Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 5, 1844, Page 2

February 5, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
Text content (automatically generated)

NEW YORK HEltALD. 7 H?w York, Monday, February 5, 1814. ol (The Hour and tb? Men?'1 be New Hevolu- g( tlon In Morale, Polities and Kellglon?Its !, Apostles?lis aims?Its Progress?Its Tendsnsles. On the tirst page of this day's paper our readers will hud an authentic and somewhat extended re- ol presentation of a movement, which far exceeds in . J magnitude, boldness, and success?any thing ever 'Tr * yet exhibited, since the first attempt was made to Jl reform the world. The immensity of this move- cr ment?its comprehensiveness?its appaient success, a' altogether surpass any thing either iu Germany, ( France, or England. We all know very well that all the magnificent projects of Robert Dale Owen, 111 supported as they were by great and acknowledged talent and great pecuniary means, came to nothing. JV The labors?the persevering labors of ChailesFou- C rier himself, even on a soil apparently genial, in an d< eminent degree, have been unproductive ; and in tli Germany the Coximunitists have, as we have seen oi from the recent accounts from -Europe, altogether o; failed in effecting a permanent footing. But the pi present movement in this country appears to be a very different thing. jJj About fifteen years ago, a very remarkable at- ol tempt was made to effect a somewhat similar social revolution in this country. It wa9 supported tl by a gieat deal of talent, and a very considerable J| expenditure ef money ; but it never approached to w any thing like the strength and vigor?the marked j." success of the present movement. Every one remembers the time when Fanny Wright came to jj this city, accompanied hy a large number of re- g formers of the same creed. Many, also, will re- n collect her extraordinary lectures given in the J* l'ark Theatre, at Washington Hall, a.id we be- in lteve also at Tammany Hall. The attempts then to made to form "communities" in vaiious parts ol the country, were seconded by the outlay of a w great deal of money, and the eloquence of Fanny 'h herself. And Fanny's rhetorical powers must be c> well recollected in Tammany Hall; for the was the first to denounce the banks, andiparsons, and j; lawyers, and brokers in the most unsparing man- ^ ner. Crowds followed the philosophic reformer in petticoats. Her notions were talked about, and j laughed at, and half believed. Newspapers, advo- ^ eating her doctrines, started up, and fired away o furiously against the old social economy. Wild, s unshaved, crazy men, in the country villages, com- * ( menced lecturing in Fanny's wake ; but, after a (f few years' struggling, the whole movement came u to nothing, and every thing connected with it was forgotten. Fanny Wright abandoned her own notions?found a clever Frenchman, who promised to make a fond, affectionate husband; and for him she recanted all her ideas about freedom from al marriage tics; and she is now a very happy and lr contented v.ife and mother, living, we believe, at Cincinnati, and sometimes visiting Paris, attend- w ing all the while to the education of an only '' daughter, who is represented to he what her ? mother was?a very intellectual girl. ^ That movement was certainly one of the strangest Jc things we had Been in this country. It fastened it- Ju elf also on the Jackson party with some degree of " force. And we believe it was about that time that Robert Dale Owen, now the distinguished member tu of Congress from Indiana, first made his appear- 1)? ance in this city, and spent some money tor the purpose of aiding the new social reform. But he ul married a very pretty young woman in New York, 'e and went out west to take possession of some property he had there, and is now one of the ablest members fiom the west at present in Washington. But, as we have already remarked, all this move- rt ment came to nothing. j;. It was not till after years, that any thing like success dawned upon the efforts of the new school (J, of reformers. The rainbow of promise did nothune in out its glittering promise in the clouds until Albert t|, Brisbane and Horace Greeley?two very remarka- tl( ble young men?devoted enthusiasts?somewhat C( eccentric?rather careless of their dress?took hold ul of those notions of Fourier, connected them ingeniously with the political movements of the day, or the fortunes rather of the strong political party at- dl tached to Mr. Clay, and have finally met with a tide of success almost astounding, even to themselves ; and which apparently threatens the uprooting of the whole social edifice?politics?morals? g religion?property?marriage?cver> thing ! |t ft is very true that Albert Brisbane and Horace Greeley do not go openly so far as some other disciples. But so is it always with new revelations * The zeal of young converts is proverbial, and they uniformly go to extremes which the more cautiou.- ? and prudent apostles endeavor to avoid. The zeal ,' of St. Peter prompted him to draw the sword from 1 the scabbard and cut off' the ear of the Roman 1' ' sentinel, but his Master rebuked him for his impru- , dence and violence. These two apostles of the ^ new movement, however?one of them from the 1 verdant mountains of Vermont, and the other from ? the blooming vallies of the Genesee river?have ^ united their forces together, and in conjunction (t with the influence of political organization, they are producing a complete social revolution throughout the country; and by means of the support ant! " aid of the party attached to Mr. Clay, will give an C1, imnnlw to those nrinciolea?revealed in all their * breadth and profundity on our first page?which will astonish every body in less than 'en years. Brisbane travelled for some time in Europe?got ? acquainted with Fourier?eegerly embraced his 1 doctrines?and burning with zeal to diffuse them, returned to this country, just in time to connect himaelf with a similar enthusiast from Vermont, in the person of Horace Greeley, the philosopher,who had been wandering amid the mists of transcendentalism and Carlysleisin, and was just prepared to seize on the splendid visionary creed ol Fourier. Since then,,the two youthful enthusiasts have been at it night and day, with their coats off, f and their necks freed from cravat and shirt-collar. They are daily becoming more and more enamored of the " divine philosophy," to whom they have plighted eternal fidelity, and with unsurpassed diligence and energy they are laboring to reform the world?to change the destiny of man?to re-tore the lost nobility of our nature?to make every body rich and happy?to elect Mr. Clay?and at once j to introduce the millennium with all its transcendant y and perennial glory. j Some of the disciples, as we have hinted, are , going rather ahead of the apostles. And to coun teract this in some measure, Horace and Albert have commenced a series of lectures in this city for the purpose of putting a martingale on the zeal of their disciples. But they will find this a somewhat difficult task. Our readers will see from the extracts we five, the ultra character of some of the opinions put forth, in which all christian.ty?all m images?all independent property?and every thing that has heen holding society together for the last eighteen hundred years, are to be destroyed together. Now, in sober seriousness, let us ask what is the tendency of all these movements 1 It is to unsettle everything?to unsettle weak and uneducated minds with respect to religion, morals, laws, rights of property civil institutions, and all social ties. It i? really full time that the enlightened fri-nds of i social order and decency should turn their atten 1 tion to this movement. Not the destruction r.f the ] Union alone is now menaced, but the destruction of every thing that we have been accustomed to hold eacred?of every thing that restrains human nature from the grossest outbreaks and the most ridiculous absurdities? ot every thing that elevates and advances the social condition. It is, indeed, quite time to inquire whether Brisbane and Greeley are right or wrong. S. me popular movement, by a public meeting, or otherwise, should at once be taken in relation to this matter. Tk* Italia* OrtBA, I Puritani, which created o much applause on Saturday, will be again given this evening Poi.mr a!. Movements?Cass Mektisc.?By our dvertiviug column*, it will be seen that the friend* f Hrneral Cues itre culled together in public tneel>g, to morrow night, at Concert Hall, Elizabeth reef, near (irnnil bv the Hon. John McKeon. fe particularly suppose that all the gallant Irish epeaiers will attend. Preparations are likewise making by the friends [ Calhouu, and other democratic candidates, to )ld meetings for the purpose of electing delegates om the Congressional districts, for the Fourth of ily Democratic Convention in Philadelphia. The isis of Mr. Van Buren's fate will be decided tout these days. We Van Buren patriots, and Jld Hunkers," are watching, praying, and tremtng, as if we had the ague. Get us some quine, Doctor. Another Theological Controversy.?The etc York Evanetliu (Presbyterian,) and the hristxan Rtgittcr (Unitarian,) are discussing the jctrine of the atonement. The Evangelist denies lat Christ suffered and died for the mere purpose F setting an example, and uses thefollowing extrardinary language in reference to the subject, in a roblem addressed to the Unitarians "Besides, wbat is the example which the sufferings and -alh of Christ afford! It is the example of an innocent an subject to the most cruel treatment?perfect bediencw rewarded as the most flagitious crime?the reatest holiness doomed to the severest misuse?an exmple, which if unexplained by any other circumstance, ie must (rightful and disgusting the world ever saw. if lis were Christ's object, he has most miserably failed e never manifested any extraordinary exemplary deponent If we disallow the existence of some inflictive exerience beyond what is visible?some terrible suffering om an unseen source? his ungnish and cries, his bloody .veat in the garden and his pitiful cry on the cross, seem i be entirely unmanly. The desertion of his friends, and ie cruelty of his enemies, he might liuve borne with fur reaier cimipsiuv. .>j?iny 01 ui* iuuuh i in, in an a^v>, jveeri'lureJ much sorer evil tliun lie experienced, with r more apparent mugnuiiirnity and aelf.posiieiiioii. So rfram fcetting un example of patience and Kelf-|K?s.se?*ion the hour of "uttering awl trial, he might be commended the example of some of his own followers." Such language, we'suppose, is consequent upon hat Dr. Potts and Presbyterians of that ilk, call ie "freedom of discussion." The Unitarian paper ills it blasphemy?"let the public judge." Religious Movements ?The Right Rev. Bishop [ughes commences a series of lectures on the famiar tenets of the Catholic faith next Thursday eventg. They will be delivered in St. Patrick's C'atheral.and arrangements of the most liberal and approbate kind have been made for the accommodation I ull who attend as auditors. In his own proper lhere of theological warfare, Bishop Hughes is aite a Goliuth. His style is very agreeable and atactive?often eloquent and always sensible and itelligible?he is one of the best lecturers amongst s. These lectures will doubtless attract immense udiences. A Religious Revival.?Whilst Doctors Potts id Wainwright have been busy in discussing the nportant question of the possibility of the existence fa church without a Bishop, one of their brethren, ho rejoices in the singularly euphonious name ol ie Rev. Jacob Broadhead, lias been settling to his wn satisiaction the very interesting questiun that icie can be no comfortable wife without a good inture. We perceive that this lucky Jacob has ist been united to Mrs. Fanny Spencer, the daughr of the late Peter Sharpe, Esq., and relict of H. pencer, Esq., deceased. The lady inherits a forme of $6J.ODO and another of $50,000 by her detried husband. Mr. Broadhead, like his patriarlal namesake, has a fine sheep-fold some where ) the east river,and has quietly settled down there, HVinf UP ail nnntn htufnlil nfhnin in umile in a to the care ot some less fortunate dispenser oi ie bread ol life. Light Houses and Light Humbugs.?We have ceived the official documents relative to the ght houses on our coast. It appears that many of ie lights are recommended to be put out, and hers to be lighted. Our light houses are very uch like our post roads and mail arrangements; ere is not oil enough in the lamps on our coast, >r grease enough on the axle-trees of our mail jachcs. Hence our vessels go ashore, and the tails don't arrive. The Board or Aldermen meet this afternoon t 5 o'clock. If Alderman Tillou's famous Police eport is printed, it will be called uj>?if not?not. Tiik Court of General Sessions commences ie February term this morning at 11 o'clock, everal very interesting trials are on the calendar >r the session. fc rom Boston.?At eleven o'clock last night, dams & Co. furnished us with Boston papers to iturday morning. The steumship Britannia was to leave Boston on iturday at two o'clock P.M. This is a detention ot ree days. It was found no easy matter to cut a ssage through ten miles of ice. This ice blocke has, perhaps, proved a very fortunate one to e southern merchants, for it gives the mails from e extreme south, ample time to reach Boston here she goes. On Friday she had fifty-four passen:rs engaged, and more were expected from New ork. It was said that there were forty passengers booked" in Halifax for her. Three mails from New York, Philadelphia, Bal more and Washington,and five from NewOrleana, mtaining about five thousand letters foi Europe, ere received in Boston on Saturday morning, in me for the steamer. The Harbor.?The ship passage through the ice as finished yesterday at dark?tne channel is now -Rifely clear, and the Britannia will go out this day at 2 clock, T M. Five hundred men were at work all day esterday; in the nitcrnuun, th? ire became no softened by le change of the weather that liorses could not he u?eJ, ml we understand that the contractors make a losing Job f it One of them, Mr. John Hill, so well known for his nterprise, was seriously injured in the leg by a fall upon lie ice. This morning, the passage is to be completed to India rhart, and then the embargo will be pretty essentially alien oil'?Button Pott, Saturday. Shirley Gtrr?well known an the narrow pasage between Point Shirley and Deer Island, where the ido runs very rapidly, is frozen over, and the ice is so rm that an ox team could cross in safety. Mr. John ["ewkibury, who has lived at Point Shirley for sixty ears, never knew the gut to be frozanover until now ? Initim Bee. Miller and the Second Advent cause continue? odrawcrowos of people at the Tabernacle, where Mr. diller himself has been preaching to full houses for a seek.? Button Pmt. Latest from Mexico.?By the arrival of the U. 5. brig Bainbridge, at Pensacola, we have advices rom Vera Cruz to the 11th ult. The U. 9. ?hip 'andalia was to leave that port in nine or ten days or the United 9tatcs with General Waddy Thomplon as passenger. Key West. [Correspondence of the Herald ] Key West, Jan. 15, 1814. Curious Proceedings?A Round-About Way oj Doing Business. Wr have nothing every particular to communicate from this extremity of the Union or the United States; still, it is well for the public lo know that laws are framed elsewhere than in Washington; and you would be astonished to learn that the Administration here has imposed a fine of 01000, or bonds to that amount, against any individuals com ing from Havana without a passport. We have a cabinet, also, in this small corner of the world A revenue schooner, carrying the Mardial, Mr Jo Brown, went to Nassau, a few days igo, to claim the delivery ol certain runaway nej-oes, rh rged with a crime or crinieH. The dignity ol the United States may or may not have snfered by such a step, but ihe fact is, that the darbies remain where they am till, I suppose, the Washington government sends for them. I am a foreigner, and have not much to do in the public afTairs of this city, hut I could not do less than inquire by whit ordere thia revenue schooner went to a foreign land on such an errand, but as yet I sm ignorant how such an important decision wns ta ken. The big folks or course beisg the judges, it must either have originated with them, or with ih^ G vernor of Florid i, utiles.*, secretly, the very head of the country, I mean the President, had a hand in the movement. f*till, I am ol opinion that nothing can emanate from the head officers so irregular as the proceedings wc have witnessed; and the schooner muit have proceeded to Nassau by or through some inferior channels, or else she would have aucceeded triumphantly in her commission. Tiw Acquittal of Amelia'' Norman for an 1 Attempt on the Person of Usurp ?. Ballard. Having lately seen a number of articles in the public papers commenting upon the trial and acM III ft Li I ill' !?*? ul.oin Intiiui^ nnH Iilwn mil? ire si I M 2 that laws should be made, &c. Sic., I was inducer! to investigate the matter for my own information, and now enclose to you the result of my research. In the first place, I have ascertained that the criminal records of England contain within the last fifty years no less than 17 cases of precisely a similar'nature, in which the accused were "acquitted." In Scotland, 5, in the same period. In lieland, 1; and in France und Germany, 24?the majority Germany?all with the like results. Now, these trials and acquittals excited no animadversion there, for the simple reason that they were in accordance with the spirit of the law. But because excitetnents are got up here, and judges will rule out testimony, the public mind is roused to phrenzy, for it can be called nothing else, und we are told "that the woman ought to be found guilty," "that we are all encouraging crime," and fudge of that description. "Amelia Norman" was justly acquitted, ana I now subjoin out of the many cases above alluded to, one in point. It was the case of Miss Ann Broadric for the murder of Mr. Errington, in 1795, tried before the Chief Baron, ice. tic. "Miss Ann Broadric was a young lady of considerable abilities, a fine figure,(and much admired for her accomplishments and uersonal attractions. Three or four years after Mr. E's divorce from his former wife for her adultery, he addressed Miss Broadric, aud lived with her nearly three years, with every appearance of comfort. Mr. E.,however, saw unother beautiful object, possessed of a lurge fortune, to whom he transferred his aflections, and after a little time, gave her his hand. On his marriage he settled what he deemed usuitable, urovision on Miss Broadric; stuted to herexplicitly the variation of his sentiments, aud added that he could never see her more. After the first agonies of her grief , Miss Broadric repeatedly requested a meeting. The desired interview was refused, hut she still persisted by letters to move lam to grunt her thi.r last request, but finding him inexorable, she wrote to him, " that if nothing could induce him to do her this act of common justice, he must prepare himself for the fatal alternative, as she was determined that he should not long survive his infidelity!" Alter a laps* 01 a muniii, receiving iiu answer whatever, she dressed herself elegantly, cariy on Friday morning, May 15th, went to the Three Nunsin Whitecnupel.and took a place in the South end coach, which passed very near Mr. E's house at Gray's. She got out at the avenue gate, and in her way was recognized by Mr. E., who told his wile that that tormenting woman, Broadric. was coming, but that he should soon get rid ofner if she, Mrs. E., would retire a few minutes. Mrs. E., however, did not consent to this, but prevailed upon her husband to go up stairs into the drawingroom, and leave the interview to her management. Miss B. being shown into the house, asked for Mr. E. ; but was told by Mrs. E. that he was not at home. "lam not to be so satisfied, Madam," replied Miss B., "I know the ways of this house, untortunately,too well, and therefore, with yourleave, I'll search for him !" On this she rushed into the drawing-room, and, finding him there, she drew a pistol, with a new hagged flint, from her pocket, and presenting it ut his left side, directed to his heart, exclaimed, "I am come Errington, 'o perioral my dreadful promise !" and instantly pulled the trigger. Surprised at his not tailing, she said, " Good God, I fear I have not despatched you! but come, deliver me into the hands of justice!" Mrs. E. burst into the room, and seeingherhusband bleeding,fainted away. Mr. E. now remonstrated with her, and asked her if he had ever deserved this ut her hands, after the care he had taken to settle her so comfortably in the 1 world ! She gave no other answer than a melancholy shake of the head. 1 Mr. Button, a magistrate, came, who took the examination of Mr. E. after his wound was 1 dressed, lie asked MissBrodric what could induce her to commit such an act of extreme violence 1? Her answer was, that she was determined that ' neither Mr. E. nor herself should long outlive her 1 lost peace of mind. Mr. E. entreated of the magistrate not to detain her in custody, but to let her 1 depart, as he was sure he would do well; but his re- 1 quest Miss B "refused to accept," or the magis- i trate togrant. Mr. E. died next day, and the Coroner's inquest sat on the body on Tuesday , the 19th of May, and brought in their verdict, "Wilful murder by the hands of Ann Brodric." On Friday, July 17th, Ann Btodric was conveyed 1 to the Shire-hall, she was conducted into the bail dock in the criminal court, attended by three char liable ladies and her apothecary. She was dressed | in mourning, without powder; and alter her first , perturbations were over, occasioned by the con- , course of surrounding spectators, she sat down on j a chair prepared for her, and was tolerably corn- I posed, except at intervals, when she evinced vto- i lent agitation. When the indictment was reading, ' she puid marked uttention to it; and on the words, 1 "that on the right breast of the said G. Errington, 1 she did wilfully and lelotiiously inflict one mortal ' ? ?? -i __i_: i Ii...i >> wounu, IVI'., 6I1C CAUAIIIICU, vyji, iny fticai uuu, and burst into a torrent of tears. The prosecution for the crown was opened by i Mr. Harrow, who demonstrated the painful execution of his office by the humane and affecting exordium with which he addressed the jury, preparatory to tile statement of the evidence he was instructed to adduce; and he proved the offence, bcc. &c. on behalf of the Crown. , The "Lord Chief Baron," before he summed up the evidence, called the attention of the jury to the particular plea of insanity produced by the seduction of the prisoner by dec eased, on which the defence of the prisoner had been rested, as no denial had been set up against the perpetration of the deed, of which, indeed, there had bepn given the fullest nd clearest evidence, and of the seduction ' also The law certainly required that the will should accompany the act to constitute a felonious mur- i der. The'defence, in the present case, was that < the prisoner was incapable of lending her will to < the perpetration of the crime with which she stood ' charged. On the whole, if the jury thought the la- \ tent seeds of derangement, after a convulsive struggle, V.ad been called forth on this horrible oc- , casion, so as to overwhelm the senses of the unhap- , py prisoner, they were bound in conscience to ncpiit het. If, on the other hand, they believed that i it was the preparatory pangs of a mind intent on gratifying its revenge by the death of its object, tney must find her guilty; but they scarcely need be told, that, should u doubt Temainon their minds, common charity required that the balance should turn in the prisoner's fcvor. The jury consulted about two minutes, and then gave their verdict, "Not Guilty." To the Editor or the N. Y. Herald 1)kar Sir No person can question the extraordinary felicitousncss of the quotation wherewith one of the counsel for the defence concluded his appeal to the piry, in the recent case of Amelia Norman ; and it is with great diffidence that I suggest that its applicability might, perhaps, have been a little improved by a Hiding alteration in the last verse. To read thus:? When lovely woman stoop* to folly, And find* too late that men betray, What charm can sooth her melancholy ' What art can waih her guilt away 7 The only way her guilt to cover, (Since our criminal law* wo'nt nab him;) To give repentance to her lover, And reach hi* boiom?i* -to atab him. Perhaps this alteration, too, may have some effect in stimulating our legislators to action upon the numerous petitions in regard to licentiousness, which now cover their tables. Yours, B. Nf.wspa?er Quackf.rv.?Mr. E litor?Permit me through the columns of your widely extended pnpet to expose some of the humbug and tiickery, practised by the self styled commercial sheets of this great metropolis. My attention was directed on Friday morning to a list purporting to be a Shipping Directory, and correct list ot vessels in port, uublished by the Express, " made up, corrected, xc., with great care, labor, nnd expense." Having a lit'le leisure, I marked off the following corrections, which, by referring to their paper, you will see embrace anout one half:? In the first place the Directory does not contain more than one half the vessels now in pi rt. I can call to mind -at the moment the following vessels? .Ships Sully, Southpoit, Pacific, and Newark; barks Catharins, Alexander, Potomac, and Maria Louisa; brigs Florida Blanca, Rodney, Archelaus, Oneco, Timoleun, Exact, Washington, British brig Thomas, and awed, brig David, all of which are in port ?most of them in sight from my office windows, ttnd none of them in the Directory, inetoiiowing appear in the Directory, however?" the liar that is inude tip with great care," which have cleared and sailed, and 1 have no doubt some have arrive,! at their port of destination ere this, viz. ships John Fehrman, for Havana: John Minium, for New Orleans; barnue Pilot, for Boston; brigs Cybele, for Africa; G. ll. Wright, tor Havana; Johann I)ethardt, forBahia; J. W. Huntington, for Vera Cruz; Jcannette Marie, for Charleston, and Excel, for Savannah; an I, to conclude, the following are in "the correct list." which have no existence whatever?ships Djunon, Eliza Ac Susan, Exile, Mary Ac Elizabeth, Saratoga; barque Harriet Von Broom; brigs J. Howe, Newark, Oriental, Oliver, liosolle and Southport. There are some schooners, tec which bear some of these names, but not ship?, Ale as "the li-t" has them classed. There i< a vast deal of difference between a ship and h schooner. This is only an item, it is true, but of such items the matter, and the commercial matter especially, f the |Ncw York Express is made up, and take "it all in hII," the Express may well he called the very quack of newspapers. Such, at least, is the opinion of a Merchant. I'o Saint Pater, on Reading; hla Unas on tlie ' O. 1>." Controverajr. Now, 81. I'eUr, my honey, 1 pray yeu be aiay, V'our versea develop a niiud nearly crazy: While the quarrels of D 1).'* are shrouded in night, You never will cluim to be called a "blue-light, tt.a* I -at hue nnina if' tli? uurilic true. 'I hat while brimstone ii burning the light will be blue; Aud now, as I never desire to offend, What I mean by this "blue light," I'll tell you my friend. The Church or the Saviour, o'er spreading the earth, 1 From the date that (Jod's wisdom created nit birth, Wat Love, Meekness, Charity, Virtue and Grace, (In the life of each christian these feeling* you'll trace,) It was not lor money, nor yet for this life, Nor for arrogant dogmas?polemical strife? Nor the rosy lipp'd wine-cup, deceitful yet bright, Cauaing acta which, alas ! cannot meet reason's lightIt was not for intriguing for power and place (iod'a ow n ministers (call'd so) should keen a Meek face. No ! religion is meant to endure to the end? lleliaion itself will be ever man's friend; if the Bible be what it can ne'er be denied ? A book which thro' Clod's hand has surely been triedIts meaning and reasons to limited mind By each sect its exactness caunot be defined, While the powers of intellect given to each? To the parson and layman?this lesion should teach? That wliate'er vou profess, and if true to your part, The religion of Jesus may dwell in the heart? "By their fruits you shall know them." It is not a colorjit is not a leaf, Nor in joyousncss is it, nor even in grief ~ 'Tis the rainbow ofLove?the essence of soul? By Faith, Hope, and Charity, held in control. Is it not sweet, at evening hour, To lee I the Almiglitly's all-pervading power ' Is it not sweet, away Irom Church ur State, To feet how calm, consoling, and sedate, (While Nature rests, and man's e'er busy hand Obevs. with errutitute. his God's command.) 1* that mysterious influence, tilling every part, Strengthening the frame and comforting the heart; And when frail Nature falls into its rest, Its hope in heaven, and thus securely blest? These partly are the layman's joys. But unto him Who claims to know the road to cherubim I What are bis joys?his holy comforts I Where7 In leading erring souls to constant grayer, By bright example of his Master's life Practising charity, avoiding strife? By seeking to discover where distress Requires assistance, and his hand may bless? To soothe the bed of sickness and the graveTo let all know his Master's power can saveTo still the mourners' huarts, and raise Their souls with tones of heavenly praise, By loud hosannas, which on angel's wings Are placed before his throne?the King or Kings ' How many other comforts in his way, Will surely meet him each continous day ; His Master and his flock divide his heait, And worldly feelings holi in it no part. These are the good man's joys ; and yet, 1 wean, If we but take a look behind the screen , Some self-denial practised ef these joys we find, And trace the sordid features of their mind. These duties all renounced?with little care, So as they gain some thousands mora a year?

They take dishonestly their Master's hour, ; To flatter men that they suppose in power. High in their church they do aspire to shine, Aiid tempting, tempted, are seduced by wine; The subtle poison soon their masks displace? Soon you discern their own, their proper face. Soon the assumed, ungenial virtues disappear? You seek for "God's" own minister?no longer there? But, to return?my meaning I'll explain, Which you have look'd for in these lines in vain As far as I have written ; for my pen Takes sudden phrensies every now and then While Ministers lorget their true vocation, And quarrel publicly before the nation, The Devil laughs secure in his dominion, O'er men who quarrel thus about opinion ; And stirring up his lire, with all hi' might, Would blind our reason by a D. D. blue-light! In a hurry, your friend, ST. PATRICK. Palmo's Opera House. This little byou ef a theatre opened for the firsl lirne on Saturday evening, with Ballini's opera ol 1 Puritani. Tne wonderful success which this opera has met with throughout Europe, induceo Mr. Palrno to choose it for nis opening campaign, and considering that it has never been played ii. thus country before, we do not think he could have made a better selection, though European critict have pronounced it as not the finest composition ot that lamented master, savoring too much, as it un Joubtedly does, of the French school, there being too much noise and a redundancy of the wind instruments; but in spite of this objection, it possesset ?o many beauties as easily to pardon this one fault. The nou?e was crowded to overflowing, nor dc we ever recollect seeing so fashionable a societj within the walls of a New York theatre. Almost every nation in the civilized world was there represented. We saw Italian, Spanish, French, English, German, Dutch, Russian, Pole. Turk, Mexican, alike sympathizing with the divine creations of Italian genius; a proof incontestible that the Italian is the only opera which speaks to the universal heart ol mankind; for while French opera and English opera please but the people of their respective nations, theltal i*a pleases all It is u< successful in Russia as i; is in Italy It ta to he heard from Petersburg to Madrid. It is the most refined recreation of the higher classes in every countrj n Europe, and why should it not be so in the higliei -lasses of New York f Is there not among our educated iociety sufficient inlinement of taste to encourage and iUMwrtan Italian opera, the most elegant recreation ol modern times I Is it not better for our fashionables to givi their strenuous support to an undertaking of this kind ihan to spend their time and money at those iarces of musical entertainments called concerts! It will be,indeed,a disgrace to our city, if, alter this excellent commencement, we do not have an Italian one ra every wiuter. We had heard much of the operatic powers of Md'lle Dorghese, and before she made her ap(icarance, we trembled lest she should not come up to the reputation which has proceeded her, for we knew that the success ol the Italian opera depended upon her. Need we say that ihe was in every respect worthy of thnt reputation. The gem of the evening was " qui la voce sua suave'1 in the second act, and sung by Borgheso. The duo between the uncle and rejected lover of Elvira, (Vaitellina and vlttjoechi) "it rival salvor lu dti," began exceedingly well tiut was much marred towards the conclusion by the over acting and singing ol Vaitellina and the feebleness of voict af Majocchi. M'me. M., we are aware, did more than well considering that she was playing the part designed toi 1'amhuiiui. But we require lor the part of Riccardo e manly voice full and powerful, and at to Vaitellina, he .-an well bear being told of a small fault, possessing as he Joas all the requisites of a great singer He some-timer overdoes his part?the "Suuni la tramba" was altogethci exaggerated, both in the singing and in the acting; he must learn to subdue his "love of liberty," and as to the :ri-colored flag, it is quite out of place?it is, not only an anachronism, but it is a piece of clap-trap uncongenial to uch an audience. It might do very well for the Bower) Theatre, but it will not be tolerated by an audience of educated men The opening of this duo was superbly sung by Vaitellina, and rave this fault, sang with great effect throughout Terozzi will improve on acquaintance; though the voice is young and fresh, yet it is often uneven and frequently not true, but many allowances must be made,for a perfect 'enor is the most difficult of voices to find?it is the cause of more embarrassments to Eureopenn managers than oui readers are aware ol. Their are two tenors in this company, the one named, and Antognini. The latter possesses much more of the fire of the Italian genius anil sings more correctly, but he wants the freshness of voice of Pero/zi ?so with the two we shall do admirably well, and we should search in this country a long time time before we could find two better. We must say one word upon the orchestra. It trill become very proficient?but at present it is altogether too boisterous. The gentlemen who command the wind in struments must beur in mind that they are subordiate to the singer; they must rather, as it wore, follow the voice than attempt to lead it, and at the same time modulate their sound to the power of the singer. It is one of the ad vantages, fsavs A. Dumas) whirh the orchestra of Saint Charles, at Naples, ban over tnat at the Opera Franqais, that the one consents hut to accompany the voice?the other, desirous of receiving its meed of applause,becomes hoitterous and drowns the voicoof the singer. On the whole, the opera was decidedly successful; It was a palpable hit, and all that Mr. Pulmo has now to do, is to continue in the course he has so tuicressiuUy begun He must expect to meet with much opposition from the "small critics," who are always more disposed to discover faults than to acknowledge or point out the beauties of a performance, but he must go on. regardless of such criticisms -, the approbation of an educated and an enlightened audience is what he has to cultivate ; let him do that, and he may laugh at his enemies. For ourselves, wc are disposed to give him every supliort in our power, In this praiseworthy undertaking , as we are satisfied it will tepd very much to give a more cor rect taste and to increase the desire for good music. A. B Amusements. ('itand Chanoe of Performance.?At the Chatham Circus to-night, a new and varied bill of performsnce is offered. Among other varieties, vlr. Franklin, the greatest wonder of the world, repeats his never-to be-enualled feat of turning a doi.ble somerset. The beautiful scena of the Bedouins of the Desert, will he given by the whole troupe, and present an exhibition of magnificent trappings and dresses, such as was never seen before .lohn <Jossin has been rehearsing .1 new series of jokes anil comicalities, and will open hie luidget to-night for the first time We would speak ol Mr Lee and hit cannon halls, Stone in his Indian ride, and Stevens on two horses, lint M the whole public ge and judge for themselves. Those who intend accompanying la-lies should apply early for seats. SrLtxDin Attractions to-day at the American Museum?the heat offered in the city. The moat superb company of performers ever engaged, is secured, in audition to the fortune-telling Oipsey Queen, Alhino Hoys, and the endless variety or curiosities from every qnarter of the (.lobe. The performances this evening will he of the most rich and amusing kind, for the particular" of which we would refer to the hills of the day, and the advertisement in another column. Nkw York Legislature.?In Senate, on FridRy, Mr. Lawrence, from the select conunittee, to whom win referred ho much of the Governor's messages* related to the Colonial History of this State, made a long rej<ort Riving a history of the acts heretoforo passed, de. tailing the character cf the document* which have been transmitted to this country hy our Agent in Europe, ana 'hematising the whole legislation on the object 8* otu of the "hiibhlei"of 1838 and *89, and concluding with i resolution that no lurther appropriation he made at pn ?ent. The report wa? laid on the tnhle and three tin?e? he usual number of ropier ordered printed. In Vssemhly, Mr Turner, reported a hill, to place th? militia of Brook It n on a 'oo'ing with that of New York dr Sanford gave notice of a hill to incorporate the fit David's Society of New York and Brookl) n. Pale of Public Lands.?The President of the United Stntea has issued a proclamation mak'nc known that a public sale for the disposal of the lands ceded to the I'nited States by the Chickasaw Indians in 1833 and 1834, will be held at the Land Ottice at Pontotoc, | in Mississippi, oit the second Monday in May next. City Intelligence. Police, Feb. 4 ? Anoint* Ann Mouthy Rare Ciu.-A very pretty dark eyed and light velvet akiuned quadroon, who called heraell ileater Jones, wifeoi franklin Jonea.ol 100 Mulberry street,caused the arrest of two young men on Saturday night,on a charge of a double rape ou her person, under the following alleged circumstances, as stated by her in an attidavit taken belore Justice Merritt yesterday morning. Shu said that she met a girl and a young man in an oyster cellar in Walker street, on Saturday night, and on their invitation, jumped into a sleigh driven by the man, and proceeded to the upper part of the city?that when they arrived opposite some one of the public square* the man took her out of the sleigh, when she was accosted by another young man, who instated upon her going into the basement of a new building that was opposite.? That after entering, he threw her down, and by force ard threats, compelled her to uccede to his wishes. That he then told her to lie still or he would injure her, when another young man immediately camu in, who also compelled her to satisfy his desires, when she got up and rode back in the slrigh to Wulker street, where she succeeded in obtaining the aid of watchmen, who arrested all the parties. Her story being believed, considerable excitement was created about the Tombs on Saturday evening and yesterday morning. The Police oilice was crowded at any early hour to hear the investigation of the case before justice Merritt.who discharged the watch, and every, ear was open?d, >s is customary on these occasions, to listen to all the details. The girl who was in the sleigh with the complainant; Jones, testifies that the complainant got out of the sleigh of her own ac. cord, and when she returned from the house with the young men, she made no complaint of any force being used, but invited them home With her, as she said she had locked her husband up in the watch house, and she had room lor the whole party. The driver confirmed this statement. The young inan who first accosted her, confessed the intercourse with her, hut said she had invited it by her conduct while in the sleigh, and had assented to it willingly. The othet young man charged with this oilence, denied that he had committed any violence, but that her conduct while in the sleigh, in singing obscene songs, fcc , led him to believe she was a prostitute, and he therefore concluded that the way was free for all. Alter some consideration Justice Motsell discharged the complaint, for which reason we omit the names of the accused parties. If it had been entertained, we should have had a repetition of the disgustiug scenes exhibited at the Ann Murphy trial, which created so much excitement about a year sinre. The husband of the woman, Jones, whom she had caused to be locked up in the watchhouse on Saturday night, was also discharged, after the above complaint was dismissed. Highway Robbery.?A fellow named Michael Finning seized hold of a woman named Mary Ann Matthews, of 49 Laurens street, on Saturday evening, while she wa> walking in the street,! and took $1 AO from a basket that she was carrying on tier arms. The daring rogue waf immediately arrested, and committed on a charge of petit larceny only. General Lewis Cass, AND THE FREEDOM OF THE SEAS. The Democbatic Rebirlicam Electors of the city and county of New York, favorable to the nomination to the Presidency of the United States, of the Soldier and statesman of the West, Oeneral Lewis Cass, are requested to meet at Cohcert Hall, (Macir's,) No. 101 Elizabeth, " ? ? n* J ink \F.4F IKAID BTKKKT, UI1 i UCJUUJ OCIIIIIIJ, nuiuu; at half-past seven o'clock. By order of the Committee, JOHN McKKON, Chairman. J. C. Alukrtsow, Secretary. Letters will be read from some of the most distinguished democrats of the Union. 07- THE ?' ILLUSTRATED TioNDON NEWS"? ONLY TEN CENTS !?Those who have relatives and friends in the country cannot find a more acceptable preent than these beautiful papers, containing over thirty 'plcndid engravings. Proof copies, in wrappers for the nail if desired, can he had-, also monthly parts for five -hillings, at Mason & Tuttle's agency ofiice, 1J8 Nassau street. (to- THE NATIONAL SONUS OK AMERICA.? < TWILL, of No. 203 Broadway, has recently published he above songs, arranged for the pianoforte by Francis H. Brown. They consist of six of our most popular national airs, and are neatly )>ound in one volume and dedicated to the oilicersof the Army and Navy of the United states. They are a beautiful collection, and none who have a pretension to musical tarte should be without o opy. To he had at the Musical Saloon, Just below St. Paul's Church. OCT- METALLIC TABLET.?This if the most perfect article for the purpose designed ever Invented, having thi wonderful power of producing the keenest and smoothest possible edge of the razor in tenth part of the time tha* is required on a hone, at the same time doing away with the unpleasant use of oil and water. It is tne same siz? is an ordinary strop, and as simple in its use. With one of them the means is ever at hand of keeping razors in pei feet order. The first cutlers of England and France have them in constant use, and recommend them. The elebrated M. Milliken, cutler to the Royal Navy, 301 Strand, after using one five years, sent a certificate of its superiority to the inventor, where it can be seen with nany others from the most scientific gentlemen of this country. O. SAUNDERS. Inventor and manufacturer of the Metallic Tablet 163 Broadway. tin- CHAPMAN'S METALLIC HONE RAZOR aTDnp?Tho h?a? nrtip.h* known for keeoinff razors il) jrder, warranted to please or the money returned. The performing part of a 73 cent Strop the same as $1 60 ? vladeat 102 William street, i N. B.?Old Strops ren< vated at 25 to 60 cents each? Chapman's improvement applied to Sounder's Strops L. CHAPMAN, 102 William street. l)R. FELIX GOURAUD,?Sir?I'lease send per licnm mother cake of the Italian Chemical Soap. Pray do let.it '<u equal to the la.it, which I take this opportunity to as oire you, performed a remarkable and speedy cure of m\ blotched and diseased face, as well as rendering my rougii ind tanned hands and face beautifully white. Living on i farm all my life, I am necessarily subject to such evils : hut, happily, your medicated Soap relieved me like a harm in two or three washings. You are welcome tr irint this if you please, as the iact is known to all this neighborhood. ISABELLA PROUT. Bergen, N. J., Nov. 24, 1843. Remember, the only place in New York where the ibove soap is to be had genuine, is at 67 Walker street? i0 cents per cake. Buy no where else?where may be [ had (ionrand's Spanish White, for beautifying and whitening the face, in elegant boxes?25 cents each ; 'iouraud's Liquid Vegetable Rouge?50 cents per bottle ; (iouraud's Poudre Subtile, for eradicating hair?$ 1 per bottle. Q&- A CHANCE FOR A VARIETY OK CURES? if you have a bad cold, try Peters' Cough Lozenges; they ire tho most effective medicine at such a time in driving iH" nil coughs, inflammation of the lungs, asthmas, croup, ind all diseases of a similar nature. The public appreciate their value, and they should be tried in all cases springing from chills and colds. Dr Peteta' Cathartic oi Health Lozenges, when the stomach is found out of order, completely restore it to a proper state, dissipating dyapep iia, billions attacks, lie., as effectually as any medicine in die world. The Cordial Lozenges are formed of such materials as will destroy a headache, low spirits, lassitude, weakness, and general dyspepsia, that in many cases lead mankind to suicide. The Worm l.oreiu, s, intendtd as a cure to a variety of complaints which afflict children, cannot be too strongly recommended. Principal office i?) r uuuu iucui. dQ- EXPERIENCE HA8 TAUGHT THE PEOPLE, ifter more than lour years constant use of Dr. Sherman's dedicated Lozenges, that they are the best, safest and most pleasant preparations in use. His Cough Lozenges act like a charm in the most violent cuses of cough, allay ingall irritation, and produce free expectoration when other means have been tried in vain. The Doctor's Worm Lozenges are unequalled; they are speedy in their efl'ects and give no quarter?the worms can stand no chance.? \nd who has not heard of his celebrated Camphor Lozenges! They'relieve the headache in five minutes, and are a specific for sea sickness, palpitation, lowness of spirits, and the various nervous affections arising from sedentary habits. Dr. Sherman's warehouse is 106 Nassnu street. Agent) ?'.W7 Hudson street; ins Bowery; 77 East Broadway; Ht William street, and 13!) Fulton street, Brooklyn. CQH THAT DELICIOUS LOVELY WOMAN, WHC lives in Murray street, No. ?. Who would believe thrl some six weeks since that same specimen of God's handy work was vile and putrid in appearance?that that snowy transparent skin that new graces her face, arms and nerk was hateful for man to gaze on?'twas beastly; the yellow patches of filthy matter, in the shape of nimplcs garnishee around with freckles that hung on her face. Well, well there's tlftv others that were like her, but have altered by using the Italian Chemical Soap for the skin, and Jonei 'oral Hair Restorative for the hair. Now these two ait: des, sold by Jones, an: the most excellent things we eve: * "? '? ? H>lu ... \!.,H ,1 I,,-,, urn Knew 1 nern ? n mnii i?n ? like small pox, with pimples, freckle*, Sir,., and thin so?| cleared it: al*o chapped flesh. The oil we need not (peal of; it la the bent thing ever made for the hair. They ari both aold very reasonable, the one 3a. the other 4a. Bill mind, the *oap ia aold no where genuine In thia city hut ai he sign of the American Eagle, 8-i Chatham at.;*if they get it any where else it i* a counterfeit, quite listless. Agenta, 3 Ledger Buildings, h State at., Boaton, or 13f ( 'niton at, Brooklyn. m- PROFESSOR VKLPKALCS^"SPECIFIC PILLS for the permanent cure of (innorohma, (fleet, and all niocupiirulrnt diachargea from the urethra. No medicint ever ottered to the public, exercises auch a powerful effect on the bladder and urinary organ*, aa those valuable vege table pill*. They are the fruits of twenty-five veara ex perienre of Professor Velpeau at the Hospital of L? ' harite, in Pari*, and are confidently recommended by him as the only preparation that has proved successful ir every case. They were introduced into thia country tw? vears ago, by the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, luring which time more than ten thousand boxea havt beet, aold : and the College defies a single instance oi 'allure to tie shown Sold in boxes, $1 each, at the Otttc* of the College, OA Nassau street. W. B. RICHARDSON, Agent. PRIVATE MEDICAL AID.?The members ol >h??New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, in rereturning the public thanks for the liberal support they have received in their etTorta to " auppress quackery,' t eg leave to atate that their particular attention continues < lie directed to all diseases of a private nature, and from the great improvements lately made in the principal hoadials of F.urope in the treatment of those diseases, thcv xnnA/initi,. niter to nor*ons requiring medical aid ad vantage* not to bp met with in any institution in tint onntry, either public or private. 1T?e treatment of th? ollege i* ?uch at to insure success in every case, end to otally dilliprent from that r rtu practice of mining he constitution with mercury, and in most rases leaving i 'litem* much worse than the original One of the mem 'r? of the College ,for many year* connected with the rincipal hospital* of h urope, attend* daily for a consult* on from P A.M to * P.M. Term*?Advice and medicine, $0 Actire guaranteed (mpostavt to Cnrtmtv Nyalids ? Person* living in ne country and not flndine it convenient to attend per onally, can have forwarded to them a cheat containing >11 medicine* reouiiite to perform a perfect cure hy stating heir case explicitly, together with all symptoms, time ol contraction and treatment received elsewhere, if ?ny and enclosing $8, post paid, addressed to W. 8. RICHARDSON, A rent Offleo and Coniulting rooat of tha College, pa Nassau itroot. ^ ???? ""TT'1"! 'i 1 ii'iiTi'iiiih ~w wim\ if - ?ii?irpit'>ii?fliiMiuhMjiL-i_?-L. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. > Wuhlagton. [< orrwponilt-nce of the Herald.1 Washington, Feb. 3, 1844. There lias been another fight here between a couple of reporters. The duel between them has been suppressed, I believe, by the magistrates. What a pity '. why not permit them to rid society of trouble 1 There is no other news of importance this morning, and I feel too melancholy at the degeneracy of the age to enter upon some matters of importance which I am preparing for you. With God's aid I shall try to pluck up some spirit. This is an awfully wicked world, and I begin to think that the aevil is not so bad a fellow as he is reported to be. In fact, I don't think that Satan has been heretofore correctly reported in act or speech. The Shriver and Weller affair came up this morning again in the House?upon the so saia false statement of the correspondent of the Boston At la* in his account of that affair. There was much excitement, and there will be more before there is less. Senate does not sit to-day?in fact, I think the Senate would do well to run away?clear out from this'city. Virtue here is "unkimmonly" scares and hign-priced. In fact, we have not a sufficient supply?small potatoes are plenty. TWICNTY-KIGHTH COMGJRB9S. FIRST SESSION. House of Representatives. Washington City, Saturday Night, Feb. 3d. Charges of Falsehood against the Boston Atlas? The 21*1 Rule?Bill to relieve the Sufferers by the loss of the Grampus. As soon as the journal was read this morning, Mr. Belser, of Alabama, rose and said that he called the attention of the House to a privileged question. An article had just been shown to him which was published in the "Boston Atlas," purlortingtogive an account of the afTray between Mr. Weller and Mr. Shriver, behind the Speaker's chair. The article said that he, Mr Belser, and Mr. Payne, had behaved like bullies, and had kept every body away from interfering when Weller had Shriver down. Now, sir, continued Mr. Belser, after he had read the article in question to the House, I pronounce this a lalse, malicious, and un- ' founded calumny, and the author of it an infamous danderer. I have never borne the character of a bully any where, and I will not bear it hear now. j I do not intend to let such u calumny ub this go to I my constituents uncontradicted. The only agency the parties. I knew nothing of the matter before it occurred, and was in no way a party to it, and the whole is a vile and infanmua calumny, the coinage of the brain of the miserable slanderer who concocted it. It is false as far as I am concerned from beginning to end. Sir, I call your attention to this article; 1 understand that the writer of it has left this place. Sir, it is well for him that he has left this place, for if lie h?.d not, I would have made an example of him that he would long have remembered. Mr. Paynts said, that as far as he was concerned, die only notice that he should ever take of any such calumniator would be to kick him out of his way, die same as he would any other nuisance that annoyed him. I knew nothing of the difficulty between Mr. Weller and Mr. Shnver, and 1 was fifteen feet from them, sitting in my chair, when the first blow was struck, To be sure, 1 heard iinrsh language, which I expected would lead to blows. It was so insulting that Mr. Weller struck VIr. Shriver, who used it to him. And after the first blow was struck. I said that nobody should interfere until the figfit was oyer; and I'd say so tgain wherever a friend of mine was engaged in a tight; and if for doing that 1 am entitled to the character of a bully?why, I can't help it. But I think that Mr. Shriver's friends ought to be greatly inlebted to me for the part I took in the matter. It was me who pulled Weller oft' from him, and I lon't know what would have become of Shriver if I hadn't done so. As to this statement which has ,ust now been read by Mr. Belser, my colleague,* the whole of it is an infamous, malicious, unprincipled, calumny, manufactured by some infamous .vrelch, 1 have no doubt. Jutge Hammltt, of Mississippi,'corroborated the stateness of Mr. Bri.sF.n and Mr. Pat.**, in every particular. Is to the statements contained in the "Boston Atlas" here was scarcely a single line of it that was true.? That statement is neither more nor less than a tissue of oase, unprincipled, malicious falsehoods, from beginning o end ; and should it be rendered necessary, I am prepared to verify the charges I now make, under oath, in a Court of Justice. Mr. Lew then moved that the rules be suspended, that he might offer a resolution calling on this government to ;ive notice to that of (treat Britain that the 10?h enicie of he Treaty of "Washington be terminated. Mr Levy denanded the. ayes|and noes, which were reiased, and so a as the motion. Mr. Aiiimi called for the orders of the'day. This was the discussion of tho everlasting twenty fust rule. Mr. Cii ATM an,'of Ala. moved to postpone this question 'ill Monday, as Judge Hammett was very sick. Mr. Adams demanded the ayes and noes onthis,whlch were ordered. Mr. Dhomcoolk said, as a matter of courtesy, a postponement had always been granted before. He saw 10 great reason lor hurrying this matter through the House. Mr. Adams said there were thirty members he could lame, who were willing to address the House on it today. Mr. Chai-ma* said they would he 30 blanks to one prize, mil that was why|he wanted not to hear them before Mr. Hammett. Mr. Cliscm.au hoped the courtesy would be extended to he member from Mississippi; and that the subject would >e made the special order of the day for Monday, and be lehated all day. Mr. Wilkina said he was anxious that the debate should ;o on, at this time. Although many persons had already ipokenonthe subject of the 21st Rule, ret there were nany more who were also desirous ofspeRaiur on it. For bis own part he had to draw the line between himself and bis southern friends on this matter. He hail, in short, 'oad on his mind, and the sooner he got rid of it the better be should like it. (Laughter ) It would be painful to him to separate from his ft lends of the South on any subject. hut on this one he was compelled to do so. The SrtARcn then said that as Monday was petition lay, there would he no morning hour; it was, therefore, ultimately resolved to postpone the further consideration >t the report on the Itules until Tuesday. Ayes 132.? Xoes 40. The Srr-Axca laid before the House a statement from the nrinters of the ''Biennial Register," stating that the delay in issuing the work was occasioned by the neglect in tome of the branches of the Post Office Department to send in their returns before the 30th of December last, whereas by law it Is required that the work shall be is^ied on the ilni oi ueceaiuei. The Houie then went into COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE ON PRIVATE BlLT.S. CIover-sor Gh.mer in the Chair?(And here let roe do 'dm the justice to say, that he is about the beat Chairman he House ever had (or .preserving order, decision and 1 ororoptness. Mr. Parwenter called up the Bill granting six months nay to the surviviiig relatives of those lo?t in the Oram' m 1 Mr. Bei.sv.r was opposed to this pensioning cff the rela'ives of certain persons lost In the service of the country. When these officers and seamen contracted to entpr the ' service of the country, they did so with a lull knowledge 1 >f the dangers that awaited them. The gentleman from Virginia had talked of the corruptions in the Indian De' oartment. What has that to do with this subject ? Bring -hat charge beiore the House, and we will then apply the ' 'irsom of reform to it. This bill afforded a dangerous pre' -edent. Where was this system of pensioning to stop 1 No provision had boen made for the relatives of the gallant men of Alabama and Tennessee, who fell in Florid#'; 1 of those who were massacred with Major Dane. if the direct question of granting this pension was put to the state r legislatures there would not be a vote for it. Why. then, ! diould we tax the people in an indirect manner by a most ' oppressive tariff in order to enrich others ? A poor wo1 -nan died near the Capitol the other night, who had not a blanket to cover her nakedness ; and yet manufacturer* ' were enriched by a heavy tariff on that article, which put ' out of the power of the poor to buy. The money to he voted away by this hill belonged to the people ; and strict justice required that one part of the country should not 1 he taxed to enrich another portion. Mr. Atkinson said that this was not a pension, hut that it was justly a debt due to the friends oi those who perishj ed in the Grampus. Mr. Hai.e was opposed to this maudlin sympathy. Hia I sympathies were for those widows and orphans who were tlmoit deprived of the means oi existence by an oppressive tariff. Ho to the hut of poverty, and see the misery which your extravagant government, and your unjust system of legislation, lias cieated there. I've no desire to ee the splendid saloons of the Pennsylvania man of-war? ' her Brussels carpet, or the wine that is drank on boant ' if her and which sparkles in the cup. I feel for thoae ! ivhose hard hands and aching limba have to toil to par , for all this aplendor. I auppoae to a large claaa 1 ah' nake myaelfodioua. Bir, I came here on purpose to w ^ nyaeir odious to these very people. (Much long' ' * Pay your sailors in the navy more and your offlc .? , ' -nake a code of lawa for them which ah all prevc lt m; r cer, through mere caprice, giving a sailor twe?.?c |alhM a lay, and then you will have American citizr.,, on boaf(1 vonr veaaela, and not foreigner*. > Mr. F.. Jot Moaaia waa going into* le?,gth ened eulogy upon the navy, when / \ Mr. Horain* roae Sir. 1 do sincepoiy hope that gentle, men will confine themselves to tpp subject oMhia bill. JVh have a large calendar of private hill, . am) jf eTeTJ. me ia to conaume a* much time in useleaa discussions'* i 'hi* haa done, we shall not jet a quarter through them i before the aeaaion ia brougb. to a cloae. i Mr Holmm spoke feelingly and eloquently in favor of -he hill A rallant voung otficer loat In the Orampua had i bin outfit furnished by his alstera. Ai an art of Justice hit bill ought to past The fund, (ma de up from prize i n?ney) formerly kept for these purposes, had been squsnlered ; and Confess oupht to tnaVe thia appropriation, if all the gallant men in this country. the officers ol the Navy were the mmt raitsnjessly abused of any. Mr PaaMCTTca said this bill ronierred no penaion nor haritv npnti ?nv nne It had been the uniform practice 'f the government since the lose ol the frigate Insurgent, ' ind the brig Pickering, in iMM, to make an allowance of four or si* months pay to the aurviving relatlvea It waa an implied contraot between the government and thoae who entered the naval service. Mr. Bzatrvan taid It waa not only due as an implied con* tract, but thia amount of pay might have been actually duo to thoae who periahed in the Orampua at the timo aha

Other newspapers of the same day