Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 3, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 3, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. a?sa?ecawbb;J 'i . ?" New York, li?IBrdu)r, February 3, 1844 33-The Wkeki.y HeiixI?, published to-day, is a very rich number in the recent debute*, tights, rows, wit, argument and eloquence of the House of Representatives. We did intend to accompany these admirable irports with engravings, but none could design or execute such engravings but "A spirit l'rom hell or goblin damned,'1 and all these artists were so engaged with 1I12 ugutiug mat nicy uau uu u??* ?v do it. No matter?it is capital without engravings. Price only sixpence. OCP The Sunday IIekat.d, to-morrow, will con* tain a glowing account of the famous "Masquerade and Bui Costume" given last evening at a fashionable Broadway house, up Broadway, to be accompanied with r.u engraving. Mail.* vou. Ki'uock.?Two line packets sail today?the gt. Nicholas for Havre,and Mediator for London. They will not be prevented from going to sea by the ice, us the steamship was at Boston. Thp packet ship Cambridge sailed yesterday without difficulty. We have the letter bags of these ships at our office, where persons can, if they please, drop in newspaper?, ?cc. either the Daily or the Weekly Herald, which will be ready in wrappers for that purpose. We should not be surprised if these packets reached Europe as soon, if not sooner than the Britannia. nr. Calhoun's Letter?His withdrawal from | tha atxt Presidential Contest. We republish in our paper to-day, a very impor- ' tant letter, or address, made by John C. Calhoun . to his political friends, withdrawing his name from the Bdtimore Convention, und assigning his rea- I sons for that course. This is the letter to which of late many refer- . CI1-.CB UUVC UCCII lliaur 111 UIC UCWrpnpeiB auu lin influence ia the current of events will be important. In this letter Mr. Calhoun defines indeed his present position, but leaves his future course to inference and events. To us it appears that, in withdrawing his nuiue as a candidate, he leaves a clear held to Mr. Van Buren?and that lie and his friends will either support or decline supporting the Kinderhook statesman, according us his subsequent public conduct and measures suit their notions of right and wrong. On this point the Charleston Mercury accompanies the Address with the following pregnant remarks:? Who then will receive our support for the Presidency I Surely not a whig ; for in principles we are as utterly opposed as the poles. Wo are not tariff men?nor internal improvement men. We abhor a United States Bank?we can make no imMC* w ith those monstrous whig projects for assuming the debts of the States, and squandering the revenues from the public lands?we are opposed to the mutilation of the Constitution by destroying the Presidential Veto, the sateguard of tile south. On all these points we are at open issue with the whigs. whose policy in its tendency, we regard as equally hostile to Uie Federal Constitution, to popular liberty, and to the prosperity and safety of the south Until we'change our principles on alt these great subjects, we can never altiliate witli the whigs, or support their men. No, we cannot suiqsirt a Whig. We will be true to true democracy?we will sup|>ort him and those who oppose the firmest resistance to that usurping and plundering system of measures we have named above. Which of the democrats will do this? We have before us now, the creed ot the party declared in solemn council at Baltimore in ItMO It is a good creed?its principles are justits p ilicy is upright?its professions are satisfactory.? Now is the time lor proofs?for the practical evidences that these were not mere words?let ua have them Let them come lika the sun, to roll bock, and forever, all the doubts, fears and misgivings of the thousands on thousand, whoareevery moment in danger of thinking they have been deceived, betrayed and abandoned, The \t higs anexulting and hourly taunting us with such thoughts, and it is only in the just resentments ofa generous and warm hearted people, that they have the slightest hopes. Let tint thaiH imntiUftit hie nlnvn/f nn #<?n Inmr_ths?ri? is rfaitffttr in it. The democratic party now, tofar ai Mr. Calhoun and Houth Carolina are concerned, are lel> unemharrasbed to make all their arrangements to meet the adversary. On the wisdom, and justice and firmness of thei* measures will depend their fato Timeserving truckling, playing with principles, cannot save them. They have their own fate in theirown hands?they w ill make defeat or victory as they please. The most plausible interpretation to all these "ambiguous givings out," is, that Mr. Calhoun and his friends cannot support Mr. Clay, yet they will not pledge their support to Mr. Van Buren with any degree of warmth, unless he, and his Convention in Baltimore, and his friends in Congress, v ill place themselves right on the tariff and abolition. Now this the Van Buren party will probably do. It is very evident, therefore, that the field is now loft unencumbered to Mr. Van Buren, as the only and powerful democratic candidate to contend with Mr Clay. It is true that among the friends of Mr Calhoun in this city there is a project on foot to holda distinct Convention on the 4th of July, at Philadelphia?but this scheme is not warmly seconded by the southern friends of the Carolina statesman. And indeed we are tinder the impression that such a movement is intended more ns a rod, or threat, to be held over the fate of Mr. Van Buren?or that it is intended to form the nucleus of a party organization for the succession in 1848, in opposition to the ambitious views ofMr. Benton. At all events, it is now evident that Mr. Vnn Buren will be the only candidate in opposition to Mr. Clay. Mr. Buchanan has withdrawn without conditions. Mr. Calhoun has withdrawn with conditions. General Cass and his friends arc yet making a pennyworth of fuss.with the "little heggurman" ol New York at its head, but it will not amount to a ripple on the surface of the great democratic wave. Mr. Tyler, with the whole force of his administration and friends, is the only bit of downright " armed neutrality" in the field. What can they do T Can they organize ! Have they any courage left I Speak, John Jones?do. >TEAM MlIP JjKITANNIA ?U IS SUppOSCd tliat this ship was cut out on Thursday and went to sea. Our letters under the ship news head, tec. tell us that immense exertions were making to raise money and men to accomplish this object.? This will, therefore, be the first British vessel that has been cut out of any harbor, by Americans, since the last war. We should not be astonished, however, to henr that the Britannia did not start on her voyage ; she was fast embedded in sevpn miles of ice, and although three thousand dollars had been 1 raised to cut a passage for her, we are led to believe that no ,canal was made. But we now hope that she has gone to sea. We hope so because we deaire to see the communication between this country and Europe kept up with regularity. Jn the freezing up of the Boston harbor, and the immense expense incurred in specie and suffering, to open a passage from Boston to the Ocean, we see one big, broad fact, namely, that our amiable little neighbor at the ea?t is no place for the termination of any important mail line in the winter season. There is very little fun in paying three thousand dollars in good hank hills or specie,and at least one thousand more in human suffering in th< shape of frost-bitten feet and legs, to out a narrow canal seven miles in length to get n mail steamer to sea. It would be much better to have tinsteamer start from a harbor th?t is never closed with ice, such for instance as the harbor of New York. As nearly all the bays east of this are frozen over we suppose that the h ?rhor nt Halifax is included in the list and lightly closed with ice. Overland Mail to Boston.?Adams \* Co's overland mail to Boston leuves this city every evening at six o'clock. They have now started an overland package or parcel express which will leave at nine o'clock every morning. This makes two linos a day whnui Adams o. run from this city to Boston and along shore. Their express from Boston arrives here at ten and eleven o'clock every night. Thi? is enterprise. Mails from the Bast.?Ton e ens -'rn mails arrived yesterday morning. Affiirs in the post office ure therefore regulated. Th-re are now only six malls due from New Origan* and one from the east. The Italian Opera.?Don't forget that the Italian Opera House in Chamber street opens tonight, with 7 Puritani. A fashionable overflow will be there. i m nwn?i ! <?? I The rapidity with which the United Statea Senate are now proceeding to business deservea some credit, hi one reepect at least, whatever it may deeer\o in others. The rapid guillotine is a fur more merciful instrument of death than the old tedious 1 system of hanging by the neck, with a rope ; and we have no doubt that Messrs. Spencer, Henshaw, 1'orter, and those who are already guillotined will be very thankful to the Senate for the merciful attention with whicli ll^eir cases have been despatched. As the Senate has commenced its duty with promptness and expedition we tru?t they will go on and finish the reu of the work which they have to do with the aame quickness and despatch. Some iiangmen are Dungung practitioner*, whilst others are very expert, skillul, energetic and enlightened men. We think, therefore, that the hangmen of the Senate deserve credit for the promptitude witli which they had despatched the three principal nomination*. Let them go on in the same course. There is very little pity or condolence for those who have been thus guillotined. 15y a singular fatality oi Providence, the two rotten parties in the Senale are made the special instruments of justice in punishing those who have been perpetrating gross humbugs upon the country for the last two years. Perhaps no man has been more deceived by otfice-seeking politicians and office begging statesmen than Mr. Tvler has been during the last two years, particularly in Baltimore, Philadelphia, boston and New York. Without intending to carry out the decrees of a wise Providence, and perhaps acting from paltry and contemptible motives in a variety of aspects, the conduct of the Senate is, in one of its public aspects, of great importance and of great interest to the country, by the manner in which it vindicates the purity and integrity of the churacler of the President. Let them go on, we say. Let them reject all the nominations from New York, Boston, and else where, now penning, lor uiey an Deiong 10 mc same category; and when they shall have rejected ull the rubbish, and charlatanism, and folly, and impudence, and nonsense which has been used, to create an interest at Washington during the last two years, we shall find the President of the I nited Stales, like un honest and worthy man as he is, ready to take new ground, to (ill their places again, and to place himself rectus in curia before the people of the country. Hut the trash must be removed first. The rubbish and stumps must be rooted out; and then we expect to plant the beautiful tree that is going to adorn the rest of Mr. Tyler's Presidency. The Age we live In, What is the age we live in! Different people have different ideas of it. Some think it is the age of reason, others of religion; some imagine it to be one of gold, others of iron; some declare it neither metallic nor metaphysical, but that its great characteristic is steam and storms, both of which apply very well to the political as well us the mechanical and physical world. Another party, who seem to pride themselves upon their superior discernment into the hidden and unseen, pronounce, fx cathedra, this enlightened nineteenth century to be the age of arrant humbug. Thus the times seem to be out of joint, and no one appears capable of reducing the dislocation into any thinglike a curable complaint. As fur as this good city of New York is concerned, the limes seem to be opening upon us in a new aspect, not that the quality of humbug is thereby lessened or depreciated, but that new varieties and combinations are springing up every day. It seems, indeed, to bear some affinity to those substances in material matter which undergo perpetual changes and modifications, through the operation >f time and the manipulation of circumstances; and which educe from chemists, galvanists, geologists, meteorologists, zoologists, and the whole scientific tribe, u jargon enough to confound the chief linguist of Babel tower. The present peculiarity of the age with regard to New York, is the appalling quantity of ologies and isms and ogra}>hies, and all the other Grecian adoptions in the English language, which are just now diffusing uiciiincivrn ill c*ci/ j'au ui iuc lii^, iu ilic UlMlliiy of our bewildered citizens, many of whom are wondering in what resect the succeeding generalion will he superior to the present. For instance, we ha vePresbyteriunism and Episcopalianism represented by the lights between Potts and Wainwright; Puseyism and Evanglicism represented by the "remonstrance, protest and demand" of Bishop OnderJonk upon his erring brethren of Ohio, Vermont, and Illinois ; Theology and Dogmatism by the battles of Bishop Hughes and Mr. Cheever; Phrenology by Fowler; Psycography and Phonography by Hardinge.Phrono-Mnemotechny (the plot evidently thickens) by Fauvel-Gourard ; Mesmerism by Brown and Pike ; Physiology by Mannikin Bronson ; and last of all (for the present) the Gospel of Fourierism by more eminent philosophers, Greeley and Brisbane. These are not all, hut enough for the present. We have, however, hard work of it to keep pace with the rapid developments of the ige ; but we will use our best industry and vigilance lor that purpose ; and our readers may expect to hear of our discoveries from time to time. Ghef.lkv andGoveunou.?The Fourierite philosopher is a very ambitious man. Not content with reorganizing the whole social system of the country, he descends occasionally from that mighty task in order to attend to the little paltry business of selecting ti Governor for the trumpery State of New Yotk. In his paper of yesterday we find that in relation to the next Governor he gives the go-by to Thurlow Weed because he is otherwise engaged? to W. II. Seward because he must attend to his potatoe garden in Auburn?and proposes Willis Hall to lie the next Governor of the State of New York in place of the old white horse of Schoharie, now at Albany. Well, we suppose if Greeley says so it must be so ; therefore we set down Willis Hall as Governor of New York next year, prr-hapg. Fkom Boston.?Mr. Maynard. the carrier ol the i . o. c.\prcss ivikii Dfiween inis city anil linstori, last night furnished us with Boston papers to Thursday afternoon We learn front Mr. M. that fifteen hundred men were engaged in cutting n passage through the ice in Boston harbor; and it was expected the Britannia would be able to go to sea yesterday afternoon. Mr. Abbott, the Whig candidate for Congress in the third district, is elected by a majority of about 00. We find no other news of importance in the Boston pajiers. Movement of the Weather.?There has been a decided" change in the weather; yesterday a thaw begun, and lust niglu there were signs of rain. We give u few extracts below, which show that the cold has been never severer, and that it hnsat last reached Charleston, where, a week ago, the morns multicaulis was in blossom:? At Whitehall, on Sunday, the thermometer marked 2P below zero. On Sunday week, at flatt-burgh, it wan -JO below. On the 28th, at Dover, N measured 20 brow. At Saratoga Spring*, the following range is given: ?On Saturday morning, at 7 32drg. below; on Sunday morning, 34 do ; on Monday morning. Undo Dr. Clark's thermometer stood on Sunday morning at 32 deg. Mew 0. The mercury sunk to seventeen degree* below zero at Saco, Mo , on the 20th inst Kioto Windsor lock* to I'artford, the best sleighing w e have is on the Connecticut river Loaded teams travel on the ice with perfect safety. On Kri.lav morning last, the thermometer at Augusta, vie , stood at 28 degree* below zero. The thermometer at Montpellier, Vt., the 31st inst was at 40 below zero? ..... Tl,? c f u rue ..... .1. . IT c : which leave Albany at 10 o'clock at nleht. now go on the icn as far as Poughkeepaic. This give* travellers a smooth nnil rapid rlila, frrom < hnrleston (A C.) Patriot, Jan. JO | We have had, during a large portion of onr winter, the temperature, almost, that belongs to spring hut w o are now paying the foil price of onr exemption. The change from n sort afmosphere to nipping winds has teen so sin), den as to plunge us info winter's midst "without note ot preparation,'" The ice, for the last three days, has covered moat of onr standing water; and this morning, rvrn the edges of onr salt streams are slightly coated with ice Tiie latest dales received at New Orleans from this city, were up to the evening of the 6th ultimo. Klf.utions in Mains.?In eleven towns in Aroostook county, Cary has loit H* rots* from the November trial. We think there is no choice In the Mh district there is evidently no choice. Ptosiw or Lnnrr and Lrnumc in Canada. We find the foUuwing in the CanediAn i-Apers received by yeeterday'a mail " We are this moment placed in possession of the following important intelligence, received by special express troin New York, which wc hasten to lay before our readers:? Orru r. or Tiir. New York Maraud, ( JOth Jar. is It. ) Important and Ritraordinury *farirat oj Her Hiitanni< Mainly at New York?Conntenution of the I'oltticiani and Speculator!- Immense fjrritement. We have to-day the no leu pleating than unexpected od Miming announcement to imuioi iue wt?u m mi , water* of Ji. B. M. royal (team-yacht PfhMrte 4- Mbtrt, having on board Iler Britannic Majeaty Queen Victoria, Hia K. II. I'lince Albert, and a numerous ami brilliuut suite, as visitor* to our republican (bore*. The intelligence of the near approach of these illustrious visitors was brought to the city at a late hour last night, by Lieut. 8turges, of the revenue cutter Hamilton, who boarded the vessel oil the Hook, and at once made the best ol hi( way to the city to apprize the authorities?Her Majesty having declared her intention of coming up to the harbor by daylight. At an early hour this morning, the city presented a scer.e of unusual bustle, aud crowds were seen hurrying in all directions; mag istiates, military and naval otticers, merchants, bunkers, brokers, cabmen, lie. were to be encountered at every turn, with surprise and incredulity depicted on every countenauce From the masts of the shipping as well as liom the elevated ]>o*itions in the city, might he seen the Union Jack and Stripes and Stars floating together in friendly union. At aliout a quarter ol an hour after noon, the royal yacht swept gracelully into the harbor, having exrhanged salutes with Fort Hamilton, Governor's Island, the U. 9 ships North Carolina, John Adams, U. S. brig Dale, and steamer Princeton?the yards of all being manned?and tha band of the North Carolina playing " (Jod save the Queen," which was returned by " Hall, Columbia," from the decks of tho Victoria b Albert. The royal visitors were received upon landing at th* Battery, by Majors General Scott, McComb and Wool, l'. 8. army; Commodore Dallas, Captains Popart, Maynard, Kearney, Hunrerford, Perry) Lieuts. Mckenzie, Munro. Jefferson, Talbot, U. 8. navy ; Colonels F.astland and Whipple and Major Long, artillery ; Capt. Tomkinson of the marine corps; with a large body of otticers attachod to the service; the Mayor and civic body; 8t George's, St. Andrew's, St. Patrick's, St. David's and other charitable societies, the fire, hose and hook and ladder companies, in uniform, with their splendid and gorgeous colors; l/ie wnote presenting a roup airti wiucu ?c u?< muvm bad the good for!urn; to wilnoss in any country. The nary establishment at Brooklyn furnished a guard of the marinea arid artillery, while the Washington Greys i held the immediate post of honor a* a body guard and escort to the royal anil illustrious party, Major Downing acting as special aid on the occasion. The party left the Battery tinder a royal salute, and proceeded direct to "the Astor,"cheered during tkeir progress by the immense mass congregated in the streets, while the roofs and windows on either side were crowded with s]<cctators anxious to give a hearty welcome to the lair and licauteous Queen o( the British Isles. During the afternoon, the lobbies of the Astor w ere crowded with citizens, calling to pay their respects to our illustrious visitors, Broadw ay being thronged till a lute hour in the night. The ltoyal party dined at seven. The following gentlemen bad the distinguished honor of beiug present :? Majors Ueuerul ttcott and Wool, Commodore Dulla-, Major Downing, (Commanding Guard of llonor,) the Mayor of the city, and the British Consul. The greatest good humor prevailed during the evening. Among the dishes served up by our friend of the Astor, none elicited more |iraise, or seemed to lie more heartily relished by Hur Majesty and the 1'rince, than the national delicacies of pumpkin pie and apple sauce ; and upon her Majesty's retiring, I'rinca Albert enjoyed, with great totit a gin sling with Major Downing, who guessed that his Hoyal Highness had never liquored so well before. By twelve o'clock, the ltoyal patty retired to rest. A special messenger has been despatched te Washing- , ??>. with intelliirnnru nf the arrivul of Her Maiestv and Connor*, who inteud, in a lew day*, to riait the Provident at the White llouic. Various rumors arc afloat, a* to thu object of thU quite , unexpected visit ; amongst others, it is said the immedi- ( ate settlement of the Oregon question, and the negotiation | of commercial treaties upon a new and liberal basis, are | the most prominent The following distinguished individuals form the suite , of her Majesty and 1'iince Albert; Duke and Duchess of | Buccleuch, I,?dy Paget. Lord Paget, Lord Ashhnrton. Sir Hobcrt Peel, l.ady Peel, Lord Charles Wellesley, Miss | Bouvcrie, Colonel and Miss Anson. The royal couple appeared in excellent health and | spirits. i The royal yacht in this instance has maintained her , previous character as a fast sailer and an excellent sen- , boat, having performed the voyage, from land to land in the unprcceaentedly short period of eight days fifteen | hoii's. Further particulars are expected to-morrow, which will | be published immediately eu arrival. i Tliis is truly characteristic of the Canadian press, and shows the progress of light literature, morals, philosophy, and veracity in that Province. Tt is in 1 keeping with all remarks 011 tin- mntry emanating with the newspapers in that eo egion, and is as near the truth as the writers 10 Paradise in the depth of winter. Tire Italian Opera.?Last nigli were favored with a peepat the rehearsal ot 1'I'uritani. A number of invitations had been sent by trignor Ker- , dinand Palmo, to the leading men, to the Press,. 1 und to the heads of departments; so we found | quite a select and critical audience assembled. < The theatre is a perfect bijou; a dear, delightful, | elegant temple; and such beautiful scenery. In a 1 word, it is the most perfect and really splendid 1 theatre or opera house on the continent; nay, we had almost said in the world. Of the scenery, the appointments, the dome, and the curtains, we have not now room to speak at length, which we will do at an early period. Thetircliestra is certainly the most effective nnd grand we have ever seen assembled at one time under the same leader?and such a lender? Kapetti! At one time we eonnfed fortv-three instruments in full nhtv on the Mage. Of the company we shall simply say that they are the same we have already seen at Niblo's, with the exception of Borghese, who pleased us very much. She is an actress withal? and like Calve, she wifis by n peculiar expression what, perhaps, we should not entirely concede to the power and beauty of her voice. Although the company labored under the very great disadvantage of a "rehearsal," yet they elicited the warmest applause from all who listened to them. The choruses , were given with great effect. A word about Signor Palmo himself. He was , there, and seemed happy to see his friends. In the saloon, which in fitted up with the elegance of a drawing-room, he had prepared a very excellent " spread"?boned turkey, ?* la-modc beef, ham, cake^.Vc. Several baskets of sparkling champagne were drained in pledging success to the "Italian Opera." We ulso wish it success ; hut Signor Palmo must depend on his company, not upon hit rhaippagnc. If the former he but as sparkling and exhilerating as the latter, he need have no fears. To-night,then,remember the house opens. Be early, and secure the number of your seat. Go hall an hour earlier to see the magnificent drop scene by Guidicini and Monachessi. Guano American Kupuhucan Bali..?There seems to be no lack of enterprise among the American Republicans. is hut a few months since this party made its appearance. From the very fitst it has been perfectly confident of success, and nothing has yet occurred to give the slightestevidence of failure. On the contrary, Young America is getting thoroughly aroused. Few in days, but gteat in numbers, it now is the all engrossing topic of interest. Where can its legions meet i? No place is spacious enough, and even for its lirst General Ball the Park Theatre will scarce he spacious enough. Here magnificent preparations have been commenced for the Grand American Republican Ball, which is announced tor the fifteenth in slant. 1 he tickets are disposed ot by the Hall Committee, and the proceeds are to go to the General Pf.mrnirtji.) Tli? nn.n|... i. ,.,.wl..nll. limited to one thousand?and to prevent too great a crowd, gentlemen are requested not to accompany inure than tw? ladies. What may ??l, sir most astonishing, even the more fashionable pa. of society, wh? have heretofore acted ns if nothing was endurable utile*--* it could boast of a foreign origin, is all anxiety to go to this great national hall. The ladies, Heaven bless them! are coming to their senses. They are at wotk in almost every ward, gerting up bannerassociations and concerts to aid voting America in this vigorous movement. And now. to show their admiration ot this all conquering party, they are eaget to come and lend their enchantment on" this occasion. Young America has, indeed, the ladiet all with her; and whoever hereafter hopes to win in approving glance, mti.-t show himself an A inert can It epubliean. We will endeavor to get a list of the ball committee, so that our friends will know on whom to eall, before nil the tickets are disposed of. As usual, we suppose nil the selfish partisan put*** will keep entirely silent, hoping that it may tie a failure; hut we who know what ingoing on, will not hy our silence prevent our friends from participating in this splendid hull IT. K Miushnr* O/nre. Fr s. 4 ? fimuf fling.?John Sutton, n boatman, ami ? 'tarrls, n runner for a sailors'ho?rding-hon?o. in James iret,kept by a person named iienjamin K Paiker, sen> cstcrday arrested on warrant! issued out of the U. 8 District Attorney's oltice, ou a charge of smuggling six hales of cloths, which were seized some few days since on hoard a >-loop in the Fast liver The properly is valued at about fit-J .noo to ^l.i.OoO. It is supposed that this discovery will had to the development of a aystematiu plan for defrauding the customs. Several persons ol higher standing than tne parties arrested are said to be implicated. Before Commissioner Hapelye. V Ku. 1?Examination of Gtorgt Gage, coutinutd from 0 ytsiorday. G w. Pascau. e*y?i resident Vu Buren, in Arkansas; 1 am acquainted with chaa. Bottsford; I have \ known liim since May, 1841; be resided last spring in y Fay etteville; I was Judge of the Supreme Court in the >, State ol Arkansas at that time; I knew Bottsford In 1841; be resided at Van Buren and taught school there; I saw him frequently; he resided in the lamily of a relative of tl mine, and when hie school w as closed, he took out a law j\ licenre and heroine a magistrate and deputy postmaster; lie was in indigent circumstances; I knew Mr. Campbell; g he was a partner of mine as a lawyer and collecting agent for several firms here; our connection ceased w hen I was n elected to the Bench of the Supreme Cout t; Mr. Campbell was murdered about.10 miles from Van Buren on the 10th of May last; his murderers have not been discovered. Al- (j though 1 gave the subject a good deal oi attention, yet I m could get no clue: Mr. itottiford left Kayetteville about Iffih tj Sept, lait; I saw him at Van Buren; on hii way he said he ex|iected lends from some friends in Vermont; I think he said a Mr. Haelin. Ci Mr. Bcolu objected to the declaration! of Bottiford. to Mr. Bsbrett said he expected to prove that Bottiford wa* at that time in abject indigence, and that he wax af- m terwardi found here in comparative affluence. tr Mr. Scoles said this had nothing to do with the charge againit Uage. v Mr. Barrett replied if it wu ihown that the partiei were in close communication, and that Bottiford robbed s( the mail, and that Uage passed the treaiury notei, it was a fair presumption of guilt. \ Mr. said that wai not a way to do it. The partiei w muit not he connected together. i The Commissioner held that sufficient connection had c been made out, but Mr. Barrett consented to withdraw u the witneai and w:>it for Secor h W.m Bootrt sworn.?I reside in Philadelphia; my bro- t, ther ii in partnership with Mr Jones; they had some debt- j on in Arkansas, and Mr. Campbell waa employed to collect dohts lor my brother's iirm; lknow that fact myself; Campbell has made remittances once, but not since May u lest; 1 have scon Campbell's letters to my brother's firm, advising them of the transmission of the treasury notes; " and 1 have seen the certificate of the postmaster at Van Buren; we published lists of the lost notes in all theprin J' cipal cities and published the robbery in New York jj1 in June last; we had circulars struck oil'and sent to the j* banks and brokers in Wall street. Crnti-eramintd? I left notices at the house of Smith in n Wall street; also at Jacob Little k Co's; also with Mr. Baker, at the corner of Catharine and Chatham streets, P and some five or six other whom I cannot now name; I . left them also at the Bank of America and at.the Mer- '' chants' Bauk?(A list wus hore produced ) ? Ihrrct returned? I snouui suppose tnat some thirty or forty listi were circulated in this eity, besidws newspaper ' publications; I saw Gage at bia ottice laat week; 1 asked " if he bought treasury notes; I asked if he had tunds to :karige one; he said no, as be had sent them down town; said to that, I should not save my time, and asked where te seat them, he replied to Mr. Baker; I asked it he changed any lately, and be said yes; he had sent them If ilways to Mr. Baker, who had got into some difficulty rj ibout them; he said he had received the notes he had sold a| 0 Baker from a perfect stranger. pi Cron-rxamintd?l recollect the first time I colled that g< ie suid the cuinphinc lamps had burst, and a woman was u< leaning up the place; I did not see auy marks of fire; '? he said that he had received several notes from the stranger,and that he sent them down to Mr. Baker, not having (|. much confidence in them; my business was to ascertain a{ the feeling among the Brokers and also to caution them; w lie said he understood that Baker had got into some dilfi- BI culty. and that ho himself was under examination in the tu matter. ju Join* A. Bacon recalled?1 have within the last two or y three days seen a man called Charles Bottsford; 1 saw j,, him in the room below; 1 had seen him before that, and 1 think in the company of Gage; if so it must have been _ At the office; 1 am positive I nave seen him before; he [tailed at my oilice about lour, five or six weeks ago; 1 had seen that man previous, but I could not ray that it B was with Gage; Bottsford came in at a time when I was a little engaged, and he asked if Guge was or had been in " Mr. Si oL.ft.s objected to this testimony, raying that they were not to be alWcted by tho declarations of another At this stage of the proceedings Bottsford was brought 11 into Court Cl flKV'iTMEss.?I recogid/.cthat man as having seen him he- Cl UR', hut I ennnot swear that 1 ever saw that identical man with Gage. It appears to me that Gage sold me S Treasury note on the 16th November. Ho was at my el itlice a low days previous, and had a person in his company. . Q.?Did the person resemble that gentleman (pointing J to Bottsford) ? , A ?Weil 1 cannot say but he might have resembled liim some. I1e appearca to me to have a blue eye, nnd was quite a floe looking man. When he called and en(uired for Gage I wondered where 1 had seen him, and u concluded it must have been with Gage. n. Q.?Was that the same person Gage said he had received the Treasury note from ? f A.?Why, the gentleman (meaning Bottsford,) \vas not Jl present then. There was more than ono present at the time Gage said he gave the person the money for the . Treasury notes I changed for him. 11 Crots*xautined.?'The person came with Gage the day : fore I changed the note ; I do not think he had either a coat or a clonk ; lie was it man about the middle heighth. 1 of u light complexion ; < Bottsford is full six feet ;) we had " no conversation, and 1 took no notice of him except that " lie hail hint; eyes unit was a lino looking man ; I had a con \ ci at ion with Gage ubout the Treasury note, but I do .., not recollect that he made use of tho name of the person 1 from whom he received tho note ; I cannot now say that Bottsford is the man 1 saw with Gage, and it is my impres- 1 sion that man was not of more than the middling heighth Samuel Bakkb recalled.?The first transaction in Trea- " sury notes that I had with Gage was a $i>oo and a $100; I 10 lo not recollect now that he said he had paid cash for 3 them ; it was in tneevening, dim lie did not say wliy lie lould not gut them redeemed himself; I do not know tliut I enquired about them more tliaa once of him, but he then laid lie had paid cash lor them ; I did not examine the " lists in his presence that 1 know of ; he knew that there had been notes stolen from New Orleans ; but I do no' think I told him of the robbery ut Van Buren ; certainly 1 h did not ut the time I took the $000 ; he merely asked me ji if I wanted the notes. Crosa-ezaminrd ?It did not seem to me that ho knew the n< bank to go to. and he left it with me to calculate the in- hi 'crest. I had been in the habit of changing uncurrent money for him. II Oi.ivr M. Lowndes sworn.?i had a conversation with Gage some days since in relation to this matter; he admit ted his intimacy with Bottsford, and said they were ac- P quainted some years ago in this city; he said he had J Treasury notes in his possession, some of which he had Earted with to brokers; I do not recollect about the time ? e fixed on.He said he had received the notes from a person J whom he had played "bluff with; I did not understand -n that he had obtained all these notes in that wny, but that playing at "bluff' with "the Major," led to the afTair; he d admitted that he was formerly indebted to Bottsford, and that since his return here he hnd paid him some sums ol money; he spoke also of having drawn a prize in the lot- i? tery; that was in answer to some question as to the source c< whenre the funds came with which he paid Bottsford; I cannot say if lie said anything about being able to find the f person he obtained the notes from; I have been engaged |] since last November in the endeavor to trace out th? robbery of these notes, and as yet have only lound five; those a, now produced I have compared and they are altered, execpt the $100 bill; the alteration is very easily done, mere u ly turning an 0 into aO and I should not have detected this r one if it had not been pointed out. ,1 Cross-examined.?I am employed by the Tost Office in n this matter; the conversat ons l have spoken of was in the rr utticeof the District Attorney; Gage said he did not know the person's name except as "the Major" or "the General;" f some title 1 know he called him by; there was no induce ments held out except this?that Mr. Ilotfman said "you . owe it to yourself to explain how you came with the i notes, which are traced to your possession;" my impres- n sion is that he said he got some at play, and some he gave {| rash for, having an interest in each note. He also indicated : ihat all the notes came from the same source. He sfioke of j the man as a foreigner and an Englishman, with red | whiskers; he said he was a large man with large reddish , whiskers; I do not recollect anything else at this moment Mr. 8ecor _ recalled?I cannot recollect that the man who called with Gage had whiskers at all: he was quite a young man; (Bottsford has not whiskers, but wears a short beard;) about the time, or after, that 1 took the uote. Gage said he received it from the man who came with liim. John T.orimfk Graham sworn.?I have seen Mr. Bottsford at my office on one occasion; it it some weeks since: 'here was a letter for him,and I left word that when he applied for it that I wished to see him; he walked in then (This testimony was objected to ) Oliver Lowndes recalled ?Bottsford said he had re I rmu HIUIIBI III u UTIIOI iniuui n?r nmi uy i tuge. <"'K' dsn admitted thin afterwards; the question was asked him , ind he admitted that he had paid Bottsford money, and i dao mailed tome to him. Mr Graham recalled ?Mr. Watson, a Deputy roitmaser, came on here with the letter which I supposed waa r tecoy letter; my impression ii that there was no mone> * in it when he opened the letter; I recollect this becanst there had been a person named Gaffe there asking to map money to Bottsford. and he (Gaffe) wa? told it must he lone in the usual way; Bottsford admitted that he had re elvod that money; 1 asked him about Gage; he said Gage ! was a broker in wall street. Isaac Cocarrsia sworn? I arrested Gage at a porter ' house in West Broadway; he was playing cards; Bolts- ' ford was there hut not playing; I said, "I want to see von," on which he turned round to Bottsford and said ' here, take my hand;" Gage complained that I interrupted his game, as considerable money was pending, and I said "BSTtt mind the money " . Croi*-e?amintd.?There were other persons plajing; , Gage's partner was named Nixon. Reexamined.?It was understood during tlio mornine ' that Gage had gone to Kngland; I ascertained that he was net gen-; on which I called at llntuford's bouac; saw a renileman and a lady; the lady said be would he in about fir. M., but I knew'hn was in then, and I left and wen after Gage, first calling at Kiley'a, then returned to It l.ispt nard street, and from there returned to where I found Gage and Bottsford together. Wili.iam H. Tati.ob sworn.?I am employed in the Tost Oftice in this city; I remember Gage calling on me to see if he could mail some money and get a receipt for It; lie showed me the letter-Jit was addressed to "f harletor Chs. K. Bottsford, at Hpringficld, Mass.;" he did not got a receipt for it. Isaac t'ocsirsin recalled by Prisoner. I did not go to Bottsford and say that Gage hud sent for him. Wri.n B. Thomfso.x sworn.?I have known Gage since the last year past; I heard something about him from I George Wilkes. Ileie tLi: examination wan adjourned to Saturday morn* '??? Court Calendar for Monday. Common f' i. r. a a?Part 1?4-1, ftO, 4, 9], 40, Mt,7l. Part t ? 33,84, 83, P0. Frt'k in New Hedfotui.- We learn thnt a fir* hrol. out on Wednesday, in tho candle works of Samua Leonard, which was entirely consumed. with its cntiri contents. The nrljoininsr oil works of Ncheroinh Leonard vi re also destroyed. Loss over $'>0 000 Fifteen liun dred barrels sperm oil were destroyed Besides the above i). 3. Per kills and U. T. Hicketson were sufferers. Canada ?We have Montreal papera o| the 27ih, Quebec of the 35th, anil Kingston ol the 'iflth tilt. Mr Achcson leases for Kngland by the next mail on a miseioi. I connected with Uie removal of the seat of government i lixs.i Kingston. There is riot the least truth in the report that Mr. Aclieson was offered the Commiiaionenhip of ) Grown Lands laenvwmMfcnrt.-WtM i?H?Tof die Elmo Lock, in eifbi days from v?n Cruz, we have reoivod the CoUowiug items of IsteUigesco The captain raycxi that the atoanuhip Montezuma left rera Cruz on the 26th December, having on board the 'ucataa Commissioners, and that all the difference* beaeon Mexico and V ueatan had been adjusted. Considerable apprehension existed at Vera Cruz in confluence of the expected arrival of a Dritish fleet, and ' le Government had, in consequence, despatched the lexicon squadron to Alverado for safety. There were nine vessels of war of different nations at | acrificioa, and amongst them, the U. 8. ship Vincennes. Santa Anna issued a proclamation on the '13d ult., dieting that all Americans should quit the California* 1 id New Mexico within K> days subsequent to its pro- j (ligation, in consequence of which it is reported inai eneral Waddy Thompson,' the American Minister, de- " anded his passports or the rescinding of the proclaim)- ( on within 48 honrs. The Minister's demand was com- ? lied with, by recalling the proclamation. i Messrs. De Bocanegra and Trigueras, member* of the ibinet, had resigned, which it was believed would lead i further difficulties Business was very dull, in consequence of the Govern- 1 ent decree prohibiting foreigners without lamilies to [ ade by retail. t Left at Vera Cruz, ship New York, Hinckler, just arri- , ed from this port; brig Wisconsin, and Dolphin, do do; rig Petersburg, to sail for New York in a few days; j :hrs. John Barr and Amazon, waiting orders. TheU. S. Brig Bainbridge, Capt. Mattison, arrived at j 'era Cruz from a cruise, and sails soon for Pensacoln ' rith important dispatches from our Minister at Mexico.? < understand that the Bainbtidge has on board an Ameri- t an merchant captain and his mate, who were committed t ) prison by the authorities of fit. Domingo, charged with i aving instigated the death of an English merchant cap- , lin in the Harbor of Gonaives.?Anc Orleans TVopic, , an. 38. From Lacuna.?By the arrival of the Creole, we ave verbal accounts from Laguna. up to the 5th ' ist. The Mexican steamer Montezuma, arrived there on the 1 inst. after having landed the Yuoatan Commissioners t Camprachy, on their return from Mexico. They conrm the reports of the amicable adjustment of the treaty etween Yucatan and Mexico, received yesterday via Vei Cruz. The market at Laguna was overstocked with American reduce, and was extremely dull. The Mexican steamer Guadeloupe arrived on the 3d ?m Vera Cruz. There was also in port the Krench ship mile, Captain Pater, to sail for Bordeaux in three day*, nglith ship Kingston, loading for Liverpool. There was i American brig of war in the oiling, standing in, when >e Creolo came out.?IV. O. Republican, Jan. 30. Amusements, Chatham Circus.?Two grand entries, called te Horsemen of ilirtnuh. una the Pride of Chivalr, will form most beautiful items in the bill. The horses -e all caparisoned in magnificent military and armor trapngs, manufactured of pure materials, and decorated with snuiue gold and silver bullion. Ho great a pageant was ver before witnessed. Great preparations are making 1 mext week's performances. yy- i wo penunnunees win tic given lo-nay at le American Museum, the first at three o'clock, . tenioon, tlie second at seven in the evening, at each of liich Dr. A'alentinu will introduce his laughable and nusing eccentricities, and Mr. Western his lamous Lecire on Animal Magnetism, in addition to other interestig performances. This is the last day of Mons. and i ladamo Checkeni, and also of the Albino Boy s.the great- i it curiosities in creation. Don't forget the Gipsey Queen, le famous fortune teller. (&- HIOF. BRON8ON GIVES A LECTURE ON ody and Mind, this evening, in St Luke's building, corer Hudson and Grove streets, at 7) o'clock, and dissects io Monnikin, representing about J000 parts oi the body, ith recitations and singing, by Mr. Nash. All who pay > cents admission will receive one copy of his Physiology lustrated by nearly 100 engravings ; and such as pay iAi ruts for two ladies and a gentleman, will receivu two opies. N. B.?This Lecture will be given in Newark on Monay evening, Keb. 6th, in the 1 ree Church, on the same rmi. 0J7- A. CROMMELIN, 13 BROOME STREET, DEres the citizens of New York to be aware that Archibald kr. 1'adley left the United States this day at 11 P.M., in the iip Sheffield.for Li verpool,notwithstanding he has been at le police daily with affidavits and other testimony, prayig, in the most supplicating manner, that he might be denned to appear against me, on behalf of the people, if othing further, to which no notice was taken, although le judges had notice by half past 12 o'clock of the fact 'be public shall have a lull statement within tenor twelve (SO- THIS DAV PUBLISHED.?The American Edion of the EDINBURGH REVIEW, No. 100, for January. 18-14. 'bo contents of this number, including an able article on -eland, and one on Recent French Historians, are of unsual interest. BLACKWOOD'S edinruroii magazine. he only true fac-simile, being page lor page, and line for ne with the original copy , has been reduced in price to hree Dollars a year or 23 cents per Number. The London, Edinburgh, Foreign and Westminster, uarterly Reviews, are published ut f>8 per annum for the ur, being an averagu of only fcl per annum for each,? ubscriptjons to the above yienodicals received by LEONARD SCOTT Ik Co , Publishers, 112 Fulton, near Nassau street. N.B. Any"one subscribing and paying $-1, can have lackwood from July, 1843 to January, 1813. (??-NOW READY?1. Blackwood's Magazine, fer inuarv?cheapest edition?nearly a fac-simile of the riginuL Only $2 a-year. 2 Refoiitory of Modern English Romance, January umber. Only $1 a year?single 12] cents. This numsr commences a new novel by Ains worth. .3. Treasure Trove, or L. S- D.?new edition?price I] cents. 4. Loitf.rings or Arthur O'Leart?Price 12) cents. 3. The Mysteries of Paris?French edition.?No. 2 rice 25 cents. But a few copies of No. 1. remain on hand all early. No. 3. on Tuesday next. Sue's Novels?"Mysteries of Paris," handsomely bound 1,25; "Matilda,"$1; Female Bluebeard, 25 cents; Therese unoyer, 25 cants; Colonel de Kurville, 12) cents; Salalander, a naval romance, 25 cents. ror oil me neii ana rneapexi doom ana i eriouicais.ciui : 30 Ann street. J. WINCHESTER, Publisher. (K7-ANOTHKR SPLENDID WORK?This day will e published at the New World Ottice, 30 Ann st. price 25 ents, Wandkbinos ok a Jouisctmis Tailoh, through ,urop? and the Kast, during the years 1821 to 1840.? 'ranslated from the third German edition by William lowitt. This is a book for the people. It gives a graphic acsunt of the author's travels on foot, through oil the coun-ies of the Kast, working his way with his tools of trade? nd journeying from country to country for nearly'20 years 'ailors all the world over are celebrated for a pretty nimble :retching of their leg* after dismounting from the shop oard?but here we have one who litterally sews his waj om continent to continent?through Europe, Asia, Afrii: through Turkey, Greece, Syria, Egypt, Italy and rancc. These travels are not only well written, and display a reat deal of shrewd observation and excellent feeling,but avo the peculiar advantage of observing life in various i giona from a new point of view. Instead of gliding along i the luxurious style of modern travellers in an easy uvhioned carriage, he trudges on through desert ways, >orks amid the swarming mass of strange cities, meets all lie rubs and rebuffs attendant on his humble station, and auks on things as they appear to the eyes of the multitude. Price $'25 cents?$1(1 a hundred. 0(7- HEAR THE LADIES.?The undersigned models have given Wild's Castor Oil Candy to their hildren, and think there is nothing like it for conve. liencc. No taste of the oil whatever. Irs. Martin, 453 Broadway, Mr*.Carncs, 16 Mercer st. Irs. Wait, 10 Green st. " Mrs. Van Worsten, 312 .Irs. Iloit, 13 Walker st. Bowery Irs. Levare, 6th Avenue Mrs. Latimar, 38 Centre st. .irs. Lumsten, 3 Howard Mrs. Bailey, 205 Grand Irs. Yates, II) Broome Mrs. Green, 20 Elm st. Mrs. Iladden, 14 Mottt A well known phy sician thus speaks of it?Dr. E. toggles. No. 11 Park Plsce 1 have often administered Vfid's Castor Oil Candy in my practice, and I find it anwers well the purposes for which it is intended, E. RUGGLEB, M D. Sold at WILD'S, 451 Broadway ; Dr. E. M. Gulon, lowcry, corner of Grand st; Dr. Hart, Broadway, corler of Chambers st. (O- CHANGEABLE AND WET WEATHER WILL iroJucc colds and coughs, which if neglected are sure to eud to fatal consequences. Sherman's Cough Lozenges ire a sure antidotu ; they allay all irritation speedily, give |uiet rest, and cure much sooner than anv other remedy mown. Hundred* of cases which have been neglected mtil confirmed consumption wn? the result, might have teen cured by a timely line of this remedy. Dr. Hhci mini's Warehouse is No. IDti Nassau street ? tgents, 110 Broadway, 10 Alitor House, 227 Hudson at.; HH Bowery, 77 East Broadway; HtJ William street, 130 'niton street, Brooklyn; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia ml 8 State street, Boston. Q&- HEALTH FOR THE SICKFor Bilious Fever, Jauadice, Colic, Anil thatdisea e most diabolic, Dyspepsia named, whose vile oppression Is past description or expression? For all disorders whatsoever. For stomach, diaphragm, or liver, There's nought so searching and so thorough, In ousting each one from Ms burrow, And purging nature of her ills, As Pi ters' Vegetable Pills. His Lozenges "Cough, Worm anil Cordial,'* Will save you from Pain's llery ordeal. Asperient-antiseptic?tonic, Thuy cure diseases acute, or chronic. Consumption, asthma, headache, quincy, Cholera, catarih, worms, influenza, Attacked by Peti rs" Lozenges. Vanish like mist before the breeze | While rheumatism o? :? n master In Peters'Health Compelling Plaster ! Principal oflico 125 Fulton street. Ci7- PROFESSOR VF.I.PEAIT'S SPECIFIC PILLS, or the permanent pure nf Onriornhma, Gleet ard all ..ocupui ulrnt discharges from the urethra. No med'-ine ver otlerrd to the public, exercises aurh n powerful effect hi the bladder and urinary organs, as those valuable vege able pills They are the frnlts of twenty-five years exerience of Professor Velpeau nt the Hospital of be harite, in Pnris. and are confidently recommended by um as the only preparation that has proved succi-s-ful in very cose Thcv were introduced into this country two ears ago, by the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, uring which time more than ten thousand hoxet have ieei. (old : and the College detiea a dingle instance of allure t > be ahown. Sold in boxei, $1 each, at the OUice f the College, Oft Noaaau street. W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent. 0 BT THE TOUTHRR^?AIL" Wublnfton. [Corre*|>onJetice of tho Herald.] Washington, Feb. 1st, 1344. 4 1 look upon the Senate us a slaughter-house, rhey have smelt blood, und tasted it?their appcite is whetted. "Give ine another victim! The (uillotine is ready!" It cannot be expected that another appointu/'lll l... V.1U fn>l i <i.?. ste the Cabinet. The President appointed a whig ?Mr. Gushing?a man of moat commanding ulents, ami undisputed character?to the Treasury, rhe Senate rejected him. lie was the friend of Ur. Tyler. Then the President appointed a demo:rat?Mr. Ilenahaw?equally well recommended? :o the Navy. The Senate rejected him. New England can claim nothing more. The next aptointments will be made from another section of he Union. But none will be made 'tjll next week. As to the appointment to the Supreme Judicial Bench?whether it will be a democrat strong?denocrat moderate?or whig moderate?or?vostibly 1 which Btrong, (which covers the whole arc of oscillation)?nothing is yet known. Many names ind claims are under corisider.tion?chiefly within he District?but not exclusively. The President will select and appoint no one who is not of ir'eproachable character and integrity, or who is even vulnerable, like Achilles, in the heel. 1 1 Commodore Thubrick has received ths appointment to the Bureau of Provison and Clothing, vice Isaae Hill, lately appointed but not confirmed. TWKNTT-BIOHTH OORQUM. FIRST ^SESSION. Sauls. , Washington, Feb. 1st, 1844. Buncombe. -Messrs. Whit* and Colquit occupied the morning hour with a couple of speeches; the former upon a Western canal, and tne latter upon certain Georgia State resolutions laudatory of Mr. Berrien. Both speeches supposed to be manufactures for home consumption. The Legislature of Georgia is now whig. Mr. Berrien is whig, Mr. Colquit is a democrat, and was obliged to present resolut ory from his Legislature lauding his opponent, Mr. Berrien. Mr. Colquit called them resolutions which praised Mr. Berrien without giving reasons for the praise. Mr Berrien responded in an animated speech, defining his position, See. It was altogether a local question, having exclusive bearing upon Georgia politics; a subject not interesting or important for general consumption. I may add that the occasion of the present resolutions, lauding Mr. Berrien, was counter resolutions, reprobating the course of Mr. Berrien, passed by the (democratic) Legislature of Georgia in 1841 and '42, and which were read by the Clerk at the request of Mr. Colquit. Mr. Colquit rejoined at length. In the course of his remarks he said no Legislature of Georgia could be got to pass resolutions in favor of a pro- < tective tariff, of the distribution of the proceeds ol the public lands, or of a United States Bank. We shall therefore sec whether Mr. Berrien will vote for any of these measures. The discussion occupied nearly two hours. House of Representatives. The never-ending' Debate on the Hit Rule?Ihe Bill jHitscd to set the JXavy Yard Men at work again. The House actually accomplished more to-day i hail they have yet done any day this Session before. They passed a valuable bill to allow the Secretary of the Navy to transfer certain idle luuds so as to set the recently discharged workmen from our navy yard ut work again. In the morning hour, Mr. M'Cat slen, of Ohio, made a speech about the 21st rule, but whether it was lor or against it, I could not make out. Mr. Gidlmngs of Ohio was then recognized by the Speaker. Mr. Davis, of Indiana, said that the gentleman from New York, (either Mr. Rogers, or Mr. Green,) was entitled to the floor, as lie was up lirst. Mr. Dkomuoolc rose, as he said, to do justice: often the Speaker gave the floor to those who did not rise first, although he saw them lirst. He appealed. Mr. Schenck said that Mr M'Causlen gave Mr. Green a significant gesture before he sat down, so that he might get the floor. Mr. Dbomgoolx hoped the matter would be amicably settled by Mr. Giddings withdrawing. (This elicited roars of laughter.) The Si'Eakkr insisted he was right, and gave the floor to Giddings. So this little ruse availed nothing. Here the morning hour expired. Transfer of Naval Appropriations. The House then took up the bill to allow the Secretary of the Navy to transfer $200,000 out of any unexpended balances in the Department, for the nurpose of continuing the work at the dock yaids. Mr. Milton Brown moved an amendment:? Provided that such money shall not be drawn from any head of appropriation, or any source, which may require another appropriation at any future time to make good such deficiency. Mr. Davis said enough time nad already been consumed on this, and he moved the previous question. Mr. Parmenter said Mr. Brown's amendment was entirely unnecessary, as all this was provided lor in the bill. The President felt no very great solicitude about the bill, but it waa the deliberate action of the Committee, after mature consideration, because the public property in the dock varda would suffer severely by the bill being rejected, and its passage would benefit the country, save the ships on stocks, and set a large number of worthy men to work in the depth of winter, and aw aave them and their families from much misery. Mr. Barsski) said that if this Bill proposed to transfer anything, it pro|>osed to transfer en excess of appropriations ; and there was no excess to transfer. All the unappropriated money in tne Department would he wanted by and by for the pay of officers and sailors now abroad, fcverv dollar of it. The Secretary (Mr Upshur) had or iiervu uiKse m* muupi ui nai iu uu muui wiiuvm tviui vi law, and contrary to law. Mr. Win atkril what in the name of sense wai meant by the word* in the appropriation Bill "for the increase of the Navy," if it wa* not to authorise the Secretary to build ahip*. It wa* nonsense to- suppose that a separate Bill must be passed by Congress for every single vessel of war that was built. Mr Babnarp contended it wa* a high-handed assumption of power on the part of Mr. Upshur. Still he did not charge corruption; he might have supposed he had that power, but he was ignorant. The House had last year appropriated $1,000,000 for repairs and the Secretary went on and expended over $600,000 for building new vessels, which would require another $1,000,000 to complete them. The House was going through with a solemn larce of passing a hill to transfer money, w lien they hadn't a single dollar to transfer. Mr. Horxnss ? Sir, we have now been in session two months, and we hare passed one hill! And if ?s are to go on as we have done, w ith long and useless discussions unon every trifling subject, instead of our being i>ady to adjourn early in May, we shan't get through the business we have before us in 10 yeart I I therefore move the previous question. This was put,and the amendment of Mr. Brown was carried, 106 to 68 This amendment, however, is perfectly nugatory. The money will be transferred by the (Secretary as soon a* the bill passes the Senate. The bill was then finally passed?till to 68. This was entirely owing to the urn'ring exertions of Tarmentier and Wise. Mr Hllaer then asked Mr. V.lrner when lie would be ready to report in the case of Botts versus Jones. The answereould not he heard. On motion of Mr. Ht curs the House went into Committee or tjii Whole. Mr. Hughes moved to tska up the Oregon question. Tellers were appointed, who reported, ayes 60, noes 60. c. J. Iisciebsoll.?There is no quorum, sir. Mr. Camebeli#.?119 is a quorum ; 60 and 60 make 110 ; so there is a quorum ?(Much laughter ) A bill relative to the Wyandott Indians was then passed. Mr. McK?r then moved to toko np the bill making appropriations lor the Indian Department for the next year. Borne slight amendments wir4Qropo*ed, hut before any vote was taken thereon, the committee rose and the House adjourned at 4 P. M. Department State, > Washington, Feb. 1,1844 ? The following extracts are taken from letters received on the 2t>tli ultimo, from the I nited States ( onsul at Buenos Ayrce. Kxtract ot u letter dated 1st April, 1613;? "A Milliliter Plenipotentiary from the liovcrnment of the Republic of Paraguay, near the Government ot the Argentine Confederation; Senor I on Andrei Oil, lias arrived at thii city, and has called oil me to say " that his Government had ordered him to call on the agent of the Government of the United States resident ut Buenos Ay res. and to express in their name the most friendly feeling towards the government of the United States, and to say that any cithen of the United States who may visit Paraguay will he located and con sidered as on the same looting as a citizen of Paraguay. Also to express the wishes ot that government to sro the dug of the United States in their waters. Senor Gil, in accordance with his instructions, has requested me to forward to the. government ol the United States this expression of the iriendly feeling and wishes of his government. Paraguay is the centre of this continent and probably the most fertile part of it. For thirty years, closed from any communication with its neighbors, this country has been frro from civil war, and now numbers nearly one million of inha' itants, anil has eighty thousand men enloll. ,1, mostly militia, being bounded by Bslivin on the northw est, the provinces of the Argentine Confederation on the IVpst and South,mid by Brazil on the, Kast and Northeast. Paraguay must soon exercise an important influence in the politics of the South American States, who have been in one continual civil war for many yenrs pB't, Paraguay would receive from the United States a large anountof manufactured cottons and floor, giving in return dty hides, roller, indigo tic The F.ngllih, French, nnd Braziinn Governments, hsvo sppointed agents to l iiit Pirfinnuir Tl.n nnlu mm ukn nrnr.Ht>llMl on hi* million it Mr. Gordon, Secretary of Legation of ber Britannic Mnjeaty'* tmhuiy at Rio ilo Janeiro. The agent of the Government of the United State* at thU place la the only foreign agent, that Saner Gil wa* directed officially to call upon. Ho inform me that a Congreis of deputie* from all part* ef the Province# U now in ?e??lon at the

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