Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 9, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 9, 1844 Page 2
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(Html* opriM*J at M4*e, droppod to Hit 3aa, but rallied to HitdOc, and cloaed at Hif 66c. Five per rente from I94f 36c dropped to I'Mf 90c, and cloaed at 194f 60c. f or the ac couut. Orltui Railway Bharea 3f 60c, Roun to Havre Of, Veraaillee Loft Bank U Tic. ami Avignon to Marseille* af lowar than>eeterday. Koueti Of Jse lower alio, Iwdng higher fur Mousy than lor Time. Kor Money, Orli-ana If | 96c, ltouento Mario 6f, Veraaillea Left Hank anil Avig lion to Maraeiliea 6f lower than ye?t?nlay. Mourn Uf 96c J higher. bpanith Securities have not been quoted. Bank of r rauco Shares uoaltaretl. Belgian old tire per cent* I and 1840 Are per centi aa yeatenlay. Bonds k per cent lower, auit .Neapolitan 90c higher. NEW YORK ilEKAEJJ. New York. Friday. February 9, 1M4. "mi Foreign New*. We give in day's paper an ample rcsumt of the foreign new". ?? lain us the 14th ult., brought to this port, yesterday morning, by the cxtraordinary fast-sailing pacltet ship Roscius, Capt. Collins. This news is indeed very important. It gives us the great (act that cotton 111 Liveipool had again advanced nearly one ecnt per pound, and the sales had been immense, making an addition to the value of American produce, full $2,54)0,000 on both sides of the Atlantic. This cheering intelligence we received yesterday, at 12 o'clock noon, by one of our last-sailing clippers, which had boarded the Itoscius yesterday morning early, many miles outside ol the llook. Dor whole extensive establishment, from top to bottom, was immediately in motion. We sent txclutively immense quantities of our evening edition to all our agents, exchange correspondents and subscribers, by the afternoon mails up to 5 o'clock?and, after that time, we issued an Extra Herald for the city, which went off to the newsboys in extraordinary quantities. The whole mercantile interest was in a state of deep excitement, on account of the highly favorable character of the news, and the great eflects it was calculated to produce on American commerce. At the lowest calculation, we issued ut least thirty thousand copies of the morniny, evening, and extra editions oj the New York Herald yesterday, thus far exceeding the aggregate circulation of the whole New York press combined. Yesterday was indeed a field of Austerlitz or a battle of Waterloo in the newspaper line. VVe beat the combined newspaper f press of New York twice in ont day. In the morning we published exclusively the news brought to Boston by the ship Republic. This was done by many an overland Express from Boston. In the evening we again beat them in publishing the news brought by the Roscius, which was effected by an ocean express that reached many miles out to sea, braving the snow, rain, winds and tides in all directions. The whole country, south and west, is indebted to our modest and calm enterprise, for putting them in possession of important commercial information, and thus enabling the planters, merchants, and farmers to escape the snares and traps laid for them by the mere speculators of New York and Boston. In the whole of these ^extensive and ample arrangements, only one link was broken?and that was to Philadelphia. The conductor of the New York and Philadelphia Railroad refused to take extras containing tlie latest news, yesterday afternoon at 5 o'clock, addressed to the whole newspaper press of Philadelphia. The impertinence of this conduct could not injure us, but it hag prevented the commercial interests of Philadelphia from getting the benefit of important news, for nearly a whole business day?a most important delay in the present commercial crisis. For this extraordinary and insolent conduct, we trust that the merchants of Philadelphia, and the newspaper press there, will make a searching representation to the Railroad Company, and demand what reparation is ne* cessary to prevent the perpetration of a similar outrage in future. In all other respects, with that single exception, our efforts to benefit the whole mercantile interest of the United States, succeeded to a charm. Thus we go ahead?who can go faster or surerl The Recent Rejections by the United States Senate. I The development of the causes and motives j which produced the recent rejections in the secret session of the United States Senate, is beginning now to make its appearance piece by piece, bit by bit, and little taper-light by little taper-light. Hitherto those secret movements have been a mystery, but whether a mystery of bliss nnd heaven, or a mystery of sin and abomination, the public have frequently been at a loss to ascertain. We, who possess as long a no-e as most persons to pry into secret chambers, and look forward into futurity,smelling our way in every direction, wc sometimes have been in great difficulty, and in somewhat of a quandary to ascertain what all this mist, haze, sleet, shower and humbug meant. We now begin to see the light ; and wc have every reason to believe, front what we sec, that Captain John Tyler, the plain, straightforward, sincere minded President of the U. States by the act Cod, has b/en made the sport ofprofound, intellec lual giant*, and great expounders of the Conslitu- I tkon, all for their own purposes. So far as wc ace | at thismonient.but we expect to see furllierto-mor- I row, we have the strongest reason for believing that the rejection of Mr. Porter, Mr. Henshaw end Mr. Spencer, has been mainly produced by the influence of the friends of Mr. Webster, set in mo i lion by Mr. Webster, and all for the purpose of dri- J vine the President from his supposed democratic i direction, into the hands of the whig* during the | next contest for the Presidency. About a year ago I Mr. Spencer, the master spirit fromN. York, and the man who was going to give a democratic direction to the administration, had the influence to help in assisting the ejection of Mr. Webster from the State Department. Mr. Webster, by his o|**rations, has returned the compliment three fold, and his friends and interest, in and out of the Sen ate, have accomplished these very deeds of the guillotine which we have recently seen perpetrated at Washington. This much for to-day. We shall proceed nt our leisure to-rnotrow, and the next day, and the day nfter, to unfold the perplexities, and intricacies, and labyrinths of those intrigues during the last two years, by which the reputation of the President of the United States has been trifled with by the great men of the nation, merely to subsetvc their own ends, and for their own purposes, and for their own special interests. In the meantime, we think that a crisis has now come which places Mr. Tyler, its far as regards the public opinions and public Ren* timenU of this country, precisely in the eoutse which he was when he first want to Washington after the death of Harrison. If he now comes for ward with the moral courage which he then ought to have tdiown, he can drive some of those preposterous politicians from before him like chaff before the wind. Knowin? the motives and causes which produced these rejections, jet him plant his foot holdly down, and re-noininate to the very same Senate Mr. Porter, Mr. Henshaw, and Mr. J. C. Spencer for its rejection?and let the Senate dare reject them a second time if they chooee. Josaru OtiLTca Convicted.?This militia fine 1 collector was convicted yesterday in the Court of J Ses-tiom, on a charge of assault nnd battery, of on ' niwavated character, on a lady. The rc|>orf will j he found in another column. t City Intelligence. Police.?Thtiridiv, Veb a The only cane of intercut " the arreit of a follow named llohert Neil ali i* Iliown , by officer* l.ow mi l Rutherford, for fraudulently ot.tnln' '' ing a silver watch Irom I'atrirk MeCormtek, hy dropping 11 n pocket hook containing note* of broken bank*, of no c v.ilne, wllicli pocket hook he repre*ciiteil be hid jmt 11 found, thecontcnU of wliicb he believe! t? j?. ,,f it value. Mctiormick having no money give ),ifn^ the '' watch, and examining the txiok, found lie had been r.hea I' tad of it* v?liio._ jtcil wa* diichargel Iroin tlie IVnitcn- ? llary hut aCvirAniSiiice, wlii'ie he h id I committed ' lor rt'l day* M vafMnt. CnronePl Oflttfe.?Vn examination of tho truly o , ivter UuninWMMBtii a verdict ol death by drowning. I . but wliather icrMental or not wai unknown. The mo I, nay ha h*d ou lilt nar*on when he wm mi??el,;w?* found I i in hi* pocket*. | I I I Democratic District Convention. A meeting of "Democratic Uepublican voters," of the Sixth Congressional District, consisting of the 11th, 12th, 15th, 16th and 17th Kurds, in favor of choosing delegates to the Nation#! Convention, to be held at Philadelphia, in July next, by districts, was held Just evening, ut Vuuxhall Garden, in the Bowery. About two hundred persons were present at the opening of the meeting,und considerable enthusiasm existed among them. The "Tyler party" was well represented by Custom House incumbents; and among the friends ol John C. Calhoun we noticed John A. Morrill, Ei*|.,#Gen. Duff t>reen, Lathrop y. Eddy, Es<|., und others; but w? observed no prominent friend of Col. Johnson or Gen. Cans, among the uudience. This is the beginning of a movement of much interest among politicians, and considering it to be the first meet n?g, it was very respectably attended. The meeting was called to order by John A. Morrill., Esq., who nominated J. L. II. McCracken tor President, Mr. E. K. Collins who hud been selected for that place being ubscnt. Mr. Icody then nominated Vajmhkl A. Lawrence and Geo. w. Bhhi.rr for Vice Presidents, and George FolBum und Ecclcs Gillender for Secretaries. Mr. Latiiuoi- 8. Kiidy then canto forward amidst great applause and proceeded to uddress the meeting in support of a series of resolutions, lie said, Mr. Chairman and < tenth men, you have heard the call which I have read, upon whicli we havo Iteen assembled upon this occasion. You will all of you recollect that at the great assembly in the I'aik soma months since, and prior to the Syracuse Convention, I there addressed those assembled upon that occasion ; I told you that my fears were that out representatives or servants, whom we were about sending to that Convention, or whom we had already sent, would abuse the powers which we had placed in their hands, and would tuke powers not delegated to them, and, for the sake of favoring caucus nominations, for the sake of iavoring old dynasties, and of defeating your voice, would themselves send and instruct the delegates to thu National Convention for the nomination of the nextPre?ident.(Loud applause.) When I told you those fears, 1 asked you what step should he taken in cuse they did so misrepresent your feelings, ond so assume the power from your hands' Your answ er was that you would yourselves send the delegate, and td your oifn convention. (Loud cheers.) This i? the first movement following upon that answer?'cheers) ?an answer dictated liy the 'c?.Ul)g* of pure patriotism alone?(cheers) by a knowledge of the power you possess ?(cheers)?by a spirit of resistance to every caucus nominations?(renewed cheers)?and to every attempt to take the power from your hands?(immense applause,)? That answer, I say, gentleman- is followed up by this movement?(cheers)?and we are now about forming ourselves a confederation that shall send delegates to a convention which shall nominate a President?who, it elected, shall ho the President not over a clique ? the President, not over a dynasty, hut the President over the whole people of the United States.?' (More enthusiastic applause.) It is a great movement, fentlcmcn, which tye aro now accomplishing. (Cheers.) Li* oaeof tho most strious evil* of our government and of the elective franchise which wu now enjoy; so that, pursuing as we are, our various daily avocations, attending to our pecuniary interests, and to those matters which daily call upon us for our attention, wc neglect what are aptlycallod by caucus managers and political speculators, "the wire pulling business of party." (Cheers.) And we know not the extent of the operation of this evil; we know not the rights and the power taken from'us, until finally, perhaps, we see them carried away to an extent that we can hear no longer. Then, gentlemen, we rjsa in our might?(applause)?then, gentlemen,we rise in our might as wc are now rising?(cheers)? and destroy the cliques opposed to us?then we elect our men and sustain our government (Tremendous cheering.) Many have been Hie occasions, gentlemen, since the udoption of the Federal Coustitution, that this course has been necessarily taken upon tho part of the peoulo. (Loud cheers) For instance, witliin the memory of us all, General Jackson himself has once walked like a ljon over the patriotic coins* anil trampled down all the meshes end nil the traps laid by political machinery. (Much cheering.) Again, gentlemen, when under a succeeding Administration, we saw this political machinery again becoming complicated, and again becoming perfect, and the rights and tno voice of the people egoinbocooptag crtfshed (cheers) under that machinery, General lfarrison yvalkeu ever the course like a lion?(cheers)?and triumphed.' (Renewed cheering.) 1 was not one of those who sustained him because the principles of the party which sustained him, in the conflict were such that I could not subscribe to them; therefore I saw fit to act upon my own principles under the vviis which then existed. 1 male my own effort* io break down those evil*, and in now rising against them ior another contest I have no longer the same excuse. (Applause.) Now, gentlemen, we liavo risen in our might upon them! (Cheers.) And if this party machinery?if this car of the political Juggernaut, which crushes the voice of the people all for the support and ior the power of party, be again drawn over our bodies, it will fie our own tault. and we ennnot grumble at it (Much applause.) 1 trust, however, that this movement will be energetically followed up, and that the spirit which is this night to start forth will spread over the whole American people? (cheering)?and that the whole system of caucus nomination, and of party machinery, by which our dearest rights have been trampled upon, will again ho crushed to the earth?(tremendous cheering)?and that the candidate tliHtahall lie selected at thoThiladelphia Convention upon the -1th July next? a most apt and pro|?er occasion?will I again walk over the course with that lion might and i trcugth, sustained by you, by v. Idol) Andrew Jackson I md General Harrison, upon a similar occasion. walked I over the course and conquered, (Long continued cl,ccr- < iug.) We, th* United States, are now composed of six i and twenty free and independent States,and Rhode Island, i imall and insignificant || upon the map she may appear, had, wheu she time into our coufoderated government, tho same power find rights secured to her in rnlatiQu to her liberties and institution*, that tho Umpire Blatu ol iXCW font nO'l. (ApplmiSC.) it become* us, gentlemen, iu ill our politic?) movements to preserve to Rhode Island the same individuality, and identity, and power in our government that the empire i State of New York nossusse* ; (cheer* and applause;) hut I it is the object at" the political gamblers in party machi- I nerv, upon all occasions, to secure the aid of two or three i af the more largo and wualtby States, whose voice, in I the vortex of management, rnav swallow up that of all the i mailer States and ail their inclinations with regard to the I ednral government. (Cheers ) This is the game which < s now being attempted to be played ; and the candidate i who is to l>? sustained by the delegates from this State to 1 lie llaltimore Convention, well kaow the importance of it. I Hark the distinction?these men, I say, well knew it was i dl important for him to have the empire State of New i fork, witliin which to swallow up the voice oftiie minor I ind smaller States ; and therefore tho i)iraiigemeiit was < oado. And when we, in our honesty and simplicity, met I ogi-tlier in'our various wards and counties and sent our I lelcgate* to Syracuse, wo supposed we sent men there to i leeido hyjthfcir combined wisdom upon the manner in | ivhlch we warn to send delegates to llaltimore. But the I roice bad gone forth, unknown to us, from the political i manager* at Richmond and Albany- that tlicy should he < instructed when at Syracuse to send delegates, anil not I leave to us the election. (Cheers.) They diil send dele- i gates ; and when I told y*u from my information I feared *uch would he the case, I said yotl would nullify their acts. (Cheers.) And now let them he nullified ! (Groat cheoj-ing) It has been said to me, und no doubt to other* also, that in thus proceeding we am hut making capital for the enemy ; we have heei) told that if that portion of the democracy with whom wa act, were to sever themie] ves from the party proper, an thay considur themselves, then Henry Clay's election i> lure. (Cheers.) Gentlemen, thank Heaven,! am 110 expediency democrat! (Cheers.) Thank heaven, I have been satisfied, young ns I am,'.from my observation of the spirit of the American people, anil from the course they are always ready to pursue,jthat that party alone will triumph, anil haye continued success, which carries every thing by their voice with all honesty, and never attempts to trample upon or uao chicanery against their rights. I am one who would go for principle in spite of all expediency. (Cheers.) And 1 see that expediency has been shown in the Congress within the last two years by one ofonr own momhers, or representatives o( the democracy fas he was called) in the Senate of the United States. (Cheers,) We are all, I take it, free trade men. (Jheers ) We are ready to go all lengths in support of the principles of free trade. (Much cheering.)? We consider it a cardinal point of democracy, (Renewed cheers.) And there is no more fear of an opponent of free trade getting our votes than there is of Henry Clay him self becoming the friend of Martin Van Burcn. (Loud cheers and laughter.) No, gentlemen, we have our own pi inciplcs?these are they?and It is for their support that we are new come here together. (Applause.) It is occasionally in our power, gentlemen, to drive the enemy to the wall, and then, whin, driven to the wall there to hold him. (I.oud laughter.) And there to let him have nothing or to give us the principles and the measures which wo demand. (Loud applause) Fortunately, as wo all supposed, we had tlio onemy in the United States Senate, so driven to the wall when this black tariff which has rotted so many of our ships, which has enriched so many of our manufactures at the expense of everv other Interest in the country?I say, when this black tariff came up iijto the Senate we all .rejoiced? rehears.) Out. lo, to our uttar surprise,our representative, the representative of the Empire State. Silas Wright himself, for expediency sake, drew the ybke upon our neck and fartened the black tai iff upon ns? (Cheers^ There was an instance when, if Silas Wright had stood firm to his priuciplfeS, and remained true to the people he war sent there to represent, ho had tho enemy (airly driven to the wall, and we sliouiJ kavr had such a tariff as we ile? ,?.i ?. ,I,.. .,,.,1.1 I...I .1... (Cheers) A* a matter of course thai was out of the question. They would have yielded to us, as wo should not havo viri le 1 to them?(Renewed diners.) We are now idaccil in a situation similar to that. Wo are told that for the henofit of party, and for the support of the principles of democracy, and indeed all those arguments are urged which are common ii|ion such(occasions, we should now subscribe to the Baltimore Convention? (Cheers ) I have l>o?n told by the oditor of onu press, very strong and powerful in the ranks, that if wo would only upon this occasion subscribe to the Baltimore Convention. ttiuy would, upon another occnsion give us all we want. I tak* not their fromiscs -(Cheers.) 1 yield not iron n single occasion to wrong, upon a promise riiat wrong should not bed^au ggain?(renewed cheers.) let them not cut my right hand upon a premise that upon hs next opportunity they will not cui it :,gaiu ; for if hey do obtain the opportunity I know not how they will nt, and I will give them iio chance of cutting it upon the ef ond occasion?(rhi-ers ) This, indeed, is precisely the cession. The district system of representation i< the rue democratictl representation, so much prized liy the cmoc;Htle party. No system can be defended in opposl ion to it?(cheers.) I ask you, then, whether'we aie not ailed upon us men, as democrats, and as patriots to sussin it in spite of the attempts of expediency to overthrow in favor of any other system?(cheers ) If we send our elegntei to the Baltimore coventioti ujion this district rerescntation, the effect will he thut your voice will hediectly rcpri sented ; It will not ha carried from this ward to i'ammanv fTall nnd Irom Syracuse to Baltimore, so that it Itittimore you are rcpresento 1 by persons you have 'either seen or known, nnd prolinhly of whom you have lever heard. (Cheers.) No, it will he represented, from his meeting,hv the man you shall select, who is recpon 'hl? toymi. (Cheers.) And who, if he do not answer Inn directions and instructions which you shall give him will [receire immediately thej rflect* jif your wrath for I i ' having misrepresented your feeling*. (Applause) It b got the only way to preserve the power among the people? hev the only way by which we can keep pure democracy and ami lepuhlfcanum In thia country. (Cheers.) 1 will reite- T rate to j on our answer to the charge?we are all demo- tion cratf: and 1 trust there it not a man within the M sound of tny voice, who ia not heartily attached to G the principle! of democracy, and who would not ami sooner tee nit right arm palsied than give a vote to llcniy um (.'lay or to any man Of like sentiments. (Great cheering.) .V lieing free trade men, and democrat*, and above all know- one ing w e are right, we have the consolation nf knowing that be wo mutt triumph, (Cheers.) We know that we have upo but to adhere to our principles. (Cheers.) And when to-.l thin party machinery shall be broken tho people will rellv had round the flag and standard of principles which we shull tier erect; then our caw* will triumph. you The speaker then moved the follow ing resoluHons: ftol Resolved, That as the Presidency of tho United States vin It the highest oltice in the gift ofthe people, and it invested of t with gieat and even dangerous jKiwer*, the President he- |,m ing Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy, and liav- the inglat his disposal a patronage almost ovorwhelmiug in its ted. influence, it (incomes tho imperative duty of the people to ver scrutinize the claims and iiualificationa of candidates for In i that high station with the most Jealous care anil vigilance, Wh Resolved, That the principles advocated by the lion. J. is ' C. Calhoun in Ills lato able and masterly address to the jH'ople, are such its must be resjiouded to by every one old. who is attached to our republican institutions. Any de- of i parture from those principles by any men or any ?' of on men, involves a surrender of their right tq be called de- w'< moerats, or to act in the nuine, or on behalf oi the demo- wl1 orotic party. Therefore, the proposed convention to be nou held in Baltimore of the personal purti/.uns of a single candidate will be auti-democratic, and we caunot recog- Owl nixe its proceedings as binding on the party. c Resolved, That as ihp choice by districts of delegates Q totlie National Democratic Convention 10 i,e asipm dpd in tljt? Hiiladelphia on the 4th of .Inly next, who in the solcction (roj ol a candidate shall vote per capita, is the nearest approach ( to a popular expression of the voice of the democratic ||i(j party, which under present oircumstaqeps can be obtained, and oirers the only practicable mean* ol promoting . that harmouy which is indispensable to the election of the . . democratic candidate, we earnestly entreat the delegates ? to the Baltimore Convention, to forbear making a uumina- . tion, and urge upon the people of the severnT_Congressional district* to elect (| delegate ? "n 01 Juiv Con- ""J vention. " Resolved, That the object of a National Convention J*, should 110 tq consult together, that, by a comparison of ? " opinion,candidates may he selected who can best unite ??' the support, and whose election will best promote the prin- '. ' cjpjes of the democratic party, and as ?uch a selection can * best ho mado after duo deliberation and consultatiou, fl11 The delegates to the 4th of July Convention should not J'1?! consider tliemselves committed to the support of any can- ' didates heretofore spoken of, and our delegate should, , 1 tiitflore, vote for those candidates who can best unite the J?'01 support, and whose nomination will most promote [the """ principles of the party. . Resolved, That wu are opposed to a National Bank, n high protective tariff and the distribution of the proceeds . *L"' of the sale of the public lands. The lasting gratitude of ?"the country is due to Andrew Jackson for Irs veto of the Bank Bill passed during his administration ; and the peopie will award to John Tyler their grateful ucknowledg- 'J. 'J ments for his firmness and patriotism in vetoing, in imme- ' j diate succession, two hills of like character. These resolutions were received with immense pet* applause. can _ Jon* A. Mokrii.i., Esq. then, in obedience to tlie call of tuo meeting, rose to support tne resolutions. nu was re- ---eeircd witli loud applause, and said?Mr. Chairman, 1 0 b certainly cannot refuse to respond to your call, and olfer ww some remarks iii support of the great'principles, embodied hav in the resolutions just read?principles which I regard as 'ar" entirely identified with the creed of the democratic party. ve? (Applause.) I admire those resolutions because they are Pub couched in the right spirit?something in the upright, no.n manly, frank and honest spirit of John C. Calhoun.? Imr (Cheers.) Tito resolutions advocafc democratic doctrines ?atj under the simplest construction of the constitution. And jlia' where can we flrd a more literal constructionist than t?"' John C. Calhoun of that Constitution, which was carried th? through by the intellect and patriotism of an Adams, and the genius, sagacity, and fidelity of a Washington?? ?h" (Cheers.) And, sir, the> work of guarding the Constitn- m?1 tion and advocating its literal construction is not a new "jh< one to Mr. Calhoun. Where, I would ask, was he in 181 j, when Johnson and Cass, and other great men were fight- Ani ing the hat'tres ofour cai)i)try ? lie, sir, was at his post. ,h? lie was defending and securing the intivpsts of his coun- (,aft try, not by tho sword on the buttlo-field, hut in the coun- co"1 cits oi tho nation. His patriotism, his statesmanship, his wl" sagacity, all his talents and energies were engaged in the flue great cause of the commercial interest!, and general wel- cerl fare ofthe country. And that honorablo'and useful post >'ou had now hfecu Jjescrtcd by Mr. Calhoun. Now, then, V?u liow do we stand ? For what purpose l,aa this meeling (""j been convened ? As my worthy friond who preceded me "J ? properly and truly remarked, we como hero from a regard ?'IU to principle alone. In the expressive language of thulate '? lamented Governor Tompkius, "Wu go for princijile, not 'hat men." We came not here to declare our preference for ca any particular candidate. We come to signify our adhe- j10' reuce to certain great cardinal principles of the democra- J"*1 tic faith. Not to commence or promote any party or no- l8*' iitical juggfefry, but tu announce our firm determination tbfiI to all hazards,'principles winch are in our opi- Noi nion at the very foundation of the liberty we enjoy.? ?on| (Cheers.) We are here to vindicate that great maxim of by republican government, which lias always ioundinMr. PJJjJ Calhoun a strenuous and consistent advocate and expo* befo nent, "thu greatest good of tho greatest number."? (Cheers.)' I tliink thai every hor,?st anil intelligent oh- 1 server of the present aspect Qf affairs must admit that all 'a,rI the genuine friends of democratic principles and the in- 'bus tegrity of the constitution, are now called on to take a P1""*! tiol id and decisive stand against the ugita'ions and distur- I w 8S hug influences which threaten the peace and prosperity e,ira >f the country. Wo see at present the abolition question wha none part of the country?the tariff in another?free trade ?CU| in nnother, agiUtlu^ tli - people. We see all the evils '"m which a despotic organization oi party, by a rlLfue, neces- a,re larily inflicts, at present threatening the )lo puna interests. ! P1"0! And in sucli a crisis wliat do wo And Mr. raihoui\ drnng? ] J.1"" Why !,y 0" .(miliil Mutiny ?> uim *1 >'*. nvonuu, ho comes boldly nut*nr.!, denounces that despotic party (%a't' organization, and proposes tho oniy remedy ? the frue, l"'n spontaneous, uncontrolled expression of the popular minJ and will, h}' the election of delegates on the district aye- . tem,?(Loud differs.) And it is to act upon this advice wl'' :liat we assemble here to-night: and. heart gj)d soul, f, for 2a"' >ne, am road* to act in tho full spirit of that advice. I 'n?.n :aro not for tno consequences?I can; only for the general "J1'" welfare of tho country; and no party organization?no In- ''an.? luence on earth can induce me to shrink from the duty I f?" >wo rny country.?(Applause.) When General Jackson w?" ,vas before the CPU..try, as a candidate for the highest to " lonors in its gift, 1 Was un humble hut zealous soldier in lis ranks. I fought hard'tor liini. Although young, and If'vc lossesscd of little influence, yet I yielded to none in the ,l?>n, strength of my attachment, am) the vigor of my efforts in lis cause, iiut when General Jackson, in my humble f0'" ipinion, acted wrong, although then in the plenitude of J'0'" us power, I did not hesitate to express my disapprobation. I went for Van liuren when lie win in difficulty, because I " ?)"' regarded his principles s.s those of the gront democratic m'?' iHrty. And now I contend lor the district system .because I regard it as consistent with the doctrines I have express*1. 1 define my position fully and clearly. I ask no fa- 1 zors. I never held an office?I do not think it in good taste "J10 :o speuk much about myself?but you will pardon me^if 1 ' on' say one word on that subject?1 a.sfc no office 1 go for the ' anl Sixth Conure??icral District to] cluct its delegates, on the ''2W only trne dnmoct-aiicprinciHe, tho free expression of the 'Jf? (Hjpular voice. (Cheers.) That is the only 1004c of elec , 1 'ion recegbMcd fjV our constitution?anil it is the only "'rUl mode defensible on ttioso principles of justice and liberty J)'on which that constitution was framed. J do not, on this y,ro occasion, desire to enter on any discussion of the princi- c< pies or |iolicy of free trade. But allow me lo say that the ?" present meeting affords tolerably good evidonces that free ,iro' trade notions are not unpopular amongst tho intelligent r?"' and ingucutl*) portions of the democratic party. I have ??MI not been altogether unacev'tomod to address popular as- ''"J1 emMages of the democracy of New and I can say, ,ac'' with the greatest truth, that I have seldom on any occa c',ar lion witnessed a more respectable assemblage than that I *n aow address. Wc have hero assembled this evening an |'"nj mount of talent, worth, and respectability, the real bone 'dol<l ?nd sinew of the democratic paity of this district?such as r,!,c ii not often mot with. Lot us go on in the spirit manifest- j ~ d 'liis evening, and with such elements of success wo can- j" P tot f lil of accomplishing our end*. (dinars ) l,?t us remem- :an" tier that it lias been sterling honesty,manly candor,and im wavering fi lelity to right principle, united with groat sim- ,l: ilicity and sincerity, which have sustained John C. Galhoun. May we emulate those virtues! (Cheers) With 'hat Illustrious statesman, you hove never seen any thing UksoUMMfT. or political management, or intrigue, or v,',s manoeuvre. lie has lineu oja.n arid uhoviboanl When whB asked for his opinion on any subject, ho has given it cai" frankly and explicitly, without evasion or paltry quits ) bling. He has never refused to define his position. When ri"1 asked a question, he Iirs at once given n straightforward ^fov inswer, with southern frankness nnd southern boldness. ' "n That's the man for me. ([,0111 cheers ) Other men there wllf ire, too, in the democratic ranks, whose talents, patriot- ?an( ism and statesmanship command our highest regard. lro" General ("ass is a man ot the loftiest chnracter?a soldier ?a statesman?a true lover of hi* country. (Cheers.) \nd (here's Colonel l/itk Johnson?(Loud checrri? no ",at MM to aiidiir-e honesty and patriotism. He hM J fought nnd bled for us, and he lias not been allowed to go r"c unrewarded. (Renewed clieers) Aye. and principle will "y'.' carry himtlirough. If Calhoun lilms.df cannot be elect; ' 11,1 ed, Johnson may. (Loud cheers) And I ratlierthink ,.,'a, thnt I have Just named the two men who will eventually ,,ie triumph, with glory encircling their brows, and all too d"?1 without any of your pnltrv wire-working, chicanery oud intrigue. (Ixiuil cheer*.) With respect to n0' Henry Clay and U.?, principles which he advocates, the *?r resolutions havo spoken so Ally, an* Jj, rcch good effect, '''* ' ? . 1 ,i.L . ,1,, I he intend to detain von with any extended remark* on the j," other great nnd important questions set fortli in the resolution*. Indeed the principles thus declared nre of ""J themselves so clear and intelligible, that I am sparid the "J"'1 necessity of urging any thing m th .ir support. Is-t me only remark that tony ara ovury day forcing themselves more nnd more on the great mat* of the people The J*"? intelligent and independent |>ortion* of the democracy? r?n vho constitute after all the roally influontial portion of r,*lv he party, for without independence there can be no In(liience?are all ovar the country rising in their might in lefenco of the right* nnd libertiei of the people. No '.''' rUque however powerful?no tyrannical and unjmt ynrty organization which attempts Jo stifle the free and inde- "" pendent utterance of the volco of the people?CW sitflr.e**- rom fully contend against this awakened public opinion which ha* expressed I'self herd "-night, and wlii'.h i* beginning t0 lie heard all over tlie Union. v" I have detained you, Mr ( diairman and fello-.v-eitUens longer llian 1 Intended ? (cries of "go on." "go:on,")-but "om.1 I really could not retrain irom giving some cxprosiion. r '"' nowrr?A*W^to my sentiment* on the very important mbjeet* wincn hare brought you here this evening J,H 1 Resiles, a* it I* quite fashlouahle now-n-dav* to dtifine ") ' 1 one's position, ( a laugh) 1 wished to let it lie known e*. a'tly where 1 stand. Now, although not n very old *ol- "'? tier in the rank*, yet I have fonjrht pretty hard fur Mr. VV;,[ Vnn Buren, ( have traversed the country, and tave "Tn'*< "speeohifled," to use the vulgar expre**ion, lor him : hut ' I now flnd that Mi. Van Huron eiuinot be alerted.nnd nsthe niece** of the ilemoeratlc party, nml the liest interests o< lie country, ar? rather more valuable in my eye* t'nui " the personal triumph of any Individual, however merito- '' t ious he may he, I choose to go for the democratic part) 'P."1 unlteil on that man who will nave the greatest chnnsr* i,."a iifxiieeei*. (their*) Thus I deflne my position, so (iial " I may not by any possibility be misunderstood; nnd. tie. Tl sides, I am conscious that I am right, and when yon have M right with yon, you need no other assurance that you estsoMt atsgtt. -Mr. Morrill here resumed his seet, d loud and long continued applause. i he resolutions were then put, and carried by acclama' Ir. Mukkiu. thru rose, and introduced to the mcetiug? I eneral Dcrr Grki.h, wlio Hepped on the platform, l d the cheers of the meeting, ?nd uvidontly laboring 1 ler a severe cold, spoke ax follows :? I ir. Chaii man and fellow cili/.ens?It has been said that i of the must important qualifications of an orator, is to I able to make excuses. My voice will muWc its own i logy. v. .. it.) . imi was uoooaeM intMpnwn [ay, as one of thoMi who would u.lilrt-ssphis meeting, I i very little exjeje tation of tieing able to do so. But gen- I nen, my heart is with )ou ; lam known to moat of i i by my worke, and by my works 1 wish to be known, ce Icaine to New York, and have rust my lotrraoogst i ai the editor of a democrntic newspaper, 1 have heard iten repeated that the course whirh the paper itaelf has dicateJ, was calculated to defeat the ends und purposes I

he democratic party. In vindicating the course which i i an editor, felt it riiy duty to take, I would vindicate I proceedings which you yourselves have already udop- < This is a momentous question. It goes hack to the i y principles on which our liberties as a people depend. I vhat do we dilfer from the monarchies of Europe?? ; at is the grand characteristic of our government I it i hat the people are capable of wise and ellicient selfeniment. it is that the people arc capable, and not i y that they are capable, but have uu inalienable rigid, ielectiiig the rulers Into whose hand they commit the illustration of the government in all its branches, and h all its responsibilities. What is (he principle for ich we wonteiid this evening, and which has been ani need in ih u resolutions just adopted? It is that the :hinery of party has run ss long in ono direction, i t the will of the people in the selection of their i it magistrate, is not to be respected?that the exercise heir privilege and right of choice is to be defeated, it I uly necessary that we prove that?that we show that I operation of natty discipline has been sqch as to con- i , and thereby defeat tjie will of the people, in order to i lent a full and complete justification of our conduct in eyes of the party and the country. I have asked in I at wo diil'er from the monarchic of tfcti old world? It I i this?tiiut'ho wlio administer* the government is se>ed by the people. Hero the head of Uie government is identaliycreated;thera the monarch,in whom the sove- I pity of the country rests, derives hi- j,a wor af.'! ' uy inheritance, tlere the sovereignty of the peoide s in the Kxecutive of their own choice and selection, eers.) But, as has been remarked by the gentleman i j proceeded me, it lias been charged that wo are disorders?thai the course we aro disposed to take may put j ( lay into power?and thut thus we may cause the lion of a chief magistrato whose principles we do not i rove. I deny the fact. In the first place, the proceed- I i we Odqpt ure proceedings which the democratic par- i hrough their organs, throughout tue country, have i r compelled to approve. A nil now let us for a moment nine the jiosition in which we are placed. It is this? eral .Jackson, in 1834, was a candidate against the cau- ' nomination. He was denounced bythe Jllbany Jlrgus the Rirhmond Knquirir, for permitting his name to be i I in opposition to caucus nominations at Washing- i The Mtinnu Jlrgus told us tiiat lie was i II... V-fTl ,1 linn fin ,1 n/,1. , d Enquirer said that he wax no more (It to be a i lidont than a colt. Yot General Jackson wax elected I ddent notwithstanding the opposition of the Albany i tit and the Richmond Enquirer. The candidate nomi- I id by the Congressional caucus, proved to bo iocom- 1 iut to discharge the duty if he had been elected. The < didateof the Congressional caucus was the candidate I dice seekers, who wished to enrich themselves upon i spoils of office; and he was selected because he was I e the instrument In the hands of those by whom he 1 nominated. The resolutions which you have adopted I e declared that you are opposed to high and protective i ffs. And why, so? Because the principle of our Oo- i nmcnt is that we should pay no more money into the I lie treasury than is necessary for the proper and eco- i licol administration of the Government. And the I iciple of the Government is, that thosu to whom you I ust the pawerof government shall so administer it, I the sum which you pay in shall he sudicient I idray the expenses of the government. N ow who are I parties who are taking the most actiye part in the ctiun of a candidate according to the old party ma- 1 lerv to which you aro opposed I Are they not the I i who are In omce, or who expect to obtain otHce, or | > arc to he benolittad in some shape or other by the i tion of the candidate whom they put in nomination 7 I I what is the reason that they are so unwilling that i people should have a voice in the selection of a candi- i ! ? Is it not the apprehension that if the people be i suited, the candidate chosen will not be the man who i distribute office amongst them 7 This, then, is a i stlon in which we are all deeply and directly con- ' ted, nnd which involves the principles adopted in i r resolutions. And, hence, it becomes necessary that i should, in the language of Mr. Jefferson, tecur to i principles as the means of carrying out your will I le operations of tlio government. But to recur to the rge that we are about to defedt the democratcandidate. I lay it down as a pro)>osition, it is manifest that unless the democratic party t be unanimous In the support of a candidate, |hu can- | be elected. All that I ask, thcreforn, is that all who st upon making the nomination 'at Baltimore, shall ; such a course as will command the confidence, and efore the support of the democratic party, c v, the pro|>osition wos first made that the nominaiiag t vention should bo held last fall. That was proposed Maryland or,d qthe- States, but the nomination was ponod till the first of May. S rme of "the gentlemen re the country were written to, and Mr. Calhona ngst thereat He replied that he was willing to yield ic(]iiiescence to a nomination made by "a Convention ' y constituted and properly organized." The pledge given was on the sole'c.ondition that the democratic y would thus organise the Convention, because that the only condition ort whjch Ustrmony was to be se- | d Now, have tiiey done so? Does any one doubt t Mr. Calhoun's views were? He lias said tnat be id not recognize the Convention as binding upon , , and why? Because lie has'demonstrated,as you have ady declared, thatfit was not "fairly constituted ami ' lerly organized," and therefore it will not command : '.oniclenrc of the party. WW fclUwut By iirvaslug , .? <! ana leaving lis no alternative but to adopt the lidate which may he nominated by this Convention, sady condemned,) or to vote for the whig candidate, , whose manciples we are opposing. Now, what you 7 l/o you come forward and sav that you f vote for Clay, because yoij disapprove of the organi>n of this Convention 7 Certainly not. Yon say to i that you recogni/e them as democrats, although you ' ivo solemnly that the proceedings in this respect, en- t for the success of the democratic party. You say | are unwilling to put the interests of that party or the are of tlio country itself at hazard ; and invoke them < nite with you inj the effort to secure the confidence f support of the party. And what do you do 7 You , mum iiiuu. tuii tin iijiuh un-iu i" nuiku nu iiuiiuiiuat Baltimore, lint 11 nile with yon in (Convention 011 Fourth of July, that von may on that spot, where r fatherv declared their Independence, ngnin unite voices in support of a candidate who shall receive r united support, and thus tie elected. (Cheers.) Now an were taking ground with the other party, they it charge you with being disorganize . But disn is already in the ranks. Already you linve seen Buchanan in the field?next Mr. Calhoun?and I hold tcr in my pocket 00)0 OeneralOts's, which warrants in saying, that if nominate! by tho Fourth of July rention, you will have a candidate. (Cheers.) Now gratified that in your resolutions you have not tied n your delegate to any particular candidate? imendous cheering)?that the will (of the 'people 1 lie fairly expressed. You send him Jwith inBtjmi which will tend to hnrmouize the parYou send him! with instructions which will w upon the other members of the party who refuse >-opentte with you all tho responsibility of disunion, send him with instructions vyiiich will give the only nisc of success. And may we not hope that ourhrethwho say that without union with us they must nearilybe defeated,will remember that union is strength, tlemen, before I take my seat, I will refer to another I am gratified that your resolutions have openly de- 1 od that yon aro the advocates of free trade. (Cheers ) j ow thai it u.s |M>charged?and 1 suppose every genan here lias heard it Intjmnteil thnt I have some British in my pocket?(A laugh)? tliat I am hare as the repntntivo of the Anti-Corn-Law League. I will give an anecdote on that point, which has been published art of thu proceedings at one of the elections in Kngi while I was thoro. Home three or four years ago, e were three or four young men of no very great note int time, in Manchester, who conceived the idea of ting a leagne for the purpose of overthrowing the Bricorn law. That little meeting there, like the grain of tard seed, lias risen tip into a power which now conies the government of Kngland itself, and shows you t perseverance, industry, and Intelligence, in a right le, can accomplish. It should tie an encouragement on to persevere, because; being on tho right side, hare only to persevcra to command success. 1 it I answer the charge of being on the side of the Anti- . 1 Latv League by repeating the fact which occurred , 111 was in Kngland. It was this: in the case of a va:y on one of the Cathedral (Durham) cities that had 1 time immemorial been represented by a Tory, this i-Corn Law League determined to canvass the city 1 a free trade candidate. It was charged upon others they were a foreign influence, invading and interig with the rights of tho people of that particular city, y said that as subjects 01 the empire, they were deeply , rested in etery election which took-plaeo in the led Kingdom, and they claimed the privilege of lieing d because a Member of Parliament had to legislate for interest of the whole, and especially on particular stions on which they were disposed to advise them. ' upon the day of election, the Anti-Corn Law League only came represented by these gentlemen, hut they I n represented by the American flag, side by tide with British flag, marching-in procession to the polls. i charge then was. that not only was foreign influence idir.p tLcr,-,. hvt thnt it was invading them under a . iga flag. ThW answer In the ctiaige u?s ihis, "Yes, Hag is an emblem ol cheap trend; nnd we distinctly erstninl Iwe make it the issue? to? shall not tax the ' man's bread and the poor man's meat. That ling re- I lent* the American people, who are our children, nnd t ivi*h to break down the harrier* which prevent them ' i using our mSnlifartdre*, ap./ prevent tliem from re- ] Ing the product* of our lalror in exchange for their , ufactnrea." (Cheers.) It ii thui that llio battle of , trnde i* fighting upon the other aide of the water, pier*.) 1 tell yon. I come among yon to tight the battle eo trade upon this *ide in the name spirit, (Cheers.) Ii yon I do not come hero with British jrold '?> J e here proud that I nm n descendant front the British do, to tell you that we have one pM the tame Intermit, 1 that 1 hope to *ec the day noon arrive when our inter- t will hn ao united that no monopolists can persuade tt* " I* not our Interest lo he united, (cheers.) I hope i to iee the <!oy w the ship*, which we nre told ore no. <siiall he again called firth ; when your carmen 1 And comUnt emplovment in 'nking the product* ol , rjrh valley of the Weit to the ?hlp?, and In conveying , arodnrt* of Kngland to yotir home*, thu* giving hap**, mi'l joy, ami comfort to our peopllJ (f hepr* ) It r ; on, the freemen of the United State*, to come for- > d at this time and at thin moment, and give it to he | uratood by Congress that nil that i* wanting i? for a to rrdiico your taritr. to coerce the British governt to reduce their*: so that the artificial measure* which 5 separated two people, who ought to tin one in intermd feeling, shall no longer exist. (fJreat applause ) r. Mnasn.i. then rose and moved that Mr. M'Cracken elected as the delegate to the Convention at Philadel , on the fourth of July next, the anniversary of A me a Independence, le motion having lieen seconded? r. MTascss:* rose ond ?ald, I have request*! Mr. But-1 " ,' tr ii l?r to draw up > resolution which will take tha shape of n emetidment totha motion just proposed. namely, "re solved that the election of a delegate to the National Convention at Philadelphia do take place on the tint day of May next." (Cheers.) As you have done roe the honor tainention me as u delegate, I consider that an additional reeson why the election shouldMic put oti* I sympathise, however, moayteartily with nil the views and feelings of he gentlemen who have called thin meeting. I ain at trong ait advocate of free trade as any of thorn. 1 am as inxious to put ilowu the confederacy which wishes the election of Martin Van Bttrcn as any man can be. 1 am us loalous for the liberties which that coutcdcrucy will compromise as any man can be. (Cheers) But I am apprehensive of accepting a power which those who give it to me may hy and bye wish to see recalled. ((Jreat cheering.) I am ilcsiious of seeing every proceeding of this iort taken rightly and unexccptiouably; I urn desirous not >nly that it shall result us those who take it would wish it to result, but that it shall also lie free from he reproaches which the other tide might cast jpon it?one of which will lie that of making bis ap|iointment Ave months before the time for holding he Convention.?(Cheers) The situation of things may ilso change in the meantime; the sympathy of views between myself and many members here may change; it ii possible, too, that in deciding by nn individual representative we mav (litter. It is tlierel-ire verv dmimhbi Hint voters should know the sentiments of the candidate, ami see that he represents their'* faithfully. At present the majority may ap|*ar to be great in favor of Mr. Calhoun; but he may be withdrawn. There is some doubt about Oen. Cass; perhaps he may be induced to endorse the Bal. timore Convention. If he do, he forfaits our confidence. But if Mr. Calhoun should withdraw entirely, and still his name be brought forward again, 1 shall, under all circumstances, go far him.?(Cheers.) If that were the only rjuestion I should have no hesitation in being selected as your deligatlon here to-night. But how con you, not snowing more, and not knowing who may be brought forward, elect a delegate to represent you?' I therefore submit this amendment to the motion, and I with to see it sarried ? (Cheers.) Mr. L. 8. Koov?I think you must not have understood the oiroumstanoes under which we meet, and the situation of the friends of the democratic party peuding the Baltimore Convention now fixed. Tlte Delegates have tongsinco been appointed to that Convention, and we know that a particular n\an will then be nominatedft very mean* have been used to intimidate the friends of all the other candidates, and all of us have been threatened with proscription if We did not bring the democratic party hack to Subscribe to the caucus nomination for tho Baltimore Convention. It is, therefore, necessary for us to act at once. (Cheers,) We have been told that we shall be carried down and driven into submission to the nomination of that Baltimore Convention ; and if evpr this movement is allowed to rest, wo shall find that individuals will ba intimidated or bought, >r operated upon in some manner to subscribe to the Baltimore Convention. Vou propose by that amendment that this nomination shall rest until the first of May. That will be alter the nomination of the Baltimoro Convention, and immediately after that nomination the spirit sf it will go abroad throughout the whole country. The screws of party will be put upon every individual. Kvery man will be deterred from the expression of his Bpinion, and party tyranny will bp put tu exercise, and it will ba found that then we have hut little time in w hich :o prepare for tho fight, and mncb less to fight tho battle, is it ought to be iought (Cheers) I. therefore, am in ravor of moving at once. (Cheers.) I see In this assembly good democrats and spirited individuals, and a ball will be set this night in motion, and you will see the 6th Congressional District will hare the honor of itarting the ball in favor of the District System, and that this ball shall roll on until it gathers "up all the democracy of the whole Union?(chcors)?and it shall have mode the packed Convention o| next April in Baltimorej \uakc with fear, ut'the voice of thcjieonle they ?re attempting to misrepresent?(cheer* ) wo nave no time to lose in this matter. I, as a resident here, am proud of the honor of being an inhabitant of the first district of the Union that takes the first step in this bold and noble "wue?\viiBcr# ; iuoti, it** u?e hmu ui ecvuim^ iu ua this honor, I hope your resolution will not pa??, but that 'he resolution by Mr. Morrill will past unanimously in this meeting. I tell you, air, there is no danger ui what you have expressed in reference tq your uction in that Convention. I kqow that, as a democrat, you are a friend :o our Institutions, and I know tho people are always the persons to dictate to, to instruct their delegates, on all occasions, and that their delegates or representatives ore >ound to ohey those Instructions. Now, let me draw your ittcntinn to the resolutions which this meeting has adopted, You will llireejfind, if yon accept of our election tolight, that you ?re instructed by us, that w-hen you ret to the Convention at Philadelphia you shall then ict, as you shall deem most conducive to the interests of rollr constituents and the people of the United States? [Load cheers.) Now, unuer that instruction and that resolution, I am very glad and willingto placo the power n your hands); and in order tponahie us to do so, I move hat your resolution lie upon the table. "A Or.xTLr.M4N asked the speaker if he belonged to this listrict, so as to entitle him to speak on the motion 1 Mr. Ennr.?Yes sir. I belong to thai 17th Ward; and, hereforo, I hove a right to uppear and speak here? [Cheers) Tho Chair man then put the question, when the amendnent of Mr. MoCracken was ordered to lie upon the table. The motion appointing that gentleman delegate was then tarried unanimously, and Mr. K-. K. Collins was elected he substitute. Albany, [Correspondence of the Herald.] Amuny, Feb. fltli, 1841. Trouble with the Mails?Intrigue with Newspaper Editors?Anointments?Survey of Candidates? JVhig Governor aqd lVl\iik>y Toddy. Dear Sir? The very Old Boy seems to have got into the nails and expresses; not a copy of vour widely lought-lor Journal had been received here op to Sunday morning of a later date than Tuesday.? What is the matter, and who is to blame 1 The Surrogates having been nearly all appointed, nnd nch teat of the treasury having been supplied with i mouth, the oflioe seekers have taken their depar arture, nnd a ntan can pass through the hall of the :apitol. where the tide waiters assembled, without icing dragged into the Executive Chamber, to sup?ort a man he never saw before. Mr. Van lhiren did not succeed in causing the til and water of the Argus and Atlas to commingle, ind it is now currently reported tha; a change is to ake place in the aflairs of the Alias. Mr. French, ?? -? -1 r i.i. 1 ? I young u^iiuuiiuiu ui wt'hiui, niui |iub?cbdcu <*i onsideraltle talent,who owns the Atlas and ninsfgr 'ongress, has, it is said, grown weary of publishing it considerable expense, a pa|ter for nmusenient, and Mr. Cnssiday, a very capable, hut indolent writer, set|ually tired of editing gratis, nnd the twain are ihout to sell and dispose of the Atlas to Messrs. Iryant & Co. of the Evening Eos). In the event of iuch an arrangement going into efl'ect, Mr. Van >yke, formerly of the Argus, and pet haps Mr. Godvin, will he the editors. My word for it, such an irrangement will not improve the matter, for Mr. /an Dyke is not more capable than Mr. Cassiday, ind neither possess the shrewdness and tact of 3ro8well. The Argus has, however, of late, been eit too much to the management of an assistant ditor, who writes well enough, but who seems to re ignorant of tho fact, that every political pa|>er nust be conducted with some especial aim and.end in view. The Judgeship of the Third Circuit is still in ibeyance, and it is whispered about that General Peter Gansevooit, of this city, now first Judge of Jomnion Pleas, is to wear the ermine. Judge G. is a inan of old and excellent family, is rich, much respected, and a good lawyer, but more than ill, in thqeye oJ the (?pyep(or, lie (s Dutch. I cannot earn certainly that hc'is a candidate, but it he is, 1 will wager a suit ol clothes, that he is appointed; le has been Senator one term. Hodman's hobby, for reasons urged by the ex-President, and mentioned heretofore, has received the go by, for this session, and a convention will not be pro|>osed this session. In the interim, quid nunrg are looking ihout for a candidate for Governor. Amonget the lames mentioned, there is one, which as yet meets with no opposition, nnd which h<< m |?> strike every me as peculiarly appropriate; lhat is, Chief Justice Nelson, of the Sqpfemc Court. He is an honest, talented, high mmded man: has beonj for 15 years emovea Irom the turmoil of parly, and has in no way been mixed up with tho measures of either secion of the party, having sedulously refrained from dl active partisanship, since his elevation to the 'tench. It is said that there is not n inan in the -Hate, against whom so little that is injurious can t?e said, and for whom so much car, ho urged. Horace Greeley's nomination of Willis Hall, excites no si'nalj amusement in this quarter, and I imagine Hoinec will find (hat he is not the whig tarty. John Collier, (hp opnoncnt, In the convention of (iriv. llnuiir.h. in still in the field, and from Inn high order of talents and hi* personal character, it will be hard to nominate any one over liim. Seward will not be a candidate, but llradiah and Weed will be. There is to be a city assembly of the aristocracy it Congress Hall this evening, which is intended 0 be vastly select, but the great trouble here is, as t is in New Vork, that u lar^e portion of the arisocracv have a mushroom origin and growth. Of he managers, but two would have been admitted 1 few years since; these are Gen. Cooper and Mr Temple?but wealth will |>reah dawn even social inrriers, nnH exclustveness is nil gammon. We. vho dwell at Congress Hall, will share in the festiies, and I will most likely give you n sketch of maters and things. An I? f.voir. tiook ottt for Your ^ic.vs,?The Corporation Attorney is commencing suits against all persons vhose signs project on the street. Ho look out, ns ve hive warned yon in time. Ai.aiiama riiksiikt.?We had n conversation ,'i'sterday with a gentleman from Alabama, in reinion to tlm great frishetby which our communiratioi.s vith the North liave tieen so seriously interrupted, lie presents the country on the Warrior, Noxubee and Big> e rivers n< Iving unit) r * very itetOgo ol water when he ft it, some four days r.lnre, lite face of the country wits n?-heet of water, enveloped in n coveting of unpicked otton, K.verythlng was afloat. Kven cotton in the hale had t be laden upon passjnglstcamtiofits by floating it to Ihetn cross the holds, thickens hud other fowls were as ill if as the hrstdovc Noah sent forth from the ark the trees vero their only refuge. Kenres liave tie on carried way, gullies cut through cotton fluids, coin in i fisncd off, anil in avcry variety of mode mischief has leen done. The amount of loss'lt is impossible to estimate, nit it is undoubtedly immense. The sufferers have nil uir sympathies.?N. Orlrani Picmjnnr, Jan tK|. | Opera.?'Th* lull sunshine of rucress | has already descended on the opera. Each representation improves on the preceding, and the numbers and brilliancy of the audiences increase pro- M partionably. The wind instruments Imyc been n-_) duced, eeventl improvements made, the compauy acquit themselves with increased ^r/uf,and altogeth- ~ er SignorPalmo has the most convincing reason in the world, to felicitate himself on the success thus tar ol his enterprise. It only wunts the infusion of a ititic more talent to make tins the most irresistibly popular company ever organized in uny country. As it is, it is a most admirable one, but with De Hegnis, Mrs. Sutton, and Madame Otto, it would produce a tremendous excitement. The Opera is now the whole talk in fashionable society. At balls, parties, masquerades?every where?it is?"Have you seen Borghesel" "How do you like her 1" "Don't she dress beautifully 1" "What a finely set head she hasl" "What bright eyes !" In fact there are now only two excitements here?the one is the cotton excitement and the other is the opera excitement. Jloney is making in all directions. Business is prosperous. The merchants, the fashionable people, the traders, every body begins to spend money cheerfully. The old times indeed arc returning?and the opera is the only place of amusement thought of. ? It really would uppear that the tiling has been done and that the opera is at last permanently / established amongst us. Hereafter it will be as fashionable in New York as it is in Paris and London. Why, already|people can hardly muster courage to confess?"I have not yet been to the opera." To-night again?9ee the bill of the play. Another Doei,.?Mu. Webb in Taoum.ii.?We understand that Mrs. l'arlin, the beautiful lihode Island patriot, has taken offence at some abuse against her in the Courier, and thus writes to Webb:? New Youk, Feb.6th, 1S44. Coi.osr.i. Wibh, F.?q:? Sik? My attention having been called to lome remarks made by you in this morning's Courier & inquirer, it betAnen 1 mv ilutv to from von. th? authority huMiiich k you have taken upon yourself to moke suc)w|^H umU malicious statements. I have never found it necessary. to changb *hoBk X tions principles in which 1 was brought up from chit?oo<l. As to advocating Gov. T. W. Dorr, I have done so because I obeyed the feelings of a woman, finding my husband incarcerated in a loathsome prison on account of his political principles ; end so far from repenting the deed, I look upon it as the happiest moment of my life, when I rescued him and restored him to the bosom of his own family. 1 cannot conclude without remarking, that I sincerely regret your contract 'with the Governor of this State; and in case you were ditferently situated, might prove to % you that I had not entirely forgotten the use of a pistol, that would enable me to teach you a lesson how to speak Jt of aUady. Iam, sir, Stc. ANN PARLIN. General Sessions. Before Recorder Tsllmadge, and Aldermen Briggs aud Waterman. Jonas B. Phillips, F.sq. Acting District Attorney. Jan. 7.?Jlrrest of Henry F. Schaffrr.?Mr. Phillips stated that a bench warrant liad been issued fertile apprehension of Henry F. Sehaffer, who had bean Indicted for obtaining goods under false pretences, and placed in the bands of officer Bowycr, who bail found the accused in the F.ldridge street prison. The officer had proceeded to the Erison to arrest him, and the keeper had refused to deliver im up. The Uecordsu stated that the keeper was bound to surrender him at once, and they should sec (hatha obeyed the authority of this court. Otficer Bowyer returned, end the accused was immediately surrendered, and lodged in the City Prison on criminal process. A nolle prosequi was entered in the case of James R. Hughes, indicted for false pretences, in collecting moneys due the ottlce of "The Churchman." Mr. Sparks, the publisher, apjieared aud solicited his discharge. Plea of Guilty.?Henry C. Sutton, indicted for an assault and battery on William W. Canham, on tho 13th of November, entered a plea of guilty, and was ordered foe sentence on Friday of next week. Riot on New Year's Day.?Thomas Cochrane, Patrick Rogers, Robert Roach, John Barry, James Riley and Thomas; Doyle, hoy s, wore tried for riotous conduct in Canal street, on New Year's Day, and all convicted except. Doyle. Trial of Joseph Gulick, the MiiUiaJfine Collet tor.?This notorious individual was tried yesterday ou a charge of aisault and battery committed op the person of Mrs. Catharine Peck, wife of F.hepessr M> P?ck,j Ksq. In Novtroher last, tiqder aggravated circumstances. Gulick appeared in court attended by bis counsel, Horace F. Clark, and Harris Wilson, Ksqs. and Col. Horace R. Hudson, hi* security. Mrs. Peck testified that Gulick r.amn to her house ou the 23d of Novemlier and entered her room without knocking. He immediately seised her by the ] arm while she hud her infant ohikl tn her arms, and held her until the cartmen that he brought with him removed a > bureau containing her clothing, and several other urti cles, whioh Ue had levied upon for paymnatof a militia line. Her testimony wo* confirmed fry a (errant girl named Mary Mortc, who said ?he wan also aeverely injured fry one of the frrutal caitmen, who accompanied Oulick. This closed the tcitimony for prosecution. The defence called Homer. R. Hudsox, looking glass maker, of 14!) Kulton street, who testified that he wax President of the Court Martial of the 4Sth Brigade, and that ho had issued the warrant for the appointment of .James tiulick, the prisoner at the l>ar, on the 'J'id of Nn? ember, 1341, the day before thU assoult was committnl. On cross examination hp could not testify as to the residence of the prisoner, nor did he know whether he;rcsiihd in tin's city or in this State. The defence then called a cartman, who said his name was Builey Van Velsor, but his tcitimony being irrelevant, he was withdrawn. Tho next witness was Bamucl Van VcUor, who stated that he had long been quo of On lick's omryciates, or assistants in removing goods levied for mid ilia fines, nnd that he went with lum To remove the furniture of Mrs. Peck, hilt that Oulick did not commit any violence upon any body. Btefjiou Underwood, another cartmnn, was coiled. He wgs a very particular assistant of tiulick, and was also one of the party that entered the house of Mr. Peck, nnd, as a matter of courso, confirmed the tcsti monyof the previous cartmen. Philip C. Van Valen w as next placed on the stand. Ho was also a cartman, and long been one of Oulick's employees?he saw nobody strike n blow except Mrs. Peck, anil when she struck tiulick sho had ohc hand hold of the door -knob and the other arm holding her little infant'. The defence here closed, and tho prosecution called Jacob 8. Dickenson, Esq , on* of the clerks of policsp. whq testified that when tiulick was nrrested on this charge, at the police, he stated that he was a resident ot New Brunswiok, New Jersey, where his family resided. Officer Bowyer was also called, who testified that Onlick sei/.ed his brothel-in law's goods in a similar way, and when he went to inquire after him he found his family resided id New Jersey. Mr. Piiii.lim here read the bond taken before the police, in which Oulick had requested his residence to be taken as at New Brunswick, New Jersey. Mr. Clxrk, for defence, ofrjootvd, and contended that there was no statute dunning that special deputies to collect militlik fines should be residents of this State. fl Somebody said in a whisper?" No, they ought to be reresidents of Kamschalka " Mr. riiii.Lips took the sound legal position that all marshals, constables, and other officers, should be residents of the State ; or their acts wore in violation of law, and those who appointed them were as liable as thuy were in all casus of trespass upon the rights of citizens. The CounT decided that such was the spirit of our laws, and admitted the testimony as legal and proper in every rospect. No exceptions were taken by counsel far dafence to the decisions of the Cotnl, Justice Merritt and Jacob Hays were then called to prove that Oulick, the prisoner at the bar, was a resident of New Jersey, according to his own confession. One of the Jurors enuuTrcd where Oulick voted, \v liich question created great laughter In the Court. Tho case was summed un with great force on tlrepiil of the prosocution by Mr. Phillips, who carriod the misL. ings of the whole audience with him. lie alledgcd that all the cartmen who were with h?m were equally guilty of this brutal Miault upon a lady and her infant, while L?h; husband was absent from Uts house, and that they could he enually punished if armted. That Gulick. the prisoner at the bar, bad acta) in the rapacity he had been appointed by Colonel Horace H. Hudson, LookingjGlas* maker, at 14ft K ulton street, without legal authority, au<l therefore that ell his acta were acta of trespass, for which he as well as his agent were guilty. Tbo Rccoanaa briefly charged the fury,in the conrse of which, he alluded to the onerous character of the militia law of this Stato ? a law which not only empowered its agents to remove the cradle Irons the sleeping infant?the bed from thedying mother, but also contrary to the spirit of every other State law, incarcerated the Unlr far a <U l,* luc to satisfy tlie tapacious demands of t he militia system jg Vet he said this was th? law, and until the Legislator * would alter it the public would be cursed with its evil* Ho then reviewed the testimony of the ease, and decided, d as the court had befoie, that under the testimony if the jury believed that Uulick, the prisoner at the bar was not a resident of tip) State, the odeuce of assault and liattery, if proved, was still more aggravated. The Jury had agreed npon a" verdict without leaving 'heir seats, but some were anxious to make the additional verdict of trespass, and they, therefore, retired, They returned almost instantly, nnd rendered a verdict of assault and luttery, but if the " trespass'' could legslly have been reiiflcriwi m me veruici, or rven me QiH*nre or t>uvjfi8?y, we have no doubt that their indignation nj^1 touiui urn^ would have mfrleU in their verilfot. The verdict wria received with mnnlfeatatlon* of nppinnae hy the ntidicnoo, whioli wa? Itmtnntly mipprp*sed by the officer* Onliok will bo tried next wc,.k on anothrr moat aggrit rated cnae of AMaull *-,ii| battery on B Herman woman lamei] lr?ure? T'liitlipn, who wan aaaanlted by him while k date of pregnancy, and most shamefully treetwl and nlauaed Warrant* worn immediately iaatieil'(or Ihfi three vart nen who a**Wto:l < Julirk at the time he committed the a? emit on Mr*. Teek. ?ud ?nit? of treapa** will al?o be im. ne liatelv commenced again*! him and Colonel Horace l!-J Ittdaon, looking <<bia* maker of 140 FttHon *trect, hv nn'teron* persona who have been eompelled to par militia dnea to till* agent of tho Court Martial of the 4Mh Brigade of thia city. All |ietToti* who have been thna impoied upon, will 'ervelhe rause of jtutloe by leaving their name* with oficera MeKibbon or Brt wn of the Cower Police Oilier. . hsault nn,l Hatlery (i?orge Oillot, a victualler, waa 'rled on n ebnrge of neanaiIt anil battery on a young man named William W. Pnnly who haj been in hi* employ, and acquitted. vThe Court then adjourned to thl* morning at 11 o'clock ? J