Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 12, 1844, Page 2

January 12, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HEKALD. !*c?v in k, Krldii), .tniumry 19, 1*11. Tike Great Religion* War. We have re-published in this day's paper, from the "Commercial Advertiser," the latest broadside of the Kev. Mr. Potts, let ofl' last evening against the Kev. Dr. Wainwnght. Last evening we published an Extra Herald con taming the game, and such was the popular excitement to read it, thut considerably less than on* hundred and twrnty-thrre thuueand copies went off in less than no time at all. A very singularly looking, gentlemanly personage was atnoug the first who called and bought a copy. He had a roguish a.iule on nis unhealthy face?a strange dashing in Ins b irniug dyes?and, n? he lelt the orfiee, we saw a tail peep from under his Spanish cloak, ntid , something like a cloven foot in his boots. Who Could he be 7 When the boy took Ins two cents, they actually turned into brimstone in his hand, a id biasing up in a blue light, entirely disappeared, being a new species of defalcation that we never eaw before. On this holy controversy we have n variety of ar tides from correspondents, which we shall give toruotrow. Enough to-day. Commencement of the War?The Spring Election Campaign begun?Manifesto of the Whlga against "Young America I" The extraordinary movement in favor of a thorough-going reform and revolution in the management of State uilairs, and other matters hereafter to be considered, which has agitated this rity for several months past, has ut length aroused j O.ie of the old and corrupt parties from its slumbers, and elicited its tirst manifesto of opposition and j d ifianee, in the form of a most curious, instructive, ! and significant document, emanating yesterday from j theolfice of trie New York l\ibune?the organ of ihe Fourier section of the whig party. This manifesto is exceedingly significant. It exhibits a most amusing but unsuccessful effort to conceal the ami in, apprenensioii, ami uieau awaneneu i?y me movements of the new party, and its affectation of extreme liberality?its bustling impudence?its loose and erroneous assertions?and its canting, mock-philosophic tone?are all perfectly characteristic The publication of this manifestokffords the most satisfactory evidence that the corrupt, selfish, spoilshunting, unprincipled portions of the old whig party recognize, in the extraordinary movements of "Young America," tiie handwriting on the wall. Until now the political party hacks of the whig faction appeared to treat these movements with contempt. They are now forced to admit their deepfelt consciousness that this remarkable association of the popular elements, on new and independent (round, bodes serious disaster, and is to be met and resisted at all hazards. But in order that the whole world may know and judge of the precise nature and position oi the ground assumed by the great Fourier section of the whig party, in relation to the movements of "Young America," we shall advert to the prominent points of this extraordinary manifesto, issued from the Tribune office yesterday morning, and add some remarks by way of comment and exposition?these things being always much more easily and better digested with the addition of a little horse-radish and mustard? condiments to which we believe even the most rigid of the Fouriertes, even John A. Collins, of Skenealeles, the no-creed, no-faith, no-marriage, no-fish, no-flesh or no-fowl man, objects. tt k- ,r,sK?..i.... ...... singly expressive of the characteristic dishonesty and falsehood of party organs, than are some portions of this curious manifesto. The asseveration of the Tribune that, "had it possessed the power it would have removed the causes" of that new and formidable organization which has awakened so much alarm, is indeed funny, when we recollect it was under a Whig administration?under n Whig Governor?under the rule of Govern or Seward, tliHt the exciting, the more immediate causes of this movement originated, and increased and swelled into their irresistible and potent influence. It was with the favor and approbation of Governor Seward and those same patriotic, liberal and exceedingly consistent whigs, that the most impudent, th* most provoking, and the most inexcusable organization of foreign influence, as buch, ever witnessed in this country, wa9 effected.? It was under these circumstances that Bishop Hughes, in open and utter disregard of religion and decency, entered Carroll Hall, and,conveniently throwing the cloak of spiritual zeal over the armor of the political gladiator, assumed the attitude of a party political leader, organised a separate faction consisting of foreigners of one sect and one nation, and with unparalleled effrontery, demanded from the government of the State com- i pliance with his sectarian, bigoted and exclusive j demands; and yet these Fourier-whigs have the i consummate modesty to prate about their patriotic 1 dislike of the "banding together of numbers in political meetings to support this or that political measure, not as Americans, but as 'Irish' "! nnd the same game has been repeatedly played by the locofocos. Here we have John McKeon? the little Beggarman of New York?who has, ever since his entrance on political life, been shaking the Irish of the city, like a huge shillelah, at his party, whenever he applied tor office, or a share ol the "spoils," threatening a separate organization nnd all sorts of mischief, und confusion and annoyance, unless "the party" accorded to his demands. .And it was from the exertion of influences of this kind that the democrats went for the school bill( affording a very memorable exemplification of the fact that a band of a few hundred individuals, united together by a priest who lorgot his religion for hi? politics, and the altar of his God for the secular interests of his church, could control both the dominant political parties of this free State. These have undoubtedly been amongst the exciting causes of the new organization. The sensible, intelligent, and patriotic citizens, who ltked their country and its free institutions better than their party, became alarmed at such munifesrations of the truculent servility of the leaders of the two old political factions, and determined to interpose some effectual check against the future successful exercise ot anytoreign sectional influence. Hence the movement by which the whigs have now become, so thoroughly alarmed. Tins alarm is quite natural. A just dislike of foreign influence h is not been the sole cause of the new organization. The great honest mass of the whig party, and a large portion of the democratic party, have become awake- ed to the necessity of a reform of all kinds, municipal as well as general, and think that -a very good opportunity is now afforded them of obtaining thoae reforms which they, have in v.nii sought lroin the old taction*. No doubt, the objection* urged by the Trihunt against ihp view* on the subject of naturalization entertained by the "American Republican*," and also their course with respect to a particular religion, may have some force as a matter of sentiment or opinion; but they do not at all militate against the general character, principles, and practical aims of ihe new movement. Opposition to foreign influence is not the sole grand object of "Young America." lJlendcd with that is a strenuous determination to etfect reform?to obtain the blessings ot cheap, just and wholesome government, and this is the great cohesive principle of the movement. This it is which has called forth such a remarkable re. sponse from all portions of the community And there is little doubt that so soon as this " Young America" is projierly in the field, they will give to their principles, and proceedings, and declarations high a degree of liberality, as much generosity, arc I adopt as pure and perfect a system, as any one < otiui de?ire. And as to the success of this movement, it is unavoidable It has united all clauses. Some of the wealthiest and some .' the humblest men of the city are connecvviili it Any amount of money can be col. I hi ordei to carry it through, .honestly and j | properly. The agitation i* meanwhile kept up with I grant spirit, anil preparations are making for an im" 1 niense Mass Meeting on the 22d of February, and from that starting point the nominations in the various wards will be made; as also the nomination for Mayor, so that the citizens will have an opportunity,fcr six weeks before the election, of examining the character and qualifications of the candidates for the high and responsible offices connected with the administration of the city government. The 'JYilrunt, which has a very respectable allowance of impudence, tells " Young America," very coolly, that "it is not likely to find any better party than the whig party." Hah! This whig party has been tried, and tried, and tried, and the result has been invariably the same exemplification of their utter faithlessness to their promises?disregard ol solemn pledges?contempt of the public welfare?and greedy, graBping, shameless selfishness. Tins has been the cause of the prostration of the whig party. The people have no confidence in them; and seeing the utter hojielessness and impossibility of effecting a better state of things by I >111V nthpr mnunu lUt-rminu/l kumlvHO. ged 110 longer, but seek ut once, through the instrumentality of their own unlettered energies and inliuence, and independent of all mere political par' ties, that reform and those changes which they ve' ry justly deem so necessary and indis|>ensable. As for trying the wlug party, the people have been effectually cured of that. The results ol applicaj lions to this beautiful, consistent, honest, liberal whig party, have been too instructive. When the people have asked for an egg they have given them a serpent, and the request for a piece of bread has been politely responded to by the gift of a stone. A few lessons of that kind are sufficiently impressive. " Young America" seeks and promises practical reforms?in the first place, a good city government. At this the Tribune, the whig-Fourier organ, sneers. Quite characteristic. The only reform which the Tribune can tolerate, consists in the cutting up of society into parallelograms?the cultivation of crab apples on a " domain" for the manufacture of cider at $4 a barrel?the creation of the "sensuous harmonies"?the destruction of the fell destroyer, labor?the union of the " grand elemental principles of harmony"?a community of property?and a plurality of wives?with all the most recent discoveries and improvements in religion and diete tics, as explained by the celebrated John A. Collins, of Skeneateles. Now, "Young America," it is very true, does not propose even a "thimblefull" of any one of these refoinis?not so much hs a "thimble-full" of "gradual >111100111 of equivalents" ?or, "harmonic forces"?or "adequate joint-stock and common fund"?not even one poor "thimblefull ot "social, industrial microcosm." This is undeniable. But "young America" promises us practical reform in the city affairs; not, to be sure, so grand and magnificent, and imposing, us those of the distinguished philosophers of the Tribune, but, still, reforms so vnluuble in our estimation, and that of thousands of our honest and independent citizens, that even a " thimble-full" would not be ungratefully received. Little Later from Europe The packet ship Switzerland, Capt. Knight, arrived yesterday morning from Portsmouth. She sailed thence on the 11ih ult., giving her just one month's passage. There is no news of importance. The Queen and Prince Albert were at Windsor. The corn law agitation wasstillgoing on throughout England. Affairs in Spain continued in a state of tnysteriuusness. Ministers up to-day; down to-morrow. Markets were without change. No news from the continent. The London Morning Herald, contradicts, on authority, the statement made by O'Connell. at Limerick, that the Government offered to compromise with him. Here is the passage:? Mr. O'Connell is reported to have said :? "It 1ms been suggested to me, that if I consented to abandon the repeal, the prosecutions would be given up, or, even if convicted, the sentence would not tie enforced? that otter was made to me. I said at once there shall he no compromise of the repeal. 1 would rot in a dungeon first (loud and enthusiastic cheering.) No, not while I hav breath will 1 make a compromise. (Renewed applause.) While I live 1 shall continue to argue Ireland's right to u domestic Parliament, and if 1 be incarcerated, my pen will enable me to teach my countrymen my sentiments.? (Cheers )" If Mr.O'Connell meant in this passage to convey an insinuation'that any such suggestion or offer had been made to him, directly or indirectly, vat have good rcuton for declaring that he uttered a toilful and deliberate untruth." Markets. Lomoos, Dec. 10?The Fusds.?The ratenl interest continues low, as there is not much room for speculation The cotton manufacturing districts still show consideiahle activity. The woollen trade is not so brick-. ?b~ nd. ? anced wages and the advanced price of the material have given a check to the demand. The etfect of the demand for the China tradi, and the greater home consumption incident to low prices is marked by an increased consumption of about 2,INK),000 lbs. of tea, and 9,000.000 lbs. of sugar, is compared with the rear 1841. 1 he preference we have had in the supply of manufactures to the Brazil mat ket is, we are sorry to find, about to be lost. The Brazilians say that we must lower the duties on Brazilian sugar for our own convenience, and there is, therefore, no occasion to grant us any privileges by way of equivalent. Besides, Belgium and France are bidding against us (or the monopoly of the market Consols are rather flat. There is nothing doing in the Knglish Stock Market. Attention has been chiefly directed to the Foreign Market. The distraction which reigns at Madrid, and the unwelcome news that the cash has not came to hand yet to pay the dididends on the converted Stock, have occasioned a depression of nearly 2 percent The holders, however, cling to the hope that the ?20,000 payable as the dividend in F.ngland will yet arrive in the course of the month. Mexican Bonds have improved considerably, as the dispute about dishonouring our flag lias been adjusted, and efforts are being made to remit cash for the next dividend. The Share Market has become more active within a tew days. There have been some purchases for investment as well as for speculation. Bar* or Fxoi.axd.?Cluarterly Average of the Weekly Liabilities and Assets of the Bank of Kngland, from the 9th day of September to the 2nd day of December, 1843, both inclusive Liabilities. JLntti. Circulation . .. .?19,121,000 Securities ?20,926,000 Deposits 10,944,000 Bullion 12,276,000 Total, ?30,066.000 Total, ?33,201,000 LoxdoxCorx F.xrHiisnr.. Dec. 10?More than an average supply of F-nglish wheat has been received up to our markets this week, owing to which, and the absence of the principal buyers, the demand for that article was very inactive, at barely Monday's quotations. Foreign wheat was also a dull s He. and the turn lower Upwards of 13.000 quarters ol harh-y have come to hand since our last, which produced a heavy inquiry, yet the rates were not lower. AaatvAi.s ? Knglish : Whe.it, 6,770, Barley 13,210, Oats 3,000, Malt 0.2811 qrs ; Flour t; 390 s iclcs Irish : Outs 9,940 qrs. Foreign: Wheat 2,170, Oats 1,160 qrs. F.xih.ish Paormox Maxkkt, Dec. 10.?The market has been in a dull state for baron, and further reduced rates purchased sparingly; prime small desciptions landed have been selling at J~i? to 40*, and heavy at 34a to 37s per cwt ; some forward xalea of Waterford, kr. sizeable, have been made at 38* on board for each month into April, and 3Hs per cwt. on board lor immediate shipment; large arrivals are near at hand, and only a model ate consumption is going on, owing to the low price nnd large supplies of fresh meal , the quantity imported last week was 1,530 bale* i the stork is heavier than it was last year at this time. In Ireland, lower price* have been taken for pig* ; the ?U|>ply of bale and tierce middle* 1* greater than the demand can take off, and price* ate on the decline, and vary 34* to 30s per cwt. Kor Scotch pork the market tlat, and 3.?* to 3fls per cwt taken for parcels landed, being again lower llanx. however, have met with a brisk sale at full rates, and the supply tails short of the demand l.ard has been taken sparingly Waterford bladdered at 40* to 61s, kegs 45* to 4M?. and American at 3'J* to 38* per cwt. In barreled Provision* the transactions have been trilling in Beef and Pork , large paicels of Heel are on their paasage from New York. The supplies of Dutch Butter have been small, hut the trade have shown little draire to purchase ; Kiid isO-isto 00. and Krle/land 04* to 00* per cwt. The trade have purchased all descriptions of Irish Butter with much caution, anil prices still continue on the decline, the trade, owing to the mildiu ** of the weather, taking only ample for their immediate want*.?'The stock is more than it was last year Htthis period ; we quote f'arlow landed 07s to HQs. Waterford 03s to 70s, Cork 71s to 73s, Limerirk 07s to 70s, Bnd Sligo 051 to 70s per cwt.; the arrivals were i40O firkins last week. Ttrt mystektors khodj. island murdir.?We yesterday sent down to Providence a special reporter, to nttend the examination into the mysterious murder of Mr. ^prague, which is to be made there to-day. Our evening paper to-morrow will contain the first particulars. t 'ot.n Weather.?I,ast Tuesday the weather was seven degrees below zero in Boston. Here if has been very cold, but not quite below zero. Snow Storm.?The snow storm of Tuesday I" gun in K tltminre ;it It) o'clock, mid here at II o'clock, A. M. UyuerloiM Murder or Mr. spragu* In Rhode Island. From the accounts which we continue to receive verbally, and by our correspondence from Rhode Island, we are convinced that this is one of the most extraordinary murders, and one produced by the most extraordinary causes, which have taken place for a long time in that section of the country. It will be perceived that some parts of the statements of the state of public opinion, and of public talk down in Rhode Island, in relation to this minder, which were given by a correspondent of this paper, have heen formally contradicted by the Rhode Island papers, although, to our own knowledge, that such reports were in circulation, has been admitted by the friends of the family both here and elsewhere. We do not know what may be the degree of truth in any of the strange and singular rumors which have been in circulation, or who may be the real murderers of Mr. Sprague; but, as the matter now stands, there is a mystery about the affair which exhibits itself in every quarter. According to the evidence which has been published by the Providence journals, it would seem to be very strange if Gordon should prove to he the murdererol the unhappy gentleman. It is true that one of the principal pieces ol evidence nguiust him is the singular conduct of the dog; and it may be probable, according to the belief of our correspondent in this day's pajier, that the Gordons have been accessory in some way or other to the perpetration of the diabalical crime ; but at the same time it is considered very doubtful there if they lmve had any other connection with it. And it is generally believed that the real murderer has not yet been discovered, and, further, that the causes which led to the perpetration of the crime are altogether of a different kind from those which have been hitherto given to the public. It is very evident to us that Mr. Spraguc was murdered by some person who had no desire to appropriate his property, for his watch and $50 in money were found un touched when his dead body was discovered. Upon the whole, this affair is becoming so mysterious,connected as ilia with some of the first families in Rhode Island, and creating as it does a great deal of attention elsewhere, that we have deemed it proper to send one of our reporters to the spot, to be present at the examination which takes place this afternoon; and which we do not believe the judicial functionaries of the p ace will have any desire to conceal from the press. It is obvious that the greuter the publicity given to the circumstances, the better will the ends of justice be served, and the sooner will the real offenders be discovered. As to the imputations upon the character of the late Mr. Sprague, which seem to have obtained some circulation, we do not by any means join in them. We shall believe him to have been t perfect and a virtuous man until it shall otherwise appear ; but his character, whatever may be said ol it, has nothini' to do with In- blond-thirsty, daring and atroci' mrder, for such it uppeai to have 1 been in a! parts. Whatever motives the man may have td for committing such a horrible outrage,what er the reasons which may have actuated him privately, he ought to be -covered by the proper authorities and made1 on: r for the terrible deed before the off d v innls ol the . country. Providence. [Correspondence of the lit Providence, Jan. 10, 1S44. 77ir Mysterious Murder of Mr. Spraguc in Rhode Island?Politics and Humbug. Dear Sir :? On returning to my post this afternoon, after an absence of four or five days, I find that the truth of what I wrote you before, in relation to the murder and murderers of Mt. Sprague, is plumply denied hv tU Tmirnnl nf this ritv unri fluif vnti nnrl vnnr thousands of readers have been " imposed upon " Well, I atn sorry, really, if such isjthe fact: and it [ may be so ; but I must take the liberty to say, that < many persons talk of it strongly ; and I will ven- 1 ture to ask the Journal to tell its readers what I a there stated, and then deny the truth of all. The ? fact is, the Gordons (the men charged with the c murder of Sprague) have been wronged by our pub- . lie journals here since the murder; white Mr. S. . ntay have been properly enough lauded to the skies as the most noble and virtuous citizen the State a cotdd produce. The Journal itself admits that the d chief cause of the arrest of N. Gordon was the supposed fact that he had threatened Sprague, which ' supposed fact was not true, as can be proved by 0 those who heard the conversation between the par- d ties. The threat was on the other side. Gordon * may be guilty, as an accessory?certainly not as a t principal, for no one believes he was present, or within two miles of the spot when the murder war s committed. But you will find, friend Bennett, that a that license had very little to do with it; there was h a woman, or perhaps half a dozen women, in the case, as will be shown, I fancy, if ever justice gets upon the right track Almost any one in this vicinity would tell you that Mr. Sprague'a life has been \ long threatened by one at least who considered him as the author of his ruin ; and it is not at all improbable, in my opinion, and the opinion of hundreds here, that some of those who nave long thought themselves thus injured could tell who committed the murder. The Journal says that Mr. S. was on his way to his farm to see about the shelter of his cattle, when the murder was committed. This may be true, but nobody here believes it; and those of his neighbors, who have seen hitn so frequently on that road of a Sunday, would laugh not a little if they could think the Journal editor believed his own statement. The witnesses in this case underwent an examination yesterday before Justice Bowen. The trial was strictly private, all solicitations to admit even ; a reporter being rejected. None but Government witnesses were examined, and the Court adjourned , to next Friday, when it is thought things will take i a new turn. Why nil this ecresyl i I must sayone word of politics; and will tell you, to begin with, that "the great democratic party" ot ' this (so called) Little Britain, is in as pretty a fix, as the most cool-blooded " Algerine" could wish The Dorrites gained a complete victory at the late State Convention ; but their opponent!, the " old hunkers," as they are called, are up to them in stratagem, and will make them wince most terribly before the war is over. The refusal of President Atwill to sign the proceedings of thai Convention?the admission of two sets of delegates from Newport?the defeat of Pearce, and that personal quarrel, have all tended to make an old breach wider, and rendered it almost impossible for the two parties, or two clans, ever to unite, without first throwing overboard their leaders. My opinion is, that, should Mr. Van Buren be elected, tne Dorr party wijl get the offices; and I should not he at all surprised, if Dorr himsplf should be offered a place in his cabinet. Our General Assembly is in session, but has done nothing of interest as yet. The law and order party talk of stopping the treason suits against all the Dorrites, except Dorr himself; hut the Democrats will oppose the amnesty unless it includes their great leader. In this state of matters, it is most probable that nothing will be done. I saw Governor Dorr to-day; he is hale and hearty, and don't care a snap*whether he winters.in his present comfortable quarters or not. lie will demand a trial in March, and plead his own case. Yours, C. W. More of the Rf.cf.nt Arrests.?In an extra from the office of the Syracuse Journal, dated Hth inst, it ap|>ears that Mr. Bust does not intend to let the matter drop with his discharge. That pajter says:? It follows, of course, that it only remain* to ferret out the secret and criminal author* of this extraurdinaiy transaction, a* well a* the object* they hud in view. It i* tie lieved a knowledge ol'mont of the fact* have come to light ?at least a clue ha* been obtained?but the matter will be probed further. In due time the public will be apprised of every thing necoisary to Mr. R'? complete exculpation, when, we venture the opinion, it will appear that he has been made the chance virtim of a base scheme for extorting money from weak and ciedulou* person*, themselves the victim* of an arch impo*tor. It seems, from the facts given, that the woman I^egget was the principal cause of the arrest. It is now supposed thai she is better acquainted with the robbery than many persons; that she threw the charge upon Mr. R. for the purpose of sending the officers ii|ion the wrong track, whilst she nnd those concerned with her escaped. She ought immediately to he pursued and taken if possible. Lnteri'rise.?Adams iV. Co. have opened another route. They now run daily to Richmond, Virginia. They form the only line to Washington city. navkmuon ?The recent cold ?nap ha* settled: | navigation tor the, season^ City Intelligence, Police OIHt-e.?Thurvdiy, Jan. 10,?Look to voci Skhva.m A Icmala named Jane Duncan, who had formerly li\cd witli Mrs. Klizabeth Hcarsey, No. 101 Mercer atreet, wan arrested and ia fully committed to unawer for stealing three gold rings, (J cambric poeket handkerchief*, toweD, fcc , worth i>to, lrora her late miitreaa, with whom he had lived lor mora than two ycare. Mrs. Hearsay placed confidence in the girl, who left her employ more on licr own disposition than the desire of Mra. H , and she frequently viaited the lioiue. Time alter time article* were musing, but still Jane was not suspected; at length however, something very auspicious came to light, and a search warrant was procured to ransack Jane's premises, when to the almost mcreditahle (relief of Mrs lleuney, some of her stolen property was found concealed in June's trunk. She is lully committed. This should he a w arning to persons hiring servants, not to plBCe implicit confidence in their honesty, for scarcely a day passes but we have to I In aid depredation* committed by this class ot persons. A Female Pickpocket.?William Clark, one of our seamen on board the frigate Haritan, came ashore on Wednesday night, and in his trow sum pockets placed nearly all his money, viz. $10 in hank hills, and straying into the Kive Points, met with a girl named Margaret Hart, who soon eased him of his leather purse and its contents. The tar did not like her treatment towards him, avowing that he would not havecared a tig it she had stuck to him, but to take his purse and then immediately quit the hull, was too much, and therefore he had her put in prison. Ciiarok or False Phe ieni-ej.?A Prussian named John W. Cohn, was arrested yesterday, charged by Andrew Struck, of No 141 Spring street, of defruuding him of $70 Colin, it appeared, kept a confectionary store at No. "JO Division street, and agreed with Struck on Saturday night to give him possession thereof, contents and all, lor $70 Struck, on his declarations that the property was free and unincumbered, closed the bargain and paid the money On Sunday morning he took possession of the stock in trade and the premises, but, to his utter dismay, at an early hour on Monday morning the Sheriff came in and took the property on an execution, and completely dispossessed poor Struck, who has since ascertained that there were two other executions on the property : also a mortgage on it ; ami also that Cohn had paiil olf a mortgage with iiis $70 ; Cohn was held to hail in the sum ot $500 to answer. A Disorderly House ix Trouble.?The celebrated Kmeliue Kobiuson was arrested anil put in prison in default of bail, for keeping a disorderly house at No. 2(J Robinson street. The rust of the inmates tied on the up proucli of of the Police. lloiiHEii nr mi Room Mate.?The celebrated Alfred Crotmnciine, of Mary Rogers notoriety, was arrested and committed to prison for stealing about $33 worth ot wearing am,are] from Albert Pawiev. a fellow room mate ot his, while they were boarding together at No. 77 Nassau itreet. Pawley became lick, and while in that state lost nuch of las clothing, and suspecting Crommcline must bo he person who took it, got out a search warrant, and the (redtor part of the missing property was found upon him. Coroner's Office?Jan 11.?An inquest was held yeserday of a character truly appalling to narrate. It was >n the lx>dy of a male infant, that was found in the sink ot he house No. 99 St. Mark's Place, by a person who hearng its cry, rescued it trom the horrible death that awaited t. It was found to be the offspring ol a servant named Bridget O'Brien, living in the family occupying the

louse, and who had lieen delivered on Saturday afterloon, and about an hour afterwards threw it into the sink, is she says, fancying it to be dead, at which time or soon ifter its cries were heard. On Sunday the miserable moher and her child, which had been so timely rescued from leath, were conveyed to the Bcllevue Hospital, where the :hild died on Tuesday. The physicians of the establishnent made aj>ost mortem examination, and, from their tegimony, the jury considered the infant came to its " death rorn congestion of the bruin produced by exposure in the link " it also apneared that the infant was ol negro cxraction. She is held to unswer. St'ddcn Death.?A colored woman named Ann J.Right, iged about twenty-four years, a servant in the family ol xo. 770 Broadway, was found de?d this morning about six l'clock, lying between two chairs in the basement room, she hail complained of palpitation ol the heart forsome ime. Verdict ol the coroner's jury in the case?death roin disease of the heart. Qcneral Sessions. Before Recorder Tnllmadge and Aldermen Punly and Vandervoort. James R. Whitino Ksq. District Attorney. Jax. 11.? Thr rase of Hamilton and Berfen, indicted for n :onspiracy to defraud the Atlantic Insurance Company ol t large sum of money. Kdwahd Saxdfohu, Esq., as counsel for the accused, nfurmed the Court and District Attorney, that they donurred to a new indictment recently found by the (Jrand lury. The Court stated they should he prepared on Krilay week to hear argument of counsel in favor of sustainng demurrer, and the response of the District Attorney hereto. J'Ua of Guilty.?Peter J. Valentine, Elijah Brown, Jr., ind William Norris, pleaded guilty to an indictment for teeping a disorderly house at the Bowery Cottage, No. t!)S Bowery, where gambling, Ac., is carried on. Plea re ognized and recorded?sentence deierred 'til Friday. ,'lnothtr.?James 1'. Rogers pleaded guilty to an assault ind battery on John Thompson. Sentence postponed till Friday. J rial J or Burglary.?i ninp urecn was incuineuiur 11 mrglary in the third degree in breaking into the ihopol vlr. Edmund Broadway. No. 39 Sixtli avenue, on the night >f the 17th December, by means of false key*. The jury found the prisoner guilty, and the court sen enced him to the State prison for four years and six nonths, Mogul old offender. Jlssaull ami Haltrry.?Thomas Kearnan and James Keartan were tried for an assault and battery on John Corp, n kllor, rasMlsgO No "Jlfi Stanton street, on ths Wh el fctober last. The jury found the accused guilty. Senence deferred till Friday. Not. Prat.?In the case of William Cfeis, indicted for an issault and battery on Daniel Weyerbacker, a not. pros. vas entered, as the complainant did not appear, and the charge dismissed. Jlnolhrr Plea of Guilty.?Thomas Horton, indicted for teeping a disorderly house in Barclay street, pleaded guil y. Sentence deferred. 7*Ae Graml Inyuest.?The Grand Jury came into court, tnd having found a number of bills of indictment, after ielivering them, retired. Constructive Grand Larceny.?Thomas Plunkett was hen tried for the above offence, charged with disposing f goods left in his possession for storage, by Elon Barber, t No. 6 Centre Market Place, for rent, See. ; whereas, it vas alleged that Plunkett agreed to store the goods, witliut charge, during the temporary absence of Mr. Barber 0 Rhinebeck. E. Bahbkk, testified that he left the goods in the possesion of Plunkett and paiil him seventy-five cents for stor.go, and that on his return to this city on the 12th of May, laving left in April, on demanding his furniture he ound that a great part of it had been disposed of, anil 'liinket told him it was for storage. The amount of pro terty disposed of amounted to $150. That he had ohtaineil 1 judgment against Plunkett, in the Marine Court, lot ilOO, but could never recover any thing upon it ; he was lot indebted to Plunkett when he left the city, having >aid him all rent, Sec due him on leaving for llhinebeck. Mrs. Bahhks, the wife of Mr. E. Barber, testified that on ler return with her husband to the city, having only been ihsent twelve days, she found her property had been renoved ; which consisted of the wearing apparel of herlelf and husband, silverware, bedding, &c., &.c , for which ihe would not take $'100. On her demanding her goods dunkett would not deliver them, stating that lie required itorage, but would never state the amount. She called ime after time, hut could iret no satisfaction. Mr. Schufemjt, Attorney for Mr. Barlier, went with Barber and his wife to get the goods. Plunkett said he lad sold part of them for his claim, hit would not say what such claim was, and would sell the remainder. He would give no account of sales, and conducted himself in i very unbecoming manner to the applicants for a settleucnt. Before the defence was commenced, except the opening if Thomas Warner, Lsq. counsel for the accused, the I 'ourt stated that they should not hear any further testimony to-day. For/tiled Rrcozniznncei.?David Robertson and John Cunningham, indicted for an attempt to steal, and Ifenry s. Grew, for a libel contained in the Rockland Standard did not appear when called to trial. Their bail was for reited. Adjourned. That Trunk.?Mr. D. D. Hownrd, ot the Howard House, returned Irom Washington last evening He arrived in the midnight train, and immediately reported himself to the Mayor. In consequence of the storm, the New York papers containing the report, did not reach him in Washington unti Wednesday evening. He first saw the statemen in the Herald, and departed the next morning anr irrived as stated above. He is prepared to confron iny of his accusers, nnd will immediately refuti the outrageous and groundless charges made agains him by the Courier <Y Enquirer. Theatricai,.?The Seguin iroupe are still atMo bile. So is Silsbee?so is Henry Russell, the vo calist. Amusements, Broadway Circus?Last Nicjht but one.? This being the last night but one of the performance of thin unrivalled troup at Nihlo's, the public curiosity i justly (excited upon 11 subject that gives them an opportu nity of testifying {their approbation of the management ami their ndiniratiou of the |>erfornirr?. The two occasion are well deserting n general patronage. This evening the Hughes Family will again appear, and to-morrow there will tic two concluding and peculiarly effective perform ancea. Chatham Theatre.?Mr. Rice's popularity is or the increase. To-night, in obedience to a universally expressed wish of the audience, the opera of Bone Squash will be related; and also the farces of "Here's ti Go,'- and "Jiimtio Jum," and also the " Mj steries of New York." Grea, preparations are making for the production of the drama of Madame Lafarge, ami also a magnificent scenic piece which has been played for a whole schsoii in London. On Tuesday the officers and doorkeepers take ,, I,..,,,.ill Vlf ii,.U.i..., VI- i...n?.... .....I ..at 1,1 urt! nil valuable memlier*of the corps official, and worths of every commendation by the theatre-going public. Fron the following announcement wc may infer that there wil be a crowded house to-morrow night:?"Saturday, benefit of Mr Jim Crow Rice, on which occasion he will appeai in his celebrated character of William Tell and give r highly colored portrait of the Hero of Switzerland, as re presented by him, in his juvenile days, when floating down the maiejtic Mississippi, on board the Stcamboa Theatre." Thf. nest Amu sement the city affords its found n the American Museum. In the great crowd* of vi siters which nre flocking there daily to see thnt mlniaturi Mlipntlan, flen Tom Thumb, previous to his departure and the unadulterated delight every one seems to feel ii his presence, almost makes one forget that such a thing a trouble ettists at all. It is richlv worth " a quarter" t< see so many smiling faces and happy hearts, to say no thing nl the wonderful General himself, and the splendii performances which take place every afternoon at thrci o'clocV, and every evening at 7. Minima* T.rmisi.ATt nE.?It met in Iviroil 01 the 1st inst., Kdwin M Oust, President of the Se oat*, sad Edwin H. Lathrop Speaker ot the iiousa. 1 BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. ' TWKHTY-EIGHTH CONOHK4S. o FIRST SESSION. t. iiat*. I |i Washington, January 10, 1844. ] The Hon. Mr. Pearck, from Md., appeared, was e sworn in, and took his seat. Ked River.?A bill was read once for the sur- n vevmg of the mouth of Ked Kiver. rox and Wisconsin Riveks?A bill was read ti once for granting u tract of public land for the im- 1 provement of these Rivers, and also for connecting 11 parts ot them by a canal.?Postponed. Pea Patch Island.?On motion of Mr. Dayton Jj this bill was taken up, and considered, as in com- . mittflO Of the whole. Mr. Tappan moved to recommit the bill, with t instructions to refer the whole subject to the Su- t preme Court of the United States. v Mr. Dayton proceeded to state some facts, to shew that certain private rights had been invaded ? in a very gross manner. The name of the island comes from the fact that a shallop, laden with peas, ? was sunk near, or at that island. In the year 178-4, the islifnd contained 178 acres. In the fall of 1814, k Henry Gale being in possession, the United States ejected him and took possession, which it kept un- a til 1S1<? or '17. It was in litigation until 18110. At one time Dr. Gale ottered to settle for $17,000. He J went down to his grave a maniac and a pauper?in j consequence of these troubles. In 183<i, the case r had a hearing before the U. S. Courts. , [Message.?Mr. John Tyler, Jr., here presented c a message from the President.] ( Mr. Dayton proceeded to detail the history of ? this case, and earnestly besought the Senate to act * at once upon this question, and dectde_ it. It had J been in litigation for 30 years, and their lives were worn out with it. It was hut the simplest justice , 1 to the parties. And he hoped the bill would pass. Mr. Dayakd made a few remarks in reply, rela- j tive to the position of the queetion, and desiring i that the bill may puss. Mr. Tappan made u few remarks in opposition, J not distinctly heard. Mr. IIreese was opposed to the passage of the } bill?did not like jo have so great a question refer- s red to Horace Binney, however eminent he may t he. He could not, for the life of him, see what iiv I terest the State of Delaware had now in the mat- a ter, as it had ceded all its right to the United I States government. He was in lavor of at once 1 appointing appraisers, in order that the heirs of * Gale might, us speedily as possible, get their just * iiesens. it was a reproacn 10 tne government that it should delay justice until the party seeking it was reduced to inunia, poverty, and death. Mr. Bayard followed with further explanation as to the legal labyrinth in which the question is now involved. Mr. Bbeese again urged the appointment of appraisers. Mr. Benton thought the refusal of all the sureties tor thirty years past to pay any thing for this " patch of mud," was entitled to some respect, und made out a prima facie case against this demand upon the government. He thought Senators thirty years ago knew as much ubout the merits of this case as we do who are asked to legislate upon this subject after a whole generation has passed away. They refused to pay. And yet we are very pathetically told that the United states government refuses to do justice. Mr. Benton was proceeding to make some remarks upon the titles, when he was interrupted bv Mr. Bayard, who again went deeply and abstrusely into the ancient legal titles, &cc., from the Duke ot York in the 17th century down to the 19th century?more appropriate for publication in an encyclopedia, than in a newspaper. Here followed some interlocutory remarks between Messrs. Benton, Dayton, ana Bayard. Mr. Bayard said tne rent orginally did not amount to more thun eight or ten dollars worth of coon skins?(a laugh)?the rent having been paid in thut article. Mr. Benton proceeded to say that he knew all about it, and that this island was originally such a piece of mud, so wet,that not even aturtle'could dry himself upon it. Not worth a straw. No body would have it. Peo?le moved every where?bought land every where?became squatters?took up with every conceivable location?but would never have this mud patch. No. Its title is got up for the sole purpose of getting a claim on the United States. There are 10,000 claims now before Congress. The claimants are all and always poor. They can all make out a pathetic case. I would be willing to give them something?even $10,000, which is ten thousand times more than it is worth ; for not even a coon could live there?(a laugh)?he could find no place, no hole, to hide himself?(renewed laughter)?he must always have some hole, behind some rock or log to run into?(laughter ) The Constitution provided for taking possession ot these places, and gave power to make amends for the same. Let this be done. Mr. Buchanan was strongly in favor of passing the bill? and on the ground that the immediate settlement of the question was necessary for the defence and protection of , the city of Philadelphia. Mr. I Dayton pursued the argument still further?although nothing now was developed of special interest to the public. Mr. Bknton reiterated his former argument at length, and stated his reasons for voting to give even $10,000 lor what 11 worth nothing?it was on the principle of buying , our peace. Peace is olten bought by various persons in all , variety of circumstances?anil he apprehended that we , should make & good speculation to buy our peace on this , question at $10,000. lie would give his vote again to , 'make awards" for this Island. Let the parties bring , in a bill to make an appropriation, and he will vote for it. , Mr. Buchanan again renewed his argument, and re- , marked at length upon the right of Congress to take, and t hold in fee simple, real estate. , Mr. Woodbcrv said a few words in favor of the bill, for | which he said he should vote. I Mr. Bknton in< reply to a question by Mr. McDufhe, , said that Congress had always been willing to pay infi , uitely beyond what this Island can be worth to any claimant. But it had become a case of extortion; yes, el , extortion. J Mr. McDi-ffif. was opposed to any reference of this question to Horace Binney. Congress was competent to , iecida. Mr. Bayard agreed with Mr. Benton that it is a case of 'Xtortion, and said that it had always been so regarded by ha people of Delaware. mr. Mii.i.kh denied, and repelled the charge of extor- , tion originally (made by Mr. Benton, and resumed by Vlr. McDiitfie, and renewed the condition of the case to | prove the same. The question was finally taken on the indefinite post|K>nement of the bill, and lost, 11 to 31. Mr. Breese then moved to recommit the bill, with instructions to report in favor of appraisers, which was lost. A motion was then made to adjourn, and also lost.? Vfter some conversation the motion to adjourn was again renewed and carried. Home of Representatives. Washington City, Wednesday Night. The Appropriation Bills?Retrenchment Resolutions ?Jesse Hoyt again?Portuguese Wines?The 1*/ Rule?The Western Waters. As soon as the journal was read to-day, Mr. Barnard rose and said, that there were a great number of resolutions railing for information from the Departments, which had been lying over for some days, and which information was much wanted by the various Committees of the House, in order to enable them to report understandingly on ihe several subjects before them. He hoped the rules would be suspended, to allow them to he adopted. Mr. M'Kay, of North Carolina, said he wished to present the usual appropriation bills for the fiscal Year commencing July 1. 1M4, for the army, nuvy, . Indian, civil and diplomatic service. These were . ill read a second tiine, and referred to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union. 1 Mr. M'Kav then presented a series of resoluI rions, instrucitng the Committees on Foreign Af, lairs, Naval and Military Affairs, Judiciary, &c. to investigate fully all the items of expenditure in every branch of the government, and?report to the t House what could be dispensed with, and what retrenchments can be made in every ramification of the public service, without injury thereto; partieu larly specifying the diplomatic service, and the outfit for Foreign Ministers, in order, as the resolution expressed it, to prevent the President from making the frequent changes in that branch of the public service which have recently been made.? All these resolutions were unanimmisly adopted by the House. A motion was then made to suspend the rules to allow the adoption of the resolutions mentioned hy Mr. Barnard. Only fK> members voted. On the second count the rules were suspended, 96 to 39? 135 only in the House out of 201 members elected. The following bcautifulcominunication was then jresentrd by (Jen. Sacnuers of N. C. from Mrs. Madison, written hy herself in a most elegant style 1 of hand-writing:? Wahhinoton, Jan. 9, 1844. " rermit me to thank von. Gentlemen, a? the Commit ' tee on the part of the I {nunc of Representative*, for the great gratification you have thia Hay conferred upon me 1 by tlie delivery ot the favor from that llonoraldc Ilody, allowing me n seat within its Hall. I shall he ever iroud to recollect it as a token of their remembrance, collectively and individually, of one who has gone before us. I). P. MADISON. To Messrs. Saunders and C.J. Ingersoll. This was laid on the taldc and ordered to be printed. A large nuniberol resolutions were then offered, ' calling for all sorts of information from the various Secretaries. Among others, J For the Secretary of the Treasury to furnish this House, every year, with full and complete returns i of the condition of all the Banks in the Union. For the amount of imports, duties, tec. for the [? last yenr. Mr. GAKttRrr Davis again offered hisolil resolu' tion, calling on the President or Secretary of the ' Treasury to say whether Jesse Iloyt had not vio' lated that law of the United States which provides tor the criminal punishment ol all public defaulters: ' ind if so, why he had not been proeeeded against : criminally, tec. Considerable opposition wns manifested to this j , es ilntion, and several members laughed outright . I it tin* bare idea of punishing a public defaulter. A j | motion was made to lay this resolution on the I n able. The Ayes and Noes were calledfonfthis'; Yves, 40 ; Noes, 73. Mr. Hamlin.?I shall offer a resolution, then, sir, ? ailing on Jesse Hoy i to give His opinion whether or no t g V he President of the I'nited States violated the Constitu . V ion in sending troops into Khode Island to interfere with ieopIecluiming their rights. (Laughter) Cries of ",Oh no. no, withdraw it; nonsense ; no. no." Hamlin.?Yes, sir, I want their respective opinions of ach other. Finally, both these resolutions were laid overfill tonorrow. A message was then read from the President, calling attention to enclosed correspondence between the Hecreary of State and the 1'ortugucse minister here, in which lie latter complains that the duties of (10 cents on Madeira nue nno i.> on u]iono, ana 30 wnen mc lauer is in uumr, * too high ami very injurious to the trade, Ike. The whole natter wai ordered to he printed and referred to thepro>er committee. The Speakor then announced the order of the day to be he question of postponing the further conaidera ion of he report of the Select Committee on Rules to Tuesday reek. Mr. R. C- WiNTimor moved to make it the tpeeial order f the day for that day. Objected to. Mr. Brown had the loor, but gave way to C. J. Nor.asoi.t.?I wish to ask a question of tha gentleman from Massachusetts (Adams.) Bnown. -I cannot yield it for that, sir ; for every body :nows his way of answering questions Mr. Ada sis burst out into a loud laugh, but gave tha nswer. Mr. A. B. Knows?Sir, I don't know that I should hare rouhled this House on this subject, hail I not heard so niirh about this 21st rule abridging and destroying tlio nviolable right of petition ; particularly from the gentlenan from New York (Beardsley,) who occupies an imHirtant position as the leader of one section ofthe demoiratic party. and the gentleman from North Carolina '< 'liiigmun.) who is of opposite polities, and comes from a ection oi country deeply interested in this subject. Now, tir, did we abridge the right of petition when the gentlenan from Massacliusetts came here with a petition signed iy SO,000 names ; or last session, when lie brought that treat one upon rollers, which was placed upon lus desk, is a daily ornament thereto. (Much laughter.) C. J. Isoi.BsoLL.?It's down stairs in the committee 'oom, now ; you can have it brought in again, if you visli. (Laughter.) Known.?Or when he brought in liis petition for be dissolution of this Union ; or when, this very lession, lie presented a petition from the peode of the State of New York praying to be separated ram the slave States I No. sir. Will anv of these people ay that we refilled to liiten to them, or kicked their pet iiom out of doors .' No, sir. For we did not. Do not all lero remember, when the venerable gentleman from Masacliuretts rose to itatc the contents ol those petitions, that te had a most patient hearing. All eyes were fixed upon tim, and all ears were opened to his words. He was the elected agent of these petitioners, and he explained their 'iewi and wishes. The petitioners in all those cases vere heard by the agent which they themselves had seeded. They were not turned out of doors. No, sir.? I'hey didn't come here to be heard hv themselves, but by he gentleman who offered their petition. And we heaul dm patiently, and did not abridge in any instance the ight of petition. But gentlemen say that the surest way o put down the ubolitionists throughout the country is to eceive their petitions, refer them, and report upon them, is well might a general think of defending hit country igainst a foreign foe by pulling down all the forts and latteries, and giving up all bis mountain fastnesses. The gentleman from New York, who spoke as if by authority in this subject, said we were trampling upon the constiution, and bid us beware of the right of petition. Beakdslev?Did the gentleman say that I was advised o take the ground I did? Because, sir, my course is well mown on tnis subject. I speak for myself on this mater, and for no one else hut my constituents; and 1 have ilways taken this ground. Bhown?Well, sir, but still gentlemen say?refer these letitions, and report upon them; and if you report upon hem you must debate and discuss their merits onallocsasions. Cries of " Oh, no, no?that doesn'tfollow at all." Clinoman?I didn't say 1 would debate these petitions, lir. I consider it lieneath the dignity of this House to debate a petition. Let us debate the bills and reports that some from the various committees, and we have enough to do. Brow*.?Sir, the best plan is just simply to jpay that ;hesu petitions shall be received without being read, and ;hen to lay them on the table. This will save the right )f petition to the people of the north?this will save the riglit of property to the people of the south. And it will lave our democratic friends of the north from the suspi;ion of being opposed to tho right of petition?simply by eceiving them and laying them on the table ; and there, inder the rules of the House,they wonld lie lor ever. You lave tried the plan of receiving and debating these petiions?you had the famous Pinkuey report on this subject. \nd what was the result of that discussion 1 Why, your letitions doubled and trebled in consequence. Adams?(with much sarcasm)?Will tho gentleman ssy whether the Pinkney report was in fuvor of these pcti:ions ? llsows.?Oh, no, certainly it was not in favor of the petitions. Adams.?No, sir ; and it was because it opposed this right, anil then was followed by the Pinkney resolutions refusing to receive these petitions at all, tnai the next lession yoar petitions were doubled and trebled. That caused such a multitude of petitions, sir. Browis.?Sir, if you answer all these petitions by a report, there will he no end to them, nnd the House will be Able to do nothing else. If you eternally agitate this subiect?if you ure continually calling the title to our projierty in question upon this floor, you will decrease the value ol it. If I have a title to a piece of land, to which I know there is no outstanding title, yet if i am to be sued ind sued year after year on the question ol my title, I msy ne ruined by the suit, although the property is clearly nine. And if you go on referring these petitions, our ivholu southern population will be tossed to and fro year liter year, as parties happen to vibrato upon this floor.? Sir, we have taught the children of our slaves to read with our children, and the incendiary sends his fireluaml iddresa to our slaves which is now read by the dickering midnight lamp. And what will they do, when :hoy read the famous Pittsburgh letter (Adams') a'hich says thatlabolitiou oi slavery must soon come.wheher by blood or not the writer dues not say. They will -ead that, aad be spurred on; and, unless proper steps ire taken, we shall~have in the inuth a recurrence of the iloedy scenes of St. Domingo; the negro with the sword n one hand, and the faggot in the other We therefore H*g our friends at the north not to vote for referring ihese petitions to have them reported upon; hut merely receive them?have their contents stated, and hiy .hem on the table. If you will not give us the 21st Rule, give us some good rule that shall protect us and our l?roperty at the south; at the same time that you respect lie wishes of your constituents and preserve the purity of your consciences at the north. Thus will you save us and jura?thus will you save yourselves; and, ahovoall,ynu .v ill save and preserve pure and inviolate this Constitution ind blessed Union. Mrt.jr. Jntivsoa now moved tha House go into Committee of the Whole to dispose of the balance of the Prcsiient's Message. The House went into Committee?Mr. WntTHaor in the Chair. Mr. Ficklin, of Illinois, who had the floor, said he had liutjfeiv words to say. He adverted to the growing importmce of the west, to its vast resource* in agricultural products, its mines, minerals, lead, copper, tcc.; its furs, ind various other valuable product*. He said that out of $130,000,000 paid into the public treasury for the sale of publia lands, $06,000,INK) had been paid by the west alone luring the last eight years. And so long as the government is the great land-jobber, so long will the people of the new States have a broken and depreciated currency for themselves; whilst all their specie?their hard earnings?will go into the public treasury and be squandered upon tne army and navy. Little or none of the enormous amount* of money annually drained from the new State* would ever return to them. The people thereof must always suffer from a scarcity of money where Government own* the public domain. This being the case,Congress should make liberal appropriations for the new States ; they were just entering lite as it were ; those old States who had been set up in house keeping for so many years, could now aflbrd to do without any new lurniturc. But the new States bad hardly any furniture ut nil, and therefore Congress ought to give them something handsome to commence housekeeping with. Over the Mississippi, the Ohio, the Wabash, and other streams, Congress has reserved authority over the beds ol these rivers to make them a common highway ; and thereftpe liberal appropriations should tie made to those affairs which are entirely national and not to tho*e which are merely local. Instead of paying enormous sums to idle lieutenant* and corporal* who are lounging about hotel* and tavern*, drinking the be*t of wine?, eating the heat of dinner*, and (molting the belt mgars, give the money thus sijanderedl to the West, to im prove her navigable water*. In thi* subject, New York, Charleston, Boston, and all the great citie* on the sea board are deeply interested?the laboring class especially; lor the improvement of our waters, will cheapen the price of their breadstuff*. We want not an extravagant appropriation. Some gentlbman said we asked for $8,000,000. We do not. All we ask for is $800 000 ; and if we an't get that, we'll take *000,000?(laughter ) We are opposed to all lavish expenditure, hut a reasonable ?um is our due and we must have it. Mr. Tri.v.a oe Ratiuu n, of N.V., (I don't know which) got the floor, and the Committee rose, and reported progress. The House then adjourned. P. 8.?Mr. Snethen was yesterday rejected by the Senate, a* Solicitor of the Land Office. President's Levees.?Tim President's drawing rooms will be opened on Tuesduy evening next, and every nlteruate Tuesday evening throughout the winter, forjthe reception of company. ? From Mexico.?The Picayune of the 2nd instant contains the following news from Mexico:?()ur latest dates from the city of Mexico are to the 0th of December last. We learn from them that the former Commissioners from Yucatan did return, as had been anticipated, to Vera Cruz, in the French steam vessel of war Griffon. They had authority, it wa* understood, to accept the private propositions made to thorn by Santa Anna the day before they left Vera Cruz. It was generally helicved in the latter city that the difficulties list ween Mexico and Yucatan arc'all arranged, and upon terms of peace llio most reasonable to the revolted province. The only fontIs that a trenty of peace may be but another truce, to In: observed by Santa Anna only so long as he may be in difficulties with the Knglish. The brig Petersburg arrived in Vera Cruz on the 8th ultimo, from New York It was understood that very important despatches were received by her from the Mexican Kmbassy in London to the Home Government. They were forwarded to the capital by way of Manga de Clavo, the residence of tlte Mexican Pre** lent. PlT'REMK CoPRT (IF THE I'nITED STATM ? Wednesday, Jan. 10.?No. 9.?Wm. M. Owin plaintiff in error vs. James W. Breodlove. This cauae was argui d by Mr. Walker for the plaintiff in error, and Mr. Clement Cox Ibr the defendant in error. Adjourned till to-morrow 11 o'clock A. M. QO- A Bout hern correspondent of the M&disonian writes:?"The Tonthigbee river is rising rapidly, and there are four northern mails in the ft. Stephens Tost Office from Mobile. All the unpicked cotton on the river is lost, and the rain* have been pouring for ten days. (jtfr- The Postmaster at Natchez writes, under date of the fltb December, that it lind been raining tliera Incessantly for six weak*

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