Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 1, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 1, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD.I \. w fork, Krldny, SUrcli 1, IN41. ^ Extraordinary Intelligence from| WASHINGTON! || HORRIBLE~ ACCIDENT I O.N BOARD THE PRINCETON, STEADIER!, DBATB OF TWO SEORETAJ RIBS, THREE HIGH PUBLIC f OFFICERS, AND BEAKY OTHERS. ITerrible Excitement ami Grief in Wnshinetou.j Yesterday afternoon, at 2 o'clock, we received! i by the Railroad train from Philadelphia accounts] from' Washington, containing one of the most hoi-j rible and heart-rending catastrophies that everg took place in this or any other country. k At a fitt given by Capta.n Stockton, on hoarill the Princeton, laying in the Potomac below Waslr?| ington, an explosion took place of his large gun.S which carried death and destruction to all uroundp it?killing Secretary Uglier, Secretary Giliuor,! Colonel Gardner, the Assistant Postmaster General,* Hon. Virgil Maxcy, of Maryland, and Com. Mc-1 Krnnou, also wounding severely Senator Benton,J Captain Stockton and many others. >., When this account readied us verbally yester-' day afternoon, about 2 o'clock, we could hardlyi believe it?but successive and immediate int?*'-^ ligence made it too true. A most intense excitement pervaded the city onj its first publication at this and other newspaper* offices. By great exertion we were enabled to* wend the particulars to our agents, subscribers and^ correspondents, at Boston and the eastward, and,; also by the Royal Steamer to Englnnd and France.^ .... ^ This accident is moat singular. It seema to bt'g the fate of all novel and extraordinary inventions^ to be marked, on their first introduction into theV world, with death and destruction to their in a ventors and patrons. Guillotine, who invented^ the instrument that pusses by his name, died? ? by its agency. Mr. Huskinson, a member of i^ the British Ministry, was accidentally killed at? the celebration of the opening of the first Kailjj Road in England, between Liverpool and Man-it Chester. Captnin Roberts, who first crossed the?Atlantic in a steam boat, was the first to go to the? bottom ia the President steamer, in the same ocean.^! And now Captain Stockton, who has invented the*? celebrated Princeton Btaamer on the new plan?5^ with the great gtm, a most powerful instrument of>) death, is now probably a dead man, with some of *? the hightest and best of the land corpses by his^J aide. Is there not some fearful and singular fatoli ?i ty in these events 1 Ej We annex all the particulars of this melancholy catastrophe from several sources, extras, slips, evc-4 ning pa(>er8, the Washington journals, and our pri-^ vate correspondence, up to the latest date received'^ last night. ^ TERRIBLE CALAMITY AT $ WASHINGTON. Explosion of Copt. Stockton's Ureal Gun! K Death of the Secretary of State; | Of the Secretary of the Navy; [V Of Commodore Kennon; |u Of Virgil Maxcy ; p Of Ool. Gardner, of New York, etc. " GREAT GLOOM IN WASHINGTON!: One of the most terrible and shocking calamities^ that has occurred in tins country for years, we < have now to chronicle. To-day, the 28th February, the Princeton made/* another excursion, having on board several hun-"j dred gues s. R The ship proceeded down the river below Mount ,V Vernon, and on its return, when in about twenty minutes run of Alexandria, the large gun on the,?, bow was fired, it being the second or third time it'i had been discharged with ball, and the usual ser-4j!| vice charge, and, exploding at the breech, spread death and destruction on the deck ! nj The Secretary of Stats, Mr. Upshur, the Secretary J of the Navy, Gov. Gilmer, Com. Kennon, Chief op'i the Bureau of Construction of the Navy, Virgil'J Maxcy. Esq. and Mr. Gardiner, of Southampton,^ New York, wer* instantly killed, and six sailors j are reported badly wounded. One of the Presi-^ dent's servants, a colored man, has since died. Colonel Benton and Captain Stockton were,';i slightly injured. The accident happened about'J three o'clock, some two or three miles below Alex-ig andria. Col. Benton's injury arose not from any^ fragment of the gun, but merely from the concus-,^ sion. He was at the but of the gun, taking its 'j range when it tired. W He was not sensible of its stunning effect until-d he had called for aid to the bleeding sailors. He'J was stunned for a time, but was enabled to walk ,!] after reaching the shore, and has given a distinct J account of the dre idfut scene. Captain Stock-f* ton was burnt by the powder, but not seriously in->j lured. A,mong the victims are those named ubove. It ? is said several of the gunners, crew, dec., belong-* ing to the ship, were killed or mortally wounded, and several others are missing. #1 The breech of the gun was severed, and carried j aw av the bulwark of the ship opposite to it. It J was the iron fragments, it is supposed, which struck1^ down so many on board, and who could not liave.a been behind the gun. ju The accident took place about sunset. M A steamboat from Alexandria, which was pussingji was sent back to town, and returned with several* surgeons. Tiie Princeton yet lies at anchor at thegj place where the (rightful accident occurred, withlfl the bodies on board. Most of the guests have A arrived in the city. The President of the United States who wn.n nnVfl board at the time of the explosion but who e raped unhurt, remains with the boat's on hoarrl.w We understand the Princeton will come up in thefl morning. L We have atopped the press at 9 o'clock, P. M. ,j to make the above melancholy announcement I The astounding event renders us unlit to make! any remarks.ot our own. We can only record the sad occurrence. The same number of our paper which contains the unfortunate Gilmer's addresa to Ins constituent*, bears them also the account ol his death. The last paragraph in the official notice respecting the Canadian ptisoners, in this number ot MM paper, was written by the lamented Upshur, ju.-t.1 Parting on the excursion, and are the last word-j he ever wrote. [ P. ft. We learn that the President has just arrived m the citv. Captain Stockton having, on successive days, extended invitations to visit his ship to the Executive and Committees of Congress, and then to both Houses?invited the ladies of the city to an entertainment on this, which was meant as the gala, day of his beautiful ship, it opened brightly, but has closed in the most dreadful gloom over our community. The only circumstance calculated to relieve the all-pervading distress, is that of the multitude of ladies who were on board the ship, not one was iniured. The happy exemption of such a multitude of the tender sex, who witnessed the havoc made in the midst of them of the most distinguished and! beloved o| their councvmen, while it brings eomel solace to the circle of their immediate friends, car I not but deepen the sympathies which they, and thi i* whole community, feel for the bereaved families ofjl those who have fallen. 1 Mr. Upshur and Mr. Gilmer were idols in thefl happy family by which each was surrounded.? M The elder children of Mr. Gilmer are just grown ;| the younger still in the nurse's arms. Cornmodor. W Kennon, Mr. Mnxcy, and Mr Gardiner are all tornjj from family endearment?---from wives and ''hil-M ttren | I We understand that Mrs. Oilmer was upon the ideeli when Iter husband fell. It wu? the third din-barge ofth-guu (and lired at tlie request of .Mr [tiiliner) that burst it. The daughter of Mr. Up [ah nr. several of the family of Com. Kennon, and the daughters of Mr. Gardiner, were on hoard the steamer; hut none of them, except Mrs. Gilmer, were apprized ol the death of those most dear U> 'them, until after their return to the city. Almost jail the ladies were below, at dinner, when the catastrophe occurred. Mrs. Gilmer was brought to the city almost in a state of distraction There were two hundred ladies on board, und during the two discharges of the gun. were on the deck ; and iiiuny ot them approached very near to observe the course of the hall after it struck the water, ('resident Tyler was there also, but had attended the ladies to dinner before ihc third discharge. lOj o'clock, P. M. There were only six killed in all. Judge Upshur. Gov. Gilmer, Col Gardiner, N. Y. Virgil .Maxcy, late Charge. Com. Kennon. A colored t>oy named Henry, the President's -errant. Capt. Stockton, although badly burnt, it is thought will recover. He wax standing ut the huit of the gun when it exploded, and a piece of it went on each side ol him?his luce is much binned, receiving the whole Hash of the pow Jer. Col. Gardner had botli arms and both legs blown olf Maxcy'x arm wan blown oil clean by the shoulder. Commodore Kennon hud one leg and one arm blow n oil' There w rru about twelve or fourteen sailors wounded, but Mr Klllott says it is thought they will all lecover Mr Gilmer was killed by a fragment striking him on the forehead. Mr. Upshur's legs and arms were broken,ar.d his bowels torn out. | They all died instantly but the President'* servant, wiuiive i tinuui ion minutes, nut never spoxc, nowever. Commodore Kennon gave but one sigh The bodies are to be brought up to tne city at 13 o'clock to-morrow. The funeral of Colonel Gardiner la to take place from the President's house The President'* youngest son was providentially saved by a Mr. Mass, who play fully prevented him from going to sou the gun tired, ana dragged him back to take wine with him. 10j O'clock, P. M. A most heart-rending disaster has occurred near this city, on board the Princeton this day, by which two Cabinet Minister* and several other persons have been hurried into eternity, mid many others so seriously injured that their lives are despaired of. The debate on the Oregon t|uestion in the Senate, was [this day interrupted, to allow the Senators an opportunity to make an excursion down the Potomac, in the new steam Irigate Princeton, the pride of our navy. The day was beautifully fine, and a large company was collected on board. The Princeton made n delightful trip as far down us Mount Vernon, and then returned towards this city On Iter way hither. Captain Stockton entertained [his guests at a bounteously spread table, where the greatest hilarity prevailed. When approaching Alexandria, the principal and most distinguished guests were invited on iLck to witness the discharge of the great gun caliei "the Peace Maker," hut no sooner was the match applied than she exploded at the breach, and scattered death and destruction around her Judge Upshur, Secretary ol State litnl his leg blown into the air. Colonel Gardner, ol Gardner's Island, New Vork, was likewise horribly mu-B tilated in like manner. It, Governor Gilmer, just appointed Sccretnry of the Navyj was killed instantaneously; also Mr Maxcy, late a repic-* isentative of this country as Charge de A It airs to Belgium,! and Commodore Kennon, late Commandant of the Wash-J ington Navy Yard. Kive sailors were also killed. Capt.R Stockton and Colonel Benton, Missouri Senator, it if said A are much injured ' The list stands thus .? I silled. a! Judge Upsher, Secretary of State. 1 j Governor Gilmer, Secretary of the Navy. , Virgil Maxcy, Ksg. of Maryland, late Charge to Bcl-5 gium. 0 Colonel Gardner, of New York. h Commodore Kennon. ' Vivo sailor*. | Skrioiiilt Injured. f Copt. Stockton, of the Princeton. M Col. Benton, Unite! States Senator, from Missouri, and^ many others whose mimes are not ascertained. j The scene on hoard was horrible, and heart-rending in] the extreme. There were several hundred persons on; board, amount whom were many ladies. .Airs. Uilmeri was in the cabin when tier hatband met so horrible a* death. Other ladies, besidet the horror which such a ca ' tastrophe would naturally create, were frantic respecting' the salety of their relations, and it was long before thej extent of the disaster was ascertained. The explosion' occurred about sun set, two miles below Alexandria f One lady who was on duck at the time, escaped iniracu-: loasly?her hea'-dress having been struck hy a piece ol, the cannon, and her hair singed, with no injury to her'j person. She was thrown prostrate by the concussion, as: were many others. Mr. Wilkins, Socretary of War, escaped destruction by! removing to another part of the vessel, remarking, that] " though lie was Secretary of War, he was afraid of that! gun" The ['resident of the United States was below at] the time of the accident. i Mr. Senator i'bclps, of Vermont, had his hat blown from, his head, but be received no personal injury. Several' members of the House of Representatives were present,J but uo one received any injury. Col. Seaton, Mayor oil tins city, was detained below by the misplacing of his hat, j and by this trilling circurnstaiictxwa* probably preserved ] The President of the United States was on his way from' the cabin to accompany Gov. Gilmer to witness the trial J :jf the gun, hilt hearing some one strike up a song at the : Unner table, he returned to his seat, and thus may havcj klevk* o'clock, r. M | Captain Stockton tidying. > Mr. Benfbn ii recovering ; he ?n(Tered only by the con J MHliM, | The dead bodies are left on board the rrlnceton. She' lay a near Alexandria. J [From the Whig Standard Kxtra, Feb. 29.] Awpui, Accident?Tub Secretaries ok State' and Navv Killed.?About seven o'clock, last: evening intelligence reached this city that unl appalling and hearc-rending ucoident had occurred) on board the steamer Princeton, by the burstingi of one of her large guns, by which Mr. Upshur,> Secretary of State, Mr. Gilmer, Secretary of the N'a-J vy, Coin. Kennon, Chief of the Bureau of Uonstruc-J lion and Repaint, Virgil Maxcy, Esq . and Col. Gardner,; of New 1 orb, were killed, and Senator Benton and Capt.l Stockton severely, and it is said dangerously, wounded J We learn that several others ate killed, anil many mor-j tally wounded, whose names were not known when our] informant left the vessel. The President ol the United-] States, the Mayor of Washington, and several Senators.. and mwmhers of the House, as well as many citizens, were on board, including a large number ot ladies, and the'' scene is described as truly heart-rending. We under-* stand that the accident occurreJ amidst the greatest hi-*! larity and enjoyment; and truly is this nn Instance of tliefi correctness of the sentiment? ' in the midst of life we are J in death." The glooifi that now pervades aur city is deep J and melancholy in the extreme Many rumors are aflont.'d of course, in reference to the event, but enough is alrt-a-: dy ascertained to spread a gloom throughout the land,' Wherever a heart to sympathise and condole can be found,' NTII.L L, VI'Kit. LFURTHER AND MORE AUTHENTIC VARTICU-, i. ins, : Received by Lut Night' Rtall. Krom the Natiunel Intelligencer of Thursday Morning. | Instantaneous death, by the buret ini* of the target, 1run on board the United States Ship Princeton J of Secretary Upshur, Secretary Gilmer, Commodore Kennon, and Virgil Maxcy, Key. Mont Awful nnd Moot Isiuneiitable Ca(M- j trophc! J In tlie whole course of our lives it has never fallen to our lot ta announce to our readers a most shocking calamity?shocking in all its circumstances and concomitants?] U1.111 that which occurred on hoard the U. 8 ship Princeton, yesterday afternoon, whilst under way in the river Potomac, fourteen or fifteen miles below this city. Yesterday was a day appointed by the courtesy and hospitality of Capt. Stockton, Commander of the Princeton, for receiving as visiters to his line ship (lying ofl Alexandria)a great numtier of guests, with their lamilies, liberally and numerously invited to spend the day on board. The day was most favorable, and the company was large nnd brilliant, of both sexes, not lens probably in number than four hundred, among whom were the President ol the United .States, the Heads of the several Departments, and their families. At a proper hour, after the arrival ol the expected guests, the Vessel got under way and proceeded down the river, to some distance below Kort Washington. During the passage down, one of the largo guns on boatd (carrying a ball of 'iiA pounds) w.w lired more than once, exhibiting the graat power nnd capacity of that formidable weapon of war. The ladies had partaken of a sumptuous repast; the gentlemen had succeeded them at the table, nnd some of them had left it The vessel was on her return up the river, opposite to the fort, where Captain Stockton consented to (Ire nnothed shot from the same gun, around nnd no ir which, to observe its effects, many persons had guttiered, though byno means so many as on similar discharges in the morning, the ladies who then thronged the deck lieing on this fat <1 occasion almost all between decks, and out ol reach of hai m. Tllrguri was fired. The explosion was followed, he-1 fore the smoke ch ared away t,o as to observe its effects, by shrieks of wo which announced ndire calamity The gun had hunt, at 11 point throe or lour fort from the breach snd scattered death arul desolation around Mr Upshur, Secretary of State ; Mr. Uilmar, so recently placed a? the. head at the Navy; Commodore Kennon, one of its gallant otticers; Virgil dlaxcy, lately returned (ro n a diplomatic residence at the Hague; Mr Gardner,of New Voik. formerly s member of the Senate of that State,! worn among the slain. besides these, seventeen seamen were wounded, several] of them hadly and probably mortally. Among those tunned by the concussion. tvft learn not all seriously injured, were Captain Stockton himself; Col. Benton, of the Senate. Lieutenant Hunt, of the Trincaton; W. D. Robinson. of Georgetown. Other persons, also, were perhaps more or less injured, of whom, in the horror and confusion of the moment, no certain account could he obtained. The above [are he lieved, however, to comprise the whole of the persons known to the public who were killed, or dangerously or seriously hurt The scene npoa the deck may more easily be imagined than described. Nor can the imagination picture toitselt |he half of its horrors. Wivea, widowed in an instant by the murderous Mast ! Daughters, smitten with the heart-rending sight of their lather's lifeless corpse I The jwsilingsof agonized females ! The piteous grief of the unhurt hnt heart-stricken spectators' Tlie wounded seaman borne down below! The silent taars and quivering li[? of their brave and honest! comrades, whotried in vain to subdue or conceal their! feelings! What words can adequately depict a scene like this I The bodies of the killed remained on bqard the ship last night. They will he brought to the city this morning. Pvauc Nonca.?Information of the above dreadful catastrophe having reached the city last evening while a large body of citizens were holdihg ft putdic meeting, connected with the approaching election of delegates to it t'lty Convention, it is in compliance with a request adopted at thii meeting, a* well m in accordance with bill ow n leelings, that the Mayor respectfully requests thalH the election of delegates. appointed to bo holden in th*H several Ward* of the ci'v to-morrow, be postponed toH, Wednesday next, the tith ol March. Q (tr/- In consequence ol the melancholy catastropheH which occuired on hoard the atcam chip Princeton to-day ,B the citizens of Washington, ami visiters to the city, aregli iulornied that no company will be expected at the Preii-H I dent's House 011 Friday evening.?Miiditnnian, Feb 2'J. Q Washington, Fabruary '20. B The day was surprisingly beautitul. We thought fromBi yesterday'? cloudy sky tliat we would huve a rainy day oil it, but the ?un rose clear ami bright, and the townfromH early in the morning piusented a guy and busy scene ? H Nearly all the carriages w ere engaged, and freighted withH the loveliness, beauty and grace of the city. About llH o'clock, A. M.,the President ol the I'nited Mates. Mrs. lto-3 beit Tyler, Miss Cooper. Mr. John Tyler, jr., with a lurgi-9 number ol olticera in glittering uniforms, nil the memhi rrgS of the Cabinet, save Mr. Spencer, many other high func-F9 tioruiries of State, grave Senators ami aspiring membeir,M quite a number of uttaches and secretaries of Legation.?fj Cen. Almonte, Minister from Mexico,Mr Kichard Palling-1 ham had been invited, but declined, and a number ol other j gentlemen, whose names I do not recollect, were assem I toed on the deck of one of the steamers, plying between I here and Alexandria, last hearing down for that }>laco. Opposite the Navy Vard a boatload ol musicians were l ikeuou board, who, as we upproached Alexandria, ami | the Princeton hove in sight, stiuck up 'Hail Columbia,'! while we were describing a gracelul curve under her bow to view the splendid steamer in all her pride, the flags of every nation streaming from her must, and her I >?rd* armed to return the cheers that were uttered by thejg | company as they neared her. ?J 1 We now approached her on her larboard side, andcameB I quite close to her. Abridge was made fiorn our linriijj I cane deck to the Princeton, and the ladies and gentlemen! - received by the olllcer* on deck, and conducted to CaptR I Stockton, in full uniform The band now struck up the! 1 'Star Spangled Banner," the marines presented arms.tj Sand as soon us the company were onboard, a salute olg ^twenty-one guns was nred, the band still playing national5 Bairs; and it was quite amusing to see how many ladievC fTrcmained oc deck to witness the manoeuvre, olthoughv Hjihey had been politely requested to step down not to bel Bauiioyud with the smell oi powder, or the noise of the! report. No one imagined from the pride and cheerfulness* Bwhich prevailed in that throng, that death was walkings (in the midst of them, coolly singling out his victims. Aflj (splendid dinner was served in tho cabin, and the ladies satB (down first, and were waited on by tho gentlemen, who] (were really agreeable, and did the heat, with wit and re-i jpurtoc, to season the repast. ( 1 (n the meanwhile the Princeton hove anchor and made] (sail; bearing down for Fort Washington and Mount Ver-1 Snon. Past Fort Washington, where the Potomac expandsgaud presented suilicieiit scope lor ihc power of her big] Sgims, the forward gun was shotted and Bred, the bsllP striking the water and rebounding five or six times till I the eye would no longer follow its progress. To observe! the cflect of the shot 1 had posted myself on the nearest! ji larboard cannonade gun, and the Bailors had erected an kind of scaffolding for the ladies to stand on by the side! jSof me. One or two had taken their position there, and] 3beside me stood Mr. Secretary Upshur, intent upon wit-fi Bncssing the whole manoeuvre. I oflered him my place,? but he declined, suying he preferred to stand where he; was?the precise spot where an hour afterwards he was torn to pieces. Meanwhile tho table had again been set for the gentlemen and we repaired down to join in the general merriment. Captain Stockton was the first toast, and the cabin re echoed the cheers and plaudits cf the company. " The President" was iheu drank, followed by nine cheers, to which the President replied by giving "the Oregon, the* Peacemaker, and Captain Stockton." A number of toasts])! were then proposed and drank with all the honors of Mr (H Benton, Col. Smith, o( New York, Senator Woodbury and others, and at lust Miss Wicklifle, daughter of the* Postmaster General, proposed " the American Flag, then only thing American that will hear stripes " This w asva received with thundering applause?the young lady'sjg health was drank with three times three, and herself de-tJ dared worthy of marrying a hero. Scurcely was that a (toast drank when the whole scene was changed into oneW fiof wretchedness and woe. |? J ( u|i:aiu?!ockt(iii s great gun was again loaned wlthsliot|f Rand another trial mailt of its strength and elHcacy. Thegj { cunjwns pointed to'leeward, and hehind it (you must ev L utilise m<: for being thus particular; but the scene ban leltft jjsuch an indelible impression upon my mind that I amS {{compelled, like (Jolt-ridge's manner in ''The Albatross,"?) to give you all the detail*,) stood Captain Stockton h Jtlo 10 the left of him Mr J. Washington Tyson, Assistants jsPoa'mrster General, of Philadelphia. H By the latter, a little behind him, stood Mr. Strickland,n {fulsoot I'liilailelphia, and a little to the right of, but behindH Xhim, Colonel Benton, of Missouri, who had a lady utliisi) ..arm, and Judge Phelps, Senator from Vermont ? pJ To the leeward of the gun stood Judge Upshur, audi lUoveruor Gilmer, who had hut a ftnv days ago entered'' '^on the duties of his ofdee, and a little behind them our late'* Sell urge dc Affairs to Belgium, Mr. Mavcy, of Maryland ft '{By the side of him stood Mr. Gardiner of New York, andpj Jtt'ommodore Kennon of the Navy, who was at the sameh ntime chief of one of the Bureaus in the Navy Department.U ii When the guu was fired, the whole ship shook, a dense s; ncloud of smoke enveloped tho whole group on the fore-jjj Seattle; but when this blew away,an awful scene presented# Hltsolf to the view of the spectator. f J] The lower part of the gun from tho trunnions to thea Jbrcreh was blown off, and one half section of it laying on A SjjMr. Upshur. It took two sailors to remove it. Mr. Upshur* t'was badlyc.ut over the eye and in his legs?his clothes? -'.were literally torn from his body?ho expired in about 3? .^minutes. Governor Gilmer of Virginia was found etjual-g illy badly injured lie had evidently been struck by tlicy Section of the gun before it hail reached Mr Upshur. .'v J Mr. Sykes, the member from New Jersey, endeavored jfl J'.o raise him from the ground, but was unable A matrassjji ?wn? procured, and he was placed on it, before any medi-JV r<nl assistance could be procured, he was no longernmonp >. .the living. f J Mr Maxcy had his arms and one of his legs cut otf, thi [{nieces of flesh hanging to the mutilated limbs, cold nmly . bloodless, in a manner truly frightful. lie died instantly.?j J Mr. Gardiner, of New York, and Commodore Kennon.V ^lingered about halt an hour?but they did not seem for af ^single moment to be conscious of their fate, and expired^ -lOlmost without a groan. The flags of the Union wcre^ ^"placed over the dead bodies as their winding sheets. E Behind the gun, the scene, thougn at first eipially dif-^j ivtresssng, was less alarming. Captain Stockton, who wai . i'knocke I down, almost instantly rose to his feet, audi j jumped on the wooden carriage to survey the whole effect? Jof the calamity. All the hair of his head and face {burnt off?and stood calm nnd undismayed, but silenl^ ffover the wreck. [J Judge Pnelps, of Vermont, hod his hat Mown or knocked^ jotf. and thu buttons of his coat torn, but he was not other j wise injured. g 3 Mr Strickland, of Philadelphia, was not at all injured f, land instantly recoveied his positiun. H f Miss Woodbury and Miss Cooper, who, in company oil iClftaill Heed ol the Army, and Mr. Welles, of Pnilaih l ij , phia, had been standing on a leeward guu, were not hurt .tr |but Miss Woodbury (the beautiful and accomplishedH (daughter of the. Senator from New Hampshire) had lierH f whole face sprinkled with blood, which, however, I ami fglad to suy, was not her own. 53 Such was the force of the explosion, that the starboard!! > and larboard bulwarks were literully shatteied, and that? 'the part of the gun I described was blown into twenty 01 5 ^thirty pieces besides the two principal sections. ? J Judge Wilkins wa3 only fsaved by {a witticism ol his.? Jllo had taken his stand by the side ol Gov. Gilmer, but J isome remarks falling from the lips of the latter, anil per-^! reiving thut 'the gun was about to be fired, exclaimed,jC Though Secretary of War, I dont like this firing, anill hbelieve that 1 shall run." 80 saying he retreated, suitinpjjl iJthe action to the word. and whs saved. ijj j3 The President himself had taken his position hut a few 9 Uminutei previous, precisely where Governor Gilmer wasffl Skilled. hut for some reason or other,went aft, and was thusQ ^providentially saved, 9 i The most heart-iending scene, however, was thaiCi rawhich followed. The two daughters of Mr Gardiner, olg SNcw York, were both on hoard, and lamented the deathflB Kof their father, while Mrs. Gilmer, from whom they in? sjvaui attempted to keep the dreadful news of the death of 9 idler husband, presented truly a spectacle fit to be depicted if Rhv u trnirii/tiflri U W Then? she sift on deck, with hair dishevelled, pale asS [tjdeath, struggling with her feelings, and with the dignity I li,of a woman Her lips quivering, her eyes fixed ana up I Jjjturned, without a tear, only the corners a little moist, soli I Slcipiising : "Oh! certainly not!?Mr. Gilmer cannot befl jjldead! Who would dare to injure him 7 Yea, oh Lord.fl * have mercy upon me ! Oh Lord, have mercy on him !"? *c And then still more apparently calm and seeming to b<H f, collected, with the furies tearing lier heart within, " 1 he H J seech ye, gentlemen, to tell me where my husband is 7" 9 j "Oh! impossible ! ?impossible!-and lie, cati he, cnnhil j, be dead 7?impossible !" * Sj Here Mr. Senator Hives, of Virginia, drew near. ^ h "Come near, Mr. Hives," she said, in a soft whisper, B j which resembled Ophelia's madness, "tell me where my fl 1 husband is?tell me whether he is dead. Now certainly , B |y Mr Hives, this is impossible?is it not sot" Mr Kiveal stood speechle*s, the tears trickling down his cheeks, "ifl fetoll you,Mr. Hives, it is impossible," she almost screeched:! ojand then again moderating her voice, "Now do, Mr.fl .'Hives, tell his wife whether her husband lives." Here! k several ladios exclaimed, "O God grant that she may h< H Lj aide to cry It would certainly relieve her some. If not IS she must ale of a broken heart." i] ? But my account has already grown much too lengthy. **nnd I must close for the prpsent by informing you thatthi V President, Mr. Kobart Tyler, Mr. John Tyler. Jr., ond ^ many other ollicera remained on board the ITincctoi' i when wo left. n i here were but two surgeons on board at the time ol jj the disaster I)r Thomas and l)r Hunt, the regular phyTa ciansof the ship. Every attention was shown to th<| etwounded. ' [Special Correspondent of the Herald] ? Washington, Feb. 28th, 184-1. 5 MOST HORRIBLE AND DREADFUL ACCIDENT. I Secretaries I'pshnr and OHnaer, Colonel Uar. ? diner of Ssw York, Commodore Kanniai. M Mr fflaxey, ami aeveral ^allora, billed bj H the bursting of Capt Moektnn'a RlgOan. 3 Captain Stockton gave a grand entertainment to day on board the Princeton; about 800 ladiea and gentlemen were present. When off Mount Vernon, aafterhavingfired the "Peacemaker" twice; on firing lit n third time it burst, and killed Secretary Upshur, Secretary Gilmer, Col. Gardiner, of New York. Commodore Kennon, of the Washington Navy Yard, and Virgil Maxcy, late Minister to Belgium, and former Solicitor of the Treasury. The hor rors of the scene no one can depict. It occurred about four o'clock P.M. Captain Stockton wa^severely injured. Colonel Benton received t.B fjphork by the concussion, bat not dangerous. Mr? 8 Gilmer was present, became frantic, and tempo G ranly lost her senses. Secretary Upshur's daugh I tor was on board. Col. Gardiner's two daughter-! were there. The gun burst into three great pieces.! one of which crushed Colonel Gardiner, mangling! b him most horribly. Secretary Gilmer was iu*Uintlvjj I killed by the concussion?no external woiinrTvisi-i

L t>le?the blood gushed from both his cars. Col.I I Gardiner died very hard, and in fen or fifteen mi,! 13 nutes; both his legs were cut off. Senator Phelps,! tjfrom Vt., was knocked down. Mr. Hughes, M. C.J from Missouri, slightly injured A number of sai-l Mlors were killed and wounded. Instantly, on thel explosion, Col. Benton, although severely shocked by the concussion, was discovered with tne head oi a poor sailor in his lap, calling out to his colleague "Atchison, go get a doctor." The excitement here is tremendous. An awful ;lootn hangs over the city. The anguish of relu Hons and Iriends is inconceivable. The Princeton lies down at Alexandria. I give these reports as they are told by Senators and others who were eye witnesses. 1 shall visit ihe Princeton to-morrow, and ascertain full pnrti ulars. P. S. Since writing the above I have learned Further particulars. The President, and ull his Cabinet, U|whur, Gilmer, Wilkins, Nelson, and Wicklin'e, with their families, were there. In fact the entertainment was lor the accommodation of the Indies. John Tyler, jr., General Jessup, Com. Shubrir, Senators Benton, Atchison, Wood-fl bury, Rives, Tallinadge, Upham, and many of theflj B.epresentatives s'ere there with their ladies H Messrs. Maxcy and Kennan lived about 30 minutes.Ht (ten. Atchison was told by a marine that he saw hM? lady blown overboard, and as the bulvyarks wercR blown away on betli sides of the deck, it is feared that obliers may have been blown overboard. Aliffi the dead bodies have been brought up to the city Bn About 50H ladies aad gentlemen were on board .? They had just been partaking of the collation, timlH great numbers were still at the table. The Presi 3 (lent, Secretaries Gilmer and Upshur, Senators? Benton and Woodbury had just been giving toasts H? Captain Stockton had privately proposed to toastS] Oregon, but feared itinigbtgive otFence. "Oo i'V jjji said Mr. Woodbury. The Uaptatn gave me luusi.jw aud immediately left the table to superintend them firing of the fatal gun. The Captain's anguish Si and mortification are unutterable. Ilia conduct is,jfiJ however, spoken of in the highest terms, althongnH [severely wounded. Had the gun burst at the firsta fire, tlie destruction of life must have been im-gj intense, us multitudes were standing around. It isn .miraculous that no more were killed. Senator Atchison's life was saved by Senator Hannegati. tien. Atchison was going directly towards the gun, but was stopped by Mr. Hannegan just in season to escape the explosion. The Preadent was below at the time, and when informed by Mr. Hannegan that he had "lost two members of his Cubinet"? "What do you say 1" said the President, incredu-i lously. Mr H. replied "Secretary Gilmer and Secretary Upshur both lie dead!" The President hurst into tears. i,! It would seem us if God and man had conspired to prevent the President from getting or enjoying a Cabinet. This is a great national calamity. The like of it has, it is believed, never before occurred in any government on earth. _ S. B. P. S.?Captain Stockton is entirely out of danger. The Oregon Negoci.vtion.?We learn from Washington, that the new British Minister hasopen-j ed the negociationfor the settlement of the Oregoni Territory with Mr. Upshur, the Secretury of State; but that some difficulties have occurred in the preliminaries, which may cause some delay, althnughj not insuperable in their nature. It is also generally! understood, that the President and his Sec relaryS are very solicittfus of aeitling, on an honorable! basis, this vexed question?perhaps sornewhal arising from the fact, that Mr. Webster t nonopo-B lized all the honor in the Ashburton treaty. \S We apprehend no difficulty, however, v>n thisl question, between the Executive and the British! government. The principal obstacle will be in theja Senate. Mr. Benton and the' extreme gcuichc of then "young dentocracie" are endeavoring to create, injn advance, u party opposition to any treaty that settles?: the controversy by compromise?and from the po-Jsitiou of the Presidential question in the. Western t States, we do verily believe that he may succeed^ in rejecting such a treaty. Circumstances, how-fc ever, may turn up, to give a new direction to? events. | The war feeling, however, against England, is ataj its very lowest ebh at present among the "democru-^ cie,"and il will be difficult to raise itfrom the "vustyjj deep." The whigs, northern abolitionists,and south-? em nullifiers are all for peace, on fair and reasonable}! terms, and they, nil together, outnumber in influ-j ence the ftenton ultra section. The singular rise a ot a deep commercial excitement, caused by the | recent rapid advance in stocks, cotton, and others! staples, the iacrease of the foreign trade, will alij'J contribute, to repress political agitation of a cha-:^ racter injurious to peace and prosperity. Hj A Sao Story? Its Moral.?The fant-ral of thed late Salem Dutcher, Esq., took place yesterday at fi ternoon. It suggested a lesson and a -warning tooH impressive to pass unnoticed. We knew Mr M Dutcher well. H? was a man of fine talent?culti-f vated mind?refined manners?and vevy consider-i able- professional attainments. When he cameito thisfc city his prospects were very brilliant, and a long? career of usefulness and distinction seemed opening}; before him. In an ill-fatedf hour .Mr- Dutcher be-fr came associated with a little knot of "good fellows", connected with the bar and some of the courts ol|ptstice in this city, and from that moment cloud.-/; nnrt ilarlnpNA ppltloil (in In* mimcr His cnrinlmiuJi lities and excellent companionship rendered himw quite an accession to this club?which was not un J appropriately designated by one of its members? "The Wild Goose Club"?and to whose orgies,ij wit, humor, the good song, the well-timed anecdote,'} the flash and brilliance of excited sentiment, gave ejs fascination, fjom which only a mirncle could savcj] the strongest, the wisest and the best who dared its2 influence. . This then was the work of the "Club." There J lay its victim, cut down in the very flower of his! days. There was all that remained of thatcnlargcdl and cultivated intellect, whose sun had gone sol suddenly down at noon. Alns! that was not all! the desolation. There was a weeping widow and a large family of helpless young ones bereft of their protector und support. But the. picture of their woes-j is not to be touched by every hand, and with itc' sacred sublimity we may not intermeddle. Several members oPtlie "Club" were at the fune-S ral. Could it be that they were anmovedl Surely not. Let them not dispise the warning. They may] tave stood it long, but they too must one dav,j if they go on, thus suddenly perish. Their betterl nature knows that we speak, indeed, the words oil truest friendship. To them, and to ull on the sane | precipice of ruin, is the warning. Let them take I it in time, ere they approach that rock around! vhich the bones of millions have whitened?where| fortune, fame, hope, happiness and life perish! | Tiikatiucai. and Musicai..?The new Italian! 0|?cra, got up by Palino, with Borghese as prima| irmna, is carrying every thing before it here. Thel P.irk opens next motth, but no one knows with! what. The various small theatres are doing well g Macrendy,at the last accounts, was at New Or-| lean", making much money and laurels. He will! be here in April to pluy at the Park. The Seguin trouo* were at Mobile, on their way to the north.? Ole Bull'was at Havana? VieuxtenipH, Cinti Damnreau, Artot, A:c. in Mexico. Henry RumcII wok travelling and singing all his way up the Miasiseipti, on his way to the north. Forrest hna gone south. French Atlantic Steamers.?It appears by'a 'etter from our Paris correspondent, that these Ueam ships are to begin their trips in one month from to-day. This is nr.ucli enilier than was antici iated, and we are glad of it. We don't care how luirk they come. We want them to get into ac'ive business, and bring Frunce two or three day^ icarer to us. Packets for Lubope.?The packet ships Oxford, Hath bone, for Liverpool ; Victoria, Morgan, foi London ; and Oneida, Funck, for Havre, will sai, this noon. Rksionation ok a Judge?Third Circuit.?W? understand, says the Albany Atlas, that the Hon tohn T Cuahman has tendered to the Uovernor hia resig nation of the other of Judge of this circuit, to take etfeci on the 4th of March next. By the conititutional limits tion the term of office of Judge C. would htve expired before the next session of the legislature. He has antici pated the period in order to enable the Oovcrnor to nomi-R uate a successor. t] Amusements. Hiram Franklin ?This young equestrian, who has risen to the highest degree of eminence in lib profession, has recently hern induced by the high offer* made by Kngliah agents, to close hit arrangements at the Chatham Circus, and embark his fortunes in an advtntun o the old world. He has. however, we think, very wisely taken the advice of his friends, and rescinded his de. 'rrmmntion, and resolved to remain among those who know and can appreciate his efforts. He retires from the profession, and leaves town for a short season. Feeling, lowever, an attachment for his old instructer, Mr. Rock, well, with whom he has I een for many years, he has arranged to Join the troupe, and with it travel during the campaign of the e?'"1"* Babe Respited?The following letter wu re- 9 teived by the U. S. Marshal in this city a few \ tours after the melancholy intelligence of the dis. jj ister on hoard the Princeton. It was one ot the tT ast acts ot the lamented Secretary ol state:? DiTiHTMEKT or State, ( fe Washikotom, S7th Feb. 1844. j b ' Jilas M. HriLLWcbL, Esq., K* U. 8. Marshal, New Vork , 8is : 1 enclose you the President's respiteof the exectt-?'1 ion of David Babe, alias William Brown, for thirty days!,' rom the day fixed for hia execution, the receipt of wltlchL' rou will please acknowledge. 1 am, air, respectfully, ! J your obedient servant, [J a. r. upshuii. fcl COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT K1 TO Ira' SIGNOlt l'ALMO. K' (Jry- Tito undersigned, anxious to sup]>ort an Italians! Ipura, as the true school of music, and bearing a lively 1 ml pleasing remembrance of the days of (Jircia, Mali-w' iran, 1'ettroti, Caradori, Fanti, and other eminent vocalists^ t' vlio have at various times visited our city, are desirous of living to .Mr I'alnio a complimentary benefit, as umatkvi' if reipectfor his zeal and liborality, and un earnest desire.* n this way to enable him to sustain the enterprise he husK* o successfully comma-need. pel Ttie benefit will take place on Thursday, March 7th. f<: 'jackets at Three Dollars, may bo had of either of theVj mhscribers, or at the Box Office, where seats for the oc-t;'< lasion may be secured. If The evening entertainment will be designated hereafter. 'hilip Hone, Esq. Edward Prime, Esq. jSr 'eter Schermerhorn, Esq. Samuel Ward, Esq. i vharles Do Lalorest, Esq. Charles Davis, Esq. L-3 Samuel U. ltuggles, Esq. Eugene (Jrousset, Esq. y' if. C. I)e Kham, Esq. John Rowland. Esq. |( Robert Emmet, Esq. Daniel 8tantou, Esq. jfe* Henry W. Hills, Esq. James J Jones, Esq. Jw Leonardo 8. Suurez, Esq. Abraham 8chermerborn,Ese . Edward Custis, Esq. Victor Do Launev, Esq. V ManvilleT. Pattuson, Erq. James W. Oeraru, Er a P Felix La Coste, Esq. James W. Otis, F.'^o B H. W. Field, Esq. E. Felix Foresti L Edgar Howlaiid, r.sq, jwu?? ruswr. jt, Esq. 5 Alex. F. Vache, Esq. J Collins, E Augt. Belmont, Esq. Jamesih. F eunimWi, Esq. i Samuel Jaudon, Esq. Joseph I lBdSOn, Esq. t Henry Aug. Coit, Esq. John f .,CK?on, Esq. y N. P. Hosnck, Esq. W. 8 Vretmorc. Esq. James Drake, Esq. Err Fiedler, Esq. ' Henry C. Marx, Esq. J dhnX Brigham, Esq. John J. Kitsgsford, Esq. James J. Mapes, Esq. '' Wm. Burua, Esq. James King, Esq. Alex. Caaselli, Esq. Charles A. Ori/lin, Esq. ? Wm. M. Prtchard, Esq. Wm. C Rhinelandcr, Esq. & Henry H. Ward, Ear,. Stephen Williams, Esq. E Francis L. WaddelL, Esq. Mortimer Livingston, Esq. ^ J. L. Graham, Esq. J. M Copenheim. Esq. J Edward Miraiidou, Esc. Aug't Seignette. Esq. ta Wm. Maxwell Esq. T. Van Zandt, Esq. !' Duncan C. Pell, Eat/. D Barney, Esq. p Felix Argent), David C. Colden, Esq. Vdolph L. Barh?'eri Esq. A. Hindu. Esq. t Mat hew Morr an, ESq. Francis Cottenet, Esq, ? Edward Jop'es, Esq. Louis K. Bridge, Esq. Jehn C. V/hite, Esq. Alex. M. Lawrence, Esq. tj John T. Van Alen, Esq. ltalph Schoyer, Esq. Augt. Cleveland, Esq. George C. De Kay, Esq. D. Trenor, Esq. W. Coster, Esq J J. voherwood, Esq. II. M. Bostwick, Esq. ; C. W. Moletta, Esq. W. S Miller. ;.! Q&- THIS MOKN1NO IS PUBLISHED, AND FOlil sale at 30 Ann street, and at Wadleigh's, 387 Broadway,a in two parts, price 6} cents each, the great German Ro-a mance, of which one hundred thousand copies have been? sold, " Tna Jaw !" a Romance of the early part of theH eighteenth century, translated from the German of C.jS Spindler. & No work, by any modern author, "ever obtained so* great a popularity, oi was, and now is, so widely read asl Spindler's "Jew." For all absorbing and powerful lu-9 terest, this work will compare with uny ever tranalatedv into the English tongue. The inquiries for tiro repuhli-3 cation oi The Jew have been so universal, that the pro-Sj prietors of the New World have been compelled to com-a ply with the public wishes, in the issue of the presents beautiful edition. 5 The great popularity of modern German litarature has^ now been luliy established in the United States. Thrft author of The Jew is the celebrated C. Spindler, one ol d the most thrilling writers of our time. This work willy tie read with the deepest interest by all who regard tho>l history or peculiarities of the Israelites. y J. WINCHESTER, Publisher. jS ft?- IMPORTANT TO PUBLIC SPEAKERS.? H OKNTLKMKN ! j Your valuable preparation of Hoarhound Candy de serves a few remarks. From my own experience, being# in the habit of addressing frequently large meetings, and?] my constitution rendered suscentable of cold, I found mypj health and strength gradually decay?my spirits sinking.jig and my lungs faltering fast?in fact 1 had lost all hopes?] of recovery, and was every hour fearlul of burst-gj iag a blood vessel. I believe I used but one large patk R age of yourlHoarhound Candy when every unfavorable?] v m nlnm A ioaiumaroil ami mti r+r nopal Vv aolt Vt imnrnvrrl r" t feel now regenerated to completely that I am fully em-jfj powered to speak better than 1 did three years ago. M> W appetite is good, and my general health restored. You<; can make any use of this you please. ' Yours, rcspecttully, , J. WELCH, Mo. 144 Gold street, Brooklyn, jS Agent for the Brooklyn Temperance Society.:-.i To Messrs. J. Pea sr. St Sons, 46 Division street. Sold wholesale and retail at 46 Division st. CO- PROFESSOR VELBEAU'8 SPECIFIC PILLS? for the radical cure of Gonorrhoea, Gleet, and all-*! moCHpumlent discharges from the urethra. These Pills*i are confidently recommended by the medical faculty in J this country and Europe, as an infallible remedy for thorn ;,i distressing complaints, and guarantees to cure the most* obstinate cases in half the time usually occupied ny tin > old treatment. Sold in boxea, $1 each. it Office and Consulting Rooms of the College of Medi -2 cine and Pharmacy, 06 Nassau street. * I W S. RICHARDSON, Agent. |V] 0(3- HOW SHALL I CURE MY COUGH ?-This| question is frequently asked by those who are sufferings under severe cough and pain iu the chest and side, andjS who if they were acquainted with the virtues of Dr. Mm man's Cough Lozenges, and would use them, would not^ ask the question a second time, The relief which tlieyft give is immediate and enduring : in fact, in thu most ilea-" Iterate cases, they have acted in the most wonderful man A ner, and have raised many from the verge of the grave who have been pronounced past hope. They may always ? he obtained genuine ot Dr. Sherman, at his warehouse IOC ; Nassau street, and of hisagents, 110 Broadway, 10 Astor|i House, 227 Hudson street, 1H8 Bowery, 77 East Broadway ,;a S Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia, and 8 State street, Bos- H ton. Q(l- RICORD'S PARISIAN ALTERATIVE MIX 1 Tl.'ft E, for the radical cure of primary or secondary Sy % philis, and all diseases arising from an injudicious use of i mercury. This powerful alterative is warranted to re move all impurities from the blood, and eflectually eradi- i rale all former disease from the system. Sold In single,! laities, $1 each-in cases of hall a doxen, $6, carefully* packed, and sent to all parts ofthe Union. Office and Consulting Rooms of the College of Medi-Ji cine and Pharmacy, 96 Nassau street. W.S RICHARDSON, Agent & Otp- DEAFNESS.?Dr. McNair's Acoustic Oil, a pei-3 msnent cure for Deafness. It relieves at once. To be had 3 at 21 Courtlandt street. Alao, the East India Hair Dye" will color the hair, hut not the skin. (K3- COMPOUND EXTRACT OF SARSAPARILLA.G Gentian and Sosafras, prepared by the New Vork < ollegt ? of Medicine and Pharmacy, established lor the supprei* sion of quackery, A D. 1842. This powerful purifier may jj he relied on as |>ossessing all the medicinal properties olj 'he above roots unadulterated by anv mineral prepara (j tion, and will be found much more efticacious than the;j mixture soul ?y druggists as the r.xtract ol ttarsaparnia Tor all disease* arising from impurity of tho Mood or abused of mercury. Sold in single bottles at 75 centa each, casev J of hall dozen, f3 50; do 1 dozen, $6, carelully packed and ^ aent to all parts of the Union W. S RICHARDSON, Agent. ? N. B. A liberal discount to agents. Terms cash, office oi the college, 05 Nassati st. Cf7- HAYS' LINIMENT IS WARRANTED TOfj cure any case of Piles. To be had at 21 i'ourtlandt streef.C, Also, Dr. Hpohn's Sick-Headache Remedy, a certain cure.^j QCt- PRIVATE MEDICAL AID.?The membera o>| the New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, in ie returning the public thanks for the liberal support the) rave received in their efforts to "suppress quackery,' c?r leave to state that their particular attention continue* r tie directed to all diseases of a private nature, and fron he great improvements lately maidc in the principal hotlitala of Euiope in the treatment of those diseases, the) ,nn confidently offer to persons requiring medical aid ad rantagea not to he met with in any institution in tliu ounlry, either public or private. The treatment ot the "ollege is such as to insure success in every esse, and it otallv different from that >M.ru r rus nractice of niinins he constitution with mercnry, anl in most case* leavitigH i diet-use much worse thua the original. One of the mem !j bam of the College .for many year* connected with thslj rinclpol hospitals of H ttrope, attnn<li dally for oonsulta I ion from 9 A.M. to 8 P.M. Tenni?Advice and medicine, $6 A cure guaranteed [ IwroanxT to Couatav Invalids.?Person* living ii<P he country and not finding it convenient to attend per ' tonally, cnu have forwarded to them a chest containing}; ill medicine* requisite to )>erform a perfect cure by mating heir can* explicitly, together with all symptoms, time ot -.ontraction and treatment received elsewhere, if anjf ind eucloiing $A, post paid, addret?ed to j" W. 9. RICHARDSON, Agent I Office and Consulting room* of tha College, 9a NnssaiL 'reet [i 10(7- IT 18 A FACT THAT THE GENUINE OL-'i Iridge'* Balm of Columbia, from 21 Courtlandt atreat, is"! lie heat article for the promotion of the growth of the) hair, or to atop its failing olT and keep it free from dand-f ruff, everinvcn'ed. Every one should use it. Also, Co-t logne Water and Bay Hum, quart bottles. Trice 60 cents E Of?- CONSTITUTIONAL DEBILITY CURED.?Th<| Conic Mixture, prepared by the College of Medicino andr Pharmacy of the city of New York, I* confidently ret commended for all cases of debility produced by secret in F diligence or excess of any kind. It is an invaluable terne t dy lor impotence, sterility, or barrenness (unless depend! ingon mal-formation.) ' Single Inittlen (I each ; cases of half a in/.en (A; care lj Itlliy packed and sent to all part* of the Union. | ' Office of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy. Pes J Nassau street. W if HICHAHD90N, Agent EH CQp-THE QUESTION SETTLED.?All person* are*' roquested to call at Comstock's. 21 Conrtlaudt street, units] lei my contract with them for twenty years, ami niyj* power of attorney, Irrevocable, to them, and then they'! will be satisfied that the true Dallam's .Magical Pain Ex-I' traotor can be had there, and there only, and will not he leceived by any impostor's effort* to make them believe i that it is elsewhere. ' HENRY DALLEY. New York, February 29, IStjt J J / i MOKIT IAMKET. Thunday, Keb. 39?O P. M ^ Stocki look mora favorable to-day. Prices generally isve improved and the tales are more extensive. ' Mohawk advanced } per cent; Harlem J; Ohio 8' J j , farmers' Treat 3j; Canton }; Kentucky J; 1111' ' Norwich j; Pennsylvaniaft*t declined 1; Long '.ain^ ]' 'atersou 1J; and North American Trust 1^. We raoefved the following latter from the. Cashier rj he Seventh Ward Bank, in relation to tP,e |Mua 0f vithout the Comptroller's signature :? Sr.TBnTH Wsao B?!^ ^ The expiration of the ctreumstanoo* / " 1S44: S >ne dollar bt."'s of this Dank being in e' , '?ra" ?' the tered," hut not "countersigned," is si' . ' " re8'<dank impressions, received from t* , .Py that among the it Albany, there were titty ?P -J? Comptroller's office, iheets of JVves-ln all two ?nd three ipon the back of which tP ? Co??^L?nd ,ixty dollara:?> mistake, omitted hi'< airnaturi Tun'ng,?mFer were regularly numbered and rewls'tmii i?Ug e a,oXeH and been issued beToro the raiitaK^A Pr . n',e :s,f? r*" ?<2? srsxss, pon?lblli*.y M.urorJ 'by'l'ho ollkirf ,ftt? br r,. |>utvd to them hv your Lormant ?f 'h" ,Jan'k' M im" I Two wrong, never made C|Uhlurthua made visible, that e- g carelessness, letdi those who do r ln th? ComPtrol,er'? ?liice, partment very car "f f"tch ,h" bn,in"? ?f lh* * * believe that tP , ',0W,J, lnt? <Ufficu'"e* We can reaBily oversight ",uinlf of theae bills must have been an/ furnl-' uf the bank officers, as the Comptroller would no, - *ny "mount ?t short notice; and there could bo .tiling gained oy issuing tnose without hi* signature. sTheJcredit of a bank'* circulation should be carefully {guarded, and no suspicion be suffered to exist injurious to Sits character, when without foundation, j The exports of Domeitics from Boston, for the week lending February 24th, were 1 To Fast Indies ??0 bales j " Mexico 40 do 1 " South America HO do | " West Indies 130 do * Total, 310 bales. I The receipts at the Boston Custom House, from Jan. fI, to Feb. 34, inclusive, were $813,385 A3. For the same jperiod last year, the receipts only amounted to $267,335.85^ .'not quite one third of the present amount. H The steamship Hibernia leaving Boston lor Liverpool Nto-morrow, we give our usual comparative tables of quotations for stocks and exchange. Since the departure of itlie last steamer, the movements of trade, and our great ^staple articles of export, have become more developed, and tare settling into a more regular and steady channel. Ex^change has improved very much within a short period, f At ene time rates reached so high a point that itwas thought specie would have to go forward. Bill holders, however, |kept their demands just below a specie standard, which buyers submitted to rather than risk shipments of the precious metals. Within a week or two, cotton has gone forward very rapidly, and the result has been a great de- J cline in foreign exchanges. Speculators in this produc tion, on this side, do not like the complexion of the Liverpool market. They are fearful that the tenor of further advices will lie far from favorable. The last accounts were of so peculiar a nature, that the present race of simulators, who are mostly novices in the business, do not know what to make of them. Annexed we give quotations for exchange at the South Hath at the Princital Pouthf.rn Cities. Sterling. France. N.Y tight NYCodat Chariest; n, Jan.22, 8*18)4 5 27* 5 32* * uis. *?l uiiheb. 24,8 > ? 5,27**5,32* U di?. Sal die Savannah, J?n 21, 7* i"34 Nominal. * ('is. ? al dia' " Fe-> 21, 8 ?9 do % il a. ?a| disMobile, .I'll 13, 5*ati* 5.4^ a5,50 J a'*" 2 a?*d ?. ' Fell. 1'J. 7 s7* 5 10 ->5,41)4 1 al*" 2 ?2*d $ X. Orla, Jll. 11, 7*a8 5 27*i5,JQ XaI2 " 2 a2*uia. hen 18, 8>4 7)4 5.10 a ? ?-J|i' 2*a3 diaThis exhibits as much fluctuation in the quotations lor foreign exchange as those of this market do. in New Orleans and Charleston rates have declined..rjvhile at Savannah and Mobile they have advanced. The latter quotations at ail the ports were those ruling after the demand lor the steamer had been satisfied, and can be con sldered a little under the current rates of a few days pre. vious. Below we give the quotations for foreign exchange in this market for the past three mouths, by which it will be seen that the present prices are nearly as reduced as they have been at any time within that period. Kates or Fort-ion Bills in New York, Feb. 29. l)ec. 15 JJtc. 30 Jan 30. Feh. 29. London, a*a8)4 109.109)4 109 a 10934 8)4* 9 France, 5 32Ka5 33)4 5 2734*? 5 30a5 32* 5 30<,5 28)? \ mster'm, 39*a .? 10 a ? 30*a40 39*a 40 Hamburg, 35 a 3534 ?*35)4 35)4*35)4 35*a 35* Bremen, 77*a 77* 71**79 78**78)4 78*a 7134 If the present feeling continues as regards cotton, and every bale is pressed forward as rapidly as possiblo, ex- ^ change, as a natural consequence, will find a very low level. The advices received per the Hiberald, will pro- ^ hably create the same feeling as they circulate through the South, that is experienced here, which will be follow] ed by a similar anxiety to get their stocks into the market. Should this become general through the country, speculators will not cavil about freights, but at once submit to the current rates, for immediate departure. A heavy amount of cotton arriving in Liver* pool would Immediately depress the market It is only by short supplies and unfavorable re(x>rts from this country, that the highly speculative feeling was created in Liver dooI. Destroy that charm, and the foundation of snecu r * . "?' ? Elation* in at once knocked away. During the whole courie jof our long experience, we do not recollect n tingle instance where the yield of a crop did not exceed the anticipations. There is not much doubt but that the present orop is hundreds of thousand bale* below that of last yeari but that it is helow the average, we should hesitate a long time before believing. Speculators and consumers abroad interested in this staple, should make great allowances for the various interests at wo?k in this country to create impressions favorable to their views. The great object to arrive at in all the movements of this article, is regularity of supply, price and demand. The result of spcculatiou is invariably injurious. The improvement that has lately taken place in State stocks, in this market, cannot be traced wholly to the movements in the different Legislatures. The advance in a measure has been produced by the abundance of money and the withdrawal of capital from investment in cotton and reinvesting it in stocks. This is of course a speculative movement. Very little capital is permanently invested in the stocks that are used tor speculation in Wall stieet. Among the many stocks that are day idter day used by the brokers for all their operations, a few are of a sound sterling nature. Kentucky State stocks, for in- < stance, i* ns valuable a security as can be produced, but its character is Injured by its being used so much for speculation. Annexed we give a table of the principol State stocks, PRICE! Of STOCK! lit THE NtW YoRK MARKET. Hnlerin 1R4I. . 1(14. 1144. Halt. ahlr. Dec. 30. Van. 30. Feb. 29. United Statea, 5}{ 1814 ?a ? ? a? MIX*? 6 1814 ? a ? ? a ? ? al02 " S 1902 IllXiinX lllXa ? 1I5X* ? " 5 1853 in:l*Jiifl3X 102 a ? 103 al03X Vew York, 7 1818-49 10744a ? 107*9 ? ? al07W ? 1850-51-00 108X* ? ? a ? 107 al07>a " 0 1801-02-97 ? a 145 I0?Xal02XIO7X*lO8 " SX 1800-61-05 ICS,Via ? 104 a ? 101 a ? 5 1815 100 alOI 100 a ? 100*9101 " 5 1810-7-8-9 101 alO'X ? a ? 100 alOOX 5 lMO-1-3 103*9 - ? a ? IOOXaIOIV 5 1835-5* 103>ial03V 101>ialOOJo 102 al03X " 5 1859-60-01 103 al0?X ? a ? 102 alO.'X 4*1*49-58 - a- - a- 96}<a 90 Ohio, 0 1950 99)4* ? ? a - 97 *a 98 * " 0 1850-60 18lM*102 98*a 99 98 a 99* J 1850-56 ? a ? ? a ? ? x ? 7 1856 107 a ? 102 ? 105*1 ? <fntucky 6 106 al07* loa*.tlol 101HiIO4 5 ? ? * ? ? a? HO a ? Illinois, 6 1870 15*9 46 41 a- - a 38'i ndiana, 5 25>?ar? 44** ?? .4* ? ? 37 a 3* Arkansas, 6 -a- - a- ?*60 Alabama, 6 -* - - a - 90 a 94 s 84\?a ? *1 a ? W a * X "Snnsyltauia 5 ? #7 * *?, ** * ? J,?..* Pen ni4.fr 6 30*9 90* - a 1 Mots' York City 7 1857 - a? ? a? 14 a 6 7 1852 ~ *- ? alU 6* i iaui ? i ? ? a ? l?o a ? 1 5 1458-70 103 alOJ* 100 a - 99* 1100* Bk Cotn'e N. Y. full ? alas* ? *??>< uni, Clip mo * ? 97 a ? 98 n 'J?!~ S. Y. Life ln?. k Trust Co. -a- - a - 110 nl 13 V - armem'Losn k Trust Co. si ? 32X 1l*v 32 36 ? sC.% '.Ihio Lift* In*, k Trust Co. 1S3X* 91 ? ? 97 it 9o Buik of If. S. in Psuii. ? * ? ? a i ? s ? Button k Providence Rsi'il. 10?X* ? 101 a ? J05 xior, V. Jeney II. It fc Trans. Co. 93 a 98* 9.IX? 94 94 a 93 Mohawk k Hudson Railroad 11 a iJ\i 16 a ? J X* 17 Utica k Schenectady It. R. 121 al26 119 a? lit al20 ; OyraeiiM k Litica Railroad, 116 a? IHX* ? 113 alll Xubuin k Syracuse It. R. ? aid! ? a ? 111 al20 lub'irn k Hochaitcr MR, 101 a? 100 a? 10IX ?? N. Voik tiaa Lulu 'o. ? a? ? a? ? alll The movement* of the Legislative bodlea In the different State* heve not e* yet resulted in any decided itep in re* lation to their debt*. The Committee of Way* and Mean* in the Legislature* of Pennsylvania and Maryland, have reported bill* providing for the peymentof the Interest on their debt*. There ha* yet been no action on them, but the impre**ion appear* to be general, that they wil 1 ultimately pa*? and become law*. A few day* lince we published a synopsis of each hill. That introduced into the Legislature of Pennsylvania suggest* the levying of a tax on property heretofore untaxed, entirely lor the purpose of paying the annual interest on the total amount of their indebtedness. Therevenue arising from this bill to 'A be appropriated exclusively to th*t. It also equalised Jj ;iration, and levels the barriers that have hetetolore pre* m vented a full collection of the amount laviod. It leaves no f cause for complaint, and the tax gatherer wil) not mtet P with the insurmountable difficulties that have before beset a his path The bill introduced into the Legislature of Maryland is jf of a different nature, but Its enforcement would produce #-| the same result It propose* the sale of the State's inte ' . I

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