Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 2, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 2, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Nrw York. FrliUy, Kebvuary 3 IM I. TO *KH HAPKK AOfRM. Free I reil-o- .cwwpapvrs From mill alter this date, up shall supply. directly from this ndlre, all Nrwarxrnr. AnriT* throughout the I nitcS States with ?Jrh quantities of the NKW \ OKK At.L>. daily or icetkly. as they may order, pat utile by dntfl, or other remittance, always in udvance. Hitherto we have refun d to supply any Agent* in cities and town*, except certain ?|>ocial and sole ngents, hut from the policy oi these agents. and the gn at pressure f om other* to pptn & Iree trade In tlie llcrum, we nnvr reivlve.lto break up tbe system of exclusive agency, and to give the preference, on ull occasions, only to tliove who will muWe the greatest effort in increasing their business, end in supplying the ileiiand" of the public. Price ol the Deity (1 it) per Tiumlie.l?ol the Weekly $11*1' hundred. Hekald Orrict, 30th Jeuueiy, 1341. lepiretlon of tl*e Union?Humbugs of the Day. The separation of the Union inio three grand republics, or confederacies, an proponed by Mt. McDuffie in the Senate of the United States, hy way of an alternative, if the protective taritt should not be abandoned as a measure of policy, and the agitation of the slave question in the north settled and quieted, is a matter of such grave concernment to the whole Union, to the present 330, and even to posterity, that 11 becomes the duty ol every branch and element of the public mind to notice if, and express an opinion of its tendency, so far as developed. The two evil measures or movements complained of by the South'Carolina politicians, which force them to propose such an alternative, are the tarill as arranged on a principle of protection for the establishment and support of manufactures, and the agitation throughout the northern und free States of the unconditional abolition of slavery. Well, what is the Tardl'l This subject hasbeen made the stulking-horse of politicians for nearly a quarter of a century ; one party attributing to its operation a multitude of national benefits, and the ?l)ier party, a multitude of national evils. Now ? ?... ,u: ?? it we UIIUITIUKC IU Hciy UU una ijucaill/u, iuuuhj9 ? , in a financial and practical point of view, that there , never haw been such a system of humbug practiced with respect lo any question, as on this simple one of a taritl. On all the changes, revulsions and revolutions in prices, pro|>erty und commerce, which have marked the last quarter of a century, we will venture to alHim that the turifl, if properly examined, has exercised an influence, the smallest of any other public measure ever concocted by any legislative body. In that period of time we have seen the cotton und other staples of the south, vary from fifty to one hundred and fifty per cent, and these variations have been without the least reference to the turifl, and sometimes directly contrary to the inferences drawn from its operation. In the same period of time we have seen the staples of the middle and western States, Hour and provisions, vary an almost equal ratio. And we will venture to ussert that those varia'iotis have been inlluenced less by any tariff than by nn> other cause that could be named. Pc, also, in regard to the manufacturing States. We have seen in that time tire prices cd manufactured goods vary nearly as much as those of cotton ; and the fluctuations in thefor.unes of those engaged in manufactures have been as great as those in the fortunes ol the cotton planter of the south, or the grain-grower of the western and middle States. The tarill his hid, in fact, little or nothing to do with any ot the phenomena of American industry. No?no?no. The tarill' has had the ipast to do with the depressions in the souiheru States, or tlm variations in the western States, or the rise of the m uiul.icturiug States, of any other measure established iu tins country. The agencies which have produced these phenomenu are to be looked for in a different qmrtcr? in the vast revulsions and revolutions in the currency?in the weather and atmosphere itself?in the industry of men?in ihe changes of fashions?and in the general movements and trade of the commercial world. And yet it is astonishing to see the pertinacity witn which these men, who arrogate to themselves the name of great talesmen, attribute to the tariff all these phenomena. These men, indeed, appear to be like the giant who possessed only one eye, ant) who e?>nM see only in one little narrow direction, but was blind in every other respect. They are the oneeyed men?the one-eyed statesmen. They are utterly unable to comprehend the nature, causes and reflex tendencies of the great phenomena ot aggregate industry in such a country as this; and th-y never will be able to comprehend them, regarding the subject only as it were through a chink in the wall, or the cranny of a window, and taking their measures accordingly. ' so in respect to tiie slave question. Mr. McJUUt fie and the southern statesmen would make us helieve that they apprehend much (roni the ngitations of the abolitionists in the north. We do not?we caiftot believe that men of sense can apprehend anything from that quarter. A more contemptible? mean?meagre?beggarly?powerless body of fanatics?does not exist in any country under heaven, than the whole abolition party of the north. Front the character of public opinion, and the arrangement of the two great parties in this section of the Union, the abolitionists, as a party, never can have any power or influence. And, indeed, the slave question itself is a thing thnt will hp settled by the laws of nature, in the same way that the Indian question was Rettled. During the last two renin- , ries, in which that immense territory now forming the United States has been settled, we have seen the Indinn races, in their freedom, disappear before the Anglo Saxon race, like the tnists of the morning before the rising sun. And it the African races of the south were to have their ftee- i dom to-morrow, they would be extinct in less than : one hundred years, hy the same process which has destroyed the Indian race. No such races as the Anglo Saxon and the African ever can exist together in the same social and political condition? in the same country?without the one swallowing up and absorbing the other. We conceive, therefore, that the system ot what is called "domestic slavery" in the south, is the most benevolent and the most practically useful for the African race of any one that could be devised by the wit of mart, sage or christian. We also believe it to be an axiom as certain as the return of the seasons, thut in process of time, when the white races of this country multiply as they will multiply to a certain extent, all the colored races will disappear, because we have seen that problem already solved and drtermined in the case of the Indian races; and we have no doubt the same thins will take place with regard to the Alrican race. There is no use, therefore, fur the agitation amongst intelligent men, of the abolition question. The best way is to follow fhe order ol nature and the law which the Almighty has sum,?ed on the races of men. These are the views which occur to us in die broaching of this momentous question by Mr McDurtir. We coul I multiply facts on facts, proving the M^raey and soundness ol our views, ni.d entirely uprooting the whole train ol reasoning presented by M . Mrfhiffie on the one side, or the protectionists on the other, in relation to the tarif) question. But We content ourselves at present with civing the results whirh have been produced inotfrown mind, from brooding over the subject for tlir last quarter of a century. And we believe Jkimr these gross delusions?these outrageous hunt- j I/VIA these politicians have jpHicted'inn the* country for that lime, in their quarrels uhottt tan/I I and antt-tHrill?Irce trade and protection?quarrels 1 about word?fare hegtnuuig'lo be regarded in tlie 1 pro light r?y jlie intelligent m isses ot the people; | and politicians liiustf learn ih?t it 1., mil time to go- ' vern wtrli sense, arid discretion. The'people of this, Union never wid permit He pro?| rit, o| the j. count V ?"d tbses icceaa ol the ipo-l suhiiiiie expe. ritnent ill fhe'UbitMK* arigdfci'nhWtir ever alti-nipl* I ed, to be Wasted by the insane projects ot violent, 1 1 one-eyed politic.1} pirti/.iu . vi hn not sati.-fi. il with I humbug contests, would prostrate the. national la. m hrtc in the riUM?and breiak the glorious Iuion ; inn fragments, td eatXbtish an unsound and rtdicu- ' lout theory in political economy, ot fight a plumtop about the Sntruje. I Important Arrctt?The Van Hurt-it Treo. urjr Rotu Truei d to u Broker In Woet | Bfnatrvtjr Another o| those singular and mysterious affairs h is mst been brought to light, which limy lend to the discovery of more than mere treasury notes. A minder is supposed to he connected with the transaction, am) us it is being nnrnvelled, we give the particular* no turn - lliey have transpired. In Inst April, a Mr. Campbell, of N an Huren, Arkan* -it"*, IllUlini .-fill"', |/I l?i\ i|'i?aij lii mn-nn ?wirB several inercauiiile #irinn in this city, which did not reach their destination, and some strange mystery seemed connected w ith their disappearance, as on the evening of the day on which Mr. Campbell had muiled them he wa? shot dead, while passing through the street, hut by whom, or lor what object, noue could tell?the murderer and his object remained concealed from human ken It was ascertained that the mail had been robbed a*. Fayettevi lie. Ark., and the partner of the unfortunate Camp, bell instantly issued notices, with the numbers of the notes, to every bank, aild printed slips were circulated among the broker?, but no tidings were heard of the missing notes, until about six weeks ago, a broker named Baker, corner of Broadway and Fulton street, sent three Jj'50 notes by another broker named Peck, to the oflice of Smith ite Co , Wall street, where it was ascertained that the numbers had been altered, and the notes were sent to , the Merchants' Bank, where they were instantly pronounced forgeries. Mr. Lowndes was sent for by the hank, and information given to him of the ; affair. Meantime the notes were sent back to ' Peck, and by him handed to Baker, who could not tell the iierson he got them from. Justice Matsell, of the Lower Police, called upon Baker, who gave | up the notes. The maiter was then placed in the | hand? ol officers Stokely and Cockefair, and one of the notes having been sent on to the Department at Washington, it was discovered to be one of the missing Van Buren Treasury notes, which had been altered by the cunning transforming of an 0 into a 9. Mr. Ogden, the mail agent, from information derived from some source, directed the officers to trace out two men named Samuel Botts- 1 ford and Ceorgc alius Preserved Cage, who were somewhere in the city. Cage was i soon traced to his exchange office in West Broad- , wav, and as there was nothing to warrant his committal except mere suspicion, a plan w as laid to arrest him. A lottery policy was (urchused by a stoolpigeon, und for this lie was brought before the police, but though closely <|Uestioucd, nothing could be obtained from him relative to the treasury notes; so he was permitted to go at large, the police olliccrs keeping u strict watch upon his movements; und this led to the detection of Bottsford, who was several times seen in his company. In the meantime a watch was kept upon Baker also, and lie having acknowledged that he purchased some treasury notes from < iuge, who denied being able to recognise the notes he had passed to him, it was resolved 011 to " pull" both Gage and Bottsford,and about ten o'clock on Wednesday night, the officers secured their prisoners. It appears that Bottsford was the acting deputy Postmaster at Payette- ; ville on the day of the robbery, and suspicion was ' fastened on him in consequence of his removal " shortly after from that place, liis stoty is that he ^ caine to this country from New Brunswick, North America, about twelve years ago, and for eight ' years resided in this city and at Philadelphia; that while lg in Canal street he became acquainted with Cage, and lent him at times various sums of money; und on leaving to settle in Van Buren, Arkansas, where he resided for six months, he took the promissory note of Gage for the balance due. From Arkansas he removed to Fayetteville, where he resided for two years and a half, und became a practising lawyer and a magistrate?having his office in a wing of the building in which was the post office. He was accustomed occasionally to deliver letters and papers, during the ab sence of the deputy Postmaster, Mr. John Stirman, and in return, he had his office yent free. He denies that lie ever opened or unlocked a mail or mail bag, having no authority to do so?this being always done by Stirman in a small room adjoining the office. His wife becoming very un?rn, in icii ifijcttruiir in (/ cfjitrtiniri 9 nuu uiuveu here in October last, determining to return in the spring, as soon as the health ol his wife would permit. On his arrival here, he called on Gage to uav. and received tSlOO from him on account? Gage observing that he had drawn u prize of $850 in the lottery. So soon as he heard that suspicion rested on him about the Treasury notes, he railed on Gage, and was told by hint that he had won the Treasury notes he had passed to the brokers Irorna stranger at a gambling table, and described the man as either an Englishman or a Southerner,with i a round red face, red whiskers, and rather heavy ( built. He wore a rap and a cloak, and mentioned thai he was from Philadelphia. Gage further of- 1 fet ed, that if the prosecut ing officer would keep the matter quiet, he would be able to meet the man again, and then lie would give him up. Such is ' the story of Cottsford. From the testimony given f before Commissioner I?apelye yesterday, it appears that among the notes was one for $'500, and this | Gage chnnged at Baker's office, who received the f money lor it upon presentation at the counter of the Rank of America, and this gave him eonfi- ] ilence in Gage, and he subsequently purchased \ three other notes?one for $100 and two for $50. r The numbers of the following notes were altered s very skilfully:? I I.ctter B. $50, No. 36410 to 36410. r Letter O. $50, " 36411 to 36417. Letter A. $100 " 21406 to 21400 1 The examination of Gage will be found in another eolumn. The Commissioner continued to exam- , ine witnesses up to 7 o'clock yesterday evening. Mr. Barrett appearing for the prosecution and Mr. Alderman Seoles tor Gage. Bottsford has retained Mr. Price. The material portion of the testimony ' is yet to come?that of yesterday being principally ' relating to the changing of the notes by Gage at the 1 several exchange offices. ' The public may look lor more astounding revela- 1 lions in a day or two, in which certain men of honor are interested. At present we cannot any more. 1 Progress of the New Reek;ion.?Mr. Philosopher Greeley, whilst administering Iraternal advice and discipline to Christian Webb, is not forgetful of the seeds which he bus dibbled on the borders of Skeneateles Rake and on the banks of the Ohio. In yesterday's Tribune we have neatly three columns devoted to an account of the progress of the various "phalanxes," or barracks of the "gxmd industrial army" in the several states of New York, Ohio, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. At West Koxlniry, Mass., there is, it seen,s, t orn mitnuinff awllUmnnl llin rriunikuro > UinU .....j ..n - ...<b ?> IIII- II urt' quaintly de.-ignuied " Come Outers," and Philosopher (Ireeley very naively add* flint they are said to have little reverence for any religious lor* lindanes. Tliev are men decidedly after the heart of John A. Collins of Skeneateles Lake The account of the several settlements is exceedingly interesting and attractive?"Springs of living water"?"vigorous men"?" silkworms"?" red Jersey earth ai.d red lipped Jersey girls"?" inexliauetible marl beds"?"noble spirits"?"warm and mellow soil"?" resolute jiioneers"?"grund edifice#"?" Ohio bottoms"?and nny quantity of crab-apples capable of making cider worth #4 a ( barrel, are amoiy; the inducements which invite the eick and weary ot tlic eaitli, to ihe asylums of j repose and blessedness erected hy the apostles of ( the new revelatirtn. Fluttering in some respects, however,-a# this account is, yet even from it, it is cleiir that the letn( r.d atl.-ir>i ot die new. religion ure not remark- J ihly prospcrjjjys, ,aftet,all. There is a great want ' 11 the royidlwi,'anil on the whole continent they ' lav'Tjef been able to comfrftrt even one ot their magoiGieol h^n-coops. But we suppose the l i>sa)anrfes will rise in evgry state hke'The palace of r Aladdin, After the election of Jlarry oj the West. \ Well. : Another Theological Uutuitl?One Bishop Against Throo. The more we see of ?he world the more convinced are we that it is a petulant, quarrelsome, envious, backsliding and backbiting planet; and that moat of tin characteribiirs ia that retqwcl grow in Home way or other out of theological dogmata? the motive* to interfere with which are in many instances in close relationship with what a foreign reviewer calin "tTi>? uim.ghty dollar. As to row* and Wainwrigbt, their dispute has become stale; nobody cares now about tlie issue, so they may bring their columns to the charge us often us they like, especially us it is pretty obvious from the dust they raise that neither ever intend "coming to the point." The rows at Washington huve somewhat more variety in thent; they will attract general attention even in Europe; and perhaps furnish a theme for some English bone grubber to lay Messrs. Chapman Hall, of the Foreign Rrview, under contribution, it la Dickens. We must however pass that subject by for the present, to inform the readers ef the Herald that Dr. Onderdonk, "Bishop of the Diocese of New York," has just addressed "a Pastoral Letter to the Clergy and People of his spiritual charge." The good Bishop, we learn from this Pastoral, has discotered what a wicked world is this. lie has been wronged and wounded to th? <juick by three other Bishops, to whom he has addressed a "remonstrance, protest and demand." The following are some passages from this forme* ble epistle i? " To tl,e Right Reverend the Bishop: ot the frotcitar.t Episcopal Church in the l'n?ted States of America, their hioiher, the undersigneu, the Bishop ot New York, leels himself oompe.lud by a sacred and imperious sense of I duty to nis oltice and hia diocese, and to the Church and I it'Divine Head, to communicate tnts nix loiemn ri-mon. strance, protest, anil demand Three of our number, to wit, the Bishops of Illinois, Vermont, and Ohio, have thought proper publicly to make insinuations anil Uncharges against the undersigned, in matters connected with an ordination held by hun in the month oi July last; which charges and insinuations involve the accusation ol the undersigned on |K)ii|t? deeply infecting the scriptu ral integrity and soundness of his doctrines, his devotion to the true interests and welfare of tl?e portion of Christ's Chursh of which he is one of the chief pastors, his fahh. fulness to his own dlocose, and consequently his fitness for the high and sacred office with which, in the course iif < iod's providence, and liy the appointment of His Holy Spirit, he has been invested" l'nc Blsiiop oi lliiuois lias inferred in a published pamphlet to the aforesaid ordination as u step towards bringing the most serious evils upon tho Church, soiling lier doctrinal purity, changing essentially her character, blasting her prosperity , and ruining her institutions. Tho Ui hop of Ohio has denounced Jt to his Convention and to Hie world as deserving the highest censure, and fraught with danger to tho Church, and grounds upon it a virtual threat not to receive clergymen into his diocese on letters iif dismission from the undersigned, because of their being no security for the doctrinal soundness of the party dis missed. The Bishop oi Vermont, besides himself censuring it at large, justifies the alorcsaid acts of his brethren )f Illinois and Ohio, on the ground uf ancient allowance n the Catholic Churuli of one Bishop's interfering iu tho liocegc of uiiother, w hen the latter was in heresy, urotherivisc bringing alarming evils upou the Church, This, horefore, is the character attributed l>y him to the uudcrdgued. " And further the undersigned hereby, in the name of iod and of llis Iloly Church, demands of his said brothen, the Itignt Reverend i'hilaudcrChase, D. D., Bishop of llinois, the Right Reverend John llcnry Hopkins, I). D,. li.xhop of Vermont, anil the Right Kevctcnd Charles Vtit Mcllvuiuc, D. 1), lftsliop of Ohio, that if they ire honestly persuaded that the undersigned is justly Hade to the charges which they have brought or insinuated igniust him, they do forthwith, agreeably to the Canon of ho Oeneial Convention eutitlcd ' Of the Trial of Bishops,' iresent him tor trial; that thus it may be fairly and canoilcally tested whether ho is guilty, or whether they aio nistaken accusers." Tltis wager of buttle is a revivulof the ceuut belli letween the American Tuseyite and Evangelical irmien, stimulated probably by the loaves and islies of llie rich Corporation of Trinity Church, liishop (indcrdonk seems confident in the rightousness of tiis cause, hut he complains bitterly ol lie uiui-cpiscopai ircuimem ue hum receivcu uum lis brother Bishops lliahops, it seems then, can ;u out of their way to err in conduct us well us loctrinc. The reply of Dr. Onderdonk is drawn ip on the principle adopted by St. Paul when he uagniiied himself to the churches ; after which he bus obliquely disposes of his "right reverend" deractors:? " The necessity for addressing you ut this time is connected with a very peculiar anil unprecedented state of hings in our Church. Kvil principles appear to lie t lengthened in their league against us. Infidel, hereti 'til, unil schismatical Influences uie powerfully at work There is also enlisted in the same runks the interference at the merely worldly, careless to what interests they may he joined, provided worldly motives, principles, and igencies may tie brought to bear upon its views and doMgns And "111 unhappy illustration of the infection which tsnwii'itfi ttSMde.^bi-' jsmasfist, A?Lu,\on^?.l.h49Jtt herself agencies tending to the same result, much more worthy of those that are without Hence have resulted ronseqnencen truly- painful to the pious heart. Many of the most sacred principles and requirements nt tho Gospel have lieen sutijected to profane it not blasphemous treatment. buhjcc.ts essentially and solely connected with the Church of Christ?that kingdom which is not of this world?have lieen degraded into entire subservience to secular principles and views. Unblushing efforts have been made to array the sheep of Christ's flock against their pastors. The more faithful these, and the more influenced by holy independence of popular errors and delusions, the niore have thev been held up to scorn and ridicule, the meanness of which is lost, to the truly Cnristian mind, in its painful sense of their wickedness and impiety. Consequences most hateful to evangelical directions nnd morals have followed ; the courtesies of society been violated ; Christian friendships sacrificed j fraternal recognition denied ; and the proprieties of relative station sadly overpassed." Where thin pretty episcopal difference will end we know not. We hope to hear something more if it, which is tolerably certain if the three acculing Bishops have any mettle in them. Pennsylvania]* Morality.?A considerable fuss I as been made in some quarters, in consequence of he discovery of the sale of a number ot whig voters iy one Mr. Mcf'urdy, editor of a country paper at Iarrisbttrg, Pa., for the sum of $3000. Wo den't see vhy so much should be made of this disposing of hoicst, independent, and patriotic whigs, like so many beep, at so much per head. The upright and en iKiiiriiru wK'emiors 01 j'ennsyivHnia nave oern obbing Europe of five or six millions annually, by efusing to pay their debtB, whilst they have abunlant means to discharge their obligations; and yel ve hear a great deal said about it in that virtuous ^tate. ________ Arrivals of Mails.?Half a dozen mails from N'ew Orleans came on Wednesday night. Ourmer* bants were agreeably astonished at their appear nee. Many had given up all hopes of again bearing >0111 that tpiarter through the United States Muil Half a dozenmore mails are yet due from tUc south, md it is generally thought that if tliey get here next week, no one ought to complain. Those we have received are a Cod-send.provided they can be sent to Boston in time for the Britannia. Oi.e Bi ll and Vikcxtkmps.?These inimitable artists arc at New (irleans, where the people ure in the greatest state of excitement at the ravishing music which they produce. Vieuxtempe is performing at the French Theatre. His lirst apivarance was on the 17tli ult., when the house was crowded with beauty and fashion, and bis reception was of the most enthusiastic character, lie took the house by storm, stiys The Tropic, and the applnuse bestowed upon liirn was most rapttrous. We hear nothing of his associate, Mr. Schuberth. Ole Bull performed the same evening at .the Theatre Saint Charles, the prices of admission to which were raised (illy per cent, und he elicited even greater admiration than his lival. He achieved a perfect triumph, and impressed the citizens with a profound conviction of his originality and senilis. The excitement nmon? the French nnd fierinan population wax running very high at the departure of the last accounts. American ilkprm-tcart Bam,.?A very magnificent Ball in to he given by "Young Ameriru" at the Park Theatre one of these night". The thentre will be decorated in the most elegant style, and the congregation of the beauties of the true native American stock, will equal the display ol the Bo/. Hall; whilst in patriotism and genuine rexpectabiliy, that aflhir will be tar outetripi>ed on, the t.plroaching negation. N'ovcr, Conceut in Newark ?There is to he a rrand Kthiopean Concert given Rt Stewart's Hotel, a Wwark, this evening, i.nd another to-inorrnw Finn at JtwreV Oixy>-Yesterday afternoon at 4 \ M. afire hrokeout in "a small building in the ear of the late S. Pearinan's dwelling, the lOjf of vhich and two adjoining houaes were more or less hjured. The Port OOice. A return haa just been made to the Senate by the Postmaster General of the number of letters, newspaper*, pamphlets, A'c.. which passed through the mails of the United State* during the month of October, 1443, of which we present below a condensed abstract, so lar as concerns the largest States. The uccounl was directed to be taken so as to state the number of letters of each grade of ! postage, the number ol free letters, and by what class of officer* franked; the number of dropped letters, by which i> meant letters thrown info the l?03t offices lo be delivered out, at the fame place; the number of regular newspapers subject to postage, and the number free of postage ; the number of|>eriodicals, and the number of occasional newspapers. The printed return is just a synopsis of these facts, in a tabular form, so as to exhibit the result in each State and Territory. The details, says the Postmaster General, fill two large volumes of manuscript, which are at the service of the Senate, to which is added the important proviso, " to be returned to the Department." Some of the post offices, it appears, have not sent in any returns, anil with respect to them an estimate isgiven drawn upfront data furnished in the quarterly returns ending July 1S43, which, it is believed, will apptoximate to the true amount. Although not called for by the resolution of the Senate, the Postmaster has added to this report a statement of the contract cost for transporting the mail in each State and Territory, and the amount of gross and net revenue collected in each. A statement is also annexed of an accurate account kept for three weeks in April, 1840, at the City Post Office in Washington, of the numbers of free letters and documents franked by members of Congress and the Executive Departments, upon which an average is calculated of the extent to which these privileges press upon the mails. The following are extracted from the * Exhibit of the number of paid and unpaid letters, free letlers, newspapers and pamphlets received in the se veral States and Territories of the United States, during the month of October, 1813; und also oi the gross amount of letter postage, the gross amount oi newspaper and pamphlet postage, the uell amount derived from postages, und the eontract eost for transportation, for the year ending June 30, 1813." 8 i ate of massachusetts. (iron anu'l. rcrcnur. Letters?Paid and unpaid -J 17,;<3T ) Franked by Po*maaters..l 1,467 1 | ' Member* of Congress 7 JI 13,200 j " Governmentofficial* 1,118) Dropped letter* 6,736 j ^W'iW 4* Kstimated non-returns 1,366 j Grand total '140,314 j Newspapers - (lunged with postage '161,0661 Papers received free 44,660 | Occasional or irregular papers. .. 66,301 i ... ... ?n Kstimated non-returns 3,040 ' Total 376,006 J District or Coiumbia. Letters?l'nid and uupoid *13,661 | Franked by Postmaster*... .604 t " Members of Congress. .73*1 > 67,871 " Govern'nt officials. .06,216 ) i .on ?i- no Dropped letters 1.236 f *39'40* 09 Kstimated non-returns nil I Grand total. . 03,668 J Newspapers?Charged with postage 13,8161 Received free 33,846 Occasional or irregular 4,707 j- $3,939 76 Total 40,160 j State of Virginia. Letter*?Paid and unpaid, ..... .101,6611 Franked by Postmasters.... 7,4*13 ) " Members ol Congress 806 > 0,903 " Government officials 1,686) 1 cinnnnoo Dropped letter* 1,790 ( P,fl0'U0 20 Kstimated non-returns 6,043 , Grand total 118,376 j Newspaper*?Charged with postage 188,090 i Received free 36,630 | Occasional or irregular II ,303 i ^H(;3 ];i Non-returns . 18,147 f e* Total 236,068 J State of Ohio. Letter*?Paid and unpaid, 130,333 j Franked by Postmaster*,. .0,4411 \ " Members of Congress 1,034 ( 11,,116 I " Government officials, til 7 ) I t0ai 1/17 41 Dropped letter* 3,006 f I u Non-returni, 3,830 | Grand total, 138.23S J I V"vx.\~'? '''""""<1 with noiit- } 8gc S<<*.25>1 I Received free 48.A61 | Occasional or irregular 39,263 ! $49,4(17 90 Non-returns 13,666 j Total 375,743 J State or Mururo. Letter*?l'aid and unpaid 83,760) Krankcd by rostmastei*,. .2,894 J " Member* of Congroas.l,450 5,289 | " Government official*,' 94ft) I .... ,, Dropped letter* 3,9ftl j ??l,a61 33 Non-return*, 1,182 Grand total 91,092 J , j Newktaper*?Charged with post- I uge, 86,310 Received free 21,714 | Occasional or irregular 8,874 J- $10,095 99 Non-return* 6 393 j Total 123,497 J State or Pf.!*!*?vlta!*m. Letter*? l'aid and unpaid 225,944 | Krankcd by Postmaster*,.12,875 1 " Members of Oongm** 960 [ 10,022 | " Government officials,2,187 ) Dropped letter*, 10,335| tt,.Q Non-returns,. . . 3,114 ' 81 Grand total 255,445 J Newspaper*?Charged with poitagn343.858 1 Received free 80,880 | Occasional or irregular 34,161 ( .KA lpd -n Non-return* 15.2A0 f W58 3fl 1 Total 474,149 J State or Nr.w York. Letter*?Paid and unpaid 487,710") Franked, by Postmasters, 30,505 | " Member* ofCongre**, 4215 j- 18,674 | " Government official*, 3954 J $877,538 50 Dropped letters 32,546 | Non-return* 4s98| Grand Total 563,988 I Newspaper*?Charged with po*t. 58?i,66ti 1 Received free 123,863 | Occasional or irregular 134 447 1 Non-return*. ... 14,288 I *95'4'4 81 Total 059,269 J The very great superiority of New York is here too apparent to need pointing out. It nppears further from I his return, that estimating the same amount of mail matter for each month in the year, the total number of letters re cetved, chargeable with postage, ih 24,267,552 each year; whilst the franked letters amount to 2,815,692; and the newspapers to 19,719,790. The total net revenue from postages for the year is stated at $2,957,530 16. The third and last table appended to the report, we give entire:? Statement of Kmsk Letter* a>d toticsun mailed isom the I'osr Pinci is Wa?hi\oto* Citv roll THHEK WIKII UrRIKli 1IIK Hl:?5IO% 01' ClIHUIIIiH, Hrimn 111- lUlll Fur the week commun ing .'l/n il 17 anil railing May 2, 1110 F re'rltiM? from Co ? !?? SCO Krtw letters r. m Executive drpxrun lit* 7 237 13.674 For the week commtn'u Hay 87 tf end'g June 8, 1110. F-el t'tr irv in Cn ti,JMi Kiee Idle > Iroin Kxecuiiio d.*, artuirnt* 7,1jS U.SiJ For the irrrk com men g July I d" end'g Join 7. 1010. Free from Co Eff?? 7,4 # )*.t:r? fiom k?c< n.i\ il,partu.ruu . 7.340 ? 14 76T Total free lereri loSwivki*" 42,3!ii I Kr?? l?( # ( ? i? 3? ?>Tlr< / 'in' the wti k rmiimtnci nj .Ipril -7 mi if ending May 2, 18l? 98,'iRB |nir>lic (locum*.l?, ?? initio* 8.649 For the. wrrk rnmmtncing May 27 and ending June 2 18 III ICR,9)2 public doromriiti, tuonliinu (pound*)- 9,076 For the weak rommrnring July 1 and ending July 7 1240 186,71.8 public riortiiucu ?, whkhiuk (|> unil ) IV.>61 30/,268 liiM imif .U in 3 wrrkl, w?-il{l.t (pouml-.) 32.68'J ! ii li 4,314,041 pub'ic dccu'lj in 33 wrrki, weigh'. (lb*) 349,479 KecAriTut-Atioi. Wluilr nnnibrr cf document* in if < oil of 31 hp kit 4,314,948?wghl 319.479 lit* Who!* i umber i f free let er? in *e?FiiiB (.1 14 ee k* 466,44.4? T->ltldoeiim?nt* *nd Ire* letter* ? ci dnniij ?of 33," f*kt .4,781.393 The facte ftl this Jlejpoft should br carefully stu Jied,by^he AfUocnutt oiria'.Hiet^k nad uniform, rate <4 pwslttftc. * " , . f ,. " > y- ?" OvKRt^Mi Mai)..*o Bosio^.-eeAdMlfc fe Co. Imve started n darly-t^verland maH to Boston, to leave every ewninn at fix o'clock. This' soilnds like the " Overland mail to India." lloth mails g<? to he cast. | Fbom Boston.?By Hurnden & Co.'s overland Exptesa, we received tiles of lire Boston papers^f Wednesday evening. The five hundred workgptn engaged in cutting a ship-way through the ice were compelled to give up the attempt, owing to the intense cold and the lipid formation of the ice. acd the strong wind from the north. Several ol the men were badly frost-bitten. A despatch had been sent to Fresh Pond for the ice ploughs, and a fresh set of hands were to he put at work as soon as the apparatus could he received, (ireat fears were entertained that the Britannia could not he cut out in time. The steamboat Kosciusko, which left this city with the mail oil Monday afternoon, at 4 o'clock, after forcing her way thirty-live miles through the ice, was disabled in an attempt to back out of a large field of ice near Norwich Point, and was soon locked fast. The mail and passengers were forwarded by teams to the shore, n work of five hours. The boat was fast ut the last accounts. The mail arrived at Boston at half past 8 o'clock the following evening. The mail of Tuesday had not arrived there at the closing of the mail on Wednesday evening, and the passengers who left Boston for tins city on Monday, by the Bong Island Pound, were com pencil 10 return, me .Nuiruiiaiincii uaim; unsuccessful attempts to force a passage Great weather, this. Cass Movement in Boston.?The friends of Gen. Cass had a meeting on Tuesday evening, at Faneuil Hall, to nominate him for the Presidency ?Aaron Hobart, President. The speakers were Messrs. Gale and Walsh of that city, and the Hon. John McKeon, the little t t'Connell of America, who made the "rafters ring" with his oratory. The Mail observes that " none ol the big guns of democracy in that city participated in the movement." Ilis nomination is advocated on the grounds of merit and expediency. Election in Massachusetts.?It is now supposed that there has been a choice in the Third Congressional District. Abbott, whig, has gained 257 in a dozen towns, which is ubout the number he lacked of a choice at the last trial. Opening ok the Opeiia House.?The elegunt opera house erected by Siguor J'ulmo, will be opened to-morrow evening. It is one of the most commodious, beautiful, und judiciously const run ted theatres on this continent. Bragaldi, an artist of acknowledged talent und taste, hus had the general superintendence of the erection and decoration of the house, and his experienced judgment lias enabled him to introduce many novel und important arrangements, which will contribute greatly to the convenience and comfort of the audiences. The arrangements lor lighting the house, and for its ventilation, are particularly judicious. The drop scene has been very beautifully executed by Guidicini aud Monachesi, and the architectural scenery by IJragaldi is worthy in every respect of that artist. The ur rangement of the seats is similar to that at Nihlo's -ht'oon; bat from every point the view of the stage is and unobstructed. Admirable arrangements have been made for the convenience and comfort ol the ladies, with respect to cloak and dressing rooms; and the ret reshment saloon will be conducted in a style of unsurpassed elegance. The orchestra will be very effective, and with llapetti as leader, will be unequalled in this couniry. A full chorus has been engaged, and altogether, we think that the debut of the new company will be auspicious. Concert at the Tadkewacle.?The llughes Family give a very attractive concert, to-night, at the Tabernacle?an address on music, its refining tendencies, and its general inllueucc on society, will be delivered by the poet, J. Augustus Slica, lisq. fcreveral amateurs, and professional ladies and gentlemen, w ill also appear on the occasion.? L'atronizc them. _ Concert at the Apollo.?On Saturday evening a benefit concert will be given to Adam Fecber, by several of his artisticul lriends. llill, Hewitt, Otto, and Scharfenburg are among the number. I Si.EioniNi: at Lasix?As wc are going to press, there is a most delicious snow storm. IlnrJt' there! goes a sleigh load of jolly fellows. Ladies, on with ' your mull's and cloaks, and then, heigh for a dash ilong the avenues for Curnham's and Xowlan's. Aroi.i.o Saloon, Broadway.?Among the many halls adapted to balls, concerts, sotrlfx, and such like amusements, there is no place better fitted rlian the Apollo Saloon, in Broadway. On this subject we find the following in a cotempornry:? Annual Ball and Concert or tub Kutkrfean Socierr.?The annual concert and hall of the Kuterpenn Socio1 y. which tool; place at the Apollo on Tuesday evening, was one of the most elegant and delightful social unities we ever attended. The Kuterpenn Society is an incorporated institution, and is now* nearly half a century old. It ]>ossesse* an extremely valuable musical library, a tlxed dock, Jtc Ac., and is universally esteemed one of the beat, if not the very best, of amateur musical associations in America. Some of our most eminent musical proles ors are indebted to this institution for its loatcring care. The concert, which was the tirst thing in order, passed oil' witli the greatest rrlat. The performances were always highly respectable?sometimes magnificent. The two songs hy Madame Olto wore unusually well given, even for that distinguished artist; anil the two romic ?ongs by Mr. Phillips, a member of the society, were superb. Thulbcrg's beautiful fantasia for the piano, from Bellini's Straniera. was exquisitely played hy a young la tinfactory performance. Wrought not to forget thnt the lino and sweet toned piano used on the occasion, was from lie manufactory of Mr. James l'irtson, 104 F.lm street? Vltogether, the performance* were superior to many a highly-scented and duly puffed public concert; und the company frequently manifested their admiration in the most unequivocal manner. It gives uh pleasure to speak of our old friend, Mr. (ieorge Alker, the'gentlemanly proprietor of.the Apollo, lie is always at home, and, however busily engaged, meets yon with a smile. The supper and appointments were got up in his usual good style. In fact, it takes him to do it. Great credit is due to Mrs and Miss Alker, in making and hanging the splendid curtains and tapestry in the saloon. Such a wife and daughter is a rich legacy to any man. The Apollo, with its saloon, ante-ehamhers and supper rooms, are not surpassed hv any other establishment in the city, ana is deservedly the most popular and fashionable. Theband, consisting of twenty-three pieces, under the direction of Mr. Dodsworth. and hired by the F.uterpen n for the ball, gave unqualified satisfaction.'Exhibition.?Mr. Editor :?I understand that lite exhibition of Mr. Coles' pictures, is to be continued for n week longer. Those who are desirous of seeing tiu exhibition of sonic of the most beuu ii'ul works of art yet produced in this country, or perhaps any other, ought not to permit the opportunity of seeing them escape, for it will be long, in the nature of things, before the artist can again present to the public, so numerous a collection of his finest works. The picture of Mount Etna, which is on u very lurgc scale, ought alone to be sufficient to draw crowds. It is a magnificent picture of n magnificent scene. The "Vovage of I die," also is a work on which the lover of painting and poetic thought can muse delightedly for hours. There are other pictures of great interest and beauty in the exhibition, and to those who are satiated with concerts, lectures. Arc., I would say spend uquiet hour among Coles' Pictures; and to those who are not, 1 would say they would enjoy ill these things better for having seen Coles' Pictures. Amnsements. Chatham Cinrrs.?Who does not love the horse. the pride oi ilie wild Aruli of the desert, nnd, next | to hi* mistress, the most beloved object of the Kntrlish nohie or the cportimnn the world overt Who then does not admire the feats nnd rapern of the well-trainod-thc noble steed- us he gambol* around the ring of the circus?and the gaily dressed rider, too, with what confidence does he tiestride or mount erect ti|>ou the gentle creature's hack ! Rockwell and Stone hare un(|uest7onnhly the best trained stud in the country, nnd in every other respect their establishment is hcyund the power of ritaliy. The public appreciate their, effort), iand generously patronize the house. AMMAhMarzM-ri ism ?The comic Yankee lecture on Animnl Magnetism, l?v the renowned comedian, ! rrcat Western, will be repented to-night nt the American Museum.for the fifth time,by sjiecial request. Dr. Valentine, prince of imitntors and delineators <d different characters, will open his rich budget of lun nnd mirth: and Mods and Madam- C'heekenl, T <1 Booth. II. O Sherman, nnd I.n Petite < erito. are oil engaged, and will contribute largely to the entertainment of the audience. The Gipsey tftuwn is .it home nt nil hours, and may tie privately Consulted regarding past, present and future events. The Albino Boys remain hut two days longer. MUSfft Ir-ATWILL'W SALOON, No. *11 Broadway, was never better supplied w Uh Music and Musical Instruments than at the present moment, and he is contlantlv receiving and daily puhllihing more. It is well worth the attention of all lovers of harmony, and a visit to the Saloon would he well repaid by the pleasure to he dei ived by looking oyer this exteniive collection. BY THK SOUTHERN MAIL. Mob* Senatorial Hejections.?Our accounts last night from Washington state that the Senate has rejected'John C. Spencer, nominated as Judge 1 of the Supreme Court. 1 This ronipletes the rejection of the high norni-^ nations?Porter? Henahaw and Spencet?which we stated weeks ago, might, and should, aud would, he rejected by the Senate. It is a just and merited rehuke lor the i>olittcal humbug they have heretofore practiced on the l'resideut, as well as 011 the country. 1 Now that Mr. Spencer is rejected from the l] Bench, we should suppose he should be removed I or retire of his own accord from the Treasury, and | thus ennble the President to reconstruct afresh nearly his whole cabinet. Washington. [CorrMpondsnce of the HeraldJ Washington, 31rI Jan. Mr. Spencer lias been this day rejected hv the Senate. No other business was done in Executive Session. The vote stood 27 to 21?nearly a 1 political vote ; five or six whigs voting for him, and as many Democrats voting against him. It was admitted that hi.s talents are of a'high order?not deficient. But of his political honesty there was some doubt. He ha9 been too much like the shadow of a tree, sometimes on the one side, and sometimes on the other. His antimasonic course, too, was not much admired. When Judge Thompson was on his death bed, and John C. Spencer was named as his successor, the dying Judge said?" God forbid ! God forbid! He is an ugh/ man!" Senators felt that our Supreme Coutt is our last bulwark? our fortress?our rock and tower of defence when all else fails. Any vacancy must dc mien wttii a man 01 utnniotia purity, and adamantine integrity, in whom there can be no " shadow" of turning. It is expected that the next action of the Senate, will be upon Mr. Wise's appointment to Brazil. !*ome think that his late attack upon Mr. Sargcanr (whig) will do him nogood. Although the general impression seeni9 to be, as 1 have before stated, that he will be confirmed. S. B. Washington, Jan. 31,1941. The President's Levee last night was crowded to excess. Not less than 2000 people were present. It was a very gay anu brilliant scene. The President and Mrs. Robert Tyler teceived the guests with their well known hospitality, ease, grace and courtesy. There was but little dancing in consequence of the press of the crowd. There was a furious row, fight, knock-down and drug-out here Inst Sunday night, between some eight or ten gentlemen of distinction. Frightful damage wus done. 1 am told there has never been so much fighting and bloodshed at Washington , upon a winter before. In relation to ihe difficulties between Messrs. Shriver and Weller, 1 have received from Mi. Shriver a cony of yesterday's Patriot, from which 1 cut all the information upon this subject to he hud to-day, excepting that Mr. Shriver tells me he was yesterday arrested and held to bail in the sum of $.'1000 to keep the peace. A Card. Washington, Jon. :10,1s4-1. The nature of the attack made upon me by Mr. Weller, in the hall of the House of Representatives, (the particulars of which I havo already given to the public,) necessarily requiting of me a fuitber prosecution ol the mutter, lor ihe vindication ami maintenance of ray honor, ami having done uil in iny power to procuro the satis lactam whicti one gentleman has a light to demand of at. her in such cases, i conceive it to be due to myself to submit u statement of the course t have pursued, and the result of my eltbiu to obtain redress. A* soon after ti e affair between Mr. Weller and myself as I could obtain the services ol' u friend for that purpose, ( sent a note to Mr. W. requesting him to meet me in Haltimors. wheu the mutter could lie settled without difficulty. The annexed letter, written by Mr. Edward W. Johnston, in reply to one trom me, will show what occur red immediately after my note was despatched Washington, Jan. 36, 18-1-1. Ms Df.ak Sin :? On Thursday night last, 1 bore to Mr. Weller, ol Ohio, a note from you, signifying a wish to see him at Baltimore for the adjustment of the differences between you. Mr. Weller, after reading the. communication, promised mo an answer at 10 o'clock the next morning. 1 was, ut that hour, received, accordingly, by his authorised lricnd, who verbally, on his part, declined the interview?adding, however, that in that course, nothing disrespectful to Mr. Shriver nor offensive to nic was meant. M_. ?u... i? in.. ?.?A -r ? ,? } uqtllk) iuuo vo. uiiuniiui ... mi. .v,?iiiu, j.un ... evcr coulJ be done on your side to procure such a termination of the matter a.s)ou were entitled to and greatly desired. I have only to express my regret at the nn.-iUcesslul event of my intervention, Vours, very sinccrly, EDWARD WM. JOHNSTON. To Mr. A. F. It will 1?? perceived, that at ten o'clock, on Friday, Mr. Johnston was notified of Mr. Welter's relusal to accept my projiositlon, accompanied by a disclaimer of any thing Offensive to Mr. Johnston or disrespect, ful to mo. This terminated the formal part of the negotiation, but not all consultation. Mr. Weller'a friend and Mr. Johnston had repeated interviews, subsequently, in reference to an informal meeting at some retired place in the city, which my friends were desirous of arranging, as an alternative, but w hich the other party declined and also iu reference to a suggestion on the pail of Mr. W elter's friend, that the altair was susceptible of an amicable adjustment. All this, however, terminated In a way which left the matter precisely where it stood when my invitation to proceed to Baltimore was declined. Thus the public will perceive that I have used every effort in my power to procure of Mr. Weller the satisfaction I had a right to demand, and which, under the circumstances, it a man of honor, he could not have refused. They will also perceive that I huve been unsuccessful in obtaining from him redress. After stating these facts, 1 shall leaf e it to the public to determine whether 1 have successfully vindicated my honor, and whether Mr. John B. Weller, of ohio.has not won for himself the character of a reword, and thereby forfeited the character of a gentleman. A. F. CoiNTER .Statement.?Wc copy (lie following card ol Gen. Dawson, in relation to the difficulty between Messrs. Weller and Shriver, from the Washington Globe of Wednesday evening. A Card. An article has this moment been shown to mr in tl.r "Baltimore Patriot"of yesteiday, over the signatures of A. F. Schriver and Edward Wm. Johnston, in relation to the diiticulty between the former and Mr. Weller, of Ohio, (for whotn I acted iu this affair.) I desire to say, unequivocally, that tne statements they have made as to what transpired are incorrect in every imjiortant particular. On Thursday evening, the :10th instant, a note whs handed to me by Mr. Weiler, from Mr. Schriver, with a request to act as his friend in the matter, and to take such u course as 1 might derm necessary for the maintenance of his honor. The nexl day (Friday) 1 repaired to Hie room of Mr. Weller, where I received Mr. Edward Wm Johnston, the bearer of the challenge, (who was endorsed as a gentleman by Mr. Wm. Cost Johnson, of Maryland.) I informed liirn that, as the Iriend of Mr. Weller, we could not meet Ml. Schriver ; that we could not recognize him as an equal ; that he must take back the challenge ; ami ho did so. He (Johnston) then remarked, What shall we do ? Mr. tt'chriver cannot get to see Mr. Weller. I nuormed mm Hint, ll iur. si,ri*er wished to attark Mr. Weller, to bring him up to the House between one and two o'clock p m.thnt il.iv. nnill pledged mywlf to produce Mr. Weller outside "of the House, at any point he might designate Mr. Welter and myself repaired to the Capitol at about H o'clock, M., and remained there until an hour aft<-r the adjournment?nay 4 o'clock, T. VI. No one approaching, we walked down the uvenneto our quarters In the evening, Mr. F.dward Wni Johnston came to my room, and (poke of another time being fixed for a street light. I answered, your friend has acted roward/y in not t tending to-day at the time named, and I cannot corn sjiond with yon farther on that subject. He then (poke oln reconciliation, and alluded to hit unpleasant situation, and adverted to Wm Cost Johnson. I then said, bring Mr. Wm.Coat Johnson to me. and per baps we can arrnnye it. The next day (rtaturdny) Mr. William Coat Johnson and Kdwatd William Johnston came to my room, and we had a long interview. I informed them then that we could muke no concessions?no compromises?no apologies. No declaration was m*di: to Mr. Kdward Wm. Johnston, that, in tl o declination of the challenge of Mr. S'irivor, we no dim expect to liirn or his fiirnd ; lor it was my determination Irom the outset, that he (Mr. Weller) should fight nobody but o vntltman of undispiit?d character. \\ hatever has lieea done, has been done on my adi ice ; and I have no hesitation in suj nig that the conduct of Mr. Wcllvr thioiigliout the whole of this transaction, has been that of a high-minded and chivalric gentleman, and a man of honor. J NO- b. DAWSON Mrs.lltwm's, Jan. ill, It- tl. From Tex as.?Our accounts from Texas, by the wuy of New Orleans, come down to the 10th of January. A correspondent of the Houston Democrat furnishes the following from the seat of government "An extra was received here containing an extract from President Tyler's Message relative to this Republic; and, strange as it muv appear, the Clnk of the House of Representative* read the document, and it was referred to the Committee on Foreign Itelationsof that body How that little country will feci her consequence when >he hears we have kindly volunteered to legislute for her ' I think I may venture to say that there is not a dozen of the member* that tliink there is ma a probability of otir mr lint in,; a chance for annexation; nnd, it our independence con It obtained, I do not believe thiur is half a w !,o wotil I accept It?I menu annexation.'' A pr 'amtilo end Join', resolution for the rnui sation '1 'IVxus to thu I'nitt'il states bus hern introduced mi the House, and had 1 cm referred to the Committee, on Fun irn llrlat oin. 'lie resolution provides at some hngih the manner in ivhlrh i'cm - -hall lie admitted into tin I'nion, its houndaries, rights, and privileges as u State, Ac. One cry in>) ortar.t suction is-"Sir it. He it fuither resolved, That in consideration of the giant made by Tixas ofthe public, lands to the United states, contained in the fourth section of this resolution, the United States assume the payment of all the public debt of Texas, at the tate of .he specie value of said debt* it the time of their creation or assumption, and for the 1 ate ind value of which tha proper reference! shall be 'made.'' ?IntiUigtncer, Feb-1.

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