Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 22, 1844, Page 2

February 22, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Thursday, February 44, 1841. LITERARY AND ATTRACTIVE PUBLICATIONS, Per tllbernla, For Sals at thb lltui? Orricx. (Complete set* of the "London illustrated News," from 6th January to 4th of February, inclusive, with a copious Index to former number*. "PictoHal Time*," ditto. "Bell'i Life in London," ditto. London "Sunday Time*," with Supplement, containing the progress of the Repeal Trials in Dublin. London "Weekly Chronicle." "Satirist" "York Herald." "Dispatch." "Examiner " "Dublin Weekly Freeman." Ditto ditto "Warder." Ditto ditto "Nation." The Loudon Tunch " Ac. All for sale at the desk of the Herald office, at reduced prices. Mayoralty Convention of tbe American Republicans. The Convention of the American Republican delegates from the different wards, for the uurnnse of nominating a candidate for Mayor of New York, will meet to-night at 7 o'clock in Military Hall, Bowery. This is the first general movement of that party towards the spring election, and it will be very interesting. We shall send our reporters to attend the Con vention and to report their proceedings, which of course will be open to the public. Tub Tariff, or Free Trade Controversy in France, England and the United States.? This wordy controversy, set on foot by speculators and politicians principally, appears to be in full blast in the three countries wc have named?England, France und the United States. By the recent accounts from England, we learn that the agriculturists ate forming leagues, and clubs, and societies all over the United Kingdom, for the purpose of a political organization, influencing the legislation of the House of Commons, and by way of a counter-check to the previous extraordinary movements of the free-traders, or anti-corn-law party. The controversy in England is peculiar. It confines itself in a great measure to the prices of bread, and to a tarifl on foreign corn, provisions and breadstuff's. The protective tariffinterest in England, is composed principally of the landed proprietors, comprising the nobility and gentry, in opposition to the free trade interest, which is, singularly enough, composed of the manufacturers, chiefly of Lancashire, and a certain portion of the mercantile interest. The agitation is confined entirely to the corn laws?one party endeavoring to procure their repeal, or such an important modification as will freely admit foreign breadstuff's and provisions?the other party endeavoring to keep up the present high rents of their estates, by keeping up the high prices of provisions. This agitation on the corn-laws, or tarifl on foreign corn, will probably continue to occupy the public mind of England for several years to come, with varying success to both parties, until there is a division amongst the landed interest, or such a degree of popular feeling as will alarm the landed proprietors to such an extent as will induce them to recede from their present position. In France the same subiect is occasionally touch ed, but to no great extent. Yet the French economists, politicians and statesmen appear to be equally in favor of what is called protection to French industry or a protective tariff as in England. The special interests of France, however, are very differently distributed to those of England. In France there is no extensive landed aristocracy. The whole country appears to he divided amongst a great number of small proprietors. This species of democracy as aflecting the land owners of France, is a feature of great weakness, when compared with the consolidation and influences of the commercial and manufacturing interests of France. The merchants and manufacturers, capitalists and bankers of France from the great governing power, and entirely control, so far as public opinion is concerned, the diffuse small landed proprietary.? In this respect the condition of France at this time is widely different from that of England, and it was produced by the great radical revolution of '92, which destroyed the feudal system, and with it the great landed proprietary. Since that period the commercial and manufacturing interests have possessed a monopoly of the government, and of all its influences. They are in favor of protecting French industry to a certain extent, but not to the same extent as is contended for in England and this country. Tn fh#? TTnit^H Staffs this nil#*ftfinn m nl?n in nn extremely interesting position. The approaching Presidential election will be determined to a great extent on this point; and the recent election in Maryland, in which the free trade party abandoned the field and gave the victory to the whig ana the high tarifl party, seems to be a very pregnant symp torn of what we may expect during the coming year. The contest, however, in this country, is i waged by different parties to those engaged in it I in England, and resembles more the condition of < affairs in France. Here the high tariff men are led ' chiefly by the manufacturers, the Northern mer- t chants and Southern land owners, the latter, from 1 the nature of their staple productions being opposed ( to a high tarifl. But here the materials on which c the law operates are altogether different from those t in England and France, and that difference gives t a peculiar complexion to the contest. The subject t must excite a great deal of agitation in this coun- t try up to next November. ????? i Tttl COMMENCEMENT ok THE SUMMER CaM* , paion by the Amkrican ItEprni.icANs.?This is to be a grand day with " young America." A mag- , nificent procession is to go all over the city. The , butchers on horseback?the cartmen on horseback ?the sailors on foot?all the ward associations with their banners?and the whole rank and file of the young democracy will be out. A liberty pole is to lie raised in the 8th Ward, with most interesting ceremonials, and great speeches are to be made. The American Republicans are determined, they say, to sweep all the old hunkers, of both parties, to oblivion; and this day they give us a sample of their bone and sinew. It is a great work they have cut out for themselves; and, it they accomplish it, thev will be fully and fairly entitled to the "spoils of victory." We shall send our reporter, and see how they commence the game. In the demonstration, the 1st, 2d, 3d, and fith Wards, who cannot form in procession at the Military Hall, Bowery, are requested to meet at the lower end of the Park, and join the procession as it passes that direction. Fourth of July Convention?The New Democracy.?We are really afraid that this movement is only a flash in the pan. The first meeting o these philosophers and new order of politicians, numbered about two hundred and fifty; the second dwindled down to about two hundred and twenty ; and we hope, and trust, and beg, and implore the gentlemen to c all the remaining meetings and elect the remaining delegates with the utmost despatch, before the meetings dwindle down to one, two, or three. Yet we are afraid after all that it is impossible even for the genial breezes of the spring to blow this movement into any consequence ; and we very much doubt whether even Dr. Brandreth's Pill would be able to "puige them to a sound and vigorous health." We are readv to help them. What can we do for you, Messrs. Philosophers 1 Command our servicas. We believe we. must do a little advertising for you gratis. So here goes:? Wawtzd Immsdiatki.t.?A number of highly respectable loafers. or persons of any description, broken down Ananciers,pot-house politicisns, lazy saints, ei-applicants for the bankrupt law, or in fact any individuals who will pass for white men, to swell the ranks of the new demo eratic party, which is going to demolish all the other parties in the country. References neither given nor required. A bonus of one rent will be given on each recruit psyetde on delivery Apply to the President and Dirrctors of the new Philosuphir, Regenerative, Asthmatic Democratic party, Nsw York / The Recent Kipremi wltk Foreign Hews. It seems that the last express run from Boston to the New York Herald office, with the news by the clifiper steamer Hibernis, which beat the expresses of the combined press of Wall street, and which made the filth beat in the receipt of iiqportant foreign news that we have given to the other New York puj>ers in the last fortnight, caused some conversation in the city yesterday and the day before, and produced an unnecessary sensation in certain quarters. As the Wall street press feel the effect of these repeated exhibitions ol enterprise on our part, and are disposed to grumble a little thereat, we think it no more than fair to all concerned, to give a brief history of the expresses run and attempted to be run, with the news by the Hibernia. According to all anthentic accounts, there were three expresses arranged to bring this news, decidedly the most important that has been received here for years. One of these was, of course, tor the New York lleruld, another for some one else, nobody knows or cares whom, perhaps for Snooks, | and the third was for the Courier, Journal oj Commerce, Tribune, in fact for the allied press of Wull street. This last was given to those extraordinary express riders, Messrs. Harnden it Co , to arrange. Ours was managed by 'Messrs. Thunder, Lightning it Co., a capital Express line in Boston, and the second atfair was arranged by a blood relation to Burst-his-Boiler, a chap remarkable for " dry explosions"?as they are called at the West. Harnden, who was determined to beat every one and outrun himself, or leave his breeches behind, made arrangements to express the news by locomotive over land to Stonington, and thence take the Mohegan to New York ; a magnificent arrangement, and exactly like one he made a few years ago, which resulted in as complete a defeat, as this last one did, except in this last he did not dare run. The blood relation to Burst-his-Boilerhad a locomotive to Worcester, and was in hopes of getting one to Springfield, but his steam and tobacco gave out, and he war therefore compelled to run thence by a "strong" horse to Hartford, where we supposed he arrived in safety, and lodged for the night. Thunder, Lightning Ac Co., who run for us, managed their reins much better than either of the other??thus: The Hibernia arrived at the wharf at Boston a few minutes after eight o'clock on Monday morning. At half-past eight, Lightning started with Thunder's | horses, and reached Framingham, twenty one miles, at a quarter to ten. He then Hashed on to Worcester, where he arrived one hour and a half before the relation to Burst-hisBoiler reached there with his locomotive, and left there two hours and a half hefnre the latter could INow, JiarnUen is a very clever man; lie can car- 1 ry a parcel from this city to Boston with perfect ' safety; he managed his latter business very well ' while lie waB connected with the po6t office, and ' about which he and Postmaster Graham got into a beautiful little quarrel; but when he gets too big for his breeches, nnd steps out of his regular bu- ' siness as a " common currier," to run expresses ' against every competitor, especially against Thun- 1 der and Lightning, he makes a failure, and bursts 1 his breeches or his boiler, and sometimes both. 1 Wai.i. sraket Financiering.?All the papersnorth, west aud south?are making some of the severcst commentaries we have yet seen on the recent astounding exposition of the management of the North Amercian Trust Company. Some of these remarks we have laid aside for publication in order to show the community of the good city of New York what the moral sense of the people throughout the whole country is in relation to these fianancial speculations of the Wall street fashionable bankers, and brokers, and politicians. Is it not time for Graham, the Postmaster, to come out with his explanations 1 Ii it not time for all the other managers, directors, agents, counsel?all concerned in that Company, to come out, and give us some explanation of their conduc tin that most terrible affair ? _ Washington's Birth Day.?The " cold water irmy," which counts its tens of thousands in this :ity, comprising many of our best, most influential, >rate this day in a becoming manner. The Marshall Total Abstinence Society have a grand enertainment in the Greene street M. E. Church. Sly More delivers an oration, and other interesting xercises take place This will be really a rich reat. The celebration in the Tabernacle, in the orenoon, will also be a very interesting and at- i tractive affair. I Mr. Barry's Lcctt;**.?This lecture, on the Mysteries of the Stage, which has created such an excitement, will he given this evening at the So- j uety Library Rooms. It will be an exceedingly curious and interesting affair. Forkion Honors.?Mr. H. S. Tanner, Geogra- ! ['her. o| this rity, has just hnd the distinction to be 1 elected an Honorary Member of (be Royal Geo- J graphical Society of Berlin 1 get the suid "strong" horse. After this, he went so rapidly, that no one saw anything but his streak till he reached the New York Herald office, about five o'clock on Tuesday morning. His movements along the route were like a constant succession of Hashes of lightning. This is a true statement of the three expresses run, and attempted to be run, on this occasion. In consequence of ours being the only successful one, the result of which every one has seen, it was currently reported in the Courier office yesterday and the day before, that we had bought off Harnden. Now we are authorized by the very best authority, to contradict this, and that we do so most emphatically. We do ihis, because it was reported in the Herald office that Harnden is not considered worth buying off, and upon tracing this report to its foun dation, we found these reasons for the reports:? Two or three years ago, we made a contract I with Messrs. Harnden & Co., to run an express i under certain contingencies from Boston on the arrival of one of the steam ships. This contract included the Courier, and, we believe, some other papers. This express was to cost #750 of which we were to pay our share. It was run | by Harnden in a most bungling manner, without t any regard to the said contingencies, and against I our positive orders, and he then brought in a bill for 1 $375, or the whole amount, it matters not which, i We paid him #150 on account, till we could exa- ? minp intn thp^mattpr Wp fminrl thnt the p*nrpsK i was an abortion, and run contrary to all orders and i all advice. We, therefore, considered, that Ham- I den was not entitled to a cent, and he is consequently $150 in her debt. This, and the interest thereon, at seven per cent from the day, we paid Mr. Wyman, his cashier, to this day he now owes us, and we wish him to bear it in mind. What we thought the Courier thought also, and we do not believe that they paid him it single copper for that miserably managed express. We mention this thus particularly, because Harnden has stated in the public bar rooms, that we owe him $800 This he is to prove. This was one reason for the report in the Herald office. Another is fresh in the recollection of every one who cares a button about the mutter. We will mention it, however. Within the last year, we again, in connection with other New York papers, made an arrangement with him to express the foreign news to us rrom Boston, and three consecutive times paid him 3tir share of the expense of said expresses, for ivhich we have his bills. When we expected the lews for the fourth time, we were astonished to ind that it was very mysteriously received by a lingle establishment in this city. No one could ' iccount for this. We made our charges. We said ' hat Harnden ought to have sent the news to us ind the others as per agreement; but these charges vere never noticed, not to this day. What were a ve or the public to think of this conduct! 1 This was the other reason for the reports in the Herald office, and taking every thing into conside- 8 -ation, they were just. ' Ol r Double Siiebt.?The splendid double sheet " Htrald which we issued yesterday, created quite a exi sensation amongst the news-boys and newspaper Sil1 readers generally. It had the effect of entirely des- loo troying the sale of all the other papers. These bet little roguish philosophers, the news-boys, expended wa all their money on the double sheet Herald, and nui made more money by that investment in one morn- all ing than they usually do on the whole penny and Pu two-penny press of New York in a week. We be* sold them at the usual price, a cent and a half, to the news-boys, und they got six(>ence for them, tuc and in some instances a shilling. , That double sheet was one of the most costly and P?[ valuable ever issued in New York by any news- did paper establishment, yet it was only a faint apeci- 'aI1 men of what we mean to do when we get properly Pro under way, with all our materials in proper ac- Jfc tion. There is no newspaper office in this city, or tllr country, that can, on so short a notice, on the arri- dra val of extraordinary news, or the pressure of adver- cel usciiieuia, or any emergency 01 uny ainu, get out *" a double sheet with half the expedition that we I)rc can. We possess more machinery, and more men, 8ec combined for this purpose, than any other office in ^ri the country. Four double cylinder presses, with e'f four sets of "distributors" und "feeders," and two 8U< steam engines, all in effective condition, are ever be ready, on a moment's notice, to go to work and Wl throw off our myriad sheets, containing the latest W1 intelligence from all parts of the world. tiv During the coming interesting summer, when P" business, and all the general movements of the re' country, will be brisk and exciting, it is very probable that we may have occasion to issue a double ec< sheet almost every day, and thus beat the whole eff newspaper press of the world, including the London cli't Timtt- We are gradually and surely reaching the be highest point in newspaper history, and we expect, tab one of these days, to astonish them yet more than lib< we have ever heretofore done. pro The Recent Fashionable Murder at Washington.?Thu horrid particulars and details of the 1 recent fashionable murder at Washington, between jiai young May and younger Cochrane, are gradually " ' gleaned up here from persons coming from the ^ capitol. These details are also much more minute |ey and horrible than can be expected from any Wash- wr ington correspondent or letter-writer, the most of by whom are under the deleteriousjinfluences of that corrupt metropolis. p(!! We have learned some further of these bloody Mi particulars, which we give to-duy, and we do seriously ask the moral and religious community to bethink themselves whether some public action ^ should not be taken Jo express opinion at least, on such an atrocious murder. It appears that the Wlj principals were mere boys, Cochrane only 18 years |a,i old, and young Julian May, who shot him, only 21 a few days ago. Cochrane's two elder brothers in? concurred in, and were privy to all the proceedings, eit; and by their advice the unhappy Joseph acted. Think of that. Their father and mother being of both dead, should they not have been their boy- ""J brother's guardian! He rode to the ground in a 8oi coach und four white horses, singing snatches of * songs till the fatal bullet deprived him of life and 1 sense! Think of that! Dr. Miller, an elderly phy- j sician, with a large family, and of the highest re- xl,, spectability, consenting to act as physician to the L party who shot the boy, instead of applying to the civil authorities to have them all arrested?think of Bai that! Very severe things are said of Dr. Miller, which is the occasion of the statement which he ?toi gave notice that he should publish in the "Intelh- co11 gencer." It is proper, however, not to condemn him until he has been heard in his defence. F. 1 It is said, however, that the surviving brothers in ' are perfectly " satisfied Indeed, we should suppose that all the parties are fully "satisfied." The t)ly privilege of calling a man a " coward," who finally J shoots you in a duel, may be equal in value to the j?' life taken. But in the^'niean time, are not public that virtue and the moral sense of the community out- vc.r aged! Shall age, maturity, diwretian, coolness X. tnd high character, by presence and refusal to pre- low vent legally, aid and abet such outrages! All this is strictly in accordance with the code of public honor and chivalry?and it is a pity that such a code J.",a should stand above the code of public virtue and 3ml rectitude. Ob ! most wretched?most miserable? most benighted?most besotted world ! ficii This awful murder is even far more horrible than that of Cilley's, which was the result of political thri violence?Cochrane's butchery springs front personil violence?social violence?in a community with- Cha tut true honor, social feeling, or regard for law. 'he due Opera at the Park Theatre ?We have still tuners that negotiations are on foot in regard to >f tl ipening the Park Theatre with both an English tnd Italian Opera. It seems to be expected that wii he Seguin troupe from the South will be here lometime next month, nnd a great many persons ,|10i uppose that Mr. Simpson will not allow thisoppor- len unity of doing something to slip through his fin- tJQ [ers, as he has 60 many others. It is suggested the hat with De Begnis and Mrs. Sutton?who, by-the vay, goes to Italy in May or June, to fulfil impotant engagements there?and the Seguin troupe, hat Mr. Simpson could produce an Italian and an 'yit' English opera on alternate nights. Some of the for nost admired operas could thus be presented, such is Scmirnmidc, Tancredl, and Otcllo. Semiramidc lou tas never, we believe, been performed here; but Tancredi and Otello were by the (larcia troupe, ous tnd their^splendid and subduing music still lingers ? n the recollection of many. nea We very much fear, however, whether Mr. Simpton has the enterprise to do any tiling of this kind. '"K \11 his spunk and spirit appear to have deserted tioI1 tint. lie seems to be a perfect walking corpse, hap without a spark of galvanism in his whole skeleton. 'jV Under no change of circumstances?in no ptute of ton things?in no revolution?even if the millennium were to begin to-morrow, it does appear that it -tag would be still impossible to efTect any change in 'he the cast-iron features of Mr. Simpson, or in the operations of his mind, or the movements of his tier- lll(| ion. Tha "old man of the mountain" is on his >n tl shoulders, and it seems can't be got rid of at all, at .'j ill. em ; ?hi| Birtii in Prison.?The wife of Henry M. Kagge, enti the aceomnlice of vounc Saunders in the forsreries *'xc on the Wnll street banks, in the name of Austen, Wilmerding to Co., was delivered of a fine female child on Tuesday night, while in the cell with her husband. She had no medical attendance, owing (tin to the prison being closed at that time of night, and ^y11 was compelled, from the almost unexpected event, Cor to prepare some articles of dress with her own needle of 1 a short time after the little stranger was horn. She 're has recently been under the hospitable care of the Eia keeper, Mr. Fallon, who generously provided her 0I with a home, to which she will be removed us hoj soon as possible. The Humane Engine Comtany, of Philadelphia, !*?* arrived yesterday afternoon, on a visit to this city, lay and were escorted through the principal streets by Hope Engine Company No. 31, and some twelve n? other companies. In the evening they partook o( 'hn an elegant collation, provided by No. 31, at Tivoli an,j Saloon, and afterwards visited one of our theatres, mei _________ do* Mind your C's.?The Philadelphia Times is informed that in Derbett's Peerage, the name of Pa- Th< kenham is spelled without the c. We have seen hts.card?it is plain " Mr. Richard Pakenhatn." cili The Hon. David Henshaw, late Secretary of pri' the Navy, passed through this city yesterday, on Mrj his way to Boston. Am Mails from the East.?Latterly wc received r(^ Nantucket papers from January 27 to February 17, inclusive! g,? . . sior The Orioon Negotiation.?The Madisontan of jon Monday says, " We are authorised to say we have tieard nothing in Washington of i rumor that n new N Secretary of State in to he charged with the Oregon will legotiatfon." This confirms the view taken in the Wash- the ngton letter we published on Monday, that Mr. Upshur a ill not leave the Cabinet for any foreign appointment, T >ut remain to conduct that negotiation appi LL_ ?.LtLlJ LiJ ! ["he Italian Opeka ?The house last night was eedingly brilliant. The array of fashion, elelee and beuuty was exceedingly imposing and iked really like prosperous times. Many ?f ihe it friends of the opera have doubted whether there s in this city a sufficient depth and breadth in geine musical taste here to sustain the opera. But their fears must now have vanished. Signor Into has done his share of the work, and he has ;n met with a most gratifying and cheating mdiion of popular confidence and favor, and gratile. iVe have certainly now arrived at a new era in >ular amusements in this city. What a contrast 1 that elegant house, crowded with the best nilies in the city, managed with such admirable ipriety, and free, altogether free from any obtionable" feature, present to the scenes sornetes exhibited in the days of the "legitimate imu!" The police of the opera house is rtainly not the least meritorious part of management. The admission of any im iper character is impossible. You feel just as :ure from all annoyance as you would in the iwing room. The atmosphere is one entirely of Kance, refinement and taste. The influence of ;h popular entertainment must be exceedingly neficial. The public taste and the public morals II be alike improved. Music, that divine science lich indeed unites earth to heaven, will be culatcd with increased spirit and success, an ! ail blic amusements must gradually experience the ining influence. We trust that nothing will occur in the domestic Dnomy of the establishment to mar the good sets which may be expected. Let there be no tuet for the support of favorite singers. Let there no trawTs or quarrels. And let all the availuble ent in the field be obtained and patronized in a eral manner. Thus, a long career of dazzling isperity may be predicted for the opera. So mote >e \siiley, anu Ckist the Lawykk.?Mr. Ashley a sent us the following, with a request to publish is his view of the case :? This matter has been removed from his Honor ! Mayor, to the office of the Recorder. Mr. Ashhas ofl'ered no testimony in his defence. The lole afl'uir thus far consists in charges only made the lawyer, Mr. Crist, with whom Mr. Ashley 3 a personal misunderstanding, and from the teslony olfered on the part of Mr Crist, there apirs to be no proof of the charges preferred.? \ Ashley ia to arrange the matter of bail with s Honor the Recorder?and in a few days our idersmay look for a full explanation ol the whole itter. From Albany.?The Eureka arrived last night th Albany papers of yesterday morning. !n the Senate, on Tuesday, a petition from 241)2 ies and gentlemen of New York was presented for a r to suppress licentiousness. dr. Be h.n n ?m reported in favor of the Assembly bill to eqiorate the Odd Fellows' Hall Association of the y of New York?Referred to the committee of the olc. n Assembly a petition was presented by E. Sandford, Masters St Weed, and others, for the Empire State In ance Company in New York. L bill was introduced to incorporate the Irish Emigrant :iety of the city of New York. dr. Davezac introduced a bill, on notice, to incorporate New Y'ork Vaccine Institution. City Intelligence, Police ?Fen 91.?Counterfeit on thf. Bank of Ken:kv ?A colored woman, who gave her name as Mary Ward, entered the store of Wm.O. Durdett, 138 Walker :et, and purchasing four yards of muslin, offered in ment a $10 note, purporting to be of the Northern ik of Kentucky, which was found to he counterfeit i first said that the note had been given t? her byawhite n the evening previous, but afterwards telling different ries, she was locked up until Rhe gives a correct acint

of tho manner in which she obtained the note, loroner'a Office.?Feb. 91.?Drowned in a Cistern l child, named Hogg, aged about six years, living with ?. Siflken, of 397 (Jreenwich street, was found drowned t cistern. Verdict, accidental death. The County Court. Vednf.sdav, Feb. 21.?Present, Judge Ulshorffer and all other members, with tho exception of the Recorder, udge Ui.shoeffer informed the Court that they had n convened to entertain certain charges made against tice Garrit Gilbert of the upper police. It appeals ; on the 27th of June last, Benjamin Lewis, a stage drion the Astoria route, was summarily arrested while rillg a Khgp. fllll nf jtugeoiigt'M, And bi ought befoi V J USGilbert, on a charge of driving faster than the law of eil. The passengers being detained, application was le to proceed with the trial, or to allow the accused to in bail for his appearance, hut this was pettishly re it by the Justice, and finally he allowed the accused ;o, on the payment of a fine of $5, and $2 62 costs. The rge against Justice Gilbert w as preferred liy Henry itn, and others, and was referred to a committee to ret thereon. The committee having had the benefit o( opinion of the District Attorney, who did not see sub snt in the charge to sustain a prosecution, reported : the Justice had not been guilty of any very serious ich of duty, but had acted rather hastolr, perhaps >ugh ignorance, and that the complaint be dismissed, tdge Iisc.Lis, however observed, that although the rge was trifling iu itself, vet there were many such rges, and the best mode of preceding would be to lay complaint on the table, until the matter and the cont of Justice Gilbert could be unquired into. If, as it alleged, the magistrate was wont to exercise his ofllce li a degree of asperity and harshness, it was the duty he Court to look to it and not sutler such a person to n the oflice of a Police Magistrate, to harrass or annoy citizens, who were either brought before him, or who hed to have justice doneii|>on others. No matter ither the cause of such conduct, wag ignorance, a hasty |ier, or whatever'else it was attributed to, the Court old search the matter thoroughly?if sufficient evice could be had of such conduct, then it was their du0 join issue and remove him from the bench. n the motion of Judge Indus the matter was laid on table until this day week, when the Court will meet in. Amusements. Chatham Circus.?Tiie bill for to-night is one dngulur attraction. The Philadelphia Firemen, h their escort, have chosen this house as their resort amusement for this evening. Levi North is to ride 1 of his best acts, and Hiram Franklin will, besides rig and performing on the slack rope, give us his famous Lie somerset. Mr. Cole, the man without joints, will isform himself into shapes not human. Mrs. Oullen I ride the Sylphide, and all the company will, in variacts, appear in various characters. Vive la Chatham. towKiiY Amphitheatre.?Jonea, the only debitor of sailor character, made a great sensation he Amphitheatre last night, in the drama of Black ul Susan. V/e hnvo seldom witnessed a more touchami finish**!) nii'C.n of anting than thn William of \lr is. What adds most to the charm of Mr. J 's per sonais is his line melodious voice, equal, we think, to the ipiest efforts of Forrest. Mrs. Thome, as Susan, was, isual, in high favor with the audience. She appears i evening as Corinthian Kate, in Tom and Jerry. Mr cs is to act as Ben Boa'swain. Mr. and Mrs. llussell likewise to appear. The equestrian performances of B. Turner, and the rest, allord a happy diversity to the [e performances. The Bowery Amphitheatre is now in "full tide of successful experiment." Va8hi\<jtox's Birth Day.?This grand holiday I be duly observed at the American Museum, magnificent performances will take place at J o'clock he afternoon, and again at 7J in the evening. Signor nciseo appears in his wonderful and astonishing feats lagic, ana Chinese Kquilibrfums, Mr. and Mrs. Westin their superb comic monologue and Vankee court[?, and other eminent performers contribute to the grand attainment* of the occasion, making the attractions far eed those of any either establishment in the city. American lie pub Means.' ATTENTION! Th TIIF. FIRST AMERICAN REPUBLICAN LI RTY POLE will be raised on the 2*id (ley of February, is birthday ol the Father of our Country,) at the Eighth irrl Head Quarter!, 98 Wooster street, at 9 o'clock I' A box will lie deposited under the bate of the pole, iteming documents relating to the origin and history he party, and also the names of its distinguished advoBit. A number of the citizens of the Ward having exssed their willingness to turn out on the occasion, the ;hth Ward Committee have accordingly given a geneinvitation to the General Committee, and to the Wards, n one to seventeen, to join in the procession; and it is ledthat theie will be a general rally of all Ward Assotions in the city. Distinguished speakers are engaged the occasion, and also a h and, which will lead the prosion, and every other arrangement is made to render occasion appropriately interesting The order of tne will be as follows ; The 8th Ward will assemble a' on's Hall, 98 Wooster street, at OA o'clock A. M., where i Imped the 6th. 1Mb, 9th and Kith, will also assemble, j line will tie formed, nnd commence its march at 10, nigh Spring street to the Bowery, and thenca to M ili Hull, where the 1st, 'id. M, 1th, Ctli, 1-lth, 19th, IOth 17th, will join in. The procession will then cornice its march down the Bowery to Grand street, and in Grand street to Baylies and Brown's yard, when1 7th, 1.7th, and 11th Wards will fall in. The pole will e be mounted on trucks, and appropriately decorated s procession will then move through Grand street to Bowery, down the Bowery to Chatham, down Chati to Broadway, up Broadway to Canal, down Canal to lton Market, up Spring to Wooster street, where the 5 will be erected at 9 o'clock P. M. A stage will he pared for the speakers, among whom may be expected Woodruff, Simmons, Green, Oakly, Fenn, ftequea others. Immediately after the pole is raised, the ericsn flag will be run up, and the band will perform I Columbia. As many as can conveniently will ap r mounted oil horseback and in open carriages. The rd Associations am requested to appear with their bani, and music if possible. At all events, let there he a nd rally, such as will be worthy ofthe party and oecai. The procession to he under the charge ot J. A es, Grand Marshal. JOHN F. DRIGGS, Chairman B - -The eight Ward Committees of Arrangement* I meet at 8 n'clock, at head qunrters, on the morning of procession, to consummate their arrangements. By order as above, lie butchers and cartnicn are particularly requested to stir mounted j ' ?? * "sam BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. j Washington ( [Correspondence of the Herald.] j Wasiiixotom, 20th Feb., 1311. i Some discussion arose to-day in the Senate up- ^ on the bill respecting pension agents. It proposes j to take the office und duty of paying pensions from 8 the banks and give it to agents under bond, at a ' salary not exceeding $1000. t Mr. Haywood moved to strike out $1000 and insert $500.g , i Messrs. Ai.lkn and Baqiiy proposed to take it altogether from the banks ; that is, not allow them to act as agents at till. Mr. Fost&k thought a $1000 was small enough salary to secure the services of good and safe men. Mr. Haywood still thought $500 was enough to pay any agent, no matter who he may be, for distributing this public charity to the fathers of the devolution. If they have any patriotism, it is enough ; and if they have no patriotism, they ought not to be employed. Mr. Baoby said patriotism was one thing, and compensation for public service wasanother thing. II patriotism be the motive, then strike out even the $(500 and pay nothing. Then who will suffer 1 The pensioners clearly?for no one will serve. Mr. Foster was opposed to excluding banks on the ground that he would exclude no one who was legally qualified to hold office under the government. Mr. Allen would have banks precisely where they stand now. If they are employed, then don't pay them at all. lie was not an admirer of banks. A directorship in a bank is, to say the least of it, not always a badge of honesty. The less we have to do with them the better. The Bill was finally read a third time without amendment. After some little other business of small importance, the Senate adjourned. Mr. Pakenham, who arrived in town yesterday, will be presented to the President to-morrow. The President will give him a very cordial welcome ; but it the Oregon debate comes off in the Senate on the same day, as is expected, i apprehend his reception at the other end ot the avenue, by at least a portion of the Senate, will be of a very different character. S. B. TWENTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS, F 1 It S T SESSION. Senate, Washington, Feb. 20,18-14. judges of the supreme court. Mr. Tappan introduced a bill limiting the term of office of the Judges of the Supreme and inferior courts. greenhow's book. The bill to purchase 1500 copies of this hook was called up for a second reading, and passed. Mr. Archer gave notice that he would call it up for a third reading next Friday. Mr. Benton said, it was astonishing that where there was something bad to be done, there should be always a great hurry to do it. lie desired it might come up in its regular order. Mr. Archer said'he should not imitate the Senator upon the other side (Benton, ) in bandying opprobrious epithets?but he thougnt it was due the honorable Senator?in the exercise of that courtesy which should always prevail between the different sides of this hall?to give him notice of his inten 11011. occupation of oregon. Mr. Semple moved to take up the resolution on this subject. Mr. Benton objected to taking it up today, in consequence of so many of the Senators being absent?(on a visit to the Princeton.) He hoped it would go over. Mr. Sempi.e consented, but said he should call it up to-niorrow morning. _ . , Pennsylvania Avenue.?The bill appropriating $40,000 to repairing this Avenue was read a third time by a vote of 22 to 7. Messrs. Allen, Atchison, Breese, Hannegan, Semple and Tappan, voting against it Mr. Evans desired the Senate to adjourn, so few were present. Mr. King hoped not?but to go on with the general orders. Uueo aatrornI Sionotnrc luft and tKo (rnnaeol were taken up, and much grubbing was done among old Bills, and resolutions, of mere local or private interest. All important bills were passed over in consequence of the thinness of the Senate. The Washington Duel.?The following explanatory " card " and accompanying letters appear in the National Intelligencer of yesterday morning. They contain all the additional particulars of the revolting murder recently concocted and perpetrated at the seat of the National Government which have yet transpired :? A Card. Certain report* in relation to the rocont duel between two very younc men have connected Dr. Miller'* name with the affair under such gross and injurious misrepresentations us induce his friends to think a public find printed contradiction ia due to falsehoods so confidently circula-ted; yet so utterly groundless and at variance with the whole tenor of his liersonal and professional character. Accordingly, all the gentlemen now in the city who were privy to whatever concern he took in the affair, have come forward with statements to redress the injustice of these reports, and bear witness that his conduct was the direct reverse of what these reports would impute to him. He desires, However, to explain lor nnnseii the particular motives of his interference in the affair, and the manner and circumstances of such interference. No one is more sensible how erring are the notions of honor which have preserved a barbarous custom of a barbarous age in an age more humanized by civilization and enlightened by clearer views of Christian ethics. Yet his condemnation of dueling goes not the length of putting absolutely out of the uale of human charity such of our sensitive and impetuous youth as, misled by the examples of those whose characters and stations give their examples extensive influence over the manners and morals of their time, breakthrough the laws so oiten broke through with imminity by the appointed guardians of law ana order, lie conceives his duty, as a man and a physician, on such occasions, is to do'his best, first, in the way of prevention, and, when that is found impracticable, then in the way of cure. His interference on the late melancholy occasion was dictated solely by feelings of humanity, and by sympathy for the inexperienced youth of all the parties concerned, both a* principals and seconds. The professional character in which he appeared would, as he hoped, give a sanction to his interference, and ensure due attention and influence to his advice and persuasions. It was not till late in the night (about 10 o'clock.) that he received the first notice ol the duel, appointed to take place some six or seven miles from the city, at a very early hour next morning. This communication was made to him, in strict confidence, by Dr. J. F. May, brother to one of the parties. Dr. May apprehend*', as did Dr. Miller, that from the youth nna inexperience of all the parties concerned, they might rush into a mortal arbitrament of a quarrel, which cooler and more experienced heads might readily compromise. From Dr. May'9 account ofthe affair, Dr. Miller thought it so clear that the challenged party might retract with honor the insult which had provoked the challenge, that he determined to undertake the mission in the character of attending surgeon and friend; confident in his uwn mind, that nothing was wanting to accommodate the quarrel hut influential interposition from an impnitiul quarter. Receiving this communication as strictly confidential, his exertions to prevent the duel were of course limited to hose of a mediator only. He was an utter stranger to all the parties except young Mr. May, the son of an old personal and professional Iricnd. The lateness of the hour and the short time intervening between this communication and the early hoar appointed for the meeting next morning, left him no means of communication with any of the parties before reaching the place of appointment orontnoroad to it. He mounted his horse early next mnrninir and at some miles distance from the citv overtook ? carriage in which lie fovnl Mr. May, with two young gentlemen, one of whom he afterward* lonnd was Mr. May's second, the other, Mr. Ottyler, hound on the same benevolent mission of peacemaker as Dr. Miller himself. He found this party quite well disposed to accommodate on reasonable terms. On reaching the ground, Mr. City ler and Mr. Cochrane'* second had some conversation, which failed to bring atiout any arrangement leading to an accommodation?the second of Mr Cochrane, alter consulting with his principal, declaring in substance that no sort of apology would he made, and that the light must go on it Mr. May wanted satisfaction. Upon this being reported to Dr. Miller, though greatly discouraged, lie would not despair of prevailing at last to open a door for accommodation. He addressed himself immediately to Vlr Cochrane in person, and urged every persuasion and every remonstrance that he thought most likely to proluce an effect, asking him most particulaily to state his grievance. He said nothing to Mr. Cochrane of apology, hut limited his persuasions to his consenting to a mere negotiation for the ndhistment of the difference, upon having the challenge temporarily withdrawn for the purpose, which Or Miller nssured him he was authorized to do file unfortunate young man absolutely rejected all negotiation ; and, when Dr. Miller would still have persisted in his persuasions, abruptly turned on his heel, intimating a fixed determination to decline all further discussion on the subject. This necessarily pat an end to all hope of accommodation. Dr. Miller, knowing that Mr. May had received an insult under which he could not rest without utter degradation in the eye* of all who deem a resort to arms the fitting mode of redress for such injuries, thought not of attempting at that time and place, and under the then circumstances, to indnce Mr. May to submit to such degradation. All he could now do was to wait the event, and he prepared to render such surgical aid as the event might call for. When Mr. Cochrane fell, Dr Miller hastoned to ascertain his condition, then infotmed \lr. May of it. who expressed hi* sorrow with deep feeling and immediately loft (he ground by Dr Miller's advice The condition ol Mr Cochrane'* wound was sneh that no operation could have heen performed, ha.i any been necessary, liefore his removal to the house, which w as more than a mile distant. But no operation could have been otherwise 'than injurious before it should he indi. rate | by such change* in the patient's condition as could not ho expected to supervene till after jthe lapse of some hours. All that could he d ine for him in the mean time was to apply the simplest drassing to the wound, nnl remove him with all possible care and expedition to |his he I Dr. Miller, before leaving the ground, gave every ai l in hi* power to the suigoon who was in regular attendance on the jatient, and had the exclusive charge of the ease; and ii(l rot leave the ground till assured by that gentleman hat his aid was no longer required : but in the alternoou >t the came day, with some inconvenience to himself, he mid a giatuitous visit to the patient in company with Dr. Hall, who had been called in to consult with the attendag surgeon Vet in the face of these facts, notorious as they are to so nany gentlemen of the highest respectability, is Dr. Miler accused by calumnious rumor us it seems, oi having itood by with cold blooded indifference to see two young nen murder each other, Without ail effort on his part to ireventit; and fur her, of having inhumanly le.t tne unbrtunate j oung man on thegronud suffering for want of medical aid. In substantiation of the above account, Dr. Miller relets to the following'eters of Dr J.F. May, Major T P. Andrews, Mr Geuige Cuyler, and Dr. J. c. Hall lu ndJition to theahove, he has the testimony of the attending surgeon, that he (Dr. Miller) "rendered all the medical aid which was deemed necessary at the time, and offered further medical assistance if necessary;" and from another gentleman, who, as a friend of Mr. Cochrane, was upon the ground, stating in express terms that it was Dr. Miller's earnest desire to adjust the difficulty. Washinotox, February 17, 1844. My Dear Sir In reply to your note of this date, calling on mc for a full statement of tho circumstances which led to your connexion with the unfortuaate affair between Mr. Cochrane and my brother Julian, I send you the following account, which you are at liberty to use as you may think proper. On Thursday)night, the lath instant, I called at your house at about 1U o'clock, and told you 1 desired to hold a private conversation with you, which I expected you to consider confidential. 1 then gave you a full and particular account of the difficulty pending between Mr. Cochrane and my brother; the former of which I did not know and had never aeeu, but who I understood from the latter was apparently hi* equal, both phytically and in age, and such 1 now understand fiom all with whom I have conversed on this point to have been hi* appearance ; indeed, It is well known he was a young man of extraordinary physical powers. I stated to you that 1 thought there would be no meeting, but, in case they met, I expressed to yon my belief that your presence might be the means ol effecting an amicable arrangement, as thedilticultv between them, I thought, was so susceptible ot an tasy adjustment. My reasons for so believing were, that I was under the impression that a brother of .Mr Cochrane (with whom I had understood he had consulted) was a student of medicine in your ollice,and I thought that on this account, together with the mural weight of your character and your standing in our community, you could exercise a greater influence than uuy one else I could apply to I further stated to you that 1 hail just leit Major T. P Andrews, with whom 1 had held a lull conversation on the subject, and who entirely concurred with me in the propriety of applying to -you; and Major Andrews well recollects, as lux letter ,to me shows, that I mentioned to him, as I did to my brother (Mr. Henry May) the above reasons for seeking you, in hopes that you might be abie to prevent h hostile meeting. You told me that Mr. Cochrane was not a student in vour olfice, but that he attended your lectures at the college, and that, as a fritnd, you would follow the parties, a* 1 begged you to do. To confirm you in the opinion I entertained that your presence might prevent the last resort, I stnted to you that having recently been called on in a professional capacity in a similar case, I hud been the means ol honorably arranging an affair, which in all probability, under its circumstances, would have tvriniuatcd fatally hud I not been on the ground ; and 1 finally left you about 11 o'clock, satisfied from the conversation 1 had held with you that, as an umpire between the parties, every thing would be done by you in cbso they met to heal and reconcile the difficulty which haa terminated so unfortunately. That rumors should be iu circulation prejudicial to your charucter far the part you have taken in this unfortunate affair, is to mc a cause of deep regret, for I know that in having any connexion with it at all you were aotuated only by the strongest feelings of duty, of humanity, and of peace. I am, very respectfully and truly, your friend, Dr. T. Miller. J. F. MAY. Frnni'art 19, 1944. Mr Dear Sir In reply to your note of this date, 1 state that 1 did urge you to send Dr. Miller to your brother, aa a surgeon, on the recent melancholy occasion. My reasons lor so doing, in which you concurred, were us lol lows :?Dr. Miner naving acieu u sinieresicuiy un lurniot occasions, we thought, on this account, and from his character, that his motives could not he misconstrued or misrepresented. We believed his professional skill desirable, in case the parties, contrary to our expectations, should meet, as the weapons were of so bad a character. But, above all, we thought the presence of some gentleman of mature age anil sound heart pectUiarly desirable, on account of the youth of the partite; and we knew that Dr. M. had, on several such occasions, aided greatly and successfully to prevent or stoplproceedings. None hut a surgeon could interiere, unless at the hazard of his own safety : and, with young men, such interference on the part of suigeonsot high moral standing is rarely objected to. (It is not six weeks, I believe, since you stopped another duel, in this vicinity, also with rifles, and between very young men, after a fire, hy your energetic interference.) Vou stated, too, that the brother ol one of the principals was, you believed, a student of Dr. Miller's; and we hoped the Doctor would have additional weight from that supposed connexion. In the present case, the facts prove, I understand, the correctness of our opinions. Dr. Miller did, most anxiously, interiere, and with entire success, with every gentlomnn of the one party; whilst the othet surgeon, a very young and amiable gentleman, who w.ftg equally anxious, no doubt, to do good, had to stand by merely because tf his youth and inexperience, and become, comparatively, I an inactive though painful spectator. Besides ineruatons stated, I knew that l)r. Milter's manly,feelings would not permit him to decline a rail of humanity, or to withhold his professional aid to a fellow-being because he might be an erring one. Very truly, your frien'4, X. P. ANDREWS. Dr. J. F. Mav. ,u WsshipkHom, Feb. 10, 1314. Mv Dkar Sir : In reply to your communication of this morning, calling upon me to'give jo)t my opinion of the mnnner in which 5 on acted, and thifpnrt which you took in the unfortunate difficulty which otcurred on the morning of the 16th February, between .Mr. Julian May and Mr. J. W.Cochrane, of this city, I have to state, as follows s , I was personally unacquainted with you until, upon the .tiiiv.ti ui itii .'i?7 f i'at*y "? lyiiuin unngt:, juu iuuw up to the carriage, behind which you had been riding on horseback, and introduced yourself hv asking if my name was not Cuyler, and if I was not related to a friend of yours. Mr reply was in the alttrma|fve. Immediately after this, Mr. .Ash and Mr Pooler, the afconds of Messrs. May and Cochrane, alighted from {heir respective carriages, and walked aside for the purposeof conversation. I recollect distinctly that you said to this eaily period of our acquaintance, that as you had come out purposely to effect u reconciliation, this difficulty had better he arranged at once, and the principals not kept in suspense. Alter a stoppage of a very few minutes, we all got into our carriages (you still being on horseback) and drove on lor some distance, when we arrived at a house whore we all, with the exception of Mr. May ana Mr. Cochrane alighted. I met you in the room when I went into the house seated by the fire, and immediately both of us,as if by mutual consent, walked out upon the piazza, when you asked me whether any attempt at reconciliation had been made. I replied that / had not yet done so, having been called in late in the evening previous to accompany Mr. May, but that my object'in coming out was purposely to do every thing in my nower to arrange the afliiir amicably; to which you rfeplicd that you would give me every aid to effect su desirable an object. 1 told you that I had understood from Mr Pooler that an attempt hud been made to settle the difficulty the day previous, which had not only entirely failed, but had been repelled with gross and insulting language. Your reply, as near as 1 remember, wus, "Never mind, wo must make another elTort, and try hard to succeed." Mr. Pooler and Mr. Ash were in earnest conversation nt this time, and after our inter view I went to Mr. Pooler, who said that Mr. Ash had just told him, upon his (Pooler's) attempt at adjustment that Mr. Cochrane would listen to no request lor on apology of any kind; that he (Mr. C.) was determined to have a meeting, anil would not retract the insnlt he had given Mr. May. After this, wa rode to the ground which had been agreed upon, and when we got to the top of the hill, all of the parties descended to the fatal spot, except Mr. Ash and I, who remained for the purposeof copying the articles which were lo govern the light, it being then supposed that a meeting must necessarily take place. It is needless to say that at this time, as my'chief object wus pacification, I urged strenuously upon Mr. Ash the necessity of adjusting this ditticulty. Mr. Ash replied that ha had consulted his principal, and that it was utterly useless to attempt to make him give any apology. I last sight of you at this moment, but presumed you had gone, (as you said you would,) to net as a mutual friend, and arrange affairs amicably ;and your conversation in the carringc, upon eur return, proved that 1 was right in my conjecture. I nm extremely pained to learn that a rumor ha* got abroad in the city that your leaving the jrround as soon as you did was an art ol' inhumanity, una that you used no effort to adjust the quarrel. In express contradiction of this rumor, I muststite tbat your conduct waa quite the contrary When Mr. Cochtane fell you were at some distance, and ran to his assistance upon seeins that Mr. May iiad sustained no injury Mr Pooler and Mr. May went up to the carriage, and I ran towards Mr. Cochrane. Then? we met, ana, upon my uniting your opinion. jon mid you presumed tha wound was mortal, which has proved hut too true. Vou distinctly, in mv presence, however, offered your services, and some one of the persons around said they would be oi no avail, as there was no hope. I then went up to the carriage, leaving you on the spot. We were dotuined at our carriage in consequence of your being below, and Mr Pooler neing obliged to leave instantly, and there being no other convey nnce for your return to town but In our carriage, (as Mr. Mav had tliken your liorse.) we called for you loudly and hurried you away from the ground Shortly alter we got into the carriage, one of the gentleman looked at his watch and said it was nine o'clock On our return you stated that you had offered yourservices forthe other party, but were told they were needless. I recollect, also, bat before we left, you told Mr. Coclirane's hackman to take the lenders fiom his rat'iajye and go down as fnr as he could, giving him directions in what manner he should take him up and put him in the carriage. In conclusion, permit me to! say that the rumor of your inhumanity seems tome to be so totally without foundation that your hitherto high standing in the community can in nowise be endangered by it. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, OKI). A. CUYLF.R. FcanuART 17, 1S44. Mr Dr.*a,?'You have been charged with inhumanity and n dereliction of professional duty in leaving Mr. Cochrane on the field, and not rendering him proper surgical aid. My opinion of the juiticeof this censure is requested, and may he gnthertd from the following explanation of your relation to the |?irties and of the condition of the patient You were not the surgeon of Mr. s Cochrane, and your only duty was to offer aid and advice in consultation, to the gentleman who acted in that capacity. Thnt you did this, promptly and efficiently, I know from the test imonv of those pi esent The character of the wound and the con htion of its subject perfectly justified you in limiting rotirsclf to the measures advised, and in thinking tlmt death would speedily ensue. A rifle hall had shattered and entered the skull, blood and brains were profusely discharged (ram thn wound,the patient was son?eles?, cohl, Bed nearly policies* t inier these circuit tanres you directed the means to arrest the bleeding and to reanimate the patient, but not with the least expectation, I imagine, of substan

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