Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 18, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 18, 1844 Page 1
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11 T H Vol. X?, Ho. 78-Whola No. 3048 STEAM POWER TO LET. JtaA ROOMS TO LET wita 8TEAM POWER-r<?aesainu to be gives 1st May, Apply te the "Hoe" " 1. aliJMLM. and Saw Aiauufactury, I 24 Inirc ? and 31 Oold itrwt M TO LKT?A boete situated at Bio- mingdale, about I-".! ?'? milri troin the city. It i. delightfully aituatadi on ULlhe b mk ol lha Hudson, and i* remarkably healthy. The hgai.e contain, ween room., with pleasure garden, ?tc_attacheu, Rem II'O per annum. Apply at tha Ahby Hotel, Bloeming data. mr2 lra?re Jml TO LE I'?The THAL1AN HALL. No; 460 liranil P-JW street. at the intersection of East Broadway, i. to let or JiaaLleaM It waa oriainilly beted ap for a ball room, and ha. every convenience forsueb a parp >ee, but haa been occu* pied lor the laat three year. a. a church, and ta now lit'ed up with aeata for that purpose. The Temperance Societies have I al.u met there one* a week. It u located in the I liirteeulh ward; auditor* is no other so convenient place for political nirel, or any room to largr, in the eastern section ol the city. The third story would make most excellent accommodations for a L.od?e rf auy kiud. It will he rented low to a good tenant, who could make, it is bel.erad, a living out of it by rerouting it Eu(uire in Iba store below the Hall, of f 16 mi*re T &J. W. lOLLINB. MllOO.vlS TO LET?In the third aud ronrlk story of building No. 217 Broadway corner of Murray street ? - uouire of Edwards. Anthony A C hilton, on the pnm ?"*, o. Ms'co'ui A (iaul, Pi Pearl it. in 12 lm*re ~*gL CoU.NTHY SEAT AND KARM TO LEASE ? Il'sV A t't* opi>ortut i.y ia now ofTeird to any gentleman "' f* " retire Iroin iliu city. The Karin contain* i.h a. 1/0 cere, ol land, situated uu I'liroggs' Neck, Westchester, and liei dueeilon the Sound, having a mile as. a iwii ui inn.e auu nraoiy tne wnote uau'r a guoa iitir 01 cultivation A 1 uge .luuuie house and laige barn aie on the preinisei. Kor tisbiug and spoiling tlie p.ace cannot be surpassed. Fourteen miles from Now Vork, and fon> from the Kail road Depot, at Williams' Bridge, the communication is so easy that a man my no busiueis in tne city and reside with his lainily nt the Neck, as several gentlem-u ill the vicinity do. Apply to THOS. T. FERRIS, 2* U Fayette Place, or THUS. HAKIII SON, nt M ul i ion st. mi ?w?ec mFOK SALE 4'R TO LET?Tworew Three-store ilrick ileuses, with marble n antels, sliding doors, and 'oiirr niani closets in all tlio rooms The houses are 21 le. 11.out and rc?r, by 36 feel deep t acli house lias an nndar c liar, will ada1 te I for the pirioau required The Lois are 21 by 100'eel. In the yard is a spacious cistern. Piiee for vacn II >use and Lrt $5,10.1, of wh cli two-thirds can remain, if desired, on bond and mortgage at 6 per cent per annum. 1 he rent for e cli home is S110. The Hous-s are situated in Bridge street, between Tillary and Johnson streets, Brooklyn. Apply to JOHN A. WILLINK. At his residence at Flalbnsh, or his office No. 73 Nassau street. New York, or to STEPHEN HA1 NES, mil lm*m In Lawrence street, Brooklyn. MfUH SALE OK LEASE.?A lsrga Double House, situa ed upou the Third Avenue, opposite the five mile stone, containing leu rooms, a goon kitchen and pautiiea, wit i stable, carriage and other houses Attached are six acres of lead on lease, part in a high state of cultivation. Also, a good well of suit water. The situation is desirable for either a tirirate family or for a public house, being situated midway letvreen the city and Hnrlcm One hall the building has been erected within three years. Possession can be given immediately if requisite. Kor further particulars inquire of F. BLANCARO, 66 Broadway, or Mr. NUIVLAN, Prospect Hall, Yorkville. inH 2w?cc VALUABLE MILL PROPER1V, FOR SALE. flirt THE LARGE EXTENSIVE FLOURING MILL fffW and Water Privileges, situated at Fort Moutgom?ry, J^ilO'ange County, State of r> ew York, adjoining the Hadsou Kiver. The Mill is ia complete order aud ready to commence operations immediately. It is six stories iu height, and 61 by 41 feet: has two large over shot wat?r wheels nearly new ?lour run of excellent burr stones aud all other necessary machinery, with au extensive and du'nhle stream of Water, capa ble of driving other large works if required. On the premises are th ee g tod Hwellitg House), one Cooper Shop, one Barn, and o'Jierout buildings. Also, abont forty acres of Land. There are also about two hundred acres of Meadow Land, purchased iqne years since fir the purpose of a reservoir, where has been newly erected a durable and substantial dam, so as to M lU nlll>. w-wl,. ...... of a long drought. Tint aituatiou is vary convenient for the manufacturing of iron-wire or any heavy articles, as there is no laud carriage,and vessels carrying one hundred tons or more can come to the mill at any tide. Poeifesion given on the 1st of May next. For further particulars apply to the proprietor on the prmises, or to JOHN R. buVl'AM, 41 Beaver street, up stairs, and UNDERH1LL & HAWXHUKST, m!3 2w*ec No. i)l>0 Front street. a FOR SALE?A neat and very convenient Cottage on the Mill Road, North Shore, Stateu Island, within fifteen minutes walk of either the Castleton or Port Kichmoun steamboat landing. Attached to the Cottage is half su acre of excellent land, with a variety of young and thrifty fruit trees Enquire on the premises of fll lm-m JEREMIAH SMITH MFORSALE-THF. LEASE, FURNITURE AND FIXTURES OF A FIRST CLASS HOTEL,which has b en established four years as a Lodging House and p room. The bed room furniture it of me best quality. The Bar room and Salonn are frted op in a style unsurpassed by ar.y Hotel in the Union. All the fast fixtures mist go with the l?ase, but a large portion of ths other fixtures and furniture will be removed if required. The above house is doing a great business?but It ia not expected that anv one will believe this baie statement. but it will be proved ta the satisfaction of the most sceptical. Who may wish to puvchate. Possession to be given on the first of May next ; or a partner with a cash capital of Sl.botl, and good qualifications to conduct the establishment would tataken, if preferred. Thelat'er condition is necessary. as the present proprietor will be engaged in other business, winch will require the major part of his time. Address F. J. K at his office. ml lm*r wif KOR SALE.? \ piece of land containing from 20 to acres, b-suufully located on the Peterson Turnpike ^JWlioad, commanding an extmsiveview in all directions. It is near the Hackeiisack River, and in lull view of Newark, overlooking all the surrounding country. It is au admirable site for a gentleman's residence, bring lire miles from Hotxikrn, at Srcaucns, N. J., in the neighborhood of good hcIi'miIs and eminent nreachtrt. Inquire of VVM. J, HADDOCK, No. 9J Perry street, orof the owner J. Q. UNDERHILL, at Secaucus, or Dr. GLOVER, 2 Ann st. mO Im-rc FOR SALE jwwdf A FARM ia the Toweolrp of Orange, N. J., six miles jK^rrnm Newark andtwo from North Oiaime?100 acres, two ^dsaaihirda meadow and arable, balance thrifty wood?house sis rooms, garret and cellar, lately repaired?barn and outbuildings goods?appleaud peach orchard?plenty small f.uit well watered by springs?gsod well at door?very healthy situation ?pure water. To be sold a bargain, with stock il desired? possession when required Apply at ID Kerry st, 131 Division st, V Dey st, or GEO. BLACK BURNK, Perry Lane, ou the place. m5 Im'rc ?M| KOR SALE?On Htateu Island, within one mile of the Quarantine, a small Karm ot fifteen acres; abuui one hall adUsu covered with voung wood, the balance is suitable for garden purposes. I here is a modern two story house with a kitchen adjoining, and a uever failing well by the door. Also, a bam and a large variety of fruit trees. Kor further particulars enquire el THOMAS 9 CAHY, IH lm''m Quarantine. Staten Island. A VALUABLE KARM KOR SALE.?The F^TST, yMvormerly owned sod occupied by Jon ithan Ward. Eaq., saJI^Mtuated in the upper part of the town of East Chester, VVesK hester i oenty. 20 miles from th? city of New Vork, on the Post Road, and a quarter of a mile fiom the Harlem Ka'lroad. The above Karm contains about two hundred acres ef Land, which is under a high state of cultivation, well watered and fenced, with u double two-story dwe.liug and a number ?f outbuilding! sttcch-d The above dwelling and ten acres r flood is now occupied as the Bionx 'Cavern and Post Office f krnwu as Ma'ble Hall ) If the nbjve farm and dwelling is nut sold before the ?5th of March, the pait now occuoied a? a tarern will be let for the same putpese. Inquire of K AIN 5c MORGAN, near the premises, or J. L. MORGAN, <7 Kulton st. N. B.?This Iarm is well adapted for a milk dairy. fe24 1 meod * m n i b l o ' s CONSERVATORY AND SEED ESTABLISHMENT. arrivals of fresh seeds. THE SI'USCIII St'II, in ackuuwl-dgiuR the libera' tSftQk atruuage rec< iv (l hy liim thia ifuon, for which he is dim -v-r grateful, cow brg to iuform nis patrons ami the pnbI'c ih it the extensive arrangenv ills for the lining businesi (which wen in vie by himself when in Europe Inst winter, with gnat ca t, unremitted attention, ami Without any reg ard to rxjieiire, hare just been completed by the recent arrivals 01 the several packer ships I rem London and Havre. The stock will be f.>uud to contain superb varieties of new annual, biennial and perennial Flower Heeds, many of which are very rare, nud will be fouud well woitky the attention of all lovers of Flora. Vegetable and Field Seeds have also been imported, of those kinds only which are desirable to be obtained at a foreign market; oth?rsorts, for which the American productions are more celebrated,hive been grown by men of experience and integrity far thii establishment only?all of which ran be strictly relied upon as being genuine, aud. in fact, are warranted The Proprietor would also beg to call public attention to the fact that in orSerall the Seeds from this establishment shonld bear n genuine character he caused all the old seeds (procured by his late pnrtuer, iVlr. Duulap) to be sold at public auction, without any reserve, py Mr. w. II. Franklin, at his roems in Broad strret. on the 27th Dec last, and lis can with confidence assert there is not a worthless seed in the whole slock now on hand ... , Donble Dahlias?Au extensive collection of tsese beautiful flowering Hoots have also been imported Irnm the most eminent growers, and "re bulbs of the mast choice Price Flowers exhibited in England doing the last two years. They are now inner propagation sod good established plants warranted true to noire will be r*dy for sale >n doe season. Catalogues, containing n full desr-ipiion of each variety, together with instrnrtione lor their Culture, will be published at an early pr'iod. A large collection of fine hes'thy p|ents fn Flower,are in the ' Conservatories, which srl'l be found desirable ornaments for the 1'arlor, Ac. Bouquets, Baskets, nud Vases of Flowers, can bs procured on mo ?noiie*' no'ice, nut up in n ii'n n'ii rl7*"Ii Fruit nnd Oniametital'i'fe*, BhruN, hardy Il#*e* mt. in (Pit vvietr. .... ... _ Bullion* F|ow?ri?t Room. viv.: OUdinla*, Mexican Tiger Flower. Tiger Lily, Jacobean Lily, Inberoxe, fcc. kc., lor planting early iu Spring. Flower Standi, Fancy Tarr* Cotta Flower "aw and Pot*, of new and handsome danism. <^o1d Fi'h, Fixn Oloben, fcc. A large aaaortmentof Gardening TooU. llorlicnltnral and Agricultural Book*, lie on haud. Ike above ?re now offered for aala at LOW PRIC1C8, liavmg been nurchaaed for ciah, onadvanlageout term* 'I'he Third AnnualCatalogueia now in courveof publication, and will be ready for delivery (gratii) early in Uie earning week. Order* a'tended to with promptnea*. and tliankfnlly received. WILLIAM NIBLO, Bole Proprietor. 57G Broadway. No c..nne uoii with any other eiuhliahinent. f 20 Imrc PRINCE'S LINNiEAN BOTANIC GARDEN AND NURSERIES, FLUBBING, NKAR NK.W YORK. -ngg WN1. R. PKlNCk. k I.O. offer to rte public their JPpffl'iew Oracnptivef .at ilogue of Tie** and Plant*, with re. ,adin.diiceil Price*, which are much lower than are umally lunged Their Treeier* very tuperior in every reapcct. Catalogue* will be ?ent to every Doat paid applicant, and may aim be obiauied at 21 Piueit; and order* lelt theie, or *ent per mall, will be ?gecnted with deapatch, and mi n > nperior manner. tlmt ijweoiHtltW'tc WM. R PKINrF, It CO. xfToH HALF. 20,POO dollar* worth of China,Glas* and FarthP i n ware, from ihe thelvr* and in | ackagea, at the ttore* No. I'll Olh Avenue and No. 223 2lh Avenue rnmer 23d atreat cheaper than ever, part now landing of the neweat Pattern*, all cheap for caah. Country merchaii'a and grocer* and retailer* will do well to call and nave 20 per cant; al*o, eutlery, halve* end folk*, pen knive*, dirk knive*, table and traapoou*. 2J0 hra/M elocka, open ami in run, brat ?l linn 'in. 60 par rent <|| nprr tnon any hnnae in thr city. To Irt thr op|>rr pan of tin1 ?th atory houac eornrr 23d atrrrt and 8lh Avrnor, ehrap to a good trnant, poaarsainn unmrdiatrly. and no chatgr to lat May. >.t ijni r of THOMAM Mi HORLbY, 126 lm*nt No. 170 tlh Arenuo. coraer JOthatiart E NE NI SEEDS OF EVERY KIND JUST RECEIVED 0Y THE PACKETS QUEBEC AND IIENDRICK HUDSON. DUN LAI' Sc CARMAN JQrft TAKE this opportunity of returning their thanks to dPVml their friends and the public, for the I literal patronage beStowed upon them since opeuinit their new SerdBloie and I ooservatory. 1 hey hare just received *11 additioual tupply of allItlre beat known vsrietis of Annual, Biennial, and Perennial blower Bctds, Veg'tnble Seels of all kinas, firsts feeds of the betl kinds. S' riuK Wheat, Potato Oats, Ash Leaved and other early PjUP'i, all iu prune order. Exotics of every description, suitable for parlor or (treeu house cnltnre; Bouquets, composed of the most choice and delicate Bowers, for bridal or other festive parties; Birds and Bird ( axes, Oold Kith and Olobas, fancy Flower Vase* aud Stands, of various patterns, with other fancy articles, all of which will be sold on the lowest terms. They be* leive to inform their friends and the public, that they have not an old seed of any kind in the store, and hsve spared neither pains nor expense to proenra the best seeds of the last seas, n's growth, from the most respectable houses in this couutry and Europe, all of which will he warranted. I atnloguva will be ready for distribu'ionearly the ensuing week. All those iu want will please call and esainine for themselves before purchasing elsewhere. English Split Peas, Uatmeal and Kmbdeu Groats for gruel, fruit and oruam'ntal Trees of all kinds. Grape viues and flowering shrubs, herbaceous plants, Jtc. lie., always ou hand at the uew Conservatory ami need Shore, 635 Broadway, New York. Several practical Gardeners wanting situations, apply as above. (27 1 m* m f? THREE DOLLAR HATS-J. II. MONAUUUE onlls |the attention of the public to haaaaortmeut of line Fur Hata, at tha very low prite of Three Dollars,at 218 Bowery (24 Itn'rc SPRING FASHION. rl BROWN It CO.'S One Priced Hat Store, 178 Chatham Square, corner of Mott street, where fashion, beauty, durability aud economy are combined to adorn the head. Tne proprietors have the pleasure tu offer a new style of llat, the imitation ol beaver, which clrsely resemble those formerly sold fur 16 and $6, at the low fixed price of S3 Those, who from inclination or necessity, arc induced to stndy economy in that indispensable article of dress, have now an opportunity ofdoiug so and still keep up t ,e appearance of tke most fashionable. BROWN k CO , iu presenting this Hat to the pablic think lliey have uen.-ly reached the ultimatum of beauty, chmpmss, nea'neti, durab.lity aud comfort of the wearer. All sales are for essh, therefore no good customer pays for i...... i.? a. k.j uuouru v. i'is f 24 lm*m 178 Chatham Squre, corner of liiott itreer. _ SOMETHING NE\V. THE SUBSCRIBER resrectfully announces, that his J^mSprirg Style of Unit, (now ready) are romtrucled on a plan different from anv heretofore need in thii country, and which he ia confident, uredi only an etainination, to convince gentlemen of ita inperiority. It has been a juat cauae of complaint, that the fur on the edge of the crown aoon wears off,and thna given to a Hatnn apr?arancs of having been much worn, while the other parta are comparatively perfect Thin aerioua defect the anhtcriber haa bcru enabled to obviate in auch n mirner aa not to inter/ere, but on the contrary, to improve the ait and contour of the Hat. All gentlemen are requested to cnll and satisfy themselves of the great superiority ol the present method over all othera. JOHN. N. OENIN, Hat and Cap Establishment, No. 214 Broadway. mr11m*rc Opposite St. Paul's Chnrch LOOK AT THIS! J JUST RECEIVED, by the packet ship Samuel Hicks, from Paris, the beat article of^lPP^s? Gentlemen's French Boots ever seeu. and now offered, wholesale and retail, at the low price off). best article of French Calf Boots, made to measure. 00 " " " Cork Sole Boots 4 00 " *' " Water Proof Boots 00 " " " Light Calf Sewd Boots $3 to 3 50 " " " tine Calf Shoes, mads to measure 8 00 " " " Worked Slippeis $ltol U And the greatest assort ment of all kinds of Boots and Shoes in r..u: .L: . .n c....1 .u ment of Oaiter boots that cau be found in thii city, and all kinds of Buskin Slippers, Ti??, Button Shoes, Prunella Slippi'rs, white, black, satin, and all other kiudu and colors. Also, the greatest assortment of Boys' Boots and Shoes, Misses and (Jhildrens'of all kinds to be found in this city; and alloftur own manuiacture, aud of the best Ktench goods, and warranted to be the best, and as cheap as the cheapest, at 3t?7 Broadway, the corner of Franklin street. GREGORY & CAIIILL, m9 lm'ec 367 Broadway, N. Y. H BOOTS AND SHOES. J LADIES AND GENTLEMEN. ALL WHO WEAR the abort articles,and wish tosare miamv. had better lose no time in railing at the fashionable and Shoe Stores of S. P. SJECOR, Nos. 160>a aud 161 (free iwrti strert, where all may suit themselves Willi an article t lat lot style or make, fashion aud finish, cannot be snrpused or perhaps equalled in this city. 8. P. S. begs to apprise in particular those! i i m end gentlemen who consider a well fitting boot or gaiter \o indispensable article to the tout tntemhlt of all within the I fijtI mtindr, that 100>? or 161 (ireenwich street, ate the only pi aoes n Mew York they can depend on being suited. N.B.?Ladiesand Misses I filters, Shoes, lie., always on hand in endless variety. f. Remember, 160K and 161 Greenwich street. _/~TI ONLY LOOK AT THIS ! andsee the as- " tonishinglow prires of BOOTS and SHOEH^fl^BB that are selling off at the New and fashionable Boot aud Shoe Store, corner of (ireenwich and Murray streets, Yoik,gentlemen's fine Krench and native calf Boots doable and single soles, from $3 to $3 SO, Si to $1 SO and 86 |ier pair. Also a large assortment of gentlemen's, boys'and youths fine uii iiuu Hip onoe*,'/1 me lamai siyirnnn prat materials; mere is alto a large aseoitment of low prieed Boots sad Shoes, pegged and sewed, for gentlemen boys aud voutha, and at prices that will coma wilhm tli* reach ol al' classes. The Ladies of New York and its vicinity will Bad it to their advantage to call at thia establishment and aee the moat sp'eudid aaaorrmcntof gaiter Boots, Boakins, Slippers and Tiea. of all the colors and moat faahionable stylei. There is any quantity of Ove,shoes and waterproof Buakina, gentlemen's strapped, with leather bottoms ; ladies'do; Moccasins and India Rubbers, furred plain and figured; misses and children's, of all kicda, iu abundance aud cheap. Don't mistake the nuinbe-, 253 Green ?ich etreet, corner of Murray at WRIGHT, CALHOUN kCU. f.-2g lm*ec J BOOTS AND SHOES AU AT REDUCED PRICES. The subscribers intend ng to make a change in business, will sell llieir present stock at very low prices lor a short time, TUT'lLE k I LAY WA11D, 289 Roadway. P. 8 ?The fixtures and furniture of the store for sale. I>4 lm*m SAVE YOUR SHILLINGS. AKja All that are iu want ofgood Gaiters, Shoes. A ^PBBor liuskins,are requested to call at WALk ICR's rm corner ol Broadway and Canal street Ladies' Gaiters, U Misses aud Children's Gaiters, of all colors,sorts and sizes. of the latest French fashion?Hie ch-j>(>est yet offered. Also, the greatest assortment of (rents fine French Calf Dreaa Boots, stitched, at S3. Those who purchase at tnis old establishment are sure to call again, the best evidence of the geueral satisfaction his Boots aud Shoes have givm to the public. tlTjf Remember? WALK kR'S Cheap Boot and Shoe Store, 419 Broadway, corner Canal street. f 25 lm*ec TO COUNTRY MERCHANT. BOOTS AND SHOES. ^ WILSON A JOHNSON. If (ouccewor to John Hutching) have removed froml20to It 112 Chatham street, and hAVe aompleteil their assortment of Spring Goods, comprising the greatest variety and largest assortment of Boots and Shoes that can he fonnd in thu citv.? Every thing in ilie.r line, consisting in |iart of 3000 ladies' Mo rocco B'JiSius, 3000 ladies' leather no, 3000 ladies' common do, 5000 ladies' common blipp-rs, 2500 gentlemen's do, 1000 ladies fine Freuchdo. liiOO Weit Backs, 10,000 Children's Shoes of all kinds and co'ors, 1000 ladies' Gaiters, black and colored, 50 c> ics 01 getwemens tine call sowr.i poms, Mcases pegg-cl do, 25 cases kips do, 2) case, boys' and youths' do, and all other arti icles that can possibly be called lor in the boot and shoe line, for s lie, 142 .hithaoi street, opposite the Chatham Theatre.? N.B. filestore opened till III o'clock in the evening, fifing country uwrcliauta an opiwrtumly- to purchase when uot other wise eng i*ed. mil lm*ec BOOTS ANI) SHOES AT WHOLESALE. A LARGE ASSORTMENT of the abore named articles V m-y be had at the Manufacturer's Depot, No. 200 Pearl st, New lfork. Among those on hand tnay be fonud in part the following. Tig:? Me ii'kBnys' Kip pegg'dBoota Mens' & Beys' Thick Brogans Do do (J aud S?al do Do do Kip Pegged do Do do I'ump Sole do Do do do Sewed do De do Half W el t do Do do Calf do do Dodo do Calf do Dodo do Pegged do DoCalfS*wed do Dodo Pump Sole do Do Stout Pegged do Do do Uoatand Seal do And a great variety of Women's, Misses, and Children's Uuskius, Bootees Slippers, Jtc. &c., pegged ami sewed; together witn a general assortment of Palm Leaf and Leghorn Hats. Country merchants and others are invited to call and examine All sold low for ca*li or cilv acceptances UALE k CO , No. Kt Pvarl streot, ml lm*ec U. 8. Houl Building. N V. PHENIX HORSE BAZAAR, NO. 180 JIND 101 MERCER MTREET, NEXT TO BLEECKER STREET. ??1 _ The nest regular PUBLIC AUCTION SALE JstlN will take place at thia establishment, on Tuesday ' } n??i March 19th, commencing at eleven o'clock. wThcTerVutHB Harness. Saddlerv. lie.. new and second hand. I At 12 'clock. a catalogue ufvrri iu|i-ri'ir Horses, will lie offered, comprising single Horses aud matched pairi, suitable lor the road, indole ana all business purposts. tJentlemen in the conniry having property to dispose of, either at public or private aale, will have their orders faithfully attended to.| At Private Sale?25 fine young country horses, kind and sonnd, just in from the western part of the State; two superior matched pairs of Bay Horses, a fine pair of Brown Horses, a splendid pair of Bay Carnage Horses, one very line Bright Bar ivl Horse, young, kind and sound, and a very fast trotter. Also, several very line Saddle Horses. Also, at private sale, a very Handsome Hockaway Wagon, used only one week, and a number of new and second hand Barouches and Light Wagons. Horses taken at Livery, and kept in anperior style. Accommodations for dealers' liorses, iu stables unsnrpassed by any establishment of the kind in the United States. H l'illl\OK?Vehicles of all description taken on storage in the largeand convenient Repository ot the establishineur. W. COWAN will attend personally to all orders for buying and selling horses. All persons selling property at this establishment may rely upon having a true amount of sale rendered, and the lull amonnl of proceeds will, in all cases, be paid promptly in current money. '1 lie ARENA of this establishment is built on .an entirely new and most (movement plan, being detatrhrd from the main building and stable, thereby not interfering in the least with livery or sals horses going out or coining in on the dsy of auction sale. At all other times the Arena is k?pt entirely clear, and reserved for the accommodation of private horses and those on sale, affording evrry facility for ei< rcise, training and showing horse.. COWAN AND DILK8, m5 lm?ee Proprietors. VALUABLE RKMEDIg.8?For tke Face and bkin? Church's Vegetable Lotion, for removing pimples, blotches, freckles, tan, snnhurn. riag worm, Ike. '1 he ase of this Lotion fir a short time will transform the most sallow dimples mo into radient whiteness, renders harsh and ronjh skin beautifully sofl and smooth. Sold in bottles, 75 cents oach ItiilPMvtism, UouT, fcc ? Dr. Churches Essence of Mustard, lor the cure of iheumatism. chilblain', gout, tke. There is iH-rli.i; a no malady to which the human IVainf is subject that lias had more applications of various kinds arimioistrp-d as remedins than the iheumatism ; nor is there scarce a disorder (hat Iia? raaiated with like force lh? attempta mtdj to remove it.? The virion ol therii'oct of mua'ard will be found to eieel thoee of any other remedy whatever in the cure of the above compiaiaia. Priee Weenie Foraaleat CHURCH'S Diapeniarv, US Bowery, mfi im*ee corner of Spring it. PORKION LETTF.R OF KICK, at the Commercial Circg| 1 Jar Office, S3W; Wall (treat. Letters will be forwarded la Condon, Liverpool, Havre, South Am-riea, Weat Indian, ai.d 1*ner foreign porta, br the narliaet conveyance. AFko, Lettera will be forwarded to Botton daily, at Woiil , . ?. L. StfOW. in* Iw*ec W Y ( m YORK. MONDAY M( BOARDING. A FEW OF.NTLEMKN, and a Uvutlnnan and his Wif.', can he sccoinaodated with board and pleasant rooms ou reasonable terms, at No. 30 Cliff street. inlfi 3leod* m TO THE AMERICAN LADIES AND GENTLEMEN. A FRENCH GENTLEMAN, tweuty-ttve years old, having bwu several years Teacher 'U a College of Fans, would be happy to bestow every day some boors in giving private lessons tu the French Language. aunug his sojourn in this city. II you wish to learn rapidly tins be-ulil'ul and uecessa'y lacKUaye, aud to have tne best Parisian accent, you must wnte to tile folio is inn direction and you will ehtain * tartly what youidesire. MR X. O. Dfc CAL.MONTIER, m 13 Isi'rc 93 Ileade sire-1. French china. No. 4 SOUTH WILLIAM STREET, Up Stain ADALKS.ME, Importer and Airenl for \IanafactnrpTs. has always on hand a lance assortment for dinner and ten sets in plain white and tilt French Porcelain, as well as dinner and dessert plates.of all sizes, assorted dishes, soap tureens, covered dishes,salad bowls, Iruil baskets, costards and stands. Also, Tea and t.hocolale Wars, Greek, b ranch tad American shape All ins articles are warranted of tha best quality, and to be aid as Ideal terms ssd is lets In sirir ssrehssers ,*7 tm'? SHELF AND HEAVY HAKDWARE. TOHN RU Til VEN, 61 Johu sliest, is daily receiving fresh " imparted (hinds, at very low prices, bought previous to the advnucr in E gland fur citli, aud solicits a cell from Country Merchants previous to making their purchases. Among the large assortment may be louud the 1'ollowiug leading articles, always ou hand, viziAnvils, Mousehole and Wilkinson's. Collins It Co's gsuuiuo Aura. Smile-sou, Broin-rsdi Co. genuine Cast Sleel. Chaius?bright Trace, Halter, Fifth and Log. Ibbotsnn Corn Scythes and Files. Weeding llor s, Jnpaued Half iirit aud C. R Braile's fat-ill lines Butcher's Edge Tools Rowland's Milt caws and Crou Cut Cut aud Wrought Nails. Shovels aud ^trades. Ames, Rowlands and C. 8. Hemp?Manilla tad' otton Rope, ell sizes. L els, Plate, Knob,, Amer-can. Hingis, Hook, Plate, Butt, Piteul, lie. Jaines' Wood Screws, genuine. Wilson's Shoe aud Butcher Knives, genuine. Haws?Hand. P nel. Bock. 8lc. Vicn?Brit and Copper Key, ant erior. Sh<? and Twine. ( nttou, Wool ind Hone Cards. Ouua. t-nmleiuid Uoub'a Uairel I'laColi, Kitli-a, Caps, Klinu, See. AWo, a large assortment of American Hardware, at mannftcturer'a prices. Table and rocket Cutlery. Jot. Rodgera 8( Sons' and oUter celebrated makers?all of whicll will be told for cash or approsed paiiei to Southeru ai.d Western Merchants bovine th-ir spiiug stocks. JOHN RUTHVEN, mt ItawM WIEKfw'ec 61 John street. rnsa ntDD rPHE SUBSCRIBER hereby informs his friends and tht d- pnblic, that he has commenced to hake I'assover Bread for the ensuing holidays, and aie now ready for delisery. Notwirhsrandinit that he has contracted with the congrega tions Jinahi Chtlfd Shari Slmmaim, and lielh Israel, lie still shall feel happy to supply persons belonging even to other congregations. The majority of the members of the Elm tireet congregation having already te-nt in their orders the subscriber feels confident that this uoblr and independent example will tie followed by others, who should be similaily situated in regard to their own congregation, who can act as they nleuse without being under any restraint. M. S. COHEN. TERMS? of a ?nperior quality, six to the pound at sixceuts; mead eight centa per pound. P. S ? Orders taken for all kinds of Cakgwfor the approaching holidays, at his Bakery, 4} Dey street, or uTUuane street. f*l Im'rc MMIE SUBSCRIBER in'.endt keepiug Urocer'es for the nnsuing Passorcr, (ids at 96 Calheriue street, where I those of his friends, that will honor him with a call, can be furnished with the best quality, at the lowest rauket puces. The Coffee aud Spices ground, it required, and seat to any part of the city tree of expeuse. The above Oroceriea will be ready for sale ou Tuesday, March 12, 1844. Orders received at 72 and 96 < .'atherine street. m7 2w"rrc L. M. KITTERBANiJ~ TO COUNTRY MERCHANTS. DM. PEYSER St CO. (latel) removed from the corner ol William aud John, to No. 60 John street,) offer for sale on liberal terms, wholesale and retail, the following ol ticlea, received by receutarrivals ? Berlin best Zephyr Wonted?the most complete assortment in this country. Canvass, for Embroidery, of cotton, silk and wonted, in all widtha. Berlin Embroidery Patterns?of the choicest and newest description; Embroideries, liniined and commenced, ou velvet. uk, woraicu antt cuitou, wsrgrd iu tne most laslelul Parisian style Tassels tor Hair Dresses, or fold, silver,and silk and linselled: Bracelets, Combs, Hair Pius, and a large variety of Other beautiful Paris Fancy Articles. Purse Ornaments?Steel, stilt and silver Beads; Bugle's Purse Twist, plain ami shaded. in slicks and spools; Embroidery anil (lower Chenille, ol silk and metal auu silk. Also, Fringes, Oimps and Cord and Tassnls, imported and ol their own nuuufa:ture, of gold, silver, silk, ike.all colors and widths (TV Branch Store at 3C9 Broadwav, (formerly 427 Broadway.) f 7 linec THE CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN BURNS AND OCARTNDA. Tills whole of the mysterious and secret Conespondrnce which took place between the Post Burns and the celebrated CUriuda, Mrs McLkhosk, in 1787 to YJ, and which has I teen sought for iu vain by t^unningbam and others, for the purpose of publication, has at length, by the decease of Clariiiaa, fallen into me hands of her grandaon, VV. rl. McLshose, Esq. and is now first given te the world. The American edition is n neat I2um, volume of about 300 paget cloth, gilt?is issued and lorssle ny K. P. BIX UN (t GO. ml5 Im*ec No,I Park Row,OffodtS the Astnr House THE PEACOCK. NEW DINING ROOMS, ATOS. 15 SOUTH tyil.LlJiM.fiNl) 55 STONE STS. White F routs, near ueluiotiico's. Hanover Square and Coent'es' Blip. THBSE New and elegant Koiins will lie o|iened THIS A DA V, with a Table d'Hote, from 12 M till 4 P. M. Price used 25 cents. The Dinner will consist, daily, of Sonps, Fish, Boiled aud lloasl Joints, Poultry, Uaine, l'aslry, Puddings, Kraits, Ike , Ike. Merchants aud others srs invited to make trial of this economical aud convenient in >da of djning. mil twism BtAONlJV'S LUCINA CORDIAL, OR, ELIXIR OF LOVE. P)R the speedy ami certain cure of female irregularities, im potency, barrenness, (luor albns, iacipirut cousuuiption, cnnstntional debility, whether the rrsull of imprudence, ill uess or accident. The sensation produced by this wonderful medical discover ry in Paris, has benn nearly equalled by its introduction inlu America, Numerous testimonials have been received from chip whose eOMutatioi was a mere wri ck, bat who iiavr hewn invigorated bv tins incomparable Cnrdi il. Others who had ruined their health by their own folly or extravagance,have foand in this cordial the meaus of restoration, site-all other m-dical aid had been used in Tain. The hitherto childless firesole has often b*eu rendered bappy, and the iulirin, th? impotent and the debilitated hare again nulled iu the elasticity and rigor of bygone days The agent of one of the interior Tillages rf New York states a case, in which by the u?e nf two bottles of Luciua Cordial, a couple, afier four years of bitter disappoii.ment, were enihleil to rejoice over the reaiir.uiou of the loudest hopes of a married life. The agent for tha city of A., New York, sold a hottle to a gentleman who had heen afflicted with a disease of the urethra fir eleven years. In a few days he returned and said he had derifsd far more benefit from the one bottle thai from medical treatment for eleven years, lie iinmedi 'tely bought sis bottles m ire. Unr space forbids us to name the insnr cases te which we are at liberty to lefer. The universal satisfaction which this inestimable Kliiir has given, not a single complaiut having hreu made, isuotoueof the least proofs of its unrivalled eseellence. Price $) |ier bottle. Hold at 92 (Nassau st. New York;M North Sixth street, Philadelphia; Hmith flt h'owle, 138 Washington street, Boston. feZ7 Irn?er adf- FOR CONDON?Regular packet?I'he splendid jMWWPacket ship HKNDKICK HUDSON, Capt Moore, JHNImwiII laisitiTely sail on the 20:hof March, her regular day. Her accommodations for cabin, xecond cabin and steerage passengers, are uusnri aased. Persons wishing to embark should make early application to JOSKPI1 McMUKKAY, uil'ttoM rc ino Pine street cornrr of South. KOH LI VhKPOOL?NK W LIINfc.-Hegulm I^S^VP.acket of 28th Mamh.?The aplendid packet shit JaRBfallOSCIUS. Capt. John Collins, of 1000 tons, will sail as aliovr.hrr regular day. Kur freight or passage, having accommodations unroualled for splendor or comfort, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall street, or to fi. K. COLLINS It CO. Price of passage, tlflO. X South street The packet ship Middons Capt. K. B. Cobb of HMO tons, will succeed the iloscius, and sail the April, her regular day. P-stengera may rely upon the shtpt of this line sailing pnnd ally as advertised. mil rc "li'OH "lIVKRPOOL?The New L^lfrgular MWVWPacket 21st March ?The superior New York nuilt ffifcAfePacket Ship tlOTTINOlJBK. Capt Ira Bursley.lOVl tona burthen, will sail aa above, ker regular day. For freight or passage, having very superior accommodations, arply to tbc Certain on hoord. at wast side Burling slip, or to woodhull It minturnb, 87 Hon th st. Tim superior packet ship Liverpool ('apt John fcldridge, 100B tons burthen, will succaed the llotlingner, and tail on her regnlar dav.21tt April inito2lrrc _NKW~LTN"eT uF .PA( KKTH FOR LIVKll nni inii?racaeioi ztac iMirfti- I lie tpiendid ami IV JHHMbirorite packet alisp HOTTINOOER, HHIO torn burthen. Lnpt. Ira nurtlay, will toil on Thursday, M irch 21at,lnr regular day Thrtbipaof this line being all 1000 tons and npwarda, r*raona about to embark for the old ronnlry will not fail to ae* tlia advantages to lie derived from selecting thia Mine in preference luaav nlh?r, as their rapacity lenders them every way innra comfortable and convenient than thips of a amallar elaaa, and thair accominoililioua it ia wall knowu are superior to any othara. Those wistiing to aacure bortha should not fail to uiaka airly application < n board, or to W Ik J. T. TAI'Hf OTT. ffauaral I'aaaatre Office, ml# toil 4! I'eck tl'P, cornar South alraat. ~ M*Jt~ TACKKT KOH HAVUK ?Hecond laine?TU" kjljfjfy^hip BALTIMORE. Edward Fundi, mwpr. will MBSCa*ail on the litof April. For freight or tataage apply lo BOYD It HINCKEN, No. 9 Tontine Duildinir, m9 ac cornar Wall and Watar atreata. pamaoe From enolano, Ireland, bootLAND AND WALE8, VIA LIVERPOOL. fft- THE anbacribar lira made unequalled ura g?m?nts Jf'lJWior briugi..K ntit emigrants thia year, >84f. Tlioaa Mlkllgfcav'cdiiiir lor thair friamla would do wall to apply at tlia old established packet offica of JOHN flERDMAN, #1 South at N. B ?Tbe shirt nt this line now leave Liverpool every five dat a. .mil dr fa can a? nan it ha famished for any amount, payable at ill the principal hanking inatitutiona throughont tna uiiitail kingdom, apply as ahove. ml ac FOR NF.W ORLKAN S? l-oniaiana and New iJPMWVork Line ?Positively first regular Pack t to sail Jntli rh?The fist sailing par Lit ship LOUISVILLE, ( apt.mi M. Hunt, will tail at above, har regular day. For freight or pass-**, hating handsom- accommodations, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, ??>"* lMw,JthV?U>aa u . K. K. COLLINS (k, CO., 56 South nt. Poaitiv?lv no tr*i?hl r*c?irtd after Tatad&v r*nn.u ik. 19th mat. Hhini*r* hy thin line may rely upon having their g*otf? cor rectly inraaoreH Agmta in New Orl?an?, Hullin k Woodrnff, who will promptly forwird all gooda to their addreaa. The packet ahip Huntaville, </?pt. Cornelll, will iBCreed the Lomaville, and nil 20th Match, het regular day. mli ec )RK ] IRNINO. MARCH IS. 1S4 ANNEXATION OF TEXAS. WAR WITH MEXICO. DISSOLUTION OF THE UNION. Important Letter from Dir. Wrbtter. The Worcester (Mass.) Spv of Wednesday, brings us u long letter from Mr. Webster, in answer to a communication troin numerous citizens, reiiuesting his views concerning the annexation of Texas. It was wri'ten, as appears by the date, some weeks ago, but is published at the moment tins project appears to have assumed a threatening aspect. Washington, Jan. 23, 1841. (Iknti.IMKn?Circumstances have not allowed me an opportunity, until the present moment, of answering your letter of the 18th ot December. In that letter you expressed the belief, that a pro. position might probably be presented to Congress, at its present session, for the annexation ot Texas to the United Stales; and you desire to know my opinions on the constitutionality of such a measure; its probable effect on the character and future action of our government; its tendency to promote the cause ol freedom, or to strengthen the bonds of slavery; and, in general, the consequences which may justly be expected to result from the annexation to the United States of a large slaveholding country, not only to American liberty, American industry, and the continuance of the Union itself, but ulso to the great cause of human knowledge, virtue, and happiness in the United States, and Texas, and throughout the world. At the time when your letter was received, I indulged a strong hope that no such proposition would be made in Congress, or would proceed lrom any other quarter. 1 deem it quite unfortunate that a topic, so certain to produce great excitement, should be added to the other causes, operating at the present moment, to create diversities of noliti oal opinion. As an intention has recently been manifested, however, of making the annexation of Texas to the United States a subject of discussion in Congress, 1 lose no time in answering your letter, and in complying with its request. The unswer is quite at hand. [Mr. W. here repeats some opinions he uttered in a speech in New York in 18117, with which the reader is familiar. He also quotes a letter to the purpose from Mr. Forsyth, when Secretary ol State, anu then proceeds:] The constitutional authority of Congress to admit new States into the. Union, formed of territories not belonging to any of the Stales at the adoption of the present form of government, is an important point in your inquiries. The constitution of the United States provides, that "New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union, but no new States ahull be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the junction of two or more States, or parts ot Stutes, without the consent of the Legislatures of the Stales concerned, as well as of the Congress." It would seem very reasonable to confine this provision to States to he formed out of territories already belonging to the United States, and in regard to which the old Congress, by accepting the cession of territory from individual States, and agreeing to the proposed terms of cession had already stipulated that they might be created, and admitted into the Union. Any other construction would be forced and unnatural, and it would imply that the framers of the Constitution, and the people, were looking to the extension of their territories, although those which they then held were one half a wilderness and the other half very thinly peopled. It is not at all probable, from the history of the States, from the circumstances in which they were placed in 178!), or from all that is to he learned from men's opinions I and expectations dav. that nnv idea was en tertained, by any body, of bringing into the Union, at any time, States- formed out of the territories ot foreign (sowers. Indeed iiitieb jeulousy wus felt towards die new Government, from tears of its overbearing weight and strength, when proposed to be established over the thirteen States. This jealousy, it is easy to believe, would have been heated unto more tleri-ove. and perhaps -uoaessful opposition, if (! had been understood that projects of enlargement of boundaries, or lerritoriul aggrandizement, bad been among the objects contemplated by its establishment. And it is one of the unaccountable eccentricities, and apparent inconsistencies of opinion, that those who hold the Constitution of Ununited States to be a compact between States, slioald think, nevertheless, that the government created by that Constitution, is at liberty to introduce new states, formed out of foreign territory, with or without the consent of those who are regarded as original parties. 15y the Convention with France of the 30th April, 1808, Louisiana was ceded to the United Stales, with this conditiont "The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall he incorporated 111 the Union of the United States, and admitted as soon as possible, according to the principles of the federal constitution, to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages, and immunities of citizens of the United States: and in the meaaliine they shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property, und the religion which they profess." it is now known to intve been Mr. Jetlerson's opinion, at the time, that an amendment of the Constitution was necessary, in order to carry tins ntipulatiou into efl'ecl; and it is known, also, that such was the opinion, ably and earnestly maintained by ninny distinguished persons in the government. The treaty, however, was ratified. No amendment of the Constitution was proposed, and in 1S12 Louisiana was admitted into the Union as a State, upon the same footing as the original States. All branches of the government concurred in this act, and the country acquiesced in it. In the year 181!), a treaty was concluded with j Spain, for the cession of Florida. This treaty followed the precedent of that with France, and contained this stipulation: "The inhabitants of the territories which his Catholic Majesty cedes to the United States, by ihisTreaty, shall be incorporated in the Union of die United States, as soon as iiihv be consistent with the principles of the federal constitution, and admitted to the enjoyment of all the privileges, rights, and immunities, of the Citizens of the United Stales." Flordii has not yet been admitted into the Union but the treaty was ratified, the cession accepted,according to its terms, and the people, as well as the public authorities, have acquiesced in the contract tor twenty years, and given it the sanction of their approbation. Louisiana and Florida, therefore, are settled cases. The admission of one, and the agreement to admit the other, at a proper time, are facts, are acts done, and as such must have tlieir full ell'ect. I hit it does not follow thnt they are jireeedents for the annexation of i exas. Important differences letter; and others might be suggested. But it is enough to say, that what has been done, on at best, a very questionable right, and in a case of strong and urgent necessity, is no sufficient warrant lor a similar proceeding, in u cane in which no such necessity exists, and in which both the right and the expediency innv be very properly considered, on the original and independent grounds belonging to the in. I am certainly of opinion, with Mr. Jefferson, Mr. Madison. Mr. T. <.? Adams, and other eminent men, that the Constitution never contemplated the admission of new States, formed out of the Territories ol foreign nations; and while | admit, that what has hcen done in regard to Louisiana and Florida must now lie considered as legally done, yet T dr. not admit the propriety of proceeding farther, and admitting not n territory, ceded by a foreign nation, but a foreign nation itself, with all its obligations and treaties, its laws and us institutions, into the number of the States, which compose this I 'nton. ft is cvedent, at least, that there must he some boundary, or some limits to a Republic whisli is to have a common centre. Free and ardent speculations may lend to the indulgence of an idea that such a Republic may be extended over a whole hemisphere. On the other hand, minds less sanguine, or men chastened by the examples of history, may tear, that extension often produces weakness rather than strength; and that political attraction, like ffttllfir Affrurfinnfl I* unH 1*?AU nnutr au tlx. imrts become inore and more distant. In tins difference, betwwen ardent speculations and rantious tears, It seems to me to he the truest wisdom to abide hy the present state of things asncknowledged on all hands, to lie singularly happy, prosperous, and "honorable. In all points ol view, therefore, mi which I ean regard the subject, my judgment is decidedly unfavorable to the project ?>| annexing Texas to the United Slates. "Von have a Sparta, such was the admonition of the ancient prudence, "embellish it!" We have a Republic, gentlemen, of vast extent and unequalled natural advantages? a Republic full of interest in its origin, its history, its present condition, and its prospects for the future. Instead of aiming to enlarge its boundaries, le t iis seek rather to strengthen it-, union, to draw out its resources, to maintain and improve its insti ' T > r. ' HERA 4. tutions of Religion and Liberty, und thus to push it forward in its career of prosperity and glory. 1 am, gentlemen, with uiuki true regard. Lam el Webster. | From the National Intelligencer, March 10] The Tlui Ifi mstion.?In all Governments, but especially in those wherein, as in this Government, the sovereignty ol the People is recognised, questions sometimes urise so grave in their naluie that, being seriously announced, they command the w hole attention ol all men ol common intelligence, and, disdaining asssociation with the mere party topics ol the day or ol ihe uge, occupy at at once exclusively the public mind. Ol litis character, if question ever wus, is taut concerning the annexation of Texas to the United Slates, now sprung upon the cuuntry When, early in the present session of Congress, the subject was cusually alluded to by us, we were somewhat staggered by the remark ot a contempoiary ?belter informed on the subject, it seems, than we then were that thuiprojcct was worthy ut mme serious consideration than we weto disposed to give to it. But, still incredulous, no longer ago than the ^tith ol last mouth, thougii our suspicious Were not altogether lard, we treated lire report of a pending negociatiou lor " annexation," leCeived by way ol Texas and New Orleans, as being most probably "tliuwork of wanton nuschiel' or inteiested speculation." Little did we even then dream that the iuilueuces to which we then alluded, us being employed 111 ugituting the question ol annexation, had been seconded by the Executive power ot this Government, la the manner and in the extent to which w e are forced, by inhumation Irom different quarters, reluctantly to believe. Mutters have proceeded so tar, how ever, that it is proper that we should state to our reuders what knowledga we have recently acquired on this subject, Irom sources to bo relied upon, and endeavor to open their ry es to the .i?rb ,uk!.k ,i?, ?,i,i th? a- I?? I" ? ? tionul weltare, il not the existence ot thu Union. It in now some months ago?probably not long after the retirement of Mr. Webster from the blepai iHienl ot State, than an overture wua madw, by this Government, thiough the Secretary of Sta'e, inviting from the Uxectilir e ol Texan (Gen Houston) a proposition tor the annexation ol Texas to thu United States. This overture wus at lu st, it we understand rightly, rather coolly received by the Chief ol the young Itepublic. But, since the meeting of Congress, the (ioverniuuiit of Texas huvuig been again approached? we will not say importuned, thougli circumstances almost Justify the use ui that phrase?by the Kxecutiveof the United States, Gen. Houston, did at length consent to negotiate on the subject The terms of an arrangement between the high contracting parties are already urranged ; und, if not already done, they are to be reduced forthwith to the form of a Treaty, through the agency of a special minister liom Texas, (Mr. Henderson,) w ho is already on his way to this city lor the purl>osc, if, before this paper goes to press, ho have not aireudy arrived. Mo fur as the President of tho United States and the Pre sidunt of Texas are concerned, the Treaty is all but made. This inlonnation has, we confess, tilled our minds with humlliation.and apprehension. Humiliation at the unauthorized and almost clandestine manner in which, after having heretofore solemnly rejected, for unanswerable reasons, a proposition for annexation, when sought by tile Government of Texas, us our own Government has gone a-wooing to that of Texas and solicited its tavors , and apprehension of the consequences of thu consummation of the Treaty, which tha President at least has been made to believe w ill be prompily ratified by u constitutional majority of the Senate ol the United States. The sudden occurrence ol' this question, we have already intimated, is one of those occasions of engrossing interest, which, like that of a foreign invasion, or a rebellion at home?a |>estileuce, or an earthquake, ought to suspend for a time all mere party differences and contentions. It is a question of peace or war, of self-pruservation. of nationul existence, in comparison with which the ordinary topics of purty controversyxdwindlu into absolute insignificance. While speaking thus, we know and feel that wc are expressing sentiments not in accord with those of some ot our jioliticul friends. Wo sincerely regret it, on our account und on theirs. Hut when, in our opinion, u greut danger impends, we must nut he deterred tiy such considerations from sounding the alarm, and calling ujion public opinion to muko itself heard at the capilol in tonus which can neither be misunderstood nor disregarded, ft'i'he annexation ol Texas to this Union, under present circumstances, is opposed, in our judgment, by a host ot considerations, of which it will not be possiblu for us taday more than to enumerate the chief. Ueloie doing wiiich, however, wo wish to state that there is no one who more sincerely desires the weltare aud prosperity ol the people who compose the population of Texas than we do. We would contribute to it in anyway not incompatible with the honor and interest of the great Commonwealth within which our lot is cast, Desiring to see the Republic ol Texas independent in fact us it is in name, we would exert the power of tins (Jovernmcnt to any extent which would not commit the lame and the jieaee of this country towards that end. We would employ all the means ol counsel, persuasion, and co.operation witli other nations lu Iriendly offices, to secure to her thill durable peace and tranquillity which alone are wanting to her growth into a populous, productive, and weulthy .State among the nations ol the earth. Our first objection to the annexation of Texas is, that it cannot be accomplished without involving the country 111 war; too greut a price to pay lor any lerritoiiul acquisition whatever, which the national honor does not demand. Our second objection is, that, far from demanding this acquisition, the National honor forbids it. Ho long as wai continues between Mexico and Texas, and a solemn Treaty of Peace ami Ainity exists between us ami Mexico, we cannot, without violating the sucred faith of treaties, undertake to possess oursHves of the Territory, to which Mexico still maintains her right. We have, it is true, acknowledged the independence of Texas, us we hud a right to do, lor en tain international purposes; bat thut recognition did not extinguish or in any manner atfect the rigiits ot Mexico Ujion Texas. The obligations ol our Tleaty with Mexioo remain untouched; and Mexico would have no unit; ll^m lu |h?wh hoi noil (ii irawiii") ? n"/ State ol this Union as the t fovernment of the United State* hn* to posses* itself ol Texa*. Our third great ohjectioH (which wonld bo conclusive without the preceding) in, that the Territory ol the United State* is alieady large, enough It is infinitely more im liortant that we should tieoplo and improve what we have than grasp after more, especially when its acquisition would t>einevitably attended with discord and dissatislaction. It ia lar more important to the happiness of the People of the United State* that they should enjoy in peace, |contentment, and harmony, what they already have, than that they should place all those blessings at hazard by thii new experiment. Our fourth objection is, that, if the "annexation" of Texas were in other respects desirable, one entire third ol this Union at least forbids the bans, doubts the conslitu tional right to establish the connexion, and declares its determination to resist it. The proposition to annex or incorporate a Koreign Nation in this Union, moreover, is entirely new, and the authoiity to do it is solemnly questioned. This objection would have much less force hod we in this case, instsud of recognising the independence of Texas, negotiated with Mexico, with or without the consent of the peeple of Texas, lor the acquisition of that Territory. We would not, merely to acquire more land, (of which we have already more than we want,) jeopard the existence of the Union, which ought to be dearer to the heart ol every American citizen than any consideration extraneous to it. Kifthly?We dread the beginning bv the United Htates of a system of acquisition of foreign territory hy conquest (which, as tilings stand, the annexation of Texas would effectively he,) or even hy purchase. Once begin it, and where will it end I Shall we ever have territory enough lor ambition, though we have enough lor our wants I With these brief hints, we willingly relieve our readers from our ow n discourse, to ask their attention to a ........ ?r n.u i,a,,,,. i I,.-i 1 ? '/ ment on this subject, from which it is proposed now to <lc|iart. Wo have the more pleasure in doing tins, because it alford* us the opportunity of giving due credit to the last administration lor its conduct ;in regard to this matter, ami particularly of doing justice to the patriotism anil nice sense of honor of the .Secretary of State (uow no more) under that administration. On the -itli of August, IS37, u few months after the accession of Mr. Van Ilureu to the Presidency, a correspondence was opened with Mr. Forsyth, then Secretary of state, hy (Jen. Memucan Hunt, Knvoy Kxtraordinary Hnd Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Texas, in which the annexation of Texas w ns lormally proposed to this Government, and supported hy a train of argument quite as cogent as any that enn now lie applied to sustain such an application The offer was declined, as our readers know, hy the President, and this declension was communicated by Mr. Forsyth to the Tcxian Minister, in a letter under date of August 28th, than ihc terms of which nothing can be more duciaive or explicit. [From the New York American 1 Tiir Axxi.xstiox or Tsxss We repeat, with inetcued emphasis, our conviction that a trunty foi the annexation of tnis foreign State to these 1 nlted States hns lieen sign ed, and is aliout to he presented to the Semite. We saw letters yesterday from very high authority, expressive of great alarm and the observation" id Mr. Winlhrop, in the House of Representative", on Thursday, In answer to a remark of Mr. Holmes, of South ' arolina, justify this alarm. We add these further particulars as communicated to us from what we believe authentic source*, At the period of Mr. Upshur's death, the articles of the treaty were ail|but finally arranged the pause given by thndriad circumstance! of that death seems hardly to have check oil the iiMgotuitiona, and it is now believed that Mr. Nulson, the acting Secretary, ha* signed the treaty. The Senate haabeen eanvossnd -such I* onr in formunt's bolief men'* opinion* have been ascertained, and some, where concurrence win little to be npprehead cd, lire named n* assenting. Among these Mr Woodbury, ol N. Hampshire, who ha* prepared a statement to reconcile hi* constituent* to such a measure srnl the two Snnatorsfrom Pennsylvania? one of them, Mr Buchanan, in hi* speech on Wednesday on the (iregon question, thus referred to Texas : "f)n that itihjert all he should now snv was, siithnent unto the dejr i* the evil thereol lie had no opinion to express at this time about it. But this, he believed it had bee.ii given tiy Providence to the American people to fulfill a great and glorious mission, even that of spreading the hlrsaingK of < nrixtiariity, and ol nvil and religious liberty over the whole North American continent" A Senator from Pennsylvania "has no opinion to expreas" upon a scheme for annexing to these t nited Bftte* a foreign nation, owned and governed bv slavery ! Why, what stronger opinion can there be, than such a ncga tire pregnant c*|i?ciaily when fortified hy the sutisenuent passage?in the true spirit and vein of Mohamedan Propagandism, thst to us* destiny is assigned "of spreading the blessings of < hristianily and of civil and religious liberty over (he whole American Continent." This goes a LD. Tw# Cants. for Mexico, it w ill be ices aa well a* Texai, and treat the Koinun Catholic* ot .Mexico us not ot "Ckrixtiunity." We call now ujou the North, the Kant, ami the Wwt, u> roiur theiuaelrei to the emergency. U ha. been long threatening?at a distance to be ?uie? but .lilt near enough to nave induced moat men, w ho are at all in tbe habit ot looking into the luture, to couaitier the case and make up their iniuda maturely. We have done to, and uel.wraiui? >ii an nnlir diauniuu to the annexation oi Trui. We preler llie hazards ol an untiled stele, tu (lm Certainty of participation iu die gilatest moial ci nne ol' die >|;k, that ol lending the sanction ol a t ree Kt public l? the extensiou and perpetuatiou ol *1 .eery. '1 hi* *! would say, l'Viii on tlie hypothesis that fuch un annexation a* i> proponed, who w nuiu die pui view ol die (. oiiituution. but when clearly ami obviously opposed thereto,? w lien no one can pretend lor an inatant mat it waiuur 111 the aouteuiplatiou ol those who entered into thu Union, dm' a loiuign, independent State could, hy Ucuty, lie hrouglit in us an additionalmeuilier- ourconwcdon 1* unUlteiuble, that auch a meaaura Would and ahouid dissolve tho contract. Nothing nhort ol tne unanimout conaent ol all the States in the tnion, could avail to effect auch u change in their organic law, an would 1 vault lioin the right to admit, and the actual admuaiou ol, a loieigu State,?and thut unanimous consent will never he outlined. We have not room to pursue this subject to-day, and conclude for the present with referring 10 some extiacts on the out) r page, ol a recent letter lioin Mr. Webster, against the admission ol Texas. [Krom the Commercial Advertiser ] Amsiiitius o> Taxes.?Tidings reach us 110m Washington, through many channels, that die long-entertained project ol acquiring the 'Texan territory, by consent, is on die point ol consummation, or ulrvsdy coiisiniimuled, so tar as that end can he achieved hy >.xacutive action ; that a negotiation, almost completed under the auspices ot the late .Secretin)' Upshur, has been resumed and hastily brought to an issue by the pieseut acting Secretaiy, Mr. Nelson. Some of our city papers announce that they have teceived an impressive warning trom " a very hign source," indicating die approach ul such a result ; we have hud our attention called to the subject, yi obutiy Ly the susu high authority [Daniel WebsterJ i ana the joiunuls pnhlislieil between New i ork and Washington gn u corroborating intimations with more 01 less 0/ earnestness and anxiety. 1 he secrecy ami haste with which the ncgotiufi n has I 'I't'll CUUOUCICU 11U UUUIH UUI1 llieir OtlJCl I , II lilt: I were to hi: done at all, ilweiu heat ilone quietly iiiu quickly. What waa thut object I We can only ni| po?? or conceive it,to have been I hut publicity waa leaud aa almost certuin to defeat the pMpMI. Although tin: annexation of Texas has tor aome y ears been spoken ol, ami icceiitly with more conlidencu unit precuion than at any former timi, the country at large haa nut been veiy strongly impressed with a belie! thut it waa seriously meditated : and therelore the utterance ot objections has only been alight and incidental. It wax undoubtedly known ai nf lull at Washington thut iltlie sense ol the w hole peojile should he stimulated to expiesaiou by the belrel .hat the plot was in uttivo progress, that expression would come from all ports of the land, in thunder tones of such volume and such import, that tiieyhould be neither mistaken nor disregarded. Therelore, as w e conceive, it w as deemed wise to carry on the scheme with the least possible outward show that might attract observation, in the obvious ho|ie that when brought to ilpening? when the uouutry should be committed by the uctiun of its Executive?a large proportion of the diaseutreuta would be induced to submit ua to an evil past remedy, aud therelore not culling tor resistance. This we suppose to have been the policy of those engaged in the negotiation llut though we can admit that there are occuxibns when it is expedient to sanction what has been dune, simply because it bus been done, the annexation of Texas is u measure so important in its consequences, ami us we conceive, so prejudicial to the best iutexts of the Union, that it should be resisted step by step to the very lust, no matter ut what saculice of apparent peisonal or even national consistency or good faiUi. At all events, we think thut the voice ol the country should lie heard upon it?the matured opinion of the country he expressed, alter lull ami carctul discussion. It it is not the will of the people, spoken by the recognized voice of the un unequivocal majority, the people s cry of "Hold!" should Ire heard and obeyed, even though the president of the Senate were in the uct of giving the lust leslimouiul of rutiticution to the treuty by his xignutuie. The objections to the annexation ol Texas ure too weighty and lar too numerous to Is: discussed in a single article. We shall not, therefore, touch upon them at this time; nor indeed is it necessary, perhaps, that we should reltr to them ut all, considering that we publish, in this same sheet u letter from Daniel Webster iu which some uf them are marshaled undenlorced with his wonted pursjiecuity uud force of expression. [Krom the Courier and Enquirer j Our Washington corres|>oiideiit some days since, expressed the conviction that Mr. Tyler had signed such a i'reaty, and we liuvu learned from another and very high source, lliHl 11 IS quite pionanie men a 1 rt-ui} is in i-ji?i i'3e?. but we hate not seen anything which warrant the su|i|io(ition thirl it has l?i>n sent to the Senate, or that that Ixnly wotiM assent to it; on the contrary, we hum good reason to believe that it would not sanction uuy such proceeding ; anil there the matter must euil tor the present. llut suppose it were otherwise? suppose the Treaty signed and ratified by the Senate?it tln n becomes the supreme law ol the land ; and we are astonished thai ajiy northern press^and especially one under the chaigv of so able and zealous an advocate of the supremacy ot the laws us the New York American, should talk ol disunion. For ourselves, we sincurcly hope that no such Trpaty has been or will be entered into, because we know that a very large class ot people at the north are opposed to it. But at the same time our own convictions ever have Iweu and now are, favorable to such a measure; anil lor the following reasons : h irst Trie annexation of Texas would of necessity, exclude the further introduction of slaves from abroad into that beautiful country, liecause the laws of the Union would be extruded over it, and those laws make the slave trade piracy. Second. It would not increase the number ol slsves in the country, but murely increase the territory occupied by them. Third. It is a well known fact, that wherever slave labor is most valuable, it is the interest of the master to treat the slave most kindly. Where his labor produces the largest return, the master can alford and find his interest in providing for him bettur food, clothing and shelter, and consequently every person who has at lieart the welfare ol the slave, should zealously advocate any and every measure which is calculated to compel the slave holders in Iho .northern slave States to send him further Hotith. Fourth With the rich lands of Texas inhabited by our own people und constituting a portion of our Union, no slave holder in Delaware, Maryland, Vitginia, Kentucky, or Missouri, could afford to retain their slaves, l ut would tind it their interest to send them further Mouth. Fifth. The annexation of Texas would greatly increase the wealth and. rapidly extend the commerce of the country. Hixth. Texas in twenty years will grow all the cotton that (treat Britain will require. She will admit British goods free of duty, and in return, Great Britain will exclude the cotton of the United States from her torts, tin le.s we too receive her goods tree; snd it we refuse, as wit doubtless will, they will tin smuggled into tli? coiintiy through '1'i'xm! The truth ol these question* cannot lie questioned. lint nay the opponents of thil measure- "the influence of the South will preponderate by the admission of new ?Ibv?t State*!" la thil true' ( an a new State be ailnutteil without the sanction of I ongress: ami will not the North alway* refu*c the admission ot u aew ilave State into the I uion without the admission of a free Statu at the anuiu time Then what become* of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri 1 Texas a part ol the 1'nion, nod in it very lew year* these become tree State* ot necersity. Delnwaie is virtually so at tin* time, ami Maryland, Kentucky and Virginia would have been, if the almliliuniit* had not Interfered with them. In short, wo cannot lliul n solitary valid argument against the admission of Texas into the I nion, while w e aru of the deliberate opinion that philanthropy and |*>licy aru alike in favor of tho measnre. But, says the American, if admitted, "that treaty is a dissolution of the I nion." When in IKIO South < arnlina and the Smith talked of disunion, w e reminded them that the Tariff law was pass <1 by u bare majority ol < ongress and aanctloned by the F.tecutive; and that they should be made to submit In this y e were right. If Texas comas intothe 1'nlon by Treaty, the Itenrcseiitktivei of seventeen of the twenty-six States in the Senate, must sanction that treaty, and then It he comes the supreme law ot the Ian I. Are we prepare I to assume lea* tenable ground now, than wsi occupied by South < arolina in ia:)n' We think not. The North loves tho Union too well, to talk of a dissolution because of an act which her own immediate representatives must of necessity, sanction. She knows her interest too well, and she understands her duty to the Colon too well, to use such language. Uct all who are opposed to such Treaty, remonstrate with the Senate againat its approval. We are not so opposed, hut because we think our people are, tinder a mistaken notion ot its tendency, we ire willing to raise our voico with others, against Its being approved by the Se nate. But if notwithstanding the remonstrance of thn North, the treaty should be made und Texas should again become a part of our I nion for it of right belongs to us and never should bate been parted with then shall we ? f I _? I sr f I* *1 I ' (I i?v |> nf flu V u n .1 II */ III' tr Is aw n Oil n?* louiiu ?i'iiiuin^ . . w. , <i?it <i| and nt the same time experience 11 well roitii<l<?l ronvlr tjon thiil it' prosperity will In- inrreaavd, anil the cmtiu of philanthronhy be strengthened, by the rery act to which exception i? tuken in inch harsh term*. I* t n anp Krkmikts.?The water rose wo suddenly yesterday morning lliat nmnyin the lower purl ol this . it) were relight literally with theirtrauteraoff. It rom menced rising in earnest about three o'clock, an hnir that nlmoxt everybody is fast asleep in his toga; the rotisequence was that many had to emigrate for dry land lather suddenly. and somewhat in dishabille We met one lamily ot Milesians, putting out rather comically The hotel of the family was sealed in his muslins in a tug wash tuh, sitae tied to which was a large cellar door with his wile and two children on it, each child ha\ nig a small pig hy the tail, anil towing it in their wake The motive power of this modern ark was the fire shovel, with w hicti the captain paddled with an energy and success worthy of a native. Oreat fun these tieshets .Ithany Knuk Mitrrh I ft. n.mlr.rantt por Africa.?'I be brig Lime It nek. i apt Anlil, clrarM yo?ii>nav i'>r ti./?.i n ?, >u which colony ?hn i?'nraip?I to ??rry near onchnn ln l lilnT?t?*l ncgroo* from .Mu?i??ip|'i N'w Orlnmt Hultthn Merck fl.

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