider made from these Apples sells at the markets on the river, at f.4 per barrel. There are also two orchards of i common Apple trees, now in a bearing state; one of them ! however, is old, an l beginning to decline. Another large j orchard oi selected fruit, consisting of small trees, was set out upon the tract iast spring. The tract, lying on both sides of the 40th degree of north latitude, is oil the same parallel with Philadelphia Hence the winters there will be much milder and shorter than in New York and the New Knglaml States. Oimrai. Pun.?Those persons who have already avowed themselves willing to co-operate in this expen mini as members, me mostly citi/ens of the Western Reserve?intelligent, industrious, enterprising and frugal. Between Civilization and Association, there must be a transition period, which, without being exempt from the e wis of the former, w ill be attended with many peculiar to itself. But, though the true system of Association cannot be adopted at present, yet it is contemplated immediately to subject industry to "an organization?to introduce at once those elements "of a true industrial mechanism,which even Civilization admits of, and of which it sometimes avails it- J self, especially lorpurposes of destruction. Perhaps our ( object cannot be more intelligibly explained than by sta ting that it is proposed to organize an Industrial Army, ' v uich, instead oi ravaging and desolating the earth, like the armies of Civilization, shall clothe it luxuriantly and ' beautifully with supplies for human wants?to distribute this army into platoons, companies, battalions, regiments, } in which promotiou and rewards shall depend, not upon J tiuccess in spreading ruin and woe, but upon energy and , efficiency in difl'ti3incr comfort and happiness?in short, to in?e*t Labor, the Creator, with the dignity which has so v Ion? impiously crowned Labor the Destroyer and the v M uvderer. so that men shall vir with each other, not in devastation and carnage, but in usefulness to the race. n To Capitalists.?Ofthese.it is doubtless to be regret- Sl ted that but few can be enlisted in any plan of radical re- .. form The condition of the wealthy, in our present state J' oi society, is so far superior to that of the poor, who conatitute the masses, that the former are t.roae to adhere 1 naciously to existing institutions, dreading, iierhaps, le*t '' a change may degrade them to a lower level. Although " h iir.iss <1 b_\ cares, anxieties, and apprehensions of n rhauge of fortune, hey still clintf to that state ol things in which thry enjoy an envied position?a position pf s w hn h they feel the uncertainty, though they hope for its permanence In spite of all t^ieir pains, the rich are frequently the fathers, or, at lea3t. the grandfathers of beg- \ gars. We believe that Association offers to the capitalist a ' mode ol investment both safer and more profitable than can often l>e found in our existing state of society. The " sums which have been lost in civilization, after being in- " vested in its choicest and most favored modes, almojt defy computation or estimate. Witness its banks, insurance companies, and other similar institutions, the capital of many of n hich has been annihilated, while that of very 0 lew remains unimpaired. The capitalist who has trusted the plighted faith ofsovereiiri States has been scarcely a less unfortunate. ( We, therefore, invite the attention of capitalists to the 1 guaranty offered them by our arti les o! Association, and to the manner in which they are secured a regular divi ! dend. They are to receive the avails of at least one-third of the gross product, after deducting necessary expenses ; and. if that is not sufficient to pay them seven per cent per annum, they are to receive a larger, portion until tnat ' amount is paid, the subsistence of the members alone be- f ing preferred to their claim of seven per cent. * * * Application for membership, or lor stock, (if by mail, post paid or free,) mav be made to either of the following 1 persons, to each of whom a letter of iustuction lias been ! addressed, containing the conditions and qualification which will be required of resident members, of whom for 1 the present, but a limited number can be received K. 1'. Grant, Canton, O ; llev. J P. Stuart, LeRoy P. O., Medina county, O.; L. H Cutler, Cleveland, O ; Kev. Charles Calkins Avon, Lorain countv, O.: L K. Bowen, Oberlin, Lo- 1 rain county. O.; George Helinick, Zanesv ille, O . Beuj. K Williams.Cincinnati, O , James D. Thornburgh, Pittsburg, Pa.; Kichard 11. McCabe, Indiana, Indiana county, Pa : Albert Brisbane, or Horace Greeley, New Vork City. If will thus be perceived that in the groat State of Ohio the prospects of Henry Clay are of the 1 brightest character. His cause and that of the great " industrial army" are inseparably connected, niid, under the gentle dews and diligent watering of plulosophersAlbert Brisbane and Horace Greeley, cannot but prosper. Labor, the destroyer and the murderer, and Martin Van Buren, the cabbage grower and statesman, will soon be seen fleeing j from these batallions of hardy bran-bread eating ^ ttnldierv like chaff belore the wind. In Pennsvl- i , \ inia this new element lias established itself with ill more favorable prospects, and, as we learned ( troni the "Tribune'" some time since, in the wes- ^ torn part ol the great State of New York, the "industrial army'' have taken possession <>f their Canaan, and are rapidly restoring the primitive simplicity,glory,and happiness of the blessed race ol Adam before the serpent introduced hip abominable carcase into the embowered walks ot Eden, and tempted Eve to eat that golden pippin. From lh?' extracts w<> have given, it will be seen that this Fourierite system is ot a very comprehensive character. There is an almighlines^ in its grasp?an expansion in its objects and aims?a feasibility in its projects and instrumentality, which commend it to the approbation of nil intelligent and rational beings. With such an agency at work tn <">hin. there cannot be a doubt of Mr. Clay's ircens in that important State. Is there not a i erinarient stream, known as the Wegeef'rcek, on tli' domain! In there not a promising young or-j ch.iid of crab apples! Cannot cider be made from j them which sells at #4 a barrel? Are there not ten lop house* on the premises'? Bah' who are yon that says " Mr. Clay won't carry Ohio V You ought to be ashamed of your want of common sagacity, and the soori< r you join the treat " industrial armv" for the purpose of picking up some common sense, so much the better. But it is in New York, which ha*, we believe, been called ihe " Kmpire State," that the greatest ctlort of the " industrial array" is to be made.? ^Keneattlee U to be the scene of their greatest triumph ; <in the margin of that most beautiful lake? i*t inor picturesque even than the Lake of (teneva?and we have been round it, and sailed on f. a id drank ol ;t> pure waters, and have gazed on beautie* in tlv holy moonlight, and in the brightness of the noon-day son, and can therefore , ..* knowingly of its loveline^,?jn heavenly atinn-i>h? re, iIm green and fragrant bant its delicioii" ;'io\ s, arid all it? thousand charm and en- 1 i .rineiiii Here, then, another Kden lias been . atrd ; and not one Adam and Kve, but u thou- j sand the fairest ot Eve's daughter-, and a th?i>? sand ot the mod promising of AJuin'o ptulwsopiuc sons of the true Albei t Brisbane ami Horace Greeley powers and capacities, have settled or are to settle down?herein this delightful paradise to cultivate their young orchards of crab apples?to bake bran-bread?to raise up young buds of loveliness and philosophy,?to render industry attractive, religion attractive, marriage attractive, philosophy attractive, borrowed capital attractive, vegetables attractive?every thing attractive. In these blessed and happy " dig:;ins" no serpent will be allowed to drag his slow length along. Human nature will reipn in all its purity, dignity, elegance, simplicity and primitive innocent verdancy. Farewell, here, lo the cortoding care?the agitating passion?the importunate temptation, and all the corrupting agencies ol evil by which conscience is defiled, peace troubled, and the sunshine of Hope itsell overcast I ?.* -1 . - * wiwi ihick giooin : But lest it might be supposed by any that we exaggerate?that the millennial is not no near at hand ?that Henry Clay is not ju?t so certain of his election, we annex the following most interesting and eminently philosophical document, which we lind in the " Skeneuteles Democrat.."' It is from the l>en of one John A. Collins ; and we doubt whether Philosopher Greeley himself could write a more lucid, a more philosophical, a more practical, a a more sensible description. Here it is? The following articles, drawn up by that celebrated pleaderof human rights, J. A. t ollins, abolition lecturer, were luruished us by a friend, who obtnined them from a member of the Community, by whom they were copied lrom the original it is to be hoped that all well-wishers to the human family will aid in circulating this document Printers are requested to call the attention of their readers to the game, that all may be enlightened; that none rush blindly into this Community concern. We hope lriend Greeley, oi the New York Tribune, will not be forgetful of the public good:? ilrticles oj Helit\f and Ditbtlief, and Creed, presented and read by John . Collins, on the I'JIti November, 1S43. (A true copy.) Assented to by all, except H- A. Johnson, of Syracuse, J. Josephine Johnson, of Syracuse, Wm. Kennedy, of Syracuse Solomon Johnson, o"f Martinshurgh, ami Wm. C. Beuon, Lynn, Mass. Bklovp.u Kkii-.nl>>? By your consent and advice, I am called upon to make :hoice of those among you to aid me in establishing in Jiu'place a community of property and interest, by which ive may be brought into love relations, through which plenty (and) intelligence may be ultimately secured to all vthe) inhabitants ol' this globe. To accomplish this great work there are but very few , in consequence of their original organization, structure of mind, education, hauls, and preconceived opinions, w ho are at the present line adapted to w ork out this great problem of human relemption. All who come together for this purpose should >e united in thought and leoling ou certain fundamental principles, lor w itliout this u community of property would )e but a larce. Therefore, it may be said with great propriety that the success of the experiment w ill depend upon he wisdom exhibited in the choice of the materials as igents to its accomplishment. Without going into the detail of the principles upon vinch this Community is to be established, 1 will state irietly a lew ot the fundamental principles, w hich 1 rejard as essential to be assented to by every applicant for tdmission. 1st. Religion.?A disbelief iu any special revelation of .iod to man, touching his w ill, and thereby binding upon nan as authority in any arbitrary sense?that all forms of worship should case?that all religions of every age and lation, have their origin in the same great falsehood, viz : -rod's special providences. That, while we adinire the irecepts attributed to Jesus of Nazareth, we do not retard them as binding because uttered by him, but because he) are true in themselves, and best adapted to promote he happiness of the race. Therefore, w e regard the Satv lath as other days?the organized C hurch, as adanted to iroiluce stnfr and contention, rather than love anil peace -the clergy, an im]H)sition?the Bible, as no authority? liracles, as unphilosophical?and salvation from sin, or coin punishment in a future world, through a crucified iod, as a remnant of heathenism. 'Jnd. Uovekmments.?A disbelief in the rightful exisrace of all go\ ernments based upon pin sical lorce?that lie) are organised bands of banditti, whose authority is 3 be disro||Brded. Therefore, we will not vote under such ov ernments, or petition to them, but to dem.uid them to: isband?do no military duty?pay no pursonal or proper- | )r taxes?sit upon no juries?refuse to testify in courts oi | o called justice ; and never appeal 10 the law for a icdre* j f grievances ; but use all peaceful and moral me ns t ucure their complete destruction 3rd. Property.? i hat there is to bo no inlividtal pr?' | erty, but all goods shall be held in common ?ihat ih- i lea of mine and thiue. as re_arJ? tin- carta in I its pro ! ucts, as now understood in the exclusive tense, is u> h isregarded and set aside?therefore, when we unite, \-e rill throw into the common treasury all the property I'hich is regarded as belonging to us, and forever after to ield up our individual claim and ownership in it?thut o compensation shall be demanded for our labor if we hould ever leave. Ith. Mukisgi;.?That we regard marriage as a true reition growing out of the nature of things, repudiating centiousness fornication, concubinage, a lulterv, 1ih;kiv, and polygamy?that marriage is designed for the hapmess el'the parties, and to promote love and virtue. That hen such parties have outlived their affections, and canot longer contribute to each other's happiness, the sootier lie separation takes ]dace the better, ana such separation liall not be a barrier to the parties in again uniting with ny one, wjien they shall consider their happiness can l.c iromoted thereby?that parents are in duty bound to edu ate tiieir children in habits of virtue, and love, and inlustry, and that they arc bound to unite with thtcommu* iity. 5th. Education op (hii.dhrv?That the community wes to the children a duty to secure them a virtuous edication. and watch over them with parental care. 0th. Dir.tii?.?That a vegetable ami fruit diet is e*?enial to the health of the body, and purity of the mind, and he happiness of society?therefore, the killing and eating it animal*4* essentially wrong, and should be removed as oon as possible, together with the use of all narcotics md stimulants 7th?That all applicants shall, at the discretion of the onimunitv, but be put upon a probation of three or six nonths. 8th.?Any person who shall force himself or hersell lpon the Community, who has received no invitation from he Community .or who does not assent to the views above jnumerated, shall not be treated or considered as n member of the Community?no work shall be assigned (to) him >r her (if) solicited, while, at the same time, he or she ihall be regarded with the sam? kindne* as all or any >ther stjangers?shall be furnished with food and clothing ?that if at any time any one shall dissent from any of all >f the principles enumerated above, he ought at once, in ustice to himself, to the Community, and the world, to leave the Association. To these views we hereby affix >ur respective signatures. Who now doubts the omni|>otcnce of the " in Justrial army !" Who now undervalues the agen ry ot' Mr. Philosopher Greeley and the " NewYork Tribune 1" Who now has a doubt as to the triumphant return of Henry Cljy ? Webster's Srtm h.?A friend tell* us, that the "He raid,' a print we never see unless by accident, charge* us w ith having copied our report of Webster'* speech at the New England dinner from its columns. It is scarcely ne"iHsary to say that the statement is a lie. Every line of jur report was prepared from our own notes." If the ' Herald" persists in it* paltry falsehood, we will compare passages of the two reports.which will show conclusively hat we could not have copied from the " Herald" what :he "Herald" never had. A friend tells us, who was told by a lriend, who !iad it from another friend, that he actually saw lie aliove paragraph in a certain paper called the ''Courier Enquirer," published in Wall street, ind edited by J. Wat noil Webb. As we never read [hat pimt unless by accident, we cannot ??y positively that such a paragraph has appeared, but as the intelligence which we have received come1-, although rather circtiitously, with some authenticity, we will take it for grunt'' 1 that it has appeared in that paper, and treat it accordingly. .Vow, in relation to the statement that we made with regard to the reports of the "Herald'* and that of the "Courier," we reiterate it with more emphasis, and inoie conviction of its truth, than we did in our previous statement. There is not a possibility of < 1 oniit to nnv reasonable man who will compare the two reports, but that the "Courier <V En<|uirer" Mole bodily the report first published in the "Herald," and pawed it oft for its own, merely making a few verbal variation*, and a few additions. which a little more time would have permitted us lo do. The "p^erh was not delivered till half pa.nl eleven, yet we had it written out and in type bv two o'clock The very reason which the " Courier" given to its reader*, that the "Hera!dV report could not have been used by the "Courier." is precisely the best reason for believing the contrary; and after this confusion of ideas we ar< more than ever convinced of the nic^nn"s--, ur i littleness, and falsehood, of our respectable contemporary. We therefore cill tip-m our v.-ry respectable contemporary to carry out bin threat ; to copy them paragraph by paragraph, to go i to i ll llie elements of the two reports, arid to show whether he has not, to use hisown gentlemanly language, committed a base lit. This is not the fir t tun. th;it the "Courier" ha* stolen our reports, and passed them ofl for it* own, nor is it the first time it ha* given evidence ol its utter incapability Hnd incapacity to give ii correct report upon any subject ot public i iik Tlieae are Uiv remarks we make; and we tru?; tlih? the "lri< nd" of tin- "Courier iV Knqnirer," who reads the "Herald,"and reportswhat the "Herald" ays, to our re.yectable contemporary, will again read it, and make a repott ol what we now nay. I,:t it he a* diplomatic a* they we shall Re) at the irulli by and bye. IMMMaMMBaMMMnMMHHMnMMMHMMMW1 Tmc r*KNCH K KV-)M.TIO!V or 1330?Mt. IIV Kit tn't Second Lkitujik-?The lloa. AKxiuder 11. Everett delivered hi* second lecture to the meuihers of the Lyceum in the Tabernacle, Broadway, ! last evening; the aubject.being the French Itevolu-, tion ot 1880. In his preceding lecture, Mr. Everett commenced l?y remarking, he had taken a rapid survey of the | principal events and characters of the French revolution, from its commencement in 17S9 to the abdication of Napoleon ; he now proposed to continue las series of remarks, in the same cuisory way, up to tlio rebellion, commonly so called, of the Three j Days, which terminated, for the present, at least, the great course of events which commonly wen' under that title. The real and substantial cause of this revolution, as he had previously remarked, j j consisted 111 the incongruity between the existing I nl nnil fl?M ultliwll***! I'nrm a!' irm urn. I merit; the form of government bv which the whole | political power of the state had been attributed to ! afew hereditary rulers, remained unaltered whilst, | in the meantime, the mass of the people who had i risen rapidly in civilization lelt their importance, j ! and deemed that us they possessed in no j j small decree, wealtli and knowledge?the elements oi power?they had a right to be admitted to some share in the adminia;ration of the government. This position taken by the people was obviously just < hut it was also not unnatural that it should be strongly resisted by the privileged classes, who owed all their importance to the existing system, and this conflict of interest, opinion, und tee ling,which,under other circumstances might have terminated amicably resulted in convulsion and open war. The extensive and protracted struggle?of which he had detailed some of the principal movements in his last lecture?was carried on in various parts of Kurope and with various success. For a time the advantage remained almost wholly upon the side of the people. In France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, in a great part of Germany, and throughout the western part of Euro|K\ the people succeeded in revolatianizing the governments which existed, and in founding others of n lihi'Twl rhiiru linori tliPir rmna (lr#?uf Britain, however, formed an exception to this remark, because the revolution of hail accommodated the lorm of government there in u great degree to the wishes of the people and the altered condition of society, so that they (the people) had let's cause for complaint, and consequently less zeul and power upon the popular side. At length, however, the legitimists prevailed; they carried back ihe war into the enemies territory, and they planted the standurd of their head quarters upon the site of the revolution in Paris. This change of fortune, nevertheless, was more apparent than real; it was owing to a change in the opinions and feelings of the people in reference to the character and proceedings of their own champion. Napoleon, essentially a mere soldier, forgot, in his professional zeal for war, the duties that belonged to his political situation, for, instead of relieving the people from the oppressions under which they were suffering, and admitting them to a share in the administration of government, he monopolized the whole power in his own person, and exercised a degree of oppression, which they had never suffered from their legitimist rulers. They found that the onjy object for which Napoleon employed his splendid military talents, was the aggrandizement of himself and family; they, therefore, lost all attacltment to his person and interest in his success. For a long time lie felt himself that he had 110 friend in France except the army; and even Ins Marshals began to grow we ary, declaring that he would never .,ii u*. 1 1 *ii:_ .1 11 i_ .l- c?: icoi Mil lie unu Menu mem uu. lit llic lUTClgll UUUlitries, under his influence, the feeling was even more distinet, as was shown bv the establishment of " The League of Virtue" in Germany. In short, the position of the two parties was completely reversed; the liberal party relied for success upon military organization, while the established governments relied for their strength upon the zeal for liberty and independence which animated tjie mass >f their subjects. The result again showed the superiority ot moral inottve?the ui-cendaucv of rncral causes over mere material and physical ones. The -tame tide of (topular feeling that had carr.ej the French Mr ward in triumph, in the lirat instance, no sooner flowed i a 1 opposite, direction than it brought the allies to the .i,ii:ai i>l KidiiCe; victory followed in both csista the stun! ard of th people, the out} dirt'erence bei.ig that in le first instance the standard of the people erecied I \ UnMiseive* in the French capital, whilst at the closeol lie struggle it passed over to the allies. These causes hae very important iiifiucnce The allies having obtained l?eir victory in the name ot 1.tier y and of the rights ol .10.1. t:iey could not, consistently, leave that idea~out 01 lew in tue arrangemenu for a general pacification In .-'ranee the exile 1 Bourl>ons w ere restored, and the prin ipa'i alterations in the Ian called for bj the National As embly. were now embodied and established as the form of .jo\eminent iu the charter or written consti ution B\ his document provision was made for the representatives of the people, lor liberty of speech, of the preHs, and of acion?within limits prescribed by fixed laws, and security for p'-rsonal rights. It waa, in sliort, if executed in the spirit by which it was conceived, of a nature to give all iccessary satisfaction to the friends of liberty. Similar arrangements took place in the Netherlands. Germany, md elsewhere. By this chartcr the j>eople of France tweame " something" if not " every thing " It was, how ver, in the nature of compromises or contracts between he people upon one side and srov eminent* nnon the nther. o he viewed as compromises or contracts not advantageous to the people, who in the present case, would have ^referred a representative republic like our own? cheers). It was therefore not unnatural, under thests ircumstances that the people should watch with extreme calousv the execution of this contract. If Charles the Tenth fiad fulfilled his part of it, probably he would have prevented the violent confusion and disastrous result to limself which took place in the three days. Mr. Kver^ tt then rapidly reviewed the events of the jwriod intervening betwee'n the granting of the charter and the i>rin. ipal persons who took part in accomplishing those vents, remarking in the words of Talleyrand, that the Bourbons upon their return to Krance, evinced by their onduct that they had learned nothing, and forgot no.hing. They brought back with them all their antinua ed prejudices and personal antipathies which thev had aken away, Without having derived any useful lesson from their long tuition in the school of adversity It was hut justice, however, that Louis the 18th, who "first occupied the throne, formed an exception, for he declared at lie outset of the revolution in favor of the popular .arty.and he rpmained attached through life to liberal opinions. He was in fact considered the author of tbe charter, md was consequently popular with the people. He was liverted, however, from acting upon it as lie wished by he importunities [of his family, the fatal consequence of *-hich was, the return of Napoleon,the hundred days.and general convulsion up to the period of his second assumption of the throne in 1815. His policy then wore a liberal aspect ; he was determined upon carrying out the charter. This excited the disgust of the ( o'mpte D'Artois, Mother of the King and heir to the ihrone, the prince who afterward* lost the throne under the name of Charles the Tenth. Here followed a well drawn character of this nonarch, who was shown to be possessed of hifgh intellec mt, |>M < oil ai .UI'J IIIUI til out uuuiicu.l, UlMlKUrcil IIJ" Illirn and most violent royalist principles ; had his principle* been different, his personal advantages, Mr. Everett said, would, in all jirotiabilitv have rendered him a very popular sovereign. The leaders of the royalist and liberal parties, both political and literary, were then sketched, and their power over the public mind estimated, from which it was evident that if not all the talent, at least all the argument and reason lay upon the side of the liberal writers. In the mean time the people of the other States to whom similar charters had been promised, finding themselver deluded, exhibited symptoms of disalfection aad rebellion, so that indications of mischief were brewing over almost all Europe. At last on the first of January, l*}0, a" artnv of 10.000 men, which had been collected at Cadiz to procccd to America to reconquer the | Spanish Colonies, declared themselves against the government, and for the Cortes of 1812; and the King of Spain found it necessary to sign the constitution. Kventt of a similar character took place in Naples, Portugal and Sardinia, but they were suppressed by force. These occurrences produced a strong feeling in the courts of Europe. and particularly in that of K ranee; and the assassination of the Duke of Berri, about the same time, probablv had still greater effect in producing the change which followed, for it caused the King (Louis XVIII.) to change entirely his policy, giving it exactly an opposite direction to that he nad previously pursued. The death of | Louis, which occurred in lsil, transferred the crown from the author of the charter to its bitterest opponent : and the known adherents of ultra royalist and {arbitrary opinions. The first result of this change was the march-l ingofone hundred thousand men into Spain to crush the I new constitution: and Mr. f'.verett rmrrnfed thp mliw. ' quent event* of the King'* reign including n description of the elections, at which the people invariable returner) majorities in opposition to the court, till the eRtabli*hment of the Polignac administration, liy which the famous ordinances were issued which were the immediate cause of the three davs" revolution By one of these instruments, the newly elected Chamber "f Deputies were dissolved l>efore they ever assembled, by the second. the publication of newspaper* was prohibited, without a preliminar) licence; end by the third, a large portion of the voter* In the kingdom were deprived of the franchise; all in direct opposition to the charter Thl result was the flight vid abdication of '"'isrles X, an I the ascension of Louis Philippe, who e his'orv and chancer were graphically iketchet Following ih<- nairative vii a comparison between the Stuart fimiJv, in tnij'ish history, an' harle*. liven in * lnirabV colors. ? id 'he lecturer concluded by a glowing eulogiu n upon the life and consistent chararor oft'ie lamented Lafayette. T'in Prnuc Oir,.?Th Superintendent of the Oil Department to lie woefully licking in inlorm'ition us to ilie qu,*litvof th oil now consumer'

in the several oil l.irn,>s li "longing to the corpo a tion. W? recommend lint gentleman to visit Mr Maliichi Fillon. and i:iMteof th.-' walla nf hi? Ktvtv tian Mansion in Centre Mreet. The purity h< talks so largely about in hid communication to the Board of Assistant*, la*t night, is sadly deficient in the oil burned there. The Pirate Mathews.?The trial of this young I man, !or the murder and piracy on hoard the ill i tated Sarah Luvinia, is set down for ten o'clock this morning, before Judge Hetts, at the U. S. Ciri uit Court. The evidence in the case will he simi Inr to that given at the trial of the convicted prij Miner, llabe ?SB-?? Henri Vievxtemps* Concert at the Park.? Mr. Vieuxteraps played ldt>t evening, for the first time since his return from Boston, where he achieved the most signal triumph. lie was enthusiastically received, and lus peerless execution and chastity of conception raised him still higher, if possible, in the good opinion which he won from all lovers of classical music at his first two concerts. The same serene calmness pervaded his whole performance, giving a rare surety and energy to his playing, and imparting at the same time a wonderful pearly evenness to his notes, which form the characteristic distinction of the school he founded, and which will always maintain him in the exalted position he now occupies as a violinist. Our 01 inion as to his merits as a composer for the violin remains unchanged, lie is, without any doubt, unrivalled amongst the modern, and, although fully acknowledging the high glory of a Spohr, a Rhode, or a Viotti, we look in vain amongst the older ones for an author who would combine a similar richness of melody with an equal depth of understanding in the technical parts. Mr. Vieuxtemps played last night as he played a fortnight ago at the Washington Hotel, and as he will always play. The greatest artist is not uufrequently the slave of a fancy, u caprice; an atom may disturb his equanimity, and the reaction is visible in his performance; but not so Vieuxtemps; he is always quiet, his brow is unruffled as the brow of a young briue, he always "tm mot us vclut rapes resist it." He takes up his bow, throws a disdainful glance on the lesser evils "flesh is heir to," and parting the waves of harmony with powerful arms, evokes sounds which call the spheres their fatherland. The concerto, which was the first piece, is one of the few of Beriot's compositions which successfully, stemmed the current of oblivion that engulphed his "airs variirs." It is really a charming marrcau, containing a beautiful rondo, and was given bv \ ieuxteniDs with all the brilliancy of which his style is capable. The great applause it elicited was only merited. It would be common-place to say that he overcame the immense difficulties in his fantasia capriciosa, (which he has played already, in his first concert,) with the aplomb of an old master. For what are difficulties to him!?a mere child's toy. His splendid tlageoletlo never appeared to greater advantage, and he was very ably seconded fcy the orchestra. After the Sfniolenska by the graceful .Tulia Turnbull, came, what every liody thought the concluding piece, the well Known duett for violin and pianoforte on airs from Bellini's Somnambula, in which M'lle Vieuxtemps assisted her brother. She is a very neat and tasteful pianist, and appears to be quite familiar with the modem brilliant school.? 5>he wonld have done more justice to her excellent touch and faultlessexecution,ifslie had played a solo It would be a matter of great difficulty for every pianist, to shine in the presence of such a star as her brother is. The part ot the pianoforte, moreover, has not been treated con amore by Benedict, liven Thalberg (who by the bye is positively coming,next autumn with Standigl, the celebrated bass singer) could not make much out of it, when he played it with Vieuxtemps at a Concert given some years ago in Vienna by the organist of the Imperial Chapel. But the principal fault lies in the superiority of the violin over the pianoforte, as a concert instrument. At the end of the duett both were stormishly applauded, aad on being called out Vieuxtemps played the cainevale di venezio, as he only could play it. It was listened to in breathless silence, ana Vieuxtemps retired with his sister amid a waving of handkerchiefs, and such a clapping and thumping that the walls of Old Drury trembled. The house was not crammed, but it could boast of a respectable fulness. Thk Vacancy in the United States Supreme Court.?The vacancy made in this court, by the death of Judge Thompson, .begins to attract the office-seekers from all quarters. But it happens that to fill this office awakens a higher rank of office-seekers than usually come forward before the public. We see many persons already named to fill it, such as J. C. Spencer, l)an'l B. Tallmadge, Iliram Ketchum, and many others. In the Commrcial of yesterday, we see a notice that an applir ttion has been already forwarded to "Washington iit favor of Mr. Hiram Ketchum. Probably Mr. Ketchum may be the candidate of Mr. Webster, ind may command all his influence with President Tyler. Be that as it may, we must say, from watching the course of Mr. Ketchum, and as a lawyer and a politician and a public man in this uitv. we do not think he is nossessed of sufficient talent, of sufficient liberality, or ot sufficient amplitude of mind, for the high office he aspires to. Mr. Ketuhum has a great deal of talent of a certain kind, but its range is narrow; he has strong prejudices both political, religious, and other kinds; and we do not think, upon the whole, he possesses that kind of comprehensive mind which ought to be elevated to the Court of the United States; and we hope that President Tyler will take that into consideration when he fills the vacancy. Pkblic Meeting in .Relation to the <Ja.s Company.?A number of citizens called upon us yesterday in relation to the noftice we have given in reference to a public meeting that is preparing to be jailed to investigate the concerns of this company, ind present their conduct to the next Legislature We believe there is a strong feeling :n favor of such a movement, and we understand that the proprietor of the Shakspeare Hotel, in the Fourth Ward, has offered the free us?- of his Hall for a public meeting. In a few days, and as soon as preparation is iiiauc-, it is probable tun notice win be given, and ill those who complain of the exorbitant charges of the company, and the manner in which they coniuct their business, should be teady to bring forward their bills and statements of facts to substantiate their complaints, while they move the legislature on to action. Flora's .Ttjbii.kk at Niblo's<?At this delightful period of the year, when balls, parties, soirees and ill that nre the rage, he is supplying the ladies with boquets and wreaths of unsurpassed elegance and l^gauty. They are arranged by an old hand in tlie establishment, and look as if they had come directly from the fragrant fingers of Mora herself, lfis collection of green-house plants, vases and baskets of flowers, and rare and valuable seeds are all eminently worthy of attention. It will be seen by an twli xrliu.unnnf in un/illior nnlnmn lliol thie nart hit* establishment lias been greatly enlarged and improved by Mr. Niblo. But he invites the ladies to call and judge for themselves. American Republican Meeting at Newark.? L ust evening, at the United States Hotel, the American Republicans met for the purpose of organization. About six to eight hundred persons were present. Hedden Ball, Esq., was called to the chair, and Samuel Bond and Caleb P. Crockett, Esqrs., appointed Vice Presidents, and Richmond Ward. E*)., Secretary. The meeting was addressed by Thomas S. Oakley, Esq., of this city, in a speech of an hour's length,and adjourned with three cheer? for American principles, and three hearty ones for the speaker. ____________ Ci.ean Street*.?The Hoard of Assistant Aldermen, last evening, passed the ordinance for cleaning the strei is. It only wants the signature of hitHonor the Mayor to become a law. Pray, Mr. 1 Mayor, remember your dear friends, and as a New ' Year's crift. let ll? Her- Mfruin fll/> n'.tiir!.l iiavinn *tones; we arc tired of the artificial substitute. Perhaps that trunk may be dug out in the operation. The reward would pay for the extra cart.1 and voters. Laikst from Canada.? We have received Toronto papers of the 20th, Montreal of the 21st, and luebec and Kingston of the 19th inst. We annex ill the intelligence that we can find :? The delay which ha* taken place in the formation of n iew ministry auger* favorably. It shown that Sir Charles VlRtcal/e in determined to place himself in the liandi of no ?rty. The of the I.ftfontaine-Ualdwin rlii/iir vould no doubt like to nee 11 in Excellency throw himself into the arms of the Old Compact; and an- hollowing lustily for the formation of a new Cabinet. Little attcnlon, fiowevei .will he paid to the harking of theae cur*.? King lion IVhif, Pec. 19. The Toronto Patriot mention* a* a rumor, that a larp number of the Iteform Member* of Western Canada, who voted with Baldwin on th?* recent divi*on, met together in Kingston jn*t a* Parliament wn* prorogued, and ieut h memorandum to the (Jovernor (Jeneral signifyIng theii williiiRrie** to support any Council to be formed by Mr Harrison. An avalnnche of snow fell upon *ix children who were ut play at L'AilCe de* Mere*. near Quebec. Five were got iMIl allvH, the sixth was d?ad.~ Mmtlrral llrralH, Dm. 'jf W Mhlngton. (Correspondence of the Herald.) Washington, I)e ?. 24, 1843. ) Christmas Kve. $ James <?. Bennett, Esq:? Deak Sib? This, being Sunday, in another die* non. The only thing which has occurred to-day itf Washington worthy of notice, is the preaching of the llev. Judge Colquitt, Senator from Georgia, at the Methodist church. 1 say the Keverend Judge, because he was introduced to the audience by the pastor of the church us .Judge?as in point of fact he is. 1 ant at a losstodecide whether 1 should say any thing of his sermon or not. Could 1 speak of it us a rich intellectual treat?tilled with thoughts?addressed to the reason?logical?-theological?mathodical?grammatical?eloquent in style and diction?or in fact as possessing aii? of those i>oints of aiiiuuiiuu "iiii/ii uiaiatiui^c uii.- cuuuc* \ii nillS and intellectual greatness, it would give me pleasure to speak of it. But as it was a sermon addressed exclusively to the passions and the Fears of the audience, containing zeal cnongh t? season a whole " body of divinity," it may be best to pa*N it by with the tingle remark, that if an ordinary uneducated Methodist Klder (Mr. Colquitt is a Methodist,) had delivered it to an audience of country farmer* and mechanics, instead of a learned Judge and Senator of the United States delivering it to a polite audience of tx-r>re?idents, Senators, Representatives, and others of equal eminence ?I say if any body else had delivered such a sermon, 1 should have'called it mere rant. I will ouly say of it, in addition, that it was publicly advertised in the leading Washington papers. V.x-I'rcsident Adams, and others above named were (iresent, and expectation was on stilts to hear a man of such triangular capacity as to unite in hit single person the three functions of Legislator, Judge, and Minister of tbe Gospel. The sermon being over, stilts fell. It is astonishing how Ole Bull is fiddling religious superstitions out ot people who would never before set their shoe leather inside of a theatre, for fear it would be deiiled. Cat-gut and horse-hairdo what argument and logic can't. Youn.ltc. 8. B. Mr. Bennett:? Do or do not the American Jt enublicniifl.Qs n nartv. intend to run a separate candidate for the ^residency ? This point is obscured in mystery, darkness and doubt. In all their proceedings no satisfactory answer is given to this oft repeated inquiry. If they do uot so intend, why not avow it at once in an open, manly, Herald like manner?in a manner not to be mistaken. This done, and all opposition ceases the instant the declaration is maae?their party will be the only partv so far as the city government is concerned. This point gained?our city freed from corruption, fraud and crime, and the work of reformation to say the least is nobly begun; indeed it will be glory enough for one year, to have removed all foreigners from ollice?established a strong and eflective police?reduced one half the current expenses of the city?cleaned and repaved our streets?removed the lumber and rubbish from the side-walks, and manyl other burdens under which the people groan and travail. Now is this the design of " Young America," or is it to become a national thing?an independent party in politics, and, of course, share the fate of every third party which has sprung into existence the last half century. Thousands are halting between two opinions waiting an answer to this.important inquiry. Querist. We cannot answer the question?nor do we believe can Young America. Why ask them a question which cannot be answered 1 The first great object is to reform the city government?to run for the city government?to confine their purposes to the city government. When that object is achieved, it will be time to inquire " what next 1" That is our opinion. The Presidential question is not sufficiently developed to know what's what, or who's who. \1r. Bennett :? Are you aware that the sentence last week decided upon, for Beach, in your case, was a fine of $260 and ten lays in the city prison ; and that the Recorder has since stated to Beach's counscl, that his imprisonment will be reduced to one day 7 Are you aware that MajorNoah is now editor of Beach's Sun?that is, has become Beach's doer of melancholy work, and that his is the new hand which has appeared at the handle of that bellows the present week ? These are truths spoken " by authority." ONK BKHIND THE CURTAIN. We are aware of no such thing, and do not care i button whether it be so or not. The Court of Sessions may sentence Mike Walsh, with three cents in his pocket, to the penitentiary for two months, and Moses Y. Beach, with $50,000 in his [jockct, to a fine of six cents and no imprisonment at all if it please. It is a question for the moral sense of the community to pass upon. We have done wiin n. as 10 poor om worn oui rsoan, ne may write where he pleases, we have done with him long since, and shall never put a straw in his way either .iere or hereafter. Gnat Men of the American ilcpnbllcnna. VIr. Bennett? In the catalogue of the orators of" this party, you lave omitted at least three who deserve a niche in (he Temple of Fame. 1 refer to the Hon. M. M. ^uackenboss, the Hon. Job Haskel, and the Hon :x-auctioneer Philo L. Mills. Mr. ti- does not seem to he so wordy as many of the others It would be well if Mr. Samtnons, Whitney, (>akley, rlaskeil and others would take a lesson from him. They deal too much in appeals to the passions, ound assertions unsustaincd by facts, and positive nisstatements and falsehoods, with a plentiful sup;ly of doggerel, sometimes in prose, and somelines in the shape of poetry ; but it is only the shalow of it, lacking substance. There are others vhich I hope you will not omit to add to the cataogue from time to time, especially the candidates ror the loaves and fishes, or the crumbs to be picked ip. vleuxtemps. Withdrawal ok Mr. Buchanan.?A letter from the Hon. James Buchanan, addressed to the Democrats of Pennsylvania, is published in the last number <tf the Lancaster Intelligencer. Mr. B. says:? "After long and serious refleetion, I have resolved to withdraw my name from the lint of Presidential candilates to be presented before the Democratic National Contention. This resolution has been dictated by an anxious lesireto drive discord from the rinks of the party, and secure the ascendancy of Democratic principles both in the State and throughout the Union. In arriving at this conclusion, I have consulted no human being. It is entirely my own spontaneous act, and proceeds from the clearest ind strongest conviction of duty. Whilst thus taking my leave, as your candid*** the Presidential office, I am animated b? :raiuuue lor in'-unaniB??r ' -"v*"-1 "" " ?" vou have nr*<?> m> elevation to the highest office on arth. Tbii Teeltntf ?liall remain engraven on my heart 'intil time for me ihall he no longer." He also expresses his determination to support 'he nominee ol' the National Convention, and does lot say a word lor or against either kof the other candidates. Narhow Escape at the Sailors' Snt g Harbor.?On Thursday morning the 21st instant, at ibout 3 A. M., it was discovered that live men were suffocating in consequence of the escape of {as from the stove pipe that leads through the room. By timely assistance they were all removed tnd their lives saved, although at the time of discovery they were speechless. Adams & Co's Express.?We learn that this jnterprising concern have extended their line to Cincinnati and New Orleans. They now send parcels through to the latter place twice a week. They will soon spread their business over the whole west tnd couth. America Defended.?The Rev. Orville Dewey will deliver a lecture the week Lfter next, to the members of the New York Lyceum, upon "American morals and manners." Amuaementi. Broadway CiRcfs?Benefit of Levi North.? rhe concluding evening of this distinguished perormer'n engagement Ht the Circu* at Nlblo*, i* the pro<ent, and it is to he devoted to hi* benefit. In all the distinction* which have been conferred upon him during his liroleMional career, he ha* never forgotten the land ol hi* nativity, but return* to be ever welcomed by hi* earliest usociate*. The entertainments lor this occasion arc such i* to develope the further advancement he has made in his Wn hni?, .... 1 ,1. < '(fi ill**I Bct-uuifa*"*""*-"*"* " ? ????= nu uuuui IIC Will Ue largely compensated in every sense of the term. ('hatham Theatrk.?It in many years since the beautiful drama of the "Foundling of the Forest" was played in New Yoik. It has now been revived in #11 t* original splendor, and will tonight he put upon the <tage with all necessary concomitants. IIy request of numerous patron* the Pretty Girl* of Htilburg will he igain performed with the full number of angels a* petti-oat soldiers. Ole Williams, with Diamond, ro through Lheirnegro peculiarities. Mi** Rallia and Vliwi* Clemencc >othdance. Mr. < hambers appears in tho grotesque, ami Mr. Astlev appear* in his truly wonderful gymnastic Teats. All this forms a hill of irresistible attraction even <n holiday times. <;*n. tom Till mw, tiik f?|psii;s, a?n the MaOnfirent performances at the American Museum (redrawing tremendous houses. Never did this est*, dishment present such attractions** this week. The per foimances every afternaon and evening arc the most laughable and interesting we ever heard, and we under dnnd that llarnum is making such preparations for New Vear's day, a* will outstrip every thinR that has preceded hi'm. In addition to oilier splendid entertainments, a liamatic ballet will lie iierformed by 94 children under lie supei in tendance of Nlon*. Clieckeli, It will be irrcat; .0 don't fail of seeing it. I BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Washington. (Correipondence of the Herald.) Washington, Dec. 26, 1843. James G. Hewnett, Ksq.? Deau Sib :? Of the wine which Mr. Fuller caused to flow so freely yesterday, Ole Hull partook but little. He said he was the creature of excitement and enthusiasm, and he could not bear it. He complained of a severe pain in his chest, and also of pome difficulty in the movement of his left hand ; and we began to entertain serious fears that he would not be able to perform, to his own satisfaction at least, lart evening. But he left the dinner early, took a walk, inhaled the fresh air, looked with admiration upon some of the Washington belles, caught a little of the spirit of our liberal and free institutions as he gazed upon the capffilf and w?a ready to perform his part in the evening, to ihp-wonder, anion iahment, and amazement of every &ne who heard him. Through the extraordinary eflorts of Mr. Emery, and the patience and perseverance of rtig. LaMenna, the leader ol the orchestra, a very good, indeed a superior accompany nient wns ready to perform on the occasion. Mrs. Builey sung in her \ usual neat and tasty style. But the audience were altogether carried away by Ole Bull. No language could express their emotions?and not a few of the fair ladies of Washington, as was the case with the ladies of Baltimore, would have been delighted to have waited upon the handsome violinist, and in j>rovriit person is testified to him their admiration and enchantment. Ole Bull will surely bewitch all the southern Indies. I need not say that the whole house was crowded with the very elite of Washing ion, inciuuuig sucn memoers ot Congress as were in town. Ole Bull left this morning for Baltimore, where he performs this evening. He returns ana gives another concert here to-morrow (Wednesday) evening; after which he leaves for Richmond and other places in Virginia. Two or three important resolutions have been introduced into the Senate to-day, as will be seen by the report. I refer paiticularly to the resolution of Mr. Allen to open the doors of the Senate while transacting Executive business?to the notice of a bill by Mr. Atchinson to establish a government over Oregon. Arc. The complaint is very general in relation lo the difficulty of hearing in the gallery what is said in the Senate below. And it is most respectfully suggested to the honorable Senators, that it their constituents, the public, have no right to know what they say and do upon the floor of the Senate, yet as a matter of courtesy, they inight.when important matters are presented and discussed. condescend to speak loud enough to be heard in tne gallery. b. B. TWB.1TV-EIGHTH COSGRBI8. FIRST SESSION. Senate, Tuesday. Dec. 26, 1S43. Memorials.?A number of unimportant memorials were presented by different Senators. Mr. Tam.madue presented a petition from citizens of Wisconsin, asking for a grant of land t<V enable them to improve Fox River. Mr. Wright presented a petition from citizens of * Hrookfield, Madison county, N. Y. asking for a pension for John Keith, a soldier of the Revolution. Also a petition from Albany, asking a revision of the laws relative to Hospital monies. Mr. Tappan presented a petition by citizens of Cincinnati, for a bridge over the Ohio river. Mr. Atchinson gave notice that he would to morrow introduce a bill to establish a Government in Oregon. Resolution by Mr. Pouter?That the Secretary of War be requested to send to the Senate any estimates which may he in his possession of the cost of connecting Lukes Huron and Superior, by means of a Canal around the Kail* of St. Mary, adapted to navigation bv steam vessels. Reaolntion by Mr. Allen?That tne 40th rule for conducting business in the Senate, and which requires the Senate to close its doors while transacting executive business he rescinded, and the Senate shall hereafter sit with open doors when transacting all business except when acting upon treaties, and then the Senate shall sit with closed doors, as hitherto under the 40th rule. Mr. Barrow presentnl a resolution calling on the President for such information as lie may possess respecting the claims of citizens of the United States against Mexico. Mr. Walker presented a resolution asking the President to communicate to the Berate the expenses of the , government for each year up to the present, and also what these expenses were for. Mr. Berrien, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted on the 23d inst., a report (No. 8) accompanied by the following Bill, which was read twice and referred. A Bii.i. ron Relief or Isaac Ilsley. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is *" hereby .authorized and directed to pay to Isaac Ilsley ,out of uiy money in the Treasury not otherwise nppropriated.thc sum of thrte hundred and ninety-four dollars and seventyeight cents, being the balance of emoluments to which he was entitled as collector of the customs for the district of Portland and Falmouth, in the State of Maine, for the first luarter of the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine. Some considerable discussion followed, in which Messrs Berrien, Phelps and Wright took part. The Bill was tilally laid over to Tuesday week, and it is unimportant to eport the debate ?being iipon mere construction of the law. A Onw n d>ia?4 oucinn lltiAn L1 vniintS.-n 1 v.. *U?v Senate adjourned. House of Reprcaentatlvea. Washington, Tuesday night, Dec. 26. Reduction of Pottage?Abolition Pititiont?Expenditure* of the Navy Department. As soon as the journal was read, Mr. Wii.kins offered a resolution to the cfi'ect hat an additional number of iron steam vessels he >uilt at Pittsburgh, for the purpose of defence in the Gulf of Mexico, revenue service, <tec., and to lid and protect the commerce of the western waters. Speaker?It is not in order without a suspension f the rules, sir. Wii.kins?T move to suspend them, then, sir.? This is a very important subject, sir, to the country. "The House, however, refused to suspend the rules. Mr. Adams said the committee on commerce < ought to have given a full report upon the subject. Mr. Jamieskjn?I call the ?en?leman to order, eir. I'he subject is not del>??eahle. Mr. Adams?I've done, sir. (Laughter.) ^jj Cavk Johnson?What is the first business in order, Mr. Speaker1? Speaker?The resolution of the gentleman from Vew York (Preston King), instructing the commit- * tee on poet offices and roads to enquire into the ex,>ediencjr of a speedy reduction of postage, abolish- 4 ins the franking privilege, and an adoption of the federal currency in the rates of postage. Mr. Hopkins?That committee need no iustruc tions, sir; they are giving their whole time and most patient attention to the matter: making the fullest enquiries into the subject in ail its bearings, intl will soon report fully upon it. Mr. Adams asked it' the reference of the remaining part of the President's Message wag not in order. Si-raker? Not without going into committee of the whole, sir. Mr.Ki.NO?I don't wish to consume the time of this House, sir, there's been too much of that done ilready. (Laughter.) But this subject of postage is a very important one. It excitesan iinnense interest in the State of New York, and^Weed all over the Union. I don't wish to instruc jr le committee, sir, but I want the whole subjec'^n^Tbefore the House in a clear and comprehenf'JMjrianner, -o that we may act upon it as soon as; for it has to be disponed of somehow this f?jFfon. Mr. Carroix?The resolution prov.T<that the Department should maintain itself. Now, if the people desire the postage to be reduced..I shall vote lor it, whether tne Department does or does not support itself. But I don't want this acted upon 1 too soon, or before we have full information upon it. K. D. Davis?I wish to see the House and Committee act underctundingly and promptly upon the matter. A Voice, (in an under lone)?"Oh, tak* your time, Miss Lucy." (Laughter.) The rerolution wu finally not referred to the Post Officn \ , Committee. C J Inhkmoll?What in the regular order of bn?ine?* before the House now, sir? Hpkakkm?Petition* from the Htate* and Territories I more thr lluiisr go into Committee ofthe Whole, and take up the only bill there, that relati?K to Gen Jackson's fine ? (Laughler.) The Home refined to suspend the rule*. Petition* were then presented from tho variou* State* and Territories. Among these was one from Indians, pray in* a reduction of 33 per cent pontage, tn, o or three from Ohio, and several from Pennsvlvonia and New York to the *amc effect, but from no otner States. Mr. Oiddiivu*?I liave a petition, *lr, that no free man ill nil hereafter l>e sold in the District of Columbia, and that no ?lavc* "hall he brought here for tale. a Mkmher?Here they come again. Spcakes?It come* within the i1*trule. (iinnimii?I think not, iir; it prayi only forageneial alteration of the law* ofthe Di*triet. ?Within the rule, sir, and cantbc received. Rihi ac k?I have *everal petitions, *ir, praying for a reduction of portage. I do not know what disposition 1* to he made ef them. A Mr.Mni.ii. (in an under tone)?Put 'em in the firr put 'em in the (Ire?burn 'em. Why, where the devil do all the*e petition* for reduction of portage come from? Mr. Adam*?I have here n petition, (Ir, praying Con- * greir to pars law* to aholi*h slavery and the slave trade. Hi'KAKr.a?It comes within the rule, *ir. Adams?Very well, *lr; give It me back ? (I.Slighter ) I have another, praying Congrr*s to nltoliih all law* that affect the right of petition. I ino . e it* reference to the Judiciary, sir. sri.aki.ii?It '* so referred. A...... -I l.o. f nno ti..ra Mir M.l.i.l *

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