Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 29, 1844, Page 2

January 29, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. ? i Act* ?rk, January !i9, iH4> Mr. Jtwat'a AddreM?Second Kdltloa. An EXTRA HERALD will be issued from thia office to-diij, conUiaing the address of PHILO N. Rl'ST, on the conspiracy, concocted by Madame LtggtU t Co. of Buffalo, against him and Mr. Banks. Bo great haj been the demand for thia remarkable exposition, that we have been tinder the ncoessity of publiahing thia EXTRA to satisfy the public demand. It will probably be dramatised at the Olympic next week. It ia one of the drolleet things ever published. Tib* Literary War between Kngland and ine united siaics-inoiacr Since the return of Mr. Charles Dickens to England, we have had u number of very violent broadsides against tht institutions?social habits morals, politics and literature of this country. The politicians and the newspapers have been particularly the subjects of these hostile attacks, and now, alas! the poor poets of the past and present generation have come in for their full share of the enemy's /ire. The last number of the Foreign Quar' ttrly Review contains a long article?the leading article, too?which is a very fierce and furious attack'on the Poets and Poetryof America. We have given, on the first page of this day's paper, a number of extracts from this article, in order to afford our readers an opportunity of forming an accurate judgment respecting the temper, candor, liberality, and general competency of the reviewer. They make capital reading for this cold weather, and are almost equal to our reports of the debates in the House ol Representatives, between the Honnnihla Mr ,n,l it. ..ii.IIit IT..n,.r..l.U Mr. Weller, to say nothing of their first fight before prayers. Every one who reads the article, in this Review, on the "Newspaper Press of America," will, of course, on the perusal of these extracts, recog nize the same hand. There are, in this article, the same inveterate prejudice?the same virulent invective?the time gratuitous assertion?the same bastard wit?the same Btllingsgule slang?the same boasting egotism?the same envenomed hatred of every thing American. It would be very difficult indeed to fino, even amongst the peculiarly gifted fraternity of English reviewers, two men capable of pouring out against this country such quantities of spleen and ill-nature, with so marvellously little apparent provocation. Nobody but Mr. Dickens could do it. On him the very mention of America operates like a tormenting charm. There is something in the name even in these United Stales which perplexes his judgment, breaks his repose, and sets him foaming and shrieking like some unhappy demoniac. And the most melancholy part of the business is, that the poor man will not try to forget this torturing source of annoyance. On the contrary, as if influenced by some tyrannical fascination, he is continually directing his attention to it. To this thorny subject his mind perpetually reverts, and, though lacerated at every touch, it is so fascinated with the instrument of its own pain, that it cannot be drawn away from the distressing object Poor Dickens! It is reully amusing to observe the eagerness? the frenzied sort of joy?with which the Reviewer seizes on Griswold's collection of American poetry. Of the general merits of that book, and its claims to attention or respect, as a means of estimating the character of American poetrv, we believe all sensible people here, except thp author and u dozen or two or the rhymers, whose names he has saved front perdition for a year or two, have but one opi nion. Rut such a hodge-podge, injudicious, Jitn Grant (not our Jim Grant, in Ann sireet, who is a capitul barber,) sort of a " col lection," was just tlie thing for a Keviewer like Mr. Charles Dickens?a perfect Godsend, indeed?to be made the most of. And so it has been made the most of, at least so far as the illiherality, injustice, virulence and malignity of Mr. Charles Dickens' very magnanimous little soul enabled him. Even the "collection," however, did not afford sufficient scope for Mr. Dickens' discursive detestation of America. It is only after belching forth a torrent of general abuse of the country, which occupies several pages, ill at he gets to the works under review, and even then, when ' he has taken them up, he is constantly digressing for the purpose of letting < fi the rapidly accumulating btle. Bryant, Fitz-Greene Ilullcck, Emerson and Longfellow get an approving pat on the head, hut all their brethren of any degree are pelted without mercy. Mrs. Sigourney is moat ungallantly disposed of, receiving, indeed, almost as much abuse as her country itself. The name of the great American song-writer, General George P. Morris, is not even mentioned. Probably the nature of the personal -relations subsisting between the dis- i tinguished bard and the equally distinguished ( reviewer, prevented the latter from making any open manifestation of hostility. But the somewhat significant allusion in the article to 1 the grievous wound which would be inflicted on some of the poets by the omission of their names, even in terms of disrespect, may mean something in this as well us other quarters. However, that we leave to the judgment of those who best know the "Milford bard,"?we beg pardon,?the bard of Gotham?Geonre J'. Morris?General OiMH P. Morris ( Altogether the article in question is a melancholy , tissue of splenetic bitterness?violent prejudice? j gross tuicharitableness?wilful injustice, and pee- | vish irritability. It is a vile burlesque on that just, | dignified, manly, enlightened criticism, which should characterise a journal pretending to instruct and inform public opinion, and to correct and cdu- 1 cate public taste. It is true there are a few?a very few?wholesome truths uttered by the reviewer, but they bear to the mass of falsehood, misrepresentation, and vulgar abuse with which they are surrounded, about the same proportion thut Falsuff's pennyworth of bread did to his many gal'nns of sack Poor Dicke ns! &g porting in Washington?Mr. Cave Johnson of Tennessee, has offered a proposition to exclude all reporters from the House, except those connected with the Washington papers. If this proposi ivm >?w^o iiui iuvc i" uiiugciiier>an me nesi reporters in the country will he excluded, and the House of ( Representatives may as well hold its sessions with closed doors. Vet, after all, whether it rare?in or , not, the reporters will go into the gallery, and in- ] stead of the present tame and timid reports, we | shall have faitVful, graphic, perfect pictures of the scenes in Congress. That's all. So members may in that case expect to be cut more deeply than ever. 1 And in this view of the rase,we would on the whole 1 rather see Mr. Cave Johnson succeed. It would seem that the House is to be really turn- ' ed into a bear-garden A ring is to be formed and 1 pugilism is to be the daily business of onr legislators. So be it. We have got Chris Lilly and Yankee 1 Sullivan, to represent New York; and for thetoric and eloquence?that is, House-of Representatives rhetoric and eloquence, we have several clerical 1 characters in the region of the Five Points, who will be a match for any M. C. Common Council.?Both Hoards of .the Common Council meet this afternoon. In the Hoard of Aldermen, the ordinance for the sale of city property not ?cCupiejj.fbr public purposes, i? the order t?l the day;.and in the Assistants, Assistant Alderman Brown's police bill, which possesses more merit ihau any we have ?evn, kill he culled up for adoption. An amendment to the bill, bearing with more force upon receivers of stolen goods, would improve its character. Cold Weather ?The atmosphere m this city continues in a congealed state ; in Boston, on Saturday, the mercury was eight degrees below ro. Th* Mails Dpi ?Eight are now due from New Orleans. ' y ;; 1 General Xeolsct and Derangement of t7i* Mails.?The mismanagement of the affairs of thp c post office seems to increase with the increase of I every new moon without diminishing when that I amiable luminary does. There are now due six or t seven mails from New Orleans, and that, too, in a = crisis of great commercial enterprise and activity. The mails to the north and Canada are in the moat < wretched condition?withont despatch, order or re- ' gularity, and always behind the expresses. To Boston on the sailing of the British steamers, there is no confidence felt in the regularity of the post of- ' lice here, ns repeated failures to meet the steamer t there in time tor her sailing, has abundantly tcsti- 1 neti. .vna yet tu the luce ot these iailures, we see t the Postmaster publishing the following complacent 1 notice, by way oi excuse, and exhibiting his awful ^ promptitude:? t K.ioliim Mail?Post Oltice, New Vork, Dccembor 11, J 1343.?Letter Bags per ltoyal Mail Steamer Caledonia, ' which leaves Boston on Saturday, the 16th instant, will he ' closed at the Upper and Lower Post Offices, in this city, ' on Friday next, the 10th instant at 46 minutes past 3 o'clock, P. M. The inland postage of lBj cents on each siagle let- ' ter must be paid. ] The Postmaster desires to call the attention of merchants ' and others forwarding letters to F.tirone by this mail to the fact oi one hundred and sixty-lire letters having been 1 seized by the admiralty agent, on hoard the ..U.niu-r t ale- ' donia, on her last trip'from Boston, and returned to the ' pes. office, in ccnseuuence of the inland postage on said letters not being paid to the |s>st office. The letters referred to were supposed to have been sent from this city. JOHN LOKIMF.R GRAHAM, Postmaster. Thus it will be seen that the Postmaster is reauy enough to give publicity to any solitary instance of smuggling he may detect, but he takes care to conceal from the public his greater blunders and neglect in the last steamer, which has just become a subject of inquiry among the merchants. Unless our worthy President does something with these Postmasters, both general and deputy, the department will lose all public confidence and be entirely disorganised. Under Kendall's regime, things were nothing to what they are now. Here is the very amiable and smiling Postmaster of New Yotk spending his time and salary in giving splendid conservative dinners on mountain mutton nnd Potomac canvass back, to the politicians at Washington, instead of looking after the affairs of the Post office here. Mr. Graham may think it of very great consequence to settle the position of the Hon. N. P.jTallmadge, and William C. Rives in the next contest, and to look after n few of the nominalions in the Senate ; but he may rely upon i* tlint ilt'ia/iAmmnnilir urniilil lw? fits uroll entluftoH if II III.II IIHO I.UI1IIIIU1IIIJ TTVFU.VI UK OC K I I lie would, like his predecessor, Mr. Coddington, remain in his office and attend to his public duties here. He has filled the office here with swarnisof sons, brothers, and nephews of broken-down politicians and North American Trust financiers, who are utterly ignorant of its details; and but for the aid of a few o!d?steady Post office clerks, we would be in a most awful coudition. It is time to t give office to men who will attend to its affiiirs. Degradation op the Present Age?Who cun 1 give us a series of well written articles exposing 1st, the degradation ol the bar?21, the degradation of the bench?3d, the degradation ot the pulpit? 4th, the degradation of the press?5th, the degradation of stock jobbing?6th, the degradation of a fashion and morals 1 Let them be done without any personality?but searching in the exposure. * Union of Whioism and Fofriertsm.?These two d leading isms of the nineteenth century are now P united. The whig legislative caucus at Albany, ,, in nominating Mr. Fillmore for Vice, has appoint- tl ed the Tribune their only organ in this city. Mr. 1 Philosopher Greeley will knock & fresh hole in his ,, old hat at this honor?and wear his beard three a days longer than usual. Dull will the business of V barbers and hat makers be. jDisiod Entirely.?'The whig caucus in Albany i[ has finally dished the conservatives and cab men J.J of New York. In a few days, the hoises and old cabs will be advertised for sale. tr a Awfut..?Col. Webb and Philosopher Greeley, 11 are walking into each other as heartily ps Mr. Cheever does into Bichop Hughes, or Parson Potts ?! into Doct. Wainwright. What a lighting age the g, present is! ct G Ocf'.fohn Jones, of the Madisonian, Rays that It John Tyler is the lineal descendant of Wat Tyler, ti who was a republican, and crented almost a revo y Tution in England hundieds of years ago. Very ,r likely. c President Tyler has recognized Thomas J. ,j Pettyplace Consul of the Republic of Texas for the c port of Mobile. ? tt Election in Maine.?We learn, thy Adams A* g< Co., thai Robinson, whig, for Congress, has gained jj* 425 in two thirds of the district. There is a pro- w liability of his election. ei Canada.?We have Montreal papers of the 23d inst. On the canals all was quiet; the belligerant n: fuctions have concluded an armistice which will Cl probably lead to a permanent peace. ^ Steamship Britannia w ill leave Boston on Thurs- ^ lay for Halifax and Liverpool. ru _____ T Fire.?About 9 o'clock last night a fire broke in nut in the rear of No. 523 Pearl street, (a carpcnlei's shop,) which communicated to the building occupied by Mr. Sylva as a frame maker's shop, w the interior of which, with the slock, was mostly tl destroyed. Mr. S. was insured for $500?his effects lost he values at from $600 to $700. A journeyman jf his, a Mr. Gray, has lost a valuable set of tools, o worth $150, no insurance. Ex-Alderman Jones is the owner of this and the adjoining houses ; and y put for the timely exertions of the firemen, his jc loss would have Ween very great. fj tr Gas.?A series ot lectures on gas and gas metres, d and on the extortions of the gas monopolists, are f'1 lira,, it, UnBtnn anil kditi tn Kn If. o 11 uitiinpurl ' .. "j ... ?*? rt A similar set of practical lectures would draw well e here. ? < a Important Sals ?By reference to an advertise- || nicnt under the auction head, it will he seen that a pi splendid house in Eighth street?one of the most 11 desirable locations in the fashionable pnrt of the f, city in fact?is to be sold by auction under the ham- pi mer ot Mr. Miller this day. A great chance for a ^ capitalist, as the property must rapidly improve. t( Mountain Mitton and Canvass Backs?but no fj Murder.?Professor Bronson nnd Beau Nash, <> the lineal descendant of Beau Nash, of the iPump Kooni, Bath, England, give their last ri concert and lecture on almighty matter, at Clinton p [fall, this evening. Don't fail to go, and get afresh si bit of soul to add to your own stock. 1 Great Music vi. Attraction.?Mdlle. Gjertz, * ihe great pianist, gives her first concert at Wash- ? ington Hall this evening. She is on the piano r what Ole Bull is on the violin. The greatest interest has been excited by her announcement, and as ihe Ilall must be crowded, early attendance will |, be necessary in order to secure good seats. An p immense number of tickets have been disposed of. ? Mdlle. Gjertz really possesses wonderful genius, ji There is n soul, n brilliancy, and a finish in her * style, which are represented as quite unequalled, t Kspctti also performs nnd Mr. Barton, n llutist, ot ' whom fame speaks very highly, makes his first nppearance in this city. * fl Kkskxnation of Mii. Choatk ? It is now confidently reporleit ill this elly, upon the authority of letter* received from the Hon Rutin Uhoate. Senator in Con j gress from this State thst he will, ere long, resign hi* neat In the Senate - the resignation to tflkn effect ob the ., fliH >lsy 01 March rest?Hminn .1tl<n, Jan 27. Another Nams:.?The St. Louis Republican adds ' to the list of those w ho lost their live* by ihe accident to * the steamboat Shepherdess, the names of the Rev. Klijali r Otli tie Baptist Church, his wife and servant! ol " Kentucky. " It. S Marshal's Office. ? Belbrc < onimisstoncr Itspeljs. J vis 37 ? Runlt at Sm ?Joseph W Kuiinder*, late n seaman on board fhc ship "Pntrick Henry," w as arrests v and held lo hail to answer a charge preferred by Captain Joseph C. Delano, of an attempt to create s revolt, and with assaulting him with s dangerous weapon. The ex- f smination will take place on Monday (to-day) at twelve r o'clock. tl Mrs. St'tton, tub Vocalist.-r-Thc New World ontinucs it* vulgar tirades against Mrs. Sutton, >ut we do not think that they require any particu- , ar notice. It has reached that point of degrada- 1 ion that should not be followed by any person possessing character,' intelligence or respectability.? I Die following card from Mr. Sutton, the husband jf the ladv, is quite enough;? to TIIK KdIToR or THK i Sir?So infinitely beneath my slightest notice have I : ilway* considered I'urk Benjamin, editor of the New 1 LL'nrl.l ort<l ea urnrlIili??? on/! ttitiiminrtant lit ftnv Ulticlil 1 n his paper considered by the public, except the reprint i ' if works not his ovvu. Hint 1 must needs excuse myvill 1 'or seeming to answer tho ahu?c of one w hum 1 hare let ! ' ail for three years, unanswered and unnoticed. ' The public have long since been m:ulc acquainted with ' ; lie origin of all this abuse heaped on Madame Sutton, vi/: j , ny not consenting to more thau one extortion from ' ark Benjamin in person on my pocket to the amount of j Ml. I have been told that .Mr Benjamin, the brother ol ' his worthy editor, wrote the first article, and 1 presume, , I [we have been In Italy.) in the abuse of last Saturday, he ; i neans this person. II his education is equally as brilliant , I is his musical one shows from his criticism, lie must in- > i iced be u bright particular star in his way. My revered J ( md respected tutor at college in Kuglaud, inculcated ma- i I ty doctlines, amongst which were two upplicable to the j < iresent case, and tne position I have assumed towards . ark Benjamin, and which 1 intend to keep, not only to- ; , yards him, but the we from Italy, vi* : never to notice by I j vord or deed,the attacks, either verbal or in writing, emu- j , tating from any person or persons mv inferior in birth, | niud, manners, d-qsirtment and education ; and secondly, ! | o shun tho devil and Mi his works?iu litis instance I will , aid family. > ( 1 remain, sir, with sentiments of respect, j Your ob't. sev't. < H. E. SUTTON. 1 The motives that prompt these attacks are here < evealed, but what could prompt that solitary Sun- J lay paper, which is conducted in almost inelancho- ' y oblivion by a broken down judga, to follow iu the i j iame wake,is more than we can divine. Instead of a ( rreach rliyut setting on foot these attacks, as in the I tasc of Ole Bull, it may perhaps be more correct to ' rail it a Jew cliqut, by which we by no means al- i ude to the respectable, honorable and intelligent j ]e9cendante ol Abraham, but to that meaner and l( nore despicable class, who might be able to trace i1 heir blood back to Barrubas or Judas Iscariot.? I Ve rather suspect, however, that these slanders I i re indebted for their paternity to the troupe who !{ vould like to compel both Falmo and the public to i ( nter into their jealousies a.'d rivalries, as nn offset | c or their attraction. They will find their mistake i ' icfore the season is over. If they are to succeed , vith a New York audience, that success must grow ? ?ut of their own'tnlents, and not spring from their J jalousies and attacks on others, t U*. I'.DITOR? Your statistical credit to the judgment, I ndustry and care of tb? compiler, and so far as 1 { iave been able to examine them, his accuracy also. 1 In the Herald of the 2*th December. I perceive inder the head of " movements of cotton in the ' Jnited States," a table showing 'he production, oiibuinptiou and exportation of cotton for eleven ; ears, 1832 to 1812-3, inclusive. I was struck with the comparative smallness of t tic export value of cotton the last year, compared , nth the preceding ones, in one of which two hirds of tne quantity had nearly the same value at he greater quantity in 1812-3. Noticing tnis fact, I had a desire to lind from the lble what was the average export value of ?hc ar- i iclc in past years. In order to this, I thought it tould be but proper to exclud c paper mom rices. Therefore, I took the fi ur years (1832to 1885-6) the first of whit as at a low ran . ! lid the last a high one. In these four years were e.\ Tied an avernge o. j million of bales |?er year (: s 15,000)?value in j | ound numbers, forty-rive and a half millions ol ollars. In the last year were, by your table, < orted a million and a half ot bales (less 12,000 altie in round numbers, forty-seven and a I lillions of dollars ; or, by the table, it appears t le export value of 172 millions of bales in 1842-;;. i only two millions, specie currency, less than a lillton of bales in the same currency, on an aver , ge of four years (1S32-3 to 1885-6 ) Had the ii verage value of cotton continued, the export ol tl 842-3 should have been of the value of over (?" 1 tillions of specie, making a difference of 20 mil " ons. This is a quarter more than the value of all le cotton taken for home manufacturing, which at le average value above mentioned (#46 a bale) it ' ither less than 15 millions ol dollars It has been suggest* d that the difference of the ? toney value of cotton, at the periods of the abovt n verage (8 to 11 cents per lb.) and its value in 1 3-12-3, (7 a 7J cents per lb.) or 20 millions of dol- * trs, is just the amount which the cotton planten ' iv, in consideration of the manufacturers taking f 15.0(H) bales of cotton of the former; and the ar j imeut used is, that since the first production ol itton in the southern Stutes, the manufacture ir tl reat Britain has kept pace with our production ? is thence inferred, that if we did not manuluc. u ire cotton.the vastly increased employment of Bri sh capital and laborers or operative to supply tin 1 oiled States, would increase (lie value of the raw ' laterial in Lnglaml, and niiy me wiioii rop, nt least 2 cents a pound, or Hi to 2l) million f dollars in value. To this the intelligent am isinterested parties on the other side reply, thai , otton has declined abroad because the supply i renter than the demand. " No," says the objtc p ?r, " past experience has proved that the domain. ' aes on, and will continue, pari pnuu, with tin " ipply. It is you, inanuinciurers, who cause the '' ecliiie; because the cotton planters must sell ti hoever will buy. Great Britain is the great buy r. The Americans will not exchange their raw |. laterial for the manufactured one. They will take mney only; and such being the case, the buyei I' lust and will oblige the seller to take the lowest ash price." 1 Now, Mr. Editor, though I am no abolitionisi ' ret n hearty wisher that our southern friend.- ? iny adopt Gurney's plan of paying their lajrers, and making them support themselves, id feel most kindly towards all southerners,) yet am sure tliey wilt cheerfully submit to exisig low prices for their cotton and tobacco? 1 ir the British prices regulate ours?when they are * isured it is so favorable to the most important " ranch ot American industry, manufacturing. j liicli has never enjoyed greater prosperity thai ? le past year. Must not every American heart re- c ice in the fast approaching independence of the i nited States?for we have never yet been truly in- v cpendeiit?by manufacturing for the supply of al ur wants anu wishes within ourselves ? Let bin isit the Kentucky and Missouri hemp fields, tin , ennsylvunia iron works, uiid the New York am ermont sheep folds,and his heart will pulsate win. iy. Especially let liitn call in ut the great niatiuictiiring establishments of New England, when lousaiids of ladies?for nil are in that quarter In- 1 ?#1 euiirn fht* (Irii/lfTrrv nf llipir fnthpr* 1 urns and their mothers' dairies, are transformed ito industrious spinsters, or religious, moral, liteiry, accomplished, well-dressed ladies, with w hom , very visiter is delighted. 1 judge, Mr. Editor, you are not so favorable to protective system us some of your neighbors. J link, howeter. you will have candor enough to iblish this, and w ill see by and by that the accu- ' lulution of capital by ru h manufacturer*?foi . lerchants as a class seldom are ahle to accumulate om the risks they are obliged to take?will up- , ear to you. as it does to others, of the greatest ad- , antage to the Stale,as well as general government; i y either of which, capital?like fluid collected in- i i great reservoirs?can, in case of need, be obtain- 1 d some how or other; hut, if left to (low at lurce, ke little wells, brooks, streamlets and ponds, can nly benefit those in the neighborhood. 1 know it ' i said by some prejudiced persons, that it is anti?publicsn to make the rich richer and the poor | uorer: but for argument's sake, udmiiting the ict,where can the government borrow money, the I inewH of war, but from our own capitalists t Fo- 1 sign capitalists will not h-nd us, and non-cnnital- ' tts at home cannot. (>ur revenue is four millions J hoit?we must establish a line of posts to Oregon, nnex or protect Texas, and fight Mexico if neceeary. Ergo, accumulate capital at home, nnd horow, borrow, borrow. Spinwkx.1,. | Amusements. Chatham Thkatbi!.?To-night a new era in the 1 listory of this establishment commences. The ' opular manager hat for the time yields I t ie reins to ' tliers jioisesMng no lets popularity thin himsell. Messrs j lockwell It Stone. In their pawn fill equestrian troupe 1 numbered the name* of Oossin and 1 idy. Franklin, Hte- 1 ens nnd numerous others of equal note. T"r stud is 1 plcndid, heniitilul and perfectly well trained. This, w ith ' he preservation of the most perfect order, will secure ? 1 cries of well ordered amusements with which the public 1 iinnot fail of being delighted. Another Important item ' s the renovation of the saloon* and bar*, which having ' alien into the hands of Messrs Jelsel St I o. will a IT ird th* ' white n guarantee of the best style of refreshment*. ' The Ai.hivo Boys rern.tin tit the American Mil- emit only this week, nnd we would advise nil who j ? iavr not seen them. to go rurtl>w itli nn.I not a * gltt 01 i t he greatest wonder* of creation?for iiolw 1111?tnnilinc I Itey areoftlic purest *now white, their every feature i? i. r ore in liration of their being of African origin The t Sipaey Queen is nl*o engaged nnotlier week, and will he t homo nt all hour* of the day and evening (or private j ooMilt iUon*. Her revelation* of fiituro event* ore truly I larvellon*.' A aplendil company of peiformeo " aged, ami give the most magnificent entertiinmknt* very evening ?: 7 oVloitlc. Ntifwithatanding the maneer ha* gone to Hufo|ie in ? arrh 01 new novelties, the in?eiim I* kept in *iicce?*ful operation, and tho ?ame pirlt ami entorprim manifested in the management as rhen lie \va? at home. Wr?rtaiN Rrvrnfl.?1The ice in the river opposite iero ha* increased very much ?ince yesterday, and I* I ow running nearly full (mm hank to tank. It I* en-1 Ireljr from the Upper Mi**i**ippl.~Si. Louit Era, Jan 18.. Cftjr Intelligence. Police, Jaii. 39 ?Though the paat week ha* bean one >f *||W? tfkhjr In disclosure* of rascality at our police lUicea, yesterday made full amend* for the falling off of lusiness, that operate* so isriouily upon the nerve* and pockets of the odicers of our anti-preventive police system. The first and most important arrest was that mads t>y officer* Stephen* and Scully, who secured a fellow known as Heury Foster, alias Bill Bnry. This rogue lias been traced ns the burglar who entered the dwelling house of Mr. Seaton 61 Bond street, by false key*, on the thiril instant, and stole tw o overcoats from the hall,valued it fifty dollar*. Four false keys were found in his possession, thicc of which fitted the doors of the house of Mr. Seatou. He ha? aUo been traced hs the burglar who ;ntered tho store of John, 11 Ann street, whe lost ready made clothes, ftr., valued nt $3 )0?and also us liavnig entered the store of J no. L .Murray, who lost cloths and ;lothi s valued nt $600. Siure his arrest, hehas, in addition ,o these cliui ges, tieen identitied us the rogue w ho grabbed |8l from the bauds of tho Treasurer of the Bowery Theatre, a few weeks siucr. He was lully committed to answer tliu charge of burglary in the first degree. Kili.imu a Child.?Bridget O'Brien, the girl who destroyed her infant hy throwing it in the sink of the house in which she resided, as u servant, in Bond street, was lully committed on Saturday, by the Coroner, to answer the charge ol infanticide. As the present law governing this offence is insufficient to procure conviction, our legislators at Albany should eitner repeal it altogether, jr so amend it as to meet its original intent and meaning. Bold genius, whose tatterdemalion appearance betokened long acquaintance with vice and abu.-ct poverty, white walking u|) Broadway, was so atracted with the piles of money and its representatives :liat lay heaped in the bow window of Albert L. l'cck's Kxchauge olHce, that ho summoucd the resolution of the nemoiablo Sam Patch, made a (live through the glass, sash lud putty, and then made a jump to clear his skirts from the incumbrances thst he naturally presumed would follow, when some hand more lucky than the rest, seized him hy the coat tail and passed him to a watchman. He stoutly lenicd any intention to steal, hut says the sight of such a [iilu ol money so dazzled his eyes, that hit senses became daggered, and he fell headlong boforeaid could savebim. This story not being such as would satisfy the presiding magistrate, John Sullivan was fully committed to answer. Counterfeits A hol t.?Several additional complaints or passing counterfeit "f> 10 notes of the Middlehury Bank, jf Vermont and North Kingston, Rhode Island, Letter D, were made yesterday against Henry Van Tnssell, an old counterfeiter, and Henry C. Barnes. The notes of the Midillebury Bank aro well calculated to deceive. The

folicu have recovered the plates, we believe, and seveial >ersons of heretofore respectable characters are iinplicaud. Look out for a full ex|>oso. CHARotor Seduction Am Abortion.?Full particulars if the last case under this head not having como to liaht, v? abstain Tram publication until to-morrow. Two othei sasea are preparing for the public eye. Sii.k Patchwork.?A fellow known at of the Twitchcr 'lass, who say* nit mime l? Wm Claik, was arrested by itticer Oil Ilayi, 011 a charge of stealing a silk hat from Mvoid's store in the Bowery. In searching the premises vhcre he said he resided, <1 splendid piece of silk patch,vork, several silk umbrella* ami canes, and several pairs if pegged l)oot? were found, which no doubt have la-en tolen. The ow ners can seu them at the middle police, Centre street. On. Sawykr ami his Horse.?fiilbert \t. Sawyer was irrcstod on a bench warrant. charged with obtaining n lorsefrom William 11. Daskins, valued at #73, by false iretcnces. The charge, under the law of false pretences, :an hardly be sustained, (sawyer was admitted to bull to uiswur. Perjury.? Uarretson Lyons was also arrested on a diurgoof perjury, in giving evidence iu a suit before lusticc Hoxie, of hi* possession or ownership of certain 'oods that had been distrained for rent, which were at No. I Christopher street, lie was also bailed. Hf.mry 8. Shaffer was not held to hail, as was repored on Saturday, on a charge of false pretences, but was Uichurged on a hearing of the case before the Justice. Superior Court. Before a full Bench. Jan. -1 eisiovs.? The Profile fx rel. anil William <Cil:; >ii ? Mrohtim Uretn ?This was an application to 1 witness for lion-attendance, pursuant to notice Court held that the answer of the merceJ admitted he coi >t, without demurring to the form, leaving ii 0 the Con,: to decide the consequence. The decision in he ease is not to be considered the rule of the Court. In will lie necessary that the witness shall be calico and tailing to answer, tiie motion shall then immediatey e made, that be be punished for contempt; and the taint ' I lie recorded on the minutes of the Court. These alits of contempt must be made by the parties aggrievThe Coui t, in the present case, did not believe tha> ' ere bound petemptorily to line the w itness in de 1 ..r ,t,? i... 41.. I >/. tut. lioiiiajii Duaimur.i ?jr iuut that a discretionary power was vested im they thought proper. In the presen ut <]id not perceive that the witness had in. iy disregarded the process of the Court; nor filer nieut on the proceeding*, thut he intended to deprivt he party sueing of the benefit of hi* testimony. Thi tourt, thereloro, ruled tliat the defendant he discharged, ipon payment of the costsof the attachment. Michael O'Connor, Executor of Pur, diceased, vs. .ddtin Idan>s ct ah ?This was an appeal from the decision in thi uwer Court. Judgment of lower Court allirraed. George E. B. Loaf-, vs. William VV. Stiowden.?This was n appeal from a decision in the Marine Court. A judgment hud been entered against the defendant, in the Maine Court, but a* it appeared that the case had been call don at half-past eleven, instead of twelve o'clock, thi udgment of the Maiitio Court was reversed. Frere Eddy vs. William S Simcrt.?This was an appeal om the decision of a Ward Court, on a bill for tuition he judgment of that Court wa* confirmed John A'. Taylor vs. Clinton Roicrrll.?This was an ac im 01 iginuting in the Marine Court. The plaintiff it rror, Taylor, was a licensed Attorney, and liu.t en ten rito u continc.t or part partnership, with the defendant ii rror, to transact business under certain conditions losevelt undertook the suit of a certain person, in a <e .levin case, and not being n irguhir practitioner, or vvei student at law. he employed lay lor, sharing with hin he proceeds The Marine Court gave the defendant h rror one half of the entire costs. To this^the plaintiff ii rror took exceptions, and tiie Couit held that, thesysten f copa tnership in such cases, did not deserve the counetiance of the profession ; that Taylor had abused thi .rivilegc of a licensed practitioner, and such conduc lionlil he stigmatised liy tiie Bench as disgraceful and un northy a member of the Bar. Yet the Court held thai niluiieiideutly, the defendant in error was not entitled ti no half of the couusel fee paid to the plaintiff, and ac ordingly the judgment was reversed. Emmctt Jtml vs. Suinuel W. D. Cook.?Judgment 0! iiu cr Court sustained. Josrnh Roltrer. el. ah. vs. John hfitrhfll.?.Illdffment ol Otver Court set aside. John J Hinchman vs. William McDonald?This was ar ppeal lor a decision against the plaintilT in error. Judg lent sustained Gilbert .1. Wilkint vs. Nathaniel Pierce.? Motion loi icw trial denied. Common Plea*. Belore a full Bench. Jan. 27.?Henry Me if;* it. Ilie Mayor and Cor/ioration.? 'his was on a case brought by the plaintiff in error, whs. 'as clerk in the Court of Sessions previous to the appointlent of the present clerk, Henry Vandervoort. The can ,'as brought originally to recover salary duo?and thi tie nee set up was, that the plaintilt' had been legally re loved from otticu. The plamtitt' denied the rignt of th< unit to remove him ; he contended that the powe; f removal was not vested in in the court, whicl vat illegally constituted, and against the proviions of the constitution of the State. The pluintili laims the amount of balance due him since the2Ul if September, 1839, together with his annual salary o M.'iOO, fiom May 24th 1811. tothe 1st February, 1842. Thi nse wns originally tried before Judge Inglis, and a vei lict was rendered for the plaintiff, subject to the decisioi il the court The Court, recogni/.ed by the constitution of thelStati uid vested w ith the pow er to appoint and remove thi Jerk of the Court of .Sessions, was com]iosed of the First Indge, the Mayor, the Recorder, and the Aldermen ol thi :ity, and three of whom, of which the first Judge, thi Mayor, or Recorder, shall be one, slinll constitute a quo um. The Court in its decision w as not prepurcd to ?\ hat " as regards the validity of the.upnointinent ol thi usocintc judges, that they were not judges dr facto, oi hut they weie not constitutional!} appointed. The Coui igrees with the opinion expressed by the Chancellor, aaid down in the 4th Hill. 393?that although one. of tin actions of the net of IHlO is admitted to be in direct con lict with the provisions of the Constitution, yet it doe> rot render the other points of that act inoperative am roid. However, the plaintiff being removed by a Court -erogniscd by the State, it does not follow that he mar ecover his salary from the defendants upon proof of tl:t 1 legality of his removal. The defendants are onh ounu legally to pay the clerk who performed thi luties for the period actually claimed. Still, if thi icts of the Court (except the validity of the judg ncnts) are void, the plaintiff did not take the pro ler remedies?he has never been reinstate in office ind has consequently no right to claim his salary, ii nin event the plaintiff if entitled t.r the balance of he -alary due him at the time of his removal. But the Couti told that he is not entitled to recover the salary due ti| 0 the commencemnnt of the suit, inasmuch as lie neglect d to take the proper remedies; and in reason and justici he defendants me not to be answerable for his default, t'non the whole,"the Court says, "we think, that as thi Aldermen took their seats us judge* of the Court of 8c ions, that the removal ofaelerk, and the appointment o> 1 successor, were legal acts of a court de facto. For the mrpose* of this suit the Court may say. that the conn vhieh removed the plaintiff was then, tod fully coneiitu ed, or had all the poweis nceeseary to, a court, and was egally convened, hecauso the plaintilf has not prove' hat the judges were not legally summoned, and bccsusi he act of removal was performed by a court under the oloroflnw. Whatever the opinion of the Court could lave been, as to the plaintiff s right to recover in a direc' rocreding in reference to the question Involved, it never In-less thinks thnt the plaintiff eannot avail himself of sue), natters, when he calls upon th" defendants for the oav went of his salary. The "act of the court in full operatim amoved the pUintill from ollice, and the defendant* are li 10 u'Ue answerable for the consequence, if the munvi ivn< illegal. Nor doe* the Court inean to *t*te, thnt if th< lointilT wiin illegally removed, he could hrfort judgtnev f inula, Site hi* successor for the avail*of ollice. Tin onrt do-* not decide that he i* entirely remedilw* in nr. iction ng?iti*t anch *ncco**or. The Court hold* that al hough the ac- ofISifl is Incomplete, ro far a* it afl'ect" he power* of fhe Aldermen, jet it I* not void fa f?r. 'nder that act there wo" at ill a court Atfatia, whose pro 'ceding* this < onrt cannot wholly disregard indecidint lie present action The dm hion of this Court, therefore. I*. that tin tlumtlff I* entitled to tin- nalnry due him tip to tin* date < il? >"r?iof ,il,b"t no more Toieph T'trher, nth Thnmai . 7. P. Itorlan?Thl* *M notliui to *i't ft'idc the Award of .the \ rbitrntor*. nn irn filar or to mo lily it. n 1 tin* -rr ntn<U that rorrtti tion'an irihery had hcp? tued. The t onrt wan of opinion thr he weight of erideure disproved thn rUn-Re of rorrti ioo nod illegality,and, accordingly, the raotii n it dente I'ltll Jii co?fc William R H'ilham?. v?. Rniirt WarJrap ?TliU wo* ?i ippexlonnn notion of nannult and battery. The Appete tM diimlxned-the coa'a to ahldit the i<*uuof the nuit. Father Miller is in Hoaton, i ilbujr. [Correspondence of the llsr*kl.J Auuirr, Jan. 20,1844. Sober Second Thought t? Soirfe at the Governor'i? frozen Marie/kino and the New York Appointment*?Legislative Proceeding*?Figuring fcer 1 tlu next Election?Dieapoointnuntt uii'l Dried A)>ple$. An absence from town ot* nearly a week, has l' prevented me front writing before. On looking c over your paper, (weekly,) on my return, J do not * find nty Crayon sketch of Weed: I presume youi counsel thought some parts of it libellous. Well, 1 l' do not know, but it would, if published, induce ^ Thurlow to Cooper you; and as I am extremely ig- * norant of ilic law of libel, 1 may have transgressed * its precincts. v I had the honor luat evening, in company with some two hundred others, to attend u soiree at * < rov. Bouck's. The executive mansion is a very ' line one, and tastefully, though not gaudily furnish- \ ed. The guests were, not aa I presumed they would he, all members or office holders, tout an contrairr, the majority were citizens, though the Senate, Assembly and lobby men, all in part represented. As 3 it was a gubernatorial parly, 1 hope I do not trans- h grcss propriety in saying that it was well got up; re- '' treshments in great abundance; an excellent band I1 of music; and that the Coventor's daughter,graced, t1 by the kindness and aflahility of her inannere, the 9 position of hostess, which she was de facto, it not J1 dtjnrt. There was no ardent on the supper table, b but as a New Yorker remarked, there was some- f thing strong to eat, in the shape of Roman punch, 11 frozen Marischino. b 1 find the New York appointments are mostly r made?McVean, of Montgomety County, is Jo be. or is, Surrogate. Daley^js appointed Judge,'but Smith is not quite so certain ot the seat on the Ma- [ rine Beuch. Old Judge Morrill, Waterman, Glea- f son, Sherwood, and a host of others, are pressing t their claims most strenuously. Wandell, vide ; \like Walsh's paper tor his picture, 1 do not know n him, is port-warden. 1 cannot but think that the e Governor has yielded to improper and undue influences in their appointments, especially the first, j Surrogate. This was last winter positively pro- n mised, to Mr. Edmonds, and if he was to he rewarded for his political services, he merited the r office over fifty Meh men as McVean. But we presume Gov. Bouck has some good reason to give ior thus slighting Mr. Edmonds; at least he ought to have. Capt. Glover was the man (for port-warden, but he is too much af a whole souled, gentlemanly fellow for Messrs Scott Jc Co. Major Connor is here, as I stated, to get the law of last session made, to insure Mr. Warner a good fat office, repealed. Warner's friend, Mr. Duley got up the y law and passed it, and now strenuously opposes io repeal. Slamtn is assisting Connor, and James T Brady and Daley are helping. Col. Warner, who J Am informed, uot knowing him, is here. The 1 legislature have got io work at last, but tiie House is still inflicted with too much speaking. , To-day there was an animated debate on the ; School Fund, Mr. Sampson, Hurlburd, Bosworth, , I (oilman and others taking a part; but the principal business of muny members seems to be to gel offices for their ft tends, ami to arrange the campuign lor next summer. Thurlow Weed is e.x tremely anxious to be the whig candidate tor Governor; and, at present, his chances are decidedly . rood. Governor Bouck. Dickinson. Flagg, Attor ley-Gcnerul Barker and Hoffman are (he loco foco T candidates. The first named will succeed ; he u . much more popular than last winter, is a safe man, sound judgment, and not too easily governed. He has, of course, made some enemies in his ap- v . ointments, but that is unavoidable; though he it ^ much to blame fur keeping nominations undei tdvisement so long as lie does in nearly every instance. By the way, amongst the guests at Governor Bottek's, was ex-Governor Seward, who is here attending the Supreme Court. The bar of the , State is largely represented, your city especially; "" tnd the Supreme Court, and Court of Chancer) ire full of business; the lormer, though it has been m session four weeks, has still two hundred causes in the calendar. Yours, ,1 Tompkins. (. Cincinnati. [Correspondence of tbc Herald.J Cincinnati, Jan. 22, IS 11. Journey in gs through Ohio?Conveyance!?Road*? Cincinnati?Its Business, und the Result of thi f Pork Business this year?A Fall in Price Anticipated?lite Herald in Cincinnati?Gas Light? 0 City and County Improvements, Q-e. Dear Bennett :? * Here I am, after a small jolt through ths interiot of Ohio. I left Bullalo Saturday week, and through die various vicissitudes, rnilkridgeitudesand prying ' iut stngeitudes necessary for a western traveller tc , indcrgo, I have at last arrived at the end of my jour tey, sale, with the exception or a few cracks nnc 1 truises. Speaking of cracks puis me in mind thai j i ought to give the stage companies, county roads i vc. a pufias I go long. J left Portland in the cuit ] in Monday for Tiflin. at which place I took the .tnge, which hy the way was a most magnificent 1 ifliur, to be delivered at Springfield, on the naiionul road, in twenty-eight hours after the elupst >f suid time. Instead of being in Springfield, 1 , ound myself not quite half wny, prying the stag. >r wagon out of the rnttd,which was nearly a?dee| / is it is in Wall street. Bat it is of no use to give yoc i description of my journey further. All U(?sets it ' he West are alike, und all rails are heavy to car. 1 y, especially when you have to pay two prices foi. ' (he privilege. 1 have just arrived at the conclusioi \ 4 the great business of import of tin; West, ant- , die packers are hurry ing their meat of to rnarkei n anticipation of a decline in price, which is gene- t ally expected in the spring. There was not a> nuch cut at this point this season as last, and whai ' tas been, is principally by Eastern men nnd new f lands, the old packers liaving too much fear ol ' heir fingers to touch it. One or two houses that [' lave been in the huhil of putting up large quantiies of pork, have not cut a hog. It was the gene- i al opinion, at the commencement of the season. > hat pork would not be over 2 and 24, and i ts taking -o sudden a rise, caused capulists that intendet ' tutting up heavily, to retire, leaving the principal ' >art of the field to men of borrowed capital, and ii> ' audi hands is the principal part, of this season*! tacking in Cincinnati, who will not he enabled tc , told on to their stock, and its being rushed int< narkct will cause a decline in price. Anothei cason for the nercssity of a decline in price, ant f >y far the most plausible one is, that the principa 1 mount of hogs cut in this State, has been packet n the country, by almost as many different houseis there nre barrels of pork, and they will a: ;oon as the roads become navigable, rush tnei lock into murket, let the price be what it may.? , Ynd its being congregated here in such vast quan t ities, and in so many different ways of packing, icsides having so tnany hundred owners, must ne- <' lessarily glut the market. I find that it is the gen v rul opinion, that the money made this year on ' mrk, will he by second hands. It Beenu that there has been considerable financier [' tig here, among some of the porkers, such us forg- r tiff hills of lading, acceptances,tec. One gentletnai ,i igured tolerably largely in that way, until he hat i iccumulatcd a sufficient uniount of funds, (in tin c vuy of advances, tec) and Pomeroy'n-trunkted ti nuts unknown, lenving his friends gaping uftei lim. I was very agreeably astonished on arriving j here, to find the Herald so much enquired for. In H 'lie morning on the arrival of the pa|>ers from the j ffiee, the Herald is the first paper sought after,and , lucky is the one that gets it first; for it has not ar ? idle moment from that time until some one hook.'- e it nnd slopes. I have not seen a Herald in.the (l eadiiig room of this house (the Ifroodway) ultei " 'en, since 1 have been here, and have had to pro n :ure one at your friends' (If. te J.) when I wished \ to see the news. It is not so with other pa|>ers: tl villi Urt II Sl'r llicill lrl> III* I1UUU t Ul illiy II1IIC. 1 IIU' || ice lbs! they have begun lighting the city will I ;ns, but you can see that economy is their mono. ? is the burners are not a ci'iarter lnrfre enough, ant tlu-y have not halt enough gason ; so that the lights ' irr nf little or no use, as they give just enough light v o niakc a person shun shadows and run over the ( realities. Cincinnati is going to build a court |, council chamber, and other public buildings, , a lien those they have full down. Verily, she hath < in economicu) Council, for not a public building las she. Yours, J. C. B. " (!(?-HORACE GREELEY answers,thoroughly and do- ? Ideilly, in thi? morning's Tribune, the wanton and brutal 4 ittack upon him by James Watson Welib in Saturday's , ouricr and Enquirrr. lie will thank hi* friends to placs "H c. before their acquaintances who read the Courier and do ,, iot see the Tribune. Extra copies lor sale at the desk. I OrJ- AN INTELLECTUAL TREAT.?Professor q Ironsou and Mr. Nnsh give u concert of Elocution and q iusic, this evening, ia Clinton Hall, at 71 o'clock, em- , raring 'AOof their most popular Songs ann Recitations , Yd mission 23 pent'; a family or party of ttvo 5' ;1 N. IV- New elasses of ladies and gentlemen eomineuct ( o-day,and meet daily; one at!) A.M., the other nt 4 P. ,M., ii Concert Hall, 400 Broadway. ? Cb'- TO ALL HUMANE PEItsoNS AND PIIV85- X MA,VS.?There is in thb, ity a salve, which will be fin- r ti-hed gratis to ph\ siemns and poor persons, to apply in Ov ease of burn , scalds, erysipelas, ulcers, salt, rlienm. ' f! itned skin. itr It will cure any case If this salvt ill not do all we say of it. the proprietors bin 1 there. i elves to pay to the Orphan Asylum fifty dollars, and In* i ile physicians togiveita trial without cost, and claim lie VA if it fail*. i his (trout mlve ii (Joiinera Magical ,i 'uln Extractor, from 21 itroct. For ?alo In l< 'hiladrljihla, 2 North Fifth *t. r? Alto, I)R. McNAIR'S ACOUSTIC OIL ?A permanent ,v oure for Daafnaaa. In no caaa hat It failed to cure. t n BY THE SOUTHERN MATL. [Correspondence of the HerelJ.] Wasiiimqtox, Jan. 27, 1844. Vo Suntary if tht Navy ytt?Duth?Exclututn of I Riporttn?CauM nj Seriatim' Dtluy. 1 I have just learned, from an authentic source, !> >< ih? Preaident Has made no selection of n sue- ] esaor to Mr. Ilenshaw. I shall hope to know ometliing about it early next week. There ore various rumors of duels flying about j be city?to which, however, I attach no credit. Ien who really intended to light would not, by iving publicity to their intentions, deprive theinelves of so pleasant a pastime. The particular-. ill be communicated to you front another quarter. There seems to be a disposition, oil the part of ome ot the members ot the House, to abridge the berties of the press?to limit all reporting to the Vashingtoii city papers?and to exclude from the rivilegea of the House all other reporters. Are the ilea who devised this gag law aware that it is the hortest cut to political damnation which has yet cen originated 1 What right have the Washingon city papers to exclusive privileges 1 Have the eople ot these tree United States no rights in the remises 1 Shall they he cast, in dependance for orrect iuiormation, upon the venulity of a Wellington press, whose voice, or whose silence, would >e equally at the disposal of "$8 jier diem ?" My emarks, of course, refer to nothing which is, or ias been?to no present papers, nor present memier3?hut to what might be hereafter under that ule. I will not discuss a proposition . of such frightful mien, That to be hated r.oede to be seen, trust we are iduily receding farther and farther rom the time when the people would, submit to iteir own immediate representatives legislating for hem with closed doors, or to what would be well ligh equivalent to it, with their doors closed to all xcept those over whom they had legal control, lam just fold by one of the Senators, that the Senate's delay of action upon Mr. Porter's appointnent, is of hit own request. The House is discussing the abolition petition ule. The Senate does not sit to-day. S. B. TWBNTY-K1GHTU COKGHE39. 1 FIRST SESSION. House of Representatives Washington, (Saturday night) Jan. 27. Another Attempt to Expel nil the Reporters from the House except Six !?A Wild Movement to have Sworn Government Reporters?The Tuscuty-first Rate and the Grampus. As soon us the Journal vvusreud to-day, Mr. Cave Johnson rose and said that lie should nake a motion to expel ull the Reporters for the *Tew York. Philadelphia and Boston newspapers, re. from the Hall of the House of Representaives. and allow only the Reporters for the Globe, ntelligencer. and Madiscnian to have the privilege if going in there to report. The Speaker told him that such u motion would lot he in order at the present time. Mr. Johnson was understood to say that he would iring it forward at some other time ; hut there was o much confusion in the House at the time, unu lis motion seemed to excite so much sensation, hat it was impossible to make out what he did Ivir. C. J. Inoersoll made some remarks, which vere also inaudible from the confusion. He was inderstood to say something about the questio Kxata of the Reporters ! Mr. Black, of Georgia, then offered a resoluion relative to reporters. '! he Speaker said it could only be received by eneral consent. Mr. Preston King?1 object, Sir. Thompson?Oh, no?I wouldn't do that. Black?I move a suspension of the rules. Sir. A Memhkr?Is it in order, Sir; I object to every ling that's out of order. We had disorder and onlusion enough yesterday. Mr. Bi.ack called for the reading of the paper. This wus refused. A Member?What is the paper! What's it bout 1 Another?I don't know?(much noise and collusion.) Another?That's what /wont to know. A vote was taken on the reading, bur for the 20</i r 30th time this cession, no quorum voted! Mr. Black moved a call of the House, which iras not ordered. The House then consenting, the Clerk read the esolutions of Mr. Black, as follows:? " For detatminatinp correct information of the roreedings of thin House anion cr the public : Br it hctolvtd, Thai a Committee of live he apointed Icrtfrw ith to consider ami rtuort as soon as prae utile, tbe expediency and practicability oi instituting in i?u of the present *> item of rr|K)rtiiig, a corps of Report- ^ rs t>i lie appointed and paid by tbe House, and located licrcin ; whose duly it sliall tie to attend the House when it session, and report faithfully and literally, everything Itat is done, or attempted to be done, officially therein, whether the same bo in the affirmative or negative, truly nd to the letter, an it occurs ; an i alio all decisions, moion*, point* oi order, or otherwise, bill*, resolutions, and very action ol tbe lloiue, or uny member theteol, in hi* apacity aa such, and of the lornmitUe of the whole louse ; also all the converiations, remark*, deliberations, ecisions, and spei ches of the Speaker, the members, or tficers ot the House, addressed to the Home, or to thu ommittee of the Whole House, exactly at I hey are made, elicered. or tpokin I An<l that said Committee inquire and report of the exediency and practicability of publishing said Reports byhe House, or the authority thereof from day to day, or t longer periods of time, in newspapers, pamphlets, or ther form, free of postage, to any person or persons , ho|may suhsciibe and pay in adrancc therefore ike. turn f 26 rente per session I And that said Committee inquire and report of the expeliency of requiring said Reporters, before they enter uiin the duties of their office, to take an oath that they will veil and truly perform thu duties assigned them as Relorters ol the House to the best of their knowledge and bility ; and that they will not during their continuance n office, report or write for any other newspaper, pampliet,or other publication whatever. And that said (.'ommittee inquire and report how many It-porters ought to be appointed?'what amount of money ught to be paid to each as a con. jirrsution for his services -how these reports ought to lie published; whether by leans of a government printing press, or by contract i-ith individuals, or in what other way ; and also as to the roper means of distributing the same to those who may uhscrihe therefore. (Here the Reporter of the "Herald" takes the liberty of aying that this would take 10 reporters at ?60 a week ach f) The-resolution was laid over lor the present ; and the louse proceeded to the orders of the day, and discussed, nee more, THE TWENTY-FIRST Kt'LE. Mr. WnioiiT of Indiana fwho commenced the other ay) said?That the advocates of the 21st Rule were puruing the very course to create popular excitement, and ogive the abolitionists increased power. He read from lie speeches of Mr. Madison in Congress in 1700 to prove his, and also from Mr. Grundy's speeches. He contended hat if you could say what should not be received, you ould also say what should ho received. You talk of cstud rigiits in the Mouth ; and by and by when you pre cut petition* against the Tarill' the North may talk of imir vested rights end refuse to receive them. And where ?this question to stop I 1 don't want the South to give he abolitionists so much power as is done by refusing to uceivc petitions. Abolish the 21st Ilule, and you stiikc own the most powerful wenpous which the miserable boliUoiiuts cun use. t he wisest course which the Mouth an possibly adopt, is to utKilisli the Jlst Itulc immcditely. \ir 8i ii.k? rose ntid said?Of all the erils which beict ur government?ol all the danger* which threaten our Ttiiou, not one con l>o found more speedy in it* oiieration, ure in its consequences, or futal in its result*, than oreigu interference with the domestic institutions of the otitis. Other divisions between the citizens of this wideptead republic, which constitute the ground-work of opusing parties, and whose violence at times serves almost a hazard the existence of the country, aro hut honest inferences of construction as to the powers jof the govern lent. Tliis variety of opinion, is but consistent with thu ariety of interest, education, and habit by which we ate istinguished. it is wholesome, because it is a difference ased in reason, having for its common object the sup|>ort f the constitution ; for it* end,|the preservation of the iberties of the country. But far different are such divilous from that which separates tin; true lover of bis otintry from that band oi deluded fanatics, whose only cason is. that " the end will justify the means," and vhlchend is the dissolution of the fait est regions of the arth?tlio destruction of the most perfect system ofsocinl nd political happiness which lies ever "existud. The auger is not only great, hut it is increasing. The spirit f abolition has advanced, and is advancing. It increases y opposition ! it triumphs by defeat ! Scarcely ten year* go, and the few obscure enthusiast* of the north, who ndnested the abolition of slavery at the south, exited hut tho derision and contempt of the whole ountry. Abolition was deemed, by the enliglitneil and reflecting citizen, hut an insignlllcant nd sickly flame, that If it sprung from our wn sol I,fit was hut the " ignus fatius" which would xpire when the gas which gave it origin had tieen conumed ; or ifdropt by some foreign hand either by acclent or design, that there was no combustible ma'ter -itliin it* reach, and that it must he extlnguisned by the rst breath w hich swept over it. lint time has proven ve fallacy of these calculations : thu spark which dmpt II amidst imflammablc materials, and the breath which was supposed would extinguish, only enkindled the ame. It ha* shot with terrific rapidity through the land , ' ip'neither by patriotism, principle or party i It i* now using the very elements ot our Constitution to "melt rith fervent heat," and will, if no* arrested hy n* In thi* [all, prove to our country Its " last great conflagration ~ 'he question now before the House, which Involvis th * nportan'siihii ct, i?, in su' stance, the retention or re ction of the 3.1th Itulu, providing for the exclusion if holition petitions, being in favor of reta ning the rule. ?hnll ro ?i 'rr ivith the limit**'! opportunity that tnr n 11 r ill; allow*, the objection* to mifn a marie The*e ohction* con*l*t, a*the opponent* of tho lttilo contend, ill s In ing n violation ot tin: Conititntion nn>l an abridgment the light, of petition! What part of the Constitute*" >? ? it violate, and upon which the opnoncnt* of the * '? lit I I am amwered, "The lit Amendment'' ; hat doe* the lit amendment proicribe I That ?V run ihall make no law abridging the righ^ft ' 7 i ' : ?e Bi

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