Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 19, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 19, 1844 Page 2
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NKVV YORK HERALI Rkw i?rk, Vrlda), Jaiiaia jr 19, 1M4< ? ' ~~J .1 To K*?rt?r? In PMI?d?lpbla, Person* in Philadelphia wishing tu be supplied with I Herald. regular!) . can hme it kit ut then lwellm, store*. fcr immcdiatel) alter the arrival of I La car* Terms, cents per copy, put able monthly. li fl. 2lfcBtH It CO, A fonts, No. 3 Ledger liuild. igs,*3d and ( hestnut-st To Cohkf.sposuknts.?The urticie relating the New York Gas Company raonoply i? hi tyj and la unavoidably crowded our ot nur coluimib I day. It will appear to-morrow. N*ws pko.m England.?The steam ship Brita ma is out lilteen days this noon. She may be loo ed for on Sunday. Her news will be eighteen da; later. Great Excitement at Washington?A. trie; In Affaire?Rejections, Appointments, Si< initiations, Intrigues, Ac. Our private accounts frem Washington are of tl most interesting and exciting character. The r jeclion of Mr. Heushaw lias stiired up the el mrnts of party strife, and no one can tell what tl result of the conflict may he. One result is ct lain?from this confusion?from tnis w.ir for tl succession?from this conflict in the Seriate ai in the House, between the two old factions the adherents of Mr. Vail Buren oil one sid and those of Mr. Clay on the other?will 1 evolved the real character, capacity, patriotism ai uprightness of John Tyler. In another column, under the Postscript, will 1 found all the latest intelligence, rumors and sum sea from Washington. Who will fill Mr. Ilenshaw place is not so certain, and although u corresponde of oursst.ited positively that (Jov. (lilmer would I the man, yet ouv best information does not corrofc rate that information The state of things is peculii and extraordinary, and if Mr. Tyler can take ui vantage of the ridiculous and false position ini which the two old and rotten factions have throw themselvee, lie will come nut of the mtlit one of th urai uuu urjgrurbi cfiarucier* iiuii e\rr whb in in Presidency. It only requires firmness, coolnesi clearness of vision, a knowledge of character, nil a rapid decision of mind, to show up and exhibit 1 the country the paltry motives of the two old fa tions. No matter whether the Senate reject a the nominations now before them. Indeed, s much the better. The greater part of them ai only deceivers of the lirst wutcr. Let the two fai lions in the Senate exhaust their vengeance on s many as they please?many of those rejected di serve such a fate. But let the President be caln easy and coinlortable. There are hundreds i better and honester men to fill their places. Tt government cannot be stopped in this way; and the recklessness of the two old factions wake i the sympathy of the country, they may find then selves like the drunken driver who "waked up ill wrong passenger." The accounts from Washington each day wi now be very interesting, and the best, the mo: early, and the most accurate, will always be t'oun under our Postscript. Look and lead! The Mystery oe Mr. Rust's Arrest Ej K-aijild?We give in another column in thieday paper, a letter from Rochester, explaining the sir gular mystery of the arrest of Philo N. Rust, of Sj racuse, a gentleman of worth, lutegiiiv and chi ructer, for the supposed robbery of Ponrero> trunk. This arrest appears to have entirely originated i the [story of the woman Leggut, whose unprobnbl statement was actually believed by r set of Rocher ter lawyers, colonels and constables, whose name ought to be published to the world at once, as con: p inions in fame to Dogberry and Justice Shallow No doubt the large reward of #(1000, offered tor th recovery of "that tronk," induced and agisted i rendering these Rochester colonels, lawyers an constablesquite credulous, and easy to be duped b Madame Leggaf, who appear?.I. ve been quite genius in her way?possessed ofa wonderful imagi nu.ion, and is withal said to be elegant, grao ful beautiful and fasnio.iable, capable of gruciiij Rockaway or New Brighton. J-'he seems also t have been quite a financier in her way, uini, 1 doubt, could manage a bank us well as many of th financiers in Wall street. But the most astonishing part of the whole myi tery is, howthe respectable names ot Mr Banks an the Messrs. Howard caine to bo connected with th original story. According to the best accounts, Mi dame Leggat simply implicated Mr. Rust and th Rochester colonels, constables,and lawyers?simp! swallowed that improbable and impudent stor) It would seem that the names of Mr. Bunks on Messrs. Howard were added afterwards?and b other persons, and from oilier suspicions. W would like to know how all this was done. Hov came if that sensible men could believe the doubt ful statement of such a woman against the wel known character of Mr. Rust! And then, hov caine it that this original fabrication was enlarge! with the equally respectable names of Mr. Bank and the Messrs. Howard! Let the whole myster be exposed. Literary Arrival.?We have pleasure in ar trouncing the arrival in our city of Mr. Caleb A water, on" of the most laborious, learned, and it ..a: ii?. \ir A leuigutii ttuii^uttiittti? in 1111~ water is a native of Albany, but lias resided fur th last forty years at Circleville, Ohio, a great portiu of this tune lie has devoted to the investigation an elucidation?ol the numerous and very ini|?orfai monuments of remote ages with whieh that Stui abounds. The mounds and other antiquities wliie have excited so much interest, and which art i intimately connected w ith the early history of th continent, have been examined and studied wil great diligence and ability by Mr. Atwater, and tli result has been giv. n to the public at various time in books and pamphlets,which have deservedly u tracted much attention. He comes here to tnuk arrangements for the republication ol hi work to which numerous ?nd important additions will h made. This is a capital chance for some spirite publisher. " Yor.vrj America" had n great meeting la night in the Sixth Ward, at National Hall. Th greatest enthusiasm prevailed, and measures wej taken to ensure success in the spring election.The revolution moves on apace. Leitoa's Case.?About hull past five oVIoc yesterday morning, the i jury, after an absent of about an hour and three quarters, returned ini Court with a verdict in favor of the prisoner, i not guilty. The prisoner was immediately di charged. ___________ Cask of Amkma Norman.?It will be seen by <> report, th<_t the testimony in this ca*e, before tl Court of Sessions is closed, and that ih? summii up of counsel will commence this morning. Saiung of the Yorkshire.?This line pnek sailed yesterday morning with a fifteen knot breez She carried filteen cabin passengers, includii Tom Thumb and servant. Eastern Man..? No mail yesterday in cons quence of the gale of wind. ny me sieanioom tnireKa, ^running in coi nection with the Houpntomc Railroad,) wliich a rived at 1 o'clock this morning, we have receive Albany papers to Thursday morning. No news. " American Morals and Manners."?1The lei ttire by Dr. Dewey on this interesting subject is be repented to-night at the Tabernacle j\ greatcrowd will probably bp collected tli?n even th which was attracted mi' its first delivery. 3tJ-Near!y onefliindred Engravings, represent!! every p-irt nf.tffir human body, with explanriiior will be preeented to every one v, iio puy?2T>cents attend Professor Rronson'* Lecture on hodv ar Mind thin evening, in the Society Library S< )ii? advertisement. I WW OH* or Amelia doraaan u? Sail* The Crime oC JedMtlon Sibm the melancholy tragedy with which __ name of Colt is associated, we do not believe I has been any case which hae created such ai the tenr-f Vgrec of popular excitement in this ci th trial of thin unfortunate girl, Amelia Nor ! TCven at a period when it ha.* happened that se . x iiing trial* have been preceding at the time, dividing, it might be supposed, the uttenti to j 'he public, yei on this particular case it woul ie, pear that all the feeling and interest of the coi :o- nity are concentrated. This is not surprising. 1 circumstances attendant on this case have I el -Iirll a churnC'ter na ihnrniifflilv ?#, uu"jL..h "" j arouse the moral wnw of the public ; andtoei to the highest degree, all those feelings of ay thy and indignation, and that deep, inherent h o! wrong, which, when sufficiently stimulated ' ercisc such powe iul sway over the great po B* hearts?often, to :>e sure, perverting the jutlgr and giving a not altogether just direction to p le , opinion, but still ever entitled to respectful con e ; ration, and conveying admonitions not always 1 4 * l out salutary effect. ,1<! i What a sad, s ad revelation of the depraved polluted condition of society was afforded b : scene presented in the Court o! Sessions yestei i when Madame Kestell was called on to tde ""Ballard! The ruined girl?the unabashed, h e' j less seducer?thai woman on the stand?the c of painted harlots in one corner of the court i ?lite motley multitude, comprising such u vu of character?all presented a spectacle eqttall; Jc miliating and instructive. It was one short ch ' of the life ol the world?but in thai chapter, 'j' a volume of wrong, and infamy, and guilt, an " lenin warning ! The prisoner is a girl evident " no ordinary character. Her hair und comple nt mii, uui m i ryruitivvrt aim cyrra hic vrry l j giving an expression of sternness to a face w otherwise would justly he considered striki ' handsome. She was plainly dressed in black, " exhibited much composure, although that was lt_ nifestly the result ol strong effort. Ballard is a 1 thirty years of age?of the middle size?has a J heavy face, and small head, a lurge aquel'me i cold, grey eyes and thin lips; but nowise dieting1 0 able Irom the thousand smartly-dressed, conn . place looking individuals, with whom you me you walk down Broadway ubout the hour whet '? counting houses and dry goods stores disch " di"ir clerks and salesmen for dinner. At L" emerged from the concealed position which he IS occupied behind the stove, and stood forwar 1" ordertoallow the female, Kestell, an opportunit identification, if in her power, every eye in u' room was directed towards hint, but there wai ie only whose gaze nvetted our attention. It was ^ of the victim at the bar. What a world of rem< ''' tearless agony, reproach and comfortless dei '* was there ! She had now become the acci ie and it seemed for that moment as if it were not but the author ot her wrongs who awaited the diet of that jury, and whose punishment that c were to be called on righteously to measure ou Whence all this popular excitement?this .irestible expression of public inoignation ag ._ Ballard, and sympathy-for the perpetrator ol ofifeiice which had so well-nigh sent him to a liflercnt tribunal from that before which , wretched female stood arraigned 1 It is not agi t. Ballard merely that the current of public mdi tion flows. lie is hut one of u class. By til counts, a very tit representative of it, indeed; n -till only one of a numerous class. He is on e those highly respectable, moral, reputable, wc inen, the great aim and object of whose lives betray and ruin virtuous females of the linn grades of society. He is one of those wot honorable, moral men, who are continually pr ing about our large cities in pursuit of such fri !es3, unprotected girls as this unfortunate An Norman?men who are utterly incapable of ?enerous, pure, honorable emotion of gen 1 >ve?men who habitually regard and treat wo; as brutes?men, the ascription to whom of ; thing like a human heart, would he a vile libe our nature. And how are the Ballard.-s of soe treated by the virtuous and mural portion of 0 community 1 Ilete wc come to the root of , matter. These men are admitted, without s ightest hesitation, into the most virtuous, 5_ most moral, tire most respectable society. 1 j are admitted, did we say; they are sought e courted, and caressed, and regarded as the naments of the social circle. Everyone kn , this. And here is the polluted sources of \ flood of immorality and guilt, of whose d r. desolating current, such trials as this aflord A thoughtless and the unenlightened,a passing glim v l?o where you will, you find these heartless, ,. tematic, cohl-hlooded villains, who search out t * prey in the lower grades of society, where ' geniice is less to he feared, and the work of ru less expensive and less dangerous. In Wall stre in the warehouses down town?lounging al 1 ihe hotels?at the club-rooms?behind the set - at the theatres?even in the home of tiod?you \ these men. At all the fashionable parties up tow in the quiet domestic circle?in the boarding-hoi everywhere these known, brutal, vile, and utl heartless wretches are to be iound?ull respect; moral, "nice," "gentlemanly" men! These the men who crowd our thoroughfares wit! lofit and ruined?these are the authors of those rible moral desolations, which are every year eiing the fame, lite, happiness and life ofthous with irrepairable ruin. Now, here must reform begin, ifeversocir " to get rid of this evil. So long us the knoivr '' ducer of unprotected female innocence is adm '.? into respectuble society?so long as honorable 'l respectable fathers and mothers permit such ci 1 nals to pollute, with their presence, tlie atmosp " of a virtuous dwelling?so long will the criu ' s 'duction increase, and be perpetrated with it nity. And the only way in which this chuug public sentiment can be effected, is to branc ' crime of seduction with the, same degree of int ' ^ and disgrace, in the eye of the law, as urc altin ' to the crimes of theft, or robbery, or murder. whirl ion he at ontc made a State jmson off Rt Talk of a civil prosecution from damages! It !?. insulting mockery?mockery of justice?of tin: e ty?of right?of the deep love of virtue, wl _ thank Heaven, still lives in society. Bulb the seducer as a felon, and then you shut agi him the doors of all who desire to maintait k slightest pretensions to respectability in the eyi ' the world. to Bet the public press apeak out on this ma L,i And now that this community has got one of t periodic ils tits of morality, which occasioi visit : .on ty, let every man, who has ought in ur of love of justice, a reverence of vutue, and re den i es tu - ( one of the greatest moral evils w ig alllict society lo-.-enod or removed, be up and ing. Make the seducer a felon, as he is, am the law avenge the wrongs and sufferings ol " trayeil and ruined women. rg Naval.?Annexed is a list of the officers 01 LT. S frigate Karitan, now rendy for sea apt Francis II Orejjory, i nmmandunt ; Lieutei r. L Pennington, lame* F Miller, It Khenaid, K F. brick, M Woodhull; Acting Master, J. B Itando Surgeon, J. M Foil/ , Punier, A. K Watson ; 1st 1. of Marines, *'m Lang ; tfd Lieut , It. i i aid well ; t a- lain, Professor of .Mathematics, K ( . Ward ; Passed shipmen, In K Dner, Hobt Townsend ; Assts ant geun, T. M Potter ; Master's Mate, la's T Power , d vhipmen, If. K Stereos, H M Humphrey, Paul Hhi ? A Hopkins, C. Oyer. S P Quackenhush, A, F M i 'i'. Monroe, H C Hunter, J- 11 March, J < 't'sffr, .Milton iias'iin , Artin: Midshipmen. Wlllii Hnyi-/, .fa? H Watmoiigh. Geo. D Tuigg-., B G I" ?f K. Simmy M. V Hu mphreys. ( Hensha , , L Urjtt.s,^-? deehan ; Captain's Clerk. Jno S. G , j , V i'i. r'r Phuk, W. E Alwyn ; Boatswain, K. fti tenner, <> Newman , Carpenter, W t.aightnn , Si r T LornY; Acting Master's Mate, Charles H On Y\ man, ,ihf T, Jonirn if The llariinn is a first class frigate, mouritin i?. runs. If. t ibt filiation is to the coast of Bt t0 whei' she will cruise for*one yettr, and then I I fed to the Mediterranean -She will there ret I r year ,and then return,to the United shales. I compliment of men is about 4.H0, besides a ( of bO marine*. She hasaUo is fine band. ?<*? ok?ap N*?|i mifc?i*' iMtiaf. A public meeting of merchants and other c?ti'^e zens favorable to the introduction of a cheap and there uniform rate of postage within the United 9catea, B ln" was held at two o'clock yesterday afternoon,in ih< *y as Merchant's Exchange, Wall street, lor the purpose man. 0y receiving a repurt of the proceedings of the corn vend rnittee, appointed at a former meeting, and the tame transaction ol other business in furtherance of the on of 0ijj??ft. The attendance was numerous and influd up- entiul. The proceedings commenced by Mr. J. P. nmu- Ogden being called to the chair, and the usual for'' e inularies. been i"iu. Chaikmak informed the meeting that the un(' committee appointed on the 24th of November to ccite, prepare memorial to Congress, and to take other mpa- rneaauree necessary in the accomplishment of the atred ?jjject, had a report to present, which he called I. ex- ... ?J ...t puiar ^jr wHITMOKE (hen read the committee's report, 'lent, w),,ch was greatly too voluminous to be inserted in u'''lc ibis place. It stated thut immediately after their oriside ganization, the committee addressed letters to-the w'1'1" representatives of this city in Congress, requesting their aid in bringing before that body ihe necessity unt^ for the adoption of a cheap and uniform rate of posy l'lc lage, and all of those gentlemen expressed their rday, concurrence with the measure as well as their willitity hngneis to forward its success by all the means cart- 111 th'tir power. Ail address to the people of the United States, prepared by the Comrnitro tee upon this .subject had been extensively oirroom ciliated ; and the petition to Congress from this riety city liuci been signed by thousands upon thousands v hu- <>f citizens. Other cities and towns in diHerent ' rotates had followed the example of New York in apter holding meetings and adopting resolutions in favor what of cheap postage, and the abolition of the f ranking dsn- privilege; und the committee had observed, with , . sincere satisfaction that the Legislature of the v .State of New York had unanimously passed resolution lutions in favor of these important objects. The lark, Legislature of Alabama hud also passed similar rehic|, solutions, und there appeared to be no doubt that the legislatures of tire oilier States would soon foln*ly low these examples. Several members of Gotland gress had given notice of their intention to bring ma. in bills upou the subject, but hitherto no specific action had been taken : and information received front Washington led the committee to be'ot,K lieve that Congress wus not, at present, dislose, posed to meet tin-wishes of the people in thta reuish sl'eot- The committee were decidedly of opinion tiiat the reduction of postage 20 per cent., whilst it non- would certainly diminish the revenue, would by et as no means increase the number of letters sent by i the mail; private expresses would still continue, and rce 110 legislation could prevent them. It was, tlterea | lore, absolutely necessary for the people to express 1 metr opinion, inoraer mat oongresH itiignr cieany had understand that nothing short of a thorough rej jn form of die present Post Office system would meet the approbation of their constituents. The rey,or untitling portions of the report were argumentative the ,md deductive, the success of the system in Eng i one being the subject ; and the document eonclui t|,?t ded by requesting the meeting to relieve the committee 'Yom further duty ami appoint a new body frse, to succeed theni. spair The report was then received, and it was reuser solved that the committee should, for the future, , ' consist of nine instead of twenty-one members, all s"e> of whom should be subsequently nominated by the ver- chairman. !ourt Mr. Huiiace Gnr.ki.cr then introduced and read the following resolution*, which lie proposed should he ' adopted :? irie- Resolved, That we expressly disclaim any intention 01 desire to devolve on the Tictuury of the U. States the atnsi <:o*tof conveying the letters and paper* ot individuals f the hut iu?ist that the Post O/lice department shall sustain itelf. as hitherto, hy chaiges on the matter conveyed in the %?,y Mails. thir Resolved, That it is our deliberate conviction that the ainsi t'ost Ottice cannot longer deiiay its own expenses if the present rates ol postage uie retained and the multipliesgna. lion of unpiofitatle Mail RouteH is extended: for we can 1 ac. 1101 be blind to the fact that the correspondence of thi . " country is finding for itself. more and mure extensively , 1 "Ul cheaper, suler and more expeditious modes of transmission ie Ol on all the most profitable routes; and unless this tendon, cyr is arrested hy a thorough reform in the management ol irtny (lie Post Oliice, the virtual ahuudonmeut of tlie mairs hy is to the great bulk of the business correspondence of the i 1 country cannot be far distant. Resolved, 1 but while wu insist that the Post Otftce 'thy, 9hall maintain itself, and ask that it he permitted to do so, owl- we 'u*15' tt'80 "'at the Government shall support itsell, and not cast the burthen of its immense Correspondence, end- and that of evety body to whom it chooses to extend the leli.i franking privilege, upon the private corresmindi nee ol the country ; which wc deem ui urircusonal lc as to compel the commerce of tin country to build its Navy gratis llinc or the farnieis, us u distinct "Iff, to StMli (Mien and sallora. Resolved, That we adhere to our previously expressed my- conviction (hat a charge ol live cents on every letter con I on 'eyed in the Mails, and a corresponding rate lor Printed Matter, will sustain the Department; and we submit it to iety the wisdom oft ongres" to decide whether these Hates -hall tie unilot m loi all distances, or average?tbat is higher and lower than the standard rate according to the the listance truvci?cd. Wluchrici plan uppi ara tikaty to so (|lt. 'lire tlie larger transmission ot letters by Hie Mails ought . to Im adopted, but our own conviction is decidedly in latlle vor 0f ? unit,|| oi rate of live cents per single letter, il paid ?ltey hi advance I Resolved, That we call on the people of the whole country tu speak out promptly, through letters and pet tions to or- Congress, in lavorof a Reduction ol the Rates el Postage. 1()W. assured that the cause is theirs as well as ours ?the cause it every citizen who desires tlie cheap and universal dilthat fusion of light, knowledge and truth; and, confident that (,e? the public good must prevail over private privilege and individual gain, if the people's voice is but heard, as it 'he must be if their attention can be generally drawn to the ipse subject. m/v- Mr. f'*HK Benjamin seconded the adoption of the reso'. tutions. In the course of his avocations he had occasion hell every day to examine almost all the journals published in ven- he United States: and he was glad to state that he found lie address which had been issued by the committee in lit I' favor of cheap postage, had been copied into more than ,?{ dglit hundred newspapers. (Cheers.) Resides this immense circulation he w as gratified to observe that alJ0U' most all the editors ot those papers had appended to that nee address remarks in lavor of its object: and all of them re| ommended that the rates of postage should be reduced to in uniform charge of five cents per single letter. .A gross HI? -Under had been propagated hy the official organ of the 1Hf,p government at Washington, in relation tothis movement: nud the slander consisted in the statement that tlicchiel terly promoters of the cheap system were newspaper editors title inly, and not the merchants and the power ol tun city ol ' N'ew Y ork This was n downright falsehood (Cheers ) tire it could be called nothing else than a laltehood (cheers ) i tb.. lor manv gentlemen in that room knew it to be al ogether untrue. The tact was, however, that these slnriIP" luring people were receiving daily benefits from the precox -ent s \ stem of pontage, and hence their hostility (Cheer*) I 'alitor* and proprietor* of new*paper* were daily " in the habit of teceiving package* upon package* ot tranked communication* from every part ot the United I f tlatev; and Home time ago, the Postmaster General had ' {iven leave to postmaster* to frank money for editor*, and 1 HO- receive lor them subscriptions. The consequence was itteii t'1"'fi,)' li . or 300 letters were daily received front post' nailer*, free Now, editor* did not want this to lie sound hev w otild prefer.for the *ake of it* general Convenience, jmi- ? l,aV 'lve cent* upon each letter; and he wa* persuaded , thn! that system would be uniformly preferred Let hint, "Pf in the other hand, look to the effect of the existing *vsle ol tema upon the mercantile interest* of the rity of New fork. One of the lirst mercantile hon*es in this country , "Pu" drown,Brother*, actually paid la*t year no le?s than $3000 ;e in for poitagcs! (f heers.) Mad they not, therefore, an I I mterc. in having the charge reduced? Mad not the whole nercan. le community? Oc rht our large correspondence amy with I'.ngland and other part* ol the uoild be subject to lied 'lie exorbitant tux which wa* imposed upon every letter sent between here and Boston .' It wit* unnecessary to /-ef itttwer *uch argument*. There was no douh: that the cncf. Utempt to introduce n ci ace w ould meet with *trong ippo.ition from tin loatm .ster General, and the Postma*la an ter* of the United State*, hut it must he overcome The trail. Postmaster General, indeed,seemed wedded to the present , system; and he appealed to think that there was an inherlicn. t,Il( |M)Werjn hi* government to grind down the people so rand as to make them pay what he pleased lie was mistaken, tins! however, and *o he would find. Me (Mr. Benjamin) an' ' proved of the resolution*; hecausathey were exceedingly t the well drawn, very pertinent, and expresiive olthe opinion >3 0| universally entertained upon the subject. Mr. Onm.rv again rose and said, that as a m?ml>er of the Committee, he had re, cntly spent a fortnight h\ Washliter, ington, cniivasiing upon this subject, and he felt . u t 'ceita nthat unles* great exeit on* were immcl a eh now p it forth, nothing or wi,r?? than t,othiiig would lie done lully >' Congress this w inter. Out of doors there w as a strong ,. lesire fur reform. The Post Off. e Committee, liowever, ntlll v,'re oppose I to it , and tha Senate Wi* opposed to it He who otild not *ay anything about the feeling of the House. ,i t'I these clrciimstnncHS, therefore, "bowed the necessity fur exertion* *o a* to operate upon Congress. When hi I dtl- va* in Washington, he * iw two tons of contract paper I lei letpaichcd by mail, they were really of little or no use . ind if put up for sale they would not have fetched more ' "C* than *300 yet the conveyance of them cost the pmple ol he United State* no les* than $'J0ta> In short, there was perfect safety in the cheap ?\ ?tem, and in no other ( Vp. , r,I,,i sn V The resolution* were then tinaiumoiitlv car. t,ne Med"."' Mr. TKroooiiK Mr.nowrca wm then loudly cnllej for ? tanls '>n coming forward he said it seemed to him something Shu- "I"' ? work of siiperrogation to address a meeting likettie Ipl, , present upon the matter of cheap postage, a auhjsct, the lent, importance of which eeery mcrrhant well tinderrfood ? hap " wan a matter indeed in which they were all interested, Mid- although intereated, they were tree from reproach In Snr- thing a prominent position in doing whateverthey could V(i<|. 'o urge a reform which wa? so important to the commutrf rlev. T No Individual ctttild be found, among any clnia, who rlev , would not say that postage should be cheap and not dear p f), IVa* there any person present who preferred payi?g "M im H o fid. for each of his letters I If there were,' let him speck Lind- '"t him (said Mr Sedgwick) have weotfrnded " (Cheer*,) w, 1 ' rho report of the Committee hnd very properly stated regn- ! hat in this object opposition would have to be encounterson t and the hand wa hid. In that report, upon the preilma i*e point of difficult? It wa? the diflleultv nrlsltig from .hup , 'n 'irganiia'ion ofottice holders, V.aeh party In the stnte I id adopted the plan of hooding all the office holders to _ |j2 I '"ther for their own selflsli Infereata; and jnat ?o long a? 'hat system was acted upon, jti?f an long w henever sve M'/ll, nine to propose any useful relornt, should we he met w ith UI O" formidable opposition of a solid phalanx of otfir# hold Itdin n APP1*"*") Why fdld Mr. Wlckliffe, the it Postmaster General, set his face against a measure so manifestly useful, as this whirh was now proposal ? Why uara did he argue against this reform 1 Why, simply because Mr. Wickliffe waa the head and mouth piece ol a legion of oMoa holdon who lirod by him and ho by thou. ^Jxd f!? 14 WM uP?n try tubjact inimical? Ihotr lntoroito. It woo not tin month* too ainoo tho a 1 tempt woa mod* to upaet the inapectlon law*, and tho ine oantile interaat war* encountamd in that aO>H xinih ' present, bv the opposition of thoae who fattened upon tli ibnsss which they wished to explode. (Cheers.) Tl< nupection laws, however, weut down?(Cheers.).luj the quettlon now was. not whetlier there sh< uld ti deer postage or cheap postage, hut whether there shall h , cheap pontage, or no po>ugo at ell. (Cheers) Unlet tire department reduced the rate ot pontage, it was man, fust that Mr. W'ickhlfu would have no postage at all, lb lie could not prevent private individuals from takini routes and lottors. The government ilseil had no powe of prevention ; and it was right that the govcrnmen should not have the power of enlorciiig an arbitrary, un just an 1 |>ernicious luw. It w tu the be-uty ol our system that government had no power to enforce any sucli Ihw

that whenever its laws came into conflict with the intet est, the commou sense, and the justice of mankind, fror that moment its arm was paralyzed. This was the pos tion in which the Cost Office Department would soon fin itself. (Cheers) A great deal, however, dependei upon the citizens of New York. This great bazaar ws the commercial emporium of the western world j and tb voice of its citizens, upon all matters of public concerr must inevitably be heard Aa regarded the government us he had already said, it was a question not of cheat) o dear postage, but of cheap postage or no pottage at all.(Cheers ) The Chairman then said he would take the earliest o{ l>ortuny of appointing the Committee ; and the meetin separated. Steam Frigate Pkinc eton? Revolution r Steam Navigation.?The new steam frigat Princeton, with Ei lesson's transversal scret propeller, was exhibited yesterday,by It. F. Slock ton, Esq., her gallant commander, to the member of the press, engineers, captains, dec. of this city It is one of the most exiraordinury arid successfii exhibitions of sleam machinery we ever remembe to have seen. This beautiful vessel, looking like a splendii packet, lay off the Battery, and the company wer taken on board of her by a small steamer provide) lor the purpose by Captain Stockton. After ul bad readied her upper deck, which is flush for and aft, her propeller was set in motion, and tin noble Princeton run up the North River, and thei down the Bay in a gale of wind, and withou a sail set, to the astonishment of every one i njs wuh uonr lo display her points, and to snov thiit the machinery is so perfect in its movement as tc cause not the slightest jar in the ship. Whei off the Phoenix Foundry, one of her monster guns measuring sixteen feet in length, and capuhle o carrying a hall weighing two hundred and filt; pounds, was fired of! ; and, instead of nuikini " every thing shake," the report was a neat finish ed one, not unlike the crack of a rifle, on an en larged scale. While cruising about the Bay the company examined the ship, the machinery the rigging, the monster guns, und, finally, th viands, wines, &c., laid out by her generous am worthy captain. At dinner, the utmost conviviality prevailed; and if a foreign man of war should be attacked b; Captain Stockton, in the Princeton, with his bii cannon balls, with the samefureur that he assailei his guests with champaigne and hospitality, wi should not be astonished if she went down withal on board, as the champaigne did down the throatso his guests. Wit, sentiment, and champaigne flowed in the midst of which Cupt. Stockton gave "Cupt Ericsson, the inventor of the Propeller," am Captain Stephen Glover gave " Capt. Stock (on, the sheet anchor of the Navy." These wen drank with nine cheers and one more, in returi Capt. S. made an excellent speech, in which h< introduced anecdotes, and exhibited the inimens benefit, to the whole civilized world, of this nev principle in steam navigation. He highly cornpli mented Capt Ericsson, and modestly threw th toast " sheet anchor of the navy" upon Com. Stew art. As he linished, the steamer which was ti take the company ashore, cume alongside, am all reluctantly took leave of the gallant Stocktoi and the noble Princeton. This steam frigate seems to be perfect. The prin ciple of steam propulsion introduced in her, must, u a short time, drive I he old fashioned, wind resist tng, uncouth pudule houses, out ot existence. lliti is pmved in u variety of ways, but u covpd'tril ii sufficient evidence. Jn her,we see a vessel of ubou seven hundred tons burthen, with an engine ol'twi liuudred nn<^ fifty horse power, working u singti submeiged propeller, running out ui herstern,Jeupu ule of making thirty-six or seven revolutions i minute, and sending the ship through the water a the tale, of fourteen miles or more per hour. Pi far only two-thirds of her power have been used inu with that she hus beaten the Great Western the crack steamer of the Atlantic, called for he -peed, the Fashion of the ocean. This was don, alien the Princeton drew four feet more wate ilian the Western did. This tested herspeed, and it ii said with confidence that she can beat any steame in the world In active service, steamers like the Prince ton, fitted up with the submerged screw, havi every advantage over every other kind of vessel Wheels, boilers, machinery, furnaces, cranks, vVc are all below water line?the top of the highes plate of the boilers being four feet below that mark Mo ball can, therefore, come within thai distance ol any part of the machinery. In the Great West crn, and in all other steam ships and frigates, tin wheels, smoke pipes, boilers, and indeed every pui of the whole, is exposed to the shots from the eue my's guns. And in the Princeton there is unothet desideratum, namely, that of burning nnthracitt coal in her six furnaces, from which no smoki issues, and a stranger cannot therefore tell by wlia means she is propelled. But this is not all. This beautiful vessel is shi] rigged, and when a fair wind is blowing, the screv can be unshipped, canvass spread, and she will thei walk away" front most any ship afloat. Tb propeller offers scarcely any resistance, and th Princeton has already freely run ofl before th wind luster than many vessels have in these days. So much for the Princeton per ft. In connec lion with her, however, there are the two mon iters on her upper deck that deserve utter tion; they are the invention of Captain Stock ton. They are of wrought iron and of bear tiful workmanship. One is thirteen feet long, an the other sixteen feet. They have a bore of twelv inches in diameter, and carry a hall ol two hur dred and fifty pounds weight with the accuracy c i rifle. It is said that Capt. Stockton can "snuff candle" at three miles distance with either of then: They are his piny things. As a means of destrur ti >n they have never been equalled, not even b thegrent gun of Mehemet II. In this successful application of a new and in portant principle in steam navigation, the publi cannot rejoice too much. It is in this case clearl demonstrated that the submerged screw must inev 'ably shut out ull other modes of propulsion. I warfare, the value of it is at once apparent, and i the merchant service it is of equal use and impo: ance. Its machinery is so compact, and its cor s imption of fuel, by taking advantage of favorubl winds, is, comparatively, small, that the worl Will in a few years he astonished that the principl ins never before been introduced. It is not omiiig into general use in America, and thei ire already fifty-six vessels on our river >n I canals that are propelled by the screw. Thei ire also at least a dozen vessels now building oi the same principle, which will go info service earl; next spring. Several of these are to run betweei Boston and Troy; others arc to go south. Tlies* /essels every day strengthen public opinion in thei lavor, and the surressfnl.npplicBtion of the screv in f Princeton, which in to be more fully testei this winter by keeping her on our coast in th> worst-wenther, will satisfy every mind of its tain . nd importance, not only to the military, hut to rh mercantile murine of the world. I ,t every one pee the Princeton before sh CHverfthe city. 1 4 - - . : -4 .. * - f1 ^ f ry- Thr Nrw Yonr V/>c:aI, Soenrrr give,* thei iret concert this evening at tWariingtoft Hall. Tli programme in really very splendid. Death of an American at St Thomas.?A gen tlemsn by the name of Angel, a native of New Haven, CI !i?t of the fever at St. Thomas, shout 30th ult. He we an engineer, an<! wa* on hie way to Porto Rico on profei Clonal business * iY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Washington. (Corrwpondanca of tha Hwald) Washington, 16th December, 1844. r. bknnktt :? I am fully satisfied that Mr. Heneliaw was re;ted yesterday by a large vote. And I am more ly couvinced, indeed I have no doubt, that he is rejected on the ground that his f landing before public was such, or is such, as would not, in the inion of Senators, (acting as a sound, judicious dy, not as political partizans) justify his conmation. If this opinion be correct, the inference II be favorable to the position of Messrs. Porter d Spencer. The better opinion this morning ins to be that they will be confirmed. Thus u see what suspense and excitement we are all pt in here?for it is the subject of great and abrbing interest. Latkk.?I have iust had some conversation with HoekMttr. r ? (Correspondence of the Herald.) r- Rochxsteb, Jan. 15, 1844* He Myttrry, Hoax?or Humbug of the Arrttt of K Mr. Rust Explained?Temperance -Drama. Dear Bennett Mi ? Rochester is decidedly a great place and worthy ? of note, but still you have no regular correspon- je< r dent; none to chronicle the fame or waywardness fu| K ?f its inhabitants; but, if my poor effusions w ill wi 't serve to fill up the vacuum, you shall have them.? tin i- Rochester is a great place ; and the greatest of its op greatness is its great propensity in being "hum- bo bugged"?witness the late arrest of Mr. Rust, the fin [> syrucusian, for "that trunk" robbery, the facts vvi j being as we shall relate. un J A certain Miss or Mrs. Leggat, or more gener* ally known in former times as the 'toi dieunt yo i, Mrs. Otis Allen, made her appearance in town *e ' and put upwith our friend Morton, under the pre- so1 tence of waiting the return of her husband front j,0 Albany. In the mean time, she tnude the ucquuin- pei g tance of a certain functionary well known here. To him she intimated the astonishing fact that the Po trunk and contents were ut a certain rookery on l>?' n Coruhill. and that the robber was none other than hu e oui old friend Philo N. Rust?that she had com<- (hi expressly from Buffalo to sign the registered bills ha v at his request. These, with other circumstances, were related by this personage to u Constable, and tlv h he called in us his advisers and co-nartners several Colonels and Squires, all lawyers of the first water. They en masse went to pay their devoirs to the "" d fair Mistress Leggat, and learned from hei ov, r that the first thing to be considered was an earnest of one hundred dollars lo her in hand jiuid, and "" , then sfie would reveal. In the mean tune they ^r' 3 had intercepted a letter directed to Philo N. RuBt, t,1( e Esq., wherein she stated that it was impossible ut mi d that time to execute the bills that he had employed vt" ii her lo do. Iler statements, together with this let- mi ter, made it aBure thing in the minds of the lvarue ed gentlemen, consequently the money was hand- ''it e ed over by one of the Colonels, who acted as pur- 1,11 ? ser, and she in return communicated the where- ATi aboutsof the trunk and the robber, and returned 1 by the first train of ears for Buffalo. Wl The warrants were issued and the Constable At ir started for his prize in an extra train of cars. The l''1 result of the arrest and the searching of trunks iu Syracuse, Had for the trunk here, is well known to i yourself and readers?it shows that the wise ones i, engaged in the affair were most beautifully duped, i or in other words "humbugged." W| Doctor Robinson is claying Ids moral piece of 1 y the Reformed Drunkard, to crowded houses, while I g friend Carr is exhibiting the legitimate drama to _ almost empty seats. Tins again show s the reign of "King Humbug" among us. d" Brother llinies has just arrived from Boston?liar -<> > preached two or three sermons in his peculiar style lrt ', He says he thinks lie shall stay in Rochester until G> e old earth winds up her affairs, and reels to and fro "n , in her orbit. Pahl Jones. "r u 5U CQH The Caledonian Temperance Ball, given ihi on Tuesday evening, was crowded by a highly re- vii ' spectable party of the natives of Scotland, as also cil Y by the principals of the temperance societies and ? bu g number of other gentlemen and ladies, all " trip- dil j ping on the light fantastic toe" with as much cheer- mi lulness and delight as though they were under the Sp influence of the tolly god. Greut praise is due ic pit '? Messrs. Bowie, Henry, Dalrymple, Blakey, and cil if others, for the splendid arrangement of this ball bo and sunner. It is civimr a new and salutarv rlirpc- CI ' lion to the temperance movement. Tt . rei J Gibbon's Home, by Milinan, No. 4.?The Hur- to pers have just closed the first volume of their edi- mi e tion of Gibbon's Great History, the most rnagntfi cent production ot the historic muse. In itself a an n splendid work, it has been very ably edited, well ,?o accompanied by authorities and explanatory notes, be and is now fairly printed, at a very reasonable price, 'o Fifteen numbers will complete the work. ha ini Amusements. no (jCJ-We have never noticed a theatre with greatet r?'| pleasure than in calling attention to the benefit of a ha very deserving young actor, Mr. Williams, who appcalv 0 to bis friends lor the first time at the Chatham to-night, po a The drama of the King of the Miat will be jiertormec (0 with all its gorgeous scenery and splendid music. The Qj farces of the Irish Tutor and Born to Good Luck, in hot). ^tr of which Williams plays the leading characters, will also , , lie performed. Young Diamond,and a new competitor,Ben Minor, of Hudson, will both dance. The Virginia Min- u! 1 struls will perform; the Great Western, and a long string of negroes besides. A crowded house may of couref !t ic expected. To-morrow night the manager makes his c:v) in S and on the occasion an operatic drama w ill ho perform , ,o in which a beautiful young lady from the London tic . ; > tres will make her first appearance. 1 OCs* The splendid performances at the America) > Museum went off last rugnt with universal eclat 1 Dr. Valentine was even more amusing and laoetious thai ever, mid lelt Lis audience in one continued roar nl taugl. slc ter. He has made some rich additions to his budget du e|, [1 ring his lung absence, and given a new dress to even hit ,. old wits and scraps. Were we to particularize w e sliouli ' ' say that his pci fui malices on th lliite w as a little the inos ha > delicious morsel wc have enjoyed since (tie Bull left Go tluim. 'Die new pantomime ol the Four Lovers is a most ' capital thing, and was received w ith tepeated rounds o: till , applause, indeed the whole entertainment was rich am du diversified, and the great wonder is, how so much can hi ,,, given for so tritliug a sum as twenty-five cents. Tin vyP( t white negroes are a great wonder. p0 r if 001- SUBSCRIBERS TO PROF. FAUVEL OOU ; RAUD'8 Course on Phreno-Mnemotechny, are invited to r call at thejProlessor's room, 281 Broadway, for their tickets oladmissien to the Course, on. Monday and Tuesday, A! the 23d and 23d inst. le\ N. B.?The subscription list will be positively closed on '' Wednesday evening, the 24th inst. The members of tin Class, provided with tickets, will unite immediately after nil to decide U|>on the organization of the Class according to )0 Article F of the Prospectus; and the first lesson of th? in , Course tie given on the day that shall have been appoint i.u ed in that meeting by the majority of votes. ^ ? (SO' A NF.W FEATURE.?Prof. Bronson this evening gives an extra lecture en Body and Mind, or Matter am \{ Spirit, and dissects the artificial man. r. pri settling atiout 5 JnOO parts olfihe body,.n the Society Library,at 7 j o'clock lV.' j I'lie admission is comparatively free, as every one w hi "V I pays twenty-five cents receives an admission, a work on nliysiology. Sic containing nearly 100 engravings, and alt -d . wlssi pay fifty cents for two ladies and a gentleman re- Jjt oeive two copies of said work! There w ill he recita tions and singing by Mr Nash. |(>' CtJ- THF, LADIES' FAIR.?M. E. Church, corner o h1 1 Vladison and Catharine streets, will be open on this am to-morrow afternoon and evening, commencing at twi -til o'clock, P. M. and closing at 10 o'clock. Tickets 12J P cents?to he had at the door. From the persons engagei' pi v and the numerous articles it contains, it bids fair to out- VI rival any thing of the kind that ever has been in this city yj The purpose *o noble, and the aim so honorable to thi > e Itigl. minded part of the community, should he a sufficient , ? reason to he entitled to a visit from every person in thi ' city. We will mention at the head of the above, standi 'j1 e Professor Mnlfitt, whose veteran experience will ochievt I i glorious arid successful triumph in aid of the friends ot this cougregatiun. ml k (M-MF.TAL1C TABLET ?This is the most perfect ar- ',! tlcle lor the purpose designed ever invented, having tin l" wonderful power of producing the keenest and smoothest possible edge of the razor in tenth part of the timi ihnt is requited on a hone, at the sntnr time doing aw aj with the unpleasant use of oil and water. It is the same Q (I u/c as an ordinary strop, and as simple in its use Will one of tliern the means is ever nt hand of keeping tazon ** in perfect order. The first cutlers of F.ngland am l- France have thrm in constant use. and recommend them r The celebrated M Villiken, cutler to the Royal Navv. tot Strand, ntter using one five years, sent a certificate 'V a of its superiority to the invnn or, where it can he seen ? . with many others from the most scientific gentlemen ot ibis country. G. SAUNDERS, t| Inventor and manufacturer of the Metallic Tablet ,|( v 163 Broadway. L, i ? 11 faf- WORMS IN CHILDREN OFTEN PRODUCE y symptoms which are mistaken for those arising from n different cause. In those cases, if the pn>|>er remedies art fit C not used, it ia nearly certain that the child will die. Sher ?r man's Worm Lozenges are a specific. They never fail to f destroy the worms ami bring them away, restoring th< 1- pony child to a state of perfect health. And what ismori |u n important is, that the Worm Lozenges are so pleasant to the taste that children never refuse to eat as many as ma; l) be given them. They arc the greatest worm destroy ei - that has ever been known. 'II Dr. Sherman's warehouse is lOfi Nassau st. Agents. 22* tri Hudson street; 18H Bowery; 77 East Broadway; 66 Wil e liarn st; and 1.19 Fulton ;<t Brooklyn. 0 ^ Of/" PETERS' TILLS.?It is unnecessary to say mon 'J ,. than one word about Peters' Vegetable and Bilious Tills "l They are more extensively used by Physicians than any " * >thrr ever made For fevers ol ever type, dlspepsia, llvp't A e omplaint, Jaundice, obstructions, costivensss. loss of ap of l>e'ite, they are emphatirally the great remedy. Out y< ^ eulogy is useless where they are known. Let the doubt, e ing test their virtue. Principal office I2A Ftilton, cotnei ^ Nassau street. n ________ ? y (&- PRIVATE MEDICAL AID-The member* ol N' heNew York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, in re IP n returning the public thanks for the liberal support they rh e iavo received in their efforts to " suppress quackery >cg leave to state that their particular attention continues VV( o lie directed to all diseases of a private nature, and from ve v he great improvements lately maiie in the principal ho*. ri dials of Europe in the treatment of those diseases, thej :n' an confidently offer to persons requiring medical aid a ' f antages not to be met with in nny institution in this C ountry, either public or private. The treatment of ttn If ollege is such as to insure success'n evrt v case, and i .a e otally different from that tin r < us practice of ruining o be constitution with mercury. an 1 in most cases leaving ,v . dheflsn'much worse than the oi iginal. One of the mem- f)) e era of the. t ollege ,for nianv years connected with the ( j rkiciunl hospitals of ! urope, attends daily for a consultaion frAnf 9 A.M. tof. P.M. Terms?Advice and medicine, $A A cum guaranteed ? 1 Iwr.iiM ANr' to CmNtiv WVA1.IDS.?Persons living II id He country and not finding it convenient to attend per vl uiallv, can have forwnided to them a chest containing nt II medicines requisite to perform a perfect cure by stating e heir case explicitly, together with all symptoms, time, ol ontraction and' treatment received elsewhere, if any t. ind enclosing >5, post paid, addressed to 1 t W. 8. RH HARD80N, Agent. ">.< u Office and Consulting rooms of the College, ?f> Nassau w> itraat. th Whig and Democratic Senator*, and I am rfectly satisfied that their action yesterday upon !(i?haw,and their future action upon Spencer and irter, was and will be without uny reference to lineal or pa'ty notions, but on the contrary upon th moral considerations. The best evidence ol s is, that their votes upon other appointments vc been without division. Mr. Allen's resolution culling upon the Execue for copies of instructions, dec. to Everett, is pected to come up in executive session ; hut, as r. Allen is not very well, and executive appoint- lits ure pressing, his resolution will doubtlei>s lie cr to some day, certain, and not lur ofl. The question of reducing postage, dec. is beginng to excite much u: d serious attention in Coness. No definitive uction has been had us yet by e committees in either branch of Congress. All inner of rumors and opinions are afloat. I shall ry shortly be able to give you some definite inforition about it. It is reported as a fact, that 'in the Whig caucus it Saturday, they agreed to reject Henahaw by a ijority of tour, and Spencer by a majority of two. out vvrrons. Two P. M.?I have just learned that Henahaw is rejected yesterday by a vote of 34 to 8.? id it is a curious fact, which I cannot now ex1111, that Prijfit also had eight votes?(sumes as nsliaw.) 1 think you may safely calculate on the rejection Spencer. -inmc Vmrunin rnnv l>e utriicU hv whirdi Pnrter II i>e retained or confirmed, i iovernor Porter's influence will be strong for his oilier, and will very likely be given for Clay.? iiue say the Governor is totally bad. LaTek Stint..?I have every reason to believe it the President feels sad at the rejection of Henaw, of whom he thinks very highly. Every one very apprehensive, also, of Spencer's rejection. ' Porter's confirmation :here is more hope. No e is yet talked of for Henshaw's place. The csident will knock about, and appoint some one soon as possible?but none is yet selected. And is reminds me to suy that now is a good time to sit Washington. It" is a very interesting and exing crisis. Henshaw's agony, may be, is over? t .Spencer is in an ugony of suspense?Porter is Ito?many are in agony for Henshaw's place? any more are managing and cyphering to get encer and Porter rejected, in order to take their ices?the President is in a general suspense, exlement, and embarrassment about tnem all? th whigs and demociats are all cyphering for ay and Van Buren with intense anxiety?the mff, the Oregon, the Abolition, the Post Office ductinn.and other questions, tire rapidly corning a crisis?in short, it is a good time to visit Wash?ton. Every one speaks very frankly and unreservedly, d rather forcibly sometimes, of ihe very bad dtssition of Spencer?disagreeable?fretful?t>veritring; it's his nature, when he getsjnto power, he overbearing, irascible, &c., tire, lie has d every passible ndvantage to make himself my friends and increase his power; but there is thing winning about him, but on the contrary, rulsive. If he is rejected by tne Senate, he writ ve nobody to blame for it but himself. I forgot to say u day or two since that it is rerted Calhoun's letter has returned from this city Charleston, where it _ will first appear in the iRtle6ton Mercury. It is also said it was too ongly seasoned versus Van Buren, and has been Ftened, and pruned a little. 1 give the above ns rumor, and know not its worth It is the opinion this morning of some Democra: Senators of high authority that Spencer, Porter, d Isaac Hill will ull be rejected. 1 merely give n ilipse oninimiH. ni?t fin rnnph fnr urnrfh show how very doubtful these point* arc. Washington, Jan. 17?5 o'clock P. Al. The Senate has just adjourned from re ere*, scsin. They have rejected Isaac Hill. Nothing ic of special interest was done. A largo uumbcr minor appointments were sent in to-day, as I ve already apprised you. f understand from ine of their movements relative to Mr. Porter it he is not likely to he confirmed. This again (appoints what has heen regarded as the belter mion here within the lust twenty-four hours. It >uld seem that the Senate has at least broached irtcr's case, but that the tide sets too strongly ainst him. Spencer's ease has not been touched >o we ure all still left in renewed susiiense, curiity, excitement and speculation. How the bets II run for the next twenty-four hours no one can 1. At this hour they stand about 5 to 4 in favor Spencer, and 5 to 1 against Porter. There was a grand bonfire und illumination last ?ht down at the Navy Yard, for the double purse of burning indignation aguinst Mr. Henshaw, d showing up their joy at Ins rejection. The lnrers complain of bun for reducing their wages, d finally for throwing them out of employment. The responsibility of reducing tin' pay of the irkiiien in the Navy Yards justly belongs to Mr. -nshaw, as he is understood to have made th" dilution directly contrary to the advice and shes of the President. You have already been apprised, n? T am inform, that the Secretaryship of the Navy was yestery offered to Gov. Gilmer, (now M. C.) I now irn from the same source, that upon a night's rection, the Ex-Governor has declined accepting ? office. Mr. Hem-haw is doubtless anxious that s place may be supplied at the earliest day poslie. Among the ladies last eveiungfat the President's /ec, I am requested to notice the presence of issJes?p, duughler of the General; Mrs. Judge cL n, a very lovely bride ; Mrs. Hut s, a iltimore beauty, the wife of Mr. H., ex-member Pailiament, ana partner in the dance of the Hon. hn Harney; Miss Wick e, duughter of the M. G. Mr. Harney informs me that Col. Croghan, the ihoTof Mrs. (Captain) Schinley, intends to join a daughter after a certain interesting event. The port of his death is, of course, not true. Yours, &*c. S. B. Washington, Jan. 17, 1844. ycning of the Fiuhionablt Senion?Presidcnt'i Is vet? Grand B ill ? Viiitori at the Capitol?Governor of Coney lit and. Tin* President's initiatory levee came off last ening in beautiful style; and I regret that more ipoitant duties compel ine to give it a " slick and promise " The evening was rainy and very uneasant, yet four or live hundred were present, be palace was brilliantly lighted. The celebrated 'ashington Band played enlivening airs. A wholly w feuture was introduced by the President, to the eat delight and happiness of one and all?1 mean ncing. Thrice gaily and joyously did they ncc. It was decidedly the inost cheerful and ppv levee ever held in Washington. II I had o hours time I coulddosome imperfect justice to e bountiful belles and chivalrous beaux who com bated so much brilliancy and eclat to the scene, have now just time to say that in the opinion nil, the young belle of the season is Miss 1, a e, who has newly emerged from the chrysalis ite, and now flutters forth for the first time, a itterfly of peculiar loveliness, softness, and beauty, friend haa promised me an "outline" of others her sex present, which I will endeavor to give >u shortly. As to the gentlemen, they w ere all there, Secrecies, foreign Ministers, Diplomatics, Chiefs of "parimente. Senators, M. C.'s, JudgesS. C., John irney 7. C. Lee, and many others from Baltiurc, hundreds from New lork?all?all?were ere. Broke up about hall past ten. The greHt feature in the fashionable world this ?ek was the hull and supper given by Mr. Gourneur, late Post-master of New York, who, rur?r says, lias within six months made a very large ni in speculating for a rise in fanry stocks in all street; (has he not some friends who will he lighted with the new-D?be this bp it may, the rry was magnificent?chumpaigne in prolusion, wash down one of the most luxurious suppers e.r given in this region. The company was norous?the mu -ic excellent. Here were foreign misters and ti.cir attaches, mourtnehios on their -, orders in their button holes, fresh from n dimiatic dinner at the White House. The army d ruivv were well leprrsenled ; veteran heroes io coiifd tell of Lnndy's Lane and Qneenstown, ersper-ed with magnificently arinyed young cfiir. of the stHll'of the army, who have never seen >od draw n but upon some occasion when they ly have pricked their finger with the buckles of *ir sword belts. Old Salts, who. in the President th Rodger*, chased the Belvidere, or on thu irter deck of the Gonstiiatiou, (ought by thg