Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 5, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 5, 1844 Page 2
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Tue?lay, Killing up the Cabinet. Now that the remains of Secretary Upshur, and the other unfortunate gentlemen who perished with hitn, have been deposited in the deep and narrow house at Washington, the public mind begins to be agitated respecting the selection of those persons that may be named by the President to fill up the , vacancies created by that lamentable catastrophe, j And looking upon the position of the country in re- . lation to foreign afiairs, comprehending England, Texas, the Oregon, and various other points of the continent. We must say that a more important crisis has seldom presented itself to the country in relation to these selections, particularly the selection of the Secretary of State. Just lei us look at the position of the country vrith respect to the foreign negotiations. A Minister, specially commissioned, has arrived from England, charged with tull instructions on tinsettlement of an important border question con. cerning the whole territory of the Oregon, from the J llockv Mountains to the shores ot the Pacific.? | This question is surrounded and beset with dtfficul- j ties. A variety of principles may enter into tliene- I gotiations with respect to this question,and circumstances may concur either to produce an estrangement of feeling between the two countries as to lead to a lasting and honorable peace. This, of itself, would be sufficient to command the attention of the country in relation to the filling up of the State Departments; but there is another deeply interesting and important question connected with the sub-1 ject, and that is the proposal now before the President, made by the Texian Government for the an nexation of all that immense country to this republic. We conceive tha' the Texas question is ol more importance?more complicated?surrounded by greater difficulties?than even the Oregon question itself. It brings us in some degree into collision not only with Mexico, who will be u most violent opponent of such a inovementi but also with England, France, and indeed, we may say, all Europe. It is one of the most interesting?one of the most delicate questions, which has ever been presented in the negotiations of this country. Here is a large territory, equal in extent to one of the ancient kingdoms of Kurojie?torn from the empite of Mexico by bands of adventurers from the United States, organised by them into a separate republic?starting on their own hook?getting into debt?badly managing their affairs, and then coining forward, and asking to be united to the old established Northern republic, in order to leceive the benefit of its protecting a'gis from internal disorder, and foreign aggression. This is a question which will bring forth not only the opposition of Mexico, but may startle the governments of Europe, and may lay the foundations of a policy, that will sooner produce a war than even the Oregon question itself, with all its complications and difficulties. Now, in this state of these important foreign questions, the State Department becomes vacant by a casualty unheard of before in the history of the country. Who is to fill the vacant place? Who is capable of assuming the responsibilities which arc crowding around it? Who can bring to that important post the weight of character and influence, the great talent and greater wisdom, which may arrange peacefully and quietly all these questions, so as to preserve the honor of the country and the peace of the nation? These are questions whose solemnity and importance command the interest of the whole land. The President himself it cannot be doubted, does feel their pressing importance; and although every one may have full confidence in his integrity, still the selection of his associate in such a negotiation, is all important. In the north, and particularly amongst the whig papers and the commercial press, there is a general call for the return of "Mr Webster to that department; whilst we already begin to perewve in oilier quarters, towards the south, that the name of John C. Calhoun is connected with the same important place. Now in relation to Mr. Webster, Notwithstanding his success in the Ashburton nr. fcotiation, we arc persuaded that the President liirn Y?Mt is repugnant to such a selection, and that in other popular respects it might be unfortunate for the country. We believe Mr. Webster might be able to settle peaceably the Oregon question, so as to satiHly the east; but whether lie could settle it or the Texas question on terms to satisfy the south and west, we are disposed to doubt. We are quite satisfied that the President never will call Mr. Web ster, under any aspect of the case, to the vacant department. But we are not so sure but there may ' be a very good chance for Mr. Calhoun. And in this aspect of the case, it is probable that Mr. Cal- 1 houn would give more satisfaction to the country < in relation to these questions thtui any other man 1 that could be named. t We perceive also that thefiiends ol Mr. Calhoun at Washington and other places, are beginning al- j ready to move. And looking at such a selection in every point of view, we are disposed to think tiiat President Tyler would find it very much to the advantage of his administration, and to his ulterior views also. The friends of Mr. Calhoun in the south and west are numerous. These friends would he attached to the administration and its movements, in case of the selection of their Coryphteus for the department of State; and Mr. Calhoun might, in that position, from his great talents ?from his moderation?frotn his profound intellect?be enabled to settle these questions to the satisfaction of the great mass ot the southern and western States, and ertainiy not so much) in hostility to the east. If they could be settled with peace, that is all that the east wants?that is all thai the interests of commerce require?and that is all hat could he gained, even by the selection of Mr Webster. Court of Sf.ssions?Gravd Jury.?The proceedings in the Court of Sessions yesterday, will he found reported in another column. They will be found interesting. The charge to the Grand Jury was delivered by Alderman Scoles, and was quite taine, particularly 1 in reference to the broken companies, ft require a good deal of moral courage in any court, judge or jury, to stand upright before a cliqttt of financier.- J who have hud the management of nearly #20,s i 000,000, of which hardly #2 000,000 remain. It i- ' even doubtful whether the Grand Jury have the f courage to look at the subject. They can easily in- ' diet a set of poor devils for stealing a few dollars? j hut it requires nerve to take hold of those who make away with thousands and millions. ) Perhaps, also, the cases have overrun the statute i ?but should not the Grand Jurv nresent all the farts of the recent defalcations and robberies, and prove to the world that there exists yet in New York a remnant of financial honor and old-fashioned commercial integrity 1 Is it not their duty to brush up the character of this much abused inc tropolis I Tae Prxn Vans Libel Surra aoaixst the IIf.ralo?These are now all abandoned by the several parties?but we owe the wonderful village of Pmn Ysnn and posterity, a full e.rpose of thes- suits, as developing a chapter in human nature that wnald make a philosopher grave and a horse lamrh. More Philosophy.?TheTribune announces the approaching advent of a Doctor Buchanan, who proposes to come here in few days to spread the doctrine of Mesmerism or Neurology This is also i a new philosophic revelation, and is intended to .sot j the world on fire. Who comes next' CouRitrTrox.?A mistake was made in a n irne hi , the case of the Messrs. Gilbert, yesterday, in our 1 Police K .-port. It was on the younger brother, Kd- j mund Gilbert,on which the attempt was made, nt 17 < Leonard street. Mr. Thomas T. Gilbert live- at ' I if! Keade, and was not in 'lie nfihir at all . Tremendous (^ullicrliig of lh? WhlgKoreei at the Uroadwu)' Tahernacle Lut Kvei*. Ing?TUc OpenliiK of the Campaign for the Year 1*44? General Hcynolde with the Clay Club"?Joe Iloxle with the ItaUlce, and Horace Greeloy with the Whole Kank and Kile of the Kourlerltrs, One at tli largest assemblages of human beings ever convened in tliis city, collected in the Broadway Tabernacle last evening, in consequence of a summons to the Whigs of the city of New York to attend the celebration of the opening of the Clay campaign for lh? year 1844. .lust as the moon in all her majestic fullness hud arisen, and was pouring hei broad effulgence over tins great metropolis, the inspiring music of half a dozen bands burst upon the car from various quarters of the city, betokening the approach of the various "Clubs" which fell into line in Broadway, and marched, with their banners, to the Tabernacle, under the direction of Jamks N. IfEV.Notms, Ksq., their General-in-Chief. They poured by hundreds into the Tabernacle, and were speedily followed by the whole strength of the Fourier section of the Whigs, ! headed by Horace tlreeley in person. Afterwards came Joe 1 Ioxik, Ksq. with u most imposing array of 1 most beautiful 1.idles, escorted by their husbands, brothers and lovers. In a few minutes the whole building was so thronged in every part with the congregated mosses, that it was ulmmt impossible for the reporters to reach their places iu front of t Iks r?! . I 1.* !?? There were about four thousand five hundred persons prc.'ent, at least one tltousaud of whom were ladies, among-! whom were many of the loveliest women that ever the sun shone on in Hroad way. Or. the right <>t tlie platform was the splendid banner of the "Pioneer Club of the Eighth Ward," wilh a f ull length portrait of Harry of the West On the left was the equally magnificent banner of the Fourteenth Ward Club, with a large painting of Ashland, the princely residence of Mr. Clay. A full choir was in attendance, and amongst them were several very beautiful girls. Hundreds of persons could not obtain admission, and stood in crowds about the entrance and in the street. Throughout the whole evening the greatest good order prevailed, and the entire aspeet of the assemblage well betokened the strength, unity, enthusiasm, and respectability of the whig party of this city. The meeting was called to order by MorrIs Franklin, Fsq who nominated as chairman John L. Laurence, Esq. That gentleman took the chair amid the most enthusiastic applause, and the following gentlemen were then appointed as additional officers:? ticx phesidlntf. Calvin Balis, P. It. Smith, C. I Woodhull, N. S. Bmdlord, Kills Potter, Henry B. Bolster, Wm. Mail, Richard F. Carman, JolniC Hamilton, Obadiah Newcombe, Jared I, Moore, John F Allen, Morris Franklin, SUeppard Knapp, VVm. il. Sweet, William 8. Johnson, K J ward T. Prime. secretaries. John T. Lnrton, Daniel H. MiUer, J. F. Clarksou, WliiniulJ Case. The choir then sarig in good style, accompanied by th* organ, the following ode, written by J. G. in 1840 THK GATHERING. Test?"//nnte/V CAoru?." From hill and from valley They eagerly sully, lake billows of ocean? The muss is in motion ; The lines are extending O'er mountain and plain , lake tumults descending, They hurry umniu. The gathering! the gathering 1 We'll be there! we'll be there ! There ! there ! there ! Kaeh eye flashes brightly ; Kach bosom boats lightly ; The banners are glancing, Ami murily dancing ; While proudly the standard Of Liberty floats, And the music is swelling Inspiriting notes. The Victory ! the Victory 1 That we'll gain ! that we'll gain ! Gain gain ! gain ! Again we assemble? The traitor shall tremble ! For strong as the ocean, A people in motion ! Tiie Ides or iNovemiikii, The day oi Ins doom, lie long shall remember in silence and gloom. The traitor ! the traitor ! He shall fall: he shall fall! Fail! fall! FALL! Mr. henry k | davikj, Chairman of the Committee o! Correspondence, here came forward anil iaiilIt iiuk been assigned to me as part ore most pleasing duty to read for this meeting soine ol the letters ami communications which have been received from some of the most distinguished men nf our great and glorious cause, and I shall commence the pleasing task lirst by reading for you a letter which has been received by our Committee from ihatdisti iguistied senator uud friend of our cause, N. V. fulmadge The reading of the communication which apologized for Mr Talmadge's inability to be present, and concuried in the objects ol the meeting, elicited marked applause. Apologetic h tors were al io read from the Hons. Messrs Spencer. Jarningan, Tennessee; J. W. Huntington. Connecticut ; Charles Hudson, Massachusetts ; Ale* inder (1 Stevens, Georgia ; John M. Holts, of Virginia ; Hamilton Fish. Daniel Barnard. New V'ork ; Freeman Smith, ol 1 onuectieut, and Joseph Vance, of Ohio. The announcement of Mr Bom's name, and the readng of his letter, elicited the most enthusiastic applause.? U the conclusion of the cheering, a voice troin the gallery tailed aloud for three cheers more for Mr. Bolts, which srern veiy enthusiastically given. Mr. Vascf's letter contained some hard hits at the locodco party, which were received amid roars of laughter. \t the conclusion of the rea ling of the communications, he choir sung the following song, which was composed ay a laly for tho occasion : A in,?Jluld Lang -Syne."' Leave vain regrets lor errors past, Nor east the ship away ; But nail your colors to the mast, And strike for Harry Clay. Kroin him no treason need he feared' Vour cause he'll ne'er betray ; What name to freemen soeuduared As that of Harry Clay. No vain abstractions till his head, To lead his heart astray ; For every uohie promise made, Is kept by Harry Clay. Then let not treasonYdiated form, Thus till you with dismay ; But gathering strength to breast the storm, Stand fast by Harry Clay. llise bravely for one effort more ; Vour motto thus display ; I'ro'ection for our native shore! Unstained by Ha'ry Clay. And o'er our gallant Chieftain's grave, Pledge we our faith this day ; In weal, or wo, no change to know, Till triumphs Harry Clay.) c Mo hi Till triumphs Harry Clay, my boys, Till triumphs Harry Clay . In weal, or wo, no change to know, Till triumphs Harry clay ! The song was followed by a round of applause from ill quarters of the immense building. The Cmmm* then introduce 1 the orator of the evenng, I) fiiancu bicos, Ksq , who delivered the following Oration. TiiF.Ti .tr. iiif P aro f, aso the Mas. " To every thing there is a season, an I a time to every jurpose." So. to ?. there is n purpose to every time; an I is tho moin -nt brings its duties to the m in. so the age his ts irreal >Jtlt\ to iiertorm ?its irreit mirn nii to arh>ev? ? fit ip problems to solve -its groat truths to proclaim tu'. tin; truii ? i inch a it for 'lie wlmlu world to know and eel, are not loft iu the form of cold, inmimitc abstrac. ion*. The age, to apprcciato its own objeots, mutt see tii-m vividly represontod and exemplified in that human ife iu whirh our to sympathies begin and end. Vol, therefore, in the order of Providence, those leading leas of the ago ire always concentrated, personified, emlodieil, and incarnate iu living form that wo admire and revere; and thus wo are fondly led to love the truth, which, in it* disemho lie I existence, might have heen too ugh. too distant, and too spiritual for our observation or ippreciation. Thus we learn the great objects of the age, , th Purpose of tin- Time, in llio person 5 of the Man whose life exemplifies, un I whoee gonitis illustrstes lliem. We speak ot times?seasons?agas?meaning there by distinct p irtions of time, 'Phis distinction is matter ol | fact, not fancy it is practical, real, not imaginary. Time has its tides its flaw and its ohb?its long high waves witJi deep intervals. \ glance at the past shows it hrn ki n by groat accumulations of prominent events, divided by inti-rvali of comparative inaction We have passed but one such epoch in our nstional history?and are now approaching the nrme of another. The period irom the commencement of our If evolutionary War to the organization of the I- . leral government was the first. The time from that point to the present has been an interval made by the subsidence of the Iterulutionary wave nnd the gradual, prolonged rising ol another surge. The intermediate objects, quustions and interests have been incidental. casual, temporary. The mass is now swelling and pointing ag liu That first great epoch was, in our history like the chain of the Alleganies in our chorography. The present hringsns to a longer wider, and loftier range. We are scaling the summit of a Rocky Mountain chain, whence wo lookback over the broad valley and turbid iivera we hava traversed, to the peaks on which our fa:heri stood, now brighter with the rays of our lata day, in.I bevon I tin in to the ocean of time past, while before is is the vaster and illimitable sea of time to come The patriots of that nge kaa v when their work w?? lone They knew that the cause of liberty was only half vindicated by the swor.l That only showed the fiower to get: Hi. right to keep lilu-rty could only he vindicated by naking a goo 1 use of it The Revolution proper was not Mmplete. till the national government was organized by ongren, and the people hud felt and the world ha I seen th<- beneficial o|wration of a Republican <lovernment I hit iti > nlutionnr- igr tliereforo included a period ot ^SSSSB^SSBBSSFSBS!^SS^Smm^ ..? fifteen or twenty yearn,throughout which one great work wan in progress. it wan one time, with one purpose and one man. The wonderful and perfect adaptation of that man to the grt at purpose of that whole time, and thaoom plete identification of the cause of the nation with hin life and character, are a jierlect illustration of thin general truth, and are beat demonntrated by the tact that at this moment hin name need not be uttered. lu all this assembiv there in not a heart that doen not thrill with grateful and enthusiastic impressions of that name. And nut here ! alone?not merely where our language in spoken? not j m.-iely in those cuiintnen und places with whic^i we have ; frequent and familiar intercourse?but in other lauds, that I name ; " Is ntill a watchword to the earth." I * * * * * * * Having finished the ! work which wan given him to do, Washington departed ; | and with him, the purposes id that time being ucrom plished, the age departed. The unity of tiiat great drama was complete ; and the curtain falls -to rise upon auothet and a greater scene. In the Revolutionary uge, if what i? now history had then been prophecy, and if one hail commissioned to select the mail who should in the next generation come birth to he the leader of the nation in the deveiopeinent of its purpose,?whither would he have gone to seek hiin destined to be the man of the people and the mail of the age I'd hups to the hulls of some school, college or university, where the favored few were acquiring in studious se' elusion the wis loin of antiquity nud arming themselves willi the wcujhjiik ol science ami literature for the coming contests ol their time. I'erbaps among those who by as sociatiou with other nations, by latntlarity with foreign countries, were learning the world oiid thus appreciating, by comparison, the peculiar excellence of our goodly herI itage, and the lmculiar glories ol our opening cleiuuy" No. j not there shall he find the man ; though among ll ese there , ore soma who shall hear their part " and stand in their lot iu luo run ui UJ1- .ui s mum we set'h. null lllt-ll ill Ir, growing lip amid the refinements ol associated wraith. siimoiiiicIi.'iI liy tin: adv.o.iages ot dense, well-organized so. cirty, among tin: ton* of tlir rich and the honoieu > .?u ; uot nere ; though throe iuiluencus ore developing mighty mu-sisol intellect uiul moral power which shall he frit in their tune, and iu their place. ,Shall we week him then among those who are looking to military set vice lor tin means of adapting themselves to the natural tastes of r nation born in war ami baptized iu blood- whose inlaucy was led on the mangled carnage of a thousand battle heldj I No, no !?not there?not there ; though thence shall come those who shull iu their turn receive their share ol honor, and do their allotted portion ol good ami evil. The nation shall, at onetime, worship the incarnation of Moloch, the demon of lawless tyranny, Violence, base vindictive iicss, murder anil rapine?anil, at another time shall bow iu the dust before the golden image of .Mammon, the god of selfishness, covetousne.s, avarice, meanness and haud , but ut last these abominable idols shall crumble and tumble down upon their besotted adorers, crashing with them their own false pri plieta who made the people kto sin?men of Belial, who with intrigue and trick perverted the truth, and " loved and made the lie" which misled the honest and the simple. But, far away from the scenes of violence and crime, and the monsters that shall engender and nourish these agencies of evil?fur away Iroin the home of ancestral pride and hereditary honor?away from the ciassic hall?ami lar from foreign lands and courts?lar awuy, in a humble rustic scene, w e shall find him who is appointed unto tinmission of the age?to achieve the "purpose" of bis "lime" There, in that wild woodland, on that rough road leading from the little one story farm-house to the mill, through groves, and swamps, and fields, there paces an old horse laden with bags ol grain,on which sits a careless looking, brightened boy, sunburned ami barefooted, in his coarst homespun dress, evidently an exclusive patron of domestic manufactures, and pledged to retrenchment. That simple rustic scene is one uuassociated w ith high chievcinent in history, it is not one of the lields on which oui lathers fought the murderous savage or the haughty Briton Vet it has associations which shall make it as deai to Americans, as rich in its peculiar glories, a* Uunker Hill, Vorktown or Tippecanoe. It shall be to the republicans of every age and clime one of the places holy to liberty, one of ' the Palestines, " The Meccas of the mind." Tt shall be 'he source of a nation's hopes and happiness ? Patriots, poets,philosophers and historians shall trace from it the mighty stream of the events of the age, "und pilgrims come lar to salute the blest spot," ana find in it a lesson to the world. That scene is "the Slashes of Hanover;" and that poor lit)le orphan child is "the Mill hoy ol the Slashes"?an appellative whose rude provincial sound shall not hinder it from becoming more than classical; fui with ull its harshness it shull make the music of ages und nations; and it shall lie thu watchword and rallying cry 01 millions rushing on to bloodless battle. It shall bo shouted in the assemblies of the patriotic und faithful, and retipatitd with intnnnt inns nf ??nt h iiuitiam nrwl nititiin> in thi groat congregation of the just The day shall come when the uttcranceol that name shall raise the awlnl voice ol a mighty nation in tones of thunder from the Lakes to the Gull.lrom the Ocean to the mountains,and from the mountains to the distant sources ol the Father of Rivers; for it shall associate with that nation's most inspiring remembrances and exalted hopes It shall be their glory?their pride, their boast to the world,?heard throughout Christendom, and welcomed everywhere as the sign of republi. can faith vindicated and American honor retrieved Long shall ring through the Continents and over the Oceans that glorious name, associated with that of Washington, from Peru, La Plata and Oregon, to Sparta, Athens and Thebes These two names shall he heard when nothing else that belongs to America is known,?shall be heard as the exemplification ol all that is good and hopeful in the causeof republican principles, popular rights and human liberty. He was born within one year after the declaration of indu pendence, and was therefore amour the first offspring ol our republic, among the first of those who never knew what it was to have a king or a government in which they were not represented. Before a'tainlng manhood he lei I the region ol his birth, ami went over the mountains to " the (lark and bloody ground," away from the infiuenca? of comparative refinement. F.ntering public life he began his career as a statesman by presenting resolutions in thi Kentucky Legislature, 111 lavor ol the protection of American labor by nutionol legislation. At one glance, he saw the duty of government, the dutj of the people to themselves, the duty to promote the cause ol liberty throughout the woild, by making this the greatest, the best, and the happiest nation on earth?an example, an encouragement, and a boast to nil who love liberty. It is remarkable that the idea which Washington, at the close of his career, seemed most especially desirous to impress upon the nation. (next to tin preservation of the Union) was the necessity of national sell-reliance, self-pi r'ection and independence of the inllu euce of foreign governments?separation from their pol cy and power?not dependent on them for any thing ?particularly not for the manufacture of opinions lie sought to make us a truly independent na'ion" a peculiar people, zealous oi g'lod works," the' would demonstrate tlu* excellence of our institutions hj their beneficial results upon ourselves. He left the Na tion with a character ot quiet independence?with tli disposition and power to supply themselves and develop.H eir own resources?not to be mere "hewers of wood and drawers ol water" to other Nations, mere produreis of raw material for Kuropeans to shape into the fabrics o -kill, and theu return to us at our double cos' He knew that the American genius and mind, the activity, energy and ingenuity of this tree people, were pre-eminent, and good Government, wi'h independent sell-pr?tectivi National legislation would make us pre-eminent in pe" er prosperity and glory. To re-originate the idea, to preset.. it iu a new and enlarged form, to make it pricHait, Wiethe great |>olitical movement of the man ot oca ?g". From that time he proceeded steadily in the gradual development and modification of the mighty scheme ol nr tion-il measures which the Whig party now tiph tltl The lifts of that man is the history of the nation for a quarter of a century. The American who knows not the connection lietwet n that life and the beneficent influence" of Government .luring that period is sadly ignorant ol tie history of his country. It is to be inferred that there ino person iu this assembly to ignorant, and. therefore al details may he omitted as superfluous. Out trom the Revolutionary age the Nation came, a mighty mass nl materials, with curtain general proportion" and capabili ties, yet without distinct form, without definite outline expression or finish. To shape that mass of materiel wuto he the purpose ol another time?the work of anothei man. There was once a sculptor who said something like this ?"in every block of marble there is a "statue, an image of perfect beauty, which only needs the eye ol genius to discover it and tlie hand of genius to uncover it." Our modern artists first mould iu some plaster material the figure which they have imagined, and then with due corrections, commit it to a stone-cutter, who performs the heavy labor of copying it in the lasting marble?Uaving to the designer only "the finishing touches " But about three hundred years ago, there was in Italy an artist, great In every thing he undertook?a real genius, who did these things in his own way ; and that was often a little different from other people's ways The con sequence was tiiat he did two or three remarkable things which are likely to he remembered with admiration when whole schools and generations of critics who aaintouHulirj mm eir riin violations <11 niici, are 101,4111 'en. This man is commonly ?*ilI'.tl Miciieal Angelo, in our rude way of perverting tlie sounds ol continental names. Whether he suits the cognoscenti or not, it is enough for us to know that lie designed and reared " the vast and wnnderou* dome" of St. Peter'*?that he painted the Last Judgment in the Sistine Chapel, and that lie w>m not only such an architect and painter, hut he was also eminent as a sculptor. And he so lai disdained the aids an I conveniences of art. that having looked at the block of marble, and having developed in his mind tho form of beauty to which it was adapted, ho Htrurk boldly in'o it himaell, chisel in hand, and wotkod without noli! or pattern, till he brought out in the mar tile thn rorm which before existed only in his mind. I'll it was the way in which our man, the mail ol our age, worke I to achieve the purpose of our time. II lie had been i scholar, a philosopher, an abstractionist, lie would hove made a proper model tor some practical genius to perpet u ate in the never dying reality. If lie had been sue ft a one, he would have left us an essay 011 Government which would have ranked above those of Sydney, Locke, Vlon(eigne. Hut that would not satisfy him He saw in his mind's eye thn image of hninan perfectibility, of approx imata perfection in Government. He saw it In the fervid imagination of warm youth, which is so full of the spirit of hcavenlv charity that it " hopes all tilings, believes all hings, trusts all things." lie saw it thus, an I forever retained that patriotic " faith hope, and charity," and that youthful fervor; for he is one of those who are always young. He did no*, wait to develope his idea experimentally in plastic and perishable material. He saw it in his own mind, and he struck boldly into the block itself. He saw that the revolution quarried the tnighly mass from the mountain*, it must have shape, ex> prcssion. He saw?he felt in himself the Idoal, the image of American Republicanism, the future nationality , tne genius of Democracy, ardent, energetic, hold, confident in Its own resources, and resolute to develope them into action and utility. F.mhodying in himself the genius and character of the coming age, he thus conceived the principles nnd measures that were essential to our nationality. He foreshadowed them in his earliest movements, and produced, perfected and illustrated them through all bis long cat eer, which brightened as It proceeded like "the dawning light which shineth more and more unto the perfect day." lie stood at that early moment in magnificent contemplation of the unformed mass prodncad hy the Revolution, lie gared at it as Michael Angelo did a? the half-shsped gigantic lilork, which, under his chisel. I afterward heramc. the colossal statue of David, immortal aril holy a* the sacred fame of its scriptural original. He saw in it ths glorious undeveloped form, the lair propor- 1 tions of good government, animated hy the majestic, be j nign expression of harmony, pence, good will--and poised 1 on Itself in the heroic, commanding attitude of indc- . penlence and protection He saw. and under the first, impulsi ol hi* grand conception, Its struok Into the | huge trial* hammer and chisel at one*. He needed nut to mould hi* Ideal in periihable form*. Like Michael Angela he had hi* model in hi* mind or only in the Clay?it* formed by a divine hand. For all that i* Jistinctive, peculiar and eminent in hi* character, he i* rental kablc lor hi* perfect Americuniim and nationality, embodying and combining in a wonderful degree the great trait* of the whole American mind?presenting on every side the characteristics of every grade and section of his country men. This is the secret of hi* power, mc' that *1 rung sy inpathy and impassioned eiithukiasm which he excite* in every part of the country, it is al?o the secret of hi* genius. lie is not only American, but America itself? the republic personified. He has made Ins own character the character of the age, as Washington did in his time. Washington left the nation sober, orderly, high principled and patriotic, but on the whole rather with negative qualities. But the man of our time canieto give the nation additional traits, of a positive und active character - to mako it while it yet retained all those Washiugtonian viituns, still more enterprising, bold, energetic, ardent, enthusiastic, aspiring, sell-improving and sell-piotective. His early lile of poverty and adventure litled hint eminently to appreciate this purpose, lie knew the value of credit and enterprise as the elements otfolf-improvement in the rising muss of the new democracy growing up with him and alter him. He knew that the Ameri can democracy miut be progressive, and that the tunctions of government were not complete until it hud given, aided and perlected thatonward und upward movement. And this in sublime faith and with exalted genius und never-failing energy, he went to that work, and called forth from future time that well-conceived form? the great American nationality?republicanism in perfect action. Stand lorth to the world?youiig America! upi iglit, bold, uoble, powerful, juat?the perfection of creations?commanding the respect and conciliating the love of the friends of liberty thioughout the world. Stand forth to all time, a monument, a glory and upraise to libeity Democratic. America! go lorth? go onward?in tire beauty of order and harmony a* well the strength of independence and freedom? with the pauoply of righteousness, the garniture of justice, the ciowu of good faith?so that when that consecrated host 'ahull have dominion liotn sea to <.ea und lrom river to tin ends of tiie earth," when they that dwell in the wilderness shall low before them, as ''beautiful may ho their feet upon the mountains" of the farthest noithwr-t, us they were id old upon the rocks und sands of the east.? O what noble faith was that in which that voung patriot .nat " hoy stutesman" begun liis work, and iu which unchanged,' lie labored through forty years to its nowbegun year of its final triumphant accomplishment! The generation in which he lirst arose could not bear their part iu that great scheme; and as he worked on till a new ge iteration should arise to take their places, he had to wait for us to be born?us, the democratic (day boys, who were in our cradles ten years after he begun his political career. The generation ol our fathers could not fully approciate him, hut now " their children rise up and call him blessed;"'and their children's children shall be a crown of glory to him. The controlling portion of that perverse generation bus passed away. Their carcasses fell in the wilderness ot that iorty years'wandering. And this is the great political lesson of patriotic virtue inculcated on every young American politician by that long and brilliant life. It is the lesson of fai h, political faith?faith in the people, cot tidence in their ultimate justice and wisdom. '1 his is one great truth which that life teaches in its forty years of steady courage and public virtue with its approaching consummation?that the people "will la* taithful to those who have been faithful to them"?that they will at last unite to honor him who has honored them by an unshaken confidence that they would fin illy do right, rather than him w ho has dishonored them by always acting on the belief that they would always do wrong Yet remember?with all that high respect for the people ?he never flattered the people forone moment, never insulted their better sense by jingling in their ears the words''democracy, liberty and equality," ' love for tin people." and other such cheap professions witli which many hove counted on amusing and cheating the people, .is babies are stilled and soothed with a rattle, to take 'heir attention from things that they desire He has always respected them too much to do it. Ho hns left them to derive their proudest refections from the silent yet eloquent testimonial to their character which is implied in that whole public life. Why linger on the vast details of that splendid history?? It is a househoulil book children have made themseiveliimiliar with it; and sages have philosophised upon it ? Take it up ut any point,you will find him everywhere on the silo of justice and courage, autl against tyranny and wrong. See him conte.nding in the House of Kejiresentulives against British aggression, and maintaining the cause oP'tree Trade anuSailors' Bights" before the name of Kree Trade had been taken in vain and blasphemed and perverted by pedants and smugglers and smattering parti-ans. See him in the sawe arena proclaiming liberty to all the world?to South America nud to Greece, anil denanding for them a place among the nntions of the earth Seelhim guarding the national rights, securing our wide borders and negotiating for privileges to our commerce in the treaty of 1814 and in the whole of his administration of our foreign affairs in 1834?183!). And remember who afterward came into that department and betrayed us bydishonorable and unpatriotic concessions to British claims, basely declaring himself more friendly to Britain than his immediate predecessor who had always resisted and baffled that grasping power. See him in the Senate, when that one great measurr which was the heart of the whole system and scheme ol his patriotism was suddenly brought to the verge of a bloody trial. Then he, the author, designer and director of that scheme, in new and more exalted devotion stood forth to show that the triumph of that great cause must lie the bloodless triumph of peace that not by violence and legal murder should that immortal cuuse'ho vindicated " The time is passed when swords subdued." The time has come when the eternal principle* of wisdom and.justice, exemplified and realized in our government, shall be maintained only by the words cf troth and peace and by rl... .;U..> U..ll..t l.?v 111. .. II... |Ih,ii In ll.inln I.. foci, and to net rightly, lie had faith in thepeoplc mill and with faith " patience must have her perfect work." \nd there, in the very pride of his glory and power, with the laurels of n whole age of victory still fresh and green upon his nolile brow?when that "awful gulf opened iu that forum, and all that was precious in eloquence and in reason hud been thrown in vain into the dark abyss which still threatened the destruction of the Commonwealththore, "on the field of his fame," in the arena of his latest national glory, sacrificing the results of thirty years of his best energies, lihu Curtius mounted and with his armor on, he leaped into the gulf and it closed. There was be, backed by a relentless and imperious tyrant, prepared to sustain him and that measure with a sword that never was turned from an enemy, and who was supported hv an unscrupulous host, that knew no other law or principle than his will But, inspired with that unchanging faith, he trusted that though that age might pass away, and the honors of the cause might never he vindicated in him, yet the cause, the cause of the American Republic must triumph at last. Others might gathf r 'he records of his long life for it. Its trophies might he reared only over his grave; hut he resolved that the foundations of this nations prosperity should not be laid in kindred Mood "He that ruleth his own temjaT iigreati r than he thattaketh a city." Give him (he civic wreath of oak-lea* es which in Home was given to him who ha 1 cived the life of a citizen, lie has saved the lives of thousands. The first drop of Mood has not yet been shed in our land for political offences And now, behold I? who comes to hail him ? The Carolinas?botli th" Carolina* ; "nnd Georgia brings the civic chanlet >1 her own living oak to wreathe his honored head ? The time came when tlie e.iuse triumphed without the nan ; hut there was he, still in his place, above all the honors of place? the same man with the same purpose; lod there were among the throng who looked on through those strange and doughtful scenes of the trial of power between the democratic and the monarchical principle? otne who watched him with curious, hut not partial eyes, those who had learned to doubt and criticise the claims o' pipit! it nivoritus and partisan leaders, and who, though hv nature and education, and lumiliur with the history of that great statesman, were vet cold to the sense of his vast relations to the time arid its purpose, ami were indined to rank him only as one among the greatest men of our age and country, and to consider him as a man whose time was passed, and who Must soon he displaced hy the new men of new times. Such men sat there looking on, determined to moke up their own opinions of iiim and of others, and not disponed to take him on the score of any popular outcry or partisan support. They watched liim and noted down his words and actions, day hy dry, week after week, and month after month, criticising his style and his words, coin During his eloquence with thnt of more finished and polished orators nnd better logicians. With all his great eloquence, Oratory Is not a part of that man s character. It Is but a weapon in his hand; and if there is an enemy to ho destroyed, it matters not whether he lie scientifically pierced with a polished blade or crushed with an iron mace. Great orators are commonly very unsteady, weak men in action, practical sense anil judgment. Demosthenes was?Cicero certaiulv was?and so were some of the greatest of the British Orators ?Bolinghroke, Burke, Sheridan, Brougham and others. But when the time brings a great purpose to n great man, capable of appreciating and achieving it,he will not fail to express and vindicate it in the right way if he have ene-gy, enthusiasm, quickness, courage and self possession. tSuc.h was tlie eloquence of our man. It was the eloquence of the time and the purpose, a torrent, a de luge that swept away all the fancies of logic nnd nil the ornament of taste. And so these critical observers looked <<n. mi l noted and marked till the dark hours came ami their criticism wns forgotten ; for all felt that they wanted not (l great orator, hut a great man-a man for the " time,and a mail to the "purpose'' The orisiacarae Clouds were rising. We looked up to the fiimamentof our glory, to the lights of our age, seeking in them their ancient lustre. All " saw till certain stars shot madly from their spheres," and we saw sonm " loll ftoin heaven to oarth," and somo going out in the darkness of death. Hut there was one great star which still shone on and grew brighter through the broken clouds and in the deepening gloom till all other lights paled to its sparkling, eheeri'ig rat, and it Ailed the whole sphere with its Rlory. It was to the patriot the star of memory an l ot hope It was the nation's [Hilar star?the star of ifs faith and of its di stinv. When, in' those trying days, there were doubts and sudden fesr?, whispers of tteachery, rumors of desertions, betokening defeat, when the front of battle wavered, and the lines were breaking-then mms forth the champion to retrieve the rouse; and his elsrion-voice like " a blast from the bugle," sounded the war-note agnin. an I rheered our warriors to the charge. They closed the ranks which death and de-ertion hud thinned, and in solid battalion, when the time of profitable contest was passed, began that noble retreat which, like that of the ten thousand Orceks under .Venn, phon, was more glorious than a hundred victorious It was n retreat from the corruptions and allurements of power and gold, all that the monarch and his satraps could offer from the resources of an empire. They could not huy the men whothpn took ftp their two yenrs'marrh through dry deserts and pathless tangled forests?over cold, dreary mountains piled on mountains, till they reached the pnd of their pilgrimage in their welcome home. But "the Mist from the bugle" cheered them on their toilsome and dangerous way, and inspired them at once with th-> memory of former victories and the hope of new triumphs on fairer fields. Such were the trials and struggles of that bind of faithful, incorruptible patriots?the immortsl Twenty-Seventh Congress They recognized their leader, in an hour when to he without a leader was ruin They rallied under him, sustained him, imitated him. and clung to him as the nation's last hope. And, Ht length, when the hour came for his departure, and they thronged to henr him forthe last time in that place whoso glorv he had been so long, and in that saddened moment when all the great ami thrilling remembrances of that life rushed on them, who will wonder that they wept,and that his enemies, his antagonists In the contests of twenty years, wept with them? The sentiment of the hour was inpassioned. And thsn"-*1 how much that was soft and kiml and affectionate wu blent with the noble and grant in that character, and bow largely lore was mingled with veneration in their feeling* to him.? He waa not thus withdrawn from immediate agency in that cauae, till well assured that the great remaining measure wan in thu band* ol men determined and able to perfect it. But though many auch capable men were found, active in their seveial places, and lullilliug their several duties with a patient and courageous devotion, )et the great scheme ol action was not complete, without a man who could act in the place ol the absent duel, to realise hi* purpo' e, to lead in the great work, to conduct the delence, and hend the charge Such a man was iound a* soon a* sought, in the person ol one, who with modest pretension and mild demeanor, hail ever pursued the plain path ot public duty without seeking occasion* ol display, but who, however variously and severely tried, lud always proved full) equal to every emergency, always greater than the occasion. Standrug as the financial leader of thu llousc, tut ween two fires, coutinuully assaulted by the opposition, and by the Administiation which annoyed him with secret trick* ana open attacks, and labored to thwart him and deceive him by false information, while he was toiling to raise the means to carry on thu Government?hu still went calmly on, resisting alike assault and temptation, watchful, sagacious, conciliatory but bold, till he triumphed over all, coming oil' victor in every encounter, and finally extorting reluctant commendation fioni his most unscrupulous opponent*. And not merely in the great Assembly ol the National Representatives, where action in the sight of the world is fame, and make* public history, but in the laborious, yet unappreciated and obscure. occupations of the committee room, he toiled long and faithlully, of en watching while others slept, planning, collecting, comparing, arranging, and perfecting the details "of the great measures which were not presented to the eye of the public till tuese quiet exertions hud been lavished almost to Hxhauston. Thus, and under his bands, aided by faithful associates, the Tarifi'was framed; and he, it* author, then bccuine its defender, always ready with the solid eloquence of action and of just and vigorous language. He carried it through that long and hnrrassing contest, till it triumphed at last, at the sacrifice ol pride and j??t resentment. Whigs of New l'ork ! His lame is our peculiar glory?the glory of the Kmpirc State, which sent lortli the leader of that great < ongre;s; and wu now call with pride - -? ~ i? i,;,,, tka aim nunc upon uiu wiion- umuu iU second ofotir great Chief in that Congress?his lieutenant in tlint trying struggle, "faithlul untoihu faithful"?taking up that great measure from him, elaborating its details, shaping and defending It We call on the nation to remember that when such a man was wanted, the State ol New Vork could furnish him, und that Millard Fillmore was tho man. And to him we now repeat, with our thousands of voices, the words of welcome which we shouted to him und bis associates when we met them in the moment of that great achievement?"Well done, good and faithful servuntand now adding?"Thou hast been faithful in a few things, we will make the ruler over I many things !" Behold our glorious work almost complete ! Kach year of that great life which we have been | contemplating has added something to the vast pile which he has designed, and to which we all contribute our portion of material and toil. That noble work has been built as the sons of Misraim built the everlasting pyramids, which were the tombs of their monarchs. A pyramid was always commenced at the moment when the sovereign began his career. They walled the foundation-rock, hollowed it for the sarcophagus, and then cased the nucleus in stone, leaving a small complete pyrin mid at the end of the year. Tim next year, around thai they built again, always ns at first from the top downward. And during his life the fabric grew by these annual additions, so that the longer the King lived the larger was his Pyramid. At his death it ceaseif, and they then inscribed his name on it in g'guntie character. Thus is it with "the star pointing py m * id" of out great t'hanipion?s lile and labors and fame t tosh complete on the basal rock of the revolution?perfect Olid entire in its first conception and execution Had teat life censed early it would, though complete, have been inconspicuous among the monuments of ages But each year has added to it " built from the top downwards," till it has become a landmark to the world ; and each year will add to it new vnstness und sublimity until the wondrous monument of his life shall o er his garnished sslies speak his praise?when we shall write upon the perfect structure for all nations and all ages to read and hail as the encouragement of freemen and Ihn testimonial of practicable righteous freedom, the deathless name of Henry Cloy. Here in the great congregation we repeat it. while unseen millions respond all overthe Continent. We teach it to artless infancy, we Utter it in song, and hla/on it on the banners ol eountless embattled hosts And see what sweet and lioly influences are gathering arotind that venerated and endeared namu-not only honored by the honorable, hut loved by the lovely! See whose presence now cheers us and hallows, graces and dignifies our great monument?whose voices minglo softness and sweetness with the power o) ours in the choral peal ! Behold the best, and purest and dearest testimonial of the moral beauty of Whig princi pies and action ! It is almost universally conceded that for some reason the vast majority ol American women an Whigs. The reason may never have been given; but it is worth seeking and is easily found. It is in the very nature of woman. They act from feeling, impulse, and sentimeat, where men attempt to act from cnlcn lation, reason and argument ; and on all moral subjects?all questions of princlp'.o, their feelings and perceptions of what is true and pure and noble and beautiful are more just and certain, as they are more prompt 'ban the ambitious reasonings of men. The Clod of Nnture has thus endowed them above us. for the holiest of puriioses. The mother waits not to reason of her ilnties. Her high instinct is divine wisdom, most wiselygiven. Women, too, have a strong rintural taste (or the heroic in principle, for the noble, the bold and gallant, and an equally strong distaste for tho mean, the crafty, the rold and calculating We owe much of that female influence, no doubt, to the personal qualitir of our leader. His high-toned feeling, his fervor, frankness and courage are the traits they most seek nnd admire in men Still, it is to our prin eiples and action also that their preference* are rendered. So was it with the mothers and wives and daughters ofth<Revolution. So must it he with those ol our time. We welcome them then with all our hearts. We honortheb high perception of themorol sublime in our cause. We give them praise Our enterprise would not be complete in its beauty or success without tneir ai t, xneir g?um winning influences here, and in their dominion of the homo and the fireside; just as our proud choral anthems would lack perfect harmony without the roftening melody of their voices. And. therefore?wives and mothers and daughters ol enlightened freemen ! we rejoice In your presence as an evidence of your appreciation of' whatsoever things are honest, pure and ol good report,'' as a touching manifestation ot that moral sense diviner than cold reasor. by which you look to tho hopes and joys of thnt coming age which is committed to your care.?Tliat holy maternal love which bears that object of its creation in such n continual anxious watchfulness, and will not leave it when its infancy ceases, hut clings to its unchanging through life and to death and beyond death?follows it over the earth Hnd tip to Heaven, and bears it near to God,?that same love instinctively abhors the public evils of the age, and instinctively promotes the influences which will avert those evils from that offspring. Although the father mayforget this duty, the motner will uol; and she may make the father remember it. Therefore, lovely and true and faithful ! we ore glad in the light ot your countenances ; and Irons full hearts we send you our shouts of welcome. Clay Clubs of New Yerk ! Clay men and Clay hoys ! Fellow laborers of the man in achieving the purpose of the time ! The day reminds lis of the shortness of therpma:nder of that tima. One year from this day Henry Clay- must be inaugurated; and in eight months he must he elected Knougli hns been said Now for action, energy, zeal, anil untiring toil. Go forth tothework. "Be faithful to those thnt have been ever faithful to y on." "Be just and fear not " Be valiant?for there is no'virtue witliout courage Arm yourselves with faith and principle, for as there is no faith without works, there can Ire no works without faith, no successful iahoi without the confidence of a worthy cause. Act from high views of your responsibilities to the world and to coming ages ; so that when the revolving, eventful year bring us to the momentous anniversary of this great <tay ?when "the blast from the bugle" at whose war note you first started to your arms in a doubtful field, shall sound the triumphant strain of victory?you may point to the past and the future, in ail your relations to both, and challenge the nges to a comparison?and in that enraptured hour may look up to Heaven with gratitude that you have been thence enlightened to the knowledge of "the time, the purpose ami the man.". After Mr. Bacon sat down, the assemblage burst into a prolonged shout of enthusiastic applause. On its subsi dence, the choir sting the following Ode "A BLAST FROM THE BOOLE." Tuaic ?" Star SpanfUd Banntr " A blast from the bugle,"-nay. hear t ye the sound, i As it rolled from the West, over mountain and valley ; Twa* a signal for patriots the country around, ' To make for the contest a glorious rally ; ilegard then its call jo Whigs one and all, Prepare for the conflict?to compter or fall " A blast from the tingle," oh ! li st to its strnin, As it echoes in thunders, from Georgia to Maine. l.'ke the trump of a chief?Mown to gather his clan, 'Twill arouse every freeman, though heavy his slumbers ; , And urge him to deeds, well brtitting the man, ! Who deserves to be rank'd in our army of numbers ; For we want but the true, who will dare and will do j Whatever to honor and right shall he due ; ! When " a Mast from the bugle" shall ttir up our train, 111 lowland and highland from Georgia to Maine. No craven we wish to respond to its call, And oh ! may its loud notes mo tsatoim awaken ; But deep tie his sleep, a* the depths ol his fall, Let him breathe on. n< glected, degraded, forsaken ; Let bis name fade away from the light of the day, J Anil the lienors which once encircled his way ; While " a blast from the bugle-'?ne'er issued in vain, Shall inspirit each freeman from Georgia to Maius. List I " Mast from the bugle"?hark ! hark ! how it peals, To the rescue yp gallant ! fall?fall in forlfarry ' The pride of the West- him whose candor reveals All, all that he is?t%en I pray you don't tarry, But come to his aid, who has never betrayed A friend ! or proved false to the promise he made. List ! " a blaat from the bugle"?it rolls o'er the plain, And startles an echo from Georgia to Maine. This was received with tremendous applause. The Pai iiiir.MT then proposed that the meeting should adjourn with twelve cheers for Henry Clav. But the assemblage seemed in no humor to depart without some additional speechifying, und loud calls arose for "Thayer, | Thayer." It was announced, however, that that gentle. : man was not in the room Than the cry was "Graham, Graham," on which doe lloxie started tip, and was bailed with great applause, and loud shouts of "Cams, old hoy" ? "Go It, lloxie"?"Gome in front"?"Give us a song"? "Three cheers for Joe Hoxie." Mr. Hoxir. at length stepped forward in fiont of the platform, and said?I have no words and no voire to thank roil as I would tor the very kind manner in which you have been pleased to receive me It cannot he expected that after this ehquent oration.I should detain you by any 1 remarks The whole ground has been gone over, and the whole argument exhausted. Vou will excuse me, therefore, if I only respond to yourcall by giving you an assurance, that I am with you heart ami soul on this orrnsion. (Loud and continued Cheers.) And tl at all I hnve, soul and body, I devote to this call**. (Great applause.) And I didn't come here alone. When I came here to-night, I brought my wife, my son and mr _ 1 daughter with me. (Applause) There'* one nart of our exercises which exceedingly annoy* our friend*, the locofocoi, and that i* the musical part of them. (Laughter.) ? Tliey are terribly afraid that the voices of eur wive* and I sisters anddaugnteis should be joined to ours in the nrai?e* of him wc love and deiign to honor. (Cheers) Poor ievila j they have no mufic in their aoul* (roara ol laughter), and they have no muaic in their name either.? (Shout* of laughter.) Who would ever think of letting locofoco" to aiuaic I (Great laughter) Who ever found <ny music in the name of Van Buren? (Koar* of laugh ter ) Why, it rbymea with nothing on earth but ruin.? (Here the laughter, shouting, ckeeiiug and applauie w ere 'einfic.) But, geuttemeri we cannot accommodate eur friends in ihi* point. We wont give up our music any how they can lix it (Laughter and applause) We mean to carry on this campaign in our own way, and let me lell you that we have very high authority for bringing music to our aid 1 was leading yesterday in that good hook, which 1 trust every good whig reads very often, in the 10th ol the first look of Samuel, about the history of Saul, who himself, it would appear, had become a little indoctrinated with loeofocism--(great laughter) ? and why not ? locofocoism is hut another name for that evil spirit which got iuto Saul (Roars of laughter.) Well, what did Saul's courtiers do? I appeal to the'racred record?read it when you go home?I say when the devil got into Saul, did they not send for David with his harp to drive it out of him. (Shouts of laughter.) It succeeded too, and so we mean to succeed. (Great cheering.) We have talked down the errors of the locofocos?we have argued with them and reasoned with them?and now we mean to sing the devil out of them. (Shouts of laughter and cheering for some minutes) And there's no doubt of our ... . ,u'_ ...ill, ... irhiuirl \ mien we re kui uiu wouini nn.. , No msn ever succeeded in any good came without tb? women. (Renewed cheera.) And for one I ?ay that I don't want to succeed without the wnmen. (Great cheera oid laughter.) And now go on my friends, male and female. Sing loud and shout for joy, and this day twelve months more than ten millions o< Ireemen shall join their voices, and that chorus which will extend from the moun- ' tain to the ocean, and fiom one extremity of the redeemed land to the other. (Here Mr. Hoxie resumed his seat amid deafening applause.) Homes: tiuKi then rushed forward, and throwing off lii.1 old white coat, said My friends, 1 have hut a lewwords to say iu answer to your call; and these are, that in our anticipated victory in the approaching struggle for IS44, we are not to forget ourselves at home. Ves, my friends, wc must remember the spring election, which is now close at iiand. We must not forget that the spring election was won by a succession of eflb-ts. We have commenced the whig victory already, which has resulted in a glorious accession to the whig cause. (Cheers ) You all know how gloriously Maryland has opened the cam. paign of 1844. (Loud and reiterated cheering ) Connecticut is aliout to follow it uext; uud then New York must lollow (Loud cheering) Nothing, my friends, oan contribute so much to the whig cause as our victory in the spring. (Cheering) Let us have men elected whose principles will give permanency and stability to our cause-here in this great emporium, that always gives a tone to the entire Union. We must first attend to this paramount duty as a means of achieving victory; hut let jus not now talk only about electing Henry Clay That's certain; but we should recollect that one hundred thou ?and majority is necessary to givo us full victory in I844This must be done here hv a whig victory at the spring election. (Immense cheering.) If we do this we shall not damp the zeal of our friends in the good cause, but give a stimulus to the entire Union. I hope, my friends, you will convey this home with you. and let our first victory emanate from this city at the spring election.? (Cfieers) The meeting ws then adjourned, and dispersed amid the cheering 'of the young whig democracy?the amnio of General Reynolds' " Club"?the smiles of Joe Hoxic's glorious army of ladies? and the shouts ol the entire Koiirierite section of the whig party in this great metro' polls. Thus has opened the great Clay campaign of 1844. ' City Matters.?The General Appropriation Bill was finally adopted in both boards of the Common Council last evening. The select committee of the Board of Alderman presented a report and resolutions authorising the Clerk of the Common Council to advertise, by contract, for all supplies of staiionary and printing of the several departments.? An application was made, by petition, to remove (he Post Office to a more central part of the city, and a resolution asking Congress to erect a Dry Dock on this Island, was introduced by Alderman Purdy, and unanimously adopted. The Police Bill, ihai hn? heen ndoDted in the Assistants, was order ed to be the special business for the next meeting of the hoard, which takes place on Wednesday evening, and Alderman Tillou stated that his famous report would also be ready by that time. In conclusion, and the most important business of the evening, was the presentation of the opinion of Judges Brcnson and Cowan, of the Supreme Court, in the matter of opening 89th and 37th streets, and also a new street between 4th and 5th Avenue; also the 11th Avenue between 32d and 47th streets, and 128tli street. They decide that they have no constitutional power to act upon this subject, and, therefore, it will appear that the assessments for opening these streets are nail and void, und cannot be levied or collected. We understand that this important subject will be re-argued before the Supreme Court at the next special term. Departure of Bottsford.?Snmuel Bottsford, who was recently arrested by officers Stokely and Cockefair, and fully committed on a charge of stealing Treasury notes, left yesterday in charge of the tormer named officer for Cincinnati, where he is to be tiied. Cage, who was arrested with him, will be tried this week in the United Stntes Court in this city. These officers, in connexion with Mr. Ogden, the mail contractor, and O. M. Lowades, Esq , are entitled to much credit for the attest of these parties, and no doubt will receive full compensation from the public authorities. Financial Criticisms ?We have received several urticles analysing the recent statement ot Mr. Graham. One we shall publish to-morrow. Our correspondent ptates that Judge Tallmudge drew out the plan of the banking association, and never got any thing lor it. Can it be so I Mysteries of New York?Ai.derman Tili.ou's Police Ukport.?This remarkable report, revealing the mysteries of New York, and the best mode of creating a good municipal government and revive a moral uge, was presented last night at the Board of Aldermen. It is rich in its revelations? richer than even Eugene Sue. We shall examine it at our leisure. Dkinkino Ci.uhs of New York.?Several exceedingly well written articles, developing the melancholy tendencies ol these clubs, are received and will be attended to. The Mormon War.?Preparations are making by some portions of the people of Illinois, to drive the Mormons out of that State. If they do, blood will be shed?lor the Mormons will fight. Intellecti ai. Amusements in New Haven.?A correspondent gives us an account of a novel species of intellectual amusement which has just been introduced into fashionable society in New Haven. A regular Yale collegian recently slapped the face and pulled the nose of one of the small lawyers there. The other students called it the solution of a problem in the philosophy of motion. From Birmttda.?We linve received tno hermit dian to the 17th ult. Nothing hut the elections are taking place there. Grand Cki.kiiratwn of the Sons of Temperance.?A grand celebration by Ashland Division takes place to-morrow evening, at their new and elegant hall, corner of Hudson and Grove streets.? Music?singing?speeches?and a variety of interesting exercises are promised. f Si-rural Operations.?We take pleasure in referring oar renders lo the interesting monthly report of the New York Medical and Surgical Institute, 75 Chambers street, which will convey to them a better idea of its success than we can. One thing, however, we will say, lo our certain knowledge, the Institute is under the care and management ot a gentleman of no ordinary tact and talent, and sooner ot Inter lie must raap the reward which is due to industry and merit. Graham's Magazine continues to be the grpat reservoir through which the most eminent literary writers of the land pour out their effusions in essay* tale and song. The sterling character of the Magazine has won for itself the largest subscription list ever got up in this country. The engravings are al" ways original and splendid gems of art. W. II d Graham, Tribune building, Nassau street, is agent I tor this city. " Anotiif.r Medal.?Mr. J. I). Levitt, of No. 1 Courtlandt street, issued a very handsome medal commemorative ol the organisation of the American Republican I'arty. The Parr Theatre opens to-morrow. With what I to what 1 for what? under what? by what? i 1

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