Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 14, 1844, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 14, 1844 Page 6
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?|? Bleewp?He Ckn?kn-"TlMfll?f]r u4 Ufto." Dr. Potts finds fault with the logic of Dr. Wainwright, as well as with his theology. Is Dot this being ruthex querulous1! Kvery well read student of divinity has learned that from the earliest axes the advocates of those particular dogmas which Dr. Potts has undertaken to refute,, have used a logic peculiar to themselves and the subject?a logic sanctioned by the Fatht s, and sustained by the the authority of the theologians of Rome?of Oxford?and of the Church in the United States. As in the practice of medicine in particular caw?, mm cinder peculiar circumstances, the use of nos rums is not only allowed by the scientific practitioner, but unconscientiously prescribed. So in theology it has always bven admissible to use in the support ot certain peculiar dogm-is, a peculiar logic. Dr. rolls, in his genesal reading and deep researches in theology, must have noticed, that through all periods, from the time of the Futhert down to that ot Hobart and Mason, and of L'nderdonk and Barnes, the use of this pecnliur logic has been claimed as a right by the champions of" 'Die One VitMt Churrli," and that by ancient and continued courtesy they have been privileged, in alj controversy on those particular dogmas, to rest their cases on "very attenuated and nicely managed inferential arguments." It therefore may be considered entirely captious in Dr. Potts to complain of Dr. Wainwright because he has availed himself of the privilege which has been so universally claimed by, and uccordeo to his predecessors in all such discussions. Dt. Wuinwright might defend the use of the peculiar logic to which he has had recourse by relerence to the records of the disquisitions on such subjects by the Fathert themselves, and ahtheit accredited successors. The following specimen of that peculiar species of argument is.often referred to as a classic and orthodox standard?it having been elicited by the Pope himself Iroin a candidate for an episcopate. The Rev. Thomas Maguire, an Irish gentleman and an accomplished scholar?one pre-eminent in that enthnaiasm of purpose?in that perspicuity of language?and in that " nuavitur in mmlo it fur titer in re," for all which his countrymen are so conspicuous?went to Rome to be consecrated, where, as is usual, he was strictly examined by the Pope, that satisfactory evidence might bo shown of Iiis orthodoxy in theology, and ot his acuteness in logic. The following is theoflicial report of the examination taken from the records of the Vatican at Rome:? It is not necessary to state how Father Macguire got tu Rome, or the ceremonies lie had to perform before he oouid gain admission to the I'ope ; it is sufficient to s iy that these difficulties, embarrassing no donbtto one who had never left fiis native isle, were at last overcome, and the ltevemed Father found himself before His Holiness, submitting with reverence and awe to a rigid examination. Before rehaing the manner this was conducted, it is proper to premise, that although the report is oil the records of the Vatican, (as 1 said before) yet it is in the. words of the good father himself thut this j: i 1- ?ui;? ... ,;m? tku? UlctlUgur in muuc |?uuih. ai uita more precise, and render the account with such familiar exactness, as makes it conformable to truth, and bring* us, as I may say, into the immediate presence of the two distinguished personages. " Mr. Macguire," says His Holiness, " what answer do you make to the heretics when they quote them passidges agin thiansubstantiation out of the Fathers 1" "Why," says his Riv'rence, "as there is no sueh pawidges, 1 make myself mighty any about them ; but if you want to know how I dispove ov them," suys he, "just repate one ov them, and I'll show y*it how to cataponphericate it in two shakes." Why," says the Pope, 'i myself disreiniinbers the particular pa&sidges tney ullidge out ov themould ielleys." says he, "though surefenough they're more numerous nor edifying?so we'll jwt suppose that a heretic was to find sich a saying as this in Austin, ' Every sensible ntan knows that thransubstantiation is a lie'?or this out of Tertulltnii or Plutarch, ' the Bishop ov K ante is a common imiKwther.' " Now, tell me, .could you answer him V ' Aseasyas kins,'says Ilia Kev'renee. ''In the first place, we're to understand that the exprianion, ' Every sinsible man,' signifies simply, every uun that judges by his nath'ral sinses, and we all know that nobody foleyiug them seven deludhers could ever find out the mysthery that's in it, if somebody dtd'nt come in to bis assistance wid an eight siQse, which is the only sinse to be depended on, being the sinse ol the Church. So that regarding the first ((notation, which your Holiness has supposed, it nukes clane for us, and tee-totally agin the heretics.'" " That's the explanation sure enough," says his holiness ; " and now what div yon say to my being a common iin|K)slher 1" " Flaix, I think," says his Riv'rence, " wid all submission to the better judgment ov the learned farther that your Holiness has quoted, he id have been a thrifle nearer the truth, it he had said tlie Bishop ov Korne is the grand iinposther and top lawyer in that line over us all." " What do you mane! says the Pope, getting quite red in the lace. " What would I mane," says his lliv'rence, as composed as a Doctor ov physic, " but thatyour Holiness is at the head ov alt of them?troth, i had a'most forgot I wasn't a bishop myself " says he, " ihc deluilher was going to say, as the beau of all us, that has the giftov laying ou hands. Forsure," says he, " iinposther and impotithir is all one, so yon are only to undherstand munaum and the job is done. Auwioh !" says he, " if any heretic "ud go for to cast up nich a paasidge as that agin me, I'd soon give him a lesson iu the p'lite ail ov cutting a stick to welt his own back wid." " Pon my apostolical word," says the Pope, " you've cleared up them two piats in a most satiswliacthery manner." 1 cannot refrain from pausing at this part of the dialogue to remark, that if Doctor Waimvright had used the means taken by father Mucguire and come to the point at once, he would have given his ad- i versary much trouble. Instead of doing this, he I evaded the question asif it was not to be supported, or if he thought it could be sustained, did not use i the right method of upholding it. He thereby gave an evident advantage to his opponent who was not slow at seizing upon it. as appears by his frequent taunts at evasion and false logic. Now, as to this last point, we think the allegation is ill-founded, for when at last, goaded by Doc.or Potts until he could no longer remain silent, he comes out with his proofs much after the manner of the good father Macguire and quite as conclusive. Like a true son ot the church he uses the " eighth siiiM of the chureli," which he no doubt had ready at hand; yet, unfortunately he brings it forth so late an to incur the imputation of being without skill an a theological disputant. Whereas, he should have sustained his thesis without hesitation, disputed every inch of ground, and if he found thin fail, as most likely it would, then coine out with his " eighth sinse," backed by liberal quotations from the redoubtable champions, the lathers These would have brought him out whole, for as the worthy Macguire correctly remarks, in the further progress of the dialogue; "the writings ov them fathvrn in to be threaten wid great veneration, yet it 'ud be the flight of presumption in any one to sit down to interpret thein without providing himself wid a genteel assortment ov the best figures ov rhetoric, in ordher that he may nivcr be at a loss for slimtable aintiments when he comes to their high flown oawidges. For unless we thrate them fathers to n handsom* allowance ov ihrojien and figures, they'd set up heresy atone' they would." " It's thru for you," says the Pop-*, " the figures ov spaehc is the pillars ov the church." "Begad," nuys his Kiv'renee, " I dunna what we'd do widotit them at all." Notwithstanding a little halting in the progress of Dr. Wainwrigkt's reasoning, 1 am far from deny ing ins ciaim as a casuisi ; ior i mm i>y one ol ins late letter-", he cornea forth with what Father Maguire would call a " ttitt'facer." lie reasserts the doctrine of an unbroken *rnV? >/ ordtiinrrt, and adds, that the evidence of this is as clear as is the word of God, us it appear* in the chapter of Mathrw, containing the commission itself?wherefore if you do not believe in th'* Apostolic succession, you do not believe in the word: for these two proposition# are " precisely of the saute kind," " and one no greater than the other." It must fie confessed that flu# is done in father M.iguire's heat style, the more so as no such warrant is to be found in the chapter of Matliew which is said to contain it. Verily, father M tguire must have traversed the Atlantic to impart to his fellow disputant a portion of his skill; for in the above mentioned assertion there is dealing in a figure in which the g.wvl father takes much delight. To give the reader an idea of these figures and their use, it is necessary to recur to the dialogue which was interrupted by the foregoing remai ks. " Which ov thein figure* ijo yon prefer!" says the Pope ; "that is," guys he, "which figure of apache do you find most nsemllest when you're hard set?' ' There's a powerful number ov them," says his Riverence; " aich as Mettontymv. Hyperbol, < 'altychrysis. Prolipsis, Huperhabon, i'rosodypeia and more. Metaphour's very good, and so is Mettonymy; and I known Prosotfypeia stand to me at 11 pinch mighty well; but for a constancy, Superbaton's the figure for my money. Devil he in me," says h?-, " but I'd prov black white as fast as a horse n'll tfirot, wid only u good stick ov superbaton " Am) list for that word I'll prove it clanethrough." his liiv'rence t.l.l ,?L un,i wliiln in n .w.i I... r thin?. Yon <Jo i't oonthr.iven<- tint! ii if ? v-rv thing in either on*-thing or mother thin?. I il.Ty tli? A|>04tl<* I'aul to if?*t oyer dilemma. W?*|l! it any t!un^ V one tiling, well and good, hut il U t* another thing,th?*n it'* j>lain it ian'ntbnth thin and no ean'tbe two thinga?nobody can deny tint, lint what can't bo two thiny, m>nt bo on -j tiling'? Ergo, whether it's one thing or another thing it's all one. But blaek is one thing and white is another thing. Ergo, black and while is all one. Quod trot demon it randum" "It is as clear as utud," says the Pope. "Begad," says his Riv'reuce, "I'm in great hu raor f?rdliM>utin. 1 wisiu your nuiiiiew was autre- ( tic jist for two minutes", nays he, "till you'd see the flaking I'd give you!" w . . t Now it is not pretended that Doctar WatnwriKht used this last figure,butjthere is conclusive evidence that lie has helped himself to anolherquite as good. This is hyperbole, where iasaid a little more or a little less than the truth, and tnis i- the meaning of this figure And I cannot but believe the Doctor lias consulted father Macguire or his works on the very point which forma his assertion, so alike is the manner of reasoning of each. Doctor Potts ap|>ears to have a clear view of this method, as is shown by his letter of Monday last, wherein he expresses an opinion that his opponent has derived it from the Oxford tracts, whereas, it comes from another and higher source, no less than from lather Macguire. This personage I now present to the Doctor, not doubting he will find in rum a powerful auxilliury even on tnc other side of the question. Loyola. Gibraltar. [Correi]ionde&ce of the Ilersld ] U. S. Ship Cumberland, ) Gibraltar, Dec. 22J, 1813. $ Dear Sir :? Wo arrived at this place yesterday from Boston, which place we sailed from on the 23d ult., all well. Our ship sails remarkably well, and is an excellent sea boat. We are rather incommoded on account of room; in other respects, however, we mav pronounce her a first rate vessel. We found lying here, the U. S. Ship Congress, Captain Voorhees, bound for the Brazil station. As we had heard extravagant accounts of this ship at home, we seized the opportunity of visiting her before she left the station; and as an American, I take pride in saying, she has no equal in regard to beauty of model afloat. Her decks are the handsomest I ever saw laid in a vessel, and without doubt she is the roomiest ship of her class in our navv: she is much larger every way than the Cumberland, which loses considerable when compared to her; she is in admirable order, ever> thing bright and glittering like a toy shop. The Bostonians must tuke a lesson from the Portsmouth folks before they can turr out a frigate like her. But the alterations which have been made in her since she left the Slates, are of a startling nature. The stowage of her boats, her fife-rails, her ports, slaunchcons, bulkheads, staterooms, steerage, See. have been cut away, or altered in some form or other; even the combings of hatches removed and planked up, and what has been done Hloft we know not. This seems rather awkwurd for the officers, in the teeth of the late order from the Constructor's Department, which strictly prohibits alterations of any kind without an order, and enjoins that the vessel shall be returned in the same state as when she left the yard. I have not time to say more at present, than if she arrives in your port, when her cruise is out, it will l>e worth your whi:e to visit perhajw the most beautiful vessel afloat As for the news of the duy, there is a report here that two vesses have been robbed just outside the gut by a large piratical vessel, and that an English war steamer is now in pursuit. They are very sanguine herein their expectations of being able to raise the wreck of the unfortunate Missouri, and of saving all the machinery us well as all the property below water mark. 1 will write you again from Mahon. Yours, most respecfully, S. E. B. Puerto Principe. [Correspondence oi the Herald.] Puerto Principe, Feb. 20, 184-1. Voyage in an Island Steamer?Mysterious Srangtr ? The Pirate of the Pints?Another Hnidee. In my last 1 terminated my remarks, at least for the present, on Puerto, Principe; and if you think they were worthy of the ink it took to print them, i may, ptriiajns, iiuu some cacubt iur irouuiing you with further notes made some time since in a voyage round the Island of Cuba. I will begin in the middle, as it happens to be the handiest. On the evening of the 22d ol December, I went through the agreeable process of packing my trunk, paying my bills, parting with my friends, procuring a porter and passport, and proceeding on board the steamer which bad that morning arrived from Havana, and now lay in the snug harbor of Trinidad, bound for Santa Cruz. The boat was the Villanueva, alias some old boiler-bursted cruft, sold off front one of the Mississippi line of steamers, as too rotten and ricketty for further service, now new vamped up. and named in honor of the Governor General. 1 found it exceedingly filthy in every i?art, and the cabin literally filled with luggage. There were many passengers on hoard, most of whom were ou their way to St. J ago, and about sixty negroes belonging to a bouse of some notoriety as principal in the Amistad affair. There was also on board a short sick-set man, with heavy beard and mustaches, interesting front the commission he held front Government, which was to discover and arrest those notorious robbers which infest the Island, and elude the general search. lie was now bound to the Isle of Pines, where he sapjtosed a well known pirate was secreted, with the lovely daughter of a mad Count, of one of the interior cities. The cruelty and sternness of a strange father, who , had bought his title, and did not know how to use , it, and the deprivation of society could not he brooked by the fair romantic child, who took oc- j casion to elope with the first inamoranta, who. | with well tuned guitar, in the witching hours of . night, persevered in beguiling her of her sleep, J till he filled all her dreams, waking and sleeping: < and when she was convinced that he truly loved t her, which was all she thought necessary, though { in truth it was she who loved him, there was no . difficulty, by bribing the slaves, in accomplishing ; th?? r?k( nnri ulim iintl lldPUl nut wlnth**r nnr wkili whom; nor, perhaps, to that very hour, in the t artlessness of her untutored heart, was there th? , least shallow of suspicion that she waa lost to the world, hy being the illicit bride of an outlawed siil>- | ject and an unprincipled villain. Such is one of the , numerous evils which arise from the bad education, , or no education at all, of the female portion of the , Creole society of Cuba. _ . The night was cold and damp, and the wind \ blew chillingly over the deck, our only retreat; and when it gretf late,I began to wonder where we | should sleep, us ttie use of the cabin was out of , the question. Presently some folded their cloaks , around them, and spread themselves about in dilfe- , rent places, on the seats and under the seats, and , on the tables and under the tables (these were those , who were accustomed to travel in Cuba), and when all these nooks and humble retreats were filled, cots were brought up and arranged in close or- . der, with one sheet each, along the unoccupied avenues. I singled out the place least exposed to the night air and drizzly rain,which then commenced falling, partly undressed and laid down. Llut ere morning came, I dreamed that I was an aspen leaf, shaken hy an autumn wind, and I awoke w ith the ague ; yet thinking that an earthquake had passed that way, and set the world a shivering, I did not atjfirst complain; but when, to my regret I found that 1 was the only individual concerned in the vibration, I, in English, blessed the boat, and the wretches who had provided me w;ith such airy comforts. The day following, a raging fever was I my warm cumpamuii, mr ruiu mama irum the northward Rave a tint;** of hlue to the Hallow visages of my fellow voyagers. Night came again, and I was serioualy ill, and I felt pure that, like thousands of others, I had come to die among ( htrangers, without a friend or even a medical adviser. Providence, however, watched over me, and . on the following morning I was landed at fianta Cruz, where, through the commander of the port, to whom I had a letter, i procured a most hospitable reception into the house of a young Scotch gentleman by tlie name of Orr. There was no physician in the place, but there was a cooper who was known to have sometimes used the lancet like h son ol Csculapius, and he was immediately sent for, and though rather bungling in the opcratien, lie succeeded in extracting sufficient blood to relieve my head very considerably, which, with the very kind attentions shown me by my new acquaintance and good .Samaritan, made my recovery seem < somewhat probable. j In u few days I was able to examine the town, which I accomplished in a few moments. Santa Cruz de Cuba consists of one long row of ' low thatched mud and hoard houses, built along i the sandy beach, which forms its only street. In . front lays a broad and beautiful bay, difficult of entrance ; and back lays a broad and ugly marsh, dtf ' ficult to get out of in the rainy season. I Santa Cruz has no hotel, no hoarding house, no f well or spring of water, and no physician, and is almost without the necessaries of life. Fish, how- 1 ever, of an excellent quality can be procured by ' fishing, and there is some fine wild game on the i neighboring islands. Most of the business of this place was formerly 1 I . . i l.Aa. ... .uiroli I ?U.. : until' !?y U!IC lll/U-sc, * ???' n ia?m-u m : nu^rtlff of one or two CHlatea in the interior, and honey nmt 1 l>ilm leaf from different places a lorn? the count ? < lint trade has lately much decli ??a, the principal 1 house, ? branch of n rich S:otch concern in Jamaica, having failed, from too heavy peculation* in sugar*, in anticipation of a change in the duty on tier article 111 Imgbind, which did not take elfect. The land hack of Santa Cruz in exceedingly level tor a great distance, and lint little redeemed by tillage, though much of it would admit of a lugli state of cultivation. . /Mrfr rm coa dint' F.wtru*. PhUadtlphla. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Philadelphia, March 8,1844. Politics?Marklt?MtMrnbtrg?Van Bur en. The democratic convention, which assembled at Harrisburg on the 4th instant, nominated Henry A. Muhlenberg, of Berks county, for Governor. The whigs have nominated General Markle, of Westmoreland ; so that the two parties have, at least, named the nags who are to run the grea race over the Pennsylvania course, on the second Tuesday of October next. It will now require n<> prophet to foretell the fate of the democratic party, both at the election for Governor, and for electors of President and Vice President of these United States. With Mr. Van Bur*n and Parson Muhlenberg as the prominent candidates ot the democracy, Messrs. Clay and Markle will beat their opponents by many thousands. The nomination ot Van Buren (or President would, alone, have been sufficient to have rendered the election of the most popular mun the democrats could have selected for Governor, a matter of great doubt ; but, with an old broken down, and extremely unpopular political State hack, such as Muhlenberg, th?- party must inevitably be beaten; aye, and with Van Buren and Muhlenberg will be buried a large majority ot their candidates for Congress and the State legislature. Muhlenberg is peculiarly obnoxious to a very large proportion of the democratic party of Pennyslvaria. lie was (willingly) used by the Van Buren clique in 1835, as a candidate against Governor Wolf ; and, hy drawing off, upwards of 40,000 votes, enabled the anti-masons, with u minority of votes, to elect liitner. Governor, and a large niajority of both brunches of the Legislature. In consequence of that unfortunate Muhlenberg division of the democratic party, the anti-nia9ons, aided by democrats, of easy virtue, in the legislature, passed the act authorizing the charter of the Bank of the United Slates. Mr. Van Buren rewarded Mr. Muhlenberg, by appointing him to the responsible and profitable situation of Minister to Austria. The only services which the Parson rendered his country, in connexion with that appointment, was his saving and bringing home some #30,000 of Uncle Gain's pay, to add to his already large fortune, acquired by the successive marriages of two rich sisters. The nomination of Muhlenbeig was consummated by an extraordinary and unnatural allium?* of tlie Porter and anti-Porter clkiues. The virtuous patriots, who petitioned for an impeachment of < lovernor Porter, eagerly j?in?*d with the Governor and his friends in favor of Muhlenberg, and agreed to drown hostilities for the present. Mr. Shunk, the promineut opponent of Muhlenberg for the nomination, was Secretary of State during the early |>eriod of Porter's administration. in which capacity he served the pccnl* faithfully, and consequently, offended his Excellency. Mr. Shunk, finding that he could not honorably remain under Porter, resigned, and has resided for tvo years past in Pittsburg. Mr. Shunk is, in every respect, qualified for the office of Governor; and ifhe had been nominated, would certainly have been elected, and his administration of the affairs of this inal-administered State would have been the opposite of Porter's. Markle, the Clay, candidate, is said to be qualified for the office, and to be quite a popular man in the west. During the late war, he raised a company of dragoons at his own expense; and in this State you know men of military repute are always popular. Yours truly. S. New Haven, [Correspondence of the Herald.] New Haven, March 12, 1S41. Great Doing* in New Haven?Religion?Grorerict ? Walking?Daw ?Military. Mv Dear Henkett:? New Haven is at present the theatre of a variety of excitements, much more so than usual, and since no one aDnears readv to send a letter for your valuable Herald, I have ventured to drop you k line or two and let our friends abroad know what is going on in the " land of steady habits." Your ftiend Elder Knnpp is amongst us again, exhorting sinners to turn from their wicked ways, and from present appearances bids fair to create as great a revival as he did three years ago. I have been to hear him two or three times, and tound him " that same old 'coon," and I must eonfras that his residence among the Knickerbockers'and Haltinioreans, ami Quakers, has bad very little good effect upon his manners or his elocution, for he appears to tne to be as coarse, vulgar, ardent, ranting, and I think I might add, as profane us ever. However, he appears to lie exactly calculated to get up an excitement, and if he cannot make converts by preaching the goodness, charity and tender mercy of the Almighty, he certainly can by telling ns of his vengeance and painting in glaring colors, the horrors <>1 hell and damnation. He has already begun to make some " cracking among the dry bones," as lie terms it, and some of our most influential citizens have found peace inChrist through the influence of friend Knapp'spreactking. Among the number are Jonathan Duncan, Esq., John F. Fulcrum, and Peter Pipkin ; three as valuable citizens as we have. Mr. 1). is a lawyer of very extensive practice, and his reputation for morality, A'c. has always ktood No. 1 ; but he confessesnow that he is a different and better man, and that faith in Christ is worth more than all the law business in Christendom. Mr. Fulcrum is doing a very large brokerage business, and has always been considered one of the most honorable and liberal of his class, and as lie is very wealthy, Mr. Knapp will consider it a very lucky and valuuble case. Mr. Pipkin is quite a heavy grocer and provision merchant, and his reputation for morality and honesty litis always been high, and I doubt whether the :>ublic would have ever known to the contrary had It not been for his confession at the church on Sunday evening. This I am sorry to say showed lie weakness una linings 01 poor numan nature; ind that men, sometime!", whose outward appeartnces are first rate, are rotten and corrupt within. VIr. Knnnp feels quite proud of these accessions to lis number, and says if he made no more, that heae alone would more than pay hitn for a jourlev from Hell to Halifax. Walking matches, as well as well as preaching, have been quite the rage for a lew days past. Little Pickle, the hatter, lead oil" by a small wager, with Col. Onion, that he could walk to Hartford and back again, (a distance of seventy milesl in 21 hours. He performed it in 23 hours, including stoppages, and walked the whole distance. Henry Humbug, another nian, who presumes always that he can do every thing better than any one else can. undertook the same feat upon a wager of #100, and after walking ten or eleven hours he finally got stuck in the mud and clay in Hartford, and remained there for fifteen hours, when he started for home in a carriage with sore heels, sore legs, sore face and mortally wo undeil wallet. Samuel Sweeny, a tall, slim, gaunt looking fellow, starts upon tli* Mine feat to-morrow, to be perforated in twentytwo hours. We have two military companies here, the Greys ' and Blues, which are ever Irving to excel one another in something. Within a few weeks the Blues have had their armory painted, furnished and fitted up in most elegant style, and gave, a few evenings since, upon opening their room, a most magnificent entertainment. The Greys determined not to be outdone, have hud theirs fitted tip. if possible, in n still more beautiful manner, and gave this evening, upon opening their armory, a concert which did them much credit. Mr. Tolles, merchant tailor, is Captain of the Greys, and a most excellent officer he is, too. Mr. Doolittle, n dry goods merchant, is captain of the Blues, and he is not only a good officer, but it generous and gentlemanly man. Both companies can leei proou 01 meir omcers, una in*- onu-ers certainly have every reason to feel proud of their companies. Next week I shall write attain, and give you the doing* of Brother Kwapp and anything else that will he interesting. Truly yours, Coi.d Mittok. Uric, Pa. iMke Soi'ination?Great Fire?IViatt - PolitiV^jj Biuintu. I.kik, Pa., March 1st, l&A. Ja.mks Gordon Bennett, Esq. I see the mode of diffusing a knowledge of the commercial, political, and local "sayings and doings" in the different parts of the country ,1>y way of corresponding with the several newspnpera of the Jay, is getting much in vogue ; and which, when [ onducted as it should be, contributes largely to the information of their readers. But when it is resorted to as a means of gratifying private piques, and ;he names of innocent and highly respectable persons are bandied about the country with some ignominious epithet attached to them, it becomes an evil. I regret to see a disposition of the latter kind nanifested by your late correspondent from this llace," Wing and Wing," in lampooning the officers ittached to the IT. S. Steamer Michigan, now fit nig out at tins" place?than whom a more courtesan, eentlcmaiily, and intelligent set of oflicer* I never met with, as is also the efficient and Renfleniunly Naval Constructor, Mr. Samuel Hart, late of your city. Their acquisition, and that of their families, to our social circles, lias been a source ot much pleasure. To tie sure, there may lie some pec i i.irities manifested by some of the juniprs, tlia' may not accord with "Wins: and Wind's" notion of military etirpiette as per mite of a militia Ren ia|, yet, nevertheless, he should reflect that we all tavc our foibles, and that, " Coold we bat m< Mtitlm m other* *o* ua, It wad frm uiony a blinder frit at." ' It is contemplated to havo the Michigan ready tor service about the first of July. Her model iaan additional evidence of Mr. Hart's superior knowledge in naval architecture, and the iron work by Vlessre. Stackhouse and Tomlinson, of Pittsburg, ia pronounced, by connoisseurs in the matter, to be ati|ierior to any thing of the kind it the U. States. Her engines, which are alao a master piece of workmanship, are being set up on an inclined plane, at an angle of twenty-five degrees, in order to have them entirely below deck. Mr. Andrew Hibbard, an efficient U. S. Engineer, superintends the work. Had you not have been repeatedly bored with descriptions of this ship, (many of tnem erroneous) I should have been pleased to give it to you in detail; however, let it suffice, that, to take the lout ntumble of her, and tier equipments, 1 say she will be equal to any thing of her class in the service, the \ l* n.nt 0 vrant. A Prnhuhlv vnil IHMV think. I tllll talking large on tTie subject, Air. Bennett,but "mark the end of it," as the sailor said by his hair served up in a cue. In addition to the Michigan, we arc to have an iron Bteam Revenue Cutter of some 330 tons burthen, the work of which is now being prepared at the Novelty Works in your city, uuder the supervision of Lieut. Douglass Ottinger, U. 8. Revenue Marine, and is to be transported to Buffalo as soon as the Erie Canal is open, when she will be put up, and receive her engines, which are to be on Lieut. Hunter's plan, and are. now building at the

latter place. So you see, with these two steamers we will have quite a saucy naval force on this lake, and should the Oregon question kick up a dust with John Bull, we will take Canada at once, just by the way of a flyer. The lust ten days has given Jack Frost the dyspepsia, much to the joy of onr "sailor men," as I suppose their pockets arc getting minus the "ready." It is a sore lax on them in this country to be obliged to lay one third of the year on their oars. From present appearances, navigation will be open through the lake by the 10th April. We have just had several fires, one of which has spread quite a gloom over the town, as it has thrown some three hundred persons out of employ, besides the actual loss. A few days since, while the 'workmen belonging to Johnson, Ilemiod & Co.'s extensive iron works, were at dinner, a heavy explosion was heard from the large blast or stack furnace, and instantly several tons of iron ore partly fused, ignited charcoal, cinders, and molten iron, were seen flyiup in the air from the chimney of the stack, and falling on the roofs of the surrounding buildings, setting thein instantly on tire. In addition to this, large streams of liquid fire were forced out through the apertures at the bottom within the building, setting fire to the interior: and 1 regret to say, that notwithstanding the wonderful exertions of our efficient fire department, the entire establishment was consumed, except a few buildings of minor importance. Loss .jfioJKX). 1 lowever, the enterprising proprietors are up and doing, and say that by the 13th April they will be on hand again. The cause of this explosion is a query for chemists and geologists. Politics have not been very brisk for a time, hut lire ur^uiuiug in iouiv Uj? >v iiiiiu t\ iityv wrran. The Whigs have organized a Clay Club, but have not got the shantee and fixens ready for business a la Tippecanoe and Tyler too yet. The locos are laying low. but intend to organize a democratic association directly after the Presidential nomination is made, and to go it tooth and nail. Our 4lh of March delegates have left for Ilarrisburg. with instructions to vote, lirst?for N. B. Lldrid ; second ?for If. A. Muhlcnburg. Judge Kid rid was formerly President Judge of this judicial district, but the powers at Ilarrisburg saw fit to remove him to the Dauphin district?thinking probably that his talent was of too high an order for the backwoods, (although a backwoodsman.) In this they were more than half right; he is not inferior to any man in Pennsylvania in point of talent?an able jurist and an honest man?he would make a lirst rate Governor. The principal topic of conversation with our business men, is the early completion of our canal and harbor. A short time since an effort was made in the Legislature, by some of the enemies of our canal project, to include in the bill for the sale of the public works, the reserved right of the State to buy back this line by paying up all the company have expended, and 7 per cent interest; but it was no go?only got two votes in the Senate, where it originated. These fellows had better let us alone, as they only show up their own selfishness and our importance; this last effort ot theirs raised the canal bonds 10 per cent immediately. They ure now at par; mind that Mr. Butler. Our member of Congress, Gen. Keed, is gaining golden opinions lor himself amongst his constituents for his attention to their interests, and keeping aloof from party broils. He follows the maxim in Congress he has ever adopted in private life, "Mind vonr own business. hollowing tins maxim has made him a rich man. We have 840.000 reported by the committee on commerce for the completion of our harbor; and 1 assure you we have 110 notion of quarrelling with Captain Williams, U. !"5. Topographical engineer, (who has the general su perintenaence of the lake harbors} as the Bufli Ionian* are doing, but believe him fully competent to judge of the matter, and feel assured the money will be expended to the best advantage. However, it is to be hoped the appropriations will be made eurly, as usually they are put oil and put off, until a good portion of the season is past before the work is commenced. Yours, truly, Sam Patch. Oiwrgo. [Correspondence of the Herald ] Oswkoo, N. Y., Feb. 23, 1**4. Fashion, Ceiirti/ and Manners in Osier go, N. Y.? 'lVmperanct abroad. Thinking the way we do things in Oswego, "may not he uninteresting to yourself and readers, I take the liberty of forwarding tor publication, subject to your pleasure, of conrse, an imperfect .account of the Firemen's Annual Ball. The Fire Department ball came oil* on the 22d inst., at the Armory ot the Ouards, politely tendered for the occasion, under the direction of Chief Engineer, W. Robbing, jr., who, as an otlicer and gentleman, our village may leel justly proud to number among her citizen*, lli* courtesy and unremitting attention to their comfort and pleasure, will long be gratefully remembered by his guests on that occasion. Notwithstanding the weather was somewhat unpropitious, the surrounding villages were well represented, and adjacent beauty fairly contested the palm with our own bright eyes and waving ringlets. The hall was beautifully and appropriately adorned with the glorious stars and stripes, mirrors, pictures and paintings?among the latter, the portraits of Washington and Lafayette, were the chief objects of attention. In short, the whole appointments of the assembly-room, were of surpassing splendor, doing mucli credit to the younx gentlemen, Messrs Rowley, Larkin and (trover, who had charge of this difficult and delicate task. The music was by Littlewood's celebrated I cotillion band, comprising more talent for variety, tone and execution, doubtless than any other ill the State, the city of New York, perhaps, excepted.? And as the deep rich melody of the band, now in soft and gentle accent, and anon swelling into spirit stirring cadence, like the fitful gust of an evening zephyr upon the moonlight surface of a summer lake, fell upon the ear, the merry throng of dancers moving in tuneful tread to the soul inspiring notes, presented to the eye a scene which mu-l be witnessed to be appreciated. The refrt shuienl tables were in keeping with the spirit of the time, abounding in all the luxuries of the season, served up in a sumptuous style by A. B. Lord, Esq., well known to the travelling public as tlie gentlemanly and obliging host of the Oswego Hotel. Among the guests were noticed, our ex-members of Congress. Messrs. T. and Col. R. was also present, looking, however, in delicate health, which doubtless hastened his departure eurly in the evening. Mr. F. T. C. might have bc.-n seen among the crowd, noted for his urbanity and gentlemanly deportment, also for his open-hearted liberality, for he entertains at his own house like a prince. Lieut. L. of the 1L States Engineer con*, also graced the assembly with his presence, ifistiiig'iiehed for bis manly beauty of person, which is only equalled by that of his mind, and the graceful ease and self possession ol his manners. Of our own ladies, it would almost apiienr invidious to speak separately. They never looked more lovely, and judging from the merry laugh and sunny smile, they enjoyed the festive scene with abundant glee. But of those froin abroad, I can scarcely refrain from attending to two or three?of these, MiasW. of Fulton, seemed to be the belle?in simple and plain attire, with the rich profusion of her auburn hair, and the melting tenderness of her deep blue eye, she has left an impress of her image upon the hearts of many, which Time's effacing fingers will scarcely obliterate. The pearly teeth, dark eyes, and raven hair of Miss It., from Auburn, attracted much nltcntion, and in the opin ion o| some, divided with Miss W. the claims to he awarded the brllv of the evening. Miss <>., of New Haven, in white catin, although of stature somewhat below the medium si/.e, rendered heraelf conspicuous hy her elegant hearing and lady-like manners, as well as the fascinating powers of her mind and conversational talent. Hut it is hoot less to go on; time and space would fail me to do them nil justice?should yeu ever pass this way, you shall h ive an opportunity of judging for yourself, when, like the Queen of Phebn, you will exclaim, "the half has not been told me." There is one other important fact, which 1 had almost forgotten, hut which I dislike very much to omit, and it is with feelings of pride that I record it. The whole affair was conducted on strictly temperance principles, exhibiting an ex tniple from our firemen, highly creditable to themselves, and which may be sitelv followed h> others on similar occasion". '.iOokeu On. Clnalt VMUt Before Judge Kent. Maucu ? Crim. Cev?/freiuer ve. Jtyan ?After Ike plaintiS had retted hit cate, Mr. 0*Co?oa rote on the pert of the defendant, and addreued the jury at follows:? tientlemen?This it one of a ciaat of catet with which, unfortunately .courts and juries are ol late very familiar, i ay unfortunately, gentlemen, becauie it it an action in which any one can be made a defendant, and ene that op?as the greatett avenue to any one who it disputed to make money out of hit neighbor, and although a man'a wile cannot be a witness in hit favor, yet if a man gets a divorce from hit wife, he can use her for hit own purposes and get money out of his neighbor's pocket, 11 hit neighbor hat any mouey in it, and afterwards turn her into a wife and live with her if he aeea lit to do to. Tbit plan, however, was not put in operation in the present ease; the wile li not produced, and 1 am sorry tor it; it he were she could tell all about it; that ia, if there waa any thing to be told ou the subject. And now let me tell you, gentlemen, that there are no kind ot cases that can by possibility be presented to a jury in which their legal privileges ought to be more closely looked into, than in this class of cases; aud tha reason that jurors are thus privileged, is this : They are not hound to believe every witness that a party may chose to bring before them; it isthe privilege, nay, the dutv, of a jury to judge of the circumstances under which a witness comes on the stand; of his appueiancc, his manner of testifying, his opportunities of acquiring information of what he testifies to, and, in fact, every other little incident that form* a connexion between tha witness and the cause; a jury is allowed to judge of all these circumstances, and to be influenced by them iu the decision at which they may arrive. These are the privilege* which our law* have wisely thought lit to give to juries, to protect the inno cent, and to lie a check on the designing, evil-disposed prosecutor, who would make courts and juries a vehicle to plunder his neighbor and All his own cotfers; for, if judges were to be entrusted with the decision of cases of this kind, they would decide them exactly like a problem in mathematics; a judge would find, according to the evidence of a particular witness, no n utter whether he was black, brown.orfuir. Gentlemen, with these preliminary references to the eharacter of this case, (and I think that my observations will receive the sanction of the Court,) I will proceed to call your atteution to the inore material parts of it, and the evidence adduced on the part of the plaintiff. It is a suit instituted by Christian Kremer, against James J. ltyan, tor crimiua1 conversation, in which the damages are laid at (10.000, a very comfortable sum, no iloubt, and was very consoling to the feelings of the plaintiff when he was about to commence the suit, but it will be doubly so when he has the money in his pocket. This suit, then, is brought hy Mr. Kremer, for the loss he has sustained in his marital relations. Well, let us now see what is the loss that Mr. Kremer has snstainad in his marital rights, and the wounds that have been inflicted on his feelings. The lirst statement his counsel made is that Mr. Ky an is forty-five years of age: but that is not proved. The gentleman might have added Ai per cent to that, and he would not nave neon ueiow ma mara. ii wan aiso sai?i me iaay vai poit the hey-day of her youth, and that old father Time had laid his blighting paw ii|>on her ; but she hat not been produced in court, and we cannot form any opinion at to hur present or former attractions; but wc may at all events infer from her station in life that her attractions were at no time of a very high cast, because from the plaintiffs own showing it appeared that she was a woman who went about through all the markets of this city with a basket on her arm, soliciting customers and selling her wares to whoever chose to buy them. Oentleiuen, I do not mean to say there was anything dishonorable in that, nor do 1 meau to cast any imputation upon her for adopting any mode she thought proper to earn a livelihood. I merely mention it as a circumstance to show that it does not souare with the glowing panegeric pronounced by counsel in his opening speech, upon the classic attainments and the elegant and refined taste of this la ly and her husband ; for if she was possessed of those classic attainments and that refined taste, ona would suppose she might have turned them to better account than parading herself daily through the fish markets of this city, places where sho must necessarily come into contact with lliu lowest and most profligate characters in the community, and nieces above all others where her modesty, her taste and feelings (if ever she had either) were most likely to be corrupted by the associations she must necessarily have formed ia those dens of vice and iniquity. Gentlemen, tho first witness callod is Joseph It win. lie stated that he was at the marriage of the plaintilf and hi* wife, and that he stood up with the plaintiil'.meaning,! suppose, that he was his groomsman, and that it took piece in 1811; hut when he was asked what reason lie had for knowing it was in 1821, the only reason he could give was that he had a son that was now 22 years of age, and he was not horn for two yeais after. Now I believe, and 1 have good reason lor believing it, that the marriage took place in'1220, and the evidence bears me cut in that holiuf The next witness was the plaintiffs daughter. You have hoard her testimony. I will not now make any remark or comment upon it, hut I will reserve to myself the right hereafter to cull your attention to it. Those, gentlemen, are the circumstances of probability, or the outworks, iff may so cnll them, that this case presents, and we now come to the alleged fact. They say that Mr. Ryan is a man of wealth; that he owned a house in Willott street, and came there occasionally to receive his rout Well, what of that. Smtlemcn, who had a better right to cometo a house than o owner of it? But there is no evidence th?t he was there more than twice; he might have been there it is inio- it wh natural that a landlord should co to receive liiii ri'nt. Miss Kromer say* he came there twice, ami came into her father'*, on J talked to her mother. Well, perhaps he del; it iauot to be supposed or expected that Sir. Ryan could have procured the attendance of hi* guar dian angel on all hi* excursions about the city, and supposing that he was at Willett street, and went in and talked to mother, she, the witneai, was within at the time, aud so were all the other children; and miinl you, they were all grown up. or, at all events, the most oftliem, but she has also told you that she wont out, and that she did not know what paaaed in her absence. Well, I should like to know why it wa* ahe did go out, for she did not tell us that.' Well, but the other children remained; within, and as I told you before, they were all grown up ami it i* not to be supposed that Mr. Ryan and tho witness' mother would bo guilty of committing adnlteryl in thnpreaence of her brother* and lister*. Now, this i* the only part of the testimony from which it can be inferred (if at all) that Ryan wa* the ledncer. The other part of the testimony goes to show, if it can he relied on, that Mrs. Kreraer seduced Ryan instead oi Ryan seducing her. We now come to that part of the case which took place about Mr. Ryan'* house: ?Sarah Jane titoen the colored girl, tells you that this woman, Mrs Krcmer, was in the habit of coming to Ryan's house?and here let me remark that it may be fairly inferred from this girl'* testimony that Mrs. Krcmer was in habits of intimacy, and on a very friendly footing with Mr*. Ryan. Well, she tells you that Mr*. Kremer brings her basket on her arm, filled with milk and eirgs, and flowers; she presents them to Mr*. Ryan. Mrs. It.y an takes the milk and eggs, hut refuse* to take the flowers, because she did cat want them; she had a garden of her own in which she raised Hewers herself. Sha repeats those visits, and always goes into the basement, where Mrs. Ryan wa* *ur? to he; he sit* down and converses with her. Now, can there be stronger evidence than these fact* that Mrs. Ryan mint have known this woman for a long time.that a friendly intimacy must have subsisted between them, and that she received her a* an old acquaintance. Oh, but it will lie said that Mr. Ryan met her in Willet street, and made assignations with her, desires her come to his house, amHhat he will introduce her to his wife. Well, she comes there and be introduces her to his wife, and after ho does so, takes her from the presence of his wife into a stable, and has connexion with her. 1 ask yon, as intelligent men, as men of the world, is there any probability in auch a tale. la this tha way that men make an*i((nationif I* this the way that men carry on a guilty intercourse with woman? They first get them to come to their house*, introduce them to their wives, and the next moment, in the presence of those very wives and their servants, go into a stable and have connexion with them?not even using the precaution of shutting tho door, but leaving it wide open that the wife or the servants, or both, might go in and look at them? I ask you then, doe* this case come within the range of'probability ? I answer no-BecBuse it is impossible that any man would be so lost to all sense of shame and self respect,as not to take the ordinary precaution,at least, to prevent discovery, and I therefore submit that it is one of those cases of that monstrous character that ought to be scouted out of a court of justice. Now let us see what is the character of the other testimony There are two other w itnesses produced?Mr. Johnson and Mr. Meade ? thoy are two very respectable men no doubt, and against whose character ! have nothing to ray; but what is their testimony? Johnson says that about four years ago he saw a woman go into the stabla, and that Ryan let her in; but according to his testimony he only saw it once, and he sa} s he then called Mr. Meade's attention to it, and Mr. Meade confirms him in all he says ia that part of his testimony; but here tlie'agreemont between them stops. Well, now,let us see what Mr. Meade says?he says he saw him open the gate of the yen) and let the woman in, and it was nil he could see, for when the gate of the yard was closed, he could see no more. But Mr. Johnson has rather a stronger imagination than Mr. Meade, for he swears more positively than Mr. Meade; he swears he saw Mr. Ryan turn into the carriage house, anil the woman followed him; and the next moment saw Ryan on the loft, as if he waa fixing something them. Here he differs materially with Meade; for Meade could see nothing after the door was closed; hut Mr. Johnson could see into the loft; and to give him an opportunity ot doing so, llyan goes tip to the loft, passing hy a snug little room in the corner ot the curiiege house, in which was a metre?*, and where he might hare effected hiifpurpoee.? But no; he pastes by this little room, goes up stairs, settles a bed, and loaves the facility he had hclow, that Mr. Johnson might tee him ! But Jack, the black boy that was examined, however absurd he might he in other respects, testifies to the situation of the mom below, and describes it accurately enough; so that what Mr. Johnson tells you Is a mere inference of his own. It is true ho might have seen a woman go in, and he took it for granted that an illicit intercourse took place, and his imagination was haunted hy the idea of adultery, and be saw, or thought he saw, double; whan in truth he saw nothing but somtftdry being floating in his own is absurd, it is ridiculous to think that Mr. Ryan would go up on a loft and take a woman with him, when they had such facilities below. The testimony of Mr. Johnson Is totally inconsistent with that of Mr. Meade's; for the latter gentleman contradicts him in the two most material points of his evidence; and the plain inlerenre is, that if jiiainun ev?-n urn new Iiir II) ml oil ml- mil?wnion I (ion I believe he did?it could not be for an illicit purpose. Let u? now revert again to the testimony of Sarah Jane Omen, the colored girl. She gives you a history of Mrs. Kremer's visits to Mr. Ryan's house She tells yon that on two occasions this woman w as in the basement, talking to Ryan and his w ife ; that ho went out, and she followed him; that she saw her go into the stable, and that Ryan went in also. This is the testimony of a servant who was very long in the service of Ryan. She has been recently hunted up, and by what means she has been Induced to tell the story you have heard from her, I cannot say; hut they who have hunted her up, can best answer that question, khe tells you then she saw them go into the stable, hut the first lime they wont there, she saw or heard nothing ; the second time she heard talking up stair* where Ilyn kept his tools for making locks, and other things necessary for the repairs of his houses but she saw nothing, nor did she hear the voice of any one hut that of Rya i. Can you then believe there was an adulterous intercourse at that time I Was it a place they would be likely to go I Certainly not; for Jack the black boy was there! Would they be conversing in the loud tone which the witness described In the hearing.and I may say, within sight ol every person about his house? Why, gentlemen if I understand any thing of how crime ia commit ted Mr ttynn has adopted the moat extraordinary courso for carrying on his intrigues; a course, which ey n the most rockles" adulterer and libertine in this community vould not dare to puivie. Imtcad of going into hi* room irith thik woman, locking Ihvroialvet up ud wining k> io in kilence, ha take* her bolero hie wile** tone end la he presence of hti tenants, loads her through the yard I nlu the carriage home, passing by a bed room and iraa hat into the hay loft, and leaven the dour open that t vttf >ne pan ring backwarda and iorw.trds nay hear and tat hem. Gentlemen, it ia ridiculoue, nay it* mons'ioMg he whole story indicates u deep laid conjp.raey, ioucoctoil by the plaintiff to eatract money, by tM lid of a jury, from the pocketa of Mr. Uya& feutlemen, we now come to the evinenoo of black lack; and one black theep will often infect the whdia lock. Let ua see how the evidence oltbii witness beaaa jn the case llo tells you, himself, that he haa been far the last five months drilled hy Kremer and hie friend*; ha tell* you Kremer flrat picked him up about five months ago, tn<l invited bim to cell end see Mrs. Kremer. 'Well, Jack went the next day, in oompeny with Scott, another negrtf he saw her, and convened with her for an hour, she talked and laughed, and gigghd with him about what time* she and Rj an had, aud about Ryan's baby. He telll you that he has been there frequently sines, and that ths same conversation, la 'gliiug ami rollicking were carried on by this woman about Ryan and the baby, but the aio4 extraordinary part* of Jack'a itory the acenes between Mr. Ryan and Mra. Kremer la the aarriaf# house. He tells yon that she came there at th# iamc hour in the atteruoon of three days, Monday, Weduesday and Thursday, and Ryan had eon* nexion w ith her upon each of these oocaaiona, aal whatever was said and done ou the first occasion. wM said and done on the other two. Mrs Kremer came ni tho afternoon, went into the basement, and was sitting with Mra Ryan. Mr. Ryan comes in, upon each of those oec*sious, and invites Mrs. Kremer to go into the yard to so# the bantams , from the yard ha leads her to the rarriag# house, and into Jack's tied, followed by Jack. Jack gO#S into the stable underneath, puts his eye to a crack in th# loft, sees the bed, and Mrs. Kremer on it, and Mr. Ryan above her Why, th-reis not a man in this Court that heard black Jack teatifjr, that believe* one word of hlo story, even tho senior counsel himself does not believe K, for bo became <juhe astonished when he heard Jack testify ing to the lied room Mwuies and to the pleasantry of Mr*. Kremer about Ryan's baby, but you hava heard Jack sweat falsely as to two of those bedroom scenes. How, let m* a?k you, can you believe that one is trne, while the othei* re raise? Can yon. then, come to any other coi elusion hut that the whole is a tissue of falsehood from beginning to end. 1 think, gentlemen, that conclusion is inevitable. But again, mark the total want ol precaution on the part of II) an, leaving his door open in the presence of his will and servants;he calls thi? woman b-<rk, walks out to tha yard leisurely with her. and commits adultery with htc iu the presence ofbia wife. It is incredible, gentlemen? it is monstrous to suppose that any uian would be so burdened in crime as to be guilty of so groM an outrage on the feelings of his wilo, or on th# decencies of civilized liit. No. Oentlemen, Mack. Jurk's story was got up by Kremer, and so he* bee* the whole ol this case, with a design to pick the pocketa of my client. Gentlemen, there is one other topic O* which 1? shall make a few remarks. How did Kremor muke the notable discovery of Wis wife's infidelity? It wM not black Jack or the girl thai (old him. Neither Mr. Meade or Mr Johnson mad'.: the discovery. No?it wa# the lady herself that first published her own shame. It was in Niagara couuty that Kremer first found out that his peace of mind was destroyed?it was there the schftB# was first hatched between Kremer and his wife. Does not this look like u piece of management?a design concocted _ by Kremer himself when he thought it convenient to leave his farm to make an exiierimont on Mr. Ryan1! pocket? I never in the course of my practice or experience knew of a case got up in this way before. I always understood that the parties must be found together or detected in the criminal aot by some person who told th# husband that his honor was stained, his feelings wounded, and the peace and prosiiects of his children destroyed. Oh, no, that could not be done. Mrs. Kremer herself tolls the story of her own dishonor; and then, for (he first time they find it convenient to put the'.r heads together, trump up a story, and at all hazards extort money from Ryan, as ho is a wealthy man. Gent!# parties. They livo together in the tame house. They don't sleep together?we are told no at least?but they eat and drink together, and ere, an far as we know, on IM moat friendly terms Yon remember, gentlemen, they left Niagara county together, and came in a canal beak to Albany, and from the letter place they oame to Now York in a steamboat. After they had arrived m New York, Kremer, for the first time, saya to her, my honor la stained, my happiness ia destroyed, and the prospect at my children is forever blasted. 1 cannot live under the same rool with you any longer?you must go to your ai?ter. Well, she goes to the sister. The sister, they suyt refuses to take her in. 8ke comes back, and Salome, tia daughter, tukca her in. Since then, wo find them all living snug and comfortable together under the same root eating and drinking at the same table; and why not did ho eat and drink and sleep with her in Niagara county; and docs not Mr. Aplcby tell you he saw them at breakiostto getho.r, and observed nothing unusual in their manner to* wards each other. Well, gentlemen, does not all this In* ilicate design and management? I think you will agreo with mu that it does. (Jentlunen, shortly after they eamo to New York, they had themselves put into training, and Counsel became the presiding ileitv at the breakfast table. He advised that it would not do for Kremer to eat, drink, sleep or speak to Elir.a. But nnfortuuutely he only took his a>lvicu by instalments?lhat is, for tlie.fint quarter ho done every thing but eat, the 3d quarter he neither est nor spoke to her, and the third quarter be neither eat, spokd or slept with her Well, gentlemen, though he does not speak to her, he supports her; he lives in the same bourn with her; leaves the care ami management of his children to her Docs that look like the conduct of a man who feels a keen sense of the injnry that he telle you, gentlemen, has been inflicted upon him, or doef it look like a man who wants to keep her on hand until he gets rid of this suit. If he was a man that had a keen sense of injuries, as his counsel tells you, ho could haw parted with her, and allowed her a sepeiato maintenance and evan allowed her to see her children. But ha does no such thing. He enthrones her in his establishment, and instead of bar being an adultreas, ona would think he la the guilty party. But let us return to Jack's story again. He gets u hold of Jack and sends him to hit wife for her to drill him. He tells you when he saw Ryan's t?hy. 1 thought at hrst when I hi am Janes atory uitt two w them belonged to Ilyan, but now it turn out that one VH only named for him, and j on have alao the fact, and I beg attention to it, that Reenter treated it achiaown: that h* employed a physician to attend it; buried it with hono^ and wcut to its funeral. I auk, then, in the name of common sense, what sensibility can a man have that would taka that child?the fruit* of an aJul'eroua intercoms*? and treat it with parental tenderness? Why, gentlemen, the whole thing is a farce, got up for the aole purpose at extorting money from my client After some further m. marks, Mr. O'Conur concluded by telling the Jury thsd this cusn had none of the elements that cases for criminal conversation usually ?ave, and confidently appealed t# tliera to render a veidict in favorof the defendant. The jury returned a sealed verdict yesterday morning for the plaintiff of COO. An Old Reminiscence.?Mnltlcaulls. For s&ie st Auction? fiwr, nee* !!? On this day month?at hall !>* t one A splendid " l.ot of Miilticaulia'' Kaily in the ensuring Kail, is F.xpected to arrive by Steam? (' Great Western," or the " British Queen."" Also five thousand pounds ol " Egg*," " i'ut up" in white Mulhery kegs j The assortment will lie complete. From fifteen inches, to eight feet t Selected hy a connoisseur Who for a trifle will " insure"? Soon after landing, they 11 be sold For the best offers made " in gold f As the agent, John T. Scraper, Cannot negor.iate for "paptr." Unless seeur'd by " Bond and Mortgage " Binding as firm as Russian cordage : Or "Sterling Bills"at 1 Current rataa"Druwn by "the Bank United State*}" Or flrat rate homes, which we know ; hor instance, crime, warn. King K , In this selection will be found Home specimens the most renown "d : Rnis'd lrom the sceJ, direct fiom Chine? Imported In "the Agripiiia"? The grubs, " on these here leaves" what feed. Will spin their " cocoons" with east speed ; There s no mistake?you'll find 'em, Peelers, Well worth the notice of all dealers. The Pit,lic Ferries.?Ctireen loud and d? r-|. art daily expressed at the neglect of the atreet comminnioners, in not cleaning the ftreeto leading to the public lerriea. The approach to the Court* jandt street and North River ferries is completely impeded. The side walks are impassable. Tho passengers .ire driven into the middle of the street and run the risk ol being run down by the multi* tude of carriages, cabs and carts. Wnen will the Mayorjcondcscena to make some order on the subject 1 His honor and the corporation attorney art requested to visit the ferry at Couitlundt street, at 9 o'clock in the morning Individuals residing in the vicinity laugh at the law, and openly evprrdfe their contempt of the street inspector. Richmond Medical Coli.kck ?The comim netment of this *chool was celebrated yesterday with much spirit. We were anxious to witness the cr re monies, but were " ruled off" by the overflowing number off Indies and gentlemen, who at an early hour, filled the halL We learn that President Maxwell's address to the graduates was chaste and Impressive, and that Dr. Wsmer, tht Dean, delivered a valedictory, sparhling with rhetorical beauties The college is in a very flourishing condition. It has, tliis session, sent out twenty-faur graduates ou theii mission of healing?more than at any nthar session. Last night a handsome supper was to hav# boen t# the students, at the PowhalUn House -wbara, we havu no doubt, much wit ai.J sentiment prt vailed - and the suo c< is of the colli ge was dninh in draught* "nine fathonl deep."?Jiirhmotnl Enquirer, March 13. Wki.i.anh Caxai..?me Niagara ueporur <1 it* fith in.*t., report* n renewal of trouble among th? worker* on thi? canal. There hns been a general strike for higher wages?at Allan burgh *ome of the bairows belonging to the com|<aiiy were destroyed and aoaae window* ?ma?lied?and the engineer hat auapendedont of the contract* on account of the contractor giving ahort weight in the article* purchaacd at hia (hop by the workmen.? The aame paper chronicle* the arrival of one DeWitt, charged with destroying a mill at Chippewa, having bee* anrrenilered by the authoritiei ol Buffalo. lie win arrested once before In Niegeta, admitted to bail anil forthwith fled to Buffalo. But the extradition clauaeof the treaty gf Washington waa too much for him. Rtprnt.vrio* n \kw RrnrNAwioit.?W? regret to learn that the House of Assembly hare, by a maioritv of three, rnfnaed to receive in nart navment of dutieia at the Treaiurv a peition of the copper coin which they liureOvcrUiUed, and in lavor of which measure Committee of the Home had reported Repudiatkm neem I to lie norm-thing of as epidemic on thl* continent. Th?- argume nts n?-d 1>y lome of the honorable metmhera Kinrll rank of the natueou* apirit. " Why, laid they, " did the people take the copper* V A pretty question truly, when the re anon waa thai poor country tehoolmaater* and otlieT* could get their lenaty pittance in n* other com. We trmt tho Aaaemhly will raoentlelnr the q-ieotion. and eome to a more e<(nitnM? deonion ? At, John?,S. B. Oi?rrrr, More* ft.