Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 20, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 20, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERA LP. Wow Vork, WcdiiMday, March ?) 1*41. Extraordinary Exprrss from Huston. Arrival of th? Brlilth .Steamer. We beg to announce to ihe public, that we do , not mean to run any extraordinary express lroui, Boston, to bring us the news by the steamer now expected there from Liverpool. We will modestly publish it in the ordinary way only. Our reasons tor this piece of self-denial are many and cogent. Listen, ye people. We have distanced the whole combined newspapers of New York dining the last two months, almost every arrival. We are surfeited with victory. Out of pure charity to our cotetnporaries, and in order to raise their drooping spirits, we shall lay on our oars during the next arrival?and let them try what they cun do. Another reaaon is, the news will be very unimportant at best, bringing nothing but the verdict or acquittal of O'Connell, about which few now care. A third and last reason is, I that we have a strong wish to abdicate for a week, in ordar to visit Washington for the purpose of settling the Texas, Oregon and tariff questions, all of which appears to give the politicians there so much trouble. Probably also we shall visit John Jones the button-maker?no?the President-maker?to see how things are coming on in that line of business. We shall therefore publish the next news in the ordinary way?and give our amiable coiemporaries a chance to beat us for one day only, by particular desire. The haw of Nature ami Nations?The flights of Mexico and ttreat Britain In the Annexation of 'ltxus to the United States. The great question that now ugitutes the people of this country and also the inhabitants of Texas, is .l,_ ..I,,., I I... annavulinn ,,i tl.? LlU, th?. 1 " ?? ?? ? " >- j former. It is a very grave and important question, and one that will no doubt receive its full share of the attention of our government. That our government will act upon it during the present session of our Congress, we have no doubt, and it is stated in many of the papers that the following will be the vote:? For Annexation. Again*! it. New Himp lure, 2, 2 Vsrinout, 2 NewYok, 1 Mitsauri, 2 M.iue, 2 I'eiiu ,vl? mia, 2 Mississippi, 2 Massachusetts, 2 Marvluid, 2 T#uiie?ie?, 2 Cnnnefl.eut, 1 Dels wire, 2 Ke ilucsy, 3 Jthndc Island, 2 Virginia, 2 (Jluo, 2 Tttim ida* of N. Y. I North I .srolins. 2 I idmis, I \?w Jsr.ev 2 Hou'h Csrutius, 2 I Ii is. 2 VVlute, of Indiana, I Usugu, 2 Mich cm, 2 ?, 2 ? Total, 13 l.ouisuua, 2 Total, 38 For it, 38 Absent, (VUej.) 1 Total, it If Texas should be admitted into the Union, us many persons suppose she will, then certain consequences may follow. It is said in the journals of the day, that in case the event takes place, Mexico wi| declare war against us. Indeed, we believe she bus intimated the same thing to our government! England also, it is said, will not |>eiinit us to acquire this important additional territory?and war is held up, in ttrrortm, if we incorporate Texas into our republic. This requires ol us a cool, deep and profound consideration of the rights of the parties involved in the contemplated annexation. The rights of the various parties must depend upon the law of nature and the law of nations. By those laws only can the rights of the respective parties be ascertained, because the municipal laws of each are disregarded by the other out ol their jurisdiction. We must, therefore, have recourse to those general and immutable laws which God himself lias impressed upon humanity, and which prevail all over the world, and which are obligatory every where and upon all persons. These are the laws of nature and nations, which are found in the works of various jurists and writers upon the rights and obligations of nations and societies ol people in different ages of the world. By these laws, let us lor a moment or two examine what i.the rights ol Texas in relation to the contemplated connection with the United States. Texas was formerly part of Mexico ; she threw ofl the Mexican yoke, and formed a government ol her own, and she dates the period of her birth as a nation beyond the time, of half a generation. She became a free sovereign and independent nation by her bravery and heroism on the plains of St. Jacinto, and has maintained that sovereignty and independence from that period up to the present time. She has been acknowledged sovereign and independent by the leading powers of Europe; and also by the Government of this country. Now ihe law of nature and nations declare thit Texas P free, sovereign and independent. Rutherford's Law of Nature, page 484, is explicit upon this point. Puffendorff's Law of Nature and Nations, b. U, c. ii, ? 4, is equally so. And the reader will see in Vattel's Law of Nations, page 2, thu same principles laid down. Indeed, all the jurists, who have writ ten upon international law, declare that when- a people proclaim themselves free, and are able tc support and maintain thtir declaration, they are free. Nay, they go much further. Vattel, in his Law of Nations, page 4, says that a government is a moral person, subject to the privileges, duties, and responsibilities of natural persons; and with nun unrrea ivumerioro, in ma t?aw ol Mature, page 4S2. They may take ull measures to promote their interest and happiness to the same extent as a natural person; so they do not interfere with the rights of other nations. (Vuttel's Law of Nations, page 12; Rutherford's Law of Nature, page 4H3; PuffendorfT's I,aw of Nature and Nations ) Now. then, if this be the condition of Texas; if she be a free, sovereign, and independent nation, then she is a free, moral peison, with liberty to act as she pleases, so that she does not interfere with the rights of other nations. She has a petfect right to enter into any compact or engagement with tiny other nation her interest or her well being and happiness dictate to her. She may incorporate herself with the United States, or she may seek their protection and submit to that government; or she may remain nahe now is, free, sovereign, and independent.? Being a free moral person, she may act as she pleases, so she does not violate the rights of other nations. (Vattel's Law of Nations, page 33; Ruth erford's Law of Nature, page IS4; Kent's Commentaries, vol. 1, page 2-*>, and page 12?I t ) If Texas be a free, sovereign, and independent State, having a right to make such compacts and engagements with other nations as her interest or happiness dictates, then it becomes necessary to inquire what will be the effect oi annexing herself to this country, as it regards the rights oi Mexico and the United States! Wt believe that all jurists, and those acquainted with the law of nature and nations will agree, that Mexico has no right to declare war against the United States for receiving Texas into the Union;because, as we have shown, Texas has a perfect right to enter into the connec* tion. It follows, of course, there cannot be an oj)positc or contrary right. There cannot be two rights, anta/ronirtic to each other, existing at the same time. One would destroy the other. The eolhsion would destroy them. If Texas has a right to annex herself to this country, then it follows as a natural eonsequence, that Mexico has no right to declare war against us lor receiving her. And hence, is blown to the winds her blustering three?, that she would visit us with hostilities if we receiv ed into the Union the territory of Texas. Having thus shown that Mexico ha* no ground of complaint agatnvt ua for incorporating Texas into our government, we will proceed in the next place to inquire, what are the rights of Ureal Britain by the law ot nature and nations, as involved or con- j nected with the contemplated annexation By a rule, that applies with us much (orce in ' mathematics, as in law, politics and morals, it is 1 held the incident follows the principal, an much as the shadow follows the substance, [f Mexico has no right to declare war against tis, on amount of receiving Texas into the Union, then it follows, as A necessary aonsequenee, that Oreat Britain has % M -r i | not. She cierivea her right from Mexico. Mexico ] I m her ally, and England is her protectoT, and she I can have no greater right or power over the subject than the principal. The threat of a war with America for this cause, if ever any has been made, is idle and entirely groundless, as it respects any right in Great Britain, grow ing out of this connection by the law of nature and nations. We have thus removed these two supposed objections to the union of the two governments, that we see frequently bandied about in our journals, j The truth is, the question is free from any difficulty whatever. Neither Mexico nor Great Britain has any right whatever to interfere in the case. We shall receive Texas into the Union, or not, as we please; us our interest und welfare shall dictate, without the least fear or apprehension of violating the rights of others. tfiNui'UK Influence of the Hiiuld ?Peihaps one of the best evidences of the popularity and extended circulation of the Herulil, and its great influence on the public mind, ts that afforded by the constant effort of its rivals?those rivals who loiter in its rear in all acts of enterprise?to detract from its thing to its influence and power. If what all its enemies say he true?to leave out of the case altogether what its trie nils choose to say in the matter, then the Hew York Htmld. is indeed the Napoleon amongst newspapers, and must surpass any at present published on the face of the globe. Only rea^ the following funny paragraphs whicn we cut from the papers of yesterduy morning. First comes the Courier 4* Enquirer. [Krom the Courier Ik Enquirer.] Tntu anu a Wak Panic among ihk Brokkri.?The, knowing sues among the Broker*, created quite a u>*r panic in Walt street yesterday, and Hocks tell us rapidly as it the Southern Mail had brought from Washington a declaration of war against the whole civilized world. The llrralii was used as the means of creating this foolish panic ; and most sincerely do we rejoice that the sullererk by it, are those only, who consent to he influenced by thut concern, while those of our fellow citizens who estimate thut sheet and its opinions aa they deserve to bo estimated, not only escaped the loss entailed upon its friends and supl>orters but profited very largely by its tolly and ignorance. [Krom the Savannah Republican.] The New Vorlt Herald, a paper which has done mora within the past two months to excite speculation in cotton hv its erroneous reports, than all the other papers in the United States is now taking the other tack. The last number contain* a paragraph headed "The Kirst Burst," in relntion to the failure of a cotton speculator in that city. It is stated that some of the Georgia Banks have been severely injured by tlie failure but we put nomoreconfi dence in this report than we do in two-thirds of the other statements which originally appear in that sheet. [Krom the New York Sun.J wo nave iroquenuy, in tne uiiicniirge ol our duty to the public, cautioned tha community against placing any reliance in the statement* of the Herald?no matter what the subject may be : Cotton. Stocks, Banks, or l? impassible, under his Black Mail System, ever to arrive ut the truth Let us for example, suppose a CBse \ speculator in Cotton, Stotks, he. Stc , wishes to run down, or run up a particular article, having either an excess, or running short ; he has only to go to Bernett and irrange with him, and he will manage to give the color nig to it that suits the interest of ins employer. It is on account, one of the most dangeiotts papers in existence, for merchants and others, at a distance, to vely up on its statements in relation to Commerce, Banks, or any object of speculation He is perfectly indifferent to the result of his falsehoods, if he can achieve the immediate object lie hss in view?he don't care a straw what Bank, >r what innocent Stockholder may be injured, so that his Rlack Mail is secured He lias a great many of these irons now in the lire, an I we shall, if occasion requires, put the public on its guard in relation to them. It would appear from these paragraph# that the recent speculations in cotton?the rise of prices and the fall?that the recent panic und the rise and fall in the price of stocks?that almost every thing that takes place in the world, is somehow or other produced through the agency of the statements published in the Herald. Ol course all these statements, according to the same authorities, are " false," " lying," and created hy what these philosophers call " the hlack mail system." Well, this is a funny world, nnrl our contemporaries are a funny set of fellows. Here we have been for the last two or three months beating them almost every other day, in every thing relating to foreign and domestic news. We have published again and again, a dav ahead of them, the most important intelligence accompanied by free and independent comments. And when the public got the news and the facts and the proper views Irom the Herald, they of course acted accordingly, on which our disappointed contemporaries |turn round and cry out against our efforts?attack our system, and depreciate us as much as they can.? But the public know the cause of all this ridiculous folly and jealousy. The only "black mail" that we receive, we receive openly, before the world. Probably there is not h bank in the world on which we do not levy " black mail" to the extent of seven or eight dollara a year. But they get good value for it. Nor is thetc a cotton speculator, nor a stock speculator, nor any man of any note in any party throughout the country that does not pay us black mail to the same extent, #7 25 per annum for the daily and ?3 12i for the lVttkly\Htrald. In addition to that, if they want any particular publication in the way ol an advertisement, they must give an additional dose of "black mail" at the rate of fifty cents per square in our advertising columns. In short, any one coming into our office and seeing the number of papers sold and advertisements received, and the business transacted there openly by our clerks, will see that we receive every week between two and three thousand dollars in "black mail," as they call it. And it is this aystein of " black mail"?giving value for value fairly and honestly?whicli enables us to pay $300, $400 or $500 for a single expiess, and sometimes $100 for a single piece of news, and thus publish It ahead of all the papers in the country. In fact, such is the rivalry and jealousy of our cotemporarieg, that il we were simply to announce, quoting from the almanac, that the sun rises at a certain hour on a pur iicuiiir aav, ttiey wouia immediately jump up in -very quarter, mid call out "What a falsehood' What a lie ! What an atrocious publication this is lo say that the sun rises at all V' 0- Tiik Wall sweet Panic still continues, but not in so aggravated a form as on Monday. The Wall street journals have got frightened ut the noise they have kicked up about Texas, and would willingly hack out, and lay the blame of raising the devil among stork.- o:i us?but they sha'n't get off in way. Did not tin; American first announce the " dissolution of the Union IS" 1 Thk Italian Oi'KRA?Pyt'am.s.?We have several articles sent lis for publication, relative to the Italian Opera, the troupe, tlmir <|uarrels, jealousies, Majocchi, Antognini, Vultellina, Palmo, and every body and every thing. We have no room to-day for the insertion of any. We can only say that Hratricr rti TYnria, a new opera, will be petlormed to-night, with Majocchi nnd Antognini, which of itself is a novelty. Go nnd see it. The present engagement closes with this week, and on Monday next the beautiful llorghese takes a benefit, and bring- out again the immortal and ever youthful l)e ltegni-, wnh a bit of a ballet by way of novelty and variety. We hear also that D< Begins will become the manager for the next engagement. We really hope 6o. We want some manager who un dcrstands (hf rdlt of the opera, und the role of tlie public at the same time. Do, Signor Pal mo?you can make a hetter bargain this hit. Convicted ?Franklin Benjamin Case, formerly a member of the Green street Methodist church, was convicted last evening in the Court of General Sessions of obtaining & large amount of goods under false pretences. Peter Keierson, the Dane, is to lie tried to-day for a similar offence. Peter has never made any professions of religions faith, and may therefore be acquitted. eri oi rnk with Boston?Since Adams & Co. have, been in operation, Boston and New York have been situated very much like New York and Brooklyn. Instead of being obliged to send a par L) ._4 ? .. i . ? I. . I I. . .. \.*i \vj iwhiiii oy pacKcr, wnicn taices a ween or more to go, including nil writs of trouble, we CHn now send by Adams At (>o. in fifteen hours or less, without the lea*t trouble or vexation Think of that. Kastf.rn Maii,.?None arrived yseterday ; there* fore none let) _ . _ I P ii " ' - - ' 1 - i\,?. I *-nuji iiai it. ? x?y iiic na^auaiiuuih) vajn. oiuipson, we have teceived later advices from Ca|ie Ilaytien. To Capt. S. we give thanks. The political affairs of the island were in a very unsettled state. Considerable difficulty uppeared j to exist between the civil and military authorities I Under the new constitution, the civic authorities have power in all matters pertaining to local affairs, who are chosen by the people. At the Cape there is a regular constituted municipality, witn a police, ike., which is one of the reforms of the present government, and which, under the administration oi 1 Boyer, was exercised exclusively by the military The military power, becoming thus abridged, complain that the civic power is weak and inefficient, and that while they have all the duty to perform, and have not vet received their pay, the civic officers, and all the officers attached to the custom house, are regularly paid. A few days before the S. left, the flag over the Mayor's office had been torn down, and threatening placards had been posted on the Mayor's office and in different parts of the city, and other acts of violence had taken place ; but all the well-disposed part of the community were in fear of a revolution. There were rumors in the city of serious disatfections, from the same cause, in different parts of the I Island. Vickaburs. [CorreijionJence of the Herald.] Vicksburo, 2d March, 1844. Dkar Sir? Again have we borne, in sad and solemn procession, to his final testing place on earth, another victim to the bloody und barbarous code of honor. John A Ryan, editor of the Sentinel, was killed on Thursday morning in a duel, by the fourth shot of his antagonist, Mr. II. E. HammeU, the editor of the Whig. My heart is wrung with anguish and my soul is chilled with horror, at the vivid and startling recollection of this lamentable and thrilling tragedy. True it is, that this expression ol sorrow will not avail to call back to life the inuni mate form of my triand, nor restore him to the joyous embrace of the many who loved and admired him; yet the feelings of a full heart cannot be repressed while the hand records his mournful fate. The Whig of Tuesday morning came out with a sharp personal attack on Mr. Ryan ; on the evening of that day, he despatched a note to Mr. Ilammeti demanding a retraction of the personalities, and containing some assertions highly ofleusive to the latter. Mr. Hammett's reply to this note was a I'hullenge, and the parties met in Louisiana on Thursday morning, and fought with pistols at ten paces; the result was as above statecf. Mr. Ryan fell mortally wounded at tlie fourth lire, and expired about an ho ir afterward?. The came of oll'ence must have been grievous indeed, when Mr. Hannnett, though slightly wounded by the first and second, (and some say ) the third fire, in replv to the usual question after ....?i. ,I;,I .noi..?t;.? i.t.-.^tr a From the house of Mr. Robbing, the remains of my unfortunate, and lamented friend were conveyed to the grave this morning, followed l>y a nu merous and sorrowing train of citizens of Vicksburg and adjoining places. Twelve pall bearers rode by the side of the hearse, then followed the carriages containing the clergy, and the female friends of the deceased, and after these, a long pro cession of citizens on horseback. The Rev. Noi man A. Wood, an eloquent minister of the BaotM Church, performed the services at the grave, anu de livered an address well suited to the solemn occasion. His thoughts und feelings were such as a scene like this only could draw from the eloquent soul of a friend, for such he was to the deceased The grave was opened in the new cemetery, und Ryan slpeps side by side with the great apostle ol democracy, the lamented Hagan. I ulortunate victim to u barbarous and revolting custom! how shall I speak in terms of just praise of the virtues of your manly anil noble heart? What mildness, what kindness, what sympathy and tenderness of feeling adorned your private life, and won the esteem of a!l who knew you ! What candor, frankness and integrity distinguished your public career, and fined you for a life of honor and usefulness! Who shall convey to your friends in a hsiant laud, the news of your sad und untimely fate! Who shall support your aged parents, bending beneath the weight ot this grievous affliction, or soothe their care worn und disconsolate hearts? Will it dry your aged mother's tears, or assuage bet anguish, to learn that you died while obeying th< codes of honor ! or that incompliance with its relentless requisitions, you are rut oil in the midst oi life, in the enjoyment of health, and all the hopes of vigorous manhood? Vain, vain regrets; these tears that moisten the arth, ill it hides you for ever from my view, cannot recall that gilt which God alone can give and which presumptuous man has dared to take away. Madame Unreck ileit.r.tiua's Concert?This rantatrict, who has recently arrived from Stockholm, is uhout to exhibit the powers of her voice, and her musical ability, at n concert, on Thursday next. From all the enquiries we have made, we are informed that she is young, beautiful, and highly interesting?that she possesses a voice whore compass extends to three octaves?that her contralto is of peculiar power and richness?and that she has studied under the first masters, cs a few particulars with which we have been furnished will show. Her first master w-as Crivelli, whose favorable opinion of her great powers induced her to study. She has travelled much, having been through Italy and Germany, at which time she availed herself ul those masters with whom she came in contact. A1 ihis period she studied with Bardagni. and with Madame San Felice Mersanne, who, but for obstacles that intervened, would have brought her out in I'uris. where she acquired the favorable opinion if Lnblacbe, liuhini, and other great artistes 111 health at this time obliged fur to return to Stockholm, where, on her recovery, she resumed het -todies, under the celebrated Berg, who, in a letter, has spoken of her abilities and powers in erms of the (lightest encomium Mad. Heilbcig ias very recently m irried and come to reside here. Humors are already abroad of an engagement being made with the operatic troupe, and we ope | -he may lie prevailed upon to exert her talentin thi.j branch of the profession. Madame lleilberg has advertised a good concert, wherein we have De Beanis once more, after so long an interval of lest; Mrs. Edward Loder, whose pure style of singing is well known and highly appreciated ; Mr. Wallace is to execute that most wonderful of ill compositions, the Carnival of Venire, and afford the public an opportunity of judging his merits as compared with those other great artists who hav? favored us with its performance before. Mr. Hurion lias an opportunity of letting us hear his flute igain, of whose lone and sweetness we have a pleasing recollection With Mr. Timm as conductor, and a quartette band, there is every promise ol as fine u concert as can well he produced. From Texas.?The Star Republic arrived laet night from Galveston, with advices to the 2nd instant. We find no news of consequence. The papers ure not so full of annexation us formerly. Latest from Cora.?We have the .Vofiriosa 1/ l.ursno, published in Havana, to the 5th inst. It contains no news. Si'e( iai. Election is Pennsylvania.?Darragh, Clay whig, lias been elected to Congress f rom the Alleghany District, to supply Wilkins' place. Consecration.?The Rev. Mr. Tyler was consecrated Bishop of Hartford, Conn., in Baltimore, last Sunday. Navigation Kuek to Ai.iiany ?The Hudson is open to Albany ; the Utira reached there on Mon day. SocrHEttN Casals.?We understand that the Sutqnelianna and Tide Water Canal is now open foi navigation. Hon. Daniel Webster is in Philadelphia. Tarles or Interkrt at Seven ter Cent, arranged Decimally?By Geo. A. Stanshury, Esq j ?Harper A' Brothers.?The idea carried out iu the i construction or ttm work is decidedly a good one; and, if we mistake not, entirely original. The tables are at once concise, simple, ana very com nrehensive, showing the interest on any amount lor any period usually required, without the necessity of consulting more than two pages, hoth undet observation at ihe smne time. The author shows a thorough knowledge of bis i subject, and rtie most indefatigable industry in the ; production of a aeries ot decimal combinations, which for conciseness and practical convenience. I will, without much doubt, take the precedence ol I every other work which has ever been published. Those who appreciate ihe convenience and cor! redness of a well arranged interest table, will find i this one worthy of their attention. Court Calendar? This Day. | < |*CVIT I orH r.? No*. 17, ro. f'ommaa Pi.bai ? Nov 1, 77, !m, 't?, ?, 31, 34, 84, m, I 17 City Intelligence. Police.?March 19?Bcbulakv.?On Monday evening about eight o'clock, Mr A. ilaveni, grocer, of the corner of Market and South streets, locked up his store, and was about proceeding home, when be recollected that he l.nJ mmn iftufolev in (.to tUtb ami tftlimPfl in fl))Allt lilteeu minutes afterwards to take it with him. On trying the door he found something wrong with tho lock, anil forcing it open, discovered two men in the place intent upon appropriating all within their reach One of the men instantly approached him, and forced him from the door and pasted out. The other remained and was arrested A "crow bar" was found on the premises, a lamp and an oyster knife, ami il was afterwards ascertained that i gold chain, valued at f3.'i, which Mr. Havens had returned to secure, had been stolen. The man arrested.w ho gave the name ol Joseph Harris, was fully committed tor trial. Coroner's Office.?March 19? Amoi urn Unknown Fkmai.c Found ?The Coroner was called to hold an inquest on the body of an unknown female found dead on Cato's Itoad, nearhOtb streut. She whs dressed in n plumb colored dress, fawn colored bat ninl cotton figured handkerchief. An impiest will be held to-uay. Circuit Court. Before Judge Kent. March 19.?Joseph Dean is. Noeoll anil Floyd Howell.? This was an action on a promissory note for $300U, made tiy defendants, payable in one year, to D. K Minor. Mi uorhuving occasion to rnise fWOOrt, he raised that sum from Smith it Hhenvin, nil bis draft, pay utile in twenty days, paying one dollar a day interest on each t*>lt)00 anJ gave the note in question as collateral security. At the expiration of the twenty days, Mr Minor was unable to pay thi amount of his check, Hnd the parties entered into anew agreement, by which the check was to he can led. and Minor wus to give, hia rote. |>ayab!e in one year, for (JOOO. with legal interest, the defendants' note to re main in the hands of Smith k Slierwiu, as a guarantee for the payment of the new note given by Minor. .Mr. Minor was ugain unable to take up his last note when it hecamt due The firm of Hniith k Sherwin in the mean time was dissolved, and the note upon which tho action is brought passed into the hands of -he plaintiff, upon which he brought his action The defence set up on that action was usury, and that the noto was given to Minor by defendants for a nartirtilnr nuriioso. namely, to take una note for $4000 which was in the hands of the Life and Trust Company. and that he perverted it from its original purpose. A verdict was had lor the plaintiff, to which ex ceptions were taken, audit was set aside on the ground thHt the original transaction was tainted with usury. The case is now brought up on the same state of facts, with the addition that defendanls'counsel insisted that the new agreement between Minor and Smith 8c Sherwin released he Messrs. Howells, they being merely sureties for the anginal loan. The signatures of the makers and of Minor were admitted on the part of the defence A Mr Soule was examined, and proved ttiat he transacted the original loan, and that Minor was to pay $2 a day interest ; he also swore that he told the parties that the note was given to Minor to assist him ; Minor was also examined, and he swore positively that he told Smith and Sherwin, ot the person who acted for them, that he received the note in <|uestion from his father in law to assist in taking up the $4000 note. The plaintilfs next went into rebutting testimony and produced a witness who contradicted Minor and proved that he told Smith and Sherwin that he got the note for general purposes. The Court charged that the original transaction he

tween Smith and Minor was tainted with usury, hut as between them, the second arrangement took away tin taint of usury ; he also stated that if the defendants were not parties to thut arrangement or knew of it?it ieleased them as sureties His honor also told the jury that tf the note was iierverted from its original purpose without the knowledge and consent of the parties, the defendants were not liable The jury will return a sealed verdict to morrow morning. Snndford for plaintiff ; McKron for defendant. Hot vs. .Acker ?The jury returned a ve.idict in this can 'his morning for the plaintiff?6 cents damages and 6 cents costs, and assessing the value of the property at $330. 11. ? Commissioners Office. Before I ornmissioner ltapeljo Charge of Heioll?March 10?Thomas Davis, John Davis and William Scott were brought before the Corn uiissioners this morning charged with an endeavor fo create a revolt on hoard the ship Shakspeare, on her voj igefrom New Orleans to Now Yoik, on the filh March last. The Associate District Attorney appeared for the prosecution, and Mr. a Nasii appeared for the prisoners Ultotci: P orn? Is mate ol the ship 8hak? peare; lett New Orleans on the 3dth February last; the rew consisted of 18 men and boys; the three prisoner* were part of the crow; there were 10 passengers also on hoard- on Hili March tlie crew came on deck, and witness heard the 2d mate order them to set ono of the sails, alfei which witness went to dinner; thy whole crew immedi .itely after came on deck and laid they should have tlieit u vular houis for their meals, and wanted to see Captaii vltrior; witness told them to wait until the captain camt out; they did so, and asked him if they could not hnvt their regular hears for their meals; he told them to go to 'heirduty, unci they should he treated like men; witness then gave the 2d male orders to put them at different joinol workjthe Jd mate directed the three prisoners to go over and scour the side of the ship; he asked them singly, and fhey each refused; witness then ordered them, and the; positively refused; the captain then got the irons ready and asked them again to go over the sides to scour th? ship; they again positively refused, and the cuptain 01 lered witness to put them in irons; witness did so, anil immediately all the rest of the crew rushed aft, and Samuel Campbell said they were all datnned tools, thet ought to hang together and take the irons off, Cninplni was then put iu irons, and afterwards released upon ac knowledgnig his error to the Captain; the Captain order ud witness to go daily and ask them if they would re urn to their duty, and if so, that their irons should t>< taken off, witness did so, but they invariably reinsert and said tney would rather come to New Vork in irons, before this occurrence took place witness was aftaid ol them; they were a riotous crew. J ami s Louohlin examined for the defence.?The only trouble was this,the mail refused to do unnecessary work, the ship was going through the water at the tutu of 7 or b knots un hour; and they refused to go over the side. th< work sot being necessary , it whs apart of the working op system ; the ship was off the Florida t apes, and their whs a strong eddy ciurcnt; and it was dangerous to go over the sides; they were willing to go over in fair weathei if ordered Cross rxaminrd.? Commanded the barque Asia for six mouths; his mate's nunie was I'atrick Connor; does not know where Connor is now; the vessel lielongtd to Mi 'Mgg, of I'ly mouth, in Kngland; i ever commanded a shi) into the United States; was mate of the ship Halifix ;ua> also mute of the schooner Hea Flower; cannot tell how ii happens that he is now helore the mast; hud a great mail' breakdowns ; is a little fond ol the bottle; diauk a glass o! porter after dinner; perhaps he drank between twenty 01 thirty ; perhaps hut two ; swears he only drank three glasses of grog to-day, besides the beer; thinks lie is so hcrer now than when he got up this morning : cannot .ay what hour it was when lie went to lied ; is sure that be is soberer now than lie was when he got up this morn ing ; was soher when tie w ent to bed ; but drank in the morning before lie got out of bed ; did not hear the ordei given to the men, nor hear them refuse to obey it; wit oess was also put in ron* ; does not know the cause ; the mute called him to him and put liirn in irons without sat V... 1... .101 ?? ... Ui. Imn.. "S " "J ?? " ?. * ! ?> not rcluce to tlo his duty ; luic titled the Captain lor Ulst iin prison mint and assault nnd battery. I'ki kr Okaiun?lias been to sea since IHiti, the day on which the prisoners were put in irons the ship was under reef topsail ; she was going through the water at the rate of seven or eight knots an hour ; it was dangerous to go over the aide of the ship at the time ; when we went alt it was to tell the Captain we could not spare the men . if he took them we would he short-handed. Cvotn-examimd - Never heard the men refuse to do duty: does not know why Loughlin was put in iions. IUhksmi recalled?The reason Loughlin was put in irons was, because he refused to do his dutv ; the ship was going at the rate of lour knots through the water at he time the men refused to do their duty. Frederick Hmitii ? Is second mate ef the ship Shake "peare; was present when the man refused to go over the side of the ship ; the weather was then fair ; there was no danger to he apprehended Irom their going over ; was pre cent w hen Loughlin was put in irons ; does not know why he was put in irons ; did not hear him say any thing to the mate. His Honor said, that in refusing to obey the Captain's orders ; they were clearly guilty of a violation of the act, and would order tehm to glvebail in fiWOeach, in default of which they were committed. Intkbestinu Discovery.? We were shown yesterday it small iron box, dug up in n garden in Anson street, which lailh on account ol its antiquity and the locuinenl it contained, cannot but be highiy interesting to thelamily it relates to, as well as the antiquarian Tin >i7.e ol the hox is ahuut 9 inches long, by some 4 or ft inch es wide and deep, divided exactly in the centre aud lust ?ne i hy springs, with ISfM deeply cut into iron of the up per hall' On opening it u small roll of parchment was dis overt i, which proved to tvu the gunuulogicai cnart 01 tn?l,i gare family "f thin State At the upfier purl in a ?e,roiI with a boar s head below, and the motto, ' flare I'Egare" -below appeared the coat of arms surmounted l>y n coro net an I bearing three hoar's hea ls, w hich we regret w? ire unable to describe so as to make ourselves nndersood Kach side of the coat o-arms is occupied hy a Latin in scription, of which we give the following us a transla ion ' A most true and faithml record ol the nohle and ancient lamily of De L'f'.gire, which sheweth as much as is known of tho origin and afterwards ol the descent, even to the time ot Chat let VII, at this time King a! franco and our most just ma-tor, whom may it please Ood (O M.) with his sacred Saints to protect" fh-n follows the name of " Hubertus" who was crea'ed i'oilht de L'Kgare (Homes) by Hollo or Hoberto, first duke of Normandy, A Id ,011. Then tollow in succession evn other I founts The title ending in Fmntonlut, w ho is tile record sav clh, was deprive I id his nobility hy Wil liam. Dnkeof Normandy (alterwards surnami d the " I'on pieror,") tor joining wiiU other Counts in rebellion, and imposing ins succession to the Dukedom ILs grandson, Luduvieus however, was created Knight, besides whom lhere w ere eight others, one of w hum was a Knight Templar How the family lost this second title ol nobility loei not uiipear. The succession continues unbroken town to Solomon, who, w ith other Huguenot*, fled from luaiice on (lie revocation of the edict of Vanti. and who wh? the progenitor of thu Legares of South Carolina. In ih<- course ol time the name n at changed from " Dti L'Kgare"to " Do le Oaie," when the aecond change took place to I.egare (or u liether it ia a mere corruption) in not stated. We cannot but think,however, that the mode in w hich it was firat written ia the tnoit elegant ofthe three The munuacript which ia on parchment, i* in excellent preservation, and legible thionghout. It hears on its hack the following attestation : "We, tho undersigned, hear witness, that the above manuscript is truly and faithfully copie I from the original, and to which we nave also added supplement, in which we have continued the o! the descendants down to the present year of our Lord and Siviour Jesus Christ, 1644. Chateau de Le tiare, Sept MDCLXXX1V. Signed by Chev. de (Ovarii Jean Samuel ties Ma rets. (Juillaume Noyerre, Not Public. M'hat is singular in this discovery is, that there exists no <ra lition rela ive to such a box or chart ever having been brought to tliia country, and it ii not kaown hy whom or on what account It was buried It isonl) con jectiired, that owing to the disturhanoes which existeil at that 'ime in this Stale, it was buried tor sale keeping, and perhaps forgotten, or the spot where it was deposited nol recognised when search win made. The lot in whieh il was (ootid has been in possession of the family and then descendants for nearly on? hundred years ?CAaWsston MtrcMvy, ftlarnh I* General Stnloni. Befora Recorder Tullnntdge, and Aldermen Scolea and Leo. Jovas B Phili.ips, F.sq., Acting District Attorney March 19?7Yi?J/or Faltr Prtltnrei.?The trial of Franklin B Cane, for false pretences, in obtaining $l?H worth of carpeting, in September last, from the firm nt Lee, Brothers fcCo , No. 51 Cedar itreet, by fraudulent representation, resumed. The di fence called Job* CJ Bourn, who produced sun dry notes given to him bv the accused, the gross amount ul which was $4,7*!!, antf for moneys lent, l'he witness underwent a long cross-examination in rerpect to consideration given lor these notes. Throdohk Nimms, sworn. a Counsellor at Law.?He emcieil up ii |I1,.K.II. Ill ,.,c io*i Hi'iini Wiliuil llic accused, on ilie 13th of October, JtM3, for*4,73!i (Jake acknowledged his indebtedness to Bolen. ami confessed judgment lor thu amount, ami execution wua issued. Cane'* character was good. Owns B Cask called? lie had known the accused for 15 year*; was a cleik in his store; called on Bolen to borrow money lor Case to lake up his notes: at the time ol the sale, by virtue of tbe judgment Case had about *60<x> worth of goods on his premises; his churacter was good; goods were purchased by Case, and afterwards sent to auction to lie disposed ol: Case had 4 or $5000 worth of goods in one of his stores in Chatham street, and about 7 or *8000 worth at his other store in Pearl street; the goods purchased of the Messrs. Lee were sold out of the store of Case by retail, and not sent to auction. Dr. J. rt. Oat wis called?He had known Care, about 10 years; had business transactions with him and loaned him money; Case hud previously failed in business. about the I eat 1333; heard about that time that Case's character was bad. William H. Smith was called, and stated that in the years IH4'1 and I->43, i a*e purchase of his employer Reuben Smith Jr., atiout *6000 worth of goods, and William Smith purchased goods of Case, which were paid for by a running urcount Dr John liobinson, T. M. Underbill, O. W. IVljers, I William Springer and Anthony Civill, besides others, all of whom had known the accused for various periods, ranging from 15 down to 3 years, wore called to testify to the good character of the accused. The principal part of these witnesses w ere members ol tlie same church w ith Cose. 1 he prosecution called David Austin,of the firm of Austin, Wllmerding 8c Co , w ho produced a noto given to their firm by Casein 1335; it was not paid The character of Case was had amongst the persons who were ill the -ainelineo! business; Case endeavored in I84'i to get a second credit from the firm ot the defendant; it was refused. George W. Betts, John Jewitt J. A. Spillett, R. E. Parly, J Humphreys, J. Conner, and Joseph Gilbert, all respectable merchants, testified that the character of Case, by general reputation, was bad. A number of other witnesses wore called to show the had churacter of the accused in the community, amongst whom were several members of the Churcn to which Case, had previously been a member. The evidence here closed on both sides, the testimony being exhausted. J?mh M Smith, Jr. K.sq. summed up on behall el Hip accused, arid Jamks II Whitino, Esq on the part ol the people. Both learned gentlemen made aide and argume% tative speeches, and after a charge from the Court,the ca>#| >vas submitted to the Jury. The Jury retired at 8 o'clock and returned into Court at H o'clock, with a verdict of guilty. The accused was required to appear on Friday for sentence. Lynch Law in Missouri.?It is as we feared it would he. The negro whose horrid deeds of atrocity we noticed yesterday in Missouri was hung on Tut sday, the Oth inat., by rirr excited and angry populace. The mob gathered round the jail, broke it open, bore him to a gallows ol their own erection, and by their own lawless iiower launched him into eternity ! These blows struck by ruthless hands of violence are blows against the peact Hid character of the country. No matter what palliation may exist, no excuse can be marie for an infuriated mob vhlch kindles the conflagration, or with heady violence rob* the malefactor of life. It is a lawlessness which -hould be put down, in this instance, by u speedy and effectual punishment. Cotton Factory Burnt.?The grout light which occasioned so general an alarm of fire in the city on Thursday evening, about 8 o'clock, was orcasioned liy the burning of ti e Coluu Via Cotton Factory, situate on Herring Run, about three miles out on the Harford Road The entire establishment, with all the machinery and stock on hand, was destroyed. The building, which war a latge three story stone one, was the property of Mrs Ann Hall, arid we understand was not insured The factory was worked by Messrs Amon Green St Co . who owned the machinery and stock and whose loss is heavy The estimated loss on their part is $4000, upon whicn 'here was an insurance of $1200,?Baltimore Clipper. March 17. Amiurmsnti. Chatham Circus.?The Virginia Serenaders. Myers, White, Curler, Sandford, and Edwards, take their farewell benefit tonight, and a mighty power ful bill of attrae.tion. A dozen other dar kies, well known about town, have volunteered, in order to strengthen tin band and give o varied effect to Hip ringing and dancing The grand spectacle of th" Archer's Festival and the J?prt. nish Bull Fight will be given with tremendous effect ? Mr. II. Carroll will turn a double Somerset, and the prize cup for the best conundrum will be awarded. Already a good proportion of the good seats are taken tor Thursday 'ight, when, in addition to tho other novelties, YankeSullivan and Alon/.o Hnbbell will decide a match for $3tX) iside in a wrestling contist. Immense sums have been wagered on the result. This is a Okasd Family Holiday, at the American Museum, with splendid performances at It 'clock in the afternoon, und half past 7 in the evening The far famed Kentucky Minstrels, Miss Richards, a harming vocalist, late from Boston, who made a decided hit last night on her Hist appearance Mi-s Rlanrhard and others appear. With these superior attractions, the house will he well filled. But with all the other attractions of the place, the fortune telling Gipsy Queen must not he forgotten. She may he consulted at all hours. Peai.k's Musei'm has tlie most splendid utlrae 'ions, und gives the best performances, of ?ny esnhlishment of the kind in tho city. Signor Krancisco the Philadelphia Minstrels, and others, are plaving togood nouses, and success must attaint the liberal ellbrt* <n tin I nanager. Head the lulls and advertisement, and you will ;o to night and see the splendid performances sure qrj- THE PHILOSOPHY OK ANIMAL MAGNITtfl H will be explained hy Professor Hronson. This Evening luring his Sixth Lecture on Universal Philosophy,in tin Tabernacle, at 71 o'clock. Among the songs and recitations are the "Newfoundland Uog 'and "The Maniac."? Three Hoses and a Pink will he developed from their hurts it the same time,forming a bouquet (fleet square li or 20 more engravings furnished each nudi'or gratuitously Twenty-five cents for a Lady and Gentleman. Cl7- ATW1LL S MUSIC REPOSITORY ?'This clegant establishment is, in its way, and to those who are so happy as to have the tasto to enjoy tt, the most attractive resort on Broadway Admirably situated just above the Franklin House?fitted up with extreme neatness?con raining splendid instruments ol every kind?it* tables covered witli fashionable music ?and under the supervision ol a gentleman, qualified by his taste and experience, as well hk distinguished for his enterprise and liberality?i' is nil that a fashionable music store in a great metropolis should lie. Persons residing in any part of the Union, can li.ive their ordera for music or instruments taithlully attended ?o by .Mr. Atwill, ua if they were here to fill them in person. (Itf- CUMBTUt K * I.AIII -IM ur .T.v.v.j.k........ la, from 21 < ourtl.indt street, lor the cure ol? Scrofula, Tetter, Mercurial Disease*, Chronic Rheumatism, Cutaneous Diseases, Swelling of the Bones, I'imples or Pustilliis, Eruption of the Skin, Ulcers, Liver Affections, and all disease* arising trom an impute state of the blood exposures and imprudences in life, excessive use ol mercury, Ik c. Al o, Chronic Constitutional Disorders will be removed by this remedy. Don't pay $1 far a bottle of Sarsaparill.i whent oinstock's can ha hud ut AO cents per bottle or jj?l per do/.en. PRIVATE MEDICAL AID.?The member# , the New Vork College of Medicine and returning the public, thanks for the liberal support tk y uava received in their efforts to " suppress quackery r re leave to state that their particular attention continue! t no directed to all diseases of a private nature, and Iron 'he great improvements lately made in the principal hos pitnis of Europe in the treatment of those diseases, thev an confidently offer to person* requiring medical aid a.! vantages not to be met with in any institution hi tin. lounlry, either public or private. The treatment ol thi College is such as to insure succor* in pvrrv cuse, anJ it totally different from that '.cm r rug practice of ruining 'he constitution with mereury, an I m most cases leaving i disease much worse than the original One of the inem oers of the College ,for many years connected with tin principal hospitals off nrope, attends daily for a consults ion from A A.M. toS P.M. Terms-Advice and medicine, fi A cure guaranteed InrosrssT to Coi'xrsv IxTstins.?Persons living ii the country and not finding it convenient to attend |>er .onally, can have forwarded to them a ehest containing ill medicines renuisitPto perform a perfect cure by statins heir cash explicitly, together with all symptoms, time n contraction and treatment received elsewhere, if an) ind enclosing $5, post paid, addressed to IV. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent ma,-.. jn.l f'nnaultinr room* of the College. US Nassat rent 0(J- HOW TO PURIFY THK. BLOOD-Bmndreth't Pill* not only purify the hlood, hut they Ie**en the quantity at the same time they Mur rHe <jt. * x t it v ar. n ?.n ? I hey only take the tvorn out part" from the hlood?thost which, if retained, would he a noil ice of (Harare Th? good < fleet! which are derived Irimi Urun-lieth'* PJID havi to he le|t to he believed The srrdx of decay can he conKtantly eradicated hj their u?e. and the ratxciri.E or i.irr ?the blood?strengthened ; thus protracting vinor of body and mind to a period when we have been accustomed to nee the faltering utop and the enfeebled intellect Let no one suppose that Brandreth'r Pillr are not alwayi the same They are They can never he otherwire ? 1 The principle* i||k>ii which they are ma le Rre ao unerring that a million pound* could lie ininle per duy, without tin 1 remote possibility of a in intake occurring. Oet the gen nine -that ia all, and the medicine will give you lull satisfaction Sold at 041 Broadw ay, Dr. Brandreth's Prinripnl office , Jo cent* per ho* ; at 071 Bowory, IH1IJ Hudson St , and a Mr* Booth'*, ft Market at , Brooklyn ; Parker, Nowaik. 1 Orj-THK CONC~KNT<tATKD KXTllACT OK SAB * S \ I'AUILLA, Gentian and Sasafras, prepared by the New I ( VorU College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established lo; j the suppression of quackery. Thi* p-i'verlnl extroct prepared by acieatlflc and medical men, will lie found in finitely inperior to the mixture aold by druggists a* sarfa pahlla, who are totally ignorant of the medicinal propei ties ol the root! from which they make thp extract. In a! 1 diseases arising from an impure itate of the hlood, inch m ; scrofula salt rheum, ulcer*, chronic, rheumatism, pimple orplUtUH'l 111" mrriir iwniy nowi-vpnnm in him none* ill loinl*, an<l all complaint! ari?Jri<jf from an improper m< of mercury (hi* eatract will lip highly henidicial Sold ii i single bottles at 7# cents each, ens** of hill dozen, U AO do I dozen, W, carelullv parked and Rent to all part* o t the Union. OBice ot the college, *A Nassau at W. ft RICHARDSON, Agent i NBA llhoral discount to country practitioners ant madiolne venders. i* * -v "' -I? ' in. fS&- THE REASON of m mtny periom ?urferin^" ??I- I. akal (haw flllflW thnf UI'tMU dices instead of their judgment to govern them, if lbey will lav aaide their piejudice* and use tluir Indian Elixir and I.iniment from 31 t ourtlandt street, they ma) he uiktired that they cannot have Rheumitisni. Eveiy proof ol the etticacy of this article in the most obniinate cases, that a reasonable person can ask. is given by reference n> many of our moat respectehle citizens who have aeen and experienced its effects. ft?- RICOH DO* PARISIAN ALTERATIVE MIXTITrE?For the permanent cure of primary oraecondary Syphilis. and all affections produced by an improper use ol mercury This powerful alterative abonld be uaod by all [tersoiia suspecting a venereal taint in their system from lot nier disease. It it warranted to remove all impurities bom the blood. Sold, in single bottles, $1 each ; ill cases of hall dozen, $5, carefully packed, and sent to ail parts ol (he Union. Office ol the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 95 Nassau street W. S RICHARDSON, Agent. N B.?A liberal discount to country practitioners and medicine venders. CO- REV. MR. SPARRY, OK THIS CITY, HAS used Dr. Sherman's celebrated Worm Lozenges in hiu family with the most decided benefit. Mis children were Moulded with worms, and a lew doses of the Lozenges brought them away in large quantities, and restored the children to the enjoyment of perfect health He recommends them in preference to any vermifuge known, as being altogether the safest, most expeditious and certain in their effects. Dr. Sherman's street. Agents?2-27 Hudson street, 163 Bowery, 77 East Broadway, 86 William street, 139 Knlton street, Brooklyn, and 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia. (&- PROFESSOR VEI.PKAU'S CELEBRATED PILLS, for the radical cur* of Oonorrhoea, Gleet. and all mocopurulent discharge! from the urethra. These pills are guaranteed to effect a permanent cure in nil diseases of the urethra, in a shorter time than nny other remedy ever brought before the public, without tainting the breath, disagreeing with the stomach, or confinement from business. Piice f>l per box. Office of the College of rharmacy end Medicine, 95 Nassau street. W. S RICHARDSON, Agent. N. B ?A liberal discount to country practitioners and medicine venders. ft?- NOUVELLE BLANC DE PERLE, ties fin, et Rouge de Theatre, 67Walk*r street, first store from Broad way. ft?- ITALIAN MEDICATED SOAP?This celebrated chemical compound thoroughly exterminates eruptions, tan, pimples, freckles, redness, and all cutaneous imperfections whatever?arrays the neck, arms and hands in ravishing whiteness?bestows on the complexion juvenile bloom?renovates beauty when the decline?realizes u where before absent, and sustains it in pristine splendor to the latest tieriod of life. To mothers nursing their children, in healing soreness and reducing inflammation, and to gentleman in allaying irritability of the face after shaving, Dr (Journal's Italian Soap will be found an Infallible specific. The genuine is to be found .only at the old and original office, 07 Walker street, one door from (not in) Bioadwav, 50 cents ? cake. Og- CONSTITUTIONAL DEBILITY CUKF.D.?The Tonic Mixture, prepared hy the Oollegu of Medicine and Pharmacy of the city of New York, is confidently re commenced for all cases of debility produced by secret in diligent* or excess of any kind. It is an invaluable m mo dy for im|ioteiice, sterility, or barrenness (unless depend ing oil mal-formation.) Single butt lea $ I each ; cases of half a dozen $6; carefully packed and sent to all parts of the Union. ""Office ol the College of Medicine and Pharmacy. 96 Nassau street W 8 RICHARDSON. Agent. N. B.?A liberal discount to country practitioners and medicine venders. LIQUID VEOETABLK ROUGE AND BLANC D'Cspagna, for the complexion? the first imparts a delicious rosiness to the complexion, the latter illicits a dazzling whiteness. 07 Walker street, one door from the corner of Broadway. MONKY TOAR.K.KT. Tntsilay, March 19?O P.M. Tiie stock market does not present so much excitement. Quotations show n still farther decline. Long Island fell elf I per cent; Harlem 1 do.; Ohio 0's. j ; Indiana J ; Farmers'Trust, lj; Canton Co }; Kentucky closed firm at yesterday's prices. The sales at either board were not very extensive, but the brokers are vary quiet and undecided in iheir movements. The effect of the panic is still visible in Wall street. Foreign exchange, within a month, lias fallen about one [ and a half per cent. The ruling rates now on London are 1072 a 108 ; on ('aria, 5f 32} a of 33} The present demand is very limited, hut quotations will not reach a much lower point. Domestic exchange still remains at very reduced rates. The regularity of the quotations for some time past has never been equal. Domestic Kiciianok, March 19th, lilt, ilostnii, >t s dis Apalmhicola, 2 a 2H dis "InDih'll hia ii a " Mobile, 6 a 8\f " "Ultimore, a " Montgomery 8 a 8*4 " Virginia, a V\ " Tuic loosa. 8 a 84? " N ( trollOA. I.'i a l>? " N 'Vl'sns. I ?tjtP***" ' harleslou ptr a % " Nashville, tt? a 2 ills Savannah, la " Louisville, I a l'/4 " \ugusta, >4 a >? " tit Louis, U? a l)J " nluinlius. 1 a I" Cinciunati, lit 1 2 " vlacon, \% a 2 " Michigan, 2 a 3 " Union, Klnr. 70 a 72 " Mont, (ipe-ie,) yt a 1 pm. s. L it Tit, 7i a 80 " Treasury Notes. new rmiAsion, par. There is considerable competition going on among the eastern railroads. As the season advances, and travel increasi s, the diti'orent lines are adopting plans to advance their own particulor Interest. There has lately been some trouble between the Norwich and WorcesterHallroud Company and the ow ners of the line of boats on that route The boata are allowed to much for passengers, rid the amount they now demand per head will only leave the road a!>out fifty cents per passenger, far transporting one hundred and four miles. The fare through irom this city to Boston, on all the routes, must he on a par, or the lowest will monopolise the travel. The numerous modes of conveyance in that direction leaves the spirit of competition an opportunity to operate. Ti e Norwich route has all along been considered an unfortunate move on the part of the projectors The New Haven route is much more direct ; the Stonington route is shorter, l'he Norwich road divides these two routes, withoat giving an additional advantage either in distance or price. To give the boats on that route a living profit, the road must reduce the price of passage enoimously, and the least reduction ruins the prospect of reliet from its heavy indebtedness. The Long Island Kailroad Company have called for a further Installment of $3 on each shaie, payable on the bth of April next. Counterfeit !>'? on the Bank of Smyrna, Delaware, neve made their appearance. The engraving of the face of figure in vignette is poor and dark. The importationa into tbia pert continue very large. Within u week past, several packets have arrived, with vmy heavy cargoes The receipts trom customs are still very large. The revenue from this source, from January ' ist, to March 10th, 1H44. have been as follows January $1,878 616 February J,169.110 March 1st to 19th, 1,128,000 $6,173,726 If the receipts for the remainder of the month of March are in the same proportion as those for the early part of the month, the total revenue for the quarter will amount to nearly six millions of dollars. The revanue for March will probably equal that of January. The value of the importations for the quarter ending the 1st ol April, will not vary much from twenty million! of dollar*. The hill lor the sale of the main line of the public work* of Penosy lvunu has passed the Senate. The hill provide* for the incorporation of u company with a capital ol" $20,600,000. The stock to be $100 per share, to lie sold at auction ut not less than par value, the payment for which to be made in State stock. Five dollar* to be paid on each share at the time of purchase. If the total Rmount should not be taken in three month* the instalment will be returned. All banking privilege* aro prohibited. The cumtianv is emnowered to charire anil receive tho tolls, nnd 1 to have thet xclusive right to *11 the moiive power?the ' line, however, to he a public highway for all pursoiis, . t with horses, lioata, ke., p?J ing toil under general regulation*. The Stale reserves the right to resume the works at the end of a serins of twenty yeari from the time of ' terming the company, by paying totheatorkh Iders the i amount oltheir stock at par, with twenty per cent thereon in money. , Counteifeit 20* on the; Union Hank of thin city are in ' circulation. The engraving i* bad. but the signaluies aiu 1 well tilled in. The one < xhifcited was numbered2136, lot ter li, payable to W. lloyt, dated Sept f, 1*41, signed D Kbhits, Jr Cnsh'r, F Deming, Treat. The Phtrnix Bank of Columbia, Georgia, has axpluk dad. It was one of those rotten institutions, which ha* been propped up from time to time. A short time since | the name was changed from the " Farmers' B.wk of Chat . j tahooche," to the " Phmnix Bank," with the hope of im. I ! proving its credit, or deceiving the public by ^^hang.: of name. The ruse did not succeed, and tlio?^>losion [ could not be prevented. The Merchants' Bank u< Macon, another Georzia bank, was formerly the "Bunk ol . Hnwkimville " The last Legitiaturc of Georgia allowed ' ! theinati uticn to take a new name, notwithstanding the : many remonstrance* presented agonist it, hot the people i ore pretty w ell acquainted with the condition of the couI sern. By dropping the old name, it could not throw off | ; the aiiapicion that hangs about it. ( I The various lorwarding agents at the West are getting i 1 up a great competition as regards rate* of toll*, fitillilo [ is striving hard to secure the Western trade. The south, ern route through ritubmg i* now monopolizing the car- ) I | rying tra le. The price* ol freight by this route to Phil*' i deiphia ore a* follow* , (iroerrin, per l(K) lh* $1 I2K Br>wn Mn lira in bsle<, J Ury Goods. " I 37% pr loo lis t, jo i (joaaaswsre, " I IK Hardware. " 1 ?n L.

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