Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 25, 1844, Page 2

March 25, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERA I.I). V?w York, Monday. MmkIi '35 1*4-1. ft?- A*o? H? *u, ih? Agent for the H.rail at Charlie. ton, 8. C., hai removed hit office to tho more ctntral lo- | cation in that city, at the corner <>| t'reet and Kwt I ay, nearly opppotite the Puit Office. Supplementary Herald. We publi.-U thus morning u Sittlkmentary Herald, containing a port inn of the news from Europe, the last day's proceedings in the Costcllo case, Congressional proceedings, ike., iVc. lliis Supplement is intended for our regular city subscribers, to whvm it will be delivered by the carriers, gratii, this morning To all non-subscribers it will cost two cents per copy. Charter Elkctiom ?We believe that the canvass for charter election will commence in earnest from this day. The three parties have each a candidate for Mayor before the public, and are very rapidly tilling up tlie lists ot candidates tor the various ward offices. In a few days we expect to be able to publish the nominations of all the three parties. This election begins to excite a great deal of attention, more than any one within our recollection. For many years past this city has bean abominably misgoverned?taxed without any regard to economy or justice?disgraced in its police, and in all departments of its municipal concerns, to such an extent us to create a new party, whose principal ground of success is based upon a reform in all branches of the city government. This new party, culling themselves American Republicans, and originally starting chiefly ou the point of opposition to the recent School Hill, have necessatily adopted some , rather narrow opinions in relation to religion and , other subjects, which time will no doubt modify, i Hut the groat basis of the movement must be re- i cognised as ju-t and tenable by every sensible man , ofeveryparty in New York. We do not ourselves < approve of ih>* extreme bitterness which many of their leaders display towards the Catholic religion, and towards the Iiish as a class. Catholicity in our dny, p.ud the Pope, in the nineteenth 1 century, lire v<-ry harmless ingredients in society. 1 Then with rog ird to the Irish as a class?they 1 have a great many excellent and admirable qunli. 1 t cs, but even these by indulgence may become a ' 1 'tie too arrog in to be home by their fellow-citi- ' v.* ns, and to this condition of things we believe the ' new party u indebted for the first germ of its sue- 1 cuss. But although opposition to the School Bill, which ! was narrow an i sectarian, was perhaps very good ad caj')t*ndnm ground on which to start the new 1 party, yet complete success is not to he attained without modifying, liberalizing these sentiments, and faking with decision the ground of sound, radi 1 < al reform in the city government. This ground we believe the new pirtv does nc.w take, with .1 tines Harper at the head, and a variety of excellent anil worthy citizens in the various wards. On lis basis we do believe that ihe "Natives" .isve the best hopes <>f gaining the city. It is very nn- that sine*- they have come out openly and in well organized force, that ihe whigs ami locofocos have both came forward, with smiles on tVir faces, pretending also to he reformers?sweating that they will give us reform-that they will correct the po- 1 >i -?that they will purify the " Tombs"?that they 1 will clean the streets?that they will reduce the 1 tx.'ies?that tln-y will do any thing and ten limes more tnan we want They are hypocr ites alt. Every b.nly knows it. When they hail the power for y -ars, one after tlm other, alternately, they never started an in<-h -thev never lilted a finger in favor of reform And even at this moment they would not have uttered a ajueuk in favor of reform, bui for the prosoect of b*ing driven from the pulls with shame an i confusion by this the new, jealous, buoyant party. On the whole, we think it is much the safest way for the whole people of the city, and for all the friends of good government, without distinction ot party, to try those native Americana for once. We have tried the whit's, and tliev have deceived us. We have tried the locofocos, and they, also, have deceived us. Let us now try these " native republicans" for one year at least. Let every man go to the polls, irrespective of party distinctions. Let every one go determined not to be humbugged into losing sight of the interest of the city, and his own interest, by the miserable partizan appeals about the presidential, or any other question. Let every man go to the polls with a generous determination to give the reputable, honest, upright men who are named as candidates of the new or reform party, a chance of fulfilling their solemn pledges? eWct their Mayor, and give them a majority in the Common Council. Let us see if the> do mean to give us relorm. If they deceive us, we can turn them out at the end of the year, and lect others in their stead. The Connecticut Election.?The election which is to take place in Connecticut next Monday, will be a very interesting one to politicians, and to the country generally. It is the first election which has taken place since the broaching of the Oregon and Texas questions, which have now become important new elements in the approaching contest for the Presidency. In Connecticut, both parties are very sanguine of success. But there is a thiid party there?thr flhrtlituinWffe?.-whn hrilil th? tmlunnt? /?*" noma* Olid whose strength last year was sufficient to deli-hi the whig*, and gtve victory to the locofocos. It if every curiousquestion in tiie philosophy of politics, )iow the new topics of the annexation of Texas, and the occupation of ihe Oregon, will affect the position of parties in Connecticut, and particularly the abolitionists or third party. The whigs think that the annexation question will unite the whigami abolitionists. Others think otherwise. Our own opinion is, that the agitation of this newly broached measure will t-*nd lo increase the abolilioniits just us the agitation of the 21st rule in Congress has created that party. In the mean time, in order to give the fullest, eirli'st, and best information on the subject, we intend to sen I down a corps of travelling reporter* imin'-di itely to ill it State, |or the purpose of visiting every town and village, and then proceeding to II irtlord to cbt tin the fin il returns at the close of thw polls, which will be forwarded at once lo this office. Wantkd?Several additional reporters, capable ol travelling over the State of Connecticut for the purpose of ascertaining the sentiments of the people in relition to the next Presidency, the annexation ol T-x v, an l the other exciting questions of ttie, an l corresponding daily with tins office, giving inform ition collected for thi *| journal. A|>ply at thin office. ( skit Tri.ttn Demons m a riox.?We are glad to nevct ive that at Inst the Tyler party in ?hi?city have adorted a new plan of organization, which will no doubt have sucoees to a certain extent. Instead of getting up a meeting to end as all the other? have dune, in .1 row, they are getting up a spieudid dinner at the Shakspeure Hotel, next Fuday evening. I hey will hive plenty t<? eat the dinner, if there he not a great deal to pay, and there can be no difficulty in producing any quantity of toast*, sentiments, speeches and enthusiasm, il the wine be tolerably inflammatory and in sifficient abundance. Thn movement is, we au, pose, the result ol a sort ol compromise between the Tyler men who are opposed to Captain Tyler and the Tyler men who are 1 friendly to Captain Tyler. That is, that Edward Curtis and hisaapoemtes in the ctiMnm house, who are fed hy the bounty of Captain Tyler, hut do not support Intn, and are m favor of Clay, Webster, or any body else, have united with tin* eurtotn lion.* and oth -rp'-ople who do support linn, as they cun easily take tickets and eat the dinner too without committing themselves, or doing much in the way ft aiding the friends of honest John Tvlsr Well. The Last Special and Extraordinary Ex. press frons Boston It i.s well known tliroughnut this eountrv, that in the last two or three months we have beaten every other newspaper establishment in this city, in the acquisition of foreign news. We were so often in advance of ottr contemporaries, that we became tired ol victory. We were surfeited with success, and we, therefore, early one beautiful morning last W"ek, made up our mind to stop running expresses, in order to recover a little Irom the eliects victory had upon our physical system, and to let the public see what the other newspapers in this city could do when not opposed by us. We thereupon retired from the field, and publicly announced the fact that we would run no express with the news by the Caledonia. Thift nnnniin^mont throw tlio Wull find other city pipers into a bit of a flutter, and they immediately entered into an arrangement with that unrivalled express package line, Harnden <3c Co., to run an express to New York on the arrival of the Caledonia. This express, with steamboats, locomotive engines, fast horses, and, for all we know, several cages of swift carrier pigeons, was to be managed by Mercury, senior, and Mercury, junior, and several other gods of the same sort; and it was confidently expected that they would outstrip the pigeons, if nothing else. .Such were their arrangements, and such their determination. We had sent instructions to our indefatigable agent in Boston not to run, but to forward our packages by Adams & Co. through their regular express, which leaves Boston at 4 o'clock every afternoon. We could easily have run the news to New York in twelve hours, but we chose not to do s i for reasons stated. In the meantime Harnden and Co. made an arrangement with the Postmaster of Boston to connect the government express with that of the newspapers. This, we suppose, was done in order to have no one to contend igainst on the route. So far all was right and success was sure. But? "There is sometimes a Flip Between the cup and lip." On Friday morning at 10 o'clock the Caledonia made her appearance at Boston In half an hour the news was in that city, and between the hours of 11 and 14 o'clock the Express started with the newspapers, government despatches, Ate. fee. in L-harge of the messengers of Harnden Ac Co. It went to Worcester at a rapid rate, and then to Springfield with the same speed, for the locomotives and engineers on those roads have the ability to go ahead. But at the latter place there was a stop. Then horses were brought into requisition, 1 ?r<o. ,.r kun.:.. 1 .... mil unci a 4'jui.iuj 111 uiu w 1ug uiiu |iu iinip, uucptalled perhaps in the history of the world, the Express reached New Haven at midnight. There it "stuck," us the newsboys beautifully express it, and no more was heard of its movements till two o'clock Saturday alternoon, when it reached New York?four hours after tht regular express line of Mams Co. arrived with the whole news. This was unfortunate. It was deplorable, because we had, without any effort on our part, obtained the news, issued and circulated throughout the city thousands of Extra Heralds, before any other establishment received theirs, notwithstanding the express, carrier pigeons, steam engines, &c. It was, therefore, unfortunate?but not for us. And it exhibits to the public the broad fact?nearly as broad as the Atlantic?that the non-success of the enterprise was not our fault. This is all we cared for. It appeared, howpver, after this express arrived that we were to have enioved some of its benefits withontlpaying a single copper of its expense. About half an hour after it reached the city we received a package of foreign papers, nicely done up, with the following written onsthe cover?to save us the trouble, probably, of writing as many lines with a bad pen at midnight. We are indebted to Messrs. Ilarmlen & C'o and the Postmuster of Boston, for papers received by the Caledonia. I'hey were forwarded by an express arranged in concert with the special agent of the post-ortice department. This was|kind; it came all cut and dried?and one would suppose that we were really indebted to Harnden Sc Co, for the parcel. We learned, however, that it was by' the kindness of Mr. Greene, the popular postmaster of Boston, and to hint alone, that the papers were sent to us. It was, we understand, part of the agreement between him and Harnden <te Co., that if the express was run with the government despatches, every paper in New York should share alike in the news. Hence the package to us. This special, thundering, extraordinary, swift xpress was arranged at the " enormous expense" is Barnurn would say, of six or seven hundred dollars. It was gotten up by the combined newspiper press of New York, in conjunction with Harnden tfc Co. to beat the New York Herald. We run no express. This fact was announced three days before the Caledonia arrived. We abandoned the field out of benevolence and because we were tired of victory Our opponents I 1 ?11 .L. 1 ? 1 ...I 1. iL. unu ail inr iuaus iu uiriii&rivt**, tiuu wii&t IS inP result 1 We heat every one of them,and after all received the ncu>? by their expreet But this is nothing We can get along well enough without expresses They are costly and those who wish to run them may if they please. We lind that news will come to us at any rate. Now a word or two in conclusion. Harnden Ac Co. who managed this last special and extraordinary express, are clever enough in their way. They can, as we have before Baid, put a parcel in their breeches pocket, cnrry it to Boston, and safely deliver it there. They can do this, but when they step aside from their legitimate business, and attempt to run an express?to be special and extraordinary in its results?they are unfortunate, and are constrained to sleep one night too many iu New Haven, or some other place on the road. We advise them, therefore, as friends, to adopt the course of Adams Ac Co. Let the newspapers manage their own expresses, whilr they attend to their own business; and whatevet they undertuke in their proper line, let then: carry through faithfully and speedfully, as they do pircelsot money. Adams Ac Co. do not interfere with the newspapers; they, therefore, get into no difficulty with them They stick to their own concerns. and what is the result 1 Thev nrr the must popular of the southern and eastern express lines Tliey have extended their business over nearly the whole country, and they must continue to extend and spread to every town and city in the Union, and meet with the same triumphant success thai they have alread) met with. This is certaia. Where ark the Police ??Nassau street present, ed a most disgraceful scene yesterday afternoon At one time there were, at least, a dozen men enputted in a fight opposite the Bible Puddings; nnd they had their fight out undisturbed by the police In the evening this scene was repented. We really hope that the Mayor will see that the day officer* are in future ou duty. These fighis are too disgraceful for uny city. Borohksk's Benefit.?The benefit of this greai favorite takes place to-night. A most attractive bill is offered. A ballet will be part of the entertainment. IIow many bouquets have been ordered at Niblo's ? This will he tht house of the season. Public Ferries.?The confusion and noise and squabbles at our public ferries, on the arrival of steamers, or passengers, has got so bad that every traveller speaks of it as disgraceful to the city ol New York. Now, the remedy is a very simple one?it is adopted with success in Boston, Montreal, and other places; and why not here: And it is this; All hackmcn attending femes, must be prohibited from leaving their " boxes" or employinit runners ; anybody wanting a back can walk t< the lint nod take a carriage disengaged. If tbii rule were adopted it would benefit all parties, uik especially the back owner. Let police officers, a 'lie expense of the ferry, attend to keep order. keform. K'tsqukhanna River Tradk ?The Susquehaiim i? in good order for running and ralti and ark? are d? canning, with lumber and the product* of the uppei country, to market Mi r dee iv murder was commitled in the city of Brooklyn on Saturday evening, under the following circumstance*. A porter, nuint'd Thomas Carnahnn, who hits been engaged in the auction store of Mr. Todd, 88 Fulton street, near Henry, and a painter, named Win. Henry Miller, residing at 132 Pearl street, in that city, had quarrelled on some triviul point several days since, which resulted in much ill-feeling between the parties. On Saturday evening. Miller entered the auction store of Todd, and purchased ecverul articles of cutlery at auction, including a large hucahorn-handlcd carving knile. On leaving the store, some words passed between hun and Carnuhan, wlien he returned and inquired of Mr. Todd if he allowed his man to abuse Ins customers. Mr. Todd answered in the negative, und asked who it was that had abused hun, when Miller said it was Carnahan. Mr. Todd replied that that was strange, as Carnahnn was a very civil, quiet man. Miller then drew the carving knile from the paper enclosing it, und passed out ot the store say ing lo Todd, as he went, " I'll see it he'll knock my face oil " In an instant nlterwards a noise was heard in the street, and Mr. Todd rushed out and met Carnahun staggering towards the door, who said, " I'tn stabbed," and almost immediately fell to the pavement. The alarm was immediately given, and Miller, who was running up the street, was arrested by some citizens, and taken back to Todd's auction store, where he at first denied that he had quarrelled with Carnuhan, or stabbed him. On being closely questioned by a young man present, he even denied that he had a knife in his possession, but the handle accidentally projecting from under his arm, he drew the carving knife out and threw it on the counter, saying, " there it is." The blade of the knife to the length of five inches was marked with blood, thus showing that it was the instrument that had been used to perpetrate the murderous deed. Miller was immediately taken into custody, and committed to prison, to await an investigation. He has a wite and six children, and is represented by his late employer as a quiet, peaceable, ,and temperate man. The wound inflicted on Carnahun entered his left breast below the lungs, and caused his death in a few hours after the injury. He had no family nor relatives in this country. The coroner held un inquest on the body of the murdered man yesterday ufternoon, when the jury returned a verdiet that his death was caused by the hands ofMiller. The Morality or the " Upper Classes."?The developments iu the recent trial of Madame Costello Hnd others, which has terminated in their conviction, sadly remind us of the present corrupt state of society. And it is only when thus occasionally enlightened for a moment by some similar lamentable public exposure of the guilty, that tlif community seem to be at all aware that vice in its most odious, and repulsive, and destructive aspect, rules so omnipotently amongst us; just as the gleam of the lightning reveals for an instant to the benighted traveller the horrors of the surrounding scene, and then all is again wrapt in profound obscurity. l lie circumstance that the persons on whose information indictments have been found in this and other cases of a similar character, have been from amongst the lower ranks, might induce in some minds the opinion that it was chiefly in the lower grades of society (that the agents of iniquity found employment. But this is quite a mistake, as the slightest reference to the immense sums of money which those wretches receive, must prove. It is the wealthy?the respectable?the moral?the pious ?the eminently virtuous and strait-laced " upper classes," as they are called, who support this system of the concealment of the consequences ol licentiousness. Madame Rested, who commenced the business here?a business not peculiar to this city, but extensively {carried on in the large capitals of Europe?has, it is believed, upwards of twelve thousand registered applications for her " professional" eeivicM, from persons connected with the first families all over the country, and amongst the police depositories some ot the most revolting stories are to be obtained in relation to persons of the highest rank in fashionable, respectable and religious society in the city of New York. The Grand Juries who have moved in this matter have done very well, although they could'ni venture to indict the robbers?the wholesale plunderers?the swindlers of Wall street. They pounce upon Madume Rested however, and, that's the end of it. These indictments and convictious create u little talk at the time?(reople turn up the whites ol their eyes?there is a loud outcry that it is a very wicked city?and there it ends. Alas! alas! it is clear the cities of our republic have as polluted an atmosphere as the old cities of Europe, covered with the hoary rottenness of centuries. Mr. Clay in Georgia?His Last Great srefxti ?This eminent statesman, who has a sirong prospect of being the next President of the United States, was at Columbus, Georgia, about ten dayi igo, on his southern tonr. In reply to an address he made a speech of which the following is a condensed report:? Mr Clay said -He felt that he addressed an intelligen' people, capable of appreciating his actions and his motives lie hail travelled thousands ol miles, on the bosom of tin gather of Rivers, to the city of New Orleans, from thunce Here, and had seen on his route, and felt 111 his heart, thai his was his own, his native land. In Columbus, on the soil ol Georgia, in this heautiiul land of the sunny south, ie felt that lie whs at home, ami surrounded by those who, asAmericHiis all. were hislbrothera and Ins sisters. Seemingly anxious to claim nothing for past services,further thai, rhe merit ol having done Ins duty in every trying scene rhuse thai had aided him were remernheit d to the people. It had been Ins purpose thiough lite to maintain the integ nty of the Union, and vindicate, as far as lie whs uble, tin insulted honor of his country. Hence, when British pow er had trampled on our righ s, he bad .joined the band ol patiiots that were lor relenting the wrong, anil mingled nil voice with thoie that waked up the country to the con diet. The remit ol the conteit was as he had predictedhonorable and glorious to his country. The news of thai result reached him in a loreign land. What werehis emo tions, when, in the inetrojioiis of K ranee, the triumph o hii countr) 'a arms first met his eye 7 I felt, said he. raie ing his dignified form to the most commanding attitude, and swelling his voice to its farthest compass, 'that te ! vera! cubits were added to my stature, nnd that evert man that looked upon me, as I walked down the streetso Paris, felt that I was the representative of a great, a gallant, and a glorious pe. pie " He had assisted in arrang ng ? treaty of peace, and retutiud to Ills native lan ig.nn. The external foe was subdued ; peace, with its ble> xiiigs, was ours. But soon another enemy, moie feaitul more appalling than had yet beset our institution!, civi. Incord, in'ernal commotion, was heard. The .Vlissouii ipiestion, lull of all that was lenrlnl to the patriot, \mi.shikng the pillais, and threatening to Hinder the Union ' lie saw around him the dull, tullen peace that precedes the bursting of the storm The business of Congress wa? ' suspended , the members looked upon anch other in si' lence ; none dared to move, lest the very movement should kindle the hidden fires, and stir up the lava ol the volcano Thn lamented Lowndes, the living embodiment of private worth and public patriotism, taw the immincrr " danger, and sought lor aid. lUniolph despaired, and pro|(0?ed to retir?? with the southern members, and leave the responsibility with the < riginutor* of the injury. " No <ir," said Mr Clay, " let us make on? more effort to savt I 'lie Union Let U;i appoint a committee, com nosed of thi conflicting paiti *. who. acting in a spiiit of cnnciliatioi and compromise may reconcile the Jarring elements oi discord, and bring peace out ol tliis threatened ruin' Che committee was organized, and on the Sabbath?for it was a sacred day and a holy deed?deiile rated and decided, i'hat decision and its consequences arn known to the world. In this he ha l but dona hi* duty. The reflection, that he might probably by this act have prolonged the, exstence ot his country's freedom, wu' the richest reward he could hone to receive The liict. that those around 1 him cherished towards him feeling* of kindness loi his conduct on that occasion, was more than a> ample reward for all the trials of that dangeroua crisis. Another subject touched upon in the address, called his mind back to a leaf in the history of the country, which was well nigh blotted with the blood of her sons He alluded, of course, to the threatened collision between a neighboring State and the Federal Government. Hi* conduct on that occasion was matter of history; his motives had then hefn revealed He knew the patriotism and chivalry ol South Carolina's distinguished sons, ann lie knew too, the indomitable spirit ol the President. Where was the conflict to end I South Carolina might prove too weak to maintain her position, but other "stntes had au identity of interests, fleorgia and Alabama Mississippi and Louisiana, North Carolina and Virginia Maryland and Kentucky ? in short, the wholo South ' would have arrayed them??lves. probably in one common came und the result would have been ii Civil war, more I direful in it* r.sault. more wide spread in its I f 11 in than history or fable hud recorded Influence" by n desire to avert the coming danger, anxious to perpetuate thu Union, and giv e peace to a distracted country, he had brought forward the comprint ise act, and aided in Its pa-sago In his subsequent lite, he had adhe red to its provisions, and should do su in future. r 1 ikf; in I Ti' a.?A destructive lire whs raging at I ties whan the cars left thereon Friday night "' - '? 11? 1 I t I I. I " J.-J Presentation of the Grand Jury to the Court of Meulom, Grand Jurv Hoom, March -J2, IS44. The (irand Inquest in nn<] for the City and County of New York, haviug visitvd the Aim* House ut Bellevue, the LunHtic Any lti'ii mid Penitentiary on Blackwell's , Island, and the Farms on Long Itland. deem it their duty a* well a* pleasure, to l>ear evidence to their general 1 good Older. The Alms House at Bellevue is one of the n most interesting charitable institution* that adorns our city, in ]<>int of order, regularity, and admirable fitness to ' the object of Its creation, the careful attention to the comfort of the recipients of it* bounty, the extreme neat- [ ness of it* dormitories, the observance to the morality ai d cleanliness of the inmati s. Their diet and exercise Is h highly commendable, and under ill present direction, it v may perhaps be equalled, but n?t surpassed by any other known eleemosynary institution in the world The Hospital, under the charge of Dr Conning is perfect in all t it* details; the same rigid attention to cleanliness, proper a ventilation of the rooms, and every other attention to their comfort is equally observable heie as in every f other department or this extensive charity. And the various workshops, musical with the busy hum of its inmate*, manuf-during the material and clothing used in 1 this establishment as well as at the Farms and Black- ( well's Island suggests the propriety, as well as absolute , necessity of a public workhouse The Lunatic Asylum aud the .Mad House on Blackwell's Island, under the chaige of Dr Stewart, is also de , serving of the highest praise Order, care, cleanliness. s and every attention to the comfort of its unfortunate in observed in every ward The Penitentiary, tinder the care of John Orser, and " his assistants, is to lie commended for its adaptation to 1 its purpose, its regularity, cleunliness, and attention ! to the moral wants of the prisoners. But the Or in I i Inquest deem it their duty to present to jour i Honorable Court the practice of confining in tin | Penitentiary among criminals of every grade, from the | mere novice in crime to the hardened villain those who ( are arrested and sent up for offences not grossly criminal, but merely violations of good order and contrary to law, as drunkenness, vagrancy, tkc , such association being ' necessarily the parent of future crime The Croud In- I quest am aware that the fault does not lie with the efficient officer of that establishment, but in the want of a / suitable place for their separate confinement. The Schools at the Farm on Long Island are highly in- | teres'ing, and admirably adapted to their purpose The department under the care of Mrs Lee is especially to he ' commended, although it may appear invidious to particu- 1 larise where so much is to be praised, yet no such distinction is intended; but the Grand Inquest were forcibly I struck witii the healthful appearance of the children in i her school, their extreme neatness, the comfortable appearance of their rooms and bedding, and the apparent ( happiness of these unfortunate children, unfortunate only in one point of view, from the crimes or misfortunes of their parents, but fortunate in the piotecting care of a j charitable public The Grand Inquest, however, present the Farms for being out of the County, and therefore not under the supervision of the School Commissioners of this County whilst Randall's Island, containing 176 acres, .belonging to the Corporation of this City, rented for a nominal sum is better adapted to the purpose, and under suita ble cultivation might he made to produce all the vegetables necessary for the use of every department under the charge of the Alms House Commissioners. The Grand Inquest further present, as detrimental to the public interests, hs well as the order of our public institu lions, the comfort of their inmates, and the ^ust performance

of their duties, the frequent changes lor mere political reasons, of the Physicians, Matrons, and other subordinates, as well as Principals of our charitable institutions. Such removals should only lie made for cause, founded cither on incompetency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office Some idea of the great responsibility of the duties devolving upon the ( ommissiouers oftheAlms House, as almoners of the public charities, also the onerous duties imposed upon the physicians and other officers of these establishments, may be inferred from t c following statements : showing also tlie absolute propriety of an entire disconnection between politics and the proper discharge of their duties?duties most efficiently performed by tbose whose time mid experience have been jdevoted to this branch ol the public service : ? Statement ok the Number ok Persons Supported usden the charge Or the commissionei'.s ok the ALMS House, March, 1844. Whole niimbei|in the Alms House -3 994 In Hospital 316 In Lunatic Asylum 394 At Long Island Forms 8(18 In Alius Home proper 1,506 '2,934 Prisons. Female Penitentiary, Bellevue 98 Do do Black well's Island, 444 Male do do do 479 City Triton, 130 Total in prisons 1,137 Add Alms House, as above 2.934 , Total supported, 4,121 Besides which, the relief extended to persons not in the ! Alms House, from the 1st January 1843 to 1st Decembei I 1913, amounted to 10,924 families, averaging lour and a half persons to each family, or 49,158 persons The Grand Inquest cannot omit expressing their gratification, that the Board of Supervisors have commenced ? rigiil system of economy in relation to the contingent expenses of the city,in confining the confirmation of all hills presented for payment, to such only as are clearly authorized by law ; and the Grand Inquest ore not the less pleased, that the first evidence o! this economy is made apparent to Ihem by the refusal oftlie officer* ol this Court to pay the necessary expenses to enable them to make ai examination of the prisons and public institutions of th< city, as it will furnish a good precedent to future Grand Juries, to pay their own expenses, as has been done 1)} this. The Grand Inquest art; favorably impressed with the necessity of retrenchment in the expenditures of the city, and trust that the members of the Common Council, und especially the Board of Supervisors, will instruct the Comptroller to pay no hills unless the appropriation b. made strictly under the authority of law specially authorizing such expenditures. The Grand Inquest are also favorably impressed with the care and attention, both ns to diet and cleanliness, bestowed upon the inmates of the Halls of Justice, but atr constrained to present the practice of confining amone 'he criminals persons kept as witnesses,Irom their inubility to procure bail for their appeiirance at the trial of ai offence, at the commission of which they were only tlx spectators. By order of the Grand Jury. RICHARD 1RV1N, Foreman. Thomas Walker, Secretary. Circuit Court. Before Judire Kent March 23?Leonard K Smith v? Thomas N. H.Rent itle, impleaded with James Gatatian ?This was an action on a promissory note ior $165. The facts are shortly these \ Mr. Perns in, who,the defendant contended, was the real plaintiff in this suit, sold a horse to the defendant Gainlian. for which the latter was to pay him by his note, pay able in six months. It appeared by the evidence, that upon delivery of the horse, Pe irson said he wished to raise money on the note, and asked Galatian to procure a city endorsement lor complainant; in compliance with his request. Galatian procured Renville to endorse the note. Several defences were set up. but the most material are. first?that it was an accommodation endorsement, for which defendant received no consideration; secondly 'hat the endorsement was made after the bargain and sale of the horse; and thirdly, that the note passed into the hands of plaintiff after it fell due and was protested for non-payment. The Court said that the material question was, did the note (tome into the plaintiff's hands after it tell due and was protested? His Honor recapitulated the t?Atimony iipon that point, and said if he believed the defendant's esiimony, his Counsel stated the law correctly; there an circumstances where nn endorser is bound, but . as between endorser and endorsee, where no consideration igiven, the note is not binding. The question then is, was 'he note given after the sale of the horse, and as a tavor tn enable Pearson fo raise money, or was it given at the time as a guarantee? These are questions for you to decide if you believe it was given alter the sale, you'should find for defendant?if as a guarantee you should find for plaintifr Verdict for defendant. For plaintiff. Slosson and Schell?for defendants, De Witt and Flangan. Patrick McHalt vs. JPortx if- Reynolds ?This was an ar'ion for assault and battery The plaintiff was knocked town and run over hy one of defendants' omnibuses, lij vhich he was severely injured, and confined to his bed foi i fnrfniorhf nml u:m itrmtilfnr #?iirht \v#?i?L.? tn nttcnrl t?> hid usual occupation. The action was brought to recovei ompensation for the injuries, load of time, and medical xpenses. i W. Ward proved that he. ?aw the plaintiff knocked town hv the defendants' stage, and took him up, and that ie aeemrd to tie much frightened and hurt Dr proved that he attended plaintiff as a phvsl ian; that he was called in th' day utter the accident; that nlaintiff was in bed. and complained very much; he got 'Mm up and hied him. and he was confined for a fortnight luring which witned* attended him llecompla ned very nnrh of hid head, neck, and hid left hip There wan no lefence, and the Court called upon plaintifT'a coun?el to uim up -alder which hid Honor charged that connael had correctly laid down the law: that although masters are not chargeable for the wilful misconduct of their aervanta. they are chargeable for their negligenr.e.tThia wan i c.aae of negligence, and the defendanta are clearly liable; hilt the measure of damaged yon are to give, it id for von to determine Verdict for plaintiff, $60. Jai. Lynch, Eln. for plaintifT Patrick McSnrlry and Eliza hit ff'i/r, r* I sir it llairzcr, 'secular, .f-e - Thi? was an action of dower. John McSorlay, the plaintifT, Eliza's former huahand, died seized if a hoii?" and lot on MOth street Tlie preient nction in to recover her dower out of that property The defence la that plaintifT F.llza. is an alien anil ennnot claim dower under the laws, as they now stand. Judge Kent directed the .jury to find a verdict for defendant, subject to the opinion of the Court above "on a question raised by plain lift 'a rounael. ExcBU.nrr. ? It is a curious fac*. and probably not generally known, that, by the law* of Pennavlvauia a nan maybe sold into servitude who refused to maintain hia wife and children; and we learn that recently a man was Bold in Venangocounty. by order of the court, for an indefinite period, who had refused to maintain his wife and family, they receiving the wages of his labor for their support. ^TAtiBiNr;.?The last Osage Yeoman says: On Saturday evening, the Hon Benj. P. Major, Senator trom this district, was stabbed hy Elijah Cherry. Therry was arrest oil and examined before Judge Wrirht After a patient examination of the rase, and hearing a mass of testimony, Cherry was discharged We have no commentd to make on the occasion The senremaey of the laws should he maintained nt all hazards. The woiind appeared to he indicted with a small knife, which entered 'he left aide below the region of the heart, without pctirfating the abdomen. It i? supposed tho cartilage of thp riba, and perhaps the pleur, has been slightly wounded \1 r. Major's situation la deemed very critical. Notror Carolina Ohi.d ?The Star says that tit the gold mine near Lineolton, several lurgt lumps have recently been found, one weighing 267 dwt* and several others weighing as follows : 106, 154, 107, S7 fie dwts. A new mine has been discovered in Itandolph County, which promises an e*tr?ordin*rv yield of the precious metal % Washington. [Correspondence ot the Herald ] Washington, March 22, 184-1. | I have taken every pains which the time this ' Horning allows me, to send you the most authentic , nforruation as to the true position of the great Ore- t ;on and Texas questions. On the following points J ou may confidently rely. The votes ol MoDuffie and Huger, (and probably t leywood) will not be changed on the Oregon bilis I icreufter to be taken up. This is what I finally j| vrote to you last night. They are opposed entirely ( o the whole Oregon measures. In this position 1 hey are sensible that they jeopordize the annexition of Texas. They are uncompromising men, t io3sessing little tact, and great obstinacy. Some of the most sagacious Senators doubt whe- t her any treaty?as has been surmised and publish- \ id?has been formed at all for the annexation of rexas. It may be in contemplation. There is at present no rational ground at all to ixpect there can be any annexation at the present tession of Congress. There is now only one mode?and there is one? >y which the annexation can be effected this seslion?to wit: by some negotiation to be ratified, ( tot by the Senate, but by the joint legislative ac , ion of the two Houses of Congress, which would ] equire a simple majority. Whether any thing oi , hi* kind is in con temnlation or not at present, I i lave no information. It is u matter which has not ?een much talked ol here, and 1 have not consilered it. . There is no doubt hut that the votes and opinions ofMcDuffip, Iluger, Heywood, Holmes, and other friends of Calhoun, are out the echo of Calhoun's sentiments. 'lhey arc oj>j>osed to Oregon?oj this 'here is no doubt. Nor is there any doubt but this position of Caltoun and his friends has already greatly injured his irospects at the west, und will totally destroy him n that region. Sjome of the southern members boldly aver that lie western members dare not, as respects their constituents, vote against the annexation of Texas This may pass for what it is worth. I greatly Jouht the averment. Everything looks favorable to the formation of a treuty f or the settlement of the Oregon Boundary by Mr. Calhoun. Doubtless it will be so formed is to get two thirds of the Senate votes, but whether it pleases the west or not admits of great doubt. I am nDt aware that any of these matters have any particular influence upon the respective positions or prospects of Clay and Van Buren. You will find in the newspapers all manner of opinions, arguments, and prophecies on these matters? but you may confidently rely on the foregoing is the truth. The leeling here is very deep and intense. 8.B. P.S.?The city is filled with letters of brokers, speculators, and others, from New York and elsewhere. The answers were as varied as are the interests of the parties concerned. They had better read the Herald. Common Pleas. Before a full Bench. March 33.?Decisions.?Prancis Hutter and John K. Maker vi Solomon IVindcrmillir ?In this case an action was brought on a promissory note for $98. The defendant "I"0''*"1 *?*? nrurvAArai icctip nn<l th* Stutiitrt of Limitation*; : ilie plaintiff filed a leplicution, traversing the plea of the Stutute of Limitations The case was tried before Judge liigrahtiiii, who informed the jury there was no evidence to sustain the defence and a verdict was hud for the plaintiff. The dufendant excepted and moved for a new trial Corner.?The evidence of a new promise before the debt was barred by the Statute of Limitations, was admissible, and itwas not necessaryfor him tofreplyto the new promise where such promise had been made before the stutute had attached. It was, therefore, immaterial when the stiil was commenced ; it would have been otherwise had then not heen evidence of a promise to pay the note. In such a case the time ot commencing the suit, if that is rel'ed on as ail answer to the plea, must be specially replied to The promise was not conditional, and besides it was mad* before the note was barred, and was evidence of an exist ing liability which the defendant was bound to pay The nlaintiff is entitled to judgment and the verdict must be confirmed with costs. Thomas P. Often and Charles Ortrn vi John S. Smith ? In this case an action was brought by plaintiffs for money isd and received by defendant On the trial the pUintitL 'ailed to prove the receipt of the money by the defendant, xcept by a bill in Chancery. The judge before whom lie case was tried ruled out that evidence, and the plain iffs were nonsuited. The plaintiffs' counsel excepted and moved to set aside* the nonsuit and for a new trial. Court.?The main (juration is, whether, if the bill n Chancery was proper wastin itscll sufficient proof to sustain the action, and we think it clearly w as not; the nonsuit must he confirmed with costs. Court Calendar?This Day. Common Pleas.?Nos. 36, 34, 37, 3>J, 40, 4d, 46, 17, 30, 31), 41. Amusements. Chatham Thkatrk?The Equestrians have closed their season, and all the horses and the brilliant troupe have given place to a new order of things in 'ho dramatic form Mr Oeverna now takes the reins, and a must extensive and talented company will occupy the ruaiuam a cnn'afl of (ho ninii mmrniHonnl ? ainments will be Riven, that ever New Vorki rs looked upon or heard. The_ bill fur this night is a curiosity in itxelf. American Museum.?More novelties nt tlxAmerican Museum. In addition to the bill of cariosities and amusements of last week, the manager haarocured the services of the celebrated Chinese Nondescript or Contortionist, Cole, and his Dog Billy. This, in onnection with the groupot Indians in the act of niurlering a Santa Ke trader, done in wax, with Tom Thumb mil Tolly Bodine, al-o in wax, just completed, is vol tli the admission price,to say nothing about the Negro Nlelodifttx, Gypsy Queen, and the Wild Irish Boy. The >vhole establishment has undergone a thorough repair aid the mauaeur invites an inspection. Go and see for vourselves, and we will warrant you satisfaction. (pj- MESSRS BR0N80N AND BROWN, Tills evening, in the Apollo, at 71 o'clock, give their last Exhibition ol Hydro-Oxygen of Microscopic Views ol he three kingdoms o( Nature : Animalcule in Sour Bread and Klour. Human Blood, Decomposition of Beuins if Light, or Celestial Prisms, with ever-changing colors, by the aid of the celebrated Drummond Light, magnify ing ibjects millions ot times. To conclude with several persons taking Laughing Gas, producing dancing, laughter, singing, recitations, tie. Admission id cents. Tickets hi the hook and music stores in the neighborhood m- SAVK VOUlt SIXPENCES !?The March Black wood, fac-similo edition, is now ready, at the otticeol pun lication, 30 Annpitrect? price 18J cents only, or a your! bring the cheapest magazine in the world! The original osts $7,AO! Kconotny is wealth Contents:?1 Ktlifipia II. A word or two of the Operatic Clashes: Dy Lorg ton ? 111 The Pirates of Hegna; a tale of Venice and th? \driatic: Part I.?IV. Colonel Davidson's Travels in India- V. Belfiont Castle: A retrospective review?VI Dumas in his Curricle?VII Mnrston, or the Memoirs ol a Statesman: Part 0. ?VIII. The Olympic Jupiter? IX V Koman Idol?X Goethe?XI Ilvnin of a Hermit?XII The Luckless Lover?XIII. Free Trade and Protection ? J'he Corn Laws. J. WINCHESTER, 30 Anil street. QtJ- CONSTITUTIONAL DEBILITY CURED.?Tin Tonic Mixture, prepared by the College of Medicine are' Tharmacy of the city of New York, is confidently re ominended for all cases of debility produced by secret in Itilgenoe or excess of any kind. It is an invaluable aeme ly for impotence, sterility, or barrenness (unless depend ng on mal-formation.) Single bottles $1 each j cases of half a dozen $5; care 'iilly packed and s?nt to all parts of the Union. Office ol the College of Medicine and Pharmacy. Or Nassau street. W. .a KIt IIAHUcON, Agent, N. R.?A liberal discount to country?practitioners and medicine venders. Qg-A GREAT DISCOVERY!?Dr Mutt's opinion that ' something might ho discovered to cute Corns," is veri J lien III ,-lirAllinj vy ' never fail* a perfect cure. See the Sun tin I other pa|vera Sold at Dr. Milnor's, corner John street and Broadway ; Dr Chilton, 993 do.; Deluc A Co , AS I Broadway; Burtuett's, 10 3d Avenue Examine particularly the labels. HOOP- INFLUENZA CAN BE CURED IN A VERY' -hurt space of time, by using Dr. Sherman's Celebrated Cough Lozenges They were found to be decidedly the test remedy in use during the period of its prevalence in this city, and whoever will try them will find them to he all that they are recommended for. Do not trifle with yourselves ; this is the season, and this the complaint that ays the foundation to consumption, and sends the ?uf 1'erer to an eaily grave. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure Dr. Sherman's warehouse is lufi Nassau street Agents. 997 Hudson street 189 Bowery ; 77 East Broadway; 10 Aator House;80 William street, and 138 Fulton st , Brooklyn. 'try RICORD'8 PARISIAN ALTERATIVE MIXTURE For the permanent cure of primary or secondary Hvphilis, and all affections produced by an improper tenif mercury This powerful alterative shotild be used byill persons suspecting a venereal taint in their system from former disease. It is warranted to remove all impurities from the blood Sold, in single bottles. $1 each ; lu cases of half dozen, $.ri, carefully packed, and sent to all parts of the Union. Office of tne College of Medicine ind Pharmacy, 9ft Nassau street W. S RICHARDSON, Agent. N. B.?A liberal discount to country practitioners and medicine venders. (Try- DAI.LEV'S MAGICAL TAIN EXTRACTOR Salve will cure the following complaints, or the money will be returned. Burns, I Scrofula, Biles. Cramp, Cuts, Scalds, Pilea, blind and bleeding, Stabs, Erysipelas, | Felons, a Sore Nipples, Rheumatism, Old Sores. If Dalley's name be not written wiHi a pen avoid it a? poison Buy at the New Yotk Agency 87 Winker St., 1st store from Broadway, not a> the corner. fry- ifOl'RAUD'S ITALI\N MEDICATED SOAP, for curing eruptions, roughness, n ;d all disflgmomenta of the skin, holds a place on every lady > toilet A clear tiansparcnt skin and polished alabaster hrow, whore the veins are s?en "Mealing like Rtreams along a field of -now," is a beautiful sight to behold. Use Oottraud's Italian Medicated Soap and no matter how disfigured your complexions, it quickly will assume a ravishing clearness. Buy only at ?J7 Walker st , 1st store from Broadway, or you'll he chested with a worthless counterfeit i QtJ- PRIVATE MEDICAL AID ?The members of h.' New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, in eturning the public thanks for the liberal support they tave received in their elferts to " suppress quackery," i 'Z leave to state that their particular attention continues i Redirected to all diseases of a private nature, and from he area! improvements lately tnude in the principal hoslitals ol Kiuope ia the treatment of those diseases, they j an confidently oiler to pcrsdfcs requiring medical aid ?l- 1 enta^t^ not to lie met with in anv institution in Una otiutry, eithei public or private. The treutmetat ol the ollege is such as to insure success in cv? rv case, and is otslly different from that >>cr., < rus practice ol ruining he constitution with mercury, and in most cases leaving i disease much worse tliua the original. One of the memi? rs ol the College ,lcr many years connected with the irincipal hospitals of K urope, attends daily lor a cousultaion Irom I) A.M. boS P.M. Terms?Advice and medicine, ts A cure guaranteed. luroniiNT to Countrv Inw 1.1ns.?Persons living in he country and not finding it convenient to attend perlonally, can have forwarded to them a chest containing ill medicines requisite to perform s perfect cure by stating heir cam explicitly, together with all symptoms, time ol ;ontraction and treatment received elsewhere, if any md enclosing $s, post paid, addressed to W. 8. RICH Alt DSOIf, Agent. Offlce and Consulting rooms of the College, OS Nassau reet Sweet girl, with the rosy cheek.and coal black hair, With the neck so white and arms so fair, Why suffer your forehead, so freckled and pimpled. With your coral lips and your chin bo sweetly dimpled? ftn- LADY nil \tAV_V<.nr skill thus defaced with my disfigurement or eruption, can be easily ninde clear, white, fair, and beautiful, by using a cake of Jones'Ita- i Jan Chemical Soap, for M cen'i Just try it once,'tis ' jxcellent. One cake will astonish you?it* effect* are , cost wonderful. Gentlemen, too, there's more truth than poetry in this:? we deem him quite beneath our love, aye, e'en the honest man, Whose vellowjcheeks are covered o'er with pimples and with tan; We cannot love a being well with beauty thus defaced, When, by using " Jones' Chemical Soap," all might be erased. Von fine young New York gentleman, whose aristocratic und genteel bodies, and fine manly limbs, are disgraced by your blotched faces,try ucake of this. Remember tha', although puffed, this is a most miraculous chemical invention (that is, if yon get the genuine Jones' Italian Chemical Soap?mind, if you dont get it at 8'J Cbatbum street, or 313 Broadway, you get a swindling dishonest counterfeit, quite males*) Mind, every cake has T. Jones signed on the label. Take no other Mind, bo careful. Brooklyn, L. I-, 13!) Fulton street; or Redding, H State street, Boston; Zieber. 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia; and "207 King street, Charleston, B.C. Or7- PROFESSOR VELPKAU'S CELEBRATED PILLS, for the radical cure of Gonorrhoea, Gl"et, and all mncopiirnlent discharges from the urethra. These pills ant guaranteed to effect a jstrmanent cure in all diseases of the urethra, in a shorter time than any other remedy ever brought before the public., without tainting the breath, disagreeing with the stomach, or confinement from business. PiJce $1 per box. Office of th* College of 1'harmacy and Medicine, 9ft Nassau street. W. 8 RICHAHDSON, Agent. N. B.?A liberal discount to country practitioners and medicine vender*. 00- DOUBTLESS THERE ARE SOME WHO AUK sceptical as to the astonishing chemical properties of Dr. Felix Gonraiid's Poudre Subtile, in eradicating the toughest supeilltiotis hair from any part ol the human body, . without the slightest injury ,o the skin. To such, we say, go at once to the i riginal office, and see the pre. Ignitions tested with your own eye*, and all your doubts will vanish. t>7 Wulkerstreet, 1st store from Broadway. Go no where else. (Jry-TIIE CONCENTRATED EXTRACT OF SARSAPARILLA, Gentian and Sasafras, prepared by the New Vork College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established lor the suppression of quackery. This powerful extract, prepared by scientific and medical men, will lie found in finitely superior to the mixture sold by druggist* as sarsaparilla, who are totally ignorant of the medicinal properties of the roots from which they make the extract. In all diseases arising from an impure state of the blood, such n* scrofula, salt rheum, ulcers, chronic rheumatism, pimples nr pustules on the face or body .nodes,pains in the hones or loints, and all complaints arising from an improper use of mercury, this extrac: will lie highly beneficial Sold in single botlles at 75 cents eacn, cases of hall dozen, $3 50 ; lo 1 dozen, $fi. carefully packed and sent to all parts of lie Union. Otiice oi the college, 95 Nassau st. W. S. RICHARDSON, Agent N. B. A liberal discount to country practitioners and medicine venders MONEY HARKKT. Sunday, IHm-cIt 44?6 P. ML. During the past week, the stock market has experienced many severe fluctuations. Several events have transpired seriously affecting prices, the result of which will bo seen on reference to the annexed table of comparative quotations. Several brokers broke down in consequence of the large and rapid decline. The week closed with a little better feeling, caused partly by the tenorol (he European advices, and partly by the allaying of the excitement in regard to the domestio political questions ol the day. The calm and quiet that now prevails In the stock market, will soon be followed by another excitement more permanent than the last The move- I ments in Washington are of a very important nature. * Secret negotiations are going on, that will, on being made public, have a very great influence on the course of trade generally. Many reports are afloat, and the public mind has been operated on by rumors from til quarters, giving all kinds of constructions to the course of the cabinet. Tho true state of the Texas question has not reached the public eye or ear. The influences brought to hear on this question, and the course adopted by the British minister at Washington, will result in something more alarming to those agninst the annexation than is at present dreamed of Great Britain will, probably, take a different stand as regards Texas tin n that regarding Oregon. The late foreign/advices gives us accounts in relation to movements of the British government connected with the disputed part of Oregon, that pretty plainly shews their determination on that subject The Stock market will doubtless be much influenced by any opan misunderstanding regarding these questious> and to a certain extent by the piesent uncertainty that hangs over them. The operations lately, in all securities, show this must be the result of the agitation of all political questions of importance. Stocks are somewhat like the mercury in a thermometer; the slightest puff inflates them. I'mcKi of Stocks it* the Vrw Yokk Mahket. Sal. Mon Tu'u yVr'u TIi'h Fr'y So'y L. Island, 75% 73% 72% 73 74 75% \1nhawk, M S6 56 55 J# 57% 58 rUrlrm, 63% 60% 59 95% 59% 63 63% Patirson ? ? 77 78 ? BO 8li'J 1 Milton, 34 32% 33 37% 34 31 31% Farmcri' Loan, 11% 30 38% 37 38% 30 40% Norwich ami Wor 3'V 35% 15% 35 35% ? '<8 Ohio 6's, 07% 94% 91% 94% 96 95% 0' % [ 111 ii< is, 12% 39% 39% 39% 40% 11% 42% InJian*. 39', 76.% 31 36 38 38 % 38% Kentucky, 102 101) 100 101% 101% 101% 102 Harlem ltnilroad and Farmers' Trust arc very well sustained, notwithstanding the depression that has existed to a great extent in the market. State stocks have fluctuated more than those of a fancy description. Kentucky 6's have touched par, but are gradually recovering the former point. The insurance on the late fire in Newark falls on the lollowing insurance offices in this city?Equitable,.$3,000; Manhattan, <>3,000; Howard, $3,000 ; North River, $600 ; New Brunswick Insurance Co , $3,000; Mechanics (nsur. ance Co , Newark, $-1,800. From the statement just published of the affairs of the Commercial Bank of the Midland District, CanaJa, it appears that on the 20th of February last, its notes in circulation amounted to ?169,729, its (coin and bullion to ?70.182, its total liabilities to ?341.873, its assets to ?613 911 of which it employed in discounts ?508,877. The ITCi , ts from customs ut this port are gradually falling oft' The amount received during the week just closed, does not exceed that f, r the same period in former j ears. The revenue from thii source, received at the Custom House of this district, from January 1st to March 34th, is us follows January $1,878,61,4 February? March 1st to Iflth. " 10th to 34th, Saturday, estimated 7*0.000 Total to March 34th, 1944 $4,0.43,734 ] The receipts lor the quarter ending Apiil 1st, will not go much over si\ millions. The arrivals at this port for the past few days have been very few , and the packets Irorn Kurope have about exhausted the supply of freights an the other side. The hulk of the spring importation is already in the market, an,I the future freights of the pack, ets will be confined to stray lots of goods to keep up the a?sortment. We mentioned a few days since, that the Phuonlx B ink of Columbus, Georgia, had leok>\ and that tho Merchants Bank of Macon, formerly the Bank of lUwkinsvillu, was a very suspicious concern. The advices from the south since, regarding those institutions, confirm what we then stated, and give some very valuable information in regard to the lormer institution. The Columbus Knquirerof the 30tb instant, says : ? "The Phoenix Bank of Columbus was owned hy p. Martin, O. Kostur, A. Mayer, and ? Lnntilhon, all of and Irom New Vork last, formerly from France or Germany. Martin has been livinR here tor the past year or two and has, up to this period, been generally esteemed an honest man hy those who knew nim I.entilhon is a meichant of standing in New Vork. Koster is the tiro Iter in-law of Martin, and came here last fall. "After operating w ifh the hank three or four montl s.lite in the month of December, finding lie could not succeed , in swindling the community fast enough hy the issue of I mil. , whirh were returned utmn the bank neatly as rn| pidlv as they weie plid out. lie retorted to u more i itl, aj ciotis plan to accomplish his base purpose ||,, triunge I 1 with the bank 'n purchase cotton,by passing bis drafts on 1 \ Mayer, a respectable merchant of .New Yoik In this manner, here and at Vpolachirola, both out of doors anil I in tiank. he succeeded in purchasing aliont ti (ion hales of cotton, shipped it in great has'e to New Orleans instead j ot Nrw Vork, (J in pound of it liy mIo or othervvift*. put the I proceeds in his pocket, and hurried on to the north. When i the people hero suppose,) he was in New Orleans honest. vl

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