Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 29, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 29, 1843 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New lark, Friday, December Dtf, 1H43. Tlie Newapaper Prem and the American Republican Party. It itf a very singular fact in the history of the newsnaDer urens of this citv. that not a single paper has taken iiotice of the movements of the American Republican Party with the exception of the llerald alone. All the other papers seem to avoid it, or, if they make any reference at all to their movements, or make a record ot any of their meetings, it is with a view to underrate their pretensions and popularity, and to make an impression upon the public that they never can reach any prominent pointjin public affairs here. This peculiar characteristic of the press, in suppressing vely important intelligence of a public nature, arises from their political thraldom and party selfishness. Almost all the leading newspe^ers, with the exception of a few neutral ones, which have no end or mm of any kind, are bound to, and tied up with, particular iliyut* of politicians and financiers ; they dare not travel beyond the lines pointed out by these cliques for their government,without bringing themselves into great trouble and annoyance in tneir nnanciai anairs; uieretore, lor a pap?*r conducted upon business principles, and upon the cash system, like the Herald, the whole field is open to give the fullest synopsis of every kind of news that may take place, either here or elsewhere. The American Republican pa'ty, indeed, from the jiopularity of their movement, are creating a sort of field for new penny papers, but they do not amount to much. We believe that three of them have started since the party came into existence; but their inefficiency, and their being managed by two or three little cliqws of individuals, will always prevent them from attaining any sound standing or in influencing their own party or the public mind. The shackles that have heretofore bound newspapers with mere political clique* are broken, and mind governs all public movements, not newspapers or cliquet. There is, however, one great mistake to the very verge of which the new party is rapidly approaching, and that is, yielding to the influence of various cliques who, with all their usual intolerance, absurdity and conf usion of ideas, which characterise all cliques, are threatening to involve this in all the disgrace and ruin which similar means brought upon the two old parties. In one of the little penny papers, of little or no circulation, to which we have just alluded, we find a communication, which affords very melancholy evidence of the growth of the evil of which we would warn this new party. The communication js anonymous, but the authorship is very easily detected. The violence of its language, the looseness of its style, the dictatorial character of its ,i.? .n.ioorito -II ?> ?an very clearly establish the identity of this communication with the speeches of Mr. Sammons, one of the American Republican orators of the Thiid Ward. No one who has read any of these sj>eeehes, as reported in the Herald, can fail to observe their striking similarity?their identity with this communication. Here it is:? Deak Sib :?i have witnessed with some interest the course of a certain journal in this city, in relation to the American Republican party. So soon as the lCditor returned from his foreign tour, he immediately set to work with all hid power ot ink and paper (for soul he has none) In r!4li-nlia (tol nil) vnnr <?i<? " - found that his subscribers would not submit to any inch foreign dictation, and thus, in order to win back lost favor, and to revenge himself upon the Irish repealers, because of their great champion having ejected him from a great repeal meeting in Ireland, he immediately wheels to the right-about, c.d is most furious in your support. But wny, 1 am sure I cannot tell ; whether it wa? the shining siller, or love of these Papistical doctrines, in which he boast* that from early infancy he ha* been initiated ; or hatred of every thing American, as the man is still an unnaturalized foreigner. Yet so it was, again he stood upon the old trick, and ridiculed vour principles, as being at least two centuries behind the intelligence of the age. The election wa* near at hand, he injured you all he could The election came, the votes were counted?eight thou sand eight hundred told in round numbers your prodi gious strength, and what then :?The viper found he had been gnawing a file. He was alarmed. With Jesuitical cunning forthwith yielding to his sui-genuris nature, lie again performs a Jim Crow evolution, and so the man i* a third tim? with you in full chase, crying, stop thief, stop thief, In as much earnestness, and with the same intention, a* one of the city police who is alter a rogue, really not for the purpose of arreat, but to get a reward. Then lorthwith he sets himself up as* Dictator, advise* the American Republicans to go in for a new candidate for tlie next Presidency, besides various other suggestions, all of which he well know were in direct opjiosition to the avowed and real sentiments of the party. Failing to distract the party by bringing in the Presidential question, which under any circumstances you have wisely determined not to meddle with, as a party ; lie then makes up various reports of fictitious meetings never held, publishes speeches never made, as if the cause was a fai>-subject of ridicule. This, like every other project, failed, and then apparently with the wild enthusiasm of a flaming zealot, lie dashes away in your favor with as much show of sincerity as if he were really in earnest. For a time all went on right merrily ; but the very first opportunity that offered, he shapes his communications as if there was a serious difficulty in the Kirst Ward. He continues to connect the amu of Mr. Ralph, the only disorganizer in that ward, with the names of those who have known no shadow of turning in your cause, up to the very day of your great meeting ot Vauxhall Garden ; evidently hoping that By so doing he would be able to drive away from the meeting those persons, or if they should come there that it woulil justify the disorganizer in getting up a row. The evening for the meeting came, and Mich numbers were present, and such unanimity was evinced as was never before ?een in our city. No daring disorganizer had the fool-hardiness to say or do ought against tiie unanimous manifestations of the people's wishes. What followed ! Did this apparent friend of the cause have his reporters there f Certainly not. There was not an im prudent speech made. There were no divisions ; and hence what does he say 7 Why, there were some pretty little bits of speeches made about the garden, but they contained nothing new, and then authoritatively statss that another great mass meeting will soon be held, and advises that uew schemes be set on foot, of which he will be the projector. V'ou may, sir, congratulate the American Republicans that, at the very first moment, they laid down their principles with such precision and clearness that they want no addition or alteration.? The people have approved of them, and all you have now to do is to stand fast precisely where yon* are. Do not permit yourself to bn drawn away by every wind of docttiue, but battle manfully upon the broad American foundation which has been so well laid. Assuredly this mu'i whole object haa been, and still is, to go along (where he dare not oppose), and then, if possible, draw you away from your cause, and thus destroy it. I appeal to the community if this be not so ; and for one I am truly ashamed that any person having a decent regard f*r himself or the country, will sustain his paper any longer. As to another maas meeting, f hope the party will follow the suggestion you made some time aince. That is, to call it on the birth-day of the Father of our country, and not till then. Indeed, with the exception of some three or four wards, it would be more prudent if fewer wan! meetings were held until that time ; and in the meanwhile let the ward committees more perfectly organize the wards, and see that every person in their respective wards has offered to him the petitions for the modifi cation of the naturalization laws and the repeal of the | common school law. There could not possibly he a better corroboration of the accuracy of our delineation of the character of Mr. .Sammons, given the other day, than is afforded by this amusing effusion. It would he difficult to find in the same space a greater amount of impudence. In this case the writer's impudence appears to amount to the species of talent attributed by the London " Times" to the famous General Duff Green. The mixture of illiberality, Jfolly, impertinence, egotism, vulgarity, ignorance and misrepresentation, presented in this communication, cannot be pHralleled except by one of the speeches of Mr. Sammons, the American Republican orator of the Third Ward. It furni?he? u vnru penclix to the conduct of that individual in relation to the difficulties which occurred in the recent organization of the First Ward. But we have no idea of allowing the folly and impudence of this individual, or any other, to endanger, in any degree, the safety of the new parly. We shall therefore take his effusion, and wringing out its essence, bottle it up for public inspection, just as faithful country agents do the troublesome animals expelled by Sherman's wonderful lozenges, for the warning, instruction and benefit of all. In regard to the course of this journal, in relation to the American Republican party, we are very free to say, that on many occasions we have remarked in their movements things of which we disapproved. But we permitted them to pass unnoticed, believing that the party were, in the main, more honest, mere practical, and more likely to be useful, than any other. However, we need hardly say, that whilst we were thus indulgent, and thus friendly, we did not give up one iota of our own independence?our own freedom from all party shackles, ^.nd if any other party, we care not what its natne, J or 11# lenders, or its machinery, or its origin, pro- 1 runt*** us the same reform of the city government .is do the American Republican*, we shall render to it as free and generous support, in all its move- g ments, as we have extended to the American He- tl 1 publicans. What reason, therefore, is there tor c Mr. >Sai unions, or Mr. Any-body-else, to pour out b such a torrent of vituperation and impudence u against us, because we, happen to assist, in our ^ own independent way, that very party to whose ii welfare he is professedly devotedf? Such suicidal ti I conduct cannot, we fearlessly assert, come from a an honest quarter. Were the writer of the effusion we have liven actuated hv mire mntivmi?iliH )>.. n really desire the prosperity of the principles about n which he so loudly declaims?were he really an tl honest, modest, sincere man?could he by any pos- tl aibility ? -uit such a dictatorial, impertinent, abusive n communication?a communication so much calcu- It lated to disgrace and injure the partyl Most cer- tl tainly nat. d We very much regret to see these indications it of a desire and intention to browbeat?to intimi- A date?to use the people?by individuals in this c party. We regard such conduct as altogether c opposed to the spirit of the movement?its prin- * ciples, ita objects, its purposes. And we trust tl that the true authors of the party?its c true leaders?its true supporters, the great inde- u pendent masses of intelligent and industrious me- ? chanics, who do not live by political agitation, but who wish to be delivered from it in every shape and whereever it may appear, will put down promptly a all such attempts to dictate to them, and to lay v down set rules to regulate all who may be friendly l' to their great and patriotic purposes. e (>n all occasions since this party camtt into exis- ? tence, wc have given a fair representation of its doings. We have given the American Republi- e' cans good advice. We have assured them again cl and again that if they adhered to their repeated tc nledffes ithmit miinifiiuil r?fnrm tViot nlinnlH k support them through the election, and oppose them only when they abandoned their promises. By re- a' porting their meetings we have done more to give 8C strength and popularity and currency to the party P' than all their orators put together; and this the most 11 sensible and intelligent men of the party frankly and gratefully acknowledge. All this has not been done without cost; and we have expended many P* hundreds of dollars in aiding this cause, merely be- ni cause we believed it to be the cause of municipal ri reform. And no vulgar abuse from Mr. Sammons ?no private slander?no public calumny?can ^ move us on* inch from the position we have as- 111 sumed, or from the course of policy which we have P1 marked out for ourselves. w And to show that we are still as friendly as ever P ?that we regard the abusive communication in the 01 little penny paper, with little or no circulation, only with pity?we shall give some more advice to the orators of the party. If, instead of now attempt- a' ing, as did the sophists and demagogues of me urinucittuy ui aiiuiriu Alliens, iu uifiuiu, and divide and inHame the people, they were 'h to set out on a great mission of political reform throughout the country, they would ct indeed be doing the State some service, and per- m forming something in the way of establishing their own sincerity and honesty. Let them go to Philadelphia, and Boston, and Albany, and all the ?f large cities and towns in the country, and stir the a' people up to the great work of reform. They could w' easily raise money enough to defray all expenses tn from the independent classes of the people, and a ta great movement might be originated which, at this er particular rn*i* <>f our history, would lead to pro- ?e digious rrsul;?. This would be a much nobler and ni more titling work^ for Mr. Sainmons and others, than that ot abusing and vilifying all who do not th choose to adopt all his or their crude, illiberal and fir unenlightened views on particular subjects. by This much for the present; and we appeal to eve- qu ry reader, whether of the American Republican ni party or not, whether we are not presented with a abundant evidence, in the illiberalityj&nd gross un- th charitableness of the production we have copied, la of the danger and disreputable character of that 01 little clique in the Third Ward, which threatens so ry much injury to this great party, but which we doubt b< not will be at once properly disposed of and die- vi armed. hi State Reform?Administration of Justice.? m We perceive from a number of newspaper announcements in Albany and western New York, that a strong and powerful movement has been st made in favor of " constitutional reform," as it is called, headed by Mr. Hoffman, member of Assem- 1 bly from Herkimer county, and supported by a ' large portion of the democratic party in both branch- ^ . es of the Legislature. This movement has several " very important objects. It embraces financial re- ^ form, and also a decided and radical reform of the gross abuses which have been committed with the administration of justice in all the courts and judi- Cl cial tribunals throughout the State. j Perhaps, indeed we are sure, there never was a time in the history of this State, when such a movement as this was more needed. In relation ^ to the finance of the State it is all-important that some constitutional check[should be interposed, so as to prevent profligate expenditure and the unne- j. cessary creation of debt. The truth that the peo- ^ pie should devise some constitutional and efficient means of counteracting a prevailing, corrupt and ^ injudicious legislation in their financial affairs has been written in great and glaring characters in the e recent history of Pennsylvania, Mississippi, Mary- | land, and other States. Had it not been for the ^ fidelity and vigilance of the newspaper press, and some degree of decency in the democratic portion of the people of the State of New York, we believe (| that she would have been reduced to the same dis- ^ graceful condition as the States just named. When tne whigs were in power, they were running as ra- ^ pidly into debt as they possibly could, and in two or three years longer this State would have been as great a butt a* Pennsylvania for the Kev. Sydney Smith. But it is manifestly unsafe to trust to such accidental preservatives in future. Let us ^ have some constitutional provision which will effectuallv secure iih nirairiRt ami ruin lm means of corrupt politicians of all parties. Again, in relation to the judiciary and reform of si the administration of justice. Look at the scenes B which daily pass before the public eye in courts of fu justice in this city?look at the strange, unblushing tv evnsion of all law, all equity, ull justice?look at to the inequality in the meting out of punishment to of- d< fenders. Here, in this city, we have had dozens ol ?e defaulters?public robbers, who have plundered I1? banks and insurance companies and defrauded and al beggared hundreds and hundreds of widoWs and or- th phans, and yet not one of thein has been convict- ht ed. On the other hand miserable, starving, half- si' naked offenders have been subjected to the utmost rigor of the law. Some poor editor, with three hi cents in his pocket, like Mike Walsh, happens rri to say something hard of some fellow who spouts hi about |>olitics in the dirty rum-hole* of the Five t Points, and he is at once packed off to the Penitentiary, whilst rich old scoundrels who have out- ji raged the moral sense of the whole community, are S( able to defy our courts, and in iheir case it is quite f( impossible to remove the scales from the eyes of p justice. p The necessity and importance of this great r?forin t movement are clear as noon-day. We therefore j, greatly rejoice in it and wish it full and speedy sue- t cest. 8 The New York Medical and Sdrgical Insti- j tute, No. 75 Chamber ttrekt.?Persons afflicted with disease, or requiring surgical operations, can- j not do better than to apply to this Inntitutiou for relief. It has been in operation nearly three years, ' and with almost unprecedented success. I)r. H. 1 Hostwick is the operating surgeon, and we take ' pleasure in referring our readers to the mcnthly ' report, as well as to the advertisement, which will be found in another column, and will give n much better idea of its usefulness than we can. t ' >? Noml nation a btfan Ihc Lnltad States I Senate. The nomination* for several high officers in the | lei overnnieiit, and also for miner ones, are'still before or le United States Senate, and still waiting for the inj ontirmalion of that body. A great deal of interest | th< *Kms to t>e excited in relation to mis point. we no nderstand from the best sources of information at i th< Washington that much curious intrigue is on foot kii i relation to these nominations, and that these in- so igues may develope some curious facts before they be re terminated, th It will be observed, in the leading noml- is ationB before the Senate, that the appoint- cu lents were made principally from a belief of of le great influence of the persons so named with an le democratic party. For instance, Mr. l'orter, V) ow Secretary at War, was appointed to that office (w oin a belief infused into the mind of the President inl lat the Porter influence in Pennsylvania was pre- hit ominant?that it could control that State and take ca away from Mr. Van Buren. Mr. Nelson, the fir ittorney General also, it is said, was selected in op onaequence of his supposed extraordinary influnce over the destinies of Maryland, and the pow- w, r he could exercise in giving a new direction to v0 le politics of that State. So in relation to Massa- m, liusetts?Mr. Henshaw was selected principally fie nder the advice of Mr. John C. Spencer ; Mr. toi Lantoul also and others of Boston were selected jei orn a belief that that section of the democracy in to loston could control all that of New England. So Un lso in this city, Mr. Towle and several others all rere appointed in the Custom House here under wl le belief that they and their friends had a most xtraordinary influence over the young democracy co f New York. cil But recent events in Congress, particularly the it, lection of Mr. Blair by a large vote, and other cir- iai HFnatiinreH havn nnt?nprl th* #?v#*s nf thft President > the fatal delusion practised upon him in ina- de ing these appointments. They are now before the m< enate ; and we have'no doubt that the individuals to ;>pointed and their friends are engaged in various or :hemes for the purpose of carrying them safely sici yer that Red Sea of trouble [and disaster. Now ws is in relation to this point of which we have in- no irmation that a variety of curious intrigues are on to iot in Washington, that,when they come out, will Yc rhaps astonish persons that never have been asto- p0 shed before. The Senate has a small whig majo- gri ty. All these appointments have been ultra in leir opposition to the whig party, and vehement in leir faith, and confidence, and adhesion to the delocratic party. Now we should not at all be sur- 81 n ised but that arrangements are on foot by ! hich all those distinguished men surrounding the inc resident, and in his daily confidence?either they Lc their friends?will first transform themselves into me lother line and another position in order to get Th leir confirmations through the Senate. We have in{ ready heard instances of operations of this descrip- ] on, and of the various intrigues that are on foot to gj8 iceive the Piesidentthe second time, and deceive ^ ie Senate. But we shall wait the issue. Qa The whole of these nominations may probably be mfirmed by the Senate, in consequence of the ad- J irable arrangements made,and the promises given AT r their friends both to the whig and locofoco par- ch ?to Clay, Van Buren, Calhoun, and every one ms them?for all sorts of promises are made, and cu' I sorts of declarations are found, so that in the hole thing we i>erceive one of the funniest in- 'y gues, double and treble intrigue, that has ever 235 ken place since President Tyler has been in pow. and deceived by the various branches of the an liioeratic party that have fastened upon him du- A" ng the last two or three years. cjf Sig.nor Casella's Concert.?Signor Casella, ^ e celebrated violoncellist, from Italy, gives his ^ st concert to-night, at which he will be assisted ' Mr. Wallace and Madame Sutton. Casella's alitiesare well known upon that great instruent. He has made his appearance twice before '>e!j New York audience, first at a concert given for e benefit of the French Benevolent Society, and st at the concert given by Mr. Wallace ; and up- W8 1 both occasions he drew forth most extraordina- en applause in every point of view. He seems to : upon the violoncello what Ole Bull is upon the M< olin?a perfect genius, a poet and an artist of the in ghest kind. The tones coming from his instruent seem to acquire a new grace, a new beauty, ] id new powers entirely unknown before in this Pa>untiy. We have heard great artists upon this inrument; for instance, Marx Bohrer and Knoop; liai h m. ? i l; nai it we must say, in real leeung ana in reacning tfu e heart, Casella is far superior to anything we sto ive ever heard before. ?1* Upon the same occasion Mr. Wallace will make vvl s appearance. Mr. Wallace, as a genius in mu- ke c, has few superiors. Unfortunately, however, lere has been such a constellation of musical ta- we nt in this city, that amidst the hurly-burly of con- ^ ;rts, critics and campaigns, the public mind has sta nt had sufficient repose to appreciate the great ta- ^ ni ofMr. Wallace, who has extraordinary genius ne; l>on the violin. This is admitted by the most cri- pa cal part of every audience; but the public at irge Beems to have been entirely without any np reciation of his talents: and, what is most rei i Be larkable still, Wallace, so eminent upon the vio- ] n, is also equally so upon the piano-forte, a com- la? ination of excellence without a parallel in the lusical world. To-night he probably plays upon of le piano-forte; we are not certain, however, 'hether he appears upon the violin ; but, at all ne vents, we bespeak for his performances only a light degree of attention in order to make them to c appreciated. Mrs. Sutton also makes her appearance at this oncert?a lady who has suffered a great deal from ch le penny-a-line critics of the present day, but H ."hose greatness, strength, beauty nnd precision ol pli oice are equal to any in the country. Without etracting from the talents of other distinguished wi nd eminent vocalists in the same line, we must j ly that Mrs. Sutton's voice, in its purity and sweet- of ess, resembles that of Grisi more than any other. w' We trust that this concert will be well attended, hii Dr the talent combined to furnish the amusement Mi f the evening deserves it in the highest degree. \jc Pit Movements.?<>le Bull has been astonishingly am lccessful, it appears, at Washington, as well as ut Th altimorc. According to all accounts he has inised a spirit of enthusiasm into all classes of socie', that is perfectly irresistible. His career down I i New Orleans will be triumphant in the highest gree. One curious thing ought to be stated. It ems that upon the evening after Ole Bull had ap:aredat Washington, Mad. Damoreau [.and Artot so made their appearance, but the house was bo dr< in that it passed offso complete a failure that they jJJJ ive taken their departure forthe south. This is a ap ngular result, if it be s? as is stated, and it would lpear that Ole Bull scatters all competitors round in like chaff before the wind, whether they be tei msical or instrumental, or even tragic, for we have sard at Washington and Baltimore, he suffered inch by the mmsical furor there. w Ha New Year's Gifts for 1844, at Reduced th 'rices.?The Langleys, 57 Chatham street, de ^ erve the thanks of the book-buying community, f0i jr their recent liberal measure of reducing the rices of the, principal English annuals some twenty er cent, or more, from their retail rates. This- ,al hey have been enabled to do from having made a ?j, leavy importation of these costly works, of which Ci hey have a very Rplendid and rtrherrhi assortment; ^ ind we understand they have had no occasion to Ht epent their experiment, for all who indulge the uxury of giving to their favorite fair ones such tijouterie on the approaching festival of the New \| ifear, will be sure to avail themselves of the bene- of it. If this present making, which really is one ol he purest pleasures we enjoy, confers more on the loner, as it is said, than the receiver, to speculate ^ n annuals is not so bad an investment after all. ci CW refer our readers to their advertisements. J,' Steamkr Ki'rkka, Captain Filch, connects with [? he Housatonic railroad every day. fo Theateicai. a*d Musical?The Italian Opeea We have heard il stated and contradicted ai ist three or four times during the last three four days?that the Italian Opera was go5 to the Park, and not going to the Park ; that ey had made an arrangsment with Palmo, and it made an arrangement with Palmo ; and that ey did not know what to do, and that they did iow what to do. In short, we have heard all rts of rumore about this Italian Opera; and we lieve?at least so far as we can ascertain yet? at nothing is yet determined upon positively. It very evident, however, that there is 60Hie diftiIfV ortrJ n n tinuu tort ?VKtf?ni management at the Park and the Italian singers, il that a great gulf seems to separate the two. Jon the other hand, Palmo in his new theatre, rhich will be finished by the 20th of January,) goet to the field with a decided disposition to make a t at once. Whether he will do so or not we nnot )>o8itively attirm, although it has been afmed elsewhere that negociations have been ened. At all events, if any negociations should be made, * trust and hope that the three principal female calists in this city may be all engaged, so that we iy have a chance of hearing their different qualis in succession?we mean Castellan, Mrs. Sutn, and Borghes**. Indeed it is said in some quarrs that the friends of Borghese'will not permit her make an engagement with Palmo, or the Park, less she is prima donna as saluto, thus throwing the others entirely into the shade, others too, :io have in some respects superior attractions. All that the public want is a harmonious opera mpany, the engagement of all the talent in the ty, so that their whole iorce may be applied to and to the final and full establishment of an Italn opera in this city, upon the same plan that it is tablished in Europe. A fixed, a permanent resince is absolutely necessary for such an establishing It is utterly impossible for an Italian Opera be travelling from city to city as single vocalists tragic stare. They must fix their permanent relence in some great city, and then all those who int to attend the opera must come to the opera and t the opera go to them. In this country we expect see an Italian Opera fixed permanently in New >rk and New Orleans. By that means it will be ssible to combine the greatest talent, with the satest patronage upon the same points. Board of Ai.dermen.?This branch of the Com>n Council meet to-night for the dispatch of buless. Seventh Ward American K eptmu-ican Meeti.?The association of this Ward met at Backet's tig Room last evening, but owing to the inclesncy of the weather, the attendance was small, lere will be a great turn out on Thursday evenfofnext week; Hawking and Peddling.?A petition to the Lelature against hawking and peddling goods withf license, in the city, is at our desk for signatures. 11 and write your name. Extraordinary Cases ok Butchery and Love 239 and 24(1 Broadway.?It is with a melanoly pleasure that we have to state, for the inforition of the whole world, and Joe Smith in parti[ar, that some most extraordinary scenes of un>ody butchery and exquisite love take place daiunder the awful auspices of John Florence, Jun., ) and 240 Broadway. fhe unhappy beings undergoing so uiuch torture d anection, are thousands and thousands of the est oysters, who are (poor things) most unmerully cut open with steel knives, night and day, :kled, fried, and frequently swallowed raw, thout the slightest remorse or compunctious viings of conscience, besides many thousands be\ sent to all the large cities of Europe, and even Pek;n to adorn the table of the Chinese emror. If any person, without faith in oysters, doubt? r intormation, just call at Florence's, 239 Broadly, and sete and swallow the evidence. That's ough. Steam Ship Hihernia will leave Boston next onday for Liverpool. Her letter bags will close this city to-morrow afternoon. City Intelligence. Police Office, Dec. 38.?A Rogue oc the Sam rcH Ohdeh.?On th? 15th inatant, an overcoat valued about $30. and two yards or cloth worth about $20. re stolen from the store of William T. Church, 196 Wilm street, and suspicion rested upon a mulatto man med Elias Maxfield, who hod been seen prowling about ; premises. A few days since he was seen near the re, and arrested by some one of the clerks, who took n into a back room, where he confessed the theft, and reed to redeem the property, which he had pawned. Ikile preparing to leave tne store to go to the pawnbror's, he sprang out of a back window, and jumped a dis ice of fifteen feet to the ground, and escaped. On ednesday evening, as officers Stephens and McCirutli ire passing through Madison street, the former spie<' n, and knowing from description that he was the thief ested him and lodged him in the city prison, where h< inds fully committed tor trial. \xother Toi'cn Caie.?One Billy Jeters, who holdf th at 124 West street, met one Maria Taylor on Wed iday night while taking an evening stroll, and accomnied her to her private quarters, where she or her rtner relieved hu pockets of $20. She was arrested, d fully committed to answer the offence. Court of Oyer and Terminer. ^forejudge Kent and Aldermen Kmmans and Woodhull. Dec. 28.?The (?rand Jury, impannelled on Tuesda\ it, came into court this morning and presented four hilf.% indictment, and were then discharged with the thanks the Court. The bills were handed over to the Court General Sessions to be disposed of there, the offence* t being capital. The trUl of Williams for the murder Stanley, will be heard before this Court on Tuesday xt. There being no business to occupy the attention the Court it then adjourned. Court of Common Pleaa. Before Judge Inglis. Dec. 29.--Or<m Skeruood vs. Janr M. F?rdham,el alt ? ie jury in this case could not agree and were dis "I""' Thomas Charnlty vi. Morris C. Hall, Henry D. I mo mis alt ?This wan on action for damages sustained by th< aintift", by the seizure,under execution, of the household rniture of hia boarding house. The question involvec u simply the exemption of property. A* usual thecas< is given in favor of the plaintiff Richard C. McCormick v?. Jonathan G. Thompson.?Thi' is an action of Replevin. The plaintiff is the assignor Mr. Altai leather denier and tanner, in Pitt street ho, becoming embarrassed,f and being hard pressed ide an assignment of all his property lor the benefit ol i creditors without distinction or favor?the assignee r. McCormick, not being a creditor. This assignment is made 011 the 4th of August, and on the following inday the defendant came with a cart to the premises in t street and carried off a quantity of unfinished skin* 1 hides of leather For this the present action is brought e case will be continued to-morrow. Superior Court. Before the Chief Justice. )rc. 28.? WithrrtU vs. Acker.?In this case reported iterday, the Court was occupied sdl day. The jury ire the defendant a verdict. Amusement*. Broadway Circus at Nihlo's.?NotwithstHnd? the inclemency of the weather lust night, hunsds crowded this fashionable scene of rational enjoy ml to witness tnc flracpiui accompiisnmenis 01 Mr. wy ?rth, and convey to him a substantial evidence oftheii probation. His benefit was a* complete as the drcum incpa ofthe weather would permit, but we are gratifiei learn that the manager* have re-engaged thin gentle in, who will perform this evening in t!ie same cliarac r, and at the afternoon and evening exhibition! of to mow. This ii an arrangement highly acceptable to th? ibllc. . Chatham Theatre.?The thratre-going public ill regret to learn that the pretty and gracefn nseuse, Miss Kllen Kallia, who Iuji nine* the opening o is house been a member of the company, i? about t< ive the itage of this her native city, and to ?<!ek fim< d emolument in a neighboring State. Her (irit appea r a benefit she make* to her friend* to night, an<i w< ive no doubt that the home will present a full represen lion from the ranks of her tronp* of admirer* If tl,? H not a full turn out, we mint attribute it to lack of gal utry, an in addition to the charmii of the fnir benficiare no?t attractive and original bill is offered for the occa in. The effective piece of the Miller's Maid, Tonr ingle, with Scott a* the hero ; a new ballet in whirl i?s Hallia with William* (the Kgyptian) appears. Mr uagland, the melodist, sings several favorite air*. Mini . (!lair of the Olympic, with Min* Clemence and Ml?f nllia, all dance -which catalogue are onlysomeof tin ms of the bill. No Abatement of ArriiAcrrioNs at the Americar fiMeum, where all the novelties anil amusement Christmas day are retained, and iiplendid performance* c given every afternoon at three o'cIock, and ever) 'ening at seven. The afternoon performance* aflbrd i le op|>ortunity for tho?e ladies and fapiilie* to attend ho would otherwise be debarred the amusement! of thii vorite establishment ; and as the entertainments are pre ?ely the same in the evening, every one can enjoy them en. Tom Thumb remain* only this week, so no time i' be lost in going to see him. ile may bo seen at all hour ly and evening, together with the Oyplie*,the Queen, *c< Kik nut for something new and extremely interestin, r New Year's day. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL Washington. (Correspondence of the Herald.) Washington, Dec. 27, ltW3 JAMKS Gordon BKNNEIT, EHQ:? Dear Sir :? Nothing of any special interest has occurred today in Congress. I would apprize you early that there is a very deep feeling among the Western members, both of the House and of the Senate, in relation to the occupation of the Oregon Territory. Movements of immense importance are in agitation, i Ole Bull has just arrived from Baltimore?he steps out of the cars into the green room?plays this evening?hope into bed at twelve to-night?whips uui ui ll a^diu at inc iu-mwuv? i the cure tor Richmond, where he plays to-morrow night. If this is not fiddling on the "go ahead principle," then it is not likely to be done in this day and generation. TWENTY-EIGHTH COWUKEHS. FIRST SESSION. In Senate< Wednesday, Dec. 27,1S43. Little or no business of public interest was transacted to-day in the Senate. A communication was received from the War Department in relation to the Cherokee Indian affairs in answer to a resolution of the Senate. C^uite a number of petitions were presented by different Senators. One by Mr. Wright, from the Tonawanda Railroad Company, asking the exemption of railroad iron from duty. Referred. Mr. Bkown introduced, on leave, a bill relative to Indian lands?alineating the same. Head twice and referred. Numerous petitions and papers were taken from the files and again referred. Expenses of Government.?The resolution of Senator Walker, of Mississippi, was read again.? It asks for the yearly expenditures of Government ?where and for what purpose made, ever since the foundation of the Government. Some debate followed on the ground of expediency, in asking for information which coald not probably be obtained without much cost of time and labor, if to be got a t all. Mr. Evans doubted the expediency of going into inr uitiiici? Mr. Ceittendkn ftnade a few remarks on the same side. Mr. Walker explained his object in calling for this information. He said very much had been said in relation to the grants of public lands which had been made to the Western States, and he thought it was no more than fair and right that something should also be known and said too, in relation to the expenditure of public monies, when and (lor what purpose. And he desired to know if this information was to be withheld from the people of the U. States. Mr. Woodbury said something had been done already on this subject, and could be done again. At least general results could be attained. Mr. Evans made some further remarks by way of showing that even these results could not be relied on, for money(might be paid at New York which would go to Kentucky for hemp raised there, and the same with timber, 8tc. Still he would not oppose, although he did not believe the information could be relied on after it was got. The resolution was adopted. The Senate shortly adjourned. Houie of Representative*. Washington City, (Wednesday night,) ) December 27, 1843. J The House resolves to elect a new Postmaster?Also to pubilsh the names of all entitled, to reward for services in the two Wars?Debate and determination to cut down the Home Squadron and the Navy Generally?First Gun for the Presidential Election ! The S#lect Committee to consider and report on all the strange semi abolition petitions has been made up?Mr. Adams is at the head, with Giddings, Garrett Davis, Clingman, Rhett, Gilmer, and three others on it. Committees were called for reports. Mr. Vance reported against a claim for a steamboat lost in the Florida war. He moved to lay it on the table. Kennedy?Lay what on the table?the steamboat ?(laughter.) Cave Johnson?I object, Sir?(laughter.) Vance?It is only an adverse report, Sir?(cry of "oh r) Mr.Clinton sent up* a resolution to allow the Expenditure Committee to ser.d for persons and papers. Apams?That's a very wide power, Sir; is it for a special easel Clinton?It is to save expense and time; very often by having an explanation from a person, we could save days and weeks that would be spent in searching for papers and in writing out cases. The resolution was concurred in. Mr. Burke called up his resolution that the House go into the election of a Postmaster for the House on Thursday, the 4th of January. 1844. Holmes?I move to lay that on the table. [The Calhoun men are in favor of McCormick, the present incumbent ! Johnson?I demand tne previous question. This was sustained, and the resolution was carried by ayes and noes?83 to 68. hevolutionary and other claims. Mr. Hamlin called up his resolution as follows : Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directed to communicate to the House the names of all persons entitled to bounty lands in the last war, who have not obtained their warrants ; and the names of those who have obtained warrant*, but have neglected to take out patents ; and also their place of abode and place of enlistment. Cave Johnson.?Sir. as I said the other day, 1 am opposed to the publication of these names ; if il is done, the speculators all about the country will go and hunt up persons whose names answer to the claims ; and the country will thus be defrauded. Many of the claims now, sir, have been paid twice over ; and this thing has given rise to more fraud than any thing else in the country. Hamlin.?Sir, it is necessary that these names should be published, that all may know what claimsthey have. Kathbun,?I move to lay it on the table, sir. Hopkins.?1 demand the yeas and nays on that, sir?(cries of " no, no ; yes, yes ; let's try it."? They were not ordered. Ihomasson. ?t .'Kentucky.?>ir, publish these names, and all the creatures that throng around thiscity and capitol will be enabled to defraud the widows and orphans of our brave soldiers of the small pittance due to them. I know in one case that wKt ,>ublished, there were seven claimants to one claim ; and he that swore the hardest got it ; and (hen it turned out%that he had not the least title to it. (Laughter.) Hale.?I think there should be no objection to i giving the fullest publicity to all these claims and i those entitled to them. Several Voices.?Oh, yes, certainly, certainly. Cave Johnson.?And so you'll enrich the land speculators all oyer the western country at the expense of the soldier, or his widow and orphan. C. J. Ingkrsoll.?Is not this whole debate out of order, air 1 I call for the orders oi the day.? (Laughter.) A Member.?What are the orders of the day 1 (Much laughter.) C. Johnson?1 hope the gentleman'will withdraw it, sir. Ingersoll?(Laughing)?Oh, certainly, sir; I only wanted to know whereabouts we were, that's all. (Laughter.) Hamlin?Sir, I am opposed to the miserly policy of the gentleman from Tennessee. 1 hope he'll withdraw his opposition. Johnson?I certainly shall not, sir. (Laughter.) Hopkins?Sir, 1 wish the names published ; there may be speculators on this floor?I will not say who they are?who can at all times lcok into the records, anu get the names of claimants and use them as it is. i Cave Johnson?Sir, no member of Congress has a right to examine these records. Hopkins?But it has been done, Sir ; and I wish 1 to prevent those harpies and speculators from plundering the widow and orphan any longer, and swallowing up nearly the full amount of their claims, bv thi? monopoly. It hiu been the custom of tome of the clerk* in the Department! to search the record*, for information and then speculate largely in theiie claims, and extort one half the claim for furnishing the necessary eviI dence at no trouble at all. I Thomassoi*?Sir, the resolution ought to include ail the ) soldiers and officers of the revolution, who are entitled to ? arrearages of land or money, or an) entitled to pensions. i mm i uiitir iiibi u tin ttiiirii'imciu. 11 a m i.i n?i do not like to accept that rider, which may ride down my resolution ; but 1 will vote for it a* a ?ep arate resolution. Thomaison?No, lir, I insist. (Laughter.) C. Johnson?Imoveto leferthe whole subject to tlie Committee on Revolutionary ( laims. (This was [ultii mntelv loat.) i Mr. Dawa? I dont believe the Department has the names of half the claimants. i Mr. Dilmnomam?Many of the Clerks in the Departments, after getting all the information necessary about these claims, have found it most profitable to resign their oihee, and become lalinton to Cenfrrn to urge thene claims. They send word to the parties that the necessary information has been lost, and that they only know where to find it. (Laughter.) They then come out with their terms; first they ask }, then increase It to Jd -and at last they Insist on having halfofthe wholeclaim. (Laugh1 ter) And this is given , ami for this they have only to carry a Copy of a record from one room in onifdepartment. to another room in another; and get the claim and |toc.ket half tho money. It is time this was put a stop to. So long as vou refuse to publish, so long will you minister to the cupidity of these men. Mr. Bowi." of Missouri?Bir, I have sufl'tired by these harpies, and so have some of my fellow soldiers, who fought in the last war. Wc braved the tempest of the hattJe?thd hardships of the northwestern frontier?had to I In e on luckor\ rool. q \ mi's ju.1 -!. | |.< i \ .-In, the only I I food within our i eae h. tad tur want of It publication of ' I | Omm claims at the proi*r Um?i *mplmhml out of \ 1 .-Hi li) .spciuUioi J A ?Did he say .hickory nuu and a la com . poign ? Mr. Wr.i,u??My friend from Tennessee ii most always right; hut when he u wrong, he is very wrong I um oppos?d to keeping anything dark that concerns the widow and orphan. Therefore iiaving contributed my share to the fund of public speaking, 1 (hall vote for printing. C. Johnson I'm desirous of obliging all the gentle- A men. Wr.ixtR?(Laughing)?Ye?, by voting against all their measures. (Laughter.) Cries of " question"?several rotes were taken, but no quorum voted. The Speaker counted 1S'2 members. At last the resolution to print all tha claims on tliu books for services in both wars and all arrears, was passed almost unanimously A Mumblr?There goes $300,too out of the Treasury. Anoih?.f.?300 ! Yes, and $3,000,000 ! Tiii: Hnai Squadron. The following resolution oliertd by Mr. Hale the other day then came up :? Rttolved?" That the Secretary of the Navy report to this House when the Home Squadron was first established by law; what has jbeen ita annual expense; and howmuch of next year's estimates are required for its support." Hamlin.?And what duty the Home Squadron has performed since its establishment. Brown, of Indiana.?Con?sent! (Bursts of laughter.) Hals:.?Sir, I wish for this, because the Secretary of the Treasury tells us that we have a Bankrupt Treasury and four or $.'i,000,000 of debt. And he recommends to this House the expedient of every profligate on earth-4orrou> tmiH* ntnnrti ' M .niiorht??r \ In -f -- *? J . , ... '..v. ui an iiiih, sir, me Secretary of the Navy asks for nine million! to support \ the navy for one year. Half of the whole revenues of the T country, sir. And among it in this famous Home Squadron, for which, I believe, we're indebted to this Adminis i tration. Sixteen vessels of war are required for the Home Squadron this year. How many for next t 1 To do what? Protect the coasting trade? Sir, in my section of the country they are nearly all engaged in the I coastiug trade; and we say to you that we want no such I extravagant outlay. What we want. sir. is a real reform and retrenchment, to show the people that we have not been humbugging them. Gentlemen, talk of having our navy on a ioOling withjGreat Britain! Sir, the expenses of her navy in peace are between HO and 100 millions of ** dollars: and to eijual it we must increase ours from 50 to 100 millions. Will you do that? I think not, sir. Sir, its all idle to have such a large navy. We dont want this extravagance to make us secure at home, or feared and respected abroad. In the days of (ien. Jackson, sir, with a navy whose outlay was less than $4,000,000 annually, i ha made an impression on the oldest nation in Europe, hacked as she was by all the other powers; and this was done, sir, by the force of his moral character. And I now, in peace, we are going on, expending and borrow, ing and spanding! Sir, 1 want to know when the pay day is to come.?(Much laughter) i A Membkr (across the House)?Ay, that's the ticket! i Ham.?Sir, if in a time of profound ]>eace with all the > I world, with everr branch of our national industry cm' ployed, with the land running over with its increase, wo cant pay our way, then its time to pull and stop!?(Laughter.) I go for a thorough economy, reform and retrenchment " C. J. Inokhsoll -Sir, I believe that the expenses of both army and navy at times have been too heavy; but, sir, there are other branches of the public service that can be better cut down than the navy. I dont think much of this new fangled doctrine of cutting down the navy. Sir, lam for reducing the expenditures of thii branch of the ttervic*?-mlnop l)i,< nf ( 'nntfr?aa _W? " kova o short it-iiion, ami adjourn before May. A Member.?The Baltimore Convention meets in May. . (Shouts of laughter.) J I?coer?oi.l.?1 didn't refer to any Baltimore oranyother ^ President Making Convention, sir?[Laughter.) Sir, the greatest extravagancies in the country are to be seen in this Capitol. It is not right to cut down the most important branch of the public service. There are other ways of economising, sir '. Why we might omit at least one J session of Congress, (by accident if you please) and yet ' the country would not be destroyed?(Laughter.) Wo come here, sir, and we spend $2,000,(XX), and we spend our time, perhaps in cutting down or dismounting a regi- ' ment of dragoons?dismissing a few pages, and call it relorm. Sir, tnere nre extravagancies in the army to be remedied. The Judiciary in my time has grown up from $40,000 to $475,000 a year. We cut it down $100,000 year, and vet here it is this vear in the list, just as much as before the tail was cut olF?(Laughter.) Sir, I believe the French finances were once farmed out to what were called" Farmers General." Now, 1 dare say we 'ould get six or eight good clever fellows to farm out the expenses of this government; limit them to $20,000,(WO or $ 21,000,000, and I've no doubt they would be willing to pay all its expenses, and each make a handsome fortune besides?(Great laughing ) Sir, it is not by pulling down or tearing up that we can'iretrench : but it must be done by the administrative economy of this House. So long as we double the expenses of tnis Capitol?double the expenses of our Foreign Ministers?allow extra pay to nil the officers of.the army (for on a refusal of this House to pay one officer extra pay he proved that all the officers got extra pay, which stifled that resolution) so long ra each bureau exercises a kind of independent government of its own?so long shall we be running deeper and deeper. An eminent navy officer assured me lately, that the extravagancies in fitting out shipswas enormous? that$600,- " 000 might be saved in this branch alone?and the waste of provisions aud materials in a ship coming home that were thrown away lor carried away?I do not charge the officers with this, for it|h*s been sanctioned by custom is enormous. Sir, I do not speak of parties?the gentleman from New Hampshire belongs to the same party that [ do?aud I say that a deep responsibility in this matter rests with us?that we ought to tie answerable, and that we will lie answerable. Anil if by a long continuance of the session?if by our enormous contingent expenses?if by not bringing all our energies to bear against all kinds of extravagance?and not by dismounting a regiment of /lnaf*A/\ne n li icK 1 i all it (V*? i/poti + aA itna v/ior nra in Vw. A* mounted again?(Laughter.]?wc increase in teat! of let- 1 sening our debt. That responsibility will weigh heavily, and it will weigh destructively. Sir, it irt not often I al lude to parties or to presidential election*. But I do gay that we have no right to fay one word to the people about any party, or any candidate for the presidency, unless wc snow a sincere mid thorough retrenchment and reform. A Member rnoM iiil H'lm. Hood, IngerMll,I go that, blind. Holmes.?What about a reduction of the tariff? (Laughter.) Inoersoll.?My friend from South Carolina asks about the tariff! (Laughter.) Sir, 1 once ottered the gentleman and his friends a seat on the Pennsylvania platform, but they refused. (Laughter.) They wouldn't take a wholesome drink of wine and water. I ask 'em now how they like the raw whiskey f (Hoars of laughter) j A Member?Ilow will it be if Mr. Clay is elected ? (Laughter.) Imkersoll?I don't wish to calculate such a contin- H gency, sir. (Great laughing) Sufficient for the day is ihe evil thereof. But the raw whiskey? Holmes?(Laughing)?We were Washingtonians?we wanted pure water. (Laughter.) JS I no crsoll?Sir,the reform must begin hare?at homelet us take the beam out of our own eya. It's a very large one ! sir, it costs a million of dollars more than the beam of last year; and we shall be confided in?we shall be respected?we. shall elect our President! (Laughter.) And it not, we shall do nothing of the kind. Mr. Apamj rose (with a comical look.)?I should like to say a few wcrds, sir. (Laughter.) Steknkod.?Will the gentleman renew the motion to lay on the table I Adams.?Cant do that, sir. (Laughter.) I must have leave unconditionally, or not at all. The motion to lay on the table was then negatived, so as to let Mr. Adams speak. ? Mr. Adams rose and said?1 have been excoedlngly edified, sir, by the discussion which has just taken ]Hace ;? (laughter)?and particularly hr the efforts of my Irlend, the peace maker,?(laughter all round the House)?to aid ^ the gentleman from New Hampshire in his purpose of economizing the expenses oi the government of this country. He has given us a great deal of instruction, sir; first, as to how the House was to economize, and secondly, . how we were to elect a President.?(Much laughter) But, sir, unfortunately, what the gentleman said didn't apply to the subject brought before us by the gentleman from New Hampshire, it was leading away from the question, ' (laughter)? and it was telling this House that it was not the nine millions that are required for the expenses of the navy, and nearly or quite as much more for the expenses of the army, that were the causes of our being involved in a heavy del t!?(Laughter) Oh, no, sir?of course not I (Increased laughter.) These were not the great expenditures of tho nation ! It is not by cutting down these, or by curtailing the great forces of the nation?the army and navy?that we can economize !?(Laughter.) Oh, no, sir. But he says that we must begin here, sir; in this House ! ? This is the spot, sir. Now, sir, what are the expenses of this House?of both Houses of Congress/ What is the comparison, in dollars anil cents, with the Navy Department alone? Sir, the gentleman, with all the power of his eloquence?exaggerative eloquence?that he has brought to hear on this subject, makes the expenses of this branch ofthe government come to $'i,ti00,000, although I deny that i< is so much. And how much is the navy, sir? Why, tunc millions ! For what? For your ships to j float about in your harbors?sail up ana down your B coasts?to go abroad and hoist oar flag, and spread S the stars and stripes aloft upon other seas. For 'I what else do they do? Sir, what are those nine 1 millions for? What do wc want such an enormous 1 navy for? Is it necessary for the protection of our commerce? Is it necessary lor tho defence of our coast that we want this great coasting squadron? Is the great maratime power of the earth in such a position as regards " tin that tie (innrphtiml a u> ur ti-UU It. ..... ... -i-i-. "im ni l I l^u, 1111,1110 ? What, then, ilo wewant these nine millions ot dollars then Ibrf Sir, we were told two year* ago in a report from the Secretary of the Navy, that we hail, an complied with the ' navy of Great Britain, a force of 1 to H ; that she had eight time? a* many vessels of war as we liad. We were ,il?o told ut that same time, that for our then naval force we required the annual appropriation of eight million*. i Now the sum aaked in one million more than that. That ^ report alio went on to establish the principle, air, that wo ought to procced with the increase of our navy as fast as posiible, until we had at least hultjas many vessels of war as Great Britain, or four times as many as we then had. Kour times eight is thirty-two. We shall then want at least *. ?,000,000 for appropriations lor the navy, according to that precedent. Sir, if that precedent wns established? if that rule was carried out (sneaking very warmly), fifty millions would not suffice for the expenditure of your navy, (Striking his hands violently, and his eyes literal ly - park ling like diamonds.) Sir, my friend from Pennsyl\ ania at that time was very ferocious in his feelings towards Great Britain. (Laughter.) Sir, the peacemaker then wanted te go over to burn London ! (Roars ol laughter.) Yes, sir, burn London; anil if our fleet was not then * large enough to do that, he wanted us to go on and in creaae it until it was Urge enough to burn London (Increased laughter.) Sir, it was not merely ( hatham that he wanted to burn, or any such trifling place, but his capacious mind wonld'nt be satisfied with any thing short * of burning the greit city of London itself. (Here tho ncmbers laughed most heartily at Charles Ingerioll.) Nnrasotx.?My proposition to burn London was in retaliation fer yours to take a British fleet up the Mississippi, and burn Natchez ! (Laughter.) Adisi ? (Witheringly sarcastic.) ? / take a British fleet up the Mississippi to burn Natche/ ! No, sir, no ! That was an after thought of the gentleman's, sir. (Laughter ) An after thought! 1 never made any such proposition ! i?r !(But to return to the subject, sir. When the Bill to nun numi' oqiiMrou paiaed, I then my ' i' w h NiiKHsni i. Win , tlicnt were mil} thrpi; \otc* against V dams.?(With much inrceuim.)?Tken, ?ir, th?t wm ^

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