Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 3, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 3, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New lark, Wrdnmiay, January 3, 1844. The Scottlrti Church Deputation to America ?Dr. Cunningham and the " Voluntary Principle"?The Real <4,ueatlnn at lMUe. A good deal of interest h is been excited among the religious circles here, in consequence of the arrival of Dr. CuunitiKhain, a distinguished minister of the Scottish Free Church. At the meeting held last evening, in the Wall street church, Dr. Cunningham made a lengthened statement uf the object of his mission, and entered into un explanation of the circumstances which produced the disruption of the Scottish Church establishment. The Doctor might, we think, have made himsell a little more intelligible. As it is, however, hisstatement is interesting in a variety of aspects, and we have therefore taken the pains to ptesenf it fully before our readers. In order to make it more easily understood by our readers, and in order, also, that Dr. Cunningham's position, as well as that of the body which he represents, may be better and more accurately defined than he has thought proper to represent them, we shall overselves give a very short chapter of ecclesiastical history. The otigm of the Church of Scotland was egmnually popular. A wide difference can be traced between the results of the reformation in Scotland and Cngland. In the former, the people erected their church on purely democratic principles, with u Presbyterian form of church government, securing alwavsto the people a large share iu the administration of all ecclesiastical affairs. In England, on the contrary, under llenry the Eighth und Elizabeth, the state took hold of the great movement which then possessed the popular mind, and constructed the national church on principles which secured to the state the supremacy in the management ofits concerns?converted it, indeed, into an important engine of state policy, ausefulpart of t he great machinery by which the people were retained >n subjection to the crown und aristocracy. In the earlier jieriods of the history of the kirk of Scotland, the exclusive right of the people to choose their pastors, was held sttcred and indisputable. Gradually, however, considerable encroachments were made in the exercise of this privilege, und the first,'act acknowledging the right of " pa' romt" to present ministers was passed in the year I5fi7, and in 1.W2 another act ordaining that " presbyteries be bound and astricted to receive and admit whatsomever qualified minister, presented by her Majesty, a laick patroness." The subsequent encroachments of the civil power went Htill further, till they were checked by the General Assembly of the Church in the year lt>38, which conferred on the " elders," or representatives r>f the people, the right to nominate | the minister, leaving to the body of the people the J Tight of assent or dissent. In 1690, the power of "patrons" to present ministers was formally abo lished by act of Parliament, and thus stood the law m uir nine 01 inv union 01 Scotland and iMiglunrt. In 1712, however, patronage was revived by an act repealing that just mentioned. It has only been of comparatively recent date that much opposition has been made by the clergy to the exercise of the powers conferred on the ''patrons.'' It was only when the clergy found that they were losing their influence and power in nominating ministers, and providing comfortable settlements for relatives, friends and favorites, that they raised the hue and cry against the aristocracy, who found theirecclesiastical privileges exceedingly useful 111 providing for their relatives and dependents. And the contest thus waged for the "livings," was, as is now generally known, carried on with great ucrimonv for several years before the recent revolt. In many instances, on every Sunday, the parish. ?>ner?, instead of quietly worshipping their Maker, ^ engggod in regular battles for the po?ewrion of the Mir t'liurch. At length the Clergy, who generally manage in these struggles for supremacy and the "temporalities," to make a decent outcry about principle and the interests of religion, assumed, as the ground of controversy in this case, the supremacy of Jesus Christ, as the Head of the Church, in opposition to the alleged claims of the State. But the real question at issue has been whether the right of patronage should he exercised by the aris. torracy or by the priesthood. This has been the bone of contention. Religion and principle have had nothing to do with it. as lor me appeal oi Dr. Cunningham to " the tree churches of America," we do not regard it as at all consistent with his own professed principles, or with justice. The Doctor now proposes to go on the voluntary principle?that is, that every church support its own religious ordinances : and he is certainly not consistent in thus soliciting alms trom us, as the people of Scotland are quite able to act up to their principles?that they are willing appears to be not so clear. Rut the injustice of contributing funds for this purpose, when there are so many widows and orphans in Great Britain and France who have been robbed nnd plundered of all they possessed, and righteously calling on this country to discharge its solemn obligations, is, we think, very manifest, ff any money be raised, let it be applied to this purpose. T,et us remember the good old saying?"Be just before you are generous." Let the rich merchants, and hankers, and brokers, and farmers, who are anxious to see their names shining as munificent almoners to the " free ehurch of Scotland," think of this. Let them, if they can, shut their cars to the loud, indignant, remonstrances and appeals of starving widows and orphans, whilst they pour thousands in the lap of a supplicating clPrgy. It won't be our fault if the voice of justice and na tional honor be not heard, as well as that of the Rev. Doctor Cunningham. iMkBTINU of < MS CoNSfMERS.?When 1H liltmeeting of gas consumers to take place to state their grievances and memorialize the Legislature in relation to the misconduct of the Gas Company 1 We trust it will be called for on an early day. Suppose it should be named for Saturday night in this week at the Jehakspeare Hotel t That place we believe will be given by the proprietor gratis. Retorting.?The Courier Ar Kmpiirer and the Lxpress have both replied to our statement, and propositions and articles about?reporting, but such replies!?we never saw the like unless we were to descend into the lowest haunts of the Five Pointsoi Corleur's Hook. We have already stated, and we reiterate our statement, that the internal evidence tins satisfied us that the report of the Courier Ar Kn purer was borrowed from the report first puhlisliei iu the Herald of Mr. Webster's speech, and tha Mr. Webster revised it afterwards. All the vulga: abuse of the Courier will never brat this out of ou beads because we have evidence sufficient to sat if ty ourselves. However, they will both have arnpii opportunities hereafter of testing the different powers and ijualittes of their several offices; thougl ihey would have shown more regard to gentleman ly feeling and professional propriety if they had a once accepted our proposition than by gtvini abuse. Progress of tup. Transcendental Philosophy ?We see by a report in the Tribune, the organ o the Fourier system of philosophy and society, tha there has been a great convention in Boston, it which Brisbane, Collins, (the famous man o Skenealcles Lake,) and various other Transom rlentalists were present, in which they discusser the pre.ent defective organization of society; snr hat they ha\e commenced a comprehensive svs urn of revolutionizing ihr whole scheme of reli pion, politics, mid morals of the present ape ir h-tr movements and resolutions we do not see ?nt tlu-urn made to the improvements which tin Fourtertfes seem to have made in their language nd iu their modes of calling other persons hurt i,-lines Po-.ibly that may he an exclusive privilegi of iti Tribune, the Fourierif" organ, here, but a no distant dav we shall give a full accottnl of rbi extraordinary Convention at Boston, which wil i ii ' 10 throw li?ltt upon the Fourier movement an' i i ?rf .at re! itjon i i > mn etion with the Pre election. Tiik Vacant .Iroi.KSHir.?We have beard a great many rumors iu relation to this Judgeship, and the candidates who are seeking the place ; but : w? have heard one of a remarkable character, which may turn out to be as true as any?that ia, the ap|>oiritnient of Daniel Webster to this vacant sent ii|K)n the I'nited States Supreme Court bench; Mr. Webster sjH'iit u lew days here last week, subsequent to the celebration of the New Cngland Festival, and immediately thereafter proceeded to j ; Washington, where we understand lie will retiiain | two months. It is also said iu some quarters, that ' Mr. Webster, or sotue of bis friends for him, have purchased the Weehawken House, upon the Jersey ; shore, near Hohokcn, and that lie intends hereafter to make that beautiful place his permanent I residence. If this be correctly stated, it would seem to imply that Mr. Webster intends hereafter to make New York or its vicinity his residence, I whatever his engagements in public life or in polij tics may be ; and it would not surprise us at all, if, I looking upon the uncertainties of politicul and professional a I lairs, oi which Mr. Webster has had I enough in the course of his life, he were to seek | and sigli for some permanent place of repose, i w lie re there would be ample opportunity to einj ploy his great judicial talent, such as alolte can be furnished by the bench of the Supreme Court. 1 It is true, indeed, that the vacancy is only that of an Associate Judge, and not iu the office of Chief Judge ; hut the mind of Mr. Webster, wherever it is placed, must always be chief and first, the leading mind, the prominent intellect. Were Mr. Webster to lie only attorney of the United Stutes' | uourt, Denmti tlie bar, the Uhief Justice of that ! j bench, Mr. Taney, would still be under the magic I j power of that magnificent intellect which Mr. 1 Webster enjoys. Indeed, looking upon the whole field of operations, we are not sure the President would not make the best selection by sending in Mr. Webster's name to the United States Senate, it Mr "Webster would accept it?which, we think, looking upon the whole field of uncertainty, he ought to do. The rumors which have been in circnlntion in relation to the transfer of Mr. Henshaw to the Treasury, and Mr. Wise to the Navy, cannot be correct. We do not suppose that Mr. Tyler would select two of his cabinet officers from I one State, as the case would be if Mr. Wise were ; selected for the Navy, Mr. Upshur being already j from Virginia, and in the State department. Ujion the whole, wc believe that Mr. Tyler, up to the termination of last week, had not.fully made up his mind who he would appoint to the vacant Judgeship, and it is just us good a chance as any that Mr. Webster may be bis man, provided Mr. , Webster can accept it under all the other circums.ances. Apropot?Why does Mr. Webster advo- \ ! vate the confirmation of Mr. Henshaw as the Se- i cretary of the Navy? MoitAr, Prooukss in PrnNsylvanu.?The Le* , gislature of this highly moral, interesting, and wealthy State, opens its session this week. We have made arrangements to procure information of the various movements madp in this honorable body, such us may be of a public nature, for indeed there is great expectation throughout the civilized world that some action should be taken by this Legislature in relation to the payment of their debts due to foreign countries. Front appearances, however, we have very little to hope from the Legislature of Pennsylvania convened in Ilurrisburg; because, according to a critical and chemical analysis of the elements of justice and morality, we do think that if the. Eastern Penitentiary, in Philadelphia, were converted into a legislature, they would exhibit a higher degree of moral honesty in their dealings than do the body designated by that name which meet at llarrisburg. Indeed, the highly respectable inmates in the Eastern Penitentiary, who occupy scats in that respectable institution, have been compelled by necessity to avail themselves of the property of others, in small amounts, and in small parcels; but in doing this they never deceived or told falsehoods. If they stole, they admitted they stole; if they plundered, they admitted they plundered; if they picked pocket.-, they called it by its right name. But their highly respectable rivals in the same line of business in Harrisburg would plunder by thousands and millions, and then, alter having had the benefit of the monies of the widows and orphans throughout the civilized world, they pass resolutions that they owe these amounts, say they have the money, and they are a rich and wealthy State, but they cannot think of parting with it to pay their debts at present. We should like to know, upon comparing the two institutions together?the Legislature of Pennsylvania and the Eastern Penitentiary at Philadelphia?in which the principles of honesty and integrity most prevail? We merely put this problem forth to the people of Philadelphia, and of the State of Pennsylvania, to ascertain if they can solve it. To the man who solves it the most accurately we shall make a present of ten shares of Pennsylvania stock, besides the very first shad that conies to market M<sitat. Progress in Mississippi.?Out accounts from the State of Mississippi are. highly interesting. It is already well-known that that rich and respectable State lias repudiated a large amount of her public debt, and given u name to that system of morula throughout the civilized world. By recent accounts from Mississippi, wc perceive that there is also another system of repudiation going on there. The people of that interesting State are very rapidly repudiating sin and wickedness. According to the most recent accounts and by the returns of the great Mississippi Conference upon religion, which was convened at Woodville, upon the 29th of November, and adjourned on the 9th of December, we find there is a net increase of the saints in that State, over the number of last year, of 2212, making now, in all, 2506 saints or members, 120 local preachers, 51 local deacons, 51 local elders, and 100 travelling preachers, besides voluntaries round about the plantations and in the suburbs of the various cities. So we can now nay, if Mississippi does not pay her debts to blustering John Bull, sne pays her debts to heaven. If she does not pay her debts to her European creditors, she lias a large surplus upon the credit side of the books of the kingdom of Heaven. This is something. KxfF.sstvE Fire.?The machine and finishing shop of the extensive establishment of tha Messrs. Hoe, manufacturers of printing presses and im1 plements, was discovered to be on fire last evening - about ten o'clock. The flames were kept within 1 the precincts of the single building, without ext tending to any other part of their extensive works, r The loss must he considerable, as the inside of the r building, with its contents, were totally consumed. - The tire originated in the lower part of the build* ing, and is supposed to have been communicated - from the boiler attached to the engine. 1 * Musical and Theatrical. I The English versions of Norma, Cenerentola, La g (iazza Ladra and several other favorite Italian operas are being played in the AmericanTheaire, New Orleans, with fair success. J Mr. Still the vocalist of the South is giving con ( carts in Batbadoes. Madame Cinli Damoreau and Artot. were to apj pear at the Hibernian Mall in Charleston last night (Monday.) It was announced that this would be I their only appearance. Mr. Jim Crow Rice is performing at Boston. Placide i? playing with great success at Mobile. The Virginia .Minstrels are at New t uleans. ) Navai..?Steain frigate Fnnreton arrived yester - Hay from Philadelphia. l Hi'otirin Kivkk..?It is open to Rhinebeck per( haps to Hudson?no further. "j New York Eko im?\ti rk.?This body metyruI terday. < >n Saturday, Albany was crowded with members. It was untieipatcd that the atlendnnee would be full Tltc Kree Church of Scot loud?A. Call upon tike Fret Churchet of America. The Rev. I)r. Cunningham, one of the leader in.the late fiery discusbions in Scotland, whirl have issued in the eeparation of a Urge body of th? cergy and the people of that country from tin church thereof, an established by law, is now it this country endeavoring to procure pecuniary an towards erecting a number of churches. He tuudt his first appearauce lust evening before a large con gregation, in the Presbyterian Church, Wall street to whom he stated the objects of his mission, atu the grounds upon which he is delegated to ask. foi assistance. Or. Ccsnisoham oommenced by remarking that he fcl the circumstance* under which lie was called upon to ad di es* the meeting w ere somewhat interesting and pecu liar, iomewhat solemn and impressive, lie had the honoi to be a delegate from, and representative of the Fret Church of Scotland, and lie had come to *olicit'the ?yni pathy and the prayers, the advice and the assistance o tliu Kree Churches of America. The Church of Scotlam ?the Kree Church of .Scotland?was mow in God's provi deuce placed in circumstances somewhat similar in many respects, to those occupied by the Kree Churches of thn country, depending entirely upon the free will offering! of her tnemhei's lor the maintenance of oosnel ordinun ccs, lor the erection ol' places ot worship, for the etlucu tion and training of young men for the ministry, anil tin support of ministers, for the administration of divine or diuances throughout her borders. Scotland had, in (rod's providence, a great and urduous work belort her. The circumstances in which she was placed, am, the work site was culled upon to perform, were, ti a large extent, new to her, but those circumstances in substance, and that work in its general character win not new to the churches in this laud. It Was a work, in fact, similar to that lit which this country had been long engaged: and since we had been long engaged in it, he expected to derive important assistance from examining the plans and schemes we hud adopted for the accomplish ment of an end substantially the same us that which Uod, in his gracious providence, had now laid upon the shottlders of the people of Scotland. From the great cordiality and kindness w ith which he had been received iiere by the ministers of every denomination, and especially by all the brunches of the great Presbyterian family, he felt quite sure and confident of huving abundant access to ail the sources of information and advice in tneir power, and in obtaining the co-operation of the best and wisest men in the American churches ; he, therefore, need not occupy their time and attention witii adverting further to this subject, hut take the liberty of at once stating the grounds upon which lie invited their sympathy, their prayers and their assistance lit the difficulties in which the Krtjo Church of Scotland was involved for the accomplishment of the work to which she had been called, lis felt he had so much matter to detail before the meeting, connected with the exposition of their principles and wirti the views and doctrines they entertained, the circumstances in which they were placed, and with the encouragement Ood was affording them in the difficulties and perplexities in which they were involved, that he hail really no time for adverting to many collateral topics that might he interesting, lie should, therefore, proceed without preface or apology, to a plain statement of the great circumstances which he wished to lay before the American churches. The substance of the leading truths, which he was anxious te impress upon tneir uucuuon una sympamy was jusi mcse :?ru.n. The Free Church of Scotland had heen called upon, under Providence to contend for the same true and great principles for which our Covenanting ancestors suffered, principally and directly alfectiug the sole headship of Christ auu the inalienable rights and liberties of his church and people. Second?That as the undeniable result of her honest contending* lor these principles she has been driven from her connection with the State, and forced, for conscience sake, to abandon all the civil privileges, emoluments and endowments which she enjoy ed in virtue of that connection, and is now in a condition which she is fairly entitled to the name she has assumed of the Free Church of Scntland, or the Church of Scotlund free. Third?In her present position.and in consequence oi what she has done and suffered, she has the most advantageous and most encouraging facilities for promoting the interests of true religion and the cause of evangelical truth and righteousness over the length and breadth of Scotland Fourth?That she had to struggle with great difficulty in the commencement of tier enterprise in erecting so tuatiy churches at once, and providing for the education and training of ministers;and that these difficulties are greatly aggravated by the hostility and persecutions to which she is exposed, especially updn the part of the urjstocrncy, the patrons and the landowners. These were the great leading truths, liu was anxious to press upon public attention here,and he thought he might confidently entertain the expectations, if he could succeed in convincing the meeting of the truth of these various positions, and in bringing them home to their understanding, hearts,and consciences, they would feel culled upon to give him the benefit of their sympathies and their prayers, with such assistance as the circumstances of the Free Chnrch of Scotland required, and as their circumstances enabled tliem to rentier. He felt, however, very much at a loss how to proceed in tiie cx[>ositioii of these views, because he could, without any difficulty except that which arose from mere physical and corporeal exertion, spend at least an hour upon the exposition of any one of the four positions he hail enumerated. Upon the whole, under existing circumstances, it would not he very needful or desirable to spend much time in the wuy of explaining and illustrating the principles which the Free Church of Scotland held, and by the honest practical declaration of which they had been driven from the State connection, and forced, for conscience sake, to abandon all the civil privileges and emoluments which n connection with the State involved, because, he presumed, with these principles we were already familiur. The only difficulty he met with upon this point was, not us to the truth of the substantial and fundamental princi pies of the Free Church, but simple as to the question whether she had carried out those principles in all their extent and in all the fulness of their application float ever, he might at least take it for granted, that when in, Free Church of Scotland told ue she had been le.l, under I'rovidence, to contend for the right of Christian congregations to a real and effective voice in the choice and set tlemcnt of their own pastors, and their own office bearers, that she had been led to contend for the still wider and more comprehensive privilege of the sole Headship of the Cord Jesus Christ?for His exclusive right to reign in his own kingdom and rule in his own house?a truth involv ing, when practically applied, these two important l>ositions : That the word of Ood is the only sta lute hook of Christ's Church or Kingdom, and the only standard by which the affairs of the Church of Christ, m every one 01 us nrancnes, arc regulated, and next, that ecclesiastical office hearers are chosen by the people, and ordained to their respective offices by the people, ami not by civil functionaries, as well as the superintending authority .which is necessary to the transaction of the ordinary business of <'hrist's visible church and kingdom upon earth?When, he said, the Kree Church of Scotland told us these had been the principles for which she had been called upon to contend, we should at once see that they were the true principlesprinciples based upon the standard of God, and such the Church of Christ was bound to assert and maintain ? principles which no Church of Christ could ever he at liberty to compromise or abandon. And if it were indeed true that her ministers and people had, in Cod's providence, been placed in circumstances in which the only alternative presented to her was, either to abandon ari l compromise those principles or to abandon their connection with the State with all its civil rights, privileges, am! emoluments?then, beyond all ipiestion, they were right in adheuring to the former, and in abandoning all Statconnection and emoluments?therefore we were constrain ud, by the same principles, fully carried out among our selves, to approve of the step which the Kree Church o Scotland has taken, to bid lier "God speed" in the eours< upon which she hail entered, and to give her the benefi of our sympathy, and as far as practicable, of our assist mice. |u adverting to the first position,that the member of the Kree Church of Scotland had been called upoi under Providence, to contend for those great prin ciples for which their forefathers suffered? it might t>e right he should take the liberty of impressini upon the meeting one gvneral consideration of no smal importance. If was this?that the circumstance of tli controversy in which for some years past they (the Kre church) hail been engaged in Scotland, and which ende< in the entire disruption of the establishment, and in th secession of a large number of its ministers, and ofa stil larger number of its elders and people, was .just this?tha after a lonir and melanchotv tirriod offall and declensior of unsteadiness in doctrine, and ungo llinus* and insinci rity in character; which during the lam century, (espec ally the latter half of it,) had to a largo extent oversprea the established church of Scotland?a system which the were there accustomed to call by the name of mndnalioi \fter a long period, characterised by every thing whic a Christian church ought to want, and by the id sence of every thing which a Christian church ougl to possess, God iu his mercy was pleased to grar a revival of true religion and evangelical princ pie. At length, through the prevalence of sonnrir views of Christian doctrine and a higher stani ard of Christian character, leavening to a considerable ci tent the community, and even influencing to some degri the patrons or those who went entitled hy law to nom nate and present ministers ; the result win that the evat gclical clergy Bnd elders gained the ascendency i the General Assembly and having gained the ascendency i the courts of the church ; they resolved, in consistei cy with all the views they had "ever possessed, to app! to the transaction of the business of the Churr Courts the same scriptural and evangelical priuriph which they had learned from the word of God, nnd whic they had long manifested in their preachings Irom tli pulpit, and in the general discharge of their ministers duties. All this was done fairly nnd honestly. It wt now nine years ago since jthe Evangelical part) fir: gained the ascendancy in the hurclt' ourts; and the sin and substance,of the whole controversy in w hich the had since been engaged, whatever forms nnd assets assumed, under whatever pretence cloaked, was just th that the civil authorities, the patrons, the aristocrar; an ungodly and irreligious world, would not endure tl honest and faithful application of Scriptural and F.\ang lical principles to the actual regulation of the afiairs the Church. This was, in truth, the substance and r sence of the whole matter. The enmity of thu wor rebelled against the views which the Evangelical part propounded, and the measures whieh they in consequent adopted- hostility was therefore excited, and they wc cast off. The speaker hern paid a tribute of respect the conduct of Dr. Chalmers upon this question, who name, he observed, was in all the churches of Chri throughout the world, and who had been eminently ho ored of God as a leading instrument in bringing abo this important change. For preaching sound doctrin and asserting Evangelical principle, the Doctor bsd be driven from the very establishment which hmhad done much to purify nnd "glorify. Now while lie (Dr. Cunnin bam) could not doubt the "general concurrence of the An rienn churches in the great fiindam' ,t*l principles up< wlnrh the Free C hurch of Scot 1st. 4 had acted, they won perhaps wish for a little more information (though he won not go into much detail) as to the more immediate catis which led to the recent disruption of the establish f hitirh and to the jiositiou w hich the Free Church ns occupied. The controversy, as he had remarked, co: menced with the determination of the Evangelical part ; whereeverthey gained the ascendancy, that notwithstni ing the existence of the law of patronage namely, t law hy which the sole right of nominating or presentii ministers to all the parishes in Scot land, was vested ii single individual, who held it ns a civil right, which derived by Inheritance from his fathers, or which might bequeathed to him by a friend, or purchased in the m. '. I, and In whom no qualification whatever was roquirr w ho need not be 1 member of the I linrch established I i I law, or of auy Church whatever, who might l>e either an atheist ur au infidel without religion at ull, a system long ! complained of by the Church at a yoke ami a grievance.? ' { The hi* angelical party, he said, resolved, that whilat they i I could not themselves repeal the law by which they could , | not themselves repeal the law by which these right* were sanctioned, they would, at leatt, take care that no man ' should ever he settled and ordained by them aa pastor of a congregation, if the congregation were opposed to receiving him as their pastor. Surely that was a reasonable 1 resolution, uml] a principle ol the truth, which no man , who had the slightest idea of what the Church of Christ was, or who had the fragment of a notion of the rights of " conscience, and the liberty of private judgment, who was t not thoroughly in heart and principle and spirit a slave, ' could euleituiii a doubt. It was, beyond ull question, an j ' act of gross tyranny and oppression for any party what- | r ever, whether patron or proprietor, whether a civil court or a church court, to attempt to form the pastoral relation between the person represented and a Christian congregation. Surely they had a right to saj , " we will not enter into the pustorul relation with him," aud not subject themselves to him in the hord. The American 1 churches would agree with him iu thinking thut when the Ktee Church of Scotland adopted this resolution, she ' was l ight, although she might not go the whole length of ? what the word of (iod required. Vet it was just because 1 of the adoption of that resolution that she had been involved in all her recent ditticultiesr and subjected to all her present trials aud hardships. This matter then was ' brought un*er the consideration ol the civil courts-, ' and the civil courts gave judgment to this effect: that it wusthelaw of the land that I'resbyters in Church Courts ' had no right to refuse to thrust a minister upon a congregation which was unwilling to receive him?that they were hound to intrude ministers upon congregations ' against their will; also that the civil courts were entitled r to exorcise a general control or superintendence over all 1 the church courts, and more especially that they were en' titled to judge of the legality of their constitution, and to quash all their proceedings. When these decisions were 1 pronounced, the evangelical party were led by a fuller consideration of uud more enlarged and comprehensive views of the sole headship of Christ, to exalt the supremacy of his word, to claim sole control anil iuris ' iction in Jthe affair of conscience, and in the business ' of thu Church of Christ, ami the exclusive juris1 diction of ecclesiastical office bearers in the transaction of the ordinary business of Christ's house, and the obligation of the civil authority to have respect to the interests of religion. Upon these grounds they refused to intrude ministers upon congregations against their will, even after the civil eourts said the law of the land required it. The

reverend gentleman here reviewed, at some length, the ground upon which the civil courts founded their decision, which was that the law ofttlie land must be obeyed. This principle, he said, was equivalent to asserting that Jesus Christ was not the only King and Head of the Church, but that Caisur was ulso entitled to exercise jurisdiction over it?that the word of Clod was not the only rule and standard by which the Church ol Christ was to be regulated, hut that what was called the law of the land was the proper standard whereby to regulate its affairs, and that ecclesiastical office, bearers, who had received gifts from government, at the command of Christ, were not the only parties who were to transact the ordinary business of Christ's house, but that the civil functionaries acting in the Queen's name, were entitled to exercise jurisdiction iu those mutters. He next reviewed thu decision of the House of Lords, iu its appellate jurisdiction, which was also against the claims of the Kreu Church , and also the proceedings of the House of Commons, which resolved to support the government in their determination to maintain the view taken by the civil courts, observing that all the argument in that assembly wus upon the side of the church. The result of that debate was the disruption of the church, and his appearance before the churches of America for their prayers, their sympathy and their aid Dr. C. then proceeded to speak of the present position and prospects of the Free Church of Scotland. The sympathies of the people had been effectually awakened.? They were (irmly convinced that the principles for which he (Dr. C.) and his associates contended, and for which they had made no small sacrifices, were identical with those of the martyirs on whose tombstones were graven me meinurauiu motto?"cnnst's crown and covenant. It would not perhaps be becoming in him to dwell much on the conduct of the Ministers in these trying circumstances. That might sound like (toasting of their own firmness, sincerity and steadfastness-of their own faith and their own trust in God. He would not therefore dwell on that point. But, said Dr. C., I must really call on you to realize what it was we did?that we forsook the churches wherewe had met with our people, many of them for many years, and had held sweet fellowship with our flocks?we forsook the manses where our children had clustered around us?where we had enjoyed much comfort and happiness?we forsook the lixed State provisions?and not only did wo sacrifice those temporal advantages, but we sacrificed many strong feelings and hallowed associations?broke through many long formed habits,and in many eases, to all human appearance, at first sight, at least sacrificed what might have been important opportunities of usefulness. These we were called on in the providence of (foil to sacrifice, and these we did sacrifice. Thus we at least havu done enough to give evidence of our honesty, our sincerity, our firm conviction that our principles were tiased on the word of (Jod, and our reliance 011 the faithfulness of (iod's pledge that he would honor them who honored him. Well, these things have called forth, as 1 have said, great sympathy. They have gained for us access to the hearts of the people, and afford- j ed us new and important opportunities of usefulness. Ma. ny indications ol the divine blessing are accompanying our labors. We have had several revivals of religion, similar in some respects to those visitations with which the free churches ol America have been so eminently fa vored by the great bead of the church. We have also been brought into a state ol' friendly co-oj>eration with other evangelical bodies from whom formerly we were separated. We lind that a multitude of people of all parts of the lund are most anxious to have the means ot grace administered to them in connexion with tis, and indeed a great deal more work is pressing on us than wo can possibly be able to discharge. Kree, now, from all trammel* in which formerly we Tiad been enthralled, and with all this sympathy and all these encouraging tokens of future extended cheerfulness and prosperity, we now appeal to you for aid in our present circumstances. About two-fifths of the ministers of the establishment sacrificed their stipends and emoluments, and a far larger proportion of the elders and of the people. There is still a good deal of confusion and turmoil In Scotland; many of the churches have not yet been sifted, and so we can hardly state with precision the exact number of the people who adhere to us. But I think I can assert, that about two-thirds of the elders and the people, who were once connected with the establishment, nave left it. This, then, is the extent of the secession. Now this forms a large body, and without saying any thing at all of the ministers?1 think 1 may of the people that they were the very best of the church?men most thoroughly acquainted with the Scriptures?most deeply convinced of the importance of religion, and most zealous for the welfare of Christ's churehthey, too, have made sacrifices ;J they have cheerfully sacrificed their share of the State provision for their clergy, and are of course prepared to make pccunia ry sacrifices which they would otherwise not have been t..... I tyi n L <. !,?in<r r,nu> ooll...! .... ?? ??? t rihu I,. In wards the erection of churches nntl the support of th? ministry. But they have manifested the greatest liberali ty, although. m ii important for you to know, we have very few of the wealthy or the noble. Almoit to a man with a few honorable exceptions, the aristocracy are op posed to us?bitterly opposed, and exercise all the tyraa ny and oppression in their power in the eflort to put down the Free Church of Scotland. Well, then, 470 ministers and MOO congregations have "come out," and declared their determination to connect themselves with the Fret i hurch, and they now stretch out their hands to the other Free Churches of our land, and to you, the Free Churches of America, to aid them in their present difficulties. Notwithstanding our present difficulties we have determined to continue our missionary eperatiou* in India, amongst the. Jews, and at home, None of these enterprises will be abandoned. ltut we don't ask you to ' aid us in this, nor do we solicit aid in supporting our ministers. But we have, you will |>erceive, seven or eight ' hundred churches to "erect at once. This is the grand i difficulty. Until we hnve these churches our position is not.safelytestatdished. Until then we have a full and adequate provision for preserving the vitality of those ! great principles, and of effectually securing the interests ' of Christ's Kingdom. Many of our congregations are able to butld churches; hut the great majority of them 'I their support, the minister* of the t'hureh were settled r without any reference to the means of the people to sup I port a minister amongst them. And the consequence has t been, that in many parishes the people are quite unable 'o I- contribute adequate means, and for many years cannot 1* ' expected to he able to support a minister. But we hail de1 termined, and every reasonable and just mind will seethe d propriety of the determination, that all the ministers who > caine out with us ihould have the means of existence pro > t ided for them. A decent provision of the necessaries ol h life is all that is required and all that we seek. To obtain > this, an accumulation of the contributions of the richer it congregations, and of sister churches, is necessary; anil d Cor this purpose the " Central Fund" has been estabi lishcd; and as some misconception reflecting this fund it prevails in some quarters, I find it may not lie amiss to leler to the matter for \ moment. Home suppose i- that we intend to collect a sum, the. interest of which ie will he sufficient forottr purposes. Well. I think I need i- hardly inform this assemblage thBt amid all our most shu> gtiine expectation* and most ambitious aspirings, we ne n ver expected or aspired to any thing like that. The sim n pie object of the "Central Fund" is to make the contrihu v tions of the richer congregations available to aeciirinn y the necessaries of life to the ministers of poor eongregaI" tions, and provide lor the extension of churches in Hie '* poorerdistricts. Before I conclude these remarks, which h huve, I fear,already been too much extended; I must say ie something with respect to the necessity of tlu\ " ( entraj 'I Fund" in the erection ol churches, because we invoki is vour aid in that work. When a minister "came out"am kt brought with him the great body of the people, we holil a> that he is entitled to a decent maintenance, and that that } eongregntion is entitled to retain its minister even though t not able to support him, and that therefore they should la >" assisted by the annual contribution* of richer eongrega C lions. In like manner we lielieve that such a minister am ie people are entitled to a decent church in which to wot e- ship, even though not able to erect one for themselves of This is a view so just and reasonable in itself?so suitei " to our existing circumstances- so well fitted to maintair Id nml uphold a firm anil permanent testimony lor the grew It principle* for winch we are called on to contend?that w< so warmly appeal for aid in carrying it out to christiar re churches of other name* and denomination*-to the frci to churches of other land* ; and think especially thai ?e we can boldly and confidently appeal for as at sistanra in this work to the free Presliyteriai n- churchea of America -ehurchca all more or less dlrertlj ut deacendoil from the. church ol Scotland, of which we an '' the free representatives I mean as comparer! w ith thi en " reaidunry establishment." I could give some strikini ao anecdotes illustrative of the liberality of individuals, am or- also of the detestable tyranny exercised by noblemen am ic patrons of the iiristocrnry for the purpose of putting dowi the free Church of Scotland?to force their tenantry iiiti Id depcndance I could tell you of large tracts of country Id with tens of thousands of people who have left the esta es hlishment. anil only a few scores of adherents to it; bu ed in which, in consequence of the inveterate hostility ofthi 'w is impossible to procure a site fori churcii, or even in some cases ground on w hich to erect i > . camp tent I could tell you of these things, and miicl id- more, and imp*' that I may have an opportunity of doinj l< so at some of the other meetings which have bean called iiu But I cannot on this occasion do this. I shall merely re i ' fer to one incident which probably some of yon may hav hi- heard of. A venerable minister, SO years old.and w ho fo I"- half a century had labored in the service of the great Ilea ii ofthoChurch with great zealand fidelity,was amongst th ut. number of those who joined the secession. He hail by widow e?I daughter who rcalded in the same parish, an ! that was a tenant at will of hia-Orace the Duke of Sutherland. The old minister proposed to taka up his abode with hia daughter j but hu Grace, so soon as ne heard of thissfrliiwetened that if this intention wrre carried into effear, and the daughter should receive her aged father nnflrr her roof, she would be instantly ejected from her dwelling. This Is a specimen of the feeling entertained towards us by the nobles and aristocracy of Scotland. Tenants threatened with expulsion?servants with being turned out of their situations?the whole influence of the landed proprietors of the county, with a few exceptions, brought to near against us in the most unscrupulous and tyrannical way, in order to put down the free church of ! Scotland, and protect the residuary establishment?and all this too generally by men who are Episcopalians, who have themselves done the very tbing which they would not allow us to do?that is, separate from the establishment, The Duke of Sutherland is the most extensive landed proprietor in Scotland?his estates are populated by about dt.OOU people, and he refuses to grant a spot of land throughout ail this property. In one case an aged minister had to travel seventy miles from his mansion to tind the shelter ol a roof, tearful to evoke ou any of his parishioners the vengeunce which would have followed the extension to him of the rites of hospitality. And on returning to dispense gospel ordlnancos, he nad to bring with him three or four days provision, refusing, daring the whole time the shelter of a roof from any of his Grace's tenants. (Dr. C. here read an extract from a letter by Kev. Mr. Kindlater, of Dourness, detailing thu hardships to which he and bis family had been subjected.) In a vast number of places the people worshipped In the open air, even at this inclement season of the year.shelteud only by canvass tents. And all this for no crime?for doing nothing hiit honoring Christ, ami maintaining their principles of adherence to the word of God. These are some of the hardships and trials to which we are subjected?such are the circumstances in which we invoke your sympathy and prayers, and such aid as you may deem our necessities require, and your means will enable you to bestow. I ?r. Cunningham then occupied some ten or tit (een minutes longer in explaining what he might have said, but wouldn't say, as he had already ocI cupied so much time, and concluded by stating that the arrungements would be made so as to enable all who chose to contribute. After singing a hymn, and the doxology, the meeting dispersed Bade, the pirate, will be sentenced in the United States Court this morning. j The Common Council meet this evening at five o'clock. Justice Kirtland of the First, Secoud and Third Ward Courts, will be re-appointed, and perhaps his clerk. Alderman Tillou will also present his famous police report. The Staten Island Murders.?Our readers will find on our first page, the fullest?the most authentic, and the very latest information of this most revolting and unnatural murder. The excitement at the Island is very great, inconsequence of the proceedings before Commissioner Phelps being kept strictly private. The examination of the witnesses, it is expected, will close to-day. News from Europe.?The steam ship Britannia, Hewitt, will leave Liverpool to-morrow for Halifax and Boston. Should no packet ut ive meanwhile, she will bring one month later inteii mnce. Steam Ship Hieernia, Capt. Judkiu left Boston last Monday for Liverpool, with i >out fifty passengers, and 25.000 letters. In con?.u. <>n< of the late arrival ot the mail lrom thin city, i portion of the letters had to be sent out in bulk. All from New York went in her, however. Bravery and its Rewards.?We annex a recent correspondence between the Executive of Maryland and Captain Webster, of the revenue service, relative to a magnficenl sword that has been presented by that State to Captain W. for his bravery in the defence of Baltimore in the last war. We understand that the article is one ol richness and rarity. The handle is of gold, splendidly chased, emblematic of the deeds done which it commemorates. On one side of the blade is a miniature view of the battle of September, and on the other is the following inscription:? ['relented bv the State of Marylad to Capt. John A. Webster, tor his gallant defence of the Battery committed to his charge during the memorable seige of the city of Baltimore, Sept. 13, IBM. State Department, ) Annopolis, Dec. 12th, 1843. ) To Capt. John A. Webiter :? Sir :? The Sword, which I was directed by the legislature of Maryland to have made and presented to you, has been forwarded, according to your request, to the Collector oi Customs for the Port of Bultimore. I regret very much indeed that you could not atford me an op)K>rtunity, as 1 desired, to present you this testimonial of the confidence and gratitude oi the people of MaryI art/1 in iVw* urnucncn nf (koir U?mr<>si>nlntiVAl fit thft an. preaching session of the Legislature. I cannot, however, jiermit the occasion to pass without expressing, my aymiuithy with the feelings that prompted the Legislature to direct the presentation of this Sword, my admiration of the gallantry displayed hy you in the battery committed to your charge during the attack against the City of Baltimore on the 13th of Sept. 1814, which the Sword is designed to commemorate, and my belief, that you will, by your future life, make it appear that the confidence in your patriotism and bravery, thus manifested, is properly estimated and fully deserved. With high respect, 1 am your ob't servt, FRANCIS THOMAS. Nf.w Yohx, 30th Bee., 1841. To His Eiciiusct Francis Thomas? Sih?Having been absent from port since the date oi your letter of the 13th instant, which I have just received, notifying me of a sword voted by the State of Maryland, and that you had forwarded it to the care of the Collector of the port of Baltimore for my reception, Permit me, sir, to oflirr up my thanks for the kind remarks you make in thus making me acquainted withths gift and laiuel, that no man could avoid feeling the high est sensations of grat'?ude for a reward bestowed on him. from the source it comes from, my native State. Truly, I cannot for a moment suppose I am worthy of so greet a reward, never supposing 1 could have merited it : but at the same t>me f? eling conscious of having done my duty in many perilous battles during the late war with ( reat Britain. I feel proud to accept of so honorable a testimonial from my native State, supposing that merit had already been rewarded, if merit was due, by a similar gift from the warm hearted citizens of Baltimore, soon alter the war ; and trust it will stimulate my sons to faithfully nrosecuts and do their duty in time of peril and danger, in like manaer, should their country he invaded hy a reckless foe. Rely on it, sir, could it have been in my power to have received it from your hands, it would have still added to .i? 11..1 r~.ll... .r l l.u.'c. (..It .... .i, uc??iu:u icciuij.u. B, a.,......- ? .?.? wvi iion ; but fate hat decreed that I must be on duty at a din lance from you aud the honorable body that has so nobly awarded me the gift. 1 trust something may yet turn up to enable me to give you my thanks in person. I tender you, and the united members of the Legislature personal fy, my warmest thanks lor their noble gift. Accept, sir, my feelings of gratitude and friendship foi your health and future happiness, and also to the honors ble members of the Legislature of Maryland. Your moat ob't. serv't. J. A. WKB8TKR. Commerce of New York.?We are indebted tc Mr. Thorne, the chief boarding officer of the Cits, torn I'louse for the following, allowing the numbei of vessels that had arrived at New York from fo reign ports daring the year 1843; Flag Shipi Hrki Brigs Schi Sfm'ri Gaits Sips Tota American MM 163 616 2<W 1 ? 3 136 British 8 18 184 86 ft ? ? 37 French 4 3 4 ? ? ? ? 1 Bremen 16 36 fl 3 ? ? ? .V Vorwegian ? 6 6 1 ? ? ? 1 -Uvedisli 6 13 34 3 ? ? ? 4. Sicilian ? 1 6 ? ? ? ? Hamburg 46 3 ? ? ? ? 1 Danish ? ? 6 ? ? ? ? Russian ? 1 I ? ? ? ? Dutch ? ? ? ? ? 6 ? Belgian ? 3 1 ? ? 1 ? Columbian ? ? 3 2 ? ? ? Napolitan ? 1 3 ? ? ? ? Prussian ? 3 16 1 ? ? ? l! Texian ? ? ? 1 ? ? ? Sardinian ? ? 3 ? ? ? ? Italian ? 1 1 ? ? ? ? < ienoa ? ? 1 ? ? ? ? Venezuela ? ? 3 ? ? ? ? Spanish ? ? 3 1 ? ? ? Hanoverian ? I 'J ? ? 1 ? Mexican ? ? 1 ? ? ? ? Total 184.1 4.1!) 7.17 78!) 35.'. 6 8 .1 183 | Total 1841 198 Leu thii year 17 Passenger* arrived in 184.1 48,30-7 1847 74,949 l.e** tin* year '78,847 This exhibits some curious results. It wan see i few duy.s ago that ihc number of passengers ai rived in (Canada from abroad, has fallen off tlii year on the same ratio, and this great decrease i emigration has bean caused mainly by the repei f movements in Ireland,'leading the poor classes t suppose that a Paradise was opening at liotnt thereby staving ofT the necessity of finding one i this country. Intensive Fire.?The dry goods store of Wi letl Detukc, 2l.r> Spring street, was consumed b (ire yesferdny morning about three o'clock. The fir wfweomniuninatcd l>y an incendiary, and the whol stock of goods, valued ut #18,000, were destroyct - Insurance about one third the amount. The built \ ing belonged to T. 0. Sellew, and was covered b i insurance. The hooks of Mr. Denike were ale ! destroyed in the Dame* Not a vestige o| anythin il j was saved. City Intelligence Police CMEe? a?Tuesday, Jan. 'J.?The spirit dyi'sm was very apparent in many parti of our city Sunday night?It being New 1 ear's Eve?an.1 Monday following, the principal actor* in which young men. nearly full grown in size, but lacking that^^^^^PB sense and prudence that more mature yeara will inculcate. The neighborhood of 476 Grand street was the scene of a riot that came near terminating the lives of several individuals who were injured, and the consequent arrest of u baker's dozen of the assailants, it originated among some of the runners of engine No. 33, who bail lieen attacked liy other* running with Nos. 16 and 3, on Christmas night, and who, apprehending, irom threats, that it would be repeated on New Year's Eve, prepared themselves in a porter house at 476 Grand street, lor their reception. Hearing a noise in the street, made by some persons whom \ i they supposed were their assnilants, they hasteiied to the top of the porter house and showered an indiscriminate volley of stones among the persons below, and one of the indiscreet of the party tired a n usket, the shot of which passed through the window of a dwelling opposite, wounding a man who w as in bed and severing the head board of his cot into pieces. The watch were instantly assembled, and the following named persons were arrested i anil committed for the riot:?William Murdock. Aaron Howes, Isaac Jarvis, William Doyle, Edward Lantrey, James Cohen, George Sembler, John, George Seaman. Edward Jones, William Hart, Isaac Primrose, and William Gallagher. A not tit ii Hiot.?A number of runners with No. a were also engaged in riotous conduct at the corner of Grand and Centre, when finally they and their assailants resorted to .the use of stones and brick bats to carry on the shameful outrage. The police were called to the spot, and the following named boys were arrested and committed to prison :?Thomas Cochrane, Patrick Ilodgers, Robert Roach, John Be.rry, Thomas Doyle and James Riley. Anu tut Andthkr.?Three young men, named MichBel Johnston, Walter Barney, and Patrick Wycombs were _ also arrested and committed for creating a riot in Chat- ? hum street, aiul(knorking down almost every person who approached them. Clement Robins, a citylmarshal, who attempted to prevent their outrages, was shamefully beat- . en by the party. Atteiuftkd Murder.?That notorious blotch upon our city, " The Five Points," was afco the scene of riot and disorder. Several street lights, accompanied with the usual black eyes and bloody noses, came o(f during the day, and finally, a black'fcllow named John Willett, stabbed another otitis color named John Butler, with a knife, i in his body and breuit, while in a drunken quarrel. But ler was taken to mc nospitai, wnure ne lies iituigeruusiy ill, and Willett was lodged in prison to await trial. Moke Complaints aoainst tiii: Youno Heddkns? Twin brothers, John and Thomas Ht'i^en, late grocers, corner of Orange and Leonard, and more recently at 108 Roosevelt street, who have long been suspected as promi| nent receivers of stolen property, are likely to obtain their just deserts by ajury of theirjcountry. In addition to the three previous charges of grand and petit larceny and burglary, two other complaints of grand larceny were preferred against them yesterday, and we now advise all I persons who have purchased any kind of property of them for the past two years, to come forward before the police *5 i and give immediate information to officer Scally?as full ^ C disclosures hare been made, and should stolen property be found in their possession, they will be held as "Receivers," should it not be immediately restored in a legal manner. Through the energetic exertions of officer Scally of the Sixth Ward, three half chests ol young hyson tea, valued at about $90, were found in the store of William llowe, 397 Bowery, which had been stolen from the store of Isaac. I'. and Richard M. Jcssup, 178 South street, and the store of Thomas Morrill, '290 Front stieet, on the night of the 2,1th of November, and which Mr. Howe had purchased of these notorious receivers of stolen goods for thirty cents per pound, heing atiout half its actual value. The tea having been fully identified, on U account of its being n particular importation, the lied- ^ dens were fully committed on the charge of receiving stolen goods knowing them to tie such. ? The Knife.?The use of this instrument as a means of resenting wrong or committing an aggression, is becoming so commou in our city that we shall soon be styled (fie Venice of America. A lx>y named Dykes stabbed Siother named Edward Donnelly, on New Year's Day, with a knife, on the thigh, inf'ictnig a large and severe wound, which, although not endangering life, will diss- * ble the wounded boy for moi.y weeks. A slight quarrel prompted itua act, wiuch mignt 11m caused tne ucam 01 one of the parties and the consequent incarceration in the State prison of the other. Lard.?Street Thieves.?Dons tsu Officer Jo.? Officer Joseph, of the Fourth Ward, who lias been recently attached to the Dower Police, is well known to be as keen as a briar?quick as a Jew, and sharp as a pawnbroker, when business requires it. One Sam Phillips, verv slily stole a keg of lard, yesterday morning, weighing too lbs., worth $6, from the front of the store ol James Scott, corner of South and James streets?hired a cartman to convey it to his door in Cross street, where officer Joseph tracked him, and as he was about paying the cartman 4 eighteen pence for his trouble, slapped the thief on the shoulder, told the cartman to load up again, end theu , landed the thief and the lard iu the Tombs, for further orders. He also arrested /two well-known rogues, named Joseph Haganand Thomas Oillen, with two beaver cloth J overcoats in their possession, which were soon afterwards claimed by Charles Stephenson, of 17 Chatham street, who stated that they had Veen stolen from the hall of his house hut a short time previous. In addition to the above cases for a morning's work, officer Jo arrested and secured j J two dogs?one an elegant, spotted Newfoundland, ami the other a w hite Poodle, that may have been stolen or coaxed from their masters. Officer Jo is a perfect nondescript in his versatility of police talent. He knows a thief by the first look?he can tell a stolen coat by the smell, and a lost dog by the wag of his tail, as this morning's business, hern described, fully illustrates. "Starrijio It."?This it a term that, although theatri- 1 rally technical, is also a flash term among thieves and burglars. The fancy store oi Pelcgrino K. Franchesi, of ^B lt?9J Broadway, was "starred'' on New Year's night I r burglars, who cut out a pane of glass with a diamond, ami thus obtained entrance, from whence they stole a funry' work box, two fancy china bottles, an opera glass, and other articles, valued at $20. A boy named Thomas ^^B Hines was arrested, with a portion of the good* in bis possession, and fully committed to answer the oftcnec. ^ Coroner's Office, Jan. 2.?Dr. Itawsen, the coroner V elect, was sworn into ollicc on Monday, and commenced ^B the performance of his duties. We are happy to learn |M that ne has engaged the services of Abner Milliken, the late Deputy Coroner, whose attention to the duties of the *^B office, and courtesy to all whose business have brought ^B him in nimnnvlnn with it huff f?v??r )iM>n n snurrf nf H public remark. In fact his assistance for the first year would be almost indispensable to any person assuming the duties of this arduous office, as Dr. 'Kawsou by expo- H rience will soon learn. The unanimous wish of all the re{?orters of the public press of this city has l>ecn tendered to Dr. Hawson, in support of Mr. Milliken ; and we are H happy to be enabled testate that such an expression has received the attention it deserves. The principal office of Dr. Kawson will be at the Malls of Justice in Centra street, although notices of cases for his attention, transpiring in the upper part of the city, may be left at his residenee. at 961 Third avenue, near Twenty-first street. On New Years' the rejiorters attached to the publie press of this city, met at the house of Dr. Archer, the recent incumbent ol the office of coroner, and presented a Udter, tendering their respect and satisfaction at the courteous treatment received by them during the three years of his performance of the duties of coroner. He replied in a neat speech replete with grai (nation fortlie VH compliment. 1 Buaisr.ii to Dkatk?During Monday morning Coroner Hau son was called to investigate the causes leading to tho sudden death of two children, who were burned the night previous The first was that of the male infant child of * lames McOuire, of 199 Christy street, named Thomas, aged eight months, whose clothes took fire during the temporary absence of the mother, whereby he wot so severely burned as to cause his death shortly afterwards.? Verdict of Jury?"Death from accidental burning." The second was that of a female infant of Samuel P.Spies, , IM Division street, named Susan Amanda, aged sixteen I months, who was also burned on the same evening uu I ler similar circumstances, and the result was a similar verdict. i Dunn.-1The body of a man, whose name is un- J known, hut from papers found in his pMkjt is supposed to be Bernard ( arolan, lute 01 I'ort Jervis, r. U., urangn county, in this State, was found floating in the Fast Hiver.near Belle vtielloapital. A letter was found in one of his ( pockets, addressed to the above name, and a memoranda containing the names of fix of his children, named Catha rine, aged 18?Jean 18?Jamea is?Ann 12?Peter 10, and r Mary 8 He was very comfortably dressed, the clothes being nearly new. On examination of the body no marks " of injury were discovered, and the jury returnud a verdict of "drowned from causes unknown." j Late from IIayti.?We learn by the Gardiner i H. Wright, from Port an Prince, that when she J tailed a fleet of fourteen or fifteen French vessels i of war were lying in that harbor awaiting the payf ment of the indemnity due France. Much a large J fleet indicated a determination to compel pnyme.u s should the black philosophers at Hayti refuse to pay * over the specie qirictly, without grumbling. ? Morf. Particular* of the Murder.?The gold a chain belonging to the watch o( Captain Houseman, J whose wife and child were murdered by his sister i Polly Bodine, has been found in this city at a pawn 1 broker's where she left it; also two sets of silver MM tekn from dm house, ud a bum pin. H 4 There in no doubt that she is the innrderew. I Ammementi. I BwaBWAY Oiaom AT Nuu.o's ? Here the rush W 'J continuen, with undiminished anxiety to visit and I revisit thiniphsdid, unique, and, it must h? generally ad- I mitted, unrivalled exhibition of artists, inch in their re- " l]imtlTI riiwltlw IllHimllin 1 charm of perfection that I cannot In- excelled. Mr. North's re-engagement imme- I diately expires, and we ran not too forcibly encourage all I to ithI tuawiM of the beat opportunity of witnessing I his graceful evennm-fin his i 01 iotU tqtMHitt and pan to- I mimic displays. The hill for this evening is eminently n attractive. r- Chatham Thbat**.?The Virginia jhrnadtn, I B the chief of whom it? Mr. Mnth eelun tS pn> I lecexsors, and unite all the beauties of vocal and instru n mental harmonious melody with the dance. Mr. Myers, I bflMm being a capital singer, is a most oifeWtO perform ' or on the violin, and in tnc course of his performances 0 gives a most extatic imitation of (lie Bull, as that great I . maestro exhibited himself nt the ( hestnnt street thoatri, Philadelphia His performance at the t hatham theatre " resulted in his completely electrifying the audience The Hcretiadcrs will appear again io.night, addition, the bountiful drama of tlie Jewess will he repeated, with I 1 all its gorgeous paraphernalia, and following which hlito fl Reynolds will appear?* Clarissa, in the Barrack lfooin. ) Miss It. will to-moirnw appeal in 'ho comedctta of "A f Lesson for Ladies." H ie day m mi: mothiw.?q?nm! m , Tom Thtttnb remain* ? f?w ' ?y longer lit the B 1 American Museum, and all the attraction! n| the holiday* M |. are retained There "i" splendid performances at M throe o'clock this aiV*oon, and among other noveltiea y little Thumb appears in the living statues-one of his g) very bast perl 1Ladies' Samaritan Society lie I,III,In, r ., (.air V the M ecii.-i No extra i barge for mi mn The t.ipsj Uneen decUied a week ago that the Statcn island murder w as committed by a female.