Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 20, 1844, Page 2

February 20, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORKJHERALD. New York, Tweatkjr, VebraMt '-*<>, 1M4 Non-Arrival Of tke ItMm Skip Hlb??U. When the "land mail" left Boston atone o'clock on Sunday afternoon, the steam ship Hibernia had not made her appearance. She hud then been fourteen days at aea. It is very probable that she arrived there before four o'clock yesterday afternoon, and in that caac we shall receive her news sometime this morning, which will be issued immediately in an Extra Herald. It will be highly important in any and every respect at which if ran be received. ____ The Maryland Election?Singular Conduct op the Free Trade Men.?The more we examine the results of the recent Maryland election, the more we are surprised, astounded, and conlounded at its very curious and remarkable results. One lis verv significantly. There can be uo doubt in analysing the results and comparing them with former results, that the defeat of the locofoco party is owing entirely to the defection of the Calhoun man in Maryland?the friends of the South Carolina statesman in that State being very numerous. Now the oddity of the result is this : Here is a certain party of men,hoisting the free trade standard?making that the shibboleth of their party lor years?a sort of tine qua non with all candidates tor their suffrages?here is this party, when their antagonists, the high protective men, under the skilful management of Mr. Kennedy, come forward and offer them battle, ingloriously fleeing from the field and suffering their opponents to carry the State almost by default, so faras they are concerned! What are we to understand from this conduct of the free-trade friends of Mr. Calhoun 1 Is this an evidence of their great chivalry in favor of their own principles, and their indifference as to mere men 1 We think not. We think they have abandoned their case at a most important point of the contest, and given a victory to the high-tariff, bank and assumption men, that will contribute more to kill free trade, and to kill Mr. Calhoun, and to kill all the other interests depending on it, than any thing which has yet taken place. The only conclusion to which we can come is, that with all their chivalric pretensions, the free trade men if Maryland, and perhaps those of northern States generally, and with all their enthusiasm for their I principles, they prefer men to them after all, or they would not abandon their party at a most important crisis?at the very straits of Thermopylae, as it were. This is the singular result of that election therefore, and shows most conclusively that if the friends of Mr. Calhoun, General Cass, and all the other antagonists of Mr. Van Buren are going to remain at home in the ensuing Presidential contest, Mr. Clay and his principles will have a most overwhelming victory at the polls. Well, if it be so, we don't care. If the friends of free trade?the chivalric friends of free trade?the enthusiastic friends of tree trade, thus abandon their own cause at the most interesting crisis in the contest?at the very bridge of Lodi?at the scaling of the Alps?be it so. But let them never talk again about attach ment to principles in preference to men, or chivalry in prelerence to indolence hereafter. Tux expected Financial Developments.?The exposition promised by Mr. Graham, the Postmaster of this city, in reference to the North American Trust Company, is looked for with a great deal of interest by the whole community, high and low. Indeed, the explosion of that com pany, ana me remarkable revelations respecting other trust and banking corporations, have created a feeling in this community such as we never recollect to have met with before. And this feeling never will rest until there be some radical change made in the estimation of the private and individual character oi those persons who have been connected with these affairs. Look at theextraordinaiy developments made in this city in relation to many monied incorporations. Look at the deception, the fraud, the wholesale plunder of the widow and orphan. Look at these developments implicating men who impudently arrogate to themselves the highest position in society, and then look at the apathy with which these things are regarded by the great mass of the community. A few years ago, implication with such cases as those of recent occurrence wouldliave hurled any man, whatever his station, to merited disgrace and oblivion. But now, these men come forward with all the impudence and nonchalmnct in the world, and appear to consider that ths only difference in public robbery is that of respectability according to the amount plundered ! Our courts, and juries, and public press?that is, what is called the respectable portion of it?and our pulpits, and all the civil institutions of society, are silenced. The only real representation of the moral feelings of a community of honest men is to be found in a small portion of the press wko are indel>endent of all these financial and other deleterious influences. But, after all, we believe that a crisis lias come, and that a deep feeling of indignation has been awakened in the public mind against all who have disgraced themselves, their families, their connexions, and their country, by gross malversation in office and gross plundering in private institutions. It is time that these crimes should be checked in future, and their perpetrators placed in their proper position hereafter. Another Dkfaixation.?It is rumored that there has another extensive defalcation taken place. A bookkeeper in the employ ot one 01 our oiaesi anu moat respectable merchants in the First Ward, has, by false entries and divers other fashionable foisterings, defrauded his employer and benefactor of $50,000. The facts, when made public, will create great astonishment, as the artor in this farce is well known in the mercantile circles. Nothing will avail in putting an end to these frauds but a law placing all this class of robbers in solitary confinement in the State Pris-m?our commercial interest demands the prompt passage of such an act. - Titi Duel in Washington.?This horrible murder is just what ought to be expected in such a state of society as that of Washington. The state of the press?of Congress?of society in general there, naturally leads to such things. All i s corrupt and rotten, and it is only because the members of the legislature are generally such cowards, that blood does not daily bedew the streets of the eapitol. The spectacle is really appalling. Negligence in the Post Office ?We are satisfied that the cause of our slips not reaching the south " till the next day," is in the Post office, in Washington city. They are regularly sent from tkia nitu hn iK? nawauiwr clerk. and reach Wash i rift on in due season. Thence they go anywhere, at any time, aj best suits the Postmaster of that miserably-managed branch of the t'epartment. Mysteries of the St a?e?Barry's lecture on the uses and abuses of the stage, will be n very curious affair, if he goes into the subject in its whole length and breadth. We have just had a singular work from the pen of a clever young man, named Wilkes, which unveils in a most effective way the mysteries ot the Tombs and Court of .Sessions of this city. The disclosures are perfectly appalling. For the first time we have been able to take a peep into its pages, and certainly it appears to be one of the most curious things we have seen of late. Some passages exceed in interest any ever written by Sue, and the writer of this little brochurt possesses infinitely more talent thnn many who make great pretensions in that department of literature in this latitude. Same of City PaosaaTY.?The ordinance lor the sale of all city property not used lor public purposes became a law last evening, it having passed the Board of Aldermen with tha amendments from the Assist iants Whig Movkjuxt* im this City.?The whigs are preparing to organize for the spring election, and froin all appearances they are determined not to be merged into the Native American phalanx. Last evening they opened the ball in the Eighth Ward with fine inuaic?beautiful girls?elegant dancing?and all the other matters belonging thereto. From the following bulletin it will be perceived that they are about to nominate a Mayor for themselves Ct^Tiia DctiocBATie Whio F.i.k( tobs of th* City and County of New York are requested to asierotile In their respective Wards at the place* hereafter designated, on Monday Evening, the 26th in?t., lor the purpose of selecting three Delegates from each Ward, to represent them in a Whig Mayoralty Convention, to he held at the Broadway House on Friday Evening, the first of March next, at 7) o'clock. Also te appoint Ward Nominating Committees for Charer Officer*. lit Ward Thresher's Broad Street Hotel. 2d " Second Ward Hotel, Nassau it, :kl ' North River Coffee House, Washington st. 4th " Mhakspeare Hotel. 3th " Marion House. Oth " National Hall. 7th " Franklin Hotel. Sth " Howard House. ?th " Northern Exchange, Bleeckerit 10th " Columbian Hall. 11th " Corner of Avenue D and Fourth st 12th " Heed's Hotel, Bloomlngdale. 13th " Corner Clinton and Orand its. 14th " Brosdway House. 13th " Constitution Hall. 10th " Hazleton's, 6th Avenue and 17th it. 17th " Henry Clay House, Avenue A and 1st st. By order, N. BOWDITCH BLUNT, Chairman. I J. H. HoiilT H?ws, I j Joseph P. Piassoi*, ) But in addition to this, the regular movement of the party, there is an auxiliary movement, called "Clay Clubs," headed by that distinguished politician, J. N. Reynolds, from Bymmes' Hole?the great antagonist of Col. Webb. He has issued his bulletin, in the following style Col. Jamii Watsow Weib :? Sis I have just had my attention drawn to an article in the Courier of yesterday in which it is supposed you seek a political tilt with me. Now, my dear colonel, you have so many personal brawls and difficulties on hand at present, that I cannot And it in my heart to strike at vou, at least while Messrs. Stewart, Le Roy and Oreeley have you down To do so, would be. you know, against the acknowledged rules of chivalry, of which you are a shining light. Your assertion " That for the sake of peace and harmony the election of the Clay Clubs in 184-1 was submitted to, and that it was well understood that they were never to be called together as at present organized," if you were not such a belligerent personage, I would pronounce utterly untrue, as in fact it is. but f content myself with barely saying that at least for once in your life you are in error, as every member of the Committee can testify. That Committee is abundantly capable of preserving its own dignity and independence, and is cot likely to be put in leading strings by you. In conclusion, my dear Colonel, it it so short a time since I was called upon to sign a petition fqr Executive clemency in your behalf, that it would seem very wrong in me to have a quarrel with you now; when you have less than six fights on hand at one time I may take you up! Please give this an insertion in the Courier, accompanied with such comments as your refined feelings, proves bial modesty, law-abiding and peace-observing di*;>osition may prompt, and tend me the bill; I mean the bill for my own article, though I wont stand about paying for your comments al*0Yon need not he at the trouble of sending slip* to the other papers, as I will supply them. Yours, "without offence,' Feb. 17th, 18*4. J. N. REYNOLDS. P. 8 ?The Central Committee met on Friday evening ib bix ineir sirengtn?a nne spiru ana enure unuiimnj pervaded their counsel!. They have resolved to unite with the other Committees in a great jubilee on the 4th March. They will hold their flection on the 8th proximo. Cant you get into the Committee, Colonel, end try your hand for the Presidency ? True, they may not elect you, but, than, like many other disinterested Patriots, you can console yourself by the reflection that "Republics are ungrateful " J. N. ItIt eeents that Captain Reynolds, who is something of a philosopher, and entertains some rather original ideas respecting the earth's centre, has joined his forces to the Fourierites, and is determined to sustain the whig cause in this State, without any aid from any other quarter, and least of all from the gallant Colonel in Wall street. This at once makes a distinct line of separation between the Wall street whigs, under the guidance ofChristian Webb, and the Foijrierite whigs, under the leadership of Philosopher Greeley and Co., and the whole of the modern new lights. Pkooress op Pouejekis.m.?The great revolution under the guidance of Greeley and Brisbane still goes ahead. We copy from the organ, the daily Tribune of yesterday, the following announcement of a new literary effort in the cause The Doctrines or Kouaiaa.-?We understand that Mr. 1 riru uouwm, 01 una cuy, nai in proa, ana win puuimi, through Burgess It Stringer, in a tew day*, a wont called " A Popular View of the Dioctrine of Charles Fourier." Thla work i* intended tp give a concise yet complete iew of all the doctrines of Fourier, both in regard to the organization of labor and to the higher questions of population and religion. In glancing over the table or contents, we perceive that the following tonics are mentioned, which seem to embrace a pretty wide scope; " The Sooial Architect* of all ages, as Plato, the F.ssenes, Sir Thomas Mora, 8t. Simon, Robert Owen," Ice. lie.; " The Life and Character of Fourier;" "Of Ood, and the Nature of Evil" Man and his Essential Faculties ;" " Formu. las of 8ocial Movement," "The Organization ol the Township " Division of Profits;" " Order and Liberty;" " Education ;" the true " Theory of Population :" the " Doctrine of Marriage " Atmospheric Equilibrium ;" " Morality and Religion;" Fourier's doctrine of " (Jniver sal Analogy," and Swedenborg's doctrine of " Correspon dances," He Ice. The work, we learn, will be, necessarily, popular in its character, hut, so far as it goes, thorough in its enunciation of results. This will doubtlcaa be a curious affair. But after we read it, we shall go to the fountain head?to Fourier himself. Tha convention, too, next month, will help to reveal the doctrints and views of the new sect. Re arrest of Bottsford.?Our readers may remember, that some time since Samuel Bottsford and George Gage, were arrested on suspicion ot having been concerned in the robbery of the Treasury Notes at Van Buren, Arkansas. At that time Gage was committed, and is still in jail, not being able to procure bail. Yesterday afternoon Bottsford was re-arrested by officer Stokely, on new and important information. It appears that while passing through Cincinnati, he met a lady who had gold, which being too inconvenient for travelling, she gave to him a portion to buy her a treasury note. He did so. This note has led to his detection. It turned out to be one of the stolen notes, and was altered alter the very same plan as those traced to Gage. It was returned to the lady, and she instantly told how she became the possessor of it. Bottsford does not deny that he purchased such a note for such a lady, but he says he cannot recollect the person from whom he purchased it. He will be examined to-morrow. Ashley Committed.?The Mayor having concluded his investigation into this singular affair, yesterday afternoon, he committed Ashley in full for trial, on all the original charges. Also on two charges of forgery, in having uttered mortgages, purporting to have been made by William J. Proctor, deceased, of Brooklyn, to a Spaniard named Robert De La Vaca, of two houses in Colonade Row, for $5000. His Honor said that the testimony was so conclusive that he would refuse to receive bail in any amount. The Counsel for the prisoner said that it was not his intention to ask his Honor, as he had on'y tried one side of the story. To-day Ashley will be brought before the Recorder, who, it is expected, will allow the bail. As no part of the defence has yet been shown, and the accused stoutly asserts his innocence, it is possible the afTair may wear a different complexion. At present it looks very doubtful. Thk Ship Oxford.?There was an application made yesterday to Judge Betts, of the U. S. Circuit Court, by the owners of this splendid packet, for a certificate that the smuggling transaction was without the knowledge or consent of the Captain or owners. Several witnesses were examined as to this fact, which clearly established the innocence of the parties applying. .Should the Judge grant the certificate, as is probable, the President will then be applied to, to release the owners from the penalty. Financiering.?A new mode of shaving, introduced by a certain financier, pigeon trainer, nnd dealer in Jersey shin-plasters, is about tobehrough' before the public in certain legal investigations now pending before a certain Judge at Chambers? Oold dust ami Foreign ICxchange?The Stillwell Act and Sweepings. Police Reform.?In the report of the Board of < Assistants, will be found the proceedings of that 1 | body on the New Police Bill. Progress or Moral Reform.?The movement made in favor of a new decided moral reform for ' the purity and preservation of owr social system, is * making great advances?and particularly iu the \ great west. The legislature of Michigan have just [ pawed the following law on this subject:? s AX ACT to punith pertone criminally who art guilty of tt i Auction or adultery, and fot other purpart. i Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Michigan, That any manied ( man who shall sed'tce and beget with child, any unmar- t ried woman under twenty-one years of age shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and upon conviction > thereof, shall be punished in the State prison for a term J not exceeding five years, or by imprisonment in the county jail for a term not exceeding one year, or by tine not < exceeding two thousand dollars, or by both such line or ( imprisonment in the county jail, in the discretion of the . court. 1 Sec. 3. Any married man who ahall seduce and beget t with child, any unmarried woman over twenty-one years ofsge, shall be guilty of a high miademeanor and upon conviction thereol, shall be pvnialied by imprisonmeut In the f State prison for a term not exceeding three years, or by . imprisonment in the county jail for a term not exceeding one year, or by fine not exceeding one thousana dollars, 1 or by both such fine and imprisonment in the county jail, , in the discretion ef the court. Sec. 3. Any unmarried man who shall seduce and be- [ get with child any unmarried woman under twenty-one r years of age, ahall be deemed guilty of a high miademea- . nor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by ' imprisonment in the Stale Prison for a term not exceeding t three years, or by imprisonment in the county jail for a j term not exceeding one year, or by fine not exceeding one ( moassnu dollars, or ov uotn iicn one ana impntumiieui in the county jail, in the diioretion of the court. " Sec. 4. Any unmarried man who shall seduce and lie- J get with child any unmarried woman over the age of twenty-one years, shall be deemed to be guilty of a high 1 misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be pun- t ished by imprisonment in the State prison for a term not j exceeding two years, or by imprisonment in the county , jail for a term not exceeding one year, or by tine not ex- ( ceeding five hundred dollars, or by both such tine and imprisonment in the county jail, in the discretion of the court. seo. 5 Any man who shall seduce or carnally know < any married woman not being his wife, or who shall se- < duce and abscond with any married woman not being his t wife, shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and t upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by imprison- { ment in the State Prison for a term not exceeding three years, or by imprisonment ia the county Jsil for a term _ not exceeding one year, or by fine not exceeding two thou- ' sand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment in the county jail, in the discretion ol the court. P Sec. 0. Any mau who shall seduce and carnally know c any unmarried woman, shall be deemed guilty of a misde- a meanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall ba punished f by imprisonment in the oounty Jail for a tprm not exoeed- v ing two years, or by fine not exceeding two thousand dol- c lars, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the disc re- . tion of the court. Sec. 7. Any married man who shall have sexual intercourse with, and carnally know any woman not being his wi:e, and any unmarried man who shall have sexual in- 1 tercourse with, und carnally kqow any married vyom.m, f hall be deemed to be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon g conviction thereof, shall be pnnished by imprisonment in ( the county jail for a term not exceeding one year, or by t fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, or by both such , fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court. , Sec 8. Any married woman who shall have sexual intercourse with any man not being her husband, or who [ hall voluntarily leave her husband and abscond with any ' other man, shall be deemed to be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by im- < pr.sonment in the county jail for a term not excelling r two years I Sock It shall be eqmpetent fqr any pefion who shall f be indicted under either of the first six sections of this act, j to give in evidence on the trial of such indictment, the prior cnaracier lor cnasiuv 01 me woman waum iucu persons ahull be charged with having seduced. f See 10. It ahall be competent for any perion who hall be indicted under the provisions of the seventh section of this aot, to give in evidence qn the trial, the prior character for chastity of the woman with whom such sexual intercourse is charged to have been had, in case she shall be a witness on the trial; and evidence of her bad character for chastity shall go to her credibility as such witness. Sec 11. No prosecution shall be commenced under the provisions of this act after one year from the time of the commission of the qffence. Approved February 8, 1343. Thus acts promptly the new State of Michigan. What does the old State of New York do 1 In the House of Assembly, a report with the draft of a law has been made?but not another step has been taken?and nothing is likely to be done, except to give it the go by. Many are disposed to believe that the consciences of the honorable legislators will not allow them to act^-that to pass such a law would be to condemn themselves for the past?and to abolish their privileges for the future. This is very likely indeed?for very generally the greatest knaves in any community arc picked up and sent to represent the people 'in legislative bodies. Honest, industrious men, have enough to do with their own affairs?and seldom will accept dirty office, which requires dirty conduct to keep. Again, there is a strong opposition made to such a law by the financiers, defaulters, fashionables, exkonlrnmto an/1 mniisfnrhpH ftf N?W York who assail it with the shafts of ridicule. If such a , law were to pass, it is also leared that several new r state prisons would have to be built, to meet the I fashionable wants of this enlightened and christian j age. Accordingly the greatest efforts are making to stifle the bill in the bud, and to preserve the seducers' hunting grounds irom all legal poachers. We'll see with what success. li t: Third Night of Bkmsario.?An old Italian t proverb says, " rhi va piano, va nanawho walks t softly, walks safe. With due respect for the ac- J knowledged infallibility o( proverbs, it is hut justice to ment ion, that it cannot be applied to the Italian s opera, which walks forte and tano. Is there any r thing more required than full and delighted au- j diences, improved in mind and heart! for nobody $ can deny to good and well executed music these * happy results. The plot of Belisario, entirely free j from love matters, presents the highly moral picture of gratitude in Alamiro, exalted patriotism in Belisario, and filial love in Irene ; even the dark sides of the character of Antonina are palliated, , through a delusion of injured maternal feelings. I Borghese's conception of Irene is undoubtedly one ' ui uic iiiubi s^iiciiuiu ticnuuiin ui mmiiuiiu an, ? and this superiority is rendered even more palpa- j ble through Majocchi's Antonina. The one elevates her not very striking, although beautiful part 1 ?creates an interest which it has not; the other t strips hers of the brilliant, although superficial tex- ' ture, given by the composer, and presents it in j the nudity of its hollowness. It is the duty ot > every conscientious critic to use praise sparingly, * unless merited, hut then in full measure?partly foi j the sake of justice, partly for the sake of bestowing ' upon the artist the recompense which his laborious ' and successlul efforts deserve. A contrary course ' produces an ephemeral celebrity in the eyes of , those who have no opportunity or power of [udging correctly, degrades the critic to mere pulling, inHires the end of the art itself, robs the deserving ol his due, and bestows it upon the undeserving, who has not even the power of artfully concealing his fictitious claims to a name. Blame, like praise, has its conditions sine quibus non; it must not be used as a rod, but as a healing medicine ; not as a personal gratification of vanity, but as the meuns of correcting and bettering, its implication must not be indiscriminate, but supported by reasons not ' of individual opinion, but deducted from established rules. It is our pride to Bay that these important considerations were nevt r left out of sight in speaking of the merits or faults of the present com pany, ana particularly wun regard in otgnora iviajocchi, who, despising the place of a respectable seconds donna, claims that of a prima attolula ; and even if she should deserve that Intter tide, it is but fair to add, that in New York she has done little tosustain these pretensions. Thepress were unami mous in acknowleding the insufficiency of the female depaitment of the company at Niblo's, whose prima donna she was. During the excitement in the beginning of the season, one called out Castellan, the other Sutton, and the answer was Borghese, but never Majocchi. The selection of a bass part in the Puritani, was a contempt of the art, and one which a singer jealous of her reputation would never have made, in spire of roiulisut circumstances. Her singing of Antonina is far ( from being satisfactory, and proves that she has not | much profited from Merie-Dalande, whose farct \ die air Sin la tomba was. IIow beautifully did she . give the expressive phrase " altri," and with what I a splendid mtto voire did she repeat the dentin delhi ' vendetta, progressing crttetndo up to the shake of J the transition, which Majocchi omits, and which enjoys a celebrity equal to Tadolini's mi abbrncria , in the Sonnainbula. It is no merit to sing in an insignificant town like Parma, which has no permanent opera, except during the/fcro, and that too ? before the lewd court of the notorious Marin ^ Louisa, Napoleon's widow ; and what did she sing 1 ^ The third rate part of Isolctta we suppose, because c Lnlande was the Straniera, which she sung on an ? emergency, during the indisposition of the real ? prima donna, a matter of general occurrence in ? I'uly during the ttagione. Majocchi is a respec- ? table singer, and is as such appreciated by the public ; but here, with Borghese at her side, she is no J prima donna, although she may be?in Parma, Mex- * ico, or Texas. c 1 ? V Court Calendar. J Si rt.sio* Court.?Not. 6, 0, 79. 33, S3, 34, 01, M, 60, <t 11, 63, 64, 74, 76,CI, 49, 49, 64, SO, 63, 66, 66, 67 , 6H. 69, 87, M S3, 9, II, 13, 14, 13, 19, 38 t Commos Pleai.?Net. 6. 9. 14,97. 16, 16, 17, 18, 19, 31. c Circuit Court.?Not. G, 9, 14, 87, 16, 16,17, 18,19,jJl. v PROFESSOB GOKRAUD'S SYSTEM OF MNEMONICS.? J ["HE PBOrKR MODE OF ACqiMRlNn KNOWLEDGE.? rhis is an excitable community. Our city is si-' vays in a fever of some kind. We have ost esc a- >ed from the furor of the vibration of the fiddle- J itring mania. The mnemonieal mania is now apon is. The journals of the city inform us that the ecture rooms of professor Gouraud is crowded to txcess. I.adies and gentlemen press into his apartnents eager to obtain a knowledge of his wonder- ' ul system of memory. In the meantime the pro. essor keeps his system a secret, and does not , leign to inform the public what it is. He brings 1 >efore the audiences a number of his pupils, and 1 iy their proficiency in the art of memory, he hopes | o persuade the public that he has a new system. Very learned men in different ages have given treat attention to this subject, and have invented rarious systems for the improvement of the memoy. Those founded upon the well known laws of f issociation, (not Fourier association) and making ihysical objects stand for and represent ideas, have irevailed. Some of their systems may possibly lave been of some little advantage in facilitating he means of strengthening the memory. They are,

lowever, all dead ! They died before their lnvenors. The truth is, there can be no useful practical lystem except the one adopted by the wise and t-arned men ot this and other ages oitne world.? rhere is no loyal way in the acquisition of knowedge?no short road to the end of our journey in :he arts and sciences. To eat an apple and be a , fod is no more. We must travel on as our prede- -1 lessors have done, and by labor and ex jrtion must require knowledge. In order to understand the subject, and ascertain he truth of what has been said, lot us look lor a "ew moments into the mind, and ascertain the laws >f its action- The mind is an unit; not a Jackson init. for it is divided into different parts, to explain he laws of its action. First, we have the percepive powers: secondly, we have the retentive pow;rs, or in otner words, we have the faculty of renumbering those ideas we have acquired by he perceptive powers ; and thirdly, we have the lowers of judgment, which consists in combining, comparing and analyzing our ideas in the mind, nd judging of the result of the process. And ourthly, we have the powers of the inta/rinjition, I'hich enable us to form and create various images in ur mind at our pleasure. We can create a world n our mind, and people it. Indeed, we can hardly let limits to this power. Now, in a proper course uf education, all of hese powers of the mind must be improved. The lerception must be keen and discriminating. We ihould perceive clearly and truly. If we have a :onfused perception of things, we shall be unable o retain the idea, and consequently the memory vill be weak. So, also, we must pay attention to he jiowers of memory: those powers should be :ultivated, improved and invigorated, that we may ?e able to retain the knowledge we have gained. So, also, the judgment, the most important power >f them all, should not be neglected. The judgneut may be (errped tbe balance-wheel of the nind i fbr without judgment a man is a poor miserable creature?inferior even to the beasts of the ield. And, lastly, we have the powers of the imigination,which should be cultivated and improved, ind regulated and controlled by ine judgment. i These powers of the mind must all be cultivated ' ' ind improved. There can be no such thihg as imiroving one at the expense of the others: it would ( inhinge and unbalance the mind, and do a positive njury instead of a benefit. To fill the mind, as ' Professor Gourand proposes to do, with dates, and 1 lgures, and isolated fucts in the history of the , vorld, wonld be doing the greatest possible injury o the numerous persons who constitute his clusses. ' \ person's mind merely stored with facts iB gt-ner- ' illy the most weak and feeble being among us. I V learned nedant is sure to be the laughing-stock , if the world. We see the truth of this assertion , verified every day around us. In this sense, learn- J ng is a depression. The educated man has im- I >roved his memory, and so he has the other facul- ( ies and powers ol his mind. He has strengthened , lis memory by classifying and arranging in method ' ind order nis various knowledge. And this is the f inly way it can be improved- it is method, order. I system and arrangement the great men of this and ; ither ages have adopted to acquire and retain know edge. And it will be found, even by the advo:ates of artificial systems of memory, to be the tnly method by arraneing and classifying our va- J rious knowledge. We improve the memory and the ( ither faculties and powers. It is the process nature 1 eaches us. We commence it in the cradle, and 5 rontinue it to the grave.. The vast particulars of mowledge that we obtain through life we arrange [ ind put in class, order and system, and by thut * neans are enabled to retain in the mind a great J mount of knowledge, the particulars of which ' vould, otherwise, confuse and bewilder us. And f he same process we adopt in obtaining a know- j edge of the arts and sciences. We class the phe- ' loinena into order and system, that the amaaing lumber of particulars shall not confuse us and can | ty that means grasp the most complicated and ex- , ended subject. This is the mode of acquiring and etaining knowledge, and it is the only mode < Whitehall Street?A. Great Thoroughfare Impassable. 1 The great building, corner of Stone and While- ' tall streets, is being torn down, and the bricks and < ragrnents are tumbled into the street to the momen- . ary danger of the persons passing, and that side of 1 he street is impassable. The opposite side walk s covered witn carriages and waggous, besides j ither incumbrances. The pedestrians are driven , nto the middle of the street, where the numerous ( tages are passing every instant at a rapid rate, if tot full gallop. > We call on the Corporation Attorney to send the j street Inspector, Mr. Dimond, and abate this great \ innoyance without delay. We give notice that . iome shocking loss of life or limb must ensue if loinething is not done, and we shall hold the Street inspector responsible. A Tax Payer ok the First Ward. | ' I City Intelligence. > Police.?Monday, February in ?Entrt Thieves.?a t ihoemaker, named Michael Cook, who nayi hehai formery reaided at Newark, wu fully committed on a charge of . teal ng a cloth cloak valued at $10, and a frock coat ' worth $13, trom Constantino Papp, of 28 Qold atreet, on | ' he 14th instant. He was arrested a few days since on mother charge, since which time these goods hare been ] bund in his possession. A mulatto woman named Elizabeth Graham, was ar- | -ested by officer Joseph, charged with stealing a velvet , lress valued at about $35, from Lavinia Jonea, 30 EUsa- : leth street, and pawning it at Simpson's, in Chatham st, ' or $4, from whence it was recovered ny the officer. . Coroner's Ofllce.?Monday, Feb. 19.?Burned to Death.?An inquest was held on the body oi a woman ' lamed Eliza Smith, who came to her death from her 1 lotlies accidentally taking ilie, at 33 Orange street, on Saturday evening. She came home at a late hour at night ind was leftsittting by the stove when the other inmates went to bed. About three o'clock aha was discovered with her clothes on Ore, and ran down stairs, when they were extinguished. She was then taken to the Hospital, where she died yesterday morning. Verdict,death by accidental burning. Common Plena. Before Judge Ulahoetfer. Feb. 19.?Jacob M Mr Kay it mil,am OktlL?This ; was an action for assault and battery and false imprisonment. The plaintilTis a boy about ten years of age; and il appears, inai on uu iid 01 AU|un last ue wu in neconu >treet near the Bowery, and then struck thelwyofMr. Okell, the defendant, who happened to be in the vicinity, j and seeing a crowd of boys around his basement, he, on learning the cause, seized the plaintiff by the and I ragged him into the house, the girl locking the door The mother of the boy states that she saw the transaction, and hearing the screams of her child, she ran across, and for some 10 or 1ft minutes knocked and kicked at the door of the defendant, but could not get admittance. At length the door was opened, and thedefendant thrust the lad out of the house in a violent manner. The defenceset up was, that the boy was taken into the house for the purjtose of being confronted with the boy of the defendant as to the truth of the story, and in the struggle to get free, supposing he would be beaten, his shirt collar was torn and nis clothes disordered. The court charged that the defendant had subjected himself to damages for false imprisonment, but that it was for the jury to say whether he had, upon the facts, been guilty of such an assault and J battery as would entitle the plaintiff to damages. The jury will bring in a sealed verdict to-day. For plaintiff, Alderman Scoles?for defence, James T. Brady, Esq. Amusementa. Ocr readers, those fond of theatrical amuse- j ments, must improve the present opportunity if they aver wish to see the great champion, North, at the Chat- j liam Circus, who Is shortly to leave us, and forever. He is now nightly performing some of his most splendid acts, rid the one now on Hit- bills, entitled The Brave and his Horse, is perhaps his best The feats of young Franklin ire of the most extraordinary description and excel by far iny ever attempted by any other performer Tha house s conducted in the most orderly manner, and never n vister enters the doors without leaving perfectly satisfied ] vith the entertainment. . The Amphitheatre was crowded to excess las1 , svening. If the pit had been double the size, i1 , :ould not have contained half wha applied for admissiondr. and Mrs Thorne and Charles Mestayer, were welomed by loud and rei erated peals of applause. The two ' ompanies now performing at the Amphitheatre cam prise I lithe theatrical and equestrian talent in the city. This I vening the Scotch drama of the "Wizard of tha Glen," ] nd the vaudeville of the " Loan of a Lover," besides a * plendid equestrian entertainment, are to be given , The Sri.kfmid Performances at the American 1 duieum last evening were received with enthn- i iastic applause by the audience, and the oxciting Interest ontinueil to the end. Signer Francisco acquitted himself | vith honor, and the new comic monologue of Mr. and ( dra. Western was allowed to be the best thing ever proneed there. Indeed the whole entertainment went off vith great rclni, and the announcement of its repetition ' his evening will ensure a full house. No place In the 1 ity gives-better performances, and hence Bone meets vith better encouragotm ntj ' POSTSCRIPT. SIX O'CLOCK, A. M. EXTRAORDINARY AND SPECIAL EX PRESS OVER LAND. VERY LATE AND IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE. Another Rise in the Price of Ootton. MEAT EXCITEMENT IN THE MARKET. State Trials in Ireland. Fun and Fears of the Repealers. onH ITtftv Tlinil. sand Bales of Cotton sold in Liverpool in three weeks. AKRIVAL OK THE STEAM SHIP HIBERNIA AT BOSTON. The steam ship Hibernia arrived at Boston early VTonday morning, with papers front Liverpool to he 4th inst. and London to the 3d inst. Our ^|>ecial Express immediately started, and eaclted our office between four and five o'clock his morning. This extraordinary express came all the way by and, by horses, riding day and night. Its enornous expense can therefore be easily imagined. in a commercial poim ui view, me news is ui he highest importance. Cotton had gone up full [d wince our last accounts, iwith tremendous sales. The State Trials had gone through seventeen lays, and each day was a perfect farce. Parlament had met. We give the Queen's Speech. Nothing done. The State Trials. The absorbing topic of the day is the State trials, ffhich are now taking place in Dublin. The preliminary steps have been marked by all the excitement and bad feeling between the opposing parties, "or which unhappy Ireland is distinguished. The striking of the special jury which is to try the issue, iias ranged against the Government all the Roman Dathoric party who were not previously Repealers Prom some hundreds oi names on the panel, fortysight were drawn by ballot,the traversers possessing he same right as the Crown of peremptorily chalenging twelve?twelve on each side. It happened that out of the forty-eight drawn slcven were Roman Gatholics; these the Govern ment challenged, and the whole were struck otl the representative of the traversers during this pio :ess, "there goes a Catholic! another Papist struct t>fT!" (tec. This affair hasset the country in a blaze so to speak, and unpopular as were the proceeding! jefore, it haB made them worse. That proceeding, is may be imagined, gave great umbrage to the Repeal party, and the Government has been attacked with great bitterness for adopting a line ol conduct which looks very like a foregone concludon to pack a jury to ensure a conviction. 8c jreat was the indignation experienced in Ireland at the striking off all the Roman Catholics from the ury list, that a requisition for calling an aggregate neeting of the Catholics of Ireland was signed in hree hours by sixty-five barristers, only three ol vhom are Repealers. The three first names upended to the requisition were Richard Laloi tshiel, M.P.; Thos. Wyse, M.P.: and N. Ball, son >f the bight Hon. Judge Hall. The briefs for the 3rown Counsel (13 in number) are printed and rnrtlv litlirurianheH- and each contains between 341! md $50 pages. The letter-press printing alone in :ach brtei occupies 170 pages. All persons consented were called upon by the Crown to be pretent in Dublin by Sunday, the 14th, at the latest; tnd on Monday the battle ot tlte lawyers began in food earnest. Monday, the Hrst day of the trials, was marked jy more than usual excitement in Dublin. The Lord Mayor's state carriage bore Mr. O'Connell to the Court, and was accompanied by a procession which formed at the learned gentleman's house, n Merion square. Arrived at the Court, the doors >f which were besieged from an early hour, they were taken leave of by their admirers with hearty plaudits. ^ ^ ^ w n i- in Precisely at 10 o'clock the Chief Justice, Mr. Justice Burton, Mr. Justice Crampton, and Mr. Justice Perrin entered the court, and took teeir sealt in the bench. The following were the counsel for the crown: rite Attorney General, the Solicitor General, Servant Warren, Mr. Brewster, Q C., Mr. Martley, Li- C., Mr. Freeman, <4- C., and Messrs. Ilolmes, Smvley, Baker, and Fapier. The counsel for the traversers were?Mr. Shell, Mr. Moore, Q. C., Mr. Whiteside, Q. C., Mr' MeDonagh, Q. C., Mr. Monahan, Q. C., Mr. Fitzgib on. OA. C., Sir Coleman O'Loghlen, and Messrs. 3'Hagan, G'Hea, Close, and Perrin. ?#*#?* *41 * ? i * * * * * * # Skvk.ntkknth Day, Feb. 2?The Court met ai en o'clock, and after the names oi the jury and ravereers had been called over, Mr. Whitksidk resumed his speech on behalf ol Mr. Dufly, and concluded at half past one, Mr. M Donaoh then rose to address the Court or jehalf of Mr. Barrett, and continued a very able speech up to five o'clock, when the Court adosrned. It IB said that Mr. M'Donagh will not conclude befoJe Satuiday night, and Mr. O'Connell will commence his defence on Monday morning. A verj full report of O'Connell's speech will be given it our next publication. A gentleman stood up and introduced to th< meeting a friend of his from New York, Mr. Wil liam Wallace, the distinguished American orator I A voice from the crowd. " Three cheers for Ame ricu.") This demand having been complied with, anc silence restored, Mr. Wallace spoke at some length Kkpkal Association?Dublin, January 22.?Th< weekly meeting was held to-day in Concilia tion Hall, which was crowded to excess. Th? chair was occupied by W. S. O'Brien, Esq., M. P. whose reception was moat enthusiastic. Then were also present, M. O'Connell, Esq.. M. P., Hnt C. Powell, Esq., M. P., and, during the day, fivt ot the " conspirators," namely, Mr. D. O'Connell Mr. J. O'Connell, Dr Gray, Mr. Steele, and Mr. Ray, contrived to attend, notwithstanding the jeal ous and dignified watchfulness of the Attorney General. They were received with deafening applause. The Chairman, in opening the business of the meeting, expressed his conviction that the nation had arrived at a crisis, and that posterity would lender its gratitude to the men who conducted, with wisdom and integrity, the affairs of the country at the present moment. It was true that then leadera were under persecution, but the spirit of liberty whs indomitable. Of the millions confeder ateu together in that association, every individua was ready to go to prison to-morrow in defence 01 his country's rights, but where would the govern ment build prisons enough to hold the Irish people' Adverting to the meeting at Lord Charlemoni's, he said the day wus not far distant when the Caulfields, the Geraldines, and the De Burghs, would occupy their natural and appropriate position at the h??ad ot the Irish people.?(Hear, hear ) Mr. O'Connell entered the room and delivered e brief address, saying, that he could not stay long. He expressed the highest gratification at seeing Mr. i >'Brien at the head of the Irish people, and said lhat whatever became of him, (Mr. O'Connell,) Ireland was not without friends and leaders, and lhat his own influence would not be the less powerful with his countrymen when in prison than when it large. ("It will be twice as great.") lie then nfter earnest exhortations to peace, law, and order, proceeded to recommend the formation of Cathoie societies throughout Ireland, to agitate for the protection of trial by jury and an equality of equal rights and civil privileges, vainly promised by the Emancipation Act; contended that, during the en uing session, the proper place for Irish memberi vould be not in Parliament, where they would only ie ridiculed and out-voted, but in Ireland and the issnciation. Mr. Steele afterwards spoke, and described the rial in the Court of Queen's Bench as a piece of he purest Irish fun. After giving three cheers for the Queen, Repeal, VIr O'Brien, and Mr. O'Connell, the meeting sepa ated. Dec. 29?The weekly meeting took place to-day, ind the hall was densely crowded. I ??????? Mr. O'Connell obvrvtd lliat I he Attorney-! Jeneral had adjournud to accommodate the association, (renewed acclaina'ions.) He was only joking.? wfl He was delighted, however, that ths Attorney? le-? ) neral had come to good humor at last in adjourning the Court for the convenience of a tiue represeut- j ative of Ireland. In a few moments, order being perfectly restored, Mr. O'Connem. rose and said?My jokes must not be taken tor facts. The Attorney General rather opposed the adjournment; but it did take place, and here I am?(Cheers.) t Mr. O'Connell begged leave to hand in one pound as the subscription of a lady, observing that in this as well as every thing else, they must give place to the fair sex. The lady was Miss Ellen Dodd, of Brownstown, in the county of Dublin, and he moved that she should be elected a member by acclamation. He then handed in one pound, the subscription of Mr. Power, superior of the cpllege of Navan: and a donation of the Rev. Patrick Gannan. of Madras, in the East Indies, who he moved should be enrolled as a member. j This motion having been carried, Mr O'Connell read a letter which he had received from E. Francis Murray, a young gentleman of collegiate eminence, and a son to his friend Str James Murray, of Merrion quare. On the motion of Mr. O'Connell, Mr. Murray was admitted a member of the lisso I cituion. Mr. O'Connell then rose and uddreised the meeting at considerable length. He dwelt much upon the patriotism of his talented friend, the member from Limerick, and spoke of the debt which was due to that gentleman by Ins country. In conclp- 5 ding, he expressed his delight at the perfect tranquility that prevailed all over Ireland. The valu ) the people of Ireland would receive for that quietude, would be the Repeal ot the Union. He only disapproved of the diminution of the repeal rentit was the idlest thing imaginable for men to be keeping back their donations, and waiting to sec who would send in most alter the trials. Hewevert peace and perseverance was his motto, and it was peace ana perseverance that would bring back the Parliament to College Green. Prussia. A letter from Berlin states that Prussia is about to conclude a treaty with the United States of North America, for the extradition of some classes ol criminals. It seems that a civil suit respecting the sale of a large tract of Louisiana, the documents concerning' which sale have been sent from Louisiana to the American Ambassador at Berlin, has given him occasion to ask for legal measures against a Ge-iman family formerly residing in Louisiana, but now settled in Berlin. The reqnest of the Ambassador has been accorded to on condition of reciprocity. It is to m i be hoped that the treaty will extend to all the States of the Union. The Queen's Speech. Mr Lords and Gentlemen, It affords me great satisfaction again to meet you in Parliament, and to nave the opportunity of profiting by your assistance and advice. I entertain a confident hope that the general peace so ^1 necessary lor the happiness and prosperity of all nstions V 1 will continue uninterrupted. My friendly relations with the King oi the French, and J the good understanding happily established between my Government and that of his Majesty, with the continued 1 assurances of the peaceful and amicable dispositions of all Princes and States, confirm me in this expectation. I have directed that the treaty which 1 have concluded with the Emperor of China shall be laid before you, and I ; rejoice to think that it will, in its resnlts, prore highly advantageous to the trade of this country. Throughout the whole course of my negociatlons with the Government of China, I have uniformly disclaimed tho wish lor anv exclusive advantages. ' It has been my desire that equal favor should be shown * to the industry and commercial enterprise of all nations. The hostilities which took place duriug the past year ' in Sinde, hare led to the annexation ol a considerable ' portion of that country to the British possessions in tho i East. In all the military operations and especially iu the bat> ties of Meenee and Hyderabad, the constancy and valor ) of the troops, native and European, and the skill and galantry of their distinguished Common Icr have been most ' conspicuous. I have directed that additional information explanatory ol the transactions in Sinde, shall be forthwith communicated to you. Gentlemen or the House of Commons : The estimates for the ensuing year will he immediately laid before you. They have ton prepared with a strict 1 regard to economy, and at the same time with a due consideration of those exigences of the public service which are connected with the maintenance of our maritime strength, and the multiplied demands on the Naval and 1 Military Establishments trom (he various parts of a widely extended Empire Mr Loans and Gentlemen . I congratulate you on the improved condition of severui important branches of the trade and manufactures of the country. I trust that the increased demand for labor has relieved, in a corresponding degree, many classes of my faithful subjects lrom sufferings and privations, which, at former i periods, 1 have had occasion to doploru. For several successive years the annual produee of the i Revenue fell short of the Public Expenditure. f I confidently trust that in the present year the public income will be amply auilicient to def ay the charges upon it 1 feel assured that in considering ail matters connected with the financial concerns of the country, you will bear in mind the consequences of accumulating debt during the time of peace, and that yon will firmly rasolve to uphold that public credit, the maintenance of which concerns equally the permanent interests and the honor and reputation of a great country. In the course of the present yesr the opt or'.un'ty will occur of giving notice to the Bank ol England on the subject of the revision of its Charter. It may to advisable that during this session of Parlir ment, and previously to the arrival of. the period assigned for the giving uf such notice, the state of the law with regard to the privileges of the Bank of England, and to otl ? er banking establishments, should be brought under your consideration. At the close of the last session of Parliament, I declared . to you my firm determination to maintain inviolate the . legislative union between Great Britain and Ireland. I expressed, at the same time, my earnest desire to cooperate with Parliament in the adoption of all such measures as might tend to improve thosocial condition of Ire' land, and to develope the natural resources of that part of the United Kingdom. II am resolved to act in strict conformity with this declaration. 1 forbear from observation* on events in Ireland, in respect to which proceedings are pending before the proiier legal iricunu. My attention hu been directed to the atate of the law and practice with regard to the occupation of land in ireland. I hare deemed it adviaable to inatitute extensive local inquiries into a subject of so much importance, and hare appointed a Commission with ample authority to conduct the requisite investigation, j i recommend to your early consideration the enactments at present in (orce in Ireland concerning the regist tration of rotcrs tor Members of Parliament Vou will probably find that a revision of the Law of Registration, taken in conjunction with other causes at pre' sent in operation, would produce a material diminution nf the number of county voters, and that it may be advisable on that account to consider the state of the law, wiih a view to an extension of the county franchise in Ireland. I commit to your deliberate consideration the various important questions of public policy which will necessari- 1 ' ly come under your review, with lull confidence in vour loyalty and wisdom, and with an earnest prayer to Al1 mighty Qod to direct and favor your efforts to promote the welfare of all classes of my people. The Globe of Friday states, on the authority of a city correspondent, that the Hank of England is ' to obtain a renewal of its charter from the present government. It is said that in return the bank is , to assist the government in any plan for reducing the interest oi crihsols, by advancing a large sum ' of money to pay off those creditors of the nation > who may be unwilling to submit to the reduction. . Bank stock had risen in consequence. The Times > of Saturday treats the subject slitingly, and the , Morning Herald of the same date contenpa that the Globe has been mystified. The last named jourI nal seems disposed, however, to aphere to its state inent; and in confirmation, refers to the fact that k , the Governor and Deputy Governor of the bank I'""? rtf It.raa ? Itoon in uniiciiullv ft Anil* lit tttteil danee at Dawning street. Fashions for Febranry. W The winter leaion hai again brought into favor the soft and.warm douilleUee, whic h are made of lerantine or satin, ! with imall squaje collar, w added throughout and trimmed I with gimp.' Dressea of pefcin rfumaiss are made with tight | high bodies, very open in Iront, formingraw, lengthened to a aharpt point neaily to the waist, and often hired a hi J Ufai naitr; the edges may remain unornamented, or have ' a rcrers of velvet or very narrow bandot fur; the rrintui e is round, and cAcmt?i>h'et, with or without collar*, formed of inleta of lace or work, are worn inside the corsages, which are the most novel of the season, fterei? and facings I of satin quilted are very mueh In use on ?ei>?mrs Dress- t f es of plain cachrmirt are ornamented with hands of velvet on the bodies, high sleeve* a la religirute, and large pc/<| rinti. In ball dresses, the double and triple skirts conti, nue in undiminished lavor in all transparent materials for ' young people; sometimes a white satin skirt is entirely | concealed by the two deep lace flounces, the corsage ' being also covered by deep mnntillt ot lace, reach' ing nearly to the waist. Dresses of Urlalant with double skirts are pretty, trimmed with narrow gold fringe, 1 the berlhi to match. The moat elegant dresses for court, worn at the Tnillnries, were of white satin, ornamented with sliver scarfs. Home velvet dresses sre I made open in front, with an under breadth ol white satin ribbon creasing over from side to side. A uretty novelty | is the deep maniitl* of lace falling below the waist, and ' rounded In front so as to show the cartage. Black lace scarfs are also made so wide as to permit converting them l into tunics; the dcnlcf/cdc rc/otirs is much approved for l full dress toiUHrn. manltauxand aatin pelisse*; they may match the material in rolotu. The hair it worn rather 1 raised and in ringlets, though Aandeaux are (always seen. Coiffuret are rather wide in front, some are raised in the centre, a la Norma, others hare a simple wreath in foliage, and touffti at the side a VJlepainr; detached flowers are also much worn, they are generally large ones, dahlias,|ru 1 set, chrysanthemums. Bonnets are a little more open, i particularly for dress ones, which are ef satin or velvet, in the different shades of park blue and black ; hut for neglige the shape is closer; some bonnets of plain velvet me lined with tlight colours, and oi namentcd with three feathers. Caoetti of satio, with wi le tunmrs, are trimmed with lace lor morning wear. Wanirnuv and pat<f'tsu> are olten finished with rercit of satin or velvet quilted, the Polonaloti ofblack satin are not very fall, and do not teach lower then the knee. I'alrtom of cctu rncbtmire ere bordered with velvet.? l.nndon a ad I'arii Ladii t Magazine of h'aehion. Hmktfi. Loaooi* Mover Ma*kst, Keb. 8,- Bank stock has ad.

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