Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 1, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 1, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. At m H-h, iiiur*.U>, Fcbrunry 1. inili", TO HEW'PAPKll AfjifflTS. Kreo '1 rart. ?cwi;wpen Krom and after this date, we (hall supply, directly from this ofHre. all NcwirsrcR Aorjrri throughout the United States with such quantities oi the NKW VOHk 1IKRALD, daily or witkly. as they may order, payable hyr draft, or other remittance, always in advance. Hitherto we have refilled to supply any Agents in cities and towns, except certain special and sole agents, but from the policy of these ar.ents, and the great pressure f om others to open a free trade in the Herald, we have resolved to break up the as stem of cxclusii e agency, and t >give the preference, on all occasions, only to those who will m?'<e tlie greatest effort in increasing their business, an I in supplying the demands of the public 1'rice ol the Uuily $1 iO per bundled?ol the Weekly $-1 per bundled Hku&l.i* Oi riei., 30th Jauuuiy, 1S4J. The fee it* from Kurojse?Ks peeled He vol a tliisi In IrelHiiil. We uredaily expecting die receipt of some important news from Enrop-, in relation to the mmketa and coinnierci il matters g'-nernliy. by some of the picket frhi,>9 now on their way. Bui the niotl i .teresting intelligence will probubly lie received by thenex' steamer, winch sails Iroin Liverpool on the 4th of February. The State trials are now in progress at Dublin, and they may have terminated by that time. The character of the intelligence received by the last steamer has prepared us fot almost any result, any contingency, or any kind ol an outbreak. That intelligence?derived from public and private sources?communicated a variety oi important facts, showing the disturbed condition of Ireland, the various conspiracies on f?? i? .1 i .i ..:_i iiiui?liir imjiuci.-* |i(."rj>"irairu?itiHi uir viuiriiimn inositips Is t*eeu the contending religious sect*. Every llnug, indeed, by all accounts, seemed to be favorable to some great simultaneous outbreak in that island, und from the strong sympathetic leeling existing, similar eruptions throughout the empire must in that case follow. Although O'Counell and the leaders of the Repeal movement, as well as the Viceroy and the government?being inspired with mutual suspicion and dread?are laboring to preserve peace and order, yet as the trials approached, and the crisis which was for the fust time to bring the repealers indirect collision with the government, come on, who can tell to what an infuriated, oppressed, uuv* n*ir(fuu<*ii jjcubuuuy* umiuutru uy iuc =? fetling of religious animosity, may have been driven ! The statement which our private correspondent gave us, in relation to plots and conspiracies, secin to be confirmed by several articles in the Dublin papers which we have received since? particularly Saunders'' News letter. And although persons on the spot are much intimidated by the present aspect of affairs, and may somewhat exaggerate their accounts, yet, in a great revolutionary crisis in nny nation, sometimes all exaggeration falls fir short of the reality, which was repeatedly instanced in the ease ot France during the various phase? of her revolution. If, therefore, these trials should terminate in any outbreak in Ireland, we may expect to see a similar outbreak in other parts of the kingdom; and ns the next steamer will bring out the news, either one way or the other, the greatest interest will be felt till she arrives. Mobk Defalcations.?We find the following notice of an additional defalcation in Wall street in the Commercial of yesterday nlternoon: ? "A Defalcation Diicloifd.?'The third teller of the Merchant*' Bank, considering himself on hi* death bod. neat for the cashier of the bank on Monday evening, and in antici|>4tiou of thu disco \ury of his defalcation at the examination of the hank accounts, acknowledged that he had defrauded the hank to the amount of tw-iity thousand dollars; which deficiency is now ascertained to he exactly the sum abstracted The uautc of the thiid teller is Mr. Kitiain " llcrc is another evidence of the contaminating influences of Wall street, that have for the past several years extended front the Presidents of Banks to iliejioiters?from Collectors of the Port to tide waiters?front District Attorneys to Deputy .Marshals?and from City Collectors to Clerks in the Mayor's office. Mr. Samuel A. Kissam has been engaged in this bauk for the past twelve or thirteen years, and lias borne a uniform good character for honesty, but in the meantime has been secretly and industriously engaged in tobbing the stockholders ot the bank that give liiin employment, until the sum has amounted to $20,(kx). For the phsi yeur his health has been on the decline, con Fiuiii|>uon ui'ing me hem ui disease, rim daily lias his fears of exposure caused his attendance at the bunk, even when unable to stand at his desk. The recent examination of accounts of the several banks, preparatory to the annual report, has caused many u twang of conscience arid many a sleepless night among the numerous officers connected with the h inks of Will street. This unticip ted investigation is supposed to have preyed so deeply upon the mind ot Kissum, in connexion with his feeble health, that on Monday he was confined to his house, and sent for John J. Palmer, Eau , Cashier of the Punk, to whom he made u full disclosure of his defalcation, or robbery, which upon investigation was found to amount to twenty thousand dollars. He is now supposed to be on bis dying bed, and the exposure may be truly classified as a deathtied revelation. Should he survive, however, no fears need be entertained on his part of punishment by criminal prosecution, as no individual yet guiltv has suffered in that manner in this city. Case after case has been presented to our criminal authorities?Grand Jury after Grand Jury have been appealed to by unfortunate stockholders for justice, und in but one or two instances that we can remember, has even an indictment been found against offending parties. The first and most prominent that led the way to these public robberies, were government agents of this city, who have laughed justice to scorn, and defied the civil laws to compel them to disgorge the funds that the people at large have ihus lost ? Then followed bank cashiers and insurance clerks, bank tellers and city collectors, until the mass inus uisnonesuv aosorocu wouiu aiimuni 10 irmlions. These philosophers stand roundly "indebted," as they term it, to the dear people, over a million. Redneld, of the Commercial B ink, others of other banks plump Jjjfl(K),OtK) due the storkholders; Nicoll. ot the Life and Trust, and Schermrrhoni of the Mutual Insurance, full .825,(NX); Henry Lott, of the Etna, and the lust death-bed revelations ol Kus irn, from 80 to 9100^01. Tims miking an aggregate of millions, to say nothing of Tom Lloyd, John Ahern, and Jem VVard, who merely plucked the eity Corporation to the tune of sonic 8150,000, whicli the tax payers of this citv must make good at tlipir leisure. Notwiinstandiug that there is law suflicient to send these men, or the most of them, where they could, by hard labor, restore to Iho people of the State a small tithe of interest on the amount thus obtained, yet hut one, John Ahern. his ever lieen tried for their offences, and lie was acquitted on a technical point raised by his counsel. Let a poor devil of a gtocer's clerk take n few shillings from his employer's money drawer, and he. is forthw ith arrested, dragged to the Tombs, tried, convicted, and sent to the Penitentiary almost in the brief tune we are recording it; but if thesum is thousands, the arm of justice is stayed, and the perpetrators walk the streets, fearing not the vengeance of the law, and rating naught for the denunciations of those they have robbed, as long as criminal prosecution can be battled off hy the influence of wealth and friends. What a mockery of our laws hy those appointed to administer thetn ! Thosk Appop^mrtts.?It was currently reported last evening, that th^,appointment of McVean for Siirrn7.ltii n( ttllA nilv un/l Simiflv f.?r T.Jmo svf lk? Marine^ Court, would lw rejected l>y the Semite. Abraham Morrill, l.sq , late Public Administrator, ia ? prominent candidate ior '.It i.ia named oiliec. Mt>. Packkmiiam, nu: Enommi Minister.?The Vestal, a line liiH suing twenty-gut gun ntan-ofwar. which is, it is smd, to l?rin?? Mr. P?rk?'inain tr this country, was nearly rcadj jlor sea at I'oiisniouth, nt (ho last acc'iiltit*. From 15 >s:r in Pacer* received la i night ?r learn that Boston Harbor was frozen over aa far down an the Narrow* on Tir-wIu^. The Daily Mail intimate* that the Steamer Britannia could hardly he cut out of the ice, in which she was firmly locked, in tint 5 to leave for Liverpool on the day adver tiaclfor her departure. II 11 LlijMnard Ittuut'i Itcply to Walton j{ Wtbb?tilngular UoTtlopmenii In Lfga- Thi *lt? mid H?wip?|Hn au>l We publish in this day's prjvr the very calm, ins temperate, and conclusive reply of LUpenard Slew- fill art, Es?] , "f<? the statements promulgated recently in sec the Courier Enquirer, by J allies Watson Webb, tal Ex-Colonel in the New Vork Militia, in relation I?ei 1 - -j , ,, to the Stewart will i'?-, unu iii? connection mere- tur with. We have also in our possession a copy of not the brochure which contains all the evidence, afii- cor davits, statements, and Mr. Webb's own letters, moi establishing the truth oi Mr. Stewart's reply?pait hoi of which we may publish if called for hereufter by of t any exigency. be This reply contains some very curious develop- tioi incuts in morals, newspa|?ers, money, legacies, pul' editors, blood horses, conservatories, dogs, utid I politicians. yea l'irst, it appears at once, that this Mr. Watson unt Webb bad been iouued $50,000 out of the Stewart hat estate, to enable him to establish the Courier & n c Enquirer, and that over #30,000 was never paid is r back at all?$14,000 or #'15,000 being sunk mi' entirely, and lost to the Stewart estate, and the ot i rest settled by Master Watson's taking the bla benefit ol the act. It further appears that the anc ; whole Stewart estate is only valued at about the I #200.000, and therefore, that James Watson bi.t ! Webb, in getting that #30,000, got his whole share lun to which he would have been entitled under any Ga legacy. las, This is certainly a very plain nnd simple state- hat i ment?and seems to be conclusively established.? in | . Why, then, should he want to get the property of ind i others? hat i Anoiherlactstrikes us. It seems that it required rac an expenditure of #'.50,<X)0 to estubli^h the Courier to I ami Enquirer?or that this immense 6um of mo- tice ney was absolutely sunk, positively annihilated, be- the fore that paper began to pay any income over its by expenses, besides the hard labor of several years, be I This may give those persons ambitious of conduc- 1 ting newspapers, some idea of the difficulty of es- wri tablishing newspapers. It is true we established the to b Herald, which is now far more widely circulated win and more profitable than the Courier, on something ing less than $500, hut we combined with that small belt capital, energy, industry, economy, morals, hones- con ly, integrity, temperance, early rising?all of which joui united in forming a compound of genius, that never will be estimated till long after we are dead und tbsi gone. and In 1832, after its revolution in politics, the Com- niai ricr and Enquirer begun to pay, and 111 u short mot ' time it became the Icauing journal of the old class rest 1 of journals, und yielded about $20,000 clear will profit per annum for several years. During those thei prosperous years, before 1837, Webb could have cha paid ull his debts to the Stewart estate, und sen lived elegantly besides; but he was ambitious, exc vain, credulous, and carried too much sail for his pel ballast. He launched out into ull kinds ofsplen- exc did living?with house in town?country house? pen 1 stables and blood-horses?dogs?old wines?con- an servatories?exotic plants?elegant dinners?and and what not. The virtuous and pious financiers of tho Wall street got around him?duped and deceived pro 1 him?ensure'* him in all sorts of stock transactions hac ?all of which gradually led him astray, until he ers broke down entirely, and had to take the benefit of the the act for debts e'-.ual to $200,(XX). ! These trials, losses, and blasting of hopes, ought lun to have taught him modesty, industry and econo- mo my?but we fear they won't. por Ilis recent course towards his father-in-law's Th amiable and respectable family, is anything bu nto just, brotherly, or even gentlemanly. .Since he got mo clear of his debts, he has, it is said, regained the hat proprietorship of his paper, by a loan of a large has sum of money from the friends of Mr. Webster, in gui order to secure him in the succession after Mr. gro Clay; but he begins again, under his renovated Hdt . state, to cut as great a dash in his style of living auc and high pretensions as lie did in 1833?' 1?'5?and the '6?and if he does not take cure, he inuy come out wh as unfortunate in the next as he did in the lust le- the vulsion sen We always liked Webb a devilish sight better rid than we could that deceitful old Jew, Noah. Webb the lias several redeeming points?occasionally and fit- as i ully we acknowledge?but still, time and study mil might lix them in his conduct, ilis vehement de- laz ?ire to get u portion of the Stewart estate now, ant irises from his ambition to set up to be a great man ten in Union Sjuare?to be a leader among the whigs fnil ?a very Hercules among the ditty politicians of the tati lay. Hut his ambition should not make hitn for- or i get his obligations, and duty,. nd Htfection towards to the unliable family of his deceased father-in-law. wis His p.ii>er, the Courier ami Enquirer, is not what it Bu was. Its hey-day is past. Its decline, and the decline att< of all large papers, has begun. It cannot live in the the face of the never-tiring?never-ending competition abl of the Hi raid, 1\ibunc, and papers of our class.? ext But Webb, by economy and prudence, and modes- sus ty, and justice, can delay the final extinction of his con piper, and make a very handsome fortune out of at | it before inevitable fate overtakes it. In our lust rep voyage to Europe, his eldest son, a youth of seven- pre teen, was a fellow passenger in the same ship with I us, and a more amiable, intelligent, gentlemanly ing youth, we never remember to have seen. For the a si i ^ake of his amiable family?of his fine children? ful of his own reputation?of the peace of his connec- ee< lions, we would advise Webb to reflect seriously act whether he has not already sowed un abundance of sii| wiiu oats?wneiner it is not time to come to ins tai second, sober senses?and whether, if he needs be* must quarrel, why lis should not confine his quar- poi rels to Greeley and Fourierism?to Bishop Onder- an dunk and Puseyism?and to Van Buren and loco- on focoism. Do, Webb, do. let Mork of Webb's "Consistency."?We are ,nl presented in yesterday's Courier with a rematkably amusing specimen of Colonel Webb's consistency?that consistency oi which he iss o fond of ] talking, and which was very signally displayed in m( his treatment oi the United States Bank. The ex lending article of the Courirr of yesterday is a ra- str ther severe exposure of the illegality of the conduct pi? of the " American Letter Mail Company." This i i company is denounced, in no measured terms, as jj0 guilty of gross violation of the law, and the exclu- jn. sive right of this Government to the monopoly of yj, conveying letters, is vindicated with considerable m(1 vehemence. This is all very well, but in the very , next column we find a paragraph intended to help Qr along one Mr. Hale, who has his "Post oflice in yj, the same building with the CourierSf Enquirer, and f()I who is very diligently engaged in the very same ya business for the transaction of which the " Loiter Qf Mail Company" arc so severely denounced by our r(e consistent contemporary. Can any one help us to j unriddle thismysteryl Ol As to the general question, the Colonel is quite >] right. The Convention which formed the Constitu- fro lion meant to give the exclusive right to the Gene- on ral Government And although Lysandsr .Spooner C'J may suppose that he can establish post offices and .) post roads, and carry the mails, he will find that he Ms will he defeated. Even had he the talent of hi8 ^ tolerably gifted and wise namesake Lysander, of j?, Corinth, he could not succeed, no more than Webb can succeed in being "consistent," albeit he works ^ so hard. Co. UiDKR-SitKnn i Wcsri'.Rvn.r.?Mr. John J. V. ,?' Weetrrvelt, lute Under Sheriff, nnd for n long time 1 Deputy Sheriff, hhs opened n:i office, No. 77 Nns> I mil street, where he solicits Itus'.r.ess as agent for red the s -rvice of'nll legal pap?r?, landlords' warrants, and the collection of debts, r{cc. Mr. W. is so . j well known to fhe profession nnd the public as an janiive, intelligent olllcer. thai it is only necr-sury IX ] for as to refer to his circular in another roinmn, !';r' i Wr wish nitu. succesi", andconirnrnd his services 1 1 '1 ' to oar Iriendtfand the public ^ Cheat Sam. op ilsnbware.?Jacob P. Piatt, Rno No. 21 Piatt street, will sell at auction to-day, one lorl of the most extensive stocks of hardware and I cutlery ever offered in this city. J on i kPOETl.NG W Co.NGiLESd?XUE RelENT ScEKEU i?K.?'The party prints, generally, both here throughout the Union, nppear to he disrhargthe full vial of iheir wrath upon Weller, Ingcr, and others, for ilie part they took in the recent at a which have so palpaoiy disgraced the capiof the nation, and particularly the House of preventatives. Unquestionably the conduct of . Weller was entirely disreputable, but wc cunwr by what process of reasoning, the counter luuri wi mirivrr, iur i'iin?i>i'uiiurui ui mr- nutnft Patriot, either before or after the scene in the i*e, can be excused. We will not permit any lie culprits to escape, blackguardism must not allowed u rag to cover it from merited castigai?no, not even the poor dirty rag of an unscruuus party journal. t is very well known that during the last few rs, many of the vilest party papers, both whig I lecofoco, but particularly the whig journals, re maintained, or rather retained at Washington orps of mere " letter writers," whose vocation lot to report with fidelity and accuracy, hut to represent, abuse and calumniate the opponents he party in whose service their Billingsgate and ckgu.irdism are enli-ted. The falsity, malignity 1 impertinence of the statements furnished by se cr-atutes, have indeed become quite prover1 In this business of wholesale slander, and cainy the Baltimore Patriot, the United States zette, the Courier and Enquirer, the Boston Atthe Rirhmond Whiff and the Louisville Journal re always succeeded in gaining the highest point profligacy und licentiousness The grossness and eCeucy manifested by some of these letter writers re been of the most glaring and outrageous chater ; and if the recent outbreak in the House is lie exposed nnd censured as it ought to be, jus; requites that the whole extent and nature ol calumnies poured out upon the locofoco party these papers, for a series of years past, should taken into consideration. 'he locofoco party has also kept a set of "letter ters," but somehow or other there does appear ie more decency in tnat class than in the others, j it is amusing to remark, arc continually callout, in the midst of all their filth, that to them mgs "all the decency." The sympathy und dolence expressed by these miserable party nals, with merely one of lite offending parties at shington, are therefore utterly preposterous and urd. And the remedy which the "letter writer" his friends adopted, asking to shoot, or kill, or in Mr. Weller, because he took his singular Je of satisfaction, is just on a pur with the of their conduct. It is perfectly in keeping h the malignant, assassin-like manner in which icucr >vriieia urc ucuumuiucu 10 ircui uic racter of the members of the House of Repretatives. There is, therefore, eonie shadow o( use for Mr. Cave Johnson's proposition to exfroin the House all reporters and letter writers, ept those connected with the Washington pa*. Yet such a wholesale way of getting rid of cry obnoxious evil, would be altogether unjust, I we have no doubt that the " sober second ught" will lead Mr Cave Jehnson to make the per distinction between these miserable party :ks, the " letter writers," and the regular reportfor journals either at Washington or in any ol largp cities. 'or our own part, we can, in spite of all the catny thrown out nguinst us, point with the utst confidence to the manner in which our refers have uniformly conducted their business, e reports published in the Herald, have been re free from errors of all kind, more faithful, re generally satisfactory than those even which ;e appeared in the Washington papers. This i been admitted, even in the Capitol, by distinshed members of both patties. Wc take out und, then, on this acknowledged excellence and lity of our reports of Congressional proceedings, 1 wc never shull yield one iota of that liberty ol press, guaranteed by the Constitution itself, but ich would be rudely and violently broken by uflmiti<in nf iinv viwli nroiionitiou as that lire ted by Mr. Cave Johtlson. We entVelycmn- ] e with that gentleman in his just indignation at outrageous conduct ot the letter-writers?men leslitute ol talent as of principle, being gtnerallj serable, broken down party hacks, who are too y and too stupid to tarn their bread by honest I independent labor; and who, under the pre ce of connexion with some obscure or some liy party print, get into the House of ltepresenivea, and endeavor by bullying blackguardism, iruckling toad-eating, and lying as they arc bid, pick up a living at Washington. Mr. Johnson then very ptoperlv to gel tid of these vermin t Le surely cannot intend to make the foolish rmpt of depriving the country of the benefit ol important and laborious services of the respecte reporters. However, if he do go to the full ent of his proposition, and even if the House tain him, our reporters will go to the gallery, and itinue to give, in the same style of superiority as iresent, full, comprehensive, faithful and graphic oris of all the proceedings in the House of llesentatives. t is singular enough?and whilst we are speakof this matter, we may as well notice it?not ingle paper in Washington ever attempted to give I and authentic daily repoits of congressional pro dings until driven into it by our enterprise and ivity. And uniformly we have maintained n >erioriry in our reports in point of accuracy, del and gtaphic interest. It has very frequently en remarked by competent judges that the rerts in the Washington papers, are often slovenly d inaccurate. But we believe we can point to r reports as being quite unexceptionable. In a v instances?a very few?there may have'been a ding verbal inuccurncy, but their general cha:icr for fidelity and excellence has been always liataincil. And ho it will continue. Latest from New Ori.eans.?Owing to the )st extraordinary delay of the mails from the treme south, eleven now being due, we nrc conained to give news from New Orleans as if tha> ice was a foreign city or nation. tVe received yesterday afternoon by the way of uisville, ndvices from New Orleans to the IHth it. inclusive, six days later than we have direct, ley give us, however, very little news. The irkets we give in another column. . >le Hull and Vieux Temiw were both in New leans. Ole Bull appeared at the St. Charles, and eux Temps at the Orleans Theatre, on the I7th, the first limp. Httssell was also there { also, nkee Hill and PUcide. We have no accounts their success, hut presume the violins have card all before them. ?erraulf, the former Cashier of the New Orleans izens' Hank, has been acquitted rhe steamers Alex. Scott and Cahawha, going m Mobile to New Orleans, run into each other the 14th inst. Both were damaged; part of the go of the C. was throw n over to keep her front king. udge Porter, of the U. S. Senate, died at St. rx,Lu , on the 13th inst. *ilty yards of the Levee in front of Free Town, ond Municipality, sunk into the river on the h inst. Iates for Er rope.-?We learn that Adams A* V Express roach c?i route for Boston, was two irs ahead of -the other expresses at the fourth ngc of .Ernst.ATtrRK.?Nothing of ccnse'iuruce occuron Monday. AVAr. ?Tlie frigid iliritan, Cr.,it. Gregory, ml lu*t night or wiii ?,il to-day. The tw? ntvmen who returned t?; 'heir duly v?.- lay morning. They were carried ofl" on uu ice nd. ew Horse Bazaar ? By an advertisement in ther rolumn it will he wen that Wm. Cowan, nerly of the Home Bazaar, inCro by street, has >ciated himself with Thomas H. Bilks, to rnrry ihe above bu.-iness at lift) and 191 Mercer street. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. Impert?nt frrm WinblnKtwi. Our accounts from Washington last night are deeply inicresting. In his second speech on the tunlT, Mr. McDullic has broached entire new ground?made a new and important issue, that will change ihe whole course of discussion in Congress, and of political movements throughout the country. Another crisis has been created hy the South Carolina statesmen, which will product great excitement?it it an ume between a tejiarahon oj ihe Union into three Ileyublire on one side?or the entire abantfonmenl oj the yrotectire sytitn and abolition agitation on the other tide. This is the new issue pro|K>ged by Mr. McDutfte in clo.-ing his brilliant speech on Mondtiy?an issue that will be seized hy the whigs of both Houses, uriil liiMniil'.iCtnml inln it nriwia nn wliit h to nr#? serve the present tariff and to elect Ilenry Clay. ]t is now understood that the discussion on the tariff, on this new absorbing point, will be continued in the Senate?and may break out soon in the House with great violence. The Caihoun party will move ni ntasx in this new direction, and probably drag the whole locofoco party, Van Buren and all, into the vast whirlpool of destruction along with them. Mr McDuflie is a second Calhoun, and, in his particular wny, is the greatest, ablest, mosteloquent, most comprehensive statesman now in either house of Congress. All the rest are pigmies to this vast intellectual giant. The whole battle is now changed?and we may look lor thunder of all kinds in a few day. Mr. Rautoul, of Boston, is at Washington, in time to submit hisslifl'neck to theguillotine. When is Postmaster Graham coming home to attend to his business 1 Mr. Weller, of Ohio, has refused to fight with Sliriver or any of his friends?the latter has posted him as a "coward" and "no gentleman" at Baltimore?rather stale news, however?all Pickwickians. all! _____ Washington. [Correspondence of tho Herald.] Washington, Monday, Jan. 29. The President has made no appointment yet of .Secretary of the Navy?nor is he likely to make one until the Senate shall be pleased to act definitively upon the Cabinet appointments already before them. lie cannot appoint discreetly until they shall act. Kor example?suppose there are two men from one State?one of whom in well qualified for Secretary of the Navy, and the other for Secretary of the Treasury. Of course he will appoint but one from a State. How can he make it prudent decision until lie knows what vacancies in the cabinet are likely to occur! There are other suppusable eases?which may exist as facts?showing the necessity of action on the imrt of the Senate. The Constitution makes it their duty to act. nor can they with impunity make unnecessary delay. In their desire to take advantage of the present stale of things for political effect, the Senate arc approximating to u revolution in the Governmrn' They are grasping at execuiive prerogatives. ' .,< Constitution gives to the President the ex msive power of appointment?and limits to the S-i.ate tl> power simply to confirm or reject, lint i e liii" of political policy now and lately pursued by the Senate, indicates a desire on their part to to themselves the power of appointment as well as of "advice and consent," by controlling the action

of the President, and dictating to him his duty. Should he obey their dictation, there is at once a revolution in the Government. But, thank God, in his decision, firmness, and independence, there can be no distrust; nor is there any fear of a revolution from his yielding executive prerogatives to Senatorial usurpation. _ The Senate has leave to act. There is an occasional scent of war perceptible in the Washington atmosphere. The scent conies across the Atlantic. It seems the President's Message has given deep olleuce to the English Government. A letter has hern received here from our minister, Mr. Everett, which states that the tone of the entite British press is belligerent. It endeavors to rouse up the spirit of war in the minds of ilie British. It is a gentle hint that the United States will be better oil' with half of Oregon, than with none of it at all. It is equivalent to a threat lo the American Executive, to the American Congress, and to the Atnericun people. And we arc called upon to decide whether we arc scared or not. I nave reason 10 belie Ye_ that President Tyler has the most implicit confidence in the negociating powers of Captain Stoektou's newly invented talking irons, and if Lord Aberdeen has th<- slightest preference to negociuting with Cuplain Stockton, rather than with Captain Tyler, lie has only to intimate the same to Mr. Everett, and his wishes will be promptly complied with. President Tvler tetll never relinquish the ntoulh of the Cotv.mbiu?and should lie consent, for the sake of euce to "twist the linen little," he will do what Stnnh< mill ,1,.-niifit ""v ' """" " * s7jj. Washington, Jun. :io,lSI4. Mr. Forter is rejected. Done in executive bch.-.ion this day. Only three or four votes in hi? favor. It is positively declared by the Senators that they Jid not vote upon political considerations. It is said that one of Mr. Porter's relatives in the Senate asked to be excused from voting, and was excused. They suy they voted from principle, and sound moral considerations. Of the two Senators from Pennsylvania, probably Mi. Sturgeon, was decidedly opposed to Sir. Porter, although he may not have said much ; and Mr. ]3uehanati probuhly look no conspicuous part. The votes in nis favor may have been us much from sympathy as any thing else. Thus this long agony is ended precisely as I have olten predicted. Your late article in the Herald calling upon the Senate to act upon these appointments, has evident1 ly produced a very powerful and wholesome eflect. ft was a correct expression of public sentiment.? The Senate see it. They have already acted upon Mr. Potter's ease, and you may expect a very speedy uetiori upon the case of Mr. Spencer. The Senate dare not "hang him up." Public indignation would come down upon tliein too strong. I shall expect their action in his rase every day until it is done. And the probability is that they will rtjot him. Such is understood to be the state of feeling in the Senate to-day. If 6ueh be the event, the President will have lour great appointments to make?Minister to France, Judge upon the Supreme Bench, Secretary of the Navy, and Secretary of War. This throws the whole country all info excitement again?all upon the qui rive. What a curious and extraordinary- state of things! A President without cither a Cabinet, or u Congress, or a party ; a Congress without unity, like two cats tied together by the tail and hung across a clothes line ; two great political parties both without a President, each fighting lor rival candidates, while the balance of power is effectually held against them both by one made President by the act of ( rod, and equally denounced by both political parties \ a Senate striving to usurp Executive prerogatives by controlling appointments: and a House, whose history is daily recorded in trie New York Herald. I ask if tnis country haseverseen a time when greater temptations were held out for jxilitical bribery and corruption 1 I apprised you some time ago, in advance of all other publications, that a treaty hnd been concluded with Mexico respecting the settlement of American claims. This treaty was confirmed to-day by the Senate, with one amendment. The treaty provides for the settlement of t|tcsc claims by commissioners, who were to meet at Mexico. The amendment of the Senate requires them to meet at Washington. The President gives his second levee to-night. S. B. TWB1TV-KIGHTM COXOHRSS. FIRST SESSION. Washington, 30th January, 1H-4-I. Pt' T,kngeit.?Mr. Biciianan presented n petition Irom Swain. Abel, and Simmons, publishers of the Ledger, for payment of an uncancelled foiled States Treasury Note. Kktkenciiment.?Mr. Wkioht presented resolution-from the New York Stale Legislature, recommending to Congre e, that they adopt a line ol economy and retrenchment. Ofn. Jackson's Fine.?Mr. Bern ten reported a bill tor the refunding of this fin", provided that it j *ha!l not be construed ns expressing or implying i censure up n Judge Ilall. Private Claim.?Of Daniel Truehart, of Vn ? " i -i ......... Mr. .1 u(\un\ reported n^iiu i nuni-inun mi inuunerniiou lor the !mrni?/C<'f hi burn -in the Revolutionary wn,. The pro'*. anil rwr.V. were nrtttcd, pro by Ho--r.-i. li ive$ :urrt '.\rtthey,eon! by Mr. Jar* j iugin, hotlj at Un^ih, especially the pr?J Crimi ,ai.h.?Mr. Fe ton presented Hie follow limrewtoftiMlt'*Hmolved. \* the opinion ot the ttona**, thst the Presiclrntof thi* Htiitcd States ought to give notice to the government of tirent Britain for the immediate termination of the 10th article of the Treaty of Hi!, being the article for the surrender of fugitive criminal*. Resolved, Thrt acopy of this resolution be delivered to the President. ,J I Slaves Crime.?Mr. Benton rre?ented the following:? IWolved, That the President he requested to communicate to the Senate, the information. if uny, w hirh may tie in the Department of Str.t*. jn relation to tUvc? commit British dominions, since the ratification of the Treaty ol Hit, and the refusal of the British authorities to give them up ; also, that he communicate to the Senate, tin information, irany such is possessed by him, of the conitinction which the British government puts upon tiie vaiit article in it* relation to slave committing crimes in the United States, and taking refuge in tho British dominions. Mr. Kvssn' Seen 11.?lie was ready to go on with it, but n motion w as made to go into Executive tession. Mr. McDcini. gave notice, that in order to remove idi diiliculties in tiie way of tills discussion, lie had prepared an amendment to the resolution now before the Senate, to nlrolish tiie " act of '43" altogetlrer. The Sonule immediately went into Executive session. 2 P. M?Mr. McDttFFJt: is continuing hiatspeech. The inosl interesting putt of the panorama is some exquisitely bright eyes, handsome forms and bewitching faces, in the gallery. And scarcely less interesting is the altitude of many honorable and venerable senators upon the lloor below. They are gracefully reclined in their seats, in the easiest position for hearing the lion. Spenker?a position which happily krings the line of vision directly upon the aforesaid bewitching laces in the gallery. It is attitude at once paying double duty to eloquence and to beauty. 1 h tve never seen so many eye-glasses employed by the Senators before in listening to any speech. Mr. McDuffik makesa very strong point in supposing the whole United States to be the property of one man?onegieut barony?administered and governed by one will. In that case, would the proprietor deem it for his interest to exclude the manufactures of other countries ! Would he impose duties I What would he his motive 1 Would he not do as all other men do?buy as cheap as lie can and sell at high as he can?with as few embarrassments to trade as jiossiblc 7 Mr. McD here went on at great length to consider the United States a* three great confederacies instead of twenty-six?Southern, Eastern, and Western He then examined the various nterests of each. Would the West, in that case, in the spirit of patriotism carry their trade to the Eastern confederacy, and there pay 20, 30. or 10 percent more for their goods than they could get the same tor in England 7 In the case of the three confederacies w hich he has supposed, the South would not pav a single dollar toward* the support of the East, The West would thrive. The East would suffer, and he reduced to poverty and distress What god has produced these great changes I None. It has siuiply been produced by allowing the people to exercise their own natural rigiit of self-government?simpiv by restoring to them their natural and inalienable rights line had not overdrawn tho picture, then how great is the temptation which is held out to these oppressed States te curse the Union, and to induce them to withdraw from it altogether. There is a point beyond which oppression will not be endured. Mr. Evans remarked that he regretted very much that Mr. MoL). had *aul many thing* to stir up ill feeling* towards tliis L'nion. lie desired, therefore, to make a brief reply. Senators proposed 011 adjournment. Mr. Ai;chk 11 thought thin debate irregular altogether, ami KniJ lie should move to lay the subject 011 the table, after Mr. Kvans' speech. Mr. If a v hard said if Mr. Archer did not make that motion now, he would?and did make it. The niotiou was put, hut no one voted in the allirmative, and it was lost. The subject wus finally postponed till to-morrow. The Senate then went into Kxccutlve Session. Latkk.?The Senate did nothing of any public 'interest in Secret Session. House of Repvescntallvcti Washington, Tuesday Night, .Ian. 110. The 21sr Buj,b?Petition rou a Divokce?Maw ^'AK"S. iic lirst busintss in order to-duy was the debute the SI* role. .VIr. Houston wislied to make some reports. Mr. objected to all but the regular busino s. Air. said?I have ulreiuly said, sir, and shown by reference to Hatsell's Parliamentary pi cedents, that the British House of Common; re ectcd petitions against various subjects, anil hp ong tliern petitions against taxation in variouf to ins. Now, sir, as gentlemen have referred us tc Ki gland for our rule of action on the subject of petit ms, will they tull us upon what principle it wat th.- t petitions agninst taxes were uniformly rejected The answer is evident. Because taxes were no wary to the support of the British Government. Bu . sir, is there nothing else that is necessary fot the support of a government besides tuxes! Gun uny government in the world exist a moment without them! And yet, will you place dollars and cents in the scale against faith and honor! And, sir, arc not the faith and honor of the nation pledged to the subject of slavery! Would the stive-holding States iiave ever entered this I'nion' Would our forefathers of the South lmve evei signed the Constitution, unless their rights liac been secured by that instrument! And will not this Union be dissolved, whenever the governmeni instead of protecting, plunders them of their right! and of their properiy! Yes, sir, slavery and tin Constitution have flourished together?their exi-t cnce is the same?it is inseparable?and if foil) arid madness destroy the one, the other wii follow it to the tomb. But to return. 1 liavt shown that Parliament was in the constant practice of rejecting petitions; the intelligent (miners ot the Constitution were familiar with this fact; and in guarding our country against the evils of such legislation as the ltiot Act, in protectjns the great right of petition, their omission to provide that |ietitions should be received, is evidence irre sistible and conclusive, that the reception of jieti lions was never intended to be embraced in tin amendment or comprehended under the right o petition. According to the letter of the Constitu tion, this rule is not a violation of it, because ni law is parsed, or contemplated; according to iti spirit ii is nor violated, because tlie object ot Hit amendment was simply to prevent the parengn 01 such acts as those ol George the 1st, mid Charles the 2J, and because the practice of rejecting |>eti lions, which was commenced in Englat.d, nnc which was familiar to thea(ranters <?f the Constitution was not provided against. This rule is not t violation ol the Constitution, then ; it is not a vio lation of the light of petition, vet, sir, it is arguci that instead ol searching the Constitution to ascer tain what are the rights of petition, we ninst according to the gentleman from New York (Oards Icy) throw the Constitution aside, and go hack U England?to the Hill of Rights, which grew out o the Revolution of 1688?to the British Parliament in order to ascertain those rights. What, sir 1 A citizen of thrsCnited States?the freest country it the world, as the gentleman from North Caroline says, to run away from his ow n country and Hy U England in order to enjoy perfect treedoni! ] leave the gentleman from New York tc reconcile himself with the gentleman froir Tennessee, his associate in ieeling upor this subject. I leave him to explain to that memhi-i how it is that a citizen of the freest, country in the work can throw aside the constitution of his country, and seek a cover for his rights, a shelter fcr his liberties behind the acts of a British Parliament But why, sir, should wi go hack for instruction to Kngland, as the gentleman fronr New Y ork said. Is there any analogy lietwnen either tin government or the people of Kngland and our own? Ir Kngland, all power iN in the government ; here it is in thi people. There the I' arliament, humanly speaking, is om nipotent. Here, our Congress is limited In i s powers to f few specified subjects, marked out : nd defined hy a wxit ten Constitution. In Great Britain the sovereign hold: his ollice independent of the people, and so do the mem hers of the House of Lords. If arbitrary und unjust lawi are instituted hv the Government. the neonle. howeve nnnnimou* nguinst them, hate no remedy" but in a humblt petition for their abolition. Here, the rm-mliet* of the Go veinment are directly res|>oiisiblc to the people, hold theii otllce subject to the|>opular will, und if unfaithful to tlieii trusts, they are removed, and more faithful servants cho sen in their places. It results, therefore, that whils in monarchical governments tire right to petition tin rulers is the highest or ultimate right of the subject in *e curing him from molestation and tyranny at the hands o his Government; here the right dwindle! into compare five insignificance, bring only a right to petition ourowi servants to do that which we may command them to du or discharge them fjr not doing. In short, the people e Knglaud are listened to only when they speak ii tho humble tone of petition. In America, the; will he heard through the authoritative voic of instruction! What docs this right of petiiioi embrace I What would these petitioners have I Tin right peaceably to assemliln f Do we projmse to dis turb that right ! No. The right then to prepnre a poti tion 7 Do w e propose to prevent them I So. The righ to present their petition to this body ? Do we opjiosi that right i Sir, this question has not \ < t tveen faiilv met thuitleuien arguo as though we denied the right of pcti tion. We make no such denial. We are oswnrmudvo rales of the right of petition ns any prisons on this llooi We know the importance of that right, und would no touch it We are willing that gentlomen shall exercis the right to as full an extent, at least, as is enjoyed ii Knglaud ; for that seems to he the summit of their uinhi lion! Out we come to an issue with them as to the limiti and extent of that right. What are these 1 There mu< he some point at which the right of petition ends, an< that of legislating begins. Where does this right to peti tion end Just w here the right of legislation commences l.r^iiildliuncnnnih idiciv bum iiiicntic nan lu'inun nor can petition extend forward and interfere with legis latiun. The right of legislation commence* at the momcn tint House i? informed of the natunt of the petition, I they huvc a right to go one step further, and lay we slial receive, they have |tt?t b* much right to say thn we shall ref--r, and that we shall grant. The light o legislation?the action of tint House commence! wltl the presentation, ami the refusal to accept is no Inter forencc with that right. Wo do not pro>>ose h dictate to petitioners in any Mayor manner that cut affect llnir ligh'.s, nor do we mean to allow them to inter f/ro with otn s?to usurp legislative powers, or to dictati to us in w hat w ay or maimer our duties shall ho perform ttd. Mr. VVnt: rose and asked Mr. Stiles to j leld the floorfo i few moments, that ho might hy en anecdote iiliistraH the strange no ion* which somo petitioner! hud on thii subject of thn right of petition, and their singular Idea o what Cong rest ought to do for them. Mr. gave way for the explanation. Mr. W'isr. I havs this very morning, sir received n pe iition. actually asking this House to legislate between t man anil hi* wife, and to *?y whether the children hornt hy his wife are his or not, and to iny what recompense -hall he pnld him provided they arc somebody else's children. (Koarsof laughter, and the eyes of almost all the members were turned to the ladies' gallery, w hero n numerous collection of very beautiful women were assem : Mi .1, w ho teemed to be It tiling forward, taking a deep in M terest lu this matter, and wno were alto laughing bear V lily) 1 Wr.Win?If the Home will sllow me, I will read the petition, to ttntlralt the point. *| (Shout* of laughter, anil cries of "liO on; read II, M ! I Wine, re ad it) *1 Wist?The |>etition n ads a* follows :? 1 " 1'or* Cm i?t?, Pa.. Jan 19, 184-1. ' 'Gentlemen of the Senate nod of the House of Bepro- l seutative* inCongrcki. aatemhled ; lour petitioner prays | ycur honorable ttody to lie devorced from l.etisia Jt Her- I vcjr. for tlir reason of a drcei tion t ring practiced on him. in which lie {allien.1 oiler people's chiidien. which hi* hns ,loitin.l nut to his sorow smre, and to make good his losses which lie hat sustained on account of doing so {or lots of property, cji3i")Cu, lor t{ e l.nt five yearn?loss time and fetiiige "uiy liberty's ccmpleatly taken away. Ilotli night ant <lny i em kipt without imployment an.l w ithout any thing to help my self f> ana ho will ever pray withing you health and happiness. '"1 reiuain yours respecTnlly. "WM. HARVEY" It is impossible to depict the scene which occurred on Wife'* reading this precious morrrau. The roar* ol Uuphter were deafening; the ladies in the gallery joined jn, and the emphasis given by Wise on the word* "latigue," "employment." "night and day," threw many of the members almost into convulsive fits of laughter. Wisic?This petition, sir, is accompanied by the follow| ing letter I " Nib ? " Vnu will do me the favor to atend to the petition if their should b" any moroovidencp wantingto show (how she has got children wilhotit mo h< ing the farther) I will come to congress if I can raise any thing and mafce oath to prove it to the best of my ability and knowledge and would now do it at this time but I cannot raise it to pay my expenses. I have sent some papers to Mr Benton heretofore it you eotiM see thrm thev would assist very I much and 1 think satisfy the house of the Justness of the ! claim also 1 hope you will urgr it through as rapidly as j prudence and circumstances will admit,'and inform mc of j the progress in the mean time " and believe me yonra verry " Respectfully " WM.JHAHVEY. " Hon. Mr. Buchanan " Hon. Henry A. Wise.'-' Here the laughter increased, and many of the members cried out, "Oh, that is too rich." Wise?Now, sir, this is postmarked, and has every evidence of being a hrmafidt petition, anil thus this Hoiire is called on to exercise jurisdiction, and decido as to who is the father of certain children tinder certain circumstances, and to award damages on account of?(Hero the rest was lost in Ihu roars of laughter that followed ) Some further remarks were made in relation to the subject of the 21st rule, when a motion was made by Mr Paismkntkh to go into Committee of the Whole. Mr llrnHEs, of Missouri, suggested that the next business in order was the subject of the Oregon Question. , A motion was made that the Hoiiko take up that subject: 4 but after some desultory conversation, the House refused to entertain that question at this time Mr Psbmv.xteu suggested that llill No 4. providing lor transferor Navy Appropriations, by which the poor discharged wotkmen at the various Navy Yards throughout the countrv might be relieved, with their wives snd families, from their sMlPerings. during the inclemency of the present severe winter, ought to he the first question taken up at this time. rut; WORKS AT fi ll NAVY YARDS. The Iloti-o then resolved itself into Committee of the Whole; mid on motion of Mr. Paiimknteh, took up Bill No. 4. This is the Bill authorising the transfer of $200 OfO \ i of monies not expended in one branch of the Dennrtment. to another branch in order to rompletu the sloopsof war on the stocks ot the different Navy Yards, or put them in such a state of forwardness that they will not suffer any injiiiy loom the weather. Mr. Cami'hki.i. of tj. C. w as called to tho Chair. Mr. M'Kav (t 'hairman. of the t'ommlttee on Ways and Means) suid? He honed this Dill making the transfer would now be allowed to pass the Ilou<e. Tho $400,000 which it proposed to transfer from one branch of the Naval Service to another, w as not wanted at all at preseut in the former, and it was very much wanted at tho latter place?the Navy Yards. The Bill merely gave the Sec retar)' the power, under tho direction of the ITesident.which ho formerly possessed; and only for a iimi'ed time; during the remuinder of the present fiscal year. All tho other hranches of thn Government have this power of transferring money from one branch of n Department to | another; the Secretary of War. of tho Treasury, and tho , l'nstmaster General, all have this power. It appears that . of tho $1,000 000 appropriated by Congress last session for | tho nary yards, for the Imii'ing and repairing ships, thr u hnlf sum mas cc-prnitrd In/ Mr Ujishrr in III* first Ihrte itinnths of the Caltndar yrarI admit that there baa lme.n 1 a most improvident expenditure in (lie Navy Department. but still we must tranfor this money in order to prevent i the coun'rv from sustaining a great loss in ships unfinished And the longer we delay this the worse it will be; for I find that of $u3.312 that was in the Navv Department on the 1st of January, there are now only $400 left This newer to transfer will lead to no abuse, it will only enabin the Deportment to rnv off its dehts The liabilities of the Department at Ibis time are $7fi7.fioO incurred beyond the appropriations that have been made for prospective I liabilities. Of this sum about $120 000 will be wanted dtt. , ring the balance of the present fiscal year.and the remaini ing $90 000 for the completion of the ship* on the stocks. Why then should this House hesitate to make theimnfer? I Whether they have been incurred legally or not, the ' debts have been Incurred,nud the country have got to pay them. Mr C.wr. Jeitxsois again objected strongly to making bis transfer, by which tho hundreds of poor laborers I (who. with their wives and children are suffering all the rigors of winter) could bo stt to work in our Navv Yards. But he turned his bark on the reporters, and addressed the members at his side, so that lie could not be heard at the dok. I i Mr Ht.nurrun!said-1 am opposed t? making t"-.i extravagance 'of the Into Secrelety of the Navy, the ground for a new dear and Administrative economy is not our business; but economy in appropriations is our business; nud we ought to let "the Department know tbat when once we assert n principle that we w ill adhere to it Sir. we are not in unv immediate w ant of a Navy. It is true that wo ate bullying poor Mexico, and from present appearances disposed to back out of a just claim against Kngland; hut we have no very urgent want of a Navy nt this time Gentlemen say that the Navy tonght its way into favor ; jiv, but tliatwas '.'0 vcnisago : nud if it was to conic to Us now with as bl ight and as polished n fan; as it had then. I'd be disposed to make liberal appro, print ions lor it. But there's a want of etbrieney?a want r.f energy?a want of character? a want of a proper moral tone about the *?*avv at this time. The excrescences want to lie rut off, and this can only be done hy fasting and I starvation. Mr I'akmi.m i.e.?Sir. it is not because this transfer is I asked for by 1li" Department. but lnrntise the ncccsMt'e* ' of the service require it that the Nor al < nmmiUee wish i ] to have it made. Of the $730 000 present liabilities of the Department, almost e? ery dollar w?? incurred prior to tl-c i passage of the last Appropriation liill Of the $200.TO . ??ke'1 to he ?rnnsforied. S13&.PPO trust go to |)?r dtbti | due. and $75 000 to finish otir vessels on the storks. It wns thought hj hnildipg ships of war. that it would save the employment of frigates, which would he much cheap, er. for the relative cost per year of keeping the different " sized men of war afloat, is as follows ? A 74 gun ship $344 3?? I A 1st class frigate HI,(>33 , A 2d " llfl,5?i A sloop of war, 1st class, tirt.PPJl Do 3d class, tit),833 Do 3d rlass 50,733 A brig " " 20.70!) A schooner " 2d,7!>!) A steamer, size, of Mississippi, !?7,3I7 Do Princeton, 50,300 1 hus, by huilding and employing sloops of war instead of frigates, the government considered that a great saving ' might he expected in the Keventtea of the Department.? In accordance with this wc hove now :? One sloop of war at Portsmouth, (requires aboil!) <8 OHO do do Boston, (nearly finished) 3,'Kit) do do New York, (half coppered) fi.noo do do Philadelphia, do r- 100 do do Washington, (fianie U| r.t.noo do do Norfolk, (outofilooi 15,000 $00,000 These sums nre required to put these sloops in such a state that they shall not .Milter hy exposure or delay. $o al*<> ' n.r.e small sum is required at Pensaeola for the repairs of the West India Squadron. Mr I)*RXAi:n asked, hy what authority or by what law the Secretary had been authorised to build these sloops. Mr PsnsiKXTitB?By that discretionary power, w hich is vested in the secretary and President who deemed it necessary, or because it was much chea|ier to employ sloops than lrigates. To show how necessary it was that this transfer should he made at once, I would statu that even a bill of exchange drawn on the department for the i repairs ol ono of our men of war in a foreign port, cannot I he honored by the department at this time ! At the great I I rope walk at Charlestowu, where there if abundance of i- I raw material, the works are stopped, although there if not " j 1 'fK'nK enough to supply the prcfcnt want* oi the liavy. . The iloop ol war Saratoga, that enme home a wreck must f I have remained a wreck to thif lime, (had the money been a ) all gone) for wunt ol' thi* power to transfer All thcio y | coiifii'erationa, tlierefore, leipiiie that tliif hill ihould e ' inss. Otherwise the Credit of the country will fuller; the a laborer* will sufliT ; and much public piopertv will tie ) deatroyed lor want of a tinall outlay to put it in ?urh a state of forwardness that exposure and delay will not in* i* jure U. t Mr. Bt.tctt.of Ocorgia. aaid?This bill if to limit the e power to transfer, and to rtrike out the authority which naa been abused. And yet, Sir, I tec the very men who oppose it ate the very men that are anxious to fettle Ore foil; tbetc men want to rut down the Navy Do no, end iiow are we to keep Oregon. If yon march an army t across the Itorky Mountninf, thousands and thousands b will perish by the way. How- much more desirable is it i to have yonr Nary flout in triumph at the month ol the Columbia Ititer I am not sure that I shall vote for thn i settlement of the Oregon; and I om tery sure that 1 shall t , not unless Texas is ?l o added. And I am sure that Ore. I . iron will not la* worth the millions of blood and treasure . that must be lavished upon if. unless w o have nn efficient Navy Thif trill is a hill of limitations and restrictions : ! Why oppose it when you gave ns much and mure power i to (.Jen Jackson rind Mr \ an Buren 1 We-rant a strong t i Navy in the I'aritle, and in the Atlantic, on our southern f j shores. Hely on it that supporting a Navy if the cheapI i est mode of securing peace after all t I Mr. Ilnmixt said (hit was strictly an appropriation f ' Hill, and therefore lie was opposed to it, in its present t | shu|x* | Mr Wit. said? This is merely a Bill. Sir, to trnnfer i "e > money, already appropriated, from where it Is not went* t ' ed. to where it is ; to ho spent for repairs and building.? J It is a Bill to check ,ihn*cs. To expend ns mttf.u mon< y i , ns we can at orre upon our ships of war, and put the n in j t state so that they tvi.l take no injury, and will he (It fur f M as soon a* |>ossjhle, Not to follow out the plan r that has been adopted by other ndminlflmtiona ot ex* 1 mi iding s . rr.ucb hs jiotIMc upon Dock \ rd? and ' Navy Yards just previous to an election ; pnMing ?.n f at thnt time us many men as you can (tod ro ini for In the yard?so that you can have a large numherof votnrs ivh* It to driv c up to the jiolls on the dav of election (Laugh- ft er) Tiiu money you (.ppropriatcd for one tirnn'*h of tiie A i service was nut enough- it has given out. Shall you not i , make up the deficit by If kit that which is lj ing idle at ano Iter s|kiI ? Allowing the government to be as corrupt ^ is you say, is it not lieitcr to tuko this idle money awav "rum such a corrupt set, and spend it for proper pnrposet' 'f von expend this idle money for wear and tearend tilting A 1 up'aud arming ahips, you illminifh pro tanto the amount of ~

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